Newspaper of The New York Herald, November 2, 1848, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated November 2, 1848 Page 1
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TH NO. 5265. Ilntitfit Uoctrlnca of Mie Fourlcrltea. LKri'KK FROM AIR A. BRISBANE. Khamkfort, Oct. 2,1848. To the Editor of the Tribune : 1 left I'arm on the 6th of September, and h?ve since fipltea Belgium and Holland, and cane up the Rhine to thla place. 1 have new Keen Holland and enough of Germany to form an Idea of the state of this portion of Kurope ? >8 to Holland, it it< In-a state of utter degradation ; It la almost hnpilassly demoralized and sunk in the basest materialism by the commercial spirit and stockjobbing. Holland presents a lamentable example of the corrupting ui>d debasing Influence of the commercial spirit up< n a people The condition ofthat country eurpasseN auy thing I can describe to you, and the hatred ant disgust which have been aroused in me againft anarchical commerce, and the. vile worship of gold which it engender* In society. by observing their extreme < (frets, as exhibited in Holland, are deep and ineradicable. England, too, l? fir gono in the fame career of commercial iniquity, of. ruin and national degradation; and America is moving on Kith rapid rtrides in the Fame dlrrctlon. It is the fashion new adays to glorify eommorce. and to praise it to the skies as the most potent agent of civilization and progress; hut in my opinion commerce, at now conducted, is the vilest of all pursuits; it it the mott debasing; it calls out the greatnt degree of selfishness, the lowest scheming and cunning; indeed, it I horoughly perverts and cortupll the kuman heat t. Modern civilization is in dauger of perdition under its p^weful and despotic grasp. Tbe Dutch peoplo have reaped the fraita of giving- themselves wholly up to it They are a gross, stupid, degraded and poverty-strioken people. A few are rich, nd by tbe side of a limited number of overgrown fortunes exists wholesale pauperism. More than onehalt of the population of many of their eities nre astunl paupers. Tbe ancient spirit of enterprise, stimulated for a time by commerce, has died out, and stupid apathy aid trrpor cover the land. Mv visit to Holm ml has shown me how much suite rior the military 1b to the commercial spirit. I ten that the military spirit has bun the salvation ot' France, and nude it wliat it la?the leader of nation! and of the civilited world to a noble destiny; and that war. notwithstanding it in a borrible tbing, has a redeeming f'de iu it. War developes the passion of ambition. Ambition exalte* the sentiments of personal pride and dignity; it elevates the thoughts and principles of men. The pt asant made a soldier, become! a nan; hut comuitrtt transform* a nan into a coward and a cheat. I am also Inclined to think that the arittac.racy of Kng'.a nit had as it it. in the tnnohl.ing and taring principle of that country, and that if it were destroyed, and the fiourgeofsie?tbe mean trafficking Bourgcoitte ?should conquer and get ull power and wealth Into their hands, that the nation would inevitably sink, like Holland, into the lowest deep of degradation. Slnc? I have been in Gera.any I have visited as maBy of the noted reformers as possible in the various cities. I saw them particularly in Uusseldorf and Cologne, where I remained several days, and in this place. I have attended the clubs and public meeting", and the conventions, or Congress of Delegates, as they call them, and on some occasions have addressed them rj invitation I iiave been well received, and, speaking tbe German, I bare bean able to Inform myself accn rate]? regarding tbe nature of the political and sooial movements here It fceius to me that I have lived Ave year", instead of five months only that have elapsed since I left America, no many grand events have parted before my eyes to call up active and diversified thought. The instinct of the mas?es of nations struggling to effect reforms of time-crown abates, affords an inStructlve lesron, flrcrn which I hope to profit. And'the great movements which have lattly agitated all Europe, offtr a sublime rpectacle of the instinctive and onward inarch of humanity ; they present a magnificent view of these great historical developements of the raee, which, ever and anon, declare its sure progress and its pnrprfe to reach a high destiny. We are livlnp, too, without doubt, in the greatest historical era that has vet marked tbe life of humanity on earth. Considered in this light, the opportunity of witnessing the great events cf the day is invaluable. As regards Germany, there Is much to be said; but [ will be brief in my statements. The republican feeling is strong among the people and the younjr men of tbe higher clasfrs. The aristocracy and the tour groitif, or ^middle classes, are conservative and reaotlonary. But republican ideas and feelings are spreading with greit rapidity; tbe free press, the clubs, and public meetings are doing wonders in disseminating doctrines of reform. Quite a large proportion of those who become republicans also become socialists at the fame time. Soclallnn. consequently, is spreading widely aieong 'be people. All the intolligent and leadirg republicans want what they call the social republic. Tbey hove said to me often?' We do not * wish a bourgeois republic, as you have it in the United States, where labor Is the prey ef capital?where free competition ruins the laboring elasses?where yon hart the rame distinction of classes in society, the same contrasts of wraith and poverty that we have hern. No, we want the sonlai republic, with a reform in the falee institution* of society, particularly in labor, education . cc nicer re and ttiefyatem of taxation." Although Focinlism is spreading rapidly among the people? the peasants and the operatives?who receive it, as it were, by a kind of instinct. beea?*e It offers to relieve them of the dreadful burdens which oppress them, and appeals strongly to th? benevolent and social sentiments whloh distinguish the Oerman people, still social i-cience is In its infancy In Oermany; it Is yet in avegue and undeveloped state. Fourier and the o her Krenoh socially* ?w kuown only by name. Their theories ?n(l doctrines are not at all nnderstood by any. The leaders have no definite f lans, no theories or measures, marked out in detail, n fact, they are opposed to systems; they wish to follow the instinots of the people, and realize such reforms as are plainly practicable, adapted to the prase nt condition of the "people. They say that a man who offers a system is discredited and lost. They adopt a kind of eclecticism In reform, which, although it does not go deep, renders tbe comprehension of social reiormn oj me masses yery emey. nan parbiuuiiiriy strikes me, Is the entire absence of definite plana and attachment to any particular system. This is socialism in it* Infancy, under the impulse of the sentiment of friendship or fraternity, and leads to vagueness, tolerance, and promiscuity; b?t, at the same time, secures among its advocates a bond of unity. There is scarcely any difference of opinion among the socialists here, as there Is in France. There the different schools are hostile; here they are all only socialists. The highest Idea entertained in Oermany is that of KUaranteeism. They have no notion of domestic orpassional association. The deeper problems of social science, such as the harmony of the passions and tho serial organization of labor, are not understood by the most advanced reformers. The idea of families living Feparxti ly prevails among the socialists; the phalanstery seems to them only a military organization, a system of barrncVs. They wish to have vast farms or domains, cultivated by the combined force of a large popnlation in a scientific manner; they advocate the plan of large oomiaon kitchens, and of oomblnlng various domestic concerns; but maintninthe system of separate houses for every family, placed near to *ach other. While the reformer* of Germany advocate the separate Ismily household system, they condemn I he present institution of marriaff; they call it, as it now txiih, a system of legal prostitution, and criticise it severe/if. They have no Idea, however, of what should he put. in it* stead, or what changes In the system should bt made; In this respect they are m vague and uncertain M they are in regard to sooial reforms generally; but they wish at least to make separation between parties who cannot agree as man and wife, to be made perfectly easy, under some simple divorce regulations, and to allow thofe to unite whose affinities attraot them to each other strongly, and who can form a spiritual, as well as physical, or what they term, a trae marrisge. This is the rubstance cf Herman views upon This subject. But it may be stated, ai a fundamental characteristic of the German radical mind, that it entertains a complete ilouht of all flitting toctal institutions wh'ch, at least, is i he first step toward/7 truth. In th? breakup of the old social world now going on. everything Is put nnder the ordeal of unsparing crltlciam. without distinction. The. doubt, now so prevulen I. of old institutions. extends to religion, and the immortality of the soul, tren, it generally rejected, and absolute atheism is not uncommon So much for doctrinal and moral mat* ters; now let me give a summary of the praetical measures advocated by the progressive and republican par* ty of Germany. The leading measures proposed are : Klrst. The unity of Germany. Second The establishment of a universal republic The ill tru. ra.llx.li a,l.li If nn?..n.l li,,ll?lilKla . other* fedeiative. Third The establishment of a thorough system of ?dncation by the Statp free to all children. Kourth. 'I be establishment of a system of free justice, or court* of law, without expense*. Klfth. The limitation of the right of InUeriUnee to heirs of the tirnt decree?to children. parents, and brothers and ("Inter*, and In time ft total abolition of the right of Inheritance?the doctrine be I ok held that property should be sooial instead of Individual ; ha land, workshops and other sources of wealth belonging to the collective body or the State, and made free to the use of all. ?isth. The establishment of national workshops or the org* nliation of manufacture" by the State?a minister of industry to be appointed In *.h? government, who ahall direst a unitary nystcra ol maaufactuie*. Seventh. The pro ecutlon of agriculture upon a largo Male, with vast resources and a solentiflo dlreation Klghth. The establishment of a national bank which hall extend credit to lalro, ami without interest? Proodhon's Idrn hring the basis of the plan. i Ninth A system of progressive taxation; that If. the richer Uhe man fa the more he will be taxed propersonally. the rate increasing with hi* weultk. These are tlie principal measures advocated hy the leading n publican* of Germany. They are viaiently denounoed by the aristocracy and the l>?urgtoue. a a deatrnctlve and ruinous tosocUty; but the peuple, Che masse*. ascent with great eageruena the Ideas of reI frrm they embody, and If they aie fairly roused l>y opposition, they will destroy everything ; they wul sweep out of their way the arlatocraey and the AnurgroUe at a blow . They will confiscate at once landed estates, manufactories,railroads, banks lie .and make all the property of the St*ta. In my opinion sueh a revolntUa will surely come In this country, If not in all Knrop* and It will be the most rsdloal and *weepirg revolution the world ever saw. The Herman* are peculiarly lltted for sueh a revolution, for It aceord* with their views of justice. fraternity and Christianity. The political and toeial reform will prooeed toJVtkei la Uerwany. A. B. k ?> E NE MORS 'J he Cholera In tlic Vnlteil State#. The attention of the public is attracted to thiB scourge, in th? general belief jhat it will shortly visit Ihene ?hor?*e. The municipal government of Wachington city is ' the first to move officially, in the business of preparing f r the reception of the di.'ease. The councils of the city adopt< J resolutions la.-t week requeuing the Board of Health to give general instructions on the subject, and to dee that everything proper In done; also appointing a special oommittee to aet in eonoert with the Board of Health. The following extracts are from a letter addressed to afriend. by Dr. Charles T Jackson, of Boston. It will be noticed that he thinks New Kngland will again escape, andthe reasons he gives for this expectation wilt be r*ad with peculiar interest at this time: ? I do not believe that the Asiatic oholera will prevail to any considerable eitent in the New Kngland States, for the geological character of the oonntry appears to be opposed to it 1 believe ] made reference to the Influence of calcareous soils in the induction of cholera, in my letters to l)r. James Jackson, on the cholera in Vienna, which letters wer? published in the autumn of 1832, in the JUotton Medical Magi I here send ycu an extract frrm a leoture which I delivered In Boston on the 31st Deoember, 1834, and have several times since repeated in this and other pluces where I have lectured:? " The progress of the Asiatic oholera show* also that there is i-uch a thing as medical geology, for the cities situated on limestone or tertiliary soils have always suffered most severely from that scourge.'' I have repeatedly advised that on the occurrence of the cholera in this country, persona who might be fearful of that disease would (lud a safe refuge in the primary regions of New Kngland. IVe have a right to infer, that since it never has visited the granite countries of Switzerland or Tyrol, in Europe, while it followed the calcareous districts around; aDd since it did not occur iu the primary dls ckusetts; while It did follow the caloareous formations through Canada, New York. Ohio, aud along the Mississippi? that the calcareous soil or waters had much to do with the production of the disease We know that the bowels of any eautern man who travelB through the calcareous districts of the western States are much disturbed by the action of bicarbonate of lime, which is contained iu the water; and hence we might naturally infer that ?uch a disturbing cause might render the constitution more liable to the cholera which has its Feat in the btomach and small intestines. Take a map of the globe and trace the course of the Asirtic chi'lera, and then examine into the geo'ogicml character on Its track, and you will find that it is calcaret v s, and that the principal 'niduses'' (if I may bo, call them) of the disease, were on tertiary bottoms, where Ike springs and well waters are highly charged with salt* of lime. Vienna add Taris are the two best known of the calcareous tertiary basins, aud in those cities you well kn?w the cholera committed its most ftarful ravages. It is to be hoped that the Introduction of the Cochi tuate water into Boston, will prove salutary to the peo?le in more ways than have been generally thought of would observe that although Boston well water contains salts of lime in large proportions, there are but few well* that contain much of the bicarbonate; and the muriate of lime and sulphate of lime do not cause the peculiar disturbances resulting from what are called calcareous waters. Your obedient servant and friend, mam.ire T iiru-onv New Yokk, Oct. 30, 1848. Hok. Vk, F. Hatkmctiii, Mayor. DEAR SIH: ? IherapiJ approach of cholera toward the Western bemisphtre is very naturally engrossing a large share cf public attention. The frightful amount of mortality which accompanied its former visitation to our country, cieates considerable anxiety in the pubiio mind, and leads people to inquire as to the best means tbat might be adopted to mitigate, if not to prevent, the ravages of this desolating pestilence. In 16&i, 1 had the honor to be appointed a member of a large and able committee of medical men in reference to this subject, and subsequently was chosen chairman of a portion of the committee, to investigate the nature and origin of the Asiatic cholera. This appointment of necessity led me to make a very thorough examination of all the faotsand clroumstances connected with the origin and progress of that disease since its first appearanceat Jessor*. in India, in 1810. It is a source of high gratification to find, that the conclusions arrived at by our committee, at tbat time, have been fully and completely sustained by all subsequent inquiries. The very able and learned Sanatory Commissioners appointed In Great Britain, during the last year, have unanimously made a report embracing precisely the same conclusions that were arrived at by the Medical Committee of New York, fifteen years ago. Indeed, these facts and conclusions are now so completely establirho* tbat we can. without any hesita tier, declare that tbe circumstances and causes which are necessary far tbe production of cholera are entirely under the control of proper sanatory regulations. It Is my firm conviction, based upon evidence which will not admit of any doubt, thkt, by an expenditure of less than one-half of what was foolishly squandered in 1832, the prevalence of cholera In New York might be almost totally prevented. In a communication of this hind It would be impossible to give ev?n n general statement of the accumulated mass of evidence that has been collected in every country where cholera has prevailed, shewing, moat conclusively, that In all parts of the world, oleantiners, fTee ventilation and temperance,united with the ordinary comforts of life, are a never f. iling preventive of tbe prevalence of cholera; and that filth and uncleanlintsa, abounding in cities and the habitatiens of tbe poor and profligate portion of the oommunity, united with atmospheric cau?es, are the unfailing sources from which the infeotion of cholera is generated and propagated. A very few facts will be sufficient to Drove to the satlrfnction of every one the truth of tnere positions. When cholera first made its appearance at Calcutta, a few weeks after its first appearance at Jessore, it was completely governed by the circumstances we have tr eiitioned. It is well known that tbe city of Calcutta is, in reality, divided into two parts?the F.nglish portion. which has been designated the "City of Palaces," and the native town, which la made up of the miserable huts and habitations of the poor and wretched people of that country. The Knglish portion, in conference of its cleanliness and free ventilation, was almost totally exempt from the ravages of cholera; while the native town, inhabited by the poor and destitute, and abounding in all kinds of filth and uncleanllncss, was visited by the most frightful destruction of human life. The nestilenoe swent through the town with all the destructive fury of Ore. In ever; eastern city or town, the fame facts were always obpervtd. Cities situated cn elevated grounds, surrounded by pure air. and kept perfectly clean and veil ventilated, uniformly escaped the pestilence; while all those place*, where a different condition of things existed? pities built on low grounda, surrounded by marches' and malarious districts of country, were the localities where this desolating scourge swept down its victims by thousands. In this country the same faits were uniformly witnessed. All places a jounding with accumulated human filth and wretchedness, were the localities where the pestilence spent its fury. In this city, all those sections whTe vast numbers were congregated together, In miserable habitations, reeking with pestilential human ellluvia, and a foul, contaminated atmosphere, the disease spread with desolating severity; while all those neighborhoods where cleanly habitations, and pure, uncontaminated air existed, there cholera did not urevail. Nearly all those cities in the I I'nited States which are distinguished for the oleanli>>r.?s of their streets and houses, and the tempern nee of ; their inhabitants, escaped the pestilential cholera. The city of IlPhtou. which is distinguished f< r its clean 1 and well-ventilattd streets and house*, almost entirei lv errared frnm the ra.vaires of cholera in 1H32 3. " It would bo uselei-a to wart* time In tnunmtlni; facts, which are precisely similar In ev?ry part >' the world. It la now fully demonstrated that, with ampin and abuudant means, and with full powerin thp municipal authorities, almost every city In the United States might esrape from the ravages of cholera, or at least its visitation might be made so mild that it would almost r*aa by unheeded. The city of New York ia lorated in one of the most healthy placea in the world, and, with propt-r municipal regulations,might be made the most pure and salubrious. It therefore Involves a most solemn obligation upon the Common Council to Institute measures forthwith, to hays every section of the city thoroughly drained and purified?not simply the streets, but all the alleys and secret receptacles of filth, wherever they can l>e found. If energetic measurra sb? uld Immediately he adopted the city of New\ orli would almost certainly eacap* a serious visitation cf cholera?thousands of Uvea would be saved, and the commerce of the greatKmporlum r.f the Western World would go on unimpeded and undisturbed. The inquiry will, no doubt, be made, how can these things be best accomplished ! The wisdom and intelligence of the Coirmon Council will no doubt adopt the proper measures. But It may not be considered superflu< us to Fuggest the propriety of immediately appointir g a Hoard of Sauatory Commissioners, whose duty it shall be to collect facts and statistical detail* In reference to this matter.and report to the Common Council, without delay, such recommendations as they may deem Important to preserve the city from thl* ap- , proachlrg pestilence. This suggestion Is made upon the presumption that carry tbexe m?-a*un>xInto effect If xufflcient power do?x not esixt. then It will become the Imperative duty of the State Lnnixlal ure to not In the premt*ex, ax they In their wlxdom xhall deem expedient, and conductive to the public welfare. I am. moxt respectfully jourx, JOHN 8. BOWKON, .M. D. IlnHRiiu.K.?Tlte Stair (Sunn/ of Tuesdny la-t, contain* an nrcoiiRl nf the killing of a litife boy, In tb? neighborhood of Nyllarogga, Talladega county, by bia own lather, in a ilt of dernngement. A man named Ilhodum hud been partially deranged for tooie time on the Hihject of biblical offering* /n one of thoxe fltx be killed hi* xon. and then piling ratlxand other wood upon the h< iy he xet ti>e to the whole. The wife finding out what be had Joue. ??nt for the ne.thborx When afterwardx xxked why he did ?o, he raid that hftwa* making an offering nf a lamb. The brdy wa* cnnri<l?rahU burnt before it wax taken from under t.V pile. Rhodum in confined, for the prexent, in the l>ll?deg? jail.- Mvii(eomt>\j Hat ?*d .Mr., on. aft. W YO flHG EDITION?THURI ] M'E KESTI NO POLITICAL lNIElllli NCB. IVtw York Congrmslonal DUtrlctji, WITH THKIR TO TII ll? 1848 AN U 1847 Congrkii 1846. Lt. Oov. 1847. Fish. Dayton, Dikt. Coi'I^tiei. Whio. Dim. WHIO. DKM. l-Qucre* 1,740 2,076 1,200 1,160 Suffolk 1,613 1.W0 1,421 1,614 Pern. maj. 61*2.. 3,363 4 046 2,681 2,701 Whid. Dkm. Xatite. V-Kirigp 4 340 4,801 677 4,615 3 335 llichniond. . , 700 734 94 667 692 ['em. n ?.i. 495. . 6 040 6 536 671 5,182 3,027 !4 6TO 4 ,109 252 3-931 --713 VlO,^0!^'*. \ 4,065 6138 869 367'J 3 378 Uwd!" i 4-r'85 4>184 M?? 3.?" 3.?05 6upier \ 6>"8 6'071 1'713 fi.878 4.?8? Tot vote of city.18,928 20 002 4,347 17,075 13,172 7?WeatoheKtcr.. 3.411 3.356 2,591 2 309 Rockland 913 743 480 80'J Whig maj. 224.. 4,324 4 099 3,077 3.118 8?*utcheM. ... 4,733 3 964 4,60 2 3,829 Putnam 717 1,207 6VJ 707 Whig maj. 229.. 6.460 6,221 6.161 4,020 9? Orange 4,341 3 823 3 229 3,008 Sullivan 1,817 1380 1.136 1,367 Whig maj 439.. 6,168 4,719 4,806 4,875 10?"De'aware. . . 3 692 2,645 96!) 1 597 Ultter 4 375 4,178 2,808 2 821 Whig maj. 1.244. 7 907 6,723 3,708 4,421 ll_*Columbia. .. 3,778 3 345 2,827 2,14S | Greene 2,808 2,435 1,880 2,051 Whig maj 800.. 6 586 5 780 4 713 4,199 12? "Ri>n?selatr.. 5 609 4,822 4 858 3,482 13?'Alban y 7,165 6 087 6 651 3,121 14?Wa>biugton.. 4,151 2 428 3 64 ! 1644 EtltX 2,208 1,592 2,025 1,633 Whig maj. 2 429. 0,449 4,020 5,668 3 277 16?Clinton 1802 2060 1,73* 1,052 Franklin 1313 1,608 1.215 1.215 Warien. ...... 1,060 1,640 1,072 1,271 Iftpirflton.. . . > LoSglaketown. J Dem. maj 903.. 4,181 5.174 4,025 4,438 16? Saratoga .... 4,041 3 065 3,065 3,181 'Schenkctady.. 1,011 1,625 1,312 1,423 Fulton 1,813 1,630 ) . r ? ?. , llaiuiltoi. (phit). 110 198 > 1>J6J "u 'Whigmaj. 061.. 7;675 0,924 0,930 0,000 Hunxek B\RNK, 17?H*rkimer.. . . 3 225 2 291 2 281 1.4(10 Montgomery.... 3,306 2,420 2,672 2J87 Wnaj.&1814^?' | ?'681 4>717 4=853 3 007 18?St. I.awrence . 3.604 6.045 3 251 844 Lowis 2 228 831 1,173 H'3 Barnb. maj. 144. 6,732 6,870 4,424 1,787 Winn. Dkm. 19? Ji-lTeiflon .. . . 4 916 4 871 3 920 4.597 zu?uueiua iiuio u 104 4.no j 21?OUcg o 3.940 4.8U0 3,306 4,042 'Sohohaiie... 2,043 2,570 1,374 2,307 Dem. maj. 320. 6,880 7,200 4,630 O.i'JJ Ind. Barvb. Hi'nkeii. 22?Chenango. .. 2 745 4 100 3,384 3 410 Broome 2 239 2,325 2,112 1,712 Tioga 2,011 1,479 1,282 1,461 Hunker maj. 000. 6,985 7,004 6,778 6,505 Wm?. Dem. 23?OsKeg o 8404 3 202 3,252 2.831 Madleon 3,027 2,924 2,610 2,26>) Whig maj. 245. 6,431 6,186 6.862 5,007 24? Onondaga. . . 6.501 5,157 4,546 3,601 25?Cayug a 4.215 3,977 4,150 2 535 Cortland . . . 2,038 2,0 >9 1,003 1,714 Whig m<ij. 217 6,263 C,0S0 6,062 4,240 26 ?Tompkins. . . 3,160 8 035 2 959 2,037 Chemung. . .. 1.826 1,765 1.452 1578 Yates 1,777 1,939 1,058 1,472 | Whig maj. 14 C,763 6,739 6,069 6,6S7 27?Wayn e 3 413 3.219 3.109 2 561 i Seneca 2 056 1.900 1,871 1,935 , Whig maj 289 6,408 6,170 4 080 4,496 28?Monro e 6,181 4,370 6,670 4,014 29? Ontario 8 807 2,097 3 462 1 651 LlTinguton... 3,782 2,464 3,316 1,018 Whig maj. 2,688. 7,639 6,451 6,778 3,209 30?Steube n 4.270 3,650 3,198 3 341 Allegany.... 2.764 2,676 2,388 2,405 Whig maj. 908. 7,034 6,126 5.586 5,806 21?Chautauiiuo . 4.512 2 653 3,702 2.015 Cattaraugus . 2,610 037 2,468 2.385 Whig m?j. 3,732. ~7^C22 3,2f0 fl,170 4.430 32?Lrl e 5,ee0 4,385 6,895 2 853 33?Genese e 2 820 1.445 2,510 1 360 Wjoming . . . 2 802 1,1100 2,300 1,455 Whig m?j. 2,487. 5 628 3,141 4,810 2,815 34?Niagar a 2 722 2,230 2,360 2,193 ; Orleans 2.270 2,111 2,280 1.025 Whig maj. 645. 4.692 4,347 4,640 4 118 'Anti-rent counties. The following shows the votes of the districts on members of Congress, in lf>44, when th? whigs and natives united:? Diittict. W**'"?. Dem. Diitrict. Whig. Dr<n. | 1 4,936 6,132 IS 6.2!'^ 8 14*? 2 6,104 5 680 ll> 5,587 0 3J4 3 6.700 5,388 20 7,094 7,017 4 6,513 6 783 21 7 906 !' 21* 6 6 4 87 6 009 22 8 818 9 608 0 8292 7.750 23 7 426 8.12S 7 4.807 6 098 24 0 495 0 9>?1 8 0 745 7,340 25 7,130 7.511 ? 6174 7.162 20 7,602 8 703 1 0 8,121 8,645 27 6,387 6 581 1 1 7.2*4 8,220 28 6 807 5,722 12 6 242 5 092 29 8,810 0 405 1 3 6 907 7 058 30 8,t??.?3 9.115 1 4 7.512 6.297 31 8 299 5,231 1 5 4 750 5 141 32 6 910 < 0SI in o i* ? i?ii in, . Oj-ion 4,-ri | 17 5,706 7,691 34 6,733 4 948 j It will be observed that there was a greatly dimi- j nirhtd Tote given la 1846 and! 1847. In the termor year, (1846) the old hunkers and anti-renters aided the whlgs Id eleotlng their Governor and members of Congrers. In 1847, the old hunkers having the con* trol of the nomination of State officers, tho barnburners withheld their votes, to the amount of nearly 100,000 In the Slate. The anti-renters refused to vote for either Kith or Dayton, and gave about 5,000 votes to the abolition candidate. The delegation eleoted in 1840, stood 23 whlgs to 11 democrats? thj following districts having then ohossn democrats:? First?Suffolk and (Queens. Second? Kings and Itlchmond | Third?N?>w York City. Fourth? do, do. Sixth? do. do. Fifteenth?Clinton. Warren, fcc. Seventeenth?Montgomery and Herkimer. Nineteenth?St. Lawrence and Lewis. Twentieth?Oneida. Twenty-First? Otfego and Schoharie. Twenty-Second?Broome Chenango, fcc. Of theee. the four members from the 1st, 16th 10th, and 21 at districts were elected, we believe, as barn- | burner*, and thoee from the seven other districts were considered as bunkers. Mr. TVtrle, ef the 17th illstrlct, and Btrd'all, of the ! 2Id district. owed their respective election* to the aid hey received from the whig*; but they h?ve. notwithstanding, acted on most question* with the democratic party In 1'ongre**?Mr Jackson's Rett for the ith diktrict, it will be remembered, *u contented by Mr Monroe, and the election net aside. Mr. Holley, (whig.) of the 27th district, died last winter; consequently there are two THcancle* to ba flllod for the : < (wing se?*len of Congress. The whigs expect, ?t the ensuing election, to gain lit or seven of the above eleven democratic district*, ard to hold their own In all of the twenty-three they carried in 1H-U>, with perhaps one or two exceptions If so, the democrats will not have mora than Ave or six of the thirty-lour meul*r* in the next New York delrgatlcn. ANornsm i.rttrr from martin van m'rkn. Ov.nti rmew:?I lose no time In replying to your kind I !?tUr. inviting me to attend ? dmi convention of the free democracy of the ninth Congressional llatrict of Maffachu^tts. to he held on the 201 h and 81st Inst, In rnler to altavd the people of that district an opportunity to e*press to me in person their high appreciatlr n cf my conduct and position. Tbe propriety of a personal participation In a political canvass by those who either voluntarily beoone rsndi'lstes fcr the public stations, orare made such by Ihtlr filcndu, i* aquestion In respect to which different opintrn* are entertained, arising doubtleM to a great degree from d'lVerent section* of ouj country, lb mice, the public taste ha* heen against It; and harall try llle confonr.ed to this feeling, It would not be sgrc able to me to begin a different course now. Thl? consideration cocslrnln* me to decline most re- | sprrtiully a compliance with your reiuest. Jte my lmprnsive term* in whlcl) yu haw been , i RK I SDAY, NOVEMBER 2, pleated to expref* the approval of my conduct by yourHt'lvtH and thoce you mprenunt, are untitled to my grateful acknowledgment. I certainly derivH a high gratification from the reflection that In withholding Further opposition to the wlahea of the friend* of my whole life to place me between them and their oppressors, I added also the testimony of my devotion to a pilnciple, which I deemed vital to the national welfare ?to which i have already, in another form, avowed my unalterable adhesion, and the advocaoy of whioh In in p??rf? ct coLsistency with eTery act of my public life, ila^iug under such oircumsiancea oonsenttd to remain

in my preaent position, it win idle for any to imagine that one who. wt list an ardent oombattaut in the political field, never, in a single instance allowed liinuelf to be uiveited from the line of Ilia oonviction of unmerited denunc'ation. although exposed to a larger Fhare of it than perhaps any otter living man, could now, when he doea not retain a single unsatisfied political aspiration, be driven from that position or made unhappy in ita occupancy by the virulent assaults to which you so delicately allude. Neither have lthevunity to . uppt ce that this ?xtraordinary display of political wrath is designed to counteract any pertonal withes of mine. All other considerations a (.tut, the sagacious amongst nip assailants cannot but have become convinced \hrnt, however ardent my di-rire for the triumph of our cause, I have not, to far as my personal Interests or ininilivirtllkl fHtilimm Art* nnnfliirnoH ?l iImuIpu fnr HAnoafl til the coming election, which I would raise a hand to promote, if by so doing I could make it* gratification certain. It la not, thtretore, to secure my defeat, but to edict the overthrow of the groat principle we contend for, that those disreputable efforts of ouBbpponents are mainly directed. Regarding theia in this light. 1 am Induced to look upon them with greater complacency. However potent they might be to crush an humble individual. th>-y mu.'t, uuless the American people are prepared to surrender tt e elevated po.-ltion they have adjoin d in the great family of nations, proved futile to establish a principle iu the administration of the federal gorernroent, which my octogenarian friend but always politioal opponent ?>f your State, justly dccilbes as "atrocious," albeit be tees his way cluir. doubtless contclentioui-ly. to support an eminent and meritorious citizen, who does not appear to be snillriently sensible of that, atrocity to induce hint to disavow tlio principle which my venerable friend denounces with such unsparing severity 1 urn, gentlemen, respectfully and truly yours, M. VAN BUJUCtt. MEDITATED BETRAYAL OK THE FRKE soli, PRINCIPLE [FNB the llutralo Commercial Advertiser, Oct. 80.J Just before gi iug to press we rsoeived th* following letter from Detroit. The writer is a gentleman of the highest character in the State of Michigan, and his statement can bo implicitly relied upon. It remains to be seen whether the ?Hurts to Induce Mr. Wilmot to desert and prove a traitor to the proviso bearing his name, mil prove Bucoes.-ful. That the effort will be made, in the hope of suioefi. is beyond a doubt. Tb? last faint shodewof hope left to Cms, aud his unscrupulous faction, is that by some foul mean*, Pennsylvania can be carried, and no means, however de? printr, win WZ tCit UUUIUU IV ocwuro umi Tvauil,. 1 lie following is the letter Detroit, Oct. 28,1848. " Last evening Mr. MoCleltand, member of Congress, took passage in the LoLd^u. for Buffalo, accompanied by Charles G. Hamirond. the CollMtOT of this port. McClelland is sent by <?en Cass to the Wilmot district in Pennsylvania. for the purpose of soeing and stajidgwith Wilmot until the day before election, and to enlUt him actively for Cass, or to induce him to remain quiet. lie is also to inform Wilmot, and otherf In the district, that (Jen. Cass is in favor of the Wilmot proviso, and a free soil man. notwithstanding his pledget to the South in tlie Nicholson letter, and in his response to the Baltimoie nomination. Wa conMder there things here to be a double fraud?* cheat and a fraud upon the South for months tefore theeleotion, and a cneat and a fraud on Pennsylvania ten days only before the election, when it will be too late to undeceive the South. " The Case candidate for Congress in this distiict is now electioneering and stumping for himself and Cass, on the ground ot free soil and democratic principles, and representing himself and Cass to be for the Wilmot proviso." In confirmation of the above, we will state that Mr. McClelland, accompanied by Mr Hammond, left this oity for the Katt in this morning's train. There have been rumors, to which we have heretofore adverted, that he would prove false, but we are Inclined to believe that they have been originally circulated by those witf. whom the wish was father to the thought. Forewarned, forearmed is our motto, and we publish the above, therefore, that all may see what game is now attempted. jnr< uuiarai.3 amj rim i ajw. Tbe Generals, who bare been engaged in th<> late war with Mexico, stand ai follows: Kor Cans? Generals Butler, Worth, Twiggs, Kearny. Wool. Patterson, Smith, Pierce. Shields, (Quitman. Pillow, Cadwalladw, Lace, Marshall, Cuchlng, r?ice, ChUds. TIIK < ONTEST COMMENCING. The Detroit Frit Pun of tbe 'JHth ultimo, says : ? Th> t-H true and Ftuunch demoorats, Francis B. Cutting, Lorenzo B. Sbepard, and John MoKeon are tumping it In Pennsylvania?Theodore Sedgwick, Wro. McMurray, KU Moore, Alexander Wells and Jas. T. Brad; are on the stump in the Hirer counties of New York?Thomas H. Benton is on his way North, to stir up the democracy. He was In Cincinntti on tbe 18th. How do the wblgs like this news' Theodore Sedgwick ban alwayi been a barnliurner, until he discovered a disposition on the part of the Van Burens to aid in the election of General Taylor. PENNSYLVANIA. The Philadelphia Eni/uirer (whig) of Tuesday says We learn from a gentleman, direct from Susquehanna Congressional district, that Hon. David Wilmot was In tbe Held, stumping it for tbe Van Bnren electoral ticket. This Is important, inasmuch as Twelfth bas heretofore been cae of the strongest locofoco districts in Pennsylvania. We are told that tbe free soil paity look for a very heavy vote in that diHtrict. ( barles H. Delavan, of thU city, la stumping the Schuylkill coal district, for Taylor. Having been Consul at Sidney. (Nova Scotia) Mr. D. is familiar with the coal trade, and the effects ot the tariil' on it. JN-MANA. A distinguished gentleman, rays tbe Louisville Journal. very familiarly acquainted with Indiana and her politics, informs us _tbat he has no douVt at all of her going tor ueneral Taylor. He says that, within the fph< re of his own Intercourse with her citizens, there nre many, very many democrats, who, tired of the restraints of pnrtiian polities, are determined to vote for ! (ieceial Tiiylor. and that toe old General's vote in Indiana, on the Tth of November, w ill astonish the nation. The editor of the Kvanaville Journvl seems to he of the rame opinion. He sajs We believe that Indiana tc as certain for Taylor as Kentucky?further, we believe the first district (th? most doubttul district in the State) will give 'General Taylor a majority The whips and moderate democrats who wVi ;ote forTtylor are not noity it Is true, but tbty are alive to the importance of the contest, and will, to a man, be found | at the ballot box on the day of ej^tlon. MICHIGAN. The Detroit t\ee Preu. of the 28th alt., says A private letter from Lansing. the new seat of Government, rays-?"The County Treasurers <*f the several t counties have been here the past week settling their accounts, and all give a good acoount of our prospects I aui of the opinion that the Cass and Butler el? ctoral ticket will gtt a majority over Taylor, in every county In the State." Most Daring Kohhkry in Detroit.?A daring robbery was committed in this city on Thnrwluy night. Tlit* Broker'* and (exchange office of K. Prentiff. wan entered by boring the door with a brace bit, and forcing the bolt and look. A large amount of i money In gold, silver, uncurrent bask notes, internal ! improvement warrant* and lojdJaftjguntj land wartuU, were depodted In I ji^kntenU taken from tjiaamco, tMIMWif a alow matokkjHpfnx the door open and iMiMBbrly dNtrotlaMMniildn work of the Rale. *WWl lBBp. tWariMT ?f the building, and from the ma>Mn|^Hlllu|BHMmenta were around th*'oltMMMVh|^^^^^pi? a large quantity of powder had b?a> tiMn^Hp^^^Heratlon The lock wa?. from iipftearaseai W?U MM with powder. and the key hole thea red with putty to make the work The slow match wu set on tire, undoubtedly, retired to watch the prorfN^^^^^H^d ?tur the explosion t ad taken place cafe to TenHire forth.the tiioney then rinH^^^KMeaaoonipliiitied ...? ?ii?" w?ipp t xrrutnl. and nhowa that we hare ItWriir mldfflNMNR j (rfanirt'd aa<o<-iatlcn of theie most consummate *itiftiti*. Serirnl implements u?eil on the occasion w? re found In the cfflce. among them a brace unit bit, chisels. and some other thing*.. A number < f bits use J with a brace w. re alfo found on the opposite aide of the j street. on one of tha dry goods boxes in front of the Mere*. W? were unable to ascertain the exact umoiint of money taken, but aa near a? we oould tret at it, there Wt>* about $1 0(0. In half dollar* and gold, nnd about If 6(0 In bill*. n c. Klve person* wera arreated on ?nt- j jitclra <t being In some way connected with the alTnlr.but a? yet nothing definite hu< been found out Their name* are Barney MoDermont. Juhn Kr?uklln. Thomas I- d?ard* W. Drown, and John llatrla. all of tbrm stopping at the ( rmmercliil he el ,\ roll of note* mostly of the old broken down wild cat b.tnk* of thia 8<ate. with Rome good funds,was brought In tlie jard utteched to th? hniwe, ami rever il other circumstance." brought to light that may lead to th? ?lnt?>otlon of the right individuate.? Drtrmt Fret Pint M 28. FuifiDS.? Ch?iinrfy Cook, a yoitnsj ninn pniployed mh |uidcI|hI clnk in the Morr of Mr. Lathrop. at Crockprrt. commit tid nulcid* by nn^pending hlniM-lf with a rope from the U-am In the room occa pie d by hlr over t he utore. No can*? can be aolgned (or the act. He had recently inherited come four or (I * thouMicd dollar*, bad no pecuniary embarraoement* or private gri*f< tbat can he ascertained ?n<l * a? higbl j ?(teemed by all wbo knew him During the two piectdlaff nt^hte, however, hie room ni?N?, a tleik In th? rame ftore. noticed that he had been rery reft lew and ?)ept but Uttto. If ??y.? K?> A C>* 1848. IiH?v Iutclll^riitc. Tiir St*acu?e Smt i this Ci*r.?Sitrkmc Covrt. ? Tb? jury In th? ca#f of Afancy K ,V?n v*. Chmrlri L. S'orthrup, for th? stduntion of plaintiff'* duunhtcr. came iviu ^uu*u uu M V Q oiuck? \ having been out all nlxlit and Saturday afternoon?and itated that tbey were unable to Kgreu. They were difcbargi d by the Court. ? Syracuse Star, Oct. 31. Tl?c Trial for Murder on (he HIkI> Sean. Third Day?Wednesday. r^itfd Statks Oiactnr Court, November 1.?Before Judge* Nelson and llett*.?Joikhii Stomk re oalled, and his cross examination resumed. Cannot tell the l name of the piuseoc^er on board the "Col Tayloe;" has not seen hiln in New York since; thinks he is a Spanish gentleman; te spoke a little Knglijh? very little. H ?Ycu say the captain when ho came on deck, ask) d what wus the matter; what answer did the mate give f A ?He laid he hote the man overboard because he drew a knife on him and chased hiin rouud the deck. Q ? How far was he frism the captain at the timo ' A.?About eight fret. Q ? Yon pay before the rudder was shipped you braid the man cry out oh, oh; from what point did the voice come, and how far was it from the boat ? A.?It wus aft the larboard bow, but I cannot tell the distance; it might be twenty or thiity yards from the bow of the brig. (J ? Ilcw far was the boat from the the brig before the rudier was shipped? A.?About ten yards; it was Rolng in the direotlon of the mice; the man kept cryin< out at interva's, oh. ob ; I was sitting in the bow of the boat; Snow wai sitting; between me and the mate; after the rudder was { shipped we were going to leeward of the voice a good ! way. (|.?After you had got on board the brl?, or while . you were on the boat, did you say anything to the aate about < arljle ! A ? I uiu ; i caiu,uo you not near me mnu 10 winu- ; ward of you? Yes. said he, pull away; alter we oam* I on brard tlie brig I did not nay anything to the mate or ' ceptnin about having wilfully lost the man; cannot pay how long the conversation in the galley about taking the brig lasted; perhaps about fifteen or twenty minute* | He Fat quiet all the while he wan talking, and when he wait dene 1 talked; I toidbim I watt not used to taking phips, or killing men; let us, raid I, get aoross the Gulf; we had another conversion on the came fubject in j the afternoon: it lasted perhaps about Ave or ten j minutes; cannot gay when he talked to me again I about it; bad mere than two conversations with him on the subject; cennot toll when 1 bad the last oon- j venation with him about it. Q ? When did you communicate that conTersation ; of Mondny to the captain ' A.?On Monday; there were means taken to secure i the mate; he was not secured before we came to State ti I li-land; he was allowed to go about the vessel a.? usual; have no doubt but he dined in the cabin wilb the ' aaptain as UMial Q.?Did the inste charge you with stealing tobacco on board the vtscei A.?Mo stealing tobacco, sir ! the vessel was loaded with tobacco, atid we all took segars to smoke; be never charged me with stealing tobacco; he could not do it. Who told you, sir, 1 stole tobacco ? ?What has become of Charles Howard, who waB iii the boat with you A.?I don't kuww what became of hira ; I told tie pnFKeuger. the captain, and all hands on board, of the plan to take the ship. Direit examination rrsuiiifd?Oieenwood said the freight, money on board in the cabin was from $L',000 to 14 oro. The Uwitkii Status Di?t*ict Attornicv offered to | prove by the WttMI. that the NMOB they did not | contine the mate on board after the communioation of j inn plan 01 taxing mo tnip, sc., was maue 10 me captain, was because there were no irons on board; and. if he was lied with ropes, he would slip his arm* | through thim. ano they thought it better to deal i gently with him. The Cot rt decided that the question to the Witness j "watt improper, aDd overruled it. it was then proposed to recall the Captain to prove that the former witness, Stone, detailed to him the pro- I poFfel made by the prisoner to take the ship, and kill ' tVe men, as he detailed it on the stand. I'nmoNrn's Cousicl objected.on the grounds that it 1 ihould be given on the dirt ot. and that by now letting ; it In., il would be opening the door to the grossest perjury. 'J he Court said this oase was distinguishable from the general rule. Captain Dai* recalled, and examined by the District Attorney ?The witness. Stone, oame to me on J the Monday after I arlyle s death, aud told me of the I conversation the mate had with him in relation to ' taking the vesrel; h? reported to me that the prisoner liad hud, at several times, communications with him on the subject of taking the ship. (J ? Did you make preparations to imprison the mate that da> ' Objected to, and overruled, on the ground that the Captain had a right to exercise his own judgment In oenflning or not confining the mate. Cross-tj awitrtril ? H ? How many conversations did be tell you he had with the mate on that subject? A.?He came to me two, three, or foar times on that Monday. | 11 ? Did he ever come to you after that, and tell you 1 tlikt he had nnv mm Vrrfltinm with the mute after that Monday' The witness was about to answer, and to give an ex- | planutlon, when he was stopped by counsel H.- lUd jou and the last witness any conversation I about bis going out with you In the vessel as mate? | A ?V*h, h? said ho did not like to go out again as , cook and stuward; that he wished to bo mate, and to | get along and that be would like to go out with me; I | said I didn't know whether 1 would go out again In the j same veifel; but 1 told him he should learn the duties | of a n'ainau llrtt. and that afterward* he might get to be mate. 1 he evidence for the prosecution was he-e closed. The prisoner's counsel said they would not take up the time ot the court by a formal opening of the defence, bnt prooeed at once to oiler testimony. The first testimony fcr the defence wa.s the answer of the captain to a libel lor wages filed against him by the prisoner on the -tkh of May last. The deposition of Daniel Tra'iy, of Salem, was tben put in and lead, which stated that be knew the pri! soner lor suveral years, lie gave him a good character I for sobriety, hone?ty, and good temper. Cnni* rornrn T. Baii.kv examined for the defenoe.? I Know* the prisoner intimately for three or four years; ' huunp HIP K'nri?i i iv?i >1111,11, integrity Mud sobriety; and in e?try other respect ho is ? uiodcl of such man as we would ftU like to be acquainted with. VV-t. Hammond, sxamined for the defence - la aoi|unint< d with the prisoner six years next spring; he braided with witn>ss nearly three yearn; tin g.'neral character for hninar.ity, sobriety, and integrity wai good; I think there wae no better; his conduct daring that tin:e made a more favorable impression on my 1 mi lid than that of any other person boarded with me; ki.ows Stone, who was examined here yesterday; saw Li m at my houre about ihree years ago, in Philadelphia; he cime to beard there. tj.? How did he come to leave your house' A.?1 shipped him and a shipmate on board a Fcbcrnir, to go to Boston; about nine o'clock the captain came e-hore. and said both men had run away frem the schooner; 1 never saw him again till I saw him jesteiday morning in court. (J.- V here did he come from? A. ?He chBu from New York to Philadelphia by the run. (J. ? Hare you heard perrons speak of his character since??Objected to, and objection allowed H.? Do )<>u know captains with whom the prisoner lias sailed' A ? Yes. sir; they gave him an excellent character, and raid they wanted no better young lad on board Captain I'hj examined for d?hin.?1> phijuim t< r of thin port; has followed the sea for forty j'Bi>;Riinn tailing overboard while a vessel Ingoing at the rate ol thr?? or four knot*, acM before the wind, 1 I think it would take 20 or I46 ml nutrr to get she ablp ^wl, unlath the bout, fcc . and ebo Id think that the PHBaUeiboard weald be CO or 70 yards from the vessel, TWWn cet th- vessel about In that time the work should te done very .|uick; in rowing about at n'ght, when a man Ik overboard, I think Tt Ik pr?tty bard to puM straight. and particularly if one of the oarsmen wai not ? teaman. Captain Ili< tuaonorr, examined for defence? Ha* bei ii in court and heard the rap'ain describe (be tat<> I of the brig when the boat wan detailed; if tbe ve?f?l war going at tbe rate of three miles an hour. I think she would lie a mile from the man In the water; It !a ft difficult thing to attach the rudder to tbe boat when in the water, particularly when ttie oarsmen are pulling; it la difficult tu Attach it even if tney were not pulling; tL? mi u In thebtat could destroy the effect of the rudder entirely, if they chose. Captain Lt om. examined for the defence.?Has buen in coiMuand of mid) for many years out of New \oik; I njppote the veaeti. under the circumstances htre stated, might lie brought about and kept eteftdy in Hi'ut ( n minute*, provided there was no excitement on deck; if it took '20 minutes to put her to rights, the irau would lie a mile from her; in the confusion of cties. coming from different points, it is very likely tbej would pull in a wrong direction, although nontMij liuPDuiiiK ioprtp um inna. Ki>?i? T. < .*??.*, examined for the prosecution.? Ila* folltwcd the >?a for neven or right yi nr*\ a ves?el I KftD(. before the win.! at the rate of three or four wiles | mi hour, it would take lj or 20 minutes to bring lout. ar.d flic would fall off ro as to bring the object Id the water. which had fallen from th?? bow?. a stern ol ttr a cMifidiftablt ilitta&c?l S< lie othi r wit nest es were examined od the HW pcliit aid gave the *?im> testimony 1 he testimony 011 both sides wu then doted. and It ' win agreed to eum up (to-morrow) this morning. The ' urt then adjourned. Shocking |;k.vhi.?It**- W H florjon,ofChntlu ni, t 'nnndn Wnit, was rccrntly lo?nd dead under j the moet shocking circumstances. II* Mtarted to walk up the bai.k of the Detroit rlrer to see a friend got be- j wildtred in an extensile marsh. in which he wandered until he dud He was found liing upon hli face, and ' from the apf earaoce of bia clothe* must have wandered ninny mile* about (he marsh He wae seen on Monday. but hi* body was not found until 1'hursday lie war highly esteemed. and a very useiui mhn.? HuJfaU . Co*. Mtl oul~idi < i turr. A handsome amount of m> ney ban been subs'-rib-d at Cotton to the stock of House's Boston and New Wik hkcteit Tele|ii*t'fc ( onipany , LD. TWO CENTS. Awaixt on Capt. Risk, op tiik Niaqara.? Anoihkh " IJai.mncmry Ai fair "?Yesterday afternoon, Capt. Alexandei Ryrle, of the 8team?hip Niagara. I.ieut MofTatt, adm'.ralty mail a*eat. together with a number of wil L?K"r?, appeared before Junttc.e Cunhicg, when (Japt It entered a complaint against Michael <iall?ther. a ?tout limbed Irishman, for an ;ibtuult committed upon himself and I.lout. Moffett. The defendant t>?-itig placed at the bar, Capt. Kyrie teatifled to the arxault, *ub?tiintUlly in follow* : At about V2 o'clock to-day, while I wan in my droaMni-room, at tli' Albion Hotel dreeing my He If, I wan disturbed by a knock ut the door and one of the waiter* told mt that a gentleman denircd to epeak with in* ; I replied, rbow the gentleman into tli?* pallor, and I will attenit upon him immediately. Tut on my dreaaioK-gown, and at the door of iny room met the defendant. Ha inquired, "Are you (apt Hyrie?'' I replied in the affirmative. II* continut d? ' Are you th< man alluded to in Mr. Doyle'a letter, published in the Tiihunt, AS bulling my countrymen I replied, that If th?t wan hia bu*ln?HR with m?. he had better leave the room, aa the only reply I ha 1 to mnke to Mr. Doyle's atatement, was alrtarty made public through the paper*. Hu then raiaed hia 11 -1, and aimed a furious blow at my face, which I parried, and he cloned with me. Lieut. Molfett.who wait lying uirnn the aof* in the parlor at the time, sprang to my as?Mtance. anil after considerable of a struggle, we throw defendant down, and I then pent for a police officer. Lieut MofTett oorreborated the above "tatement, ao I alno testified that in the struggle, defendant bit throu^b hla band, (afterwards qualified by substituting "bit through the tkln,'' for the more serious complexion which he had unwittingly given the wound)?which testimony w;is further subatantinfad by a pernoa attached to the N'iaitara, and also by one of the waiter4 at the Albion. The latter witness testified that defendant raid to Capt Hyrie : ?" You are the man who insulted my countryman. \ ou arc an enemy t'iSmith (> Urien. who in to be hanged," raying whicli he comc it ted the ai-rault. Walter J. YValsh Esq , appeared an counnel for th? defendant. and several scenes not exactly appropriate to a Cuurt of justice were enacted, at which the audience in one or two instances broke out In a prolonged ' guflaw." Lieut. MofTett, a fine looking old fait, bat fcf exceed'ngly irascible temper, was tertibiy " stirred up" by the cro's-examinatlon of Mr Wa'sh. and intimated that be rhould like to have that gentleman step outside the court-house for five minutes Both gentlemen appeared to very bad advantage, an moot people do when when they are excited The examination having concluded, (.'apt. Hyrie stated that, inannucb as the defendant had been " shaking his fist at him duting the trial,'' he thought his personal safety endangered, and asked that be should be plaoad under bends to keep the pence. Sentence was then pronounced, that Michael (Jall#gh?r p ly a fine of $10,and cofts, and give bonds in the sum of $'.200 to keep tbo peace one niontb. Gallagher belongs to Canton,in this State, and is said to be a man of some property. He is evidently a strong " ympatkifer," aad rather a troublesome customer when excited with liquor. Capt. Hyrie has received revcral threatening letters, occasioned by the published statements made by Doyle in relation to bin alleged ill-treatment at Ilalfa.t, aoine of which he handed to Justice Cushing for hia peruful.? linton Mail, ?Vm\ 1. The Storm, and Melancholy Loss op Life.? The schooner Atalanta arrived at St. Marks lapt Saturday night from Manatee From one of the passengers. Mr. Henry Wells, of this city, we have Home nivlanenely details of the io?s of life and destruction cf property occasioned by thn storm of the 25th ult., on the Floridaooact. The ruin of Tampa was inurb more complete than had biea tuppoted. Only fo<K houses were left standing in the Tillage; all thegoreriT ment stores, Jte., were a total loss. The water it said to bare rlser-i almost Instantaneously. There was no receislon, but wave was plied on wave, and whole stmts weresrept of house*, a* it w? re, in a moment. Kew of the inhabitants were left with even change of clothing. A very large Iron safe belonging to government, in the rommisi-ary's store home, was swept for some distance undfound lodgment in what in dry times Is the bed of u brook. A strung wooden house, by (he mere force of the wind, was talo n from its foundations and carried several rods and set down again unharmed. Mr. Wellsthinki that In some places the water must haTe risen A rty feet fckOT* low water mark. The spiay was driven with such foice as to Impregnate ponds five miles in the Interior. Kvea running brook that distance inland, which he tasted ten days after, was brackii-li Probably a more furious torn?<ln never blew in this latitude; but fortunately its track was confined to a rarrow sm pe. Mr. Wells tklnka that the cane crops at Manatee were not very materialy injured. Tbey were b'.owD peifectly preptratp, and the blades being torn to ribbons they look badly: but still he does not think thn > ield will be diminished more than ten per cent by the gale of the 23th There was another, aud ijulte a e\eie one, on tbc 12th lustant, which the A'alant* encountered in the neighborhood of Clear Water Harbor. The following marine dlta-tets are reported:? The "mark < harleeton went down Id the storm rf the 25th olf Charlotte Harbor. One man was lost? the rest got ashore. The rrnack Huron drove ashore on the 25th. near the eotranee of Clear Harbor and wai about be! nir got ofT when the gale of the 12th knocked her to pieces. 1 be crew escaped by olimblng trees The schooner Charles and Kdward went hshore between Clear Water and Ancblote Keys, and it la supplied will be got t(T without much damage. We now come to the most melancholy eff> et of the storm yet learned. The sloop Miiry Virginia <'apt. John Tallma-lge. railed from St. Marks for Manatee. about the 20th of lart month As passengers she numbered Mr Wm. (Jimtle f on of Co). John G. Oamble, of thin city; Mr. i!u?hnell. resident on one of the Keyi, but lately of Illinois; Mm. Butler, a lady under his protection. There were also on board a sailor, (name not kauwn.) and a negro man belonging to Pr Braden. of Manatee. After the itorm of the 2ath much anxiety vti felt respecting her; and the Ataianta brings infcelligenee of her wreck, and the undoubted lose of all on board. The Ata'anta found the Mary Virginia near Anchlote hejs, en her beam ends?her boom, gaff, rudder and topmast gone, and ihe body of the lady, Mrs. liutJer in the eabin. The Ataianta made ?e*reh f< r the bodies of the rest of the unfortunate vlotims, bnt could not And them; afterward she lay by tbo Mary Virginia in hopes of righting her. bit the weather w?s rough, and the storm of the 12th eame on, in which she went to pit ces, and the AtalanUbad hard work to rave hertelf. 'J his Is melancholy; and we most deeply sympathii* with Col. liiimbleand family in the loss of a son and brother, under such afflicting circumstances Wm. iianiHe was, we think, about 22 years of age a young Ban of liberal (duration and high moral and religion* character. Mr Bushnell has, we think, a family residing on the coast or keys, and relatives In Bslviders, lllinolf Cspt. Tallmadge has. we belier*, a Isrnily residing at Manatee. Mr. Bu.'hneli au?t hare perished in sight of h<s home. Casal Navigation ? The ?l?*fei?rion of boats at * lock No. 3, one mile west ol Troy, is much less than is represented. But one of the locks Is oat of order caused by the destruction ot one of the gates, by the attempt of a heavily loaded beat to enter the loqk when the gates were closed, on the night of the 27th lest. The olber lock is in good order, and the loekagM for five days were ss follow?:? Wednesday, 26th, with two locks 227 Thursday, 26th, do. do 22'i Friday, 27ih, do. do 231 Saturday. 28th, with one lock, 166 Sunday. 29th, do. do 174 ktii, aa n>? j be auppoaed, overwhelmed ths young n ?D> parent* ud frienda with mortificatloa nddlatreia. The loaa of tbla amount oannot afTaat I he credit of the back, aa it atlll baa a ciaar anrplua of fli OCO, and will make itan aular dividend. Bat It is by no n?*n* cfrtaln that tnia rum will be loat. Mr. Uarnum. tbera la no doubt, will succeed In bringing back both the boy and the grrater part of th? money. - Bi i dffjiart fa i w?r Ocl.il. HovrnuaU of IndlvMnalit H?rr Meeker w?? In Loulatllle, on th? ?Gtb UiUB*, mi r?H(* for Loula. Total 1,014 The pre*.' of boats ii no goat that each is detained for a few boars. The other lock will b? ia ai? on Wrdnerday morning Tbe work l?t on tfce essti rn division of the Krt? rural yesterday, air.onnted to about one hundred and thirty tboiMai.d ?1< llms The competition wa< Tory (neat the biUr> numbering one bundled nod ninety* one. ? %'llhany Juiiinul Ocl 31. ^ New Orb.ni.no totii? Coal It km ion.?The liarmihw%h TtUrraph announce thut the Lyken* Valley Kailroad was to be entirely completed last week, and that it would be immediately brought lata ure for the transportation of coal. The rallroa>l. at the eastern ebd, penetrates the anthracite region of I.)ken* Valley, and haa lta western terminal at th? l?ad of tbe Wiconlsco canal, on the bank of the Susi|Ueban>a tWer The read Is sixteen mil?s In length, i cd I* built tn the most permanent manner, with t regularly descending grade from the mines to the canal. The canal boats will receive loads of coal discharged directly from tbe cars, and a navigation of twelve miles will bring them Into the Pennsylvania Stata Canal, at a point fourteen miles above Harrlaburah. Krotn Ihesce to Havre de Ornce, on the Cbesape*K?, tbe descent is ?ssy. lafe and cheap, bj the Pennsyl varna and Tide Water < mum. I ne coal or Lykens villey Hm nearer to (bo feaboard than any other in Pennh)lv??!a and the reduced expense at which it oan b? transported to market. must briDg it rapidly and extensively into ur?, especially in the Baltimore market. The Bbiwiipoet Bank Defalcation.?The name of the clerk to whom we alluded in our last, as baring left under suspicious circumstances. is Beach?son of haao Beach, of this eity, and nephew if the late president, Sylranus Sterling. Ks?j. On laInquiry, It ha* been satisfactorily ascertained that he took passage for Uremen. iu the st?aujer Hermann; end frrni examination it ban been found that he took Irrm the bank $17 200-f.l20C0 in gold, and 96 900 la bills. The bills he exchanged in New York for gold. It Is suppnred be must have had some adviser or asconipllee In the busines*, either here or in New York, ?s his age and want of experience would aeesa to entirely forbid the idea that be could have so artfully and i fteotually contrived and executed a scheme or this klud. r J. Bar num. Ksq., of this city, took passage In par uit, on Wednesday, in the steamer Britannia. The affair created a deep sensation in this eommuni'.v.

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