Newspaper of The New York Herald, December 14, 1848, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated December 14, 1848 Page 1
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TH NO. 5307. r :i! Tli? Yellow Fever. I ADDITIONAL intelligence OF THK california oold reoion?tiik excitement, &c. cVc. Cay^iin Stoddard and the agents, Messrs. J. Howard It Son, bare fairly conoluded, through the solicitations of a large number of perron*, to sand the magnlflscnt lteamtl>lp Crescent City tc Chegres. She will leave n Saturday, the 231 Inst., for that port direst, but will top, on her homeward pamage, at New Orleans. We think it would be an advantage to the owners, were they to advertise her at New Orleans, for Chagrec, and on her route from this oity touoh, and take the passengers that would there offer. No doubt many would take advantage of bo excellent an. opportunity. Here, we are certain, her acknowledged superiority in comfort aud speed will be liberally and properly appreciated. We understand that the steamer Orus. which leaves for Chagres river, is already full of passengers. Wo ahould here state that the whole oost of the third class passage from this port, by way of Tanatna, in the Orus tad in Mr. Aspin wall's steamers, is less then $200, vizi $66 to Chagres, $20 to Panama, $100 to San Francisco. There ia also a medium class of passengers by these steamers, who fare, in the way of edibles, as well as thoae occupying stater ooms. Flight or baggage taken by this route should be divided, or put up in packages ef 150 pounds weight, in order that they may be more conveniently placed upon the backs of the milei. The fever does not appear to havejabated much sinoe yesterday; in last, were we to jujge from the number of vessels now up, and the conversations wo every' Whtre hear, we should say it ia still on tha increase. [From the Boston Journal, Deo. 12 ] We puolish below a letter from a highly respectable gentleman in .Monterey, California, in relation to the gold fever in that place. The writer of the letter his been long a resiUeutot California, and has filled an official elation under the United States government: Montcbky. (California, Aug 1, 1818. Dear Friend After perusl ng thin long letter, and viewing the many sudden and einguUr changes thit have taken place in California within a short time, i hope that jouwill readily excuse mo for nit writing to you before. It will be almost impossible for you to comprehend the disorder tbat no* prevails here in regard to every thing except gold digging. Unsaleable goods on hand in the year 1840 now sell with astonishing rapidity, and there is nothing but what tinds a ready and iju'.ct market. If 1 had sunt home ten months ago $20,003 for goods, 1 should soon have bean able to remit the like sum ; but, instead of that, I laid out a'.l my rdady cash and more in the purchasing of lands, building of houses, 4iC., until 1 now own 20 leagues of land, 100 house lots, and a dozen hoasea; when, to iay utter astonishment, in a few short week* my property was not worth a cent. Though rioh, in one sense. I am miterubly poor,as my housed nearly all stand empty, and are the hource of no incjtne. The came of this 1 will briefly relate. In Januury or February, soma Mormons digging a mill raoefor Captaia Sutter, on the south American Fork, forty miles from New Helvetia, found a smill quantity of yellow metal which proved to bs gold ? This uiscovery led to others. Tne news soon reacaed the town of San Francieco ; but lor a short time little or no attention wus paid to H, even when soma of it was brought there lor sale In the month of April the great quantities of this precious m^tal which came into market, commenced to attract the attention of the people is Northern California, and a gradual diinlniibiueut of the inhabitants wai soon perceptible. On 1st June, 1 was in San Francisco. Melius and Howard, and some of the largest merchants, had then but about $15,000 worth ol this gold; but before lleft, Mr. firannin, a resident of tbat place, who had bi<?n trading at tho fiaoero handed, in lay presence. to Melius and Howard, three bottles containing twenty pounds of gold. From tbat time onward it has been arriving in large quantities m bottles, phials,ko. About the middle or June, 1 passed over a portion of the 1'Uoero, which is supposed to be in extent about 100 by JO miles ; but in my opinion, It is far greater, for there is not a direction in which you can go, but what there is gold. Iteesms almost inexhaustible. At that time thsre wore about 1000 people, ail fortiguers, working the 1'laoero, wuich then yielded about $14 000 per day. At the present time it yields about 30;0o0. A? tho number or workers has increased, it is not now exclusively oontlned to foreigners, as a great number of the natives have commenced working ; and now may be seen the representatives of almofct every country on thj globe?even tho wild Indian tribes. I think at the lowest estimate the month of July yielded half a million of dollar*, reckoning the gold at $10 per ounce. The valleys of tne Sacramento, which but a short time bince were hardly known, are now wide and dusty roads. Half of the houses in Monterey are empty, and at least two thirds of those in San Francisco. The hotels and stores have all been closed, and many farms have no oocupants whatever. The hotel in San Francisco is, however, again opened, under tne direction of llobtrt Parker of New York; but the expenses must ba enormous, as he pays his head steward, a black man, $l,7oo per year, the second $1,300, and the coo* $SW0 ? o 1 am lniormed on authority entitled to oredit. In Monterey, at the present time, there is no place of entertainment, and strangers arriving, and officers stationed here, some days hardly know where to get anything to eat, bven without the necessary oomforts. it would have afforded me great pleasure to have had you dine with me on the memorable 4tb of July, as we fared sumptuously on bread and coffee, with an Indian in attendance. Many families are without a single servant, and i find it very difficult sometimes to get nnwtVil n.r riiino hiituvt>r ThtTM >ra nn manha ioiaj now lett in town except one, a blacksmith, and I ai ure you bislorge proves to hiiu a real "Placero," as crowbars anil pickaxat are in groat tie man d. There are at San Kranciiootwo or three vesseU with only a man on board of each, as the orews hare all deserted lor the purpose of digging gold. The garrisons here have also lout agreat many men, and in all probability will lose many more I think the towns in the lower part of Upper California must share soon the fate of San Kranoisco and Monterey, as the whole population are going crazy-old as well as young, are daily falling victims to the gold fever. t From my corridor I can gaze upon the deserted streets of the town, and behold nothiug moving therein bat occasionally the fair sex. Erery woman wao choojes, can now ttnd ready employment in miking up clothing for the gold diggers, and at a great price Tne market now contains nothing whatever, and It Is with great difficulty that we cau get an) thing, even the com nou necessaries of life. Hor.?es command any price, and addles cannot be bought for love or money, ao greatis the demand lor these articles. 1 have but two houses occupied at the present time ; the rest areas useless ai so many piles of stones. I have a company of three or four Americans fitted out with four or five carts and oxen, and f5,000 worth of good<), provisions, and clothing, which are now at the Placeio 1 lined out another nt my Saoramento Kancho. under the head man and his two brothers. I wan to have one third. They xtarted with ten I ndians, but at that time 1 wai only able to obtain ten shirts and pants for them, (which, however, they only required on the part of decency, as their bodies had never before made the acquaintance of ulothlag.) but unfortunately they did hot remain but a few days. List weak iwr. (Jreeu stil myself started two young men with five carts and twenty yokes of oxen, 10'J arobes of flour, and $3,100 worth ot clothing, accompanied by Ave Californians at $33 per month, tour foreigners at $10, and cight'lndians at $'-! '? each. How many days they will dig gold remains to be seen ; however. I hope at leait half will remain. These two young men go prepared to hire wild Indians. 'I'hiTv m ?ne naitv of fix foreianors who sine* the 16th of June, have worked over 10'J wild I a liai* llavlog $10,00 wuith ot gocds with them, they take from 0 to ii poua Is of gold per day. The head man, (Jus. W. Weber, told me that jiik nlxth part amounted to over $1,010 per week, which is certainly bright prospect*, considering that they commeuced without capital. 1 have Keen parties of lour white aien. wHh a convu^n rough machine, getting a pound of gold par diy ; and individual*, each with a common tin pan, making from $60 to $100 a day. Alany natives ana foreigners mike $6t,0 per week ; but th? wualher being to too; and the labor eohard, they ennnot continue at it two month', 1 think, at least, there are from 600 to 000 men who, on an average, since the i&outh oi May, have taken $1000 in gold dust, at $ltt p*r ouuee. '1 he scarcity of money here, aud ttaa pr<??ent nec?s Ity fur it, greatly the value of this gold here, which can be readily purchased f->r $10 and $11 per ounce, aud in a short Hum peruapj leva. IloWeVur, i think in the course of six months it will graiuilly rice again, as money bo monies m >ro abundant in elreulation. Us real value is about f> 18 per ounce There it every protpect ol this golu digging iiuttiuj all next year. 1 wo thousand dig;era now average an ounoe per day; and i think, for ten or fifteen years, Irom three to six dollars may bd obtained pir day. A large ptrfon of the dUgvrs, in ta# months of M:iy and June, wanked from $7o to $l(.0 a day, at $l'i per ounce. 1 have seen many Californium bring to town $6oO and $000 in gold, having dug and waxhud for \i ief* than two wseks. Soaiu person! who oomraetcal working at the time of d'?covery. by the emjiloymf nt of ladians, now have froiu $6,000 to $iu,000 each. Mr. "J?1 "? VI .- - v. .j n rineo; he ?u a inejibcr of it company, who, in tuo ><hcrt*pnc? of fpvcn nr eight weekft, ob:*in?d 210 lb-:, of gold, clear ut nil txpuun.B. l'lila coinpiny consisted, I btllevu, ci ?(;vcu or ei^ht jn?n. If penpte *\er Huffrrml fotn au oferpl'H of this pr?c.Iour Rtotnl. now mll if, for it hwn d?ran ; > i ?vi'ry * n* and torc?,i e?>*iyunutf uut ol uh piopnr oUauo- i. fruity hiiu iJIty UnlUro p r J iy in nj ?i^oot to ui<i ri*nic!>, n* it will not iii iuon t*?*iu to t*>u+ia i.i two u?*.n ad wrrk. A uralUHi *'1vauo?m>?ot In t'i pri'V of v?tryiliiii;? 'b (Uiiy p?ri;?pltu'?,?uU itii umuuoom u >u toI pr.itoit.. at the r.?:tw h?.wurf to p^y pO p 1%\ t if board, and that of tbo conttanicef, kin I, eja*l tr: ojf nn-at oroil?d on thu cm1*, cnkdi ot llour an t w itflr, 1111 tea or coll^n ilm cujm n?imr ?Hy recaivo $16 or |>fcr oay. Luoib r o Jiuuiauda frjo psr &uud.<fi l it; ir?i ?poit?tioii U aMo in comparison wi.h HviTythhi^ elm- $loo per load for tifly iuiIm, on a good road. No doubt, kUar muJinx tUs lorejiuiiitf, you wilt a-k, U tbU posriblr.' ? ia not Ui? wrLer uu lm' a dtiu- ton. or b?*n iiio?t groeniy imposed upon.' or I* the ordnr of natuie in California about changln^-all to be rich ? none poor? I et do not doubt, tor it i* bat true, h???nr tuf^eraU'i it n *i u e r. appear ?ut? littU tiau E NE -W M | / MORN will elapse before you will be convinced of the truth of what I now write to 70a in regard to this extensive placer. When you see million* of dollars arriving in the United States from California, of this precious metal, and of the richest kind, you will believe what 1 now write to you. The celebrated traveller Humboldt, la all his accounts of the richneea of gold mines in Mexico, and the immense amount thereof annually exported, does not mention an amount that will exoeed the produce of this year. The tools for working consist of a crowbar or pickaxe, and shovel, with a pan of wood or tin for the washing. By another letter from the same gentleman we learn tbat the value of the gold in June was 914 per ounoe In cash ; in July $12 ; and at the date of the letter, the writer sold a quantity at $10 for cash. In exchange for goo<J.M it is worth somewhat wire The gold oould be bad of many poor holders of fifty pounds of gold, at the rate ot $7 per oun'je. cash. All the silver had disappeared from circulation. (Jold was taksn by Governor Mason in pledge for duties at $10 pw ounoe. A specimen of the gold was received with the above letter, which has been submitted to an auayist, whose report we shall probably reoeive in a few days. It will be noticed by the above that the gold, from its abundance, Is depreciating in value. It wilt soon be, at this rate of depreciation, almost " as cheap ai dirt." It will readily be foreseen tUat a fortune cannot be made in a day. or even a year, if the necessaries of life increase in value in the ratio of the increase of gold. [From the New London Star, Dec 11 ] We have been permitted to make the following extracts from a letter received Saturday morning, from Thos. Douglass, Esq., of this city, dated? Gold D10at.n0 on American River.) Uhpkr California, July 16,1818. J I am here in the midst of the forest and mountains of California, which contain the gold mines of this country; destined soon to b me famous the world ever. An opportunity occurring !to send a letUr to San Francisco, and thence home. I will improve it by writing you a few lines. A few weeks since, I wrote you a long letter, informing you how the gold excitement had broken up my sohool, and compelled ma to engage in gold digging, or do nothing. Mr. Lymio, with whom I was formerly associated in surveying, hai been obliged to do the same. I aui now in company with him; our business thus far has baen good; we have dug and washed out gold to the value of more than $tOO each in the last three .weeks. Yesterday I washed out a pound myself, laboring some flftean hours to accomplish it. Labor of all kinds is well paid here, and this in my opinion will be the aase for years to come. It is impossible to predict what change* a few months will produce. The rush of people here is iin men?e. The amount of gold dally taken out of the earth here is prodigious. There are hundreds of persons Ti ho daily obtain from half a pound to two pounds; somo fortunate ones will obtain a pound in an hour. This cannot lait long ; very many of the rich deposit.* have already been thoroughly drained. The business is already precarious, depending Tory much upon luck in finding a rich place. Almost any one, however, with common industry and sagacity, may average from one to two ounces per day. Before, however, persons can arrive here from the States, it will in all probability be much leas lucrative. Th*y need not. however, fear but that they can do well and get rich if they are healthy, industrious and prudent. On the coast, this country is uncommonly healthy; on some of the rivers there is considerable fever and ague. Intelligence from Mexico. [Krcra the New Oileans rimes, Dec. 4 ] r?y the arrival h:r?, yesterday, of the ship Lemuel Dyer, from Vera ( run the 241h nit., we have received tiles of the El %/lrco Irii of that port to the 23d, and El Monitor Hepublicano to the 16th, inclusive. Intelligence from the metropolis announces that on the 13th ult. Senor Ottero ha 1 resigned his oflloe as Secretary of Foreign Affairs, and was suooeeded by Don Luis Guevas. who was sworn in on the 16th ult. The most barefaced robberies continue to be committed at the capital. Lately, no fewer than two hun dred well-known thieves left by the Santiago gate, for the purpose of prosecuting their nefarious avocation at the fruit fair of San Juan de los La^os. The Siglo states that the government, instead of favoring the flight of Paredes, sent expresses to Tamp'.co. to secure his arrest. It had been ascertained that he had pasted in a carriage through the town of San Jnan Teotihuucan, accompanied by Senor J. M Nozagary and Kusebio Anaya, and escorted by a band ci two hundred men, prinvipilly Spanish peasants. This confirms, says El Jlrco Wt, the intelligence that he left Vera Cruz in the Urltlsh steamer. The account of another pronunciamento at Mazatlan is formally contradicted The Monitor of the 14th states that the Oovernor of Tamanlipas, Don J. Cardenas, had visited Tamploo, to inquire into the causes of the late revolutionary movement. Contrary to general expectation, he approved of them, and promised to stand by the National Guard In their menacing attitude to the central government. It was reported at the capital that ons hundred and fifty Americans had disembarked at Sato la Marina. Don J. Cardenas is said to bo in favor of separating Tamaulipas from Mexico, and annexing it to the United States. He is at this moment an object of great suspicion at tbe metropolis, and serious results are expected to flow from his supporting the National Guard, whose movements on the 29th and 30th of September he has publioly stated that he approves. ia vcauuua win inaiim were committing lerriDle devastations. and there were no troopi available to be employed against them. It is stated tbat there will shortly be a considerable redaction in the duties on imported goads and an absolute prohibition of articles, the like of which is 1'abrioaUd in the country. The latest Prices Current for the city of Mexieo state, that French goods lately forwarded thither from Vera Cruz, sold at high prices, aud were forthwith sent off to the great fair of San Juan de loi Lagoj. Cotton goods were low in consequence of the great abundance in the market. Silk goods were Bcaroe. KxcLange on Vera Crui wu selling at 7 to 8 per cent premium, whilst the same on Tamploo could not realize mere than 1 per cent. El Arco Iris says tbat the government is about to accede to the desire expressed, by Senor Don Juan Soto, in the name of the inhabitants of the State of Vera Crui, that the garrison of that city and the cattle of San Juan de I'lloa should be composed of companies of volunteers, commanded exclusively by officers of the National Guard. This is said to be a victory gained by the Vera Cruzanoi over the Central poirer. The fiscal difficulties of Herrera's administration are said te be very great. He oannot get any capitalist to negotiate the $800,000 of the Indemnity, nor the $<100,000 proceeding from the import duties. A decree was published by President Uerrera, on the 4th ult.. naming the contingent tobefurnlshed by eaoh State to the standing army of Mexico According to a decree of Congress, it is never to exceed 10.000 men, viz : 6 000 inUntry, 1,800 artillery, 400 sappers and miners. and 1.800 cavalry. Their pay, Including everjthing 1r $16 a month to the infantry soldier; $17 ts the artilleryman and engineer, and $16 to the cavalry ThW armed force does not inolude the military colonies to be established along the line of thu frontier. The Mexican Congress, which was in reoesi, was to be called together immediately, In session extraordinary. Capt. Dyer reports the 11. S. f hip Saratoga, Nicholson, commander, was lying at Sacrifloios, and the British man-of-war brig Hound. The brig Titi, Captain ltcderick, was to sail for this port next day. [From the N. O. Crescent, Ueo. 4 ] We learn ffom a gentleman just arrived from Vera Cruz, that, the diligence was robbed about the '20th of the past month, a fliort distance from that place, and Mr. Black, the American oansul, vtry severely beaten. 1 1 be utter want of protection or life and property in I that country is evident from the fact tint tie psssen- 1 gets in a diligence were plundered within two miles of the city of Vera Cmz. Naval Inlclllgcncr. ' The U. S. storrship Supply, Lieut. Commanding rennock. 46 days from Gibraltar, arrived in Hampton ' Heads on Thursday night last. I'assergors - Lteut. Commanding Wm K. Lynch. Commander of the Dead 1 Sea F.xpt dition. Lieut. Sherburne and Henry Bedloe, ' . of New Verk Lluut Lynch took passage for Washington on Friday afternoon j and we presume J the public will soon have his report, which cannot fail ' to be highly interesting. 1 The U. S frigate Constitution. Capt. Oivynn, sailed 1 from Boston on Saturday, for the Mediterranean. , The U. S. Frigate Ilaritan, Capt. rage, dropped < down yesterday, trom the navy yard, to the aaehorage r lT the naval hospital The lturittn 1* destined for the West Indies, as the 11 <g ship of Com. Wilkinson. A draft of eight} teamea, for the frlga'e Ilaritan, arrived hereon SaturJay morning, in the packet schr. Adrian, from New York. A similar draft is expected 1 per packet schr Columbia, momently looked for. < Mr. John O. Butler, carpenter. U. S N, has been ordered to join the rloop ?r war Albany. af. IVn^anola n mij. KiT-uu IvUinuf rRUDIIOK, 1T11 bOVCU up to the naval ?nohor*<.< on Saturday evening,by 1 U. S. ateamer Knginter.-Norfolk Deacon. | Til ILA UKLril i a, Dec. 13,181*. l'tnniyletinia Finance*, 4"c. 4~c. A report from Harrieburg g'.vea the following a< an exhibit of our S'ate flnancw:-Receipt* during the year ending on the l*t Deo, $3,801,770 22, which< with a balance In the treasury at the cloee of the laa* fifoal year, of $080 800 85, make a tot U of $4 .">12,607 07 The expenditure* hare been $3,036,370 68, leafing a balance of f>577,200 39 at preaentln the treasury The receipt* anticipated from the canal aud railroad toll* rute $1 <00,COO; but owing to the burning of the Krccptrt bqiiaduct, comb'npil with other cause*, th?y amounted to only 800,666. The total recipti from auction duties amount to f .'.0,153 50, of which John B. Myers p?id (23.63u P.'i.and James T Fumes* $13 478 22. 1 liere are our two principal auntlonrer*. The whol? amount of sale* by auction daring the year is estlmated a' 12 K00 000. Madame t.aborde a a* rapturously reeelved laat evening. In Norma, at the Itailan On-ra. hv t wlwit an d'trr*. 111!' hoii'f, owing to th? ioclKtnnaay of th? weather, wm not rrowdoJ. rollloni km crmlttably rorformrd toj Mon?i?nir l.tbnrde, ennnidaring that h? ban had no ?xp*r<ftn?* lu ; eharaotnr. Th? annual fl<*bi??r ball taken place thin ftv<tnlog, at th? Saloon, and t!io ??n vf the Caroo Roth'' child le txjxcUd to k* preicut. ^ WYO TNfi TCTUTTON?TTTTTT! Colonization Meeting. The friend* of Co'onii ition met last nl <ht. In th* Dutch Reformed Church, oorner cf Lifayette Place and Fourth strert, to consider the interest of the cauie. and t? ratif/ the reaolutioa of the B i?rd of State Managers, to provide means in the oity and State for the removal of two hundred slaves to LiberiaThe meeting wai organ zed by Atson O.' Esq , taking the ohair, and prayer by the Kev. Dr De Witt. Ex-Governor Piwwf.v, of Liberia, was called upon, and said, that it sometimes happened a meeting was disappointed and got more tban was put down in the bill. He would notdetaln them with a speech, but, as Secretary of the State Society, would state the progress of colonization. They oould not call upon the public for money to sustain a government, for Liberia has declared herself an independent government, which has be?n recognised by this government and several of the governments of Kurope, and It is now one of the nations of the world. They had hoped, then, that it would be unnecessary to call upon the publi > for money ; but the tide of emigration to I.lberrt haa to much increased that the society is short of funds, and there is now an agent sent on to Naw Orleans to negotiate for the passage of three hundred emancipated slaves ; and ajreeakiy to the resolution of the State Society, the city of New' York* would be expected to furnish $6,01)0. It was not necessary to state the reasons for this request, but he would give way to these who were expected to speak. B F. Ksq .was then introduoed. and said: The object of the call of the meeting was, the aocomplisbmentot' the designs of Mr. Ross, (a Southern planter.) who willed that between two and three hundred slaves belonging to his e-tatu should be sent to Llbtxia, to join in the colony and become freeman, enjoying all the liberties which were dMlmtd for muu. It was about thirty years a^o, that the State Colonization Society was formed, a id he doubted not there were those present who had been members of the society for more than a quarter of a century. It was first proposed for the beueilt of free people of color wMhnight wish to emigrate to a place where they would enjoy more priviliges than they possibly could in this country. Another Important object was, tho suppression of the Blave trade, vhlch ballled all the maritime pnwers of the world, so long as the natives had the oontrol of tho points where the markets were held. From 1S18 to ls^i, when the first explorations were made, it was difficult In finding a place to settle a colony, and it was not until the lat Ln u*ie wm. me i. ape .viem-rauo was se'tleU upon ai the point to establish a colony. At that time thure was great difficulty in procuring fund* necessary for the settlement of the oolony. from the fist that the greatest opposition was manifested against it. It was opposed In the South, by the ultra pro-slavery men, on the ground tliat it would encourage emancipation and be injurious^ to their institutions, and to this day they oppose it on the same ground.? It was also met with greater oppoMtton in the North The people reerned to talce a wrong conception of tiie objects of oolonization Thu people of the South oppoie the disoussiou of the question because tiey suppo?e the people will be enlightened on thi! subject.? Mr. Koss. a rich planter in the State of Mississippi, when on the bed of death, maid a will, devoting his whole fortune to the colonization of his slaves; but by litigation, and after six years of law, the whale of the estate has been taken by the friend* of Mr. Ross, mil the slaves left without the means to emigrate. Rut take a glacee at the progress of the oolony Ttfentysix years it bad been in existence, and the population numbers flfty-flve hundred, besides the natives which have been taken la by the oolonists. That could not be considered unfavorable, and a comparison with the first settlement of the United States, would show that the first emigrants at.Plymouth Hock-full one-half of whom died during the six months?and at the end of twenty-five years, taking the climate Into consideration?the first settlement of this country was not so favorable as the settlement of the first colony on the coast of Africa Schools have been established, and the literature of tho English language had been adopted, and the colony is in a most prosperous condition ; and should no more go from this country, the colony would graw from natural Increase.? ln 1847, they issued a Declaration of Independence, having been previously governed by the Soolety of the United States, until the appointment of Gov. Roberts, a man of intelligence, and of a remarkably well balanced mind. And so great h s been the improvement, that they became satisfied they cculd dispense with the aid of the white men, and govern themselves. They have now trials by jury, and all the principles of a republic; and bnt a short time had elapsed sinee the news was rea a! vprl thnt thA il w? * ?? of tbe greatest nations of the world. It is conducted with the utmost good order, without the necessity of a standing army?which is a pattern to the nations of the world. He was satisfied that the republic of Liberia was founded on a firm basis, and would stand through all time. A new interest had been awakened in tho minds of the free p?ople of color, and there would not be so mnch opposition as the cause had met with from that source. He was sure the city of New York would respond to the call, and gire liberally to aid in the causa oi colonization. He oh Ma* wta, Ksq , was next Introduoed. He did not know that he could add much to what had been said. He agreed with his friend, Mr. Butler, in the motive which had started the object, and he agreed with him in the prospect of the future prosperity of Liberia. Apart from all political effect, the cause has progressed most wonderfully In the year 1663, the slaTe trade commenced. In the reign of Klizabeth. of England, under the auspices of Sir John Haw Lin. He suoeeded, with the ranotion of the Queen, in obtaining many negroes, whioh he took to the West Indies, and sold at an enormous profit. That trade was continued until the eomincncement of the present century. The revolution of this country brought a new era, and a Christian principle and sympathy was exoited, and all the nations of the world were awake on the subject. At the close of tbe revolution, many negroes were ta<ien to London, and there located by the men of the English army. A sympathy was then eicitod, and, by the government, they were removed to Sierra Leon, tbe point from which '.he first negro had been taken, nearly two centuries and a half before. The very first mm in this country who advocated the cau;e of colonization was Thomas Jefferson, in the State of Virginia; and though an infidel, in his letter to Mr. Munroe, he ustd the language of the Bible, and said, " Ethiopia shall stretch out her wing." It was founded on the principle ot Christianity; and the passage of the law of 1808. hv ConcrrAfifi tn nut n. itnn tr\ fha ?i on the coast of Africa, was but an evident* of humanity. In the early sottlement of the colony, Mills. Afhmun. and Buchanan died; but with all those diffl cultles the colony prospered; and its influence has been felt by all the princes and potentates world. They suffered every diffloulty, and wer^^HIB ject to the lusuUa of the British government, her officer*, until the t'nited States deteralMBBWP send a force to the amount of eighty guns, to fKvent the Insults to the colonlstsV and for the sup predion of the slave trade. Now they have a oountry extending three hundred miles on the seaboard, and extending back Into tbe interior, and the prospect is most encouraging. Tbe opposition of the abolitionist* has new ceased ; they having ocrae into theUutfalo platform, oannot longer withhold their support from the colonisation cause. Now, the Governor of Liberia is received and tikeajtaL m the hand by the Kicgs of F.urope, as well ai by est minister of the greatest nation of the worl i,aad^HHn acknowledge him as the representative of a government. Hitherto, the slavers have had their PM pelvs built (0 ns to make short voyages ; and with all the activity of the American and Kngiish governments, ' they have succeeded in oapturing and taking sixty thousand slaves to, which ! ? not more than one ' balf of the number taken. The right of search would 1 now be exercited by the republic of Liberia and her 1 vcisels would ever be on the alert for those who had so | long eariled on the traflla, and it must soon oeaie, and 1 the despair and gloom which now pervade so many 1 millions will be driven cfl ] Mr. rmnEv stated tSat more than one half of the amount necessary for the sending ot the two hundred slaves had been subscribed; and he did not 1 ioubt but the ladies present could soon find friends sho would give the amount. 1 There were very few persons present on the oecv >lon, but a very liberal npirit was manifested for the 1 sanse. Tltc Dedication of the Home for tlie JT * ICIIUH'HM* Yet.tejday wan ? day of gladness, not only to the ha. mane and Christian ladle* who projected and coraplet ed the wotk of treating the Horn* for iho KrlenJless but lo the childien who arc soon to find in it a now bome. The object is a mest laudable one, and the building standi an a monument to the fair buildor*. It is located on Thirtieth strset, between Madison aad Koiuth avenues. It is three stories high, and fll'ty-two fe?t front by ?event/-two feet deep. The dormitories are large and airy, and the whole possesses a degree of comfort and convenience unparalleled in any siinilar Institution. In 1846, the plan of inch an institution was concelved by some ladles, though, at that time, with very little hope of success They met with the most unprecedented good lav or among the humane, and in July, 1847, hired a bouse at the corner of Srcond street anJ l-'irtt avenne, since w'llch lime they have administered to the nroescities of nine hundred and forty s x persons ; out of which nuu-.bir four hundr il and nix were children Of the children many bare b< en adopted by rei potable prr'on*, whe Tolii "iteer to rx-?rolre th* mmct* ever them * over th?ir own children In the fill of 1S47, the fuccens which had follow. J their Inborn In luced tin ladle* to think of bui'.diuR a taouno, which at thtt time they thought could be done, and thereby relieve them ftom the eniiunl rent tax which fell to hewily upin them. They nought a lot apart fioui the ecnfit?lon of the city, and eventually enocf de l In purch*.iu^ the ore above lamed, and on th? 5th day of Ma.v la it tho cornerstone of the ' Home for tho Krlend.ess" wai laid On that occasion there wire few per*on< prefent. and the profp< ct of completing th.) cmtm plated bullying teemed (lark and gloouiy, except ti thom ladle* w tin had lent their hearts, hand* aad piinei to the work It wr? then Ittpptwl the building would r> tt atiut- fl5 OC**, but ac U ,?4v?actd, new u-i .-u >RK I iSDAY, DECEMBER 14 portant improvements presented themselves, which bjlng adopted. mad? the building coit, when completed, the turn of $18 152 0!i, a balance of which remain!) unpaid of only ftt SO, besides having paid about $8,000 for the gTound upon which the building is erected. On Saturday lest the house wat completed, and only required furnishing to be ready for use. The dedication took place yesterday, the service* beginning at half past ten o'clook.long before which time all the rooms oontiguovs to that in which the ceremony was to be performed were filled to overflowing. At the appointed hour the llev. Dr. Tyng took the chair. Rev. Dr. Dow i i?fi alTeredan eloquent and appropriate prayer; after which, a hymn, composed for and appropriate to the occasion, was sung. Kev. W. AV. Evkrt* then read several selection* from the scriptures. Kev. Dr. Tvnc, in his preliminary remarks, said he was most deeply interested in the Home for the Kriendless, and bad most ardently wished that the building would be dedicated on a day when not a clou 1 would hang oyer it, and he was glad to see that not a cloud obscured the brightness of the sun. It was a work of the mercy cffiod, and through the energy of the ladles hie will bad been accomplished. Their suoouss ht'l been beyond their most ardent expectations, and ho had hoped there would not be a cent left unpaid a*, tho dedication of the churoh?but thero w..s still a balance of $4,000. And there was no doubt but that amount could bi most easily raised by contributions, and the Home for the Friendless would be free from p*cuuitiry responsibility. ' It would be productive of good results, he was Weil satisfied from what bad already b':en done. Here the fatterleis would find u comfortable home, aud those females who were destitute < f employment, and friendless, would find such an asylum as to mike them comfortable until they could find employm^ut. He was glad to say that the ladies who had devoted their time to the object, were fully repaid by the result before them ; ?'\d though somu might be exalted in their own opiuiob by the consummation of such a work, he would advlre them to be humble and praise the t.Jod of Heaven, that they were the instruments in ills hands to furnish such an asylum. He would state that on Friday evening a concert lor the benefit of the Home would be given. The report of the Building Committee, In which was* specified every kind of work and material used in the construction of the house, was then read. llicv. Dm. Fattok, did Hot suppu'e when he waiirvit? d to attend the dedication, that he would be exfn tkkn n.irt in thA cHrAinonifN nor w:l? hi* " until he took up the schedule of tin order of exercises, on the previous evening, that he would be expected to Buy anything ; bat if there wan no one else, ho supposed be .*ould do. He commended the ladies very highly, who hitd persevered with iuoh undauntad energy, and hoped they would be humble in thu sight of Uod, and thankful for the great success which had erowoed their efforts, an I go on in this good work. Dr. Tyng had said there was still an indebtedness of $4,000. meaning that there were reliable pledges for $2,000, which would n.a'ie up the sum total. But apart from that, he never saw a cage but there was a little globe for water, and a trough for seed*. Here they had a cage, but it was necessary to have something npon which the birds could subsist ; and in a cage he always saw little sticks put up for the birds to rent at night upon. He thought there ware tome beds nocessary. aud hair mattresses were far hotter than feather bxds. He would not care if some of the humane friends would order a cart load, or two cr three tart loads, of such things as would be nocusrary for the comfort of the friendless That would, however, be probably batter for a another meeting, which could be held in a more capacious room, and he had no doubt but the necessary sum could be vastly raised. 'J'he Rev. Mr. Stewart offered the dedlcitory prayer1; aft* r which the following beautiful hymn, composed for the occasion by Mrd. F. S. Osgood, was sung :? Thou, whose love is always o'er us, "Wheresoo'er our wanderings be ? Thou, whose angels float before us, Viewless, luring all to Thee ! Gating through the olouds of sorrow, With a pitying smile, whose ray Taints thy promise for the morrow, In the glowing rainbow's play! TVam onanlrnaf tcnrl/l. ?A kainrt JLUUU, rpo.rvo. T.u?.un uv/ inmtl Deign our humble Home to bless, Where the loue and friendlees fleeing, Snull Thy guiding hand confess. Unto Thee, thus consecrating Our glad work, In happy bands, Here may we abide, awaiting Thine own "House not made with bands." A hymn was sung by the children of the Home ; but being In another room from that in which the genera ceremonies took place, it was impossible to t^ll what was its bearing on the occasion; but oertainly the tune of''Auld Lang Syne" was most appropriate Rev. Mr. Johnston, of Jersey oity, pronounced the benediction; after which the immente assemblage adjourned, all seemingly delighted with the proceedings, and the noble and praiseworthy objects of the institution. Superior Court. Before Chief Justice Oakley. Dkc. 12.? (J tor gt b. Sathrly vs. UobtrtJonrs.iniplcaded, <J-c.?This was an aotion to reoover a portion of costs incurred in the recovery of certain claims which Mr. Jones had against the V. S. government ? The claims were put into the hands of Mr. Geo Curtis, aLd the amount recovered. Mr. Satterly claim* to be entitled to a portion of the costs, alleging that it was through his agency theoiaim was established. On the part of the defendant, it is insisted that Mr. Curtis was the only person known to him, and that he had settled with him and paid him his coits long si n.?e. Adjourned, lie fore Judge Vanderpoel. Jaci/uelineB llarciie, vt. Fitzallan Dens.?This is an aotion on a draft for (400 The defendant pleads payment. A variety of testimony taktn <te hene rste. was read on both sides. Cause adjourned to to-morrow (this) morning. .f>i0in/r ,H ?f .1 tsr t an i! Fla 11 nil hfurill. v.<. Jl Ivin n hi * and H'tlham It iJinimort.?This wai an action on the cafe, to recover damages for a breaoh of oontract. It appears that in March or April last, the pMntitfi dent ' a parcel containing a identity of watch*, from Philadelphia to be delivered to Mr. iviyere, of Cedar Jtreet, In tbi* city, bj the defendant*, Adams k Co. fft^>aroel arrived at the 'leleuilant'soflico here, and wdtiMten in charge to one of their carriers, named MomPHo allege* that he delivered it at the store in Cedar StTMt. but rould not say to whom. It seems tho paroel nevOfel *an delivered. Myer and his clerks were examlM^B find swore positively that they never received it. Mn honor charged the jury that under the lav regulat^HB common carriers. the defendants were liable unll^MI they showed that the parcel was lout by th- a -t of (i<Mf public enemies, tie., and that they were also bound to deliver It to the person to whom it was consigned, or his known or anthonced agent; that not having torn eithar of thoee things, they were liable. The MQftraad a verdict fer the plaintiffs, for $205 60. |k> Before Chief Jostle* Oakley. D*c. lS.?tSUterly r?. Jonei, impleaded, 4-c.? The Jnry In this erne, reported in yesterday's JUeratd, found a verdict for the defendant. David Ogden t'f. Chat. H. Mart hall?This was an j action for an alleged breach of oontraot. The plain- , till received an order, in the month of Deoember. 1840, to purchase 12 OuO bushels of eorn, and ship it to Liverpool, on or before the 1st January, 1847. In pursuance of the order, he gave directions to bia broker to engage ?freight. The broker waited on Mr. MaMbail on Saturday, the 19th December, and propoMflt to^ihlp the eorn on board hi* vessel, the Y orknhire, which was to nil on thrfieth January. Mr. Marshall, who was then (Oing down Kaet, directed him to call on Monday morning following, on Mr. Wjraan, his clerk, and that be wo?ld settle the matter with him. The broker accordtogly called, andt^VlMl supposed, coufpleted the trdHMtloniftt sixteennencc a bushell. It was alleged that the defendant afClrwards refused to ratify the | agreement, and the plaintiff sought to recover the amount of his commitisionn, and the difference between the price of freight in December, and whit it after* aids rose to In the month of January. After the plaintiffs coun?el had oloxed his case, the defendant's | 1 C9unsel moved] for a nonsuit. The coart refused, but directed the jury to find a verdict for plaintiff tor no- I initial donsges. Verdict accordingly, ti cents. W st 1 #> Vk;l /mc ft al? Thifl Wft4 ft.fl action of replevin, to try the title to certain property, ; replevined by plaintiff. It appeared tbut in lHiO. th-< : p'alntlfT, wLo U a t'hiladulphia merchant, sold about ' f & 000 worth of property to one Jacob', who Hunt It to the defendant! to tuls city, and received I'rotn them an advance; and shortly a.ter absconded The plaintiff then followed the property here, and rep'evlned It. The defendants <n?Ut that thay are entitled to be repaid their advance. Adjourned, Before Jud^o Vandtrp06l. Haiti' ft. J)eai.?The Jury In this carise, reported yetterdny, found a verdict for the plaintiff for Jil.lOO. Joir/h T. Swell ri. Junai Bartlett. ? This was an aotlon for treipaffl for the alleged Illegal rtliure of thirty 1 ht nd of rattlo. It appeared that the defen Unt obtained a judgment against one Jenkins, who, he allege*, putcbartd the cattle, upon which he i?iued an execution.'and levied upon them The plaintiff Insists that the rattle were his, an I were purchased by Jenkins A3 lis agent Adjourned until to-morrow (thi?) raorni-g. Jui]/ Room*.?The jurors in attendance on the Superior ( ourt made a presentment this morning to Chief Justice Oakley, in which they complain that the jury | room "J without chairs ; that the Are kept there Is n t mflict-nt to keep them comfortably warm ; that the r<H ins ai ' not well aire J, and are in other re.ipeots unsuitable, and fray that his Honor may order the evil to le remedied Ilia Honor said that the matter lay with the ( orioration. I>ut that he would e .nse their atten- I tion to b? called to it. Conrt or Oyer ami Terminer. 11i for# Jtdge hdmond*. Aldertnao Smith mil Dod<* D*< i Hiiri 13. ? 7'A? Can of John Jl ?1u?tin ? Tll? trial of Austin kni off fur the term. Court adjourns. Court Calendar?Till* liny. Ciart'it Col ht ?8, 11, 18, 4.">, 40, 00, 04, 1, 70 to S"> S n ki.iii Cni.'RT,' 1~ 'J'). t. 05,70, 83, 86, 1(>3, lOj, 117 118,tl 18, 1*27. 1'28. 138, 133, 137, 147 148 IV), 14, 0 23. v:i8, 7, 88. 70, 100, 01, 10?, 108, 31, Id, 33, 121, 134, 16, D4 38, 108, 3. 36, 143, 116, 6. C..?imi>!? Plk*??rir?t Halt 63. 50, <11,67. 71, 73.75, 77. 70 88. 81. S?cond Tart 110,114, 134,134, Hit), 138, 140, 143,144,140, 16. I.argdon. whig, was alacted Mayes o! Mobile oo thn IER A * i * 1848. Fuhlontbl? Intelligence. The fashionables of Ootham and vicinity are thus ' early In the season up to their eyes in prep* ration for fancy dress balls Several of these en. tertainmsnts have already taken place, and others art to oome off In a few days. Of thoso whloh have already I transpired, the lead has been taken by that given a'. Newark on the evening of the 12th instant, at (Jovernor Pennington'*, and at Mrs. Messerole's, Fourteenth gtreet, on the aame evening. At Governor Tennlagton's, things were accompllsh| (.d to the satisfaction of the admirers of such sport. The ex-Governor received his guests in citizens'costume. Among those present were Mr. A. C. M. Pennington. who appeared as Sir .John , Kalstaff, and by his personation of the character made ; considerable sport, ills wife appeared Id a very splen| did Turkish costume, said indeed to have been the I richest in the rocm. Mr Itelnland appeared In a Turkish costume, weu- | ing the full robes belonging to that attire. Mr. llurd represented Clatido Melnotte, In tho Trince's costume, Mr. Wm. Hart was dres?eil <i la Chatteur rfV-Z/Wc, a splendid French uniform Mr Bree wore a rich Polish costume. Mr. Tilly wai present as Sir Walter llaleig'i, in costume triniiiied with pink and silver. Mr. C. Roberts, ot Newark K'ch Greek costume, composed of scarlet silk velvet 11 y, trimmed with gold, accompanied by a red shirt and rap Mr. Kennedy, of Newark, wore a brawn cloth(|uaker EUlt. Mr Dickinson, of Patterson, assumed for the occasion the dress of Hamlet, well got up and trimmed with bugles. Mr. Lane, of Newark, dressed as a Frjntsh htiitaian, blue shirt, trimmed with red. trnwsers to oorrespm I. These are a few r.t the noHutnes which helped to ui't'te 1 up the grand ialiltux of the room on this festive ocjh- i sion. The ball given by Mrs. Messcrole. in 14th street,tv:i3 largely attended, and imong her guests wer>> Mr Dickey, who assumed for the time to be a Neipoiitan nobleman richly dressed In black, trim .i-id with pink and silver. Mr. Fowler wore a jockey drew of scarlet silk velvet. Mr. Bruce appeared in a hundtome Spanish oostume, j trimmed with green and gold. Mr. Schenck wa-i present, in an Austrian uniform, made up of white cloth trimmed with gold. ! < Mr. Manning wore an Knglish hunting suit?scarlet cloth coat and cap. Mr. Drummoud attended the ball, in a very hand- . some (Jreek costume. Mr. I'roudfoot, Kngllsh hunting costume. 'i lie ladies were handsomely dressed, and appeared 1 in a great variety of costumes The favorite Jr.- . were Creek, Polish, peasants, and flower girls. 1 he next grand all'?ir of this kind In to be given by | J. ('. Stephens, on the 'Jlat in-: ait. when he is to open hip elegant mansion in College place. Great preparations are making for this ball, and it will undoubtedly bo one of the features of the reason. Mirs Mott, daughter of Dr Mott, has Issued Invita tions for a fancy ball, to be given at h?r father's bouse, in Bleecker street,on.the 4th of January neit The castumers have taken a great number of orders, and from the fact that some of them refuse to receive any mdm, until after that date, it is reasonable to conolude that they are making up m&ny costly dresses for the ocaaelon. Taylor and llejonge. the costumers of the day, are lucky fellows, and are determined not to leave for California, until they have finished this season's harvest. In addition to the items of fashionable intelligence given above, we nitty as well infirm our readers th it arrangements are in progress for giving three grand fancy dre(s balls at the Astor I'lace Opera House.? These will undoubtedly be graDd nlTairs. and a consummation of the arrangements is looked forward to with much agreeable anticipation. We are Informed of a nice little priva iobal mati/w, which is to come olf at one of our great hotels, as soon as matters can ba properly arranged after the holidays are pait. City Intelligence. Thk Ciioi.cka ?It appears, by tho report of the Health Officer, that the cholera at ^uaranlino still seemc on tl'e increase, but not of a milignant tji no deaths having occurred since Sun jay last. Toe 1 following is the report of yesterday : ARiMiNKj Deo. 13,1(4-49. Hi* IIonoh the MavOr:? i Four cases of cholcra have occurred at the Marine | | no.ipiiai Fincc wj last report. .No Jcatm. Two of there were ps'lents previously in the hospital 1 with tjphofl ferer Neither of them ban bail nay communication with tbo cholera patient*, or with the convalescents that were returned from the pnblic stores. Respectfully. ALEX. B. WHITING, Health Officer. It was reported at the Major's office, yesterday morning that the ffcip Fanny, from Antwerp. some ten days ago, wa.i placed under quarantine, In consequence of tiuall pox; Z'Z cases at the time being cent to the .Vlariue Horpital. She was, yesterday brought to the city without permission, and, landing her passengers, great excitement was created in the First ward in oonsequence The Resident Physician was notified at once, to Investigate tin facts in the matter. This is a moat flagrant violation of law, a ad should be visited with the severest penalty of the law. Unlike most other contagions, it will remain in a ship for months after all the patients are removed, unless the proper means are used to cleanse the ship from Its Infection. Aniicis Isitimi.?1 regular meeting of the members of the American Institute takes plane this evening, at their rooms, corner of Antbony street and Broadway. It is supposed that an election of Trustee and Superintending Agent, in nlaos of Mr. Wakeman, deccared, will be held on this occasion. Tho canil<Jat>n named are Kdwin Williams. George Baisn, N. i i- and two or three others. Thistle Bkmc\olk*t Association.?The first ball for the ceaton, of this meritorious association, will take place at the Assembly Rooms, ( liinete Building. .*>30 Broadway, this evening. The managers havejudiciously selected this room, as well from its central position, as equally porsesslng every requifite in oomt'ort and liganoe tbat can contribute to an objest that has aver deservedly merited the consideration of the public. The nnmes of the managers and committee justify the presumption that the arrangements will be as complete as the objeot. The amelioration of tbe con- i dltion of the poorer classes is philanthropic and uni- i Bursal I A MtiTMIOCI Care?TaoRAni.K Mi-ain:n.?A few < kys rince a man died very suddenly, as was supposed at the time, from cholera morbus; and upon a certiU- ' eate from the attending physician, was burled. Sus- i Tiipinna unru rffo rh..?.? k?.l *???- *? ?' -' ?*-I I- ' were communicated to the Coroner. That officer at ' 01 once commenced an Investigation, The body *ai ' t? disinterred and the atomacb fjund to contain a large tl quantity ct arsenic What in atrange about the mat;- ] o< t?-r, the wife left the hou?e where they resided, and has V' not since been net The furniture was all left in B< just the lame po-itlon as when Ihe body was rennv?d 01 for burial. Tbe wife haa one ohlld. which the haa taken hi with her There is aorae deep mystery connected with c< the auiject, which cannot be unravelled until the tt whereabouts of the wife la discovered The phyai- w claii, from the respectab'lity of the parties, did not * suppose that foulp'ay had been used; henoe the giving of the certifloate A few days will probibly bring the > th whale matter to light, and dissolve the mystery whic'a : cc now bangs around it. Thk Fcker*'- ok the Latf Aijiismak MoDriiMo-rr. 1 cc ?The funeral of the late Alderman MoDeraiott took th place yesterday at the Dutoh Reformed Church, in K Kranklln street The remains were taken to (ireen- id wood Cemetery, followed by toe members of the Com- m men Council, and a large circle of friends. The flags of j T! tbe City Hall, and of several of the public houses, were >' holnted at half rna't during tin- Jay th The Cholera In the City. pi Mr. Bknwbtt? I bt It was with satisfaction I nn^'-ed the article in y-'s- i ai terday's llrtald, exposing th? and motive or all tl the ' cholera excitement'' which certain papers hrvve se most assiduously labored to raise during the past few T day*; and since neither the 11 jar J of Health or the '> Academy of Medicine have said anything to satisfy ' te tbe public mind, either one way or the other. It is rlearly the duty of those Individuals who are most ? likely, frcm their position, to be acquainted with tie ?< facts, to do what lays in tnelr power to allay whatever di excitement the statements published may have caused. 1> In the first place, what has all the excitement In the fo lower part of the city been founded on ' Solely on tbe tl death of a poor destitute and unfortunate (isrman, ct who died pernapsof the effects of dissipation, or neglect "r or what was wcr<e. injudicious medical treatment He was, It appears, In the habit of occasionally lodging at, r' .? ll.u kr.i... A l-A - ?:? I- ?.. ? - -- "> 111 uir ftrui'J*. faying bU rhillirg f>>r n'ght's lolging and goiag off " In th?- morning. () the nlgbt he wa? taken, ho came "? in late. wa \ sei/.? 1 >vlth ?iokne?s at 1 A died iW 1 honrs after As to the treatment he received, It was quite i? " miscellaneous;" end without entering into aiy mi- I? nuliit concerning It. (should think the state of the '< room, after the " purifying and cleansing." so munh talked of In the otHclal reports, was quite suflirlont to w hurry any person already prostrated by a severe form w of simple dinrrh'fa. to " that bourne from whence no o traveller returns." The fait Is, there haa not been as di yet ore decided ca*e of Asiatic oholera in this city.? fc Caies like the poor (German's (in all respeots similar, saTe the open windows, wet Moor, to .) are seen by ai medical men every year, if not every month I.etoar ' dt citizens in the lirst ward, as well as all over the city, I go calm whatever fi>?fk they hare on this score. TU? di dreaded cholera Is not here, nor is there an/ prospect j( of its arrival, notwithrtandlng the loud tllk of the (Quarantine speculators MKDICL'S Tt Work for the llouru of llenltli. '' Ms. F.dito*:? ii t an yon inform mo of the progress of the rajlng fevir for California .' And would It not be aivi?ab'.<* . fcr the Mayor to appoint a new 0>ard of lleal'.h upon the disease T It seems <|ulte neoesjary that the public be kept Informed of the number of new oases daily ? occurring.aswell as those that are likely to prove fatal. Also, that suggestion be made for treatment of the disease; and what are the best restoratives. Caun >t the Ar ? Vork I In aid be of service to the olty In thu ^ affair' _ O. *, Court nf t'ominon Plru. u Before Judge Daly, Dct-. 13.?Drtntr vi. TnyJei and Wife.?This cause " is still on trial. I ?< NMftt' m -i ? Krttfe m ' (m m*? ??wr?? ?wwwZ .jpn ai?t LD, TWO TK1VTS. Murine AHuIim. Th* Vorii.t to CtLiKoH*!* ? A few eitraets from the journal of a late townsman. of* voyage to California, though performed feveral years since, mar not bo uninteresting to those <f our seafaring friends who may be leaving for that gulden region. It may prova of serrlce in crossing the eijnator on the Pacitlo side, and approaching California and San Francisco harbor. ' Feb 0 ? We thin day crossed the equator. In Ion llftd 67m. west, and found the variation to bo 5d. li'im east. I found that in making a passage from south of the equator to California, It wan beet crossing the line In 111) and llftd. west longitude, as th?r? strong S. K trades prevail south, and floe N. K. tralea and good weather north of the llo" By keeping well to the westward of the Gallipagos Islands, stro a/er and steadier winds are found than farther M?t. (la leaving the north ea*t traded if bound to Califo-nU. you should go as far as 130 or I3ftd west, where yon will be sure to hud. at thU season, strong N. W. and N S W. winds, which will carry yuu well up the coast of California Should jou go cast of the (Jallipagos Islands and orofg the line fur ta<t, you will encounter strong N W. gales, driving jou on to the ooant of Mexico, where you will be obliged to 'tack ship1 and stand back to the rnuthwar<i and westward a long distance, to put. you in a position to feiah the eovit of California -caii.-iug you much delay aed vexation An instance of thin kind oo^orreil while 1 was on the coa?t. A remarkably last-sailing French ship, of 4')0 tons bujtheo, came In from Cullao, by the eastern route I have df-ctlbed, crossing the line ia the lou{ of 86 or 87d. west, steering direct, t. r f 'api st. Lhcus. th1* Southern cape of California anil 90 days passage. I went tile western route from Callao, aad wts 47 days. The French ship mi l t ie unotig N wHSt wirj'l, and had to stand to tlia sout!i?ard I lo?t ttte N. K. trades in lat 'J'd. n?rUi and then took the win I N N W. to N. N K . e'undiu,: ti the N and westward a* far as Ion laid. 4'Jm \>egt. lat. 30d 46 n N. The variation from the line to 'J0<1. ,\ lat .In Ion. i'27d. Whet, was 0 ilrgiets easterly, IVotu UJi. to iisi. u >rt!i, it increased to 11.1 easterly In running f?r the harbor cf Stn Fi-anulsco It is left to make the larralone Islauds and from theui steer K N. K. by compass for fjur or Ave leagues, when you will out n the bay of S'la Franolson. rii>i harraione Inlands, or Kackn, extend, in thru* clutter*, N N. W'.nnlK S K.. about 15 ni'lus The eastern one is th? lar^eet-hi^h and rugged. lying ab.iut seven leagues W S W. from the entrance to San KranoWoo harbor ; which entrance in very narrow, being 2,^ miles only from N. VV. to S. W points of the entrance, dimiuirhiug in width as you approach the old Mexioau fort, where it is only thr*e-(|iiarter9 of a mile a iron*. Tbe tide ebbs a'ud tlnwn twice in tweaty-four houri. The entrance to St Kruncinco in spring and uurnin >r Is very much obscured by dense fin*, causing Its approach to be very dangerous to sir ingeri Kro-n the S. W. point to the old Mexican fort it* about three miles; then opens a deep and spacious bay. Very heavy N. W. winds prevail a great pjjrt of the time, blowing directly Id through thi,< entrance to the liar bor Against these winds, blowing in, a very strong ebb tide (running 0 or 7k.ioi?) setting, heaves up a very disagreeable end sometlnns iJangeroiissna having the appearance of breaker.*, exleading entirely across) the entrance of tbe harbor, wh< re the water is live to even fathoms Ships should avoid, If poivlble, anchoring near the entrance, a< the rapidity and irreguarity of the current swings a*hip round a dozen tlaies in hour, causing her ohainn te? injure her copper, and >ring liable to strike adrift, from th'i heavy gusts of vind that rukh in round tbe Fort po'nt. The best anchorage Is at a place oulled Verba fluena, vhich Is just above the ao3ot<d point on tile st.irbiard land?going in, giving the ship a berth of half a mile In unning up ; after pushing the po'nt haul clone in shore ippoflte a tin i> 11 shicglcy beach, anchoring in four ,o six fat horn * with muddy bottom and .good holding [round -opp<i(lte ihis anchr rage is a large high Islaud, hree or four mien distant In anchoriog, haul well In bore to avoid the strength of the ti Its the anchorage s about one elt hlh of a mile oil shore. Moor, with a tower anchor N. W and S. K. The wind aud tide are so strong that it is desirable o anchor a* near shore as possible Communication >y boats with the shore Is ofcea times very baiirdous, f diBtact frcm the shore. In landing and taking off n jour boats cargo, or wood and water, It should be lone at high water, sa a mud bank makes off half way rom the shore to the anchorage Abundanoe of wood ind good water are to be obtained hete.? SaUm llrg. Court of Oeneral Sii'Mlnm. Before the Recorder aad Aldermen Adams and Kohler. Dec. 11 ?Rr$i>ect to Ike Memory of the late .Uderurnn Alci'f r??l. - At the opening of the Court, the Assistant Dis.rict Attorney arose and announced the sudden death of Aldertnan McDeruiot, oi the Kighth *ard. who was but last Friday sitting as one of the .fudge* on this bench Mr Phillips. In making the announcement. rpoke in high teruis of the charaoctr of Jiceastd who wan remarkable for his warm and gene'ous feelings, and was beloved by all bis acquaintances, ile ooncluJed hi* remarks by making a motion that his Court do adjourn for the day, out of respect to the ntnory of the deceased. In accordance with this moIon. the Recorder announced that no oases would be rled to- day, y the petit Jury men and witnesses were lltefcargtd for the day. TheOrand Jury soon ofuelu trlth a number of bills, whloh were received by the iltrk, and the Court was then a-Jjourned. Ddcemhbr 12- Trial for (Jianrt Larceny.?Thomas "asey and John Casey were called upon to t?k*'th?ir rial, on a charge of having stolen one box of Bjb?mln glarswart, worth $100 ; one cloth coat, valued at 110 ; one linen shirt and one pair of hose, of the value f $1, from August Belmont, of No H2 Kifth avenue, chn Casey did not answer when called, and his r?ogolzance was declared forfeited: the trial was htrefdre pursued against Thoma.i Casey alone. Mr. ielmont, the complainant, being put upon the stand, estifled, that the defendant was in his employ, as coachman, in September last. In the loft or th? rarh hnniA was tor**! thn hn* t\t >>.?. ? as found to havo bn n rifled of its contents on th? Oth of September. Witness had not seen the propery in question for about a y?-ar before the larceny took lace ; at that time ho anil hla housekeeper p icked he ware. Mrs. D?woT,Mr. Belmont's housekeeper, testified to aving (ten taid glas;ware in the box at one time. Inee it had been placed in the loft of the O'ach hou.?e; t that time she op?ned the box, took out some of the are, and nailed it up again. The box oontalned a inner set. She did not know where Mr B obtained * jeprtperty; she known a number of Mra. Wards; ie property was ou the premises when she entered le service of Mr B. Mn iuri. Ooohheim, sworn ? Is a clerk lot ptwnroker's cfHce at No 73 Sixth avenue: on or about the ?y mentioned in the indictment, the prisoner and irin Casey rtmo to his place of bnln?m. and offered i fawn a quantity of Bohemian glassware ; witnues i'U prisoner, who was known to liim by the name of ilry. that If he would prove that the property was bia < n, he would lend him money on it; on this demand !lng made, prisoner failed to show any evidence that le glassware belonged t? him. wheieupon witness weut it tor a policeman, when the Caseys made off. The -opeity was worth incru than f.'J.'i; witn??s would have Ten (ftOfor it; think* it wax worth $100: oh looking rer the bocks of the ofTioe, It was fouud that prisoner kd theretofore, under the name of Kiley, p.edged a :>at, a shirt, and c pair of hose: on looking at the ooat. le name of Belmont was found upon It ; the glassare and other j.roperty was taken to the police otil'ie, here it was idt-ntlrisd by Mr. B.lmonr Sinnrr P*Hk?n policeman of ths "th ward, found e priaoner at Hoboken on the li'Jih September. Ca?ey nleeaed the larceny to witness 1 here was no witness examined by the defence the unsel depending upon a defect in the indiniment. for e acquittal of hie client The argument was, that the orecutlon bad failed to prove the stealing of tbe etitlcal properly set forth in thn indictment, or thit ore than $'io worth had been taken at any one time. he jury rendered a verdict of guilty of grand larceny. >d the court sentenced him to tho State prison for ie term of two years and three months J'lea of (inilly and Stnlenerii -ltoSert Williams cad guilty to an indictment, obarging hun with uiglary iu the tir?t degree, in breaking into the store ad dwelling .<f Isaac K?>?enbourg. CO drand street, on ie night of the !i2d November, e.n 1 stealing thereft >m ven watches and a pistol, of tbe v ilus, In all, of $70. ne pita *a? accrpiva ana r?o >r<iva, ana to? court ntencrd the prisoner to th? State I'tiaon for the rm of ten jfgrp and two months. I'utt 0/ Itrnnii U'Connor, indictrdfor lllrgnl Votinf. The d< f"d(lunt In thin cosh whh tried la-tt week na 1 quitted, cn account of iobh Irr-gulurity in th- in ciment.or ? u.e va lance be..w*eu the proof anil tii? idiotmer.t A in-iv inilotiuf nt waa framed, anl n bill und by the pprand jury. On this new inlintui?*n'. defi-ndat't wa? arra uned this morning, when M* unrel putln a plea cf autrrfoii ? '/nit I'be c.?'? w is rfued at r intidernble length by *ouni??l t.a b>ia u?? '1 he Btrenuonsiy iuai?ted upon tfieir ght lo enlargement, and a t'i cT<ar>r? of the case, l ile the prevention as ten?pluon*ly held that the ime ehargrd In the K?c?nil lri'li"tai?nt Wit* not t'ie iitipas that which w.n net forth In the first bill f>t?n<t. he court will give .1 decMoa "O W'<dne?day mora K. The ?llejc i iilik*' "olini! was ?ald to.have beeu . rp?tra'edbv (> Connor, on the 7tU Novumber l*?% 1 the Second ?ard. Ihv.harf tl hy ',ie Grand Jury Charles T?pp*n, lio arre?t? >11 emu days !*tnee, on a oharge of hlghay robbery, alleged to ham b en ooasiitted by htm, t, anannamtd lloyt. oti ti e 2?th November. w*s i?rh?i?ed from pusu dy to (lay. the ^rand jury h-.riu* und no bill n .ain't him. Die 13.?Recognitancti Forfeited ? Joiaph Mirick id ltirn.iril Hysinger, indiotei fer eon<p<r*o/ to 'fraud, ami thereby obtain po? of > quantity of od(, w*r? calUd upon to defend themselves Tut)/ d not appear. however, and tbeir r?c >gnl<anei? ?r*r?* clarcd forfeited. Tht Ca*r, ?/ Dtnnis O'Connor, Tritd for Voting ten r ou the Same Day in thr Sound Ward ? In thii ?, th? court gave ju Igern-'nt cbi* morning thj frndant, rriif. t d tho iiidiutmetit to b* quit-tiled, and leptieoner to bt tit at lar;:?. l'h ? cm? bin exoiei cideiaLle lent, especially atuon^ the politician* the S>eoriii vnrd. Tbe court ft jeutned with'U't trjln { any oaoaon. in dtr to attrbd the funeral of the lu*.? Adwuiau Ms* ftmott, of the Sih ward. The Titt forzi'it to Sr. John, N. B ?i?t. John, II* iu tJ iTii- litti iik.r* that iKm t--l.'_ I. ? ? r?|.h ruin.* ciic^ th?t oity ?it*i Now York ?u?l Bov n. mill be in ? i n 111 about a fortnight. AfUr ? completion, rxprtice* will probably b? run from alifax to St Johu, *od from thi-nofl ib? Koglub n?*? >l< gr ij lirj t" Dcitvo and New icik.

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