Newspaper of The New York Herald, November 10, 1848, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated November 10, 1848 Page 1
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TH NO. 5273. THE EUROPEAN NEWS. SPECIAL CORRESPONDENCE NEW YORK HERA.LD. fee. &e. kc. Ireland. 8HTENCK IHPON THOMAS PRANQI6 MKAOIIRR, TERENCE BELLSW M'MANI'S, AND PATRICK O'DONOHOK. 7U. Solicitor-OinntL shortly afterward* rose nlitld- I humbly ao??. your lordships. that rVrenoe B#lrw M'Manus. Patrick O'Doaoboe and Tboma* Ft* nets Meapber, be brought up for judgment. The court gave directions that the prisoners should he Mat for. Mr. Butt, Q.O., addressing their lordships, said, ai it was not Deossary for the prisoners to be present at wfcathe was itoing to say, be wished to speak to the court relative to the two points raised on Saturday evening, on behalf of the prisoners. Chief Justice Blackbu?nb? We hare already had tbrm under onr consideration, and we don't think there is much substance In them; but we shall farther consider them Mr. Butt?Might I refer your lordship to the note upon that case in 2d Hawkins, page 437 ? Chief Justice Blackburnf..?We shall consider the ttre. The most profound silenoe and the most intense Mxiety then prevailed in oourt. in expectation of the arrival of the 41 traitors," all eyes being turned to the deck to observe their first appearanoe. Tbetr manner Sftd bearing were prtoUely what they had been all tferough? firm, manly, and unflinching. Even at that solemn aDd trvad'ul moment, their oourage, coolness, or self-possession never once left them. ADDRESSES OF THE PRISONERS. After the lapse of about ten minute*, Messrs. Met,- j O'Donohoe. and M'Manus, were placed at the fear, and tbeolerk of the crown addressed them in the usual form, recapitulating the terms of the Indictment, and then said?*'Hare you anything to say why sentence of death and execution should not be passed jionyou according to law ?" SPBKCH OF M'.MANT'S. Mr. M'Manus then, in a firm and distinct tone, Mid?My lords, I trust 1 am enough of a Christian and > enongh of a man. to understand the awful responsibility of the question that has been put to me. My lord*, standiogon this my native soil?standing in an Irish court of justice, and before the Irish nation, I bare much to say why sentence of death, or the sentence of the law, should not be passed upon me. But. mj lords, on entering this oourt. I placed my life?and. wbat is of much more importance to me. my honorin the hands of two advocates ; and, my lords, if I bad ten thousand uvea, ana ten inounanu uonors, i would be content to place them under tbe watchful and tbe glorious genius of the one, and the high legal ability of tbe other?My lords. I ana content. In that regard I have nothing to say. But I have a word to ay, whloh no advocate, however anxious, can utter forme. 1 have thin to ray. my lords: thai whatever part I may have taken through any struggle for my onntry's Independence?whatever part I may have acted in that short career, I stand before your lordships now with a free heart, and with a light oonsei?nce. ready to abide the issue of your sentence.? And now. my lords, perhaps this is the Attest time that I might put one sentiment on record, and it la this :?Standing as I do. between this dock and the oaffold, It mty be now, or to morrow, or it may be never ; bnt whatever tbe result may be, I have this sentiment to put on record?tbat in any part I have token, 1 have not been actuated by animosity to Englishmen; for I have spent some of the happiest and most prosperous days of my life there, and in no part of my career have I been actuated by enmity to Englishmen, however muoh ,1 may have felt the injustice of Kngllsh rale in this island. My lords, I have nothing more to say. It Is not for having loved Kngland less, but for having loved Ireland more, that I itand now before you. Mr. O'Donohoe was the next toaddreaa the court Which he did with muoh energy and distinctness. iMrmlulon to read the observation* he Intended to make, and the ceurt offering no objection, It* read from a manuscript what fjllows:? BPKKCH OF o'DOXOHOE. * My Lords?I beg to say that the Attorney and Solicitor General have conducted the case against me Jkirly, but strietly, and I And no feult with them, or With the evidence given against me. so far ae It was acted on bj the jury. My Lords, I do oomplain, that Id such a county the jurors summoned to try me, a atranger, for a political offence, were ixelustvely poll" ical opponents; and with such a panel. I regret that your lordships did not, ts my counsel requested, allow my jury to have been called from those who had not served, or been rejected, on a former trial. My jury, thus selected, could not be supposed to overcome all bias, and I believe they formed a moat mistaken verdict. "Mr. Justice Moore, in his dirsotion, told the jury that if I assisted Mr O'Brien, whilst engaged In a treasonable design. 1 was guilty of treason, although I j Blight not kDOW 01 nil IDWBi; auu iruu meir rmuw nendation. It appears that they found me guilty on that direction. To one unlearned in the law, and supposing that treason depended on !nt?ntion, it feema contrary to common sense that I can partioirite in a treasonable design, of the existence of which am ignorant. I do not, however, presume to dispute the law aa your lordehip has stated it, but ni earthly Judge la infallible; the doctrine is so startling, and one stamped with the authority of Mr. Moore a high oonstituti >nal character, that would form a precedent dangerous to the lives and liberties of the best Ben, I humbly request your lordships to reserve the point for the consideration of the judges. If your lordrhlp be in error, that error ought to be corrected. If not, it will be a protection to every one to know that the law so laid down has been confirmed It is not fit on this solemn occasion to defend my pinions or conduct. I will, therefore, only say, that those opinions hare always been tolerant, sincere and eonsistent. 1 am grateful to my eminent counsel, Mr. Butt, for till eloquent and truly able defence ; the more so because tbat defence was generously given withaut fee or reward: and given, too. to his political antagonist I 1 cannot express my admiration for the ingenuity and great talent shown by my junior counsel?Mr. Francis Meagher, and hi* leal in my defence. 1 also beg to thank my solicitor. Mr. Laffan, for the ability with whloh he conducted my case, aod the great exnrUonn made by him on my behalf. I thank your lordship for this patient hearing. Mr. Meagher then proceeded to address the eourt. He was drested in his usual atyle, appeared in excellent health, and bore himself through the trying ordeal with fortitude and manly di<nlty. Expectation was raided to the highest point, and a breathless anxiety seemed to pervade all in court to hear the sentiments of the young patriot on this solemn occasion? the last which his countrymen Would hear from his llpi. He fpoke as follows SPKEC'H OF MKAOIIER. Mt Lords?It is my intention to say a few words only. I desire that the last act of a proceeding whUh has occupied so much of the public time, should be of short duration. Nor hare I the indelicate wish to elose the dreary ceremony of a state prosecution with a ain display of words. Did I fear that hereafter, when I shall be no more, the country i have tried to serve would think ill ef me, 1 might indeed avail myself of tnu POlHDin IDOIDHDl 111 riaulCiHU UlJ reuuunmn BUM my conduct Out I have no such fear. The country will Judge of thou* sentiments and that coniuctina light far different from that In which the jury by which I have been confided have viewed them: and bv the country, the* which ynu, my Lords, are about to pronounce, will be remembered only an the revere and solemn attestation of my reotltude and truth. Whatever be the language in which that aentenee be spoken, I know that my fate will meet with sympathy, and that my memory will be konrred. In speaking thus, accuse me n t, my lord*, of an indecorou) presumption. To the efforts I have made In ajustand noble cause. I ascribe no vain ImImportance?nor do I elaim for those efforts any high reward But It so happens, and it will ever h*ppem so, that those who have triel to serve their ottfintry. no matter how weak the eff>rt m?y have b?e*. are sure to receive the thank* and blesnings of Its people. With my country, then. I leave my memory?my sentiments ? my acts?proudly feeling that they require no vindication from me this day. A jury of my o>uutrym>)o, it is true, have found me guilty of the crime of <vhiot> I stood Indicted For this I entertain a >t tie elifhtest ftellng of resentment towards them. Influenced as tbt y must have been by the charge of the Lord t'bief Justice, they could have found no other verdict. Whatof that charge ! Any strong observation* on It, I feel sincerely, wonld III befit the solemnity of this mruwtm- hut. I vnulil uiirnestlv beseech of vou. my lord? I you who on that bench ?whnn tin pa**iona and prejudice* of thin hour ha*n pa?*?d * v-ty. to appeal fo your own conscience. nod to a'k oftt, *m charge, an it ouahtto have been. imp*rtWI and Indifferent between tne subject and the orownf My lords, you may deem thi* language unbecoming in uia, and, ptrhap* it may Real my fat* Hut I an here to speak the tiuth, whatever it may co*t; I am h?rn to regret nothing I hare erer dona?to r?traot nothing i Ii>t? T?r?aid. I am here to crave, with no lying Up the Ufa I eonneerate to thn liberty of my country. K*r from it; even hera?here, where thn thief trie libertine, the murderer, have left-their footprint* in th? du't; here, on thin spot, w b c re thn nhailown of d?ath *urround mo, nnd from which I lea my aarly grave In an unaunointed noil apnnnd to reneivft n??? uTrn hern, encircled by the?n terror*, the hope which han beckoned mn to thn perllou* **a upon whlah I have beon wracked, ntill con?ole?, aulBintea. enrapture* mn. No, 1 do not d?*pair of my p.ior old country- her pi-ace, her liberty, her glory. Kir that country I aan do no mora thin bid her hnpo. To lift tbl* Inland up -to make hnr a benefactor to humanity . instead of being tbemeancit beggar in the world - E NE MOR] to rcntore to her hnr D?tl vo powers and h?r ?noUat i eonatltatfan. thin hw bean my umbtUon. and ttal? am- I bltion hia b?eo uijr crime. Judged by th? U* of Eo< but the history of |r?land eipUlos this orims, and justiflea it. Judged by that hiatory, I *m ao criminal ? | you (addressiug Mr. M'Vfanu*) are no criminal ? yoa (addressing Mr. O'Donohoe) are noeriolttl-1 d??erv? no punUbmeat?we deserve no punishment. Jul<ed by that blatory, the treason of which I stand convicted loses all it* guilt, Is sanctioned a? a duty, will be ennobled aa aa a sacrifice With these aentira?nt?. my lord, I await the sentenoe of the eoart. ilav!n? don* what I felt to be my duty?hiving apokeu wh*t I felt to ba the truth, aa I have done on every other oaotftion of my short career, I now bid farewell to the country of my birth, my passion. and my death -the country whose misfortunes h ve invoked my sympathies? wboae faetiona I have sought to atill?whose intellect I bare prompted to a lofty aim?whose freedom h?s been my fatal dream. I offer to that country, as a proof of the love I bear her, and the slnoerlty with which I thought and spoke and s-niggled for her freedom?the life of* young heart, and with that life all the bop**, the honors, the endearments of a happy and an honorable home. Pronounoe, then, my lords, tbe sentence which the law direst*, and I will be prepared to hear it. I trust I shall be prepared to meet its execution. I hope to be able, with a pure heart and perfect eompoaure. to appear before a higher tribunal?a tribunal where a Judge of infinite gooiness,, aa well as of justice, will preside, and wh?re my lordi many, many of the judgments of this world will be reversed. THE SENTENCE. Chief Justice Dohebtv proceeded, amidst the moat profound and solamn alienee, to pronounce the dread sentence of the law. He said?Prisoners at the bar, Terence Bellew M'Manus, Patrick O'Donohoe, and Tbomu Francis Meagher, after deepconsideratian before entering into this oourt, it was my intention la tbe performance of the very painful doty that devolve* upon me. not to have prolonged your stay at that bar by any lengthened observations. You, each and all of yon, itand there, having been convicted by the ver . diet of three successive juries, of the crime of high treason?a urime of the greatest enormity known to tbe law ; and I feel bound to ray this, that it is tbe deliberate. dispassionate, and calm opinion of this oourt, tbat the verdiots which were found by those juries, and the verdict which was foand by a firmer jury, could not have been other than they were?that n> honest, fair, impartial, conscientious jury, attending striolly to their oaths, and listening to the evidence that was produced in this oourt In the oourse of theie unusually protracted trials, oould have come to any other conclusion than that whioh they have diao. j They bave prooouncitd y?u. one and all. guilty of tbe crime of high treason. That crime consists in having ! levied war In this oounty within the last week of tbe month of July?having levied war for treasonable puc, poses; and that you and eaoh of you. more or less, par ticipatvd in, excited to. prepared far. and were your selves some of you aotively engaged In the furthers of that project. In order to constitute the crlu i I high treason by tbe levying of war. it is no ln^rudi-at that the means shall be proportioned to the ? ud nought I v" anil thut rhrtPtt u ruM An a 1 prospect of succej. Parties who h a en^a^vi in such transactions, become responsible f thny have array**, assembled, collected, drilled, o ri ared. those who mre by force to endeavor to ac ' the common object that is in view. * * * * I have merely to exhort each o reflect on the awful situation ia which you . at stand, and prepare for the dreadful fat udi over you. We have not failed to Bend, a duty, to the Lerd Lieutenant the recommeuiu.,.. ,th which the juries in your respective cases have acoimpinled the verdlcta that have been found against you. But you must be well aware that it is with the exeoutive government, and with the exeoutlve government alone, that tbe fate of theBe recommendation rests. And we, in the discharge of onr moU anx ious, irksome, and painful duty, have now to pronounce upon you, one and each, the most awful sentence of the law. [Here their lordships assumed their black caps, which caused a shudder of horror to pervade the crowded oourt.]?That sentence Is, that you Terenee Bellew M'Manus, yon Patrlok O Donohoe, and you Thomas Kraneis Me'gher, be taken hence to the place from whenoe you came, and be thence drawn on a hurdle to the alace of exeontton ; that eaoh of you be there hanged by the neck until you are dead, and that afterwards the head of eaoh of you shall be severed from tbe body, and the body of each divided into four quarters, to be disposed of a? her Majesty may think fit. And may Almighty (K>d hive meroy upon Jour souls ! Their lordships then retired from the enrh At the conclusion of the preceding sentenoe.the pub He feeling, which had riaen to an Intense state of excitement. during its delivery and that of Mr. Meagher'e eloquent addreaa. jpanifeated itself by a Jt>w. subdued, and thrilling murmur of grief. All aeemed affected with aympatby and admiration for the young patriot, and his two brave companions - whom the severity of the law had oondemned to so barbarous a fate ; and many were the tears, which on that solemn oeoasion, attested on the part of political opponents, equally with private friends, admiration for thn sincerity which had prompted the aotions of the acoused, and the fortitude which upheld them during the dreadful ordeal through which they had passed. The patriot " convicts" alone were nnmoved. Tli-y hoard the sentenoe with flrmnejs and composure. They quailed not before the judgment of the court, nor trembled at the dreadful doom which assigned tbnm to theaeaffold. Mr. Meagher, in whose features glowed the proud consciousness that before the high tribunal which adjudged him to death he had sufficiently vindicated his motives, rtood at the bar in a manly but respectful attitude, and gazed rou nd the orowded court witn perfect calmness and compojure. On his rigat Terence Bellew M'.\Unus, whose simple, touohiug words on that memorable occasion, rushing from the heart, 10 strikingly exemplify his mnnly spirit and true sincerity of nature, stood ereet. unbending, and undaunted ; whilst Mr. O'Donohoe. with equal courage and equal fortitude, was pr-ptred to meet the wont fate which might be in reserve for him. Never, in this unhappy land, where the courage of Tone, and F.m mft.ibd b iizgeraia. n%? cuaueugcu kuo aumiKivivu Ui mankind was there greater heroism than that displayed by these devoted men. Never, in the world's history, wan an untimely and cruel fate (tor suoh It is, ?T?n though It be mitigated from death.) borne with greater fortitude or more stoical resignation, j Mr. Meagher and bis companions cordially saluted their counsel, who appeared much affected by the solemnity of the scene ; and having shaken hauls with some friends who crowded round the ilock. they retired from the eourt in the same frarless and intrepid rpirit with which they had entered It. Before the judges left Clonmel, they intimate! to the clerk of the crown that the rule of court respecting the two men, O'Donnell and Shea, who bad been committed during Mr. Smith O'Brien's trial for refilling to give evidence against that gentleman.wa<. that they should be each imprisoned for twelve calender months and kept to hard labor, and at the expiration of their trrm ot imprisonment pay dnes to htr majesty of X10 each. On Monday last a detachment of 4th Light Dra. " >h. mith goons. neaaeu oy tapt. um.u, regiment of foot, commanded by Lieutenant Skinner. 40 men in mil, left Oort. for the purpose of oolleoting poor rate* In the parish of Klnvarra, eight miles from Uort. There were aUo 60 of the police fjroe. commanded by T. MeMahon. 8. I., anj J Davy*, sttpendiary magistrate. On panting through the Tillage of Klnrarra. the cars that were to oonvey away the oorn, being at the rear of the military, were laid hinds on suddenly by the people there, who upset the horses and the car*, but assistance was immediately rendered by the force at hand. They went on for the distance of a mile and a half, until they came to the district they I were to distrain on. when a barricade ob)truated thxir passage. They then got on another road lea liog to the same district, when a barricade partly formed, met their Tiew. protected by about .'!00men and women. They refused to let the armed for<:? pass, and said they would rather sacrifice their ll?es than permit it. Thny were told resistance would be nseles?; but they persisted torn tiutain their ground. The riotact was rea 1 times, and still they would not give way, when the pil'c? wer-j ordered to cbarpe with fixed bayonets, K'i *bo the 80th. ; stones were thrown by the people, many of who n re c?lv?dsevere wounds In the charges of the police. Th?y then commenced a guerilla warfura from behind the w?l|g. and peverely Injured dome of the police and military. One of the police got a most severe cut in the face, and Mr. Davys and htH horse were struck two or three time* The notice drove the people for a quarter of a mile into the fields, but th?y w?r? a' certain to be back again to the scene of action. Mr. Davys did not with to shad blood by ordering the military or police to Ore. and it being lata in the day. he ordered them to tnrn round and proceed home. Much praiae Is due to the forbearance of the authorities an urn >n{ such a determined people there is not the l?aU diubt but much blood would have been ahed There w.n a greater number of people farther d>wn toward.-* the faacoant, protesting auother barriatdc, la ea<e the people above should be scattered. Of oourse there will be a greater foice brought down there In some few davs. This unian Is in n wretched way; the pjnr house, built for 500, with sheds. In now holding i 000 and a 6s. rate, which now mtkes Ha la tlie p >uu l this year. and ?1 000 i)an of thu union, leaves u? in a potr way Indued.? Irish paper. Our Irl?li ('orrenpitnileiire. Duni.i*, October J7,1818. The State Prisoner! Parliamentary Sitting* in Dublin. 4r. The sentence on the State prisoners has beau commuted. and the Tfnel whioh !? to convey them inlo exile ban been ordered to prepare. The m-roy thai fhown to the prisoners has Riven satisfaction to all parties. But, although sentence of death was pronounctdrn nil the prisoner*, It was supposed thai the cxltem* penalty would not b<i enforced. particularly as the executive have hal their desires and wishes fully attnlned. in despite of the surpassing eloquence of Mersra. Whiteside and Butt. Mr. O'Brien and his associates arn now beyonl the pale of doing misohief, and only "ait tht> moment of thrir departure with patienca. Tne sum* result m iy be calculated on Mr. DulTy'atrial. The (irand Jury wnr.? to find truv bill* Vhls morning or y-mteri.-iy. Judge ???n?? ???m W V 0 KING EDITION?FRID Moore addreMed them. The bills found at lute m. mMelon bifa been abandoned ;for la the new billu re added article* from the iMt number of the Nuian, which wu seined before It hal been published. ai a'no | Mr. Duffy'* letter to Mr O'Brien, whiih h*d be-n found in the ls.Ue.-s portmanteau and p'or^d nn n hli trial, both of which are deemed of themselves tutfl ilent to uunvlotthe prtaonere. aa they prove m<*ift tint toe i and acquiescence In the late attempts at lasurro ul'in. The following prisoners hare been lilxrated nu the order of the Lord Llentenanton b*ll: ? Wm Yla'.hews, ( has Taaffe Patrick Marran Jr., Wte ciltor of tht Droghcda .irgw; Mr James Crotty, Mr Win. Wal*1!, and Mr Jamee Baker, officers of the* \< sia'anta Club; C. M Rookford. 0?#n O'.Vtill, Krau^i* Uabbftt, Justin Supple, end Jumi O'Kyan vfr Patrick O'HIgglns. Mr Stephen Jetlery, subeditor ?t the TViAunt, and \lr Ju. Brennin, on.' of the writers of tbe Ft Ion. still remain in Belfast j*ll The trial of the parties wtio stabbed thn pMlctniii Byrne, hai terminated in a verdict of not iriiity on II ?be count* ?f the indintraent. but guilty of ao>*n bod asraalt. Byrne Is (till very delioite ; hw h ?* been allowed tc retire on fall pay. [ ?A-\ a ?ear J Tom Lor i Lieutenant gave him a gratuity of ?50. and vu-vtorip tions to the amount of between ?200 and ?300 have been collected for him. so that he did not lose by the late events. The verdict of the jury in Mr. O'Brien's ease hn not been loct upon the country. The following l?tu-r baa been received by Mr. Manaeragb, the foremin: ? Sir?I received iufel'igeree that yon wore a Fore of -he Jury onthetryalof Mr. Smith (('Bryan, an I fiat yon rotor <u I to a verdict ofgeilty on the noble a il iiigli mindel min. Butty the great man < f God 1 awure il he h? rxe.Mit.'cl aoooril n to hit entMOfe, that you may be mire of a fate similar to hid and aU> your unmanly ?ava?e?it hr-iber-be sure of hi* fata. Antin f tell you be jiicparra to meet the cruel dot that ever wa< Initio"! I on any human Mn?If Mr.O'Brin be honn or transported - Pur by the Lord of Heavrn end Barb, theyh'tnd tint write thie will (* <<1 you and your brother >oul to the soordiin timet > f (>-jr. dition. Signed by your unrevongoi enemy. To Mr. Manner Gerrane. Tbe following Is a copy of the petition, as agreed on by the oommittee ot tbe society for promoting the annualnittingi- of the Imperial Parliament in Dublin, which was adopted at a meeting held on Monday last. may If pic??e yvur -uujcagy . We, theundeniRnedauMeeuofyonr Wa^eUy, strongly injpreie. ed Willi th> condition of Ireland, a id belie?in< th?tthe oiri l>nauncea which conatitute the fair portion of t.? United Ki <3 i mo a burthen to Great Britain and the repro&oh of tiu nlvflliol w< rid, may le in atreat defi?e>era >red by >u arinnil m?oUn< ol tie Iiupe T?I I'arli motitiu Dublin, for t ie transM'.i n of ir : 'i businean, ata sta'ed period of eaoh n>?ion : *111 bel'evinz t me an hmeaaute would extinguish aaiUtion and tw priliutiva of tlie moat important, as well aap>liuotl benefit to Ireltn I, m well aaof the whule empire. Un? hly solioitiog your Miie-tv, rhit 10 the exercise of ti e prerogative whioh the couatitu i m wiaely placeaii your majusiy'i lian I1 to determine when ami wiere the farliamcnt shall be holden, may h 1 irwioualy pl-xw I 11 direct that it shall be lit-Id peri* iealfv in Dublin, aud your patitioneis, as in duty bound, will evar orav. WM. FITZJBRALD, Chilrmso. The Listowel poor-law gmrdinoo are goin< to memorialize the Lord M?iitenant on th?groun li ' That it th? opinion of the board th*f. unlem mm pr-tctinal mode of remedying the evils of the present ay .turn of tain' ider thf poor-law be gen-ra'iy aioptelaod supgeMed to the . vernmeat by the r-ite-Dtyerit of Ireland " It is hopuleci t<> espeot that tti?ir vixws in this important oubjeot will hare that weight with the legit-Mure which thej deslr*. Three bailiffs were last week murdered in Clonmel whilst in care of property seised for poor rate*. Tie Lerd Lieutenant has direeted ten eonotablea to he stationed in the locality for the next three month*, and the two townWuds la which the murders wxre committed, to be oharged with their eipens?n TbU hat made the farmersvery much disoontente-1 but it i4 a very good method of stopping such crimes. The murderers have sinoe been arrested ; they are stranzers. and hired by parties t >t the purpose. On Tuesday night Jenny Liud made her first appearance at the Theatre Koyal; and a* on every former occasion, the house wa< densely oroirdil. She appeared as Maria in" La Klglia Del Rejiauaeo " Sbe was encored sever*! times, and never vw in better voice. Her acting was euperb Some person in the upper gallery called out Bravo, Jenny,''at the performance of a particular part, which amused Mademoiselle so mueh that with laughter she wa? unable to proceed for some minutes. She h?<< left JCIX) lor the poor- XIMO from herself and X'200 from Lam ley. During her stay heie she dined with the Lord Lieutenant and the Arcbbishep of Dublin. At the dinner purty given by the former, the wore a diamond of tbe value ot ?t> 000 The accounts given by all the provincial paper* Is most disheartening. The prospects of the ooor during the coming winter will indeed be most deplorable. Niwgati Pauoif. > Di bliw, October ito, 1848.$ Particular> of Mr. Bergen't Arreit?Shame/ut Violation of American Rights ?The Mate Prisoner*, f-c. As your valuable journal Is not often burth*ned by an epistle from ' the ipirlts in prison," 1 venture to supply your reader* With one from the veritable oell of Lora Edward Fitzgerald. But, first, yon will say, ' How came yon there ?'' and I will tell you. I came to Ire> land, the land of my father*. on business and pleasure; and, arriving at a time when the natives were on the ! eve of an outbreak for liberty. J was immediately sua. ! pected of - having steamed it over as the Envoy Extraordinary of the American Sympathisers for Ireland;" placed under a system of espionage by the Lord Lieutenant'* army of detectives, and, finally, arreatel at my hotel, in the dead of night, by three armed pollcemen, who searched my person, olothing, bed and chamber utensila, expecting, evidently, to find several of Colt'* explosive projectiles, and much treasonable cor respondence; but they were mistaken. The only ptper 1 had was a letter from my wife, with a look of her hair; vhla was carried off in triumph by theae minions, and I hope its p?rusal was the means of Improving the Lord Lieutenant's morals. 1 was taken to the castle, strongly guarded, placcd in a small, strong room for a ftw momenta, with a guard of four liily-livered ohaps, armed with platola and aworda, an j I oould n it avoid milling at the fear they dlaplayed, but I sjon learned the oause. I was supposed to be an American Gentnl returned triumphantly from Mexico, an t cojh over to lead cohorts of pikes and shillelaghs through the Irish boya to glory. After an awful pause of afe * m>ments. a red faced, sleek looking detective, known as Colonel Browne, brother to the late Mrs Heman*. put hi* knobby red snout to the edge of the door, and gruffly pronounced my name, saying. " You are accused of huh ircapon, ana men turning 10 me trembler*. i>atd, " Are your armi inuood order Htviag b-?en ?n?er- ' ed in the affirmative, he ordered me to N*wg\te. j placing two policemen in, and two outside of the cab. The policemen had previously refused to show ine tbelr warrant, and the pot-valiant Colonel Browne wjuld not exhibit to me tho ' informations'' upon whioh 1 wan arrested. They k pi all my baggage for a week. I called for the intervention of .vlr. Uu^h Keenaa. the I"tilted States Consul of Dublin. II- was ill. but immediately commenced In my b?half. Application was made to Mr. Bancroft, the American Minister at the Court of St James. He was absent in Sootlaai; but Mr. Broadhead, the highly ascomplisbed Secretary of Legation, made prompt application to protect my rights as an American born oititen Since then, m tch correspondence has taken place. The Minister ht< required that the British Secretary of State f>r K.>r-?i<n Affairs should disclose the reasons for my arrest and detention. And the Secretary has stated that the government have information tr im the United State*, (I kunw the scoundrels who reoelve British gold.) that I htve been guilty of treasonable practises, and that theref >re I am arrested under what is called the Aot suspm lin{ the Habeas Corous Act. viz: 11th and 12th Victoria, can. 35. Mr Bancroft has required from m-? a statement of 1 facta, which I have forwarded, and it will bo enough to ay, that the government cannot prove a single overt act against me. unless by the grossest p?rjury wlii ;h I presume they will not, in my case, -fearing " the cloud in the west''- dare to us*. By the London Oloht I perceivethat our minister has demanded my release. This may or mar not be so ; but It is not my intention to let the affair die, and I an a surcd, by many of the first gentlemen of tb<> bar. tiiai tuft Whole proceedings, in my case, have been illegal, vie. that I should have been ordered out of Ireland,if merely suspected under the Allec 1,%*; and that I, an American, should not have been arretted uo lur the ''Suspension Act," on mere suspicion, for I could only be held by positive evidence of aims overt a;t. and that upon such charge I was entitled to be tried immediately, by a jury, consisting of six citi*?us of Dublin and six foreigners. I have detnaa tod a trial several times, to confront my accusers, and have been, by the silence of the government officials, denied ; an 1 I am net even permitted to see the affidavit, if any exist, or to know the names of my accusers Beautiful Knglish law ' splendid British constitutisn ' excellent resnest for the United Nt&ti-a ' But I scorn to complain to my countryman. Th"y have never wiped away the disgrace of having allowed seamen to be Imprisoned from under their Ma*; fir the war of 181 '2 and the treaty of Uhent did not Mettle (hat point. The yielding of the Aroostook territory; the backing out on the '04? 40"' question. as to Oregon, and the pusillanimous conduct of g>verninent as to the murder of our oitl/ens and the burning of tho American steamer Caroline, in the water.' of tlie I niteil States, have continued me that th* British boast with truth when they say, that the Van keen love the almighty dollar more than th?y lore tho honor of their country. If this were n it true, w i,il l the insult offered to the American flaf. lu th* case of the selsure of Terence Bille* McVlanus, on board of the Amerioan bark N. I). Chase, two mile* outside of Cork harbor, have been allowed to remain so long unavenged ' The Lord Lieutenant ot Ireland Insolently forewarned American shipmasters, by his proclamation from Dublin Castle, that he <vould treat them as traitors If they dure ! to take on boar-1 one of the Irish f.fttriots; aud the illegality of the arrest of McMauus. from under the American flag, on tho hi<h s^as, has been proved by the British gvernmont, on his trial for high treason, at Clonmel. This oaf" requires prompt action. If any be intended; for Mr MnManus will shortly be hanged or transported. so that lie may not be placed as near to th't land of liberty at before the Insolent Infraction of the A-bhurton humbug. It Is proper to tell you that the government minions declare that the captain nnd mate of the bark N. 0. Chase shared the reward offered in the an4 Cry for the arrest of MoYlnnus. In Ood's na'ne, can this be true.' Has the noble, the honorable character of tbi' cliivalrou* seamen of Amertoa bven disgraced In RK I AY, NOVEMBER 10, 1 thin Instinct? For the honor of their nmn'ryn-a call on thew man peremptorily to d?ny thi* filtn l-*r? If it ke oo? or to ay at ono? from th? ju?t in llnitwa of tbvir ooan'ryai?n. Am for my-wilf I o >u'd nh-erfufly ?nff?r. ?o1 endeavor to H?.< cftn'eiteHy ia thU "Bleek Hole." on eour bran br?ad an i deo*y?d milk, if I might be permitted to know that my oeuntrynun have not meouaibed to British ?rr >n>vna? and thu they are determined to preeerre an iuviolabU r*{ard lor me weuare 01 our repuonc una tne aonir or its flag. A bold front and a steady eye w > il<1. at this moment. when all Europe is in com'nitinn, And whjn Ireland i? la a horril state of antra and oonfmlon. with starvation and im oh^lnri approaching. shake the British lion out of his boot*, and aettle all disputed points in favor of the United State*, at once and forever, and vitally serve the oause of human liberty. Every letter or newspaper, every remittance, com'ng to any politioal offender, is seized and detained at the post offloe here, by the deteotive system, an 1 never delivered; and although some letter* direoted to Mr. Keenan, the Amerioan consul her*, have b en ooened, it is presumed that any thing for me woul i r*aoh rat. if sent under cover to him. This does not go thr)u<i) bis axeooy. All letters auspeoted. are opened, an l, a* n> n? but the basest creature* o >uld hold such employment. it Is believed that those who are so mean a* to take pay as detectives, .would not miss an opportunity to steal. Thia may aooount f>r the innumerable robberies of remittances within the last four months, from poor people to their triends. Charles (j ?mn Daily, late editor of the Va'ion, and Kevin l?o(i O'Dngberty, of the Tribune, were to htve esoajed t0 America from the north part of this pr no a. Th* j wvre betrayed by one whom they had befriended, and they are now lodged la our part of thu prison. Oliver Cromwell said that there never wan one Irishman on the spit, where there wu not another to superInteud bin roa?tiog. The informer tn this case receives his re-vard and pension These editor* would have given a hUh toBe to American literature, had tbey esraprd Duffy iri to be tried to-morrow, and, although be will take huh and new grouud^a picked jury will a*nure<ily oonviot him. He eutertains no hope of esnape: but ha wi I meet his fate ra intully It Is reported that the Dublin clubs are to rise to his resoue. but this is only a government rate . My fri?Dd Governor Cass oannot have my vote on this ocoa?ion, for I pine "solitary and alone," like a cagtd eagle, ??< remain, as ever, your friend, JAMES BKROKN, of Saw Y. rk City. Our JTrencli Correapoiirtence, Paris, October 25, 1848. Ttrmination of the Discussion on the Constitution?The Italian Opera?Theatricals, <f-c. This week has been signalised by th* termination of the discussion In the Assembly on tho projuat of the new constitution, which took place on Monday even iDg. According to a resolution previously taken, it will be necegsa>y that the projeot be revised, and the revision cannot commence for five days after the olcse of the dlsoussion, thftt Is to fay, until Saturday oust. This revision, however, will be soarcely more than ft formality, ftnd will not occupy more than a day or twj. We, therefore, expect that the constitution will be declared about the beginning of next week. Many persons have been surprised at the apparent indifference with whloh this great measure hat been allowed to yasc. It bat undergone more or less discussion for nearly sixty day* in the Yatioaal Assembly aod, with a few exception* thege discussions have been received with an exiraerdioary degree of apathy and ooldness by tbe public. This ban undoubtedly arisen partly fiom the liesbness of every body's memory who has read tbe history of Franoe mnca 1789. and waioh supplies so many constitutions wuioh have been suocesMVely fabiicaied, and successively thrown aiide, with little reverence for tieaiselves or their makers; but It Is also due to the absence of that living faith in the stability of the republic, which constitutes ho remarkable a feature in tne population ef tbe United States. Uo where you will in America, from the border* of Maine to the shores of tbe Oulf of Mexico, you will find but one sentiment of universal enthusiasm in favor ot tbe republic. Vou will Hod it is termed wbigs and and democrats, but tbe wne not a whit the more enthiitiasuo republican than tbe other. Not so la Kranoe. Tbe provinces are generally t&vorable to monarchy ; some inclining to one, and some to another pretender. The great manufacturing towns are democratic: the capital is much divided. Tbe population of the faubourgs are. to a great extent, republican, but not altogether commingled with the monarchical element. Buonapartlsm flourishes In the banlieud. ng well as there, lee* bo in other parts of the capital. Orleaalstn. also, has its party, as well in legitimism. In short. us t have often already told you,if the country werep jlied, republicanism. I he triumphant would be fiunl in a must insignificant minority Bat if this minority be nail in nuu.ber. it is great in energy; it is also united and fearless, and nothing oan be wore certain than that any attempt at prejent to return to m?narciy wonM involve oirij war. Nv>w, bom?t h!,i l,i 4**p tbe mejority of France may be towards republicanism, it is Infinitely less disposed towards aiviL war. It submits, therefore, to what it bdlleves to be the lesser of the two evils, and it submits In the tacit hope that some event may bring about hereafter the consummation desired by the m<jority, with >ut tbe calamities whioh would attend any attempt at present at tbe establishment of a constitutional monarchy. Nevertheless, it may happen, that If the republic Is enabled to hold its ground lor a certain time if confidence should meanwhile be re-established and commerce revive, if the fundi should recover thecnislvei, if foreigners should rovloit Paris, and the capital should resume its g?y aspect, which bai characterized it of yore, why, then I tulolt it probible that the m ajority may be disposed to be reconciled to the repuol.e, and may even give their cordial support to its permanent establishment. But in the present st-tteof things, to suppose this, would ba t? suppo-te hurnia nature stripped of thei-e qualities whioh have always, and everywhere, characterized it Tne people who possess anything, have seen their property rapidly diminish, and in tome cases altogether vanish; commerce is prostrated. If you want a proof of this. b ivond the visible condliisnot Paris, search the ojrt folio of the Bank of K ranee. The average of ic? we?k1; discounts last year, was nearly INj.uiW.OOO francs; its discounts last week were under seventy mtllloa-i. Visit ths prinoipal streets, and yu win Hat every eighth or tenth shop shut. Inquire among th-t proprietors and the tenants, and yon will ti ad that a large pre portion of those which remain open are rent free. becaUFe the tenant i* unable to pay rent, a ad the landlord ie unwilling to eject him. kn.iwin j thai he can gtt no better. The hotels are eoipCy. rheqlarters i of Paris usually occupied by resident foreiguers are desertfd Proprietors who live on thu rent of their houses, and these aie numerous, are driven to the last extremity. The five por cents.-which before the revolution (iuotuatfd between 110 an! lit nw no* 0s. iltil way shares bare fallen in a still m >re trightful proportion ; those of the Northern, which at one time were !J00, are now litiO, and so firta. \ on c?nnot, therefore, find it tliflioultto conceive that in nu>?h a situation, the utmost distrust and aUrm previil among those who have anything to lute, and this distrust and alarm is quite independent of any politic il opinions. Until the causes which produce this state I of things shall cease to operate, it would be absurd to expect that the republic oan be considered as detluitlvrly established. If the projeot of tha constitution b? reeelvel with indifference, the question of the Presidency of the repubiio certainly is not so. It has been decide! to proceed to the election of the Presi lent so ju atter the vote of the constitution, but a diBl tulty has arisen of a particular kind. The project of the constitution is a 1 series of abstract propositions?a sort of skeleton or scaffolding, upon which is to be erected a system of I practical laws by which the country is to be governed. It is contended, and indeed deoided, that the present Assembly, which was appointed to form th<; c institution. was necessarily iutend'-d also to fr ji those orfanio laws, without which the constitution would be nert. The Assembly has, tberefore, decided that it will n"t d.ssolve itself until these organic Uws are passed. ,1... I... II.... I..I .!/? 1# WAlll.l ha rlllTt flit to lay. Some assert that it cannot bo less than two yeair: at all events tht> period may bo long ? amen too Ion; to allow the country safely 'o rem tin under a provisional government. It hae therefore b-?n deoided that. If, on tie on* h mil, the v-seumly shall continue its session, so, on the other hand the chief of the State shall be elroUd and installed, ?o i? to confer on the government a prmmrut character, notwithstanding the cootinuauce of the fun''ion* of the Naliooi.l Assembly. Rut here arise* th- d (H-uity: the Constituent A- e?.i.i? from 'ti very nature. 1*. politically speaking. omnipotent It derive* from trm people unlimited power# Tne President, who will uow be elected and installed. deriving his power* from the *ame flouroeg, will have an eipial rignt, * ) far as th?.*e powtr* go llow. then cau the power* of the President. a* defined by the constitution and conferred by the people, be rendered c xnpttible with the powers of the Asstuihly also conferred l>y tin p->ople, but unlimited and undefined? If these two pvwers. derived from the same origin, fhould coin-* into o Elision? if an ordinance oftb* President .ihoulil commaa I a thing, and a decree of the Assembly *boul 1 coin o.i'id the contrary, which i* to talle effect, an 1 wao is to de clde between them' This rrave question Is under debate at the time 1 write. We snail ?e If it U brought to ad*tlni'.e ooncluslon b5fore lb d*partiir.? of tun nail. The enoch has arrived at wh'ch what Is ciUel the r?rln season has commenced. The lulian oper* ?the event which usually signalizi-ii this <?p >ch -- h?< o;>on" I) but has opened uudor unhappy auspicei. The subscription list had miserably failed, slth >ujh an ah*1.* ment of the price* hai beeu offered t<? tempt ub?crip* tton. The creat slars, who ha?? i or ye,?rs attracted, have quitted their spheres, and gone to St. IVtersburg and elsewhere Nevertheless a raod.Tat -!y good company has been collected, anl t'n manager endeavor* to supply in variety of psrforinmoe the absence of great ariietic tl taleut. l'be hou-tes lately have been modarataly tilled. generally abmt two-ihlrJs of the seats being o'soupled. but a prac tlced eye can see at a gltnoe. that a Urge portion ot the audioaoe rvpresen'.s what, in trio v,? jtonlary of the greeu room, is called " paper." Doubts are express.) 1 whether this theatre will be enabled to c >ntinu< open. The tirand Opera has announced gruat attract! >n< At present. .Vine, cherito, the dan-?m*e, and Ivr hus. baud. Si. Leon, are the attractions there; but \f - verbeer has agreed to product) hi* celebra'.ed opera of'the Prrphtt." and Hogetand \Uda.n* Viardot an en (aged to perform in it. Muoh Is fr?a thU, tf IERA &4S. i provided the op?r? 1* able to keep abota water us til it nan b? prodnned. The poor Theatre Kratioala. la at ita lowe?t ebb Mil* n?fhfl haa renin ned. the pretext being 111 health b it the real oauae la Mid to be the utter decline of the theatre. The truth N. that theatrea of thla ?la? etnnot be aoitalnod In I'arla, In the abaanee of f>?rel((ri*ri. The minor theatre*, eapeoially tho-? of the Boulevmrda. are more or lean aupported. They are an absolute nefleaaarv of life to the Rourireo?le. >nl It mint h? only at the laat extremity that they wilt be cloa*d. Private partle* are eniirelv at an end There la literally no aaclaty in Pari* The hot-l? of the wealthy re empty and cloned, and even the official reception* of the functionarlea of the government are attended by thnae only who are aeeklng employment The change I 1 the uaual aapeot of P.irN Ix greater than em be conceived or believed by any who do not peraonally witneaa it. Tne game ayatem of agitation by popular hanifiet*. whloh ?si the immediate fire unner of the fall of I.oui* Philippe, and the ailveut of the republic, has lately been ooinmenoed. and 1m no* at it* height Not a day pa?aea. that these great aaaetnh agea are not e >1leeted and addreaaed in the m<>*t ex '.itlug language by demagogue* of every ahada. Onewn held on Sa'.nrdav evening, in the Jardin d'Hiver, in the Champ* Elyteea. at which seven or eight hundred paraona were preaent, including a numhrr of femalea. The uaual atring of toaata waa drank, all breathing the moat extreme democratic apirlt, auoh aa T?e f)*m >era'icand Social Republic!" " The union of Democrat* !" ' To the memory of Fourier !" To the inaargent* of June !" Sic. bo. Another a milar baucjuet waa held on Sunday eranlDg, at which from twelve to fifteen hundred persona were preaent, outaide the BarrWre du Route The aama aerlea of tou<ta was drank there, and the aame Heriaa of apeechea delivered The tribune waa aurrounded by pdlara inecrlbed with the namea of the priaonera of Vlocennes and the filled members of ih? Assembly, liarbrs, Raspatl, Cumflldiire, Louis Blanc, &c.; and another banquet is announced to be held, under the presidency of C*bet;aod another under that of Flo >on. Ill* same mmirestation* am going nr> the departments. If these do not presage another popular movement of some kind or other, analog; is not worth straw in polities. October 26, 1818. A v?ry important resolution wan takio last evankqg by the club of the Hue de Poitiers, which was to v >t? for the postponement of the election of the President of the Republic until aft^r the Assembly -h?ll have panted the omanlc laws, a period, as I have a'ready stated, of probably two years For two years, therefore, will the provisional state of government of France be probably continued.since this determination of tbe club of the Rue de Potters involves the vote of the majority of the Assembly Oeneral Cavagnlaa will almost certainly resign immediately after the vote of the Assembly in this sense. M. (iou tchaux, the Minister of Finance, has resigned, and tbe Mnniteur of thU morning oonttlns the appointment of M. Trovet Chauvel. late Prefect of the Seine, and formerly a banker at Mans, in hU stead. This appointment has not given satisfaction at the Bourse. Paris, Oct. 0, 184-8. The Bourne and Money Market. It was generally expected that the late ministerial change would produce a sensible amelioration in the market. It brought to the government the snpport of the majority of tbe country, composed of peaoeable citizens. indue rious aad long acoustomed to tha development of our various productions. The nation would, it was bop?d. respond to this marked progress in ideas and moderation, by a resumption of business, and less distrust of tbe future. Tbe Bourse, where tbe goid and b4d obanoes of tbe interests of society are invarinbly indicated,wai somewhat disposed to spenlate a riee on the faith ?#f a majority of 525 on tbe vot? of conttducce. Unhappily, it is more easy to destroy tbtn to rebuild, and it itoes not uppvar that we art yet at tbe termination if the difficulties which ware ere tied by the revolution of February. The state of tb?lndirect revenues during tbe nine first months of 1818, has prepared for us a sorry picture Compared with IK47. there is a diminution of 102 millions A deficit was expected, but not so con-iderable. We must, however. console ourselves with the faot, that the lust quarterly account is not to unfavorable as the preaaoiug. The financial and commerotal consequences of tbe general ' bouleveritmmt" in Germany. seem to occupy our speculators at thin moment noti* than any- t thing else. The International commerce of these vase countries with France may be regarded as suppressed for a long time, nnd it is little to be expected that the revenues of Frano* can reeover entirely, ao long as the commerce of the two oountries shall be lntnrrupr.ed. It Is then to be feared that our Minister of Finance will find himself obliged to anticipate the resources provided for tbe public service to ton end of January, 1850. Now. as it is not probable that the government will wait until it has completely exhausted tbe 428 millions of extraordinary resources, before procuring other*, fears as to our future ' financial eituatiou are excited on eaoh oooasion that n?w doouasents, bringing '.he autueat of our finances before up, ara published Thai, the last weekly balance sheet of tbo Bank of Kance h?s produced considerable s? nsatlon iu the market. bectuse It ibows a oontinual falling oil in the amounts of eomMhU discounts that Index of the commerotal mate of tbecountry. The discounts fjr Parte and the whol* of the department! do not exceed 177 million*, while last year at the fame epoch, in a moment of commercial crisis. th?y amounted to 340 millions. Wo ara therefore compelled to see that oomuiereial credit ie ftill far from being established Tbere ie, it in true a little doing iu retail business, but it is all for oash The manufacturer* and merchants will not accept any kind of airangeinent in which bills are offered, because they l can as yet do nothing with them The bankers have not jet recommenced their discount', and positively rerme ' all kind of accommodation. The retail trailers experience all kinds of diflloulty with the b inks of die- | count, iind .here are 110 means of obtaining discounts through the Dank of France Thus all business is crippled, and only what is abso lately necessary, H either manufactured or bought. uDd tbia Hate of things cannot improve until confidence in reestablished. The Bour?", in the midst!of this present and prospective state cf affairs. is depressed and without business. Every thing is in a state of stagnation. Attention I* also directed, on the Bourse, to the affairs of Italy. There, as in Germ my. all is confusion, and there appears to be little immudiate hope of improvement. We are about to apptoioh the period of the eleetion of the President of'.ho republic, and, according t > all | present appearance, our state of absolute apathy is not likely to be ohanged, at all events, until then. On Monday, the Bourse seemed to be somewhat reassured as to the events of Vienna, and it was even . said that the Diet had opened secret negotiations . with Windishitractz to bring about a surrender ot the I city. Our speculators regard the return of the Kmpe- | ror into bis capital, as a very desirable event. Ixoause it would continue the negotiations relative to the affairs of Italy and he would be disposed. probibly fr MB . hh personal position, to make some concessions t > the j aediating parties. A report was prevalent, that the cabinets of Paris and London had sent a note to Charles Albert, opposing formally the resumption of , hostilities. This favorable news produced some pur- | cha'ers. but the great body of speculators stood aloof, waiting among other things the debate whioh will doubtless take place within a few days on the subject cf the budgets of 1848 and 1840. The effect which m*y be produced on the market by the details whioh will i be submitted to the Assombly on the enorm ius dofl- j ciency of these two yrars. is looked forward to with anxiety. The negotiation of a new loan of tour hundred millions in the early part of no*t year,is already fgmaru at the Uour'u as Tory probable 1 he nrinnes* ol the HtooK improved the qiiotAiioaq of b ink shMM, bftidei which, the prion of l.'itIO, to whi}h the; had fallen on Saturday, on acoount of the not *ati?factory state cf the balance sheet a* related to commercial discount*. and the amount of ita demindtble limbtli- , tie* as compared with its immediate meant) necessari y led to name purchase*. The following are the price* for the week : ? 3 perch. 5 per rts. 6 perch. Tr.Bom. Bit. I old. loan. Shi. ! Oct. 1?. .f. 44 40 88 80 OH 8ft ? 1530 "J). . 44 XII I'll -.J on 7U ~ii 1 i>i?i 1 21.. 4125 68 26 68 45 ? 1.800 23. . 44 46 68 (16 6S ti5 ? 1.530 24.. 44 Go 61 85 69 00 ? 1 530 25. . 44 60 68 70 08 00 21\ 1,616 Our Auatrltin Carre?|ii)n<l?ncr. Vicuna, Oot. l'>, 1848. Progreit of Iht Revolution It U now ten day* olnce the revolution began here, ami I cannot well tell you when It Iff likely to termU nate. 1 he movement to the writ of the army of the Camnrilla would appear to indioate an intention to operate a junction with the army of Bohemia, and reduce the city by starvation. On another side, the army of the Croat*. who oooupy the railway of (Jlv glntx. would appear to endeavor to effect It* retreat toward* Croatia If it xhrfuld adopt thix latter course the cnr/is of the army of Col. IVrocel, which ocoupiee l.eitra.l will cut olf hin retreat, and thin troop of brigand.'* once destroyed, tlm llin<iii*n colonel will enter Croatia, and ellect at Agraiu a dernojr.itio revolution. The ?ucceR4 of tut* is ?o riucq the lew doubt- I ful, an the iic-rman part of the hostile army, a* well thoee under Aueroperg a* Jellaohich, U coinplsMy derm rali.?ed. ani only waits u favorable opportunity to join the rank* of the people Thi? apprehension Ik *0 great on the pari of the officers, that t?o Herman rogi nents, on whom they eoulil not rely have been "tattooed at iladen. about six milos from tb-> olty Orn Jodorowitz, who *ai o-jininn l? Msl'taBM of .lellachioh, has been vigorou-dy repulsed by the Undi-turm of Hdngary. nod has been obliged to take r. luge In Styrln. lie ha* gone to Kircblag, with 8,1 HiO men and some artillery. llut then the rnoua'.ain*-rs. who have rlsm as a sin,'!e man will be met with, and hi* complete deft at ) anticipated. ;iuO"i StyrWns. tudmt* iilid peasants. at the first new* of the revolution, hsve marched day and night across the mountain* to join us, giving an additional proof of wuat energy and love of liberty will effect.. Tbese bra*-* fellow* form an advanced post, and are burning to attack the enemy. The Pole* who are at Vienna have also joined the I democratic can** Thia brave troop yesterday pined through (he city to their post*, aligned them by their j gallant Oen. P-ehro. This brave general lit not ,i new man He covered himself with gl >ry at the kb?UV.- of 1 L D. I TWO CENTS. O'kskilt* In IM1 H? la ona of thnn wtra lMrMd man <J?roatly attached t? the ?m? of liberty wttoM blM* ?nrt ?sp?ri?BM ara *lva;a at tba aarrtou of tt* b#ra I* not iia;'t Cro*t left In llnngMy. irltll the eievptton of ? llttlo r*iri?on at th? tronUur of Cfakatf ura, guarding tha brldga of Var?<dla At DnkU. In UBillela. ih? r?%et?on%?y Mrtv hvi Vfvi IIUOU f?iiip **"*7 fc?i 1 ?? n^nvniri'inc llMrf 20 Q00 men Already eorpe of 25 000 AMtrtaa nldltn ii ronr?otr?,? d it Olmuts where tt?? Kaptrdr and Ma Minister W?.i?nb?rg are thin momeut with whkt view, we Khali know hereafter Whitini they may do or attempt, I predict to you 'hat their cauee le Irretrievably io?t Tbey miut. willingly or uawillingly, Kuboilt to the porple. who here el way* bees *nbllnv? In eonrageand devotion Would you b?iieve that it wert with iitink* and pike* that there hrtre wnrklnf wa, I d hy the *'u lent* took the *-innou? of the army mt Auer*p?rg end th?t *inee then, fir ten day* P**t, they maintain ord?-r. and proteot tb- property oftboee who bn*e (taped tbeir brother*. To glee yon an Idea of tbv Influence of the student* over these men, it will ?i (Are to ette one faet. On the 0th, the people ha<S teiied a man. *lRBalis<'d to popular indignation as a violent leaniinniat The erowd demanded hie Immediate elocution; and, already the rope wan at>>at hia neck, and h? hud but a few moment* to lira, when student, making hl< wayihiongh the d*i>?? maei. took the tremMing o-ptive by th* arm, lolatuii ng, ' la th? name of the Foverelgn people, I arret you! Ceidaot the prisoner to the Aula'" Th- crow), appealed itfl if by enchantment, conducted th. ir vi? ini to the untver ity, and thu* his Ufa was s*\ed from the popular fury. Yefterday evening, at six o'clock. a ?aan*oade wm h?ird. It wag a eombat b tween the ad'aoeed gnar<l of th?- Croat*. ?tation*-d at the B?rr er Saint Mtrxee, and the 8t)riaa and Polish volunteer* of wbwnl hav? fpoken. The city lg perfectly tranquil, and, notwithstanding the abtenee of all regular government, and with an armed population of ISO 000 men of whoa two-third*, at least. are of the lower elasaei, the moat perfee' order reign* at all point*, and not the slightest interference ha* taken p'aee with property. Half-past Two.- General Bratieb, w^o ha* arrive# from the Hungarian eamp. bring* the news that tb* n-gm oeiore an engagement had taken plane betweea tbe advanced posts of the Hungtrians aad the Austrian troops, In which the latter were worsted IMS told that the General l? about to vi?lt tbe pointa ef deterce of the city, and to connert with thn chief ef tha tuff the tpeiattons for the defence of Vienna. From a'l sides we have new* of desertloag from tha army of the Camarilla. K p'qnet of Bohemina drauoona hss joined the people with arms and baggage, and kaa this moment entered the city In the midst of Um most enthusiastic aoclamatlonii. Ootober 17. A* I mentioned yesterday, the shieti of the two patrlotfarmtes have combined and arranged their plana of defence, A camp of 26 000 men is foimed at Belvidere Tbe points at which the enemy toold maka an attack are guarded by the Guarl VlobUe and defended by cannon Enthusiasm is at the highest pl'eh. and a message front our Commander-in-Chief of tbe National Guard, who has the command la tha city, to tbe Ban Jellachlch has aummon?d htm t? lay down Lis arms, < r to eipest an anergetic attack As tha Hungarian army advances. tbe army of tha Camarilla retreats and seems to wish to avoid a combat. It waa stated yesterday, to the students, that five linden**, who bad fallen Into tbe pow*r of the enemy. had I'm bung at Initrsdotf, whlih occasioned a rMeat torttati> n 1 he Hungarians decided to take vengeaneo f< r thin ao* of barbarity. and to shoot two qflUer* for every student pnt to death. Tha dipatj RVher, who was reut to tbe Emperor ou a mlreion, hv<sfata telegraphic answer of the Emperor, which is eoasMere* evasive. A great movement of tr?>p* baa taken p'aca on the left bank of the Danube I learn, from Laits, that .'iO COO or 40,< CO men, uqder Windishfraeta, ata marching to form a junction wUL tbe army of Anersperg; bnt, on the other band I hear that an AatW ultra-Srlavist movement, which has broken out at Prsgoe has obliged tbe latter to rctura to fragae with his troep*. Vnn ih um ttikt R?k?l. U -JI-l-l-J - ? - .n nKnm IUI'J mm distinct parties: the German party. whUh wiihw for German unity and a f-derati?e republic; ikt Ickiqtuultra jarty which dunandu th? entabMehmeat of m SelaTt* kingdom, compr'nlnac Bohemia Moravia, tail tbat part of Hungary which ip a^ii tha 8clav? language. and. lastly. the ul ra auti Sclaviato party, who are al*o called the bV?torlral party. Thl? last, whlab makaa common c*u?? with the German demrxirata, confine* itaelf to deelring the establishment of ?|SeUre kingdom. which wou'd comprise UuhecnU nod M'lrava, to tbe exclusion of the U?rmnn part of tbe firm of thefa province*, and wnnid replace thln^a aa they writ In ItVX). wh?-n the Kmp?ror Rodolph dUm^nbtrfl tbe'e province*. Tb? most effcotnul support aa wart of the Otrman patriot* a? of Hungary, la aaenr-td to thlli latter party and the r*-al'i>>tion of tha ead they bare in view cannot be donbtful?It la only* question ot time. To morrow wa expect some atlrrlng event*. Olmuti. Oct. Jfl, IMS. Yes'entay evening. a rnmor waa spread tbat paaea waa about to be c?>Bol??Ud with Italy This <a, at prefeat, unconfirmed, but newa almoht aa Important hafl arrived. tb*t ? courier had brought, proposition* froan the Hungarian ministry, for *ubmi**lnn on tbe part ?f Hungary. Howerer Improbable th'n may aeea. It la certain thai tbe position tak-n by Count Aoereperg, und?r Vienna, would not a little have contributed to thla remit He I* planed in an-h manner botwaen tha trooj a of Jellacblcb and tha foroea arrived from Haigary. tbat tbe latter aannot attack tha Croatia without flrst frmtnir tba army of Anersperg; and to attack tbe two armlea, tbe Hungsrlana are not suflaloally ?tfong> a tbe Hungarian Diet baa Itaalf acknowledged. Onr Koniau Correaporidenea. romc, October 14,1849. Qenaral Zuccbi, wbo haa accepted tha portfolio ot exnrcted cr< r? hour Thl? ?ti?iu ?* ---- the Prince who bw made It. and the old soldlar who 1? it* object. Ueneral /uechi ban taken part la the great Kuropean war* of the Kmpire, in the ranks of th? Kietirb army. Hi* last feat of arms wa? the reoent aad ITolonped df'fnce ot the citadel of Palma Naova K*perlence and patriotism are the two principal titles which have r> commended the new ministry; bot there wai", |*rb?pe, another: the Ueneral has lxt all hi* property in the cadre of Italian ind-pendenow, It having been sequestered by the Austrian government. The Intention of bringing about. him the most en?(n?nt men of Italy, appear* to be the settled determination of III* Holm***. The celehra ed Abb* Roemini. a philosopher almort a* dUtlo^nl'hed a* Olobertl, but Mill a priest, arrived a few week* *lnce at Rone, on ? mission from MiUn PI a* IX convinced that thlv 111ii*trioun writer was In every way worthy, design* f ,r him one of the two hats which will be given In November. and the new Cardinal will, it la taid, be appointed Minister of Public Instruction The Horai ministry 1* every day gaining strength. A few day* since the Pope gave a banquet In hi* honor, thus destroying the etiquette which bas governed the Holy See f>r hundreds of year*. Among the'gnests, were Cardinals Orioll. Soirlla P?tH?l md r.nni?.m the M'-nnignori Pioeolomlnl. B"rremeo. Sfeila. an>t Delia Tori*; ' onnt MmIhI. brother of the Pope, the Ambaaaador. Duke de Riruaao. nod Prince Altlerl Two bills of exchange fur a million franca eaob, hav? been forwarded to Parta, to pa; tb? dividend* on lloa in i tor It TIim 2iiu0<*i pm?trea n?-eee ary for the redemption of the treaaury billa which will be paid off ia January. 184W, are provided by a voluntary loan by the clergy, and without the nvceaaity of aellIng any of the eorlealaetical property. Thla iait operation baa created a great aenaatlon Were. Decreed by the congregation of biahopa and regular clergy, promulgated by tha Cardinal Vicar. the inintater dcea not appear in the affair, and yet every ena knows that he la the dictator In the matter. Our Tuacan Correaiioncleneq. FLoaawua, Oot. 17, 1848. About ten daya sine*, in consequents of m rather aerioua imtult, the government adopted eaergetio meaanrea. The (>rand Duke reviewed the troop*, and harangued them. The law agaioat public aaaemblagea waa placarded in all the rtreeta The r?a*Uon In t'aror of order ?w complete , the rioUM did aot shew them-elres, and everything appeared to b? la good train. The Cabinet obtained a rot* of eonfldence of the Council (ititril, when all at once th? Ministry in a body vent la its resignation. The agitato auaia rawe forth aad marched io large number* to the 1'alaee 1'etti, with H*im. on which wera inscribed " long live Uueraiti !" for the porpoea of imposing thtlr chief on the Grand Duke aa minister The ministry took the first moirent to explaia tha cause of their retreat. They were aware that a ne<* factious manifrstatioa agalust the cabinet ?M abont to take place, which would hare called for energetla repress ion. Blo?d would hare flowed, and the MlaUtrjr (appeni would not be either the pretext or tha cause of a ranguluary conflict. It thertfore preferred to give In lis resignation These explanation* hava satirfled no one It Is thought and with reason, that r-tirvJ bt-lore h* intuit or before the fear of m eonUict The r?ir> at of ih- c?bin?t ?t thia aoin"nt ii w> muih the more deplorable that the Llroroese or raibrr the rioter* of Leghorn, had circulated bulletine, in whloh thejr threatened to mvob on Klorwno*, if on a eer>aln day the cabinet was not .hni^?d ; an ! It wtin the day after the Jay tiled tbat the Cappml Minletry rolgned. Toe (irao I Dulte i? in the greatcrt puplexity He drawt back before the perare neceigity of confldiog the direction of.alTtlr* to Ooaratil, who If o? t e D'lhly the chUf of tho*e who would WT<r*? the actual ? ?? ?> , who was lately at tha head of fth* i nt 0 ti 10 At I f > hn? n e\t ahl<h h.? W%KM tha? npiniln&l In stlgator, and who N forocil in hi* ch.-lco by thii mob (gainst th? ?ish.'H of the Chamber, the cItIo guard au I the great majority of tb? country. On the other band, man of Influone* ore not doit dicpokd to enter inU5 olflee at tlil* mrnient ; they wi*h that a Uuivaui MtnNtry n ay be trl*J In order to prove It* perfect laeffliienay. Alirjeeare no ?v direct" (1 toward* a party ealied th? emtio left of which MM. Stlvn^ooll. I inMoii, and i.ambufcfcni art the leader*, having for their ar^an th? Journal la Patiit l/ntll now tbi party haa ai?r?ya been at the head of the progie^tat movement, and on a'l ecenfloas it tooX the initiative in the fco*4?at and mont liber il determination In favor of nationality and Italia n 11 len.-e but ?ino? order ha* been put in peril by demagogues acre dengtrouR for liberty and toc'al orjir tban the iol\lt?r? vf Aw?UU. MM SU.? fc- P* ?

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