Newspaper of The New York Herald, November 6, 1848, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated November 6, 1848 Page 1
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1^ TH NO. 5269. Tkwi 1b England on the Presidential Election lu tike United State*. [From the London Globe. Oet 19 ] The most democratic of our American contemporari^H now seem more than half inclined toquar rci wiiii uiiivcxor, i puiilur its iruus. 11 is an but certain that Generaf Taylor will be the new President?net, however, because he is a favorite with any political party?far from it; but mainly because ne happens to stand prominently in view of the masses who are to be moved in any serious truffle. He occupies an eminence, won, indeed, by no merit apparently applicable to the discharge of the functions about to devolve upon him, but well in Bit;hi; and he owns a character of a negatiw desolation, which few can very strongly object to, and many can make up their minds to put up wim. His rivals have all Fomeihing nosi'ively and strongly objectionable to some on>* of the great parties, in power nearly balanced, whose efforts must decide the contest. Their weakness makes his strength. Stronsly supported, they are also strongly op|K>sed. The moderate men of both sides will vote (or Taylor, as tolerable ; and seeing that his success is, at least partially, the defeat of the extreme men on the opposite side. Recent events, too, have strengthened the anti-movement party? the men who, under existing circumstances, greatly prefer a President who would do nothing to one who would create a disturbance, even to forward their favorite policv. We need hardly observe that the commercial mind is extremely aensitive in the United States. Now the cost of the Mexican war has been coolly counted against the gains, and Jonathan is not elated at the balance, though he puts a good face upon the matter. Political turmoil in Europe is also reading him a lesson on the value of apeaceable maintenance of things aB they are. And the elevation of either Caps or Van Buren would renew tKii /Imniioai/m t\C kntU (kn aknlltiAn anrl trio tariff questions, and that of Cass would, it is supposed, include some danger of a rupture with England?all matters which the counting-house interest just now would fain leave unstirred. Taylor, whose faint whiggery is little offensive to the democrats, while his Mexican reputation is. with them, a mark in his favor, is so little p edged to any side of any g?at question, that all may hope lor some success, and none have much to fear. It any are especially dissatisfied it is those who regard, as the proper end of universal suffrage, the undecked triumph of democracv?who see the pei feci ion ol government in the despotism of an car-led mob. Against these the federal constitution haB but one defence?a rampart of money bags?the conservation that comes of the peaceful pursuit of dollars. And so strong is the influence of the changes, effected even within a single srene rauon, Dy tne steauy ann ramn growm 01 me population end wealth of the United States, that much more may he reasonably expected from this tendency than the mere preservation of peace lor the present. The dangers which threatened the stability of the Republic a few years ago, wear now a less fearful aspect. " Native manufactures," however sustained by tariffs, will not so flourish |on the soil ol the United States as to keep pace in their growth wiih the forms of industry better adapted to it Even if maintained against their natural tendoncy to decline, they must, as a national interest, eventually cease to b? important; nnd with this change must conic a corresponding failure of power in the legislature. The slavery aneetion may be more difficult to settle ; but even that draws towards a settlement under the same influences, if only by force of that provisionof the feceral constitution by which the structure of the House of Representatives is remodelled, every ten years, upon the basis of each new census. For instance of the 216 representatives and three delegates whieh formed the house, a9 elected upon the arrangement made after the census of 182!) (giving ?ne representative to every 40,000 of the popula tion, and live slaves counting as three tree perrons), the thirteen old States returned 158, and the fourteen new ones, including the unincorporated territories of Michigan, Arkansas, and Florida, the remaining fifty-eii^ht. By the act of Congress I of 1842, founded on the census of 1840, and giving one representative to every 70,680 of the population, the 158 members (or the old States was reduced to 182, while the 58 for the new States was raised to 95?giving a new total of'223. This process obviously strikes directly nt the influence of the manufacturing interests of the old Northern States, which have no chance, under any possible tariff, of seeing their peculiar interests reproduced or extended to the westward. Similarly, the slave holding States, which, under the act" of 1823, returned 97 members airainst 121, now return only 92 against 131. The equality preserved in the Senate, by ziving two senators to each State, without reference to population, offers, it is evident, but a feeble barrier to the progress of the free-trade and antislavery movements (hitherto in antagonism in Ametica) thus urged on by the same means. [From the London News, Oct 19.] An mportaot step has been taken towards the solution of the Pebldential question, which is now the all-absorbing topic with American politicians. Shortly after the p*ity nominations in May and June latt, elements of dissension made thernselve3 apparent both in the whig and democratic ranks, and led at length, in eitner case, toopen aisanection and division. A respectable minority of the whig party were extremely dissatisfied at their favorite candidate being set aside to make room for Taylor, who, whatever proof he might recently have given of his c ipacities as a soldier, had never manifested any ability as a statesman. A large section of the democrats were equally averse to the nomination of Cass, chieily on the ground of his known predilection for slavery. Secession took place in both cases, but that amongst the democrats was most serious, a stiong abolition party declaring that it would vote for Van Buren. This rendered the success of General Cass exceedingly doubtful, although, for a time, his clianc.'s were improved by '.fie attitude of his opponent, who only lately dofled that reserve upon party questions, which, for a time, perplexed his friends, and enmnromieed his position as a candidate. General Taylor lot, illy "misapprehended the feeling which prompted his nomination. Had it taken place immediately alter his military successes in the Rio Grande, the prestige of his name might have secured him the adhesion of the mass of both rallies. Hut ns time wore on, the popular ardor in Ins favor had time to cool, whilst the operations ol General Scott on a more important theatre dimmed to some extent the lustre of Ins achievements. The democratic party then learnt to regard him simply in the liijht of a whig candidate, and as such, of course made up their minds to oppose him. Since his nomination, therefore, he has been purely a party candidate, relying for success on a party vote. It was some time, however, ere he perceived this, consenting to stand, but professing his intention, if elected, of h?ing no party JPiesident?p:ol'e?sions which might be patriotic. I but which, under the circumstance, were, to s iy the least of them, impolitic. They savored too much of trimming, and were so indicative of party defeat that the section of the whigs who were dis AatMivri from the iirst nt his nominiiuon, openly tubstituted the name of Clay for that of Taylor as their candidate. Both parties being thus divided, it was speedily seen that fuccfps was most likely to await tint which would first reconcile its aillerences. To (fleet a reconc'litition in the whiff ronks, it was necessary that General Taylor should make the first move. The friends of Mr. Clay would only suppr r him as nn avowedly party candidate. lie had. therefore, presented to him the olternative of loiing his election or ol shifting his ground He has prudcntlyl chosen the latter, and now appears before the electoral body in that distinctive narty character, which, had "lie rightly appreciated hie. position, he would have assumed from the very first. (ien. Taylor luiving thus definitively given in his adhesion to the party, the friends of Mr. Clay no longer hold out against him ; that eminent insr. himsell being the chief actor in Uie reconciliai<>n which followed. This important step renders his success nt the coming election almost a certainty. In addition to this, there are other considerations which bear upon the contest, and which tell_ favorably on the side of the whig candidate. The evenis 01 me day and the perilous nature of the times, indme the more reflecting portion of the community to consider well the character of the man to whom they wotild entrust, for the next four years, the destinies of their country. Whatever change the repp' nubilities o( actual power might effect in his conduct and disposition, the antecedents of (Jemmi ('ass have been such as to lead them to believe that the tendencies of his policy would be unfavorable to the maintenance o( peace ; and to a great i commercial count y like the I'niteil States, next in magnitude to the disasters attendant upon the contemplation of nrtunl war are the evils which would arise from the anticipation of being ke,>f < onsm.ily on the verge of it. The moral and political world is, nt present, in too inflammable n state to enable the friends of peace, 011 either side of the At'antic, t#? regard with inditTerenfe the r?ci pa'ion by a firebrand ol the Presidcnti.il chair at Wwsh HPton And what gives us a peculiar inHrrest in the matter is that the morbid antipathies f the democratic candidate ure almost exclusively E NE MO directed againel ourselves. As the passions of some animals ate inflamed at the sight of anything 9curlet. so are Lm Hmmnsifies excited at the name of England, or Englishman. It is this unfortunate idiosyncracy that renders him peculiarly obnoxious to the moro sober-minded of the Amen, can community, for, whatever turmoils may arise to dibtuib the relations and interrupt the commerce of the world, it is of the last importance to both that England and America should ke*p on terms of amity wilh each other. The dangers which might attend the elevation of General Cass to the Presidency are not obvious to whigs alone,a large proportion of the demociatic party being eqiiilly feasible of them. This will fortunately operate most unfavorably upon his chances of success as a candidate, for not only will a large democratic vote he given for Van Buren. but manv democrats, who have no partiality for the abolition nominee, will abstain from voting for Cass, that his election may be defeated. On the oiher hand, there are many whig abolitionists who will vote for Tavlor instead of "Van Buren, in order that Taylor's election may be secured. Their sole object in voting for Van Buren would be to make an abolition demonstration. Under existing circumstances. peace to any such demonstration. Their object, therefore, will be to keep Cass out, which they can only secure by putting Taylor in. They will thus go far to atone for the grave error which they committed in 1844, when, by their ill-timed defection in New York, the whig abolitionists secured the triumph of Mr. Polk over his more worthy competitor. We may, therefore, regard the election of General Taylor as virtually a fait accompli, and what concerns us now is to inquire how the event is likely to aflect the interests of this country. It is not to be denied that, in a commercial point of view, our sympathies are with the ptrty whose success would be indicated by the election of General Caes. The triumph of General Taylor will, for a time, put in the ascendant those who are inimical to our commercial and industrial prosperity. But, taking into account all the circumstances ol the case, this, at least for the present, is likely fo lead to no material chansre in the commercial relations of the two countries. The whigs would disturb the tariflf if they could. But they have no longer the great agricultural bodv either with them as formerly, or indifferent to the subject. The settlement of 18-16 was the conjoint woik of the South and West, and the results of that settlement have ho comnletelv falsified the prognostications ot the whigs, that the West will be in no hurry to countenance its disturbance. Kvt ry nerve was ^trained previously to ita adoption. but in vaiii, to convince the farmers that whilst (hey would reap no advantage from it, its fiist result would be a largely deficient revenue; and both Mr. Webster and Mr. Evans, as spokesmen of the protectionists, went into elaborate calculations to show that the menaced deficiency would be nearly equal to one-third of the revenue required to cover the different branches of exoendituie for the year. Never were vaticinations proved to be more utterly groundless. Not only did the leceipts during the first year of the op-ration of the new tariff considerably exceed the estimates of its promoters, but the agricultural hodv experienced so palpable an advantage from it ifeht it will require no little cajolery to induce them now to abandon it. The time is past, then, wh?n a whig triumph was necessarily the p elude to a high tariff. On this score, therefore, there would be no apprehension for the present. Some little conception may be made to Pennsylvania, in connexion with coal and iron; but no change is immediately practicable, which would not be abundantly compensated for by a continuance of the inestimable blessings of international amity. This consolatory view of the case supposes the wiuj?b 10 oe in xut: unuirp.iiro ascenaani. sucn is the present temper of the public mind in regard to the taut), that even had they the three branches of the legislature entirely in their own hauds, they would hesitate ere they attempted any essential modification of the act of 184ti. Hut the election of Gen. Taylor will not give an undisputed ascendancy to the whiga. For :he first two years at leaetoflns administration, he will have to confrcnt a democratic Senate, the mnionty in which will be sufficiently large to baflle any attempt which might be made at fiscal reaction. The majority will be almost exclusively composed of the immediate followers ol Mr. Calhoun, who will thus hold in tna own hands the balance of power in the upper branch of the legislature. The cause of jeace and that of free trade, could have no better guarantee for their maintenance than this. With the Senate in such hands there is but little danger trom the inflammable democracy on the one hand, or from the protectionist whigs on the other. We have nothing then to fear, but everything to hope, from the election of Gen. Taylor ; and it is consoling to know, that when the events of a day may make our hands full nearer home, no diBtuibance need he apprehended in our relations, either political or commercial, with that great nation, which in at once the greatest consumer of our fabrics, and the granary from which, 111 times of scarcity, we may always reckon on making good our own deficient supplies. fKrom tba London Examiner. Oct. 8.] To all who take an interest in the well working of American institutions, indirectly, to every natic n in which liberal nrinciplts aie etrugaliug to nniintain their ground, and directly to ourselves, whose natural desire it is to stand well with the l.indrtd republic, the present aspect of the impending election in America should be far from unceasing or distasteful. Chancellor Kent called the presidential election the t.rjvnmentum crwu ot ihe republican form of government, and claimed lor it, not without strong faith in the discretion, moderation, and integrity of his countrymen, a certain neiiod of probation. The time his not expired, but we cannot say that hitherto its success Iium nHf-rrrl prminrt lor r-nni?rntiil;itif)rv Wnrs#* rliun even the predominance of unreflecting and rabid paity spirit has been the ascendency of trading politicians. Even when a successful rally had oern made round a chief like Jackson, who, with all his crotchets and coarseness had purpose and a manly energy, the fact has been painfully obtrusive, that the election was a mere scramble for place. The proscription of all holders of the most insignificant office, who were not members or time-servers of the ascendant faction, and the avowed bestowal of emolument and place as the rew a:d fur serviceable canvasses, have placed the mob-courtiers ol America on as low a level as the old king-couttiers of France. Every dignity and dutjiot the State has been lowered to an election bribe, and the highest as well as the meanest appointment counted but as payment for pjat or retainer lor future service. The appearance of Mr. Tvler and Mr. Polk in the seat once occupied by \vashinatoo, Jetferson and Madison, seemed really to be almost decisive against any future |>oesible realization of the ho|>es or f9!?h o! Chancellor Kent. We rejoice to think that matters are mending. The nomination of General Taylor, find the course of his relations with the party of which he is now the declared representative, indicate better prospects in th>* republican horizon than have been visible for many yean. It is vet possible that we nuty see " dis?;? 1 i ,i,? CirilUU, IllUUntlili'lJt nnrpu; |MVfau * ?uv choice of the chit 1 magistrate of America, General Ta\lor is not a trading politician. The qualities he lately displayed in the field, and the judgment with which he kept himself aloof from (he *xtreme patty that had obtained his service as a soldier, concentrated public attention and esteem u(K'ii hiin. Ilr is the only man. we believe, sin .e the greater race of American l'residcn's, wiio so at once united many parties. My democrats and wings in primary assemblies, in separate and mixtd meetings, he seems to have b^en n<>minatcd; these nominations he appears to have accepted, one alter the other, without concealing or suppressing the (act that he held the opinions of the whips ; and, now that the whips as a body have named him their candidate, he frankly tells thnn that he will not be a party President. We have here the promise of a brave and honorable man, unc ntaminated with partv madness, a let1'r just published by General Taylor, to correct some mifconcept'oiiB that had eonc alircal con cermng mm, contirms our impresuon 01 111s worth. Then- 18 nothing in the letter which indicates senilis or imaginative impulse, but it is marked by Mrorg cood Fcnse and excellent feeling. Its w nt? r understands and discriminates th>* position and duties^ the chief magistrate of a great rel>i blic. lie can combine the honest maintenance ol his own opinions with constitutional deference to the national will. (General Taylor declares that he w ill ?otbe n candidate in a straitened and sectarian sense. Having no wish to be a partisan President, he refuses to he a party candidate in the ttnse that would make him one. lie docs not <ngage to "lay violent hands indiscriminately upon public officers, good end bad, who may diller in opinion" with himself. He will not force Consress, by th? coercion of the veto, ? to pass laws to Hint him or pass none. ' Are we not justified in regarding the nrob?Me choice of such ft ruler as n goed omen, b)th I r Knglai d and America 1 Public opinion may work ltfelf clear under such auspices, and the better parts of republican government develope and per' i'ect themselves, lie may save us at once from W TO RNING EDITION?MO the war factions of democracy, and the protection- | U/. I..nl> ...... ....I. - I iO? UITIOIUUO VI IUV "IIIKD. ?? v IWWI* U|A/? DULU t\ presidency, now we hope almost certain, as full of promise for the internal prosperity and happiness of America, and for ihe perpetuati< n of amicable intercourse between the two great AngloN< rman nations General Cass is the only rival candidate with the shadow of a chmce against him. Mr. Van Huren will hardly go to the election, and Mr. CUy has not sanctioned the use of his distinguished name. Mr. Cass is the nominee ol the extieme democratic party, nnd ia reported to have seemed the ardent support of all the Irish in the Union, by his sympathy with the cause of repeal, and by his known determination, in case the rebellion of Hallingary had succeeded, to have march) d forthwith into Canada. Mr. Cass duly proclaims these extieme opinions, of course, ni.n mnkes n lornr arm nrross the Athnfic to f'ra ternize with tne Flocons and I>dru Rollins. Yet it may not lie amiss to remind hiiicountrymenthat it IB not six years since this sume brawling Mr. Cass wrote a book to disparage the English government, and exalt the eovernment of Louis Philippe, in which he branded as a traitor every Frenchman who opposed himself to that despicable system, and offered the most prostrate adulation to the citizen king. This was while the worst of the Orleans invasions of libertv were in progress ; and yet the institution specially singled out for praise by General ('ass was that slavish Court of Peers which was doing precisely the service for Louis Philippe that our star chamber did for Charles the First. The election of this despot democrat, this busy fomenter of the jealousies of nations, would be the most lamentable mistake yet committed by the extreme faction in America. The election of General Taylor, on the other hand, will show that aB men unquestionably still survive in the United States not unworthy to be named with Washington, Franklin and Adams, so the lar^e majority of tne American people are still able to appreciate and worthy to be served by them. Hntigary. The news of the Vieuna insurrection became known at Prttli on the 8th ult , and excited the utmopt enthusiasm. Kotsuth made a thundering speech. As the Viennese had furthered the Magyar cause, tie laid, Hungary ought not to abandon Vienna. No negotiations whatever were to be entered into with the Camarilla, but it was the duty of the Hungarian'* to tacrmee themselves in assisting tne Austrian people. The government was entrusted to the committee for the defence of tbe country. Kossuth was noinintted piesident, and it was reFolved tbat, on the very name day, troops should march for Vienna. Bohemia. The Kiilniiche Zeitung has letters from Prague of the 13th inst. They say tbat by the events at Vienna the gap between the German and Czechish inhabitants bad been widened. In the Slavonic CentralBlatttrn. a fanatic attempt was made on Germanism and on the Frankfort faction Tbe Slavonic agitators Hniban andStur. excited the students against the Vlagyars ; there were also bitter words uttered against the Germans. Tbe deputy ltleger asserted tbat he was able to prove that the movement at Vienna had been effected by Hungarian momy. All speeches in the University of Prague were delivered in the Ciechisch language. Prnssln. The Kolnitcht Ztitune bos the following from Berlin, under date tbe 15th ult " The king, on the anniversary of his birthday, received a deputation from the National Assembly in-tfe palace ot Bellevue, near Berlin. In his answer to their address he said, alluding to the abolishment of his title. King by the Grac? of God,' We are upon tbe point ot building a structure which is to last for c-r turies. But, gentlemen, let me direct your attsnti n to one tbitig. We still pnrsess, and we are envied < n aooount of it, an hereditary government by the Cm**, nf (In, 1 )_ /I hula siir.li ? < t k .. peculiar emphasis by the king)?' which ia still endowed with a fullness of power.' At the close of hU speech, the king faid?' Gentlemen, I am glad to have seen you ; it is good to Fee each other now and then.' The king, during ibe reception of the deputies, was peculiarly affable, cheerful, and amiable." Death ok M. Luuit lii.iru ?i Katiikr,--The Cortairr announces, on good authority that the father of M M. Louis and Charles Ulanr, lately at the bead of the office of tbe Kiue Arts in tne Ministry of the Interior, died at tbe Hotel Dieu about a week ago, in u state of utter destitution. Affair* lit tlic Dominican Republic. City oi St. Domingo, July 12, 1818. Omiuion tn a former letter Supplied?Ricent Legislative Enactment for the Encoumgemtnt of Mining Operations?Another Remodeling the Monetary System?Public Excitement Incidentally Connected with the iMtter, and the Caus of it. In the synopsis which I gave, in a former com munication, of the principal articles of the Komi nican constitution, I omitted to notice one to which recent occurrences have attracted much attention and given considerable prominence. By its terms, the President is empowered, during the continuence of the actual war with the II*ytien republic, growing out of the separation from her, and until peace is established, to freely organise the army and navy, mobilize the National Guards, and take all measures he may deem proper for^the defence and security of the nation, and in consequence, to issue all orders and decrees proper for that end, without being subject to any responsibility whatever. I now supply this omission, to illustrate some future details. The gold mines of St. Domingo are celebrated in the early history of the nev world, as being the incentive that gave the first impulse to Spanish fidventure and enterprise in America. These have remained unwroupht, to any considerable extent, lor a long series of years; and the government has heretofore refused to permit the working of them, from the fear, it is said, of stimulating the cupidity of their enemies, and also, perhaps, of foreign nations. Besides those of cold, there are also, hh I have mentioned on a former occasion, mines of copper, and very probably cf silver also, within the territory of the republic. By an act of Congiesp, pasted at the rerently eloped session, and ; approved the 16th ot May last, it is declared that i the working of the " minerals," or mines of every description that are found on the public lands, is I open and free to every individual who may choose j to engage in it. Arranirementsforthispurpose mu-t be made by those intending to avail tnemselve* of the privilege with the Minister of Finance?Mintttro dr Haatndo? who is authorized, under contracts of lease or otherwise, to stipulate, in behalf cf the public treasury, for the payment of a per centage by the operators?never to exceed the maximum of five per cent of the metal wrought The terms of the act specify individuals only. Whether the privilege conferred bv this cnact^ , ment would be extended to organized companies, fotined to carry on mining operations on an extensive fcnle, in the usual way, and such as there have heretofore and recently been attem >t* made to organize in the l nited Ptates and elsewhere, with a view to operations here, may possibly, under the peculiar rircumstnneeH of the case, ami the present tone of i iiblic feeling, admit rf some doubt; though I incline stronclv to the belief that , no ojjtrsi'ion to such a plan of operations would bejr.flVially interposed. 1 The most important measure that came before i the Congress at its lute session, nnd which engrossed a much greater share of its attention than nny other, was the monetaiy system?the devising ol ways and means to place the currency on a belter basis, and to restore the circulating medium of the country to a better credit and conditon. Tli's I have heretofore shown, had depreciated to fifteen lor one dollar fnerie, and the tendency has since been verv slightly downwards. At last the Congress, after protracted discussions, in the course of which were fiiccefsively examined and rejected sever.il dill rent p< hemes, agreed upon a systmi which thev mbodied in an act arproved on the 19th day of June last. It is entitled, in substance, an act to provide for the deficit in the treasury, occasioned by the insufl'ciency of the public impels, and by the conrequent depreciation ol the government llv it, the Executive is first directed to have the ha d money now accumula'ed in the trea*ury, and the future additions thereto, to the amount, in all. of one hundred thousand dollars, converted into milled coin of the Tinted Stites, of the several d'-ncminatioi sol live,ten. and twenty five cent pieces, provisionally, until such tune as Dcmintcian silver can he mint'd. It proceeds to direct that all old silver, wrought or unw,ought, which the inhabitants mpy sec fit to deliver into the Treasury Department. shall b** S'nt abroad to the United States, <>r elaewhere, and its value returned to the owners in coimd money, at the rate of ninety-five cents per oiirce troy, rf the metal delivered, and of the sa"'c quality of fineness. To provide for the replacement of the present depieciated iroveinment paper money, which it is conten plated to call in and cancel, tlie Executive is snthoriSfd to have prepared, and to ifsue a new emissien of paper money, based on the credit of the National Trensuty, to the nmonnt of f250,000, in bills of the nominal value of one dotyar eacli, J iRK I NDAY, NOVEMBER 6, nun wnicn me puonc treasury is 10 guaranei- <ur iorty cents, hard-money; and also, the further emission 01 150,000 bills ot the nominal value of two dollars each, and guarantied in like manner and rates. The whole ol both which emissions are to be leady (or issuing, at latest, by the fist of January, 18-19. He is alt>w further directed to have prepared an additional quautitv ot 375,000 bills ot the denominations of one and two dollars, to he laid by in reserve in the treasury department, to ty; u?ed lor the purpose of expanding the monetary circulation as toon as ihe condition of mercantile afl'aus, and the state of the country, call tor it. To husten the withdrawal ot the present issue fiom circulation as soon as the sum of $25,000, in coin is imported, as betore pi ovided, dues accru: - .1... ........ ?u..ii l . ! j iliK ui mc urunuiy niinu (juiiiiueiice u? DC |><ilU, luilt in ihe new miall coin and half in the present currency: the latter at the rate of ten doll trs to one, while the old |>nper thus called in is to he cancelled in due form. And the act goes on to declare that a portion of this new coin, which will thus tind its way into the treasury, may from time

to time be appropriated, in sums not exceeding five thousand dollars at any one time, to the puichsee of old eliver at the rate before designated, and which shall be coined in like manner. Alter proceeding to many s|>ecific details?of no p;irticular interest to my present purpose?the act finally empowers the President to raise, by a loan, foreign or domestic, on credit or by mortgage of the national property, the further turn of 100,000 to 150,0(10 dollars, to be appropriated, when obtained, to the withdrawal and cancellation of the same amount of the present circulation. it win lie ouservea mat in*- Iwregomg net fixes the vulue of the old emission, to be allowed at the treasury, at ten for one ; which is, in fact, the rate at which it has all along been received lor the custom-house dues that were payable in that currency; while, as has been before s^en, the maiket vulue of the fame currency has been only fift-en tor one, wiili a downward tendency. Now, however plawsible the charge may at first appear, that the governmeut, by receiving their own pa|>er on:y at a great diecouut off* from its ostensible value, though it be still a less one than is exicted in the maiket, lepudiates a larjje portion of her d*bt in this form, it must in justice be remarked, thai this isfue neve did circulate at par from the beginning ; and much, if not most of it, went into circulation with no higher intrinsic value attached to it than its authors now allow for it on its return. For any flight practical repudiation th"re Jniny be in if, there are still, in extenuation, the * iiiigatins? circumstances of overruling necessity, J" nd the high examples of greater and far more wealthy nations. As to the question of what will be practically eflected under this scheme, that is quite another aflair; and I confess myself unable to discover what is at last to euaranty the new pai>er circulating medium that is to be issued at maiket value, ai inr ihic jict iiwimiini umiiir |>r?*si;ri oea oy me net?in other words, to save it from the fate of the old emission. vViih a near'v empty treasury, and with governmental expenditures that each year more than consume the annual revenue, what ran save it froin a rapid depreciation?it not nominal, at least actual, in the shape of enhan"?*d prices of all conimorli les ot consumption 1 No great result? can, 1 fear, be anticipated from the coining? in o her words, sale ot the old silver to be found here. The Haytiens made too clean a Bwefpfor that, when they got possession. And as to ibe authorized loan, still less, it is t* be teared, can be hoped for or realized from that. No; evade the issue as|tliey may|vainly*attemnt to do? beat about and try to Bliun the real rock of difficu'ty a8 long and persevenngly as they please? still this government must, at last, adopt th- only effectual means of removing it They will be broken in pieces upon it. An efficient and extensive system of agricultural improvements must be instituted, and its growth fostered, as the only Hire basis for monetary and every otner kind ot inability and prosperity pertaining to the ?tat<*; and this can only be effected, as is, in eff'ct, admitted by almost everybody, by foreign immigration. An ! hut the danger of the overthrow of our state religion?the subversion or seizure into their hands of ihe government by a horde of foreign adventurers!?we are afriid of them! of evils, is shunned, anil mere airy schemes, based on nothing but a gossamer tissue of financial devices, are elaborated with careful ingenuity and patient toil, to end in nothing. The hard money alluded to in the beginning of the above act, and on which all the legislative deliberations had been based, was the sum of 59,(XX) dollars, reserved in the chest of the department lor this purpose, "'hich surplus had occurred, not| withstanding the (act of the government expendi! tines surpassing in amount its revenues, by the disbursements being mostly made in the paper | curiency, wlule a considerable portion of the gold i of several years' accrual from import duties has i been retained in the treasury. Pome unfavorable rumors having got abroad, i the Congress, on completing their labor of devi j side! and drafting the new monetary system, ap! pointed a committee to proceed and examine the conditioncf the strong chest; when lo! a large deficit was discovered. The city was soon all in an uproar. Every liody accused the minister of having converted the funds to his private purposes, and some went so far as to implicate the President himself in their suspicions. The lower house demanded an account of the minister; which, on the refusal of that officer to submit, ! any farther than to declare that it had been appropriated to the legitimate purposes of the govern- j nient, that body proceeded to impeach him. The | uprer lioufe, however, on examining info the case, | refused to ratify the measure, as was necessary to render it efltctu<tl as an impeachment, and so it I fell through. The President, who had been allrent from the city for a loner wnile, on account of his health, returned highly incensed at the proceeding of the House, and threatened to banish certain members who had been most active in the measure. But the affair was finally compromised bv the House receding from the ground they had taken, a?d acknowledging they had acted with precipitation. Another ground of irritation was also embraced in this rather singular compromise, or " making lip." Some ot tlie same active and bold members had somewhat warmly discussed the propriety of defining and l'miting the, in some respects, dictatorial power conferred on the President by the article of the'constitution herein bffon noticed. They maintained that the executive had, on several occasions, in practice,given n somewhat latitud'narianconstruc- 1 tion to its provisions, which, they contended, I were intended to apply for certain purposes only, to particular times and emergencies. And so ended, at least for th? present, this serious misunderstanding between the ?tvo branches of the government, and which, for some days, threatened the ni< st disastrous consequenc-s. During this period the public excitement was intense. Nemly all business was suspended by day, while the streets and p!?ces of public resort were deserted by night. Humors of plots and conspiracies for putting the obnoxious functionaries out of the wov, and substituting others in their stead, were constantly rife, ar.d everything seemed ripe for intestine commotion and revolution. A portion of the lesidents were apprehensive, md, P think, not without ?nm' good reason, that, in such a case, scenes similar to those whieli have, of late, been enacted at the If iyfien end of t!ie islnnd. would l>e reproduced here, or, quite as likely, the fur more appaUing tragedies so frequently enacted in thai portion of the island near the close of the last renturv. But the tempest, which nt one time seemed fn he so lost gathering to a head, to sweep down, like the hurricanes of these latitudes, with desolating violence on this citv, has hanpily completely dissipated itstlf; and our political heavensasain wear, in their i funl degree, an aspect of serenity, at least, thouuli it may he, not of tropical brilliancy and spier dor, The President still holds firmly his tincnrtailed authority t and it nmv, alter nil, I think, lie well question* d whether this rule of the stronij hand, at least, in cafes of moment nnd emergency, is Hot the he>t for this people { and, indeed, the only ore < r wh ch they nre, as a body, as yet ijrepared. Nor do 1 believe an instance can be pointed to, win re I'tevident Snntana has abused it to the purposes o( cruelty or revenue ; tior, after fully weighing, as well ns 1 am able, in my own mind, the vatic us cortlirtirtr rnmr.rs, charges nnd assertions, on ihr one pit!*-or the otht r, am I much more inclined to believe that he Iihs perverted it to purpons of extortion or peculation ol any kind. And, in r-iiard to the charge of embezzlement made acainst ihe minister, and at onetime certainly almoM universally believed, I eonfens, that cn sitting the evidence airntnst him car"fiilly and difpaauotiKtely. it ccrtainly appeara eiocrJintlf v'gtie and llimi-y. Ilia own zener*! stitein nt of the ( harncter <11 the appropriation is pUuaihle and ralioral: and I am veiy much mi?faken if the financial report of that minister, and any corresponding invcMi(Fatinn.that may then be instituted to verily or falufy it. do not provi jihe correctness VM ! thia favorable coniecture. Tune willdijclooeliilk I positive or probable truth, and then, vtrtmot. _____ * ' f*" \ [ERA 1848. The Uiand Torrli Llgkt Proe?ulon_& V?R? j uiiiuiMiiy nan?isriKauicri<en> (>enrf[a I P. MoirUIn hl? War Uoota?IIrc vetlng the ' Dtmorriry. Tammany Mill 1? a funny place. Could the funny I performance* tbat have b?en enacted withiu thane old walla for the loot half centnry, b? duly chronicled, what a treat would b? furnished to the reading public of the preaent day! But, alai' the remembrance only exieta wit^ fome ef the old hea<ia, atlll living; and even mott of them are barnburnem or thlgi, and do not darken old Tammany'a portala In thin year of our Lord. We hare beard a racy tale of late proceeding*,which '? decidedly too good to be loet. It seema that Home of the preaent leadera, who are, of courae, found In tbat body, derignated aa the Democratic Republican General C? minittee, decided that a Grand Democratic r Uk? mm mm U.? ?kl?. II- ?* ? J?'?? >"S?' I iuiiT.po.uu " J > ?ur IU.UR ? >; ?u boys, about these times; and no it was voted In solemn HaeWNi that a Torch Light Procession should ome i IT; and that extraordinary democratic organ, th? Tun Sun was duly instructed to announce the fact In the u ual editorial and advertorial manner, aa ooming off on the night of Thursday, Nor 2. A committee of one from aach ward was appointed to arrange (be matter, and in order to carry out the plan to it? fullest extent, another body of democrats, whose organization extended acroai both river*. into Jersey aud Long Ulan J, called the " Caaa and Butler IJnion," was to be consulted. The delegate* from thexe Caaa and Butler clubs met in one room of old Taftimany. and tbe Huh committee of th? real X'tnon I urea, tbe General Committee, met in the committee room. Committees of conference were appointed but they could not agree The club delegations wouldn't Knuokle under to the others Peraonalitiea followed, and a serious fray was likely to ensue. The i old heads were called into council, and they adviied to cut the matter ahort by oarrying o'lt the plans cf tbe committee in their own way, and only allow the other to carry out the details in the respective ward* to which they belonged This was acqule<ci-d I n and harmony was ra-tored. Tbe whole crmmit'ee then took the mat.er into hand in earnest, and proceeded to eleot a Grand Marshal,who, of course, was to bo selected from our military heroes. Gen. Storma waa pitched i upon. lie was a democrat, and a glorious fellow, and Erpular with all hands; but, of couth*, the general ad to choose bitt assistant marshal, and the oomonlUee left him to select who' he d pleased, provided th?y unt I um ?n.< Di.tl.r .n.l .. luu M...... assistants wi-re to select their special aids; and here the individual members of the wigwam committee determined to have a flower in the pie, for their own amusement and that o. their friend* ; and a committee from their own body was deputized to attend to tbese fixing, and keep tbe Grand Marshal nnd Grand /distant Marshals democratic shipshape and in ord r. Gen S :ormx pulled off his coat in the old gathering place, and selected Hen. .McNeil, of Rhode Island meirory; Gen Morris, the poet; (Jen. Wal bridge, of Ohio; and Col. Manning, of the militia service, as his ch?ice for Grand Assistants. So far s?> good ; the democraoy were satisfied j but now comes tbe tug of war. Special Aids were to be given to all these high officers, and the committee felt tbat tbey bad men in their our ranks who rould ride a horie and handle a baton as well as any militia (ffli er in the service, and tbey were not to be choused "lit of the Hrrangements and glory for whioh they hud to foot the bills. Oh no ; no such dodge as that coild be allowed; and while the Orand Marshal filled up h!l lists with returned Mexioan war heroes, as well as from peaceable militia heroes, the committee had an equal number of men for him to nominate from their own tanks. Gen. Storms, like an old experienced tactician a>j he is, submittt d gracefully and with pleasure to what te knew would have to te, and the civilians were sett- , teied pretty equally among the military men Not si, however, with the Assistant Marshall. Gen. Morris j more or norary ana mmua omcerB man n? ata cl 18tb or luth ward democrats, and be was ths tirjt I to kick. The arrangements for the programme were ; ready lor the preFS. The Grand Marshal, Jim. Storms, j was pleared and the committee w*re satisfie I. an 1 the ' pennnl bad rtttred to his quiet home, and left his fcseistants to talk over matters with the committee men ' Wtie the devil are alt these chaps?" says General ' M-i when ha looked over the Met. ' Who are what ?" replies the committee. " Why, * here did Storms get all these namos from ? I don't know tbem." "These i antes .' Why. most of tbese ntmrs are members of the General Committee of Tammany Hall, sent here by their respective wards." > Oh they be d?d ; they are mere civilians. We want military men ; men who know how to do up the thing af it should be done.'' said General \Iorris " You <]o, hey. Well, Bill, I say the General is all iight? let's give him military men Good ni{ht, old boy. You just look in the papers in the morning, my knowing chap, and you'll see its?all right, and that you have got military men. We'll leave the more civilians out of the lint altogether " "Good nigbt, gentlemen; I think you will And my proposition decidedly the moat striking," laid General George P. Morrill, and erit. " Well, fellow*. That fussy chap baa gone; now let's go to work and finish up that programme as be wants it done." ' Hell and feathers! What? Why, Bill, are you mad' L< ave out all the < ienernl Committee men and onr own friends? That be d?d!" *' No. Tom. you don't understand me; I don't exactly mean that; but still, let's give blm military men. Holy Moses! alnt our committee a.-* much military men as any of his own ducks !" ' Of course they are; they are just so. They are as much General* and Colonel* and Mnjors and Captains in the democratic ranks as bis'n Is ?' " Well, are we all agreed it shall be so ?" ' Certainly we are?now heave ahead with the list? I've got to go up to a meeting in our ward before I go brnie." '-Head over the names of the special aids; commence with the 1st ward." " Jo Scovill;" "mark him a Colonel." " Get out. He is no Colonel " " Damn It. Tom. you must have some rule to go by : mark all the General Committee men colonels, and be done with it." " Wm. Blair." ii Put down Colonel"? ii But' ? "Oh. d?n the odds?he's on the General Committee." ' N Diamond?ditto to Mr Burke, as the orator said." " Second ward, Wm. Burkhead " " Mark Colonel?He is on the General Com.'' "Joseph KUiott? He aint a committee man " " J put s a laci?never mina; mars nun a coionei? cultivate bim; he is foreman of the llrrtiU, and may do u* tome good.'' Third ward. A. J. McCarty. ' Colonel, he Id a com. man.'' " P. O Maloney?Well, mark him a major; he used to be a member." " Win C Bolton." ' Oh, stick Bill down a colonel, sure; he la one of 'em." "(Jo on; mark what you know: when you pet aground, ling out; when you cem? acroaa a real military man, give bim hia real title, pure, or else them general* will tay we're a making aport of their aubs." - C. W Newton ' " Well, call him Colonel. Ha waa on Mandy Hart'* Congressional convention " ' I Ighth w.?rd It. J. Compton " " Ob. nrvt-r mind them 8tb and 9th ward chaps? leave 'tin plain." ' Tenth waid " " Leave 'em ditto." 4? L larunth ftrd Willkm Kam." " Colonel, by J? ? nothing else.'' " James Kury." " Let's Fee; Jem Is Cms and Butler I'nion; give Mm a msjor-hip." ' Thomas W Hrennsn." ' He Is on (Jeorge I.aw's convention; major him, too." " Twelfth ward " " Never come down, except M?< arty. and he won't s?rte " " Thirteenth ward, W W. l- ream.'' "Sam Rogers?give him the tip top of the heap make him a general-he Is an alderman, and while jour hand is in. makH Camp a ditto-general K. K. Csmp. ff he'll be a blowln' on us all over town." ' tourtsenth ward. B C. Turdy " ' He is a grand ae>l?tant ? that's honor enoughgive him plain; ditto Tom Jenkins; he is another aiHPtsct grand.'' ' Fifteenth wsrd?John J Cisco " "Oh. plain; ho turns out with the (Jeneral Committee " "W. E Dennis ' "Colonel, of course; and ditto, I)nn Norrls, both l><n<ral Committee men '' ' Sixteenthth ward?James P. Dunn.-' "Colonel, of eourfe-on th" Committee "Seventeenth ward? Joseph T Sweet." "Oolontl of course?on the Committee." ''Thomas McS^edon- he is on the Committee." '-Ne ?r jrvi mini rut bim down a [eg; hasn't been her*? n:atk him do* n to a major '' 'Kighteenth ward? W. H. C. Waddfll " "Let him alree; he km up lor Congrew." "L B Sb-rard " ' I p for Htcorder?t?o by. Vou may want ft friend at tbe Sfffiom bye and hje." 'Tut J. K Mi run down as colonel; good fellow, and goes old I.ewi* up to the hub. Stick Tucker in for captain. Now. Iicf? have you (tot through' ' litre are m.mn names I don't know.'' "Variolate thtm as yon tblok proper?colonels, eaptains .to. Hun the chances. Now, then l?t'n adjourn, ?nd give the list to theptint?ra. and then take a drink." 'That's the talk: saints and tinners won't f!en. Morris ?r?B his eye? to-rncriow rooming' lie don't know nettling, bo don't "Don't eon< elve what a fertile country he resides In." ' AlenM If he dcej. We've brevetted the whole pi ri j: we b?v? ' ' wno'i got* better right?"' ( real was th? wonderment the mxt morning amon^ the liard-flsti d dm>< cr< cy In the u?spe.-tive wards. at fir din* their plain neighbor* and pollt-eal friends that??td at once. an if by ina jlo, into military ofllcers of h yh grade. The new created, suffered during the day. In the thspe of drink;) they had to pay for. in hntirr of t*(>ir promotion; and so the day wore away ftototmiitg '/be i xfe?ted 7 o'clo?k arrived Tarn luany Hatlwas to bs tbo fraud rcnde*rou#. Th.-a d 'iit4P>-v ft* ' ?MHl LD: ? TWO CENTS. of Kdn?, th? nre?t flrrokgii'. hid Wn e?ll#d Intor?(|Ui?i<lon. Tbe ?r?ud com el rood UlaaliaM Th? Hr?wrrlu< w*re r??'l? ?nd Mr va? ? to ?re the Htand Marshal and his civil and military aid* rtd? up " Hers tliay soma." Sh-b-h? Hi. pop, bang?bang, go tha Are-works? away go the horml There la an old man ran nTar, ' Hallo' tbers It Morris upset?bis ate?d ha* long him.'* ' (iood hpirrD'1 what'a the matter with t hem hut Ma The b<>y? ahout,' th?re grea a horae and a naaa down Krankfortftreet." But bya-and-bya order la reatorad; the flre-worka are alleaeed " Now, then, mora that rmnlbus and the Drummood light up ChathamaboT* them brl<-ka and ?trp th-in d d flr? works natll tha procesalon gt'ta i ff, eommaoda the Marshal, and away go the aid* to carry out the mandate " Klra op that Drummood light." taya the Crand Marshal, and tbe whole arena la at once Illuminated by ItsstraamIng rays lar through the different atreets The Orand Marshal and bia aids are placed at laat. The solDmit moves on at tbo word of com-nand A thousand chrera some out of as many different throats, a ad all goon as merrily aa erlckets. " But what the devil la that ahead! Mora W IkoM d d flre-worka up Chatham ntreet, as I'm a alonar," says the (itand Marshal and ao think tha hnreas, for I win/ cvuir n? ? ut-ku nmi. spurn are no go? kat rocket*. Urngola llphtc ami llonkn ctoillM are shot, 61, bitnir, lively now. imoni the hor?ea, ami away they go. " Ilolil my itlrk " >aya one Marnhal." and Chrlat. won't 1 be thankful, if I only get ?afe out of thin pool,'* rnyf Judge J*f. Smith, and away hoota the frightened bone and rider duwn Jamea atreet, with a Ho man eandle rhooting after blm. ' Here, boy, In a shilling In Uod'a name hold my horre till I get cfT." aaya a special Chatham aqoarn in reached by the Urand Marshal and hia aide In aafaty. "Thank* be to God," ray a majority of 'am. While we bait here a moment, let ua go bMk to Chambers utrcet. There tea car drawn by eight horaea. An anvil and a forge la In uae; they are drawing out of the furnace the red hot bar; the erowd on the car prep* back to avoid the iparka; a shriek of agony 1- beard above all other noisea " Stop that oar," shout* Camp ; " oarry the yoong man t) the aide walk; be la crushed " Tie Assistant Marabal Jeakloa ride? np. ' What ia all thia ?" Oreat < >od what a aight meet* hia eve ' And a* he lend* ht>i aid the Utra ai>? rnklln* down bis cheeks u Kor twenty prooeiatona I would not bale bad this happened," raj* he Col. Dennis is there too, and poor Bill U In Warn at tbe night. Some of the bystanders take the poor fellow, who but a moment before wait all life, andexulting at tbe Illumination with bin fellow demoerata, an insensible mare ?f clay, to the sar^eona of the New York Hospital. "TrHe e?t (a tie," exclaims the democratic philosopher, and on goes the mans of living beioga. Th? G M.pawes up tbe Bowery?mora of those Infernal Ore-works ; and now come some of those whig omnlbusts. The drivers ply their whips, just as 1/ they thought to scare democrats But look at Professor Grant. Like his namesake Jem, he keeps his eye on tbe picture He turca the points of bis light rlup dash at those horses'heada?two seconds do it : tbe horses atand as quiet aa lamba i-hirerlng in a frosty morning?tbey are too aetnntahed to travel; it beats Barnum'a small affair; they don'C knew what to make of it, and ?o stand still until Grant and hla apparatus get by. On goes tbe proeeaslon up Grand. Now tbey atopabit: something la oat of order, and away gee* ('apt.. Mort Kairohild. to earry an order. "All right General." and "more on again." "Forward I" ia tbe reply. The windows, and doora, and ftoopp, are crowded with girls-democratic girls? nor c of yoar upper crast fancy concerns, bat girls with hearts imd souls, and ht-atb, (It to make go >d wive* ana momera in nonest <ins?rving mtin. Lewis street ii< ranched Still cheered ; and now ? are in the ('Id 11th Here are people. The Drnmmond la gt.ing it like a thousand of brick up Houatoa. Look ?t tbe wemen and glrla retting "IT flre-wcrkg. Now we are In the Bowery. ''What the devil aila that DmmniondV' '-It 'aini out jet; it rallied " 'Now it'aagoing', going?bell, it'* going out." ' I km-w It would when we git among the upper ten." "Damn them whig*, they've clone it." The Drummnnd is out; and aa the bead of the proeesMon move* acroaa Broadway, In Ninth street. all hopn from Professor Grant ia at an end, and hia oinnibua take* ita departure, sorrowfully, down Broadway. The procesaion la movinj? among tbe merchant palace* in the Ktf'eenth ward. No cheer*, nowelcome; but the head of tbe procession Ik cheered by tbe ringing shouts that come from the I rear. *' Never mind, boya." ahouta a atentorian voice; 1 tbe democracy can travel anywhere " ' Tbe whig* | love karknes* rather than light a* General Jackson raid." ''The Drummond knew when to keep np, and when to go out " " Tbat* a faot,'' rayn another; "it shone first rate when it wax in the dwmoeratlo warda, and went out en purpose when it got on tbla aide of Broadway, among tbe whig* " " Mood boy." It ia ntar midnight a* the head cornea down to the JXHOT. L.Hr{!? DUUIW oitii nicll on alio |0H no*H. TV* wi.'t Talk sate is reached. " Crofts to Tammii;." shout the Kmplres. No go ' Keepdown Broad ? ay '* ' Bli nked up." " Go aroood the AKtor, than;*' sod around the Astor. down Barolay. through Church, np Ve'fjf, to I'ark H?>w and old Taoimany. The O. M. baltn? the crowds mnvi> on home?up go the rockets? the bar room is All* I ; and while thn tired (reap* ir? d ftcuM-log tlif incidents of the proeesslon. we drop oar pencil and go to bed, perfectly satisfied that the real Tiiddiihj democracy are hard to beat, either la real ua or real fight. City Politic*. At a meeting, held on the evening of the 1st NoTtmber, 18-18. at No 432 Fourth street for the purpoe* of inestioning the right of the Corporation of Trinity t hurch. to hold tn? property not in tb?ir hands, claimed by them as?theirs and reviewing their eifiMi for committing the high banded wrongs and outrageoan acts of which they have been guilty, \1r. Win. O. Butler was appointed chairman, and Mr. Thoma* C. Murphy, secretary, when thefollowlug prambles and resolution* were offered and unanimously adopted W hercas, There il no power more dtngernu* to Ike interest* of the State, ilian corporations amassing avast s mount sf wealth, a nil lining it to pri muto their n?n interests: and Mhtress, Irinit) Chnreh is <ueh an institution, and hasl-oasted of its " political wcUht as reuuirii-g euasidsratioaaad Ml cress, Trinity Church his bee* re*ularir ohartsrsd on a fraaau.enl grant, said to havs bran made in 1706; s?id (raac never having teen signed by the alleged ^rau'. ra, aor the seal of i,(See affixod thereto; and Whereas Trinity Church haa maintained |?issesalon of lu immen? wealth by cienns of fraud, as it was unknown, till lately, that the first* sued > ran*, ws* unsigned and unmsisd, as the* have Ivavs rridnoe'l an ' ofllee-conv " when called anon, tfcisim canting Irgialatorii, ?nil otter*, to beliem tbat Um original wm correct in form ud (nut; and Wfwii, Trinity I hnrch illegally holds r^Mtaaion of miDiio* of dcl'ara which belong to the people of ihe Stata. and wliielv if U thu-jM 1-e <m hcate d to the Statu, would pay off th? KtaW debt lelieve people from taxation, and increaae the common Mhoil fund; ai.d Wlituw, Trirify Chnrch, in 1C46, dented the authority of th* Lcii'att ie to <?il < n t> i'tn for an account of it* ittwardahip j and W herean, According to their own report, madi under protent. to tli*j Senate, they l ave forfeited ttieir charter, by haTtng a gfater irct m? thau tl ey are entitled to kttolvtil, That we will meet Trinity Church in the political f.e'd she baa to long occupied, and n,ak? a trial of right agaiait might: Vefolved. That Hamilton Fl?h, having been addre*<ed on tJio rohject, hai refused to notice our commnnkatioa, and in, therefor*, not t mitied to our fnpport, and keeolvtd. *lh?t an (ho llun R. H. Walworth ha? l*"a addfij on the same aul ject. and ha* dinolaimel having anything to do with it. In it *l??, ihereft re. nitentuhd to onr mipport:anJ Kffolved, 1 bat n* the principle* of On. John iL Dlx. and Um other candidate* o! the free aoil party, coincide with our own. w>> ill tl mn-t, ro line all h? norahld rriMin? f.o a*rnr* Lh+tr nlMtinn snd recumR end ill otir fallow eituoua in tb? Stale, to twppert tbe ?b"ve car.Il l* en f< r State oflieca. Revolted, That tlieto preamble! and molutiona be poklmbed h? (lie city papert; and all papn tlroiig) out t!i? State, faroraile to the riDn?, lie re<)uetttd tu give them ?n insertion, and mU itMstion to them. I'pon motion, the meeting then adjourned. WM <1 BUTLER, I'regldent. Tho*. C. Mvrmit, Secretary. Police Intelligence. Charft of Jihduction ?A complaint fU made ymterday before luetice Lothrop, under the new li* for the punlahmeat of induction, by a very good looking young girl abeut 17 year* of aga. by tbe name of Eliza bi tb Stewart, retiring at No. 2ti '1'iinity I'laoe. 8h? ret forth in ber affidavit that aboot tbe 2?Hh of September latt. one Charlee l.awron paid hla addreeree to hn. and after ?ome little oourtebip he auceeeded in th? reduction of ber virtue, und?r tbe primia* and agreement to marry ber. but inatead of doing to ha left and atnndoned licr. The statement of thl* poor girl wax t orroborated by Agoex <ioodbull, who frequently beard tie accored ray that he ?m engaged to be married to Klixabeth, abd that he had on aeveral ocaaalona had Illicit lntercourm with her. |The facta rat forth, coming within the meaning of the new law, tbe magistrate irrued hir warrant for tha arrert of Lawaon, ard placed the rame in the hand* of officer Iceland, wbo proceeded at once on board of the ahlp lows, lyinj^ i. .1... r.nr...?i> _kuk .hi. <i>. accused t? one of the ofllcers On the offleer making the arrest, the mix of the ship refused to allow tht> prisoner to leave tbe fhlp. and thereby compelled the officer to return without blm Measures, howerer, will tie taken to day by the magi-trate that will ihim the mate of caid sh|> that tueh interfere no* with tha police authority of tbi* elty. *111 not b? tolerated llrary Butintu at the Tomht ? Daring the last month the magistrates at the lower police court, have <*< mmlttfd for the deliberation of tbe Or and Jmry ot the ( ourt of SfMionr, which < Impannelled to-day. 61 cnrm of grand larcenies, and about three tiflsss that amount of petit larcenies This large number of felons* doii't thow tbat crime Is on the decreets, bat ijulte the contiary ? Moneyed Pauper.?The Rochester Amtruan of the 3<l n st Brtys that as the Police Magistrate an l tbe Overrents of the I onr were proo??dlng homewards on tbe ??rtilSK of the latlnat, thsy were as o a'ed t>7 miserable looking ton of the Kmarald Ills, who begged afen eenta to entbU blm to gat lodging*, * otherwise b? munlielo tb?*tr?eta After qnaaOoning blm. tbey fa?e Mm th? charity aoltaltad, Um orarmr r?qur*tictr him to callafh'e ofllooln tb? wrnlnf, He did to. and bagged farther aid aa he daalaod to go Writ and repretented 1)1*)'elf wholly withovt Meant. Mr. St?*ena, the Orereeer. qneitlonnd hl? wnwhrt clo#ely. and euajanting *11 tu not right, h*4 blm ?i amln?d, when an old atephlng *m found l**ld* of hi* Teit ecnta'i Ing the foltdwln* Rami, t!?: 30 tortnUai, 80 ; 1 ?0 in Amtrfoao grid ; ft In aUT?r.**d il7S In bank notea, Baking the groaa ?uin of thra?>ha*drad and thirty three dollar* and alghty aanta ! After d?dnctlcg from bla exchequer the coat of hi* night'* Irdying acd the aaareh, be waa dlamUaad with a* ?? phatlo ii junction to Uara the city. He InataaUy otejt d Such Inetaneea bare oenoired In thla ?'.ty, la one i f which a pauper wa< searched at the poor haoaa, ?nd f 3,0C0 found upon Uiin,