Newspaper of The New York Herald, November 26, 1848, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated November 26, 1848 Page 1
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t h : NO. 5289. IMPORTANT! The Events in Europe. AKAIVAL or TUB STiEAMSHIP CAMBRIA. ONE WEEK'S LATER NEWS. MARKETS. dM. dW. dM. The steam ship Cambria, Captain shannon, has arrived from LiverjK>ol, whence she sailed on Saturday, the 11th inst. Our advices are to that date, The news from the continent of Europe is im yortant. Vienna naa capitulated to tne imperial troops. Among the passengers in the Cambria is Baron A. de Rothschild, of the great European banking house of the Rothschilds. The Baron probably visits this country lor the purpose of establishing a branch of his house in the United States. M. Belmont, of this city, hus acted merely as an agent lor that financial concern; but now that the upheavings of Europe are throwing foreign capital into the United States, and the enterprise of the Americans is obtaining gold by, the cart load in California, &c. (fee., the Rothschilds probably deem it proper to enlarge their house by the establishment of a branch in America. The Loudon Mercantile Gazette, of the 18th, cays A morning contemporary contradicts the report Of Meters. Rothschild, Brothers, of Paris, being engaged winding np their atlairs, and that, consequently, they conduct their multipl ioity of business as heretofore. This announcement corroborates what we mentioned yesterday in connection wita this subjent. The report was evidently circulated for the benefit of oertain peculators, who too well knew how great a sensation would be created by euch a statement. The general tenor of the accounts from Manchester atid the manufacturing districts, partakes of a more favorable character. There had been more steadiness in the cotton market than for some time past, and holders have been less anxious to press their stocks upon the market. The quotations have been maintained with some firmness, and more especially for the ordinary and middling qualities, to which the en. ouiry is mainly confined. Nothing doing in turpentine. Small sales of common American rosin are made at 3s. 3d. per cwt. The weeky return of the Bank of France shows that the progressive prostration of commerce which has been remarked torso many weeks, still continues. The discounts of the PariB Bank are again tour millions less. There iB no news of importance from Ireland. In Italy all is confusion; and several parts oi Lonibardy have risen against the AuBtrians. The Hermann, which sailed from New York on /he 20th ult., reached Southampton on Sunday night, the 5th inst., after a passage of sixteen days, having been retarded by a slight accident to one of her engines, which rendered one of her paddles useless. The Britannia, which left New York on the 26th, had been at sea over sixteen days, but was going into LiveKpodl on the 11th inst. sr" SPECIAL CORRESPONDENCE OF THE HER&LO. Our Liverpool Correspondence* Liverpool, Saturday morning, ) November 11, 8 A. M. J We in beginning to feel rather uncomfortable at the non-arrival of the Britannia, dne last Tuesday night, sinoe which we have been looking for her hourly.? What can have become of her f She may be within few miles of ui, for the weather is so thick that the river eannot be seen aorors. The Britannia has jost been reported off Holyhead, at 8 o'clock, this morning. She will scarcely reaeh the riTtr before 7 P. M. Oar London Correspondence Lonnow, Not. 10?9 P. M. Lord Mayor's Day ? Surplice Disturbances?Anti-State Church Association?Shipping News?Emigration Movement?Theatricals? State of Trade?Cholera? Otain, Railway and Money Markets. The great event of the week has been the installation of the Lord Mayor of London. The 9th of November is always a grand day In the oity, as far as holiday-making is concerned, and a dies nan as far aa relates to business. Procession after prooession mores about the streets?men in armor jostle oity marsha'men, and policemen, and (lag-bearers, and the publioi are huddled together in one mass of unenviable oonfU. ion. Hospitality, or. in plainer terms, plenty of eating and drinking, is the order of the night; so the Lord Mayor gives a dinner to almost every one of note that cares to ccme. Ministers co, out cf compliment, and congratulate the new civic dignitary on his eleotion, who, in return, promises to ipend his money lavishly in attending to the creature oomforts of his elty brethren, by cramming them, at decently arranged interval; witn the gooi thi^j of this world- The f*et is, the Lord Mayor's Day in * farce, from morning (ill night. The procession is afaroe,the congratulatory address is a faroe, the diaper is a faroe, (because only favued friends of his lordefeip Oftii get anything to eat,) and the oratory at the banquet is a faroe. For about fire shillings, two or three men screw themselves into brass armor, at the eminent risk o( getting broken limbo; and for a similar reward, some two or tnree doten of vhe unwashed can be got to salute the mayor's carriage with tivai, in the most stentorian accents, whioh are magnified by those interested in the oonoern, into expressions of the most deoided approval. Lerd Mayor's Days, like London watchmen and hackney eeaahes, are getting fast into disuse ; and though 1 suppose, for years to oome, there will be a lord mayor, jour readers may feel tolerably euro that the gingerbread peagentry that accompanies him, will be a tbing of bye.gone days. Sir James Duke, who was Installed yesterday into the cirlo chair, Is an old sailor and a xespectablo citizen of London. While this feasting aud rejoicing has been going on In this part of the oountry, another scene of rather a different description has been enacted iu on<- of tbo churches In the oity of Exeter. I must first state that for the last two or three years we have hai a constant " surplice feud that is, some clergymen insisted on preaohing In their surplices, in place of the academical ? "" ? " "J ....... jK..i ? the ordinary custom was not objected to ; but in aome placer. where the parishioner* had no particular relish for Fusayite practice*, the oimtora met w.th diaapprobation. Now round about the city of Kxeter ha* been famous plane for theae religious buttlee, en I the ill hep. who 1? the able pamphleteer, LSidhop I'hiipots, invariably elded with his clergy in the conflict. A short time since, a jou*g el'rgj.nan, named Ingle, wm appointed to one of the churches; but no aooner had he commenced hi* ministerial duties than ha appeared In the objectionable garment. Sunday upon Sunday paMed by. until the parieblonera waxed wrath, resolving to bring matter* to a erlala, so that when Mr. Ingle ascended the pulpit, to preach, an attempt w,i* made to " cough him down." Finding thiswas not effectual 1b it* consequences, stamping with feet, yelling, hooting, with other discordant noises, followed. until at length one of the oh<irchward?n?. raising hia voice above the the din, threatened to pull the clergyman nt of the pnlpit. Like every thing ? ! <e that is hitBan, the affair came to a conclusion, not without the tore being repeated in the street; and the Bishop laveatigated the matter at the chapter-bouse, oonolid- 1 tag, as aaual. that his reverend brother wa:i Justified In bla proceedings. This, you ?ee. is the way in whioh wa amufe ouraelvea. Kvan in re'lgiou* runttera, wo aontrlve, oocaeiocally, to create a litti* excitement. Woiie I am ."peaking of ehuroh matters. I may ai well tell joa that a Ur;? meeting of the Anti sta'.e Church AearciaL on w*.< held un lhuraday evening. Many m< mbera of rarllement wero there and tojlc part in the procqgdiuga. The iumudiste objeot of the meeting was to enter a protent against the contemplated endowment of the Jtoman Catholic priesthood it Ireland, in a few yepr* tlii? society win not only become Tory prpnlar. h?it rrMI be one of the moat 1mportaat and entive a*(ooiat1on*. A State church la aot likely to cxi't rr m , yrni '.Ob : . t'u. Ui ut p >r>le Mr b-*.uuil.* t? bud oat lie lujuji'.., on ' I in '. Tho prta?i|>ai or>eU ol tin* nutaty la lo pUoe a ><4 bl vtf iliv cauii M.i? ibavi.ig on?b uath' red ill I ? E NE tad unfettered. There would then be every po*ell>ili ty, as well as a probability, of that system whioh wm thi beet and purest saining the most converts. Th'i change, so confessedly beneficial, eannot be expeotec to come Into being for some years. The Hermann arrived at Cowes about half past eigh on Sundav evening, with three hundred thousand d?l lars In speoie and thirty passenger*. She was sixteei days on her passage which is explained by the faot o one of her engines getting out of repair midway ba tween New York and London. She U now in dook and will be ready In her tnrn to leave on the 20th. statement ii gaining ennenoy, that the reason Capt Hoeken was so unfortunate with the Great Britati was in consequence of the compasses getting derangei through the material of the vessel. Should this state ment be correot. it exonerate* the eaptain, by throw leg the blame on the shoulder* of the builders of th vereel. Surely some protection against the Iron ou^h to be given to the oompass box. in order that It shoal not become disarranged. The alleged reason of pub lielty not being given to ttal* statement before Is, tha the owners did not wish their porperty depredate! Although 1 do not vouoh for the authenticity of the* statement*, it must b? added that they remain un oontradicted. The emigration movement is progressing as rapldl as ever, which has Induced the government to be little more careful to enforce *anitarv regulations o bosrd migrant ships. A recent order has been l?suec which, amongst a host of instrnotion*, require* that n tibip shall carry more than one passenger to every tw ton! Of tk? registered tonnage; that the lower deo (ball not be lrss than one-and-a-half inch In thicknesi that the berths shall not be less than six feet In iengt and eighteen inches la width, and all vessel* carryin upward* of one hundred passengers, must have o bourd an experienced surgeon. There rule* are *p< cially applicable to ships proceeding to British Nort America and our colonies. Heavy tines will be impose if any of these condition* are not complied with. Jullien's promenade ooncerts opened on Friday ever Ing, ana a perfect uproar continued the whole or tb evening, chiefly because the theatre was ovorcrowdm but also from the intention of many persons who wer there to have a row. He in coining money by the speculi ticn. Bunn has brought out at length the new opera < " Hajii. e," in which Sims Reeves has ma<Je anothe hit.?Charles Kean and his wife have returned to tb Ilaymaiket, and are drawing good houses. MadlW Nissen, a countrywoman of Jenny Lind^, has come ou with excellent sucoesti as Norma, but will never b equal to her predecessor. Vour theatrical criticism on iiir. Macready'a performances are highly spoken ? here, and quoted in nearly the whole of the papers. There is no sporting intelligence of moment to com municate. The raring season is nearly over. We ar looking forward to the great Liverpool steeple chase The account* respecting the state of trade in Londoi and the Provinces, are not particularly cheering Ii the latter, many workmen are raid to be thrown out c employ, in oonsequence of the sudden abandonment or in come eves temporary stoppage, of railway works During the two past years, an Immense deal of labo has been called into requisition, through the man scheme* that were being carried out. Now that ther is a check upon these, it has made a stagnation in tb labor-market. There are not many oomplaints abou the factories, so it is fair to presume that this descrif tiou of labor is in good circumstances. The millowneri too. appear tolerably satisfied; large quantities of ordei still continue to come from abroad, which keep tb hands fully employed- in London, there is of court to be teen a vabt amount of destitution, but not mon 1 think, than usual. In all large cities the poor ai always to be found, and particularly so tX this seaso cf the year. For this, however, we have a partial! effective antidote in the shape of charitable societiei and the like. At Edingbnrgh the law officers have commence trying the Chartists for the recent seditious riots i Scotland. The feeling towards these infatuated me is very much the same as it was in England, and the may reckon upon similar verdict* and aentenoes. . iiiau wuu uiauo uiiuseu very pruaiiauub iu IUO riui MMl (ummings. ii on bis trial Kach day's pos brings us sewn of increased hope on the part of Mi O'Brien's counsel in Ireland, of their being able t cucceed in brir glL'g in a writ of error. Should the succeed, bow marvellously ridiculous It will make tb Crown lawyers appear ! It was bad enough in O'Coi nell's case, but this would be a triumph for Mr. Whit< tide. The cholera is still making slow ravages, although i Is not committing very great destruction. I find b the latest official return published, that 46H cases hai been reported in Kdingburgh.267 of which have ende in death, 68 .have recovered, and 171 are under trea meat. In London the.proportion is thus: - 41 oases hai been reported, 31 Lave died, 6 hare recovered and arc under treatment. (The (most active means ai taken by the Boards of Health to counteract the pri grecs of the disease. The weather is very fine an cold?just the kind to check tbe growth of the cholen The corn market is brisk, considering tbat there : not a great deal of trade on the tnove. Some good bai gains are being don*. I jive you the prices as put llsbed In the official return of the corn market: ? "General weekly average?wheat, 61s 2d.; barlftj 32s. 10d.; oats,20*. 7d.; rye, 31s. Id.; beans, 37s. Id peas. 30s. 7d.?per quarter. .Aggregate LavrrHge for six weeks?wheat 51s. lOd, barley, 32 7; oats, 20 7; rye, 81 1; beans, :J0 1; peai 30 4?the quarter." I have just seen an official return of the aocount relating to trade and navigation, in which it state that the total value of our exports for the month end mg me juiu iictooer, wan lor me nin mrnths ending the itme date, ?U,8h,KI. Id th corresponding month oflast year, the value of the ex porta was ?i 60.">.409, and lor the nine months, A'39. 076.207. Our money market has been ssdly knocked aboul according to the tenor of Continental events. i league has been got up,In Paris, (so, at least, it is report ed) to depress; the English funds by keepln down the French R ntes, but the manwuvr has been teen through. The latest news froi Austria has kept our prloes Arm, and the; stand as follows Consols 86)*'; new three-an dn quarter per cents 86J. to 86; three per oents 84\i to 85 exchequer bills 40s. a 42s. pi em.; India bonds 88s fir em; bank stock ISO. A bargain was made yesterda, n the new five per oents at lOtf.H. Mexicans were dowi at 21; Spanish Aves at 11, and three per cents at 23 Portuguese four per cents 24, and Dutch twoand-s half per cents 461,a451</. The most strenuous exertiens are being made in s? yeral quarters to prevent the monster amalgamatto: of the three neat railway companies, on the groun that, if carried into effcot, a frightful monopoly c railway property will fellow. Publio convenience, als< will undoubtedly suffer if the trafflo of one branch c the kingdom is allowed to be centred under one direc tion. Great opposition, it is believed, will be given t the measure when it is brought before Parliament The practice of railway companies issuing statement of their accounts, has restored publio confidence, an railway property is considered a good InvestmentPrices hare not much improved, nor hare they gon back. Oar Southampton Correspondence, SorTHAMro.N, Not. 10, 1818. The Accident to the Machinery of the Steamshi Hermann. I am sorry to have to report, for the informatioi ofyour readers, that the United States mail steam er Hermann has met with another accident to he machinery, and that she will be 'ler? f" repairs, till the middle of December. I learn tha this vessel has made a very good run across th Atlantic, and would have arrived off Cowes ii excellent time, but for a mishap which occurre* on the 29th ultimo, when the cross tail ot the lai board engine, which connccts the sid? levers, an to which the connecting rod working the crank i attached, gave way. The shock arising from th Hidden breaking of this part acting upon the Bid levera, tracked them, and the larboard engine beoam unserviceable. The remainder of the voyage, a distant of 1,2C0 miles, was performed with only one englm aided by the sails, In about OX days, and the Herman arrived off Cowes about 8X P. M on Sunday last, 6t inat.. having made the run, under these untoward oil cumatances, in a few hours over sixteen days. Th Hermann is now in dook for repairs, and it ha* bee found necessary, by the agents, to order new side 1? vers to be oast and fitted, besides other repair* of minor nature. The side levers will weigh about *1 tons each, and a considerable time will, of oourse, b occupied in hoUting out the old ones and in fittin the new ones to their places, to. 1 fear, therefore, thi it will be Impossible to get the ship ready for sea b? fore the middle ef December The voyage to firuine has been abandoned?the Hermann'* cargo to tha city ii to be forwarded by a small Railing schoone chartered for the purpose. The (German mails were d< livered from the Hermann to the poatnnaster of Soutt ampton for transmission to tho general postofllo*. ii l.ondon, from whence they were sent forward by thi Hamburg mail steamer for delivery at Bremen, ac cording to an arrangement existing b- tweeu the Kng lish poet ofllce authorities and the administration c the liremen poet o<Hce, iu oh?e* where the detentioi of the United States mntl sWuniers, at Southampton is rendered necessary from a.-cident. or tlie closing <1 the navigation of tho river Weior, In winter monthr The passecgera for Bremen by the Hermann, ha< their passage paid from Southampton via London t Bremen by the Fnglish elearaers. 1 his unfortunate aocideut to the Hermann Is muol to be regretted, as it puts a stop to the extremely pro lit able operations of the Ocean Steam Navigation Com pnpy. There la no doubt but that the engine of the steamers Washington and Hermann hav been constructed by eu^ineers who would no ! take advantage ot tho experience of th English people In several important detail? and It cannot be denied that the machinery of thes two veaseis ha* been Mipplied in an imperfect state It Is e?|U*l'j certain that the whole of the disasters t the company's vessels, have arisen from the defect It state of their machinery, as supplied by the ?v\nufao turrr.; and It Is painful to aee it grsat national enter prise intetrupted, and an Immense and profitable trai lie diverted, by the incompetence of en 'inner* t supply si-a-worthy engines. It I: a great pity s <aa ai raugement cannot be entered Into, whereby uidltloni I * ru't^hf. he pat on the "ew Votk. djuthauii I tuti ami fcieuea fin* ai 1 feel eonvluced r\atl'l amjible ofk4ti| < o? ' il >ai": t jkojpeivt W YO SUNDAY MORNING, and profitable undertakings in the catalogue of ocean i tteam navigation. The Washington and Hermann i oan be made good and useful steamer*, but I think tbat I certain portion* of their machinery should bo strengthened. This would require an overhaul of a few months, t and, therefor*, it would be indispensable for other teamen to be put on the Hue while tbeio Tassel* went 1 being properly put to right*. The company should f rlously consider this eubjeet; it would repay tbem in the and, and prove the salvation of the enterprire. Were the machinery of both the steamers fully V and properly strengthened, i have it upon the authority of an tminest engineer, tbat they would be firat a class ceraa rtt-amera. The maobinery of all sea-going 1 steamers ia liable to aeeidenta, whloh oannot be explained, nor their cause aoourately diacovered; for instance, two day* after the arrival of the Hermann, the royal Bail steamer Avon, with the West India t mail*, came in with eitanaive damage to her machlned ry. Off Fayal, the craoked her starboard oylinder oovi r. and fractured ber piston, which caused a very t alow voyage home. I give you the following list of mis I baps, that have ocoiUT?d ttiin year to tb? Knglish Southe ampton steamers, which will prove that, however perl tict kteam engines may be madn, they are, from the bands of the most eminent manufacturers, likely, ocy caslonally, to break down. The West India steamer a Avon has broken down twice this year. In May, she n came bome with only one engine and paddle?having 1, broken her intermediate shaft; and shu is now in dock o for repairs, in consequence of an aocident, as first o mentioned, eff Fayal. The Teviot came home from k Bermuda, on tlm , with only one ens; gine, having broken the hide lever of her starboard h engine. The Forth broke her main shaft, and oatrie if heme in July. The Peninsular and Oriental steamer, n outwaid in February, broke down in February, and j- put into Corunnaj and the Indus, with the outward h F.art India mail*, in July latt, was compelled to put d into Lisbon for repair*. We are expecting the arrival here, of the United t- States frigate St. Lawrence. Capt. Paulding, from Bree men I understand she ia to make some stay in 1, Southampton water, prior to a cruise to Lisbon and 'e Cadiz. Our Dublin Lorrcnpondence. r Dublin, Nov. 10, 18-18. * The Prisoners?Acquittal of Williams?The Writ it of Error?State of Ireland, fyc. ? I have not much news ol importance to comif municate this week, with the exception of the trial and acquittal of Mr. Williams, late one of e the proprietors of the Tribune newspaper, a full report of which you will see in the public journals, n Mr. Ferguson, the foremost man ot the late Pro>f teetant Repeal Association, defended him on the n/tnaQinn Whilst Mr AVllliairia wna nnnmtfoil r hiB co-partner, Mr. O'Donohoe, was found guilty, J and sentenced to 10 years' transportation; which ie sentence, under all the circumstances, is consilt tiered very rigorous. Writs of error, as in the cta.'g of J,' tbe other convicted prisoners, however, may set aside s the eentence. Mr. Meaghergave ?50 to carry on Mr. e O'Donohoe's trial, and Mr Butt generously would aoie cept of no fee for his services. The ground of the writ s, of error in Mr. O'Donohoe's case, is, that no burgess e of the city of Dublin, should compose part of a jury n lor a trial for felony; inasmuch as they are an intey tested party in the conviction of felons, from the lor9, feituie of the property of such felons to the corporation. and, therefore, go in mitigation of munioipal d taxes. n A meeting was held for the purpose of instituting a n collection, to enable Mr. O'Donohoe to prosecute his y writ of error, when the following resolution was adopt\ id, which will convey to you the public opinion in :a the matter:? t. "That, inasmuch as rcry eminent counsel have r. given their opinion that the judgment pronounced on o Mr. O'Donohoe, by whioh his life or liberty is affected, y is erronious. and ought to be reversed; aud as itap,e pears that the rame advantages have not been affordi td him in his trial which he would have had had he >- been in England, and tried in England, for the offence with whioh he was charged; and that as his cult oumstances do not enable him to contend againat the >y power of the crown, in contesting his right?we do -e lorthwith enter into, and do, hereby solicit, subsoripid tions, for the purpose of aiding him in bringing his t- case forward for the ultimate decision of the highest trire bunal in this kingdom; as, in doing so, we upbold the 0 right of every Irisnman to equal and impartial justioe. re 'inat the committee now named, with power to add 9- to their number, be authorized t* collect subscriptions d for the above purpose, each of whom ehall receive a i. list, signed by the secretary and a member of the is general committee." r- On Moi. day last, counsel appeared In behalf of Mr. > Maitin, that a writ of habtus corpus do issue, that \tr Mirtin miuhitM hrnutflwfur#i tfaa nnurt on > r, writ of error on two pointa raised?one being the same ; tin in Mr. O'Donohoe's omo, the other, tbat the sentence was infororai. inasmuch as it did noc mention the p!a(ftM0f transportation. The motion being granti, ed. on Thun day last Mr. Martin took hia seal at the tide bar, accompanied by the governor of the gaol Hia M appearance denoted that big long imprisonment had it made great havoo in his constitution, but he looked i- calm and collected. The hearing of the case was ade journed to a future day. e Messrs. Smith O'Brien, Meagher. MoManua, fee., have not yet been removed, but a writ of habeas r will i.l?ue to enable them to be present during the argument which is to be proceeded with, relative to the 1, writ of error. Government has received information I. that it is contemplated by the people to retoue Mr. O'Brien, and that a multitude are armed, wailing for g the time when he is to be removed under the hubeai e curjiut writ. a The commission has been adjourned to the 12th of y December. It has been adjourned to that early period on account of Mr. Duffy's trial. Under other i; circumstances, it is usually adjourned to the 12th of I i. January; but the goverment, from their movements, ! y appear most anxious to hasten his trial. d several mere persons have been liberated since I wrote I; to you lat-t. Mr. Kugene O'lleilly, son of the solicitor cf that name, and Mr. Robert Lampkin,being amongst the number. The Government, it is said, do not iateud I i- prosecuting the seoond order of oiubbists, and those n who still remain in jail are in daily expectation of d being released. Accounts have been reoeived from >f l'arib that Mr. Stephens, who took flight, is now an >, officer ef the French National Guard. A letter has >f been received by the authorities, from Latnartine, dei nying that he gave any encouragement to the deputao tion which waited on him in the early part of the sum- i mer, but refrained from all mention of politics, except is what transpired publicly d Mr. John O'Connell has addressed, through the Freeman, a long letter to the repealers of Glasgow, in e answer to an address from that body recommending hi in to renew Conciliation Hall. He declines the proposition on the following grounds: ? First, because it would affeot the fkte of the State prisoners. Second, beoausett wcuid exasperate England against Ireland ; and third, because the English would not, in that ' case, relieve the misery of Ireland, as, unfortunately, it is mest likely we must ltfok again to her to do ao ? . Conciliation Hall has been advertised, and is shortly to be brought to the hammer, and all its effects ? 1- There are parties, it is Mid. about purchaeing th? I - l ullding for the purpose of making it alloman Cutbolio chapel. Y.'lllt nti poor rates and other taxes, the landed t gentry of Ireland have a poor look out. One of them, a magistrate of the county of Limerick, with a nomle nal rent-roll of ?^.000 a year, is now a candidate for D the office of Master of the Work house of one of the > Unions. The poor-rate collector oalied on him a short | a time ago and threatened him with law proceedings; ' T the poor gentleman stated that he and his family had, j j for a considerable time past, mainly supported their existence by Indian meat and garden stuff. It is no j 8 wonder, indted, that emigration is proceeding on s* | ~ large a scale as it does at present. The farmers and gentry see there is nothing now staring thetn in the i " laoe but starvation. Emigration is proceeding now e with more rapidity, at this cold season of the year, ; than ever it bas been Known to do before. A great Orange demonstration is to take place In 1 this city on the 14th lnst. ('reparations are being n made In all the Orange dlstrlots. h Dr. Gray aud Mr Jerh. Dunne were not amongst ; - the number of p. rsons called to the bar this term ? e Their memorials were In last term, but on the ground ; n of being seditious, they were not admitted, which ob- ' i- jection still remains in force. a Assassination bas again become the order of the day. | x William Armltage Mere, agent to Lord Armesby, was, e on Friday last, ured at, near Belterbet, and narrowly i g escaped. A sergeant of the name of Uraat was shot, | ,t whilst accompanying a military paymaster. Where i- these things will end no man knows. No wonder all n attempts at regeneration are at an end. The trea,t sury department at the (Jastle has been broken up; r the clerks, with very few exceptions, have got notioe >. to quit. j Oar French Correspondence. a Paris, Nov. 7,184S. The Bourte and Moiuy Market. >f The fund*, which, for a month past, have re mniied ntaily stationary, spite of the numerous f causes of fluctuation which have occured, have fallen, during this week, in an alarming manner. o lhe purchases lor money, which lor a long tune, ^ have kept prices steady, have suddenly ceased, and this, with .-lock thrown on the market, have low* - ered <|uottttions. ? During the two last d.iys 01 the monih, th?? sellt us, instead of re-purchasing, have carried over * their accounts to the end ol the moiuh, v. Iiich may ^ be considered as a proof that the market wilt con?. tiuuc 1(8 downward tendency during the month of o November. e Tks 'Jour muit necessarily feel tho emotion which ?ailai?i the country at the approach of the election of the President. It was lm pool We that. Id pr?s#noe of f- An ermit of ?uoli a naturw, th'i Kp?culatoi. fo: ? ri ?, o could sustain the upvai J moreroent .i^.nutl t^? stork p. ev?ry day thrown on lav :narket; go f?r from thu, ch"y il gefftr tbeiumltcs to pafsfce of the y n <r-?l IUooj-*,*uient. What cxer ? l> . t aJ. nnr-.u U <net en Ihat JUclK, i f.h%l . i ?lx b?>'>r? tt, th* >0 ??iun il ttiU .'.nui. .^?tk>n. Th? Bvurw RK I NOVEMBER 26, 1848 alwty* prefer* soma curtain ground* of judgment, and the information it oan a* yet oolleot, on the chance* ol one or the other candidate* for the Presidency, are too Tag a* to allow the (peculator* to hazard anything on the result. Thud the moat experienced abstain AltriiAthur from tnv ODflr&tioa. 1 hi* question of t?e Presidency ha* almont wholly absorbed tie attention of capitalists; but (till It has not prevented th*m from following with Interest the debates of tbe Assembly on the reotitled budget of 1848, and on the resources of the revenue of 1849. Unhappily, they axe not disposed to adopt without examination the calculations of M. Uoudchaui, or M. Txouv.--(bauvel It is diftioolt to say If the deficit ol this year, although there are only two month* to oome, can be ascertained; conrequently, it is thought impossible to ha sard for 1840 the adoption of estimates on which anything like certain calculations can beformed. Can, then, the receipts of the two last months of this jear be adopted astbase* of estimates for the next year! besides which every Minister promises, for the future, great savings and con>>lderable ameliorations, which are rarely, if ever, realized. Have our finance Ministers considered the expenditure, rendered necessary by

the Augmentation of the pubhe debt, the foundation of the agricultural colonies iu Algeria, and many othei credit* regarded now as Indispemlble ? It i* i-ulu, from these reflection*, that the Bourse attaches but a qualified credence to the favorable detail! stated at the tribune of tbe Asrembly, as to the results of 1^40. What is sure to be certain, is an enormoui deficiency of nearly .'J50 millions for 1W4S, and a pro >)ibly nearly equal detiolenoy for 1840. I'hU explains why the seller* are not In a hurry to realize their profita, even after so great a decline It ha* been supposed that the two projects of law presented to the Assembly by M. Trouvc Chaurel. as to the (Ions du Tresoi and the caviag* banks, havo contributed to lowei prices. The minister, by annouuoing that a suppleuieotary inscription of itn(t would be accorded t? those parties, and that the calculation would be founded on the average prices of tbe five* and the threei from tbe 7th of July, ha* left in doubt the period up tc which the average wnuld be struck. It ha* been conjectured that It would be up to the promulgation of the decrees. This ouiltlon in the statement of the minister bac determined route very large holders of treasury tloan, to operate on the funds by producing a fall sc as to obtain a larger average, and in this operation the) have been assisted by the obvious tendency of the market. To this operation, therefor*, partly, Is attributed the sudden decline of prices on Saturday. The events of Vienna have had no influence this week on our funds, since the result of the atrsggle haa been foreteen. Bank shares have bad a downward movement, on account of the weekly balanoe sheet published ou the .'Id being considered, far from satisfactory. The speole it 1'aris ban Increased 2millions, and in the depart nient, a quarterofa million. The commercial dlsoounti in i'arishave diminished 4 inlllions--thos? of thedepart ents have increased 1), millions. The account cur rent of the Treasury, to Its credit, is diminished fron b.U millions to millions. The overdue bills are in creased 3 millions ; but this is accounted for by tbe bills falling due the end of October not being pavabli In due course until the 2d November, the balanci sheet having been made up to that day. Tbe specie it the bank was 233& millions, against 388 millions oi ist-ues. The pretested bills still amount to 22% mil llnnn That vhnlu ortmmKrnlkl (ilflflniintn ftiP Purl* anil the department*, are 17Hi millions. Nov. 8.?The Bourse of yesterday was disastrous; the fall aontlnued, and the holders who had been attracted in crowds by the decline of the last few days, offering to cell on all Hides, to precipitated the fall thai the five per oents declined 2 20, and the threes X 35. The Area left off at 60 60, and the three* at 40 20: a week since the fives weieat 68 30, and the tLreesat44. The principal motive of tie panio was the fear that the subscriber! to the new loan would refuse to pay up the remaining instalments, if the tall should continue. This they can do without perlvoting the instalments already Jtaid, for the Minister of finances, in negotiating thie oau. committed the error of Riving an inscription of rente for eaoh instalment paid, Instead of waiting the payment ol all the instalments, and then giving an lnecription for the entire amount of rente. If, therefore, the lives fall below 62 8, the subscribers will And it tobs their interest not to pay up the remaining instalments It may be easily understood that this has created great alarm in the market, as prices are approaching 62 8. for if the state should be left without the resource on which it calculates from this loan, it will be obliged at the beginning of 1849, to find some new mean* of meeting the most urgent claims. Numerous orders to sell arrived yesterday from the pro viccee, an 1 contributed materially to the panlo. Our leg part of the day prioes for money were 6 oentimei below piloes for the end of the month. A muMtudi of rumois were atloal?some said that negotiatloni had been going on between General Cavaignao and Ledru Kollln, to obtain the retirement of the lattel from the candidatesbip tor the Presidency, and the tLrowing the ultra-democratic interest into the candtdateship of (ientral Cavaignac, on condition of appointing I.edrw Rollln Minister of the Interior Others ,-mM tiat M Lmfaure was about to resign, choosing to lend himself to promote the eleotion of General Cavaignac. In truth, the whole Bourse was one uninterrupted soene of confusion and dismay. Bank slates fell 125 francs, closing at 1.210. Besides the common cau-es that occasion fluctuations in this seourity. and the effect that any considerable fluctuation in the funds has more or less on all values, this fall is attributable to the apprehension of the effaot on the bank fit the serious difficulties likely to ensue to it from so enormous a fall in the funds, and from the gloomy prospects of the market the bank being a holder of 34 millions of rente of the public debt. Much anxiety was expressed as to the intention said to have been fainted by a leading banking house (Messrs. Rothschild.- frtri?) to wind up their affairs, on aooount of serious losses sustained at Vlanna. This decision should not seem extraordinary (if it have bean oome to) as It is known that siq.ee the revolution of February, it bad taken suoh a position as to enable it to close its affairs at viy moment. As distrust prevails, and a thousand alarming rumors are afloat, the premium on g< Id has Increased to 21 francs on the 1,000 francs. A or. 9.?The Bonree opened yesterday at the oloeing prico - of the previous day ; but the amount of stook offer* d being small, and seme considerable purchases having been made (on acoonnt.it was said, of some German houses) suddenly put a stop to the fall, and in Ires than a quarter of an hour the Fives rose to 04 and the Threes to 40 45 Prices seemed somewhat unsteady after this ; but about 2 o'clock the Threes had reached 42 CO, and the Fives 64 00. They closed at 42 and 04 00 for cash, and 42 and 64 75 for account. If LrAiatKla ?Kn /all nf (ha nr\at fh? Ctvaa tA nearly that which would rink the abandonment of the payment of tbe future instalments of the loan, may ha?e Induced certain capitalists interested in the event to eome to the aid of the funds. During the whole of the bourse, the agitation was extraordinary and the fluctuations were considerable. Towards the closing it was rumored that (ieneral t'avaignae had made overtures to the Rue de i'oltiera. ana had proposed that if his oandidateehlp were supported by that reunion, he would appoint M. Thiers Vice President, and cheoie bis ministry from that party; but as the report* yesterday wre current of a proposal having been made to M. Ledru Roltintoa similar effect, these rumors obtained no credence. The speculators know very well that it is not this alliance wbUh would induce the majority to vote for General Caraigrac. Bank shares followed the movement of the funds, and soon rose to 1380, and closed, as you will see. at 1075-being a rise of 146 francs on the closing prices ft tbe day before. Railways and all other domeatio vaiC1"*' nko rcse. The nrices of the week are as follow*:? H pr.~ 5 j><y cf?, {old) i p<r ih (loan) B'nkihi. Not. 2.. .43 60 6T 75 ti? 76 1460 ? 3. . .43 28 67 .16 67 40 14441 " 4...42 80 66 76 66 90 1400 " 0. . .41 65 65 75 05 80 1360 7. . .40 20 63 60 63 CO 1430 :, 9. . .42 00 64 60 64 75 1378 " 9. . .42 40 64 76 64 05 1360 Paris, Nov. 9,1848. The A'eu> Conttitution? The Presidency, SfC. We have just commenced another important phase ot the revolution of 1818. The new constitution has been finally voted in its ensemble, by the National Assembly. This creat event took place about five o'clock on Saturday evening When the vast importance which has been ho lonji attached to it is conceded, and the protracted debates to which it has given rise, it is astonishing with what indifference, not to say coldness this great national matter has been regarded. The million oi inhabitants of Pans neither knew noi cared what the Assembly was debating about or Saturday. The galleries were unusually empty When the President finally declared that the constitution was adopted in the name of the French people, s portion of the representatives rose and ehouted fire la Htpuhliuttc. rho majority were silent and not a pound wm heard of sympathy from the galleries Immediately afterward*, M. Dufaurn, Minister of the Interior, aseended the tribune and pr#pos?d tk.t ?V* AaanMiklw ?>IA|||J ifaKl1MAt1vfnpt.hr purpose of appointing a committor to coafer with th< govtrnmcnt en the manner I which the pro-lamatior of the constitution should be puhiicly solemnised This b?ing agreed to, the Assembly withdrew, and committee of fifteen was appointed. Meanwhile, an oroer was sent to the Invalldes to fire 101 guan. to announce the grrmt fact to the capital. Theic gam wsrnflredat 7 o'clock; hut so far from belnguarler stood as a signal of rejoicing, th?y spr-ad general consternation, the population In gan><ral cn.-lud ing that ft new insurrection hit broken nut Anxious groups collected along the UonleTardi and in all trie public places The operatives In tlx- faubourg St. Marceaa rushed to tfc>' points where the barrl [ cedes of Jnne had beeu ereoted. ftnd were preptrlnf to leconstrdct them. Thi r?;nurityof the r^poits o the cannon first raised a sunnis* ?mnng the populv i tlon that its ohjeot was d'Cerenl ani on th? appeer ancei f the evening joumftis, the cftuee became known Had such an event occured fire or six m ".rtb.-; i1u:e thtre would have been a spontaneous illumination o the eepital. No one now thought of a?i?b a ttiln? and. ou the contrar; the idea of jettlag ap anothe fctt like that of the republic, ! r /arj.-'l wltVliup pi(ib*ti i. not to sjiy d'^uet i ue oomia-rcx of PaM i? pr<strnt?d andit'' j><ople in misery S'r?n,,>r* <r bat> eleil. wealth 's i*oerd*d, ftnd shi p* and f '?reij, eie clofd. i l'K?-g>?Kt absorbieg'|Uvsti.)B iu.ac Ml?, Is the frd IERA sldtncy. In the exciting and personal character of this I ' <jO?*tlOB. that of tho constitution !g utterly forgotten. | Within sixty years, France haa witnessed tb? proclamation and the solemnization of iom? fourteen or ixtaen constitutions all of which have been treated, other fate for the present; out every one regard* the i ehoioe of the first President as an act pregnant with : i importance. Who will be thin great functionary ! You will be astonished, when I tell you that out of the extensive perionntl of French statesmen 1 and warriors, there are but two who are regarded as being within the scope of possible election, and these ' two are Prinoe Louis Napoleon Unnaparte, the son of the ex-King of Holland and the nephew of the Emperor. and the other tieneral Cavalgaao, an officer, who, the other day, held only the rank ot a colonel. Prince l.ouis was born in 1800, in Paris an<l wm bapti/ed with great splendor, near Versailles. He if*, therefore, now forty-two. Before and since j ( his imprisonment at Ham, he was resident chleily | i in England, where he associated with tbe arls. < tocracj He speaks Knglish as fluently ai a native, and with a very slight foreign aooent. In his mann rs i be has much bonhomie, is frank, and entirely free from pretension. He is considered, by Krenoh people, to speak their language imperfeotly, and with a decidedly foreign accent, resembling that with whioh I Germans and Knglish speak it. He has, of course, as i jet, no pretension to statesmanship, having hud no i experience, nor has he had any practical knowledge in military sfl'airs. Whatever, therefore, his qualities I may ultimately prove, they are at yet unknown. One quality he assuredly has not?that of a public speaker. L lie has two or three times attempted to address the Assembly, and even when his speeoh was written. It was delivered with that kind of embarrassment which : usually attends those unaccustomed to address large assemblages. This is a defect, however, which will i soon )>e overcome by praotloe. It is therefore evident that if Prince Louis be successful, be will owe his sue- I i cess altogether to his name and descent, i Notwithstanding the strong disclaimer of tho rights 1 of primogeniture and inheritnuce which appears in tbe I constitution, and breathes through all the institutions of tbe republic, the preference about to be given to ! Prince Louis belies it in a most striking manner. > Prince Louis has three rnuains in t he Aauumhlv two i r of whom, at leant, have Fouie abiltt'ea an public speakers. One of them la a declared democrat, and both of tbembear an almoat painful resemblance to the Kmpei r<r. of whote lineaueuta there is no trace in the poraon i of Piince Louis, notwithstanding no one in France has thought, for a moment, of selecting any other member of the family than him on whose brows, by hereditary descent, the imperial crown must have fail[ en. This is either a homage to the hereditary princii pie in general, or a tacit ailirmution of the force of the laws o! the empire. j The other candidate is, aa I have stated, Oen. Cavaignac At the epoch of the revolution of February, this officer held the rank of marechal de camp, which, , i in the French army, corresponds with the rank of major general in the British. Kven this rank be had only 3 held for three or four months, having been lately raised s from that of colonel. Immediately after the revolu) tion, he was named general of division and governor i of Algeria, being thus passed over all his seniors, who, r betides, had obtained much higher military distinction, auch as Gens. Lamoilciere, Chxngaraier, Ne| grier, Buraguay d'HiUiers, Ilo.&iq. This distinction was due to the deolared republican principles of Cien. i Cavaignac, but still more to his family. Hia father 1 was notorious as a oonvontionalist, and formed a prominent figure in the reign of terror. Hia brother, i Godefroy Cavaignac. was well known for his oonncxlon with the journal, the National, and is regarded us the victim of hia republican opinions. At the epoch of the invasion of the chamber in May, i Gen. Cavaignac having been elected a member of the ; Aasembly, lesigned his governorship of Algeria, and i arrived in Ttriq two davfl thA niif.rn.irM of fchn Iftth 1 of May He was immediately appointed minister of i war by the executive commission. His connexion r with the insurrection of June, and bis subsequent diei tatorsbip. are well known. Uen. Cavalgnao is in his i 47tb year, having been born on the 15th Oct . 1S0J. t Such are the two candidates who stand before the French people; and between theie two, It Is admitted on all hands, the choice must be made. So far as regards the popular vote, the issue is not doubtful. Prince Louis will have a great majority; ; but will he have the majority required by the conditions of the constitution.' Most people think he will, i and even a much greater. The party of the legitimists have avowed their Intention to support him. A large party of the Orleanlftts, if not all. will have done the SMme. Count Molt- bas written to his constituent* at i Bordeaux In his favor. The party ot the Rue de Polj tiers avows its opposition to Gen. Cavatgnac, but is i silent with regard to Prince Louis. This, under ex| if ting circumstances, is pretty nearly equivalent to a r declaration of support, in the rural districts the bulk i ef the population will vote for him There are entire departments, such as those of the Youne, the Moselle, and Corsica. who will vote for him as one man. M. i Thiers has declined being a candidate for the Presidency. and he haa also declared that ho will not ac! cept office under Prince T.oals as President, i If suoh be the attitude which the eminent men of the country assume, what, it may be asked, are their i views' Do they intend to withdraw their services i now and for ever from the State, and to retire into private life; cr do tbey Intend to place themselves in permanent opposition to theohief of the State chosen by universal euifrage.' The answer to this is, that tbey regard the present regime, whatever President may bi) chosen, as a temporary one. They believe that the repablio will not be permanent; tbey look forward to the re-estubllebment ot monarohy in some shape or under snme bead, and they will not consent to identify tbem-elves with a system whioh is one of transition, and a oonnexion with which might impair thflir usefulness hereafter. Suoh is the well understood policy i wl.ich guides such men as M. Thiers, Count Mol*-, the ' Duke do Bioglle, fco. The solemnities attending the formal p-oclnmatlon of the constitute n. are appointed to be celebrated in Paris on .Sunday neat, and in the department* on the following Sunday. . A great amphitheatre is being now erected in the 1 rpaee between thn obelisk whiob occupie* the centra of j the 1'iace de la Concorde and the gate* of the garden* j of tbe Tuiitrite, upon the very spot where I.out* XVI. I I and the other Tiotiins of the great revolution were j executed A magnificent chapel, crowned by a dome | I lurmounted by a crop*, will be conntruoted before tbe I gate of the Tuilerlee, between the two fosse*. Tbe platform of the ebapel will be raited 40 feet above the level of the soil, an altar will be prepared under the dome, ft large stairoate will conduat from the ground to tbe foot of the altar ; on the right and left, over the fotfi B, platform* will be raited a* high at the lamp pott*, on whioh platform the National Assembly will be placed. The two terraces of the Tuileries will be net I apart for the person* invited to the oeremony. forty j Venetian matt* will be erected In the area of the I'laoe | de la Concorde, bearing devioes and oritlammes. Tbe i Archbifhop of Pari*, assisted by numerous elorgy, will blei* the constitution. The ceremony will commence I at 0 o'clock in the morning on Sunday next The Pre- j sldent of the Assembly 1a to read the constitution, lie ! is to be surrounded by all tbe members of that body. All ' the great bodies of tbe State are to be present. Tbe I vast area of the Place de la Concorde is to be occupied by the National Guard" of Pari*, and deput.itionu of , j the National Guards of the department* The cannon j of the 1 nvalides It to Are during the ceremony; OOJ.UOO , | francs are to be distributed among the poor. Tbe j I celebration In the department* is to take place on the ! succeeding Sunday, when the Mayors of all the com1 mune* of France are to read tbe constitution In some I public place, and *uoh other solemnities era to be . 1 observed as the local authorltl** may arrange. An artiele has lately appeared in one of the perlodl\ cals, which gives a curious account of the destruction 1 of some of the works of tbe fine arts, in the revolution I j of February. Itwasat the palace of the Palais lloyal ' and the chateau of NeuiMy that the most lamentable ' I lortea of this kind were sustained. The chateau of I 1 ; destinies of the country, at the,time of the proclamation I of the republic, got quit of Rome broken loo* I furniture (polled. Rone Klnr?nMne bronze*, and other 1 object* of value stolen, In the flrat moment* of disorder; j ! but the chateau if Neuilly had not one stone o? another ; the pavilion of VUlier* bait disappeared; the little temple, consecrated to Diana of Poitiers, in the , 1 park, still reniains? the statue of Diana haanoother | 1 injury than a mutilation of one of the dog*. But ' at the chateau, what lamentable ruin*, till sprinkled | with the b'.ood of the incendiaries, crashed uu- ; ! dor th? falling wall*, and burned to death by j ' I the Aami'i that they them*clve* bad lighted!? I [ i Twenty-one bodies were recently dug out of the ruin*, ' and everyday other* are discovered. All the walla ' 1 were covered with picture*, thu remain^of which, col- j ' leoted in the Salle of Henri IV., in the l.ouvre, with the 1 | i fragment* of eanvna of the painting* of the I'alala ; Royal, present a painful speotacle. L'lmproritotfur Napolilain, of Robert. hai disap1 reared; the principal groupe. cut from the picture, may 1 bo *een at an Old picture ?hop opposite the Louvre. j l.r Mamelnuk. of Oerlcault, and the Soldat f.ahoureur, I I of Horace Vernet. are gone with the Marie d' Equina ft \ [ of Roqneplan At the I'alal* Royal, whiah wa* rich la j work* ol art, the losset* are Irreparable. Two exnnlslte bfad*, of Masacclo?Charlrt Qnint Iiabrlle dt Pnrtu gal. f'lennore d'Jlutriche. de Holbein; le Henri IV, and I la Catherine dt MftUeii, of I'orbus. *re in a*h?*. The i peri rait of the Jlgcnt, with hi* corhrau noi'r, I de Tarnb. re, are nothing but due*. The celebrated pic! tura of the Servient dm TVot'? Suiiiet, by Steuben; le Guttaie Vnia. a chrf-d'teuvre of Her*?nt; la Ftmmt du k Brigand, by Scbulti; I'Amour tl J'tyrAr, by Picot; a , number of interior*, by Unmet, are only rnbbiih, without a nam*. Horse* Vernet'a work* have mo*t *ulferi (d?the painter of the people and the army. The dullclou* picture of the Attack on the <iat? of (Jon*tantlne, t hi* been cat out ef it* frame and itolen, or destroyed. Manr other*, Kimilarly prepared to be carried away, had b< en left, the thle> e* haying probably been dl?[ : turbed But h t Pa'atllet de Hanau. dt Mon'mirail, de [ I Jetnmapet, de Vnlmy, are pierced With *abM cut*. La . 1 Cnn/Miion Ju Urigand, It Rrrnr dm llutfrd*, Ir Ctff millr [)eirn,iulin$ arborant la Cteardt rerlr, the eharmr Ing portrait ef la Pnytnnae dr l\1riccia, areoniy tatt?'?. la h-rt arolitaine pleitranl tur let dtbrit dr i a mm. him renvtrtce par wn trembleuient di lerrt, th9 chef, : d'teucre of Robert, I* cut to piece* by bayonet hole*, and there I* no trace l?ft of hi* Funiraillet rf'tttt ,1mi f de Fumille dtt I'ayiant Jf.i maim. By a fortunate accldant. the famou* picture* of the Cuirattier and tha r CA?j???r, of <Jeri?*-iH had been lent to tha Society of Artl*t* a-v I <1:n rent 'the cilUbiticu r"?ia bavin-* not ? Won puM. t'?e> w?re (Mhined bj tr.< ^rc>clet<>T a '?.?>dlhn*wei.> <i;l' a. CltN , bin <. ot 0?ri<*adlt. fca^ iouui no kacra favor v:(h thw ia??ge?. tbi.n tho J\leu?e arrc .m Knf4Ph IT' U-tuI wvr*. <( ttu'.b, Ofi-acvQ, acd i a.iuoay. i*,idu<?n. _ s L J): TWO CENTS. tl/O, tb? Kr?neh C'omg*io. hu furnl?h?.l materUla for the vandal dratrnotion, Id Mi j.?rtr*it of ts'loyrao^, mai o u ruin ?ao, uj ??umu?uij uexieriiy, mtTtl under all retimtt, ana whn?e d??p expreH?ian of oucniDg and bitter Irony that artlrt bail so happily Mixed All these are now but a loui r.nir. to which our admiration oftLeir excellence lends a bitter and lasting rtmt. ?Jenerai (aralgnac will pablish bis manifesto, as a candidate (or the presidency of the Republic, on Sunday next.-at tbe same time as the Constitution will ba prrmulgated Tbe manifesto of M. Ledru llollln, a4 the candidate of tbe Mountain, is also announced M. Levis Bonaparte will not publish blf manifesto until after tboFe ef bis competitors. The reception at the residence of the President or the Council, on Tuesday, was most brilliant In tin numerous crowd of representatives, nitirnal guards, and citizens, which filled the saloons, was M. Odilen Barrot, who held a long' conversation with Gunarat Cavaignsc. Tbe llaro of Caen announce)) that, as far as iU i?formation goes there bas never been any intention amongst tbe electors of Calvados to put forward M. Oul/.ot as their candHate. M. ' abet has announced his Intention to leave France for icada on tbe ',10th lust. Our Spuniah Correspondence, llie Difficultic* m Spain. Madrid, Nov. 2, 1W8. .Something appears to be brewing here. Ouj (.fcueen and Narva*z are eternally squabbling. Great matters and small, give occasion for continued misunderstandings. Xarva-z, much to tho If..- 1 ~i_a I uiiiiuyuucc ui tier iubjobi/) ii?? uumiucu uu uiuct >n council, that the Prince and Princess of Capua, (her relatives), shall quit Spain in24hours. They, it teems, are accured by Narvaos. of plotttog to obtain hit) dismissal. lie oomplained to the Queen, who defended them; and Narviuz, despite her Majesty's pow? ere. applied to the council of Ministers, who Issued thn order. There is still another recent cause of quarrel. Tbu Queen wit-hen one Stgnor Vasallofor her Secretary, but Nar*n>/. oppoies this, and wishes to plaae In that petition, so important for obtaining all the news of tha plots and cabals of tbe boudoir, a creature of his own. This atill remains imala qvaatin. The army i? about to be augmented 25.000 men. movement being apprehended at Carthagenaand Navarre. it Is said that the Count de Montansbrio haa quitted i London lor Spain. The Governor General of the Isle of Cuba writes, on ' tbe '28th September, that that place continued to ba I tranquil. Iteports are current here that it is about to | be sold to the United States November 3. Tbe Commandant General of the province of Huesan has forwarded despatches announcing tbe entire destruction of the band of the Cuicovillas The principal Cabectllas. Absd de iluesca and Santos Castejoln.Of St? dava, have been made prisoners The republican faction. under Aurettler aud Barrera, has also sustained a defeat, at the bridge of Junlred and Curahllla. Bar* rera has beeu taben Tbe port of Gaudulest has been taken by the Queen's troops. The commandant of tbe Queen's troops, llrlgadier Remain Anoylos. has been appointed Marshal de Camp, for his oouduet in these affairs. It is raid to-day that the Queen haa succeeded in preventing the i'rinoe and Printers of Capua (ruin being sent out of Spain. Bo is a, 4th Nov.?Thros-per cents 18Jj, paper ; llvs?, paper ; passives, 3X, paper; coupons, 6, paper; Bank of St. Ferdinand not quoted. II.... Ii.ll.... r- > TrniN, November 1,184i. Tlte Confederation of ilie Itulian State*. The Congress which is assembled here, uid< t the title of the Italian Confederation, of which M. M. Marriani, Teraezo, Gioberti and Andreaare Presidents, and M. M. Perez, Charles Bonaparte, and P. Leopardi, Vice-Presidents, have pub" lished a project of law lor the approval of tlie three Italian Parliaments, for the convocation of a Constituent Assembly of thu Italian States, having for its object to compile a federal pact, which, respectng the exist* noo of the different state*, and having intact their forms of government, will tend to assure the absolute liberty, union, and fndepondenoe of Italy, and promote the welfare of tho nation. The /ecvmbly is to be oomposed of tbreo bun ire J representative!, to l>e chosen by the Chamber of Depntle* of the respective States. The same Congress baa also oited a project of federal agreement lor the Italian Confederation, which, letting ont in its preamble th*t it i* with the view of creating unity in ihe political life of Italy, of establishing and defending its independence, of preserving Internal peace, of proteoting and developing political liberty and useful civil institutions, of pocaoting agriculture, industry and commerce, the Kingdom of Cpper Italy, tbe Grand Duchy of Tuscany, the t'ontlflcsl States, the Kingdom of Naples, and tbe Kingdom cf Sicily unite themselves to constitute the Italian Confedrration and proposes the following oonditionsnnd rules of its union, among others ?Article 1. The confederation to have an army, a licet, a treasury, and ft diplomatic representation. Article 3. To be represented by ft central authority, composed of legislative congress and a permanent ezeoutlve power. Article 4. Tbe legislative congreea is to be composed of two chambers; in on* every profession i* equal.y repre renuu, ana in nue oioer inn representation u proportioned to the population. Tho two chambers to be e'nctiTo, one to be elected by the constitutod powers of each State, the second by the people. Article i. The executive power to be composed of a responsible president with a council of minn-ltrs equally responsible. Th? President to be named by the legislative Co ogress. tlia ministers by the Prerldent. Article 8. There shall be do castorn duties between Mat* and State. The duties of customs, as regards foreign commerce, shall lie founded on free-trade principles. Article 10. The confederation recognizes, as established maxims of publio right, throughout all territories. liberty of the press?individual liberty - common justice-free municipal institutions-the individual and collective right of potition?right of association ? civil and political < <ii>al>ty, without reference to roligicus opinions?political liberty guarantied by representative fotms and the arming of tha oitiren<<?minis eilal responsibility?exemption from iuome tax? pr? motion of education and popular beneTolenoc abolition of the pain of death for political otf<-nacs, and admissibility of every citizea to public employment, ke. Venice, Octobcr 27, 18-IS. Owing to the strict blockade by land, wc have been compelled to take active measurer, from the mere necessity ol obtaining provisions, our supply of which has been partially cnt off by the blockade at sea On the 2'Jd, a sortie was made from the fort of the Three Torts; tho enemy *a< dislodged from CavalUro, and lost two pleoes of oanmon This morning another sortie wan made in the direction of Kuecuaand Malgheza. the former of which had been ocoupied by us. as well as Mestre. We have taken 8 cannons, an ammunition wagon, and 8 hottes. with (it is said) 'ZOO prisoners. 7 O'Clock, P. M. The following offlolal bulletin ba? just been published " The day has terminated by the victory of our arms. The Croats have yielded to the bravery and enthusiasm of the Italians. We have road? .'>00 Austrlans prisoners. They have let 200 killed anil wonnded. The combat has cost us dear Our soldiers faced the enemy's oannon with determined intrepidity. The blood that flowed will fertilize tha soil in which is planted the tree of Indian independence, 'i he commandant-general of the Venetian marine has r<,ni?tved nollre that 14 sail of Sardinian Hhina ua off the port of \ialamocco. Our Riisalan Cornipnnittncei St. IVrcKsr.i-no, Oct 31. We have letters from Bucharest, coatatnirg deiuiIs relative to the position of the Russian troop* n the Danubian principalities, from which it appear1 that the Russian troops have occupied very nearly tha whole of Waliiohta ; that in Bucharest they keep th? garrison conjointly with the Turkish troop* ; the VValachlan corps of militia, which mad* attempts at resistance, have been partly dispersed, and ?oms of them bare sought refuge In Austrian Transylvania, tuefrontier* of whieh are, as it were, surrouaded by Rusnlau troops. Ludon*. on his entry into Bucharest, was received by the archbishop at the head of his clergy. The archbishop delivered a speech, which was believed to have bten dictated by the fluMian consul general, and which I* filled with prayers for the Emperor. IMPORTANT. The Capitulation of Vienna. Kvents of the greatest importance have transpired at Vienna, where the imperial cause It ('.gain tri umpbant. In the early part of the woe It vague and ' confused accounts of the aurrender ot' the city arrived, which has since reoelved confirmation of a iuo.4t postI tlve character. The attack upon the capital extended I ftom the 28th alt. to the evening of the following day, 1 when a truce was agreed upon, which lasted until f ia 40th at noon. Then tha Hungarian*, who had cro.iad the frontier, made an attack on the imperial troops, In which tbey were assisted by a i.irliV of the V ieunes* ; but thejr were completely defeated. That the struggle can be regarded as ended we do not believe; nor is it llkeiyto tie of brief duration, if the war becomes?as seems probable?one of race*.? I Jel achlch has avowed that his support ot the r'.mperor rests on a conviction that Imperial Austria is necessary to tile elevation of tbe Sclavonians. and as a sequence, the total defeat of the Magyars. The qa>-s!l< a ot the greatest Immediate interest is, will the Knpuroc 01 Austria use Umperately and wisely tbe power ?bich the fortune of war has again placed in his hand* ' if, overlco) lr?? reoent occurrences be is prepar d to eon. firm confessions sxtaited ft n h e. tu ' ih,an.t r . dus ly and puciliuaily to m< lit# .kf v,. tnufc < Ms dt potio govrrum-n^, ail mi yet tm well IIMS (IX hi ru y hope to ?va so Uiuoii .Hila.u Judtt.t . ftom hie whole car>er, and w-peci* ly tr ?a? null I tfi ii'hfry ihe probability is tbsuimperial i>r?J<leo'.iou I V <4i l? .t liivU ftUU.ti . jOJ[3?, jud JlUc it Jit V.wUT/