Newspaper of The New York Herald, November 24, 1848, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated November 24, 1848 Page 1
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" ? T H NO. 5287. Memoir* of Uenrral CuvulgnM, one of Ui? , I tnaiuaici lor U?J nmrxoxtin./ <"UIC Vrtnch Republic. General Louis Eugene Cavaignac is now 4(> years of age. He was bora at Pans, on the. 15th of October, 1802. lie is tbe second of Job* Biptiste Cavaignac, who was successively a wiubT of the Convention in the first revolution of 1792; then a member ot the Council of Five Hundred, the same body which Napoleon dispersed by his grenadiers, a Ui Cromwell; and next, probibly as a recompense for his devo'ion to Napoleon, in his overthrow ct the republic, he was appointed Prefect of a department under the empire. Godefroi. the elder brother of oar hero, who, however, died too goon fur his country and for the republic, had both obtHiuedpreatceletirity underthe restoration, and in Louis Philippe's reign, by the courage and devotion with which, under nil circumstances, he defended the ideas and principles of which the last revolution is a signal triumph. General Cavaignsc's mother is Kill alive ; she is one *t those rare women who joins all the highest gifts of tha mind with the richest endowments of the heart. Her clastic character. Indeed, in such as to remind one forcibly of the mother of tk? Gracchi. Her husb&ad being JI10 (crioeu auu ouaieunu uy mr uuuruou ivi inu uuoity to tbe Kinperor, she herself conducted. personalty, tb? education of her two sons, and rendered them, by her precepts and example, and the principles she early instilled into them, not only good citizens, but also ardent republicans, formed after tbe Roman model. At tbe age of 18, young Cavaignio enterel the Polytechnic School, that famous institution at Paris, whore youug men have ever distinguished thumselvej by patriotism and valor, always lighting In every revolution on the side of the people, and coming forth from their school benches, mere boys as they are, ts lead the people, to direct their operations, and to concelt treir bold and heroic movements. He left this school In 1824, and was appointed sub lieuteo ?nt of engineers. In October, 1826, he was appelatedseooad lieutenant; then, in January 1S27, h*w*s made first lieutenant, and afterwards, on the 1st Oetober, In the following year, he reoeived the commission of captain. Thla rapid career of advanoement and promotion was not entirely, if at all. owing to favcr or patronage.? I'erbsps it may have proceeded rather from fear and a desire to propitiate so formidable a young man, and one who evidently was bold and promising genius ? So far, indeed, was he from attempting to conceal his democratic Fentiments and principles, that he openly avowed them, though not. however, with an ostentation unnecessary or too forward. Honesty and boldness often meet with tbeiron-n xeward. in the Involuntary fear aDd respect for their possessor which they create. So it seeius to have been with our young h?ro: for his superiors respected, though they did not at all favor or approve of his principles. His personal and private character gave solidity and respectability to tbe principles he prrfessed; his private conduct was strict, serene and Irreproachable, while all his military duties were performed with a zeal, an exactness, and a perfection such as excited admiration from all. to getber with the affection and esteem or bu immediate comrades and cfiicera. Scarcely bad he reoelved tha appointment as captain, mentioned above, when bu requested to be permitted to take part In tbe expedition against Greece, in the war which Charles X. bad engaged in. This waa granted him, and he ret out with hla company for tbe oampalga against the Ureeks. Tbe drat occasion on whicb he was present at a battle, when be saw fire for the first time, was at the siege ot the castle of Morele when the fortress, after a severe struggle, was captured bj the French. In this engagement be distiug jished himself much among the old veterans who surrounded him. both by his coolness and bravery in the hour of danger. He returned home again to France in 1880, after tbls successful campaign, covered with honor, and having received tbe farther promotion of flr^t captain. After this he passed tome time in garrison at Arras, a fortified city in the North of France, famous first for the manufactory of rich tapestry in the days of yore and romanae. when rooms were bung with embroidered cloth, instead of beiog pasted over with paper?and rince that time also, not a little famous for having been the birth place of Hobesplere, where tbat red gentleman resided for some time, practicing as a county pettifogger, before the revolution called bin to Paris, first to take its head, and afterwards to make a deposit ef bis own head upon one ot his own guillotines. Cavalgnac was still in garrison with bis troops, at Arras, when tbe famous revolution of three days broke ont at Talis, in 18.;o. Theinstant the news arrived at Arras of the bloody scene! enaating in the streets of Paris, tbe regiment he oommaaded assembled together, and after a counoil being held as to what -part they should take, tbey reiolved unanimously to march instantly to the aid of the people fighting for their threatened liberties On this occasion, the oflicers and soldiers united together, with' unanimous accord, to offer to Captain Cavaignac to take the office of Commanderin-Chief over them He accepted the offer, and waa on tbe point of marching directly upon Pari* to assist the republican?, when news arrived of the ohange ef eventb which had taken place there. How Charles X. had abdioated, waa depoaed, had fled away, and how Loots Philippe had bees, by a popular fit of sadden o*prlee, promoted; and. aldeiby the American Ambassador, Mr. Rives, (a deed most deeply and bitterly repented of afterwards.) bad been appointed, as the people imagined and intended, a popular and republican prince. Like all the rest of the world, our youthrul CHptain, Cavaignae, was Tery soon undeceived in the hopes be had enoouraged oi the result* of this revolution. It was soon found out, as Lafayette expressed himself on his dtath-bed,that Lou!s Pbtllppe had completely cheated every friend of liberty. In consequence of this disappointment, and the dissatisfaction which he frit and would not disguise, Cavaignae openly joined the opposition party to Louis Philippe, eailt-d the extreme left. In cons?<iuenoe, as a sort ot punishment for so doing, he was plaoed upon the peaoe-footing, or in non-activity, which in the Englith expression, is said to be being put upen " half-pay.'' This disgrace, however, was bat of brief duration, and be was soon again inactive daty,with his regiment. In garrison at Met*. It happened that while ne was here, a disturbance broke out in the town; the people rose and ransacked the warehouses of several grain and oorn merchauts, who were aocused of causing a rise in the price of bread by their speculation*. The military and National Ouards were o^ied out to quell the tumult and put an end to th*4IVastatlon and outbreak of the mob. all but Cavaignao. He, with his regiment, was not called out, but was left to remain quiet, solitary and alone, in the barracks.? This offended Cavaignae, and he called upon his colonel to account for this marked exclusion from service, which, as it was well known, proceeded from the popular republican feelings, under the odium of which, in sueh a government as Louis Philippe's, Cavaignao was tbtn laboring. He ioiisted upon it, beforo his colonel, that he would never confound movements of rapine, disorder, and anarchv, with movements of patriotism and liberty. He nan singularly proved this by his subsequent conduct in Paris, and in the seal with which he at one moment | fought for the republic, and the energy with which, at another moment, he put down the red republican?, at their formidable rising in the barricades of June. Hereupon a set of Interrogatories were put to Captain Cavaignae, by his snperidr officers, which was a soit of political trial, or court martial, made at his own request. The first interrogatory propounded waa the following:? " If your regiment was called upon to fight agalnnt the adherent* of Charles the Ten'h, would you fight?" * Yes,'' replied Cavaignae, unhesitatingly. The next question was as follows:? " If your regiment was cabled upon to fight against the republicans, would you fight?" " No," r?plied Uavalgnac unhesitatingly. Such wan the frank, bold conduct or Cavaignac. The government ?f Louis 1'hilippe. however, dared not openly to disgrace him for bis republican principles, much as It detested thein, and would hare wished, no doubt, to punish them; but m a sort of side punishment, he was quickly sent ont of Kranoc, and ordered with his regiment to the scorching plain and dargeious encounters of Africa, In which country the French were now lighting hard with the bold tribe cf the derert*. Abiel Kadlr at their head, in order to plant a few little sugar and date plantations on the dge of the burning wilderness. Hither our Cavaignnc, therefore, quickly proceeded, leaving hi* country, hi < home. and. most painful of all, his fond and ever vene rated mctter Cavaignac remained sixteen long year in Aftlca, and only once made a short trip, for a short time, to Krauc*. returning back almost immediately. It would tike quite a large volume to relate all, or even half, the d<tdr. the exploit*, the adventure*, the dangers, the escapes, which our hero ran through in Algerta ; suffice it to say. his conduct, his Integrity, hi* trict private good character, his genius and military talent, Lis attention to every duty, was such, that ha rose from post to post, ami honor to honor, till at last he left Africa to become the head of the natlan and of the republic at Ptrls?a post of difficulty, danger and renown, for which hi* character and eminent ta'.euts marked Mm cut, prominently and pre-eminently. The recital of all the military achievement* of Ca algnac In Africa, though extremely interesting in themselves, or prr ir, an Captain Tyler would say, would, however lead us much too far, and take up quite too many columns of the Utrald; and, besides, to th? American reader, not locally acquainted or interested with the places in particular, or the persons in general. It would be somewhat tedious to follow up all there military and technical details, battle*, marches, countermarches, Jic. Suffice it to say, Cavaignao greatly distinguished himself during hi* service in Africa, by bis liberal and honorable conduct, and the who would rather refuse to accept promotions noil ho^ or* for himself, than to mu the deserving c tmraJee by bin side. though of Inferior rank, passed by unnotlecd, whi n their conduct deserved reward. Marshal Dugtaud, as well as Marshal Clewtel, itndi'r both of whom he served, bore public tettimony t& hla merit* and good conduct. Tee following are the word* of the former nibrehat, contalokil In one or Ws official despatched " Cavaignsc U a well informed tXcor, anient, tealnai, and taectptikle ol gieat d?vntl< n to the osute he etponsta This.with lie luck (Aleuts, renders lilni fit for urest deed*, and i>j>en? l?;fore bint acrillisnt future. nVuld hla htalth not breakdown." In faet, his health was now alTected by the severe ellmtte ot Africa, and the hard service he had gone through, so much to that at tbe end of sixteen years, he was obliged to have recourse to a furlough or leave of absence, to spend some time In I'm nee, to recruit, if possihle his shattered health He ?n net. bowever, idle In thle Interval of relaxation, but profited by Ihf lHtie leisure L? now enjoyed, Ib the prwparatloa E'NE MOI and publication of a work entitled. 41 Of the Regency of Algiers." This work produoed, at the time, a great sensation, and proved him to be not only a practical an, but a rood tbeoretloa! r? as oner, a deep thinker, and a profound obaerv** of event* and things passing before bis eyes. It is not at all unlikely that Cavaignas. after his long rervices and successes In Africa, had new, perhaps, conceived the idea of fixing his residence permanently in Kranee, near bis beloved mother and the friends of Lis youth, and of renonnolng henceforth for ever the military career in which his life hitherto bad been passed, and in which he bad, as we have seen, crowned himself with well earned laurels and merited renown. But when he heard that the faithless Abd-eUKader had broken the treaty of Tafna. and recommenced the war. be immediately dropped all his fond projeots of a peaceful life and of social retirement, and strongly urged upon the war department to rend him again upon active servioe into Africa. This was in the year 1880 II* was accordingly appointed to the command of the 'id Battalion of Light Infantry of Afrioa. His first exploit in arms, after his arrival in Africa, was the defence of Cherohell against the Arabs, whose attaoks upon him wers Incessant Here, we btlieve, it was, or somewhere about this time, that he bad In bis regiment a brave and gallant soldier, the Chevalier Itevoil, now a distinguished literary character in the city of New York, and attached to the Ntw York Her ild, who served with our hero in Africa, whose able and talented mutical and theatrical critiques bare sinoe contributed to delight the public of New York in tbe columns of the iVew York Herald, of which be now constitutes one of the literary soldiers, as well as being a star of one of the pieces in Burton's Theatre. While Cavalgnac was encasred in this perilous service, one day he rushed forth from one of the theatres of the city, sword in hand, r.t the head of a few soldiers, and gallantly repulsed the indefatigable Arabs, who had a'tackud the gate in immeusa masses. On another day, in a similar encounter, he was wounded in the thigh oy a musket-ball from oan of the enemy; and hucIi was htg modesty, when his own persou and deedp were in question, that he passed it over as a matter of no consequence, not oven mentioning the oiroum-tauco in the bulletin in whish he faithfully recorded in all other respects tbe event) of the day, and the gallant doing-: ol' his companions in arms. On the 21st June, 1 >40, Cavalgnac wis appointed lieutenant colonel of /janes, a body of Aftican tioops?succeeding in the oojinand of tbls troop to Lamorioiere, who had been appointed general. Three yearn before, ha had entered tbls regiment as chief of battalion. Thus, by a singular coincidence, he was lieutenant to the very general who, when he afterwards came to be the head of tbe republio. was his minister at war! Lmnioriolern was not blind to the superior merit of his then subordinate, and, at the time, he confidently predicted, in a brief and concise note, the military re uown wbioh futurity seemed to promise to his lieutenant. On the following year, a brilliant deed of arnn, performed by Cavaignac, was the means of procuring for him the rank of oolonel. This happened in the month of May. 1841. General Changarnier had undertaken to cenvey some wagons, earrylog provisions, to Millanah, a solitary fortress held by the Krenoh troaps. He bad, for this purpose, to penetrate through several warlike tribes, all of them hostile to the French,; and yet, for this dangerous service, he was at the heal of only a small bandful of men. Cavaignao. as usual, was placei in command of the rear guard; and it was his business to defend the march , of the little army, and keep off the hostile ma-'sos which hovered around In the midst of Incredible difficulties, though wounded in the foot and losing his hotEe, which was killed from under him, he aojomplithed the arduous service with such skill and sucocss, and covered the retreat of the main body in suci an effective and masterly manner, that every one felt th? lives of all wero due to him. Again, in 1844, a very important mission was entrusted to bis charge by his superiors, to whom the ability, skill and bravery of suoh a man In the hour of need was always unappreulahle, and therefore sure to be called into reqnisithn This was neither more nor less than the military colonization of a settlement in the heart of a country, and In the midst of a people bitterly hostile to the new comers. The new town he was commissioned to establish, to build up and to organise, was called Orieanville. after the name ol the eldest son of Louis Thilippe, and was deeMned to be the chief and prinoipal of the French settlements In Algeria. He went there with only "J 500 men undtr bis command, and aooompanied by the families and civilians who were to form, with the army, th? members of tbe new metropolis and the new settlement. He went there. He fonnd, among a rude, barbarous, and hostile people, some scattered ruins of Roman edifice*, Indicating the activity and power of that great people la ttie countries they conquered; showing how they took possession of and built and inhabited the oountries they conquered; how they did not. like the Americans In iMexioo, fight, conquer, die, triumph, b'eed, spend money, lose millions, and then afterwards go quickly away, and surrender all they had acquired, and pay five millions besides what they bait already lavished, for alittJ* btnea strip (4 ik* 1m4 th?y had already conquered. No .' these monuments of Knmto dominlon^scattered ever the desolate fields, told a different tale. But now, alas, the tale they told was only that of bygone greatness and pre lent ruin ? There also he found, only hare and.there, In the midst of a land capable of yielding rich products, a few little strips, on which grew a few date trees and a few lotus. Soon, however, the master spirit of Cavaigoao changed the dreary prospect before them all, into ODe of pleasing life, fertility, and animation. Among the now shapeless masses of the vestiges of Roman edifices and constructions, as if by the touch of Aladdin's wendetful lamp, were seen soon rising around theia, on all tides, houses, farms, cultivated fields, military ras.rnrs, aid buildings of^l kinds,with churuhej, (not that we believe Cavaignao^s much of a churchman ) aqueducts, school bouses, villages, and all the lively and animated exhibitions of European life and civilization. Query?Whether Fourier, or any of the socialists who talk so much and so grandiloquently, would have done, in treble the time, even a quarter as much as was now done on tiie individual system of Individual enterprise and emulation? The efforts they have made in the Western States, with everything in their favor to aid them, tell a different tale; and the knock down of tiid sheriff's hammer has hitherto been the concluding finale to the dream of their golden schemes and promises, and to the Abortive settlements which they Lave attempted in rain even to begin. Cavaignac, however, wan no socialist; and hence he did not fail miserably and pitifully in this most ditfloalt undertaking, but triumphed and prospered, in a wonderful manner, in this new enterprise of founding a colony and a society in the midvt of the depart. By hie prercnce. with bis troops, he kept in awe the neighboring hostile tribes; at length he snbdned them thoroughly; end, at the conclusion of the year 1844, peaoe reigned all around the settlement of Orleanville, and Cavaignac received, as be well deserved as the reward for his skill and services, a fresh promotion to a higher grade in the army. Sucb|wae the order and peace to which Cavalgnao hai now brought the country, which hitherto had been a field of rapine, disorder, and danger, that it *43 remarked by an Arab, in commenting upon the new state of affairs, that a woman now might travel alone through the country, with a gold orown upon her bead; tbua strongly expreesing, in the figurative language of tbe Arabians, the high degree of peace and security which Cavaignac had, by bis administrative talents, produced in that wild region. We might recount a thousand traits of his courage, energy, and uravtrj, hi euccegsivr reyuno wuicu iruui nui" iu uuie broke oat, but the columns of the HtralA would hardly be sufficient to contain them. Suffice St to say, he distinguirhed himself at every moment, In everyplace. He quelled tie revolts of the trlbea; he rushsd himself, alone, sword In hand, upon the fanatlo wlio had cau ed himself to be proclaimed Sultan, whom he killed in the midst of his numberless adherents; and. lastly, he It was who was the oheif cause of the surrender and capture of Ab-del-Kader, who was delivered up to Uencral Lamoriclere. In the month of February, 16IS. that month so famous henceforth in the councils of people, Qencral Cavaignac was at Oran, where he had succeeded in command to Ocneral Lamoriclere. Algeria was now at peace in all its borders: the enemy was subdued at every point; peace prevailed In all the Frenoh colonies; Ab-de!-Kader was aprlsonerat Toulon; tho Ch tinbers at Paris were debating what they should do with him; our hero was pursuing, with all his energy aud skill, the arduous work of colonisation, and bringing the new country into happy order, when suddenly, on the ad of March, 1848, n foreign ship from Europe arrived at Uran, and broaght the first strange, astoundI ng, incredible new* cf the proclamation of a democratic republic at Tarls and throughout France ; of the flight of Louis Philippe aliat John Smith, an Kn^'lish gentleman, with an interpreter; with all th? otber wonderful particulars of that wonderful event. Instantly General Cavalgnsc took his part; he hesitated not for an instant. He immediately published a general proclamation to the army and to the country, announcing that France had changed her governm.-nt, and i17h1. nil t inrncn iuudv uuw ruuimi |du jioiu owul?nc? to the new-born republic. Now, Indeed, all the long dream, the ardent hope. of his pant life was suddenly and unexpectedly realised. The oause for wliioh his fatlu r had iiifTvred and died iu banishment?for which hie brother had to long labored, and hla own heart had brtathed such ardent aerations, win now. at last, triumphant. The r?o? accounts which brought him cfrtoUl Information of the revolution, also informed him that he wan appointed by the new government, a General of Division. and Governor of all Algeria, In the room of the Duke of Aumate, eon of the fugitive John Smith, as Louie rhilllppe iu his (light had bapilaed himself. Alterwards in consideration of his eminent talent*. the Provisional Government strongly pressed upon General Cavalgnac to become miaisler of war under the new repub:io. Thin honor, however, be inod:*tly rrfuicd It ia a fact also, wbicn i- highly creditable to (General I.omorlclere, that on the 2itb of February, the day of the Ke.olutlon at the Iiotel de Villa, where all were looking about uuxiou-ly for a tit and faithful person to tulfll the Important duty of minister of wur, (a past eminently important, at suoh a crisis, * hf re so much must depend upon the disposition of the troops, and of the army.) that General l.ametlclere immediately proposed, the name of Caratgnac, his former Lieutenant ami companion In arm* How pleasing, how sublime a sigh', to see such gen<ro?ity -such absence of little envy and paltry professional jealousy, among such m< n. How far superior the realiygrest are to tbo>e who only mimio and aet their parts sometime*, and hardly enough, too, on the hoards of the theatres while the really great aet magnificently towards each other. These sham general*, sham princes and sham queens (trotting for W TO tNING EDITION?-FEII a moment la mimic greatness, malevolently hiss at one another, and gather crew da of brutal men, to put one another down with tumult and rlolence ' But to return to our hero : We oome now to the circumstance* and events which brought Oeneral CavHiKmtc at last from Africa to the )>osj life and scenes of I'uris, where i ne Da* since played men an lrupuriani pure n Happened in this manner :?Ha refused to come to Paris. us we have seen, whan invited to come to take ft post of high ofiiciai dignity, a* a member of the new government. But at length the two departments of the Seine and Lot nominated him, spontaneously and unsolicited, in hit absence, a* their representative in the National Assembly about to meet at Paris. This summons he now felt it his duty, as a patriot, to obey. In oonsequenca of having been thus spontaneously elected as lepresentative of the people, by two different departments at the same time, he now requested permission of the government to lay down his oflicj and honors as Governor of Algeria and Head of the Army of Africa, that he might come to Paris, henceforth as ft hiraple citizen, to fulfil the duties of an humble representative of the people who bud elected him. There is something great and sublime in suoh conduct: We flan well conceive how some penny-aliners in New York may aspire to ascend from their cellars to tbe height of representatives and eight dollar* ? day at Washington ; but would they, or would anybody but a high-minded republican Krenohman and a brave nolditr, descend from the highest eminence, from tbe head of an army, and the command of a province, to become tbe humble reolpit nt of less than live dollars a day, as a representative at Talis? Such, however, was the generous the noble, the citizen-like conduct of Gen. Cava;gn?r. The request he made to abdicate his hijh honors and high post was accorded, and be came to Parts, little dreaming, doubtless. what a tragical n<*oesMty would ' soon ame for his military skill and oommaud in the streets of Paris, and what torrents of republican Mood would llow from the destructive discharges of his own republican artillery. Little, indeed, do auy of us know the scenes we may have to pass through, and how. a; It wus with otlr hero, tho very step wo take to place ourselves in ft peaceful and obscure positioo, may, perhaps, be tLftt very step which will precipitate us. with- involuntary velooity, into gu ts of diocord, contention and blood. So it was with (Jen. Cavaigaac. Had ho remained at the head of the army and of the goverument la Algeria-had he not preferred to become a simple citizen and representative of departments at Taris?he never would have become dictator OI rranee, una uw wuurr ui nuups ut uiu rxpuulio, whioh, with so much inevitable blooJ?h?d, put down th? fanutlo socialists and red republicans of Paris. He arrived at Paris to take upon himself the humble position he bad ohosen, on the 17th of May. 1848 After he had been t.ome time in the city, suoh was the dlfHoulty of the crisis, suoh the want of a man like him?bold cBergetic. determined, a brave soldier, a skilful administrator, a zealous republican?that hu was pressed upon, again and again, to undertake the war departn eut in the new government; an office which he hail already once before determinate^ refnrrd. Yielding, however, at length, to the duties of citizen, in the present difficulties of his country, and deeming it no longer possble, as a patriot, to refuse to serve his country when his duty anl services were so loudly called for and wero so indispensably necersary, he at length consented, and was Anally installed in the ministry in the important functions ot' minister of war. Who does not know the history of General Cava'gn&c since that time? It is become, henceforth, a part of the history of France, at one of her greatest and most eventful epochs. We have already recorded the great events of thi? eventful history, copiously and fully, in the columns of the Herald. Here, then, we will conclude our biography of General Cavaignac. France owes a deep debt of gratitude to him for all his conduot during the past Ave months: and France, it is to be believed, is not ungrateful, but will doubtless recompense him as he deserves, for he hasseired the republio. In all this history of this gnat mar, one thing la especially remarkable?he has riten to eminence, fame, and power, by his own merit and deeds ; he has scorned intrigue; he has ecorned to seke his own elevation by depreciating the services and merits of his meanest companions. Wo vi ill not insnlt his character by stooping to answer the little calumnies which are daily invented against him. His acts, observes the French historian, speak for him, and they will recommend him, better than ail our praises, to the suffrages of those electors to whom France is dear, and who love the republic. Remarkable Phenomena in the Heavens ? On Friilav cvpninc of Inut wepk 1 f>hnnr><"rl to hp in Genesio. (about four miles fxom the village-) spending the night at the house of a friend, and In oommon with 1 mac; others, observed a remarkable appearance of the heavens. unlike anything I had ever witnessed before. 1 cheerfully comply with your request, and give to your readers the benefit of my observations. In the early part of the evening, several of us were oat I riding, and remarked that it was unusually light, there being bo moon, and it bsinx cloudy besides. The night previous it was quite dark. About a quarter past nine, our attention was oailed, by one of our number, to the sight out of deers, and 1 confers it was one of tbe finest inhibitions 1 ever saw. About two-thirds of the whole heavens were one continu, u? sheet of crimpom. about tbe color of blood. When first discovered, the deepest color was at tbe west, near tbe horisen; but afurwards changed?to other points of.thu compass Streaks ol crimson, with a slight admixture of white, extended frcm all points towards tbe zenith, which Mae lighter than the surroundiug parts, and prosented a mobt singu ar appearance. This point seemed to be tbe battle ground of the elementi, exhibiting greater confution than elsewhere. The heavens had tbe appearance of being filled with a light vapor of orim>on color, passing to the west at a brisk rate. At the time there was a smart breeze frem the east. A distinct rearing ncite was heard, like the rushing of wind or water in tbe air. This appearance continued for about a half or thiee quarttrs ot an hour.until near lOo'clook when the aurora bortalis made its appearance in the north, northeast and north, west sending up towards the zenith brilliant streaks of light but slowly moving towards tbe west. A dark cloud at this time skirted the northern horizon, rising a short distance above it. Also at this hour of the evening, Hashes of light shot rapidly across the crimson vapor near the zenith, but not elsewhere This phenomena luted until about half past 10 o'clook, having been observed by me an hour :itid a ' quarter from the time of its commencement The oo- 1 lor of tbe heavens gradually lost its crimson app. r.rance. Bridie a little time was dark with clouds. Stars , were visible at various points during tbe time. On oiy return the rext day, Mr. Dana, of Avon, said it we.1 visible there, and I am toid, by an intelligent observer, it was seen at Lima?several from Wheatland, Chili, Gates and Cburohviile, sp< ak of its being unusually light at thote places, and tbatit was so remarked by tbem at the time. Some of tbe inhabitants were arouwd from tbsir sleep, supposing tbo bouse to be on fire. A brilliant crimson cloud, of considerable extent, wai seen in the north east, at 4 o'clock next uiorniu.;. by pel tons in Riga and Wheatland Those who were with me stargazing during tbe evening, ray it was as light around us as with a full moon when slightly obscured with clouds. One could see distinctly the distance of some fifteen cr twenty rods. The Late Transit of Mkkcvry.?Thursday, the 9th inst , was the filth anniversary of the laying of tbe corner stone cf the Cincinnati Observatory. This year its return was marked with an interesting occurrence in astronomy?the transit of Mercury over the disc of tbe tun. .Agreeably to tbe predictions of iiftroncmirs, tbe run rose with the planet just entered ?n its disc, and with only occasional interruptions of thin cloud<. remained visible to the time of the end, a few minutes be fore 11 o'clook. A. M. it is known to the public, tbat Professor Mitchell, the director of the observatory, is absent from the city on a 1 reconnoissance for the Ohio and MU8iri? The uutieflcf the observatory were not neglected At the Invitation of the director Messrs. Walker, Varnail, and fourtalcn, made such observation of this interesting pheni nienou ?< were suited to th9 oee*sloD, and recorded them In tho journal of the t>b*erratory. During the morr.lng. the door.i of the observatory were thrown open to visiters, and sevtrai of oar aineter rs enjoyed iv night rtldom witnessed b fore with such an instrument. It 1m but three yearn and a half since toe great tdkfWpi wm erpcted Tie ilrst me | irade of It. was to cb.erve the transit of Mercury. on the Palo Alto anniversary of the Hi.h of May. 1346. | The longitude of tb? observatory, by that transit, hai , received no MRIttttl till the recent comparison ol it ; with the Atlantic observatories, through tbe aid the telegraph W o learn that the loo^itudrf obtained by Professor Mitohell on that occasion, b n 1 ne< ded only a charge of about a rjuarter of a ml-, nute of time, to conform to the most recent result* We are further informed that on tbe ocoarlonof the Pth instant, the placet left the sun's dine about three and a quarter minutes later than the time predicted for It by the British and American astronomer* Those who have been so fortunate as to observe this transit in placeii whote geographical position Is unknown, may avail themselves of this infurniatlon, to perform for their own localities tuch a rerviao an Profeexor Mitch"!l peiferired In 1S4.'i, for our Observatory. It stems sji iewhat strarge, that. In tho pre*ent"perieotlon of the science of utronon<y. an trior of some three minutes should bo committed by computori', lu assigning the time of the end of the transit Three minutes, however. Is better than half an hour -the ordinary error of r,nch a work at the commencement of the century. We re informed, on that which is deemed a competent authority, that an error of this extent was quite unnecessary on this occasion, and that it hat probably arisen frcm the fact that the Almanao computers havs vised old and comparatively imperfect tables, and t!i it there is little reason to doubt that those recently pub llibed by Leverrier would have given the trim time within less than a minute. The records of the Ciunin, natl Observatory furnish two transits of the planet ! Mtroury. It Is supposed that no astronomical>: lishment in tbe eouutry can furnish a record of half i j dozen.? Cincinnati Oastltt, Nov. 18. Mkktino of the Legislature.?The legislature 1 of Mansnchusetta meets to morrow, Cor the pur| pose of choosing electors of President and Vice PreI

sldent. 1 he first business will probably be to fill the ! vacancy In the Senate occasioned by tbe resignation of.J. C Perkins, of l'.sse*. This will probtbly be all that will be done to-inorrow, as the newly elected member will hardly make hie appearance before Friday morning ? Jioihm Traveller, Nov. 22. i lie i irnrn n irauing anicie in th? following m?nnrr " It will b? Dew* 10 inv body in thi? kingdom to t*to)dtbat ht pay? no Uzvr ' RK I >AY, NOVEMBER 24, I<?w Intelligence. Cot'iT or ArrtcAi-s?NoTcmlMr T?rtn.?Tu?i4?y, Not. 21.?Chief Judge Jewett iDnoonii>cl that to-day was a day for bearing motion* ; no motions were made Mr 8 D. Dillaye resumed hi* openiox argument of th? pout office cane, No. IB. and ocoupied an hour or inore In bis argument, to wbich Mr. B l)a?ls Noxon,of counsel for defendant In error, replied in an argument of nearly to bours. and Mr. S |D. Dillaye, for plaintiff in error, cioaed the arguments of this cnupe. No. 19 Silas Smith, appellant, vs. Kliit Crary, respondent. Kirkland ? Bacon for appellant, Spencer -V Kernan for respondent. The argument of this causa opened by Mr. Kitkland for appellant, and Mr. Kernan commenced his reply on part of respondent, and at the adjournment of tlie court bad not finished It appears that this court la not only Interesting to those engaged In tlie discussions of tbe various causes upon it* calm Jar. but visited by Home of the most respectable ladies of this oity, as we observed on happening into the court room this afternoon, some fifteen or twenty minutes before the court adjourned All were listening with Interest to the argument of Mr. Kernan, who was engaged iu the argument of No. ID. Not. 20 ?.No 63 llenian Copley, plaintiff In error, ri. Hon Rore,defendant in error. A. Becker for plaintiff in error : K R. Terrey for def-tndint In error. This cause submitted without argument. No. 20. The argument ot this oause resumed on part cf mpendent by L. R. Marsh, Ks-j. and Mr. C. P. Kirkland waH beard on part of appellant. No 12. Win. K Blair, appellant, vi. S D Dill aye. respondent. A. C. Griawuld, for appellant ; Sedgwick Liillayt, for respondent. Appeal from order of Supreme Court in hquity, denying are hearing of final decree. This oause stands over to allow the respondent to apply to the Supreme Court for an amendment of (be order entered in that court. No. 18 William W. Teal', plaintiff In error, vs. Mary O. Kelton. by her next friend, Charles T. Hloks, defendant in error. Sedgwick it Dlllaye. for plaintiff iu error; Gardener fc Durdick. for defendant in error.? This cause originated in Justices Court, in this city. Suit was trover, brought by defendant lu error, against plaintiff Ih error, he being postmaster in this city, for the detention ofa newspaper by him, as such postmaster, claiming letter postage on same, pursuant to an order of the Postmaster General, there being an initial upon the wrapper containing tbe paper. wliioU was decided by Justice Woolworth in favor of defendant in error here, and then by tbe plaintiff luerror carried to the Court of Common Pleas, and the judgment of tbe Justice affirmed; and then to the Supreme Court, bnu dv inem ueciueu in m or ui iup ueienuaai id error. It co;>ib before tbia court on appeal from the decision of the Supreme Court, affirming the judgment intbecouit below. Stephen I). Dillaye opened the argument of this cause on pait of pain till in error, an a at the adjournment of the court had not closed. This court, which bag been in session in thin city, sinoe the f/rtt Tuesday cf th? prefont month, will oonlinue its sittings two, or perhaps three, weeks longer. The calendar numbers 113 cuutes, 18 of which only have as jet been argued. The attendance of counsel from abroad hai not been large fet any time, though we have ocr&slonally noticed the pi eft-pee of several able and clistlnjruislied members of the bar of this State. The counsel, in a majority of the causes, we observe reside either in this oity or vicinity. The Ccurtof Appeals is the highest known to our State. It is certainly a great improvement on tho old court of errors. Probably a more able br.tnch than that ef this aourt it would be difficult to llnd in the Union.? Syracuse Slur. Important Decision?Taxki.?A ca*e of some general interest, and of importance to dealers In real estate, has just been decided in the Commercial Court of Cincinnati?Judge Key. Davis B. Lawler vs. John f.Cornell: in Chancery. The facts in this case showed that the deed for th* premises in question, from Lawler to Cornell, was dated on the 26th day of March, 1847. and the question presented to the court was, who chould be liable to pay the taxes for the year commencing on the first day of March. 1847, and endiEg on the first day of Maroh, 1848. The ftatutes in relation to the lieu, the asre^sment and payment of taxes, run through a series of years, and are contained in various volumes of the Ohio laws. Section 21, of the aot of the 14th March, 1831, Swan's Statutes, page 913 provides " that the lien of the State for all taxes for s ate, county, school, road or township purposes, shall attach on all real estate on the 1st day of March, annually; and such lien shall be Eerpetual, for the amount of all taxes which heretofore ave accrued, or which mavhereafter accrue, with the Interest and penalties in each ctsc. until auch taxes, interest and penalties alkali be fully paid; which lien thBlt in no wife be affactrd or destroyed by any gala or I transfer ef atiy such real estate." His honor, on & careful review of all the statutes, both previous and tub equeut to tbe act above quoted, expressed himself j as having no donbt upon the question as contended for by the defendant, that the tax must be paid by the complainant; and in confirmation of hia opinion cited | the cas6 of Shaw va Quinn, 12th volume tinrjeant & Itawle. pur" which la in direct analogy with the cafe under consideration, and held?1st, Tbat the lien of tbe State took effect on the 1st of Maroh: 2d. That no apportionment can be made between the vendor and vendee of the real estate, for the difTerant portions cf the year during which they respectively held the same: Sd, That the person owning the land on the 1st of March annually, ia alone 1 able for the whole year's tax. if he Fella it at any time after tbe 1st of March. udIcss a different agreement la made between the ptrtita. Decree: That Cornell be allowed a deduotion for the amount of taxea paid by him. and covered by his deed of general warranty from Lawler.? Cincinnati Gat tilt, JV<>?. 18. VrllDICT FOR Sl.AKDEH, AND THE "Kl'ONOMY"? In the District Court, on Saturday morning, a verdict of $900 damrges was rendered by the Jury, in 1 he great slander soit of Baktr u$ H'agner. Mr. Baker is cue of the chief men in the Kconomy Society, of lieaver county. Wagner now resides in rhilipsburg. Beaver county?was formerly conneoted with the Eeontmy Society?but seceded with '-Count Leon," as ha was called?the celebrated leader of that portion of the *'Kc9noniiUav who withdrew in 18.12. The Count (so styled) was a man of considerable address, and rtputi d to potM-sa talents and fine accomplishment* He entered father Kapp'a Society, a* alleged by hia I opponents, for the purpose of producing a schism, { which he effected, and having succeeded in gaining an i over a portion of the members, withdrew with I them, purchased Phllipsburg, opposite the mouth of ! Big Beaver, on the Ohio, then a place chiefly concerned In boat building, and settled the re?Messrs. Philips ! and Graham trace'errire their boat jard to the oppo- I titeside cf the river, to what is now called Fr?;dom. Count Leon's settlement did not prosper, and be now leftforscme jartof the South.where (we believe) he tied. The Society, or a portion of it, held together for a short time. but gradually scattered? sonie settling nt freedom and elsewhere?a remnant remaining at i'billpKburRh. The seceding members of the sccirty Lave their own version of the causes of separation; but Ibe enmity is not obliterated, though some fifteen or sixteen years have t lap-ed. It appears that a considers Met urn of money had been bequeathed by a relative in Uermany. latelv deceased, to Wagner and several of Ms sitters, who duto continued with the Eaonomy Society. The brother went over to Germany, and received the money, and alleged on his return that the dying injunction of tlielr relative was that the money bequeathed to the sifter* should go into the Economy Society. The sisters insisted on grantingtbelr funds to the society, end gave Mr. Bakerauthority to receive 1 the amount Mr Wagner came on to this city in 18i7, ' for the puipote of making souie arrangement with Mr. Caber, and while hero was arrested on affidavit, and im[riroB<d. I o a convention at a tivern in the city, j he Eiil-st qnently chatted Mr Baki r * itU perjury Kor this charge a rnlt lor damages wa* brought by Mr. ' Buk?r, in the District Conrtof this county. Wagner was in 1be city on business, at the time of bis arrest. We understand that the luit wa* brought here iu consi ijUtr.ce of tie prejudice against the society in Beaver county. Mr. 'Wagner is a nan of wealth and influence.? Fithturgh Gazettr, Nor 20 The Last ok the Tea Party.?Frequent men tion has been mnde of David Kennieon, the l.iat o. the band that threw the tea overboard in Boston har lor, now midirg in Chicago The politicians have, from time to time, noticed his vitiws on political ticcp, as If they wer?. really, of great importance, from i the fact of bis having bren one of the "tea-party." For ! a while the fr< e sellers bail him. b'lt just before the election he piibilibed a letter declaring himself f?r Cr?s 1 end Duller. Having always bnen a democrat, he thought ! It b s-t to vote for Cass lir the Fake of defoatin; Taylor, although all hie fetopathies were with the Van Br.rrii i arty. Omitting the politic?1 portion of his letter, we publish these parts of it wherein he fpeak.8 of bis ?ge and the srenea through which ha has passed, lie rays :?' If I live until tho 17th day of Vavembor next, I shall be one hundred and twelve years old. I was born in Kingston, N 11 , and my father moved to I t-barcn, Maine, * hen I ??? an infant I was a eitir.i n of I lint p'aoe ?.! ro, at about the age of 3.1, I assisted in tlucwing tha tea overbosnl in Boston harbir I w??i(t tbe battle rf Bunker tlill, aud stood near <ien?ral Woiren vhen he fell. I al'O helped to roll the bsrn is, d with sand and HtoDo-Mowu the bill i as fhe Briti?h came up I *as at the battleiof White Mains. VV<et Point ond Island I hplped stretch the chsin serosa the Hudson river to stop iho British vtsrcl.i from crniit>i( up i also was id tho battles at Kelt Montgomery, Staten Island, Delaware, Hudson and rhllaoeijihia I witnessed the mrrender of i.ord Cernvtllis, nnd was neur West I'olnt when Arnold betrajed bis country snd .Andre ?.is hung. 1 have i nr.dsr \\ x^hlngton (for whem I fre<iu?ntly oarrled th? [ I . lTl,uit, . ui j. and l.n Kaye'.te. I voir draw pension of fs a month for rijvice* In the Kev. lutionary war. When the la*t >tt broke out, I was Uviur at Portland. Ma'ue, wlieru I enli.-tcd. atid nurebed to Sackett'n Harbor, and wai < in the battle at tLat place, and also at otter place* ; Mid now have the mark* of a wound recurved In injr hau J during that war " Tiie Decision in iiik Tm.k.iuni Cask ? We prw Inst evening a dupatch from one ol Morse's counetl. dated yntndi; at Krankfort. wbleh *ay*: ? The judpe ha? made hi* order. It direct* the uanbal to take po**er*lon of ?o much of pout* and wires. and by breaking to Interrupt tbe electric current of the PtoplaV llni- a* nay bn in cei^ary to protect Mori* h to., from tbe violation o( tbeir patent and give to him a continued power at hla dlmrntl'in to do what may be reiiulred for th*t purpoee. In hl?opinion lie *ay* tbattbe defendant* are. from the evidence, prima facia violator*, and that they will contlmue In thtt eouree. ard that if they wish to ure their line lawfully they niuft apply U tbe ? Luuiti iJournal, .Vet. 14. IER A 1848. HellKlous Iiitelllgrnrc. Kakkhki.i. to tmk Hit Mh. K iou.?It U doubtlesa known to mont of our reader*. that the Kwt. Alexander Kinft. of Dublin haa been for neveral month* vialtlrg the cburchen of this country, ?n behalf of a l'rote?tant Home Ml*Mouar> uiOTement, which ha* reoently b?eu commenced in Ireland The obji-atof thia mommmit is to diffuse the blessings of the Protestant religion. ! without respect to denominational peculiarities, among the priest-ridden inhabitants of that uufvtunate country. Mr. King, who hag exoited a most lively in- I terest among the churches of thin city, by bin fervid | eloquence and oathollo spirit, lielng about to return to his native home, a meeting was held at the Mount Vernon Church, on Tuesday evening, to hear bin parting words, and to give expression to the oordial sym pathy felt by our churohes in the object of his mission, and the sincere regard felt for hlw personally. A Urge congregation assembled on tho occasion, and moft of the patters of the Congregational churches In ; the olty were present, and took part in these services. Prajers were offered, or addresses were made, by Il?v. Mr. Ovlatt, Rer. Mr. Kirk. Dr. Beecher, Rev Mr. iiiagden, atid Kev. Mr Smith, and a brief aocount w.u given by Mr King of his travels in the United Stat?s, and of the Impresses* received by him; of the design of his mission, and ef the suocess which had attended him. The reverend gentleman rpoka in the strongest terms of the ktudness with which he had been every where received b.v the clergy and by the members of all Protestant drnominations in this country. He | raid he felt entirely unable to express his deep sense ' of thia k:ndn6?e ; hi> heart wits too full for his | tongue to attempt to give utterance to his foelini(H. 1 n regard to his general linpretbion* of this coin- ' try, over which he had now been travelling for ho urn feven months, he remarked, that although he h id formed a very bigh opinion of the country and It* institutions previous to leaving Ireland?so high that his friends were accustomed to toll hliu b ! fore his departure for America. that he was sure to I he disappointed on visiting this country?yet ho eoull truly suy, that the roality far exceeded his nntioipa- j tions? that the half had not teen told him A nd houll j he be permitted to return to Ills native land, he should : be obliged to withhold his full opinion of this country, eNcpt in circles where he wns well known ; fir else- > where, his opinion would certainly be reganled as too extravagant to be believed. When he had oontem- ' plated the vast resources of this country?wh?n he had i considered the capacity of the valley of the Mississippi aloLe, to fuhtalu a population or ninety million* ut 1 souls ; and when he had teen the churches, and examined the reports of the Home Missionary, Traet. Sabbath .School, and other religious and benevolent Institutions o( the oountry, designed and adapted to elevate impreve and biesi this land, notwithstanding the irreligion and vice which he hnd also witneired, he had felt that this country was indeed designed to be the nrylnm of the nations, and the gr*ft means of promoting the iatelltctual and moral Improvement of the world, and the glory of God. The peculiarly fa- 1 vnred condition of the churches of this land devolved ' on them peculiar obligations. If these churches did I not rend lorth a tide of life sn the world, the world j would roll in on them a wave of death. The co-nmotions in the old world, among the unfortunate subjects i of civil and religious despotism, had been produced by | the sentiments which bad gone out from Ainerloa.? I There sentiments bud set minds in motion They bhd been sown over Europe, and had produced aa abundant crop. The Pope had found them dra?ou'rf teeth There sentiments had kindled the fire; an 1 a right direction must now be given to this tire, or it | would fall like coals and burning embers on our own to j the heads. The speaker then alluded more particularly design of the Irish l'rotestant mission, the advocacy of which had brought him to this country. Mis sue- I cers bad been such as to warrant the commencement j of the minion establishment in Ireland ; and the as- , mrances of further aid justified him in the full belief that it would be generously supported by the churches tf America. In all its various departments. With cordial thanks for all tho kindness shown to him, and all the aid afforded to the object of his mission to America, Mr King then badu farewell to his numerous friends.?Button Traveller, Nov. 21. Counterfeiters Auroad.?Two men-one j named Dunit Is, who hits been ubout this village j and vicinity for the last four months, on the ostensible business of doctoring horses, and the other named ; McLean, of York?left the country very suddenly a j few daj s ago. taking witb them two hones, which they I bought the day of their departure, and piid for in ' counterfeit money. Both the horses were purchased in burns- one of Rider Clark and the other of Stephen Mundy, with eacli of which gentlemen th?y left $1<H) In coucterleit money?nine $-^0's on the Oneida Bank, and two $10'e on tbe Troy City Bank. McLean came to this village, es he said, to notify Daniel* thut a racing match had been made np in Canada for a bone he (Dan'els) owned; and not finding him here, hired a livery horse to go to Burns, where Daniels was staying. While there they bougnt the two horses above alluded to. When McLean returned from Buy nr. tie hired a conveyance te take him to Vork. reprertnting that his business was very urgaat, aud having get into a little difficulty with the tavern Keeper ai uurn*,.ue ituxiuus to get uui 01 nil way, if!-? i>l;o>ild take a notion to follow him. Ou the way I to Ycrk bo traded off Klder Clark h horse for a wa'ch. j Meanwhile Daniels took the other horse and main oil' in a western direction. As aeon as the fraud was ascertained, officers started In pursuit, but thus far they harp etcsped. Daniels was traced to Niagara oounty, and has undoubtedly escaped Into Canada. We underitand tbat a borie was stolen from l)r I'atchln. ofPatchin's Mills, not long since This, with other elrcuim-tancps. induces the belief tbat an organized gang of Tlllains in feete the county, and people should be on their guard ? Dantvillt Chroniclr. Extraordinary Eloi-emknt?As Heiress Married to Hkr Coachman.?Another one of thoae extraordinary occurrences, called elopements, has just transpired in our great city, tbat ia mid to be distinguished for its worth, talents, and perseverance. About the fsot is, that girls, when they are old enough, desire to hare husbands, and they will have then, in >' spite of my lord cardinal!" The cade now under consideration, is one In no way dh!>onorable to tbe parties ; still it is curious and interest, ing. The lady in question belongs to a family worth ! a million of dollars, and has been denied, (so th? story | gets.) her choice several times. She has, at length, a : husbsnd. and she obtained him in her own way, and ! iubi wan ? put'ut unv. it Mppvarn iusi ine young iieir0(8, who iii in sure expectation of aome hundred thousand. a few daya kince ordered her coa-hraan. a r.>?p?ctable iriihn an, to ' bring out" the carriage, a* she was ! deaircus of taking a little exercise. The young coach- i nan obeyed, and away they went. It in not known what direction was taken, but lure it ia that on Wed- ! nisday last, the parties who left a* above described, I returiii'd man and wife. The coachman had actually i married hi* young mistress, and is now the happy hus- , band rf one of tbe most interesting and beautiful i ladleain our city ; one whoae wealth is immense, and whoae standing is acknowledged to be every way desirable. Although no names und no streets are given, for tfce very good reason, we knew neither the one nor the other, yet the circumatancea as detailed actually t anrpired. else an lrnneat man's word I* not worth a strawCincinnati Commercial. A'or. IT. Fatal Occ rrenck.?We leain the following particulate relative to a lata] aflray which occurred at Plymouth, on Thursday afternoon last. It appears tLat Samuel Davy Barnes, a youth about eighteen ' Tears of age. r.nd son of Mr Isaac Barnes of Plymouth, ; Vad been in the habit of gunning in company with Ida ( of younger years; that, on the day above mention"!, his father remonstrated with him for ao doing ; telling him he was fearful he would accidentally injure some j of hta ycung companions, and in orderto prevent such an accident, declared that he should secrete his gun. I At the last accounts, a coroner'* jury were investigating the circumstances of the case. This somewhat Irritated the boy, who was rather unruly, having been ' for some time pr*t residing with an aunt In New Bed- | ford, where he was allowed to conduct himself without restraint Some altercation between the father and 1 son ensued. The father g'<t possession of the gun, and was in the act of currying tbe gun up stairs, when the j aon reined b"ld of it with both bands, and jammed It sg:iinft hia father's stomach, holding him flirt agalnat a partition, and causing him to cry out with pain. j Ti e two were finally separated. Tbe father was evl<i? ntly In great distress, but still was aide to b* about k/...n A# ?KA /aIIau <1 .1 mw urj- HUI.IJH ,.,e Ki vn ? "'?JMr. Bnrne* bud for a l-n< time been atllicted with a st vererupture. and the injuries be received oa Thur*day, rendered the di*ta?e still worse. lie lived until midnight on Friday, wh*n be expired in great <li?tren.?Uoilon Journal, JV?i\ 21?/' M. Troy, Aj.imny and New Vork?\Vi*tk* ArRAMiKtiRNr.?'1 he long desired obietl of u continued Rallrt ad route be tween Troy, P:a-<t Albany and New Vork has been accomplished The last Unki.ito , l>e completed by the 10th of Peeemb?' next, and after that time, the Inconvenience and delay arlsinj from transhipment at Bridgop'irt. from the earn to the at*im- , beat, through the Sound, to New Vork, will be obvi*. j te d. Ily the construction of the New Vork and New Haven rnllrcad, which connecU with the llouiatonie read at Bridgeport. a railroad communication i* opened direct betwten New 1 ork, Kaet Albmy and Troy, and oars ran be run from ButUlo and Oswego, via Troy, | direct to City Hall. New \ oik, and nice ??TM, This is an important and long dci-ired object, for which the travelling and business public ihould feel gratified.and we have no doubt they will express their gratitude through a liberal patronage. By reference to our ad- ! vertising columns, it will be seen that the cars are to leave New J ork and Kast Albany, at 8 A M., and will po through from one place to the other in eight hour*. 1 or eight and a half, allowing half an honr l'or dinner on the route; and thl*. too, at the reduced fare of $1. each w?y The freight tariff ha* also been inueh riduotd? Fyrorute Stvr. Tiie Ciioi.EBA.~It would seem that tlic cholera in Kastern Kurope, after havir g been "tipposed to be en the wane was again on the increase We have also report* that the Fame was the case at Smyrna. l"hc remspondent from who?n letters we have heretofore given tabular statements of the number of cases and deaths in St. Petersburg and Nioicsw, furnishes us with a simitar account of the dally state of the disease up to the 24th nit , which shows little or no ohanje since the end of September, lie add* ?' It I* now about a fortnight since my report of the progress of the cholera in the interior was pubilahed. and we have not had any private information of it in this city tHe cholera Is eonsldered much more severe than the published return* would lead one to support.'- Helton jhtrtrtiV.. 21 _ N LD. TWO CENTS. Naval Intelligence, U.S. aloop of war Yorktown, < ommander Maraton, for tha coast of Africa tailed from Roitoa, ot Wedon* day, with a fine bree?e flroai W N W. Com. Cooper proceeded in bcr to take command of the Aflrloiaaqadroit. U. 8.' frigate Constitution, Commander 'Jwinn, B(ktun. I* waiting the arrival of achat Jmutph Harwell. from Alexandria, Va . which baa on board her w?t?r tank* The Constitution proceed* drat t? <?ihr*lt*r, thence to Tripoli, whenoe abe will convey Mr. M'Auley, the U. S. CoukuI Genera), to Alaxaadrlv Kgypt. ! lira Alexandria she goea to Spuziia, tajoln the Mediterranean squadron. Extract of a latter, dated,? 1'. S Siiip ''Pltmoc i h." Matao, Aug, 17, 1848 Sir?1 havi. the honor to report to yon the arrival of this (hip at tliin plane on the inr.h Instant. The Hon. Mr. Davla landed yesterday, at Macao, aod van received by lh>- authoiitii-a wuh all honor* due to hi* station I nhall proceed with him in ? day or two (or ? soon an he Id ready) to Whaaapo*. whin he will leave thu ithip for Canton. Very renpeet? tullv, your obedient (errant. TIIO.W VS It. GEDNEY, Commanding J. S. ?bip Plymouth, lion J. V. Mtioit. See'y ot th? Navy. Washington The lion. Mr Pavl*. (the Amerlna Charge to China) wan 11111<1< <1 >1 >\ nampia on the 20lh of August. OUiIk nml KikIi, Hon Andrew Stewart, we are ?<>rry to learn, ha* b>?n ferlourly 111. The Salem Gattllt ney?. '-We have been inform'4 lij the police cfllcera, tbat our slreef.? have svn?lbly deteriorated in quiet order, from tiiet!m? of the first torchlight parade here.'' The State of Ohio 1# now in her sixty, first year. or rather it ii? now sisty one yearn aluce th<i llrst wiiito citizen moved into what Is now that State. The population of Cincinnati i* 107.000, with that of Newport and Covington, opposite, 120 000. It in now generally believed that Cans will not Tito the WllDiot provlto.?frte Soil I'a/ier. Mr. Justi-e Hoherty, In aenteuciug Memn. M"\Ianu[ .. O'Donohoe and Meagher. to be hung apologUei tur his tediousneta. and iiai<l: '-But I shall not now detain j< u longer." Surely the fotae of politeness could no farther go. The chartist prisoners, Ritchie. I.aoy. Kay, Cuffey ami Dowllog. under mn'nncn of transportation for life, were removed to Miibank penitentiary, in which place they will remain until their dual departure to Vsn Dlensen's I.and. , According to the Dublin Pilot. Martin Crean, one of the secret arles of the defunct repeal association hart been a] pointed a poor law auditor. It appenrs tbat Mr. Dobbin, the crown witness on the State trial* at Cionmel had some difficulty la effecting a safe retreat from Tipperary. The contract for oompletin# the Kast Tennssee* and (jiArgla Kailrond to Knoxvllln has been concluded Between Duff (iftoD and other Northern men. and the director* of the said road. The road la to be oempleted and equipped to Knoxvlliu for $1 200.000. A large number of hand* are to be put Bp >n the road forthwith.?Jllfxan diia On irlte. lK^fj* IN Ami::::' ?We lu(i th?> |>li'i-:ure <>l announcing, h lew niontlin since, the urriviil in this country of K. De Vlco, the celebrated Roman astronomer. and of other dibtin^nhhed men of eoieurt, antorg the eslleh from Home. Since that time. K I) j Vico has returned to Kurope, for scientific purpojiM. connected *ith the duties which open before him in America, ilia return U soon expected, howerer, when lege at (jeorgetown. The arrival of another gentleman, of the highest reputation. from th? Irte Jesuit colltgi', Is also to be looked lor lmmt'diate.'y, at the I ami' college. This Id Or. I'ianciani. the old-st mi*mber of the noMe family of that Dame, of Hpoleto, la Umbria. but muoh mora distinguished an the professor of chemistry in the oollege of the Jesuits at llotne: ? having renounced the honors attached to his brth, that he might become member of the Jesuit F-.aternity. He has held the chair or chemistry at Rome, as our ac'eotitlc read?m know, with eminent ability, having distinguished himself In a'.l the physical sciences. He Is to hold the same chair at Georgeto*u. I A number of young gentlemeu, lately student* at Home, are collecting at George' own. and the reputa! tlon of the college there, with sunli new light a'it . will receive from Ue Vioo. .Sesttnl, I'iancianl, and i otbfr distinguished eill?s fr.'inSwitzerland and Horn-, will court a comperl-on with that any of our Protectant colleger, whioh we hope tb?y m*y not be slow to recognir**. If America, as ?e hope, h to be the refuse of the persecuted science of Kurope, our own men of science nr. d letters will be i he t* r.? t to discharge, openly and coL-rtic UKly. the hoepllaliMes of their no* portion. It It SHid that the DfW government of Romt, although it exiled the Jeimits, attempted to retain De Vloo and Placclanl. They were obliged to tiwpe frtm the effort* of the pollco?that they might m"?t the rame fate as their hrethern. Their em'nence in science secured them this ourious distinction The observatory nt Georgetown, though not of the Urjt clsss, Is, we believe. the oldest In this county. Mr. d?i Vlco will be in the Immediate neighborhcol, also, of the Government Obiervatory at Washington, the refractor in which, at lia<t. Is superior to that which be usedin Rem#. This ohrervator; is ijqder the chargo of a gentleman formerly a pupil of the Georgetown i.ouege. 'j ne eminence which the observatory at Hon.'' and that of Naples have enjoyed in Kuro;ie ha* been attributed. In part, to the lin* climate of those place*, and to their southern latitude. Id thin new heme. Mr. de Vico will have the name advantages. Tbe latitude of Washington and (Georgetown in precisely tbiee degrees south of that of Heme, a difference just rufllvient to maintain the Amvrioan boast that wa arw a little batter olT than any one elite in the world, whila the pc Billon ia t-till oo nearly the name that the general Mpi ct of the heavens mutt suera quite unchanged I n hi* observations here, therefore, when surrounded by Hoaan pupils and friends, Mr. de Vico uay well thiuk himself quite at heme ; "And what * a? Gone Creek cnce oe Tiler no*." It)? r|Qite curious, tbat in uiovlog from one Objervatcry to another be passes almost exactly a quarter of the world's clrcumftrenoe. The Obserratory at Home in rant longitude from Greenwich (in time) 49 64 7 The capital at Washington la west from Ortecwlch (Intlme) 5h 8 0 The ObnetVatory at Georgetown ia west from the Capitol, say 21> The total cf all which 6h 58 25 7 ?lacks leraftbanjtwo minutes of a quarter of a day ? 1'ntlon .Idiertiser. Firk in Woodvili.e, Miss ?The machine shop of the \V. I*, railroad company, together with a dwelling btu'e adjoining, occupied by Mr Jotepb Nfwell Bi d family, were burned, with all tbalr content*, on Wednesday night last Tbe Ore originated in tbe dwelling house, and communicated to tbe machine sbop Mr. Newell, hi* wife and sister, had barely time to maketbeir escape in their night clothes. Two of Mr. Hanbara'* three children, who were In idc ramify or .?ir neweii. were very near n?ing Burned to death, but wer* saved with great difficulty ? Mr. Newell rared nothing bin hid family. The railroad company. In addition to their building*, thrse la number. lost two locomotives?one of whlab wa* near, and cent them 812 000 ?b**IJe? all th lr tool* and fixture* of every description. machinery, fen. Tim lo*? cannot be ehort of f> 15.(KK) to $2<> .00).? Sew O L am Affinity, 14th init. The Case of Mks> (tainks.?A paragraph in tlir Vun of this morning dtates that "the Judges of the Supreme Court of the United State* have l.'aued a mandamus to Mrs. Myra train**, to appear before them on the first day of lb* next Wro. when the deoinion given in her fnvor last winter wllf be annulled." The latter part of the statement. in regard to annulling th? decision. Is cf course gratuitous We believe the mandamus baa btea issued. bnt we do not know how the dt t< {initiation of the Court to reverse the decision can b? known before the opening of the term.? Haitimort Cliff* i A'uk. 2'J. , SllirWBEt K on I.ake 11 f ron ?I.OSS OF Lift ? Four young men left Goderich on the 30th nit., in a beat, for the head of Lake Huron. A tremendous pule came up and they were blown on to reef of rock.*, and imKtdiutf ly disappeared Thia waa witn >*sed by a iei??el not far diataut. Tbey liad with them a do*, which reached the fhore. A party went in tearoli of the br.d'e*. When they came the dog. the faifhful eri'Sture lu,med'ately led them to the remain* of the u" h i i.? uuuiri Dki? ogi j <i iMtgjounu. mc mm all belonged to liodrrich Fatai.TIait.roao A< < iDKvr ? (?n .Saturday a'tcrnoun, tli?- tram >1 care for thin city ran OTnlilr GimUf. at ,\V? IVwikilling him instantly. L>< seared w???Wy?ar? o? a*e, ? r??id?nt of New Wcrcetter, an I. thf time of the a<;cfd*nt. bti been aWnt I'rrra hi* hotiar but a few minute* Ha ? n.< upon tbe tr/K-k and, in order to eacapn ftimuij appn ach'tig freight tiain. atrpped ?pon the olhi r trark probably with nt perceiTloit the approteh of tbe train which caused bin death. ? bo*ton Cnuritrj Modfi. fiKKOHMKR.?Strnvr, wlio nnltrj iuch t (iiiure in i >irnin ulLira, as ilet>crib<rd in Kotflioh ^ per?. which, of et.urre. wilt ?sy their worst of him la by birth h Knrrlan. lie isoppoaed to the uaeof animal fojd, claiming Ktr many jears he waf the t Jitcr of p?p<r at Mui;h<-im Strum w*? lately made * prisoner lit a miail tillage of Baden. but liberate * by a p*rty lifad'd by a priest nariej Soelbel. Hi* wife aototuI anied him In bt? nmrthn tfKCESSIO.N FtOAt THE ClILHtH (?K Rotfl.?Tll6 ttochrstrr Jlmerican g\rrB an' interesting de.-i'riotlo a of the rerriGoa!** io ji,l?ut to the peeeeelon of thirty, fix Unman fauiilivx from the ' bureh of Rome. la that oily, en Sunday ln?t. It took place In the pr*?eao* ( f flrr oreii liin<r?d p?opl?, under the dlr^otinn of the iu t Dr tjtiii>lfna?i, who haj heretofore labored with teal acl tucetM among the German population of onr own city H*\ .aoe ?A Wc?ierr Cas* paper thin walk* into Vnn Biifn:?"Martin Van Hur?-n, abhorred compound and embodiment of Judaa leearlotand Benedict Arnold d?-K _? egtln eplt upon thee!" (

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