Newspaper of The New York Herald, December 10, 1848, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated December 10, 1848 Page 1
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T, """ TH : HO. 5303. THE ANNUAL. HBPOUT OF THE SZ! OP THE NAVY. Navv Uiuhtmsit, Dee. 4 1818. Sin:?I have the honor to mbrait to you. the annual report of the condition aud operations of this department of the public seivice. During the pant year the St. Lawrence, a frigate of the first cIhi'h, and the Vermont, a ship of the lino, have been launched. The shorn*. ai well a* the lower timbers of the frigate, were found, on examination, to he so decayed by the long time she hai b-enon ttie at nebs. that her security would have required repairs at a iar^e cost, and it wan deemed economical to laiuah her. She ban been put in commission. and is a splendid addition to the Navy. The old ship house. in the Boston yard, which covered the Vermont, stood so ear the boundary line of the public ground*, that the experienced officers in charg? of the bureau of construction, and in command ot the yard, concurred in the opinion officially communicated that theahip aud the valuable public property in the yard. were exposed to danger of destruction by flre from the contiguous private building'. I was natii-He 1 that if the shlphoute bad taken Ore the ship could not have been saved. The admirable stone docks near it would have been destroyed, and public property of the value of several millions of dollars would probibly have shared the fame fate, and 1 therefore directed that the ship should he launched aud secured from injury, until the wants ot the servica would require her to be fitted for sea This hid been done, and the shin houfe has been taken down and the materials u.-;ed for other purposes. The construction of the four steamships of war authorized by the act of Congiess ot 3d of March, 1847, Is in a satisfactory state of progress. The Saraaac, built at the navy yard at Kitr.ery. has been launohed The i'owhattan, at Norfolk, the Susquehannah at Philadelphia, the San Jacinto at New York, m ly bo launched and ready for sea in the oourse of the next year. In the models and construction of the?e war gtiarners. and in the manufacture of their engines and machinery, great carc has been taken in the skilful execution of the work, and in a careful Inspection by competent r fficers to make ihem worthy of the service, .and i doubt not they will fully meet the expectation' of the oountry. The appropriations by Congress for bo important an addition to our naval force have been liberal, and the officers, mechanics, and constructors, have exerted themselves to prove that we oan be as successful in the construction of steamships of war, ma we have been in the sailing of the navy. l'htre are unfinished on the stocks, at the several navy yards, four ships of the rate of 74 guns, and two frigates of forty-four guns. They are securely sheltered, and It has not been considered judicious or consistent with the interest of the service to launch them. They are so near completion that they can be realily launched and fitted for sea service on the shortest notioe, If public exigencies shall require. The vessels in commission during the past year have been e-nployed as follows In the I'aciflc, the ships-of thaline Ohio and Columbus, razee Independence,frigate Congress, sloops Portsmouth, Warren, Cyane, Dale and Preble. with the store (hip* Krie, Lexington and Southampton. The Columbus. Capt. Wy man, bearing the broad pennant of Commodore Biddle, arrived in the United States on the 18th March la>>t. and wax placed in ordinary. The frigate Congress, Capt. Lavalette, having been in commission more than three years, has been ordered hotrnt, and may be expected to arrive in the coming spring. The Portsmouth. Commander Montgomery, arrived in the United States on the 5th May last and was soon again ready for sea. The Cyane. Commander Pupont, arrived at Norfolk the Nth Ootober but. and has bsen placed in ordinary. In the month of May last, the Preble, Commander Glynn, sailed from the West Coast, with orders to take to China Commodore Geissenger, Commander of the Kast India squadron, and after having performed this service, to return to her ftation. The sloop St. Mary, Commander Crowntnshields, on the 11th April last, sailed from Norfolk to join the Pacific squadron. With a view to the regular supply of the squadron in the Pacific, and to furnish means for transportation of invalid* or men whoso time of enlistment may have expired, and who desire to come home, orders were given sote months since that one of the three store (hips attached to that squadron shall sail, on her return to the United States, eetni-annually Under this arrangement, one will be with the squadron, one on ber way home, and one will be going out witn fresh troops. The Erie has come hozae, and under LieutenantCommanding McBlair, has sailed to the Mediterranean by the Cape de Verds, with stores for the African and Mediterranean squadrons, and the Kredonia. Lieutenant-Commanding Neville, has sailed from New York ibr the Paciflo. When Commodore Biddle left the station, he was succeeded in the command of hi* squadron by Conmndare Shubrlck, and he was relieved at his own request Commodore Thomas Ap Cateaby Jones, who assumed command in the month of May last. Commdore Shubrick was authorized by the Department to detach himself from the squadron, and return home asioss the Isthmus ; but he deemed it to be his duty to remain on board the Independence, and is now on a oruise to the Sandwioh, Keejee, and other islands in the Paeilio, where the presease of a ship-of-war was considered of great importance to the interest of American commerce. The independence may be expected to reach the United States early in the spring VI ?UO UVAV JVBti J'he boat) squadron continued uader the command of Commodore Perry until the 20th Nov. last, when the Department, in view of his impaired health, yielded to hit request to be relieved of the command, the duties of which had been very arduoua and satisfactorily performed. Com. Wilkinson, on that day. assumed the command. During the pact year the squadron conaisled oi the frigate Cumberland; iloops Alba'iy, John Adams. Georgetown and Saratoga; of the steamers Mississippi. Spitfire, Vixen. Scorpion, Water-witch, Scourge. Iris. Petrita ; of the schooner* Reefer, Petrel. Bonito. Klirt, Mahanes. Falcon and Tampico ; and of the bomb-Vessel* A-Una, Stromboli, Vesuvius and Hecla. with the store-ships Relief and JEleotra. The frigate Cumberland, bearing the pennant of Commodore Perry, arrived in New Vork in July last, with a considerable number of oases of fever on beard, and, finding that it did not abate, but assumed a more malignant type, it was deemed unsafe to send her again into the tropics, until the could be thoroughly hioken out in a oold climate. She has been put in ordinary. The frigate Karitan, Capt. Page, has taken her place in the pquadron. The John Adams, Commander Adam*, arrived at Boston in September last, and ia undergoing repairs. The steamer Mississippi, Commander Mackenzie, returned to the United State* in April, and is undergoing repairs of her hull and machinery. The Vixen is also undergoing repairs.? The Petrita was wrecked in the (Julf of Mexieo. The Water-witch and the Iris are at sea. The store ship Relief has sailed with stores for Braail, and the fr'redonia to the PaciOo. The other steamera and vessels numerated have bten sold, and the proceeds paidinto the Treaaury. They were purchased forspeoUl service in the Gulf of Mexico during the war, and were BOt suitable to general naval purpose*. In the squadron on the coast of Atrioa, commanded hjr Commodore Bolton, the sloops Jamestown. Commander Mercer; Portsmouth, Commander Armstrong; Dtoalur, Commander Burne; and brigs Boxer, Lieut.Commanding Bell; Porpoise, Commander Gordon, and Bainbndge, Commander Slaughter, have been employed. Commodore Cooper sailed in the sloop Yorktown, Commander Maretun. on the 22 d November, with orders to relieve Commodore Bolton, in command ol the squadron. The Boxer arrived in Philadelphia, in May last, aud being condemned, on survey, as unworthy of repair, was sold. Commodore B >lton has orders, on the arrival of hia relief, to proceed in the Jamestown, add relieve Commodore Read,in eommand of the naval forces of the United States, in the Mediterranean Sea There have been employed, during the year, in the Mediterranean, under Commodore Reed, the frigate United States, Captain Smoot; sloop Marion, Commauder Simon*; steamer Princeton, Commander Kn- i gel; schooner l'aney, Lieutenant-Commanding C. G. liuater, with the store ship Supply, Lieutenant-Com- ; mandiug J. Lynch. The Marion having finished her erufoe, arrived at Boston in the month or September; | the steamer Alleghany, Lieutenant-Commanding W. W. Hunter, haa been ordered from the Braiil station to the Mediterranean; and the frigate Constitution, Captain Gwynn, has sailed for the same station. On the arrival cf his relief, Commodore Reed, having flntshtd a long oruise on the coast of Afrioa and in the Mediterranean, haa orders to return home In tbn frigate United States. In consequence of our being compelled to discontinue the depot at Mahon, It becomes necessary to supply the squadron with storea. by means of store-ships. I'he store-.-hlp Supply. Lieut Commauding Lynch, was sent out with a full uargn of stores, in the month of November, 1817 Having det.h**m t.n t.h*a mavmrtil Mhiita nf that iniiftilrnn f'rnm tltnv to time, as they were required. she la on her return < home, and the Krie ha* bern loadiug and tent out to | continue the service. Commodore Head ha* made a ! temporary arrangement for landing stores, for the | guadroo at Spe/.*ia There am soma objections to this place as a ilepol. on account of its position, and In the present very dicturimd conditoa of Knrope, It la unoeitam vta> tber the arrangement will b? permanently continued. Ob the coast of Braill, under command of Commodore Storer. tha frigate Brandy win*. Capt. Boreman, the brig ferry. Lieut. Comuiauding X'llton, and the steamer Alleghany, Lieut. Commanding W. W. Huntar, hare been employed?the sloop St. Louis. Commander Coolie, aatled from Norfolk in Auguat last to i Join the squadron. and (tarried ordera lor the Allegha- : < ny to proceed to (he Mediterranean. In obedience to your direction, and with an anxious ' desire to gi?e protection to our commerce with the | I Kaat Indies, I despatched for that station, lu the , i month of .Maroh Ian, the sloop Plymouth, Commander ' Oedney ; she carried out as a pansenger, the Hon. Mr. ' 1 Davis, commissioner to China, and landed him at Ma- I 1 coa, on the ltlth day of August The brig Djlphtn, < Lieut. Commanding Ogden, ielt New York in the I CoDgtAra had early completed her ornins in th? Pafll11c, It wh doomed aarantageou* thut nh? should r?tura hcm? by way of chit ? ami Bombay, aa in doing no Aba would Tlalt lateral Important point* wiwr* thi oon?rtonal iNNiN of ship of war would sinrt a faroraM* Indnenea OB our et<nm?rr<al tntarait. (Joracnotore ttelMenger loft the Untied Sta-.o* iu Nor., 1.117, to go aoro<? tna with orJets t<> the I'-ioitlv and hot tiDKhiP pennant on board the Con<re?? proofed to < luna t)a hi* arrival lie w*? dlrxnted to tl?B*frrh>?p?auaut to the i'.y jjoavn, aud <*^aa>e iho E NE * command of the Kant India squadron, and the frigate wan exp>'oted to pursue her voysjjo home. For reasons Futistactory to the department, Commodore Jones, on joining the Paaiflc squadron. determined to retain the frigate until the pending question of peaoe should he definitely settled between the United States and ,1 Ik. alnnn I'^KL. I'nm. modora Uelssenger to his station. The il?lay consequent en this arrangement rendered it just and proper that the Congress should return borne by the moit direct route, aR the tern of her crew's enlistment had generally expired, or would essire before her arrival in the United States, and justice and policy forbid that they should be hel l to service beyond their oontr&ot without urgent necessity. * In the present political condition of the north of Kurope, ami in view of the existenceof war bo twee n 1'rusMa and Denmark, it wan deemed imnortant that a bhip of war should be sent to the North Sea and the Baltic to give protection to American commercial iu. terests in that quarter The frigate St. l.iwrence, Captain Paulding, sailed from Norfolk in the month of September last, with instruction to touch at Bremenhaven. and to enter the Baltic, Jf the advanced stite ofthe season did not forbid his doing so If such should be tbe ca<e, he was instructed to cruise during the winter between Gape Kini^terre and Cadiz, touohibg at LisboD, and In the spripgto return to the north and execute his orders. Captain Paulding, on his arrival at Bremerhaven, found that the war wai suspended by an armWtice, and that tbe winter was so near at hand as to make it imprudent for him to take hid ship into the Baltic. I ain happy to learn that the arrival ofthesbip has been hailed with universal satisfaction. The highest honors and mojt gratifying demonstrations of respect have been shown to our (lag, and the officers received with the mo it tlottering distinction and fraternal affection. The evidence thus , afforded of the friendly feeling and admiration with , whioh Germany regard* the United StUes, leaves no ; reason to doubt that this noble ship could not have j been senton nore important service. The condition in which our ships have returned from ! long cruises, and their eervioes abroad have afforded gratifying evidence of the high state of discipline in the navy. The pnlificalcendltion of Sicily, Sardinia and other States bordering on the Mediterranean Sea, has given peculiar interest, to the operations of the squadron on that station. Commodore Read has performed his responsible and often delicate duties with zeal, judgment, and activity;and on no occasion have our countrymen received more timely and effective protection of their persons and property than in the violent revolutionary conflicts whien, during the past year, have frequently occurred within the limits of his command. Brazil, and the East Indira At tbe date of my last annual report. the United States were engaged in war with Mexico. In the Gulf of .Viexico the squadron. under command of Com. Perry, continued, until the return of peace, to hold military possession of the several ports then in its occupation, commanding the trade, collecting a moderate revenue and administering the temporary civil government authorized by the laws of the nation. Yucatan, one of tbe States of Mexico, had been permitted by tbe government of the United States to oocupy a neutral position, and was thereby exwmpted from the evils of the war. While thus situated, hostilities commenced between the Indiana and the white inhabitants ol that State. It was a war of races, attended by tbe most shocking atrocities. Under your orders the squadron, with a humanity and snocess whioh did honor to our national charaoter, extended protection, food and shelter to the Qeeing white inhabitants in their destitution and despair, and those thus aided were a portion of the pesple of a country with which we were at war. In that report I felt authorized to state that the squadron in the Pacido had captured Maxatlan, San Bias and Acapulco. and was holding them open to the trade of our countrymen and of neutrals, under the same conditions as were other Mexioan porta in the military occupation of tbe United States. The correspondence which is annexed will show that, with the exception of Atapuloo, the facts justified the belief expressed. All thn important points on both shores of the Gulf of California were gallantly captured by the rquadron In co-operation with detachments of the army under Lieut. Colonel Burton, and occupied until the return of peace. Commander Shubrick found his force too small to attempt the reduction of Acapuico, without so weakening the garrison* of the important places held in the Gulf as to endanger their recapture, and wisely determined not to make any movement against it. In the month of March, the commanders ot tbe naval forces In the Gulf of Mexico and the Pacific were confidently informed of the disposition made by the Senate of the United States of the treaty of peace, and were instructad to net in conformity with its stipulations as soon as they ahoold be informed by the Uaitsd State* Commissioners of its ratification by Mexico In th* amended form, and thus avoiding an unnecessary and irritating delay. The exchange of ratification* was made known to them. and. without waiting for further instructions, measures were taken by Commodore Jones in the Pacific, and by Commodore Perry iu the Gulf of Mexico, for the evasuatien of the Mexioan territory, and the restoration acnoidiog to the terms ot the treaty, of all places within the limit" of the Mexican Republic, wbfeh had been taken and occupied by tbe naval forces of the United States These measures were promptly executed, and it is a source of the highest satisfaction to have it in my power to state that no complaint oi tbe manner in which the duty was performed, has reached the Department. rne skill and courage witn which the officers and i men of the rquadron conducted their military operations. are not entitled to b)gberprai>o than la toe scrupulous regard to justice and humanity which charactered their conduct while occupying portions of the enemy's country, controlling their revenue*, and goTerning tbeir inhabitant*. Tha delicate dutien r?sultingfrcm these positions, hi?e been performed without a stain on our national character, and without an aot of extortion, eruelty or oppression. i have the honor to transmit copies of the official reports of our naval officers on the subject of the operations of their respective commands, and esDeeially of military operations, during the war They present more in detail than I could with propriety use. in my official reports, incidents which belong to the histery of the country. In this final report of naval operations in the war with Mexico, now happily ended, I deem it to us my duty to make a brief allusion to the participation of tbe navy In scenes and achievements which have reflected honor and glory on the American name, and commanded the respect of the world for our flag The enemy bad no navy, and an inconsiderable commercial marine; our ships of war had, therefore, nothing to contend with on their appropriate element ? 1m the raciflo, our squadron, with means not fitted for inland operations, acting independently, and. in cooperation with a small portion of our gallant army, effected the conquest cf California In supplying the deficiency of this meant, and in preparing for and executing an inland oampaign. with the crews of his ships, Commodore Stockton displayed the highest military resource. and the greatest energy. Since his memorable march from St. Yago, Ciudad de los Angelos, and tbe battles of the 8tb and !?th of January, 1847, that country has been tranquil, our posnession undisputed, and its inhabitants have bailed the cession of California to tbe United States with grateful satisfaction ? Important points in the Gulf of California were taken by the forces under Commodore Shubriok, and their occupation maintained by him and his successor in command, independently and In oo-operatlon with the troops under Lieutenant Colonel Burton, with the display of tne highest skill and courage by officers and men. while their conduot was so just and humane that a large portion of the inhabitants, especially of Lower California, deeply regret that they, too. are not to have the advantagerof our laws and institutions,and the protection of our glorious flag All will concur in admitting that the treops sent to California, with their acknowledged courage and military skill, were not In ufficient force to have conquered and maintained the occupation of the country without the efficient services of tbe officers and men of the squadron, both ashore and afloat. In tbe Gulf of Mexico, from the beginning of the war, by ce-?peratlen at tbe Brazos, while the battle of Palo Alto was raging, by the capture of Tamplco. by protecting the transport above, and the landing of the troops at Vera Crux, by its gallant co-operation in the I siege, bombardment, and capture of that city and its defence* ny im sueressrm operations a<a)n*t robi?*co, I Tuspan. Laguna, ami other point* in the Interior, and j on the eoMt, but especially l>y holding a constant oom- ! mandof the sea. and by it? vigilance and activity. ex- i eluding contraband trade and munition-) of war from 1 the enemy, the squadron* rendered th" most important servicee to tht-ir common country. These nervine* ! were rendered in a most inhospitable climate, and In the mldet of suffering and death, not caused by th't enemy In the horrible conflict of arm*, but by the sU?nt ravage* of dlseMe. All this ?u accomplished without withdrawing the aquadrood from other rtatlon*. So effect Ire h is been the performances of the Unty of the navy in avery quarter of the gioi>e, that our Increasing commerce in the most distant **as ha* felt no oheck. and met no interruption, notwithstanding we were, for more than two years, angaged in active hostilities with an enemy possessing an extensive sea toast on the I'aciflo and Atlantic oceans Not a single American vessel wax lost to her owner* by oapture by the enemy under the right* of war, and there wn* not. It If believed, any material effect produced on marine insurance These auspicious result*, no favorable to our commerce and navigation. are to be attributed to the respect which Is universally felt for our (lag abroad, and that respect Is the honorable reward of the alcHI and courage, the discretion and ju*tice. the vigilance and boldness with which the navy ha* performed its duty. It lathe settled policy of the United States to maintain a navy; but If, notwithstanding ltd gallant exploits, long sinne achieved, and It* practical service* 10 long were aa undecided question, whether the U. State* should foster and cherlth a navy, the service perfoaawd In the late war will go far to settle It. Without the guns of oursquadron how easily might the troep* which firmed the army under Miyor (inn Seott, when crowded In transport* and cn**ing the (in If, have been destroyed by a few insignificant crullers ' But for the fame protection with what advantage* might they not have be?n mat oik. landing on , anamv's ihore* thrnnirh a ilanirxrnit* ?.i?f ' lint for til* entire control of tn? port* by our not It# rrutiwro, how long might not ih? w?r h?t?> been j protraaUd by the introdnntlon of mintihiu ; ?r?r . ltd other tmpplfe^for the enemy. and wli?t di???t?rd < irould not have threatened not h f* >n sur gallant army, II the enemy ewld hi** r>r-T?nf?l lh? In trod notion of the nec****ry ?nn>lU* for oar troop* * Who i-?n t^? | > n (>f it'.-und proper. W Y 0 SUNDAY MORNING, ty which would have befallen up. if the tempting oflVri ) of the enemy had b#fn accepted, anil privateer* hail 1 taken their letter* of marque so freely tendered, and ravished our commerce in every sea. opposed only by , the inadequate defence* of a merobant vessel, and un- | restrained by the navy? In time of peace eoonomy requires, and the public interest do not forbid, that the naval establishment should be comparatively small Considering our ma ritune position, the great length and accessibility of our coast, and our commercial importance, our navy is smaller then that of any other power, in this re gard, as in the general practical working of our system of protection, we may safety rely on moral influence. In the extensive cruising grounds of our squadrons we need employ in time of peace but few ships of war. It woald not be practicable to have one in every port. It i* enough that it i* known that our Hag Is afloat, and that an American ship of war is rea dy to proteot American citizens, and our countrymen follow their lawful and peaceful pursuits on the broad ocean, without molestation although there miy not be a ship of war within a thousand miles It should, however, be largtt enough to serve as a necleus. capable of any degre* of (trength. which, in the event of contingency it may be called to put forth, One of the moct important requisites in a permanent naval system for the United States, is its capability of 1 large expansion. The establishment of ducks and yards for building and repair of ship*, the collection and preparation of materials, the oonstruotion of ships of war re?dy tor launching, and the purchase nf cannon and munitions of warln quantities suitable for emergencies, are measures of wise precaution. But in the vast mercantile and mechanical business of our oountry. these supplies. to a certain extent, perhaps to an extent sufH- I oientfor the exigency, may be procured, whsn the oo- | casion for expansion shall arise, So, too. the hardy mariners in our merchant service would readily furnish efficient crews tor the increased number of ship* fitted for war which a maritime war may render necessary, j The difficulty of snch a crisis I apprehend will not be in providing guns or ships, nor will it be in findih* ! brave heart* and ready hands to man and light then; j the difficulty will be neither in men to fight nor in materials to use but a* to officer* in sufficient nunber, and with adequate experience to command and direct, A skilful naval officer, fitted by education and expe. rience in all the grade* of the service, to navigate and fight a ship af war, i* not readily formed. To qualify him for the responsible duties of his profession must be the work of years. Personal courage, general intelligence and experience in navigation, are notauflicit nt. notwithstanding exception* may be found, and no merchant marine would probably furnish them In greater numbers than our own. yet I am decidedly of opinion, that, as a general rule, a naval officer should enter the service at an early age, and passing through all the grades, and learn the various and complex duties of his profession by personal experience, and especially thus learn to command those who may bn placed under him. I do not therefore deem it unwise that our navy list oontains a larger number of officer* than may be required in time of peace for the active duty of their rank. i nave no uouot mat important improvements may be made in our naval establishment. Duty at sea is often attended with responsibility, hardships and exposure. In the routine of that duty, especially in time of peace, it must often beonmn monotonous. and eease, in a ureat degree.'to excite the zeal and enthusiasm necessary to high distinction. It is wire to bring into operation those principles of human conduct which will counteract the tendency to inaction and indifference in the performance of even the dull and disagreeable duties of the profession. The most potent, in my judgment, is the principle of military rank inrolvod in promotion from the lower to the higher grades, by which the rewards of military ambition are secured to those who perform the arduous and active duties of their profession to those who, by tdeir service and exposure, and their ability for service, deserve them. No one can doubt that promotion in the navy rhould be made on the principles of merit, service, and the capacity for duty ; yet the tendency of such a system, without the regulation of law, might be to tester favoritism, to promote a partial dispensation of executive favor, and to withhold from modest and unobtrusive merit the reward justly due to it. Under our present system, promotions are generally made by seniority of date of eomatissiob. and, as the laws now stand. I am not prepared to say that, unfavorable for the interest of the public 'service, a<t this often proves, any other plan which the exeoutlre oan adopt, would be free from great objections. The safest and best mode, it appears to me, is to require by law that officers rendered unfit for duty otherwise than by wounds received in battle, or not qualified for promotion to higher grades, should be placed on reduced pay eat of the line of promotion Justice and polioy would require that neat eare should be taken against the umus of trust ?-power caprtefouMyor without Uue regard to the rights of all The advantages of such a system in guarding officers againi-t contracting disqualifying habits, in stimulating them to the active and sealous performance of duty, in exciting them to the acquisition of profes sinnai knowledge, and In securing to the meritorious the rewards of promotion without having the way blocked up by others, inferior and incompetent, would speedily devolope themselves. Snch a measure would reduce the expense of the navy ; because under existing laws, officers who do not perform duty, and are incapable of it. are in the receipt of the full pay of their rank. Another great secnrlty for efficiency In the navy, will be found in the education, and in affording the means ( f instruction to officers. The beneficial effects of the Nsval School at Annapolis, upon theservlee, ste already beginning iC sensibly felt. The truth is admitted by all, that the services required of offloers are more ot the head than of the hand. The result of experience In the army, that in proportion as education has been encouraged, and the means of acquiring it afforded, so have the character and efficiency of the officers been Improved, will not fail to be confirmed in the nary. An accomplished naval officer must understand all the scienoes conneoted with navigation ; he ought to be familiar with steam, the steam engine, and mechanics, with gunnery, with chemistry, with the languages of all nations with whom his duty brings him in oontact, and with the laws of his own country and of nations. The lad who leave* his parents at the age of fourteen or fifteen years, to enter the service as midshipman, cannot be expected to have laid the foundation even of so broad a superstructure of knowledge The naval school promises to furnish the means of attaining these ends, so important for the navy. It will produce, I trust, the Fame happy points of skill and knowledge which the military academy baa produced for the army. In its present condition, and for some time to come, I > do not apprehend that It will be necessary for Congress to regulate the details of the school by law, which could only be modified, if found injudicious, by the tardy process ef repeal or amendment ef the law After a larger practical experience, the department, aided by the learned and judicious professors on duty at the school and by the officers of the navy, who take a deep interest in the subject, will doubtless be prepared to present a more complete system. A nectssary appendage to the institution is a vessel of the navy fitted as a school of praottce In gunnery and navigation I earnestly recommend that the appropriation for the next fiscal year, of which our estimate has been submitted, may be made; and as no appropriation was made for the general wants of the school for the present year. I recommend the propriety of making it at the approaching session of Congress. There are now in one of the rooms of the building oceupled by the Navy Department, a considerable nnmber of (lags and other trophies, taken by the navy from public enemies in war. I recommend that authority may be given by CongTess to the Secretary of the Navy, under the direction of the Tresilent, to cause tbem to be placed, with suitable labels, at the naval xchool, in the care of the superintendent I mliTthi' net. nf the lSth Anril 1R11 t.rnnh iw have not been displayed to the public. The propose.1 | disposition of them would have a good moral effestin exciting In the youthful bosoms of the mld?hipm*n. who are to be the future commander* of our ships of war, an emulation of the virtues and heroism of those of whose valor and skill these trophies are the memorial. As soon as practicable after the proclamation of pease with Mexico, the seamen, ordinary seamen, landsmen and beys in the naval service, were reduced by discharges below the number of 7.500, as requlrjd i ky law. By the third section of the act of August 3. 1SIS. the Secretary of the Navy was directed ''forthwith to , contract with Messrs. Dakin & Moody for tin can- j plete construction of a floating sectional dry docK. basin and railway, at Philadelphia " with Mewsrs. Uuilbert fe Secor for the complete construction of a balance-floating dry dock, basin and railway, at Penned* and with one or the other of the said respective parties," for the oomplete construction at the navy yard at Klttery of a flcaMng dry dock, basin and i railway upon either of said places, as the Secretary of ' the Navy may prefer as best adapted to the isaid | iard." lender the act of March 3d. 1847, th?se patties j ad respectively submitted to the Navy Department proposals for building at each of the three yards . named, a work according to each plan, with paoillcations for docking* line of battle ship. The act of 1848 made these plans and specif! iatlon-> the basis of the contraots directed to b:i made, limited i the cost to tiO per cent over and above (he prices respectively stated In their said proposals, and provided 1 that, if tne dimensions proposed, should not be faun 1 ] adequate to docking war steamers of the Urgent oi?<s, | at least 360 feet In length. ' the Secretary of th* Navy l shall slso, by further contract with said parties, en- 1 large the dimensions of said works at each yard to a capacity sufficient for that purpose.'* I The plans and specifications were not adequate to I that effect ; the parties were, therefore, required to i submit plana and sDeoifloatlous adapted to the In- i created dlmenHion* of the work", regulated by law. When presented, I cau**d their reference to two naval contractor* and an enfcineer; and, on their approval, In obedience to tfee direction of the law*, the contractu were eieeuted I adopted tor the navy yard* at Klttery the balance dock, with It* appurtenance*, beenuse that plan of I look had been reromicended by the Board of Tomwl**loner* In 1H47. It wa? le** expensive and pro- j mUed to be, at least, eijually useful The Increase of , price consequent on the loer?ae? of dlcn?n<lon< was , I'alrly e*lenl*ted /iro rata and the oontractr>r* readl'.y I ngreai to take the material* which hid been pro-tired '"TtUework* tinder the art of IM7 at th'?lr to i the governjr?nf. The prlc?* *tlpnl?t?d to (> ? p.i'd f >r I

fhe work* rtoiupl-t<' ?rr. h* rtfi)?a?oiii *"21 W'lT ; ?l. WM.''rWa mii;? alKttterr f sw. f J,4'U- rts4 [ > R K I ? it *' DECEMBER 10, 1848. Iiy the act* of March 3d, 1847, and August 3d, 1818. (7C0 000 were appropriated for tnene obieots, and an estimate is (ubmitted for $tl80 000 for the next flinal Tear. In the contractu for auch oofltlv work, and eflDe cially an the appropriation* mailt* were known to be insufficient to meet the whole cost, it was deemed : proper to provide for partial payments as the works \ progressed. with such securities to indemnify the go- i verument in the event of failure to comply on the part of the contractors, as it was thought reasonable to require. Another year's experience h?s confirmed the anti- I cipation of most valuable results from the establishment of the observatory. In a report, which 1 had the i honor to make, from this department, under date of Nov. 6th, 1H44. I expressed the confident opinion that in.process of time, a most perfect set of charts may bo supplied l'rom the depot to the navy and to the commeroiiil marine entirely to be relied on for accuracy, at the mere cost of publication." The time has arrived sooner than I anticipated. The Chambers of < omnierce of our principal cities, and intelllgont merchants and navigators from all parts of our oountry. aware of the great importance of such an institution for publication of corrected and verified chart* are readily communicating the results of their observation and c^uerienod, and charts from the observatory are looked oil with increasing interest. Besides these important advantages, most valuable services are rendered at the observatory by the care and adjustment ol' chronometers and other nautical instruments for the navy. The establishment is superintended and conducted with credit and success by naval officers, who have shown themselves entirely adequate to its duties. ( Estimates are submitted, with a view to to the pub lications of charts aud a nautical almanac 1 recommend them to the favorable consideration, and as a means of refunding a part of the expense ; and that none need be restrained from applying for them. I recommend that authority be given to sell them, when published, at tile cost of publication. L'nder the several conti acts made with this department ior the transportation of the mails in steamships convertible into war steamers, the party interested have made great progress in the construction of their vessels and machinery. The assignees of the contract for the route on th s Taciflo have compleed the number of steamer* required by the contract. They have been inspected, reported on favorably, and accepted by the departnwat. and have sailed from New York to engage in their most interesting service. The California, the first of thin line, it is expsoted will he at Panama the 1st of January next, ready to make her first trip up the coast: the other two will follow, and there is no reason to apprehend that, in the hands of the enterprising proprietors, the contract will not be satiifartorlly executed. The proprietors of the line from New Vork to New Orleans, touohing at Charleston. Savannah, and Havana. and from Havana to Chagres, have two of their large steamers launched, and in a state of great forwardness, and have made extensive preparations for the construction of the others registered by their contract. 1 regarded it as a matter of great public importance that ihis line should commence its operations at least to the extent of a monthly communication between Havana and Chagres, In time to connect with the Taciflc line. The contractors, desirous to meet the wishes of the Department, proposed to place on the route temporarily the ocean steamer Falcon, and she has been inspected, reported on favorably, and accepted for the service until the steamers constructed under the contract shall be ready to take their plaoes on the route. The Falcon has sailed from New York, will touch at the intermediate points of the route, and deliver htr mails and passengers in time to cross the Isthmus and join the steamer at Panama on the 1st lan'y. The connected lines in all their parts will, it is expected, be in successful operation early in the ensuing spring, and a regular communication established between New York and Oregon. The time occupied in the passage will not exceed 35 days, and at no distant day, it is coniidentiy believed that a regular communication will be established by a connecting line of steamers between San Krancisoo and China, making the passage in 2ft days. This may readily be effected by mtan* of the war steamers now being constructed as parts of the squadron on the fcast Indies and the Pacific, until individual enterprise shall have Introduced steamers better suited for freight and passengers. The transit of intelligence, merchandise and passengers from China to Kurope, by way of New York, can be effeoted wben these several lines sh*ll be In operation. in connection with the line from that olty to Liverpool, In less then one-half the time now occupied in the voyage between those countries. The communication by steamers regularly plying on tha two route*, now about to oommenoe, cannot f*il to increase our general commerce, and to bring to our Atlantic cities a large import of the preoious metal*; aod this, with the facilities afiorded to our enterprising countrymen to visit or to emigrate to the rich territories on the Pacific, more than compensates the expense of the undertaking. A*amwt interesting part of the system, I recommend that authority be given to contract for the transportation of the mail between New Orleans and Vera Cru/., in steamships convertible into war steamers. I* will tend, by promoting social and commercial intercourse. to consolidate friendship between Mexico aad the United Status, promote the introduction of our ?;reat staple* and manufactured good* Into Mexico, and uvite her rich products of specie to our citUs. It will add. too, to the mails pn all the 66nn?ctlng lines, increase the poeta' proosi, and make available, for public deft-nce, additional number of war steamers The contractor for the lina between New York and Liverpool has his vessels in a state of forwardness, He has two steamers, each ot 2.K00 tons measurement, ready for launching, and the frames of two others ready to take their places on the building ways, as soon as launched, and the machinery In a corresponding state of forwardness. The Department has not urged the contractor to undue haste in the construction of his steamers, in the present state of communication with Europe by other means, the thorough and skilful exe- , cutlon of the work on the hull and machinery of the ' ships, is of more importance to the government than i their speedy completion. The contractor is prosecuting bis undertaking with em-rgy and judgment. liy the execution of the 13th section of act of Au- I gust 8, 1848. measures have been taken to remove tha j insane of the navy and marine corps, from the naval , hospitals to institutions established for the cure and treatment of persons thns sadly afflicted. It is be- I lieved that the object can be satisfactorily attained on ' the moderate terms prescribed by law. The whale j number of insane persons in the hospitals ii 13, and | some of them are so quiet and harmless that it may not lie necessary to remove tuna The supply of hemp on hand and deliverable under contracts already existing, render it unnecessary to 1 advertise for any additional quantity for the present | year. That American hemp can be prepared In quality equal to any in tbe world has been estabnsned by experiments under the most rigid test. Tbe heavy outlay necessary in preparing for the production of the flaer descrip'lons, suitable for naval purpose*, has prevented many planters from engaging in annual contracts. The joint resolution of Congress, of Uth May last, made a great improvement by authorising navy contracts (or American water rotted hemo. tor a term not excieding five years, at a remunerating prioe. I propose to invite, by advertisement, the hemp growers themselves to contract, and, by accepting proposals for 8ft tons and upwards, and in cms of equality of bid to give the preference to the farmer who grows it, to encourage the general adoption of the most improved process of preparing this important supply for the navy. Proposal* for furniehing machinery for the rope walk at the Memphis navy yard, hare been invitel, by advertisement, and as soon as it can be manufactured and delivered, that important establishment will be put in operation. The place for the delivery of hemp for the use of the navy will be far more convenient for domestic hemp growers generally, that at whtoh cordage Is now manufactured, and the facility of access will justify the farmers in felling their produce directly to th* government, without tbe i utroduction of agencies, or the expense and loss of more distant transportation and frequent transhipment. The military contribution* collected In the Oulf of I Mexico, at poits and places in the military occupation of the naval forees, amount to $131.hid. Krnmthe squadron in the f'aoillc the accounts have not been received and adjusted. At Ma/.atlan, then in the occupation of the navy, Commodore Jones reports to the department, that up to the 17th June. IMS, the contributions collected at that port amounted to $>'254,308. It is not probable that any considerable collections were made by officers of the navy at any other point of the Paoiflo coast. The plan of settlement adopted required the officers i first to settle at the Navy Department, on vouohers, the amounts of contributions, charging them the , amount* received, and crediting their disbursements made for the service In proaacution of the war, a* established by tbelr Toucher*. The collection offlaer has been then required to nettle at the Treasury hi* account an acting purser, where he Ik charged with money and stores received on public a<soount, and j cnditrd with disbursements satisfactorily v >uohed, ! other and beyond thoae already credited in hit contribution account, and the balanoe thus appearing, ban. in each case, been paid into the Treasury under | it* proper head of appropriation. The practical effect cf thin mode of nettlement U to relieve appropria- 1 tions made by the law to the full amount oft lie eontri- I Uutione. There ha* not been a ease of default The duty of collection disburaement and accounting was performed by naval offlcera without any al- j lowanee lor the service The act ef August 2Jd. 1HVJ. * an construed to forbid any allowance beyond their pay as ofllonrson duty, and no compensation baa b e.i made for a rervioe not within the general range of an [iftlcer'R duties, and In some Instances attended with 1 positive and unavoidable loss. 1 repeat my reoommtm- I lattou heretofore made, that authority b? given to ?i- | ow in ?a;h case on collections and disb trsements, I not exceeding in the aggregate a sum suflliiient. as a 1 reasonable Indemnity for the risk and trouble atten- I lant on the duty. I have tbe honor to submit ihe reports from the a?reral Bureaux ?f the Department, with the estimates i 'er the naval servlee, and fir Other objects pUced onler the control of this department, for the fiscal year indtng 80th June. llftO. The gTne* amount of estlointea l? \S53.S!M !W, of nhtoh th?i following. Njior for it,uo.ilic ob<'?cH, mu?t t>? Udnctcd to itMtUin the probable tna??l of ili? navy 11 r in ^a'p'-rti*'ion < ( M.' 1 ' . % IE R A V For Moating Dry Dock* Ha'inn tin J Railways 0.">0.000 | rnmnloHntr V?nnu !?,*??, .? 1.luft Improvement*, fee ., at Navy Yards 8411.310 $2,860,910 which lumi, being deducted, will lsave for one year's expense of the naval service, lanluding invalids' and widows' pension?, and the marine oorps, <-.. '.?07,04<i 58. I have the honor herewith to transmit a statement from the 4th Auditor's office, showing the exact amount of appropriations and expenditure**. made tor the entire public service, undtr tlie control or the Navy Department in each year from the 3i)th June 1S44 to the 1st July 1848 by which it will appear that the aggregate amount of the expenditure* for the two fiscal years ending on the 30th June IH4r> and 1810, amounted to $14,067,030 00, and the aggregate amount expended in the two years, ending on the 30th of June 184(1. was $21,598.?01 Is. The first two were in time of peace ; the two embrace, with m trilling exception, the entire period ol'the war with Mexico. In the last two it is worthy of remark that for the construction of war steamers autlioiued by Congress, but not intended or expected to be employed in the war. and for other speelal objects, very considerable expenditures wore made under appropriations for the purpose, ?o that the ordinary txpenseu of the naval service have been but slightly increased by the war with Mexico. On the 1 Bt July lust it appears that there remained in the Treasury an unexpended balance of the year's appropriations of the navul service of $3,295 030 ,r<7. Of this sum (1,705.030 57 were carried to tho surplus fund, and. as authorized by law. the balance remains subject to expenditure, if required, during tho current fiscal year. It gives dii pleasure to bear testimony, as the result of my own experience, to the efficient organization of the Navy Department. I'ersonally, I acknowledge grateful obligations to the dUtingtiished men who are and have been in charge of the several liureaux. The division of Its duties secures to the dviliau who may be at the head of the Department the aid and council of experienced officers whose professional information, at all times freely but unobtrusively given, is eminently useful to hiia in the conduct of the vast and divertilled business under his diitfction. Besides the ships on the stocks. Id ordinary, and undergoing repairs, and in commission, and excluding navy yards and other public lands, required for purposes of the navy, with their oostly improvement, the reports herewith submitted, show that the public properly on hand for naval purposes amounts in the aggregate to $9 400.370. The subdivision of dates and superintendence amongst the several Bureaux, has lsd to the introduot.inn nf'i inlipinim rr>u<> L?r... fnr lh.. H ? ? and materials and the enforcement of strict accountability, and thu* guarded against an immense waste of public property. Under this wise distribution of duty and labor, economy and eflluleroy have been promoted, great improvements introduced in the purchase and inspection of timber, hemp, canvass, and other materials for con- ' struction, repairs and equipments; a series of well oon- { ducted experiments in gunnery hare been made, and ordnance stores and munitions of war of the most improved de?er!ption? are procured. A Judicious system has been established and maintained fcr the necessary buildings at our Navy Yards, I and for the uniform regulation of the quantity and prices of mechanical and other labor in public employnient. and the Navy is supplied with medicines, pro- ] visions, and olothing of the best quality and on economical terms, under regulations digested with care and skill. There is, however, one great defect in thef present organization of the Navy Department. The duty of ordering and detailing of oflloers for service, of the general superintendence of enlistments, of deciding primarily on applications for service, relief or discharges, eccupieB too large a portion of the Secretary's j time, and cud not be so satisfactorily performed by him as by an ofllotr of rank bearing the relation to the Department and to tne Navy, which the Adjutant General does to thw War Department and to the Army. The establishment of a Bureau for this most important duty would involve a trilling expense. There would i not be r< quired tor the purpose any additional clerical labor; the Register and Clerks now engaged on the ' same duty would be sufficient. It aannot be doubted that the effects of such an improvement in the organization of the Departmemt would be highly beneficial, j A revised bock of regulations for the navy is very much wanted. In the government of the navy ex- i ecutive regulations form a large portion of the law of the service Those now in force are contained in several publications made at different times and in general ordera to the Department. It is often difficult for oill- j | cers to know what they are; a revision and republic*- , tion in one bcok, would prove of great adrautageto i | the service; and a small appropriation would probably oover the expenses. I renew my recommendation that the appointment | 01 a Moan uumoer 01 assistant pursers may De minorized by law. A joint Board of Officers of the Army and Navy has beeu organized, with orders to proceed to the West Coast. nud make an examination of the coast of California and Oregon, with a view to the collection of the neoessary information to determine on proper points for fortification and a nary yard, when It shall be the pleasure of Congress to direct such establishments. A navy jard on tb?? California coast, with suitable m< ans for the repair of vessels. would, in my judgment, be of the highest public importance 1 submit herewith the annual estimates for ths support ri the marine corps. In obedience to ihe direction of the act of Congress, March '2d. 1847, " at the termination of the Mexican war ihe irarine corps wax reduced both iu men and rflicers to a n'.imber not exceeding the number in service at the date of ths aat," the reduotion of the ! men was efTeoted by discharges as they arrived in the United States. The duty of reducing the number of officers was more difficult It was neces?ary to drop ; from the rolls four captains, four first lieutenants. { and four s?cond lieutenants. It was determined to organize a Board of Officers of rank superior to that of captains, and they were in- ; (tructed to designate the officers who oould be best j spared from the service. '1 hey made their report, and ; the officers designated wire dismissed without alleged j fault. Copies of the instructions and report are herewith submitted. The ellielency of our ships of war would be promoted if the marine guard allowed by the regulation could be enlarged, and the lncrnaie of the rank and file of the corps, from 1,000 to 1.600, would, In my judgment, fce highly beneficial. The number of landsmen might be reduced to the same amount ? Such an increase cf the non-coinmisioned officers and privates would Justify an additional number of commissioned officers equal to the number dismissed. By the joint resolution of ( ongress. approved the 10th Augnst, 1848, the officers, non-commissioned officers, privates, and musicians of the marine corps who have served in the army in the war with Mexico, were plao d in all respects, as to bounty, land and other remuneration in addition to the ordinary pay. on a footing wtibtbs officer*. non-commissioned officers, privates and musicians in the army. On consultation with the Attorney General I felt constrained so to censtrue the resolution as net to Include the marine guards. attached under orders to the ships of war in the Pacific and Oulf of Mexico. It did not appear to me that they could be regarded as serving with the army. within the meaning of the resolution as did the battalions of marines who marohed into Mexico and formed a part or the army. It is known thst the marine guards of both squadrons were often on land, oo-operatlng In the mo?t gallant manner with the land forces, and encountering all the dangers and privatlons/of the service with the army. The discrimination has been psinfully felt by them, and I may not have given to the terms of the resolution the enlarged conrtruction which Its framers intended. However that may be, I deemed it the safer coarse to wait and submit the subject sgain to Congress. I tm entirel; satisfied that while bo'h classes of the marina ofliti i and men did their duty, there was nothing la th??rvlce of the battalion serving with the army wblol. entitled them to any higher privileges than theL brethren, who. belonging to the ship*, also served | ashore. The number of these was not great: and I respectfully recommend that they be put on a tooting, as to bounty land, with those who have already received what was given by law to the officers and men <> ' the army. I have the honor to be. Very respectfully. Your obd't serv't, JOHN Y. MASON. To the PkoiRKiT. Iiiiiiy Mrrrni;. I!i7u in a i^cotch pajier, a lew days ni:o, an extract from letter written by ft pernon who *ai 1 he h il it from another, that John Mitchel win to be fern walking about the quay ot Bermuda In hi* own clothes, and looking well; that he would not even aid in keeping the governor ? account*, and bad only to nppeur in the convict'* dre*a at the monthly Inspection*. All thU 1 am In a pneltlon to say la without foundation. A letter ha.H been received from tba unfortunate man, In which he 'aye the only distinction made between hia treatment, and that of the gang of convlets, of whlob he forme one, le that, owlog to hi* very dalicata state of health and physical incapacity for hard work, h? la axempted from heavy bodily labor, but he li unceai'ngly eoRuged In menial occupation* which, he ?ay?, are *o repugnant to hia feeling* that, if he were abla, he would prefer *tone-breaklng. or other equally bard and monotonou* labor, He i* in wretchedly low aplrita, never aeei a uewspaper. nor ha* an opportunity of speaking to any one who can inform him of tha avant* in Ireland, or the ether portion* of Kurope,ainoa tha day be received *ent< nee of transportation. Hia family being aware of the restrictions Imposed upon tha correspondence with the convict* by tha Gavernor af Bermuda, very properly confine themaelvaa to private subjecta when they write to unhappy Mitahal. The unfortunate fellow I* rarely ever permlttad to leave the bulk, to which it nhould be understood, he I* strictly confined. The story, therefore, of his walking on th? qm?lohi private dresa, and all tha reat cf it. I* a piece of invaiu tion. 1 ! Titorni.i i* Vaije Cot.i^ok.?The Northampton j Couner M&teg that ihe faculty of Vale College have ( punished several of the actor* in the annual ceremony j < of 1 burying Kuciid " The faculty were determined j | to break up the custom, and threatened thl* year to > take severe measure* with any who might angaga In ita i repetition. H?nrr the student who delivered the Mr mon. i>n(I the on' who r?*d the po?n, with one or two oiKr*, Trfjp fp^lled. (there w?r<*r<iKtie?ted or other- 1 wire ptinlthed. Varlvetl (tlx *tu<l.<nU w.r? ap?otatore i.ut c 11.7 ih?5*ctoi; sfmt* ponl rifit V tutor, who *ft' *ntrf c th ni ?' * ?f V *M roughly tlmtf.t. The riitl' ? ' *?< k> I hi > if 1 ' '. < ? ?< ? n??. ?bd 8iio#- j kiitiaa h a, uuuitn ?... 1 j ;ii '.( ike lor U ? life. I-D. TWO CENTS. Movement* of (ienoral Taylor. [From the New Orleans Crencent. Dec. 1 ) Yeiterday vu the time appointed for the Executive (ummittoe of the Ontrnl Rough mi l Heady (Mob to call upon General Taylor and ao^ordionly, at four o'clock in the afternoon, the jnembern waited upon mm at tbe Nt i hariea Hotel. i ney wen receival by the (ieneral in a private parlor, and although their reception ?>i highly flattering, there waa not the slightest ostentation or formality upon either side, it having been understood to be General Taylor'* wUh that tbiy should, < n this oocaslon, b? dispensed with, in order that he might meet the gentlemen of the com- , mittee as old friends There is a combined frank nets and modesty in the General's whole manner, whioh at once win the eiiteem and affection of any with whom be may come in contact After shaking hands with every member of the committee, he expressed bis regret that the people, in the exercise of their soverign pswer, hud net caused their choice to devolve upon some one more worthy and capable of fuelling the duties of the high station to whioh he had been called than he felt himnelf to be. The responsibilities of the President of this great and glorious republic he knew to be Immense, but at the same time he would tofie best of his ability, serve bis country faithfully In hid new capaiity. He spoke of the fact of his having pa<sedso great aportion of his life in the camp, and o?? the frontier, in consequence of which he had had little opportunity of mixing in political strife, or becoming acquainted with political affairs. lie also alluded to the solicitude which he felt while iu Mexico, on hearing that tha people had determined to nominate him for the Presidency. He did not desire civil office, and had hoped that s< m * one more capable and he knew several suoh, woud be releoted A bull' hour win then ?pent in socitl conversation, in the cour?e of which tlm (leneral alluded to bis late campaign in Mexico, and the trying positions In which he wan several times |>!ar?d Th^ committee then took th? ir leave, having derived much jiltflfure frotn the interview. (ikn. Taylor ann tiik Vcrittisi ok 1814 'IS.? Argeoably to previous arrangement, says the New OrIt ans Bulletin of the 1; t iosr. , a number of the gallant survivors of 1 HI4 'IS. the day previous, waited upon (Jen Taylor, at the St. Charles. After being introduct d to him. he was addrts-ed ou their part by Judgi IU'tmudiz in a short, but Mniuent and appropriate speech, to which (ion Taylor, tu reply, said? " That he was deeply gralefnl for vll the honor* that had been paid to him by his fellow citizens, but that he felt especially gratified to receive the present mark cf kind attention, from the valiant, and now aged veteran survivors of the glorious battle of the 8th of January. 1815 He said that bo bad not been a candidate for the I'reildency of bis own accord. but he bail been placed iu Ihut situation by the voice of the people, who, he supposed, had made him a candidate from the belief that it might be in hi* power to bring bark the government to 111 original 'purity. Now that the fact ef hill election to tbat exalted station bad bem definitely nettled, he felt hlmielf not otherwise interested than to perform the executive duties in faithful oonformity to tbat beautiful system of government framed by the wisdom and patriotism of our ancestors, and presided over for eight years by Lim who stands distinguished and belovud. before all others living or dead, as the ' Father ol his country.' On his own account, he had nothing to gratify but a feeling experienced by every patriotic citizen, for the advancement of the prosperity of the nation and the happiness of the people. All he oould promise was the laithful discharge, to th? best of his ability, of hla duty to the constitution and the country, and if, In the performance of it, the expectations of those who had elected him should be realized, he would be more than greatly repaid for all the labor and anxiety which he rhould have to encounter. After again returning thanks for what he called the ' undeserved honors' paid to him. ho proceeded at once to mingle, in the most cordial manner, with the hoary-headed men by whom he was surrounded and on whose beaming faces there was the mo<t unmistakable evidence of the inward gratification they felt at the manner Of their reception ky the glorious hero of Uuena Vista." [Krom the New Orleans Delta. Deo. 1.] Sunday Italian artists have bean doing a fine bnsiness for some time past, selling some very indifferent busts of the President elect. The prices of these bust* vary with the parties to whom they are offered To m cit? aripe 'un? they ask one dollar: but from a country gettleman. and a presumed greenhorn, they always exliect two dollars and a half Day before yesterday, a humorous city gentleman, standing in front of tbe St. ( barle.s, being badgered by one of these artists to buy a butt of ' d* grand General Talleur," declined taking oie himFelf. but pointing up at a plainly dressed elderly gentleman, who was sitting in the St. Charles pcrtlco. told tbe Italian that he was a friend of General Taylor, and would take a bust of him. Straightway the "last of tbe Komans'' proceeded up the steps, and addressing tbe plainly diessed elderly gentleman, aeked If he would not ' tak un bust of d? brav* general vat his de President " > What's the prioe?" ' Sore, only two dollar half-vera chape" "Hera's tie money," exclaimed the elderly gentleman, receiving the bust " Well. General." exclaimed th eldeilj gentleman's companion. " tbat i? a very politic step of yours, as the rascal would no doubt have sol i you to some other pereon for balf price. Voa hav ? otly given n dollar aud a half more than the marke vnlue of the article " We need not add that tbe pvrhaser of the bust, was the hero of Uuena Vista ant President eitct, Ac General Tajkr wn* taking a nla?? of viae a Hewlett'*, the o'biT day, In company with seven gentlemen, in where f?ces pleasure nn'l hope wer< happily blended, an admirer of bin walked up to him and raid : " General. I wlrh to ark an appointment of you when you are F'resldent." ' Oh, for shameexclaimed several fentlemen. who are presumed to be willing to afford their t>< rvicesto their country, for an n6ri|uate consideration. The general drew himself up. and looked rather tevrre " Oh. general, it la a small matter. Gentlemen. i shan't tmad on your oorns. All that I ask of you, g?*o?-ral. is to appoint me your successor, when you vacate the Presidency.' ' Ah, that Indeed ' 1 will, certainly.'' rttplied the general. Great, thereupon, was the relief of the general's particular friends. General Taylor1* Trip florth. New Osleami. Nor 2'J. 1S18 OEMTi.EMrx? I hare duly rxcelved your comoiunication of yesterday, convening to me, in belitlf of the peeple of Tennessee, a very courteous invitation to visit tbe city of Nashville, " at such time between thi* and the 4th of March next as may suit lay convenience." To you, gentlemen, as the sonmlttte charged with this duty. I beg to say in reply, that I shall take groat pleasure in availing mysslf of this invitation, whil? on my journey to the olty of Washington, to greet in person the citizen* of N'a?hviile. provided that no unforeseen obstacles du? to the sea*cn should Impede my reaching joar olty with tolerable comfort and facility. 1 hope to accomplish my wish between the 1st and 16th Ftbmary next. 1 must not omit, in acoeptlng your Invitation, to express my most atnwre gratification at receiving so warm a manifestation of regard and respect from tho people of Tennessee It will give me real pleisnre to meet them and expreaa in person how muoh I estesm their kindness. Vou will please accept for yourselvea my bust a?knowledgmenta for your congratulation*, and for the flattering terms addressed to m>*, which greatly add to the compliment of your invitation Wishing jou a safe return to your friend* and homes, and much happiness kuJ prosperity, I remain, gentlemen. with much respect and regard, your most obedient tervant, /. TAYLOR. letter from Mr. Klllmore. The following letter, from the Vice President elect to Col. McAlpin. of the Killmore Danger*, of New Or ItftLB if every ?ay worthy of its distinguished authorAlhanv. N. Y., Nov 18, 184?. Dkar Sib:?I am honored by the reoeipt of your note oftbe illst ultimo, enr.loMnga copy of the address of the Kilimore Hangers of New Orleans. it did not reaeh me until the contest had closed,and the din of strifs had given way to the exultation* Of Triumph and the song of victory Hut 1 ean assure you that the noble and tru y national sentiments of that address And a hearty response in my broast, and the triumphant whig vote in your oity is the best evidence of the *e?| and ability with which the yonn< m?n of your club dlssbarged their duty to the whig paity and the oountry. My illustrious association the tiekfct required no vindication, and I, therefore, feel the mere deeply the obligation whioh I bar* incurred by tbe noble stand which these yonng men took in my favor ; and I acknowledge It with heartfelt thanks, and truht they will never have reason to regret the confide me they have reposed in me. Please to make my grateful acknowledgments ti the club over which you preside, and accept for yourcelf the assurance of my nigh regard and esteem. Respectfully yours, MILLARD KILLMORE. Army lutelllgenc*. Yuc at aw Battalion?We have been kindly furnished by a friend with tbe following list of offloers of Col. O. W. White s regiment of YucaUn Volunteers, a nor tton of which a few day* ainoe. on board ot the bark Florida. bound for t no?Un -Col O. W. White, Lieut. Col. I.. A. B#*anqon. Major D.S. McDowell, I of ; &!aj. F. McHenry, Art : Capt* Ja'? F.dmon*ton, John Freeland. R. P. Maoe. Dan. Clark Brigg*, George A. Tobin. Soli*, J. O. Molloj ; First Lieut* McKeever, H. C. 1 oung, (Act Adj ) Fred. Serler. W O. Whitman, J. s McEnery. J. D. Uaiiagher, Juan Corillo, J.U Uainea; Second Lieut* Edward D?*omme*, Corlli. L oft In, MoDonald, Juan Eliza, Cooper. Hick*. Burge**and Brown, and 400 men-making the whole number deapatehad for tbe teat of operation* 700. Tbe remainder will doubtlea* be forwarded In a very *hort time. -Iftic Orrant Delta, Dtc. 1. Gkn Twioaa.?Gen. Twiggs arrived ?n Wedne*d*y from Galveston. Texa*. and I* (topping at tha St. Cbarlea Hotel. Tbe commander of tha famed Cerro tfordo Divi?ion'' la In tbe enjoyment of remarkable good health and'pirit* He la, we learn, on lit* way to JefTer*on Barrack*, to take oommand of the jepartment lately under the lamented Den Kearney, rhat portion of the national force* I* fortunate in h?rIng the energy and talent of Qtn. Twigg* over It.? Niw Orlrani Delia, Dec. 1 Arrivai. ok Gkn Worth at Browthsvim.*? l?en. Worth arrivrd here lo-d iy 111 the ?te<im"r Baltic. The Ut.dmK "a- throegtd with ouroiti/,xn< til inxIruK to ||ct gliiup**' of th? veteran, nod tcW? hin i mliitrr'* wtlooo* A iirocooion ??< f'>rawi, ted !t>?" Otu> ral w?* > eortwl to hn hnml qu**ti>r?. { , vri ct 1 r ' oiJ'-tl ?D'-hu Ulai? VrM?ifi(l'< Z>?t. 8, /' vi

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