Newspaper of The New York Herald, November 27, 1848, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated November 27, 1848 Page 1
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TH NO. 5290. INTERESTING EUROPEAN INTELLIGENCE, THE SPECIAL CORRESPONDENCE OP THE NEW YORK HERALD. Ac. tSte. He, Our Parla Correspondence. Paris, Novembers, 1848. Presidential Canvatt?Female Emetc?Frencl JVotnen?Alantagnardt. Raspail has received a letter from hvs dungeon in which he Bays, that he is too disiAteretted t< decline the office of President, if ele,cted; that h< will serve the people as representative, in the dun geon, or the Presidency, according m they nty oal him to the duties of the one, or the other ; and tba fee ?hall not decline ia favor of L?dru Kollin.oraay on elre Thm tbe roolalinte aiil red republicans will eael ? 1L.U n nnfl f(kMSant twatllfao^nflnn AftTD MIV1I C4UUIUOVO. Maw *>v?u ptoouu* uinuuoowitiuu thsrs is evidently no want of patriotism in France lor the unit office. Yesterday the women had ai tmeuie ; tbey assembled in hundreds at the Bastile, aa< creamed at the top of their voices, that tbey wt>ul< have tbeir husbanas beck again, and tbey dumandec thai Gen. Cavaignac should pardon Iheai. Tbey be longed to the ranks of the Insurgents of June. The po lioe and military interfered ; aud arrested several uiei Who were setting them forward ih this kind ofexbibitloi aud attempted to disperse the women, but wbennvei they prparated them they formed again, and eame t< the Place de la Conoorde, wben the police force ar YrSted tbeir progress, and took thnir petition t( the authorities Frenoh women?what a oommsn tary on the rex ! One French lady, who had lost be! butband, said in lny pr?*nence. -A Parisian ladj never cries wben ber bnsbaud dies. Sbe knowi too much fer tbat. 1 should laugh to see suob a spec tacle. ' Walking in the Champs Klysees, yesterday 1 met Madame , whom I knew very well, and immediately sboeaid to me, ' Madame , whoa we both know v?ry well, wants me to buy tbe furniture f ber hotel (all large private houses are here called ho'els), but she asks too much for it." " How much,' a.d I. " Ten thousand francs,*' said she ; ' but I am too poor just now. in toe revolution, to pay so muoh.': ' Where is Madame going !" said 1. "Oh." said she " she is going into a different part of the city Now both of there ladies bad living, active husbands, tbe videnee of which existed in their children about them Bat Madame and I ta'k so and so, and the husbandi are no more mentioned, than if tbey were dead. Women here take the lead in all manner of things, and their husbands answer for soldier, clerk*, and gentle nen at large, acoordmg to their disposition, taste oi means. They live completely on and before tbe public. and to blush at any thing they see, or hear, or tc he in the slightest degree embarrassed by it, would be as much ont of taste and fashion, as to ory over a dead husband. Tbe new minister of the interior is making numerous reforms in tbe country by removing tne Montagdaids of Ledru Roliin, and putting other men la their places ; and in tbis I think he Is dolog well, tf he makes good selections as substitutes, ol which I know nothing, for the Montugaudit apptu to me to be unworthy of being trusted with 7 public trust in the present condition of the country. I can only judge them by their language and their acts, so far as they have been permitted to act, and they appear to m? to desire to imitate Robespierre in all hia moot odious practices, deprived of hia better qualities and his talent*. I am sorry to Konounce such a sentiment upon any portion of the en eh polltioians. but 1 can come to no other conclusion. Civil war, plunder, anarchy, a division and destruction of all property, an indiscriminate oomminging I of the taxes, and the abolition of family and religion, and their forms, appear to be the leading, daring object of those men. In addition to this, they want foreign war?not to vindicate the honor ol France, but for the purpose of oarrying out their system throughout Europe, as Mobamet propagated hit theories The morals of these men appear to be a compound of insanity, felly, and wickeuness; and I should aa toon think of entrusting the lunation of the ineane hospitals with power, as these men. I could ever have believed in tlie audacity and extent of theii insanity and wickedness, wKbout the daily experience which 1 have had of It. This i* one of the great evils of monarchy, to beget such a state of things; it must be the work of the republic, time, and incr?a<ed intelligence, to cure it The governments of Europe have kept the people in ignorance and forced a religion npon them; at the same time that the examples ol jnoet of the European monarchs. of both sexes, have keen little better than that of peblio prostitutes robbers and assassins, for their is no crime that most ol them have not been in the practice of committing, in lone form or other, and beiore the eyes of their peoCe. But I am happy to say, that in this respeot there m been a great improvement, during the laet oentury; and that the example of Queen Victoria, and th? Queen of Louis Fhillppe, are worthy of all commendation, and of the high places which they occupy. Paris, November 4, 1848. Prttidential Conttst?The Army. The good sense ol General Cavaignac appears to serve him better than some of his friends. Yes terday M. Anthony Thouset moved to exclude, constitutionally, all the members of the families that had been upon the throne ol France, from the Presidential office; which motion was apparent lj received with much favor by the Assembly, whc are generally opposed to the election of Loala Napa jeaa. Bat General Cavaignat took the trlbnne, and M a ipeeeh full of good sense and warmth, opnoaed the adoption of any tnoh measure. Ha said two families had already been excluded, by being in exile ; and that nnder the elrcnmstaneee of the ease, the act weald be dlreeted only against an indirldnal; and that it was unworthy of the Aseembiy and of Franoe ?that free suffrage was acootded ; and he was anxtouc to have the whole country pronounee judgment, anreatralned, i*pon hi* administration The General exhibits an unshaken confidence In the opinion thai the eountry will sustain him, by electing him. and the bold manner in which he insists upon undergoing ordeal, is calculated to inspire the same sentiment* in ethers. The Club Foitier will hare a deeperate atraggie, I think, upon this question. General C. baa Mendi In that Club, but Thelis means to attack him Connl Mile will defend h m. Dufaure Is. too, strong in the Club, and 1 regard the deciaion of that body as both doubtful and exceedingly important, for, upon general principles. I think the country Is with them. Ths Institute has net made yet a formal nomination, but It appeara to be understood that they will concur in supporting the General M. Thiers has brought npon himself a lively set of interrogatories, by his article In the C?nt(i(Mit?na<,and ho has been foroed to explain eertaln parts of it to his friends ; the meaning o( which, says M. Thiers, Is, that he shall never be minister under Louis Napoleon, bai. niui vtrroni. say his friends; some of them do not believe it, and the agitation i? most animated among the spirits. Last Sunday, the Guard Mobile were reviewed by General Cavalgnac, at the Champ de Mars; and to-morrow, he will review all the regular troops In Parla. Thsse are magnificent scenes, worth the attention of any man, iertbereare no finer troops in the world then the French troops,-their uniform and equipage are perfect and their movements magnificent. It is a matter of cunoua speculation to see how the army will divide r decide between Napoleon and Gen. Cavalgnae.? the latter a brave and gallant soldier, the other bearing the name, and heir presumptive of him who immortalised trance. Upon the laat election for represeniativwa. the army and the invalids generally voted for Napoleon Their view* and wishea, upon the question* of foreign policy, will be likely to have a strong hearing upon th? man foi whom they oaat their votes. The impression no* ! , that with Napoleon th? prospects for a foreign war will be much Increased, The cousin of Louis Nspoleen has taken strong I round npon that question, and he Is a man of oth courage and talent; resembling, moat strikingly, the Kmperor, in personal appearanoe, and he It was who told Gen. Thomaa. before the assembly, that be amwttad for his cousin " partout tl toujcun " 80. if the army dealrex to go into Italy, It will probably vote for Napolxon; If not, lor Gen. CavalgDM: iDi Ullcn thm clnh PnlilaM akm.M propose another candidate, appearances indioate tnat the great battle la to be fought between those two andidates. Already many representatives ha?e departed tor the country to anter upon tbelr eoorae of leettoneering. aud others are toon to lollow. I think that there will be bat meagre number left noon to do the wark of the National Assembly. The (ir?t President will terve three years, and until the seaond Sunday in May. on which day his powers will ceasa, as will also tbore of hi* ruccr* sot a Pour years thereafter. Lamartioe means to glva battle; bnt bis forces, at present, do not appear to be rery formidable. Same of L?dra KolUn The insurgent, Kaapail will probably be stronger than either The news from Austria, this morning, indicates that the Imperial army are making some progress into the elty. but tLat there has been much bard fighting, and the Usue Is by do means decided All the Legitimists here, at Paris, go infer the hmperor. By this, their >?ndeg4iea can i>e seen. Paeis, November 5, 1K48. Constitution Adopted?Ann from Vienna. The great purpose, or rather the great measure, ?f the revolution, was yesterday completed?the final adoption of a Democratic Constitution. Twenty-one onnnon annou iced the happy even to Prance ; anW, at the conclusion ol the vote(he whole assembly rose, and cried " Vive la Refvbliqut." The fourth day ol November, thus, will hereafter be a great day in the hutory of France?a corollary to those ol February of the same year. Immediately alter the announcement of tfua vote, M. Duiaitfe, the Minister ol the Jnte E NE k jr MOl nor, ascended the tribtine, and, in the nam* o the Government, proposed ihat measures be t.tkei for a grand celebration, in France, ot the ha[>p; v?Dt. which tu immediately referred to the Bureaus *A> relect the committee to oarry into effect thi great measure. and to maka France joyous in on grand and brilliant fitt. like our Fourth of July. 4tl of July in Amarica, and the 4ih of November, i France, are, and will be.preat days in tba history c the world? and awful warnings to tyrants and daapoti Tba Minister of the interior has also addressed general circular to all the prefects in Franco, instruo ting them in their dutlea, In tba Pre?idential election it la concerned in a good apirlt; but it manifests, ver clearly, that the government doea not yet consider th t game in the hands of the "nephew of my uncle;" an thai it will not fall, without a hearty trial of atrengtt at the ballot box, of universal suffrage. The power c t the government i? great, in France, in the presen condition of the country; where men have all thei 3 lives looked to Paris, and to the government, forlu l atruotiona; and 1 do not, by any means, think tba the battle is yet fuught, or the victory won, by N'api ' leon. The Club Poitier finds a grand difficulty, ii 1 agreeing to act together. M. Tuiers has beau, h t tbinka, check-mateu in attempting to oarry the dom inating oiub against Uuneral (Javaignao. Tbequestioi * ia not resolved, but the Constitutiontl ia taken to tas 1 for undertaking to speak for the moderate republican' a authoritatively. The Sitclt ia aa moderate aa th Conhtiiutionel, and it la out atrong fer General Ca '? vaignae, and questions the Oontiiluliuntl. ver i cloiely, upon its curious and extraordinar 1 position, tub faint ana ueautt are alio iuc . derate, and I think that both am endeavoring t | go In fur General Cavaignac. As to the geaeri * bimtelf, be believes that he has done well for ib country; and he goes straight forward, without tars Ing to the light ?r left to take the tunm of Frano 1 upon the correctness of his conduct, and he believe 1 that by that vote be will be justified. M. Thiers h will not acoost? he will not hare him in his oablnet1 be does not want a gentle-nan there who must lead, o not go at all) and he will not piaoe blmxelf upon tb 5 political platform of M. Thiers. He likes Dufaure muc ' ?likes the man and bis prinsiples ; and M. Dutaur shows by bin circular that be Is going to esert all hi r power to sustain the government and its present head 1 Count Mole M heart and soul, too, for the general and tbete men are quite a match for M. Thiers, j N<;ws of the oapuulation of Vienna ban been offl ' cialiy received by the government It was resolve* 1 upon by a vote of the council) the terms are not stated j though they are said to bu unconditional. But Vienn { has made a g'onous fight, and from its heroic deteao< tyrants have had auother lesson. Let the Einpero | bang and out oil the beads, as he has threatened, an be will have another chapter by whioh to be in > structed. After wltnesbing the valor and braver; displayed by the people upon the European Con 1 continent, others oppressed will be ashamed not ti fight for their liberties. Even the obartists of Kng 1 land, and the Irish, will be emboldened, by and by, t< J flie a musket; that is, to talk less aud to ao more?ti 1 ute powder and ball instead of wind and words?1< learn how to die betore the cannon's mouth, instead cf running aoay before constables'bludgeons Whet they learn this lesson, they, too, will be free, and nol ' beiore. They must tight and die, aa others have beet ! obliged to, before they can strike olf the chains of ty< tanny ; and until they do eo, they will have lei* sym< pal by than have tho-e who prefer freedom to life The day is beautiful for the grand review, and myriads are battening to the celebrated Champ de Mart ' to wltnetH the brilliant military display. Ueneral Ca< , valgnao attends these displays in lull uniform, riding a beautiful white charger, and surrounded by his staff He Is brave, and never hesitates b-fore any personal danger. He reviewed the barricades, and hat upon hi< borne, with the balls flying all around*him, as quietly as he would be glad to sit in the presidential obair ol the republic. General Lamolroiere is equally brave, and was mure and longer exposed tban General Cavafgnac, in June. Out of fourteen generals, they onlj escaped being shot. M Marrust will not be re-elected Prehiaent of the Assembly, 1 tbink Tbere is a stronj deposition to support Lamartlne for that post. Paris, Nov. 6,1818. Suicide in Far it?Style of Living Generally Adopted, 4*c. ' One of the 6triking evidences of the nervous , nees oi the French character, is found in the grea 1 number of Buicides committed in Pans within thi , laet few mouths; and a most extraordinary featun I in it, is the horrible mode they select to effect thei purpose? that Is. by jumping out of the windows* the apartment* which ihey inhabit, on to the jwrroua in the etr?et, by wfcioh they are literally crushed t [ death and to atoms. Mothers and fathers hare, ii irttral instances, jumped oat of the windows witl 1 their infants, or small children, in their arms. V ouni L men and young women have resorted, in a great man; instances, to the same mode. The public mind has be 1 come diseased, trnly diseased, by so much preaching o . the press and politicians, about poverty, iniserv se and a great many have committed suloj^"'Ul)0| 1 the loss, by thett or otherwise, of Uw human ' francs, when they were in goo* business. Xh fiMti of this morning cont<^(l,g one BU8tt aocouni in the case of a young man in excellent busines ?the French want fortitude and the lnven tion of America^,, Under suoh circumstances. I spea of apart me^s, % term hardly understood in oar eon a try as I* ts here. In Paris, all buildings-for dwelling! ar, divided into apartments; and sometimes sub-di tided into rooms, as convenience may require. Ai ' apartment occupies one entire itage, ?r story in Kng li^b. It embraces flont?our drawing rooms; tall manner? our dining room; cuttt'ne?our kitchen; cham > tret ncouchtr? sleeping chambers; added to these ar i water olosets and every other convenience for house keeping. All these rooms are completely furniahe : with every convenience for a family. Tne first etor r of the building is called rtx-dt-chaui?c?, and ia ocoupie as a score, ahop, fcc ; the second story is called tntr ' tot, and is generally occupied by the owner, or acm one who paya a cheap rent-it is a lower story, gem rally not >' re than eight feet high; the third etor ' is here called the first? 1 e prtmiet?and is furnishei the moit expensively, has the highest rooms, and pay the highest rent; the next lathe tigend; the next, tb I troiticme; the next, the <fua(riimt\ and the next, tb cinyuit'm*, corresponding with our words aeoond, third fouitb. and fifth, each e.fgt, oratory,paying a letfl prio< I according to the number above the premier. A gram i flight of aiairs ascending to the highest story, oonneetei with the front door by a ipacioua entry, or hall and bv the aide of thit entry, or just behind tb< I stairs. Ian amnll room for the concierge, who U an im portant personage in every tuch building. 8be leti i the apartments; tenda the door; opens and shots it fo every person who passes in or out; lights tbeentry am > stairway; etas every person who passes up and dowi the stairway; answers every inquiry aa to the ooou I pants of the building ; receives, pays for and deliver ail letters, papers, and other messages; goes of errand* > buys provisions, if desired ; or does tbe duties of i i ftme de chemhre, or any other service wbleh a family 1 may require, and all for a very small compensation > One dollar in Paris, for sueh services, will g< further than twenty dollars in London, and the ser ice will be better and more politely done. The entrj and stairway are always furnished and lighted, anc tbe concierge provided, at tbe expense of thi building ; but for any servloes beyond this, tbe ocou pant, called locataire, pays tbe concierge. If one ii out at tbe theatre, bal masque, or soiree, he always flndi > tbe concierge ready to answer tbe bell, and the entrj lighted. Sba opens the door by means of a spring-loci and oord, extending to her room, which ahe pulli without leaving bar bed. No one. therefore, now enters the bouse without b*r knowledge, and without her taking a look oflblm, to see vhc\be or she Is Manj persons who desire to spend some years or parta of years, as dotba Knglish in great nuaiber*. blre an apartment and furnish it in their ewn way; in such case, the] obtain an apartment lor one half the price of n well fornlshsd apartment. When % locataire hires a furnish' ed apartment, an exact account Is taken of tha staU and condition of tbo furniture (o&lled here meubltt) in writiag. and for every Injury not therein described tbe lociiaire pays at the termination of his lease?ben cslltd Icyer. Htnts are paid montbly,and in advanee and tbs law gives an owner a lien upoo all the baggage fee . of tbe locataire for the payment of every sum du< under the lease. Apartments of all prices can be hired and all are generally remarkably convenient. taHetullj fitted up. and most genteelly furnished It i*a delight fnl mode of living; tor those whose sojourn l> not of i permanent character, especially so; and for all it 1 generally prefered And adopted to any other. It 1 delightful to have every room and convenience upoi the same floor, and to have the facilities furnisbel bj tha cosci'(r|t. Why not adopt this mode in New York Paris, Nov. 7, 1848. The Inauguration of the Conit\tut\on?Attcmhli ?Mimtteri, ttc. The 12th instant, next {Sunday, is the day fixc< upon to promulgate the constitution in Paris ; am the Sunday alter, in all the depaitmcnts in th< country. The Place de la Concorde, the most mag nificmt spot in the world, la selected as the placi wbera tbe oeremony Is to take place. The partionla centre U between the two rpots where Louis XVI. am the Queen were beheaded It *m on this spot I hat th< Revolution of February first took public form ; am 1 Mood and looked upon the proceedings for hour* when tbey appeared only like the flying aloud* whiol precede and foretell the tempest that Is to follow, I was Intensely exciting, and curious to witness, thl fir?t and Infant revolutionary movement, which, it less than a mouth, convulsed and overturned inoet 0 the throne* In Kurope The constitution is to be rea< by the fresldent ot the Assembly, In the presenoe o the g?vernni<nt. Uh? cfllcere of State, th? Nation* Ova) ds, present by deputations, and the diplomatic corps *1 he defile Is to commence at nine o'c.ook It the morning of National Hoards and eltlr.*ns. and it i< expiated that 1AO.OOO to9(K> ()?? people will form the preregion CiiO.lOV francs are to b? distributed to ths> pooi upon the occasion ; but there dues ni,t appear to b? any amnesty grant* d, as many desired. especially the socialists Mitt members vot?d for the adoption of th? constltntion, and 30 against it; several went absent, ?u forge, and a few ethers abstained frwtn voting ? Most of those who voted agsinst lh* constitution, end who ab'talned frr in voting. have given their reasons for fo doing. .Vary of th<-m are ef an oppoehe cba| ricttr ; and tbey etubraoe m?n of doctriavt cO ex W YO INING EDITION?MON t I trem?ly opposed?from M. Beranger. the moat ?lo" [1 quent tnan in the Assembly, who make* little dirgaue y of bid monarchical tendencies, to M. Proudhon the vivtcate of anarchy, and a oonfusion. that would put g Satan himself to shame. Some say they bave no oonfle denes is the continuance fthe constitution?that it la a farce ; others make objei on* to particular provisions n of it. These latter are mportant. a* making up the t{ element *f public opinion out ft which a oonstt, tutlon baa been framed, and aa showing the ' crudity of French ideas upon such a subjeet. My surprise la, after seeing what I have of , tlie leading French politicians, that they have any _ constitution at all?or one, at least, as Rood as it Is They * seem to be destitute of all idea of a Used law, which Is J not to be overturned at pleasure. Ttey would feel , that tbey were imprisoned, if they bad a constitution like our*, of a permanent character that all their ? liberties were gore. They oannot eonceive that perr manency gives liberty ; but. with them, liberty consists . in making laws daily, as tbey go along, to suit each j particular caie. and in overturning it tomorrow. to get rid of another diflioulty. Tbeir constitution la a Q giece of patcbwork, very little worthy of an experienced r< publlran nation, but of immense credit to a nation just Issuing rrom the fetters and corruptions of a wo q rarchy; and I can see thattbe Assembly havo learned ^ nary useful lessons since tbey came together. A s striking Instance of it was given in tbeir vote of yesu teroay striking down the high salaries, in opp isition to the vigorous efforts of M. Marie, the minister of jus' tlce. What fine republicans, Marrast and Marie! ? * sponging the State to their Interest, when it. is run* ning in debt 000 000 0C0 francs a year ! Upto this time, ( o the law ban nevtrfixt'd the salaries of the whole army of j official* attached to tbe different ministers; and oorrupB tion and faveriti'm- have stalked abroad in tbe face of day- clerks in tbe same grade, having some 0 000 and ' seme 9 COO Irancs a j'ear. according to the pleasure of lg tbe minister. .The Assembly are just preparing to exterminate this tource of t.eandal To plunder the nlihlin triiBLiivn a?maava tA ha?a Kuan tha nfi nlluira arwl _ J '>|l Jl'Ul I' .. 1. . V> ..... r perquisites of < filclals Ths Assembly have a'ro fixed a in the constitution a provision siakiog the office of ^ representative incompatible with that of any other, leavirg not tven a o?p-holo for exceptions to be pro# yldrd for iu the organic laws; yet the spirit of the As! furibly id against tbe measure, notwithstanding the .. influence of ministers. To day is beautiful in France; ' 1 hope it is so in America; for 1 want every man to i. have an opportunity to act upon tbe great question j to be deoided this day. I hope the whigs will not suoi reed ; for 1 cannot feel tbat under their influence the J foreign and domeatio relation* of onr oouutry would be as well conducted as under the influence of those r' principles which have no sjmpatby for monopoly at i heme, or England abroad. The English press of the . lest two or three weeks. has been very busy In elec1 tioneeiing for them, and in libelling tbe character of . the great demootatic masses of our people. 1 should j like to bare them disappointed. P>7ti8, Nov. 7, 18-18. J Grand Rv]>ture m the Club Poitier?Important j Lisclotwt?Family of Louu Plultj>pe Poitoned1 The Club Poitier is in trouble. A schism has ; taken place therein, and the revelations are ot an 1 impofcing and important character for Fiance. M. Degoueeee, the vice president, has resigned ; and in his letter giving his reasons therefor, he | raysUnion, the most complete, baa for a long time_remained among us; but within a month a sensi' ble change has taken place in the spirit of our deli> I berations ; and our last sittings have demonstrated to i me. tbat to-day our republio is no more tolerated as a temporary necessity, than sustained as the ' sole form of government which can uphold the well* fare of the country. Devoted all my Ufe to republican ' principles, which demand a frankness of opinion, 1 ' cannot admit, that from the tear of making known to tbe country our divisions into a majority and minority, our club should abstain from making known the oandidate for the presidency, the moat . suitable to consolidate the republio, and to as' sure the well-being of the oountry. The session of Saturday numbered one hunured and fifty; thirty-seven thought with me; fifty two were opposed to the s?leotion of any candidate; the rest abstained. 1 As to myself, who never dissimulate my oonvlotiuns, > 1 should be wanting to my former charaoter all my lile, il I were to oentinue to make a part ot a oiub who e abandon their country at a moment wueu it has must r need of the concern and light of all its oitliens." To this the nresident of the club ho* r?nli?rl . ?.i tt.u '5 ciub did not deem It prudent u> commit\taeil' in oft&v eition, lb adtance, to anjr o?ui' ,a-.w; ?U). >kM ,? _,.i till continue to bea g.ge ? ord?r Jua ^ tn/ooun try will judge between'jC ftn(i ^ Degous?ee. But this letter t-liuws that Thiera and his friends are lou&iaf to a monar^jjy jn j.'ran0#; and that they do not intend t0 }0MI ^tir position as mlnirters of a monnrci, *rn under the republio; that the; regard theeftvQon bf Napoleon as probable; and lhat under the dlsdhteia which they expeot to follow his administration, toe country will again return to a monarchy; that they cannot forgive General Cavaignao for going n the republican track, and endeavoring to consolidate the r?public without the especial aid of M Thiers. Thiers would rather rule in ball toan serve in heaven?ihattls the man, cut and out; and as they know that (Jen. Cavaignao ia a much surer gage lor the security and well being of the country, thau a young man can be, who haa not been tried, and who is neceBt>arily almost a stranger in Franoe, 1 d> not well see how they can jastity themselves in ref slug to act upon an occasion to solemn for France and all the world. Entertaining, a* 1 do, the strongest hopes that Lonls Napoleon would disappoint the monarcuical gentlemen and the anareblata, I can but feel mat it must take time for him to establish a character suoh as General Cavaignao has acquired at hume and abroad, and that, at bis election, all the elements of disorder would again raise their hands against the republic. But M. Thiers and hla friends think the union oftheolub, to build a power for their own purposes. is of more importance than the election of President or the republic, perhaps. At all events, thia letter will arreat the attention of France and of Europe, and effect a division which was designed to be avoided M.M.Bixio, Lacrosse, Bedeau, Corbon, and Havler, have just been chosen Vice Presidents?except ' the latter, they were the nominees of the two cluos, Fbititrs and Institute, com uiring. There waa a groat sensation In Paris this morning, based upon letters that Louia Philippe and his whole lamily had been poisoned, and it piovea to be true te a limited extent, but not by the hand, tbank God, of asrastins; water, running through brass, produced the effect, but the danger gave way before efficient medical aid. It bad affected nearly every member of tne family. W hlle France has repudiated Louis Ptiillippe, it feel a kindly towards him, and especially to the Queen, Joinviilw and d'Aumale; and all Krance would revolt at the Idea ef doing to either of them any violence. The military review, which waa to hare taken nlace last Kundav. has been nostnoned. on ao count of tbe condition of thi ground in ton Chump do Alar*. which is very ioft, and la wet weather executively muddy The commleelon have reported la favor ot adjourning the Assembly from the 16th lout, to the 8th of December. Paris, Nov. 8, 1&I8. The Treason of M. Thiers to the Republic?Napoleon?Cava t/fnac. I am now satisfied that Thiers and a considerable nnmber ot bis iriends, intend and expect that the R< public should be overthrown, and a monarchy succeed to it. In the debate in the Cluu Poitier, he said the nomination ot a candidate by that club would ensure theelcotlon of (9en. Cavaigu?c; for, ?a!d he, the Assembly will elect him. That U oer- I tain, if be ehould only be tbe 6th on tbe list, and be herefore opposed a nomination, because he ?ald he was not prepared fur the eleotion of (Jen. Cavaignao. Ha said (Jen. Cavaignao had done muoh for t je country ; but th?ie was not altogether Mtlrfaotory evi" ' deuce, that he had dissolved all connection with tbe { men of violence in tbe couulr> ; that the club ought to take every retponMbilily in the election \ tuil to | hold tbenireives united, to act together acoordiug to oirrumManoe*. At tbe came time tbe Oonttitulunntl ! ii indirectly, or rather directly, promoting tbe election of I.ouia Napoleon. New th? friend* of Louis N?poieoo have adopted aa one sign." Amueity to the I nnurgeuts;" anu ten* ot thourandn of tbm oiane of men will support bim lor that rtason. M. Tblera profenaes to fear toe infUigentk and ^eialists. and yet he oppoaee the utan vi bo repreised tbe insurrection and give* attruug gov\f eminent to F rani e ; and on ilin grouud. too. that he bat not given sufficient evidence af hi* having di<tiol?ed all connexion with them j and, at the rmue 1 time, rallies to tbe support of a man vhoie motto ia, 'AmneMy to the Insurgents." He and th? m*urg? nte. tbtn. a good portion ot tbnci. are in company actiog B in c< ncert against the only man In France who na? bad tbe power and tbe firniuere to put duern innurr* ctlon pofersiLg to do so, at tbe came lime, becau-e tDe B election oi (Jeneral Cavaignao a ill aot be a ?uliijient guaianly ?f ttctrlly anu uder ! He evidently ** 1ects that Napoleon aill tie oleoted, ai d that uniier liir t.t<miiiiMTaiiou. tbe repubno will be overthrown; e and tbat. anu kimo-ll ?iu a strong body ot hiafrieudii } In tLe Asm HjIIj, I e will rtep in anu foini a iir? minis irj iindir a nm monarch 1 hat his true reason for '' relusH g toMippoit (Jen. Cavaignao u exactly the uppo> alte ot tbat given to wit, tbat bis election woaid Deloo t strong a i^tit stn n Ii r ciai r. and leave any reaaonaole ( project if oveiu.rowing the republic I think hi* promt courto leave* uo aoubt a* to hi* motive* , and ^ ihat Uen. Cavaignao ha* been too.^t w|*e in keepiug tuiu uu> t1 oih caDHiM i n?n, again, iqi-KreiioU pr?i<? . in the luteimt of 1'liier* nod hie irietid*, hitfo rtiuxu . niu( h aMlft) lor 11,e eucata* of tl?e Kinpt-ror of Auatr a a i,d bla tj tanta, Id ibrirlai.it ?trug?ie almost the | e< pie. m did certain men ID Ilia Unllrd SUUi /or ' i be irn.D I h ot Mralcab ei did dining our lata war wuh that BktM u A great tlruggla in now g< log forward in t.i.n pe aid I am ?,rry to rmj that monarch* aud tylatitf thr? ugh the power oi arniK, ara gaming tbe ad^antafte ; aDd al'bough time aud intelligence will ultlicaiflj defeat th> m. it baa foatered bop*** of a im' fetation m Fiance, aud lb* intauit/ and violence of M ine of tbe revelutionlata. aud their tenden'jr tor anarchy and tblrnt for tha deatruotian of aitrtlag ii.Mitatioiia. bate aidt d much Chin reactionary up rlt Tbe eociailtta and the legltiniatlat* are aiue ena irlet to a rcptibllo.- e!ih< r womd rteatrey oae, ?? toon ?? ih'j curoo into f^irrr, apj suUitUum a RK H DAY, NOVEMBER 27, monarchy In it* place. That Thiers knows in lend- 1 log fcis aid to the election of Napoleon. 1 hop* ) Napcl?on will disappoint him I trust he will. If ele ited ; hut It la an immense rlak to run, for all the Insnrgents will he set at liberty attain. This la certain, final the speech of Napoleon before the Assembly, and the press that supports hie election; and soflar as they have infltien -e. they will force France Into a foreign

war He must hreaet another storm, as General Cavaignac has dene, or trim his sails to run before it. the end of which cannot before told. All this no man understood better than M. Thiers. No man can better foresee that blood must flow after the election of Napoleon in or out of Kranoe?perhaps both ;?no man can better undrrstand that agitation, uncertainty arslety.and the cessation of business, to aoertain extent, must follow the election of a young man so rew, so untried, and so much of a stranger in France as Lruls Napoleon. Besides, the Impression is at Paris, that he has but little Intelleot That I bellnve to be slander He looks and acts like a gentleman of (rood intelligence? not remarkable, In that respect, for ? hat be does or does not possess. But it requires an * xtracrdiusry man to (ave France In this crisis, from bloodshed, confusion and ruin. Paris, Nov. 9,1848. The I.atrtt N*wt. To-day, Ledru Kollin will publish his presidetitih 1 manifesto, as candidate of the Montngnards. Next Sunday, G/neral Cavaignac will publwh his, I aud immediately thereafter, Louis Napoleon will t, follow their exumple. When Napoleon was chefen representative from five departments out of " fifteen, he hnd not a public press in Paris in his u favor. Now he bu at least two thirds for htm as *' President. Several small ones have sprung up. mot- ? withstanding the26.0<:0f. caution money; and, among r< others, the " Pet'te Corporal " It will be ruoollnsted w thai the old soldiers ct the French army, after thu " battle of Lodi, named Napoleon "Ir putitt corptrral " c' 1 hey bud never seen snob tlgbting before; and Napo- e< Icon wus pri.udsr of this nam*, all his subsequent life, then that cf Kmperor The Liberlie, which was supprt ssed. has oome to life again, and Is out upon General (.avatpnao. dealing hard blows. The friends of Napolton say tbat be will be elected by seven tenths of the votes; and that be will receive near four millions! It Will he reoolleetcd that. to be ohoxen, he must raoeive a najorliy *?solute and two millions. My impression Is, ifcat the great question is whether he will be chosen by the constitutional majority. It appears to me to be oer- ri lain that be will lead all others But, besides the can- ^ (Jidates already named there are Lamartine, Kaspail, lioudbon. and Bugeaud, oertain, and M. Thiers a t( little btklnd tbe curtain, waitiug to tako advantage of ti events. " La Reunion de r Institute" have dually u adopted General Cavaignao aa their candidate - a minority protest!t>g, commoted of MM. Garoier Pages, l)u Clerc, Paycerre, Barthelemy, St Hllaire, &o , con- li nected with tbe old provisional government, who are ? lor M. Lamartine. M. Bt-tbmont has resigned bis * (Aire of representative, and Marie has appointed him (.Lie! justice of the highest court in France, For thia ., he a as, yesterday, denounced in the Assembly as {, bavlcg violated the constitution In letter, and a law ^ ot the Assembly in spirit, and sat a scandalous exam- a) pie ot cfiloial inllueiiCH over the Assembly. The result c( is 10 be hereafter made known. I think the denun- aj elation just, nnder tbe spirit of tbe provisions referred a) to. Tbe Assembly continued, yesterday, to out down the salaries ; but, strange to say, all the press of Paris jj are in lamentation tbat salaries are reduced. And jet these salaiies of judges, law officers, Sto., as tbey tj are left, now amount to from $2 000 to $4,000. while the people are sinking under taxation. Marrast goes to Versailles, and aits himself Into tbe royal box L at tbe theatre, while LedruKollin goes to Chanttlly, to hunt upon the estate of the Duke d' Aumale ? tj These art some of tbe scandals of tbe printers who ^ di>|tiace tbe Republlo, an i bring free Institutions #] In Europe Into disrepute. The cato'-nlne-tails would be tbe proner remedy for such diseases of the mind and heart. Strange these-men cannot better under- i stand the chataoier ot their mission, and Jthe | c~i?iuu irrpvuBIUliltJ WD10U r?>18 UpOO mem IVIIO * this cocduot com parti that of Oeorge Washing- b ton, and hn compatriots, in founding our republio. w Th? want of publio and private virtue In so many of ' the Kiench politicians, conrtltutes an awful obstacle L in the way of founaing and maintaining a republic 11 in Kjaui* ; still, 1 hope tbat the force of rigbt will be B sufficient to resist the torrent of corruption among * sucl> men. 1 would to heaven tbat these men bad * ?"ur people, and our publio sentiment, to give them lessens. I think republicans would be less anxious to J ap*rojalty. 1 A grand cbapel is to be erected before the 1 gate of the garden of the Tuilerles, facing the * 1'lace da la Concorde, surmounted bj a dome * and cross. Between the two fosses, forty step* 1 ascend to the platform in front. A grand altar will be erected under the dome, to whioh a grand * stairway will areend. Upon the right and left, they * ate erecting immense platforms, upon which will be 7 seated the members of tbe National Assembly Other daitlUg and magnificent arrangements are in preparation lo ornsment the scene, and to give splendor j, and pomp to the oooaalon. The terraces of the rat* tries in tbe'rear, and the Place de la Concorde in front!, ,, ne to be ornamented upon a grand scale of munificence. The Archbishop will pronounce a bene- t. diction upon ihe ooustitntion, after it, shall hare a been read aload to the people by the President ? of the Astembly Duiing tbe oerouiony, the nan- t] non of tbe Invalids, and of the forts, will be ? heard. After thla ceremony at Paris, the con- j, stitution i? to be read by the Mayr in every town i (communal) In Paris, before the assembled people, and. j, I believe, to be engraved upon marble, to be deposited v in their archives. A very pretty young married lady, y whose husband feared to allow her to gotoOeaeral Cavaignac's toiriet, went there, the other eveniug dig- j, guirfla in a rpietidid drees of a lieutenant of National ? (jnards, enjo ?d the company of the mouituche she t wanted to see, and returned before her husband. Such are French women and French manners. All Is j, quiet in Paris. p Our ticrman Correspondence. | J Berlin, Nov. 6, lftlS. The Disturbed State of the Qenmin empire?'lite Revolutionary Condition of the People. '' The prospect of a peaceful termination of the v present political crisis in Europe is becoming more " vague and uncertainevery day. The impossibility, j, it would eeem, of reconciling the new principles r. of the liberty and sell-government of the people ? with tte old monarchical system hu beoome evident almost to every on*. Already the public mind hM renounced the hope or (Ming established a new order of r things on the bull of that political system. There f< can be no manntr of donbt but that matters will re- *' main uniettled In Kurope until the old fabric of monar* chies. long gone to decay will at last wholly tumble into ruins Bat the time Is not yet eome when this will u lake place, and many must be the struggles before a ? state (f peace and ord?r can be r?-eetabli?bed in Ku- n rope. Meanwhile, I can assure you that affairs In Oerma t< ny. which uow forms the very centre of the pjittioal v n.ovement* on thin continent, become worse fruui day e: to day. It Is not the excitement of a part; oontest h merely, deepened, as it were, by the prolonged uncer- n taibty if its result, but something mueb more serious, t< which completely paraJj les every ellort to revive tne public spirit or encourage publio confldenoe It U what I will not besiiat* to tnli you, though it is Ksnerai- * 1} more anxiously coneeaied. that notonly does the pubj lie mind in Oeruiany, and, as there is reason to be lleve, likewise in other parte of Kurope, dread tbelnsta ti blury of the pit*sent slate of thinxs; but it actuxlly de- II tpalr* that prospects will be auj brighter for a long pe> el nod to conie The perpetual recurrence of serious Li collisions is regarded but as the commencement of a desptrate struggle between the two extreme parties, which Is now ueemed imminent. That struggle, la oi tact, has begun already and the bombardment of VI- w nna and the fiaht which hits just taken place there, t* re the opening scenes of a great polltual tragedy, for al whirh there is no otber name but that of oieil war t? 1 be proximity of a general olvii war In Germany is ci evidrut at piei-ent, even to the dullest observer II p< ihe country can be saved from that calamity it will be m a wonder Indeed. Tbe three capitals of Oermany ? di Rrsi.ktort. V ieoca. and this cltT-iuav be regarded, at di tbe present moment. ah In astute of ??ige. At Vienua, It martial i?>* in proola uied. and this city and Krankfoit 64 are complttily surrouuded by troop* , in army of r?venty thousand mm If stationed In and around this city The events at Vienna have otuiu'J appreken>ldOii to be entertained that an outbreak wool! take ni j lure here Thongb iiisturbaocts bav* oeeurred slnoe. pa h (><i till- grea'ext excitement ha* prevailed, a serioua m cclllsiou lias not yet taken place. The lutnlllgeuce of 4( the commencement ot the bombardment of Vienna produced great conrternation hero The imw* bad tj( been anticipated for iom? time; but hopes had been eriteralted that Prince Windlschgratz would not ,f| adopt tbat last extreme measure An It was. the impression made wa* ibe greater aa It appealed beyond duubl tbat the decision of tbe contest at Vienna W would bill g matter* hire to an Immediate result >> 1 he flret impulse, therefor*, wa* to render an?lit*noe, t| and urge the National Assembly to adopt measures for d< the ptotectlon of the city of Vlema On the morning th of thn 31st ult , the day after the arrival of tbe ya intelligence of the bombardment of Vienna a |,r< cefslon of thousands moved to the hall of the Na Tf llrnal A* emhly. asking the support of the Assembly for a cm cade to be undertaken in the eause of liberty, ^ to rave that city out of the bandn of Prince Windissh- dll gtati and bis troop*. A deputation sent Into the Na- ,^ lional Asren bly. received the reply that the petition ?( uid be deliberated on at a pitting to be held on the j T erenirg of tbat day, When the National Assembly n), Diet in the evening, the baildirg was surrounded by j ] crowd*, bearii g ting* and fl*ml>eau?, and It was de- M, ntsnded that the National Assembly should deoree to iflireveiy protection in its power to the people af \ li csa. Toe appeal made f< r tbat purpose was reader* d niore imprewMve by the mauner In wbieb the nr cio* de foimaliy took po?*e??lon of tbe hall of the Nallonal Assea bly. and declaring that none of the mem- 0( Jers wjio would not vote In favor of the people of VIeiipa ihould escape tbetr vengeanee. had closed, and " In Id guarded every eutrancoto the building ' Tbe terrrr thus exercised on the National Assembly e" hs J a trsrvslliiis fleet. and although the Assembly ri nid not pas* a resolution snch h id bee? desired, without lu'rinjirg tt? r jht of ih? evnUal nuT?ro- f1 [ERA 1848. nent at Frankfort, It decreed, OMrxftholuM. that the I tier thould be re<|ulr?>d to adopt all nieaeurea Decenary to protect tbe people of Vienna against any lnra- j ivu ui m?"ir uurriion on me part or rrtnoe wiudiscn- i u [rats. The result of the deliberations of the National S Isstmbly, however, nave Utile satisfaction to those j nodest petitioner* who were still be vetting the hall; bud it is Impossible to nay what might bare occurred. , ' lad not several battalions of the Unrgber Guard. A tblcb bad been ordered out, appeared and resoued the i ? National Assembly. Unlet. nevertheless, was not ro- , tored until late at night, and in an attempt made by ? he burgher Guard toolesr the space before the build- 1 ng cf the National Assembly, a collision ensued, In > ? lonseqoenoe of which one man was killed and several I toundt tl. This whole demonttratlon, if such it oan ie called-in favor of the city of Vienna, hat hurried ' n. In connexion with tba victory of Prince WlndlsoU- | 1 Tat a, a crisis In this city, the results of whioh it is lm>or*ibl? to frrssee. J Tbe danger la which the National Assembly was ! J >laot'd on tbe day that demonstration was made, has , mined i he government to take more effeotlve mea- | uresfor tbe protection of the National Assembly and < he maintenance of publio order. A proclamation of he Minister of the Interior. Issued since, states that ;he authorities have been directed to e&ll Into reijuiition the military on the very first occasion when imtlar disturbances are to be apprehended. 1 be complete success of Prince Wlndlscbgratz. and he defeat cf the people of Vienna, have produced a troitg reaction in favor of the government In this city. hhe former President of the Ministry. Mr Von Pfuel, as rendered his resignation, and General Von Braaenburtr has been commissioned by the King to form a ew cabinet General Von Brandenburg, If he suaeed in forming a new Minintry, which is uncertain ntil tbe present moment, will not, it Is believed, obiln tbe majority in the National Assembly. Hi* apolntment Is regarded as the attempt to establish a illitary government, and baa caused the National Al robiy to direetan address to the King, requesting It* ithdrawal. Tbe King has. however, deoiined d ing t. Great excitement continues to prevail here In ont'eijuence of all this, and serious events are expect- 1 1 to take ilace shortly. 1 p THE van's- LATEST. J AITulr? In Ireland. ' Livrppooi., Nor. 11?11 A. M. r We bare just reoelved late advices from Dublin* ? ited last night. It is raid that Mr. Attorney Gene- J* >1 Monaghan has resolved on getting tip a few more t tate proiecutlons. He ban lieen 10 successful bltber* >, that be thinks be will try hla hand at a few addl- * onal ones. The nainea of the parties to be '' brought ? p" are not jet divulged. j. Much cariosity in felt respecting the write of error e i the cafes of Martin, O'Brien, Meagher, fee. The ar- '' urrent in tbe former comes on on Monday. The j, rrora assigned by Mr Martin ar? ten in number?tbe a rincipal one being that he, the said John Martin, ob- j,, cted to one of his jurors. Win. Duff, and that said x rejection was disallowed by the court. He oonoludea Is errors, by praying of tbe court to reverse, annul, m ad altogether hold for naught the judgment of the t, >urt below, and, aoliciting that be may be reatored to 1 things wiiioh be baa lost by reason of tbe judgment (j "oietaid. p Mr. Kapler conducts the ease of O'Brien, In error.? ft e is a transcendaut lawyer, and will refleot credit y i tbe Irish bar by the manner in which he oondaots jy le case. p Much commlRseration Is felt for Mr. Daffy's case of ? inkruptcy. He moves, by bis counsellor, that the j\ ord Chancellor shall supersede the fiat. ?{ It Is raid that the Attorney General is very wrath at g ie fact tbat some of the Dublin correspondents of tbe t| ondon papers have got bold of and published tbe two c, [ticks from tbe suppressed number of the Nation. l( Scotland. The only intelligence from either Glasgow or EdUn- o nrgb, received this morning (Nov. 10.) is that reuv- b ng to the Chartist trials, now going forward in Edia- ii urgh. On Tuesday last, preliminary proceedings ere bad in the case of JatneB Cummlng, wbo is a barged with treason, (felony.) under the new act. Mr. to ,ug?u on that day raised an objection to the indict- 1 Lieut, wbiob being deemed one of importance, the ar- t ument was postponed till Thursday. On that day, he Judges, lord justice, clerk, Lord MacktnKto. Lord 1 tfedwyn, Lord Lockburn, Lord Moncrieff, and Lord < Wood, took tbelr seats on the benob, when Mr. Logan, 1 n behalf of the panel. James Cumming then at tbe 1 ?ar, then objected to the Indictment, inaeuiucb as that i tod sedition, were charged at common law, whioti ho uaiutained eould not bo so triad. The counsel for be crown were heard in reply, and the oourt. afer giving a divided opinion, ruled again" t theobjncion. The priconer then pleaded "not guilty," and be trial was gone into yesterday. The mult has not et been received The French Republic. The private letters from I'arin, reoeived this morns'. oouflrm the previous statements of the strong pollion in whieh the eity is being plased, preparatory to be election of Presidint. The Paris paper* reoeived this morning bring as the irmal renouncement of Marshal Bugeaudof the preslensy. He has addressed a letter to his supporters, la hieh he request* them to concentrate their votes on bat candidate who is likuiy to receive tbe most genesi support, so as to invest him witn sufficient moral >rce to rule the present, and consolidate the future 'bus tbe number of candidates ie decreasing, and it > probable that Prince Louts Napoleon, General Gaaignao and Lamurtine will be the only eandldatea oted for, wben the day of election arrives. It is confidently rumored tbat a partial amnesty is a ouurte of preparation at the ministry of justice, and rlU be promulgated immediately after the Constitaion Prinee Louis Napoleon continues his Uvittson rioay he gave audience to a numerous deputation of rovitelal journalist*, t? whom he explained tbe prinIples he thould adopt, if elected to the presidency, 'be result Is said to have been satiefaotory. Austria. Advices from Vienna have been received to the 6th aslant The gates of the eity are as yet only open for >ot parsei.gent: ample steps nave been taken to proidetbecitv with broviniuns the I'.olajoa ?y* tbat Hem and .vie'Senhauxi>r had been arre*ted, t> ui the nUuniriit app? ar* doubtful The official re- o ort of tbe AurtrUn naif. gives the number of milita- ? f klillrd, during the late lighting. m 109 only. inula- s >ug the affair with the HunguUni. The Austrian b ve per ccnts bed risen to 76. tl A Utter ftom fretburg, of tbe 1st November, state* ? bat on tbe whole of tbe previous day, Hungarian fi roc pa In flight arrived in that city, 1600 had remain- a d iu tbe bttriack* on that night. Kossuth had a eon- i recce there tbe day before, frith several officer* of lie National Guard, be deelared that he would wlthlaw with the whole of hi* troop*. Naples* Letters from Napleatolbe lHtln't.expri-ss very great neasinets at tbe preaent ttate of affair* there, from tbe ,, xpectaticn that dieturbanee* will be renewed Tbe { ?il.taiy are actively engaged in preparing drfenoes, j irtifyiLg the vicinity of tbe city, and dlaarming the T illaiera Constant robberie* and assassination* have c reaird a feeling of great alarm In tbe mind* of tbe tuft bttants. The fuoa* have fallen 2 p?r oent., and are j, ow t<3 Veaaele irom Palermo are not allowed to en- y -r Naples. Hamburg. . Tbe accounts from Hamourg ttate monej to be bundant and price* of stook* firm. . ttwllxarland. Letter* from Berne, (S?iu<-riand,i atate that the Na- * on> 1 Asteinbly and Council of State was opened on ie 6tb Tbe proceeding* bad little interest, being j( i>< nv as to the validity of the election* of Url anl ndetwalden. v, Brlglnm. j| The Belgian papers contain a rttumi of the flnan* aJ al condition of the country for tbe current year, by bicb it apptara that th?re will be a deficiency as be- t| ?ee u expend 'ore and way* and mi-ana of ? 400,000f , ( iter aiiowiDg for various rconooiie* f fleeted to tbe ex- |( nt of more than lour million* of fianc*. The defi- (J| > nry 1* atmbutrd entirely to tbe extraordinary ex- '| n?e* incurred *ioee tbe I'arla revolution, in Kebruy The buuget 'for 1841). gives goed ground that thla Hotenoy will be more than balanced ; for whilst tbe ,| romtoiu receipt* or revenue are put down at 117.wo,- ( Of , Ibe exp?nditura Is cot expeoted to exceed 111,- ... OOCOf. 3 Market*. ^ Liverpool COTTot Mahket, Nov. 11?The an- ? luticrment of the Briisnnia being off Holyhead. hu irtially reMreiurd operations th j morning. The cj irhet ht ufTi-r keep- ttcitdjr, and a fair business If 0, >mg it ythterday's price*. Liverpool floBi* Mirrkt, Not 11 ? Some transno- p out are going forward at yesterday's currency, but d e aaiki-t in very quiet, and doe* not preaent auj w ?t'ji? worthy of a single observation. * M**rnritia Ooon? ssd Yarn Vkiit, Not. 11 n 'ilbiu the last day or two the demand tor goods and " ra has improved Bayers are more aatlve In their rations by ihe vtry low rate of prioe*. A good ileal Is t leg for the United Mates and South Ameriaan but D. e ur?ek merchants remain Inactive. Tha price of 0j ii ns, from 4s to 1'4? , is rather In favor of the seller. u H*?a?: Cotton Marrkt. Not 0 -Owing to the fa- VI rable Intelligence from Liverpool, our ootton mar- in t experieticed an advance of If on Monday last. wi e had a great many buyers from oar manufactarlnf si Uriels. Subsequently. however, the intelligence of lil e lajge decline in prices at the Pari* Bourse ooin- ih i-tely eh? ck? d tile market, which at once became dull it ices ara well supported, aay for New Orleans vo iddiiBf, (trea ordiuaire.) and ?4f* f"r fair ordinaire. mi ie rales of tha week, 0 TOO bale*. Thera has been no su rival. ' Experiment.?A number of colored men in this id other Statee, have it in contemplation to kt iabllsh themrelve* In a neighborhood. In the town B Florence, Oneida county They have contracted a< r one hundred village lot* containing ona quarter of iej l aoie each, with tha privilege of twenty five acres i? ch, additional, iu the Immediate vicinity. Several ?b loird eitiiear are engaged in tha enterprise, and, pli i m the rpirit which they evince, and th?ir general b uili^er ce, we cannot doubt that tht? experiment will i ?'< o\? Miecesiful. / 1 - 1 t LD. S TWO CENTS. Police Intelligence. A ytty Intereitiog, If not doubtful. decision In* mm 1 u?ll, IVI |imu tmivmmj , umo u^.u inaue DJ HeoOKJeT eott?a decision which, thug far, appear* to be in ireet ooufllot with the law o- 1814 abolishing the ynteni then called " ?traw bail " It appear* that on Vednetday laet, two wubirvomio were Arretted on a rairant learned by Juetloe Lethrop, wherein they itood barged with a grand larceny; tod on being brought lefrrc that inagietra'e. b?ll offered by the ooanmal if the accuovd for their appearance at court for trial. I be ninciftratu s aid Iih wa? ready to take good bait for be prieonere, but that it eouid uot be done until After heir examination according to law Tfle fallowing ?aft lie report of the caae alter the arrett:? Charye o/Oraiul Larcrnx/.?Ofitefr Cronett, one of onr ?flllent jkjIicu, arretted, y<*i?rday, two y<.uni< w?nie?, a kind of i?.l lrmitb Otrinaiiii, by the nuu.ru ol C'arulino and Mary Ann inrtin, m n wmrant iaaued by Juaticn Lnilimp, wherein thejr itand charged with attaliuii aotneihing Wku f>f "> in gnld, the pro| er>y ulTlioma* J. Croaauau. It kppvira from the f.ctH in U.e ;??, that the teemed tartiea did * Mbiug for Mr. Crvwmin; and <>h ?u oeeaiion. on briiiitiu* noma tins waahed clothing, thiy obtained ueewa to the duek in aaid room, anl atole therefrom thu above ms'iii i<>ns-d mlu coin aud run out o' the room sand e? lapud. the act use J p*ttiea *ivru tound una urniitcd by Uio olhoer, at *fo. i!>t iiiublon ?ireei tl.ey having been ijected by a landlord's war. rant from ite r h iuiei placo of leaideu' u, ou the i-orner of ftprtujt Hid hercer urocta Hiu 1 tliecr condiioted them politely t<s llie lcuiCa, L?l?re ilia ani?l*trate, wtier.) I' rj were nnt. by their legal idviaer, who Matid to lli? juauto that he would hnuatlf be re* ponnlblc lor tl e i.pi^aiai.Mi oi tins priaoner:) if tiit uia^iatrati muldailiw them 10 go until tne uexl day. Ihe ina/ifurute narked, iliut lie did Dot know i iin any morn ihun In did Uie lcionera; lliuetMO bo oould nut arcuf to any auoli propoaiu<m. ri ? Juati e Mil*, that alter tie ir examination, wbioli they o><ul 1 lave iniinediat.'lj, be should re-r-ire gieid bail in th? aum ol 4iU(l ach lor their appearance ut court lor trial. Ti elr eounael then eft, and tan. I r Hould return ahortly and gi>u the requiaite bail. n the apace of i ail au hour ha ieturne<l a^aui with a Uuu.li gro it, wlio wua willing to awear thai hie atoek ol grooerl a were rorth .11; but ihejuaiico doemiiw him insullitnent aeeunty, M jn-d Us receive him *? bail, and tlually cumulated both the girl* is tl.e Ton.bg, in delault ol bail. 'J'he parties thus aoauffed did not procare the rw uired ball before the couimittltg uiagiecrate, and werw bereloru held Id cuatody by tbe keeper of tile olty rlnon, on a temporary commitment fur examination, kgned by Juntice Lotbrop Subsequently, on tho unie daj, however, their counael procured a blank oud and a blank diicharge. and cauaed the eame to e tilled up; and armed witti these dooumanta proceed* d before Hecotder Scott and iei|Ueited ball l*r th? rironers tbun detained on a charge of feiouy an above tated. Tbe Recorder tcok bail for the primmem, and .itcharged them from custody ?a proceeding believed o be clearly oontrary to law. The two women ara iow at large. Charge of Grand /.arciny ? Officer Oelb. of the Qttl tard police, aneited. yeaterday, 1'atrick Tool and his rim m?ry. on a cu>l{(h 01 stealing a pocket-book COnftiniDg id bank bill*, thi property of Jaae* turn*. residing lu Desbrosses street. la tallding o.illd the starch factory. It appears upon the eiaminaion b. lore Justice McUratb, that the wife ot Bur an as rery niu?h lu liquor and *m lu the street almost elplera. slid the woman. Mar* Tool, aaaiated her home Dd put bcr to bed In tbia la>t situation t?e pocket[>?k was seen on her person ; but shortly after Mary ool left, the book was inlratug containing the money, rtroh was made, but without succeeding In finding tha loney upon either Mary or her husband The luagl' ate committed them both for a further examination. ? hargt ?/ Purging a Check - Officer Horrigan, the Detent officer stationed at the post office to deteot iokpocketa and other rogues, arrested on Saturday, in He Mechanics' Bank. Wail street, a genteel looking oung man,ot about 20 yearn 01 ag?. oalilag himtelf .lexander W. bmith, on a charge of forgury It apeara this young man presented at the aouuter of the ank, yesterday morning, a cheek on that baak dated i'ov 24 1848, tor the aurn i f (b'i f>0, purporting to b? igned by Cornelius Lockwood, doing business at No. & Kultou street The oheok wae detected at once by ie paying teller to be a forgery, and oauaed the acused to be arrested Justice Lothrop eommitted him ) prison iorexamtuation Violation of the Immigrant Late.?A man by the nam* f John C. l4eudler, keeper of an emigrant boarding out*, ?as arrested on Saturday, on a charge of detaiaig the luggage ot an emigrant by.the uameof Bernard lew ham terlding at No 6 Cariiaie street This being vtolatiun ot tbe emigrant law. Juattce Latbrop, upon leatiDg the tacta, convicted the accused, and fined itm $60, which he paid and was liberated from ouiody. l/angtrout Insanity ?A* Officer Olmatead. one of ike 3d ward police, was pasMug down Barclay street on .< .( ... ? * uy?'uv (Mil van u v>'uwm uu o?iu>uaj uviutog, on looking up at ibe dwelling bouHu No. 70 Barolay street, be ducortrnJ smoke to Isnue from one of ita* ujijrov wtB'on. JkMal ttownt, (W (Mt 4o?r prnt-a and a man inn ou. into the street with only in ?blrt on bis penon, nod luimrdUtely hurried towirds the North Hir*r. The officer supposing some.biog to be wrong, followed after ibe man and topped liui wben near tbe river On bringing bim b?ck o the houre. and wtkiug up tbe landlord. It was ti covered tbat the bed room occupied by this naked nan bad been net on tire, evidently by himself, while indtr a derangement of mind, who tn?n took refnge n tbe street. The offlcer placed the craxy man, whose lame Is Joseph A Krerinau in tbe custody of anotbar lerson. and ihm set hiini<elf to work In extinguishing .be bre, which he rucceeoed In doing without material lemage, ooubmog the fire principally to tha bed and ltd clothe*. During the exoiteineni In putting out ha Bra, tha prisoner esoaped again Into tha street, la be same naked condition Searoh was made all along be dock', but without any due of his whereabouts: iut the genera) Impression waa that ba bad Jumped nto the river ; subsequently, however, about o'olook he imii morning, It was atoertalned that offljers Van lenschoten and Cook, of tbe 5:h ward, had arrested be intane man. about 3 o'clock tbat mernlng. on th? orii*r of North Moore street and Hudson, in tbe sama laked cobdition, hurrying along at aqulck pace. Tha .fficers took him into custody, conveyed lla to thn nation house, and medical aid aant for, who proitubced the man insane. Notice was than given to lis lrlends, and the proper means taken lor tbe relief tod welfare of the unfortunate man. We understand le is a cutter in a tailor's stf.re in BrMdwny. Offlcer 3lmstead deserve* much credit, and the thank* of all he inmates of that bC?r<Ung house, for the eSolent icd active measures taken in ti* discovery of the Are, ,nd the read; manner In which he ?i'JlngnlshsdIt; for iad it been l?-!t but a few minutes longer, iS **obniillty the bouse would have been in flames. Ji JJuhonttt Cln k ?Offlcer Logan, of tbe Seoond rard, arrested on Saturday, a young man, clerk In tb? tcre ol Levi Chapman In William street, near John, n aebarge of larceny.in going to different persons with bom Mr Chapman was acquainted, and borrowing ums of money on aeoount or Mr. Chapman, without is (Chapman's) knowledge or oonsent, and apfreprlnlog the tame to his own purposes. $ 10 was the last urn he obtained in tbla way, by false representations, rem Mr Ferdinand L. Martina, No 112 William treet. The case being conoluslve against btm, Um uagistrate committed him to the Tombs for trial. Meeting of Uia firemen. A meeting ot the engineer* and fonnaa of the lire )?pertinent *h htld it --Fireman'* Hell" on Kridty iveniug. ft<r U)e purpote of noiaiiulig suitable perosiiieudldktet for ike offloe of Chief Engineer.? pou going Into ballot, Al red Carton tad Hiram lirnti, w?re found to bin tile hlgheet number ot ot**, end were, therefore, presented m the regaUc kodtdaira for the euflragee of tbe Uremia. Appropos te the above, we bate received the fellow* >g communication relative to the wuti of the liemru Xr.w Von, November 26,1848. 'o the Editor or the Hkhald 8m The selection of a thief Engineer having eall1 forth maoy natement*, come ot waieh are *o lotali at variance with truth, and evidently written by treontignoiant of the law* wtiivh govern the Eire Detrtmeiit, I would irk a (pace in jour paper to cor ot ?ucb mle-elaiementa. Tbe Chi?f Engineer retain* hi* ofHee until removed j the Common Council, or a new election la called for j a majoilty or tbe firemen, thereby commuting It imoet a lite i (flee, for the Common Council have rund It to be a wl?e course not to Interfere, and nougat the Km men, there ere very few who like to ike il>ererpnn?ibiiity of originating a petition for tho moval ot their chief, knowing full well that If they d not succeed, aitlioueh actuated by good motive*, key will be looked upon a* a band of dteorganiivr*. I raw ibis tu?ining. in a paper neted for being the first to propoteall public linprevemeots," he , en arole which many will r?ad with aurprtae. for the wrl to la**. ioi> tbe ?ihb??of the itrinra All the aitsr ion ibe ttiriuen utti, is, that in* tbM b* ?lectej ??r) three >?as and tbe Assistant*, of which thera ie nine, for tb* same time . but arranged so that tore* 111 go oa t a vet y y ear, there by gi 'i og ail a chance at th? >nie time nut distracting the department by an entire bange. Tt.e fltemm. as far as can b? eonaksteat with ur city oiganiiatlon, have tbe choice of their o*t Ulcers. V> ben a vacauc; occur* In ibe Beard of Eaineers, ft mi-i'iibi; of the engineers and foremen of the ifltrent companies I* called at l*iritai0D'l Hail, at bich they liooiinate suitable candidates to Oil said acancy app? nt ihrte inspectors of eieotlun, desigate tbe time during which ton foremen iha'l call tbeir i-sj.ective c? m panics tog*tn> r io voi?, and the day the upprctors h?n sit to receive the votes of the different ' p (.inns. n|iu>d by tbeir foreman and secretary, vsry fireman ?bo bas b?en a member of the depart* mi tt res nion'bs. is entitled to a rote, and the candate who receive* tbe majority of votes. Is aooordltig > ia?r, Kmma'ril to tbe Common (Jaunoli as a sultae perron to tlii tbe < flloe of Cblrf or Assistant bogi *r. a* thf cK>e may be, and is approved by thsm I mid a?lt. is thia nit in tneend almost tbe *a<na M i Miction direct by tbe tlremen ? fcvery person, here be can become a Hi. titan, bas to be approved by e C< nimon Cornell. and la tbe eleo ion of ?nginaers is tbe same- a mere matter of lorm if ttt'm who lunteer their advice in relation to the Are depart* pnt, woud Bret, make themseive* acquainted with this bjtet, their rmiaiM would be read with attention. A FIREMAN. Mcidi* At Kkoklk ?The officers ot the Keoik r*p?rt that on ibe evening sf the kith lost, r. Latbam. formerly of Galena. Ill* , was murdered in irinklugDomeia Ksokua, by a man named Malting** y. tbe keener of ibe bouse The oitflouity ocouired ar tbe bar and originated from a misunderstanding out a game of card* which tnry had bee a engaged i) log McKingtle) drew a knife and stabbed Lalb^m rte times In the b?e*st. causing bis d?ar.h aia<et lf?mtiy. R'>cn afiet tfc?< perp>tr>ti<in of <? !?.? f( -ulyJi*to

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