Newspaper of The New York Herald, December 11, 1848, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated December 11, 1848 Page 2
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NEW YORK HERALD. I Northwetl corner of Fulton ai??l Ntixn iU. JAMKS (iOKIM)W BESNKTT, TBOrBIETOR. THt: DAILY HF.KAl.P.? Thrtt ediliunt rtrrr* day.ttxc eent' \ pet coy\? f 7 tb yer atimmm. The ^lUR.SlSii BUlTiON i* rvblune** at .1 o'clock A V . and dutnbuted before breakfast the first AFTKRSOOS KDITKiS can be had of the nrut$K>y; ? at \ o'clock P. M.. and the second AFTRRNOOS EDITION at 2h o'rkh k. J'Hr. H KEKLY IIKR4LD?Rt*ery Saturday, for circula fion c*n the American Contt rn??h?^ cents per coyy, \2% per iitmum. BtperyeUam picket day, for European circulation, J.i tv r tifmum, ton.tlude the poitape. The Euro^iean edition trill t* printed ?w the French arid English languaye*. Al I. t.LTI ERS by mail, for tubterti*%on?, or unth adrer' ti$cincnlt,to br po%t paid, or the voataoe will be iledurted from t/ir money remitted. 11 >1 I .N TAK V < I >RKESI'OSDESVE, containing import ant eoluited from <iR|r quarter of the world; \f u?td, mJl be liberally p>iid for. AD* LK TISltMENTS, (renewed n-rry morning, and to he published tnthe a nd afternoon cditioiu,)at reatonablc yricet; to >* u ntten u. a plain, legible manner; the proprietor riot mpontille for erroru in m/innnrrtpt. SO SoTht. t.ik-n of ationgmov communicitbone. Wftatfi*r w intended for iHterlioHmnit be authenticated by the ntime and add rest of the writer; not necerftirily for publication, but a* a guaranty of hit good faith. H"? cannet return rejected comma mention*. HKlX'l /.M> of all kwdt executed beautifully and uhthdeepatch. ttrderi received at the Ut/tcr, corner of Fulton and Ptaetav tlreete. The HERALD ESTABLISHMENT it open throughout tie , night a* veil at Jay. AMI SEME NTS TU1S EVENING. PARK THEATRE Ru-hami 111?Bai.l*t or Libk*ty. BOWERY THEATRE, Bowtry?Muwgo Park?Divfhtirei* ek * D?>ci?o?I ivi r, Statikj, 6tc.? Mv Fku.ow Cl.jhfc ? Mil l kb am) Ills Mm. BROADWAY THEATRE, Broadway?m ucm Ado Abjit | Nothins?Poor Pili.icoduv. NATIONAL THEATRE, Chatham Squat*?Ei.t.a Rojickhg -MvflTkHiks ami Mu<>>i?-Kino ami Dkskrtir. BURTON'S THEATRE, Chamber* ntrr?t?Brkach or PkO mil?Wiikhe's Baksih-Thageoy ljUtEN. BROADWAY CIRCUS, near Spring itwot-EjiBSTHiai*. taw, Sic. MECHANICS' HALL Broadway. MM Broom*?Ch?utV? UimwTUKL?? iTHioriAH BiKoine. MELODEON -TIBSIKIA SKnuiAscar. SOCIETY LIBRARY?Camp?EIJ.'* uiirina rANORAMA HALL. 898 Broadway.?Dion am a ? Bombabdiukt or V exa Car a. ZOOLOGICAL INSTITUTE, Bowery?Yam Amburch'i Giadi) Menaoerie. STUYVESANT INSTITUTE. Broadway, near Bloeoker (traat I ?Nrw ObLEAKS BEREaADERN Ethiopian Concerts. NEW MUSICAL HALL, b'?> Broadway?Gvsc'i.'l Cow: CUT. TABERNACLE Brnidwaj ?dhs Coi.ton ann Boyntow'* exifl* tiofi or el.eotro-maoirtln Tkl k.1.haph, am) the faistii^g or the court it dlath. Kew York, Monday, Deri-mber 11, 1848.J] Actual Circulation of the Herald. Deo. S, Sunday 15,840 copies " 4, Monday 20,112 '' " 6 Tuesday 21,'J98 " " 6, Wednesday 24.:>3?i " " 7, Thursday 20 640 " 8. Friday 20,352 " " Saturday 21.120 <k Weekly 11,280 " 165.076 ? Dee. 10, Sunday 15 600 copies. The publication of tha lleralA commenced yesterday at 20 mlnou* i<ut 3 o'clock and finished at tf o'clock. Circulation of the other Lieadlng morning Journals. Courier and Enquirer, (daily)......... 4,800 Journal of Commerce 4 BOO Daily Express ... 8,500 Tribune 11,600 Aggregate. 34.600 Errors in the above estimate will be oarrected on adequate authority. The California Void flanla?I(i Probable XiUCUS* The gold mania rages wiih intense vigor, and is carrying off its victims hourly and daily. Preparations lor emigration to the land of promise and gold, on the most extended scale, are being made, and ships, freighted with all the necessary articles of life, are being got in readiness at all our ports, und will suil with all expedition for Monterey and San Krancisco. The cholera is entirely overlooked in this new excitement, and the gold ftvei s carrying oil more victims than that dread disease. Vessels are about to sail from all the Atlantic ports.and our young men? including mechanics, doctors, lawyers, and we may add, clergymen? are taking leave of old associations, and embarking for the land ot wealth, where the only capital required for making a lortune is a spade, a sieve, or tin colander, and a small stock of patience and ndustry. The great question in connection with this subject is, what effect will these vast discoveries of gold have on the I nited States? The effect will, we think, be favorable, not only to this country, but to the world at large. The result of tn? discovery of the mines Jn New Spain was to give a 1 4 _ iL. - ~ L iL. 1J _1^1 i buinmub iu uie cuiiimcrcc ui me wunu, aiuiougn it ruined Old Spain. I3ut that happened three centuries ugo, and the people of that country were not, in those days, nor are they at present, imbued with the spirit of euteiprise, energy, and activity which characterize the people of this country. Those of our country who rush madly nBd wildly into the speculation, may be unfortunate in their golden anticipations ; but the prosperity of the country at large will be promoted, we think, by these discoveries, beyond a question. Gommerce, with all its abundant blessings, will be extended to a region comparatively unknown previous to this period. The aboriginal inhabitants of this hitherto wild and uncultivated part of the continent, will become consumers of manufactures' and in return for what they consume, they will give the vsealth which they gather from the soil and stteams of their country. This addition to the wealth of the world will stimulate commerce and manufactures, here and elsewhere, and especially jn this country. The effect of this will be to raise California from a state of nature to a point of industry never dreamt of. A shorter medium of communication with that distant part of our terntor) must of necessity be adopted; and if the wealth of that country is not very much exaggerated, we must build a railroad, to connect it with the eastern shores of the continent, before five years. TheBe will be the immediate eflects of these grand discoveries in California. But what will be its ultimate eflects ! That this country will be tuinec by these discoveries, provided they are as wnnilfrinl nu tlifv dip tn itm no rjh Spain was from a similar state of things, three Auturics ago, we do not think. The merchandise which will be required in exchange for this wealth, can be furnished by ourselves, on accoun ai < ur geographical position, on much better terms than any other country could produce them. In this way, therefore, we would be gainers by the discovery; and the settlement of California with an enterprising and active population, together with the facilities offered by the commodious harbors in that part of our territory, and its beuig incorporated into our Union would in a t-hort time open a niark< t to us in Asia and China, which has hitherto, to a very great extent, been unoccupied by and monopolized by other nation*. I>el that great mart be brought to ourewn door*, as it would be by the eettlement of California, the building of cities, A'e., 011 our Weatt rn coast, and the < tiablialirnent of steamahips on the Pacific, ai.d the trade of,those densely populated countries will ai naturally fall under our control as that w.iter will find its level. The medilt* eflccta. therefore, of these discoveries, will lie to enrich thia country in a remarkable degree, and to give full *> nt to that spirit of enterprise so characteristic of our peop'e. The country will accordingly proe|wr, til an unprecedented degree, for many years to come ; but ultimately there inuxt be a revulsion?a most terrible revulsion?one that will ?ifleet countries wnicli are covered with debt, much more tha i it will this Property will incr?-aw? in price, but not in value. The intrinsic woith of a bouse or a farm will remain the snm<-, be?au*e they conti ibute to man's wants. So with every thing el* of the kinil. C.old and silver will, however, depreciate, b?cause their only value con* kimi <n their scarcity Let tlie <|iiantity of gold or silvrrnow in the world be multiplied to any ex*, tent, and ita value will depreciate in a similar ratio, because it is valuable only en account of its scarcity. The more plentiful it becomes, therefore, the cheaper it will become; while the value of houses, merchandise, and property of nil kinds, which are required for the Hibsistence and luxury of mankind, and which alone constitute real wealth, will be of the same intrinsic value at* thev were before. although it may take tw ice, or perhaps three times, as much of the precious metals to purchase them, under the new state oi things, us it did under the old. It is evident, therefore, that those who take time by the forelock, and purchase pro;>erty necessary for man's use and wants, at the present valuation of gold, would, in the course of a few years, as far ut leat-t as the accumulation of gold vast gainers by the operation. Others, however, will be losers; for example, the annuitants in England, who receive three or three and a half per cent on money invested in the funds. Thit amount of interest would, in the event of these discoveries in California being as great as they are represented to be, reduce them from comparative allluence to poverty ; tor gold, becoming more plenty, would become cheaper, and seven per cent would be then no more valuable in exchange for the commodities of life than three and a halt per cent is now. These are some of the views which the accounts from Culifornia have suggested to our minds. As for the immediate eflects which they will have upon the United States, there can be little doubt> we think, of their being favorable, and that a surprising stimulus will be given to every branch of our industry. Th? Re port of tH? Chief of Police* A few days since, his Honor Mayor Havemeyer transmitted to the Common Council a report of the Chief of Police on the operations ot the Police Department for the last six months. It is a curious document, and gives a perfect picture of the state ot society in this metropolis, as well as of the workings of the new i>olice system. The total number of arrests during the period above named, amounts 10 me targe numoer 01 iourieen inousana two hundred and eight, as will appear by the following libt, which we extract from the report:? Retort or Person* Appbf.herdkk, mad* to the Chief or Police, from the first of Mat to the thirttfirst dat or October. 1848, inclusive. Arson 23 Assault, with intent to kiil 37 Assault and Battery 1,442 Attempt at Rape 11 Attempt to Steal 21 Attempt at Burglary 11 Abandonment 32 Burglary 00 Bigamy 0 Bastardy 12 Constructive Larceny 14 Disorderly Conduct 2,143 Desertera 16 Kmbezzlement 4 Escaped Convicts from Penitentiary 21 Forgery 7 Fraud 17 Figbting in Streets 176 False Pretences 22 Grand I.arceny 269 Infanticide 1 Inccst 1 Insanity 189 Intoxication 0.613 Indecent Kspcaure of Person 32 KeepiDg Disorderly Houses 22 Murder 7 Manslaughter 1 Miscellaneous Felonies and Misdemeanors 66 Peijury 5 Petit Larceny 1,274 Pickpockets 9 Passing Counterfeit Money 29 Prostitutes 127 Robbery in First Degree 14 Receiving Stolen Uoods 16 Suspicion of Larceny 238 Suspicion of Burglary 12 Seduction 1 VHgranry 1,139 Violation of Corporation Ordinances 87 On Warrants by Policemen not attached to courts 41 Total 14 208 On looking over this report, we find that it contains Bomn very curious and interesting facts, wluch, we have no doubt, will be entirely new to our readers. The principal one is, that for the last six months the extraordinarily great number j of sixteen thousand nine hundred and seven persons have been, at their own solicitation, accom. modated with lodgings at the several station houses, scattered throughout the city. This is very strange, indeed. It thus appears, that in addition to the i*rsons who are provided for in the Alms House, this great number have acknowledged themselves to be destitute of a home. We are credibly informed, that many of this description of persons are well educated, a great many of them well dressed, and men who, from their out- I lines, it would be supposed were in rather comfoitable circumstances. This is a feature of New Yoik society which has hitherto escaped the notice of the press, as well as of the public, and it ehows the truth of the old proverb, that one hall of the world knows not how the other half lives. In his communication to the Common Council, Mayor Ilavemeyer suggests certain alterations in the police system, which lie thinks would be attended with good results. One of these is, that | as the department is now managed, police officers are liable to be dismissed on every change of parties in the city government, and persons of inexperience substituted in their places, which must affect the efficiency of the system. This ia very,, good, as far as it goes ; but it does not reach thfe root of the evil. We have repeatedly urged thie relorm ourselves, but in a more extended sense, and coupled with another reform which is oi e<iual importance, viz.: an alteration in the system of the nomination of policemen. At present the nominating power is vested in the Aldermen of the several wards. We all know the tricks, and artifices, and corruption which sometimes characterize the eftorts of gentlemen who have secured their nominations as Alde;men, to be elected; although, as we stated a day or two since, thei* must be some secret way by which those unpaid gentlemen caa reimburse themselves for their time and labor in carrying on the city government: else they would not be so anxious for the office. We have learned from a source which is entitled to credit, that candidates for Alderinen have, on many occasions, made bargains with l>ereons in their wards who were desirous of joining the police, to the effect that if they would use tlieir influence in securing the election of such Aldermen, the Aldermen, in return, after their election, would use their influence to have tliem appointed as policemen. Thin, we are informed, is the system at present in operation ; and when we reflect on its tendency, and the evil results to which it mupt necessarily lead, the wonder is that j (he police aepaitrnent is as efficient as it is. It is I evident that it should be broken up as speedily as 1 possible. As long as it is permitted to exist, the police department will be occupied to a great extent with low, paltry, pot-house politicians. To get rid of tt, we would suggest, as we have done on a former occasion, that there shall be a board of examiners, composed of a certain number of members of the Common Council, of both parties, whose duty it will be to receive applications for office :n the police, and to examine into the character and qualifications of applicants, throw ir?g aside the question of what their polilical opinions may be; for they have nothing to do with the duties of |>olicemen. If the appointing power were taken away in this way, and the Mayor'# suggestion adopted, we have no doubt that the police department would be much more efficient 'han it now is. We do not mean to say that, as (lie department is at present organised, till of the police officers are of tlie character which we have described : bo far from that, we sire satisfied that there are many respectable and honorable men in it?men who are in every respect comment to discharge the duties and responHibilities which rest on them. The office of a policeman has its responsibilities : in him must necessarily be vested a certain amount of discretionary power, which lie must be capable of exercising, not to the injury of the citizen, but to his benefit and that of the community. Let that power be placed in the hands of a man who, by want of education, knowledge, or experience, is incompetent to ute it properly, und that man directly becomes an in jury to society, and a violator, instead of a protector, ol the right* of the citizen. If, alter paying some attention to th<? filthy condition of the streets, the Common Council should, in its wisdom, give its attention to the suggestions put lorwnrd by the Mayor in this mutter, we trust they will not overlook those which we have nude in this article, and which, we think, are worthy of consideration, when it is evident thit if adopted, they would tend to make more efii/ient that important branch of the city government? the Police Depaitment. Lath 1 rom Havana anu the Pacific.?Our filpR nf llnvnnn nanoro I ? r-jv ii, ivvviftu j?n v. i rotcui fiiy, are to llie 3d instant. They consist of the Diarto dt la Murina, the Gartta, and Faio Industrial.? They contain but little news, either local or general. The Opera seems to engrflss much attention at Havana, and they are positively bewitched by Mnrini, the singer; bo much so that the sum of $8,000 was raised to pay the forfeit which he would incur were he not to return to London next April, so anxious are they to keep him among them. Marini, however, declines rec ivin? it, and etatt s that he must keep his word the English managers, but that he will return in the fall. Signora Tedesco, well known in this city, was about to take a benefit at the Tacoa theatre. She would sing with Marin in "Lucrezia Borgia." By the British West India steamers, accouats fr?m the Pacific had been received at Havana.? The dates are not later than those received here previously. We give some items, however,which have not been published before. From Chili the accounts are to the 2i?th September. As this is the month of national festivities, all kinds of business, as well as political affairs, were dull. The ordinary sessions of Congress were not prorogued, and the existing questions pendent between Chili and Buenos Ayres had not been settled. The markets were not well supplied. Several cargoes had arrived, but they were not suflicient to fill up the vacancies. Sivori, the violinist, gave his last concert a Valparaiso, for the benefit of the sick at the hos' pital there. To sum up, says the Chilian edi. tor, the condition of this country is as follows :? Politics immovable?the government making slow teps towards improvemt nts. In comment every thing is inactive. The hope that government will avail itself of circumstances, keeps up a perspective of future prosperity. As for the progress ot knowledge, and the moral condition of the countiy, it is remarkable. From Paraguay, we learn a new incident ha3 occurred, which will go far to render impossible any better understanding between the Argentine Republic and Paraguay. It is as follows:? The extensive and important island of Apipfe, in the Parana, which, according to the few data we | possess, indubitably belongs to the Argentine Republic?if not entirely, at least one-half of it?was tome time since thoroughly explored by citizens from Corrientes. On the 15th May last, a party made their appearance on the island, and ordered all residents and laborers on it peremptorily to leave within three days. This order was issued by the government of Paraguay, and was most rigorously carried out: so that many works, just commenced, were abandoned, and all the capital jnvested lost. These details are given in a letter dated Corrientes, 14th June, and written by one of those who were expelled. Another letter states [hat the Governor of Corrientes has written an account of the whole transaction to Rosas, and is waiting orders from him as to how he is to act. From the Ecuador, we learn that they are on the ( brink of a civil war. It seems lhat there was a i combination between certain Ecuadorian exiles in | New Grenada and in Peru, to unite and invade the Ecuador pt her northern and southern frontiers and revolutionise the country. The Peruvian authorities, having been warned ih time of the projects of the refugees, took steps to frustrate their designs. When the Granadian exiles, in number some 150 only, under the command of one Guerrero, passed over the northern frontier, they found themselves unsupported, and in less than eight days they were completely vanquished, and pursued to the frontiers again. Immediately they re-entered New Granada, the authorities there secured their persons, to prevent their again disturbing the peace of the Ecuador. Quiet was thus again restored. The difficulties in the southern part of Peru had all been quelled. Bolivia, according to all accounts, is in a precarious position. The quebtion of boundary with Peru has not been settled, but was in the hands of commissioners. The President's message to Congress, on the 6th August last, la spoken of as a vague, discursive document; and the report of the Secretary of State is termed " a mere exposition of the absolute want of resources of the present administration of Bolivia." The cabinet ministers were at variance, and all eyes were directed towards General Santa Cruz, as the fittest man, for the times, to assume the executive chair. Mint in Nkw York.?That part of the President's message in which he recommends the establishment of a branch mint in the city of New York, was received with a great deal of satisfaction in this city, and has been warmly commended by men of all parties. The subject has been discussed and agitated for a number of fWta; and on all sides?with the exception, perhaps, of Philadelphia and Charleston?it has been universally acknowledged tkat the organization of such an institution in the commercial metropolis of the country, was loudly called for. This opposition from Philadelphia arises from the fact that there is already a mint there ; and it is supposed that tiggMtablishment of another in New York would interfere with ita operations. That from Charleston arises from a similar cause. The people of that region are desirous of having a branch mint in their midst, and they fear if one betteeted in New York, their chancefbf getting one will be lessened. This is the only opposition that has ever been manifested towards having a mint in New York ; and when we consider the spirit which dictates it, it certainly amounts to little, especially when it is recommended by the President of the United State*. We trust our repiesentatives in Congress will see that this matter be not allowed to pa** over to another session. It would be adsiaable, we think, for the commercial community to call a meeting, and express their feelings in the nutter in a proper way. State of Parties in the J Ioi-se or Repre-kxtatjvrs.?The present House of Kepresentatives in the Thirtieth Congress, now in session, is nominally divided thus?Whigs, 115; democruts, 113; abolition, 1, (Tuck of New Hampshire); and native, 1, (I^evin of Pennsylvania.) The free soil men, taken from both politicul parties, and including Mr. Tuck of N. H.. stand thus : Wilmot. of r?BBRjlTanl? Dem. Lord, of New York Dem. S. Lawreoce of New York.. Dem. Starkwfnthrr, of N?w Y ork I)?in. Colllup.of New York Deta. I'alfrejr, of F a?Mcbu*ettt Whig Tuck, of New Hampshire Aboli. (ireeley, of N?w York .Whig. fiiddioK*. of Ohio Whig. Jioot. of Ohio Whig. CroweU. of Ohio Whig. It tliUB a[>|>ear? that no less than eleven member* of the Horn* of HepresentativcB nr- free soil me n, and consequently hold the balance of power. The Presidential Elmtiok in France.?The election of the first President, of the Frencli re|iuhlic, by universal suffrage, took place yesterduy, and in about three weeks we shall know who lias been selected as the executive of that great country, for the next four years. The result will no doubt be looked for with great interest. Our readers will find in to-day's paper, Cuvaignac's manifesto, he being, as our readers are aware, one of the prominent candidates for that high office. It lb au interring document at this time. Tine Cnoi.KmA.?The approach and probab'e prevalence of the Asiatic cholera is one of the prominent topics of the day. Will it become epidemic1? How can it be guarded against1! and what ia the best mode of treatment, incase of attack 1?are questions which are asked wi:h more than ordinary uit< rest, by all classes and in all places. In reference to the first quere, all that can be said is. tliat Without (litllhl oiiitf ? nuiiilier of cases have occurred at Staten Island; and, a9 the destroyer is taking Inn walk round the world, it is not improbable that we may be visited now, as we have been before. As to the best (node of gutrding Against its ravages and preventing attack, it is generally conceded that persons should avoid a change of diet, provided they have heretofore lived reasonably, and avoided dissipation. It is well known that persons having been for a loug lime used to an economical sea diet, are generally subject to indisposition on theirchanging that forthe more varied and liberal accommodations oi the tallies on shore; or, as seamen term it, the use of "solt tick." The stomach having long been accustomed to a peculiar use of its otlices, will not submit with impunity to change. A change being made, temporary disorder follows, and, if the atmosphere be infectious at the lime, the functions of the skin are necessarily deranged, and the physical system is in imminent danger from the infection likely to be inhaled into the lungs and ,eceived through the pores. Ilence the consise icy ot wearing warm and cleanly covering next the skin; for instauce, woollen under clothes, changed frequently. As to the last question?that concerning treat, ment of patients? let quackery be eschewed, and let no person fad to call in the best medical advice w., u?- i -i I>ucdii/ic. iiwrmmc imo urru mure lU<TMUgMiy studied and better illustrated to its real students, than the science of medicine, and it is but re|L sonable to suppose that the phenomena of disease are more intelligible to regular bred physicians than to empirics and adventurers. No doubt many lives have been lost by trilling with disease, and especially wi'li epidemics. It may not be amies to state here, that it is generally conceded that a garret is preferable to a basement, as being naturally moie dry, and therefore free from one of the inducing ca 'ses to cholera. It will be seen by reference to our column of city news, that the city authorities have commenced in earnest to clean the streets, even the i

Sabbath being devoted to this excellent work. The decrease in the number of cases at Quaran- i tine, it is to be hoped, gives token of a recession ot the scourge from our shores for the present; aud the Irost, which must now soon come to purify the i atmosphere, may bring us a merciful exemption from a luither visit of the dreadful plague. News from Euuoi-k.?To the hour of going to press this morning, we had received no tidings of | the steamship Canada, now in her sixteenth day j from Liverpool She will no doubt arrive in the course of the day. l'atlilonablc liitclllcriirp. Whether the Benson upon which we are ju?t now en- I tericg is to be a really gay one, is, perhaps, at the present time, too problematic to warrant an assertion; but i the indications are certainly favorable. We already hear of several splendid parties, fancy dress bills, ! house warmings, eto. The costumers are all as busily j engaged as they can possibly desire, and some of them 1 are actually refusing any more orders until after the holidays. There are a number of causes which may ! lead to festivities, and among them is the fact of the , approaching change of administration. There is muoh j capital to be made; many who would fain be consl- I dered good fellows?persons desirous of gaining suoh I influence as may lead to their appointment to places 1 i of trnst and profit under government?these indlri- j | dnals, whether they can afford It or not, will, in all probability, give parties, balls, and other agreeable entertainments. These, havlDg taken an initiatory step, will probably be followed by quite a number of individuals who would not be outdone in the matter' and hence must, of nect-sttty, follow suit; then there are some who have marriagable daughters to be introduced into, and sustained in, society; appearances are everything, and these must also give their entertain- j ments to their friends: others there are who will follow the tyrant fathicn, and give a l>al mati/ue, because 1 their neighbors have Invited them; and so many causes ! oonsplring, many affairs of the kind will come off. The 1 entertainment of distinguished strangers will add a mite. So we see that, maugre the California gold fever, the j approaching cholera, and the dirty streets, we are j likely to come upon lively times enough for the cooks, ! confectioners, tailors, hair dressers, musicians and miliners. The Opening of Grace Charch, Brooklyn. This beautiful edifice was opened for public servlos yesterday, tor me lirst lime. it la of Uotblo and Mo- I talc architecture, and constructed of brown freestone | Tbe exterior presents a very plain appearance, though I extremely neat and uniform. The interior ii finished n black walnut, and while it is plain iu appearance, I it is rich and beautiful. In the north end of the > church is tbe chancel, which is most beautifully finish- 1 ed, while the altar is not to be surpassed by any of the { larger and more wealthy churches. In the south end ' of the building is the gallery, immediately over the j chapel, containing an organ of tones full and sweet.? The ceiling If cancellated, and supported by eight sextagooal pillars. The windows are of stained glass, of | beautiful patterns, especially the large ceatre one in tbe north end. There was a Tery large congregation present on tLe aeoaaion of tbe opening of the church for worship, I irte r<>?y, notwithstanding the heavy rain. The Rev. Dr Vinton, pastor, prtached from the following pasrage of scripture ' Hitherto the Lord hath helped us." He spoke of tbe great mercy of God, in by-gone days, and tbe general history of the ehureh. He said tbat in entering tbe church two principal objects were in riew ; the first to provide, as far as posiible, a place i where the poor man might worship arwell as the rich, end tbat end bad been accomplished, as one-third of the seats of tbe church were free, while tbe second i otject was to erect tbe building without debt. He was happy to say that there was only a debt of $6,000 upon | the church, which be hoped would be liquidated by the | sale of tbe pews. It bad been but a few years since be eau.a among them ; they were then worshipping in , another house, and the congregation small and feeble, , but, in con?e<(Uenc>t of the Increase of the oongregatien, it became necessary to have a larger house, and they had sucoeeded in erecting the one in which they then were. The toner wbioh was planned for the ' house would not be erected for years to come, but, ! without that, truly could they say. ' Hitherto hath the Lord helped us." After the church was paid for and ' consecrated, they would reoeive an annuity of $1,000 from Trinity < turch. in New York, which, with the ( ground rent of the pews, would be sufficient for all ne- ! oesaary purposes in supporting the church, and assist 1 in paying for the land. From the plan they bad ' adapted. It would require about fifteen years to have the church entirely free, with the land upon which it * stands. 1 hen the congregation could bring their < < children to the baptismal font, to be dedicated I to (>cd. Then, too. they coald meet to be joined In the bans of matrimony, and then the funeral ceremo- i ny could be performed. After the conclusion of the remarks of Dr. Vinton, i a collection was taken up, during which time a volun- < tary was played upon the organ. Affairs in Florida.?The Legislature ol Florida . met at Tallahasse on the 28th ult. Jn the Senate, E. \ I). Tracer, of Nassau, was elected president, and i ( barles W. Downing, secretary. In the House, D A. ' rutnam, of 8t. Johns, was chosen speaker, and Wm. B Lancaster, secretary The organisation being completed, tbe message of <>ov. Moseley was received and read. The financial affairs of the State are in good condition. The receipts into the treasury, for the year ending November I, were $r>6,832 72. which, added to the balance on hand at the commencement of the year, makes a total of $60 687 82. The expenditures far the same period were $60 250 72, thus leaving baiaice id me treasury or 10. Krom toe por- j tlon ofihe document whloh relate* to the Indian affairs of the State we make the following quotation*:? " Information ha* been recently received at thia departimnt. from a reliable source. of the number of Indian* (till remaining in our Stata. There are *uppoied to be aa man; a* nine hundred, of all condition*, age*, and *exes. Of tbU number, on* hundred and fifty, Htleapt. are capapable of bearing arm*, and doing 1 efficient aerTice. Although thla ia ft *mall band, a* to numbem, the Indian mode of warfare Invnit* it with adequat* power to deaolata our frontier *?ttlennnt*. Kor, It will be remembered, much of the damage of the 1 late bloody war, even in the heart of the oountry, and when onr forcna were actively engaged in the field, wa* dene by maraud! ng partle* of twe nty- fi re or thirty 1 Indian*. And thi* fact maybe taken a* conclusive evidence of the entire defeno*ie**ne?* of the pparae whit* population adjacent to the 'Indian re*ervatien' " Their frequent excursion* into the n eight srlng country, lometime* a hundred mile* within the settlements, occaalon much fear and *u*picion ^mong the white*. And the occasional dlMnMuanoa of etoak. belonging to tha latter, In I m and lately, and may be properly, attributed to roving band* of Indlaca. If aonl be the fact*. unla** they ara removed or restrained wltbln their appointed preolnota. wa bara no guaranty that another bloody w?r may not ba bapa , at any moment '' 1 X Theatrical and Musical. r a it k Thbat*k.?I'bln eveninj Sbakxpeare'n tragedy of llirhard III. will commence the entertainments at thin theatre. T. S. Hambiln. a great favorite. and excellent tragedian, will perponata the character of the Duke of Qloster?the part of Kliiabeth by Mrs WinStanley, and the rest will be xuntained by the stock company attached to tbe theatre. Thin p'.ay will ha succeeded by a new and original ullejioriotl divertii-am?-nt, entitled' Llb? rtv. or tbe hour tJunrter* of th? WVrld," in which the MonplaiMrs, now established favorites, will display every feature ot their refined knowledge of the Ueuutltul accomplishment of dancing.? The plot of this ballet In the exposition of the progiess of liberty throughout the world, which will be ably lepretvnted by Madame MonpUUir, M'lle. St Clair, M'lle. Waldgrav*. and .M'll* iiulan The amusements will elose with thin beautiful piece, which will be put forward in a style of magnificence unparalleled In the production of any similar entertainment ever offered for the amutement of the public. Bowery Tiikatre.?Herr Driesbach and his extraordinary performances are creating a great exoitement at this house.and well indeed they may, as we question If such remarkable exhibitions have ever been presented before. The drama of ' Mungo Tark " is well arranged for the introduction of the wild beasts, and having been received with the greatest enthusiasm every eveniDg last week, will be repeated to-night. In addition to it, Herr Driesbach will appear in a series of Living Statuary, exemplifying the passions and sentiments of the human mind,such at Kear, Despair, Courage, Dignity, Veneration. &o. &.O. These portraits are all of Herr D.'s own arrangement, and the introduction of his animals in tbem will materially add to their interest. The farce ol " My Kellow Clerk," danolng by Signora Ciojca. Neri, Smith, and a tine corps de bullet, and the romantic drams of the " Miller ana His Men." will make up the rest of the entertainments. With such em nent attractions ws need not i-ny there is every prospect of an overflowing house. Tho.*e who wish good seats had better secure them during the day, or go early in the evening. Broadway Theatre. ? This evening will be preeuted one of Shakspeare's best comedies. "Much Ado About Nothing." in which Mr. Hiohings will take the part of Benedick, and Mr. Blake that of Dogberry. They will be supported by an exoellent cast This will be the commencement of a series of standard comedies, wb'.ch will he brought ferward with infinite ability, and with the full strength of the company. The farce of " I'iUlcoddy'' will also be produced, and the bill for the evening's entertainment will b? found highly attractive. The cast selected for both pieces will embrace the names of Messrs. Dyott, Lester, Hadaway. Vaohe. Fredericks. Shaw. Bilker. Mlu ff W&llanb nil Mrs Abbott. The bill, it will be found, present* a rich combination of talent and comio power*, which, ta^etber with the piece* selected, will draw a full houpe. Thi* splendid theatre enjoyi a full and deserved share of publio patronage, and the superb manner in which the house ia fitted up, the good ventilation, and general accommodation* are excellent in every ret-pect. National Theatre.?There i* a fine bill *et forth loi thin evening at this popular establishment, as Mr and Mr*. Thorne perform in two dramas of great in terest, viz , " KUa Hosenbnrg." and the King and the Desert, r j" Mil's Cailine appears In one of her favorit0 dances, and the very favorite " Mysteries and Mise' ties," compote the entertainments. Mr. and Mrs. Thornt have been most heartily received during tbeir present engagement, and during the remainder of it they will appear in variety of tlieir most popular characters. The '-Mysteries and Miseries'' will not be acted beyond this week, as there are Romany novelties on hand that it must be withdrawn. We are glad to rue the National to well supported as it is, for the entertainments to be met with there are ejual to any in the city. The house is most comfortably arranged? in fact, everything is made pleasant for these who patronise it. C. llurke. the acting manager, and It J. Jones, the stage manager, keep all things right in their departments; and we can with truth recommend the company as a most efficient one. Mr. J. K. Scott has bren permanently engaged, we understand, and will shortly make bis first appearance. A new Indian drama i* in active preparation. Burton's Theatre.?This evening will be played, at this popular tbeatre, Buckstone'a comedy of "The Breach of rromise," in which the part of ICbenezer Sudden, an old bachelor, will be personated by Mr. Burton. He will be supported by a highly effective cast, consisting of the lull strength and talent of the company. The high reputation enjoyed by thie excellent tbeatre, since it came into the hands of the present enterprising proprietor and direotor, has insured for it a dererved and extended share of public patronage, and the full houses that are nightly to be seen here are the best tests of the appreciation in which the entertainments are held by the many patrons who support it. An entirely new ' indeicilbabllitv," oalled" Where's Barnum?" will also be produceeu this evening, in which Messrs. Burton. Bmuaham. Johnston and mmt of tbe company, will appear. Burton, as the Mammoth Baby, In a baby-jumper, promises to be a rich treat. A bigbly attractive bill, in every particular, is put forth for this evening, and it will undoubtedly draw a good bouse. Gpwr.Vs Lait Concert but one In thii city will take place at the New Musical Hall, Broadway, this evening It isscarcely necessary to say any thing in praise of this band, as tboee who attended their conoerts Mace their arrival in this city, numbering many thousands. have already sounded their fame throughout every ramification of society in New York. Suffice it to say, they will, this evening, present for the amusement of their patrons, the best programme ever olTered to Ike publio, and at the request of a large number Of those wbo attended their former concerts, they will perform several of UungTs compositions since hie arrival. " The Indian Polka," " New York Quadrille," and a splendid piece called l; General Taylor's Triumphal March." We advise all those who wish the nerves of the human fraiae to perform their functions in the bumony which nature's system requires, to attend at these inspiriting musical entertainments. EioiDwir Cmcrs.?Messrs Sergeant.Carroll,Nixon, Sweet, and the entire company here, draw crowds nightly, who enj^y their extraordinary feats of equestrian and athletic exercises. The entertainments are conducted in a manner highly creditable to the troupe, and the general features of attraction reflect much in favor of the taste and enterprise of the proprietor, Mr. Try on. Mr. McKarland, the celebrated vanlter. astonirhed the spectators last Saturday evening. He threw no less than seventy-two somersets alternately,without resting. This is the largest number ever before turned in this city, or, we believe, in any part of the Union. Mr. McK. is a native of Philadelphia, and has been for several weeks attached to the Broadway Clrous. under the management of Mr. Try on. Corporal Thompson's benefit Is fixed for Thursday evening next. Zoological. Hall.?Kvery possible Improvement that could be made in the arrangements here, have been effected, and the collection to be found in this splendid menagerie is now seen to the best advantage. A splendid band entertains tbe visiters daily with the performance of soine of the most select and popular airs, and those who attend the exhibition seem much gratified with the rich treat which they enjoy by spending a few hours here. Christy's Mi!??tril? have got a fine budget of new music, jokes, fc.o., for this week's aonc.-rts, and will commence this evening to retail them out in thair own peculiar way. They are as brilliant as ever in their vocalirm. and an for their musical accomplishments, no one will be found bold enough to gainsay their extraordinary merits. The present week is the elbventh of their re-opening this season. Mri odkojj ?White's Serenaders are in the ascendant here, as the present week is the thirteenth of their performances. They are nine in number, and a moat rfflcient band they are. 'J'he Melodeon is well managed, and a first rate plaoe for family parties. CamthkllN mixstrki.f hare created an excitement among our citizens almost equal to the California fever, which is now raging no Intensely. To-ni<ht Messrs. Crosby and Hermann wiil sing two new songs? a new chorus from ' Krnani," and two other new >ongs will also be sung by the company. Ktmberley knows how to keep the ball a moving. The Nkw Om.ra** Sericvadkrs give most admirable soneerts every evening ; to une their own words, they irrange their entertainments in suoh a manner, that they confidently expect a refined community will approve their efforts to join elevated and classical music, with truly chaste and healthy humor. The oonoert :onsists of three part* ; In the second part is introluc.ed the celebrated scena from the Italian opera, and n the third the remarkable and original performance! >n the bones by Mr. Swaine. Tri.knrafh and thi Cotst ok Dcatii.?The grand xhibltion and lecture of Or. Colton comes off this ivening, at the Broadway Tabernacle, and judging 'rom tie ability of the gentleman, the unparalleled tuccess he has net in other oilies, and the intrinsic interest of the entertainment, we should judge the rabernaole will be well attended. The Court of Death a said to be one of the most magnificent paintings sver exhibited in this country. Emiqratjon from Canada to thk United States. ?A Buffalo journal mentioned a few days since that aeveral hundred French Canadian* had lately panned though that city, emigrating to the Sonth and Weat. We bare heard of numeroua bands emigrating from the pariahea on the aouth shore above and hslow Quebec The Journal dr. ({urhec, of Saturday, states sn what It considered good information, that upwards of a thousand peraona have left the parish of St. Cyprian (district of Montreal) for Chicago; that no leaa than two hundred have left the parian of Cap 8t. IgDace (district of (Quebec) for the same destination ; ?nd two of theae, after selling their lands at a loss, have departed for the plains of Illinois, the one carry, Ing With him XI,000, the other X'HOO ? QueAre (Jaielle The Panta Fk Tradk ?Tlie publication of a series of articles has been commenced in the Sen Jtntonio Hrt$trrn Tnian The ottjeot of the writer la to demonatrate the vaat superiority of the route to Chihuahua and Santa k< by Port i.avnia, San Antonio, and the I'pper Cross timbers on the Colorado river, over the one at preaent travelled by w.y of St. I.ouia and Independence, Mo iin seta down the distanoe from Independence to Santa > und Chihuahua at near 800 miles, and that from the I 'pper Croaa timbers to Santa frV' at not over 300 railea. On the whole, he makea out a strong case, as lawyers ... I? f..?. #K? T.?. n Ncmreb op Hoos in Ohio?The Ohio State Journal of Kith ult., contain* a comparative Htatement of the number and value of hog* In the State of Ohio, an returned by lfc?MOTMM in 1X47 and 184N. The number for last year 1* ?et dowu at 1.767 818?Talue, (8,160,708 ; thla year, 1.870,777- vain*, Th? tan counllvi which follow have the greatest number, and morn than one-fourth of tha whole, rl* : Butler, 1)4.007 { Kow, 83,370 ; Plokaway. 54 580 ; Krtnklln, 61,l?l ; Highland, 40 500 ; Treble, 42,6:16 ; Clermont, 44,781 : Warren, 40 09* ; Fairfield. 40,004. It will be men that there \r a depreolaMcu in tba a**e?ae<i value o! about 20 ptrcent. City InUlll^ner. I THE CIIOUBA AT QTURANTlfnt?CI.KANINU TUB 8IKKCTS OK THR CITY ON SUNDAY. The report from the Marios Hospital it moat gratlfyirg, and will doubtless relieve the fears of many wkt I bate tor a week past, been laboring under the moat unpUa^fcut apprehensions with regard to the appearatce of the cholera in the city. For several days, th* reports bate been more and more fnvortMe until yw. terday, when it was announoed hy the health offli ?r that tb?e had not been a new case, nor a death flroa cfcoler i at Quarantine, sinoe Friday morning. Not w<.ui>ibiiuiu? nit' iaiauty 01 10# uinoruer uuring (U early part of la*t week. and the affirmation! of the pbybl ifcns nany art) still disposed to doibt tae eiihtenM of tbe ol o'era at all at that point. It i? t>r.??lbl? fhat It n aj reappear; t ut the probability is, there will be ?o more before next rummer Though a subject of maoh i seiiourncts, i' baa been amusing during the put weak to vee persona sending in haste for physicians, an! confined to their beds, supposing the oholera was upoi 'lieiu, when they were laboring under nothing elM that ( ftar. There seems to be great di> satisfaction among the j German emigrants at (Quarantine, |n consequence of bfingcou pelled to remain at the Marina Hospital, an4 , the treatment which they receive. as will be seen from the fol'ooinif o >u uiunlcatiou which we publish ia justice to them:? Minimi HoiriTAU, Deo. 8,1848. I Mr. Jonrc C. Ali.stadt, Agent of the German Society, New York? Sifc:?The Insuppnrtableness of our cuudltUn emboldens us, the undersigned, to apply to you. with the request to obtain tbe interference of the President of tlie Herman Society in our behalf, so that our sufferings may be brought to an end. for wo cannot believs that t>aid authority has any knowledge of our situation. Among the 270 poor people sent off by the govern! mentat Havre, on the ttth ult , by the same vessel on board of which we embaiked, there appeared suddenly, i after having been about eight days at sea. a disorder, of which before the end ot our voyage, on the 2J in.?t., seven persons died, and several others were sick, who were brought Into the Marine Hospital Kvery pisjenger of our ship, tbe New York, is oonvinned that thia disorder has arisen solely from bad p'ovuiou*. ni>rw particulaily from old flour and hams, b <cause among us. tin to this dav. nohodv hn nnr i. indisposed. If this disorder, as has been falsely proclaimed, wera I contageons, or, indeed, the cholera, then it is very remarkable that the cabin passenger- of our ship, with whom we weTe in daily and hourly intercouse,have not 1 been quarantined like ourselves, an<1 further, that wa should hot have caught the disease, though we are not I rigidly separated from the Havre people, amongst i wbom the disorder prevails. But we, all healthy and I vigorous people, are not, like the cabin passengers, psr! mltted to proceed to New York ; we must keep quaran| tine at the Marine Hospital, where we are treated much worse than criminals in Germany. We do not understand Kngllsb; yet those understanding our language. and through whom we might make known our prayers and complaints to the principals of the institution, are kept away from us; and at midnight, wa are roused from sleep, and are treated life lifeless objects, under the pretext that new arrangements ar? to be made. We, therefore, respectfully make th i following request Tha'. you will elTeot that wo l>* rigid'y separated from the Havre people ; that then we be examined, and, lffound in good health, the proper authorities give us leave to proceed to New York. Most of ua do not intend remaining at New York, but wish to go to the interior, which a delay may render impracticable, considering the winter is approaching, and our means are ni>t sufficiently large to allow us to lire anj length of time without earning something. Respectfully, M. BttAUN, and 39 others. Though the cholera may have disappeared, that should be no bar to the prosecution of the work of cleaning the streets of the city, and the keeping of them in such ? condition as to warrant the safety of the inhabitants, if possible. The Corporation seem to have gone to work in earnest; for yesterday the laborers were busily engaged. Never before has suoh a thing occurred, that the streets were swept on Sunday; but in the Second and Third wards, the work went on in earnest. Should this determined spirit bo carried out, before another Sunday the city will bs oleaner than It has been for the last fire years. But the streets are not all. There are many houses in the lower wards, the cellar* of wbioh are partially filled with water, from which isaues a sickly, unpleasant smell, and which would have a greater tendency to inrita disease than even the streets. Let the Health Wardens of the different wards examine every house, and report to the Mayor the condition of the oeilars, that the owners or occupants may be required to hare them cleaned at once, and chloride of lime used to drive oat the foul air with which they are filled. It is disgraceful, under any circumstances, that any part of the oity should be allowed to remain in the state the neighborhood of the Kive Points is now in. That alono la sufficient, in itself, to engender peatllenoe ; and though the cholera may have taken its departure for season, there is every probability it will return with the spring, when this place will be the great reeervolr of the disease, and spread its influence to every part of the city. Get it in the best possible oondltion now, and it will be easily kept olean, while, if left to remain until spring, too much time will be required to olear off the filth of years. Mayor's Orrici, > Sunday, Deo. 10,1 P.M. j The Standing Sann'ory Committee of the Board iirmu nail >U> n>iiiwut? w report in? lOllOWinc letter, received lrom the Health Officer at State a Island Qr AlVAHTIMr. STATKIT ISLAND, t December 10,1818. \ His Honor thic Mayor:? No cane of cholera baa ooourred at the Marine Hoipital since my last report?no deaths. There has thus been one new case since Friday morning and we have reason to hope that the disease Is about to cease. Respectfully, ALEX. B. WHITINO, Health Offloer. The following letter from the Resident rhysician was ordered to be published in all the papers :? Nkw York, Deo. 10,1S4C. To Hi? Honor the Mayor :? Knowing that some excitement prevails in our city in consequence of the existence or Asiatic chelera at Quarantine, and feeling the necessity of allaying, If possible, any alarm which the approaoh of a disease so formidable in its character will naturally produoe, I have in this way thought proper to Inform the public, through you, that every thing has been done at Quarantine to stay the progress of the disease. Disinfectants hare been freely distributed throughout that establishment, while every other neoessary precaution has been rigidly observed. The Health Officer's reports for the last three days show a deolded diminution In the number of new cases, which, added to the tact that the disease, thus far. having been exclusively confined to the Quarantine, would seem to show there waa but a slight fear of Its spreading beyond its present oonflnea. But one case of cholera has. as yet, eccurred in our city, and that was a patient who bad been discharged crned from tie Marine Hospital, on Tuesday. Deo. 6th. 11- til* MU-U. J? ? "V -t., m>? .VUVWIUH u?7 WlfcU cuuiorn, sua WM Immediately lent buck t? Quarantine, where he di?A in six hours after admifslon. The citizen* of New York may rent assured that every mean* for their protection whiah can be devised by those entrusted with the sanatory ears of this otty, have been carefully attended to; and If a case of cholera shall be reported as having ooenrred In our city, the facts will be placed before the public without concealment. SKTH GKF.R. Resld. nt Thyslcian || WM. F. HAVEMEYER, President of the Board of tyalth. TIMOTHY R.HIBBARD,Chairman. NF.TL GRAY, 1 WILLIAM ADAMS. ? ,, CLARKSOV CROLIirS, f ^om THF.O. R. DK FORF.ST, J JOS M. SMITH, M D. JNO B BKCK. M D. RICHD. L. MORRIS, M. D. St*ddrft D?:at h ?The coroner yesterday held an inquest at No. 244 Fulton street, on the body of Oeorg? Wilkinson, aged 4<tysars. a native of F.ngland, who was found dead in his bed-room, yesterday morning. It appears the deceased was in the habit of taking braniiy and laudanum before going to bed, and yesSKA**!** ?- - * iuw(Hii?B uw w?o iuuuu iu our cnrnfr Of 111# room, In a sitting position, quit* dead. Verdict, congestion of the brain. Hroooklyn City Intelligence. At last. the people of South llrnoklyn begin te show symptoms of dlsoontent, and bitter invective* are frequently applied to the originator* of the nuissnnn which the railroad has proved to thla portion of the city. It is a natter of some wonder how the resident* and property holders In the neighborhood have submitted m long to the Injuries the system pursued hf the directors has Inflioted upon their Interests, aod with what Indifferenoe they regarded the total ileatruotlon of their finest thoroughfare. Atlantic street, but fsr the tnnnel, would have been, long bafnre this, the leading business place, aod Its spneious sidewalk* the most frequented promenades of any theolty could afford. Why is It that the Corporation suffers thw company to run their stenm csrs, or locomotive*, directly through the nsart of the city, and in the- Immediate vicinity of the mo?t frequented part of the street? Whether riding or walking, one is not safe ia Tentnring to orossthe street ; and, if he should esoap* with unbroken limbs, he hazards the losa of Ma eyesight, from the elouds of smoke and cinder* whtoh envelope every object in the train of the engine. It has been said that a proposition has been made to remedy, In a measure, the evil complained ef?that is, to employ horses on th* outskirts of the olty. as is the custom upon the Harlem road, and thereby do away, at lraat, with th* soot and smok*. Tiik Canals?Th* Wkatiikr ?The canals are to be cloned to-night, bv order of the Commiaelonere. Th* lirn amount of work to be dona on th* enlargement require* all the time poailble. Th* w*athet remain* extremely mild. A week of rain ha* been ?uooeed*d by a olear eky, nnihli*, and a bland atmoepbere. Several of the beet boat* are etlll on th* rlTer. and the oppoeltlon la move furlou* than at any time during the summer. ? ,111 any Ore. ?.|

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