Newspaper of The New York Herald, November 13, 1848, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated November 13, 1848 Page 1
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I TII I " NO. 5276. ASPECT OF AFFAIRS ON THK OTHER SIDE OF TUG ATLANTIC. CnA?ial f!APraonAnJan#a or THK NEW YORK HERALD, to. fcc. 4e. Our JYentli OwrreapondiiM. Paris, Oct. 22, 1848. Coni(i of iMtnartine. M. Lamartwe haa leave of absence from the Assembly, and has retired for a season to Macon, the home of his youth. He was welcomed in the as?st cordial manner, and his reply to the address ?f the Mayor shows how much his spirit is lac;rated by the treatment he has received, and the suspicions to which his character (las been subjected, and how ardently he appreciates the con. tancy and endearing attachment of the friends of kis youth. He says, that having been raised to power by a torrent of public opinion, and having coaducted the tornado in its onward progress for three month*, by which a monarchy has been con. yerted into a republic, and having again quit the "brim of State, he is able again to mingle with the {rople?to pi ess the hand of the laborer and the nmble, withoutoiie familys being able todemand ?1 him an account for one tear that has been shed, one impneonment, one violence, one abuse of rower, or one drop of blood? This is the 2 lory of JLamartine?and it is a glory that in and will b- ot iuimoita!ity. A French revolution, and thereafter, for the first three months, not one drop of blood, nor one impribonment, nor one violence, nor one abase of power, nor one tear of grief! this will iiiiiikm imi/.f ins uitmr hh a Dcneiactor 10 franc**, and to Europe, lie might have added, that he bat comfhtred the war spirit in Kurope, or achieved a victory over it, which ha9 endured for nine month*, amidst a convu'sion of revolutions and wpheavings of the spirit of man Yea. Lamartine, up to this time, has conquered the European war in that bi eech. made to the 20,000 who called for hie head the third day of the revolution, in which he told them that he wished each one ol them had it on his shoulders, and in which he told them further, that he would allow it to part from his own shoulders, sooner than to give up the tricolored flag, and adopt that of the red. He conquered the war fever in Kurope, and gave a guarantee of peace, the intlucnce of which still is in the ascendancy, in tl>? counsels of all the courts in Euroi e. The spirit of rivalry may, for a moment, throw Laruartine into the shade; but the splendor of his name, and of ills deeds, cannot be obscured from the present or future generations. He was the man for his hour, as Cavaignac is the man for hie. The task of the former wai the more dazzling, that of the latter the more terrible. Both had their great work to do, and few men, in my opinion, could have done it better. Ijamartine has been invited to spend a part of his time at Bordeaux, but has declined, it it said, giving, as a reason, that it might be attributed to a desire to promote his election as President of the republic; and that, under all circumstances, he shall decline bepip; a candidate. This latter f do not credit, at present; for 1 think his own course, and that ot his press, the Birn Public, has been directed towards that point recently; nnd only last we* k, the fiim Public announced that it was not for Limartine to make himself a candidate, nor to decline to serve France, in any position in which sl?e might call him. This was said in reference to the Presidential question, and in answer to the discussion, in some portion of the press, as to whether he would or would not be a candidate; but >ince the iti dification of the ministry, it appears, most probable, that the Right will concentrate their forces upon General Cavaisnac, and they have the force necessary to elect him, if they exert it unitedly. The Left is losing ground every day, and the Right is coming in, more iully and earnestly, to the support of the republic. Paris, October 23, 184S. jlnothtr Spteth of M. Thiers?The Presidency, M. Thiers has made another extraordinary d<s. flay of his oratorial powers and his historic knowledge. He is the Henry Clay of the Assem bly, in tact and in debute. The commission upon the constitution had reported a provision inter, dieting substitutes in the army, and requiring the sons of all families to take their chance to do personal service in the army. This provision was supported ardently by Gen. Lamoriciere, minister of war, but the ministry itself stood aloof from the qaestion. The ground assumed by M. Thiers was, that such a provision would ruin the army, and create insubordination in the country, and dissatisfaction with the republic. Ha denied tlnit Frenchmen were heroic soldiers, though lie admitted their aptitude; but he declared seven years service IHHNIJ to make un army what it should be ? one that wou'?l fisht one dav us well as ann her?in the retreat as well as in the advance? that could tro without provisions and sleep and left, and still do battle everyday?that would have bo opinion of its own, in contradiction to (hat of ite officers? that would tight 111 the marshes as Well as upon favorable ground; and that would jr'y. the finishing blow to a battle and a victory, and, if necessary, march and liaht again the next day ? He said Napoleon remarked, in speaking of the youth of his army at Wagrani, that hud they been the army of Austerlitz, nothing would have been left, after that dav, to the Austrian empire. He referred to the difference in the condition and tastes of young men of education and means, and the peasantry of France; that the former had either the taste nor the strength, frequently, to serve in the army as common soldiers; while the latter had both, and to them even, the army was a school of education nnd promotion; that, Prussia excepted, only uncivilized countries required the personal (ervice, and refused substitutes; and that lhrnimknxt tkollmc V.,r,,.l^?- ..-J -.1.? .1-- u - volution of 17S9, substitutes had ulwavs been received; thr.t it wasjust aud equal, and did not invade the liberty ol the citizen. These views, to a certain extent, were contested by the minister of war. who ought to understand th>* matter better than M. Thiers; but the Atnembly voted, 5 or ft tp 1, to strike cut the provision interdicting substilutes, thereby adopting the conclusions to which M. Thiers arrived ; and it seems to me that the views of M. Thiers ought to have prevailed, and that the idea ?f forcing every man into the army, and thereby necessarily excluding ninny of those who like that mutation, and retaining those whose condition and education unfit them for common soldiers, is neither wise nor just. A committee has been named to facilitate the admission ot strangers to tbo Assembly. This is certainly a good measure, for admissions have been obtained only with gr?'at difficulty up to this tim?*: but the building is so constructed that there very little room left for the public. i ne i^ociaiiM?. i tnink, have decided to support Happail for th<* Presidency, throughout France.? He is still in the dungeon, though elected Representative : arid although he has beeu there sine M?v 16th, he linn not been examined ortried. Thia looks lik e severity to up?to American*?hut this is French manners in such mutters. Should the party in France unite upon him, nnd the laboring people of the country support him, he will rcc? ive in imposing vote; and unless the majority unite?, he wi'l or may be the highest candidate; an 1 tin n, notwithstanding the conetiiution provides that the Assi mbiy inay select one of the live highest Candida tes, the party ot Ras,mil will insist upon his election, <>r upon his t illing possession of the PrepuVncy without nn election, should the Assembly refuee to elect him. The French care notlu lg for constitutions or forms. It i? force and the bayonet that govern France for the present, and must govern it, in a treat measure, for some time t? come, under any form of government. Hy degrees. publi? opinion and public education will modify ihin st>;te of things. Lnmartine bowrht hi* peace and ihat o{ the country for ihree month*, but the whirlwind crime and overthrew him, and left* terrible legacy to his aaccewor. Paris, Oct. 2i), 1S48. State . 1 .Virflr?The f^nihtr of Gtntrnl Catnixnae, ami ftlHt. fAibnrr/rt and her FSilhtr. The nut* ?>f Hi' ge is r;u*e<i, by a numerous vote f the A?j*mb'y. The report of the commm ionera at.ovr* that itwna di ne upon the recominendation vi the government, and upon their reapomibility. This subject of discord ia, then, removed; hut oUmms will ri.-e up, to try the force o' the ntw Ministry. F<)i ty-three Representative* of the Left have laauedhii iwflummatory addrcM to the people, headed by MM, Luroemiait and I/:dru % pun?rnwiuu in ins rrrn?>iuu mni, ntu iir uic materia!*, he would assail the character of tlie bon, us he has that of the father The charge agHinst the father is, that he was a bloodthirsty mooter, and that he sacrificed the honor of Mdlle. Labarr^re, upon a promise,in consideration theirof, to save the life of h*r father; but that he did not thereafter redeem his promise, hut allowed the father tc be led to the scaffold. Rat the old men and women of that day?a few of whom are alive?have established two points, ^erv important. The first is, that the honor of the daughter was nei'er sacrificed; and second, that Colonel Cavaignac had no part or lot in bringing the father to the scaffold. There happens to he a number of the committee now living?more than eighty years old. A royalist in these davs. and a d? cifled opponent to Cavaignac and his friends,who sat upon the committee that investigated the causes of the death of M. Lahamere, and brought the authors of it to punishment, his given the public an interesting account of th? facts developed, and rf those pronounced guilty and innocent, among the latter ot" whom is Col Cavaignac. This old Conventionist says, that the mission of Col. Cavaignac wnsa difficult one; that he had terrific duties as an 'fficer to perform, but that the examination showed that he softened the violence of his mission, by failing to execute the ordeis given h'ln, according to their UQDO t; and that the committee found nothing to object to in his conduct. To-dny the Patria contains a letter fr? m one who was upon the spot when M. Labarriere was executed, giving a full history of the act; showing that Col. Cavaignac had nothing to do wmi 11, i>ui was .-lgnnngin r*pain wnen 11 occurred. It appears that M. Labamere whs a Baron and Prevot, and that he was arrested on account of a let'er he had written ; that as soon ns he wis in prison, he provided himself wiih a vial of poison, to be need if he found it necessary; but that he was seized so suddenly and unexpectedly to be carried before his judges, that he had no opportunity to take it; and that it was but half nn hour from the time he was taken from prison till he was beheaded, including his examination. Penet, a Representative, was the presiding genius at these sncr fices, and the Judge. ITe was condemned by the Commission before referred to. M. Labarriere, was one of eight victims that were beheaded at l)nx, during the reign of terror in France. Thank God, there is sufficient intelligence and calmness now in France, to hold in check all the fannies, and to save the repetition of such scenes. "We have received news from Boston to the 4th of October, but all the papers from New York are wanting. We have no news of the progress of the Presidential election, further than one of the French jonrnuls says, that the friends of General Taylor and Clay have united ; and therefore it is thought that the former unites the greatest number of chances. But. notwithstanding. T am suspicious that another General will win the race. Paris, Oct. 21, 1818. R(mylacftntf\t??Mimttrr of I Par Defeated? Spirtal Envoy?Auttria--The Preu?Prrsulrncy ?Sword to General Cavartnae?AVi/? litvur tntion. The question of substitutes, called rcmp'acewcntm, in the French army, has caused great agitation in France. Hitherto thev have been allowed; but the first draught of tin* constitution provided that these remplacemtnt* phould no longer exist; and all the young men in France who do not want to go into the army, were in a lively state of agitation. It is in contemplation to take only the smele men, between eighteen and thirtyfive; and, therenpoo, a question arnes between getting married and going into the arinv; fi'id many say they would rather go into the anny th in get married. But yesterday the Assembly overthrew the measure, and with it, almost the Minister of War, General Lamoriciere, who is much opposed to the system of retiiplacements. The vote wcr two to one against the project of the constitntion and the Minister; and the AsseaiI hly adjourned thereafter immediately, amidst I great agitations. M. Marrnst is elected, for the fourth time, to the chair of the Assembly. I like I this electing a presiding oflierr very nvch; it enables the Assembly to get rid of an inefficient ofli cer; and it keeps the chair impartial and prompt in hisdutieF? it puts him upon his good behaviour. An envoy front Russia, special messenger, has arrived in Paiis this morning, but the importance and character ol his mission have not transpired. The subiect maybe Austria, for Austria is in a i-tnte of dissolution; but I think the liberalise are fast piinmg ground and strength, and iliat the crisis cf their danper has passed over, for there has yet been no battle before Vlenra. The Hungarians are coming, in force, to the assistance of the Viennese, the Assembly are assuming a hold attitude, and appear to be in a condition to figl>t a good battle. In (he meantime, the Croatian and j Jlungnriun reoiments in ihe annv of Radetzki, in Ita'y. have had a partial contest with each other; and the unity of this army appears to he yielding to the spirit at Vienna and Perth. The city of Presbotirg has declared in favor of Vienna: an*!, as it is situated between Vienna and Peatli, and is a strong city, it is verv important. M. Flccon has interrogated the ministry, upon its intentions as to the insurgents; their families have petitioned for their pardons: and nwny others are exerting th^m^elves to the same eflect. The new niinUtiv took ollice upon condition that they should not be transported, except to Algeria. The response will he given to-day, or to-morrow. Next week, also, the government is to he further interrogated, as to the a flairs of Italy. Yesterday, M. M.uie, the Minister of Justice, laid before the Assembly a new and severe bill against the press, and demanded its immediate consideration. It amII give rise to a new and severe discussion. It makes prompt business in ser/in*? anv print, picture, paintin", <Vc. iVe.; and I think the press will crenerally op| ose the measure. Parties are making their preparation" for tin- Presidential election, which is intended to take pi ice, according to present api'Curanees, in November. The I press of I.amartine treats the present as a ! mere temporary ministry; 'o continue only a ' month or two; and in puttint; its patron ii(M>n the track. I do not believe that the Assembly would el?ct him, if lie wen' one of the fine highest candidates. I think he is gaining in popular favor; but moderately, however; but that neither the country nor the Assembly regard him as coni|K'tt nt for t!ie post ol President in this trvng hour. If France studies her interest, she will elect the present leader. No other man has yet shown the necessary qualifications for that place ; but the ambition of some, nnd the madness of others, render the whole matter doubtful. Two wet ksngo, r.nins Nnpoleon would hav hem delated f ver all, I think. How much he his lost, by exhibiting himself upon the tribune, in some ext< mpore remarks, is uncertain. The Frei cli decide quick as thought, and change also as quick. The I 1 lepiirtment ot Lot hns i resented an elegant sword i ro i.m. uavaignae. wi. Murat, lat?-!y from 'he I I'nited States, represents that Department. The 1 figure ol this representative reminds w of th.it of llie lion. A Ik rt Smith, ?owcll known forhismus rle, physical and intellectual, ard his hearty and i generous character. A fourth deputation of vol| unteers h?n left lor Algeria. These deputations consist of men. women, and children, and ffenernllv ntimber about eigh^hundrrd. Thotuands attend their embarkation'upon ihe Seine, to hid them adieu, and lo give tlieni * parting benediction. Oni- I'ru-slnn < ori'e?|ion<lr nee. October 2.1, HI8. The Kmevte 0/ the Workmen anil the llurgher Guard?The Nnr.t from Vienna. IVrlin has had another day of barricades. Once more this city has been thrown into tumult and commotion, and itgain blood has been spilled in conetqueitte of a collision, which took place 011 the lt> mat , between the Hurgher Guard nnd the woikmen. The immediate cause of thetv disturbances was that certain measures bud been token by the gonrnniont, by which the Work W Y 0 NING EDITION?MON1 I of a number el workmen was suspended ; an engine which was employed in place ot hand labor, at a public work, in a part of the city called the Kwpnickerfeld, was destroyed by the workmen ; and further excesses being apprehended, a bitul, 'on of the Burgher Guard had been ordered out on Monday last, for the purpose of maintaining order. The workmen, who had assembled in great numbers in the Kopnickerfeld on that day, entered into a quarrel with the Burgher < Juard, stationed there, and soon commenced a fight, by attacking the Burgher Guard with stones. As this attack was continued on the part of the workmen, with increased force, the Burgher Guard tired a valley; in consequence of which several of the workmen were killed aud wounded. The effect of this was, the rising of the wo1 king population in every part of the city. Thousand* of woikinen, from every district, proceeded to the Ko|.ni( kerb-Id, and barricades rose, as if byma^ic, in the streets of the euburb in its immediate vicinity. The excitement soon spread throughout tne city, and the alarm waa sounded, and the rappel beaten, calling the citi/ens to arms. The confusion became general, and te all appearances an insurrection of the working elapses was preparing. The Burgher Ginitfl who were ordered out in every quarter of the city, occupud the public places andbuildincn, and a strong guard was placed in the Uoyal Palace, and its t nuances closed with iron gates. The communication in a part of the city was stopped. The thops were closed, and the whole population was out in the streets, anxiously awaiting what would be the result -of the events which were taking place. Meanwhile, hud fighting was going on between the Burgher Guard and tiie workman in the suburbs, where barricades had been raised. in ine 0 lie moon me nurguer uruaru succeeueu m taking the barricades, but not without using lirearms ; and several workmen, in eoiwequenee. were killed, and a great number wounded. Of the Burgher Guard many were wounded, but only one niitn killed. Towards the evening, the lighting reoommenced?(he workman having again constructed barricades. Late in the evening the Buigher Guard hud once more succeeded in taking the bariicades, and the workmen were now forced to retire. At night quiet was again restored, and no further disturbance todk place on the succeeding day. The number of killed in the fight is eleven. The excitement which prevailed, and Btill prevails, among the workmen, is intense. The burial of the dead took place on the 20th mat. and waeoelf-brated with great pomp. A deputation of the Nationil Assembly, the magistrates of the city, and the Burgher Guards attended at the funeral procfsfion. The Burgher Guard law, which has been put to thp limil v/itp in fh? Vntinnnl Artrtfmhli/ Iimm K/vn I udopicd in spite of the popular demonstrations made against it, and notwithstanding that a number of petitions for the rejection of the law had been pn sented to the chamber. Though the law 18 repardedjaf imperfect, almost by every one, it was carried in the chamber by a great majority, principally forihis reason?that its rejection would have confirmed the public opinion in the belief that the deliberations of the National Assembly were a wholly fruitless labor, and would not lead to any ptactical result, since the Assembly would have then rejected a law which it had been discussing for months. Three laws, as yet, have only been pasted by the National Assembly during a six months'tension. Two o^ them have been paused withru the la^t leu days. Besides the Burgher Guard law,a new name law was adopted by the chamber in j one of th? latest eittings. Of these laws, two are | regaided as imperfect, and will be taken up again to be remodelled at an early period. The habeas corpus law and the Burgher Guard law are both considered defective, and would not have received the majority in the Chamber if it hid not been for the reason stated above, and that it had become actually necessary to establish some laws granting jtMUl liberty, and securing public order, however defective they might be, for the purpose ot restoring public confidence. The habeas cor) us law does not ofli*r full protection to per sonal salety, in tlie lorm m winch it hus been adopted by the Chamber, because it contain** no provision* against the abuse of the right conceded to the executive authorities. The Burgher Guard law is defective, principally, because it places the Burgher Guard in a dependent position with regard to the civil and military authorities, and accordingly causes that body to become a branch . of the executive police, instead of representing a corporation of citizens to whom tile duty of maintaining public order and quiet is entrusted, nt.d who are retponsible to no one but to the laws. Several amendments to certain articles of this luw have, however, been adopted, with the view to corret some of its faults. These amendments, which were cairied by a great maiority in the Chamber, contain the provisions that the column nderc of the Burgher Guard are to have the right of assembling the Burgher Gutird, as well as the authorities of the town, and that the Burgher Guard will not be compelled to take an oath on fliA mnatifnlinn ni.til tko 1 \ t1*> r w 111 Iip nnmnlpffil .Affairs at Vienna continue in the same critical state; and according to the latest accounts received from there, the city is at this moment 111 a state of complete prostration. A telegraphic despatch received here, to-day, states that the rabble of the population had risen, in consequence of the appointment of Prince Windischgratz as conuninder-in-chief of the Austrian army, and were plundering the city. The Austrian Parliament had been dissolved, and the members fled. Onr Stulgarcl Comaponitt'iicr, Stttgard, Oct. If), 18W. 7he Grvndrerhte?Condition of the National Parliatmnt? Viitina?Decay of the Austrian 3Jonaichy? iJattgrroits State of Jf/airt tn Germany. After a session of about lour months and a half, the National Convention, at Frankfort, lius at last succeeded in bringing to a close its discussions of the " (rrandrachte," (similar to the bill of ngh's of the constitution of the United States.) According to th** resolution of the Parliament, a second j; j _ i . .L _ discussion is iH'cefsary, una me wnoie ot mis law, consisting of eight articles and forty-two paragraphs, will have to be passed a second time, and then be published in all the newspapers of Germany for twenty successive days, before it takes effect. I will give you a condensed epitome of the principles expressed, and the rights secured to the German citizens,in this bill of rights. Kvery German of good moral character is a citi. zen of any State he chooses to reside in. Property is inviolate. Senreh in the house ol any citizen can be made only by legal authorities, I upon a writ issued by a judge. The church is seJ jirrate and independent of the iStat^*. The school is in the care of the State, and the cWgy hive nothing more to do with it. The press is fie??no censer, 110 security, no license, is required for the publication < f a book or a periodical. # Capital punishment is abolished. All distinctions of classes, nobility, title.- orders are abolltlied. Taxes, tith?.s, iK'rsonnl services to the ; cleray, to the nobility. lo barons, duke* and freeI hoWlers, are r?b?"?li?-h??*l. The chase nnil fi?heriei are tree to nil upon their own property. ('onfis^a tion (or political offences shall nut take place. Th? | judiciary is in the care of the ^tate; ull patrimonial c< tirtaare abolish* d. The judges are indei*-n)lent. No minister or officer of the Cabinet shall possess judicial nutfority. No privileged class shall have a particular judicialy. Military jurisdiction is c?i lined t<> the trial ot military otlencfs, bn- ichcs ol discipline, iVc.,to he tried by h court-martial. as defined oythe laws relative to war. Nojurlfr'* can he removed, suspended, degraded or advanced,unless by legal process.nnd alter conviction before a proter tribunal. Judiciary proceedings ar?i public undveibul Trial by jury in secured in all penal (ifl? nee.". The defence in all penal cases shall be cairied on by independent competi nt conns I. This is the pith of the whole law?:->r rather declaration of riiiht.'?which ban been disensed dnriui? the last live months, received the first sanction of a majority of the convention, and which now awaits a second discussion, which may take up a l.?. .. . .,L --t- .u . . ...... . I'mngiaiiii*, mrniselves taking up more space than the whole AtnencHn constitution, are occupied in expressing the uliove principles; and ? < yet, nothing whatever in 1 lelntirn to the organization of the government, to I the petition of the central government in regard to [ the h veihl States, and of those to each other? not the least indication of the principles itpon which the government is to be carried on, is resolved upon. Meanwhile, the Parliament it-elf has slrendy grossly violated its own laws. The press is declared to he free, and the editors of the Hfchttasi /titling, (members of the Convention,) are prot-etuua forhavin* expressed in their piper their i private opinion of the rtlicieney of the convention. 1 l'ropetty ih declared to he inviolate, and eveiy weapon? every anicle, which, hy any possible event might he nn.rle n?e of for nftV-nre or defence ?has heeu confrcated to the government, in the > R K I DAY, NOVEMBEB 13, whole district eurroundineFrankfort, for the distance of fifteen leagues. The law published " for the protection of the members of the Parliament " completely annuls all the advantages sained by the revolution in March. This is conceded by a great mnny memDers 01 ine convention. in me wemuii oflhe 10th October, Mr. Zimmermun, ofSmtgard, rend the following declaration, signed by about sixty members of the left Bide :? " We the undesigned. <lo solemnly protest. in the face of the whole convention, and before th* German nation, against the law 1 for the protection of the National Assembly,' as we have already done the utmost in our power to prevent its passage Tbe principle* of tbe revolution, tbe objects of our meeting, are thereby made Illusory ; tbe right of public meetings are denied, the liberty of the press destroyed, and tbe dignity of tbe representatives of tbe sovereign people compromised." You are probably aware of the stormy pcenes 111 (he Church of St. Pauls, on the 5th and tith of Oct. The president, wishing to take part in the debate, leavtB the chuir, and violates, grossly violates, the rult s he himself so olten enforced. Tne president pro Um. refuses to call him to order?because it is ttie president who is concerneo, an<i ne aoes noi with to blame the Assembly, by calling its president to order! Mo?he refeisthe subiect ton committee ; and to a committee in which not one member belongs to the aggrieved party ! Not the leat-t decency, not the least re.vurd to parliamentary habits and rules is observed ; the minority is scandalously tyrannized over-stripped olits most sacred rights. It is as yet impossible to tell what the punishment of editors above alluded to will be. ProBnbly expul^ii from the convention. The idea has already been suggested in good earnest, to e.\|iel the whole opposition?the whole minority, the whole left side of the house. I should not be turprised i( this were to take plane one day. So much, however, is certain: The conduct of the National Parliament proves most conclusively, that the two characteristic pariiee stand opposed to each other in deudly hostility and hatred, and that, as the reconciliating centres grow weaker and more feeble every day, the future action of the National Assembly, in it* present organization, must inevitably lead to the sacrifice of the most cherished interests of the country,and bring about a stute ot civil warfare, more terrible and deplorable in its consequences than can be calculated at this day ; in fact, the people arc growing mor_* fannlia with this ideaeveiy day, aud some consider it as certain as the parliament continues in session, [predicted toll ibti ot affairs three months ago, as your readers will recollect.

The news fiom Vienna is verv imperfect; the . Il l- -I-- J'.._ .U.. 1~~. . 1 ,|ni.a I).., 11.11 i JfS IJU V IIIK Ifllll U IUI III*.: ion UUCC uayn. inn. such ?h it if. it presents a very deplorable state of affairs there. The Austrian monarchy is un ihe brink ol entire dissolution. It is possible 1 hat out of tins dissolution may grow a union of free people, friendly to the cause of a free, united, mid powerful German confederacy: but the dissolution llnel! seems inevitable, and us certain as it would be desirable. The contest of the 6th, in Vienna, was a real civil war. National guards were.opposed to national guards?-soldiers to soldiers. Hlack, red, yellow, (ihe national colors of the German confederacy,) to black, yellow, (Austiian colors) The refusal of the troops to be led against the Hungarians was the immediate cause ot the first act ol this terrible tratedy. Two German grenadier battalions called the academic legion to their aid, when lliey were brought to the railroad depot by lorce. A battalion of national guards fraternised with them. Destruction of the rails on the rail road,ringing of alarm bells, aud the contest on ihe march field then followed, as I stated in my last. The peasbnts oppose the evacuation of the city by the treops, and threaten to annihilate Litour,the Minister of Wat. In the city, the students and the black-red yellow guards assemble and march to the tcene of action. They meet the regiment of Nassau soldiers, whom they conquer. Students, grenadiers and guards return triumphantly to the city; the currasiers whom they meet are repelled. In St. Stephen's church the alarm bell is tolled. A conflict with the militia ensues. "Down with the black-yellows!" is the watchword; barricades are erected; the blaok-yellows, from tlieir hid11 u places in the church of St. Siejilien, fire upon ine crowd. One of them is ca"ght and stiangled. The church itself is made the scene of action, and the altar sprinkled with blood. A terrible coute*t between the tioops of the line ami guards takes place on the square in front of the church; hot firing from both sides; the students ami auaids li-lit Villi heroic bravery, and full upon the troops of the line. Gaunon tiring from the "graben," (ditch.) The military are repelled. A troop ol workmen, armed with long 1 iron pikep, a Geiman banner and drummer at their j head, cross the street, and are received with en tliiibia^tic cheers?"down with the black-yellows!" ( < >ii the court-p ace another furious contest between I the line and the guards. The former put to flight I and retreat. They are pursued, and some of them trll into hint hniuis, w? re siioi ny ?n in. i ?n hi| ficrrw of the line ollered to join the populace with I their companies. I ilit; Nih and 10th, nothing occurred to disturb tin peace ; hut news of troopsand crowds of militia advancing to the eity to aid tlie people, reached ihe capital from all *idea. The citi/enii contm le to n main firm ami undaunted in th' ir position. J< Is:r hirh hnsimfiFed the Austrian boundary, and in : ueha hurry tiiat it ih tmpopFtble to say whether he wit a Hying or advancing, to besiege Vienna. 1 lie 1 lunjjatians ate pursuing him. \t Prei^buig, > he l? tt tony oxen and five thousand llorns, whicli lie had ili'innnHeH from that city iih the price of 1 In Vi# nnn rnnn#?ra urriv^ri m! ??\>?rv Imtir made prisoners. Some oi those who shot trom the church, are also caught?students protect them (rem the fury ol the niaases. At four o'clock the JieichataR (legislature) meetB. About 100 denuties, knowing little of the events that occurred since morning, appear. The Present refuses to take his rhair. "The journalists, the true thermometers of public afliiirs, inloiin them oi what they had heard. A dn'uty appears and cries out:?"The buildings of 'he War Department are being stormed !" Minister lioonhorth: "The buildings are stormed, the troopj repelled ; the ministers sommanded the firing to cease, but too late ; the life of the minister is endangered ; the halls of the legisliture are the only place whence help may be exacted." Borrocti then declares he will fulfil his duty as deputy, rushes out with a white banner, and is soon seen in a crowd, who put him npjn a horse and loudly ?liter him. The deputies return the cheer from the windows. Latour had tomrht refuge in the War Department: he was found by the crowd, killtd by several strokes of a hammer, wounded in ceveral ilacee, and at last hung upon a lantern post. In the evening, the Legislature declared ittell in |>ermnnency ; Smolka was called to the chair, resolutions were passed to be.; the emperor to return; maniteMations to the people and to the guards were decreed, <V:c. All negotiations with the exn?pernted crowd proved unavailable. At 10 o'clock in the niylit the firing ceases, but is rei i.r.tii J ul II tvifh viirnr flip nrafnal was carried in the morning, as the gairisou surrendered, the plotter part naving escaped through a fubterranean unguarded passage. On the 7ih, the whole population of Vienna was armed and supplied with ammunition from the arterial, 80,000 guns being taken out of it. On the t>ib, the city was quiet, but great excitement existed in the minds of the populac. Count Auersperg, the commander in chiel, had concentrated his troops, but declared to the people that he had done bo without any hostile intentions ? The city council resolved to proc'aim the city in state of eieye. The workmen form themaeive* into mobile guards. The military occupy the lielvidere and St hwi.rzenberg <-a;den, in tirm portion. Several militiamen and student*, who of ihe diy, and the populace is afraid that the cit) will he besieged ; some reports even stiff, that u Inrpentmy w?s heen advancing tow*rd?Vitnrm. luteicepttd letters from the camp of the Ciotiins prove elr nly that the whole CroatishIluns iriiin difliciil y was a preconcerted plot of reactionary (conseivative) officers. They also how that ihe W/0,(MM) tloiins which were caught lip hy die lliii^Hrinnii, and whicli were destined tor .l< Ilachich, wire not from the treisury of \rnma, bin c? me from pome r ther source. Tl < "Keichnvt rwe?er" at Frankfort, and ,iis cabinet, have, meanwhile, reported tolhe Parliament (li) mriinsot Milliliter Schwerling) thut "measures wtre de? nied iiecersuty in relation to the suppression of the rii t in \ lenna ; accordingly such were tuken und executed l>y his royal highness the Archduke j" to which the whole Assembly assented, itmI itfiin d a debate thereon, iind'-r plea of be II hoi iiii|ii'ii#iui ruiui^ii in in*- luirji then li r. The Lord only knows (beside Kotrhsveivteit-er and his cabinet) what these nieaiures nif ; but it they turn out iih is expected on ninny ildes, to be favorab'e to ibe " blRrk-yellows," not ( i ly little nlsrm-bells will tinkle, lint the ?reat K' land nl aUiini will appeal to every heart of evejy tnie patriot throughout the whole land, and re* volutions will once nioie steep the banks of the Hhn.e, and our lair hilM nnd vales,"in blood. P. S ?This evening's mail brings the following 'torn Vienna:? Tellaehieh is before the gates of Vienna ! The Ileichftug (legislature) has sent deputation to IER A 1848. him. to enquire what hm object wuh. In order to terrify the Viennoise, he ^ave them a short answer, and marie-no ferret ot his hostile intentions. Auersperjf ali'o fjfave an evasive answer. A contest between the National (fuarris of Vienna and - ?-i i i,,),.!! rlace, in which the lutter were entirely routed. Eighty of them wereliiken prisoners. In Viennn the greatest excitement prevails, and all the inhabitants are eager for the contest. The hlooriv drama rnuct anon come to a JtHinuinent. Th?* Kmperor refused to put Jellachich under the control of the minie-terv, in consequence ol which, Minister Hoonborth reMgned. The Frr?ld?nt of the Kr?nrli Kcpnlillc. The I llowmg is a copy of the bill pr-sent-d on the 24th (October for the election of u President:? Art 1. The election of the President of th? republic thall take placn on the 10th of December, IS IH The t'lintion shall be held in the form and maimer prescribed by the decree of March 5, and thn iintruoUoin of March 8. Ait. 2 All the elector* Inscribed on th? lint* In virtue of the above named decree and Instructions. ahull be permitted to take part in this election The Hat* of rectification* shall be drawn up conformably to thn taut dt-cree ; tin y ahall be publi-hed at leaat ten daya before the (Jay of election. Art. 3 Soldier* and teamen *hall Tote at the chief town of the canton In the circumscription of whioh they tball be In farrkon or realdlnff The lint of inch elector*, duty certified by the Intendant of the army or the comumsary of the Davy, shall be transmitted elpht da>s before 1 he dny of election to the mayor of thu obift town of thn canton. The mayor *hall divide the military elcctor* amongst the different electoral lection*. Art. 4. The list* shall bn verified at the chief town of the canton, conformably to the instructions of \IawmK d nr* A fbo roanlf tho ViirlflonMnn as wul I ma m duplicate of the proalt-rerhaux of the election", whall ' lie ??altd op and transmitted to tlie National Aiwembly. A special committee of 30 represenUtlves. elected In tb? hurmur by MOrtt ballot, and by an absolute majority, fbnll be charged with the examination and puniming np < f tbe re t.iur, and shall make ltd report to the National Assembly. The bureau of the Atremb'y shall make part of this committee. Art 6 Any bulletin oontnlnlag an unoonstltutlontl inscription 'ball not be reckoned ; the bulb'tin* thus anulled shall. however, be annexed to procis-vtrbam. and addressed to the National Assembly Art 0 Soon after the verification of th? .itialifi nation of the President of the republic and hie instillation be shall niter on the exeroise of the rights conferred on him by the constitution. with the exception of the special right which la conferred by article 57. Art. 7 I ntll tbe definitive constitution of the Council of State, a committee of 30 members, elected by tbe Assembly In the bureaus, and by a relative majority, shall exercise tbe powers conferred on the Council of State by articles 64 and 04 of the constitution. The tlifcuf-eicn whs fixed for the 25th October. Tlir S|ir? li of Prince LoiiU' Vnpoleon?Tlle I'rethkucy In Fi-nnce. The National Assembly, held oil the 2t>th nit., was one of the most remarkable sittings that has yet inaiked us history. The question was whether the election of President should not take place at once, or be postponed until after the formation of the organic laws. As soon as the chair was taken, Prince Louis Najioleon, whose certitude of success has caused all this doubt and hesitation, demnnded pcrmis sion to 8p?*HK, and proceeded to read trom a jmper I the following address:? Citizkn lU:pnrs>:nt* rrnf.s.? The unpleasant circumstance by which the discussion of yesterday wm clo-ed does not al'ow ran to ob?erve silence. I deplore deeply that ] am apain obliged to spetik about myself, tor It is repugnant to my feelings to bo compelled so often to engage in personal questions, a ud with saoh to trouble the Assembly at a moment when we have not a moment to lose in occupying ourselves with the much greater questions that regard the interests of our country. I do not moan to talk about my own sentiments or my own opinion* I bave already declared tbun before you. and BO one bag nailed my word in question. With respect to my parliaments,y conduct, I ut>k to bave the sanul rule applied te me that I obferve towards others. 1 do not call uptn any man to explain to me the motive of bis behaviour. and 1 do not recognire in any man the right to make me personally responsible for my parliamentary a'its.' I am answerable to my constituents and to no one else. Of what am I accused*' Of no'epting popular fanolions I Of accepting a candidature I never claimed, (cries of ' Ob. oh ") Well! I accept that candidature; (renewed exclatustian.i of dissatisfaction Q I acoept a candidature that honors me. I acoept it because three successive elections and the unanimous dfcren of the National Assembly, annulling the proscription that existed against my family warrant me in the belief that Franc* regards the name I bear.as a guarantee for the eonsol dalion of (oclety i-bakeo to its foundations, (loud muiMiirs.) and for the strength and prosperity of the Republic. How little do they who accuse me of ambition, know my heart! If It was not that an imperative 'iuty detains me here?If the sympathy of ray fellow countrymen did not console me for the animosity with whirh I l:ii" been attached, I should have regretted that I bad ever l*ft my exile. My silence has bten made subject of reproach, but it is not every one viho is jilted with an eloquent facility of publicly piprefsiiK his ideas. Is there but the one way of ser- 1 ving one's country? What the country wants is a firm. wise, and intelligent goveinment, able rather to I heal Its wounds tbau seeking to avenge them ? (mnr- I mural? a government which should frankly take the ' lead in ruppcr* of eound principles, and so put down, nu re i ITentually than by bayonets, suoh theories as are rtpultive to reason. I know that it is intended to set ditlicTiliies and Miares in my way, but I shall take care Visit I r? (..11 iv.tst (hull f/.r I will r?rai.vUfa aUn , 1 a?l<> Id the courae of conduct I hare preaorlbed for niyr<*lf, without ailowiun myao f to be dlaturbed by what may be parsing In my regard?nothing ahall nauae mo to forget my duty. I havo but ooe object, and that la to mailt the eateem of the \??-rably.to win the eitee ji of men cf worth, and to prove even to thaae magnanlmoua perrons who treat*<1 my oinn with no much levity, yeaUrday. that I deaerve e?en their confidence. I now declare. tbat for the future notwt'hatandloK any organized ijatem of provocation tbat may bo employed apalnrt me. I will not notice any mora iuteroell* tioEM Strong in my conscience, I ahall remain immovable p'soi.-t all attacks, and imputable under all calumni<8 " The prince, than left the tribune, unaccompanied by any marks of applaure M CieMENTTH0.Mii then aroae to explain the pirt fce took In the procredlnga of yesterday, but aa be v.aa going Into a rambling account of elrcumatancea of nrt , immediate Intereat. the Impatlen-e of the Assembly btcame ro great that bo was obliged todeaoend. M Piopjvaar then brought forward bla motion for adjourning the election of Treaident nntll after the organic lawa rbonl ] be pa^aed l<e contended that I iin* ^fffn.niy ou^oi 10 cumpieie 11* worn ax a consul- : I tuent Aiutnby beftre It parted with any of it* power. | The \M?|nl)ly bail governed the country for five I months, and ctuld do ro ft ill if they agreed to the ' eleetkn of President before their ta^k wan completed j | they would only create en>biirra,,?mentH for them?elve< j ait well as f' r ibe President. ae he undertook to ahow | from the artii'lc* of the OOf ItitstlOB, which were no framed a* not to m?et the olroumatnno^a they w?re ' about to create. They ought not. he aa!d. to make a conititolion by fra^mcnta. but complete Italto/ethnr. and the constitution woulinot be perfect until the { oipantclawa wer>' pa?eed. M II*b c i> contended that if they did not proceed to hItb efft ct to tbelr d< ci*|on that there should be a President elected by universal ?u(Tr?ne. th*y would how to the country that they distrusted th? popular voice, aDd would be calumniating Franco. i M Drni, on the part of the Committee of the Conj stitutinn. (ibtn It aa their opinion tba' a? -oon ea the I constitution wa* vot?d.thn assembly cased to be con? I at It u> nt, and became at once legtMative Am their 1 I c*?cutlte cb*r?eter ceased. it became necessary 1 to elect the power In wbn^e hand* the executive I should be plac-d 1 hen there would be a gnvernj roent. roj of ? provislona cbaraoter. but stable I atd armed with pooer to meet the critical elrcumetancen of the moment, both a* regarded for* eiwn relatirn? aivllaa internal affairs. He called : mi rn< re, mr me prompt nummaMm pi inn imiurDi of the republic If adjourned at *11, th?ro w?? no reason why it ihould not, h<i adjourned indefinitely. Why ihould iht-y be afraid to tiuat the country with the BODiln tioo <.f the exeru'lre power, when the conntry | would rood have to fleet the leni?latlTa anaemhly lit- eaa ft r putting an > nd to tb? temporary and proilrioDal, and f> r having a regular or.;auu?d i<overnBfDt. ( ' unt Mai r rore r ini lnt general murk* of internt. Tie i|Dri(lon b?f< re tbe Awembly he admitted to b? > mi i>t delicate i(i? At tbe ?*m? tJme. Im had arrived *t ro atrnnir * con?lotion on tbe .uihjeot.that ha could not ii (inin fr< m e ifpreMir fc hie opidlon. Thn great tliiinii'bt that bad been ufed in lavor of a prompt elrntii n wa?. tbat they wnuti d to put an and to the pt(Vl?loral but be would ark. wan not all at pre ei.t iio?l?linalf How would they he In a leM protleiot al KitiiKtion with a I'reaideut elected before tfce oonntltntion Itwlf wa< voted, than tbt-y *er? now ? The President uliould h(rn*.olf bo gorun' il Id hie con Juet by or ranic law* not yet framed, .ind ?Mch formrd pail ot the constitution lie nm. cfuJt d to poitt out lio? illogical aud Incoherent Much retire ol eonduot would b - itml declared that he noufiiUtt >1 tt to be i regnunt with 'l?r?n??r II* had heard It alligi-d Ibat tb? prerident of the council would retin* if i he nomination did not take piaoe at on*e; but he van ?ure that tbat eminent individual,to whom th? whole or untry owidartebt of gratitude would ?aorltir? ht? own ?tew? on thl* matter, and would ?ot oppi.te the geneial ftelirg of tbe majority (louj applaiine). This debate resulted in th?' selection of the 10th <'i i.? r* mocr an ui?' flay lor mc nanuu m ? President. Th? Hob. and R?r. w?r>?id V *l?r<an WelUntay, brother ?.f hi* <>ra?? thu [)uk? of Wttlllnnton, Ui?d at Dutbnm on Saturday moraing. The dcjeaaad *w Id tbf 78th j v?t it hi* *?. 1 fc? king of th? Two Stoillr* had officially notified to Oonrral * th? dtc?a?? ot hi* mother, the Vu??d Dewtgwrof Napla? 1 LD. TWO CENTS. Per?l?. Th? Journal dt Conttanttn?pif Kaa th? following :? 'I etten from Persia. ?l? Trt-bitond whinh arrtred her?v announce an Important ?v?nt. The King of Prmia. Mohammed Shah dud kr IVhtrin from % ?iol? nt attack of gout, to which hi* had long b?*n *at>jeet. Mohair ired Khah. pon o< Abba*, and grtndfton of Kettl AH Shah who died In 18.>4. and ?D"ui ho susceeded to th? throne of Persia. was 'he third sovereign of the dyi a?ty ?f the Ksdjar*. founded In ITi'l by Aja Mo-, hamtntd Khun He was born in 1H0U. and bin heir, Na'bus Salthanet. governorof Axerbeuijitn In ightet-n yttrs of age. If the new* of the death of the King of Persia be nonflrmrd. it le probabla that the Salar. who If In arirfl near Khorrtcun. will march upon Taharan, while the princes, who have taken refuge on the fronti?rs of Turkey, in contri|iienea of events which hara tnken plare in lereia at different period*. and amoni; whom are Ascafed Dewlet. the Shah's maternal uncle, ami /7.11 ue Sf'UltliHn. who reigned for several month* aftir the death of h'utti All Nhah. under the name of Alt Shab, will probably inukn corne attempt on tha Southern prn?inres, where they have numerous partifan*. The-e two laet princes are at this time at Kerh?lta. llvirg upon a pension granted them by the Otic man government It is paid that the aommunicatlnn* between Taurls and Teheran are already InUro-pttid ." China. fh'rom the Overland China Mall, of August U9 ] Tbo fickuess auiougHt the Kuropean troop* mentioned last month, hai proved even mora latal during the present one. In July, the admiRtiionx luto hospital were about 4C0 and the deat.be 37 ; In August, there have to the present dato i'28th) been iiowHrd* of 500 admissions and 46 deaths. Wo urn not aware what was the number of adiuUnions in June, but the deaths (Ji.r)D^ that month were 10: thus tin- lot.il I'.hh from the prevailing disease ha* been 03 Tb? mortality ban been confined almost e vlnsivsly to the non-commissioned ofUoors and privates of thin Mth. a few cases only having occurred amongst the artiliaiy and engineers, and (till fewer among ovilUu*. Tbe regiment, numbering nearly .'>00 rauk and Ale, could nt present scarcely muster 100 men capable of standing under arms, who are now relieved from parallel. and even from guards. except at the barracks, comni-'iiilut and hospitals?th? other duties devolving upon the Ceylon Utiles. The greatest mortality Ik said to hare bn*n amongst those men who were previously In robust health, tho congestive and liittan.icntory symptoms in suoh eases being mot severe, and this is another of tbe peonliarIties of the Ulpeafe, which seems to be most puzxllng to thote who have seen most of it : and yet it has continued very uniform throughout - as has also the treatment, we believe, until lately, at any rate Within Uia last few days tbe sickness has decreased, but a similar improvement hss formerly taken place even when the wind baa blown from the eant or north east, whileT^oin the opposite ijuarters it has been invariably followed by au aggravation of the evil? those who were convalescent puttering reh'p < , and many new cases occurring. But it Is worthy of note, that though tho upper range of barracks, the one most e*po?ed to the southerly wind, was first attacked; of late the disease has luged Indiscriminately throughout tbe men's quartern. We formerly stated that In several Important f?9ttures the present disease differed from what uied to be called Hong Kong fever; and it is now said that in many canrs eruptions or pustules on the facs.arms, and chest, together with a tendency to congestion about the heml,suggest* tho idea that it has some affinity to Finall pox. Might it not, therefore, be worth while (seeing how unavailing other means have proved) to ascertain whether re vaccination might not have some effect in mitigating the disease, and lessening tbe number ui uvavuoi Ihtre bus been, likewise, good <l?iai of sloknesi In tbu D.'ivnl forom in tbe harbor, and at prerent there am at lead TO men and officers en the lint; bat th?lr complaints pre vnrlous. chiefly a 8ort of influenza. and i?o far as we can learn there na* only been on? death from fever?the chaplain of tbe Cambrian. Among civilians sickntss hap not been al>ore the average. though death ha? carried <-tf some whose 1 will he felt, in the society of tbe place. The ( hint pe are raid to have suffered extensively, hut they generally remove elsewhere upon b-iug attacked. acd have In general recovered ? anotler circumstance which deserves to bo Investigated aud compared with observatlooH ma le in other {inirtura. Amongst tbo vessels recently arrived at]Wooiungl9 tbe Prlci Medshlcott. She belongs to tbe Ku'stan Kur Company, and brings a small but highly valuable cargo of furs, with a view of trying whether, by opanlng a trade at Shanghac, teas for the Kuaslau innrket coul l not be procured on more favorable term* than by the usual way <f Irkutsk. It is doubtful, however, that the Chinese will permit the ltUFslans thus to avail themselves of the Nanking treaty, while tbey enjoy exclusive privilege* under that of Kischta, which may b? bold to preclude the Russians from participating in ar>y trade on the sea board. Pel mission to do so fright iiftcrwarjs give rise to dllll 1 eulwith oinrr countries, which tbe hine?e must forest* and de^re to atoid. Korcl?n Theatrical*. In non'erjnencea of the disturbances on strangely agitating art on the Continent. M'dll? I.In<l is to winter In I.Dgland, prior to resuming ber dutiua in the ltaymarket. Madam* <>riei also meditates p,n?ing the "Osrk months1'here. not being about to visit,St. Petersburg, ?? wai at one time intended. It is stated that the ftrrnagumenta made at Windsor Castle for t beat ileal t" i tornmnuHs are to im permanent, ami that I'rlnce Albert takes great interest Id thein, particularly lu^lMing on the subordinate character* being well filled. Among the perfumer* engaged. the Denies of WalUck, Wigan, Webster, ('ooper, Keeley, and l.eluh Murray air mentioned. The establishment of a court theatre In Kngland 1m a noTelty, but may, as an example. proTe beneficial. Mivs Helen Kaucit and Mr. Anderson have respectively addressed letters to the .Warning fix(,lnoor> nction of Mr. Uunn'? assertions as to the salai lea denial ded by them Miss Kaucit admits having asked X. If) ? nipht; but explains thut It was for a limited engugeinent of three nights a week, und one or two in< nths1 continuance Mr. Andrrson claimed jC?Vi a week undt r flniila. conditions. Mr. Anderson, In th* ccurse of his long epistle, contracts the patronage bestowed on hiftrloolo profes'ors In that country an<l In Ameilcn Iu the latter country, he says, the people '* can alTotd to throw away i.'5,600 a-year upon a Mcondrate arliile to whom Mr Huun declines giving jt'tiO peT wVefc for one month " A similar contrast may be drawn between I.'udnrj anil the provinces, wh>re the latter ?re flourishing; and. indeed, Mls? finrit Itifllr* in her letjpr ?In wbi?h she :illu jes to AlUf O'Neill as having " retired early from the stag*, in tbe possession of a considerable fortune, ueualrerl bjitfr prpffMloMl f jwtlfm." MIrh Kmnit h*i Ixr" If r*r<ivt'd from Jl'OO to X7o a night In a country ibeutre; and it tb? facHlty of dotage the li'ie of thU *hich linn itr.w deprived London fur ewvnr.ii ?ua*ona of tbr fiifutrrt p?rf< rni>ra, t xeiptiDg on " stirring " ooc<< vionri, T 1 he next novelty at the griind opera in to 1m % new belle* for >;adlle t erito?" I.a Vivandiorbar hn?Kt. Leon, belci: the cfcori'ORraph'at. Tl>i* itill be fc/llo*?d. In a (> * night*. by Claplasun an 1 SciilVn " Jeanne In Folle.'' A younK vocal'at, Vad lo R?W, hae bet-ii "login*. * |: h (treat euccem. in the oouoert* at th.< J?rdia d'tliver. .Vr. Jamen WalUck "till very unwell, an4 by a letter fro? him to Mr W*b*t<r Inst w?> k it appear* there I' but little rhanr><' of hi* b-dr^ capable of rtturning to the atage at preceut. .Vr Shepbt rd h;i!< tak< n po^eaelon of fhs Snmty thia're, by breaking Into thoth-.itre an I r*nnvin(f Mr Ktrfchner. who la a?ekiug redren at lh? quarter cettion. Mnilne AlTnlrx. 8mr Bin r>?i**4 ii* Sr. Loui* ? Cout-??t? have been entered into with Mi tut. Brothertoal?>rJou. forth* lun>b*r to be u?vd in builtiinfjc a ship ic thli olty. It l? to be eon tueneed immediately. by ( apt.Kv.-iaaand Mr. i-remb. who Oesl#u to n.akt* it >* peciij4ij?at bueiuesj. The vessel in to Ik- ?>f three bundrrd tout, burhon, and will he con plet?ly flted and rlg*ed hire. It 1< to be roD'plft?(J bj the fret of April will then l?-? toad c d, and proceed seaward It is beli- ?<1 that g % r?bwU ran he built her* on better term* than at New Vorkor on the Ohio. The timber used in their C(>n?tru?tlon Is "fa bstter quality thou that oVained on the Ohio, and jirt^tly cheaper thnn that which t* used In Nee Vcrk In pome unlnoortant material*. th? advantan* is afalnit us t ut we Wf no reason why tha entirptlms should not nuc^-eed.? Si. l.ouii paper. The f trainer St. Loiii?, reported lr-st on L?k* Kri* drifted safely Into iheiter near rrexju* i?io. wli-rtiiii wax atanchcrat last advices. Pp. ITtf It SlKAMERS AT MoBtt.E PotVT?Wei If before our reiuleit, thin inoitin/, a I'trerfrom l)r. II. 8 Levert to a gentlejnan of thU city. ?al?b *how* tbat be and Col ! ishrr have been snoeescfu! In the object of tliflr tlalt to I endon securing th? ftoppafc* at Mobile Tnlnt. of the Brit'sh steaiusr oonatitutiu* .he UfijKl Mali Line from Southampton, vi* Havana, to Vera Ciur. The consent of thee >njp?ny and tlm approval of the lubordioite < *urt of Admiralty, btva been aeoured by vi#irous rliort? upon the p*rt *f tha agents of this city and an arrangement concluded, by which a dspot will he established at Mobil* Pol?t >?.i i_ .. . r, t will have to Iw lunr vn l bv thv L?r<l? tf tb" Admiral?*. whirh 1* a mtre form, a* ttwy bare bo nlber Interest in the matter than the eon??yarreof tbe mall* whtfh will be aecMitrateil rattier (ban it tf r Jed by thi* ?rraog?n"at It will not b? loti' wo prenm,? before an ngunt of the company will *rri?e, to tnake the ?(c*?nry prorition* fvr the e*t*bnt und eupply of the depct. prepuatory to tb? tocchlrg of the eteanur*. Tha arraugenient will U? pn ductire of grtat benelit to MoM!?. >< w?ll a? toth* interior cf our Statu. The ?t?aiui-r* of this line eonmme about f4;0,?w0 north of coal annually. With fully two-third* of tl is. they will har? to b*> *uppil*<t In hi tbe depot at Mobile IVint Tb? Ion* voya^* fic m Southampton will cos mix. all the eonl Mat they mtj take on at that port and tliey cannot be> supplied gain till they raaet this J*, ot Here they man tako on tbeir Mif j ly to \ er<i Crua and back, where thi?r will aga n replenish f t tho Toysge to P.nglbnd A large market for the coal of <>ur 8tnto t? ttiu* eatabllrked and an actlic and constant demand ere ?( ! for the derelopment and *npply of the ' raw raiterfcU." 1 he rich mineral reaourvea of oar .State wlU he """ tit forth Inrj* AHfrd rewards and induoeme Ala will b? gl?Mi lo th? lrdn-lry of h<tr>tlr?t<ln Iti the in*?ri??; *"1 * jrr- at ini>iti>*ntiil ton*lit to our oK/ will b* th* llrruiJ, tit v. 4. E NE MOR] I Roliin?a rmall rnimhpr. rprtainlv. for the rt republic and socialists together. What tliey want, other than civil war, is not easily understood, except it be power, which is always the case with a Frerch politician. Political power and the theatre ate both meat and drink to a Frenchman. For these he will fight, go hungry, and sleep in the streets?which, by the wayt in Paris, in ths Mimmer, is pretty pood lodging. M. Lamenn&is is a Catholic pries', elected from Paris during the firrt election. He is a violent agitator, and his paper has been suppressed. Sometime since. General Cav?ignac, in aca?nal allusion to the French Convention, spoke of his father, as having been of the number of its m?mbeis, whore memory he was hai>i?y to cherish, <*r foiirthing to that eflect; and thereupon the legitimists came out with a terrifir attack upun the memory of his father, who voted, in fact, for the condemnation ot Louis XVI ; and they have been followed nphy the PrfM,Kmilede < JerauHin, with a degree of virulence, which proves that he do>*s not lelWh his eleven davs ot imprisonment, and the : _ C I I) 1 U-.l L -