Newspaper of The New York Herald, December 1, 1848, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated December 1, 1848 Page 1
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<?w??? ????? TH NO. 5294. Our German Corre?poii?lenec. Fhankfort^ON THE-MA IN, NOV. G, 1948. Affairt of Germany. Life in Europe, at ihe present moment,to one who takes an interest in the greatest political convulsions that the world ever saw, is a perfect intoxicato n. The mind is borne, by the force of events, from one city to another, according ns it becomes the locus of action; and one seems to live for the moment, in the very centre of the scene singled out by fate as the theatre of the grand drama. To-day M is Pans; to morrow, Milan; again, it is Prague, Frankfort, or Vienna, tor the last month, all Germany has lived within the walls of the imperial city, and the grand battle bein? decided there, the whole country starts post haste for Berlin, where the fire that lias been smothered in Vienna, threatens to burst forth. The excess of passion, or revenge, has risen to so great a height in this country, that the result of every great battle, whether victory or defeat, is alike mournful; tor the one leads to tyranny, and the other to anarchy. In a very short time, Germany is destined either to pass through all the horrors of the Jacobinic anials, or else start back, and fly into the arms of reaction, to avoid a worse fute. The men who have bpen foremost in the treat victory that so lately wrung hb*riy, inch by inch, from the iron hand of despotism/seem reserved for the fate of the G mndinp. Yesterday, they were the idol of the people; to-day, their popularity and glory ar? snatched from them by a ha ndful of men, with the audacity of Danton. and with the same tesults; for human nature remains the same, and history seems to circulate with'n a given orbit. The men that now command the masses, of the populous cities especially, are those wko pi each the tyranny of liberty. \Ve and Proad lion's doctrines art- hut a feather to theits Their published prc^rramme denies the right of individuals to hold property, and proclaims all possessions collective. They announce thit, on the proclamation of their republic, individuals will cease to possess?the State will seize everything, and give four |>er cent on the worth of property, for twenty years, at the expiration of which the Mate will possess in toto. Every man will be entitled to ihe necessaries of life, beyond which all falls to ihe community. Every man has a right to gratify all his material aid intellectual desires. There will be no diflerence in the salaries of public functionaries, except thai regulated by their families?all single men receive so much, m irried men an increase for their wives, and a sum increasing with the number ot children?in short, heads are to be aholished, and instead ot the absurd pratice of bowing as a salute, men are expected to provide themvelves with tails, and wag them. Men w!iO are not pioducere. are the drones of wcie?>, and all, without exception, are to be made t'< work; in case of absolute refusal, they are to be starved. The system of transmitting property by inheritance is declared unjust, and will be illeg al; and, finally, the whole country is to be filled with national workshops. These are the striking features of this celtbrated programme. Those who op;>ose it are tyrantp, and their heads are in a fair way of tilling the basket of the guillotine. But a few days ago, the people ot l?erlin surrounded their National Assembly, and with ropes in their hands, threatened to stra igle every man who did not vote the ticket that they di?tat^d to him. This may be the greatest liberty for the greatest number; but it is a bitter pill tor men to swallow, who have been elected by universal suflrage. The great difficulty with the Assembly in Frankfort, is its continued efforts towards centralisation of power, and the destruction of sovereignty of individual States. Germany is so extremely different in interests, according 'Q B^etions ot country, that unity will be Impossible without a area* degree of latitude given to the States. A clash with Frusst i, on the Polish , question, nasju9i arisen io-aay. ine uerun Assembly have adopted a Teiolution opposed to the meamres d^cidrd on bv the FraAf*^ Assembly, 111 July !-bi. The latter insist on their right, ana have sent commissioners to carry out their orders. It has jmt been decided that no diplomatic relations fchall be maintained bv individual States; all embr.seiea will, therefore, be accredited to Frankfort, and the central j>ower aloae send ambassadors. The result of this will be the recall of Geiman diph>matiwts from the different nations where they were accredited. Tne war of races in Austria has terminated by the victory ol the Slavonians, and noeVeat# yqater inanartance to the country h?? odctffmi sinec'the revolutions of last spiinc. The contsst was a terabit one, and, an might have been foreseen, has ended in favor of those who command the majority and :he lorce. There are twenty millions of Slavonians, and some six millions of Germans, in Austria, and it is quite natural for tbe majority to wish to rule. The Viennese nude the Hungarian question theirs, or rather the radical party in Vienna, and the radicals throughout Germany haveadopted the Viennese question as theirs, and the influence of the result 011 the affairs ot Germany will be immense. Tne conduct of the Hungarians suflicienily dt-velopes their character. After having induced the Viennese to espouse their cause, and promising SO,000 men to assist Vienna, they let three weeks of horror reign within the walls of Vienna, and allow a hostile army, which was destined for Hungary, to besiece, bombard, and nurture it. In the meanwhile, thev sent the most flamin# account? of their {(rand army, which will be ?nder the walls ot the city in a few hours,ready to annihilate Jellachich ana Windishgratz, tlius leading the Viennese to acta of desperation, in the firm conviction of smcor from without. It was but a few months ago that Kossuth proposed, and caused the chamber to decide, a levy of 50,000 Hungarians, to form a iirand army to march i.ito Italy, to assist Kadetzky in smothering every germ ot liberty in that country. His words were mere brapgadocia then, and he repeated the game with the Viennese ; hut all this is not without pi in The aimy of Jellachich threatened Peath, and the only w ay to kepp hiin at a distance was to give him an occupation elsewhere. The Hungarian demagogues. therefore, turned their attention to Vienna. and *ucceedea ; a violent revolution waa excited there, and Peath saved. Vienna la now a conquered city, and at the mercy of its masters.? Its sireetsare now filled with Croats, from Agram and ihe borders of the Adriatic, with the turbanej inhabitants of the Turkish frontier, who handle the spade and the musket with equal dextfrity, with Valacks from Transylvania, and the Slovacks from the Carpathiuns?men who follow the roaming life of Gypsies, aud have thrown away their mouse-traps, wires and hammers for the bayonet and cutlass. The dream of the Sclavoniana has been realized witli a fearful rapidity: the valleys ot the Drone and the Save have poured their myriads on the shores of the " durk rolling Danube," and they claim this noble stream us the property of their fathers, and feel that they have entered the epoch which is to begin their history as a nation. To them are joined the Tcheckaof Bohemia, and the Hanacks of Moravia, a motley group, it ia true, but all inspired with one idea, and arriving towards one object? their existence aa a grand independent nation, and the propagation of their creed of hatred against the Germans, whom tliey regard as their vpireMors. The Germans bombarded them in Prague, and they, in turn, bombard the Germans in Vienna. This contest between the Germans 1 I 1 J-? ? ? ,.f nil cdHMHiiiiiin 1.1 pii i iti iruuru iiiiny it ui Kur< pers histoiy, and nil eyes are now turned towards Hungry, whither the Baii Jellachtch has direr ted his steps. Presburg and Pesth will m >st likely sharp the fate of Vienna, and in those cities the rombat will he more terrible still, as ihe Selavoninn r< ffimls th>- Map,vnr an his oppressor, and feels iliHt fie has wrongs to revenge. The Emperor of Austria is playing a tearful character? blowing hot and cold with the same breath?in the hopes <>i joining two nations, born to hate each other, under the siinie government. But cannons, balls, and bombs are not regarded as declarations of love, and the bombardment of three cities in one empire?Milan, Prague, and Vrienna?in the cours# of a few months, will not be forgotten. Anecdote of ( rn)' ral Tayi.or.?The Cincinnati relates the following, which, it not aathentio. Is certainty amusing: ?" The President l?et of tMs great reptililte, Unn. Taylor, ban an old favorite In the pnt*?n of a negro. whose skill on the tiolin is co well kt own In the neighborhood of the General1* residence. that It would be superfluous for ns to pmlss his manf efforts to pirate his old iaa<t?r. It in the habit of the <Jenrral. when hi* other engagements permfct, to nail Die* (th? cogimmdn of the aforerald negro), with hl< violin. to while away an hour. A day or two afw i Iste Presidential alectIon. Itiok was in bis ao<usiomed plans, sawing away for the atnusemeaf. of old Zarlf. and keeping up a dosn'tory eonr?T"St<'>n wlttl thw old hero. Dick h*d tried several times to spetk of aomethlng whleh he was amlous sbonid Ve known II* at l?n*th p'ueked up r- urage. and ?nld: ? ll?-< yon beard da news, die mornla', massa Taylor?' The oilT Oensral looked a moment at Dlf^whohid oe*?ed * ? "?e of thn how, nd then said-4 No What Is It. Of* ' Why,'sal* Dlak, ' de t.lnmgmfT and every body else. ser. y -ui'se j tl<nt*d Pre>ldri?t of dase United Stat**' ' Well, what of that? Play away Dick' Wa left t-Hik tkMHng away for the snun.m?nt of President Taylor, ^nd onght the flrat boat for Clnalnnatl." E N E; MAT 1YJL w JL Lrtlrrrmm a PnrUInn iVntlonal Ouartl. Tan is, November 0, 1818. Cur tout Dneription of the Reception of the Fir nek National G'uurrf* in England?Old Prejudice! 1>itappearing?f'itit t? I.ouit Philippe, at Clermont, 4'fI have been absent from Pari# for eight days, *vith tbe 11th Legion of National Guards, to which 1 belong and we have made in Kngland the most agreeable ' it I h*ve ever n ade toany country. From Paris to Calais, where we were to embark, we met, on our way, the nott amiable leception. Our entry in that city was one of the things which are never to be forgotten in a manVlife Tbe streets were eovered wl'.h green trees, the bouses a<lorn?d with carpets and tapestries, tbewlndiws crowded with the loveliest an J prettiest women, by whom we were uttaeked as well with bewitching smiles, as with a rain of bouquet*. I was go much weighed down with them, that 1 knew not ho* to carry them along. We were lodged under ths hospitable ro< f of tbe citizens of Calais, from whom we received tbe kindest regards. It is useless to inform jou that we an?luted at balls, festival* and concerts, and took our share in a banquet of fraternisation, where erery toast (and they were numerous) was drunk with full glasses of sherry wine. We left Calais on the 30<h nit., on our way for Dover. Our pussaire on the Channel was not favorel with fine weather, for we met with u terrible teaioest, and were obliged to remain an hour in sight of the port of Dover. We numbered 700 Natlon*l Guards, and of that number, more than 000 were dreadfully sick, and in that number I was included. Our entry in the port was hailed by innumerable hurrahs, and cries of " Vive la t\nnce " The Mayor o! the city, to whom <> went to pav our compliments, offered us the usual complimentary drink of ale and porter, and accompanied ns through the olty, to tbe railway of London. where we arrived on Tuesday, .'list u;t , at eight o'clock P M We met th?re 450 National Guatds of tbe 7tb legion, and thus we fomred in London a bbdy of 1,100 Frenchmen?so many that our viHt to London could have been considered as a " real invasion or Kngland " It was a very curious position for us to be wandering bout tha streets of the city, at night, addressed by everybody, including the street women, whoie number Is laid to amount to 06.000. and accompanied by welcome cries of " Uood evening!" ' IIalio! the Kienchmen!" ' Good night." '-Take care of youraelvef-!" Sic. &o On Wednesday morning, the 1st of Novembsr, we begun to visit the city from street to street, from dock to dock, monument to monument, cud thus w? arrived at a certain place bidden by high fence*, behind wbich was the Chinese junk, onboard of which we found one of your acquaintances, the mandarin Eysing, to whooi we described jou, through the help of our cicrront, and who remembered you very well by your moustaches and spectaoleft. 1 assure you I never thought, before that day, that I should snt foot upon that j-.ink wh'rh you so often described to me in yo'Jr Ncw York letters; and this was one of the most agree- 1 able incidents of my journey to London. From the junk, we took passage on a steamboat, which, for twelve cents, convened us ab<>ut three miles on the Thames, amidst a forest of musts, b*tjre the most imposing paooram* We stopped at \Vegtminst*r Abb y What a magnificent monument! particularly the chapel of llenry VIII. I stated myself on the throne upon which all the KiDg* of Kngland have bten coni-ecrm ed I entered the carriage of Cromwell; and was alfO shown the most ourious historical documents. Ti e next day. after having attended the parade of the Queen's guards, I met with a party of sixteen of my compunions, who bad just made up their minds upon going to make a visit. Where? You may guess ten?twenty?a hundred thousand times ? You give it up? To the castle of Clermont The idea of seeing the place of residence of our ex-king Louis Philippe, excited my curiosity. 1 went with them. The oa*tle cf Clement, as you know, belongs to the king of Belgium. Leopold, and is a very splendid residence.? The gardens are well kept; the park and jardin ang/uit. offer a very picturesque appearance, and the mansion itself is quite elegant. We were on the eve of retiring, when one of the familiars of the ex-king Louis Philippe. approached and told ua that his Majesty hearing that eev?ral of his countrymen were in his gitrdens. requefted them to enter his touse. To this we consented instantly, only by curiosity, and we followed the offlo-r. I must tell you at once that when we entered thu halls of Clermont we wertf ?U astonished to see that the poverty of which the partisans of Louts Phiilnne and the ex-king himself, enmplain so much, l? altogether ft *?ytt*r?>? derision; for we saw about twelve rervants and attendants, ana the furniture of the apartments was really rCjrai. Five minutes after we entered the parlor of Clermont, a side door was opened, and the old Loul Philippe entered, enveloped in a kind of hourptUnit bis neck and ohln half concealed in a scarf. * GentLimn >> noM U U 1. that I see Frenchmen around me. Notwithstanding your vl>it ?u not intended for me, I hope that you will eons der my house yours." One of us arkfd him hoir ?u his health ? "Not very good," mid he, "thank you." II* than (book hands with w and rotlni. We did aot we any other member of hi* family ; I and after baring taken a glass of wine, wa retired la I silence, and reUirned to London. We apeat the remainder of the day visiting the different a aids of London?the Museum, where we found the stealmga of Lord Elgin from the Part hen on; the public tquare. the theatres; sad the next awrning we ieit ptoud Albion, whieh, instead of beiaf perfidious towaid us, bad treated ae with kindness and seurtesy. The scldlrr* bad reeeived orders to present arms to as; the keepers of ail publie places had been directed tobeonr cuertnti, withoat asking any remuneration, and, above all, the Lord Mayor of London provided us with the most delsotaMe comfortsof every kind. Supreme Court. Present, Justices McCoun, Hurlbut and Edwards. Not. 29? Tike People vs. John Baxter.?This cause, reported in yesterday's Herald, was decided this m -ruing Judge liurlbut delivered the judgment of the court, by simply denying the motion for a new trial. Edtnaid Clayton and Wife, appelantt, vs. Tkomat fl'ardu-ett, it. at ?ti/wnde nf.?This was an appeal trc m a decree of the Surrogate. The question involved Is the admissibility of certain teatlmony?that la to aay. whether a first marriage proved by general reputation atd acknowledgment by the husband, can annul a ?eo? nd marriage, in fact. On the one side, it is conisndtd. that general reputation and acknowledgment of tbe flret marriage, are sufficient; on the other side, It is contended, that the actual marriage must be proved. Judgment reserved. AT CnAMRKRS. Before Judge Kdmonds. Hahrat Cnrjtui Cair.-Mt.rj *0(1 Caroline VCartln, two (ienntn girls. committed on a charge of grand larceny. were brought before bin honor, thin afternoon, on a writ of babea* corpus, to investigate the cause of tbelr commitment an?l detention. It appeared that they bad been bailed oat by Justice Lothrop. and wera surrendered this morning in discharge of their ball. ? It alto appeared the District Attorney had not reoelved notice of the proceeding. Tne case wan thereupon postponed until 11 o'clock to-morrow, (thismorning ) A difficulty then arose as to who was to hare the custody of the prisoners. Judge Edmonds asked the associate Distriot Attorney, who happened to come in Chitmbus at the time, if he would consent to have them placed in custody of their counsel Mr. rhllllps replied. that he had no communication on the subject with Mr. McKeon. but that he understood Mr. McKron wl-bed to conduct this case himself. lie nnuld tbeiefore give no consent; but his Honor would, of course. use his own discretion in the matter Judge Kdmonds said, that in cams of this kiad. under a clause In the revised statutes, they were in thehabltof giving the enstody of the parties (pending the proceedings) to their counsel; that in he case of Prime. Ward & King. Mr. Blunt, the counsel of these gentlemen, bad the custody ? f them for sis weeks; that In this care he was disposed to give them In charge to their counsel. Mr Simon P Huff then stepped up and ssid he ?i> one of their counsel and a deputy sheriff, and claimed to take charge of them. Mr. Thiliips said that vr Huff was a deputy sheriff, in right of his teing a erler of the Marina Court, and wh?u he ceased to he a crier, he ceased to he a deputy sheriff, also Judge Kdmonds then sent down to the unerin * ornce to Know 11 nir nun w?? nun m unpiuj fberlff Tbe roei*engcr having brought up word that he waa, the prisoner* were given In charge to .Mr. llufT. Before Juilje Harri*. Not. 30. ? In Ihr Maltrr 11/ John Mmon, a Lunatic.? In thl* matter, an application wax made on the part of the lunatic, for an order to direct his committee to provide him with additional room*, a carriage, and additional *?rv*nt?. Several papers and other evidence* wire put In and r?ad. to thnw that nuoh adddltlona ?eie nece.'^arjr to the comfort* and convenience of t he lunntio. The motion wa* opposed, on the ground that be bad already all the oomlort* aud convenience th.?t *irn uerePFHry to > I* well-being. The oa*? in to t>? continued to-morrow (thie day ) 13 lilted Sintra Dlntrlr.tCourt. Before Judge Bett*. Nov. SO ?The OrandJury came into court, to day. and handed up lnd:otaient*agatn*tTlinothy llenry and *? ven other*, for an attt mpt.to crea'.e a revolt ; aud against Robert Gordon, for larceny. The bill* *ent up agkinst Captain Dnnlixin, for erabnilt mi nt, and against John t^ulnn. for an anaault with a dangerou* weapon, wmm ignored Infm'knza, <ltc.?Tin- Nrw York paiwra atatp that influenza, the precursor of ihecholrra, i? v?-ry prevalent in that city Here we have very li'tie of It. If any. Tbeie iiavr been Ave death* of ohildren from croup the prerent week, and one of hoopln t cough.? Sear lit f?vir pn rail* a little, and Hinall pox to the extent of one death per week for eeveral week*. Uene1 ally fpeaking, the we'k'y mortality doe* not overrun the an-rage tor s?reral j?ar*, takla^ Into consideration tK? increase of population ? H"iton l\a%tUrr, Kov Anothfr Inpian i'aftr.?The Cboctaw Telr fraph Iih made It a appearance at the Wn?t?a new paper, i*f?ed at Doakavilla in the Choctaw Nation. It U edited fey Uanlel Kolaotn. a native Indian. Th* imp of ti'l'-KMph extending weal from tlna eity. thiough the Southern cotmlie* of the Stat*. It I* expected will be ready for u*? aa far as Dan*ville by the middle of ue*t month. W YO INING EDITION?FEI1 St. Andrew's Society. The anniversary dinner of this society took place last night, at the City Hotel, when about seventy of the sons ol the "red heather and thistie sae green," met to commemorate the occasion. It is eupeitluous to speak of the benefits of this society, as its usefulness and elliciency are so well known to the citizens of New York as to mike an> remarks on this bead quite unnecessary. The dinner, which was exoelleut, was served up in a style reflecting the greatest credit on the establishment where it was provided. Every dejicacy of the season was on the tables, and the wines and detsert were of the most rechtrrhi description. Richard lrvin, Esq., the president of the society, occupied the chair. and eu hi* right we observed the Hon Win. Havermeyer tb? Mayor of the city: Mr. Reyburn president of the St. Patrick's Society; Mr King president of the St. Nicholas Society; the Itev Dr Andrew Stark, chaplain of the society; and Mr. Ilob't Hyelop, the treasurer. On his left Hat l)r Deals, nresideutot the St Oeorge's Society; Mr George K Kunhardt. president of the German Soolety; Mr T. Kasst-nden. president of Ibe New England Society: Mr. Mnir. llrititb consul at New Orleans; Rev Dr. John N. MeLeod. the other chaplain of the society, and Mr. Hugh Maxwell, one of the ez presidents. Messrs. Adam Norrey, W. H Maxwell, and John K. Mackle, Occupied the vice ohuirs. Af'er tbe substantial part of the business of the evenii g was disposed of, the cloth waa removed, and The I'rkmdkivt rose and proposed tbe first toait? " Tbe Brothers of St. Andrew's Society " He felt it unnecssnary to take up their time with any lengthen d remarks on that toast The objects of the voeiuty. .. th.i .11 bnno ?r> xhirlt.hlo I though confined within a prescribed sphere of .operation he wan happy to say that ninoe its institution it had accomplifbed an immensity of good. These object* were valuable ia themselves, and in the field of their operation addressed themselves with peculiar favor to thun as Scotchnen. (Ohe?r* ) It was uratiffiog to ob'trve. tbat by the means which the society had at its disposal, they were enabled to wipe away the tear* ot tbe Scottish widow, to sootbe the sorrows of the orphan. and to alleviate tho sufferings of the stranger ? in a wc rd. to give counsel, encouragement, and assis tabre, to all who required their aid (Cheers) It wan Instituted in tbe year 1750.by a few intelligent and benevolent Scotchmen, who. teeing the diftloultie* to which their poorer countrymen were exposed on their anival in this countrv. considered it thwir ilnti u provide, in some r??p?ot. for tb*1r want*. Tile r?Mult whs. Ibe prnrent institution, which aaiply vindicated the FHgarity and wisdom of ita founders ; and he trusted the day wan far distant ?b?n it would fail short of the wishes of ita founders. or would prove inadequate to the requirements which demanded its aid. (Loud cheers ) He wan alsohuppy to say that thin festival was useful in another reepeot, a* it pretented them no opprnl unity to cultivate friendly and pocial feeling! with each other, without distinction of pent or party ; to recall to their remembrance the fiienda and homes and scenes of tbeir youth, and especially to remember the land of tbeir fathers (Cheer-i) And was it not right that they should remember that land with foudnet-t? Narrow and rugged m she in. all cations respected her-poor In soil and barren in climate, lier people exhibited h" highest moral and intellectual attributes, and in their civil, social literary and religious qualities exercised a most beneficial influence on virtue, truth, and civilization throughout ibe world. (Cheers) No, her son* coull nut f.rget her, more especially at the present tlm?, r hen the nations of Kurope were convulsed with the Ueroest s:ragu'es for national independence, religious frpi-dom. and Bible truth. (Cbeers) They loved her poet<; they loved her musicians, her philosophers, her biatorians, and her scholars; and they loved besides, her nobl? and msjestio scenery. (Cheers) Her rooks and her mountains were not more enduring than the virtue and truth and religion of which she ba? long been the advocate and exemplar (Loud cheers) He concluded by raying. I theitfore give you the toast of the evening:?'' The day an a' wha honor it." Drank with tremendous cheers Mr. W. Gordon McKerracher, who was for seven years in the 71st Highland Light Infantry, of the British service, as sergeant and piper major and vlho was dressed, for this occasion, in full highland costume, here struck up. on the bagpipe*, the beautiful air of ''Tullochgorum;" and. duriig the course of the evening. pla>ed the principal national airs of Scotland, to n-**' "'"got of the AompAny. Tte Fkeiidknt, In giving the hext toast, saM . It's no use to ray any thirg about thli toast. It is, '-The land o'cakes."?Drank wltn grer.c enthusiasm. [Air? 'Tiiere's my thumb; I'll ne'er beguile thee."J I be CiiaiRMAN tbcn gavq )D succession the following trasts. .11 or which we;o drank with the greatest enthusiasm " The 'ind we lire In." [Air The ?tartpangied banker'?] "The Queen " [Anthem anil cherus-'Ord save the Queen "J " The President, of the United State* ? [Air- " Hall Columbia."] ' Wallace and Bruce" [Air-Broad swvds of old Saotlaud"] '-The pari-h schools of Scotland." [Air? " Flowers of Edinburgh "J The Chaismaw, in propping the toa?t of " The Major and the city of New York,''Mid that h?b*d ass^srni^.gya'sifi thy chief magistrate. (Che* a) And th*a? ha eonsfdsred most excellent natona why they shooll drink Ma health and prosperity to the olty o*?# which be (Loud cheers) [Air?"Iff and war them Willis,''] The Mayor rvkarned thanks (n appropriate terms.? It gave him moch pleasure to see that the society ?u in pro*perrn* condition, and that while it extended assistance to the necessitous. It 4id not take way from them the motives for self-reliance and self exertion ? (Cheers.) He concloded by giving " Public Charity ? Its beoeOcent objects are best promoted when it enables Its recipients to help themselves." (Cheers ) The President thm gave the following 'Ramsey, Burns, and Scott." [Song?"There's three guid fellows ajon't the glen " " Our SiAtrr Societies and tb<-lr worthy Representative)-, our Honored Oue'ti?The bonds of (barlty unite us all as brethren." [Air?"Sse merry as ws a'bae been "1 The representatives of the various societies present, respectively returned thanks, and coaeluded by proposing the following toasts :? Mr. J. C. Bealer, of St. George's Society, gave ''The skill and Indtiftry of Scotland?Redounding to the power and honor of the whole British Ktnpire " Mr. Kino, the president of St. Nicholas Society, gave, ' Tie festival of St. Andrew?to Snotchm?n it recalls the sweet memories of their native land; to others It Is the occasion of a graceful, generous and caMonal welcome " Mr. Ueofoic K. knwimsnt, of the German Scniety, gave " Sir Walter Scott?his memory will outlive his monument." Mr. Re> srsN,of St. Patricks Society, gave ''The poetry at d valor of Scotland?triumphant in a Burns as In a Bruce " Where'er the bay. where'er the laurel grows, Their wild notes warble and their life blood flows." And Mr. T. Kemindek gave. " The true and proper freedom of man?not a stinted portion of It has Issued from the |ilt ns and hill ?lde? ? the principle, habits ! and efforts of Scetland and bersons " All of which were 1 drunk with the greatest euthuslasm. The I'nKftiDKNr then gave:?' St Andrew?while i revering his memory may wn imitate his benevolence." LAir?"John Anderson my Jo"] "Honest men and j onny lasses " [Air?" Green grow the rushes ()."] I " May csre and trouble never f**h. hut mirth an' joy 1 be wt 'tis a'" | Song?"Dainty Davie.'-] This wns the last of ?he regular toasts; but ?everal *ere subsequently voluntpcrca Some excellent s'>n<?s, I too, were surg In the course of the evening, by Mefuri. II. Maxwell. McCoskry. Clirehujh, ?nd other gentlemen Just ax we were ltiitlni?, Mr Wilson, the Scottish minstrel. joined the company. nnd. no doubt, contributed to enhance still more the pleat-urea of the evening, by hia vocal and convivial powers Altogether It was a very plea?.int evening, and reflected the greatest credit on the committee ; and we doubt not. it would he a nf- ?in'!<s to Gerard that the none of - tLe mountain and lh? flood" did not separate till " the wee short hour ayout the twal." Court of Appeal*? \ovriiilnr Term. Not. 28.?The Court, on coming in, decld~d the following motions:-llobert M Seymour, et al. respondent. vs Silas Marvin et al . appellant*. Hamilton 1 Imtria for respondent; Henry II. Coxtens for appellant Appeal dismissed, with costs of appeal David Selden. appellant, agt Thoma* Vermilya and others, rcspondenta W. H. Leonard, solicitor for respondcnt, Boyd P. V. Cutter for appellant. Motion to dismiss appeal granted with costs of appeal: no cost of motion Hobeit J. Vandewater. appellant, va Alexander Ke'eey. respondent II Harris, solicitor for appellant; S. Mathews, solicitor for respondent. Appeal Disinter ?d with costs of the appeal, and costs of motion tobe taxed. Horace tlrover. appellant, agt Ira Coon, r'Fpondeot. John Clark, attorney for appellant; .1. Mullin. attorney for respondent; C. P. Kirkland. of counrel for respondent. John Clark, of counsel for afpellast Appeal dbnils?ed, with cists of appeal. Mat bias B Waid impleaded with William Ooadby, defendants In error, ads James I.yme plaintiff In error. R. C. (iray for defendant In error. A K Coren for plaintiff In error Ordered that, the order entered by the plaintiff In error preoiudlnjt the defendant In error from jolulrB in error and nil Riitwf.ju.-nt proceed- | Ing* on the part or the plain iff in error be *et aMde for Irregularity. and that he plaintiff In error pay to the defendant In error the rod* of the motion t? bo taxed. ' Th?> People n ral. the rmldunt, Director*. fen.. of the Hank of Monroe defendant* In error ada Darin* IVrinn, j lateoherlff of Monroe oo plaintiff In error 8 Mat'ini** for defendant* In error; T lla?tin*e. for plaintiff In errrr. Writ of error dlotii'fed aith oo?t of appeal It ( being motion day. the following ruction* were made Ni IIP- David Tllton. plaintiff In error y* M IliM- i in, rteferdant In error Spooner St Paddook for plaintiff In error; Thou. Warner fir defendant In error. Vloiirn to di*ml>* appeal o\. part of defendant* In errrr Mr Tho* Werner hear-! for motion. D 0. Millie, Kfq . oppoeed, Held nndi-radfli>ement. No 7.1 ?Klj?h I!*/Mon and wife appellaut.a y* Nathan \Vaketn40 et al. respondent* J N Whiting for ap?llant?; A. Oibb* for respondent*. Motion on part of re?p.indent* to 4li>mi?* appeal Mr A Olbh* hear* tor motion; Mr B. Dael* Noxon of couo*?l oppo?ed? held nnder a<dvl**ment Kl*ey H. Powell and other*, appellant*. *c'n?t I-dir. Prlre and other*. respondent.. M II. l.uif attorney for respondent*; H Y. Catlet attorney for appc'lant* Motion to dismiss appeal on part of rerpotiflenf* 0. O Hill!*, |.>(|. of i-OMtiael. heard f-r iii-i- I tlon; <!*o K. Cnjn*tofk, j, eppoted Motion drawl, with flu co?t?, ' s. ?R K I DAY, DECEMBER 1, ] SECOND jfe 8 S I 0 \ OK TBS

THIRTIETH CONGRESS. Aoirmbltl Monday, OeccmlMr 4, ls|M. M'liign in 'tal'ca: Demoorati in rnaau : Fr-? Sollir? in iraall lapitala; NnUrea in ; Anti Beuten, A. B. The Senate. Orono: M. Dai i.jta, I'rcfMmt. Auvkv DiruoR, Secretary. Jrrfm . Term ... ElP'rn- _ Michigan. Etpirr, Wbi. RtKiiiR IK49 Tbomaa Fitwrald . J.18I H?i jaiuis I i i|iaini-k.....l*i& AI|>houa Ft lch ISM A I* K AwaAa. UimiNaiFPt. Hoilui-d lP4fJ JuSrraon David ? m. K. r?baaiiM> JfcS3 Henry 8tnin Fix>t? |)(] CONWECTIOUT. NlW 0 AMPilllHC. Mr I, Mich JMtf Oiar>?0. Atlierton 1H?'l It V I1,M inu. p II..,. ,Jl'? DilavaII, N*w York. .litkn M. ( l? W1 J ,MN A- P1* W VrrtUy Spruutict, ... lfe6S 1)mW S. Dickinnon,,? ,,, 1H61 FuiBida. N?* Jtuiir. .'r.inCN D W<'Kult( JT 1W li m./.. l)<iyton .1851 l>avi<l 1* Yt'lee ?M Jacob W, ^filler 18i3 Ohoroia. NorthI'arolika. H?rtth?ll J. .'i hiikOD 18(0 George K Hntlyrr 1819 John iU. brrriCH 1K3 Willie P. Mamjum 1863 Ii.i.i*oia. Ohio. Sidiey Breoc 1W9 Wt'llam Allen 1*49 StciUu A. neunU'i 13W T/unnai Cor win 1001 IM) A rf A. Peicvrylvavia. Fdw. A llpiin?|?n lfffl SmoiC.niT 'O 1M9 J vim U 1*1 Onuiel storgMM 1H51 Iowa. RiiodeIsi.ano. Vacancy 1M1 Albert C.llreene 1H61 Vacaicy JohuH Clwke 1843 Kentucky. South Cakuuna. Th?ye< 1? iW< ten Ife 1849 A. P. Butler Juuiyh H. Uiiderirood 1863 John C. C'ftllonn 1M63 Louisiana. Tkni* Kssric. Ilenry John*on 1F49 Ho"klr? I. Turui-y 1851 SokUiOU U. buwn* 1W8 John IMJ 1808 Mainil. Trxas. niunihkl 1851 Thnmaa J. Rnak 18A1 JamoB W. Bradbury 1853 Sain Houston 186S M AFSACHrSr.TTD. VKit MO NT. Daniel H'ebiter 1851 William Uph im 1819 JoAn Vuvi? ISSH Samuel S. t'htlpt 1851 M a it vi.an i?. Virginia. J, 1 met A. Ven ret 1^9 Jaraca U. Mason 1851 Kcverdy lohnuon 1W1 Robert M. T. Ilunter 18.V3 Missouri. iViw.-o.-nsi*. David R. Atrbisor. lfW J. P. Walktr * 1H4'? Yin 11 ?? u. Benun 1851 Heury Bodge 1*?>1 Whirl' 21 Penoorata 35 Fiee 8< iler*. 2 Vacancies 2 Total 60 llonxr of lle]>rcHrii*?tlve?. Rihiekt C. Wisthrop, Speaker. Thomas J. Ca.v.itu.i..Clork. ai.arama. IP?loi.ph Mullen, I?John Onyle, 19?U i liim Collins, 2?Hniry H . till xard, Timothy Jenkin*. 8?Sonipwn W. Harris, "I?0. A. Starkweather, 4?William M liip>, Anaburn "IriNall, !? Gforno 1". Houston, 23? It i//j mi liuer, f?W. R. W. Cobb, St?On nit I {Jolt, 7?F. W Bowdcm. i'>?lla r mi in S. Conger, arka>*ah. 2'i Wm. T. Lawrence, 1?Robert W. J oil ii ion. 27?Kubon HLiekmin. conmtticut. 2M ?K/irt? Ii Holniet, 1?Jiimet Diron. 29-Robert L Hone, 2?tin mud D llvlbard, .*< ?David Rnmte u, 9-John A. Rockwell, SI?Dudley M irvin, 4? Truviav Smith. M?h'nth in K. Hull, HKI.AWARK 31?Uarvey Putnam, I?John H'. I lav it on, 34 ? 11 "athinyton Hunt, ' runt IllA MEW JERSICY. 1?El!inird C.Calell, 1?Jnme* O. Hampton, CEOF CIA. 2?William A Nciotll, \?Thomat It. King, 3?Jifeph Edsa'l, 2?AKred Ivctkii, t?John Van Duke, it?John H', Jot,en fi? I>ut! lely iS. (trciiory, 4- Ilunh A. Ua'?>on, N9KrT1CAAOI.lNA. t?J('l:n II I.nuipkin, 1? Thoi I., i'tingman, Ii?Howell Cobb, 2?Xulh Intel lloyden. 7?Alex. H SlejihtM, 3?Daniel M Harringer, b?- Rota t Toemb*. 4?Aug. H Sheph i rd, im.inoir. 6? tbrnm W. % enable, 1?Robert. Smith, 6?JameaJ McKay, 2?John A. Ncl'lernand, 7 -Jolm It .1. Daniel, !?Oilando B. Ficklin, H?Richard S. DonncU, 4?John Wentwor'h. S)?David Uutlaxc. #?Wm. A Ki<'h?t<iwn, ohio. 8?1 hi mai J. Turner, 1?Jamea J. Faran, 7? Abraham Lincoln. 2? David Either, Indiana. 3?Robert (' Schenclt, ]?flu ha Embfec, 4? Richard S. Canby, 2?Tli'mai J. Henley, 6?William Sawyer, 3 - 3'?'?a \j. "nnMnaon, 6? Rudo'nh'a Dickinaon, l?O leb Ii Smith, 7? J' nathan D. Morris, 5_ AYiiham H Wick, 8?John L. Taylor, R?tirorge (J Own, 9-Thom n O. Elwardt, r?RichaM W. 'I'hnmpion, 10?Daniel Duncan, ft?John Pettit, 11?J?hn K. WlU?r, 9?Charles W. Cathrart, 12?Samuel V. Vinton, IV?Hi 111* in Rock hill. 13 ? ThClftia Richer. iowa. 14?Math ait Kviim, 1?Wllliem TI>o?npni? 18?Wil lam Keanon, Jr., 2?Shep^ etd Lefller. Ifi?John f>. C'lmmlna, mri tiit, 17?O-'orje Frloi, 1?Linn B*}d, If??ami'0t l ahrn. 2? Samuel Peyton, 19? John ('roirell. 3? B. I.. Clark, 2"?Joani'a K Oiinuvt.s, 4?Jilctt hiickprr, 21?Joseph M.R > it. ti?John B Thompnon. pkviivi.vani*. (-Urcen Ada ma, 1-LKWI? a LEVI*. 7? (iarnetl Dvrrnn. 2 ? Jmryh R. Ingerioll, i?l'hiirleiS Moreheud, 3?CharVe Brown. 8? Bi< I ?rd Fiench, 4? Char'ce J. Ingentoll, ' r 1*^ W " ' ' 6?John Prrcrlly. uivllN& firtl- W. Bor?i)aek, 1?Fmlle 1* S?tc, _ 1?Abrn K MrUiwine, 2?ft.ti. 7Hlodeifti, B?J'hn Strohm. 3?J. M. Harmaoion, ft?W| llam ^tronn. 4?liano t. Bene. 10- Ikihird Rrodhead, maitiF. II? (J/ietttr Itutler, ]?Parid Hammoua, 12? Oaviu U'm.mot, 2?Am W. H. Clapp, 13? Jamei Pollock, 4- Franklin riark, )b?Henry Nen, h? JfphiaJgi K. Smart, 16?./ /nfxr H lirnrlu, 6?w rvy, 17?John Wanchira, 7? Bn.fkiali W tllinrat. IK? Am!rev Stewart, lliMAi'HI HTTH 19 fib MttlJIl. 1? KiHert ('. Winthrop, 9'?John Dickey. 2?DoiiilP King, 21?Mo-en Hampton, 3? Anw Allott, 22-J W. Fhrrtlly, 4?John (1 'AirKtr, 21? Jainc* Thomnaon, t?Chnrlet lltirlton, H?Alexander Irrine, t?Grorfe Jihmun, rhide i*i,ajip. 7?JtUitu Rockwell, 1?Robert B. Crumton, (<? Bok ai * Maww, 2-BefJ B. Thnrtton. V?Ailtm.'i Vale, with ca?oijna. 10?/o?ipA (Irinnrll, 1 ? 11 ni e n A B'a ck. uAPvI.AN[>. t?Riohard F. ftlnpnnn, 1?John O ('hapman, 8?Jo?<>f>h A. WoodwarJ. 2?./ Dixon Roman, 4?Va?aney by dsath. 3? T. W iHIm l.lgoa, 6?Artrmaa Burt, 4?r?lfrt M. Mai,an*, 6? Inuin b. Ilolm?? 6? Alt xander Kviitu, 7?B- Barnwell Rhett 6?John IV. Critjelil. tknxrs?rr. mimovri. 1?Andrew Johnmn. 1? Jfnim B. Bowlin, t?William M Cocke, 7? Julin Jrmcton, 3?John II. Crozier, J?Jan. S. tireen, 4?II. L, W. Dill. 4?Wtllard P. Hall, 8?flenrre W. Jon"*, .".? John S Ph?lpe. 0?J*m?r B. ThnniA*, mii mean. 7? Meredith P. Hentry, 1?Robert McClelland, 8?Wathi pton Harrow, ??Ohjr ti E. Stuart, ??. nrertn R Chase, .1? Kiimlry 8. Rlniiliam. 10?Frederick P "tftmi, Kinnmrri. 11?William I3 llnbll. 1? Jacob IHr. r?on, t*xa*. 2? W. 8. F?ather?t"??. 1?BaTid 8. Kaufman, 3?Pntk H\ Tntiipkini, 2?Timothy Plllebury. 4?AHertO. Brown. Vermont. nrw WAurMiiue. 1? William Henry, 1?Airot Toek, T?Jieob Colin me', 2?<'harlf? II. rail*, 3- Utoryt I* Man A, 3? Joi. Wilton, 4?Lneiun B. Heck. 4?Jamra H. Jotniov. vibci.nia. ?rw vnitK. 1?at*' Ibal--* AUin?fl|>, 1?Frederick W. Lord, 2?Ri> '<ard R. Meade, 2? llei.ry <!. Bnrj'by, 8 ? Thomm S. Flournoy, ?? Hfurv Nl<-nll, 4?Th m-asS B'Minok, 4?H IlUnm B. Me^'ay, &? Williatn I. H047fin, h?Frederick A Tulmniilt, H?John ftl Roth, (? Ihrace (Ireeley, 7?Thomaa H Hajly, 7? ll'tV/t" wi Silton, 8?R T. I,. Heale. t?CorntHut Warren, 9?John S Pendleton, V- VrniilH St J <hn, 1(1?H-nt7 Hedii ger. II'- Eliakim Shirrill, II- Jnrr, VcOowell, 11? filer // Sy r iter, 12? William H Proton, IT? Git'ecn Ihynoli't, Alt 11? A tui r, If S tulton, 18- Jn>\ I, Sliiiin rl,inH,A.ll. 14?Bo a. A. Thompson. 14-<1,7,1 ndo fit Horn, 18? WUH.tnO Brown. 15-!<ldl'?T Ijiwwiico, *nrn?i?n. 11 ?II in h M hi e, 1?M'm. I'itt Lynd?, 17?recipe l>tri?, 2?*. Djrlm*. WhlgK 110 Pmx crat? .Ill kre* 8otirr* A V.tln.A 1 Antl-RenVwhlgaV.'. 7. 8 Vtrtncili 1 Total 330 TllE nST.KC ATFH. In addition to the above, Oregon will aend a delepat e, and Minefota haa already elected one. although that territory has not jet been organised. Tb? election reoulted in tie choice of Mr. Sibley, by a majority of 109 over hie competitor, Mr. Rice; about 404) votea having been pol e I. Mr Sibley immedia'ely alerted on bin way o Washington California and Ne* Mexico atep in i eX', i erhap* at thia netnion. Illlnola, Official returns from 1'3 countiea. give the following remit laM (11 784 Taj lor 48.130 Van Buren .16,624 Total rote 115,418 Cam over Taylor 3 560 The eeven conntle* to be heard from ottiaially are reported to hare givt n Taylor 7'.?3 majority ?leaving Cau l majority in the State 'i 949 The Krer S >? I \ nte. Maine 13 124 Ohio 35.458 New M?mp?hir?. . . 7.607 Indiana (10 co)... 8,818 Vermont 13 837 Illlnoll*. (39 oo ). . . 19188 MuKFaehuretta.. , , ;iv,18' vlchipan. (18 oo.) . 7,151 Rhode Ialand 711 Wiar(.n?ln.(in part) 9.5K0 Connecticut 5.103 low*, " 2,107 Nur \ork 121,"?ft Virginia. (ft eo)... 7ft Nfw Jrrrty >>4lt N' nh < anllna. . . 100 P?-nnpjl??nI? 11,M Loulntaoa (in N.O ) 1 Drlivurc SO ?? Mur) lurid 12ft ToUl 288 277 Mr Ci ay ?The following tele^iHpliic despatch ftivfH the Intent iptrlligence respecting the health of tliii eminent taU-uman : ? ' l,nii?T(in, K?? Not. 27th. " Henry t'luy 1*. p?th?p?. in no i1?nK?r, i nt l? oonflnfl to bin bed th? xrt>nt?r part of th? tun*, anl rt -ii > Mm utiHimi h very alowly. 1U <? i?tj much <1?toUtoUd." I IERA 1848. Coii|firaalnnnl Vote of Sluv York. 1 The Albany Attn* given the follow 111^; tnbl** of i the Congressional vote, at the recent election, in | the 34 district* of this Sstnte. Conip irt <| with tli* vote for President and Governor, the aggregate* stand as follows :? Pi fiHrnt. Gmrrnor. Congrnt. Whig (Taylor) 21K r?f>l (Ki*h) 218.512 2l7,?:t7 Deni (Csm).. lUW'i (Walworth).. 1101)60 IIP 878 Ft. SolUV.B ) 120,619 (Dlx) 122 020 121,007 Totals . . ,463,0i)2 457,191 449 622 TIwh statement shows thnt the free mtil cuodi" dates for Congress, run ahead ot Van Ituren :i,4M8 votes; also ahead ot Mr. I>'.x, their candidate for Governor, 1.387 votea. This difference ia to he accounted,for mainly, in consequence <>f the strong candidates run hy the tree soil men in never.il districts. such as Mr Field ot this ci'v: Judge lUmfjnd, of (itFejfor PreBton King, of .St. Lawrence; imer, of the Chemung district;Culver, of Washington, and others. Pitt. Taylor. fciii Htirrn. CV???. I. King.... iW Joop? Ml Brown 23li 2 Bok-j?... Mi 8 Oronke 1IW7 Maraereau vn* .1 HiiitIi .. MU Smith 7?l Hart 3778 4. Ui dirltill WftO lle<-ker )!>?> Wa-ilay 3>m 5. Brirr*... IW4 Spencer .... 14 >6 Walah 27'">J ?. Brnohi... y?0>l Field tttSV l.aw d!?72 7. Nahnn,.. 4!'?* J <' Blauv It I7W N. V. Blauvelt. JtH.1 R Uullnway f.r01 Bui ey UW1 (J inu?n 4tW I v, K"? ?k Cunla 1>7* Woodward... 4'>?> ID. Gould* .. 6267 Ed|iert"ii ... 44l.'t Whealur Itffi II. fr?i\e* kt Lu.l Betku.un. ... Jti >.'l Olacy .1-JJ I*, u a roi>.. M '? Heynokist... (I'M IX fcl/leraft. j 27 W?o.l 2.116 Boolon .V7rt n. Awrr? i. v i utiing Zl.1l 16. 1 htiruran, 4'711 I,a<vrunce.,. S'H'M Ueldfni 344 l(i. WiiIh... 8133 Cow, n 8191 CampbtU ??9 17. A Icxnnd'r 6119 Nellia 65i>4 Simmon* 12lit 1". .?i(uiro ... 6133 KIiir 7.?W D? <liO* 1321 ID. Clarke... l*o? 44?'7 D?nn ?Kt SO. ktoitenon, M)V4 M?nn 8'ny Wllilame 3211 21. Smith... H3JU ll.mraond... 27"'>7 M ?l<teu tin.'W i'2. Bennett . NII4 Smith 2M.'K) Mason (ii!M 23. Duer... . 81(19 Nvo 6SK4 Cro'nn 1641 _'4. Uott 64113 Sed??lok... 4W?! Baltwiu 2491 26. Codrot. ., 67't! Ballard 6747 liyrte 1?7U iti. Juckeou.. 6444 Winner (i !M Hathaway.... 3117 17 Sackett.. hfiH lUxtom . ... 6M(I Bi|t?low 1S2? 2H Sthe'rh'n. Kill 8el<len 474# * mi ill I.'k!7 .!?. KO'? ... . 7HI7 Unrlin^houM-, 41V) Parlmit 2llW SC. Hviti-.fey.. 72M! Grover 6U.W An^il 2Mi M. Klkley... Potman.... 2*3:1 Chaffae 3>i|U .12. flpanldlng 7622 Wadsworth.. 2.W Clint >n 34IM 33. Pu'ran).. 64>!) Smith 278)1 Willett 2^7^i 34. Burrowa . 6.172 Davis WW Burroughs,.. . 2211 Totali... 217,iW7 1W0J7 wiiTrt V?n Bujen'e agminate 12l,iNi7 Cu?a " 107,H7d 16.129 Deduct Cnia'a vote in RenaieUer 2,7dl Van Buren'a majority 1:1,3 ii Fitch. f013 tReyi olds, independent whin, came out aa a free mil candidate, and w ?h mpportvd aatuich. On the !'re-iide'?tial ticket the ?,>',? in vl e county vat, Van Buren 3,lit; Taylor, 6,141, and Caa?, 2.761, TLere were seme voles cast for irre uilar or independent candidates, not included in the above. To the upgn gale vote of Taylor must be added a portion ot the vote for Fitch, in the loth district, independent anti-rent. It all that vote be added, it iai*ea ihe aggregate votes ot the Taylor Cotipp't-sni' n to 220,(MO*?which is 2,059 more than his electoral vote. The Atlas shows that in the 17th, 2:$d and 27th diftricls, there was a coalition between part of the old hunkers and the whit's, hv which the free soil candidates were defeated, and the whig candidates elected in those districts, as follows:? President, , , Conciikji.? > Taylor. 1' II. Ci't?. Titular. V. II. C'tti. 17tb D1?t* 5,:.64 6 405 19*4 6 109 5 564 1,254 2*df " 6 653 6 (<93 2 6!)!) 8 t09 6,884 1,640 27tb| " 6 3:14 6,213 2 857 5 845 5 260 1 82o Total.. .17,241 17,701 7,040 20063 17,708 4,714 * Herkimer, ke. 1 Otwrgo, fcc. { Senaca. kc. This shows that in these three districts, where Vhh Hutf-n leads for President, no less than 2 old hunkers voted for the whig candidates for Congress, for the purpose of defeating the barnburners, or her hoi 1 nun. Tour of Ihipectlon over the Jtonte of the HikImii River lUiliroml. On Wednesday last, a Jarge number kof the di" rectory, shareholders and others, interested in this undertaking, made up a |>arty for the purpose of examining the works along ihe Jin", and the pro grrss v, hich has been made towards its completion. I he nature and magnitude of the engineering operations, the depth of the cuttings, the length ol the tunnelling, and the rugged and picturesque chaiacter of many parts of the couutry through whii h the line passes, invested the trip' with a degree ol inteiest that was equally participated by ergineers, as well as shareholders. Tue whole distance traversed by the party extended to ieventy-eight miles. Str> ker'e Bay was the first j>oint which erirnged attention. Thin auction of the road rune clove to and parallel wkh the river, and ib in a considerable state of forwardness, being ready for laying down the rails. Along'his section, for a cotisidt ral?!e distance, ther? is an embankment against the encroachments of the river, consisting ol a ten-wall, about tour feet thick This leature 01 tiie roan lurmsnea a topic for some r?iher diversified opinions on the probable durability ot the work itself, ad well an tin? policy of carrying the hue in that direction. It was the opinion of some, whose judgment on Hitch mutters is entitled to considerable weight, that this wall will iuverbe able to resist the impetus pity of the winter currents and that it must crumble away before the assaults of the little ice bergs that will be drifted towards it with lrresist,1,1lury, during a severe winter. Others, again, were ot u different opinion, anJ seemed to think that it would be more than a match for the dilapidating effects of the water, and the fury of the storm. Whatever may be its capability, time will tell; but in the mean time, it would be hazarding a premature judgment to pronounce decisively one wav or oiher. It can at present be consideied omy 111 the light of an experiment, and we f ha 11 WHii.to witi ess the (fleets of a severe winter upon it before we guaranty its success. The consideration of these several views natu al'.y led to the inquiry whether the difficulty and danger of this part of the line might not have been obviated by the selectunof another route; and not a few gave it as their opinion that a better section, mid one not open to the objections above stated, mipht have been made by running the line a little more towards the interior, and through the Saw Mill Valley, much in the same direction as the Croton aqueduct. Ry this route there would be but trifling cuttings or embankments, thegm'ficnrs would not he very large, the curves would be inconsiderable, and. in fact, there would be no engineering difficulties of any magnitude. The outlay at firti might be a little greater in consequence of the pur< hate of the land and the comparatively greater difficulty of constructing the line; but 1 when then st of this sea wall is taken into ac! count, and the repairs which from time to time may be necessary, the section we have suggested ! might net, in the loug run, prove the most expen| sive. We thonld not be much surprised if it may yet become necessary to m:tif such a deviation. At Fort \Vashin?ton ihe works begin to increase in magnitude, where the passage runt through the Highlands. At this point the solid rock was out I into fifty-five feet, ?t a cost, w were informed, ! very little short of $100,000. The next place of j Hiiy interest touched at, was Phillips' Hill, a little below Went I'oint. A tunnel iWO feet in length is here in process of construction, the examination of which, as well a* th? various appliances for economizing time nnd labor in i?s construction, wete particularly interesting. New Han burg was the only remaining point of exploration. There is a tunnel here seven hundied feet long ; hut the nature of the works was oi a similar cnaracter to those which had l>e?n already exanun'd. It whs now thought that the survey had been continue d tar enough, and the party returned, arriving in New York about eleven o'clock. Altogether about lortv-five rtnles of road have been neatly completed. There are four thou mind eight Inn dred laborers at work on the line. With repaid to the future prospects and commercitil success of this great northern route, this is not the time nor the pUce to express any opinion : but hs t very description ot view, both financial Hnd engineering, was indulged in during the tup, it waf interesting, it not amusing, to hear the various hopes and fears that were expressed concerning it. The majority, of course, pronounced the tic in their earnestnem of manner,and tlie oracular and unctions way in which they jfave expression to ihie view, ore could not h Ip entertaining the inunction thnt with this class "the wish was twilier to the thought." Some, again, who were not to orthodox, (and how they managed tret in Hn>oiiL' the true nelievers could not he well ascertain d,) called it another "South Sea bubble"? that it would never stand the competition of the majenic Hud?fn,nnd its formidable rival running a little more to the interior; and that to fa>'from proving u munerative, it would ntver pay the cost 11 woiking, rtiuth leca the cost of construction. Whuttvei tiuth there maybe in either of these viewt.it is impossible now to give any opinion. It nurst he confessed, however, that it is a great enu rprirr: and whether its projector? may reiptbe jii left it profit the* anticipate, or not, the work itself, im lei gih, the phypic.il obstacles in th?- way of its c? n?iriwtion, furnish another powerful evidence of the (uid and enterprise of our people. L D. TWO CENTS. Clly I lilt-Ill^) tire. Klkctio* or thr Ctiir.v Emiinir.ii -Tb? election ofthe < hlef Kngfneer of the l-'ire Department, tIm Cornelia* V. Antleraon, resigned. closed yvaterday aftrrnoon. nn?l r?*ulte<] la thecholoe'of Alfred Carton. The vote atood? Carron .1,108 Ahrents '>M Camona majority 6-7 Tii> Wr.*tiinh.? Vea'erd'y waa a delightful <lay?a perfect iprclmen i.f bt au'iful Indian lunmrr The f kt clear, anil the air *of? and l>?lmy About noon, tl.ere wan a alight, Indication of rain, hilt that fHiin disappeared, and the evening wan beautiful. The light wav pleaaant, ?? the day bad been, and gave proud e of a pleaaant morrow. Kmr?A fire broke out. on Wndneaday night. nn the roof of honfe No. 8SH Sixth street, which w*a put oat after trilling damage. A lire broke out, about eleven o'elork veMtrday morning. In the houae of the lata L K Bridge. In 14th atrM?t, near l/niveralty plane, which ?a? extinguished after a damage of about ft'JOO. Tiik Bf.g<iar? or Broadway. ? Thl* innumerable clacn of individual ttlll throng the fa?hiontblo aide of Broadway, notwllhatandlng the plerolng old bla*ta which 1 a*e of laie been *o frequent. Scare* a block between Bleecker atreet and the Battery hut one or inor* may l>e m ?u reeking almeof all who paa* So many, Indeed, are they, that they bare become an intolerable nuUance. Their method* are almoat aa many a* their tiombere, and rnally aoiue of th^m look aa though they were much better qualified for work than begging.? There are a few, no doubt, to whom the gifc of a penny would prove a blesaiug, while there are many, npon whom to beptow alma la but to fa?d viae, and Inoreaae tbe already overflowing numw or tnat fraternity ? There Is, among them an old woman, apparsntly not less than ninety yearn of age, whose ostensible business Is to dUpose of the contents of a little basket composed of a few apple* and pea-nut*. For several years her daily port was on the steps of one of the lariie stores, near Keade street. She carries \ little stool, upon which she tits in a bending posture.? Thia posture in not affected, for she Is evidently beat with the weight of years, and her tottering fteps are supported by a long cans, or stick, which always accompanies her perigrlnattons. She always posted herself so near the door that It *11 Impossible for any one to enter without obJ serving her Iter appearance was always sure to ex. I cite sympathy, and many would drop a penny into her basket without the thought of taking 1mm her small store in return A few months slnoe eke disappeared, and those who had for years been in the habit of settog l.er dally at her post, supposed she was dead. Such, however, was not the na?e. Business in her line bad somewhat dull in that quarter, and she had migrated to a more prominent plaoe on the opposiee side, near White street. Here she posted herself, and to this time may be seen every day, sitting beside her little basket. She receives i niany contributions, which add to her already easy circumstances It is suld she Is possessed of several icourauu uounrn w, nwi ui rrii (wiaic. iiu ni ?ni?li fnD halt acquired by thin means , but still she hiu a de ire for mora There i? ona perambulating beiigar * ho daily strolls from the owner ot Spring ?tr*et to Trinity oburcb. She la very large, probably weigh| ing t?0 hundred pounds Sbe ban an idea that th? sympathy of the people can b? excited by hein* thorn a miserable. slckly-looklng child, who, she pretends, has been nick for a long tin e. That is probably true; but the sickness arise* from want of fool, mi l tint in kept f."id It, lent it ahonid become healthy anil unfit for the purposes of begging. On several occasions she baa been arrented, but aleayn got off by promising she would not be found in tho street spain. Ol late she has apn-are.l with another child, the former baring dl?d or beeo kept fro<n her la oonsequenco of the non payment cf itn hire Nlio spends the evenicg in tb? neighborhood of the corner ef Vesey St eet, that she may harn an oppirtunity to assail all who pass out of or into the Antor House. Her general appearance "bo?s most plainly that sho in addicted to intemperance: and. with a view to hido her bloated face, wear* a hood closely drawn, ao th.it her feature* may not be discovered It woti'd be but just to give ber the pleasure of a visit to that delightful spot known aa Blank well's Inland, here she would be obllg-d to work Frequently tbe object in attained by women sending their little children, while they wait on an adjacent oorner to receive tbe alma an qnlckly aa the children obtain them This species of bfggars h?s b?come quite commou In Broadway, and the success with which they bava met will tend to increase the number. There are , soma t?n or twelve, it Is said, who have firmed aa asf sorietfon. arid the proceeds of tbe day ara equally divided at nipbt. They have their headquarters la % low ard damp cllar in Anthony streat. where thjy rave) In drunkennena dutlng the whole nlvht But there is one nlass which ate really to be pitied, not because of their destitution, but for ?h"tr fut?tr* tmnt . _ of life Tkese are a number of ftirli, from el<ht to (sutwu Jtvi of ajta tlrerr night they apiymr Is Breadwny. and are most ndPMAHK 4Sk?r Will tall of a pa's't d fntber. a sick mother an<f several helpless brothers and slaters at. home, who have nothing to eat. They may be known by ba vlng a shawl thrown over their heads and generally without ahoes. The?e tale* of sorrow are listened to. and freqaently eic'te sympathy. Follow tbem to their home. If such it may be called, and the sen*ea are shocked at the horrlb e state of infsmy at which these young creatures have arrival It Is a miserable hovel In t>oes street, kept by one of their number, but who never begs; she Is about eighteen years of age and known by tbe nnreet name of Vfary. She Is the keeper ot this infantile brood of courtesans, all of whom are given up to vice in its moet aopalliaf features. Tbe mother or this girl keeps an apple stand rear tbe Park, but has no control over ber daughter. How unlike tbe gentle Maty who anointed the feet of her Savior, ard wiped them with the bairn of her head! Header Imagine such a stat- of d pFavlty In the very V.... ? ,7 11,1. ??...* .l.ba M >t tbe thought; but if you will take tbe pain* to mate k me Inquiry for the hcuie of little Mary, on bateoldlon tbe inmate* your mf?*t glaring conception* of wretchedness and In fumy will full into nothingnes* when | cruipared with the reality Children onlv sight, ten, | and t*?Ur year* old. etretched upon the floor. InebrtI sted to inrrnalbllity, lout to every principle of dec*aay t>d rbame, ari l abmJoned to ail the borrow of the life they have e?pou*ed' While looking upon th*ra in Broadway. M tbey weeptngly *eek a penny. ' to bny a loaf of bread," who would Mtppofe that they were capable of no much deceit and crime? Then- ar* f?ct?, be it Mid to the shave of tbe executive authorities of the city?would it were otherwise Bat to return to Broa'lway There are several lI'Me b?yi one of whom la always crying, aa If bl? heart wnuM break. A?k him what Is the matter ? His reply Is. that he ha* nothing to i at. lie has a small basket on his a-tn : but that U empty; and If be Is to'd to go with you that you may buy bim a loaf of bread, he refutes saying - Motheralwajs fit her br>ad at one place " He wants money, ard nothing el?e This boy is about ten years old, and has been regularly trained to the business. On one occasion he was threatened with arrest. If he did ! not tell wtere bis parents lived He was frightened, and raid that hi* parents compelled him to beg. and If he did net take home at least tlfty c-nts they always beat him reverely. and made him go ont ag*ln They 1 are poor ml??rsble looking creatu'e*. living la Thomas i street and are supported entirely by what th? b ?y nan beg. refusing to work, and living In I Ilenes? and debauchery. The boy ha* an Intelligent look and mt<ht ! be made to atta'n a respectable standing If prnpsrly i reared Nine-tenths of *11 the hegaarsnf Broadway are fo of choice, and not nfce?att.y: ami the only way to 1 drive thf ra to the purpuit of an honeit Ufa, In to arrnat and Imprison thrm ?? Tagran'a. Whm? thin I* dona, Bmadway may be travcrred without tli<* nuMngr at ' every corn?r. of an idle man. woman or child, bwttia^ I for bread and money, when they are parfeotly able to take ('are of thamoelyea. Konrto"! PrariTMr.airn a'ti Anfiot.r* roa r?r. Toilet.? Dr. K? 1'x fioumud M or Walker atreet. ha? proi i iicfd unite a Henaaticn In the fa?hl inable worl I by the extenaiya emulation In the United State* of hi* 1 variou* roamettca. and their general demand by tba ladle* of fimhion and distinction, la New York oity I | artlrularly Among hi* dlvera preparation", thera ia I ore particularly dl'tingnlahed from th? r??t -w? allude to hi* celebrated Italian medicated aoep which i e*erel?e* ruch an extraordinary Influence over rough, pimrled. and aallow aklna I'ped freely It In part* a delicacy, purity, and brilliancy to the Pkln, truly aurprltlt>g Mlare llnnroua Pollllfnl lntelllKenee# | The l ift democrat*, of Ho.ton have nominated J<hn W. Jameafor \iayor The native Americana,a* a party will mpport Pr J. V O Smith for th? aama I ifllcp. Neither parry, thua far, offara any oondidaUa I for Aldirmen. t _i lilhnrni' la renorted aa bavin? riven ' SO irajorlty for ' ??? We do not know if thl? return Ineiudr* the new parUh of Hl?n?ll1a lf?o, the Stata in ecnipUte, and Taylor hw 'i ?? ? majority. (Mil* and Knrfa. A reciprocal t rinnMiii'i.t baa b?*n made bet?MB Kraoo" ?nd llunMa. whereby the vea*ah of both nation" ?III he allow?d the pr'mlei(*a of nationality at 1h? rmpectlee porta of the?? cotintrlea Kranch good* iai| oiicil into Ku*?la in Krench bottom*. will be idmittrd, without the ntoeaalty of the uaual certificate of origin. It it announced that twelee Slater* of rharity are a to lit to embark at Bre?t to found an eatabliahment at Honolulu, the capital of the Sandwich Idanda, by inritation from KIdk kam^amm III. Within the la?t twenty three yeara 1 737.60T feraon* ha*e emigrated from tha Brltlah dominion*; 4M0 000 nhm the leaf time year* (luring the Ivt year. 144,IM perron* emigrated to the United State*, and 1U0,| ISO to the North American colonies J? m Ward, of the Vork Hotel. 1. iter pool ha< retlra4 frrin tb* llrg. and fram being portrait painter ha* beri a e Und^repe painter Several of hia painting* ara In th? institution, and diaplay taleat and taata. Vr? ()<<tie ny. with brr children, ara about to pro, ered to r*r'? to Join h?r htirhand, with a new of im[ mediately going to Amerten.

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