Newspaper of The New York Herald, November 26, 1848, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated November 26, 1848 Page 2
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t tft tpo\of y for tjnatj. Should that be ttM ??? , I t lb fate of AuetrU will ooattnue aadecided for bob* t tic* loafer. The potency of it* armies will aff*rd ao ; ( l< rut; (or tu safety Otr accounts troin Vienna, of the evening of the 3d ioat.. state that the Diet had dissovled itself, oktjr sixty members being present in the capital.? rhe head-quaiters of Windischgratz were still at Schonbrunu. .Tellachich had taken up his quarter* in the nalace ol Archduke Maximilian d'riste. i The intelligence from Vienna is, of the highest, interest. It appears from the German papers, and even from official documents, that the city hud I unconditionally surrendered on the 30ih ult. The attack lasted from the 28th to the evening of (he < 29th ult., when a truce was agreed upon, which ex- j 1 tended to the following day at noon. The intelligence from Viennn of the 3d instant is to the ettect that that capital was in as quiet a , state as could be expected, after the late scenes ( witnessed there. The battle between the Hungarians and Aus- , trians, which ended in the repulse of the former, it said to have been very sanguinary. It was supl?osed that the Hungarian army had proceeded against (Jen. JSinionich, who, though once beaten, hnd re-arpeared with 10,000 Austrians in Hungary, coming fiom Galicia. Accounts Irom'l're sburg of the 31st ultimo, state that active preparations were being made by the Hungarians to defend that town. It is stated in an Olmutz correspondence of the RretJautt Za/u?g, that his Mujf sty intends to re- ' move to Prague, where some of the royal ?->luipages have already arrived. The desertions from ine Hungarian troops in Austria still continue, the fugitives making their way towards the atmy of Kossuth. The Bretlau Gazette, of the Ith instant, states ! that perfect tranquillity had been restored at Vienna, inconsequence of the excellent discipline estab1 . 1 I I 1 1 .... IIT ?* . I . L /L . J iiMieu uy i mice w uiuisenKraiz, wno naa oraer- | ed that some soldiers should be shot for having , pillaged the inhabitants. It was reported that the ; Pnuce had been tired at. It was likewise said tlmt a portion of the National Guards had refused to j surrender their arms. Prince Wmdischgratz and ' Karon Jellachich had established their quarters in the Imperial palace. The leader of the Academic I l.egion had been arrested, together with an uid-de ] ramp of General Messenhanser. General Cordon | had (>een api>ointed governor of the citj\ Letters from Liuz, of the 2d, published in the ! Ai'gtburg Uaz<tte of the 4th instant, confirm the 1 nt wb of the defeat of the Hungarian army, which J consisted ol 15,CKX) men, for the most part irregular troopB. The rout was complete. The Hunga- 1 rains were scattered, and compelled to cross the j frontier in the greatest confusion. A traveller from Hetzendorf, who arrived at Linzon the 1st at noon- I Jay, heard on the road a loud cannonade, so that tlie engagement had evidently not terminated. On the evening of the 26th. atter the return of the deputation, the Communal Counoil assembled, and | <* deliberations the Commander in Chief, and all the sub commanders of the National Guard, in or- | <ler to deliberate whether the city could be any longer defended, and whether, if it could hold out longer, the 1 capital would not thereby be exposed to the most deplo- , rable consequences. M. Mfssenhi?u?er declared that he was quite ready to continue the defence, if the Communal Council would eommand him to do so; but that the position of the Imperial troops was such aa?to give the oity no possible chance of an effectual defence The Council then proceeded to vote, and the resoluf inn tit aiiVtmif. linAnnilUiAriAllv w * a r> a rria<1 k* m main. nty of two-thirds of tb? votes. On that same evening I a deputation repaired to the Prince to inform him of I this resolution, and the proclamation abeve quoted wu immediately posted about the streets. The deputation was to entreat the Prince to command the Imperial troops to lend a strong hand to the communal authority, to effect the disarmament of the city. In consequence of this declaration hostilities ceased, and on the 30th the troops occupied the OlaoLs without eneountering any resistance. On the same day the inhabitants in the environs had already, in a great measure, laid down their arms. In the evening, twenty seven companies of the National Guard bad deposited their arms in the suburb cf Wisden. It is also rtated that the National Guards in the city repelled the attacks made by the workmen on the Castle, and that Gen. Bern had been carried wounded to the Hotel de Londres. The following particulars relative to the events of the 28th and Jttfth alt. are contained in the Schleilitche Zeitvng :? " On the '28th. the most violent cannonade was raging from 10 o'clock, A. M till midnight. The inhabitants of the suburbs fought with the greatest bravery; on <he other hund. the courage of the military did not yield to theirs. In conse iuenoo of a very lively sklr- I mifh the troops began to storm the lines on several 1 point#. Those of Jellachich partlculaily distinguished themselves, as they ttormed 30 barricades within three 1 hours. At seven o'clock in the evening agsln^four different parts of the suburbs were on fire, especially in the taubourg Wieden and in the Landstrasse. where between SO and 4J bouses were burnt down. At eleven o'clock at night nothing as yet was decided, beyond j the viotorious advance of the troops. The inhabitant* f the city itself wore said to have raised white flags j <T truce as early as the previous evening, which, how- | ever, were torn doirn by the operatives. Messennaut*r. the commaDder of the National Guard, bad proclaimed martial law, and threatened with oapitai punishment all those who should phut their houses. On the other hand. Prince Windisehgrats had threatened with the same lata all those who shouH not that their <lo?rs and windows. The deputies sent into the camp thought fit not to communioate tnis proclamation to the oity. Only a few shells were thrown, on the evening of the 28th. as a means to inspire terror. They were directed against the university, but a great number of rockets and shrapnells were thrown on the following day. On the 29th, at midday, the troops were alreadr on the glacis, at a distance of only 2<X>to 40) steps from the wall of the inner city.'' Letters from Vienna, in the .llgemtin Zeilung. dated tbe 27th ult, say that the individuals designated by Windischgratz to be delivered up to him were Geneaal Hem. Pollsky. (the Hungarian Secretary of State,) and Schntte. It i? stated in the VrtMlau Ztitung that the army of "Windischgratz consists of 00 battalions of infantry (.each battalion amounting to 1.200 men.) five regiments of cavalry, and 220 cannons. The Preusiiicnc Slaatt Jlnxtigtr contains the following account, dated Vienna, the 2*.Hh ult.: " The Cemmunai Council of Vienna issued the following proclamation " Citizens ! The Commandsr-in-Chief of the National Guard has communicated to the communal council the intelligence tbat the National Guard and tbe Garde Mobile, as well as the Academic Legion, bave resolved to throw down their arms and submit to the oonlitions imposed by Prince Windiscbgratt A deputation, composed of the mombers of the Communal Council and of the National Guard, has repaired to the Prince for the purpose of making this communication to him. " Vienna. Oct. 29,1848. The Commvval Cot !?cii. ok the Citt or \ irtt?A." Accounts In the Hrctlauer Ztitung, dated Breslaa, th* 31it uit. state that the Hungarians. 18,000 men -trong, attacked the left wing of Winditchgratz'* and th? right of Jellachicb's army Messenhauser made a ?l!y from ft gat* in tbe lijicityof the lied Tower. Thi< Hungarians, however, were completely routed, and driven into the Danube. Prlaee Wlndlschgratz. n tbe JOtb, at twelve o'clock, sent the following telegraphic despatch to iiaron WtEaemburg. the Minister (resident:? " Vienna unconditionally submits this day: my soldiers will enter Vienna to-da;." It was reported Ibat soon after the commencement >f the battle, a great part of th? Hungarian troops went over to the Austrian army?among others, the regiment Liohtenstein. The uue pupor also contains the following notification. potted in the street* ol' Olmutz on the evening of the :.0th ult. ' According to a telegraphic despatch from his Serene Highness Prince Windischgrats, to the Minister President, Baron Wesaemberg. Vienna has unconditionally surrendered, and the Imperial troops occupy the city to day. LEOPOLD, Count LA/ANSKY, ' Vioe-J'renident of the Government. ' Olmutz, October 30." on the ,11it the imperial troops penetrated.,Into th* interior of Vienna, after having gained pos?esslon of all the faubourgs. White flags had bean hoisted on the bastiour. and tbe troop* advanced, but they were fcelted with a discharge of grape shot. Tfci- txmWdBM-nt was tben re< ummcnced, and it is said that the imptrUl library and a portion of tbe palace were ?et on fire Other reports state that those building! *ei? burnt b> the populate Alter the bombardmen the city surrendered on the 31?f. aad the troops oocu pied the palace, tbe hurt tier Straase. an<l the squar* ? o?. oKiruou i u>j troop* uircea lot gates ! tne Burgtbor and the Kartuerthor. and carried the palace by aat.mlt. It is said that th? only portion of the palace wbich suffered is the Uallery of Natural History. t'u tbe 1st Intl. the tiro in the imperial library was extinguished, and It ?ai expeoted to save tbe manuscripts and tbe valuable books Tbe student* defended themselves to tbe last In tbe neighborhood vf the university. On they were still in possession of tbe Salzgrier barracks The university occupied by the Imperial troops ; and It is added 'bat tbe barrack was carried by assault, and that ,T?at number of prisoners were captured with arms in their bands It Is stated that General Bern had fl?d, *?rr?ing with blm a large sun abstracted from the ;r? asury Aecoiding to telegraphic despatches received at CM* tnufx. the disarmament ot the V iernese had begun on the 1st Inst. Baron Von WessrmW/ but sent tbe following circular to all the Austrian ambassadors ?t th? German ourta: ? 1 he lata events at Vienna have, in srtnany. been partly viewed In a wrong light In order to form a ?ir?re correct judgment on the suljeet. attention light to be direct* 4 to tbe following points ? ' Tbe military operations which, at the present m< inent take place under the walls of Vi< nna hare but ne object-- namely, tbe suppression of anarchy and tbe reestsbllahment of legal order. It hi* never ent>red tbe thoughts of the Emperor or of bis government to retract the guaranteed liberties, or to realise the chimera put forward under the name of re-action by tbe anarchical party, mneb less to conquer for one < the Austrian nationalities, supremacy ever the rest. '1 hers is no strife of nationalities - no change or the monarchy Into a Kclavonlan Austria, as tbe Gorman pr< * iwllevea, or pretends to believe, but combat of > J< r against anarchy, of legal authority, without which no goternucut can exisf. against terrorism of i nnervation agalr.rt destruction H e cannot but denominated a cenfuslon of Idem, a misconception of larts. If another weaning be given to this ft mbat. " The revolution has put on a (<ernan dress The 4 iman colors have become the colors of the anarrbl?al party The liberty the greatness, ami tbe welfare I < terman v. the protection of wt lob the I wprror of 1 Austria oufid.fs bis speelal duty, are not to be op- ' poti-U ?y lore* of aims, but the measures :>f bis Ma^ee- 1 y'a KOTerDmrDt ait4 irmj are solely dlreoted against hat fact Ion which n?es those colon and those object* or ttaowa pernicious dwlgaa." ,l HI* J the Kmpt-ror, and his government. art Irmly r?>o.?ii to carry on this combat with ail th? ui-aas at their disposal. These budi hare been more aeouratcly derlgnated by the manifestoes of the and HUh Inst. The military measures have al ready been oarriedinto execution. An army of nearly | 30,0bo men commanded by Prince Windischgratz, who ha? taken hi? headquarters at Hetzendort, is blnokidlng the capital, and I have reason to entertain the hope that the more immediate objeot of thoae operation* will be shortly attained. " At the same time, hi* Msjeety has thought fit to ;ransftr the Diet from Vienna, and to convoke it to meet at kremslt r on the 16th of November. BARON VON WKSSKMBKRO. ' Olmutz. Ootober 26,1848." The following 1* the reply of the Emperor to the Prague deputation, which waited on him at Olaats on the 31st nit . to complain of the exoea*e? commuted by WlndUohgratz at Vienna :? ' The (leneral entrusted with the military operations against Vienna hasspared no pal as to avoid painful results. It was not until forbearance wan exhausted, that vigorous measures were adopted. I hope that the exceptional situation in which Vienna haa been placed will be transitory, and that the causes for anxiety expressed by the people of Prague, will soon he set aside. 1 am not, however, in a position at the present moment, to utter any definite opinion upon those points '' This reply was considered by the deputation as most unsatisfactory. The following proclamation has been issued by i'rinoe Windlsohgratz " PttCLiMATlOR. " To the Inhabitants of L'pper and l.ower Austria. " The prolonged resistance opposed to my troops by the insurgents of tbe city of Vienna, after I htd vainly exerted every effort to obtain peaceful submission, and after tbe aocepted capitulation had been faithlessly and treacherously broken, compelled me to have recourse to the most stringent military measares. which will now be carried out to full effect. The olty of Vienna, and Its environs, to the distanoe of two mile* (nine Knglish.) is from this day placed in a state of selge. whereby all the local authorities are placed under the superintendence of tbe military power. Whilst I announce this publicly. I express my confident expectation, that the Austrian provinces, above und below the Knnus, will continue to exhibit their previous unshaken fidelity to the Imperial house and constitutional monarchy?that they will turn a deaf -ar to tbe evil counsels of incendiaries, and save me Irom the painful necenity of extending the state of siege to any other places in which an evil spirit may be manifested. I earnestly warn the Inhabitants of all these lands to be upon their guard against all seduotivo emissaries, wh?*? deceitful representations only tend to tbe dissolution of the law and publlo tranquility?whose machinxtions lead to Irreparable misfortunes, and are totally opposed to tbe developement of all real liberty. (Signed) W1NDI3CHORATZ. ' lieliendorf, Not. 1." Tbe damage caused by the bombardment of Vienna has b en gieatly exaggerated. It is said that tbe troops have suffered severely, but orders have been given not to announce the number of killed. The working classes bad displayed a most laudable activity in extinguishing the fires in the city. The palace of Count kolowrath haa suffered considerably. The damage is estimated at full 300,000 tlorlns (?20,000.) The Wientt Zritvr?. of the 6th. publishes a proclamation of Major General Von Cordon, the chief of the central eommia-ion appointed bv Trince Von Wlndischgrats. for the regulation of the duration of the state of siege. It calls upon all well-disposed persons to suppoit the authorities, and promises them every alleviation of their position compatible with the state of siege. The Common Council issued a proclamation on the 4th, notifying the fact that Windischgratc had made the restoration of the free intercourse between the city and the suburbs dependent on the apprehension of the following flvejproscribed Individuals?Palsky, Bern. Meseenhauser, Fenneberg, and Schutte. The council accordingly 'enjoins those who may be harboring those perrons to deliver them up within six hours, uailnw miin ac kai ni* v\raii*?v>f kaf/wa a oaiint ?naw4l*l U V* UVKI|J tfiuu^uv VVI\JkXf a vvuivuiMWidi. The accounts from Gratz state that General Pahlen occupied the Mur Island between the Drave and Mar, with 16 000 men, and that he would probaMy operate against Teeth in conjunction with General Nugent and bis army, 8,0(0 strong. A space of fourteen days has been granted to the Hungarian officers by Windiscbgratz for their return to the service of the Emperor: otherwise they will cashiered. The ministerial crisis at Berlin continued at the date of the last advices, tU., the 7th instant. No Cabinet had keen formed, and itjwas not certain that Count Brandenburg's resignation had been aooepted by the King ; indeed, it was believed by many that he was doing his utmost to comply with the wishes of hla Majesty ; and that in a short time a list of names would be presented to the King for his approval. As M. Jacobi and other democratic members had reoeived a sharp censure from the Assembly for their unseemly and unjustifiable eonduot before the King, no repetition of such insulting behaviour was apprehended. No further disturbances had taken place. The Hamburgh mail has brought letters of Tuesday's date. Money was easy, and the employment for It not very general or profitable. At Vienna, aa at Berlin and other places, all commercial operations were unhinged by the political cxcltement. and It had been found necessary by Imperial order to allow parties having billsdue between October 0 and November 20, to postpone for one month from the date the payment thereof. Intelligence from Vienna to the 4tn instant has been received. At that time the city was perfectly tranquil; the disarming was going on rapidly, and the barricades had been nearly all removed. The If'emrr Zctluite ot the 5th contains a proclamution of General Von Gordon, head of the commission instituted by Prince Windiechgratz, from the period ot the capitulation. In this proclamation all right minded persons are exhorted to assist the authorities, and are assured of every alleviation compatible with a state of siege. PruMla. Some disturbances took nlare at Rerlin on the :tlst ult. Immense crowds were assembled on the Gensc'armen market, before the theatre, where the National Assembly holds it sittings. The mob wanted to influence the decisions of the Assembly as to the conduct to be adopted respecting the condition oi Vienna. Some deputies were ill-treated when leaving: the house. Berlin bas narrowly escaped a similar catastrophe to that of Vienna, in consequence of the resolute opposition of the Kin^ of Prussia to the new order of things. That capital bas been the soene of agitation and disturbance. which has terminated in the resignation of General Pfuel. The King has appointed Connt Braden burg, a re- actionary and unpopular nobleman, to the bead of the Ministry. The National Assembly has almost unanimously refused to sanction the appointment, but the King perseveres?bent, it would seem, on provoking a collision, and encouraged probably by the issue of the Vienna insurrection. An imposing military force is collected in the vicinity of the capital, ready for any emergency which may arise. Letters from Magdeburgh state that a quantity of gold and silver is conveyed daily to that oity by railroad from Berlin and Breslau, sent by the bankers of those citiea for safe keeping, to the citadel of Magdeburgh. Tlte French Republic* The Paris papers of Thursday, the 9th instant, have arrived. Articles repeated by several journals during the latf lew days, ter.d to create a belief that a serious misunderstanding exists between the army and the Garde Mobile. According to the Paint, General Cavaignac will publish his manifesto, ns a candidate for the Presidency ol the republic, on Sunday next, at the fame time as the constitution will be promulgated. The manifesto of M. liedru llollin, as the candidate of the Mountain, is announced for to-morrow. M. Louis Bonaparte will nit publish his manifesto until after those of Ins competitors. The French Assembly have got through a task which at one time threatened to be all b:it interpiinablc: the constitution was finally passed on Saturday, and is to be the occasion of what is pompously termed " a national solemnity." Paris is far from peaceful: there have been more collisions betwi'cn parties of the Garde Mobile and the workpeople, and more are expected. The agitation in connection with the forthcoming election of President has not increased to any extent perceptible m this country. As lar as its character can be ascertained, the provincial current appears to run more in favor of General f'avai^nac. The return of Prince Louie would be a national calamity. The official or?an of the government has published a very glowing account of the improved prospects of trade to be exactly reconcileable with the general aspect of affairs. The raris papers ol Saturday publish a circular from M. Liufaure, Minister of the Interior, addressed to the l'refoctf, on the subject of the forthcoming Presidential election, pointing out their duties is reiere nee to the same, and which has been viewed with eonsiderable sati faction. The circular concludes ' On thl* occasion my object is to call on you to reflect on |the great political act which France is about to accomplish, and on tbe attitude which yon must take, in the name or the government. under toe new olrcumstanoe?." In the National Asaembly, on Saturday Uat, ftftar -tereral abortive attempt* to introduce amendment*, it completed the revision of the project of the constltation, and voted its mtrmhlr by a majority of 7:>tf "gainst :;0. A committee cf 16 wa* then named to crt.rtrt with the goverament the public solemnities which ftLa 1 attend the formal proclamation of the oo? tltution, and which i* to take place to-morrow (SundV} 1 he committer appointed to regulate the carcmony have prrporedtbe following programme:?A gkaatil altar will be erected in the middle of the Place d<* la Concorde. The Arehbisbop oiTari? will ofllclate there, with the three bishop* who are representative* in the ar cnibly, after whieh a Tt Ileum will he (-haunted by ??0 eltrgymen and ioo professional singuri. All the National A*trmbiy will b?< convened there, a* well a* deputations from ail the national guard* of Franca. The poor of Tarii will receive 2C0 OOOf.. and th-?*e oi th. province* fti.OOO. To cover th? spenses of the lanquct only the representative* of the people will each gn?- up four day*' salary, amounting to v i,()00f. M. Thiers hw declared to several of hL colleague* that be ba.i resolvid not to accept the oWce under Iiinee l.ouia Napoiion a* Tic ident. Tho tlub of the Jlue de roititr*. after a discussion, > olvcd not to recommend any oundidate for the ('residency to it* mi ml r?. The following weie the observation* of M Thiers on thl* subject ?IM( II Of M TII1KRS OV THE PRPStDKNrv. I *m perfectly disinterested In the qnestlnn. having istured the candldateship to tha presidency of the re put,lie offered me by several departments. I am neither a rami!.late for the presidency nor for the ministry null" the two president* at present possible. I know neither General avaignac nor Prince l.onls I am not Influenced with respect to them by any sentiment either of alTeotion or hatred; I only seek to discern in the future which will do good or harm to th? country f.eneral Cavatgnac appears to me to h?n aa undecided policy, which may 1ms. la eertili caaee, U another (id* than the moderate oh, ?4 tor thia motif*, I ptMom, with reapeot to blm, a distrust. not of him peraonall y. bat of hia opinion!. No doubt General Caeaitfnac I* worth more than the government* whloh preceded him since the 24th of February, but he Is not auoh a m&a as eoald be desired to make a declaim effort in hla furor At tbla moment the country la attracted toward* Priuoe Lcuia Bonaparte. To obeck it an effort would hare to be niada which would be without oaure, for we have not sufficient confidence in Cien. Cavalgnac to devote ourselves to hia candidateablp. Would It, therefore, be right to propose a third candidate to be presented to the country in the name of the Club of the Rue de Poitiers? 1 do not think it. 1 think that at tbla moment a third candidate would place the moderate party In an awkward position, aa he cculd only obtain the support of a portion of tlte moderate party, toe oini r portion uriug mevuaoiy certain 10 supoort Prince I.onis Bonaparte. Two thing* would therefore result; first, the moderate party would cau?? its numbers to appear small, by securing to its oandidate only a portion of the votes wbieh naturally belong to it; secondly.he division of suffrages preventing any of the candidates from having the absolute majority, the election would, in virtue or the new constitution, fall te the National Assembly, whleh would undoubtedly nominate Gen. Cavaignac Consequently, in proposing a third candidate in the name of the moderate party, it is the nomination of Oen Cavaignac which would be secured. We must know what we do, and say to ourselves that this is the r?Wult at which we should anive. Now. if It be the nomination of Gen. Cavaignac which is desired, we should say It frankly, openly, and labor for It earnestly. We might even derive advantageous results to the country from that comlnation. by treating in advance with Oen. Cavaignac, by requiring from him a programme relative to certain laws, to withdraw or present certain nominations. to make or revoke In that oase we mtght, in declaring for him. cause his success, cause him to arrive by a victory, and not a defeat, of the moderate party Thus, then, let there be no candldateship in the name of the moderates, for that would be the election of General Cavsignsc by the Assembly, and without conditions. It would, moreover, be the division of the moderate party, which comprises in France at least nine-teutbs ol the votes, and whioh would cause a part to be given to the candidate whom he might name?a paft to thePrince Louis. For these motives I believe that we must leave the eountry to follow its ptnchant, and not present it a candidate on our aocount. It was rumored in Taris on Saturday last that M. Lucien Murat, cousin of the Bonapartes, intended to propose a decree to the Assembly, to exclude General Cavaignac from the Presidency, on the ground that his candidateship would be at variance with the spirit of that artiole of the constitution whioh disqualifies a president from immediate re election, Oen. Cavaignao being regarded as virtual president at present The project to issue 400 millions of paper money to be receivable by the government in payment of the taxes, customs, eto., was rejected on Saturday by the committee of finance It is reported that Prince Louis Is preparing a manifesto to be addressed to the French people, for the purfiose of still more effectually conciliating their support, t Is said that In this declaration he will emphatically disclaim all pretensions to an imperial restoration, and will makji a nl?ar and nvnlifllt rienlaratlnn of renuhli* oanlsm. Tbe Committee of the Constitution has approved this morning, of a decree for proroguing the Assnmbly from the 16th inet. to the 9th December, hut it was rejected by tbe Assembly. In the National Assembly, on Tuesday, M. Bastlde, Minister of Foreign Affairs, la reply to some questions put to him, read a sort of manifesto on tbe present state of the foreign relations of France. He said that the position of the country, with relation to foreign states, has never since February been better than at present. That France had contributed to the pacific eolation of the Schleswig question ; that she had induced Russia to giro a separate administration to the grand duchy of Posen ; that she had the best relations with those Germanic States which had adopted democratic forms ; that she had brought the war In Sicily to a termination ; that her mediation had been accepted in Upper Italy, whtre difficulties had only arisen as to the place of tne conferences, but that no serious dissent had arisen; that the negotiations were interrupted by the insurrection at Vienna, but that they could be resumed, and that the best result might be expected. During the week there has been a full tide of tiasocial crisis in Paris, produced by the present politloal situation of France. From day to day the funds hare fallen with frightful rapidity. On Monday at one moment the Threes dropped 41 to 45, and only recovered 10 centimes at closing. The Fires fell to 65 50, and recovered only 25 centimes closing at 65 75 for account, and 65 40 for cash. Bank shares hare fallen 50 francs, closing at 1,8.">0. On Tuesday another fall took place of 1 50 on the Threes, and 2 10 on the Fives; tne former olosing at 40 and the latter at 63 60. Bask shares have fallen 50 francs below the previous day's quotations, closing to-day at 1,230. The rumor was revived that the banking concern of MM. Rothachild Brothers had resolved to liquidate. This resolution has, it is said, been hastened >n consequence of the recent events at Vienua. It is well known that, since the revolution of February, that concern has restrained its operations, so as to be able to wind up at any moment. On Wednesday there was a reaction on the Bourse. The Five per Conts. opened at 63f, subsequently fell to 02f. 60c , but dosed ultimately at 64f. 75c. Tliia improvement is attiibuted by some to an understanding that General Cavaignac has had an explanation j with the club of the Rue de Teitiers, in the course of which he declared he was still a republloan, bat that he was resolved to carry on tho republic |upon moI derate principles. The Moniieur publisher an article on the commercial and manufacturing situation of France, In which it endeavors to prove that France is recovering the effects i of the revolution of February. In Paris, the lmprove! ment was particularly visible in the branches of in| du.itry, connected with articles of fanoy and luxury, and in the new Impulse given to the conveyanse of i merchandise, which had assumed of late a considerable i developement. That amelioration likewise extended to the entire of France, and particularly to tbe great commercial and manufacturing centres. In the west, the fairs, long deserted, had regained their former activity At Nantes, Cholet, Rennen, and St Malo, tne works had recommenced, but the resumption was I still more general and marked in Normandy, and the i northern departments. At Flers, Elbmaf, ftvnuvais, St. uuentln, St. Pierre-iez-Calais, VerviaA Rhetel, Roubaix and Avesnes, the manufactories hit been reopened. In Alsace, although the price of cotton goods advanced but slowly, there was still an Improvement. At Lyns, large orders had Keen received from Kngland and tho I'nited States; the price of silk bad again reached that of last year, and three-fourth* I oi me looms at leas; were employed. At &t. V.tienne, Grenoble, and Vienna, the workmen, long dtluded by tbeir ringleaders, had at last , returned' to tbeir usual avocations. The south had 1 contributed, although in a smaller proportion, to that ' general ret< rn towards confidence and prosperity. Tbu fairs o? Aubenas, Privas, had Rodez, had been numerously attended. Bordeaux was crowded with fortlgn travellers, sales had beoome more active, prices jtaintained themseelvcs. and orders for wine dally arrived from foreign countries "Tbi> accurate return,"' j aods the Monitrur, "prepared from local and authentic documents, affords the most convincing proof that "everywhere trade and induetry are reviving. The exj treme productiveness of the year contributes to allay ; the crisis; the low prioe of corn and wine has restored to the suffering classcs a degree of comfort of which I they had long been deprived ; and everything announces that the winter will past over more happily than was at first expected.'' The club of representatives fitting at the National Institute resolved, on Tuesday night, that it wo:ld not propoee any candidate for the Presidency of the Repablfc. The majority, composed of forty-two members, next declared that Oen. Cavalgnac possessed their sympathies. One member delivered aipe?ch In favor of M. Lamar tine, and twenty-one members abstained from giving any opinion. MM. OarnW Pages, Duelerc, and Wolowski spoke against the proposition for choosing a candidate. In eonclusion, the club resolved that, notwithstanding Its sympathies for a particular candidate.the members would afford their firm support to any President elected by universal suffrage. The Krench journals are taken up with the election for the Presidency. Little alteration had occurred in the prospect* of the candidates ; but If any ohange could b? noticed, it Is said to be favorable to General Cavalgnac, whose friends were manifesting an amount of electioneering skill for which they had not received i credit. For example- the resolve of Government to discharge instantly all the soldiers whoso term of service will end with the 31st of next month, is deemed an adroit mode by which to canvars the depasrtmentr, through the aid of "0,000 or 80.0"0 m< n, to whom It was natural to suppose General CamK>M had endeared himself. The Bonapartist* are not less activs. <i>-nerajiy spanning, me nuuini'T classes or tlio population will. It is believed. vote for Prince Louis Napoleon, not, m will easily bo credited, through attachment for bU person, b*caua? that undor hi* uncl? the poor w?re better off than they are now, and that they nope that, treading In the footsteps of Lie illustrious relative. they will ones more, through Loal? Napoleon, enjoy comparative comfort" " I)s*perat? a* would appear the candidature of M. Ledru Rollin," rayi our private letter, "it I* pushed with a dtpree of vigor and "arnestneas that would argue belief among hie friend* that he ha* a chance. Marshal fiugeaud ia said to have formally withdraws from the contest, and M. Lamartine is said to recommend the election of General Cava'gnac, between whom and I'rinee LouU Napoleon, the only leal atruggle will therefore take pUco. Tho diatusalon in the National Assembly on tbe appointment of M. Bethniont, an ex-representative, to be Trepidant of the I Cour d'Appel. baa rather injured the popularity of General Cavalgnae. Wauae the appointment in question is deemed a violation of the decree of the Aaaombly of the 16th of June, whi -h declared that no representative should be eligible to a public employment pending a session of the Assembly "Gnat preparations are in progress, or projected, for the inauguration of the new Conatltutlon on a magnificent scale, and which are also by the opponenta of government denounced by the opposition as a portion of the electioneering lacl/gue of the friends of Gene* raltTavalgnac Tbe Moniliur du Soil denies that any eonfllots had srlti n between the (Jarde Mobile an>l the troops of the line Nevertheless anew Instance of the kind (at the ( ourtille) la mention'd in the journaU of this day." Our correspondent. In hli letter dated i o'clock Thursday evening, Nov.!?. says : ? "The Bonise was rather calm to-day. The Ave per cents rore to 66f. fcOc , but ultimately receded, and closed at a trifling advance on yesterday's prices, although It was generally believed that the election of 1'iltice I,owls Napoleon as President of the Kepubllc ?a? certain The friends of the Prince seem to wish it t<> be understood that if be be elected President of the Itt'l'UMIc If will surround himself with men of capacity, wHbcnt reference to the political onlnions they may lie d<< med to entertain. In short, hi* adherents < notblcg calculated to raise expectations of vast benefit (rem Ills government, and they thus create au amount of expectation that It will not be found easy to satisfy. "The Secretaries of tb* flub of Representatives who snot In tbe raiace of the Institute, have addressed a IMttrtothe Cwmlilviionntl, stating that, ai a body -M tkij determined not to pi*Mtt a cidlditi fM the PreaMenoy, but lb at, on taking the *en*e of the Aarembty, 42 oat of (I had voted Id favor of Oeaeral CnaifiM. It appear*, however. that 90 member* had abstained from participating In the ballot. Letter* ftom the department of the SJaone and Loire announce that the majority of the population of tbat department will rote for General Cavalgnao On the other hand, the northern department*, which were said to be Himilarly dit-porttd, arc now reported to be In favor ot Prince Lout* Napoleon. It a|ptar*that the republican* of Orleani, feeling indignant that the Journal du Loint, the republican nrifin rif that aKnitM v? a mm mrimrwi atail Ik* ManHi. dature of Prince Louis Napoleon for the I'rosidency ol the Republic, bare withdrawn tboir support from thai paper, and have established the Indtpendant du Loin I o* true republican principles. The Comh/utionrl announces that (Jen Cavalgnac bad offered the mediation of the French republic foi the arrargement of the difference which had arisen between Switserlaud and the Holy See, on the ooca' slon of the arrest of the Catholic bishop of Friburg The Three per cents closed on the Parli Bourse, jester day, at 42f. f>Oo ; the Fire pel cents at 84f. 85c ; the New Loan at ?5f ; Orleam Railroad Shares, 077f 54c ; Rouen, 366f ; Havre, 1701. Great Northern. 341f 25c ; Avignon, 156f ; Vlamou 220t; liele 77f. 50o ; Bordeaux. 30.:f. 7'>o ; Parts anc Strasburg, 327f. f>Oo ; Tours and Nantes, 31 Of. The accounta from H avre continue to report a brlsl buMners in cotton, with an Improving tendency li prices. From Marseilles, al-o, it is mentioned that the markets were mere active, and that there was alto gether increased animation in trade. The Ilaro. of Caen, announces that, so far as its in formation goes, there has never been any intentioi amongst the electors of Calvados to put forward M Uuizot as their candidate. THE FRENCH CONSTITUTION. [From the London Times, Nov. 7.] The French constitution is oompleted. On Satur day last the Assembly voted the 116th Article ofth< new code, and the rnsrmble of the entire fabric wa then subjected to the conclusive test of m ballot, amids a final* cf shouts, acclamations, and rejoicings. Sevei hundred and thirty-nine members against thirty, re aerded, in behalf of their constituents, their cordis acceptance of the conditions intended to regulat hereafter the poiitioal rights, the social duties, andthi personal privileges of 36 WW,000 Frenchmen. To oon jeoture how the constitution may work, is beyond tfe power of man ; but to presume that the experimen will be a brief one, is no more than is warranted b the let'sons of experience, steing that this la?t const! tu lion ol the 4tli of November, 1848, la precisely th tweiitr-second- reckoning the extemporized codes o provisionxl committees?which has been taken on trls since the Inaugural jear 17*9. " SUty go true ; thre goatkt-w," was the rule for the charmed ballets of Dt Frei$rhuit. The allowance for French constitution is far lets liberal. Twenty-one misses have beci j already scored up In succession, and our molt iuge | nious readers may now calculate the chances that th I twenty, second will be a hit. | Thtre were six "constitutions"?that is to say, si: , several accepted forms of civil government? und* poor Louis XVI , and eight more in that anarchlos i Intelval which preceded the establishment of the Con . sulate. The Consulate itself was so fundamental! i changed by the appointment of Buonaparte tor lift that it may fairly be represented as supplying two tpt ! cimens to the catalogue. There was then that proai : gious development of the new principles which wa termed the Kmpire, which again was materially moill I fied in 1815 from its original form In 1804. In the in terval. that is to say, on the 4th of June, 1814, ther | was a brief revival of the old Royalty of Franoe, whicl I was again restored and confirmed after the events c i Waterloo. This makes a score, and no peraon, w presume, will deny that the days of July added ana ther upon a new and attractive basis, which, after longer and. we will admit, a more premising trial thai any of its predecessors, was ttnally superseded b those events of laat February which have ripened int the consummation now announoed. It would be easy enough to depiot the character o the new work by reference to its published maximi since, making soma abatement fer that mystlflcatio of language which a perpetual appeal to first princl pies has Induced, tho decisions of the Assembly on th great questions of government and legislation ara re corded in phrases singularly laoonic and sententlou: But if any Knglishman of praotloal habits were to in lulre the position, privileges, or liabilities of Individut Frenchmen in any given ease under the new oonstitu tion, it would be extremely difficult to return any sat isfactory reply. In the first plaoe, the operation of th new code in all the most important contingencies c tvery-day life will be yet extensively modified, or rs ther, will be altogether determined by the "oigani laws," which still remain to be discussed : and. in th recond place, many of its provisions are oonoerne with such unpractical and transcendental theories c abstract polity, that their recognition scarcely in Tolves any more serious results than would follow upo: a national acceptance of Kant's Critlqu* of fur Keafcn. We are hardly warranted by experience li concluding that, under the cods just now published there will be any more real constitutional law li France than there has been during these last elgb months, whtn it has been commonly represented tha there was none at all. What is there, it may be asked, to correspond to ou King, Lords, and Commons? There is an abolition i all royalty and nobility, and a concentration of th triple functions in one single legislative body, which I already condemn* d as aristocratloal and despotioal b those men who brought its power to pass. In tb place Of a King there is to be a President; who c what, we shall M able to tell better next month; bu the latest and most conspicuous Incident of his offlo seems oomprised in the provisions which are made fc attainting him, under certain conditions, of hig treason against the people. The sole governing bod of the land is constituted by popular eleotlon, in whic the right of suffrage is indiscriminate and unlversa Thisisone of the very few points In which the actui privileges of Frenchmen are palpably advanced, an the estimation In which It Is held may be judged froi the fact that It seeing to have lost all charms whal ever with Its charm of novelty, and that, except und< circumstances of unusual excitement, little more tha one half of the privileged electors condescend to ava themselves of the right which they overturned a g< rernment to win. The Pretl4ant is to bealected everj four yearsthat is to say, the very worst element < mischief in the American Constitution is tobeboi rowed, without the advantages It carries of a stron F.xeeutlve. If Franco is to be governed after this plai it will be governed by a House of Commons, chosen ti the promiscuous and unre(looting votes of an entli population, which a strong majority of desperado* will omit noiffort to bias. it is In the presence of this preposterous conditio) coupled, M it will be, with such a state of the nation: finances and of tb? popular temper as would disorgai ire the best constituted government of Kuiope, ths we conceive all minor and particular regulations wi be of littl- avail. We have no doubt that the detail of communal and municipal administration will be ai ranged with that tact, facility and olevernes* for whic the French people are so remarkable. All the smalle wheels of the machinery will probably be admlrabl ordered: it is only tbe mainspriDg which we expect t be absolutely a failure. The Assembly has enjoye considerable advantages In its discussions It is tru that ail experience tenches ns to look upon the task ! undertook as one altogether impracticable to huma abilities. Such things, as every person is aware, ar not made by the hands or head of one assembly or on generation. Yet If the Trench Chamber had proceed ed like the American Congress, to engraft merely sue' novelties as the emergency suggested upon an old an tried stock, and if they bad really confined themselve to securing those constitutional reforms the desire c which was made the pretext for the revolution, the would have found admirable facilities for their undei taking In that fortunate constitution of the Assembl which insured, upon many points of detail, suoh con pistent and sensible decisions. But they have beei driven by the farcical contradiction between thai situation and their sentiments to proceedings whiol their professions necessitated, though their hearts die approved. They allowed those with whom thay bar no community of desires or hones to proclaim a ropub lie, and they Lave becu ceiJipellad. therefore, to parad themselves in republican trappings before the eyes ? Europe. Such modifications and safeguards as repen tance suggested, and opportunity permitted, they hav carefully applied, and we have recorded in thes columns successive examples of their undeniable eon servatism. But this fundamental inconsistency c theught and action must be utterly destructive of an useful work, and the now Kepublican Constitution I no more likely to answer tbe views of the party wh have made it what it if. than of the party who nearl overturned the republic in the endeavor to make I what It Is not. Itnly. A bulletin, issued by the provisional government < Venice on tbe 27th ult, states tbat the Croats ha been defeated by tbe Italians, tbe former having ?(J men killed or wounded, and 500 takon prisoners. Tho ConcnrHia ot Turin, of the 30th ult., says - Although Madetski has sent against the Insurgent of Cbiavenaa 4 000 mnn, with artillery, the insurrec tion is formidable. The insurgents occupy the bei positions, and receive every day reinforcements < numerous volunteers, who arrive from Switzerland. 1 Is Impossible to conceive the acts of barbarity of tb Austrians. Kite bodies of women have been foun horribly mutilated." Tha same journal says the valley of Torlexr.a i?fre< They are fortifying the important military pointi Krefh troops have been ><ent from Como to Colieo. Tb sacrifices of money made for the insurreotion are in m?ns?. The National Jariitt'rn, of tie 3dinst , statas tbat rumor was current at Turin tbat a tight had taka place near I'iacenKa. between the riedmontese an Austrlans. General Popo is said to have driven bac the Austrlans as far as Tadun, and taken cannon. The Sardinian minister has deeiared In the chant ber of deputies of Turin, on the'.id Inst , that the kin of Sardlula would accept of no other thau tha Angle French meditation n h. fL ? . ./ IL- HI ' * ? uc ui JUtiO, ui lOV ou mil l BMicrrB nm notwithstanding tha entrance of the Auatrlana a ( hiavtnna tie Inaurrectlon eitenda In l.ombardy. W? burr received letter a of the let inet. from on < erreapondcnt at .Naples. Count I,udolfT had arrive* from hia extraordinary ralaaion at London and f'arif It waa said, without having succeeded In hi* object Mr Temple'* arrival waa anxiously looked for. aa It wa generally mpposed that ho would be the bearer of thi confldrntlal and definitive Instruction* of Lord I'ai mereton It waa generally itated that the Krrncl Ilepublic had rent in it* ultimatum, demanding tha though Siolly should atlll be united to the Neapolitai crown, It should l>e governed by a separate constltu tlon and administration, ami have likewise Ita aepara rate army. The King of Naples ha* resolved, accord Irpr to conrt gossip, not to submit to the last rondi tlon. tbcugh ha la willing to grant free Inatltutlona ti the island. Humora of expected dlaturbancea weri current, but Naples enjoyed tranquillity. The Krencl r'ltiaOron. with the exception ot the trledland, 120 and one ateamer, bad left Naplea. Vessols from Lon don. Edinburgh. and Hnll. are refund pratique a1 Naplea. Th< s? from other porta of Cnglaad. Scotland and Ireland, are subjact to an daya' quarantine The .luitkurt Oarntr haa lettara from Trlcat" a the .let October, wnlch'admlt, although very unwll llngly, tbat on the .7th tb Austrian farrlion at Mea trn i> attacked by a corps of from 6 000 to 8 OOOjVens- an tltM. who, liTorrd ky the aloud/ vuther autottdri th in surprising the plaoe. Alter a short skirmish, the pit A uitriaci were compelled to retire, with a loss of three th cannon, and luring many killed and wounded on the Tl field of battle. The Venetian* pushed on their ad- gr vanced posts as fai as Magllano At noon on the same gs i dey, however, the Austriaos. having colleoted a boly ad i of 1 >00 infantry, and 1,600 cavalry, arrived to attaok mi the Venetians, who fled to Mestra, and thence to their Hi ships, without awaiting an attack. Mestra was plun- Hi , dered and almost destroyed by them during their brief m< tenure of the place. be Spain. tl< r Madrid journals of the '.d and 4th Inst, have ar- 8? rWed. m' The Oaeeta contains an offljlsl announcement of the shooting in cold blood of eighteen prisoners beah. n ' V...I .? A (ill I <VUBIU(1 IV bus I 1 u^irn^inn uauu miu?u?. auu wi ?eight Carlist prisoner* at Kortanete Should the fro\ greHfi.stac and the Carliat* retaliate, we chall have a re- Tt" newal of those scenes of atrocity which bo dt.'graoed <T Spain during the laet civil war. *' i Our accounts from Madrid we of the 4th inst The tfa reporter the oocupatlon of ilue*ca by the Centralist* 111 , was unfounded. It appears, on the contrary, that the P' entire band wai raptured by Brigadier Angle*, who 1 bad been promoted tor that (Vat to the rank of Major- jr | General Prinoe Carini. the Neapolitan Minister, had M Jirot. Hted against the I'riaoe and Princess of Capua be- m ug allowed to remain in Madrid, and threatened to re 0(1 1 tire if they ^rere not ordered to quit that capital. 1 The Memorial dtt Fryeenitt of the tith inst. an- , ' nouoces that Cabrera, being olosely pursued by Briga- u dler Grit bo. had abandoned the toroe with whioh he 4 had entered Aragoa, and retired with only fit men T> towards Catalonia. Measures had been adopted to cut t, 1 off his retreat, but In any ca?e his attempt on Aragon had ccmpletely failed. n The Three per Cents were done at IS'*' for paper; the th Five per Cents at e'B'; the debt without interest at '>'?; #J and the Coupons at 5. m Belgium. fr The Belgian Chambers were opened on the 6th Inst . tit 8 but without a speech from the King. M. Anapaoh 1 presided The Assembly formed their bureaux, after . I which the Finance Minister presented his budget for 1*4#. The reductions made amount to 4.400,000 tranos. t0 ' The ordinary business was than opened, but no tjues- ,t 9 tlon of importance was brought forward. M. Domon { * Dumortier was again elected President, who returned *!. - thanks for renewed oonfldenoe, and the meeting broke 1 * up. t llniuhurg. di T Our correspondent in Hamburg, writing on the 7th at instant, observe* that the commissioner from the fa * Ftankfbrt Central Government had given gieat uni- y< ' brage to the German democratic party by not having si i ] fulfilled the desires entertained by them against Den0 mark's interest* in the settlement of the Malmo ar- ?. ?' j iui-tire; and petitions have been sent from the town > ?? I of Schlesvrlg to the Itelehsverweaer, calling upon him ,1 II [ to dismiss M Stedmann from the commission. . - ; The newa of the surrender of Vienna had caused a . * 1 gr. at sensation in Katiabon. On the 1st Instant Count b( Arco read to the people of Gotschdorf the oOlclal newa ^ 1 ; of the fall of Vienna; he mad* use of expressions r , which oaused the peasantry to suppose that those li ' berties sanctltioned by the emperor were in danger. They, therefore, rose In great numbers and proceeded A J j towards the castle of the eount to obtain possession of dl >i hi* person. A (hot was fired and the Count was s?- ni Ttrelj wounded. F.veiy train from Vienna brought " '* several members of the Diet on their return to their * home* There member* mentioned that a consultation b' > i would be held In Vienna by the remaining member* of al f the Diet, whether they would or would not decide upon I Tl meeting in the capital on the 15th of November. They 1 c,( stated also thai YVindiscbgrati had procet-ded to- J* 'f words Budna Peath at the head of 65,000 troops, h; leaving a body of 36.000 in Vienna?16 p> jdj 111 bad already been condemned by martial h and 1 ? they had aeen several wagtns loaded with r? at > Floresdorf, being conveyed into Vienn groat 7 number of wagons, with ammnltlon. had irrlved at o Vienna, and it was reported that the revolt at Lem- si > berp, in Galioia, had omplftelj suppressed by ? f j the military authorities ii S | The Duke of Auguttei irg had returned to Graven- o 11 itein for a few days, an as well received. b I* I Only 10 cases of ohoi 1' purred in Hamburgh o ! since the fint of the m ing the total number b of cases 3.062, of which ? been fatal. tl > A letter dated Dantzi t., states that the h >- cholera is raging in that tense violence.? ^ There wtre no fewer than 0- in one day; 3.-i8 8 ' individuals had already beei. d, of whom 185 b > died, 34 bad recovered, and 179 were under cure. p 9 In the small town of Oartz. in the diatriet of Stettin, a lf the cholera haa carried off 102 persons, out of a popula- 2 r tion of 700. b o Denmark. ? Advices from Copenhagen of the 27th ult. state that * d Ilerr Nyholm put a question to the minister of foreign p 'f affairs in the chamber,the preoedlng day.reapeeting tne c i- unexpected arrival of the Commissioners Keedtx and o ? Stedmann at Copenhagen. Count Knuth replied, that, v> although the government was perfectly willing to give o ? I every information to the Chamber, he could only then b | state, for its satisfaction, that the new government 2 a ' commission having greatly transgressed the limits of e t j its lawful competency, M. Reedtz had determined to 3 leave Schleswlg. and was peifeotly justified in so doing. 1 The minister viewed the adhesion of the German to l* the Danish government oommtssiener as a favorable >f sign. He premised to give further explanatlou in th? ? te course of a few daya. 1 la Letters from Copenhagen, of the 12th. published In * 7 the Augtburg Gazette, inform us that the new eleo- 8 ? j tlons are completed. The result, according to the ? reasoning of the Danish papera themselves, will be the 6 t overthrow of the mlniatry a* aoon as the Statea asaem- ? | ble?its power having been already greatly weakened 11 by the cessation of the war. j Holland. b h The government haa just presented to the Statea- e I. General a project of law relative to the isaue of new ii ii Treasury notes to the amount of 10,000,000. The eb- t d ject of this measure is the avoldanoe of a loan or an c a Increase of the public burdens. The financial atate r j. of the country la good, notwithatandlng, aince the * tr existing deficiency only ariaes from the want of a mar- 1< n ketfortbe produce of the Dutch colonies, in oonae- <1 I quence or tne political events or r.urope, ana mere is j no doubt that the new treasury notee will be in great r. request. ,f Bavarl*. r. Tbe Bavarian Minister ot the Interior hat addressed 12 a circular to the police authorities throughout that n< kingdom, o<mmanding that all students bflon^lnx to ,y the UDiversity of Vienna are to l?e Immediately exre peiled from the Bavarian territory, is | Venire The Venice Gazette, of the 27th ult., in an extraor?. j ilinary supplement, givew the ofllolal bulletin of the ?1 taking of Kuslna and Mestre. Tho Venetians, after i' an obstinate conflict, bare taken 600 prisoners, eight it pieces of cannon, six horses, and leveral ammunition U wagons. The Austrlans have had .some 200 killed and Is wounded. The same bulletin (adds that the marine ' r- (fHce has received notice that fourteen Sardinian vesh sels of war are anchored off tbe port of Malamocoo. ir (SaUlcla. y Lkmrcbo, Nov. 1. ? The Emperor of Russia has addressed a note to the a Magyar ministry, c alii eg on it to withdraw its troopa ? from the frontiers of Lower Anstria;or if not, a Russian ? army will be sent from Moldavia mad Wallachia to pat a down tbe revolt. Twrany. ." The Gazette of Florence contains, in its official part, !" tbe following decree:? n k jbe Tusoan Ministry, considering that tbe exoep~ tional powtrs created by the law of August 27, were to . cease on the re-e?tablinhment of order in Leghorn, and >r order being now resumed, it deolarea the said excepJ tional powers at an end. (Signed) MONTANELLI." y Turkey. i- Advices from Constantinople of thelf>th nit. con&rm n the account of the flight ot the Walachian chief Magr heiro in Transylvania, carrying with him a sum of fourh teen millions cf piasters. belonging to the district treai suriea and to peaceable individuals whom he had (worn e to defend to the laat extremity against foreign Invasion. e AflTnlra In Egypt. ,f Aimtiimu, October, 14, IMS. i. | Ibrahim Pacha is at Cairo, conSned by an attaok of e bronchitis and dysentery, from whioh he has been se4 verely suffering since his return from Constantinople. So little is said concerning the state of hia health by li ,f tbe people in attendance, that it is difficult to obtain L j correct Information as to how far the disease may be fa jB considered dangerous. Kourehyd Pacha superintends 0 the government business of Lower Egypt, Sheryff . Pacha that of Upper Egypt, and Abbas Paoha of the t! it metropolitan dlstriota. ji The Sultan's firman, appointing Ibrahim sole'gever- b j nor of Egypt,and Serasfcler Pacha (or generalissimo of ri f I the Turkish troops in I igypt.) was read at the Citadel ti , on the 22d of September, in presence of tho prinolpal ft ; people of the country. a v ! Tne celebrated procession of the Mahmll (or Iladlj) n left Cairo on the 20tb of September for Sues and o 1 Meota. It was net so numerous at usual. o An expedition to the White Nile la said to be con- % templated by the government, and two small steamers c , have been ordered ready (if necessary) for the service. 2 It has not transpired whether the object sought is of a t< I' ... ..IIII..I Inra 1 The inundation of tit* Nil* la higher than for many % jear* past, and hai committed much rarage among the b Tillage* along the river banks. It is now reoedlng, bi though very slowly. The botanical establishment on ei the island of Rhoda, under the luperintendeno* of mm si Englishman. Mr. Trail, I learn has been sadly devaa- qi tated. The effects to the ?nflnl*b?d works of the bar- ti rage have yet to be *een. It is feared they will have |r suffered seriously. I The new crop now coming forward to market promire* abundance. The government produce is being held for higher prices, and the demand Is fed at present by private parcels, wbioh continue to come freely forward, quotations for beans and corn of all kinds " are lers tban by laet packet; the speculative spirit ' which then prevailed having sustained a chesk from dl the Intelligence by last K.nglifh mall, that cereal pro- ! duce bad suffered less than earlier advices had Induced *j tbe belief Wheat, free on board, can bo bought at this moment from 21s. Od to 3.1s. per quarter. Freights 111 have rather slackened, and 8s. to Kngland may ba ?' quoted as the existing rates. Kxchange. at unanoe, *" has fallen to t<6, which rate may be further reduecd a* * shipments incr?s?e and coin urrive*. *. t spc of (Jrod Hope. Af (.s? Mto-ts or tur British ?t tiik f)*er or Ooon Hone ? Tbegnvemment version of the affair between the emigrant boers and the troops under Sir Harry Smith, on the 'Jf'th of Augnft, is ominous of ptotraated and txpenslve operation*, that cannot lev! to any satisfacttry remit 'i'he brers have been beaten and ' dispersed; but what Is to be done next ? Tbenotlflca- KJ tlons published at Tape Town on the ;S0th August and ?] !>(h t>f September betray, on the part of the governmeet, eltDer an over estimate of the advantage gained, hi or an attempt to conceal the full extent of their difll- w cutties In tbe first It was proclaimed that the boer* J* were Hying like hunted deer and unlikely to make a |J stand, Intheseoond It was admitted that they had 11 only fallen back on a strong position, from whioh they were driven, Indeed, but affer considerable loss haij * been sustained by the government firaes. It Is said. '* and we brfUeve It, that they ha*e dispersed In all directions; but they are men accustomed to a nomadic life They are In a country tro extensive, too difficult, J* an 1 too Utt's known, to aduait :f'.heir belrg caught, 10 id there appear* no reaaon whence we ahtnU Infer at th|a one defeat will break the idamitable aplrit dl*i)fd I* the unequal utruggle the/ hare waged with British government for upward* of thirty year*. He lo<? of life In th? action at Bloem Plaata ha* been fat on both side*, in comparison to the nunber* ea?ed, and the victory of her Majesty'* troop* ha* not ivanoed matter* one hair breadth nearer to a aettlaunt. The emigrant boera may be compelled to rel.jnich their aettlementa within the Vaal River; Sir irry Smith may. a* he threaten*, oonfisoate the oney wbioh *ome of the boera have left in tba oolony; it such treatment will only inareaa^fpeir exaapera>n and unwillingness to aubmit to the Britteh r eminent If they are to be allowed to form aetMaanta beyond the Vaal Hirer in the aame manner aad i the eame teima aa they were formerly allowed to da thin it, we aee nothing that haa been gained by their acomflture but the acquisition of their vaoatad land* r the Britiah government by a forcible prooaaa of ry questionable juatlce. If they are to be followed ta ery new region to which they may ahlft their taaU, in oommtnoi to acknowledge British sovereignty, in consilience will be an interminable sncoeeslon ti nrderous fluhts like that of Bloem I'laati. The exnre that would be entailed upon this country by 10b a course of procedure it 1b Impossible to oooetnre beforehand: and tbe waste of life must naoestrilj be great, both among the British troops and the isguided emigrants, who hare many qualities that imnand resptot.-?London S'ewt, Oct. 27. MltMllanronf). Thk AarTit Kir*DiTiow.?The Lord Gambler, Capin Mill, a wbaler, which arrived at Strom new on Moiety, brings intelligence four days later than any preouslr received from Sir James Ross. The Lord ambler spoke Sir James in lat. 74 <leg. 30 min. near point called the Devil's Thumb, on the east side of iffln's Bay. The Lord Uambter got acrorathe bay t? ie west side on the 4th of August, and Captain Hill pected that the expedition would orois about the iddle of the same month. The wind was blowing om the 8 W. No news of Sir John Franklin.?Nisu:al Standard. Thi Cholkba.?The Timet, after the conolnsloa of long artlole on the subject of the cholera, sayi There is little more reason for believing the oholera be an Asiatlo produotlon than a Baltio importation is but a modification of the ordinary results of im iritv und wttit. and nhmilri hi? mnt with th? nMt nar* >plianoea of cleanliness and care.'' Postal Ahvanoemknth.?The much vexed posta (Terences whioh existed between the United State >d our government li finally arranged to the saticctionofboth governments. The arrangement ha ut to go before the American Congreas tor forma motion.? Lixerjiool Timet. Ma. Bami-hofi.?The I.ord Mayor, in proposing 'ha ?althsor the foreign Ministers, at the banquet at the ansion House, said?" I regret that sudden indlspo tion has prevented his excellency the American Milliter from being nresent ; but we know that that tanted and enlipntened gentleman has at all tlmei ?n most anxious in his endeavors to promote a coral and good understanding between this oountry and iat which he represents. Louis PHiLirrc and hi* Family.?The JlttcmbUt utn>naU has a letter from London stating that si me lyn ago the members of the ex-royal family of Krance irrowly escaped being poisoned. All of them were uultaneously attacked after dinner with acute pains, id the ex-Duke de Nemours having drank nothing it a glass of water, the few drops that remained were nalyred, and founa to contain a strong dese of vary Irulent poison, produced by the decomposition of the >pper of the conduit pipes and reservoirs by whioh laremont hoiiFe is supplied. The m?dical treatment j Dr. < larke soon neutralized the effects of the poison mi restored the sufferers to health. hf Kaii-it LIverpoolCommvrclnlSummary* LI'rom the Liverpool Mail, November 11] AMERICAN PROVISIONS. We are without arrivals of beef, but the trade are applied by the Irish curers -new American will, howrur. have the preference. There has been more doing 1 pork, holders of prime mess meeting buyers freely? f mess there is scarcely any left over. The sales of aeon again reach about 300 boxes, leaving very little n bands : an advance of 2s to 4a. is now demanded, ut has not yet been paid. For want of assortment here has not been much doing in cheese; demand Is, owever. scarcely so aotive as it was last week. Beef. U. States prime mess, per tlerae of 30-1 lbs., Ts. ed to 02s. 6d.; ordinary, 80s. to 86s ; mess, per arrel of 200 lbs, 00b. to 00s.; ordinary, 40s. to 48s ; rime 38s to 40s.; extra India, family, fco., par tleroe, 30 lbs , 00s to 00s.; ditto, per hair-barrel, 100 lbs., 6s. 6d. to 38s.; pork, United States prime mess, per arrel of SoOlbs , 86s. to 55s.; prime old, 00s. to 00s.; less, family mesa, &o . old, 65s. te 56s.; bacon, per owt., ret-tern, 31s. to 40s.; shoulders. 00s. to 00s.; hams, dry, ?r owt., S4s. to 42s.; in salt, per ewt, 00s. toOtts.; heete. fine, per cwt.. 40 to 52s ; middling, S9s. to 45s.; rdlnary, 80s. to 38s. Imports from 2nd to 8th Novem?r, 1S48 :?Beef, 0 trc.i., 0 brla : pork, Obrla.; cheese, cask, 1048 boxes ; butter, 121 casks ; baoon, 188 oxea. Previously this year?beef, 13655 tisro *a, 054 brla.; pork, 32,326 brla ; oheese, 4,181 oasks, 7,431 bxa.; butter. 1,7SS casks; hams, 1,860 loose, 017 casks; bacon, 40 725 bxa. AMERICAN GK.NERAT, PBODt'CR. The stocks of Montreal potasbes in the hands of Imortera being quite exhausted, the quotatlona must be onsidered comlnal; otpearla there la a good anppiy, nd but little doing. A small parcel United States pot old yesterday at 20s. (3d. per owt. from the quay. A peculatlve inquiry having appeared for quercitron ark. about 100 hhds. Philadelphia hare been dlspssed 1? at 8a. 9d. to '.4 per cwt. At the reduced quotations UeJ a #aU k.. . 4k. klea are bbout 100 tons, chiefly for ohanllery and oap-making purposes. Tallow oontinues dull of sale; ieavy arrivals have caused both dealers and consumrs to hold off in anticipation of lower prices Beeswax a still saleable In snail quantities at late rates. Am be presentMuty ot ? 16 16s. per tun on sperm oil ooaaee fl on^the 1st of January, bonded paroels have been in equest at a further advance of ?3 to ?6 per tun. For rhale or lard oil tbere Is no inquiry, and to effeot sale# Dwer prices would hare to be taken. Turpentine is luite neglected, and all the recent arrivals aire been ent to store. Spirit* of turpentine hare been sold as dw as 32s. '.'d., but the market baa since assumed a Lrmeraspect. The sales of rosin are confined to 1000 ibla.: common at 8s. 3d. to 3s. 4d. r>00 bbls tar Just anded brought 14s. For linseed oil cake* there la a teady demand, without ohange in prioe. No hemp icre. The market for rice la depreased. and sales ould not be made in <{Uantity unleis at a reduction ; rally fine is, however, scarce and wanted. In clovereed nothing has yet been done. Ashe9? United States pot. per cwt., 30s. Od ; pearl, >2r. to oos.; Montreal pot. 81s. to .'I2s. Od.; pearl, 33s. o84s.; quercitron bark. Philadelphia, t}? Od. te 10s.; *iew York, 8s. Od. to 8s. fld; Baltimore, 7s. to 7s. 0d.; ard, fine, 30s. to 40s.; fair to good, 38s. to 39s ; ordinay to middling, 34s. to 37s ; inferior and grease, 28s. to 3s.; tallow. 42s to 45s. 0d.; beeswax, ?f>0s. to ?6 10s.; reafp butter. 26s. to 30s.; sperm oil. per tun, ?86 to i!88; whale oil. ?23 to ?27; lard, ?36 to ?33; turpenine,per cwt.,0e. Od to 7s.: spirits turpentine, 33s. to 4s ; rosin, common. 3s. 3d. to 3;. 8d.; rosin, transpaent. 4s. to 8s.: tar, per bbl 13s. to 14?.; linseed cake, h</.lr tur <*? In f? 1 ft. tkl. .1.1... ? 0 IK. ?. ?9 6s.; hemp, ?24 to ?2'J ; pig lead, in bond, ?16; lot, Carolina, per cwt. 18s. to 21i.; clover seed, 80a. to 8s ; flax feea, per toe , none here; Timothy seed, per wt., none her*. Imports from 2d to 8th November? 22 barrel*. 80 kegs Lard; previously this year?78,21'J >arrels, 70.902 kfgs. 1,858 oases lard; 2,480 hhds., 2,994 tarrels tallow. TIWnF.R. The airirals from British America since the 31st )otober oonsist of 14 Tassels, u207 tons. The followng have been the salea Pine timber?Of St John'* ne cargo, low, inohes average, was sold at lTXd : one f 19 inches at 17d. ; one same size at 17>?d.; and on* f ltfi inohes at 17d.; and a cargo of Dalhonsie at 1S<1. er foot*. Of Quebec one cargo, J5 feet average, was old at 14.Vd., and another, fame else, at 14 ^d , and ne at 14>*d per foot. Quebec red fine has been Mid 117d. a 17d per foot. Quebec oak at 204. to 2ld, and part at 21d per foot. Qubec elm has been sold at 13d. o 13,',d p?r foot. Birch.?St. John with carge haa ten sold at 16d. Quebeo deals hare been sold with argo at ?0 per standard. Spruce deals.?One eargo f St John has been sold at ?0 6s. and one at ?6 per landard; a cargo from Shedrao at ?6 2s. M ; and o-day a cargo of St. John at ?9 7s. 6d. ; a eargo af Liohibucto yellow pine was sold at ?7 per standard, athwood with cargo has been sold at Me. per kthoo. MtSOET.I.ANKOrS. Si ma.?The reflners having continued free buyers, lie sales of B. P. are again extensive, amounting to 000 hhds, but without any change In prices ; 3000 ags of Bengal have also been taken by the grocera, at kther easier rates. Foreign ?The sales are eonflaed 0 .10 hhds. Porto Kico, and a small parcel of Havana, >r export. The business In molasses Is very trifling, t last week's rates. Coffee ?There Is a steady deland for Jamaica, and 220 toes, have baensold withut change in prioe. onor?ljrn, the sties are 20 t?M rdinary Rio at 20s , and 2fio bags ordinary I.aguyara t 20s. Hd. to ?0s 9d. per cwt. A trifling lot of Para nroa brought 20s. p<r cwt.; 1000 beg* of blaek pepper !,d. ta .'\d . chiefly Singapore; and 100 bags of Plasan> 4>id. per lb., together with <100 barrels and bag* fiisan Ringer JOs to id., and 90 bsgs Matabar Is. per owt . all .duty psld. Kast India rioa ?9000 ags of Bengal have been sold at 9s. Od. to 12s. 0d. for roken to One white. Rom.?The market oontlnoe* itremely depressed, and the small sales effected ar* 111 In favor of thejhuyer Tea.?The market continues ulet, thouu'h a little better feeling lias sprung up for le lower icrorlptlons of rongou, but no ImprovesMBt 1 irlee can be quoted (Juino.?Very little doing, aa ie season is too far advanced Tin: MANT DISTRICTS. The Manchtitrr Courier reports a less animated eling In the market of that town, but a prettv exmslve business, at firm prices generally. The tranlotions were principally for India, (Jermany, the Me iterrunean. and the Levant, bat only to a moderate ctrnt for the latter. The Ureek house* ware lee* :(lTe, bat the market was pretty well cleared of T <,ths. long clothe, and shirtings of low quality, many anufavtureis being nnder contract*. Printers sultt>le for the I.etant continued to be neglected. Th? ome trade houses, In anticipation of stock taking, ere not operating to any extent. At Olasg?w7No. pig Iron still bring*42*. Od., and mixed number* 41*. be market i* upon the whole (teady. A highly reapctable firm In the cordage trade have, through the rrffure of the time*, been obliged to suspend payent. Liabilities laid to b? about ? 10,000. TI1E COMIVTERCK OF TIIR COTTNTRY. The return* of the Hoard of Trade for the month 3 ding the 10th of October, a* regard* import*, ehow a >neral steadiness of our home consumption of article* ' feod. oompared wlta the corresponding month od 147. Wheat for the flr*t time during the year elbit* an Increase, nnd there ha* also bean a ftocaehat augmented consumption of oheese, eggs, eosoa, igar, tea. opium, tobacco, and fruit* ; with a decrease i coffee, spirit*, wlnns, and *plce*. A alight dimnnion has taken place In the import* of raw *llk, which b to the pre*ent time have been very large ; but la ool the increase still continue*. Silk manufactures tow a largely Increased consumption, with whloh, awerer, the impoits bare more than kept pace. There la, for the moat part, a eonsiderabla decrease ifrijes and dying stu(T?; In hides there I* an increase 1

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