Newspaper of The New York Herald, November 5, 1848, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated November 5, 1848 Page 1
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r TH NO. 5268. I ADDITIONAL DETAILS or THK GREAT EVENTS IN EUROPE. &e. ke. 4c. Important Report from O-ermany. New York, November 4,1848. Mr. Binnbtt >? Sir?I arrived here this morning from Boston. I came in the Bteamer Hibernia from Europe. I take the first opportunity of sending to your paper, so well known in both hemispheres, an interesting piece of news. You will, perhaps, already have been informed that a gieat not took place at Berlin on Sund. y, the 16th pctober last, among the workmen, which was finally put down by the National Guard, and in which several deaths occurred on both sides. On Tuesday, the 17th, in the morning, the funeral of the dead took place, when the workmen made another tmeute, and commenced by shooting on the funeral bearers. This news came by express from Berlin to Hamburg, <?: ti>; moment 1 otniied from the Utter pUr*, on tne 17 th October, jn the morning. The people of Berlin feared that, in case the imeute made further progress, Berlin would be declared in a state of siege. This news his not yet, and could not have appeared in any English paper, as I was the only passenger in the steamer for Hull. The next steamer from Liverpool will undoubtedly bring you some highly important news from Germany. J. S., from Hamburg. JLcttcr from New((ntt-RlKlit? of American Citizens. * Nbwgate, Dublin, Ireland, Oct. 20,1818. To Jam*s Gojy>o* Bennett, Esq.? Sir :?I trust that you will [give the following statement publicity,as 1 have been treated in a base manner by the hired spies and ruffians in the employ of the British government in this country.? As my statement affects the honor of the American flag and the rights of American citizens?both na tnre and naturalized?particularly the latter who have fled from British oppres?ion and misrule?I lay before you the facts connected with my arrest and imprisonment. They are stated in full in my letter to the Hoa. George Bancroft, the American Minister resident to London. They speak for themselves, and show how much England respects rights, treaties, or international law. I was first arrested in the town ot Cathel, county Tipperary, while in the act of prosecuting some enquiries relative to Fome legal business, and brought, under an escort of armed police, to their barrack, examined from head to foot by them, and after beingdetained about an hour, was permitted to depart. On reaching Dublin I called on the American consul, Hugh Keen an, Esq., told him of my arrest, produced my pacBport, stating to him my business, informing him that if egain put under duress I would seek that protection to which I was entitled. I was again arrested on the 12th of August, 1818. Shortly - A-- ?! ? ? ??- ?? T antaPA/l mv ?.. . ? L. _ Hlier ill ID UUfUiicu, X VH^?. U MI? 1'IWHOI null U1C American consul against this act of the governmeat. lie made an application to the Lord Lieutenant, demanding my release, which was peremptorily refused, as will appear by the answer of the Under Secretary of State, which 1 subjoin : " Di'xmx Castle, 34th Aug., 1848. HraH Keeb**, F.sij , United Stat en Connol 20 Up\<er Dominic street. Sir,?I im directed by tbe Lord Lieutenant to acknowledge the receipt of your letter of the 22d Inst., requiring tbe liberation of Richard K. ltyan and James Bargin,'American citizen*, now detained in Newgate, in this city, mnd I am directed to inform you tbat the parties referred to are detained under the provisions of the Ilth and 12tb!Viet., cap. 35. and that the Lord Lieutenant doe* net feel that be can, consistently with his duty, take unyjteps for their releaie. I have tne honor to be sir, Your obedient servant. T. N. RED1NOTOX. Various lying reports concerning me having ap. eaird in the journals of inis country, particu" larly the Dublin Evening Pott, the government organ, I applied f<?r opportunity to (fonirndict them, when th* following note from the Castle gagged me. and prevented that course being adopted. Thin was written: in answer to my application to make contradictions :? Di'hi.i* Caul*. 16th \uft., 1848. Sir.? I have to inform you. in reference to your communication of yesterday's date, that I cannot sanction your letter being published. 1 am, sir, your obedient ("errant, . T. N. REDINOrON. Mr R. F. Ryan, Newgate. I afterwards addressed the American Minister resident at London, on the subject, when, alter an absence of some weeks I received the following answer, accompanied with an extract taken from a note that the American Minister received from the British Secretary of Foreign Aflairs in London United Statu Lrnirm*,) Lo>bo*, 7th Oct., 1848 ( Sib?I am requested by Mr. Bancroft to aeknowled^e tbe receiptor your letter to him. of the 27 tb of September. and in reply, to inform you that Mr. Bancroft lus bad an interview at the Foreign Office, and at tffo Home Office, with reference to your detention in New |kie, i'auiin , nuu tusb ur u?r sinu miurrnifu hu imiiclal note, on the same subject, to Her Majesty's principal Secretary of Stat* for Foreign Affairs. To that note Mr. Bancroft has just received a reply from the Secretary of State, an extract of whloh I send you herewith ; and 1 hare to express to you Mr. Bancroft'a sincere regret that his application for your release from prison. has. thus far, not proved successful. I am, sir, our obed't humble serv't, JOHN R. BRODHEAD. Rich'd F. Avar. Esq. Here follows the extract from the British Secretary's note which was enclosed in the same letter :? " With regard to Mr. Ricb'd Franks Ryan, I have to lnforn> yo? tfcst be ha*b?en detained under the provlalons of the Act of Parliament (the 11th and 12th Victoria, Cap. 36.) an beirg ooncerned in treasonable practices ; and tbnt from the facts which have come to the ktiOwleilire of the Lord Lieutenant of Irelnnd. Hid Kxcellenc v entertain* do doubt that Mr. Ryan ia guilty of the charge* bn light ngain't him. It haa al.?o been ahown to the satisfaction of the Lord Lieutenant that Mr. Ryan la a auhject of her ii'ajeaty. I regret to have to in form you that, under theae circumstance*, Her Majeaty'a government aee bo reason for releasing Mr Ryan from Imprisonment." In answer to the American minister'* letter, I wrote the following,'in Recordance with the rcof the American consul :? State Priiom, Nkwoatf. ) Drann, Ireland, October 10. 1M8. j Holt. O Bai?c*oft, Mii?. Pi.km u. S. A.. London : ? Sia?I received, through the handa of the American C?n*ulT at thla place. Hugh Keenan, F,*q., a letter from you thron|(h the Secretary of Legation, London, dated the 7th of October, inrt . and return jou thank* for your interference in endeavoting to obtain my release from thia unjuat impriaonm?nt. In the extract of the lirHieh Secretary 'a note which you were kind nongh to tranamit to me. I aet it down for granted that that functionary *?' laboring under n delusion, or that he waa guilty of uttering a f ilaehood. when he ptated that 1 wan a pubjeot of ijueen Victoria I hould be *orry to nupposn I wa? born f-uch a slave. I forward you my paMport; thl< will, of eour?e, reTerra the Secretary'? statement Add to thl*. that I am a member of the bar of Maryland and Ohio, and bold two official oomml*ltoa? under the deal of the iiovrnor of the latter State, In which ! re*t<te. and thia could not be the oa*e, war* I a unbjact of Queen Victoria1*. I ftatfd. In my former letter, that my business hero w?? In th? collection of clalma In Kngland. Ireland, Scotland and Krancc. In pursuance of the lame object, I had claim* to collect| In Ireland, In tbe following countle* Tyrone. Antrim. Queen'* county. Tijipfrary, and In Glasgow. Scotland. I referred our Consul reaiding hereto ounwrou* persons in thin city, in relation to thia fact.. He la aware that a gentleman from Cincinnati Ohio, made sunh abatement* to him in reference to me, a* would sustain my statement. If you should wish to examine In the l ulled State* in reference to tno. I refer von to the Hon. j. Brcugh.Cln . Oblo.Hon J.J Karon ditto and to hundred* of perron* in tbat neighborhood. nho would acquaint j< u that I came Co thin city neither M a general. diplomatic agent. or ea Toy extraordinary to the unfortunate people of Iraland. At the time I wan atr?*t) d, I *ai i n the ait or writing a letter of introduction (at the de*ire of a friend ) with a gentleman who win emigrating to the United. State*. Thin letter waa M'laed upon by the detective* here, and I# now in the band* of Lord Clarendon at Dublin Ca*tl?. I *uppo*e for the purpo?e of being m*'l? evident aialnnt )?. TheC<u:ul will make it clear to yon, (if be be allowed to *ee this document.,) that there wa* nothing tr 'ironahla in it. When I mi hrought to the Cafltle, 1 di>oov*ted tbat the deteetlre* had my trunk* there before me, and ?*ery paper, letter, document and cor? re*pend*nre. to the amount of dome hundred*, examined end read by them. Among the** were found two manuscript*, one being the copy of an article j>ub]l?b#d in ati, Aueriraajournal, of whirb 1 wa? for E NE marly proprietor and editor, wbleh artlole wu pub- I lUhcd at the time of the Ifrenob revolution | The other being thtt of t play published and written in Amnio*. The**, with *ome introductory letters, and a letter from the honorable Secretary Marcy, our 8ee*etary of War, were taken from my trunk, and are in the po**ea*ion of the ' cai-t'e officials; and .1 euppoce on these, they h??? founded a charge of treason against me, of which I have been guilty (if yon could believe them). A paper published in America, oalled the Irith JJmtrican, and edited by me, it seems is put in evidence against me, with a speech purporting to have been delivered by me in raid city, and reported in said paper. And for the publication of this journal, published in Amerioa, and for this speech, purporting to have been delivered in America, the Irish Attorney General and Lord Clarendon think they have juit cau*e to prosecute me. I never understood that their jurisdiction extended so far I thought that the surrender of Cornwallia and the battle of New Orleans defined the boundaries of British power. If, however, it seems the intention of Lord Clarendon. and his lri*h Attorney General, to indict me for publishing an American journal, I can tell them it Is a stretch of imagination on their part and that of the British authorities they might as well ray that President Polk is a subordinate officer of Queen Victoria, and seek to impeach him for one of his Presidential metsages. or indict Senators Hannegan and Benton Tor speeches made by them on the floor of the United States Senate. On board the ship in which I came to this country, was a fellow who styled himself- Doctor," named Carpenter, who fastened a quarrel on me, and swore he would inform the British authorities that I was going to Ireland to urge the people to rebellion. But what be or aiy one else informed the Government of, I know or care not. Such statements, if miu'e are the statements ~t |.. rjrtr<TT-'tli ihe moment 1 set my foot Irish soil, i in*. 1r>?g?-d b> deti ctiTrs. one of whom was actually placed in the fame hotel with me; no clorely was I watched, that wherever I went I was followed by spies Vet what have they discovered criminal in me or my actions ? Nothing. But according to the statement of the British Secretary, " They have found out to their satisfaction that 1 am a subject of Queen Viotoria "And owing to this assumed fact. 1 was arrested under the tuspension of the Habeas Corpus act, insulted, and tola that my American passport was a humbug, and after my things being stolen from me, obliged to g? to Newgate with an armed banoitti, where I have remained for upwards of two months, and told that I should not be allowed to see any person, lest I might seek for redress. I tihure you I have no desire to be related to the British Queen, either In the capacity of subject or slate, both of which terms I believe to be synonymous. I am an Amerioan oitixen. To Amerlra I owe solemn allegiance* to all other governments I hurl the deflsnce that they have no claim upon me. 1 }| HTA III ft DTI hltinir aHmifti.ll tr\ m? nBAf?ulA* \ swrn to observe the constitution and laws of the United States. I have likewise sworn to fgbt against its enemies. These oaths, solemnly sworn before God, angels and men, I will keep atthehnzard of my life, either in peace or in war, even it Kokand should be ground to powder in the collision that may one day take place between the two governments. And while 1 acknowledge allegianoe to no other power, 1 have full confidence in the will and dctt rniination of the American people to enforce refpect for the rights of its eitisens. which IEbelieve have been grossly violated by the arrest and imprisonment of every American citizen that came to this country, and the more daring violation of the American flag upoa'the high seas, without any cause being assigned for such arbitrary proceedings. 1 am, sir, year obedient bumble servant, RICHARD K. RYAN. Incl<I?ntn at the Trial of Menglier. The following scene occurred on the 19th of October. A witness, named Mary Keenan. was called. When she made her appearance on the table, she said: My lord, with the greatest submission, I beg leave to say a word. I have been bribed for the prosecution I have got this cloak and this oap. I have been bribed. Clfrk of thf. Crown.?Take the book. Witness took the book, and kissed it. She was then examined by the Attorney General. I live on the Commons; I recollect the evening of the day of the fight at the Widow Cormack's. Attorwfy Gknfral.?Do yon know Mr. Meagher? Mary Kkcnan.?Oh. I got a bribe. I will say nothing. You are upon your oath; you are bound to give evidence. Look at that gentleman, (the prisoner.) Witness bnried her face her in hands. Do j eu k now that gentleman? I don't, sir. There was srme commotion in the oonrt at this part or tt-e proceeding, and many perron* In the gallery laughed at the strange appearance of the old woman, aifd her demeanor on the table. ATToaN>:y General, (to witness.)?You must turn about, madam. Mr Butt.?She has already laid the does not know tor. Meagher. ATTOkri v Obdbsal.? Oh. she must answer. Look, my good woman, at the dock?do yon know that gentUnmn? Witwhi.?I told you I got a bribe for speaking: I got a cap. a handkercheif, a eioak and stockings, for swearing; a constable got a pound and bought them for me. ATTonwrv Ghkeial.-We will talk about the bribe by and bye. Do you know that gentleman? You must answer me. WiTMtus ?I don't know him. Did you ever see him before? I might. Were you eTer in Waterford? I was. Did jou know bim there? No answer. Is that the gentleman yon saw at Waterford? I don't k now, ?ir. Kbit acquaintance bad yon with him? No acquaintance. Were j ou at all acquainted with him? "When ten yiarsold 1 was; 1 had no acquaintance with him only to M-e him. Do jou recollect seeing any gentlemen about Sullivan's bouse near the Commons, before Friday evening? There was a great many gentlemen. Were you renewing any old acquaintance with him there? I don't know whether I was or not?I don't remember. Did you ste that gentleman upon that evening at the Commons? 1 don't know?I saw several gentlemen. Attorney General ?Come, woman, you must answer. Witnh*.?I am not able to answer you. Did you ree that gentleman, and were you speaking ' to him? No; I have not a bit of memory, sir. I You have not n bit of memory? No. sir, I am a poor , lone widow, making my way through the world. I Chief Jcstic*.?Mr. Attorney General, will you | press ner tny more' ATTOkKBr Oenkhal.?No my Lord. You may go | down, madam. Mnry Keenan rolled ber cloak about her and adjust! ?d her cap, and then went rapidly off the table, coveri lap ber face In her cloak, aa if unwilling even to look at Mr. Meagher. Atrorlona B<iml>artlment of Hnclmreat. We stated that the Turks and Russians bad taken fiostession of Bucharest, after a horrid butchery of the nbabitanta. It appears that when the Turkish troops, to ihe number of 20.000, were advancing, the Wallachian* thought they were friends. and,, on their arrival in front of the town, did not hesitate a moment in seeding all their chief men to attend a conference 1 in the Turkish camp, to which they were invited, with many protections of friendship and regard, by Fuad | Ilklfl. When there, hrwiver, they were at once ' surrounded as rebels, and placed under arrest. In the { maritime. the Turkish troops commenced to bombard | the t. wn on all sides ; tbey rushed into the streets, I where the most deadly struggle commenced between the trcops and the Inhabitant*, deprived of their barters, and completely disarmed To tlie cannonshots acd the mui-ketry the people had nothing to op' pose but their courage and their despair The carnage I was fripbtful The Turks took possession of all parti of the town, a*d gave themselves up to the most ilvuiirlflil ?I ? - l_l__ , --- - - <-' ! - ?.U "1II.IIIK near the l>nrra< k where the Wallachian soldiers were waitir.g in vain for ord?rs. they wtre (tapped In their crime by a shower ol ball*. It was here tbat the real bhttle commenced. It lsstt d fnver<<l hours The \lallachian soldier", surrounded on all hands by thruMinds of enemies. and exposed to the Are of a numerous artillery made an heroic resistance; but. in a short time, th? ir barracks were destroyed by the ballets, and they themselvts fell before their numerous assailants, oryii <r. "Long live the constitution!" T he Turka are masters of the town Martial law has been proclaimed by Kuad Ktfendl. The government ei-tablisbed by Sol'man Pacha bss been dissolved. and replaced by a new lieutenancy or Vsitt-kamfe. c< mpoted of the Iturtian Oeneral Duhamel. of Fuad Kffendl, and Koitaki Kantakntrno. who is a candidate for the dignity t-l hnffodsr. The constitution h*s been abolifhed. and the laws re-established In one word, the rc-action Is triumphant. VI- . Account* from Trieale, of the 8th nit. annonnce that an Insurrection. followed by deplorable act* of ?iol?Dc?, bad broken out in tb* circle of CattarQ. The inhabitant* of Zupa bad ripen agalnet the paywfent of tithe*. and having been Joined by 1,M!0 Montenegrins, Mtuctw d the Austrian trcrp* on the 26th and 2Utb of September at Dicolo. acd had defeated them. Captain (Hire war ma^aod; (It* rolriiera were killed, and el?Ten wounded The troop*. COO {^number, retnated to C atiaro. The insurgent* eomOTnce'1 a *ynt?m cf p'unritr and a**a*Mnation. Two Montenegrin* had airlvid at Zaia. to offertbe aid of 10,000 Montenrgrini to .le l'achtch. A supplement to tbe Oiterralori Trieitino, of the (1th Inctnnt. laj* :? ' We have just received advice* from Palmatla which too ccnif U ti ly confirm the announced outbreak of a rebellion in tbe circle of < attaro. ' 1 be autboritie* are buxily occupied In devlplng irr*r.* for tbe eupprertlon oi the outbreak, and this mnirg o f>t?aner will leave thi* poit (TrleMe) for ('attaro, d?'tln?rt to innibiain tbe naeee^ary communication* with thore point* of the coaet that are infrared by the Inetirgente, and to transport troops thpv mav hm Mnnlltil '? Koliruila. A l?tt?r Pr^tue th? l< th. atat'i that '^0 d<?pnttM to tb* l>t?t, * ho hkd Hp <1 from Vi?nn?, hadmldriiFi'd an invitation to th?lr ffliow dpputUa to ataembl? at Brunn, in Morafla. en tba SOtb alt,, to adopt for thr prr*rrvattoo of th? ?n*tilan umplr# Tli* farrlrcn of I'rapn*. amounting to 17.P00 men, had been b?'d to Vi?ona. *Jtb tbetxc*i*j?Dof Mten W YO SUNDAY MORNING, battalions of Landwfhr. The number of fugitives from Vienna who had reached Prague, amounted to 24,COO. Hoiena> Advices from Modena, of the 2d ultimo, announce that the constitution granted by the Duke, was burnt on the public rquare, In the presence of a large crowd assembled to witness the ceremony. Incendiary bills are constantly found posted up in all quarters ot the IUVO iUfl nUDgantDV, III iub gwimuu, ubtq uiunvu with the Croatian*; they have adopted their national color*, and declare the r determination to return to their country. Galllcla* Our advice* from Lemberg are to October 5. The Hungarian troop* here demand loudly to learn for Hurgary. They are oblifed to be consigned to their barrack*. Desertion* occur daily. The new* from Vienna ia not unlikely to create diaturbancea here. Pttaen. I.etter* from To*en of tbe 7th ult., published in the Jlugsburt Gazette, state that the German inhabitant* of that city are r o apprehensive of a fresh i Ising of the role*, tf-.at they have petitioned the authorities to continue the (tate cf eicge It i* feared that if the state of relge were raifed, Po*en would become the headquarter* of the much dreaded Llga Polska The cholera I* rasing in Poaen,aa many as 40 death* being registered daily. Switzerland. Tbe %/lmi ile la Constitution of Berne, of the 7th, contain* the arn.wer of the Vorort. to the note of M Kavaux, in tbe qame of the central government of Germany, on the subject of refugee*. Tbe Vorort, in tbe name of tbe confederation, repels the charge of its having favored the plot* of tbe refugee*, and omlntaln* that, it they did make use of the press, it oeuld not form u ground for accusation agiinet the govi-rnWVAjlt eruntrr. Besides, it. Is added, Nwiti r)anu <V. Jiot tie only paint. <1 di'parinre for Tepubii.au attempts, but that tbe southern State* of Germany were equally made asylums for republican conspirators. The Vcrott replies with great dignity to the expressions at the end of M. Bavaux's note, by declaring that the Confederation, respecting all that is right, knows hew to retort threatening language from whatever Bide it may come. Tl?e Tyrol. A letter, dated Innspiuck, the 10th ultliro, states, that on the preceding day a aumermis deputation of pearante had waited on Baron de Beu*, the governor. and had demanded that the convents rbculd renain intact, acd that tbe annoyance to which the clergy were subjected should ceare " We are," raid the peasants," good Christians, and we will not KUfler the radicals of Vienna to impnte their law on ua ; and it a change is n?t made, reveral thousand pearants will arrenible at Innsprucb, and will kill all those who have taken p?rt with tbe men of Vienna." ifatlen* It is stated in a letter from Mannheim, of the llt.h, that tbe invrrti<ation into the enre of StruT? was terminated. StruTe bad declared that he would not deny tbe crimes of wb:ch he was accused, but that he would give no information respecting bis accomplices, or of his enterprise. The brather-in-law of Struve, IJusar, ltlind. and other*, have. It is raid, mude avowals. All tbe persons arrested fer the insurrection of September are at Bxuchsal, but Struve's w'fe is still at Friburg. Transyi vnnln. Letters from Karlsbourg, ol'tbe 28th Sept.. announce a ?i*i>ir.iifi mnvemcnt. nt thu rtnmilftHnn nf thu irg country vgaicst the Hungarian government, othe occasion 01 a levy of troops by conscription. M than eighty villages had risen, declaring their rei nesfi to tight for the Kmperor of Austria. They manded tbat all political prUoners should beliberat that tbe levy of recruits should be suspended; h that tlfe popular assembly of Blasendorf should rect. a Hgal sanction from the government. The royal 00111 mission er. to whom tbcte demands were addressed, returned at first an unfavorable answer, and threatened to dissolve tbe assembly by force. He, however, at length promised to liberate tbe prisoners, and Baron Way proceeded in person to Blasendorf, where he delivered a speech in tha Hungarian language. The conscription, which had in fnct ceastd, was ordered to be suspended, and the assembly was urged to separate. The multitude began to disperse, when it was reported that the political prisoners had not been released, and the fury cl tbe people was Increased beyond measure. The result was looked forward to with great anxiety. Poland. A letter from Warsaw, of tbe 3d ult., announces that tbe Russian army encamped in that neighborhood, to the number ot 84 X00 men. 10,000 horres. and 212 pieces of cannon, bad been reviewed tbe preceding day by Prince Paskewitech, a~d had subsequently proceeded to thelz winter quarters. Denmark. Letter*from Copenhagen to tbe 7th have been r?ceived. On the 5th, tbe anniversary of the King's birthday, and the period fixed for the general elrction of the States cf the kingdom, his Majesty received the representatives in the palace of Cbrlstianburif. and was nddrtssed by tbe President in a speech from which we quote the following passsge "The Daniah reople *111 he alway* ready to make every m-ritiee that tnaj te required for the di-ftnoe of the boundaries (fire country and llie honor of the nation, lliey will recolYet, with the inott lively gratitude, that tLc pre mis* of a Ireo constituti on va made b\ the Kir.g molu pioprio, immediately altrr his uoccai ion, v hfift, in ether countries, uicli conccwioai were only extorted from princes by popular inmrreotiona." Tl)?~Klug expressed big satisfaction at thrfe assurances. in appropriate terms. and renewed his promise to bare the strength of his kingdom on the love of bis people. In the evening a general illumination took place, and tbe king paraded tbe afreets on horseback, anid the acclamations of his subjects. Tbe retult of the elections baa been vary favorable to tbe democratic party, by which the ministry is st>pportrd. Almost all tbe deputies represent intelligent liberal opinions. Tbe new States will be opened at Ctpentagcn on tbe 23d ult. Uretrt nml Turkey. The Jlutilurg Gazrf.t has accounts from Athens scd Centtantinople to the lit ult.. and the 27th Sept., r? >pectively. The King and Queen of Greece bad left the capital for Kuttea. It was expected that M. Musturus would soon be recalled. Tranquillity continued urditturbtd. The advices from the Turkish capital ahow that tbe narch of tbe Itnrsian aimy to Bucharest was already known there. The cholera bad declined in Smyrna ana njria. Rnnilt. The Gti man Journal of I-rankfort, states, on the authority of letter* frcm St Petersburgh, that the F.mptrcr of Russia has advised the K.mperor of Austria to rtmain Dim on the Italian ijueftion, and has offered to assist him in the pacification of Hungary. Lett*rs from St. Petersburg, of the Oth ult.. state ttat General Leflo, KnToy of the French Republic, was admitted to a private audience by the Kmperor on the ftb. His Majesty told the General that, as the first soldier of bis empire, be always saw with pleasure military men of every country, and that be should be hnppy at all times to receive him. A letter frrm Warsaw of the 7th instant, states that a uliHfe of the Lmperor Nicholas, which has just been published, accords srme extension to the rights which 4 VA L?o U T>Alnn.l H ^--1 tee d Hieeta w?er? only three Jews have been hitherto admitted to lire, as many ? Are can reside for the futT>i e; that a'l the other streets of the capital. aDdia all tbe other towns of Poland, where tbe Jewa wero prevented frrm redding, tbey mny establish themselves In any nvvbera they pleafe; that tbey may even purtbnre groucd to build on, provided that tbey erect on it hcnre* of stone A dreadful fire broke out In Cronstadt on the let Pit., dettroying between thirty-five to ferty Knglish bovres It br< ke out near the Kngiish Vice Concurs r< tldi nee. acd had it not been for tbu exertion* of Kr gllsh seamen from a vessel in tke river, the conflagration wruld have been immense, most of the houses being built of wood. 1 he Cliolern In Pruaaln. A letter from Berlin of kthe 10th inatant cays, " The cholera, which had so fur subsided that we bud no more than eV'lit or ten new cases a day. baa, alnce the oomnienci ment cf tbe laat week, ao much increased, that we have now between thirty and forty a day. The total nrmber of persona who have been attacked by this dlFcare. sire* it* first appearance in tbia city, is 1,978, of whrm 1.8."6 aie dead. 462 cured, and 381 still in the hands of the faculty. At Magdebourgk, tip to tbe Ath, tlieie bhd been 719cholera cases, and 3S6dMtha. The M-ituipc cite miii n upon mnrnen, I'omi, IS'augard, Brc&berg, and rhronzen. In the latt town, which t? ?! < ut clevm It-ague* fn m Ilromhurg. and ha* only 1,200 irib?Mt*i:t*. the chcltra ha* carried otT 200. and n?t a Mrgle cure ha* b?-cn n<ad?. though medical aid hn.n not hetn wanting In any respect." 1 lit Intra! A?p?it of A Antra In Anatrla. [Kit ni the London Time*, Oct 20 J V> are (till nduced to trace by corjtcture the nnmmtp of the, ref| retire partien In the city of Ylt ma. urcntd lt? walla, and In the leu* diittuibed provinct* c( the empire; tut the rcanty Intelligence vHrh has arrived confirm*. In all Important parti* eularf, the crcgnortiratlon* we had ventured to irrke. 1 be Imperial I curt left Vienna in tbepower rf a dcn.lDHt t faction and a (uccetcful rebellion, for tie purjtie cf IrmiMirrti jig the feat of government tlftuhtre ; ar.d the K.mperor'* adviier* have ehrwn ro dlrporttlon to ltwt-r their tone In treating with tie rMO'uticnary trader* The time la pa?t when n jrrterdtd alltalanre en the one hand, and Insincere r? not ff ions or < xpreMlt n* of confident-* on the nthrr. coma crnciai ine preacn wnicn lie* between the sovereign and the rivoluticn; and it I* far preferable tint lie should even lore bin crown In an open i nd n-r.i> fill coiitf ft U t tbo right a belonging to it. than that he shculd continue to bold It, aa tb< King of PlWlk mttn dlsprted to ilo, r,n the degrading condition* attached to It kv a thi aati-nlrg rabble or an arrrgant crnvettlon. Tbe I'mperor of Austria La* not wttbdiawn or evadid snv of the promisee ha had befrre n arte for the establishment of constitutional gt>vertn.< nt In bla dominion*, and for the full recognition cf the legitimate rights of the people ; but In resisting the demand* of the revolutionary r*rtT In Vienna he < expressing no more than hla detirmlnatlcn to u*e all the mean* still at hla disposal to rescue the country from the oppression and the crlmra of thnra who have acr(rrr>H*l?d In Vienna what they hava failed to do In Taiia and in Frankfort. If thia attempt at the restoiatlon cf order fall*, the Austrian empire la In the very fauee* of anarchy; every social barrier will be broken; eriry province will be detached from the mnnarchy: and It la impo?slble to foresee whether thla

dreadful convulsion will be terminal* d by the lassitude of universal ruin or by the stern intervention of foreign armlei. Certain It h that every day bring* u* > R K I NOVEMBER 5, 1848. fmh proof of tbe very extenMve diffusion of the worst ientimenta. of the moat rabid paaaiona, and the deepest Ignorance. In many parti of the eoantry beaidea tbe capital In tbe whole of Kurope. torn aa It haa btentotbe Tery bottom by tbe earthquakea of thia year, bo atata baa exhibited ao thin a crnat of author! ty and so rotten a-mass within. m that empire, whloh, seven months ego. Prince Metternleh professed to govern. By one of the severest judgments of Providence. tbit minister bus been spared to see tbe consummation of hi* work. Tbe remonstrances to wblch be was deaf are now bearil In peala of thunder; tbe abnsea to which be was blind are mow tbe Nemesis af Austria; and he lirea to behold the horrors off* crista b* did nothing to avert, and the depth of the abysa to ?blcb his mlfgovemment baa eventually consigned his sovereign and bis country. Tbe more deeply we are Interested in tbe restoration of peace to that fine country, and in the maintenance of tbe supreme government if tbe empire, tbe more severely are we disport d to visit these calamities on their proper author. At tbe preFent moment, however, tbe proceedings of tbe imperial forces before Vienna are a matter of more immt diate Interest than any general considerations of policy. No measures would have been deemed tco ravere to crush so atrocious a revolt, and to punish 1 be murderers of tbe unfortunate Latour; but. never I tbeleM, we ere net turprited tbat the imperial generals 8(111 showed their clemency by forbearing to bomI baid the capital. Although, therefore, Couat Auerslitrg tu n moved from hie cantanmente at the Belre| dere and in Prince Schwarzenberg's garden, where he probably found consideiable difficulty In providing tor | tlie'v ants of an army of 20,000 men. wr are deposed to ! tepard this delay in the operationa aa a proof of t-tn i.jj'h rather than of weakness or irresolution; far, ; it an v important reinforcements had been on their u i<i h Iroin Hungary to rvlitTe Vienna, the imperial ; l? i must have been compelled|ta anticipate tbeir a.'i!'*r.l b> more active measure* against the town. Th? | greater probability ia tbat as the three corju d'armrt new round the city?tbat of Jellachicb, of Auertberg, and of Wlndirctigratx.?amount to not lers than tiO.OOO men. tbey expert to rednce it by blockade, instead o> having rrcourte to the more dreadful expedient of li ttlng ioote a horde of soldiery on the lata ieat <f empire Our turn.ite that the Court would at onoe proceed In the direction of P'ague has proved correct; but it siidii likely that Brunn rather than Plague will 1 e its tempi rary place of sojourn, and the oonservaj tive numbers of the Adrmbly who retired after the v? wv ..u .iirk . iimn PKirnu iv rem me in fir (l< liberattetm in the chief city of Moravia. They have there the advantage of a position half way between Vienna and Prague, with railway communication In bo'li directions, and tbo fort rem of Olmultr. is within reach, in the event of any still more pressing emergency Nothing can be mere energctio than tile protestatiorn of the whole population ot Prague against the aiifticbical party in Vienna, and against all the acts of the rtvolutiunary l>iet ; and although the object of tbis demonstration of loyalty is doubtless to induce the Court to throw Itself without reserve on its Slavonian subjects, jet in this hour of peril, it is difficult to say that the imperial family have any other resource equally effectual Thty may. in<l uwnit with some fmxiety the nature ot the int' ition < Dtral German (i?vtTi.nientin ebilf, f< r, ttiugclj enough, it has new come t this, that the Vicar of the Kmpire in Frankfort, in in a better condition to help bis Imperial lelatives, than they are to Help themselves. If the Junes of the Austrian Government, were insufficient tn ri occupy Vienna and to crush this insurrection, it would evidently become the duty and the interest of tie Germanic body itself to subdue the revolution ! i e as ft has bee n subdued in the streets of Frankand the States of Southwestern Germany, i the lai-t four weeks the power of the Frankfort ent has been felt, tbanks to the vigor of M. ng and his colleagues ; and if it were necespowr would not be less applicable at VII eui,.1 ii.an elsewhere. The common interest of GerI many r? quires that Vienna be rescued from the hands of a savage and desperate faction ; and in this respect ! the measures which have been announced as already taken by the Archduke John's Government must coincide with those of the imperial generals and the Sclavonian deputies. I We turn with lese satisfaction to Italy, where the eTenis of Vienna bave already produced a ve'ry untoward tffect, and hare materially increased the chancer of a renewal of hostilities. Tbe story of the actual collision laid to have taken place between Hungarian and Croat ian 4etaohmcnta in the army of Italy prtceeds from Turin, and is very probably one of the counties* inventions devised by tbe Italians to favor tbe*r came. But. at the same time, it eannot be doubted tbat Radetaky'a armyrdoea not contain many jarring elements which may materially Interfere with its efficiency. The armittice expires this week, and a new administration has been formed at Turin, which is fujpraid to be moTe warlike than the Sostegno cabinet. Tbe King of Sardinia is strongly urged by at least one party and by tbe Italian league, which Is a spfcies of voluntary association deliberating in hia capital, to avail himself of this orisls in the affairs of Austiia In order to regain hia tarnished honors, and accomplish now or never the boaated emancipation of Italy. Ibatheshonld profit by any diversion in bis faior, and any diraater of tbe enemy, la only tbe right of war. But if Charles Albert renews tbe stii^gle. he will do It at hia own risk. It oannnt ).? >?.i ' Hbat the powers vrhore mediation ban been offered ml partially accepted, fhonld conrert that mediation I into ar/ii jury. and constrain the weakness of a governj ment to whote reason they profess to appeal. Those | power* are as yet untied. They are not bound to help i either party, and should they ro far forget their posij tion as to tender an armed interfcretre*. they would I forfeit that rip lit of mediation on which they now I insist, and which offers (he best prospect of ultimate peace. Joffph Von JkL'.achich, o? Croatia.?The following sketch ?1 this remarkable man. now the efcampien of absolutism in the .Austrian empire, will ' bo ri ad with Interest at the present period It Is ex1 tiacted fr<ni a letter dated the 20th of September i last, before it was known that the Dan was the tool of j the Fmperor. and published in the London Chronicle? I "I have had occasion often to converse with Jellaj cbicb He is a man of the middle height, of a powerful ' and firmly knit frame, forty-nine years of age. in his youth cf a delicate constitution, but now enjoying ! excellent health. Ills head Is bald *t ?>? ??? h..? ? i" /?? oh I elrcUd witb a frirge of jet black hair; ha has a high | fcrebt ad. tmby eye-brow*, a mild, clear, dark eye, an squilice note, a finely chisaeled mouth, with an ex{ ptesMon of great decision of character. He leaven Ibe impieiiirn upon the observer of a man of a mild I tut deteiB'ined character, fully confident of his own I powers. He boa not one particle of pride about bim, 1 and one would scarcely look upon bim aa the leader ol a wild race, era man of high ambition Hi* voice 1 issott; bin education is entirely German; he speaks . Geiman as if It were his native tongue, and with tbe I Aurtiian accent; be is a great admirer of the German lstguage ard liteiature, but hla Sclavonic national!! tj fcoirs the Cirman airogacce which disdains any thlrg Sdare; he speakithe Hungarian. Croatian and | Kalian languages equally well; be Is unmarried, does Lot pciiess. and doea not not care for riches, but )a de; voltd to his nation. It was only last year that be was j colonel ot a Granzer or frontier regiment, which was ann>bilat?d In an txpeditlon on the Turkish frontier; : t.e limsclf efcaplrig almost miraculously in a shower [ of tails. The Fecretofhia Itflnenee over the Croats Is. U.at be if Croat, and proud to be one, and ail his energies *tc turned toward one object?to procure for bis nil i< n itat position in Hungary which they claim. He fptaka tbe din Wet of the people?' It Is the lan' gusge of my beloved mother." (ne saltf to me one day) "ai d I am proud that I can speak it.'' Their Ban and in? .i pt DtTBi, li* coiiT<-r?e? with hi* Croats, and tells tin in thirp* 'bey bad never dreamt of? Tlsione of bci:<r and glfty- It i? no wonder that when be appear*. erery eye is turned upon him?that they listen, f j>?n mcntbed. to wbnt be say*. and tbat they are jmdj to f< llow bin) to fiuda, Pei-th. Vianna, or Ml'iin. AV hen they see bim tbey shout their ?nthns'astic ! '-Ziii-io," (lit him lite') and will follow bim anywhere." Mtucrllancoaa. The trial* of the Kdlnbmuh CbaTtlst* will take place lief< re tit *"gh ('curt of Jndicisry. next month. In consequence, no 6ont>t, of the aurora boreal!*, which lastnipht tbone moet brilliantly, the electricity !u tie atRorphere bad such an effect on the wire* of the electric telearanli. th?t. ?li? ? ? ....... ?'>u >uo cbitu h?re wejo completely deflected. >o much ?ou to biiVh th?m, lcr tLe time, ccmplittly uiel?M.?Ltrtr/ool Tim ft. Tie Urvttrl* I'rrnlJ rf ?attnday. the 14th nit, give* n iavi table rtpoit of tbe potato crop ic Lelgium. M. Ju'ep Yh\rr. tbe uriter tf the celebrated circulars rf M I.eOru Rrllin, in at pteiunt puflerii ? frcin btatn ftT?r r.f an alarming rhi.ract?r. There will l.e four gold medal* and fixteen silver in dale distributed amongst the gentlemen and sailora ?li(>i.rtfd fo humanely during the burning of the Ocean Monarch. The gold medal* are of the value of nxtet n guineas etch. They are bow being prepared at tbe Kojal Mint. It transpired. (luting the hearing in the Bankruptcy C( vi t Liverpool, that th# private expend** of Jonathan lliyginron, of the late Dim of Barton, Irlam and Illggin;e n. fr> m 1F-J3 to the date of the banknote?, Here i.'lS (40; and tl at be bad lost, by speculation In railthy ihsrei. not less than xt8i6x. lie King ef riussiahaa granted aa amn> sty to aU perstn* convicted of po itical tffences, in the rrovinoe of Pen n, anterior to July 1. The Mi-trali. Charles Drabam. cob of tbe celebrated vooallat, made his ithvt at the rriaeeia'a Theatre, Loadon, on Monday night, the 16th nit. in the new opera of 'l.eolin*," and esperienoed a most enthusiaftlc rerejKion. Thtt V*f ?M? ?... . t I - . M.aiiMu wh 111 birerpooi on iQf ^uio ultimo. Mr. Andem n, the tragedian, ealla Toat Bonn " tha cbol? ra of the dramatic world.'- and aaya " hia approach I* fatal to it." Foreign Market*?Ilarlng'* ( lirnlar. Lcniiow, October 20, 1848.? Arhea, without trannactiona. Hrandy?Market ateady, at 3a. Wd for tha be*t braid* 1847 Crgnac. The vintage In Kranca la almoat completed, and la aprken of very favorably. Coohintai? ?al<* 2vo bag* llonduraa Silver, from 8a. Td a 4* 2d . and <0 bag* Mexican grain, frcm 3a. M.a3a. fd . belrg fud prlcea. Cceoa neglected. Coffee? For expert more inquiry. and rale* 1.4C0 baga Jam, at 28a; ICO St. Domingo, at Jfie. fid.; 1.000 Rrar.ll, at 24a a 34*.; and "00 radatg. at 20i parewt. Our latter* from U>a IER A continent report niodrrat* bo M new. ft* ateady prtoaa. Import! and ?tock? on the li t InaUnt Importi. Slocki. 1M7- 1M8. 1M7- 1848. Ot. Britain.. 34.UWI.900 41.IMH)IHM> 40.1U0,tl00 4H Other pcr!?.. JM.IC.OOO 2M,JU0III0 (W.7IM)UI0 9W.24MI.(NM) Toui, lit.. aauououo ?aaxj.cou iw.Hun.iiou M7,400,000 Cotton?The ilMlrt to fell continue* unabated and prlcri at Liverpool a point lower Tb? corn trade rules doll, with continued large arrival* of flour and wheat frrm the Continent Indian earn without Inquiry, and lower prices would have to be taken to effect tales; It la held, floating, at 3(s a 37s. for Danube, and American tbould relatively bring 33s. a 34s for cost, freight and insurance. All duties as last week Dutypaid quotations of to-day, market very quiet: ? United Statts red wheat, 44s a 48s ; white, 6?s. a 54s. per imperial quarter; flour, IBs. a 31s per barrel, enperflne, bert brands; Indian oorn, 81a. a 33a per 4801bi.; Indian corn meal, Ids. Cd. a 17s per barrel Drugs, be ? At the public rales, yesterday, very few buyers, and most articles bouaht in, including oil of peppermint, at 8s.; oil af annisevd, at 6s. 8d a 6a. 4d.; oil of oasiia, at 8s : camphor. at 4Ss.: and China rhubarb, from Od. la. fid. a 2a per lb ; 83 caaei omtor oil. brought tP4'd. a 8l4d : and 300 caaei shellac, 34a. a 87a. for ordinary and middling Uv?r to middling orange. Turkey rpium Aid, at 12*., and Mock very trifling. Hemp aa left quoted. HideB- Dull generally, and salted River of Mate and Hlo Grande, )?'d. lower. No obanga in N. .American, In the absence of arrivala. Indigo?Saira proceed steadily. at full rates; 7 W12 chests have been got through of which 4 7l>2 chenta bare been actually aold. Iron without improvement; fellers of common bar at ?6 10p.,nr,d railr atx'616#., fr?e on hoard In Wales, and with an order In band it might be bought for something under 8cotch pig 44a. and dull. 8wediah ?10 16s Stock unall. but demand limited. Lard la quiet,and 40s ?44a. must be conaidered extreme pricea, both in barrel and keg. t tire? d < ?kep? Stock scoumulates. and ire quote all liuda about fis. per ton cheaper to aell. Oil*? Spctm la firmer: British ia worth ?73 a ?74 ISoutbern aella from ?27 10a. down to ?24 10a. Pale aeal ?20 16a. fed, ?23 16a. Olive, ?43 a ?47. Llnaeed. 22a. 6d a; 28a. I'alm, 34a. Od a 30a. Provlalona In leas demand I gen rally, and. with the exception of really superior qualities, all klnda are rather cheaper. Saltpetre?A ! ipiculatire demand sprung up to-day, and about 800 j tons changed hands, from 26a to 27a for Bengal, being la drarer. Splcef? Salea confined to 1.COOT bags black pepper at 2>4d a'. '.d for Sumatra, and 2d. a i'ud. for durty I'enacg. and 3C6 bexea Cassia buda from 72? 0d. to 76r. Sugar?Heme market dull. Foreign aorta held firmly, but tranaactiona limited to 1,000 caaea white Brar.il. from 18a. a 26a. 0d.; 1,000 boxea good to choice vellov Hamna. from 10a fid. a 24a The Dutch Trading Society have announced 36.167 baaketa Java for pale at Amaterdam on the 16th proximo. The Imports to, and atocka on let inst. were aa follow, vis.:? lniLortu. Shxki. 1847. 1F48. 1H47- 184". Crrnt Britain. f,i)l.7( (iron {fiLiittooo r"?Jion ikhi sinnm Otiier porte. .7-:70,0(0 4^8*800,800 ~7L?<io!<>66 125 800000 ' Total lbs..107,110,000 1,068,6(0,000 25)^,100,000 108,!)00,000 Tal'.ow rnth?r cheaper, market closing heavily to-d?T, 44*. Id. for St Petersburg Y. C. on the spot, with nelli'r? lor spring delivery, at 40.'. perowt. Yea? Public tales of 10 450 packages have gone of heavily, only 4 0( 0 finding buyers, bnt no general decline In priors. Hysons much neglected, and some common Con^ow, ordinary quality. sold at 7d.. with Fome f?ir clean tlowery Pekoe at Ik Id., to Is. 2d. per lb . which were relatively cheap In tobacco transaction* are unimportant. Market for tin firmer. We quote banca <7* . t-traits 74s to 75b. Yurpentine?In the absence of trsnractions we quote rough, nominally. 8*. to 8e. fd. Spirits lower ; Amer'can 87s. to 37s. Od. per cwt. WhaUbone? Leis request; prices uncharged. In other articUs no transaction*. American Stocks ? Yhe tranraction* have been at our last quotations, to a limit* d extent Our French Com?pond?n(r. Paris, Oct. 10, 1848. j A Chan ft of flit Ex(cvtivt and Mpitrtry?Napn- \ lecn utid Rvnic?Tht C enter vativtt?New At jicct for the Future. General Cavaignac and all his ministers voted for an election of President by the Assembly, and were, therefore, in the minority of 212 to fi02; and 1 think that this mistake will overthrow them, either by the Assembly or the people. General Cavaignac had strongly recommended the election of President by univysal suffrage, before the ct mmission on tlie constitution, and M. Marrast hud done the snme, and had been chosen reporter of the commission ; yet, after the recent election of Louis Napoleon, they have changed, and attempted to eflect an election by the Assembly. I thinK the power has departed from them ; and it only if mains now for a fitting opportunity to overthrow the General and his ministry completely; and, among other indications, is that of the ccnfervativt'8, and even Lamartine, paying their devotions to Louis Napoleon. Thiers a id Lamartme courting Napoleon ! 1 believe these are facts heyond d'tpute ; and 1 should not be surprised to tiid both supporting him for the Presidency. Whether this fret, known among the people, would increase his chances for an election is more than doubtful; but Napoleon has thus far abstained from nil advances. Yesterday he went upon the tribune to protest asnirit the accusation that he was a jiretender; and he gained there the approbation of tlie public. The Patrie of this morning, a strongly conservative press, says that it needed not his liinpnape : that his modest and embarmssed manner was proof enough that he is not a pretender. Ah ! the truth is, that all the leading politirinnH have tried to kill him off, because they lenred the power of his name ; but that the deinonstratn n of the people has been so strong in his favor that thev are afraid to rarnr it on #nu I further: vnd now* the same men that have been ' abusing him shamefully, are courting him. And | row 1 thir k he is in more danger than when he | r? (eived their entire opposition. The change of administration, which 1 now c? n*ider alniost certain to take place, must produce an important charge in the affairs of i Fiance, fcT there can hardly be n probability that 2sapoleon will follow the course of foleipn prlicy marked out by General Cavaignr.c. f^ince the probability is, therefore, increased in favor of a war for France, over the Italian question, unless through liussia, with whom Napoleon is allied by marriage, that question 1 < i)Id he adjusted. There is little doubt that N icholas would he glad to see his relative at the heed of ihe ailairs of France, and that he would lend him the support of Ituesia to sustain him; ar d in the present roi.dition of Europe, the friendfhip rr hi stility of IJussia is not an indifferent matter, for her army and treasury are both in ftoid condition ; her financial embarrassments 1 t.re I*-tH thiin thofe of any other European DBticn. Perhaps 1 may lie mistaken, Imt I r.cw regard a change of administration in Fiance almost certuin. Possibly General Cavoignac may continue till a President shall have 1 bren electro ly the people; hut I do not regard , that he certain, by any means; and I am now prejaird to see M. Marrast displaced, at the ?ext vote of (he Chumher for President of that body, j I think Dofaure may take his place; and Dufaure 1 h*s much more talent than Marrast. Still he may not make eo good a pri siding ofHcer. According to the vote yesterday of the AsaemMy, the President of the republic is to be chosen lor four years, thirty years old, born French, and in ct fe cf no choice by the j>eople, by an absolute niHji rity of all the votes. The Assembly are to selert frc m the five highest candidates to be elected I by ihe people; it will be necessary to have two j millions, at least, of votes. That,. I think, is a preuirr number inan Gen. Taylor will obtain in the United Stati s, according to present appear- > slices. There wits a strong effort made yester- , Mnj,uj pt.inr inrinnrrr<, lorenoeran military omcerp ineligible, constitutionally, to the presidency I of the republic, hut the amendment wan rejected. The frme fate attended an amendment tending to exclude all the descendants of any of the royal hmily. One more proposed to exclude thein unto the nxtli degree; but the commission in the , con^liti'tion wheeled into line, and saved every one the trouble of combatting th?.?e amend- I nitnts I.) declarigg that they adjudged it best to open the field to all before the people, main- ! tc.inrg their decrces of Imntf-hninnt against the 1 tw o branches, liourbon and OrIeton?; but let JoinMile be elected President by the people, and no manner of respect w ould be paid to any decree ot constitutional prevision, and the knowledge oi this feet has prevented the commission from attempting, constitutionally, to exclude Nafioleon. TJe ptojJe have knocked ofl his fetlera,by electing hiin tli^ir n i.r#?e#?ntntiv<? in flv? r\f -I I ailments, in France. Vox pojmli, vnj- T)ri, in i fact, in France, because guns follow, if it in not I obeyed. All it now quiet in France, but I regard I the future pregnant with important changes, and pr?nt uncertainties. Perhaps all the insurgents i will yet be set free, under the new order of thing" that iri to be. Farip, October 11, 1848. Tht Vote on iht ConttUution?Cavaignac, JVupclton, $c. GeneralCavaignac and hiscouncil are in trouble, the vote of Saturday, uion the constitution, ha^ broken them up, and broxen down their power and intluer.ee. Such i> the mutability of French politics and government. The Minister of Finance came into the Assembly this morning, without his portfolio, and refused to take his seat upon the ministerial bench. A great number ol representatives surrounded bnu and urged him to do so. For LD. TWO CENTS. # long time he persisted in his refusal. Buying that his own resif nation would not precede forty-eight houra the full of the entire ministry; but, taking h m out of the chamber and remonstrating in nrivu( u/1 f h him hfinwllt/ /*Anuu .v ?? ?u wi.nv ui> u n|aiu IU rit upon the ministerial bench. Hut the power of the cabinet la gone, and General Cavaigruc will be obliged to lorm anew one, or to give place himfell to tome man who will do eo. Many causes have conspired to this; the first of all, the ambition, jealousy and love of ofliee of the French; but the extreme violence and lolly ol the extreme ladicbls has driven away the majority from then;, and given the right the power in the Assembly? indeed, it has thrown the power into the handn of those who were decided legitimists under Louta I hilippe, but who have given in their aupnort to the republic. The ministry were republicans, nil except Lamoriciere, before the revolution, ir;l eluding General Cavaignacliirnself, and, unwilling to go to the right, they could not go wuh the violent left, and this has left them with but some two hundred members in the whole Ansembly 10 support them ; therefore, sometimes they hud ine Euppoit of one siJe, and the next day the other, and as the violence of the lelt has been continued, it has forced the country into the aims ol the right, I'nor tothe election of Napoleon al I'ari^, General Cavaignac had declared himself in favor of the election of a President by universal suHrnge; after that event, the ministry took gtound in favor ol an election by the Assembly; and the right came out violently lor an election by universal suffrage by the people, led ofi by Lamartine; u part of the left went 11. for an election by the Assembly, and the more u"treme portion ol that body were opposed to having any Piesident. Under these circumstances, the tight has overthrown the ministry; and there must In' a partial, it not an entire, change. U|>on tli.a question, a majority ol the right nr? said to have lumnud the ground that they will not go into the cabinet without a complete change; that Count Mole took a different ground, arid is in favor of accepting any cull which may he ma,de, even for a Phi 11111 change, llut the right now have the |>ower, and I think ihey will use it, and that General Cdvnignac will find it necessary to make an entire change,for to abandon, himtelf, the post he occupies. Since the recent speech of Louis Napoleon, all feur of hit) election to the presidency, or of his attempting the dictatorship, seeiiiB to have va! nithcd; hiB'manner was so modest, his einbdrruHB' merit so great, and his waut of talent, as is said, bo evident, that it is now regarded as impossible that he cuii be President. Perhajxj it is so, and perhaps it is not so. The National was terribly severe upon him and his manner, i think it was outrageoufly 60; and will do th?s government more injury than it will Louis Napoleon. There win a contest to-dnv in the Asttemhlv- in referenp* tn the su8| ension ot the press; the right to do so was HUMaii.ed but by a innjority of only some ten to fifteen votes, so that this act will soon be suspended, or leversed, probubly, and the press be aj;ain at liberty to aid in the coming insurrection, if certain men are able to get up one. The French love order, but they love power and dominion better? the leaders, 1 mean. Theatrical and Musical* Pass Thk*trb.?The' Nervous Man" and " Paddy Carey" were presented last evening; the performances being for the benefit of Mr. Power, ilia Mac Shane, like his other performance*, wants that rollicking humor, and tbat wild, reckless, oir hand, devil-maycare tone, which is the chief attraction in otiier hands Indeed, the same may be Mid of all his parts. Th? training necessary to muke the accomplished actor is not there. We nave no doubt that Mr. Power will rooa gtt rid of there defects: they mutt be expected in a novice; and perhaps it will hereafter be better for bim tbat he?dld not at once acquire tbat stereotyped mediocrity from which it is verv difficult to rise Wm have seen some who, alter undergoing a long theatrical training, appeared on tbe board* with an unnatural confidence and a flippancy of action that they never afterwards could get rid of. Th? atage la tbe only proper school to learn stage businesa. A thorough Stage education commencing in aubordinate part*, and going through all the grades of tbe profession, In absolute y neoesiary to the formation of a good actor. The taree of" Founded on Kacts" was played in fine style lust night. Mr. H. Placide la underlined f? r Monday evening. fiovtrrv Thkatrk.?The weather, last evening, wa? quite unfavorable for theatres; nevertheless. there wad cjulte a respectable sl/.ed audience collected at the Eowery to witness the performance of " Pi*arro,M which was produced in most elegant style. Miss C'albarine Wemyss, a young lady who has acquired a meat enviable reputation a< an aotresa, taking the part ot Kivira. N. B Clarke as llclla; Mra. Jordan aa Cora; and TUton, J. H. Hall, and the other member* of tbe company, filled the oast of charactera. Mia* Wemyss was uiuch applauded, and we were greatly pleaded at feeing how much she baa Improved since her first appearance, a year or so ago. She la destined to becnue a bright ornament to the American stage. The New Orleans Serenadera. and the drama of "Life," conctudi d the performances. Tbe Serenadere are great fav< rites at tbe Bowery. During the eominir weak there will be great doings at tbis popular house. Broadway Thkatbi.?Again last night war tbi* leautllul lh?atre crowded to Ito utmost capaolty. to witness the performance of America's faTerlte as tor ? Edwin Forrtat. H? appeared as Spsrtacus, in the tragedy of the "Gladiator,'' and so peifeotly war the character performed, that while he was speaking, a deathlike (Hence pervaded the audience; especially In the scenewhtre I'banarlus, (byott.) returns, uorl comtnunicates the intelligence of the murder of hit wlft and child by the HomansoldUrekhe more ttMMl realized tbe hope* of bis most ardent admiMM. The gr< at est demonstrations of applause followed every rorun. AiUT lue IBM Ul (U0 CUrMID Ofl TOOtUMftTi ard appearing, bowed and retired. H**W nil (attained by Mr. Dyott, aa J'ha#ariua ; Mr*. Abbott, an Senoca. and Mine Kanny Wallack. a? Julia. Caleate and Weltbcfl appeared in a b?autltal da nee: aftar which, the farce of "Valet de Sham," whteh ?a? played in fine ityle. Droadway has m (uparlor in print of attraction, and tro enterprise of ttM propria* tor, Mr. Marshall, will keep it in the firat rank ot Ux theatres of the country. Natioxai thutar ?Mr. Rice bad a very good boure for hit benefit iatt evening, considering the weather. We wi?b, for hi* Fake, it had been more favorable as ha in a capital actor, and deserves all tb? palroLape he get*. "Jack Sheppard " was the firat I>ir< <!. mi inwum iu> .imiODai, II M)ia??IMt different from the on* usually played, and n batter one. we tbink, as it doe* not plaoe the burgltr'R occupation in inch an beroicJiRbt, and, moreover, the evij tlfectaof vice are morn fully shown. MIip Meetayer makes a tifibt. natty Jack Nheppard, and chanfrau e Biuetkin is a most conic piece of acting. The other performance*, of ' Bone Squash," and the 41 Kins in ilie Dark,'' neat off well. Several new pieces will be prodiue<1 nest week, and >ome new facet* will aloe be rten on the National boards. Bi itM'i TImtk ? Last evening war net apart for the benefit of John and Henry Hisley ; but 1a conse<|iience of thi (tormy state of the weather, the house was bnt very flinty attended. The pieeee. however, neat eft with the usual (<tat. The " Winterbottoiu" he ' Polka Natiorale." "Anything for a Change." I'rofeffor Risley, with his two talented eons, ooorlading the entertainments, with New York in Sllsee;" an or ?nicn met me good wicnea or the audience Oa Monday night " I)on>bey and Sob " will be playeu, en which oecaelon we n.ay safely etpeot a cr< wd. J hone*. Sani)?, Lr.fiT & Co'? Ci*< i a.?Thl* attractive pi**# of retort continue* to be crow Jed morning and eteniHK. The exhibition la one which cannot fail to pleaae. both from the dltergifled nature of the performance*, and the completeness of the arrangement* fertile unufrment of the public. Children eannct fail to be delighted with the performances of the elrcl* and the well-trained ponies The atud le aumerour, and all the aninala admirably trained The e.ju**trlan priforiracces of Maaitr Aymar and other*. ar? alro well worth witneseioir. Indeed, we hav* nodoobt that all who Tlfit this eli?ua will be plea*?4. CxaiaTv'a Minstiui.i have concluded another of their triumphant week*. Tfcey are a moat remarkable let cf rinirerp. and a* Kthtof ian p*rt*aat?ra. they am tiuly inimitable. Kvtry one ought to go anaiee them. OtiNiRit Mini*i Society. Thia accomplished land pave another d th? ir celebrated iaatrument&l contort*, lart alpht, at tb? Tab?rnael?. and wera raj tui( u?lT receWfdby so ?noi-uc?. who, tndep#n4?at of tba foi bidding Ib?u?o? of a tnoit uncomfortabW No. vnnbrr elf ht. imi mblrd to tettlfy to th?tr tadi vidua! nr.d ccnblrrd effort*. On no orcMion. porbap*. w*? lit pt rfennaree motf or the ippltora more tntbuilotle; ?ti *n? ?? to itltct one |?m oori biillliiit (ban another in lu?tr?. we wculd not t? rlrgular in cur judgment, In aMigninff to Mandflffcbn'i *plendld overture to the Mld?nmmer ? N'fht l)n?m." tha preference, upon ttai* occasion. The cavatlna from the " Barber of SctIIU," *saeuted (t> the tiunpat, by H*,uh. d? veloped. in bin band*. tb? rcmpai* of that Inttiurent, when fclentlflcally a*ereifed ; and tba Introduction* and variation* on the tluta. executtd by Heir Xerraba, exhibited a triumpb in the mastetjr of tbat raeiodlctu and harmoaion* la* itruiEtBi or tb* mo?t thrilling nature The future tiringrme nt* of tbla accomplished company, are, oa icccnct ot tbe ennairg flection, undetermined; hoi ? n? fact, we wlfh to Imprene. tbat on Saturday night they propose giving a farewell ooncert, that will, no doubt, eellpee all tbelr former effort* to gratify the a?(robation of a crmmtinity, wbleb baa inoet liberally lor parted them In tbelr vielt to thla country Curiiii'iNmTRtu are la tbe height of their popularity, and, to all appearanoe.are goed for crowded heurra for tbe neit year to come. They are nnmer?u? band, and capable of doing aU they andertahv In tbe moat ptrfeet Banner

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