Newspaper of The New York Herald, December 13, 1848, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated December 13, 1848 Page 1
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r S * th: NO. 5306. HO! FOR C ALIFORM AS The Dlirovery of B1 Dorailo?lOi Position, mid It* Atlvautagi-a to the Comiucrc* of the Vnltetl Htaten?The Way to get there. The Mexican war, the revolution la Kurope, and verjietherintereHtirgevent which ha? aaused so mush excitement In their turn, falj far short of the intent with which th? people of the United Status view the dlsrortry of gold mines, that, some three hun. dred years cince. were known only to a few adventurous Jesuits. It has been Incorrectly asserted, In many of the papers, that the bay of San Kranoisoo w;n first occupied t>y a religious sect, called Krnnsiscans, in 1770. The gold mines of the Peninsula of California Were knewn to have existed la the 16th century; for s early as 1678, about the time Sir Francis Drake made a vojuge to the coast, the Jesuits were In possession of certain tracts which they knew to be of mora than ordinary value, and employed means to depreoiate the country, by erroneous reports to the Spanish govern, ment. At last, on their expulsion, the oourt of Madrid 'ppointed Don Joseph Galves, as commander of a small Itett, made ready to explore this region. His reports to his government made favorable mention of the country, and of his discovery of gold mines of a promising; appearance. The intelligence, however, did not appear to command the attention of the Spanish court, and its existrnoe wan allowed to pans from age to age apparently unnoticed?reserved till this late day, it would seem, lor discovery, by a Yankee mechanic, in pursuit of material to build a mill. The revolution, social and commercial, consequent upon the building of this mill, will form an epoch in the history of the world, upon which ages jet to come may learn and profit. Already the active and the enterprising, in which our country happily abounds, are in full chase to obtain the eaillest advantages the new field oilers. From all directions they are pourinj in, w'th vigor and spirit; nd the only check which readies the universal d 'sire to dig for gold, is the want of knowledge and of in^aus to lead them to the spot where n is conoentratod their hopes cf future greatness. Yet, with thu disalvantages arising from our prerent limited means of travel, nd the heavy expense attending a journey to the Taciflo, the population of ttat section of California will reach, in six months, the number of 150 000, Increased to this large number, the important advantage of combination of exertion, with the aid of this gold, 's at once obtained, and things that are needed to give character to the place and render land and trad* more rtpidiy productive, become simple and practicable. A formation of socioty and a course of trade, resembling that now existing in the Kastern States, will follow this mania; and when the gathering of gold ceacea to offer the inducements it now does, and the glittering ore whioh da titled the senses of go many (hall become dimmed by toil and disappointment, the thousands, atill in expectation of wealth, will, of necessity, turn their thoughts upon occupations and other means of consummating their anticipated happiness. Our government, in order to promote this thirst for enterprise, so oonspiouous in the national character, and to further the general interest of the oountry, should at once offer such inducements to the gentlemen who have proposed to build the railroad across the Isthmus of Panama, as to enable tho.n to complete their project without delay. Such a road may be oon. structed at comparatively (mall expense, and with little labor; and, when in full operation, would shorten the journey to China some thirty days, ven by sailing vessels; but with steamers on each oeean. forming a continuous] line from New York to Asia, the whole voyage would occupy but about thirty-five days, or perhaps lees. Various points have been proposed and submitted to the public, for constructing this road or canbl; but the meet feasible of any, and the one which attracts most attention, is tlie isthmus of Panama. Although the distance across is greater here than at other point.*, yet the advantages which the Bay of Panama offers for a terminus, gives it the importance it now holds. The Isthmus is but fifty miles wide, and is now traversed or crossed In two days, by means of canoos, which are propelled by natives some thirty miles up the Chigre.^ liver, leaving the remaining twenty to be performed on the backs of mules. Of course, with such facilities fer travel, little else than a email amount of bag^tge can be transported to the Pacific, unless at an enor. mo as expense and^reat delay. Twenty miles of railroad is all that is wanted to nnite the two oceans, as the Chagres river, thirty mile* long, is navigable almost to its sonroe. and ha* sufficient water to run steamers, of a moderate dtaft, from one end to the other. These steamer*, made to communicate with the railroad, the distance would then be run in three hours, and, with the steamers now in operation, both on the Pacific and on the Atlantic, under government contract, the whole voyage from New York to California could be accomplished in about thirty days; Kngland then would necessarily look to na for the lateit advices from China and her Indian possessions, because, as soon as this road ii constructed* a cbatce is at once offered to our merchants to extend line of steamers to Canton, touching at the Sandwloh islands. This line would command the greatest advantage! of any yet formed, and would secure nea ly all the trade in silks and light goods now carried on between Asia and the United States. Passengers and nails it would also command, as being the most expe~ dillous by many days. The Bombay route, via Marseilles, bringing the India mails to England, takes fifty and sixty dtys, and often more, witn no advantage heyont tbe mere for warding the mails; while that that we have mentioned, via tbe Istbmui of Tanama, would require but about half the time, with the facilities of carrying any amount of freight and bsggage. European travellers then might, and would, take passage for New York, tbence to Panama, and reaoh China in forty days, enjoying the whole time the convenience* and comforts of* home. The benefit growing out of this avenue, touching our trade with Asia, is not of greater importance than It* effect upon our own commerce with all the countries bordering upon the west coast of America; all that la wanted to give an impetus to commerce here, and to stimulate the desire to emigrate to the northwest coast, is the construction, of this ro- te. There are thousands In the United States yearning to reach Californlo and the new territories, who are teo poor to pay the cost of passage, and who know nothing of the means of transportation or travel. To render there places easier of aosess, that all who are industriously dlspoied, particularly mechanics and ;armers. might participate in the advantages and assist in tbe formation of the new governments to be stabllsbed, requires some movement on the part of Congress; and In no way oan it be effected with so jnach certainty of success, as In the construction of 1 this Isthmus road, and an acquisition of an additional number of steamers or sailing vessels, to oonneot on V.lh ..da Tl>. r?... I. I .1.-1 [_ IV.d rtrprct only; bat we are led to believe, from preparations now going forward, that private enterprise will apply, In a manure, the want speak of. The valley of Sacramento l? probably the most fertile ob the raelfio, and gold, a* well as the Tartan* production* of the earth, can be at all times obtained, with the aid of the plough and harrow In the hands of an \ industrious man; and when the tnteroourse la established and becomes frequent with the Kastern world ! and with our own States, the desire and the facilities 1 cf commerce will be greatly aagnented; harmony and ] peace, and feourity of property and person among i themtelTfi, mutt soon follow. The geographical posl- i tlCB of San Francisoo is one of the most detlrable, In ; point of commerce, In this or any other continent. It i has the material and the elements, within It* limits, to eetabllsh itself as a disbursing depot between Kurtpe, 1 Asia, and North America. No city ever started Into eiltteace unc'er aurploe* ?o favorable for eommerola1 wraith; nature, in her cane, has dona that for her which no artificial mfan* ceuld erer accompli*)), and ' tu given k?r ?T?rj facility to attain Uiat high and 1 commanding point which la her deitlny. Neither will I c the feari of many, a* to the great depreciation In the I value of gold, be realised to that eilent anticipated. * At prereat, wlihln htr own border*, It, no doubt, will 1 1 k#e iome of it* real worth; bat commanding, aa it will | 0 % - X7 E NE m ir r\ T\ "mi T iVJLUitm ultimately, the oemmerce of Asia, with lt? counties' million* of trade now chut out from us, a vast amount of the precious metals will be necessary to oarry It on. The people rf ihore countries will take nothing but gold, Mlver, or manufactures- no paper representative is there acknowledged. That a mint, will be established there also, there Is not the least doubt. The wants of that region are so many, that a wonderful impetus will be given to the trade of New York, and great quantities of goods of every description will find their way to that city lor a market. Remittance! muft be male, without which commerce cannot bo oarrled on ; and remitting gold, In coin or dust, is attended with logs, danger, and laconvenience. The mint will obviate this. Let an individual take his coin or dust to that establishment, and he can receive a draft upon the government, piy. able at any sub-treasury point in the United States, In gold or illver, thus guarding against the chances of the metal falling into the hauds of foreign carriers,and obviating all Inconvenience, an'l facilitating trade in a remarkable degree. For tbe information of many who purpose going to California, we will state that there are but two route-* by which it may be reached with any degree of comfort or economy. Persons desirous of saving time,should take what Is called the land route, or, more properly, the Cha. gies or Isthmus courre. The Chagres steamer leaves this pert monthly, as also do the British West India mall Rt?amers, one of which is now In port, and reaches the mouth oi tne river in about ten dajH. Canons are here eniplojed. and passengers carried thirty miles up,when they arc transferred to the backs of mules, and in this nay reach Panama in two days, where they will take tithera steamer or sailing vessel for San Francisco.? The steamers belonging to Mr. Aspiuwall's line leave Pacsrua on the first of every month, when fairly organized; but for the present they are advertised to leave January 1, February 16, and the 1st of March. After this, they take their regular monthly departure. The distance by this conveyance from New York to San Franeisco, is about 6.600 miles? thus set down From New York to Chagre.i, 2000, Chagres to Tanama 60, Panama to San Francisco, cn the arc of agreat circle, 3,410. The whole distance will oocupy from 25 to 30 days. The cost of erasing in this way the Isthmus, from the best sourcuj of information, will not excetd $20, being performed, as we have already stated, by canoes and mule carriage. The former will soon give way to the steamer Orus, which has bten purchased to run on the Chagres river. Passetigers are in the habit of crossing the isthmus, who take the British line of steamers down the west coast of South America, which seems to establish the feasibility cf its being without difficulty crossed. Passsngers should provide themselves with the means to guaid against contingencies, as they may arrive, from the non-arrival of the steamers at Panama. The greatest difficulty in going by this route will consist in a large amount of baggage; nothing over 160 pounds weight can be carried with safety. The price of pa*, sge on oar steamers from New York to California, by the above route, flist class, is $420. There la a medium class of passengers taken for considerably less, or lailirg versel* leaving here for Chagres will take passengers much less. The other route we speak of doubles Cape Horn This is the most acceptable, as far as cost and facilities are concerned, but the loss if time balances the difference in price of passage. Ships are loading in this city for the Pacitto, that will take passengers to their destination at from $300 down to $ 100?the price, in faot, depends upon cironmstancea and on the accommodations offered. The distance from New Yerk to California, via Cape Horn, is about 17.000 milea, not 1U,O06, as stated, and will oecnpy about 160 day*, or fire months. Vessels generally, bound to the northwest ooast, touch in at Valparaiso, Callao, or Panama. The only chance to forward or carry goods to Califurnia, is by ships bound direct; and now that there are so many up, freights are not to say very expensive. Another now toute will be opened In a few weeks, through the Isthmus ef Tehuantepee in Mexico. The connection is cApcoicu vu us uhh ujr uuiuun ine navigable waters of the Guasacualee to those of the Chlmalapa, the for. mer tunning in the Oulf of Mexico, the latter In the raciflo. The dividing ridge to be cat through is in height 1375 feet; but the greatest difflcuty here will be in ff curing a conveyance on the Paclflo. The terminus of thia road la not Known by vessels trading on the west eoast. The communication with this new 'cute on the Atlantic side will be with New Orleans, principally, and. when completed, opportunities from that city will be frequent. The following is a correct statement of the time, price, and distance, by the two routes now open to Ca' iifornia Price. Diilance. Time orcupied. By Panama. . .$300 to 420 6 000 30 to 85 days By Cape Horn.. 100 to 8u0 17,000 130 to 150 " The difference in the price la from flrst to teoond clasa. The Bermuda ateamera, which leave here on the 18th of each month, touoh at Chagrea. Their price *o thia point la ten dollara less than In our own ateamcra. To give the people an idea of the extent of this mania or excitement, in this oountry, we will give a list of the vessels which have been heavily freighted with merchandise, manufactures, and human beings, for the teglon of gold. These that we annex have all Bailed in rapid succession sine* the middle of October, about the time the flrst flash ef the metal came to us. From New York the following sailed : ? Stranuhips California ; Panama; Oregon ; Mississippi ; Edith: sailing ships Brewster; J. W. Caton ; Heme; Mary & Adeline; Iowa; Robert Bruce ; Fanny Koirester ; Henry Nesmith ; Siivie de Urasse ; P. lendleton ; Whitam ; Sea Queen ; Sacramento ; and, in addition to there, the government Fent out a number of store ships for lh* army and navy. From Boston ? ships Leland; Horacio; Prompt; Sophia Wnlker; Independence ; and J. W. Coffin. Fiom Baltimore ? ships George fc Henry ; Saldana, an J Klla Francis. The mania atill rages, and every person of a apeca. l&ting character, having a few hundred dollars lying idle, inveats it in merobandiae for California. Vessela r? chartered at enormous prices, and are freighted with mechanics' tool*, mechanics theme elves,and olothing and provisions for the market. In this city, at tbis moment, there are no less than fifteen vessels preparing to leave, and, before the end of the week, the number will swell to at least twenty; at Ba'timore there are four, Boston three, and I'hiltdelphla eleven ?wburjport and New Orleans have also their ratio. We may here give the names of some of those receiving thiir cargoes for the gold region:? Ships Albany, Capt Sherman ; S*rah Ann. Cobb; Walpo'e. Cutler; Sutton. Kokeruinn ; ('hristoval Colon. Smith; Massachusetts. Sampson, Klorenoe, Bright; Orpheus. Freeman ; Larks Holla, Mareppa ; brigs Philip Hone, Joy j Newcastle, Swift; David Henshaw, I'lnkham. In addition to th ese there are ten vessels prepari ng to av? for Chsgres, with passengers, among whioh are the steamers Isthmus and Orus. A number of yonng men waited upon Capt. Stodlard.of the Crescent City, and endeavored to persuade him to extend his course as far as Chsgres. If her owners should make Mich an arrangement, we doubt not but that har splendid cabins would receive the full complement. If they will not comply with the request of these p riods, we recommend them to| leave in the Forth, which sails to-day, or wait farther neat trip. We trust it will foon be in our power to give further Information on a subject so Important to flie commercial interests of the world, and especially to New \ ,?rk Kvery thing In leference to this region will be looked Tor and read with the greatest avbllty. We learn that that hardy and enterprising boiy of men. <hs Boston pilots,have, In connection with ('apt. i rnawrii him <i me Dark Luela Maria) purchased the bark Vrlaeco, with the Intentlon'of fitting her cut. and despatching her to California. Capt. TreaJirell will go out in ootnmand of her. It Is stated that a company In forming in Newport, xith the Intention of purchasing the bark Charles U?T*n?, and freighting her for the modern K1 Dorado. Wa?hikoto:?, Dee. 0,18411. , Dturiplion ?f .lita California, or tkt A'<u Gnhi Re- i ; From the geographical memoir upnn'Alta California, ; the California acquired bj the late tr*atj with Mexico) I tddresssd bj Lt. Col. Fremont to th? Senate, at the 1 ... nn.?. v> v??|p-i., w? ui*k? i?w excraou aea- | rlptlT* of the country. I Alt* California Is divided Into two parta?th? Eaatorn ] nJ the Wentern. The fcattern portion, lyta* betwewn , he Reek j Mountalne on the rut, and the |(r??t range I the Sierra Nevada on tb? woat, comprehend* an J W YO ?T/i n -rv TmT s~\ TVT T1 ri^Tv "%T i i\Sj xLilllllwil VV XjVIM art* of about ?00 miles square, and saving ths region arcund the (ireat Salt I.ake in the north east corner, ard afew gr< co spots along the flanks of the west?rn mountains, is a howling defert of burning sands| bald mountains. and in covered with evidences of volcanic action. It comprehends five-sixths of the territory of California, a* acquired from Mexico. The only white settlement within Its limits. Is the Mormon to. lony, near the lireat Salt Lake. The Ureat Basin is (urrouided by mountains on all sides, and the rivers which llow into it from the mountains, empty iuto lakes, the waters of wbloh are evaporated in the sua, as a substitute for an outlet to the sea. or the streams are absorbed by the eands of the desert; as, for instance, Mary's river, which after a oourse of 300 miles, suddenly sinks Into the sands, its waters as tblck and bitter as bitumen, from the impregnations ot Its voicanlo trail [See the journal of Mr. Bryant, who went out to the I'aalflo by that route ] The western division of Calitornla lies west of the great range of the Sierra Nevada, and between it and the I'aeitio oc? an Excepting the Mormons, near the Salt Lake, which trenches upon Oregon, in the eastern basin, this western section is the only part of California with which the army, navy, and rettlers from the I'nited States hate had anything tado All the accounts we have bad < f California, from time immemorial, api ly to the slip ol oonntry flanking the I'aeitio ocean. We now come to the extracts from Lt. Col. Fremont: SIERRA NEVA OA. This Sierra is pari ot the great mountain ranger, which, under different names uud with different elevation*. but with much uniformity of dlreoilon and general proximity to the coaft, extends from the penmculacf Calitorijia toKusrlau America, and without a gap In the distance through which the water of the Haoky mountains could reach the Pacific ooean. except at the two places wehre the Columbia and's river retpectlfeiy find tbelr paf,-a^o This great range Is remarkable fir its length, its proximity and parallelism to the ?ea coast, Its great elevation, often more lotty Ifcin the ltocliy roouutnins, and Its many grand volcanic peaks reachltg high into the region of perpetual mow. lMaing singly, like pyramid* rrooi heavily timbered plateiux, to the height of fourteen ami reft nt< en thousand teet above the sea, these snowy ptafcs constitute the characterizing feature of thu range, and dietingumU it from tho Rocky mountains and ad others on our part of the coutineut. That part of this range which traverses the Alt* California is vailed the Sierra .Nevada, (Snowy mountain)?a name in itself implying a greuc elevation as it is only applied, in SpanUh geography, to the mountains wbOK? summits penetrate the region of perpetual snow. It Iti a grand leature of California, and a dominating one atid must be well understood before the stiu?iureof the country and the character of its different dlvieionscan bo comprehended. It divides California into two parts, and exercises a deolded Influence on the climate, toil, and productions of each. Stretching along the ooast, and at the general distance of 150 miles from it. this great mountain wall receives the wsrm winds, charged with vapor, which sweep across tie Taciflo coean, precipitates their accumulated mtlftuie in fertilizing rains and snows upon its western flank, and leaves cold and dry winds to pass on to the east. Hence the characteristic differences of the two regions?mildness, fertility, and a ruperb vegetable kingdom on one side; comparative barrenne*s and cold on the other. The two sides of the Sierra exhibit two distinct climates. The state of vegetation, in connexion with some thermorottrical observations made duiin* the recent exploring expedition to California, will establ'sh and Uluitrate this difference. In the beginning of December. 1840. we crossed this 8ierra. at latitude 39 dig. 17:12, at the present usual emigrant pass, at the head of the Salmon Trout river, 40 miles north (f New Helvetia, and made observations at each base, and in the tame latitude, to determine the respective temperatures; the two ba?es being, respectively, the western about 600. and the eastern about 4,000 feet abeve the level of these*; and the Pa's, 7,200 Ieet. The mean results of the observations were, on the eastern side, at tunrlse, 9 deg ; at noon, 44 deg ; at sunset, 30 deg.; the state cf vegetation and the appearance of the country being at the same time, (sooond week of December.) that of confirmed winter; the rivers froten over, mow on the ridges, annual planti dead. I gTass dry. and deciduous trees stripped of their foliage. At the western baFe, the mean temperature during a^vMg.Mf, ?w? "-'J ? nwuino urg , KUU t( | sunret 62 deg ; the state of the atmosphere and of vegt tat ion ihac. of advancing spring; grata fresh and green, four to right inch'j? high,vernal plants In bloom, the air (oft,and all tbe streams fr?e from Ice. Tbus, December, on one side of the mountain, was winter; on tbe other it was spring. MARITIME REGION WEST OF THE TERRA NEVADA. West of the Sierra Nevada and between tiiat mountain fccO tbe sea. is the second grand division of California. ai d the only part to which (.ho name applies in the current language of the couutry. It is th? occupied and inhabited part, and so different in character ? so divided by the mountain wall of the Sierra from the Great BaMn above? as to constitute a region to itself, with a structure atid con figuration?a soil, climate, and productions?of its own ; and as northern Persia may be referred 10 as tome type of the former, so may Italy be referred to as some point of comparison for the latter. North and soutfa, this region embraces about ten degrees of latitude?from 32 dogs., where it touches the peninsnU of California, to 42 dega., where it bounds on Oregon. Kast an l weft, Ire m tfce Sierra Nevada to tbe sea. it will average, in tbe middle parts, 150 miles ; in the northern parts 200 ?giving an area cf above one hundred thousand rquare miles. Looking westward from the summit ol' tbe Sltna. tbe main feature presented is tbe long, lo*, broad valley of the Joaquin and Saorameuto rivers? tie two valleys forming one? Qve hundred miles long and fifty broad, lying along tbe base ottbe Sierra, and bcundtdto the west by the low ooast range of mountains, wbich separates it from the sea Long daric lines of timber indicate the stream*, and bright spots mark the intervening plains Lateral ranges, parallel to tbe Sierra Nevada and tho ooast, make the structure of tbe country and break it into a surface of vallejsacd mountains?the valleys a few hundred and the mountains two to four thousand feet ab'jve the sea There form greater masses, and become more elevated In tbe north, wbere son.* peaks, as tbe Sha^tl, enter tbe regions of perpetual snow. Stretched along the mild coast of thePaelfle, with a general elevation in Its plains and valleys of only a few hundred feet above tbe level ot tbe sea? and backed by the long aud lofty wall cf the Sierra?mildness and geniality m^Up asturned as the characteristic of its cliinat . ^E^nhdBtar.tif corresponding latitudes ot^MflHEie side < t this continent can with the roft air and southern productions VE^P^Hpmo latitudes in tbe maritime- r? gmn of U Tbe fltgular beauty and purity of tbe truth of this legion is characterized by a rare phenc meuon, and all travellers realise his The pre tent condition of the country da'a f(.i forming correct opinions or th?lHHPM| tuial capacity and fertility of the soil VanKuver [ , found, at the mission of San Bueuaventura. ilMVOi, ] latitude 34 deg. 16 min , apples, pears, plums, figs, , , oranges. grapes, praehes, and pomegranites growiug j ( irgtmer wiui ice p ntrniD, t>auaua, conca nut. sugar j , cane, and indigo all jlelding fruit in abundance, and j of txolleBt quality. Humboldt mentions tbo olive 1. oil ot California as equal to that of Andalusia acid lUaJM nine like that of the Canary Wards At preseatJk|^^| little rinairs of the b'gh and various cnlti^^^^^f which bad been attained at the mlseioni. I mild and paternal sdministratlon of the ' the gomle character ol the Indians was made av forlabtr and thousands were employed in the tie ^ the orchards, and the Vineyard*. At present, huf'.it- I f tie of this former cultivation is seen. 1'he fertile val- ! f lejs are overgrown with wild mustard ; vineyard* and i , olive orchards, decayed and neglected, are >aon< the r remanltg vetligis ; only in some places do we see | the Mideccti ot what the conntry is captble At , San Bueiarentura we found the olive trees. In Jauu- r ry, bending under the w, Ight of neglected fruit; and . tie mission of San Luis Obispo (latitude 35 dog ) is till dli-tin^uishrd for the excellence of Its olives con- , sideud liner aud larger than those fcf the Mediterra- , nesn. , 'Ihe productions cf the south differ from those of ( the noith and of the middle. Grapes, olives. Indian | corn, have been its Maples, with many assimilated , ftuits scd grains. Tobacco lia-t been reoently intro- ? duced ; atiu the uniform euinmtr heat which follows ? the wetnason. and is uninterrupted by rain, would v make the southern country well adapted to cotton? ' j. Wheat is the Ore t product of the north, where it al- t wsjs constituted the principal cultivation of the mis- ? Me ns. This promises to be the grain growing region ], of ( alifornia. The moisture of the coast seems pur- r ticularly tuitrd to the potato and to the vegetables v conmontoth* United States, whioh grow to an ex- r tiacrdicary r lie. , I'eifcsps lew parts of the world can produce In suoh , perfection so great a variety of fruits and grains as (l the large and varied region enclosing the bar of San 0 Kranclsco. and dialned by its waters. A vew of the ? n,sp will rhow that region and Its great extent, eotn- ( {rHit nilirg me enure valleys of me Sacramento and I 0 Sun J< squill, end the whole western elope of tbe Sierra | t Nrvtiia General pbrares fail to give prrns>, I s en<l I tare recourse lo tfce notes in my journal to \ fhnw it* ciimato ard pr< duetloM, by the te?t of the i , Ihnmc meter end tbe state of the vegetable kingdom. | w VALL?V8 OF THK MCHAMlJITrt ANT) ?AM JOA^rm li There vall?j* are one. discriminated only by the I ? iidii of thn ri?ff? whioh traverse It. It I* a stogie | talley-a slrglr Ki>rgri?phic*llornmtlon near 600 miles , long, Ijlrg at tbe ?e?t?rn base ef th? Sierra Nevada, s acd b?t??i*n It and tbe cu?et range of mountains and p Mrftehirg seres* the hesd of ihe hay of San Kr*n- 0 ci?eo. with whteh a delta >f twenty-flv? mile* connect* n It Tbe two .van l>.V|Uin and Sacramento, rise r at opposite ftijs of this long valley, receive numerous . tr?>tn? nany of them boU river*, from th? Sierra ? INtTidft brroma ihimprlim navigable river*. flow to- 1 t ??rd ?*eh other, meet ball way. an J filter the bay of . San fr'ranrleto (Of ather. In tha riglon of tide water, ? n ekltg a oontlnuon* water ltn* from on* and to th* { it <r tl I be ralley of tba Kan Joaqnln Iff about 3?0 mile* _ Ifng and (0 b:oad. brtween tha *!<ip?? of tbn conet mountain and tha Sierra Nevada, with a general el?- I' ratl< n cf only a f??r hundred feat above tha level of " ita??a It prercnt* a variety of aoll, from dr? nod I iitprtduettv* to well watered and luxuriantly fertile 1 1 b? ?a?t?rn (which I* tba fartlle) ilda of the valley I* in nt*r*e*ted with anmrrou? utreama. forming lar^a nod (i r?ry beautiful bottom* of farttl* land, wooded prln- * RK F ESDAY, DECEMBER 1 ripally with m hit" oaks (t/urrcun Inngiglanila. Torr m l Krem.) in open groves ot handsome trees, often tire or ?lx fret In dlarrater, anil ?lxty to eighty f.'ft hit[vi. Only tbe larger streams, which are fifty to one hundred and fifty yards wide, and drain the upper parts of the mountain*, pan entirely acrois the valley, forming the Tulare lakes and the Sun Joaquin river, which, in the rainy Reason, make a continuous stream from the head < f the valley to the bay. The foot hills of the Sierra Nevada, which limit the valley, make a woodland country, diversified with undulating grounds and pretty valleys, aud watered with nuintroui small streams. which reach only a few miles bevend the hills, the springs which supply them not being copious enough to carry them across the plains These ullurd many advantageous spots for farms, making somutimus large bottoms of rich moist land. The rolling surface of the hills presents sunny exposures, sheltered fioai tbe winds, and having a highly favorable nlima'e and suitable soil, are considered to be well ad ipfed to the cultivation of the grape, and will probably becomu the principal vine growing region of California The uplands bordering the valleys of the largo stream? are umally wooded with evergreen oak.j, and the intervening plainp are timber?J with groves or belts of evertrten and white oaks among prairie nod open land The turface of the valley conM.-tn of level plain* along the Tulare lake? ami San Joaquin river, changing into undulating and rolling ground nearer the foot hills of the mountains. VALLEY OK T1IK SACRAMENTO. The northern half of the valley of Alta California is watered by the Saoramento, which runs down south Into the Bay Gl'Sau Kranclaeo, while the Sun Joaquin cimesintolt from the southern extremity, (towing westward and meeting the Sacramento in the bay, which is nearly in the middle of the valley. The valley of the Sacramento is divided into upper and lower?the lower two hundred miles long, the upper about one hundred; and the latter not merely entitled to the distinction of upper, ar being higher up on the river, tut also as having a superl< r elevation of some thousands of feet above it. The divitdnn is strongly and geographically marked. The Sham 1 peak f>tand?at the head of the lower valloy,ia the f?r!te of the river, riticg from a base of about 1 000 feet, out of a forest of heavy timber. Itarcend* like an immense ,, 11 .it ,:?< I j nf I A OOO fuut (n.arln t V,.. I,..;..I.* . M UIMUU1U V-.. ...... v^.... ..J UCIJUk u I Mont Blanc.) tho summit glistening with snow, and visible, from favorable points of view, at a distance of 140 miles down the valley. The river hern, Id descending frcm the upper valley, plunges down through a caiiait, falling 2,COl) feetln twenty miles, l'his upper valley in 100 miles lonp, heavily timbered, the climate and productsocs modified by it* altitude, its mire northern position, and the proximity and elevation of tte neighboring mountain* covered with unow. It contains valleys of arable land, and is deemed capable of settlement. WESTERN SLOPE OF THE SIERRA NEVADA. The western flank of this Sierra belongs to the maritime region of California, and is capable of adding greatly to its value. It is a, wido slope, timbered sod gratsy, with intervals of arable land, copiously wattred with numerous and bold streams, and without the cold which its name and altitude might imply. In length it is the whrle extent of the long villey at its tine, five hundred ailes. In breadth it is from forty to seventy milts, from the summit of the mountain to the teirali ationr.f the foot bills in the edge of the valleys below and alicort the whcle of it available for sorau uieful purpose?timber, pa^tura^e, some arable land, mills, quarries-and so situated as to be oonrenieut for use, the wide elope of the mountain being of eaiy and practicable descent. Timber holds the first place in the advantages of this slope, the whole being fceavity wooded, flrit with oaks, which predominate to about half the elevation of the mountain; and then with pines, cjprets, and cedars, the pines predomiDatisg; ht: d hence, called the pine region, a-i that below U called the oak region, though mixed with other trees. The blgbett rummits of the Sierra are naked, matsive granite lock, covered wth snow, in sheltered places, all the jtar round The raks are tevtral varieties of white and t lfick cak, and evergreens, pome of them rafeinbltng ltve oak Of the white oak there are some Lew species. attalniun a bundeomo elevation, upon a at?in fix feet in diameter. Acorns of uncommon size, and not bad taste, used regularly for food by the Indiana, abound on these tr? wh. and will bo of great value for ft.eek The cypress, pine, and cedar, are between 100 and 250 feet high and live to twelve feet In diameter. with clean tolid stems. Urass abounds on almost all parts of the slope, except towards the highest summits. and is fresh and green all the year round, betn^ neither killed by cold In the winter, nor dried by want of rain in the summer. The foot hills of the elope am sufficiently fertile and gentle to admit of good settlement*; while valleys, cove*, beaches, and meadows of arable land art) tcund throughout. Many of the numerous streams. some of them amounting to conferable rivers, which flow down the mountain side, mako handsome, fertile valleys. All tiese streams furoieh gopd water power. The climate, In the lower part of itaslope. is that of constant cpriny, while above the oebi Is aot in proportion to the elevation. 1UV or PAN FHANClfCO, AND DBPBNDKNT COTTNTRY. The bay of San Francisco has been celebrated, from the time of its first discovery, as one of the tinest in the world, and is justly entitled to that charaoter, even nnder the seaman's view of a mere harbor But when all the accessory advantages whiob belong to it - fertile and picturesque dependent country; mildness and salubrity of climate; connection with the great interior valley of the Sacramento and San Joaquin; its vast resources for ship timber, grain and cattle- when these | graphical position on the line of communication with Aria, it rites into an importance far above that cf a mere barber, and deHer*ei a particular notion in any account of maritime California Its latitudinal position is that of Lisbon; its climate Ik that of southern It al7; settlements upon it for more then half a century attest its bealthtulceFs; bold shores and mountains give it grandeur; the extent and fertility of its dependent country give it great resources for agriculture, ct mmtrce. and population. The bay of Sun Francisco Is separated from the <> by low mountain ranges. Looking from the peaks of the Men a Nevada, the cca?t mountains preterit an apparently continuous line, with onl* einulegap, resemblirg a mountain pass. This la the the great bay. and i* the only water cuatral lafi'Hdi the coast to the interior country. ApM^^^^Hkpra the tea the coast presents a bold oaN^^^Bb? south, the bordering mountains ?ooM do4^^^^^k. row ridge cf broken hills, terminating In a point, against which the sea breaks heavily. nonbirn side, the mountain presents a bold tcry. rising In a few miles to a height of two or thcuiaid ieet. Between these points 19 the strai^^fl about one mile broad, In the narrowest pa^^| and five milts lcng from the tea to the b^^| Tatting thiougb thMkate,* the bay opens tbe r ght Hi.djaf^H^HBii'g in each direction abo^H more than aud^H J11 ij bie?i"flWrTTaee, acd add to fcMirtjiiiinii> flBhV' f Directly fronting 1 '?? mile* from the ehcre rii?tne crowned by a lo'eft .which :<>* *ea the opponitff broken and range*, satiable or begin- i iliijf bottom land, oili-,r 1>r? "dtn^^Wr .*Monal open wood* of oak, 1 (orders tbe , i. ?bt> mountain*around the southern irm cf the )j?_r, termicating on a breadth of twenty titles in lb* fertile valley of the St. Joseph, a narrow ' lein of rich foil, lying between ranges from two to bite thousand feet high The vmley ta openly rood* d with grores cf oak, free from underbrush. and fter the tptirg rainf covered with gra?* Taken in onoexion with the valley of San Juan, with which it oim> a continuous plain, it i* fifty-ftve mile* long and ne to twenty broad, opening in'o 'trailer valley* mot g t he hill*. At tbn head of the bay It I* twenty oilt* broid, and about ibe tame at the *outbern ?nd, ihfte (be foil i* beautifully fertile, covered in rummer or (Ire varieties cf wild clover several feet iigh. In many placer it Is overgrown with wild musaid gn wicg ten or twelve f?*t high, in almo*t impelettable field*, through which road* atn made like irr* On bo'b ?id?*the n ouutains are fertile, wooded, r covered with gram* and scattered tree*. On the rest it Is protected from tbe chilhug influence of the loithwen win<?s by the cveitti dr lot gatoi, (wiiJcat ii'gi )?bnrh r eparaten it from tbe coast. Thl* is a , rnrKj ???u uuiwiru uiuu u i u. u, wairreu wnu nuiiui lre*rt*. and worded on both Mde* with many vnrietlei f trff* and ?hrubb*ry. ^the heavier foren* of plue nd < > |rcm occupying the weatern elope. Timber and lilr((lf? *r?> now oltulned frrni thin mountain; and t* of the terently dirr eve red qulck*'lver mine* la he eMtern aide ot the mountain. ntar the I'uehli. .1 an Jcpi- Thle range t? rmtnati * on th? *outh In the unnNufTC joint of Monterey bay. and on the north rcllnm into a ridge of broken hill* about five ml'** Ide between the hay and the *ea and having the own of San Fratoitco on the bay ihore, near Ita cithern ejtrettiltT StelKn <1 from ire cold wind* and fog* of thn fea, cd hatirff a ?oil of remarkable fertility, the valley of t. Jo*eph (San Jon'-) la capable of producing in great rfectinn many fruit* and gralna which do not thrive n the coaat In it* inmediat* vicinity. Without taking ato eoD?1d?ration the extraordinary yield* which have m et ini?? occurred, the fair aierage product of wheat 1 art;nated at flfty fold, or fifty for one rown The ilm'on a t?bil> hm> nta of Snntn ( lata and San Jorr, In be ni'ith end of tha valley, were formerly. In tha Tofjerou* da)* of the inl*tlon*. dliMngulahed for tha uierlotity of ihalr wheat orop* The *lope of alluvial land continue* entirely around he ?Mt?rn thore of tha bay, Interacted by imail Catted Clryi ory/<e (Golden ??'?) nn Mr map. nn (he aame rlatiple that it e herhor of Hi/titntium (I'tnttanUnopb after irJai waa a.Ued ( A# in ore r<?? liildou horr.) Tne form nf I arbor, ?nrt itsadvanng fur rommiT-a, (ami th.t it < ?? an mm pot i.f tar.trn comcntr**,) th? aann t >h> < rick f a 4<n<>f Bytmtium. Inuf .rmof th? aotraacn >tn i|m kav of *a? Prarci'cn, and it* aritaa'aRM ?l eoatmrrm, latatia laaauuva,) tufgctt U?t aamc wUmiIi U (itw lo Uu? *a MM < fERA 2. IRAS 8tr<ams and < llerlrg fom? point* which Rood landing | and deep water with advantageous position* between [ the fea hi,.i interior country, Indicate for future Battle- 1 ment. 'i be (trait of rarqulnef, about one mile wide and I eight rr ten fathom* deep connect* the San Pablo and Sulroon bays. Around these b?jn smaller valieya open into the bordering country, and some of the stream* have a short launch navlgati< n, which serve* to convty produce to the bay. Missions and large farcnt w*re eltablisbed at. the heal or navigation on theie streams, which jre favorable sites for town* or vlllag** The country around the Suisoon bay present* didi) 'th low ridge* and rounded bills, clothed with wt.d cat*, and more or less openly wooded o? their summit* Approaching it* northern shores from Sonoma, it assume*. though in a f-tato of nature, a cultivated and btautiful appearance. Wild cati cover it in continuous Held*, and herd* of cat'.le and band* of horses are /cattertd oyer low hill* and partly isolated rid*?M, where blue mists and opening* among the abruptly terminating hills indicate the neighborhood of th< bay. The Suisoon i? con nected with an expansion of the river formed by the junction of the Sacramento and San Joaquin. which enter the Francisco bay la the satno latitude, nearly a* the mouth of the Tagut at Lisbon A delta of twentj-flve miles In length divided into island* by deep channel*, connect* the b-iy with the valley of the San JoHquin and Sacramento, into the mouth* of which the tide flows, and which eater tfce bsy together as one river. Such is the bay. and the proximate country and shore# rf the bay of Snn KranoUco. It is not u mere indentation of the coast, but a little sea to itself, coanecttd with the ocenn by a defensible gate, oponing out between seventy and eighty nnle* to the right and left, lip' n a breadth of ten to fifteen, deep enough for the largest ehlpi. with bold >-linr?s suitable fi r town* andsettlements, and fertile adjacent country for cultivation. The bead of the bay Ih about forty miles from I be sea, and there commences it* connexion with the ncble valleys of the Sau Joaquin and Sacramento. the gold region?the climate. The gold region of California is in the Sacramento and it* tributaries The climate of the country has I no winter in the valley, but the rainy reason and the i dry. The rainy seison begins loNovmnb#r and continues tothe iuiltlle of February or the beginning of Msrch ; the reft of the is without ralu ; hut the Mreiimf from the Sierra Nevada afford all the fioilities for irrigation in ihe heats of July and August. The whole valley abound* in wild cattle, wild horses, elk*. ' deer. antelopes, gri/.rly bears, partridges, water fowl, I Milmcn. &o iic. All the products of the 1'nited States, j from npples to orange*,from potatoes to sugar cane. | may be produced in the valley of he San Joaquin and SacraiLt-uto. Tl>e climate is remarkably healthy. Such is the California on the Tacitlc?the richest, 1 most picturesque, and besutiful region, fcr Its extent, upon the face of the earth. Suoh is ihe Kl Dorado ot the gold mines; tuch is the great acquisition of the li.te war with Mexico. [From the Boeton Herald. Deo. 11 ] The fuVjolred letter from Col. James Koss Snowilen, Treaiurer cf the United SfateH Mint at Philadelphia, was received yesterday la reply to one addressed to him a fhort time since by the junior editor of the lluslon Herald:? U. S Mint, Philadelphia. Dec. 8, 1848. Pun Sin 1 have your letter of the 6th inst. I had prepared an answer to your inquiry by stutlng that no California gold bad been received at the Mint ; tut I had scarcely linUhed the letter when I was called on by Mr. David Carter, who had just arrived frcm California, and has depctlted with m? for coinage lb(i4 tO 1()0 cunces of the gold of that region. It is of excellent quility and the amount will yield about jiU tcu, aimougn lis exact oneness cannot ue stated until it la assayed. wliiih will be done in a day or two. I fuj j,off. thin In the lirwt of a long series of similar depcsius frcm that goldtn re gion. Veiy respectfully, your*. &o., JAMES R. SNOWDKX, Treasurer I J. S. Mint. S*muii. R. Glem, E. q., Boiton. [From the Philadelphia Penn.'ylvanian, Dec 13 ] We visited the United states Mint, In ibis city, jeiterday, in ccmpany with a friend, for the purpose of assuring curielves of the <|uaiity ot the prnoious metal which in now being produced in suoh incredible <|uantitles by the rude nilnlug operations or the citizens of > California. Dr Patterson, the accomplished director, , and Col. Snowden, tile intelli|(ent treasurer, extended ' to us all the information in their power. Tho la.ter gentleman whs especially attentive in furmahlng sera- | highly interesting detalU, which cannot .tall to prove ut-tful and satiifnetrry *o our readers and the public. 1 be first gold from the California region was deposited in tka United States Mint on Friday last, and was immediately assayed Mr, David Carter,an intelligent aiid ve nturius citizen of Boston (the Vankees forever brought i his gold, amounting to i *04 ounam. from California. ahxncH he has just rcturae l. having it ft Monterey. ( ulifi.rn ia. on the 1st of September, and reached Philadelphia on Friday last, the 8ch Decern b-r lie came, tin Pay'a, in Peru, to Panama, across the IUhc.ust f l>aii?n to ( hsgres. from tbence to Jamaica, and New Orleans- and tben direct to the Mint, where hie treasures were leit to be assayed. He ob'atned the gold )n every care from individual operators in trade, and for rath, aud has realized very handsomely by his enterprise. Tt<> value of the gold, as we saw U in th* Mint, cast into liars ard in;ot? is estimated at $3."> 000 Its exact fineness will b? as<ertained by the a*sayer of the Mint. and report made to the proper department rntbesuf ject It Is said to b?' ec|ual to the North I Carolina gold, end a little below thru of Ueorgin. Mr. Carter gm r fume most interesting accounts of the i geld eoniltry. The ejttwnt of the gold region In Call tcrnia. thus far ascertained. Is four bumjred miles In length and forty or fitly milea wide. Of course, furtb?r invetf'satlons will throw unr? light upon the wt.ndeiful reiources of the country, and develops . other districts in which tt.ii precious metal is embedded. 'lht gold which he transported over the dts- I i ano * referred to, was chiefly obtained from near Si- I ier'a lort, and ?ome of it from heather Hiver Mr. tarter defcribes tbe per put ef ( alitornia as a perfect de- I nine racy, where labor is not ouiy on a par but far ahead 1 of capital K.vtry one has hir pcckets full ?f gold. All ttat is r?qt)Wlt? to make every man prosperous and comparatively rich, la c-rdinary enterprise and indcttry. We learn thrt on Saturday laft, an amount of t?vo or three hundred ounces of tbe same gold, sent by <)oiMai on and dt posited at tbe War Department t fine joung officer, Lieutenant Loeser. was rest tbe Mint, and is now as ?y<-d and cast into 1 It I* appropriately supg'sted by Col Snowden, | pdtion ot this gold b? reserved for medal* for ! cers who served in Mexico VV? begtC add that | ?uld ceitainlj be sent to (itberal Taylor, as a ever present remembrancer of the little nppo?hith his own f. l^nds- now or shortly to bo bis 'a and ccefldanti a- made to the persevering ex. i of tbe adminiftiation and the democracy to ?a territory, the resources of which bid fair to the boatte <1 treasure* of the Arabian Nights lvi a Lettbue who doubt., walk to the Mint, gold in its rude acd rnWttd state, and hear the ft?te Rents as made io the r Ulcers of that institution b? Mr Carter Limrelf. rfA [Krrm the Boston Courier, Dec. 12 ] jjHt commercial bouse inthikcity, Interested In the trade of California, received in 1343 a small (areel of train gold. This was fcrwurded to the Mint at Philadelphia, through their conerpondent, to whom they mote?'-'1 his gold Is from a mine In t'pper California, CWaoteridin 1842 nnd the owner is very desirous of knowing its real value; so if the officer of tbe Mint will give yeu any particular aoe? nnt of its imperfections, he is desirous to hare it. In the parcel that Is In a t ag. there are j arts of a ump. that appear to have been n.elted, and we should think had base metal with It." Tbe following were the resulta of the examination at the Mint:? Wf.ioiit in CM.ironrwA. dw gr. Taper parcel 219 12 I Linen bag aOfl 12 ' "l. Vrtluf, r?ffT par<?I, 1?W Afir muting, 10 TJ (Ininew, ,93i fai? KD LUtu 1934 do. do. It 01 do. we :HI 75 | 1 *U2 S3 < Rmlftinn $1^ M'? r*r oa., m it was raeeitpd from California. i A quantity of the lutvit prcduoa ?f the California go d ngion waa submitted to our inspection yesterday. This ?pi i lmrn wa* ??nt from St KrancWc*, by Capt. Uecrge W Vincent, of Boston in August last and ? as taken fr? m the roil on the Hio Sicraroento, about 170 ti'llta from St. Kranelreo. It n In lumps half the i7.? of a pea. Of Its fineness w? c?noot *p< ak. It (till r? mains a matter of turprUe tbat so very rich a mining toil should have escaped dircotery for so long a time. By refeiriog to ?ur own file*, we Hod tba% ?orr? mciiiba ago, tLa following article tu published in the Co mm| " If we are to judge from the follnwirg statement, publitbtd Id the St I.ouis Hr/m/ilmm. the reported uUccttry of *xten<if? gold mines in < allfornia must be a delusion:?' We were yesterday visited by a gentWman *ho ba> b?en lor maoy yeeri a oudurtor nf gold mint* In Mexico, lie examioed our specimen, and ibt n Informed ua that b? had (ravelled over a larga portion rif the Sacramento regie n in search of gold ' in'.DfS. dtseribed the evidences he found, and oonclndfd by astuilng ua tbat. aft. r spending live thousand dollars in experiment*. and attempt* at di<cov?r> its, be cam* out minus the in>eatment. j [Kromtbe Washington Uoion, Deo 12] CatifoBNU OotD at i ne: Mint ? A letter baa | hern r?c?lv?d frum Philadelphia, under Hate of ' linfinbtr 0. ?hn'.h states tbat the writer had just i ton iDfl lug .uto barn of ? l*r<f quaa- t fit; of jrkl drpotitra thrre on Friday laxt by Mr. f ?rt?r*ho hurt i*c?ntly rrturnrd frt.m th? uiln?? in j ifirri* ll? h?d depcrltrd about $20 00" worth la j fralM ar.J lump*. iui h *? ttaa agvot nf tha War Ofllca j bad eaiiird i n to I'hiUdrlphlt. U bad not yet btan lumjtil, but, frrm it* app??ran<-?, it leaves (aa It j r< n > I roni the fur n?rw) i h? Imp aMlon at the mint ? ibut It if kb^nt qnal in valua to cor gold eoln - ounca foroonca ''Thoie can no ion?fr bo any doubt of ?mi) u n?M of tbrgoll" 'I h? proof** of r^.,^yi0g would pn bably ba cr inpl'b d In tha eoui*o of Monday; t at'?r wbi< b. iia rnuita will, wh pmun> duly pub Hated. I P?rw.?There a teftular anow utocm at llel- ] iMt, Me , during WedbPeday and rhuradrtjr lus-t, i nd abundant mow to make good alrighitig If It rhniild ho d m. But iba ground la too open to rttaln it loog wlibiotaenid ?aap. Tbepondaand i??amp? ar? aot i at clo.-?d by lea. ~ , aaMMnaHmaranvvmar1 A... m hi n n^l L D. TWO CENTS. Court ofOyer an<l Terminer. Before Judge Kdnionda. and Aid Smith arid Dodge Deo 12?Trial for Muritrp- John S Aua'.ln and Jamea Ktibittwrn put on trial fur the murder of flnuthy Sfcea, on tbe da) of lait, Austin a? principal, anl Neabitt as ancefory after the fac'.. Counsel fur the prUooer applied that the trial be postponed od the ground that n ' e ot the ?eDior oounael ?e unable to atte nd in confluence of tlla d mgeroua lllcem of a mi mher of hi* family; that th?y had. only lately, learned that tbo panel of juror* wax illegal, and intend) d to rballeDge the whole Array, aod ed to haTe the benefit ol hia anUtanee In loin/ ao, aud ofTeri d to read a letter frciu thu oounael alluded to stating 'be eircu'nuances under wbish he was cM'gtd to abeent hiraaelf Count? We cannot grant thla application. If we do, It would disarrange and auxpend the biuineseof the ccuit We cannot delay the public bu*inea*. CiiL'Kin. said they were prepared to show that tha i piiLid ?i>< irregularly made out at the lait pauwl w up made a part of the flret, and thu pri*on*-r waa eutitled to avail hiineelf of the irregularity Cm ht? The panel waa regularly 111 vie out an<l summoned. but I ordered an addition*! p met to be main out and summoned; and wheu any ot thine additional jutora are cnlU'l, it will be time enough to make >our objection The court iuu*Cgn ou < hi mi i. tliei, applied (or tune to draw up the challenge and paid tbey were prepared to nhow that there viae cojuror in court legally competent to try tna prisoner. The Attohnf.y tir.m.RAi.replied. Court?1 dirtcUd addiiiunal jurors should b? In coutt tbia week, in ordt r that after the regular pane waa gone through, nod that a jury could uot b i eui panelled, then that the talesmen oii^ht ho Huiumnau 1 out if those perron*. Till* I did for the purpura o avicg time, aod I cannot see what that nm t do how it cau invalidate the regular panel. Liave wan ptven to draw up the challenge, which waa then done and rind. Coi kT?We overrule tbe challenge, a* being premature. but without pr.judice to your right to offer i, again. ColiMiL eicepled. 'Ibe panel wa? then called oyer; and 15 only haying amweri d to tbeir nanes, The DiariucT A i tokhkt moved for talesmen. Corismi. lir pil/oner contended that the order made on Monday week enlarged the pmel and insisted that the whole should be called over before talesmen can bo moved for. Attodmiy (ihmmi.? Our opponents nume that the additional jurors summoned are port of tba panel lummcntdfor the Court of Oyer and Terminer. Thia weihny. and insist it ??> only a prer mtionary nn.i uru taki n by the Court in eate a sullldent number o| the ugular jmnel dd not app.-ir, and we are ready I to tube UfUe with them on thai. tact. i Couiukl ftr the prisoner read the ordpr of Mood ly, l the. 4th it at It wan ni't entitled In auy r*u??, buc apptart d to lie made at a <,'ourt of Oyer and Terminer, and directed that 200 udJltlousl jurois nhould be summoned for this court, aud laststed tliac. before the District Attorney could pray tallies, the whole of those Dor ei should be called orer. The Attobmkv Ucnkimi. laid the power of fhe Court in relation to jurors was under the 4th and Uth sections, under which the ordinal panel wan made oat, and contrndfd thut. it the order relied upon by the counsel tor the prisoner was illegal. It had nothing to do with the regular panel, which was complete the order wa* made, such order having no coancotlon whatever with the original panel. CounT- Upon couiddt ring the matter, we,ire ofopinionihatthe CO juror* form a part of the pannel, and dmcts the clerk to call over the names of those juror*; aittr which the challenge to the array will be received. A Rufllclent number having answered, the challenge to the airay was received, and ordered to be (tied. Atiokrkv GtxtKtL.? We require a few momenta to consider. Court?Certainly. ai toh>rv firnkmtii?The only course we can adopt is to insist that the first panel of 1UO la regularly legally drawn, and the jur?rs drawn and returns* are tit and proper jurors tor this court Cou*t?Then jcu ?|!ree that the additional two hundred f<rrn a part of the general panel, and therefire both fides object. Now, what is to be done ? The only question is, cau we t^sue a new venire or not. It wax then agreed that the panel should be pushed. I'aiid Sherry was arraigned for the murder of Kdwtrd Metiutre. and hie trial lixea for Monday neat. Tbe court then adjourned. %?>< ! *>? "}> Iiminrr1 Ilcfi it J?i'rb Kdnmnde, and Aldermen Smith and Dodge* !)?:? . It ? Trial of Deni* <liIknuty?Third day.?Tho oatttn wns rem mi ?i thin morning Prisoner'* otuuacl bcietly atacod tee me l?ii the defero* He lirat ci n'endrd that evon if tn? evtdonco wan ci rcliniv? that It wan the priaooer who a'abliod th? riecMeod, the t flence would only atnoui t to mana'taughter: and, av.' >&<\y, tint the teatlniony, a< it n atood. did not aintatn even ifi? eh a mo iif ttiuua nn*htir MRiinkt pria u>-r. It append Irotu tho Mitimonv that tl.e murarr cmmitted alter the iIothu forced, and at about twenty feet from II n-a' home ; ao<l it f,irthcr 8|'icared that t' e prtaMier ?? not out of the ai^lit or R-a?p of the police Iti m that time until he ??<en to tie atithm home. He then raid that iltnoa had a lull at hia lmuws tor tho letifit if a widow rawed Boyle, whowj hoa and hud bien killed hy a tall It "til II tea Hold it me m&e rtuviout; that In tl.o course of tic night a iet of dtrtperad. e? i:an<! to the hoo-.i firap.irt. brolta Into It, di scat <!ed tote allowed to and ??t drink; the/ were tefuied, and tinally wc:?*>ctcd; 'he p ilioe ame a* , 11, and renewed the attack, tit. the Iti?iiilcc of thu Heat, m !>: :vi I the infeterce w ai>jtn-t a? nrnrj tl a it win olo of. lie mob that nuboetl Sun Wan, i ? the iri?' Mint A n. (<<ii1? 1,1 ritmineafnr tin- dt'tnre ?Wai a pollecman of tl e 17th wraid; ctB?!U 11 ou i)?? in Jul/ last; knnwa arlre, the policeman, examined on thla trial: wie at, |jtr.??'houn the iil?ht ?f t'.o murder. ut>cw eleven ai d twelve o'olook, th< re WTJ? adaice there; ait with Ilinea I eh It, d tbe bir, told him tl ete w< te BKn couiii k to nia hnuje tu eieato a ri it, a->d a<1 vt*.i him t< eti pthe nittpic; he d. -dr<d mc to no in and ?t .p it, I w*nc in ard eti t fed it ilaht oil; there wire ab. tit twenty |ier?oa? in. iiti? , wl iti I tame i n? thtre waa a miw, the mob harlnj broken into the har rot in; did not Vm?w any of the;JI they were pti* owt, md tle doera cloud; witmiia wna in*ide ? hen the doora wor^' ilmd; tiiae tut then by the Inaide floor d wia going home: tin re wa? no n* tbeie at that time but the party; m?t 'V\rt u< alt?r witBencaine out. ai d he nektd if thero waa a muaadj ?n tlier<; wituaa antwend, n", but if jon were here aome timnwi jiuv onld I t tome lr n ^ to do; there wiia a inui ttien; he inhis ed th' re wt p, and went to tho door; ii* trieted re waa t ot. ii i trai Hit ngnung |?mki ih-i ?' aonesway; nn iiiiin kn'mkcl I.if cut' wi1 nrM tol'i him th*ie vu no un ill knocking hsolub, sstley had * I gone awai ; ha ??id wonlil g>U a id aeit t/? break in tl.edo<r; witatM *p k? tn iiereeant il :Ttn?u and s\id, W"lifn|*aidolngwhat wifttutlight, atthere oiiounust witmas tlx* Went o?er 1U H e dwr ; M"i ?s was breaking It, n an t uske'l wlatjova* Irskng in tlie min'i door fur ? what had h? to d> v it!. it ' ttHiilh* had : wl'nesissid. wall, go ah* d; th. other ju'l'i e did i.ot nsiit Monks in breaking in thadovr; wi'.ini few HHIl* bleeding; u* the weapon now produced through lie )?K?I of the d?.?r. but did u. tm lri whole hand* it wa* ; Bltet Ihcnettn* to tt e door and hallowed watc*); witues* wont in (ltd WW Wtii-gHke hold of Ui'hooly, in the back r*>m ?p tothat t me wiit??etaw oothl' g throau out of th* houifa ; af'er ne h-d trre?tid, or iw? other otRiers came and aslilttd Id brirg'.Dg liim into the fri'nt room ; witness aid not lao biro aftctwatds un 11 ho ?aw him in the station h< use ; tiw no iUili tut of the home; at ihe tin.o Hinescamo to th) door, thora weir pericnt in the tiont to' 111 ; a?w no-hiug In flilhooly's hind ft' in the tin.e the d"or wt? broken open j he could not get ont titer the doer nil broken < [? n, for wmina *tvzod hini immediate)', and iaii he ? as the man that s'ruok him ; alter that. I * en' out tl e fn nt don*, and fiilhncly w at ttken away ( witne*) ral 1 d ? t? Tiii r ngtnn to atrest Monks, that he had s'ruok witr.ces; rtningtiuitfu ed, aud Monko struck witness a<?in there on a chary 0 tl.en made *g 11 at witni i,a, and he 111 ammled and hjottfht to ihe station bouse C ron rxnminrd by thr DiirP irr Attori?*v ? Witness was at C crrits' il at ni?ht. saw M< nk then;, and a man of the n.vne of KtMtdi; they ?ire drinking there, witness drank with them at I'oni ?i'neaa went from Coma's to Hue*', witness wis at li cet'tbrnt ten 01 fifteen minute* ttfore th* pvrs'? sctine tliaro from Conies; dors not know who they were, except V?nk* nw ro b ' * s stit ek: n ei Wsrins; ho'te-1 that that wer* <]< *rrelI nr, '?d deilred me to look t rongh t' * door witness iai'1 hi* hsttl on Warlrg, and said there was nought the*, aad not ti go to the doer; saw htm etnick through thi pine; oaanot iwcar it waf with Ihe ii K'rumo*t now product d ho w is "truck. ;?Nin fmiiM. man iue?i.? Was at the dinoe: wa* Uteri sli.ut ten o'clock; knows Gilhonly and Coghlan; per 001 oiino tlrre al' lit ore o'c'tn k, ard lr< ke in the d'or; they w rated to dance and get dronk; they were jnt ont: they uado an attempt; lo t'sy Im they were, howtrer, put ont, and the doors holted; tie [olue ctme immediately after, and hr ka in the door; fti* flrit n ar witn"if Ii? was Wnrlni; saw (iilhool) Insidn; witness thinks lie isw Warlrg *'rlke Oilhcol/ ? llh hisel.ih they then wentinti Ihe lack n "m, and Gilhocly was taken pr s incr' y W'ari ig an ! inothtr ' flic r: tley b" >i*ht lilm out. and witnex thinks t^ey Iruyhi him to the at.uti< ii home; liilhooly oou'd n<t get out lefnethe time he mas ams td, sw no weapon in Oilhooly'g I and. l ioit-fTiimivtii.?Pld not know the names "f thepirt. es who Krok* in ihe dooi: one of them was a man witn large wiiakers; Ihty sttuck Ilii ts and UHhoolj; t ey remainod inside lor about live mii<nie?; lliues and tliihooiy ttruek ba<-k; llinci he I a ?tlnk in hit l *iid. tnd tlru< k pretty hard; they were finally put nut* lid not ito Gilhi o'y afterward* at the ftunt door; ho did not nets the 4< <r after theHrst ruw. li t 1 tie lor the do cnee wa< here closed. **. BAXTrn recalled fr the prwciitloii ?(To the Conrt.)? ? a? I reient wfccooiiiicoiy v.ia itvnant into the presen a of the (I, and the la'ter ?aM i>e wo* tlio man who jtubbel him; Bill cely ?h< ok his head. bat said a< thin# J?.H>K Mtthhun rtralled. ? Hat pre*eot when W?rln? ' rtojiht in (.i hooly to the dewiued: ho Identified him as the perlon whosiaMtd Imn; (iillio. ly made uo remark, It ?u Iwtween Bm? ?i d rlx c'clo< k in the tnoroioir. ( has Johmwn wa?rtcalli-d,and (tatelike testimony. The C?<fl.T >aid the object of re-M i o* the wit: e**f waa, first, 0 siitmln waa tie interview w t"i "htridan at one tiia? or at lifltttnt t'mrr. at d, aeei.adly, to asetT am it U>lho?.ly ae|oleece>l n thertltrmttitrf Miertdan. Thn wi'ne,aes all a?ree Mat the MsltDi-nL vat made at one and ttie ??ine time but ilmy <] sa^ret it to tl e coadvet of t i h oly One of th* in testifies that tie p > ). lively denud the statement of decessed.wblle "? ottier two te<ltly Jiat l.e did not; tletafore 'his te?tiir..nt fp-ea for notkihR The :i an )ere intimt'rd that tie evld lid wa* not str nj enough to ioavlct tl e pr iditt, and asked ilie Outriot Attorn'y did ha wi>U Lo address tie jnry. . . The 1 istiii t ATron*itv rspl'ed, that he thon?ht there were 1 wo vtw s of this ?r. under tiller of whio i lu, th? n X h t |ho ptlarm r onplt to b? foaod gn If. Havinj this impression, bo irish<d to say a few wcrcs to ti.ejury. ( ni'tT.-H>.l. tl en. r< nnsel proored The prison i s cmns?l then proceeded to sr.m np, and waa followr<1 hy tie tis'rift Attorney for ti e pri ?ei.n'ton. The Jndgq br-<fly enarf'd ths iiir>, ?he, withoal lear n< tlpir seita. awaited i lie priKctr. Uo wsa then cuohar^od, and left the oourt with ill friends. C ourt l nlriKlnr?'Ttila D*y. Cl?fDlT C ?lTIT -9 10. 8. U, K. 45, 46 ti j, <J|, 62 <J3 o (S, Inclvaive; 71. 73 74. 75 Si r? mo* ? ' ' **?M 2H 42 to. 18 69 70, 78,83.8.*, 3 103 106 117 118 119 127. 12S I 20. |JJ 137. 147 48 K,0. 14 6 23 238 7 38 70, 100 106, 101), 21. t) 230 124. 128 16 c4 30, 02 l?8 C ?ivon l*i lit- Kirct l'a>t f ^ j<) fli 87, 71, 73.73, 7. :0 81 Second Tart- 100, 110,114, 00 42, 124, 120, 28 1:0,132. Mr. Ci.ay'h 11k.?lth - Wp hud the pleasure, on At nd?>y and l'u?v day, of taking 'lie vvnerable p,tliot by th? b?n i at A*h ami II.- It now antlrwly r? ?t?d <f *11 <!'/( ? and U ?rrry Jay regaining bU tr?nn'h, bottr nbl? to rid* out in hU oarrU^M to gud * atb?r Tie irtrr. Jb to #p?-o J the winter i j th? rniMar llrrate cf the s'outh. and ??|>aota to aUrt f ir New Ortana in a (urti>t|iht.? Chrutitclt, Die. 8. Mnri iiiiiita of ! dividual*. Kanny K<-nibi>* Bntirr arrit) d in Albany yeatarJay ?n h?r way to Waat Sjtockbridga, Mm*.

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