Newspaper of The New York Herald, October 29, 1848, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated October 29, 1848 Page 1
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- rl^ n ? NO. 5261. ^ AFFAIRS IN GERMANY. SPECIAL CORRESPONDENCE of the VBW YOKE HERALD. Berlin, Sept. 12, 1848. We are in the midst of a new and important crisis, which has already occasioned the downfall* of the Hansemann administration, and is likely to lead to far more serious consequences than the dissolution of on? ministry and its replacement by another. The question at stake is of vital interest to this nation, and one on which the preservation ef its present and future libeities may be said to i j T. ?n u?? i. aepenu. ll l? WCII IVIIUWU mat, uciuic IUC icvuiutionary movements of last spring, which shook every throne, from the confines of Kussia to the shores of the Atlantic, Prussia was one of the Sent monarchies of Europe, and the resources of e country were exhausted in keeping up an enormous standing army, whose chief object was to crush every attempt of the people to throw ofl the intolerable turthen they groaned under. The whirlwind that swept over Europe after the three days of February, overturned the fabric of absolute monarchy in Prussia, as well as in other parts of Germany. After the events of the 18rh nf March, the king, who, a few short months beror% had refused (he most reasonable demands of Ins subjects, now hastened to grant everything that was required of him, and to convoke the representatives of the whole nation?not of the privileged classet, as heretofore?to assist him in framtnir a constitution ou the widest and most liberal basis. But in this transformation of the whole system of government, the army, that most effectual instrument of arbitrary rule, remained unchanged; a compact bodv of more than three hundred thousand men, drilled to passive obedienre, and officered by scions of the aristocracy, the devoted partisans of the old order of things, and the bitter enemies or innevations_ that threatened to curtail them of their most cherished privileges, still continued at the uncontrolled command of a monarch who can hardly be supposed to be sincere in his adhesion to a movement so utterly at variance with every principle of his former life, and so opposed to what he has been taught to consider his regal dignity and prerogative. No wonder, therefore, that a feeling of distrust is entertained against the army, enhanced by frequent collisions, in which the conduct of the officers has given rise to serious complamt. An affair of this kind, which took place some time since, at Schweidnitz, in Silesia, and which was attended with considerable loss of life, at length induced ibe National Assembly to pass a resolution by which the ofli cere of the aimy were enjoined to behave in a conciliatcry manner towards the citizens, to put a stop to the turbulence of the soldiery, and to refrain from aggravating it bv their own example. Finally, those who felt unu illing to comply with this decree, were required to throw up their commissions", and to retire from the service. This resolution was passed on the 9th of August. Nearly a month having elnpsrd since then, and no order of the nature referred to having been issued by the wnr department, the liberal party in the National Assembly thought it high time to question the ministry on the subject. The reply was a flat lefusal to carry the resolution of the Assembly into effect. A tremendous excitement followed this declaration, and M. Steine, the same member who had brought in the original resolution, now proposed a second one, purporting that it was the imperative duty of ministers to execute the decision of the representatives of the nation. With difficulty the ministry obtained an ad ournment of the house till Thurrday,last, the 7th inst., when the motion wascarned, after a stormy debate, by a majority of 77 votes. You may easily imagine that so decided a triumph?for the former resolution only passed with a majority of one?has caused a great jubilee in the liberal camp, and was leceived with equal race and consternation by the reactionary party. No other course was lelt to the ministry but to tftire from office. After considcrab'e demur, the kin* accepted their resignation: and it was announced, ytsterday, in the National Aspembly, that he had ent;Uftea M. Von lleckerath with the formation of a new cabinet. This gentleman belongs to the inme class of statesmen as his predecessors?i liberal under the ancient regime, he has become a conferyative, since the movement proceeded so much further than lie either desired or anticipated; and it is evident, from this nomination, that h struggle will still be made to prevent the reins of government from passing to the radical party. In all probubility, the attempt will fail; the opposition a?e now aware of their strength, and likely to use it ; and unless the king consents to admit their most prominent leaders to his councils, and to fultil to their utmost extent the promises he made his people on the 19th of March, a new conflict is to be apprehended, which must end either in the restoration of absolutism or in the downfall of monarchy in Prussia. The progress of democratic principles throughout the country is wonderful. The Germans?formerly so cola and apathetic, so utterly without ideas of political freedom, and so ready to yield implicit obedience to the meanest delegate of the established authorities?seemed to have changed their very natures, .and to have imbibed all fhe fire and energy of their western neighbors. Monster meetings, clubs, processions and demon- ' st rat ions are the order of the day, and even the opponents of the prevailing agitation are obliged to fall in with the spirit of the age, and endeavor to attain their ends by employing the same means which their adversaries have made use of with so much success. In Saxony, Silesia, the Rhenish provinces, and especially here in Berlin, the spirit of republicanism prevails to a great extent. A union of all Germany, on the plan of the United States, is the favorite vision of many thousands of ardent patriots; and. w hen we consider the rapidity with which revolutions are effected at present, it would show more boldness than foresight to predict that their dream will never be realized. Jt is certain, at least, that German unity, a theme so much harped upon just now, can never be attained under the present system, when the country is parcelled out among a number of. more or less, powerful princes and potentates, whose interest it is to keep up provincial distinctions and jealousies, and to prevent the various races which compose the German people, from being fused into one great and united nation. A. B. Bkrmn, September 25,1S48. The new ministry is appointed, and was present t the sitting of the National Assembly of Friday last. Mr. Von Beckerath, who had not succeeded with the formation of a new ministry, resigned his commission on the 20th, and General \'on Pfuel was rhartred bv the Kin'' to reconstruct the new cabinet. The following are the names of the new ministers:?General Von Pluel, President of (he Ministry and Ministerof War; Mr. Eichmann. Minister of the Interior; Mr. Von Bon in, Minister of the Finances; Count Von DonhofF, Minister for Foreign Affairs. The other department* are io be conducted by the ministers of the inierior and of the finances, until the ministry will be complete The necessity of establishing a new cabinet without further delay, urged the government to hasten the formation of a new ministry, though it was not possible toconsider, at the time, it the n-Mv ministry would be able to maintain itself, or if tin* selection of the new members was likely to b" approved of by the people nnd their representatives in the National Assembly. The new ministry must now take its chances, it is certain, however, that the government has been directed by some sort of plan in the choice of the new ministry, the policy of which appears to be to net in future more on its own authority, than it had done hitherto. The members of the new cabinet are all persons attached to the old system, and opposed !o tlie new. This appears most singular, alter the late ministry was overthrown by resisting the democratic principle* now started into power; but the fact is, that the government has iierceived the lmpossihility of maintaining its authority, it it is to become de, icndenton the National Assembly, and is now determined to follow its own course. After the late defeat ol the government, new concessions were demanded, and again the crnwu was to give away prerogatives, which it held as a part ot its power The condition under which Mr. Von lieckerath ofleted to accept th>* appointment at the head of the cabinet, was, that certain of theae j concessions were granted. His prop-iiitionl, however, wee rejected, and a new ministrv wax [ / hosen from the pirty opposed t<> the n?-w liberty. Matters had then arrived at the point when it li id become itnpoMible to fntke tnew contract with the crown, because the royal power?if it was not to be reduced to a shadow?would Atler no further infringement of its rights, by new concessions jpiudc lu the people. Among the concemious pro E N IS poaed, the principal one was, that the authority o the representatives of the people in the Nationa Assembly should be recognised by the government in all matters concerning the interest of the State others, alike important, were demanded. Th< present state of things shows plainly that the go vernment is once more determined to resist th< movement made in claiming further privileges fo th? neonle. Mr. Vun Pfuel, the new president of the minis try, stated, in a speech addressed to the Nationa Assembly, and pointing out the views which 'hi new ministry was determined tofollow, that the; held it their duty to guard the rights and authorit* of the crown. Measures to suppress every oppo sition which might be offered to the governmen by the people, have already been taken. General Von Wrangel, the hero in the Daniel war, has been appointed by the king as the com marder-in-chief of the troo|?, stationed in an< at out this city, the number of which n9w amount to over 50,000 men. The concentration of suH extraordu ary military forces has occasioned muel disquietude, as there ib no apparent reason fo this extreme measure, except to support the policj of the government in the present critical state o affairs. The excitement has been much in creased by a proclamation of General Von Wran ge|, in which he states that he has been ap pointed by the king as the commnnder-in-chie of the troops, for the purpose of' maintainmi public order, and offers his assistance whenever i will become necessary to Interfere with miljtarj forces; a.t the fame time, he exhorts the ofiicei! and soldier,b to take no part in politicel discussions ana noi 10 nuena public meetings. AM sort^ o reports have been spread in consequence of Gen Von Wrangel's and Gen. Von Pfuel's appoint ments. A military dictatorship, it is said, liai been established, and the liberty of the people if endangered, as the government is about to resis the free exercise of the rights of the people; and t maitial law will be proclaimed if any attempt shal be made to oppose the government. Meanwhile the new ministry lias entered upon its duties anc its firtt act has been the issuing of a decree to the generals and commanders of the army, in whicl it directs them to promote the good understand)! t between the citizens and the military, and to op nope all reactionary tendencies in the army This decree is to be regarded as the carrying ou of the decrees of the National Assembly issued or the 9th of August and the 7th of September by which it was demanded of all officeri of the .army, who could not reconcih their jolitical opinions with the new ordei of things, to resign their commissions. Ir the pitting of the National Assembly to-day, Mr Von 1'fuel declared, in reply to the question ad dressed to the new ministry, with respect to the course of policy it had resolved to follow concern ing the decrees of the National Assembly just men tioned, that it had issued the order stated above tt the commanders and generals of the army, ant that thereby the measures intended ny the Nationa Assembly were carried out. The decree receivec the approbation of the Chamber, though objections were inpde against the form in which it was issued The new ministry has now succeeded in removinj the ftumbling-block over which it was believed 1 would tumble before it could gain firm ground. I remains to be seen now, if it will he able to ob tain sufficient support in the National Assembly to maintain itself hereafter. The recent events at Frankfort have producet the greatest indignation here. Two of the mos pojularmen from here. Prince Lichnowsky ant General Von Anerswald, have been brutally mur dered by the insurrectionary mob. Berlin, Oct. 2, 1848. The events which have taken place at Frankfor and Cologne, and the revolutionary movement still going on in the south of Germany, have pro duced a strong reaction in favor of the govern ment, end of maintaining the public peacc. Th party which has juet openly defied the laws c public order, and endangeied the lives of the re presentatives of the people, in the National Asserr, bly, has lost the good opinion of the people by it rash and inconsiderate acting. The radicals hav injured their own cause?the cause of lihertv?li plunging headlong into a course of violence, aiv attempting imprudently what it was impossible t carry out under the then existing circumstances The coneequf nee of these attempts is,that a reactioi has taken place in lavor of supporting the govern inent, to prevent the repetition ofsucn serious dis I turbances of the public peace. A sort of panic ha now seized the public mind, that further at I tempts might be made by the same party to es tabhsh the republic; or, as it is believed, t< I plunge the country into a state of anarchy ( The strictest measures have been taken upon th< I part of the government in Germany to suppress al ' revolutionary movements with efficient force As the Burgher Guard nas proved itself incapible on various occasions, to maintain public order, ant has, at the insurrection at Cologne, even takei patt against the government, the duty of support ing the authorities is now principally entrusted t< the military. A military government, in fact, has been established in Germany. Mar.ial law has been proclaimed at Frankfort, Cologne, and in different parts of Wurtemburg and Baden. Troops are concentrated in every point, where an outbreak, or even the attempt to resist the authorities byword or deed, is apprehended. In this city, which of late has obtained a sort of character foi rows and mob-manifestations, and is regarded as the teat of the revolution, an army has beenr-on^ centrated, superior in number to any which has been here since the time of Napoleon. It is sta ted that martial law will be proclaimed here, end the city will be declared in a state of siege, in case any demonstration be attempted against the government or the National Assembly. General Von Wrangel, the Prussian Cavaignac, then, it is said, will exercise modern tactics on a greater scale tnan has been done yet, for the purpose of settling all questions in diep?te between the people ancfthe authorities. This report, which has been circulated, and has done much to promote a state of order and quiet in this city, nas, howiver, not lessened the excitement which prevails here among the people. Outward tranquillity is maintained by a military force of 50,000 men; but no number of bayonets can assuage the public excitement. The new ministry has succeeded in obtaining a majority in the Chamber, and it is believed that it will be able to maintain itself, favored as it now is by the reaction which has taken place for the support ot the government. In the sitting of the National Assembly to.dny, the Minister of the Interior, M. Eichmnnnr, communicated to the Chamber, that he hnd just leceived the official intelligence that the state ot siege at Cologne would be raised in the course ot this week, and that that ci'y was now perfectly trnnouil- 'Flip nrnnncpH l??r u r*? 1 not f.imJt and public meetings iia3 been issued to-dny from the committee, which was appointed l?y t!?e chamber to make the draught for the same. According f?i that law, meetings in the open air can only be held alter a notice, which specifies the plare and time, having been given to the authorities of the place. The police is bound to prevent all meetings iiy which lhe public quiet or salety id endangered. A punishment ol from one to six months imprisonment is fixed for all who attend meetings of which the police has not received not.ce, or for which permission hns not been obtained. It is not allowed to cHrry weapons in attending public meetings, and all who act against this order are ?o he punished with from six months' to one year's imprisonment. If, on public meetings, the order of the officer of the police, directing the people to disperse, be not obeyed, the police is to mterfer1 with the force of arms. The habeas corpus law, by which personal liberty is guaranteed, lias received the sanction o! the king, and has just been issued. Berlin, Oct. {>, I8W. A most important resolution was passed by the Chamber, in the sitting of the Bd of October; it was, ihat the National Assembly should declare that it placed the firmest reliance in the Prussian g(tvernment; that it would net conjointly with the central government of Germany, for the purpose of maintaining the decrees of the German National Assembly, with relation to the question ol the Duchies of Schleswig Holstein. The now difficulties which have arisen on that question, and the unwillingness on the part of the Danish government to hold the conditions ot the armist cc. rendered a full understanding between Prussia and the central government necessary, il Germany wan to follow any divided course ot pulicy against Denmark. The game which h is tier n played by the latter shows plainly that she is determined to take every advantage she can ot the yielding and unsteady policy which Oermany has followed hitherto The ratification of an armistice so humiliating lor Germany as that which has been just concluded, has emboldened Denmark to go still further. She nvys 19 not even in \\ YO SUNDAY MORNING, f clined to hold the terms of the armistice ; 1 and, as to the settlement of a peace, she , means to defer that matter until a more favor; able season, when Bhe has not to fear that cold 2 weather will impede her successful operations on . sea. Meanwhile, however, ?ngltsh|diplomacy has e J been very busy in eilering its services to alt the r different parties interested in the Danish question. It appears that England has become very impa tient lately to see that ques ion settled. The pre.1 sent uncertain state ot things as to whether the e war will recommence or not, and the interruption y of trade which still continues in the north of y Europe, on aceount of the want of confidence to re-engage in business, renders it a matter of vital t importance for England that a peace is settled soon. The endeavors made by England,latterly, to negoi tiate a peace, have been without result, and lingland ia now resolved to take the whole aflair in 1 hand, for the purpose of bringing it to a terminas tion. According to the latest accounts from Deni mark the Danish government had been prevailed i uj on by England to consent to receive an Ambasr sudor, which is to be sent lrom the Central Governor ment oi Germany to the Danish Court. Negof tiations to settle a peace by the mediatron of England, it is likewise stated, will shortly be commenced at London. If, however, the mediation of England will be successful, and Denmark f will he brought to yield and to m;ike certain r concessions, it is impossible to predict at prel sent. The resolution which has been passed in r the Nstional Assembly here, to net conjointly 3 with the Central Government of Germany, anil , to unite in a course of policy towards Denmark, f may possibly tend to influence the latter to accept the modifications of the armistice which she hud - previously rejected. In the silting of the chamber, ; in wh:cli this resolution was taken, the Minister s of Foreign Alliiirs stated that negotiations to that t purpose had been commenced with Denmaik, and l that it would be known shortly what the result I would be. Endeavors have lately been made by the Cen| tral Government of Germany, to effect an agreenient between the German States, that they are , to resign the right of sending representatives and r diplomatic agents abroad to the Cental GoveinI ment, und that all the relations of Germany with foreign States are to be conducted by the latter, i A circular to that effect has been issued by the t Central Government to all the German States. It cc ntains the order that the different German States , are to withdraw their representatives and di-. plomatic agents abroad, or that if they should j object doing so at present, to instruct the , latter, that they are to act, in every respect, according to the directions of the repretentatives of the Central Government with those foreign powers. The Prussian government hns 1 already replied on this circular by a note, in which it has (iecficed to obey the summons of the central \ government in the present stale of things. It is j believed that other states will follow the example I of PrnEsia. j A public demonstration of a peculiar kind was s made in the past week, to give vent t?the popular indignation on the new laws of the Burgher j Guard, which have been passed by the National J Asrembly. A procession was arranged, bearing a , table with the inscription " The Laws of the Burgher Guard of the 4th of October, 1848," which moved through the streets, leading an ass ' with it, on whose tail was fastened nnother table j with the same inscription. Amidst the acclsmat t ons of thousands, this procession moved towards j the building of the National Assembly, and . stopped there for the purpose of burning the tables before the hall in which the representatives of the people meet. After the solemn act was finished, the Burgher Guard, which had been called out, t appeared and restored quiet. The sport passed off wiinoui iurtner aisturnances, but must be regarded as an open derision of the dignity of the National - Assembly. Accouuts, this moment received, from Vienna, e state that a new revolution hae taken place there. The Emperor had issued a decree, by which the Hungarian Chamber was dissolved, martial law , !- proclaimed in Hungaria, and Jellachich, (the I great enemy of the Hungarians.^ appointed com- I mander-in-chief of the troops. Tnese severe mea- | 8 sures had been taken by the Emperor in consee (juence of the opposition of the Hungarian Chamy ber to the former decrees issued by tlw Emperor. j The excitement produced at A'ienna by these measures was intense, and a part of the troops, 0 w hich had been ordered to Hungaria to suppress i. the insurrection there, refused to go. Wuh the assistance of the studeuts and the people, a part of the soldiers succeeded in maintaining themselves against the rest of the military, and a g-neral 3 fight throughout the city ensued. The people were victonoiis. On the morning of the 7th inst. ihe arsenal was stormed by the people, the Xa, tional (Juard, and the students. At twelve o'clock on thi t day the Emperor fled to Linz. Before his ? flight he had issued a manifesto, in which he j begged the people to spare the city. The National At-stmhly at A ienna had declared itself permanent. The following concessions were demanded | by the people:? v 1. The withdrawal of the Imperial decree, by which the Hungarian chamber was dissolved, and , martial law ^reclaimed. , 2. The resignation of the w hole ministry, and , the api ointment of the deputy, Mr. Lohner, as the ! president of the new ministry. 3. The recognition of the civil authorities, as I the su|ieriors of the military. 1 4. The withdrawal of the military from Vienna. ; 5. The banishment of the Archduke Ludewig and the Archduchess Sophia from Austria. , (?. The removal of General Radetzkv from the Cf mmandership at Milan, and the establishment of i a civil government in Italy. t'aither particulars are not yet known. The | Eumuer of the dead and wounded in tne fight has not ypt been ascertained. Jellachich, the governor of Croatia, and newly- I appointed commander-in-chief of the troops in Hungaria, has been defeated. | It is stated that Mr. Latour, the Austrian Minister of War, has been hung at a lamp-post. 1 Stt?toari>, Oct. 2, 1848. Since 1 noticed the invasion of Struve, in the i highlands of Baden, in my last, this affair has , taken a sudden, and, in spite of its momentoug | importance, a somewhat comical end. But, in [ order to give you some idea of the plans and in- j trntions of the insurgents, (had the enter|<rise sue- I ceeded, they would be denominated heroes and lauded to the skies, while now they are condemned i and hooted at,) I translate a few passages from the Republican Government UazcUs, ietueu (t r, one number of it) at T,oerrach, Baden, before [ describe the sad fate of the great agitator:? r TiEORBE OF THE GERMAN REPUBLIC?NO. I. " German Republic ! wealth, education, liberty for j 11! Headquarters, I.oerracli, September 21, 1848.? i Kvery burgomaster (mayor of a village) Is made personally responsible, 1?To bare the alarm bells run# all day. and fires lighted on the surrounding hills during the night, a* long as the republican army in within the 1 dlatrict of his jurisdiction. 2?lie Is to take care that no person belonging to royal or tory party, shall es- I cape or leave the diatrict, but to arreat them imme((lately; and in care of realatance, to confiscate their property for the uae of the government. 3?He i to 1 see that every citizen, capable of bearing arma. report himself ready for service at the principal village in the { respective districts; and also, to produce the necessary clMHng, arms, ammunition, provisions, &c , for the soldiery. 4? He is to aoe that the troops ot the republican army be speedily and comfortably quartered in I the bousea of the citiaens. 6 ?He la responsible for , tbe prompt and Immediate execution of the following degree, Issued on the same day with the above. In the - ' came of the Republican rrovisional Government. G. STai VK." DECREE OF TUK GFRMAN RBl't'Itl.lC?-NO. II. " German Republic : wealth, education, liberty for all! In the name of the German people, the Provisional Government of Germany decrees as follows ? Art. 1?All duties and taxes levied upon property, originating In the middle ages, likewise all personal labor-taxes, tithes, rents, fee., whatever the name of these barbarous customs of the middle agea, forced upon the present generation by the power of tbe nobility and the crown, may be. are hereby annulled and abolished forever, without Indemnification for th? i release. All debts, dues and faes contracted for the releare of such duties, are likewise declared to be II1 quldated. Art. 2? All taxes and duties hitherto paid to tbe state, the church, or the nobility, shall cease from this dav. A progressive income tax, excluding all those whsae property does not exceed a certain amount., Is to be raised In the place of such duties. Bat tolls and dutlea on importations shall continue to be paid on the coasts and boundaries of Germany. Art. 3- All tbe proper! v und possesions of the state, ! the church, and the citiaens who aide with the princes, iato be confiscated to the community In which such property may be found; provided, however, that the 1 property of private citizens be returned to them after [ the new government la eatabllslied. Art 4?Toaecure I he fulfilment of the above decree, it ia further ordered, that all cill/.ena capable of bearing arms, from the age of eighteen to forty, take part in the defence of the republic and the country. From thla day, martial law la proclaimed throughout the whole country, until the prople shall have attained and established their liberty. In the titiine of Iht Provisional Government of Ger- , many, O. STHUVK. Secretary, K*si. Bi.inci.. 1 Headquarters, l.oerTach. In the flrrt day of the Ger- ? Ban Hepubllc. September 21, A. D., 1848." in t>ul?r to be succewiul m hie undertaking J RK I - t" OCTOBER 29, 1848. Struve was compelled to seize all the public moneys which he found in ihe places through which he came, to force the inhabitants to join his banner, and to proclaim martial law wherever he went. His lroo|is, consisting of German, Italian, and Polish fugitives, and amounting in the beginning to about 350 men, soon increased to over 3,000. But ill 18 plan aiso proved niB rum. iviany werp cumpelled to join hie army who were opposed to hia cause. The dread of his power, the fear of being treated as traitors, according to the martial law, induced them to take up arms against their own will and inclination. As long as they found no regular troops to op|>ose them, so long all went well. His army continually increased, and he was already in the poteesMon of several hundred thousand florins, plundered from the public treasuries. At Stauflen, however, he met the troops that were sent to oppose him. Great consternation and overwhelming fenr befel his followers; and, after the first gun was tired from the military, a great number retreated in confusion, sought shelter in the neighboring woods, and hid themselves wherever they could. The republicans were completely routed, nnd Struve himself escaped only by means of his fleet horse. More than 100 prisoners were taken, bound and delivered to the authorities as traitor* to their country Meanwhile, a similar revolt was projected in several paits of Wurtemberg, in Kottweil, Heilbronn, iVc,; also in Prussia, in Cologne, but all meeting the same fate. In Cologne, and in a great I ortion of Baden and Wurtemberg, martial law was proclaimed by the regulm government, and all who were found with arms unmercifully slain. The leader of the revolt at Kottweil, M ho also published an edict similar to the one of Struve, was captured at a village near the boundary of Switzerland, whither he attempted to fly. IIis name is G. Ram; he is a very wealthy man?possesses a glass manufactory in Wuerttemberg, worth more than .r>0,000 florins, and has lately been I he editor of a republican pajier published at Stutgart. A number of citizens of Stutgart, Messrs. Werner, J'allinger, Mercy, Simon, Arc., are also captured, having been in connection with Struve and Raw, and condemned to the penitentiary, (II< benasperg.) Stiuve contrived to evade his pursuers for several days; but, at last, he was betrayed and delivered to the police by two of bis own men, who declared that tliey were compelled te join his armv, and thus revenged themselves for the injustice done them. Struve was immediately ihiown in chains, and carried in an open wagon, together with his wife, who had taken an enthusiastic interest in the cause ot liberty, to Mannheim, in Baden. It is said that the populace made ferocious attempts to get at him, and he would doubtless have been torn to pifCi'P, n ii wnuic ri?iii|?iiiiy ui tuiuitrs naci noi accompanied the wagon and guarded him from the fierce mob, who but a few days previously had greeted him as their deliverer, and sworn eternal fidelity to the cause of liberty. Struve was very pale ; lie sat listlessly in the wagon, and gazed intently upon his beautiful wife, resting in his arms and hiding her fair face in his bosom. The who;e country wi s in great alarm. It is certain that all of these movements were projected to take place simultaneously, and the leaders had counted upon the inhabitants of the country to join them in great numbers The passage of ihe armistice in Parlie inert, which created such intense excitement and dissatisfaction, led those of the revolters who were posted at Frankfort-on-the-Main. to give the signal immediately, and thus they disconcerted the whole plan; Struve, Ham, and the others, now saw themselves compelled to break forth also: and the conspiracy, which was to have remained secret until the 15th October, was in this manner discovered. The governments had time and warning to prepare themselves. The result is a complete failure of the whole aflair. It is impossible to conjecture what the result would have been, if the plan should have come to maturity. Perhaps the bloodshed would have been much greater and the effect the same. As it is, a republic is at a much greater distance than ever. The followers of Struve committed, and portions of them roving through the regions of the Black Forest, still commit deplorable excesses, burning and plundering villages and towns, violating the women, and murdenng those who o;>i ose them. This excites, as a matter of course, the indignation of the whole population, and all tliete crimes are laid to the charge of Strove, and serve to retard the republican cause. The proceedings of the National Convention have lost much of their interest in consequence of the late events. The independence of the church from the state, and of the school from the church, is pronounced. In regard to the armistice, nothing has been done since the 16th of September. _ Un me ^tn and ^!?h nt last month, the annual Fair nt Connstadt took place. This fair, called "Yolksfest," (the "jwople's feast,") is somewhat similar to the Mechanic's, Agricultural, and other lairs of the United States, and consists in a collection of the finest horses, cattle, sheep, Arc., also of the finest fruits, grain, and new inventions, which are exposed to the view of the public. A large pyramid is built in the centre of a vast meadow, tribunes erected in acircle of aboutthree miles in circumference, and a tent in the centre, by the side of the pyramid, for the accommodation of the royal family and the judges. Premiums to ihe amount of several thousand fforins are distributed to the proprietors of the finest specimens presented in the several departments, to the victors in athletic exercises, horse and foot races, to the best singers and musicians, Arc. All of these exercises take place in the sight of the public, and thundering applause rewards the victor and ac- ' companies his triumph It was genep>'!y supposed that another demonstration of the republican party would take place ' on this occasion, as more than 80,000 persons gen- 1 erally participated in the festivities. But the fear was entirely groundless. The whole meadow, all the neighboring villages and roads were sur rounded with troops - not less than fifty thousand cavalry, infantry, and artillery, were posted in the different parts of Wurtemberg on this day. Not the least distutbance, however, took place. What the fate of Struve. Ram, and the other i leaders of the conspiracy will be, is yet unknown ; ' Feme think it dangerous to execute them. But they can hardly expect to obtain mercy. They , will probably ne shot in private, in order to prevent a mob at their execution. J. * * Our French Correspondence. Paris, Sept. 28. 1848. The AVw Constitution Dinpetition of the Frtnch?Gen. | Carnignac?Louie Napoleon The great question has been decided. MO to 289 in favor of one ohaiuber. Lamartine made the closing , rpeech for one chamber, and M. O. Barrtt that fer two* I think that the Utter was the most profound. La ' martine's position was, that the thing was tempo, rary, that, four years hence, he might be In favor of tw0 1 ohambers?that now thej were In the midst of revolutions at hosae and abroad, and a iicftnrt was neeei- I iary. a legiMatlve dictation?-'that the good laws are the daughters of the time"?"that what in true on this ; ride the Pyrenees, may be false upon the other side"? j that the spirit of the people la sol Id a condition to | name two chamber*?that the upper chamber would be arUtcoratlc. In fact, and be ao regarded by th? peo pie. Theposition of M. Darrot th, that France need- i ed a permanent and atable government. and not a ] dictation?that n single chamber, permanently in * { sion. waa bnt another form for a convention, absolute and dictatorial, to send to tbesoaffold when and whom it pleased?that a dlviaion of powers waa necessary, and there needed to be a moderating pow- | er to arrest the dictatorial carcer of a passionate con- i ventlcn-that the pretest draft of the constitution provided no check upon the will of the chamber, and wthout Mich a check and division of power, there could be no permanent government; and without the organization of inatitutions, deaigned to be permanent credit and confidence could not bo reestablished. The French, many oi them, would rather purlah under constitutions of their own Invention, than to live quietly and succesafully under those copied from any other country. Their conatltution la a clumsy thing aa it stands?full of double and twisted machinery, without any lucidity or arrangement. It is, in substance, a mere legislative dictation by one chamber, having some nominal divisions of power, but none that are real, before a French chamber and in France. Aa It stands, it Is a convention, und nothing more-In other words, the preaent organization continued in a little different form With 119. the preirnt arrangements would oonatitute snm? check upon the dictatlou of the chambcr. The President would have some little pewer to arrest their proceedings, and some little seonrlty for his own official existence; bnt, In France, these provisions give no security?the chamber would suspend the powerj of the 1'rrsldent and Impeach him instantly, and in less time and conild?ration than they would make a barricade, orahoot an Insurgent There 11 no respect flit by anj Frenah11. an frr any law except that of the musket; and there would be no more hesitation In Impeaching the I'realdent. if he atood in the way of the will of the Chamber, than there waa in removing the executive Commission, conferring dictatorial power! on General r?- , THlgnac, Imprisoning F.mile de (ierardln, or sup, ress- ' Ing the press. F.verythlng must give way beforo the indomitable will of tne French; and the law of neceraity. f?r the moment, Is the only one by them regarded. F.mile de Oerardln. and many others, are opposed to bavlng any constitution; desiring only an assembly ror an emperor or dictator, to make laws as they go kJopg, ftitl According to the daily txigeneiw, This i? IE R A pretty much what the present constitution contain- I Slates, and what tbe Chamber will do: what Napoleon Id as emperor, the Chamber will do an dictator. But this will be a great improvement on tbe old system; i and 1 think the preseiit Assembly have acted with a great deal of good sense. notwithstanding Its burst* of j anger, impertinence, and folly, ao frequently exhibited, I in managing the general ollicern of the State. The speech ofLedru Kollin contlnueH to excite a Keat deal of remark; bat I think it baa diminished his Quence. because it ban identified hint with the opposition, and carried him a step nearer to the present I position of the Montalgnanls, in public rstimHtlon 1 think that General Cavalgnac better undertands their relative positions, and ban, perhaps, been relieved from some embarrassment by this open opposition. Louis Napoleon came to Paris in a very private manner; and the government were not informed of hii arrival, till be entered the Chamber. He desires to avoid being tbe object of curiosity and observation For this purpose, and to prevent annoyance, he ohanges bis lodgings every day; and intends pursuing this i course till he can be left quietly to himself. So, whiW, cone men are struggling so bard for notoriety, he is | obliged to incommode himself to avoid it. The indications are, that be is a youcg gentleman of Hue rense, good taste, well educated, and of a retiring spirit, rather tbun pushing ambition; that if he is not persecuted, as he has been, most outrageously, by Louis Philippe and the provisional government, he will fall into tbe position of his three cousins. The French press has also been terribly severe upon him; and. fine# bin election. the London Times hftfl been j singing the came tune Politicians in France aud j Kngland feared the influence of his name wi'.h the people; and if he is an ambitioua man, they will yet feel its power. They bad better lot the descendant* i of the family of Napoleon reHt without persecution. OBSERVER. j Chcnp Lltrrnlnrr In England?The Ilankmjitty of t*. W. 91. Reynold*. [From the London News, Sept. 7.] ' The adj< urned heariDg of the bankrupt's application for hid certificate, wan resumed yesterday ninrniug, the adjournment having taken place from the 25th ult., owing to thi- absence of a matt-rial witness, Mr. j Cuthbertson. Mr. Parry and Mr Duncan now appeared in opposition to the certificate. Mr. Sturgeon tupporttd the bankrupt. A lint of gome ten or twelve witnesses, who bad been summoned, being callcd over, | and Cuthbertson not being in attendance. Mr. Tarry plied for a warrant against him, The Commissioner \ said it would he necessary that he should have an atlldavit ot the service of summons, ho. Meantime, the . examinations were prooteded with. Ret holds, the bankrupt, wan first examined. He deposed: Under my cenion He birns in France, in 183tf, about <is 8d in the pound was paid ; under my nsolvency here, in 1837, nothing was paid ; in 1830, j il 00 0, which crine to me from an aunt, was paid into j the court for the creditors. I don't know how much i that wan in the pound In 1840. I was bankrupt again, owing ?200, and nothing was paid. I wru 22 years old w hen I was first bankrupt in France. Was shamefully swindled out of all my property. 1 had been a publisher there. Came to Kngland in March, 1837. I wan , pursuing my prolefflon aa a literary man when I be- , came bankrupt in 1840. My present balance sheet be- i gins with a deficiency of ?1 700; but much of this was , old debts. I was made bankrupt thistime as publisher, I | printer bookseller, dealer, and chapman. In January, f 1847. I bad my household furniture and some stock, ! t which is down in my balance sheet. I kept aoa<h-hook and stock book, and had weekly balance sheets mad* i ' nnt In mv rUrlr'..ll,l f... ? ... 1 yearn; be 1b an upholsterer, draper and tailor. In Port- 1 laud-place, Bore ugh road. 1 have paid him about | ?1C0 altogether; the la*t payment van between ?30 ) and ?40 In November last Have got articles of him 1 since, includicg a sofa, a bookcase, and clothes for the , children; he is what is called a tally-man. I last saw i bin three or four days before his writ was served on i me on the 18th March. I went to tell him I was in dlf- i i ticultier snd to ask the loan of *ome rconey. I did i not tell him about Wilton's judgment. His reply was , i that be could net assist ma. I think be afterwards i tent me in a bill. 1 did not plead to his action. The | date of the judt ment is 3d or 4th April lie put in an | 1 execution at my house in Wellington street on the ' 6rhor7th. A bill of sale was given; Kurber, the sher- | i ifl'stflicer.valued the whole at about ?1(50 I don't l . think the furniture cost me above ?7.r>. The bill of ' sale included the type. I still live on tbe premises as 1 heretofore, and the goods have remained there ruth- j I bett Ob's execution was for a debt of ?'.K), with the I ] coets. 1 also owed about ?42 for rent and taxes, and ! stamp duty, which Cuthbertson paid. I have not since given bim an I O U, or any understanding as to my posseseien of the property after I have obtained my certificate. I don't pay bim anything a week for the ure of the property; he allows it to remain out of a kind m< tive to me. (Laughter ) He did not Issue tbe writ at my instance; all he wanted was security. Af'er the execution, all went on as herotofire to public appearance. Mr. Wilton brought an action sgainst me last April, and I gave him n judge's order for payment; but it was not met. and judgment *as elgnnd. the order being doe at the b< ginning of May. (Mr. Daviea. the bankrupt's solicitor, here admitted that this action was pending when the bill of sale was given.) I did not then coin* to the Bankruptcy Conrt, because I thought I had a fair chance of paying these small matters. Creditors to 'he amount of ?1.210 gave me a letter of license on the 22d of Anrll Afterward*. li?ln<r>..,i ?200. nod t?e week being up which Mr Wilton had p given me. and baring been arretted by Mr. Bush on s tbe 21st of April, and paid him ?40, 1 applied to the e court. My solicitor, Mr. Davies. Is now solicitor under 1 the fiat. He ha* not received bi? costs in Cuthbert- b son's action, nor has be been paid for working my pc- g tition. (Mr. Groom, the oflUial assignee, ?aid he had n paid the attorney's costs up to the choioe of a*signeei ) * The stereotype plates sold to Mr. Kigglns at the price , b of old metal were of the early numbers of the "Miseel- ' d l?ny." I never got a farthing out of that concern, but i put money into it. It circulated at onetime '20.000 i f which only just paid the expenses. Infact, I w*s outr.f j I pocket by paying several writors. To give any remnni'- I ration there mu?t have been a tale of 20 000 or 27,000 i 1 a week. "Wallace" and ' The Parricide" paid very well aa long they went on. These and other works, 13 | < in all, were sold fer ?15, after the bankruptcy. The fact i 1 is. after Mich things are completed, they are not worth a , 1 flg; tberd I* no rale for them when done up In volumes. ' beyond a couple of hundred or so, which you may get * off by constantly advertising. Mr. Cooke has now iht ' ownership of the Miieellany. I bad discontinued wri- < tirg for it at the time of to* bankroproy. but began ' again as toon as Mr. Cooke bought it. I receive no ' mlary for this. The sale to Cooke was two or three ' days before my last examination. The MitrrHnny is I still printed at my premises; the same came is up, and i the same people are employed there. Cooke took away ] ' all the printed paper, but left me the type, and Mr. i ' Cox, of Great (Jueen street, machines the work. At | 1 the time the copyright was aold. the Muctllany was , < losing ?8. ?10 or ?12 per week I do not receive a ; 1 rbilling for what I now do for the Vitcrllany, nor is there . 1 any utideritanding that I am to have it back. When it 1 pays. I am to bnve ?5 a week for a tale I am writing. 1 1 have (aid en a former occasion, that I can earn ?600 a year by my pen. I am employed on a newspaper, and if I were to give the name of that paper I should be discharged to-moirow morning. My weekly earnings, at this moment, are ?10 from tbe newspaper and the "Mysteries of London " This work ceases the week after next, and I shall then lose that sonrce. I am now writing the "Mysteries of the Court of London," ! which belongs to Mr. Cooke. I made an agreement to write it for him, but have no interest in the oopyrlght. ' J My literary earnings are entered in my balance sheet at ?710 I have received ?5 a week from Mr. Stiff for ' the whole period. In respect of the "Mysteries of Lon- 1 don '' I baTe also received about ?40 from him, in- 1 eluding a tele I wrote for him in the London Journal. ; ' I never sent any works for sale at tbe night auctions 1 of Spoket. Dy Mr. ok.?I lost about ?7 000 on my first , I In tn>?> l-.'.l?? > I 1 ..... - . ? . - ? " J liiBK nirviiruL-J urrc tram from some of my Krench creditor* having taken pro- ! 1 ccciling* here; the *eoond wm owing to my having ' omitted some two or three creditor* from my flrat 1 schedule. i Mr Jtim Ba*??, stereotype-founder, of Fetter lane, . * deposed; Dlx, the bankrupt's clerk, came and offered 1 me a lot of itereotype plate*, at ?12 a ton: thl* wan 1 btfoie the bankruptcy; I was then giving ?22 per ton; i < it contifyd chiefly of old plate*; the copyright of the ' Miiy might be worth ?00; I judge from the pub- ' lie ttXwof Houtll't Journal for that xsm; the twelve ' other work*, if fairly sold, ought to have realised ?160. Mr Pa**t herettated that hedlstloctly charged the ' assignee, Mr Stroag. with sacrificing the property. ' and tbe question would be whether the bankrupt and j 1 Mr . rooke were not in collusion with him. The Com- .' mission er observed that the atrongeat point agaln*t 1 the bankrupt wa* bin conduot in withdrawing hit a*- j f sistanee from the Mitcrllani/ at the time of thx bank- ' ruptcy. *o a* to diminish It* value, and. the moment It ^ wa* sold to Mr. Cooke, recommencing hi* contribu- 1 tiers It would appear that this bad been done solely r to destroy the value of the property to the assignees ' and the creditor* Mr I'arry said he only Impugned > tbe crnductof tbe **signee collaterally ; an appllaatlen to remove the assignee would have to bi made to 1 tbe Court of Review. He sought to show ooiiusion on the part of the bankrupt; and thi* could only be mat- 1 ter of Inference from other evidence, Mr Davie* * raid tbe official assignee had refused to sanction the * work* being proeeeded with; the consequence of their all dropping in one week wa* to render them valueless 1 1 be bankrupt said be bad implored the offl<iiala?*lga?A ' to allow him to continue tbe works. Mr. Uroom. the c ? flicial a?*lgnee. said he had certainly not thought. it advisable, looking to the Interest* of thn creditor* that 1 the work* should be continued. After a conversation " a* to the course to be pursued the Commissioner e*- " pressed an opinion that evidence a* to the conduct of ' the assignees would be irrelevant Mr. J. CvTHMtRTioit, the missing witness, having 'J appeared, wa* examined, and d?po-ed that he had Ulowu Key nolds four years. Held a bill of sale of his c< proptrty. dated April last. Hail last furnished him a bookcase for ?15 in December, when Reynolds owed him between ?70 and ?80 lie had lpromi*?d pay- u! merit of a sum on the 1st of April, and owing t? hji nrn-fayment the writ was Issued. He had paid ?"> w In December ; he bad not paid ?-10 alnce November He did not get a sofa and iliulng-table In Jauuary. . Witness saw him the same day that he Issued the writ It was about eleven o'clock In the f>renoon P' Bankrupt told him he was In difficulties, and was bi threatened to be sued about gome pictures He htay- y, ?d half an hour, and witness immediately went and took out a writ They lid not go togethc r (Laughter ) Had previously given him time till tbe 1st of )? A{rtI or tbe 1st of March, he could not be certain N whjeto, CculU flot iwcm tUt bauluupi aak?vl liim f->r fc. L D TWO CENTS. the loan of momv He ph iI hu ??i i mm?? knt did not ask wltneae to take nut a writ, or My anything about a bill of ?ale. Since tbe bill of rale waa taken b? bad not removed any of the property, nor exerclwd any ownership over it it wax in the bankrupt's unr and occupation juat an before. Had not been there alt ee. Had not (be bill of sale ; It wan in possession of Mr Dlx, Mr Reynold'* clerk. Mr. Pahrv?Why, you are a moat amiable creditor. Mr luthbertron. You neither fell* your property nor take tbe bill of aale. WiTMKu?I certainly did not wlah to hart him I have confidence In both bin and the clerk. I took the hill of pale for my own protection in tbe flrat inatanre. There waa no prevloua agreement that the properf," should remain in Heynold'a possession. If I baiJ known of a bankruptcy Impending. I would bare had the furniture in my possesainn before thla. I don't take It now because I don't wlah to diitreas the bankrupt. The Baikri pi . being recalled bv Mr Sturgeon. gav? icme further explanatlnn of the circumstances uuder which he bail ceased to write for the \fii, tllany. He bad requested Mr. Groom to allow the work* to go on. ??d had offered whatever talent he pos*ea*ed; but Mr. ( room refused on account of action* ?hloh might ariHeout of carrying on the estate A comparison had been drawn between bin Mi%rrllnny and fin and the I'tonle's Journal: but the price of the latter was IKd- wnich would pay with a circulation of 0.000 or 7 000. while a penny publication required a cirriilv tion of 20 COO or 27 00O He theu w.ut into a l"m* statement of sorre attempt whteh had hn?n maide t<> Injure him by Mr Stiff* bringing nut a pnHlcati'm called Hryiutitl s .Itagazim He ail t> d be bad t.akeii nut the flat on hla own petition. and would wlt'inir'y have placed bla literary talen t? at the service of t o creditors. Mr Tarhx raid that If ever there waa a cam where a bankrupt ouptht to be severely dealt. wirli tbl? ?? one After defrauding or defeating hla creditor* in France, he had been twice inaolvent here, and tl 1 wa* hla Fecond bankruptcy It wa* evident he south nothing hut protection for bia person ; he had don nothing list. Inflict injury on hla creditor* alnce 1H16 and tbe certificate ought to be entirely withheld, otherwise tbe bankrupt law would be altogether defeated Here waa a man who could earn hla ?10 a week, who could defraud hla creditor*, and then come to thw court and laugh at them. He had lived a life of insolvency and bankruptcy, and wa* not a reapeetable tradesman, coming here for hl< certificate A creditor named Spoke* had been defrauded to the extent of A'40 or ?60. Thla waa a strong instance of miseonduet, amounting almost to fraud Krom the evidence of the thirteen ropyrighta being sold for ?15 it was clear that Cooke wa* a mere go-between?a mere tool and shadow ef HeynoMa himself?under whese direction all hiaprrCf-edinga were taken. The bankrupt wa* now writing ff.r thn nr/lu? ?.?? ???? u- ?.~i ^ ? *- * - - ? r- ?i iw, ,p^,uK 1,11(111 l> hut could any one dcuht that the bankrupt had th? main interest In it, and that It w> nld atraln berr.roe hif>. as well us the other work called " The Mysteries of the Court of London ?" Only give him protection for hie person, and he would take gnod c tre that hli creditors DfTer (rot a farthing Then the transact! o with Outhberfson wan palpably one for the bankrupt k convenience, and a fraudulent attempt to defeat the ?ft of the creditors Af'-r pacing the cost* In thin 'life, be did not believe there would he ?20 of a?get?, f this man'd application for hie certificate was success ul, there would lie au end to all confidence in comDerctal dealings. Mr. Duncan addressed the court on the p*me eide Phe bankrupt's debts unsecured were ?2 600; hi" shole literary career had been but an alternation r" aankruptcy and insolvencv ; and the sum to divide imor g?t his creditors would be about, a penny and a rraction in the pound. He seemed to assume that he bad the right of expending on himself and his family all he made by his pen ; to the exclusion of his creditors' claims. This was not the case of a talented and poor author ; his talent, though not of the highest, was of a most marketable quality, commanding a ready return : hence he had not gone into buslne'* from necesHty. for which it win evident he was totally unfit, for his creditors hail never got anything Mr. RKYwoi.ns r I've paid thousand* of pounds in business?what is the man talking about .' (l.nughter.) Mr Ducta* contended that It was a delusion and a nockery to talk of paying ?20 a month to eove* ?2 0C0 of debts ; wh y was not the offer made earlier ' During the very last year hU domestic espendltnre bad been about ?ft60. Did that look like an intention to pay so much a month to his creditors ? Altogether bin expenres had been ?1 020. and bis profits only ?633 The transaction with Spokes was one of direct fraud, and the fact that he had rendered no assistance to the estate, clearly^iowed the spirit by which he had been actuated. Hi* certificate ought to he re fused, and he should be referred to the Insolvent ( curt for relief. Mr. STr*<iEo* contended that in the whole of the are there was no evidence of fraud, or fraudulent ntent. Since bis first bankruptcy, when he was the r'< t'm 'f a set of French swindlers, he had been conta?<ly persecuted by th? same parties, and hence h;s wo iiifolvencirs In Kngland. T he CoMMi?noir.? said there w<m no proper evidence T hi* having been fleeced in France. He never gave itiy weight to observations directed against parties ?ho were absent. *1- u_. _?_? 1 "V-' -? ? - ran bad been once bankrupt, he had much greater lifflculty in struggling on In the world. Much atre?? lad been laid on the bankrupt'* withdrawing his *n\. ?ort from the Mi^crllany: but tbl* was completely i\nwered by his offer to the oiflrial assignee. who, hoxTer, very properly shunned thp risk of any action, he bankrupt wm clearly not fit for trade. anl hi* rut rourfp would be to stick to his n?n, and not rnage in business again. Though Sir Walter Scott ha<l ia<Ic enormous sums by his writing*, be wan not fit for rade. but he bad entered into It, and the result bail feu most ruinous, and such as to embitter bid Ust a*?. The CoMrismowic* said there was this important dift rente in the cape of Sir W Scott, that he had honoably discharged all his engagement* to his creditors. Mr Sxi nnton, In conclusion, urged that there was no ground for suspending the certificate. T he CoMMiiiioifr* 'aid this was a peculiar case ?nd one which required consideration, as to whether, if the certificate were granted, it ought not to b>joupled with certain conditions. Though the bankrupt bad. some time ago. made an offer to his eredi I >rs, no offer had raw been made to carry out that lull ntion. It would therefore be better to adjourn tbe ape jiving tbe bankrupt tbe opportunity of saying, n tbe meantime, what he would do for hla creditors. I bis waa not like tbe case of a trader, whose snbaist>rce depended alone on tbe profit* of his trade; but lere waa a man nf such attainments that the wonder *as. not only that he should have been bankrupt jiany times. hut that he should ever hare come to the ourt at all. A man beginning with ?7 000, and laving talents which enabled him to earn ?600 t year by his pen-how ?uch a man eould be reduced to bankruptcy, If he eiercisod only ordinary piudence, it was difficult to imagine. No doubt If be made up his mind to devote a certain portion of his future earnings to the discharge of bis debts there would not be tbe least difficulty In getting the creditors to come tasush an arrange nient. Though there we* no direct evidence of ao!lusion between the bankrupt and Cutbbertson, anv one who knew tbe working of the human mind and the conduct of partie* In such situations, must eonelude that it was tbe bankrupt's wi?h that ?ueh a crurre of proceeding should be adopted ; and they nr.ight have gone about to effect It In such a way as to i vol d tbe admission on tbepart of either that th?re had been any collusion. A creditor could not be t>lnmed, under the present state of the law, for taking measures to secure himself; but a trader was to be blamed for allowing one creditor t? get the advantage nf the others. The momenthe found it. was impossible T< r him to satlffy all the claims upon him. be ought to lo that which tbe law allowed for preventing any one rtttlng a preference. The bankrupt in tbis caso mighthave done so ; ami his not doing so wasastronc rlrcmnstanre against him The transaction Wltb Spokes was one which gaie that person good ground* if complaint Tbere was no evidence of an improper ale of the property by the assignee* or of o? llusloo between tbe bankrupt and Cooka; but the transaction war kttended with very considerable ?u?piolon, the copyr'pht* having been sold by private contract. When the ffielel assignee had refused to let the works be earri?d hi tbe bankrupt ourbttp have advised the sale of tbf >rj,j rights by auction, and bav? still offared hi* aaristi nee for carrying tbem on. Instead of that, he had with Irawn bis aid prior to the sale, looking, no doubt, more 0 III* own luiurr nmmimur iliwu Ml ? UW D'HUHl Of Hl?* reditorp No doubt he had contemplated the thing* -elng purchased by hi* friend. Mr rooke. and hud xpected to again com* Into po?*e**ion or them If It rtre trim that perron* did not learn prudence an i xperlence from one bankruptcy, but were to oom? icre rereatedly. what waa the una of the bankruot la? ' 1 he object of tha punishment of the court wa? to preent these thing" recurring again It the bankrupt r.uld make a satisfactory arrangement with hi* credi. on that would be considered wJ/g? judgment w * liven on the application for hi? c^lBnate The rr said he w?< wllll^^fo set apart 100< k year for the payment of hl? debt* Mr. I'?ei< v aaid tb?t would take M ?ear? to pay th? ahole Hut be heped time would Ik- given the creditor*) o consider any offer that might be made, a* they had n<. sonfldenee wbatererin the trade a's^nee, Mr $tr?n,: After a conversation, hi* Honor aliotirned the ca?e ill the '.tth Instant, with protection In the meantime o give "i* bankrnpt an opportunity of making an ifler to bi* creditors In this ease our reader* will recollect that hie Honor ook time to consider an to whether the propose jade by I be bankrupt to pay hie creditor* l 10 per jonth wa* sufficient, end fixed a day for the purrse of de iding that point. Hi* Honor rceapKnited the facta of the case which hare been fuliy ported In our journal, and ultimately prononnoe.i le judgment of tbe court to be. that the bankrupt's rtifira'e be euspendeJ until he ?h >uld bare paid Into >urt ? UK), by Instalment* of <100. evfry si* m nth* roteetlon to be *ranted ft'm six month*tr ait mouthpon such payment* being made. Mr. Ih w< a* applied for the coet* of the opposition elch were granted. An vie its from Pat krm'> to 2IM tilt stuff fh*" ie yovert nif-nt of Airily had ordered nil ihmh' tr tper money to * litr^f amount, whicli would cr< ?bly etnliMirHSf tmdr |K'-*tiy, a* iie circul.tftoi ou d be a A rced one. A beautiful gold teapot, which once IxtioogeU tC the' (te Duke of Sussvx, was fnrwardej to the SwedUb IghtlDgale, while in Newcantl* < n- Ty n> by < ne < * tr taraptured adoureri.

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