Newspaper of The New York Herald, November 20, 1848, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated November 20, 1848 Page 1
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0 I ? MilWi %.-T II - jr NO. 5283. THE election RETURNS. The followinc is the popular vote in the States, as far an ascertained. The returns are not nil official ?and in some instances incomplete. Where the full vote could not be obtained, the majorities are given :? Tht Popular Vote In Kleveu State*. f INCOMIM.KTE.] Whhi&Ino, Dem. Krke Soil.. L. Lbaoub 'Z. Taylor. J?. Cass. V. H. Smith, ^-c. Mane 34,778 :>8,7(>7 11,910 ? N. Ilamps're 13,8-18 21,471 6,678 85t? Maasac'setts. 61,072 35 2S1 38,133 ? Vermont 2<),:<l!l 8,887 ll,ti40 ? ith?de Island 6,693 ;>,610 708 ? Delaware .... 6,421 5,806 80 2 Connecticut .30,3(16 26,905 4,875 ? PcniiB'vnnia 184,836 168.923 11,118 ? New York.. 219,2:16 114,493 122,967 2,055 Ohio, 20 co.", 42,807 -l!>,2ltt 19,<?S8 ? Maryland .. 29,861 2<),t>79 103 ? Total in 11 States.... 649,977 603,178 227,930 2,913 Taylor over Cass 146,779 Taylor less than Cass and Van Buren. 81,131 Taylor less than all others 78,258 The electoral vote is added, as far as it is known. Five States are yet in doubt:? Ttie Electoral Vote of IN4N, Compared with 5 Hat of 1844. , I HO > , IS44 , Electoral Vote. Elector est Vott. tftnUi. H. Taylor. L. t'an, H. <Jlay. J. K. Polli. Mmoe 9 .... 9 N.Hampshire ti .... (i Massachusetts.. 12 .... 12 .... Hhode Island... t .... 4 .... Connecticut .... H .... 6 .... Vermont. t> .... K .... Man laud 8 .... 8 .... Virginia 17 Kouth Carolina 9 .... 9 New York 36 3? New Jersey 7 .... 7 .... , Pennsylvania... 2<? .... .... 26 Delaware 3 .... 3 .... Noith Carolina. 11 .... 11 .... Georgia 10 .... .... 10 Kentucky 12 .... 12 .... Tenneaaee 18 .... 13 .... Ohio 23 23 .... Louisiana ti .... ti Mississippi 6 Indiana 12 .... 12 Illinois 9 Alabama .... 9 Missouri 7 .... 7 Arkansas 3 .... 3 Mirhiwnii 5 ?- S Florida 3 .... new State Texas 4 new State Iowa .... new State Wisconsin .... 4 new State Total 1G3 82 105 170 82 105 Taylor ever Cass, 81 Polk over Clay,.. 65 1848. 1844. Total electoral vote.. 290 Total electoral vote... 275 NeoeBMrjto a choice. 146 Neceerary to a choloe. 138 VoteforTaylorthuifar lt>3 Full Tote for Polk. . .. 170 STATES YKT IN HOT llT. Virginia.. 17 Mississippi t> Illinois J) Alabama 9 Iowa. 4 Not yet sure 45 The local legislatures in the several States, thus far elected, stand as follows:? State Legislatures, 1848-9. [incomplete.] , SKNAIK. > HOUSE. , Whig. Dem. F. S. Whig. Dmi. F. S. North Carolina. 25 25 ? 60 60 ? Kentucky 27 II ? 64 36 ? Ohio* 14 18 4 28 38 6 Honda 12 7 ? 24 15 ? f*nn?ylrani?... 21 12 ? 50 60 ? Neir Jersey, , . 13 6 ? 38 IS ? Michigan 4 18 ? 12 63 ? Wisconsin. . .. 4 12 4 15 26 18 Massachusetts. ? ? ? 1T2 10 40 Vermont 21 0 1 116 47 57 Now York 24 2 6 108 6 15 * There are four or five goats to be contested by whig' and democrats. These statements are as perfect as they can be made till the official returns are all received. Th#-y may change the figures somewhat, but will not alter the character and complexion of the tables. Virginia. The Richmond Enquirer of the 18th inst. says : Our table of 118 counties, published yesterday, stands as follows, as corrected by the official vote, (and the full vote in Harrison.) I)em. gains l,5(il Taylor gains 5,538 Randolph county.. 20 Barbour county.... 48 Floyd " 217 j Total 1,561 Total 5,823 Dem. gain 1,581 In 121 counties, Taylor gain, 4,212 In addition to the above, the Times has the fol lowing : Taylor gains?Cabell nnd Wayne counties....210 Scott county i:u> Democratic gains? Logan county 20 Net gain for Taylor in these counties 366 I Adding this number to the above, the nett Tay- I lor gain on Polk's majority (0,893) in 125 counties, is 4.59B. The following thirteen counties are yet to be heard from : Morgan, Lee, Ritchie, Jackson, Mason, Rraxton, Nicholas, Tyler, Boone, Putnam, Gilmer, Doddridge, Wetzel. We cannot doubt that | old Virginia has voted for Cass and Butler. Michigan. Dkthoit. Nov. 13, 1848. ! Return* from all the counties in Michigan, excapt | Chippewa which in estimated at 150. give Cass and Butler a majority of 7.208 in the State. The State Senate stands 18 democrats to 4 whig* and the Hou>-e 64 democrats to 12 whig*. The Congres*lonal delegation stands two demoaratf to one fiee poller. Mlarellnneoiin Political Intelligence. Jimel H Co*. Hip Senator from the Cheuertield Diotriot. ha* reeigneii hi* seat; and the Governor has l*?u?d procleniatioa for a new election on the eecond Monday (the 11th) of December neit. Kitraormrary Jorafctv to Votb.? \ gentleman of Proviuecce, who ha* been travelling all over the worl l ' MI mil jrnir inirini iiuiur un rr r u urnuaj morn I ng 119 ha<l been making hl? calculation* for four monthx no as to reach Providence In time to rote for Taylor. He wn* not aware of the alteration In tbe day of the elac- ' tlon, and did not accer'aln It till he >a? it In a Provl- I d-nce pafer nt Jamaica He had engaged parage in a *t< atner which wax to leave In a week, hut fearing thnt he might be to* late, he marted In an op?n pilot ' boat (or St. Jago. to take another ateamer. He reached 1 St Jago half an hour too late lie returned to Jamaica having been In the pilot boat three daya, and took tbe eteamer for Havana. There he took th* Cr*Acent City, which *?? compelled to put into Wilmington for coal At Wilmington, f.arlng that the detention ?f the boat m'.ght make him too late, he atarted overland, travelling n'ght and day; and although detained one night at Washington, by arriving halt' an hour too late, be reached Worcester on the day of the elention. won after the lait train of earn had atarted for Providence. Tiler* he tried to hire a locomotive to brlDg him to Providence, but the agent* of tbe road did not dare to fend one. without notice for fear of meeting the upward train: and It wax no late that an hour expreti could not teach Providence till the poll* had vi. rru iiuw. wr can ime man a live nni|( ani we are I not turf but the Secretar y of Statu ought to oount hi* Tots. We ahall reckon It, when we xpeak of the whig majority In Rhode Island And while thU good whig wax making all the** exertion* to fulfil a gre?t duty of eititennhlp. hundred* of men calling t hnmavlve* wh g*, riititled to the fame right, and resting under the name responsibility, hare quietly staid at home within ten minutes' walk of the poll*.? Prnvidtncr paptr. The Hartford Timet thu* wllllqulN* Skit ri?M I* pretty comfortable after all, eapeclally sinne this uniiMii) enow storm Salt don't freeze, you know, and when one ain't entirely frozen up, he can talk of men nd measures with hi* neighbor." ThntiltMgiviiig in the I tilled SUIr?. Charleston, S. (! c?et. ?f? Kentucky .. .Thnrtday, Nov. il Pfl?w*ro... .Tlmtaday, No*. 7 Tenrsrnue ... do do. 21 Maine do. do. It! Mitinuri... . do. do. 2i N. Hampshire do. do. 1(1 Ma.*n< hurettt, do. do. :(0 New Y-.rk... d? d<>. 2.1 R lalsnd... do. do. '?) y. Jeriey .. do. do. ?1 Connecticut . do. do .'#) r'linylrania, do, do. ?,1 Indiana.,, . do, dt ? Maryland..., do. do. X! Vermont . do. Dee, 7 | Jin ht*an.... do. do. 23 D. C'lomMn do Nov .18 do do. At I / E NE MO I KiTi Br. Hvder'a Lecture on the Kuril ml it* I The Rev Dr. Ryder, President of the College of the Holy Cross, in Worcester, Mass., preached in St. Ptter's church, Barclay street, in this city, yesterday. He selected for his text the sixth chapter of St. John, 52d verse : "It any man eat of this bread, he shall live for ever." In the words quoted for your consideration, Dr. Ryder said, you will readily anticipate the divine theme on which I mean to address you; and in the contemplation of this heavenly doctrine, I cannot but figure to myself the position which the Catholic church holds in regard to it, and the object cf admiration fbe must thereby be to the christian and philosopher. The Catholic church alone believes tbat, in the durable Kucharist, the Saviour bas given, under the form of bread and wine, bis sacred body and blood,for the miration of tbe world. In the Kucharist is perpetuated the myftery of redemption, by which we nre enabled to give to the Almighty Uo<i. in this world, that pure homage and wornhip which he pre-eminently urrri >rr, uuv omcu unilier ID ueaven ncr on tn? earth does lie receive, except in the hucharistic sacrifice of the < atholic church. Ii i? in that (ioii is w< r htpped as he deserves to be. and that not by the merit of the individual who offers the sacrifice, but by the intrinsic ifllcacy of the divine oblation. by which bin name ia made glorious fro i the rihlug to the setting of the nun In contemplating thin sacridce, I cannot but observe that the Catholic churah. Hurrouuded like a chaste Susan re.charged by all discordant denominutione an the faithless rpouse of Christ.a* the betrayer of bit* faith; yet who alone figures to the world the perfection of the god- man. th at he In devoted to the worlO, that be ha* displayed bis inellable oliarity and wisdom in the mott ertimable manner Is that the character of a taitblehs spouse? Is it in human nature that she would forfeit her faith in eulogising him whom she betrayed I No. it is not Again, the GlthoUd ohureh ba? been accused of introducing thi< sacrifice of the Kuc.harist Well, if she has. she is entitled to admiration for so doing. The Cat hollo churoh has invented the doctrine of the real presence, the doctrine of trannubhtantiation, by wbioh the efopients of bread and wine are changed into the body^wd blood of Christ. It is said that this is IncomprcWnsible. It is incomprehensible; but yet, for a period ot eighteen hundred jeais. the Catholic church has oonvinced the proudest intellects of the truth of this divine institution. The records of primitive Christianity are full of the doctrine which we are accused of having invented. All the intellect of man has been arraigned against this doctrine, and every effort has been made to subvert it; but yet never, in one solitary instance, hasan argument been adduced against it which the Catholic chucrh has not been able to answer. But the truth is the Catholic church is the faithful spoUFe of Christ. She has not invented tbe doctrines which she propounds to her children; but it is the revelations which Ooi has made to that church She la hut thn ? wf<S9I?V?J the faith which *he has been told to guar 1. and which she has guarded and will guard even to the consummation of the world, (everything connected with the Euoharit't is. therefore, nothing less than revelation made by God to her for the Inst ruction of man; and that I ma; convince you all.and such of mydissenting brethren as are within hearing cf me, I will give you a few of the arguments of the Catholic church on the subject of the real presence ; and for the greater elucidation i of it I will propose to your consideration the language of the Saviour, in which he promises to institute this sacrifice, and will afterward* show that the divine Saviour has really instituted that which hu promised. In tfce sixth chapter of St. John, the first part of which i have already read, be uses such language as is perfectly consistent with the doctrines of the Catholic church, and perfectly incompatible with those cf our dissenting brethren. They believe, in the Kucharift. that there is nothing but the mere representative of the body and blood cf Christ. The Catholic church, on the other hand, believes that the bread and wine are changed into the real body and blood, continuing under the external form of bread and wine. In the flrist place then, our Saviour says. ' The bread I will give is my flesh for the life of the world " Ther? Is no possibility of connecting the person of Chriit with mere faith. IVhw ' -i ? . , -? iiwauj spoken of faith, and is there speaking of that wiiion be intended to give. That bread which I will give, he says, implying something for the future, whioh he intended to establish. The proposition is convertible. It is identical. It will mean the same, whether you take the second or the first part. -The bread ( will give is my flesh for the life of the world," or my flesh tor the life of the world is the bread which I will give. Now, can it b* supposed that our divine Saviour meant his flesh and blend figuratively ? No, and I am free to say, that if he had said so it would have been absurd, because we have not been redeemed by the mere representatives of the body and blood of Christ, but by his real flesh nod blood if a figure only is intended, then we ebristinns must admit that we have been redeemed by a mi-re figure. I proceed? ' The Jews, therefore, strote smocg themselves; sajlng, how can this man give us his tler-h to eatThere is no mistaking the signification wbirh they applied to the words. They understood btm his real fleth and blood. Now. what was the answer of Jems to those who made this remark? " Amen, amen Unless you eat thu fiesh of the Son of Man and drink of his blond, you shall not have llfo In you ? There is an answer in keeping with the belief which tbe\ had formed. And. he adds, " He that eatita my flesh and drinketh my blood hath everlasting life, and I will raise bini up at the last (lay " Does he say he , who eateth the figure of my flesh, tec ? Not at all ; | because the figure is not identical with everlasting life, ! and thereiore we have a claim, from partaking of the | humanity of God. to resurrection and an iram Ttalstate hereafter, because tbe seeds of immortality are in us. I A^aln. be says " Kor my Mesh Is meat, indeed, and my blood is drink, indeedWill you change this language of the Saviour? Can you change it ? Now, take tMs language as it is. and say whi ther the Saviour meant only a figure. It is not a figure, but real flesh and blood which he meant. Again, he says. " He that eateth my flesh nod drinketh my blood, abideth in tne and I In him.'' Mow can a person be said to abide in Christ, if you look upon him only as a figure ? But be can abide in you and you in him. wheu his liosh and blood are partaken iu reality. Now. here is the elucidation of the dootrlne which the Saviour gives?" As the living lather has sent me, and I live by the fatter, so be tbat eateth me the same shall live by me." I here Invoke your attention and ask you do you believe the divinity of Christ ? Of course you do. Now our divine Saviour say" that he who receives the Kucbarist shall live. By what' By figure or in reality ? There is the question As Christ is Ood, Ood is<<|ual to the father, because the same nature is in both, and consequently Christ is the true Ood as much as the l-'ather, because the same nature is common to both, and be who partakes of the real flesh and blood . partakes ?f him This Is a declaration which ought to ! make us feel grateful for exalting us to be partakers . ct the flesh and blood of Ood. Again. " this Is bre.td tbat caue down from heaven. Not as your fathers did eat manna and are dead, bo that eateth this bread sbail live for ever. " Now this must not be pass- | ed over. I.et me personate a Jew for a moment. \ our Jesu* I would say, has declared he gave you brsad superior to thai which our fathers got in the desert; my bread is superior, both in figure and in substance ; its properties are more in accordance with the divine gift, and it is far superior in reality. \Ve find, on the pages of revelation that the manna, on which the Israelites fed for forty years, is called the bread of ' angels, and its properties were wonderful. I would, as ; a Jew say, is the bread which you partake of e.|U*l to ' this manna ' It does not descend lront heaven except . figuratively. The Jew would, therefore, triumph over the divine Savior anil mv th?t h* ho- f-n-.i i- %.t. I prompt) to give bread superior to thi> manna. Vou < ohnrot niiMver thin but the I atholio can. The 1 bread of the Kuebarlxt of the Catholic church ia an superior to manna Christ is superior I to anything earthly, an I thus tha christian would ( triumph over the Jew Now the Scripture tell* us . that he was teaching the people at the time a lid therefore, It was in his character aa teacher b? ! supplied the intelligence which they needed Many. J, therefore of his disciples when they h- ard C:?ia, said, ' 1 his is hard and who can believe it!" It in bard I to believe that It i? the real ll?sh and blood which Is ' < meant, but it In hard only because it ia true, because ! ? of it* reality; but dub^'.itute the lan<ua>fe of the i j ( hutch of Kuglandand there ia no difficulty in it.? I j Again it ia clear and evident that the divine Saviour ; nu ant hia body and blood in reality, under the appearance of bread and wine. " But .(ecu*, knowing ti at fooe of his disciples murmured, Aie.;" an much I ' n* to say, you doubt what I say, not remembering r that, a tew minutes before, I showed my omnipotence <1 by multiplying the loaves and ti?hes What if you I t ihould see me anceud to heaven would you believe it |, more readily * The reverend lecturer concluded by j . appealing most eloquently to hia audience to extend their charily to the poor of the church ; and his ap- 1 peal waa heard,for a good collection was taken. ' ' T..- n....... /" rril _ - I e i n r. ..nrxni.minut VAMi.? J. lie OCCUlTellCP in I " cfniit, last Tuesday, was the stibject of conver- | nation Mid remark yesterday all over tba city. Some ' explanation of the affair. would, perhaps. not be un- ' acceptable. Most of otir reader* will doubtless re- 1 member the notice of the prosecution against tiro !i women of Infamous character, for decoying or en- t, t clng a girl to a house of ill fame The nnme of v young Breckenridge was involved In the affair, and he M was prosecuted along with the women, as a party to the offence. The name of the girl, alleged to have been so enticed, is .lulla Tarsons. It was alleged by his " counsel that testimony wan at hand exculpating ' llreckenridgc of any participation in the enticing ; " bc th the girl and h?r mother acquitting him of that o cffence against them, or either of them. Young B i being nsturally unwilling to appear In court under h such circumstance*. under such a charge and in such (| company, and oonildent in the strength of the proofs . which he tould adduce, demanded, through his counsel. Joseph Knox, Ke<| , that a mile prosequi be entered in liii case, before the trial of the cause. To thin ap- J plication Judge I'atton declined listening, for reason* '< which he considered sufficient.? Piltihurg Journal. e Tin Tknnswke Kivkr.?The Chattanooen Va- n zcttt of Friday mvi :?' Tlx- travelling public and * shippers may now feel assured that, the h lating on the < Tennessee river has regularly set in for the winter 1 and f|,T'?U 'famous under favorable cucti'n^an e- ,| Those hateful things, dangers nnd delay*, need not be apprehended " W YO RNING EDITION?MOI Our Krcncli CorretipoiHleiice. Taris, Aug. 1(>, 18LS. Madame Rachel?Her Sister?French 'Ificatres? Balis, Dam es, 4*<".?The Poor of Paris. Madame Rachel is a character of great imporI tance to Paris at this time, for the Krench could no more live without theatres than without wine, bread, and some other luxuries which are so fashionable here. She plays at the "Theatre Repnblique," where the French design to have the best performers in Europe. I have heard her several times, and no one can fail to see that she possesses remaikable talent, llere the best French is spoken ?it is the standard pronunciation for the world. The court of France, and all the courts of Europe, bow to the French pronunciation at this theatre. There is very little scenery; the whole interest consists in the remarkable power of the actors.? Some twenty years ago, Madame ll&chel was a little beggar girl in Taris. She appeared upon the Parisian stage in tragedy, at the age of seventeen, and was successful. She now stands at the head of her profession, and holds France and Europe at her command?she commands their purses, their language, and rules their hearts when they come within the ran^e of her voice and her action.? I7v?rv ..n,hi oh,. ,.l?uu lanrr J""/-' '?6 |-.vivoo.uiir, called here "queues," form for each entrance, and extend many yards back, and the earliest get.* i the first entrance, and the last must go to the < nd i ot the i/ucue; for no crowding is permitted. Two and two the i/ueue forms, and stands far hours waiting for the door to open. Such is the order and precision in Paris, in all these matters, that a person haying once taken hia place in the ijueue, can leave it, asking his neighbor to preserve it for him, and no one will attempt to take it; and if he does, a police oflicer will remove htm immediately. Ladies and gentlemen stand in these (jueucs for one or two hours, and sometimes more. An English gentleman Baid to me, " l'atience, in France, i? necessary to obtain a place, and strength, in London." And such is the fact. Madame Kachel lias a younger sister, who is very pretty, who plays exceedingly well; the sympathetic, especially. She cries beautifully, implores admirably, and kneels gracefully. For these, as well as nergood acting in general, she receives abundant applause. But the French audience is very severe in its criticisms, and none but a first-rate actor can appear upon the stige of this theatre without being instantly hissed off.? In some of the bolder parts of Madame Rachel's acting, 1 have seen the entire house 111 such raptures of appl use, from the parterre to the amphitheatre, that her acting, for a minute perhaps, ? an tuD|>riiucu. I ncviT suw any OUKT aCU"e3S, or actor achieve such a victory over such 1 an audience. Here the position of such an actress, or actor, is hardly second to that of General Cavaignac himself?so great is the admirution of the French for such scenes of interest and instruction. The Fiench theatre is a pattern of propriety and order for the people of any country) there is no fourth tier for a certain class of females?each person lias his place in his box ; and every element of disorder and of indegprum is excluded from the house, and no act is admitted upon the stage until it has received the approbation of the censors. It is a truth, that whatever may be the private habits of the French, and their manner of cultivating socialism, thrtr public example is a patt< r:i for the world. The only exception to tn s remark is their masked balls, and their dances, in the summer, at the "Chateau Kouge." and other places of a similar character, upon the ground, where their style of dancing is "rather familiar." At all these places, the ladle i attend as spectators; and at the masked balls, if they please, they join in the dance and the conversation, when ail the impudent, cutting, and bitter things are said that the ingenuity of man or woman can invent. This is etiquette there, at which no one takes oHence, for if he does, he 6oon rerents ef it; for there is no mercy shown to him where the young girls dress in pants. Of course queer things ure said, and such a scene opens up to view another side of the French character, and a funny ? tide it is, too. This side of the picture may be 8 traced throughout France, from the mistresses of ? the monarchs and the princes, down to the masked ' ball dancer, dressed in hat and pantaloons, and { concealed under an external decorum, generally ' ol remarkable propriety and grace. Vulgar man- 1 nere, in France, ol'.fud against taste ; in that r view, it is exceedingly offensive; whatever vio- ? lates public taste and aeeorum, receives no favor. > There is a time and place ior all things, is the ' Fiench idea. The Assembly are proposing 9,00ft,000 of francs I ' for ihe po#r of Paris, this winter. The Minister j c ol Finance reports that the ?WMM of the go- I 1 vernroent amount to a million of francs a day, be- j ^ yondthe income; and at this rate, the govern- r inent is in condition tor seventeen months. The I French considered this a meat favorable view of " things, and therefore stocks rose. Stocks have risen upon the organization ol the new ministry ; and some of the right aie now talking of Gen. C c for the Presidency. I think his chances have been improved in tins respect. Our Ocrmnn Corre?i>oii?1ciice. Fkankfokt-on-the Mjux, Uct. 14, 18-18. Affairs of German;/. You have the present condition of Germany in a sentence, when I tell you that the war dogs are liowling throughout the very length and breadth of [he land. The cry is blood, war to the knife, and extermination. The assembly at Frankfort is for- r jotten in the scenes of terror that hcver over the ' mpenalcity of Vienna, and,while Ipen these lines, i ill hearts are filled with the awful foreboding that, r n this moment, her palaces, and her treasures of . indent lore, may he crackling in the Humes lighted , jy civil war, or smouldering in the ashes soaked I jy the bl ed of her people. The awful blow has J jeen struck that is to decide the fate of Austria j tnd of Germany, and a war of extermination u letwecn the non has begun. The excitement r( hioiiuhmit n'l Germany is very pre at, and a breeze ,j rom the sirocco of the south may kindle the j lames that are here ready to burst forth. The ,, ndtcal party ot Germany has espoused the cause ! >t the Hungarians againstfthe Sclavomons,and 130 , rj >f the radical members of Frankfort, have | (j sent on an address of sympathy, with five ol I ^ heir principal men, to the (Sermon partyjin V ien- t( 5a. The mtentic us of the central power of Frank- ,| ort are as yet unknown ; the crisis is so respon- : j, nble that no man dares to act, and the case so j a critical that all precedent and noliev fail. Tn? I act that the German part of Austria is represent d in Frankfort makes the quest ton of incalcula>le importance to (ierman interests, and the radi- i j :al members insist on intervention with German f( roops. The moderate party seem to thiniv it then j |0 luty to tonsider this .i domestic lilllnr a." they } lave hitherto done, and oppose an intervention. |j( I he Archduke John and the minister-president r leing Austrian*, makes the question more diliiult lor them?it is one of twentv millions o< w Slavonians n^ainst six millions of (lerm-ino, lor ^ he empire ol Austria, and Uie nann- that h.is bo l ong been prominent in the nn-jals of Kurope ,1, hreatens to disappear Ironi her records. Austria p, nut! beccme Sclavonian or crumble into dissolu- pr ion. The cry of reaction agiynst the movenents of Jelluchich does not give a clear idea |1( f the state ol the case; it is a war of races, rather j; inn <i iviikoi ui j>i iimi'M , nuu in** nuUST 111 Maps- ^ iiirp, seeing itself threatened with annihilation l?y (|, h^ hbernl movements of Germany, has thrown w ittll into the only arms that can save it. The ,], lit lit, this time, is not to Innsnruck, loyal as the Ju i?iley? and the mountains of the Tyrol may be? r 10, Piiuue is now the seat of the Imperial court, fjnil will revenge itself on the Germans for the j ilocd anil still gaping wounds of the awful days of ^ une. The Pclavonian members of the Vienna i,( ;iet have already protested against the fraction m ! ft in Vienna, and are preparing to meet in Braun, ,e MMpitd ct Moravia, or in l'rague. Tm 8cla- jj( onians claim the waters of the Danube, the Sane jri nd the Drave; it is they who claim the shores of m lie Adriatic and the heights of the Caspathians, ,r nd they are re^dy tr. back these claims with the ji( lood of millions. Thiols no conimon question? w l is one on which de|ieii(.'s the fate, of a great pnrt f Europe, and a festering abscess which lias been ; n) iuening for years, and has row burst with a fiend- j() ke luiy. There is but one solution to thistior- w can knot, namely: the annihilation of the Impelal family ol the dissolutionot uw mpire into ita elements; the archduchy of Aimlia and Tyrol, which are German, would then i I to the Geimanic Confederation, Hungary, tabliih an independent government, and ticlaonia rise as a new member in the great family of J, ations. These would be the dictated of common I t0 ense, but will scarcely be realized until the heads f the lloiircol Haptburg are brought to the block. iut the inter*iiti ol < m Family ars to pteTMl over ? ii -e of millions, nnd the swords are be n.; > mrpned lor ihe carnage ; troops are inarching from g, RK H KDAY, NOVEMBEB 20, Prngue and Moravia to Vienna, and strengthening nr the forces of the Croats under Jrllachich, and he ir and Windisch-tiratz will soon have 100,000 men "oi with which to move against the capital and the fc Hungarians. And these men are not doubtful, for ni they are notGeriiians but Schtvonians; with hearts h; burning with venom, and panting for the combat and vengeance. In the mean while the capital is the scene of the wildest disorder, and totally destitute of men equal to the gieatness of the mo- *' ment. The Academic Legion is the provisional ?c government, and its precipitation is almost a gua- hi rantee of ruin. Every man is armed to the teeth, hi and the city 19 preparing for a siege ; but there is m 110 system, no discipline posaible in such incohe- tt rent masses, when called on to face a regularly "c organized army. Terror is in every heart, and 110 leiss than 24,000 fugitives have arrived at Prague, and all that can escape fly. The capital of Bo he- " mia has become a second Coblentz, and is filled n,

w i th pmiort* ..1 The murder of Latour, the Minister of War, wl proves tluit the leadeis in Vienna have no com- ai mand of the foices that they have conjured up, and s* Gcd knows where a second outbreak of popular re passion may end. An rye-witness to this liendish assassination gives the account minutely as follows:?"Latour was seized in his bureau, and his ,ft skull fractured with the butt-end ot a musket; then " dragged down stairs by the heels ; lie was shot; his an eyes were picked out, and lie was then hung to a a hook before the entiy to the war oflice. This was ?h not sufficient; he was taken down, stripped naked, ?p and pieces ot his body were cut oil and paraded to the public by men and women! Finally, his mu- wa tilated body was hung to a lam^ nost in an open Sj tquure; the rope broke, and the falling corpse was received with shouts of laughter, and again susjiended with a stronger coid." Alter tins, it is no j' wonder that the imperial tamily resolved to lly; on especially as the people did not hesitate to demand *n the bends of the Archduchess Sophia and the Arch- ' duke Louis. The Emperor himself is so harmless that no one would think ot touching him ; but his dlr imbecility is exactly what produced all the dillicully in Austria; the people know too well that the measures ot the court do not proceed trom him. bei but are the result of the intrigues daily 8|>un aroulid I h him. A long residence in Vienna gave me an op- Wi portunity ot frequently seeing the royal family, and Cli a little sKetch may not be unprofitable, at a period when the e^esofall Europe are turned on their 'I1' fortunes. '1 he Emperor is but the relic of a man; ^ he was never distinguished tor mental capacity in mB early life, and, at a later period, a condition of ari complete mental infirmity seemed to take posses- KU sion ofhim. The impression made by his features *u< is that of imbecility, without doing him injustice. l>k< The Empress is a nne, majestic looking lady, of ^ ordinary nowers ol mind, but perfectly destitute of the knowledge or the tact to govern. She remains * entirely aloot from public life, and is bigotedly de- knt vottd to reliifion and religious neremonic*. rhna >. :he power passes into other hands than those which up 1 ire supposed to govern. These are, first, the Arch- iflic Juke Louis, uncle ot the Emperor, and brother oi he celebrated Emperor Francis the Second. Me K s the man who ruled the empire, with Metternich, jntil the revolution?a man of the old rtgime, re- [ ? nark able for nothing but for having grown old in q? he exercise of despotic power, and learned to go- K0 , .em by rote, and with an obstinacy which twenty you evolutions w< uld not break. The next is the [fht Uchduke Francis Charles, brother of the Kmpeor, and successor to the throne ; a man of mode- wa,< ate capacities, with no other desire but to have cart hings as his fathers had them ; with no powers o govern, and perfectly unfit to command the ves- cffic iehn the present stormy period. The grand stum- the ilmg blocK in the way of the people is his wife, bt-ig he much dreaded Archduchess Sophia?a Bavari- the tn princess, l'anting to have the imperial honors infi in her brow, she would hail the abdication ot the *n(* imperor with joy; and, to tell the truth, she is the inly man in the family. Ambitious and full ot inligue, she is ready to ser/.e any cord that will htr tiengthen her own position anil tighten the letters , ?f the people. Metiernieh's flight gave her the om< reins, and she acted under cover lor some time.? ?t-lf -'he was the mainspring of everything that was hhr lone at In nspruck, while the court was th" re; and co!l unce their return she huB intrigued with Jeilachich ind the 1 obility. IJer object is to secure the crown it all hazards; but the people know her. The relic jjig i if the Diet left at Vienna have demanded her banshment, and the peorile were eager for her head, nine lersuccess with Jeilachich renwiins to be seen, pow n the meanwhile, all is anxiety. Vienna has given ?*" he impulse, and the tide of revolution threatens to h?ir oil on. Berlin is fermenting; Munich is ready to a" * on?id the tocsin at the lirst cry of distress from jjBj 'ienna; and a few days may see the crusades pourng to waid the shores of the Danube. Kussiahas 0fllc< iroken 6ilence and crossed the l'ruth, ivitli a protability that she will join herself with the Emperor a if Austria and the Sclavonians, against the Ger- fj nans in Vienna. And then what will Milan do 1 'T| .Vhat will Kadetzky do, with Croats and I lunga- yotj ians in the same camp! Time alone can tell. rosy 811(1 [lie Result of the 1'rewidential Ktcitlon In to 11 n I niindlaii Point of View. touc f 1 V,.. L- ? ' ' ' t. . .lU.VUlU CA.UI1IIU, lit j wrei The hero ot Kesaca de la Pal ma, Buena Vista, scum ind Monterey, has become President ot' the Uiii- wbi! td States Republic. The prestige ot' a military ??ut' lame secured him the nomination, and the whigs, 01^'e eeking a triumph, by joining their fortunes to his miliary popularity, have carried him into the ll0W| 'resident's chair." Rut the triumph is something jC>f, liflerent from merely a whig victory, something | icupess thun a repudiation of the principles of the de- ! Hjti nocrats. If General Ta\ lor never fully commit- i The; ed himself to the principles of the whig party, and ? lever opposed himself to those of the opposite "j >arty, he rather owes his election to the disseve- ji'J ance of old party ties, than to the triumph of any arty principles. He declared himself the candi- the t latejof the whole people, and at one time, previous and othe meeting of the Baltimore convention,which mail lominnted General Cass, it was a question whe- Jr*n l:er he should not be taken up by the democrats. b*1* t he had any political principles he concealed hem, and either party had something to hope and utle to fear from his success. The democrats, fbr^ ?lieving themselves able to elect a man wlio em- n;(rr raced all the articles of their Political creed,soon mar ecided that it would he uneai'e to aecept one of gaap r.known or equivocal principles, and their choice ue tt II on General Cass. Tne whigs, knowing th.it , a bit tiey could not elect any prominent man of their ' P'1"'1 iiirty?that to run Henry Clay was to meat cer- ; ***" lin defeat?that Daniel Weiister was never able ^(l)| 3 cairy more than a single State?selected Gen. 1 ,|uct 'aylor, not for his principles, but with the hope > i iat his popularity would more than balance the 1 ?irn eficiency of their party when fairly placed in the I Th cale, without any extraneous adjuncts, against ; ?,ot d ie other great, and, in most instances, success- ' wel il party. General Taylor, thus converted into [ * * * make weight, has proved sufficient for the iirpose of those who made use of him.? frit-D [ow he will draw in parly harness, after his re- retur nted declaraticns that he would not fie the enn- t idate or the ('resident of a party, remains to be "but i n. It is already manliest that the party who Th lined their otherwise desperate lortunes to his pojlarity, nt)w that success lias been secured, will finand of General Taylor that flexibility of cha- p^ri(ll scter ond complete devotion to the ceed o! the forJ , lugs, which nc has pledged himself before the borb< orld to yield to neither whig nor democrat.? d?pm carcely isthe f act of his election announced, and but, fore the result is definitely ascertained, than i of*c? ic leading whig presses of the I nion demand the ?n<1,! jeclofthe tariff of 18l(i. As parties stand at | 1*n.1*.1 ? sent in Congress, the attempt to revive the tariff 1842 is a hopeless expedient. The whiffs have I t|0n > more than a nominal majority in the House of j 0b?? epres'ntttives, while they are in a minority in | mm c ie Senate. Except in the case of the removal by tb*r* :ath of some of its members, nearly two years Ttasl ill elapse before any new members be elected to riiht e Senate. I ntil then the tariff cannot be dia- ot J TV,,. ... ? .L-. : r.L- miin IU< u. lo nn.ic anv irm iiim ti iiiujuf uy ui me wh otectionists will ever be elected to the Senate. ,n'ti lie principle of representation in that hotuse but. < vts each State an equal number of repre- that ntatives, two, without reference to the num- wortl r of inhabitants it inay contain. All the "v w or Western States aw decided Anti-pro- ??n ctionist, and by their equal influence in the " ' nate, they prevent th?- triumph of the sectional terehts ot the manufacturing States. The ad- brow ismon of new States will strengthen the trae c,r(jg ide party in'he Senate. The wings will_now ?c very naeiy 10 commit a grand ni'stake. They you* ill regard the election of (rcn. Taylor as the tn- t?k? ii| h <>f the principles of their party. They will ^ istake the homage paid to the military chieftain '* '! r a public ilevotton to whig principles. Tiiis V. ill embolden them to attempt the resuscitat.on of pf hi| protectionist tan(V, the exhumation of the .Na- dat () innl I'.ank scheme, vetoed and condemned har- btad, ?r bills, and every old issue which the intelli- y0 lice of the country has long since consigned to tabu >11\ion. The country, though willing to accept tonn en. Taylor as President, is not prepared to assent tun these extreme measures; am. that the attempt felt cariv them will utterly pro-irate the party, there evidence in the history of several of the ablest utesmen in the Union to induce the belief. It ails nothing that Paniel Webster and Henry frcm Uy are men of brilliant talents and extraordinary f, rrr< nius; by identifying themselves with unpopular be* [ERA 1848. ieasurei>, to which they cling with the tenacity of iexorable fanaticism, they sacrificed theirchuitce f ever gaining the 1'renidency. Had Gen. Taylor illowed in their track, I lie prestige of a military iime would not have Hiitticed to win tor him the ighest prize in the gift of the American people. Police liilclllKriicf, " Serioui .'Iffrau Under this caption an srtlcla [ipeartd in the lltrald,of yesterday morning, relative > an imurtt In s porter ho urn; in VVanlilngton street, h'cli stated that a man named John Thompson hvl h les broken. The nam* of the injured man <tinni i ?ve been given Thomu Uurke. instead \ man imed John Flattery was arretted by officer Wreatu. <>f ie Iwt ward, and for want of bail committed to prln It was also stated that several physlolaus were tiled upon to attend the man. all of whom refused jch is not the faot. Dr. Maegregor was nailed upon id immediately repaired to the spot, but finding it tdl absence of every convenience for setting the lib, which had received a compound fracture, ho itdM tbal the man be at once taken to the hospital, bere he could receive the full attention whlob ?uch iaccident required, lie wasaccordingly taken there vt ral phyfiriane, however, were called upon, who did fute to render the necessary aid llefore Justice Lolhrop.?The police office, yesterday oming, was not crowded, but still there wad a very ir attendance? some lew out faces, bloody nones, id black eyes. Amongst this part? was seated a slim iking Irihh woman, with rather a red face, grey eyes, id brown hair; her mouth was very compressed with pair of thin lips, und when i-he opened her mouth, u mowed mo loss or most ot licr upper front teeth parently driven out by the extraordinary length of r tongue? not having sufficient room. Thii woman ,8. every few second*. muttering out?" You U <1 ltquito. you; I'll Rive you h-ll, yet." At length, the ae arrived, and Kllen O'Donneli was called by the igistrate for investigation, and up shu jumped, her i i es (lathing (ire. aud her cheeks like tire itself? I , hat'a my name," aaid Kllen, looking at the justice, d then at the ollloer, who la a man uf small stature, , d rather juvenile appearance. hn. ?Yer fudge, that's the d n musquito who | sught me in ; and I'll just tell you how it was. The ty blackguard offered me twenty-five cents to go up alleyway wi'h him. and because I would n't do it brings me to the station house Judge, I can prove 1 karacter. I am sister to Dr O'Donneli, in Cham's street, and can give you names of the gentlemen ave been living with; I lived with Mr. Betts, In i ill street; 1 lived with Mr. Ciinklln; I lived with irk; and I lived with Smith; and I wet nursed Mr. ardlew. in Broadway, near Chambers street All !?e gentlemen can give me a good karacter. I never s drunk and disorderly, and its only this d n i [carried musquito of a man says I was. Judge, you la'nt believe him, and if you do believe him, you i i no judge any how." All this talk was given by ( en at tbr top of her speed, her tongue passing In t 1 out of the apertu re made by the losa of her teeth, t > the piston rod of a fast locomotive. t 1 ar.isirate. ? I see, Kllen. by yourconduct, exactly t lit you are. I want no better evidence. t '.li.km.-Ob. no. by ginger, Judge; I wasn't any v re drunk than I am at this moment, and that he \ iwa d- d well. * Iaoutkatf..?Well, Kllen. I shall have to lock you 0 until you leave off getting drunk, and giving our K It. ' c li.kn. (looking at the officer and then at the i< ge )? No, by U?d, he can't take me, no how. b the officer, turning op her sleeves at the tame time, b reparation for the contest ) Who. In the name of ), d, made jou ? [laughter. No, by ginger, I'll never tl lith you ; and if you put your hand on me. I'll tear p limb from gut, you d ? little inuMjulto. Oh! & iking her flat over the railing] if my brother Mike bi hold of you, he won't leave a bit of you. If yoa a loan, or any thing like one. by J?s. I wouldn't >; but to be brought in by a musquito devil like , it> outrageous. I ai lughterin court now became quite gen?rnl. The ti er now having the commitment, prepared for tv struggle, and as I'.Hen had the advantage In , m ;ht, tun was expected, and bad there been auy of ti fancy present, no douut the beta would have b"en hi ivor of the petticoat. She stood on the defensive, as the oflictr approached she let go her right band fr eh tookelfect on the officer'schin. The o",h?r^h:vnd c gbt him by the tihirt. Nothing daunted, the otH- w uround the waibt, and she iu return got hint fait d the hair. Laughter increasing in the court The a er lifted her from her feet, and finding heron the removal she struck out her feet at right ci Its, tautening one against th? railing. and la ?o tt .g down they went together (renewed laughter) ct by aide, the old woman kicking and struggling fur fo upper position This sho wax unable to obtalu, as officer by a pretty little gymnastic movement, go: y legs over kllen's, holding ner fast, and In this w iy ltd his position (lireat excitement and laughter >j, rngst the loafers) Kilen, finding herself over [, eted. cried out lor quarter, aud several other otn n went to their aid. She then let go of the officer'* . and he let her up. She then blessed him with ? he shocking oath* you could imagine, but was soon tr red down to the Tombs below, where in a solitary tt phe can have It all her own way, and thus ended (|t somicul and funny scene between hllen j.nJ the tt tr- wl tb Detector Bowlej> Out.?Not many mouths ?*, gentlemen ut this city foond dim* S1] s lounging on the steps of the Astor House New i, one pleasant afternoon; their countenances as and blooming as Aurora, when it doesn't rain; jr the prominent and paramount object in view was ' kill Time.'' A sturdy old settler is Time and as . h ss a pine knot; he has thrown whole hosts of ? tiers be.ore now, and always comes off victor. As ''' tbody says in the play, " Men talk of killing Time, 0 Time quietly kills them." But. to return to our c( ton : these gentlemen, who represented law. medi. and commerce, were talking of killing Time, *< 1 some one suggested that there was a cricket tb h at Floboken. Cricket ' the very thing; bold ing, adroit stepping, terrific batting, nimble field- t> i ind greatcatching ? it was the very thing. Why, to frig would be nothing to It; the fight between r's trainer and Yankee Sullivan mere ' both ' tb' y sped to lloboken? delightful, romantic lloboken W' ? scene of innumerable duels, of love scenes *h out end, of murders diabolical. What tales could ?t ocks and trees tell if tbev had leave to speak 1 ?W many of those vallejs nave proved valleys of avi h '-shade of Mary liogers mr n r They reached ly ground The ' inns" were making a great ?core, I oil the gentlemen drank to the--Inns." The ' outs" I o tome happy strokes of play, and the gentlemen ( is k to them; then they drank to individual mem- I of the contending parties and with them; then tui raoh other. until one fancied he was a "single 4# et," another a ball, and third a bat. and was | ri( anxious to test his qualities. At length a " run I-i ome" was made and the party left for the ferry as co y us griggs, crickett or cricketers could be. When I ro their place of d-jtarkation they name across a I Tl ! ot b'hoys with whom they came in collision, and (tl lat class of individuals are always inclined to have I tri of a ' muss," that result was very soon accoin- | led. At the first gun one of the party who had , n? e*sed bin deeded partiality lor a tilt recuived ' a to t" direct, which no obfuscated him thut he igno- le? ously fled. shedding a profusion ofIWM the pro- ?f of several glasses of giu and water. and exclaim- *' in tones of the deepest anguish, " Oh, my poor and children !" ch' e gentleman who fondly imagined himself a bat, 1 an i his ground like a regular built chicken, and col it in" a number of time*; but hi* adversary, i 1 art butcher, was too much used to " lam" to be t>" ulsbed. and his superior prowess was stun mad* it t fest by the commercial gentleman's face Ilia nil! d suoceeded in getting him away, but hit would L'e n. and begged to have a few rounds morn. ? know jou can lick mp sir," said he. resolutely ; cs come on, I'm ready for you.'1 ! lea * friends of the vanquisher Applauded the spunk I pie s Tan<|iii<hed, nnd invited him to take a short I'* with them, to wbloh he readily assented, and, in mo of the exertions ot his own companion, doggedly ?jl ited in accompanying his new pet*. The Uu l- col of a"three-center." a low grog-shop in the neigh- I ne: ir,d rillhiiil r\\kt. nf hifl lian ami nulling (ha > i ft 1 rting gentleiuan, succeeded tn bringing him to a ! Ne and then Informed bim that he * * tmonn t net Ho >undtel*. whose sole object was to decoy him olT r< ob him (ireatly obliged to the pbilanthropio ?lt ord. he repaired to bis hostelry, where he rejoin- it ' t own friend, and. by way of doing the handsome arr treated all handa?consuming, in that opera- Dol Cveglaste* of rank poison Upon receiving hi* ' nl ge for a twenty dollar bill, he discovered that th? it* offour dollar* and Qfty cent* had been deducted ptr from, nnd remonstrated at the exorbitant charge Bli andlord. alt?r assuring blmjthat hi* change **< all bra . Unaliy acknowledged tbut he hadspoiled the face 126 V, but excused bluiself by sajiug that the gentle- to bad plenty of money, and he could see no reason nil be should not make it little off of him as well as wh itr This argument was considered satisfactory, I >n leokin.' further Into hie change, he discovered th< the ten dollar bill was a rank fjrgery, and not i the first red cent. tbi k'hy, this I* counterfeit,'' exclaimed the gentla- Tli lit ounterfeit ' oried the landlord, indignantly, (,? ig the neck of a heavy decanter nervously. Th h. what'* that?" said several gents in green and 't? n cut-away*, who were either smoking or playIn* ?' f grt ounterfeit*" again reiterated the landlord; " do 3*' mnt to lajnre tbe reputation of my honse, sir; L the bread out of my wife'* mouth, sir; out Hti ie month of every one of my poor children, f#ri in i *r cay you've got a counterfeit there, do yer ?' Ha >ne of the smoking gent*, with the lighted end voi ? cigar raised to a level with his eys; " well, hln my farder, an' If yer say't agin, I'll punch yer n?| >'*' th? t Kbl? ik. .i.-l.l?.ll w I.-Ili rarant turn alTalrs Ma i set a. whtrh rentored the ?iotim to a partial state of th? siounneaa, be pretended to be tut-ily engaged la I*?j lining the bill, and at la?t eiclaimed, " Counter tin h no, now I look again, I And it W perfectly , but at flrat I thought It hail a ttry muplelom ' " Saying which. he pocketed the vwlidle, .'hook wr. h all the gentu pretent. and retired with hla '** an'on.\ congratulating himself upon hU aicape f*r the Uanv'.s of tiie PhlDnin**. IU ha< nine* eon' I that In that erieket match he wax completely "* ilcd OUI."? H*vi Orlwnt Puff yum, Xov. 10. ???? mii mmiwmu i n rammmmmm Xj D? r TWO CENTS. Marine AfI*?li-?. A L?in.r Caruo ? Th? UritiBh bark Knt?rprii?, (apt Lyr n. which oU?"<l on Saturday for Ualway, Ireland. had on board 4 000 *tave* and 'ii.'i00 bu?bel< ct corn. ni-arly all of which is In bag*. This tacoml <ur? <1 great utowage Tor a vePFel or Her tonage. Dow* Ka*t Shim The ?h'p /?nny Liud, Cipt. McKay, which polled from ' oik on the l?th uit , with a heavy cargo o( Railroad Iron, arrived here yesterday afternoon having mad* the p?>?ng.- in 25 day?. No vetrcl either at thin port or Now I ork hat made sogoo<l a p.'Kf-age UecaiD-e kh<> happened to put back leafy ? an accident to which any new ?hin built in th? winter is liable?Rome of the owner* of the cheap, unwieldly. down cant all t.ri pronounced hiT a failure, forgetful that tlulr ow n tube generally talte from forty to eighty days at thin ?on i,f the year to eroii th'? Uiantio. There are Terj few, if any ?hip* belonging to Bonton, of lo unali a reginter that will etow no large a cargo ai the Jenny LlnJ, or that will s-**.il with h?r.?Botlon Post. One of the ownert of the Jenny l.lnd U, we understand, a le.atiou of the editor of the lloiton Pott Thin will account for the pr.IT; but It afford* no e*cure tor the alur on the down ''a*t whiDP Tubi ' im they tubs? Some of ! he*<'tub* as yon'rail th?iu. ami not the best of your tubs either have ma I#* the pas?age from Liverpool to Boston in ltt dny? ; and even om of oui lumber brig* lias made tlie passage to Liverpool and back In HO day* carrying it deck ln:ia of lumber out. It la rather strange, If down east ship* are tubs, that they should And so good a market in Mew V'crk an I elsewhere New \ ork merchants ou^ht to know a ?hii> from a tub a* well as the editor of the Boston Pint One thing la certain, hewever, if onr -hips Are tub*, t hey gfneially have | Bailors to c(,mm*nd them, ami tliat is more than c:m be fluid of nome shipi ? Hat\ Mt. Tti tune. Khoii thk Lark* - W# gather from oar exchangM, fro? different directions, the following A letter from raptuin of the schooner Mansfield, dated, Port Howan, Canada. Nov. 7. says I arrived here nn Saturday morning, with the loss of centreboard; shall leave here as soon as the win 1 will prove favorable There are eighteen vessels here at anchor. The brig Sandusky is in th? Cut, sunk. The schooner I'attick lleuiy.nl Oswego. is on the beach. The sohoon?r Martha kreme went ou shore at I'ort Burwell, on Monday morning at t?<> o'clocn; l.tys In two feet water, with 60 tons of goods on board, bound to Cleveland.'' An American schoouer, name unknown, ia also reported ashore at Loug Point Also, the schooner Kllen, at Wallington Bay. Lake Ontvto, whole crew of seven lost The schooner Jesse Smith, Captain Jas. Doyle. nn hup vn f-?m 1 ...I II - dismasted about twenty-tive miles off itaoine Ttaa D'lMy. being held bv the shrouds, and dragging In tha wattr, ftOTn Ihe ichooner's side. and in a f#? mlaute# be became completely I our d, the water covering th* ieck. in the calmest time, to f.rt? depth of one foot. And be waves breaking over tbe vessel uurxmittiagly. Ill his condition she c'rllted to the Michigan shore. la he mtantime. the crrw snlleri'd Intensely from expoure to tbe cold, to such a degree, ttia' one passenger, lamed Koek*>ll. from Erie county, N. Y.. died from xpoture. His body, wMch bud bven lashed to tha esre), was >,ub*i ijut-utly wa bed overboard. Theorem >as reeoaed by tii* tchoonur 1Vl<'gr>:.ph, at two oeloclc n Sunday evening alter having been exposed to huner.ccld. and tbe violence of th<- waves, for over thirty our hours. The schooner "7flM was driven ashore tear Sheboygan, with a cargo of nearly 200,000 feet of umber. bound frr rhi*;ag?. It is thought that she will e got off without damage. The schooner Wetland hail oth masts carried away by a single gust of wind, avlng her an unmanageable wreck, in which condiion the drifted some six or eight hour*, until theprotlirr Republic picked hi r up and towed her into laoklnao. We are told that there is a schooner tached near Kalamazoo. Ridluny Intelligence. Haktvoiui ami Proyk Railhoad?('ontractora ? now at work on eighteen of thu twenty five seoons into which the line is divided, employing about ro hundred teams, and fr iu 1,000 to 1,200 men. The isterii abutment of the viaduct across the Conneocut Ilivcr utid tbj western and draw ^hutments ive been completed. l>0 WORCUICII RitLROAD.?Thli road, cm Cltntonville to Woro?-?ter. we Irirn.wlll be opunml est wttk. thus n'tthin: direct railroad Intercourse 1th Worcester bj- the Nashua an<l Lowell, and th*j tony Brook rrada Mtu uc also engaged in putting own the Iron on thin end of th- road.? Xanhu.i Ttltiaj>h, you. 18 Monrktown, N. J . Raii.road.?A r?newpd appliition will be made to the Legislature for a railroa<l om Morrlstown to KHzabetb. V J., and also for n nipnny with a capital of f 100001 to erect building r a public hcu>e ball and market at Morrlstown. LiAnn.iT* or Raii.roai>?.?We ie?rn frrnn th* rtdinck E'umititr tbat a c<r? wc.rt deci led in rednlck ( ouiity i ourt. l*?t wtek. In rotation to the ability of railroad* for daaiasio. and the law of th? rglMnture of MhrylanJ, d-eliring all per?oiM In the uplcy ot the raUT"ad to b" iiucompetent witnesses la icb cafe* The cafe win tbat of Jo.?ph Waltram, bo?e cow bad been run ov? by tbe rim. The uagisate had given a decision against lh? cmpiny ami ley apptaltd The apprul oitd!' d the Court t**> 13s I pen ihe introduction of tLe onnducter of the sin at the tlioe the accident occurred ;t? a witness, !io was objected to a> not b>iog competent under e law of I MO, the Court, after a tall bearing, elded tbe law to l>e uneon"'ltutioB?l, and aditttd the conductor a* a competent witn?s* le cafe wuh giteu tn tha jury on Friday about on. who on Saturday rendered a rerdlnt for e appellant. and the judgment wait reversed. A mlar case.lt will be renjeintx red, wan decided in >?ard Distiict Court. wber? tiio law excluding e t? ft'ui' iiy (f the conduet.or of the railroad w n de Ji (1 to be unconstitutional, on the ground that it lb deriving the company ot thf? ony evidence they vld otter in the ca* e. - bah. Pat Sue 10. Tiir. Niw \itnK ixd Kau: Raim<o?i>?This great rk I* aiteady producing hu immense influence upon ? fortunes of the oity While the N?w Kngland at* s have a net work o? rad? m>n< "titrating in 0>ta at an expense ol <.:;o ( 01' Vrw Vork ha* hitherbeen left entirely to Its n*!t?r?l mvm* of conmu cation. "J he Krte ('anal, it in true, has conneotsd ? great lak< * with tb? Hudson; hut, Boston viUl it* entun Railroad. is ?' n?ar to its debouchii'ontid? t?r. an is New Vork with it* riv.r and for six >Btbs in the year the work if inoperative^ Th? el ieg volume of Western trade d-maudl I new icue to th?- ocean. and 'he Krie company are r.ipidrutting through a rend which nwt supersede all itn. l'he distance from Boston to l.*Ua Krie by railroad f.i!2 miles, trcin Ihlladeiphi* by railway and oanat H. trim Baltimore by railroad via I U>- (Ihio river .r>tt> ile*. while ihn total Irngth of the Krie Railroad ia U miles. "2 miles shorter than to Boston Six Vtne an Statts and tbe Canada.", from their produce into ike Krie a' a comwon receiving h?"ln,itul thisacmnlated wealth M-ek? the sn?rregt ant cheapest ute to market. The Krie Kaiiroad I* that routa. be track is tbe hroadent in th? country ru.. 0 feet, he northern lines ure 4 f?*et SS' Inches; this broad ick is laid with a heavy T rati, and furnished with ch working stock as will transport in th? best man- t r BDy quantity of produce on a deluding trade the Hudson. On it* way to insrket with the limits products of th? VVeBt.lt collects the productions n ar?u rif 1 '2 In.II (jOO anwm i%f f h?* flnaat I ??< i % tK? rid, peopled by 1 'Au utO Aon-rioann Thin ide% y he tilu.-trnt*-<l by the Uct. that the ?ta < ( udftU, CODDi-etlciit and Khode lulaud. in St;iX)OOv) re?, and f;;ii.tuO uoo bit* bvm ppent profitably in meeting that nrt-a with Boit< n I bin read ban ptru^gled with the {re<te*t difflnulti**, I li uo* lkl?. I uuerthe present able mioirfxtnent im bi"D opened to Port Jr>rvt?. on the Oeiawire, 99 IN from NV? York. At '.hat pilot Ij cro???*.* the lawar*' and the Hudfon nanal aod ?trike? th- l)?lare rt*er two miles b?yond. Ttaia <tre*?i l? oroMe'I one cf tbn racxt magnificent or bridge*. b?mg 73*> t 'ong aid 00 tret high. It l? ?>ipp<>rt*-d on tt?? ?toa? riot Immense utreujfh, to re-i?t the flood* of tb? laware. which il*m at rlroe* io fret h<*n nwoklen by untaln torrents; the span of the aroh on th? PennTaoirt ?1de it Ho feet, and the next 150 feat. Ob tb? rpletion of tbl? ?pl?ndid structure. In D*oemb?r jt.an"th"r rection of th*road will be opan to Blngnton. 127 miles from Pert Jervla, and iib mile* from w Vnrk. We rball lh?-n realist* the fact that the e will ba the lorge t audihe most important raild ia tbe world, and itr inooir.e will be commensurate I, i I. II .III k. .L .1 - Ill on It* completion. drain an area of I2.im.iO.WO *? *011 a population or 1.2(0 000 per.-oos the xectioa ? in operation to I'oit Jerrls communicates witll y 40,000 perron* and an area of 42ft,890 mki, yet laconic is $ 1 000 per day, and Its net profit $150 00') unnum! The country betweia Tort / rvU ani V.btiniton, to be open on the 1st Janoary ne?t. etac> taaar?a of 2,270 480 acre*. anl ? population of 100 peistDS There source* will at one* be added the ro?d with tut little ircre?*e of expense In runif. and thin portion la the mo?t expensive of tho ol? to baild. It la to be remarked also, that this road enmmanda t trade of the bent coal and iron region* of PennsyU Bit; md may. in addition to itsother business, rival ? Kesdirg llailroad in itl peculiar branch of trafllo. ie time made by the tral a between Port Jervi* an I rmcnt. 74 miles, is two houra and a half; between then and Piermcnt. 46 mllea, one hour and a half ? e most brilliant success seems now to await thU ipendou* undertaking, and while the southern tiers ton nties will be stimulated by aces* to mirket, th-? wth of New York will receive a naw spur la the elopmeat of new resource. )*?i inn roR Injuairv?The case of Robert B Hall II n the btonlngton Raurofel Company, tried bei tb? Supreme Court of Rhode Mend, has result* I ? t*ruici ior m? piatntiti < r joou una ookis. >ir II ?ii Injured by an accident on th? road, which iflnt d him to bla bouia for arv-rftl (lav*, and laraeJ i ?om? The defendant* admitted that they wer* ?1*. but aMertad that Mr Mall wan itandinx up at > time (>f the accident. while all the other pamen?. who were alttlna down, aaraped unhurt They r*fore plead that th 'He fMta and th* extent of th? ury ihoald be taken into connideratlon In estimag the damage ! \ntt-K rs i .?We learn that a writ in lavor of i State a^almit. the property of Wm r. Van lienar*r, wa? i*rred la?t weefc. We are Informed that a ui In the torn of Brun?wiek ha* bexn selected hy tor*ey CJrneral Jordan toteHthe title of the Van n?--rlaer* to land* In the ronaty of Ren?*i.<.i?r. y (anh-rint) tmhtijc,

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