Newspaper of The New York Herald, October 31, 1848, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated October 31, 1848 Page 2
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/ / NEW YORK HERALD. R**th-Weit Comcrof Kwlton *ndlluM?(ta, JAMK5 UORlX>.? BENNETT, PROPRIETOR THK DAILY Hh.KiLl*? Throe oditum* every day.two tent* pe copy-f! 1t> .wr annum. Thi MORSINU EDITION u at 3 o'r'.wJt A. M.. and du(ri!?t,(r?i be/ore brtskfaet; the jir>< AFTERNOON EDITIONenn he h.iit of the nei?hnyi, <11 1 <f clock. P. M., and the eeoud AFTERNOON EDITION at I t'c lock. THE WEEKLY I1KRAI.D? Kvery Saturday,/or rireulat? ? on the Amertctin < oiUiiient?cenfper copy. $3 ll^per r>n?uat. Every iteam paekit day for European circulnno?, !M ver annum. to include the pottape. The Eu*>pean edition v?fl fw printed in the h\enth and Enflith language!. ALL LETTERS bj mm/, for ivb*rrif*tv*n?, or with be po t paid, or the poet age unit be deducted from the money remitted. VOLUNl AH YOORRUPONDBNVHemUaMn* important firm, toltciUd from any quarter of the toorld; \Itt.ld, ioiil be tit-erntlypnid for. AD k'i.74 TK&MENT8 (rntftwd every morninf, and to be M. I I.. L.J <L. rr wiA /i ^f/flUMf! sdlfiitriM I nt ynZZTto br 'wriNnb a pi.nn. UfibUwmmntr; iS proprietor tint rnpneiUc for rrrort in ?mi?;m?crtpt. f'RlXTrXd oj all kindt trecvtrd beavtxfvUy and lotth <i? ? ijMtUk. .('rdsr? reeetved at the ' Iffice corner oj Pulton and MJ NOTK'S taken of anon^moui communteati&ne. IWlltin w intrmUd for imcrtion mil tv authentieitUd byt/unante ani addrctt of the writer; not necettrtrily for publication, bul <?. a fuarnnt'v of hu good faitlk. H'e ca mot return r elected rtnmmucahmu. AMUSEMENTS THIS EVENING. PARK THKATRE-FomnEn on Facts?Irish iiBAisknos-Tinm thk BOWERY THEATRE, Bowery? Lir*-Niw Ori.bani SbIDituni-Young Scamf. BROADWAY THEATRE, Bruulmy?I.ondon Asu'Ranc* ?Valet i>? Bham. NATIONAL THEATRE, Uhithun SqMi*? -Richelieu ? jvm bo jim, BURTON'S THEATRE, Chamban ttr?et?Anvthivo tor a Chahoi?PRorraaoR Riii.'y and his Vriach or Pbuhiik-Dah Kkvm l n* lUounn BROADWAY CIRCUS, near Spring it?Iqum-RiA^uii, to. MECHANICS' IlAl.L Bn?dwsy, near Broom*?Cmrwtt*? KiniTlinJ? iTHIUl'Ii* 8l M.: N G. INERTa ROOMS?Taylor's Caktaioki. IHU)DION-T?ov<ia Smi.iadoa STOPKAN1 IIALL, Br a l??y-M??io? Ii.LurrRArm. SANDS, I.ENT k CO.'S CIRCUS, 8th street sod Boirory.? liCt> Abll.lK. Zql'CflrHiAMSM, Ac. BOCIETV LIBRARY.?Campm-i.i.'h Mmn-reia. New York, Tuesday, October 31, 1848, Actual Circulation of th< Herald, 0:t'r JO, M>ndAj 20,143copics. The pnblicAtion ot the Horning Edition of the Herald oom oeeood yrpterday ?c 10 minute* |)A:t 8 o'clock, And finished At 36 minutes I oforeT o'olnck ; the first Afternoon Edition comnwced At 10 minutes j*st 1 o'clock, and finished At IS minnt?i Iwfcre 2 o'clock; the eecund At 3 o clock. And ttniibed at IS mkinue put S. Important New* from Ilnlcoi Our readers will find in this day's paper, some very important and interesting intelligence from Mexico. That country appears to be on the verge of a great crisis, the result of which may be its dismemberment and the annexation of a great portion of its territory to the United States. It a]>pears that a jtronunciamtnto has been issued in Tampico, proclaiming not only the independence of that State, but its annexation to this republic. To say the least, this is decidedly cool on the part of our neighbors. It has always been a matter of dipsute among our citizens, whether or not we were too hasty and precipitate in annexing Texas; but now, it seems that a whole State of that republic has, without as much as saying ?'by your leave," shaken ofT its connection with the federal government, and annexed itself to this country. To all appearances, it never occurred to the inhabitants of Tampico that to consummate the annexation which they propose, and are apparently ecyjager for, requires the consent of the other party. They may, however, be of opinion that our " manifest destiny " would impel us to overlook all formalities, and take them into our confederation without delay. Mexico is truly in a threatening position. With this Tampico jrrotiunciamrnto, the expected return of Santa Anna at the invitation of the army, and the disordered condition in which that whole country aj pears to be, we would not be surprised to see a terrible state of anarchy there belore long. If Tampico succeed in carrying out her defcjgns of independence, her example will be followed by other States of the republic, and in a few years the whole country will be begging to be annexed to the United States. The recent wax has, probably, given her people an insight into our power, resources and stability, and induced them to wish that they were a3 happily situated as we are. It may possibly be, that the question of annexing the whole of Mexico will he the great issue in our Presideniial election in the year 1852. Stranger things have occurred, and take place almost erery day. The Skvate or tux United States.?The electioEs that have recently taken place will exercise a most important influence on the legisla* uon 01 the country lor the next few years. The complexion of the legislatures ot several States has been materially altered, and the consequence will be a change in the present constitution of the United States Senate. In Ohio and Pennsylvania extraordinary effoits will be made by uoth parties to secure the election for one ot their own number. They are ho evenly balanced as to give both strong hopes of success. In Florida and Pennsylvania, both hitherto democratic States, the whigs have a majority, in the first of sever, and in the latter of nine, on joint ballot. In Ohio, the parties tie in the Senate, and in the House of Representatives it is difficult, from the prevalence of special local causes, to pronounce at present which party is in the ascendant. It is probable, however, that the whigs will have a very small majority, and that the democrats will be forced, by the strength of public opinion, if nothing else, to go into an election for Senator, contrary to their first determination?which, it is charged by their opponents, was to resist any attempt to go into joint ballot, should the whig* be in a majority. We have said this design has been charged upon the democrats by their opponents; but we can scarcely credit that any party would be so reckless as to deprive the State of her regular representation in the Senate of the ^United States, merely from party considerations. Should the free soilers, in both houses of the Ohio legislature, preserve their separate organization (which we do not expect, however,) the case will be different. The democrats will then have a clear majority, and will be enabled to send a democrat to the Senate, in place of Mr. Allen, whose term expires in March next. We barn that Mr. Cameron and his friends are mailing powerful efforts to win over the small majority the whips will have on joint ballot in the Legislature of Pennsylvania. The arguments Mr. Cameron uses are of universal application, and, advanced with such force and quantity as lie is ca|?able of advancing them, must be efficacious. Mr. Cameron isa man of extreme liberality, and es|<ecially, it is said, on the eve of an election in which he himself is concerned. He is, besides, an admirable tactician, and with the means at his command, will be able to do much. It is even ?aid that several members of the whig party are A1 r?*if ? U . ?? ? * , III iuk iui nun 11 um III ivitic motives TIiob<' men will, of course, be watched and maiked by their own party. Mr. Cameron would not be the choice of the democrats in the legislature, but, of course, they would prefer him to a whig; and thus fie stands no small chance of re-election. in Florida, Mr. Westcott * ill, in all probability, be succeeded by a whig, ft is surmised that he is, perhaps, sufficiently a Taylor man to ensure his election by the wing legislature. Mr. llannegan will not return to the Senate. He will, we understand, be succeeded by somebody from the northern portion of the State. It is aaid that his course in the Senate has displeased his own party, and, unless he can secure some whig strength, he will scarcely succeed in a reelection. In Illinois, the friends of General Shields are very active, and there is no doubt of his iuccess, J provided that he is eligible. His opponents have spread a report that he hai not been suUiciently long a citizen to entitle him to a seat in the Senate; but, if lie be sent by his own State to that body, the Senate has no nght to go behind his election by his legislature, and determine upon its validity. This has been already decided in several instances. Judging Irom the presen: aspect of affairs, there will be much rivulrv and jealousy, and extraordinary fll'orts will be made by the various candidates in the several States we have named. It is very certain that many Senators, now voting on the democratic side of the Chamber, will be adherents of (Jeneral Taylor, three months after his election. Every Senator that we have named, whose term expires on the Ith of March next, would be a Taylor nan it he could, and we really think the best thing the legislatures of these various States can do, is to continue those gentlemen in ollice. We, therefore, ardently hope that Mr. Cameron will succeed in his negotiations; that Mr. West' cott will succeed in persuading the Florida legislature that he is a true Taylor man; that Mr. Hannegan will succeed in wiping out and obtaining pardon lor his offences; that Mr. Breese may succeed in persuading the lllinoisans that General shields is ineligible, and that he himself is the purest, ablest, and best representative they can send to the Senate of the United Stutes. Ireland and Her Prospects.?In order to gire our readers an insight into the political condition oi Ireland, and the feelings which actuate a portion of her people, we publish the following answer to a letter, written by a gentleman of this city, to a brother of his in Dublin, in relation to the arrest of Mr. James Bergen, of New York, by the British Government, on the supposition that he (Mr. B ) was an ' American sympathiser," and went there with the purpose of assisting the people of that country in their struggle fcr freedom. It may not be amiss. while shaking on this subject, to say, thut the reason tor the writer's excruciating allegiance to his sovereign and the constitution, is probably based on the fact, that hisancestors were some of the cormorants who, in the early history of Ireltnd. possessed themselves of the landsand proper ' ty of the Irish, under the system of confiscation pursued by the government of England ; and that he, himself, is the recipient of a very handsome income, that no doubt would, incase of Irish independence, be lost to him. Dublin, Sept. 30,181*. Dkar William I received your letter of the 12th j inst , respecting Mr. James Bergen, of New York; 1 | have made inquiries about him. from soai? of the anI thorities here, and from what I can learn, there would not be the slightest use in my Interference, nor would 1 so far forget my allegiance to my sovereign and the constitution, as to do so. Tbe government must have received good information of Mr. Bergen's movements acd intentions, otherwise, I am sure he would not have been arrested He will have to remain whero he is, (Newgate.) until the 1st of March, 1849, where all persons who would wisb to overthrow our constitution, should and ought to be. 1 am sorry, on your aocount, 1 cannot interfere further in this matter, but if it was any legitimate business in which you wished my assi.^tance, 1 should feel most happy to oblige you. 1 cannot conclude without, in the strongest manner, expressing my sincere regret, that a son of my father, wbo always, as you can avow, was a strong supporter of the constitution, could so far forget, though in a foreign ltrnd. his own native country, and the principles which bis ancestry held and fought and bled for. as you evidently have. I am sorry to hear from your mother, and from others, that you are a rank republican, and that you. to show your republican principler, have called .vour last child John Mitcbel, * * * the Dame of a convicted rebel, who has got hie deserts, and I do sincerely hope that all such will meet the reward which they so justly deserve ; being men of blood, devoid of all sense of relielon. and wl?hin? tn eee their country torn a?under with anarchy and confusion. Yours, truly, O. H. The spirit which runs through this letter ia one of intolerance and bigotry, and we very much tear that it is participated in to a great extent by a large portion of the people of Ireland. We woulJ like ti> know whether, because a man's ancestors were monarchists, his descendants ought to be of the same political belief. As to naming a child after the patriot Mitchel, we, in this country, consider " an act-of-parliament-felon" a better man than any of those who make him so?be they judgest parliament-men, sheriffs or anything else; and the time ia 1 apidld approaching when John Mitchel's prosecutor* will, themselves, be in the felon's dock, as they are already, in the estimation of the civilized woild. If the blood o! the martyrs is t!ie seed of the Church, the blood of John Mitchel and Smith O'Urien is the seed of a revolution that will make felons and examples of such people as the writer of the above letter. "Allegiance to my sovereign and the constitution," forsooth ! We would much rather that a man would show allegiance to himself, and make an exertion to emancipate his country from a yoke that has placed her in a poaitinn tliat maltpu V?pr nnf nnlu or? onnmaltt nmAn's , "" ?-? ??/ u.nui.g the nations of the earth, but a recipient of their charities. Allegiance to the sovereign, when the slaves of our Southern States are contributing to feed those loyal monarchists?bah ! Revival of Old Names and Old Doctrines.? We perceive that our cotemporary, the Courier and Enqwrer, is trying to revive some of the old doctrines which prevailed at the commencement of the present century, and make them available at the next election?doctrines which were maintained by the old federalists, and which were the means of consigning that highly respectable or ganization to the tomb of the Capulets?and, with that view, publishes a famous correspondence that toon place between the politicians of that sect aud the celebrated Kufus King, in which that distinguished statesman took very uncompromising ground on the Missouri Compromise, as it is called. It is certainly very strange that the Courier and Emjuirtr should take ground in favor of the ultra notions of the last century, in this age of the world, when it knows that they have been lonsr since repudiated. It is, however, in consonance with putting belore the public, as candidates for high stations, such men as the Kings, who have recently taken the field, and, no doubt, has something to do with it. James G. King, a financier of Wall street, has, it appears, been selected by the larmers of New Jersey to represent them in the next Cong.esa, and John A. King, a gentleman at large, has been taken up by the people of Long Island to act for them in the same capacity. These gentlemen are the descendants of old KufusKiifg, and, no doubt, if they be elected to Congress, they will endeavor to revive the exploded nostrums of a past age. This may account for the attempt, by our cotemporary, to revive the old tactics of the last century, Gkn. Tayt.or ann thk Veto.?An effort is being made, by interested parties in this region, to prove that General Taylor is unqualifiedly opposed to the exercise of the veto power, and to produce 1,1,1. iiiij>i<rcrii>fi mi mr jiuoih; iiiiiiu. v>en. i ?yior has, to be sure, said that he would not, for alight reasons, veto any measure passed by the people's representatives in Congress; but to argue from this t! at he would not use the veto at all, would be absurd. In case any particulnr clique or faction in Congress, should attempt to control him, in the discharge of his executive duties, we apprehend thai, opposed as he eaya he is to the use of the veto, he would apjily it as promptly as any man. He is no more npi^sed to it, we think, than General Washington or Mr. Jeflerson was. Wants of Comorbssional Candjuatks.?A free Ntl paper states that ? mImIo ?r .1 1. _ . ujvan/ ui uiC UttllUldates, now he-fore the people of New York, as members of Congress, want offices of some kind or oilier. It says that Mr. Law wants a contract; that Mr Brooks wants an office, which is very likely; but that Mr. Fields wants nothing. The question then arises, what does Mr. Greeley want? We do not know whether he aspiren to an office or not, but we certainly do know that he wanla a new coat, for the old one is becoming aeedy; and we are sure that his pantaloons might be replaced with better ones. A? to a fresh new hat, we presume that no one will question that he stands much in need of that. COMTLEXION OF TH* NEXT Ci>NOKK98.?Notwithstanding that there ia every probability of Gen. Taylor's election to the Presidency, it is very doubtful if there will be an ultra whig Congress The following list of members of both houses will give our readers an insight into its probable complexion :? TIIIRTY-FIItST CONORESS. IKKATr. ffhigi in Italici; Democrat* in Unman. Term Term Maine. Erpirct. Ai.ahama Brpireu. nuuibkl Ilamlin 1HM Democrat IS5J James W. Bradbury Isi3 Democrat 1855 New Hampshire. Mississippi. John P. Utile 1883 Jafferaon Dnvia 1851 Uucertain 1S.">5 Bonry S. Kuute 1HJ3 V krmokt. Louisiana. Snmiul S. Phelpt 1851 8. U. Downs 1853 Whip 1885 fierre Sonic ISM mahsaiiiuiini. Arkansas. Daniel U'ebttfr 1851 Democrat . .1883 John Davu 1853 Democrat 1855 Rhode Ini.ami. Tennessee. ! Albert C. Greene 1851 Hopkins L. Turnuy 1851 John IL Clarke 1853 John Hell 1853 Cokkktici t. kiwo*r. I Roner S.Baldwin 1851 .lnnrjth R. Underwood ,.. 1853 I Truman SmUh 1856 Whi'j 18i4 New York. Ohio. I Daniel P. Dickinson 1851 Thoma$ Coririn 1851 1 uncertain itoa uuccriam irvu niw jersey. michigan. H m. I.. Dti yton 1S51 Thomas Kiliberal(1 1851 Jacob W. Miller 1853 Alpheus K?-Jch 1853 Pennsylvania. Indiana. Daniel Sturgeon 1CM Jesse D. Bright 1851 H'Ai.7, probably 1865 Democrat 1855 Delaware, Illinois. John M. Clayton 1851 Stephen A. Douglas* 1853 Vretley Srruunce 18J3 Democrat 1855 maryland. thmovtu. RrDcrdy Inhntoit 18B1 Thomas II. Benton .1851 Jamts A. I'earct 1885 Demount 1855 Virginia. Florida. JnmesM Mason '.1851 David L.Yulee lHTil Botert M. T. Hunter 1853 UAij/ 1886 North Carolina. Texas. H'm P. Man firm 1863 ThsmasJJ. Rusk 1851 M'Aiij, probaily 1856 gam Houston 1853 3oi:th Carolina. Iowa. John C. Calhoun 1853 Uncertain 1851 Democrat 1855 Uncertain 1853 Georgia. Wisconsin. John Met'. Berrien 185.1 Ilenry Dodge 1851 IV. C. Dawson ... 1855 Uncertain 1855 Total number of Senators . TO Whig*. probably 26 Democrat*, probably 29 Uncertain ' 6 house of representatives. Whigs in Italia; Native/ in Small Capitals; Democrats in Roman. Those marked K, S. are Free Sailers. Chit. Illinois. Florida. 1?lfm. H. Bissell. 1?E. C. Cabell. 2?John A. M't'lernand. Pennsylvania. 3? Thomas r. Young. 1?lewi* C. levin. i?John wentworth. i?Joi. K. citanaur. ft?Wm, A. Richardson. 8?Henry I). Moore. G?KAtcard D. Maker. 4?} John Robbing, Jr. 7?Thomas L. Harris. 6?John Freedlcy. Missouri. 6?Thos. Rosa. 1?J&iurn B. Bowlin. 7?Jetie C. Dickey. 2?Wm. V. N. Bay. 8?Thultleua Steven t. 3?Jamo S. Green. 9?Wm. Strong. *? Willard P. HalL 10?M. M. Dimmiok. 6?John S. Phtlps. 11?Chciter ItutUr. Iowa. 12?David Wilmot. F. 3. 1?* Wm. Thompson. 13?JotephCatey. 3? Shepherd Lefller. 14?Charles II'.Pitman. Arkansas. 15?Henry Net. 1?Robert W. Johnson. lfi? Ju X. McLaoahnn. Vermont. 17?Samuel Calvin. 1?lVm. llenry, IS?A. Jackson Ugle. I 2?No choice. 19?Joh Mann. 3?No choice. a)?R.R.Reed. 4?No choice. 21?Motet Hampton. 11A me, 22?Jo\n IV. Howe. F. 8. 1?Elbridge Gerry. 2.1?Jtmei Thompson. 2?Nathaniel S. Littlefleld. 24?Alfred Giimore. 8?John (Hit. Ohio. 4?Rufmt K. Goodetiote. 1?David T. Disney. 5?Cuilen Saw'elle. 2?1.. D Campbell. F. 8. 6?diaries Stetson. 3?H. C. Schrnck. 7?Thos. J. D. Fuller. 4?Motn H. Corwm. Georgia. 6?Emery D. Potter. 1?Thotnat II. King. 6? Rodolphus Dickinron. 2?M.J. Welborn. 7?Jonathan D. Morr e. 8 Allen T. Owen. 8?John L. Taylor. 4?H A. Haralson. 9? Edson B. Olds. 6?Thomas C. Il&ckott. 10?1|Charles SwecUoi. 6?Howell Cohb. 11?John K. Miller, 7?H Stephen!. 12?S imuel F. I'l/ifon. a?Robert Toomb*. 13?W. Whittlesey. South Cakoi.ina. It?Nathan Eva*$. 1?Daniel Wallace. 1ft- U'm. F Hunter. F. 8. 2?tJ. L.Orr. 10? Moses HOakland. 5?J. A. Wo-dward. 17?Joseph Cable. 4?Alex. D. Sim/. 18? Divid K. Carter, 6?Armistead Burt 19? John Crotnell. F. R. . Hstn<5 B- Holmes. 20- Jot. R. <iiddinw. F. 8. 7?VP r rvi,.~,w oi > i r. a This *eat is to be Optestcd by Daniel F. Miller, whip, In consequence ol the rejection of the poll book of the Kanesville preciuot. t Kififtfd an Taylor men; they arc deinoernti. 4 This teat ia to be contested by John S. Little, Jr., whig, on account of alleged fraud in the returns from Richmond and the district of I'enn. il 1 his teat ii to be contested by ilr. Duncan (whig) for alleged frauds. THE RESVI/T IN FIOTTtES. NEW COKGRKSii. Oi.n COJTORKM. Whig, Dem. Whig. Dcm. IUlnoU 1 6 1 6 Minouri ? S ? 6 Arkansas ? 1 ? 1 Iowa ? 2 ? 2 Vermont 1 ? 1 ? I Maim 2 5 1 6 I Pennsylvania IS 9 17 7 Ohio 10 11 11 10 Florida 1 ? 1 ? Oeoirit 4 4 4 4 South Carolina ? 7 ? 7 Total 54 flfl W 4* 34 96 In favor of the democrat* 16 12 vacancies. Vermont, no ehoio? 3 It will appear from these tests that the next Congress will be composed of a more mixed materiel than probably any that has ever assembled in Washington. "We perceive that an effort is heme made by some ultra whig journals in this neighborhood, to impress upon the public the idea that none but ultra whig members ought to be elected ; but it isvery doubtful whethersuch will be the case; nor would it be advisable to have a Congress either u'tra whig or ultra democratic. We want a Con. gress that_will represent opinions of every kind? even those of the advocates of Founerism; and on this account it would be well to elect Mr. Greeley. We would then see how Fourierism would get on in the American Congress. We know the success which it met with in France. Louis Blanc, its g-eat advocate and exponent, was obliged to run away as fast as his legs wou'd carry him. It evidently cannot get along in the representative assemblies of that country ; so we ought to give it a chance here, and see whether Mr. Greeley will be obliged to run away, too. Let us have no ultra Congress. Let it he as mixed as possible, and let intellect and superior intelligence assert their dignity and predominate in our councils. Mr. Brook*, and his Election.? Mr. Brook?, of the E.rj/rc$s, is evidently alarmed about his chances of election. He fears that, instead of beiDg elected to attend to the aflairs of a portion of the people of this city, in Congress, he will be lef1 at home, to manage his paper for the brief time which it will yet be in existence, lie certainly has good reason to be alarmed. For a long time before Gen. Taylor's nomination by the National Convention in Philadelphia, he exerted himself to 'njuie that distinguished man in the estimation of the public, most assiduously. The friends and ad. mirers of the hero of Buena Vista can never forget this; and it is highly probable that they wil' give him good pr?of of it, on the day of election, His continued abuse of the Irish will .likewise b' remembered. His treatment of them, and the cause in which they labored, durinc thp ntntatinn at Vauxhall Garden, has, no doubt, impressed ! them with the belief that lie is no friend of theirs? nor of the land of their birth. Between both, his chances of election are certainly very meagre. Revolutionary Jouknai.8 in Nkw York.?We perceive that a new Irish paper, called the Nation, has made its appearance in New York. It is edited by Mr 1L D'Arcy McOee, who was associate editor in the Dublin Nation, and who has recently arrived in this country, a refugee from the perse' cutors of his native land. New York is rapidly becoming, if she is not now, a sort of neutral ground, where the (revolutionary spirits of Europe can propagate and print their sentiments without fear of arrest or imprisonment from the minions of power. We hiiVe had .Simnmh. Frprirh and German revolutionary papers in New York, and now we have an Irish journal devoted to the same cause. Success to them all. China.?An evening paper publishes a batch of intelligence from China, bearing date of May 21, which it gives out as recent and interesting. The laBt accounts from China are to the 25th of July, precisely G2 days later than that alluded to in the evening paj^r, and which was published, in substance, some two months since, in the Herald. Tuk Eastern Mail.?The mail from the East, due here last evening, by the New Haven Railroad, did not arrive up to 2 o'clock this morning. The delay was no doubt occasioned by the very heavy fog which prevailed during Sunday and yesterday. The Steamer Crkm.knt City, whioh has been ashore for some time on the bar at the tielize, I mouth of tha Mississippi, was got oil, and sailed I for this city ?n the 27th mat. Theatrical and fllmalcal. Pais Thbatbk.?A denrely crowded boait mhobled last evening to w?lcom? Mr. Maurio* Power, the ton of the late lamented Tyrone Power, to the Amerl. can stage. From an early h?ur every seat was oooupiid, and the lobblea were filled with person* too late to gain adiuittanoe inside. The evening's entertainment* opened with the larco entitled "Founded on Facts," the principal parts in which were an?tain?d by Mits Mary '1 uylor, Mr. liilb*rt, and Mr. George Bur rt tt. The comedy of the "Irish AmbiUhaior" followed, and on the apptarauce of Mr. Power he wa* ureoled with such a warm, hearty welcome, as must testily to the kind regard in which his father i* >tili remembered by our citizens. Mr. Power was supported by the strength of the company ? Dawson as the Prluce, Gilbert as Count Moreuus, A Andrew* as Uaron Lowencrcft, Mrs Walcot as Lady Emily, and Mis* Mary Taylor as 1 abi-Ua. The "Irish Ambassador" win followed by "Teddy the Tiler," Mrs. Uilbsrt taking the part ot Lady Dunderford. and Mr. Povey that of Tim It would, perhaps, be unfair to criticise Mr. Power's performance of last evening. The first appuaranoe of every man who is a complete nevice on the stnjo. must bo somewhat 4i?courag>ng to himself, and disap pointing to his audience. Mo?t of Mr. Power's dell tiencies may, perhaps, justly be attributed to the ab sence of that hard study, experience, and training, so ereential to success. We cannot forget that this is almost his first appearance on any stage, and that uo man can jump upon the boards for tbe tirst time, a perfect player. Mr Tower's voice and stage walk want education, and time alone will supply that stage bu-tinesseo difficult to be ao^uired at once. As we have said, no one can be expected to master the difficulties of the histrionis art on his first night, and woshill. therefore, forbekr to go into a oriticl-im of Mr Powers' style. We are glad to have it in our power to s*y, that tbe liveliei-t manifestation* of welooyie were accorded him by tbe immense audienee, wh*? oalled him out after each piece, to nceive their renewed greetings At the secona call, he briefly returned his thanks, and bowed himself oil the stage. Mr. Poorer is apparently about thirty years of age, has a good figure aud face, black hair and wbMterF, and is about the medium height. He appears tbi> evening for the second time, In the ' Ir'sh Ambassador" and ' Teddy the Tiior." ? Kouudtd on Facts" will alio bs repeated. Buwkht Thkatuk.?The new pieoe of li Life, ox Scenes of Karly Vice," which was played at this house last evening, was most successful; and the interesting minner in which the story of " The Drunkard'! Children" Is worked out called forth the merited applauso of the numerous audience. It is, indeed, a meat remarkable piece, and one well calculated to hold up a warning to youth, as to how they allow them m in t-uiaogiuu in gum ana uepraviiy; ana, moreover, it chows, in awful terms, what a dreadful inheritance the drunkard's child in too apt to receive. The piece is founded on the last of Cruikshank's oelebratt d series, and the tableaux, reprt renting the eight

pictured, were mo?t effectively put on the Ktaga. The introduction of a Mr Ku7.?tle, from the West of Kngland, who conies to nee London and its sights, nerved to lighten the otherwise sad features of tt)tt? pieoe; and Mr. Winans. ah the green countryman, was very funny. Barbara and Basil Milford. the drunkard's children, were well enacted by Mrs. Tilton and Mr. J. H. Hall. This was the first appearance of Mrs Tilton, nd we have to congratulate that laly on the success she net with. Her acting was really excellent; and, were the to ncGdulute her voice a little more, we should have no fault whatever to find with her performance. We are glad to find that that excellent young actor, Mr. Tilton, has suoh an efficient helpmate, and wj hope to see more of her on the Bowery boariU. After the drama the New Orleans serenaders made their appearance, and were greeted with much applause. They sung the various songs set down in the bills with great eclmt. Their visit to the crowned heads of Kurope has not spoiled them for tinging before republicans. as their elegant concert of last evening showed. The comedy of " The Young Soatnp" concluded a most delightful evening's entertainment. To night the same V>iil will be repeated. Buoadwit Theatric.?No inconsiderable disappointment was produced, last night, by the announce iiimt iuiv -?ii. muiuut ? itqu wan advertised in m? popular representation of Claude Melnotte, in the 'Lady of Lyons1'?had not made his appearance; and that that important character would be filled by Mr Dyott. It is much to be |regretted that, as far a) we understand, several persons withdrew their tickets, precipitately?we say precipitately, for hal they patiently awaited the efforts of the talented substitute, unexpectedly and hastily called upon to represent the character, they might have discovered that in Mr. Dyott were displayed all the element* that necessarily and efficiently are required to give tone and vigor to the character of the hero of Bulwer's best drainitio production?and such was the effect produced upon the audience that after a most vooiferous and enthusiastic demand, that gentleman and Miss Fanny Wallack, who personified Pauline with marked effect and judicious Btudy, were brought before the<curtain and received the just tribute to their exertions. Celeste and Wiethoff performed their grand Tas de Seul, we thought, with more carelessness than usually mark! their performances. The amusing furce of thi " Arcade'" followed, which, in point of humor and diversity of character, is a matchless specimen of the peculiarities of those who conduct such oatabliahmunti and witch WilliIwillhllOl111Jldoilln the conduct ol their vis-a-vit neighbors. This evening ' London Assurance" will be represented, with the "Valet de Sham." National Theatre.?'The house was crowded at an early hour, all anxious to witness the elegant performances announced for the evening, and no one could have been disappointed at the result, as never have we seen "Richard the Third" better play?d than it was last evening by Mr. J. K.Scott. This charac. ter is one which it is somewhat difficult for an actor to play without following in the beaten track of the many tragedians who have made it their mo<t favorite fiartj Mr. Scott, however, displays much originality in t, and without servilely following anyone, he. by a judicious and intelligent interpretation of the oharaoter. lenders it in the most art in tic and excellent manner. He wus well supported by Miss Me?tayer as Lady Anne, Stark as Richmond, ana Pardey, Richardson, bo , in the other parts. The applause was long and loud.? Mr Rice appeared as Ginger Blue, in the after piece of the "Mummy." Mr. Rice has always been acknowledged to be the best negro personator on the ttage; none that we have ever seen can vie with him in the truthfulness of his delineation of the happy, careless, jovial negro; it seems Impossible that that obaraoter could be so perfectly represented as he does it. Mr. Rice is always an attractive card for a manager, and will always be the prince of the stage "niggers " Not the least agreeable feature of bis performance is its total want of anything like broad vulgarity. To-night. Mr. Scott will appear at "Richelieu," and Mr. Rice nt-'Jum uujuui, in me uuriena or mat name Richelieu is one of Scott's beat performances, and Jumbo Jum Rice's funniest. Burton1! Theatric.?The fane of rrofessor Risley and bis talented aons, announced to make their apj pearance here last evening, drew quite a full house. Tbe entertainments consisted of the faroe of " Anything for a Change," In which Mr. Raymond and Mrs. Brougham sustained the principal parts; the burlesque, "Dan Keyserde Ba?soon." in w^ich Miss Chapman thone as usual, and the performances of tbe Risley family. This evening a new oomedy, written by Buckstone, the popular dramatist, will be produced, with Mr. BurtenandMrs Vernon and Mrs. Brougham in the principal parts. " Dan Keyser de Bassoon," and " Anything for a Change," will be repeated, and the Risleys will go through their beautiful and classic performances. Broadway Circus.?This neat and elegant equestrian establishment is crowded every evening, to witness the performances of cortainly one of the best companies at present in the Union. It is principally made up of a selection from the celebrated troupe of Meiers. Welch iit Delavan, and Titus k Co. Tbo inimitable equestrian feats ?f Master Hernandez, are in themRelves sufficiently attractive to fill the hou^e every night ; ami Gossin, by his wit j Mayings and exceedingly com e aotion, keeps the an lien ;e in roam of laughter. Nothing oan equal the sagacity ><r the trick poneys, llomeo and Juliet. There in suoh variety In the entertainments, and such great order preserved throughout the whole amusements, that the most delicate persons may rest assured that there is not the slightest possibility of anything occurring to mar th? pleasures of the evening. Tryon and Thompson, from their efforts to cater well for their patrons' comfort and happiness, are aure to receife comu.ensurate sapport. Sands sun Lent's Circus.?This splendid troupr of equestrians, made their first appearance for the reason last night, under circumstances truly flattering. There were not less than four thousand persons present, all 'f whom hailed the return of the circus with shouts of applaup* The first appearance of Master Maurice Sands, in a principal act of horsemanship, was excellent, and won for nlin the admiration of the wh"le crowd. The tricks of the various ponies exhibited a perfection of training and sa^ailty rarely equalled. Theactoftbe 'bailor Boy" by Master Aymar, was at once graceful and beautiful, ami ellolted the warmest approbation. The two hoisn act by Mr. Stout, in which he appeared in various difficult positions, was the master piece of the evening, though the Olympian (James by Mr Hands and his boys, was of ruch a daring character, but performed with so much rase, as to Ull every beholder with wonder and astonir-hment. In short, the whole performances were of such a character as to fill every one with delight. The character of this < ?luVir?e?><i ? known to allow the thought that aught bat success can follow them. Last night wan but an earnest of what the season will prove, and It is bat just, for the crmpany stands unsurpassed bj anj In the world. To tbo*e who indulge in such pleasing entertainments, we would ray, pay the circus a ?Isit, and beside* the various performances, those celebrated clowns, Lathrop anil I'entland, will keep all your mirthful facultle* excltcd to Mich a degree, that a second vlalt will lie nure to follow. Don't forget that the cirrus Is at th? lot on Alitor I'lare, near the railroad, and most conveniently reached. Cmrih t'* Mi? Amid the various exhibitions now open none are better patronised than the inimitable ccnorit* of these admirable alnger*. They have sung so long here that now they could not be spared at any price, and we do not know that they can do better than to stand and take their good fortune quietly, more especially aa they deserve it all. They wy their programme every evening Mki.ohfoi*.?Cool White and his band, are doing finely their songs, ho., are all admirable, and the favor with which they are nightly received show* haw much the publio appreciate them. C?MFnri.i.'i Mt*iTRri.i. The concert* of these phiioeopber* act aa a ?p ele* of mental renovator to tha tired and weary mind that has been harassed and worried all day by the contrrtrmpt with whioh every oacupatlon It ao filled in this world If any oae feels and, or down-beartcd, let him bat go to the Soetety Library | in the evening, and the delightful time ta? will spaad, ' in listening to the Campbell's ciuaie. cannot fail to ! restore to bin an equable and placid state of mind. Oihmikh,?Tbl< celebrated band, so perfeot>7 main j up, and whose soul inspiring strain* ba??. ou ceferal | oocuiom, elicited the uuauimou . cheers of tbote whu attended tbeif concerts. will again appear at the T* ! bernaele this evening. Wa hopu all the admirer* of musical excellence will assemble and give personal t? , timony if their esteem for this truly hurmuuloiM baud. Stickney's Circus is in Memphia. Young Alexander and the ileron Family are in Cincinnati. ( ruiul Nana Moiling of all the H'lilg tier* nana In file City, at tlie Henry Clay HouKe,ln the Si vtnteenth Ward, Such was the grand title given to the meeting of a German Kough and Ready Club, of the 17th ward. It would not require a very big closet to hold all tha German whig* in thiacity. und the whole rnias together would form a very small particle?too litlle to be called grand A German whig in a very wonderful thing, but little known and seldom seen. It is a vara oris in ten is nigra i/ur mmilhmu cygnj. On arriving 11 rwn n tKm snnt lunt ?ii?Kfc ? V??r?V* ? >> /% "" ?' " whig Germans of the city. w? found an upper room prepared for the occasion, and hung with lings and banntrs branny various politcal devices ia German, suitable to the occasion The room, however, was entirely empty, while a orowd wait asseiabled round the house, attracted by the music below. By and by the sounds of distant music were heard; whigs from other wards were on their way with bauds of music, to enci ursge the whlj Germans. The musie approached nearer and nearer and though the hour was late, it being past eight, the room wai empty. It was soon, however, filled in a very effective manner?a band of tnuiio niaruhed up into the room and itsulf hilf filling the tpace of the apirtment, began to play, merrily, some lively polka tunes, by whioh, as might bu expected, the other half of the room was speedily tilled by a crowd which gathered round the musicians. Now the scene became .ively enough; the polka, which the baud played, was well acoomp inied by one or two drunken fellows, who were yet steady enough to keep in tiaie with the muiic, as they danced on the floor to the admiration and delight of the spectators. Presently a fresh crowd arrived, and soon tilled uptlieroom. There were bnuneri-, standard*, flags, portraits, emblems, mottoes, flambeaux, torches, linKs, all blazing and fuming together in the room, with musio, confurion, and expectation. It was evident, I however, that it wan an American?not a German? meeting, composed eutiri ly of thorough going whigs, several tf them ol German descent, and speaking Ger1 man with all shades and degrees of ability. There I may have been many whig Germans--andprobably all were wiihj neruiuu*? out it is certain inert) were no ! German whig.t there ; that is, wbigs composed of tbtj ! real grit?of real German, imported, adopted, naturaI lizrd citizens. The truth is, it appeared an abortive i aud lauie attempt to get up a Germtu whig meeting; | and there was every thing in abundance to form Buch i a meeting, and nothing lacking-exoept Germans We ( were on the platlorm and converged freely, in the Ger; man language, with the orators, officers, and other soi ! disant Germans, and they were all American Germany I not (ieruian Americans. Had it b?en purely a Taylor I meeting, instead of being a special whig ward meeting, there would no doubt have been many Germans pre; sent; for, though there are no German wbigs, yet are there many German Taylor men, because tifmeral Taylor has come before the people as a man and an American citizen, not as a party puppet, to be pulled by whig wires, or any part? wire*, to the great discomfort of the old wire- pullers. We could not, therefore, with any regard to truth, describe this meeting as a great, grand, enthusiastic meeting of Germans, when, in fact, it was it little whig meeting of old roue poliI ticians, and hardly a real German was to be found I in it. After tome time had elapsed, the meeting was called to order, aud Mr. Bonu, of the bih ward, was appointed ; Chairman. I The President briefly addressed the meeting, and I stated its object and purpose. Mr. Kohn then followed in an address in German, | in which he took the ground that the whig party ought to be supported, because it went for protection, for a 1 high tarilt for American industry, iVr manufacturer, I aud ali-o lor free s?.il, which was a whig principle, and I bad long been a whig principle. Mr K then went ; into an examination of the doctrine of free trade, and endeavored to show that its principles were not i auapiea 10 America, nur conuueive 10 me pro.?i>ef lily of American industry and agriculture. Mr. H. tin i> adverted to the (tub-treasury tystem, and ' maintained that it way a devicn to create an aristocracy of offlcv-hol?eis, to give them a gold and pilver currency for their buneflt, while the people j were left to their ordinary currency. He (Mr. it ) I bad been formerly a member of Tammany Hall; but ( when he found the principles tbey were acting upon, be thought it time to leave them, He left them, therefore, in dU-gust, as well he might, with their conduct and principles, atd joined the democratic whig party. Mr Johfi Fowi.r-R.jnn then began to adireM the meeting ill tbe Knglish language, and was already in tbe exordium, speaking of the meeting present at men who had leftthe green grave* of their sires?the 1 early associations anu recollections of tender youth, 1 to settle down, and so-fortb, when lone bands of inu> Fie witb flags and banners, and a train of men behind them, entered into the (Ml| the noi?e. roDl'union, 1 Fbouting, roaring, piifhin^ and counter-pushing, 1 flux and reflux of people, iHygars description. The ' i How of the tide almost fwept a?ay the little table, ' | two feet M|tiar?, at whinb the chairman, the reporters, 1 ; and all tbe i flicers ol the meeting were sitting, or were I supposed to be so. Among vhe banners carried now I into tbe room, aud fluttered and to.isod and shaken I high in air above the heads of the crowd, one I men formed a distinguished figure, who carried a large : flag containing an eiiueitrian repreientation of Oen. I Taj It As he lounced the banner about, and swayed 1 it to and fro, the old heto r.eemed to be present in the i air. caracoliing and prancing up and down on horjej back. At siuht of this figure, large a life, thus sud' denly raised in the meeting, and thus adroitly gyra I B, r._wv.wB. ni<.?iuK. uniUK, mum*. I?S?rlUg, plunging rectiug, according as tbe man who curried It skilfully directed its mo'.ions. tbe shouts of the excited crowd, at this moving image before thera, burst forth with an ardor similar to devotion, such as the Kpbesians doubtless gave when tbe famous image of Diana fell down, or was supposed to fall, (it is much tbe same thing) from h?aven. Krom this time, the uoise and contusion were tremendous. There was no room lor one's arm lo move to write down anything, hsdtbere been anything woith the writing down. Loud cries for Greeley aud 11 rooks, the two nominees for Congress, were here raised. Mr. Greeley came forward and briefly addressed the meeting, congratulating them on the prospect of triumphing, In a few dajs, over the semblance and mere counterfeit of democracy, called erroneously, the democratic party. Mr. G. then adverted to nativism, and the gross slandirs made against the whigs in this matter, and showed that nativism was dead, and that nothing but the imprudence of the adopted citizens themselves ever would be able to revive It. The Hough and Ready Glee Club then sun,; some songs in flue style. One of these songs, which highly nniuted the crowd, was very clever and humorous It reDresented Uncle Sam as the owner * ml n??nr..i,l ?r the White Hour ? he itttroiued in bin dwelling by some loud Knocking at I Lie door, of persons who wish to obtain admittance into the White House Hereupon Uncle Sam pops his head out of the window, and a*ks who are you ? Are you Mr. Cast.' Then you can't pars Thus, the old gentleman treat* all the ftppli| cants rather unceremoniously till one Zaek Taylor knocks, and be is immediately admitted. This poetic effusion, a little piece of wit amid a great amount of folly, which party excitement engenders, was loudly applauded by the audience. Loud criei for Mr. Brooks, of tbe Express, a Congressional nominee of this ward, were here made, but met with no response. Mr. D. Smith made some remarks ; whereupon, Mr. tlanron moved the following resolution*, which were ut.anironutly adopted : ? Kcmlvcd, That we fully approve and ratifr the regular whig nominations, ? hicli have been nindu In tin- l'hiladt IpMu National Convention, vii: f<>r President, Central Z'chary Taylor; for Vice Piatidont, Mil'ard Fillmore. KfsolTcJ, '1 hit we further approve and ratify the nominations mad? in the State Convention, at ITtica. for State ofBcers, vi/: Hamilton fish. of the city of Now Yirk, for Governor; Gnorgu W. Patterson, for Lieutenant Governor; Charles rook, forCaaal Connnlseioiicr; Alexander H. We ll. lnnpcctor of State Prison. Keaolvcd, That we fully approve and ratify tlio regular whig nnTninotiora whieh have *wen mad? in thia oitv, via; for Register, Cori ellua V. Anderson; for Reeorder, Frederick A. Tallmadge; r?>Rn>iii> h....h . w He-solved, That we aim (ally approve of the city district nomination! for mfmMn of Cnngrrs* Tin:?Philip Phfnix, third district; Waller R. Underbill, fourth distriot; George (1. IItkhh, fifth diatrict; James Rraoks nnil lloraei' Groeley, sixth district. Resolved, 1 hat we also fully concur and approve of tlie ecNation ai.d nomination of tine whi^a, from tlic different words, for memlicraof the Slate legislature. Fefolved, That wepledre ouinelve* to snitain and <o the regular liskel, 'iie whole tiokct, and nothing hat the ticket. These resrltition* were rend ami carr.ed in muoh soile. tumult nnd confusion. the crowC being impatient for more tonga and miMio. These ware libel ally supplied, and with akill and ability, to boot, for the aong* were well aunir, and the muslo well executed; also the slandnrd bearers played their part well, and the painted figures and inanimate, looked almost ai well aa the animate; when, after none talking and more singing and vooifereua shouting, at quite a late hour, the meeting adjourned. City Politics. Com;rhhowal CoNVKNTioit.?The Hunker CongrnnsioDul Convention of the Third district, met at half* pnst (even o'clock laat night, at Stoneall'a hotel nod, after some fifteen or twenty hillota. nominated Kmanuel B. Hart, of the Kifth ward, which took plnoe nhnut ntlP n'ftlnrk Whlln ? sion up stnirs, the friends of tha aspirant* for the nomination. down stairs, had an elegant fight. There Feemt'd about twenty engaged at one tline. but fortunately no bone* were broken, and very little blood drawn. Tbe greatest dissatisfaction prevailed wh?n the nomination was announced, and many declnred their intention to defeat tbe success of the candidate, if possible The other prominent candidates were Florence McCnrthy and Oen II WallbrMge, the latter of whom stood foremost. Tbe ratification meeting will probably put another aspeot on the whole affair, if not entirely change it. Too Congressional nomination* in the olty are now oomplete, and the parties will go to work manfully, against themselves ai well aa their opponents. The democracy of the 18th ward, comprising tha lf>th Assembly district, were called together last evening, at Hermitage Hall, to hear tbe report of the convention elected to aominate their candidate for Assembly. Tha meeting, which was targe and enthusiastic, refused to confirm the nomination made by the convention, and unanimously nominated Allen Melville as the democratic candidate ef the 16th Assembly district. Army Novem?nts> .Anhum or T*onr?. The ?nhr I'unam*, (iarcyle, arrived on Saturday lMt, hrlnilnn Company K, 2d Artillery. Tli* officer* *T* : lit I.leut. G. Kdwerdu, commanding. and 2d Llaut. Adam*. The company number 41. rank and die. We underatand that the remaining offloer*, Brmt Col. C. K. Smith, and l?t I.leut Ripley, are ab?ent oa leare.? 8t. Jlugvtinr L*tt*r, Oct. 19. There waa enow enough for sleighing In Hallfkx, N. 8 , on the 22d Inatant. TELEGRAPHIC INTELLIGENCE* Canal Accident. Aluni, Oet. 30, 1849. Tie eanftl lock Is brok.n tlra* ai!ea wett of Troy, which will probably Interrupt the receipt* of produce for ? ?l?Tt tla? . Baltiuokk Oct. 30, 1848 The marfcet for flour i? scarcely bo flrin m ob Sfttur Jay, Qd to t-flect nal*i? to nny extent, bolder* barn to submit to a decline. Howard utreet we quote at 18^, iid city miVlH $6 '26; prime wbite wheat is nelling io a Mnail way at $1 12 u f.1 16 aud red *1 08 a $1 Ott Sales < f 1 ;>/.-00 boat el* ci ru at COc. for w lite, and r yellow. Wbiakey i* quottdat 26.!,o. Buffalo, Oct 30,1818. Rereintd dinre Saturday ? fc'iniir. .1)4 Otkl hSI? lVh?? 99 010 busb;. Corn, 4*,000 bush Flour waa dull at $4 a $4 26; wheat wa? held at 8f>o. a 87 c., and corn at 46c No eales of either were reported. Freight* were ia> proving We <tuote flour to Albuuy at 87o. a 8t)o ; wheat at 22c., and corn 20c. Ai Htvr, Oct 30. 1848. Kfceiptu bIiib" Saturday?Flour, 10 600 bbl< ; whuat, 14/( 0 b s4!; Corn, 29,400 bua'i; Barley, Vi 000 buih. Ol barley we notice salve of 16 OU0 bash, at 64o. a tid^o. Soles of 6 000 bur belli oats at 'Mo. Pii TaHuanH, Oot. 28,1818. Tlie flour market in steady, but not uctire. Sile* of We?tjrn at J>4 S">? ? J4 40 per bbl Kye Sour sells at * 3 60 Salert of red wheat at 80c. a Rio per bmhel. Yellow corn sells at 39o. to 40c. Oa i eell at 5(k>. Saltaof rye ut50o. per bu. h. Barley sells at 5Uo a5To. Sales of whiskey In bbl*. at 2lo per gallon. Sugars lire in fair demand. Coffee aad raoUnen without change. There i.s no chauge to uotioe in provisions. It ha* been raining moi>t of the day. There are 6 feet 9 inches water in fh<* channel. Slil|>i>ing Intelligence. i CnABi.rsTON, Oei 3'?1'ne K-l r *l> (i.ii Junes, from Jsm<ica, Oet 26th, ha a put into Hub port in disiruas. Tim brij Lyu nam*, ot Kliodc I?1'Dtl, fn ni lienl'ie^oa, l.aa put iu with Iom of in nets Hie lrin Pedisis, of York, loit topmasts Toe s .1 f l.ouiavllle, of New York, also lu?t topinaau, aiiu haa Leen rtjcomi uiei.dc l to be Hold, being unseawortby. A0v ce(fraui Kt-y Wrat slate thai the naUrnri- on the carjo of ' the "Ueitral'i*." (prob bl> ISr rli'p Kcatril) ia Sl\376, which liaa Lien paid to the wnckera, ai.d cir;oahi| |?d f-irdoatinauon. TliaiikNglvliij; In leu York. PUOUI.AMATION. Bij Joilf Youvn (iiivrmor nf the Stale nf Seio Vork. The )?ar whicli will soon b? added to the pant, has been to th? people of the stats, eminently auspicious. Plenty has crowned our harvests- labor has b?en justly rewarded, and everything around us evidences a healthy and enduting prosperity. War, with all its attendant evils, hag pa??eda?uy, and prase, as honorable bn welcome, has been restored. The mean . of education, and all the advantaged of inteileotual progression, have b >on enioyed by us ia an eminont decree, and the luture is full of hops and promUe As a Christian people we art- admonished that those bleating* are the gifts of a b?iiilU:otit (>od; aud while < we thus rejoice iu Ilia bounty, we should uot forget the | homage due from giateful hearts I, therefore, respectfully recommend to the people of this State, to vet apart Thursday, the twenty-third da/ I of November, next, to be observed as a day of Publio | thanksgiving to Almighty God ; aud that with suah 1 thsuksgivirg be mingled prayer to Him who holds la his hands the destinies of nations, for the continuance of those blessings which have been, and still are, abundantly showered upon us In testimony whereof. I have caused the privy seal if the State to be hereunto afflxed. Witness [L. S.] my baud, at the city of Albany, this twentyeighth day of October, in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and forty eight. JOHN YOU MO. By the Governor. Hcrrv V. Colt. PrivateSeo'y. Jnterkstino from t Jt'atemala.?The n wsfront Guatemala ia to the 23i ol August. Ou the Kith, Congress accepted the resignation of Carrera, and chose D Juan Antonio Martinez. Provisional President. He is one of the first merchants of Guatemala, and well known for his integrity und liberal opinion. Carrera left for Chiapas with an escort of an hundred men " The insurgents of the mountains," says a letter dated Guatemala, Aug 23d, " are in the immediate vicinity of this city. A committee of Congress was sent to them to (rake some arrangement for the settlement of their grievances, and was very well reaeiv eu i ue mhim 01 " i,oi Altos." wntch bad subQitted of Carrera, ha* declared for separation, which will be decreed by Congress, if new disor iera do not take place, the Central American Federation will be re-established, together with the liberal institutions abolit-hrd b; those who elevated Carrera to jower. in ppite ofsome minister* of religion, who are end? avoricg to exoite distrust of the government, bytr>ingto make the insurgents of the mountain* to believe that the Congress in composed ot heretics.? New Orleans Crejren^Oct^L^ IFerr Hkcker.?This rmineiit German patriot arrived in our city 11 few days a:jo, and waa received by his friends with a warm welcome, such an our adopted citizen* know so well how to bestow. llo haa con e on an errand of mercy from his countrymen, to gather riiean-to a<d ttiem in establshing their independence, or remoTi to a better country. He succ-ede:l here much better than h? expected, and left on Monday evening, on hi* way down the rirer, to vifit such German r-ett'eme.if? as are spotted on the Ohio and Mississippi rivers. After visiting the best portion i f our cruniiy he will return tohsovn, and report an account of his ?tewa'd*hlp to hi* citnpatriots. lie is a man oapah'e of sustain!ng the charge which haa been Imposed upon him.? Cincinnati J5wfirfrir, Oct 25. MovemtintM of Individuals. Tbe Hon. T V. Marshall. of Kentuoky, was in Cieolnnati at the last accounts. MAILS FOR EUROPE. TEE WBBSL7 HERALD. The mails of the steamship Niagara, Captain Rjrle. will oIom in thla city thin afternoon, at half part 3 o'olook. The steamer leaves Boston tr-aorrow. The Weeklf Iltrali, printed in Freaoh and English, for Knropean circulation, will be ready at 12 o'olook to-day. Its content* will embrace all the important news of the week, from all parts of this Continent. Single copies, in wrappers, ready for the mails, sixpence. Mr. Uoylc and Cnpt. Hyrif, of tbe Steam. mIi!]) Mn^nra. Static or Naw Yonn, > City and County of Now Yolk, V Mich?l John TH-rrv, being sworn, nay.-: ?That on the morning of Wediverday, tbe 18th inst.. after the arrival of tin iteamihip Niagara at Halifax, on l>nard of which deponent was a pas-eaxer on Iter iat? paiwaae fr m Liverpool to Boa'.on deponent riv a i?rKoant of the Kmiiccr Guard conducting Mr. John F. I>ovie(wh? was lino a paawngtr on board (aid ateamer.) from tho fore |<art toward Uu after part or quarter d ck of aaid ateamer. where CapH>ri", commander of aiid ? earner Ftood ; on Mr. Duylo bdinj brought leforv Captain Hjrle the latter, in an intolent and Tiolent manner, laid to him, Vnu are a damned Iriah ympa'hiMr." lieponent then advanced to Mr. Doyle and ailed him his name, which Mr. P"jle gave to him ; and thoa deponent aAed the f?ifiherwrjreant fc r hi? (theaergeant s) name, te which the ncrgeant replied lij n?kiog depot oat f r his authority to make the inquiry, and thereupon deponent stated that he intended to bring the outrare to Mr. Dovle liefitm the n .fin* iii? 4 at WaMurjitoti. tnptain Ryre then addreraed deponent, and a ki d him to what pirt nf thu ship deponent Mon^jd In ; whether to the fore oruft ? deponent replitd Iliat ho belonged to the fite-cabin; aod Captain Hvrie immediately, in a rud? and insulting manner called out, "Fourth < fli er. wit Oil* man forward;*" at d thermi^i n the penon thu? nddremed by Captain Hyne seiaed dfpon> nt uolently.and with the aid n< others of the sup's compary; a orowd b jug collected around deponent, hnatled and drafted and pushed deponent forward ao\ioIenlly n? to breik a gold guard clmin of d> potent'* walcli, and teat his clothing Depo Mint ft.rther eay*. that Mr. Doyle whon deponent wa? ordered forward, aa above itatcd. dema ded that deponent, a? liia fiiend, should te al owid to remain to writne.u the proeeedirgs ahout to l*> taken attaint him, (Dnyle,) bat Captain Eyrie dnr.yarded the appitoati m, and cauaed deponent to be treated in the rude and Insulting manner above mentioned. Deponent further aaya. that from all he wltneaaed, h? Velicves, and, tt.cretcre nates. that Mr Poy'e ? as arrested and treated in the manner act forth bv him in the Tribune of the ltd inat, at the Instigation, and by tie authority or inuructinna M ( aptain Ryrie; and that the atattment in CaptAin Ryrie'a card, that lie aared Mr. Doyln from amft, is umiualitied'y felae. De Intent luruirr ?*y? tint no ncani * (rrcut |?rtot what paamvl between Ca| tain Ryrie and Mr. Doyle rnHnecting the nigro in th# fori eahln, and, no far aa deponent heard it, ti? at^tamcnt m?de hy Mr. Doyle in the Tribuw w >t-iotly tnia; deponent particularly r< membera hearing Onptain Rvrlo aay to Mr Doyla In an ovafbfatlrg. ini? lent manner that til* neiro ahonM aleep inhiafMc. Doylo'a)roi'in. (Mimed) MICIIA1, JOHN DUFFT Sworn to before me. thin 25th day i.t (htoher, 1K4S. (Signed) ALFHBD W'IIKKIjEK, t'orantiaiioaer of Dead! The mid 1I<-M Plnce In the City to get good Roooi, Shoe* and Galtora, ia at JONEi'S, 14 Ana (treat, i e?r the American Miuetim. Firat quality of Freaoh Calf Dreaa llonta, S4 At); aeoni'd do,, $.'{ At) to 1, (?<>ngraaf Hoota, from $3 61) to $4, French Patent Lnathar Uoou, $7. Wlint, I* my brnvrrraalrrtlian It win!? (Shakrpeaie ) Ia it not remnrkahle tliat anynneetn ' efmnd who will eoBtiniic to wear an ill titling. grote*|iio looking hat, that iT<ry time it ia worn cauaea a dlacoloraMon nf the akinaa tin ugh the I ead had l>oen n'aced in a vice. u ln?n thaw e in oht iiw a (< inlortalilc, Mrgaut and'durablo arleli- of Knox. UN Kult.ui tr?' '.at thecxLO?hivrly eooioinioal prioa or Four Dollari ^ 1,000 Orer ('out*. Klrli Lining, # to 10 doll?Tm IIKI Clunk* (2 to $IV; ftllMrei* ami Irock l'oat% French cloth and irtminlnrii. SI to Jli; Fant?, tnnoy caeslmerea, $1 W Vfdta .K> cent* to $.1? th?ae are all unrodoemed pludoa^ freah from auction. rr?at harguina. Suit Store, corner Nona ud Beekman ?liyt*. PmlH Style Slilrta.of fliiml workmtnihlp, warranted nnaurpaated In ihl? country, made to mown by tlio h*'f doHn or Born, at thirty per cent leae than priori u anally charged. J. C. 1'araclla, of Broadway farhioaahle oclebrity, *upacjBtandont, H. C. GUJwN, 118 William atroet, up itaira. Illll, the Inimitable, M tat 111 nt hit Old Bland, A1?. 13 ISaaaan atreei Cutting the Hair nud MhUkera ! the varioim at)lea to init the d.fferent taai'O nf h<? pitrooa. A ronMant copp'T 'of hia Infallible Unguent lor promoting tlx growth, and iwanuiyli it the hair, alwaji on hand. " Wig*, Wigs, Wl^a?<'ltlien?nn?l Strangeri are Irf' rmed that the latRcit, chMfcnt, and heat >M?rt'u?nt af ww". half wi|m, toupee*, braids of loag hair, and other ornamental heir, in tn kit found at Medhurat It Heard*, 27 Ma.dan lam Tlie trade anpplieil^ _ The ?Rltli?llen" (Jolil l'?n? are wnrrantcd to Wfar fire jean. They are fine, *mooth and elantlc, and are 10knrwiedted to be the belt arwl oheape?t I'm hid the world. Sold only by B. B. Wataon k co* No. It Wall atraat. Gold peaa repaired. Camrlln .laponlea.?We would call the attention uf >11 thoee wiio wiah to furniih their parlor with a Ha* plant ot the ahova, to attend a eplendiil eale of Camella'a at I'alllday k Muller'a *ale< room, 7 Wall treet, Nor. lit, at 10K o'clock, from the collection of Jama* B. Weir. The Plumhe National Uagiwrrlan Qallarjr* OB the upper enmeroflitoadaay and anrray utreet. Stranger* and other* ahonld not fail to Timt, it b.- hk l.y fur the mwi attract ire place in the city; fM ooa may bo aire of meeting haw wlthawne familiar far a.