Newspaper of The New York Herald, December 15, 1848, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated December 15, 1848 Page 1
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rr J-J I JSL JLJH- J NO. 530S. AFFAIRS IN EUROPE. ARRIVAL OF THE NEW STEAMSHIP CANADA. 6NE WEEK L1TFE INTELLIGENCE. &c. U, &c. The new steamship Canada, Captain Judkins, arrived yetterdiy morning at eight o'clock, from, Liverpool and Halifax. ?he sail* d from Liverpool on Saturday, the 25th ult., i:nd therefore brings seven days' later intelligence than that brought by the Britannia, at Boston. The Canada has had a very rough passage ; she made the Highland Light on Wednesday evening, and was boarded by the Newsboy at seven o'clock yesterday mornintr, on the Bar. The Continental advices are generally of a satisfactory character, especially from Frankfort, find must tend greatly to relieve the public mind of the probal ilitiea of any fresh disturbances taki?g place. In Paris public attention was entirely directed to th? proceedings in the National Asttmbly to come off on Saturday the 15th ultimo; but as to the result, whether it would be favorable to General Cavaignac or otherwise, seemed to be a matter of much divermty of opinion. The prospects of Louis Napoleon for the Presidency were again in the ascendant. The Mary Anne, from the Cape, brings advices thence to the 28th of September. By a proclamation of the Governor, dated Sept. 21, we learn that the rebellion of the Boers has been suppressed, and peace restored. Large rewards were offered for the head of Pretorius (upon which the price of XICOO was set), and for the other ringleaders in the rebellion and the action at BJoem Plaats. Tl<e total number of cases ol cholera in Great Britain, since the first was reported, amounts to 1,215?the victims to 610; the recoveries have been 220, whilst 375 remain under treatment, or the result not stated. Of tins mortality a much greater j proportion hns taken place in Scotland, the numi_-?. J * I. _ L . _ i r rt-A i?e i in uchui* in ciii^iuiiu iiavm^ uccu iruiu ?.hj to 800, whilst beyond the Tweed they have readied 3C8. Our Liverpool Correspondence. Livkrpooi., Nor. 26, 1848?0 A. M. Tht Depopulation of Ireland?Trcintndouf Oale?Tht Cotton Market. Who will be remaining In Ireland, after awhile, It la ! hard to aay? possibly the ' frog* and toada" will again take pofseasion of the antenanted lale, which It soon will | be, if emigration continue at its present tip-top apoed. It appears by the Oalway Vindicator, that there are ] At* vesaela at present in that port, bonnd for Amerlea, but quite inadequate to aapply the demand of emigranta, j even at thia aeaaon. The bertha are crowded, and j numbers apply and are dlaappolnted. Other Tesaela that are cxpectrd home, have, we are old, their engageBents made fcr another outward voyage, as aoon after ' their arrival as possible. It ia literally hundreds dying for their lives. endeavoring to leave behind extermination, rate collectors, rent distrainers, and destitution, which are worse enemle-, and more destructive, than the most ruthless war that Dane or Norman ever wsged in Ireland. At the conclusion of my last diapatoh. I prepared you for bad weather. It came in the ahape of wind. On Monday we had a strong gale from the westward. The Ihiblin Freeman11 Jouinal of Tuesday, aays :? " \ ettsrduy morning, about tsn o'clock, a heavy gale | of wind, from a point nearly due west, set in and con* i tlnued to blow with increased vigor up to a late hour in the evening. At four o'oloek. heavy rain began to ! fall, wben the violence of the tlorm somewhat abited. Tbere were some old chimneys in the Liberty blown ' down; but we did not hear of any accident t? life or < limb." ; Within the last four months, si* vessels. containing rtaily 1 2o0 emigrants, sailed ttom Dublin for the , United States. 1 lie emigrants, with scarcely an exception. belonged to the ola?s of comfortable fai m ?rs. | Many of them were from the counties of Limerick and Tipperary. and each family carried with them sums of money varying from ?20 to ?200. Kvery steamer that : leaves the quay of Dublin for Liverpool is orowded 1 with emigrants on their way to the United States. It i is difficult to estimate the- numbers that have taken , this route to America, but they muit amount to many j thousands, for the tide of emigration is fully as great j at this unusual season as it ever has been in the spring i of any former year. It appear?, aiso, that during the gale th? Chester and Halyhead Company's new and very fine steamer Hibtrn'a, on entering Kingstown harbor, suffered considerable Injury. A sailing vessel was coming in at the same time, and the Hibernia. in order to avoid a collision with her, went so close to the eastern pier, that ' (be struck with violence against it, displacing soma of the large stones, and damaged her bow, and otherwise , injured the fore part ot the vessel. The passengers, . fcc , were landed without the slightest inconvenience. { The Hibarnia remained fast, bat was expected to be got (tt at high water. 11 The Scoiiman of Wednesday, has the following:? '! " Tbe weather has been of the most boisterous descrip- ' tion during the last two days. On Sunday night, and daring the whcln of Mondy, and part of yesterday, the e wind was very high, accompanied with frequent and ! heavy rhowers of rain. The wind blew with such fury on Monday forenoon, tbat slates were driven from the i nouses, ana crumm y-cans ware (issued to pieoei in > various parts of the city. ?i So late as Thursday morning, at 0 e'clook, the baro- r meter was iteady at 28 6-loth*. It is now UO 1-tOth, * and rising. We are, therefore, probably going to hare '' an easterly wist and frost. It is now oold, with the , v' wind from the southeast. k The weather it at present fine, although U looks doubtful. We look for the "Ilibernla" on Monday. i t' 1 have the pleasure to announoe a further Improve- '? Blent in trade and in ecntequsnce more confidence j " ha? be*n felt in the cotton market. Buyers hare ft difficulty in Retting on at Kd. advance upon this day w?tk. The better qualities are not much altered, and the '^uotaticcH of fair remain as lastSaturday. ] 1> The sales yesterday were 0.000 bales; do. of the week, i p 48 640. t Our London Correftpon?tenor< Lewi ox, Fiiday Evening, Not. 24, 1848. Tranquillity Rtitortd at Berlin?The French Eltctian< ?%iluilria ?European Finance*?TA* Stale of Europe, 4 c , <f ?. My letter of Friday evening last, will have prepared you for a renewal at Berlin, ef the events that were- #f- j jetrated at Vienna. Up to the evening * id?aiitiNo- 1 " Yeml*r,B?tJin wo. tranquil, )ikely tor<>lnain I I lit wg if r Oi ard liad?(,#n d|gftrmed without offering o ro ! tane , but a min|gt?rUl crlrl( ?tlll prevailed, and 11 tin jfople ? ? T^p0 for mischief us soon us the opportu^ r?sent<> itself. But the all abforb!iig topi! of interest in Kurope, at ; the prewnt moment, Is the approaching lO'.h Decern- | b?r. vhe? the fate of Krauct is to be decided. When I la?t ?rote, (he two favorites? Loul? Napoleon and I Ceraignao- had l?*tt tbilr competitor* far behind, and j the former was some lengths ahead of hi? adversary. The ?trenueus <IT' rt.< cf (,'nvaignao and his adherents bare brrught Mm close tip to tho Prince. and they nere, two day* Rince. terk and nersfc, when an Incident eocurreil which has prszlad the b??t juVges of this poHMcal rare. The coT)?pqti?noe of tho I ic'dent I *m abrut to nrii.'n to, 1?, tliat Laraartiae . Lelru Rillin, I nt)d Ha pail, nre goii g to make a p'i>h fnr it, with no rhanc*. however. of M>cce*?. M?OTa ^jiinlon, which howrrer. Ihojerier he erroneous, in. that a storm is brewing whloh wiU entirely chun^* th* cisnplexton of affair* tn Krancn T1 * f l.rii r ii In / tenM.in On *?.. tnrday (! < 'H'i p io?t.l'- ?1? *?" l by xl \l (.; ir- ' rl<T r*frr P; RP? r:?. P'-atar# ml Bin lielemy St I prtMrjt f"r h t? Ir vl'/'imn th? if the i ?! fltion < f I b I'rr.-icti t <J tU rtruW''' It oo.oiiie.inm li? den'mini? (hit ? nunh-T of l iVr r :? r'l r.?n I t It Imperative i n ih,.|? to <1. |*im their auntlMMn < t/at> ' ttrnl Mttifi, th?j r?y, In ilw iil'o iwoil >f tl v/'j. r,?- ' lio. **:rt ?tcijIhitg ii,iii t> iiiit to In.fuln |t? fru , ii til Mr nor. trolled oxeretM tb?v eo?>'d- r ?f i? no nr? tu <i< hinn mlm the rrpnbilo lt-eil'. Th? dm/t r* whm.ii J' tlin rrpubllo il&y t*in to run, I liny CiiUder to Iw ol , three hiod- - tuupi d'emt, usurpation*, anil rtMIMj ^ i rt fhe>? they ?r? fltm'y drterm'nfil to orp'>!"? by < ??ery isemi* in thrlr power. They then KpeaK to H ?tni?.(i l? rn.c nit any Intetfi renr.n with IU? pmipli | is U>? tligtion tif rrtjUen', aod pMtlc&hrlj by , ? I E NE MO] members cf the National Assembly, who, by any declaration on tbeirpatt. or mark of sympathy in favor of any particular candidate, waold than, they say. enter into engagements wh'cli might in advance bind thmi to a certain line of conduot with respect to the President who might be elected, and might thin injure the int*rtrts of the State. I n consequence, they think it incumbent t n them to refrain moat carefully from offering any name to the public as that of the persm whom they would wish to supp.irt; but they do not, they ray. conceal from any of their fellow citizens, who individually demand It, what their sympathies tnd repugnances really are. "The 01 ii errogfirents," they ?ay. in oonolusion, "that w? oii^ht to tike before ?>ur CM1 try, aic thote which we Inve during our whole lite taken with ounslves?leva tor 'lie repithlio and is defence, and li e ir.i ft ?> cere r>'?reot fi r the will of the peoj !s, When the people shall hsve uiauilesteU their wiiL" The various attacks circulated against Genera' | Ca\aign?c. in addition to tbia, irritate him; and in the Bitting cf Tuesday Nov. 21, he ascended the rostrum and tpokeas follows:? Otmrjl Cavaignac. President of the Concoll, a*cendod the tribute, ?nu laifl : Not 0:0 if jfm can be ignorant that ever since I have been at tl e I rail of the fcx< ctitivo powrr, I have heeti tte olieot ot nuo.tr< us attack* bhI calumnies. 1 have long bjen a< cuBtointd to pay att? nii<? to neither the one n"r t*.o other. As l<*n? as tl.ew ?' tacks wetn nude i.Ldcr 11mis ? Inehilo not belong to li >s Asxiiubly, 1 oounoriei that I ought to reiuaiu si.entana it difleruiit on my liuurh. But, el lite, the u oilumnies avo Uccn br< rght lomurii nnoer times wbioli give toetn quite a diffluent impcllar.ee. I should hive hiua better pleascu to aisijn to mvailf t1 e eare of refuting theeu calumnies at another ttm-, when I shcu'd co longer hoM the l..t!i litnutlo. in whinh you have place! mr, 1 ti 'ar, Iwar ) 1 have t>ow wsited soma days to see it' hn> deaial W'.uld he r'veri to the .< i'u.n-.i?? ; m ti .J, 1* tint such is rot the ea?e, 1 have to p c pom) to tho * asembiy totix I't.ursday i.ext to gjvo rue an ojp:.rmnit) <1 a'dresjtra certain ipioiti' ns to tie ;.*rtlo. tJ whom I allude, and to them to reply. (AgiUilku ) I do not want to call fnritia detite; I merely want tou-'k eueh inwstji.ns asm-iy t?; d to set theiecalumnici n tluir tine light. t'.'rliaw the Afembly may del. r? 10 ki u* thn nsu (I if tl.u pettoiifc to wh'.ui I allude. (I'rm if "Vt?. r?"l T.iej are SIM. (mruter l'ig?f, Pagnt-m. llarUeleniy. Bt Hiluri', a ( Du oleic, who have laMinfpo. on ol; but there may Im other* al?>, of *hi in Iamndtawaru 1 want 10 oo-jje ni ton ho' i, ?n of the ac euaatitua brought ugainat ir.e It ij. in f*q\ a qnwuoa of right, ti a', whether litre oreUowliere, i- private cuuvoriatijn, or carnal remark*. accusatonHhavo bei brought sgi n't me, they ahonid boulted thornuhly and aoovuntud for. The Asai-mbly muy i e convinced ihat lam etuer((irvf<> to have this matter cletri-d 11(1; and il 1 have remained, m apite of the adviue of my polulcal frier df, a h n . in my >?>!, it n Itogettur t rough the re>p?o. tliut I fi_ei f r i?. (Hear. hear, a. d treatiigitatlon.) JM. Uaumkii Packs said that the attar ki and oalumnloi whioh weie f | o. en tf ? ere to l? expect!d by the houor?Mo gi-utioni n. 'i I i atiui'im wire iocutahlc, from the aituaiioa whinli he tilled, I aed could bj passed ov r the oalamnies were mora aerious. and lie was ri^ht in meed g them. But thc.-i; calumuiea, in fact, dr V into tt etr vt rtex the executive committee, and the members ot that hidy * i u<d have to declare what ihe) knew on tlie subject. Ti c hiinersble pentJeman l;nd spoken of sitting ijniet in his place during s > man) months, whilst made the object of calumnious attach*; but U at wi s ouly ? hat ln.il previously taken place when he ( M. Gamier > ages) and hisculle?|[iie were in power. For ltia pert, he w> a ready a t aij time to reply to auy 'lutJiioi.a Uiat might be addicifcd to him It was finally resolved that Saturday, 25th November, should be flxinl for explanations. These explanations are looked forward to with IntenseintereU The following letter from Paris will convey some idea of the impoitaiice of them " At length we hope to navo some explanation given of the real origin at a pr?f MM of that terrible ineuirtction of Jnns?an in- ! mi lection mi mormons iu ltd proportions. that we were utterly 1 unable to estimate it * hile it was going on I fore our eye*, and of ! which we ars <>tly now iu a petition to calculate the extent and I iuip<:tanr*,wticn nt: cm view it calmly and at a dtstaucs. Ac; a- I rations with respect to this dreadful event have fallen on all sidos. The Executive Government has been aeeu cd of havirg pr doced i it by its wckkt can and folly in permitting the Atclu r$ Nutianiiiix to aatiime a pokition which mate them a calamity to the country. . Utn. Luvaignac lias been accused of hatii.g made insurrocnou t w itcppicg stone tohisow?i.rca;riets The Executive Government has I ow nuk into in igiaficancc, aud the charge* against it bavs to n almtst forgotten. But General Cavalgnsois in a difTcreut p?itiou. B( it now one of the two principal candidate! fur the ft asidincy, and the part lie took in the affair iaof oonsctucnou to the world. I>y so mo partlci ho id ehliyod with having recklessly encorn aged the insurrection, in order that bo might make it a pre- I text fur seining on the dictatorship ; by other partite he i? no- j cnnd ot neglecting to provide against tlio insuirectiou when warned of ita appioaet?of not obeying the order* given to him by the government under which he was acting?ot deceiving that j government as to the means of reproealon at bia disposal?and ot tucli weakness and indecision as to have compromised tne safety i ot the nation. The parties who accuse General lavaixnac of indecision give all the merit ot having suppres^d tt.e iatuiroctlon ! to the generate who c< mmanded under him; aid declare fiat If | his sdv.ee had been takon, 1'aiis would have been delivered up to i he mob. li e charge, liowoter, biouglit by the irresbx per | tioa of Central (Javai^aae's adversaries again t I.im is, t) at he al'owed the insurrection to becoino formidable, I in order that he night have the greater merit of jutting it down ; ' ar.o that an uftaT wliioh pit. easily have been suppressed at first, was allowed t? extend iiae'.f over the whole capital, at the cost of thousands of l.vcs, in o'dcr that General Uavaianoc might 1 beeome a great man. ThiB terrible charge has been reiterated on I all aid'a. This very day, a person who ngna l.is name and addies*, pahliihea a latter in tfcc newspapers, declaring that on tbe im rniug ot the first day of tl.e insurrection, he went to General ( avaignac to inform him that the insurgents were beginning to form banicadca; that Ceneral Cavai<nac inquired ii they were numetot i; and on hi!replying that there were not abovo twenty or thirty armed men, who might easily b- disj>crsodby a company of infaDtry, Geneial Cavaignto replied, " ? e will go when there are cl them : well at nil cannon shot among them;" and for three hourtaf erwurdsoot a single soldier was sent to prevent the lormation of the b&rrioed'B. nltnuugh tlie troopi were nil the t<mn under anr s. Hut it is not alone by pab in tnmor that General Cavaigi ac has been arcustd of tin conduct on tl at ocoaaion. l'to members of the Executive Government, in the;r evideune before the pailiameniary committee of in<|uiry, threw a great de?l of the hlame on Central Cavaignac: and now M. Carnier Pagea and several of his other colleagues repeat iberlarge. It is lingular that General Cavaigniio should have left tUae chart cs so 'on* unanswered, lie saya that, aalongaathe ealunir l a were merely confined to the ncwspaisrs, he did not think them worth notice; but that now that tney aie repeated by in libera of the Assembly, he ia ready U meet them. But the Shar.es have not lor n?uili< put Imh c4.ofia*J to newspapers.? rhey were made mi nths ago by M Ar-^v. M .deLamartins. and >ther n.enilers of the Exsoutira Government, before the commitlion d'enqutlt, and they bar* beenrepcatel over and over uain y M M lircltr'. 1'agt.erre. Gamier Pages, (tc. Why, then, did 'Jcneial Cava pn&o not reply to tlie charges before? tiaviog been lilent to long, why dees ho rip up the 'incsiion new ? The answer ! simply: Ins resen e, in the tirst instance; au<l his present deire, for election purposes. At frat, he feared the effect of thco hargee, and hojied that they wonld die away, lie now sees that n these hopes he * us disappointed ; and he trusts that in the apironching debate he will be abl<, through the want of comago of no Aucinuiy iieeit, or ine ciamor 01 mi ptrtir.ans, to give the ill.ur sn fcppearknce which may he fkvorible to him. Ia these lirci.nmtsui es. it is not to wondered kt thkt the dobkte of S?urciiv i cut in look(<l ferwaid to with ? degree of inter"lit thkt bp not I ten equaili >1 mice tbe |<rii >1 cf the insurrection ittelf. 'he I'ntric states thkt U. <le I.annriin'', who in kt Monceau. near Ikcot), has N-t n w n t fot by tcJcgra| hie despatch for tlie discusion < I Pstmdsy next." Among other things, it in laid that M. B. St. Hilaira ? prepared to proYe that < ieneral Cavaiguae was orderd officially to bring 'JO DOo troops to Pari!), and that he tftx'd. This grave affair gives rise to an luflnita iunber cf reports. Among others, it is raid that Uen. avalgano will probably be forced to retire ftom tha onteM for llic office of Tresident of the Republic. The delegates of tha trades of the Lux? mbourg have rrently had a meeting to choose a candidate for the fllce of rresideut. and agreed to put forward Louis lane. M. Louis Blanc. In answer to this requisition, as written a letter, in which he ways that hi' does not hi nk that there orghttobea President of the rcpube, but. that " if they tliink liil name oan be made ua? fas a protest against tbe title and functions of Treslent of the republic, he agrees to it willingly, happy at eirg chosen to represent the great family of the Luxmbourg " The following is the letter in question :? My dear FriendsIn the eandMatethip which jnu offer m*. I i ctpt, with gratitude, a mark of i-jii,patty which ay hear seply feels. Hut yon think.like myself, I km sur<\ beforehand, that th?re lonld te no Pieaidcnt of the republic ; thai the presidency I* a mi ant of monarchical rtejudke-, mi-l tlclast rvtuge of those ho date still to dream ot the rcstoiatiun of rnjalty , that, con- j laently, the ftr?t duiy of every democrat must be, in Tulare, . i provi ke the t> iMan ef the tons tl tution. and frtrtleul?rly to . Dite all hiscflvits to have the article relative to the presidency voked. l 11 jou think my DStr.e will be of scrvlce, protecting against th? I tip m il fun lions if the President ?,f the rrpnllio, 1 give you < *e leave to tnkke use cf it, happy that you have selected me to , prt sent cur great familv of the Luxembourg. ( London, Nor. 14, WS.' ' LOUIS BLANC. Louis Nnpo!?oo a<em? confluent in auioeaa. ami old* regular i?-ve? a ; it la difficult to explain hia poularity. The Marquia cf Nornianby. our Ambnvaor at Tarlf. haa thought fit to aend a contradiction to he I'm ii-Journal*, which asrrrti j he had called upan cuia Napoleon Bonaparte. Bangui t* are again the order of the day. The ca'rn observer of passing ere nta con prrijnosti%t? -- jor future, from this state of f?verish - * - B. x clt? mmt \1arihai Hu^tauJ ha? uddieseed a le'tir to M. 1 . r*, .a which I e declares that it was not to General | jTH'gonc he alluded when he recommended to th3 It ctore to make choice of a President " oapablo of do- | i iiinaMnx the preunt and consolidating the future." | 1 ! < xpre-sea his aurprite that tliem could iiuve been a i i f mi'nt'a doubt a'ti> l>i< r< al niennit.i:. a-id lie point* ; UarlytoM Louia Napoleon Uuou parte as the candiinto to wl.rni he alludt a. T)'?Clubof the llevo'utlon. of whi^h M Darb'swas he I rffident. haa retutr?d ita ritt't/.i It rnreta at he Sails MontrrrjtiWa Last n'gat ?n iinmenre crowd ' remt.led to witnesathe proceedings '1 he i residant, ictvo.hn intimate friend of llarb. a, with difficulty maintained rllence. The diFcussion was very aniimted and jrore* ibaf the schism between the gonial- ; sis and led republicans beoonies daily wider. Many >f the oral- rs, 'peaking <f I.edru Kclltn. called bim a i ci Hunt <.it r O'bti* nttsckrj Ha'pall. whom they 1 paid 1 5 n I topi*t Tin'1 only time the .1000 pt>non? | lat. foiir.rd the AMeiftWy 'reused to ijri'n *?i when he naive of Hoherplirre wm mentioned. Kot.huMa?tlo ! iia\o* buret from i very p irt ef the reotn. The whole v?ring (ho Hue lie Montf'qnVu w#? thronged with a in-t Itr rrc.?<I, ?n<l the do< n of the club wore re*uarly Vi itemed Mont of ih? legitimist jonrnel* have declared tor 'rince I.oitl* Nepileon. 'I be trfMill'eito. in the Morn?i/; /'??/. w'.'irh purp 't* to come IYodi the L)ilk?of )ci.lmu*, in not rt-guded ar &uih<-ntio, not bearini< a if catuie A c n?ii"> r?''Vfi' <?il ( f p'thon" aHU-mblel on Thwrelay, *3d N' v.. In the I I*o Ven lome. win re Lout* ,Nanlrrn In re*'< > lug. On hl? U avli ^ hl? reelJen-e he itlt l< 'i<*ly ?ti?er<-d. er.d < *' n * i re eft Vp Of " 1'iVe .Mile Nh t'fii. ( ivr I'Hi.ijiftni " Si mnl oftlH rtM b-> i e>r< ?i t? )t rn >1 <?h nun by he haad These uanlfc ?ti?u* f p< jiu'?rl? v. nlih ni|h fl ?ff> ri.nr to tbe ill; IV. .'>r>! hv [<o uterine Wlo. aul hie Irli luli Inar that l.i y *i?l uj.'iuw tlji' p, t X t li>r a < vii/i d'tlnl. <:\ \ I:pk. The A(1 en > fnn.r? ?1 theUh ln?t tr'Tir nr the de ??' >(.p new u.:j?iMity i u<! itjj[fiwiuj? lirr ! ? ant-nlno ?l it:? hi Aitiaiial * u:arl?... l'r- ' . i of die Conrrl! ai.U Xiulrter ?r M*ri *, A. Ii' ? '?>? m.x r < ! ii.e Ir.lenor. I. i u ?.? u .. . ?I nj i o, ?n. I i etc n lc).?.ii> X i r. I.<>linwiltoii? Tim 7B Af ?tr\ Rl ?! ? Ji dtii i' . f. nl'.fr > ?f.. . .... PiiMt W?t?htp. The i hnuib? r/< ?r? Mirnmnnmi n> n f??t on tbr< 13th of Ota.fcwr. iLv uew uUi.try is cuus *u ioi W YO USING EDITION?FRI provement upon tbe last, but still it dots not inspire much confidence. | King Otbo has bad a very serious fever, but he Is now out of danger, atd in rapidly recovering. PORTUGAL. Advices from Lisbon of the 13th Inst, indicate the ecmnienc<i>ient (fa Mlguelite movement; but Lisbon was peifectly tranquil. AUSTRIA. Tbere Is no news of interest. The strong band reigns at Vienna. Military execution* still continue on the glacis. T^e execution of Dlum caused intense emotion through all Germany, but it Issub'lding Uut what can be done ? Austria, notwithstanding her re verus is (till powerful. It was a known saving of Napoleon, " Cellt virile Jtuttiche nr meurt jamais " Austria and Prussia are gambling for the imperial ?ro? n of Germany. Each mocarch has tanked his own crown on the game. Tbe people pay the piper, and Europe looks on with its bands in its pscVets Tbe H't'tnrr Zeiiung, of the 12th,contains the finan rial ?ni v? y of the last elevt u mo nth a. and shows a deficit of no lefs than sixty millions of flr ritia. The deficit in tbe receipts arohe cblrfty from Hungary an i Italy, and of tbe expenditure from the extra disbursen>nta for tbe military. They have been chiefly covered by credit. The daj before a great mercantile house failed for 250:CC0fl. FRPRSIA. A charge of ministry is txp< cte.d at Cerlln every day. The King will ii.ske uoacestions, and byand-by we sb?ll Lave the wlulfc story over a^ain. G KKAT BRITAIN. England is in ilatu quo. They say the whigs cannot etiind thtir ground much loDger. Thu misery in IrelaLd is rery great The cholera kere is not incrtasirg Cur Purls Correspondence* Parts. Nov. 2'. 1S48. Ttrrific Excitement in France. The news baa been receive] at FarK by the l>oat> that General Taylor has been elected President of the United States ; tbat he had 1!J4 to 20 of tha vote? heard from, at tbe departure of the boat?the 5th inst. It creates come interest In Europe ; and the tory presj of London is congratulating England upon the subject. I hope the arintocracy of England will not profit by the measure ; but 1 am aware tbat the English in tereit in our country is strong, ana vnat. it. win require great courage and forecast, in a President, surrounded by it, not to yield to its power. Yersteday two duels in high life, were fought 'n the woods of Boulogne?the one between General Saraguay d'llilliers, of the army, and M. Goudchaux, ex-Minuter of Fnnnce ; the other between M. Adam, Chief Secretary of the Trefect, and Colonel Key, late commander, at the Hotel deVille. The first parties took their distance at forty paces, and advanced and fired. Neither were wounded; and thereupon the General withdrew the allegation which tie ex-Minister baj met by an allegation of falsehood in the Assembly, and then the matter ended. It appear? to me ttint the gallant General got the worst of it. for he made a charge ugainst the icitiister, and the minister told him tb.it be lied; be then challenged fought, and withdrew the charge. The other parties tired twice and M Adam was wounded, and there that matter terminated. The atmosphere heie is terrible?ternfio. 1 feel erery moment as if the war might burst out without a moment's warninrr and the streets run red with hl.i vl There twe duels in high life, at this moment, between oppoiing politicians, are ominous and awful, because a ringle thi ng of tbe shoulders is all the Wttatag given before blood runs- thtre aru seldom three words. The political cauldron is at fever beat and tbtr* is imminent danger that tbe debate on Saturday next, ' between General Cavalgnac and the members of tbe old fexecntive. will put all the elements of civil war in motion. I hope tbe storm will pass over, but it rages ; now with terror; the excitement it to great, that no business of importance is transacted in tbe Assembly. I ftill tbink, that appearances iudl- i cate the election of Napoleon, by the people; the current for him Is deep and strong. All who loved Napoleon hlmtell?who revere his memory- are proud of nis mighty deeds and towering genius?all who det>!ru to avenge his injuries, domestic and foreign?all who oppose the republic, (?en. Cavaignao. M. Marrast, the old Kxecutive, and Provisional Government? all who are hungry, out of work, or in favor of socialism and ' the insurgents, or a general amnesty?all who are out of clHce, and want place and power, who were j opposed to the i-tate of seige. the suppression of the ! journals, or who have been imprisoned or removed from r 111c*?all the old dj nasties, who were seeking to establlch a monarchy?all who want a change, are : tired of lying upon one ride, and want to turu over, i as eern among tbe people cf the United States, in tbe ease of the election of (Jen Hsrriion -su:h are tbe mighty elements opposed to the elezllou of <?en. Cavaignac, and cncentrattd upon Louis Napo. , leon. as the lever moft convenient to move out of tbe'r way the present Executive. T*ie friends Of Itaspsil and Ledru-Itollia arrf auara'ii g among thrunclves; tbe former do not consider Itolllu uffioUntly oitbodox upon the question of sociali*.""! . Lana'tine will be in Tarls after this week and will push ' his claims for the Preahlencv. He reems to be forirotten in the gentral milcr. The enemies of General ("aval- | gnao say, that the debate of Saturday will be so | crutbing to him, that he will be withdrawn from the \ catvafs 1 do not Anticipate tl.lx result but rather one favorable to tfce General, though his adversaries are no numerous and Intereeted to crush him. and to tare theaaelTes. if possible. This debate is It oked for- | ward to an one of toe gravest event* that ha< happened since the meeting of the Assembly, in th*', body. The old Kxecutive are endeavoring to fasten npnn General lavaignac tbe whole responsibility of the blood spilt In June, by refuting to obey their order", ss they say. The mxt three week* will be full of mighty event*. Ireland. In the core rf Martin vs tbe ^ueen. the ( bief Jus- j tlce pronounced judgment on the 18th ult. All the t'bjfctions raised by the prisoner's counsel w<ri-overruled. The other judgen expressed their entire con- j cuirence, and thecosvicUon was aflirmed. Kraner. Tfce sesond editions of the Paris papers, of the 23d ult., have reached us. The lunds rose nearly three-quarters per cent yes- 1 Unlay, under tbe imp?e.?slon that the discussion tixe# Tor Saturday next in the National Assembly will paM off without any of tbe acrimonious personalities or otber lamentable consequences that were apprehended frrm it. The ' speculators for tbe rise" hare, in fact, atratged tbe matter to their own satisfaction. "Hew far this anticipation," rays a correspondent, "will be borne out remains to be seen. It I- t>y fine parties pretended that one consequence of the affair will be the adoption of M. Lamar tine instead of Gen. (aralgnac. as the candidate of the Mod?it i lor the I'retidtncy. 1 need hardly observe that this would fce is fatal to tbe moderate party as the split between the i red socialists and communist* is to those factions? I tbe one proposing to vote for M. I.edru Kollin, the jther for Ai. Harpail. If. however, the fact be. as is (tillreported and generally believed, that the election of I'rince Louis Napoleon is sure, the splitor the unity of the moderate party is a matter of little consequence, so tar as the election Is ooncerned. The popularity of the Trince is described a* general throughout the country, but it is less so in Taris than bight have bten expected. The division of the Pari ians into parties is notorious Ceneral Cava cnai is mpportt il by all who remember with gratitude his deiivtring the city from the insurrection of June, and especially by the party called that of the National newspaper. M. Ledru Kollin Is supported by the more idvanced republicans, and some of the socialists. The in at body of tbe r?d men. socialists, and communists, bo lock up to JVI. Proudhon as their treat leader, are Fcr M. Kn'jail I ItalJ'i Letters frcni Heme confirm tLe statement which appeared In the Frrtch Moniteur iu 8eir of Tuesday, that Cc unt lloaal, the Prime Minister, had been rtabt>ed in th? tbroat. We regret to state tliut the Count died of hid wounda. It la raid that a Corgrtf* will be held at Brtiwels on the Italian queation, ia ccnri'iuence of the Kim: of the Iitlgiana having clTered hi* Intermediation. M de Tccijueville la to represent France. and Lord Minto to repreient Kngl&nd. Auatrla. The Sjicinritche 7.ritung, of the 19th, ?tat?a that three men. charged with having murdered Count Latour, were hanged at Vienna on the luth. I'rnaala. We have received Intelligence from Berlin of tbo S2d November. There ha* been no regular sitting of the Assembly finee the non-payment of taxea w?a voted, but the member* meet every day lo receive and to reply to the addrtn>ea promising support. which are pouring In upon them from all v?rta ot the kingdom The whole of Mle>-1ii,and of riuaslan Saxony. Munster, the eapi.al of Westphalia. tbe greater number of tewnn in l'ometaiiia and tie ItUMlan Marches, the whole of the I (iraud Duchy of I'cien. Dusieldorf, Cologne. Alx 1?clmpelle. Coblentx, and the whole of the town* in the Khti isb provinces, have declared in lavor of the AsM mhly. 1 he general opinion ia. that affair* will b* sml 'aMy arranged by mutual concessions on the p?rt of the King a nd of the Assembly The kingwili, it ia ?;vid, ruall the decree tttuovlrg tlie Ass?mbly to Itrj*n J?-c ling mil the Assenbly w:ll cr.ncel its rouotntnenia lion hot in pay uirii, Tb* Jlit In Chojitllt (iasrtt?) of tha 'i.'il, contain? ? taWgiaphie d*?paich from ( iVcm'. that th< H:indit.btirf kHntxtrj'ti*a r't'gTii'd itftd that Brake- j rati) l? cl aigxi with ih? f< rma<l<>u > f * to* i .1 :>l not, iu which (Jiabcw >1(1 ? '?nipbxii> n Are lo ta*r |i aco. . IlliiiRnr)'. .Acrori'lcg to aiHirto fn 111 Hungary, * grcnt portion rfthr iinptrinl uru y waa ?* Kltt*rr, hunt ' f? i?r irllfp ficm rtcckurs; tint city It Rolf, * w'l M nc?t cf the ?tt(inv positions in th- vountrjr *\* o.'ou- j i ltd fcj Nhi(*>Iid garri'i.BP. ?h i urr repotted ';> bav? nn al-urdam tuf pljr 11 art.llery and aamiuaitl' n It ??p. tior?*fr, lUil t>M rttd ititOlwiiim the Mlnl?t?f f f War. !>?<l join'to Olront/. to trmt trr ivncv M. Mroit*. lhe Irmldnt it tli** At'ftrlsn ?a' to > [ me Vienna I\>r Kti uiur, wWh ef'tial l> ut'<?. vtt | lit SUA ttit, ] iRK E DAY, DECEMBER 15, Germnny. A necond edition of the Cologne Gazette contains | the following address of the Arch-Duke Kegent to the | people of Germany:? TO T1IE GERMAN I'KOI'I.K. " Germans '(I addrera you at a most nerioua crisis, its \ rtgnrds the lbteieet of our Fatherland. LUten to my j words with confidence. "A lamentable schism has occurred between the i cro* n and the popular representatives of Prussia. The perple of (itrmnny tmve taken part in this controversy to a contiderable extent, and they have, In doing so, maintained a praceabe and legal attitude. The voice cf patslon, however, resounds through the land, | and extends with in Hun watery fury. A part of the ! I i in Man Dt putles have reso'ved to withhold the tax#*. By to doin* they have loosened the bands ot political existence. deeply shaken the foundations of civil society, and brought Prussia. and with It the whole of

Get many. to tl e verge cf civil war. PmtHians! the repicscntativca of (iermany at Frankfurt efti ml led. have, in this momentous crisis, uttered (he toothing wcrds of peace. The Imperial Assembly bssezprrssfd a wifh that the King of Prussia should tunoucd himself with advisers who enjoy the confldei.ee ot the country. It bus lolemnly pledged itself to n aintaiu the rights and liberties promised and en Hilt to )N j it has promised you yrotwttoa IgllBll any attempt to violate them. It has, however, at the | mrre time declund the resolution of the Prussian De; putles to withhold the taxes, wholly null and void. " Piustlans ! the Imperial A'sembly at Frankfort re! presett* the German m.tlon in the aggregate, and its I decirion is supreme law (obrrttrt grte'z) to all. "Gomans! 1 will act in full accordance with the Imperial As-emlly. I will not allow the resolution i welch by preventing tho levy of the taxes In Pruasia, I rcdangetv the prosperity of the while of Germany, to be cairifd into effect i " I will, however, enforce the fulfilment of the pledges ! given tor the fecurlty ot tho rights and liberties cf the ; Prussian people; they shall remain intact, as well as i thote (fall our German brothers " Prussians ! 1 rely upon you, that you will stand by ' me-that you will avoid all acts of Illegality and vio' lence. and fhow yourselves worthy of the blessing# of I U ami I u, 111 maintain it ?lo? """ 'w- " (p ?? " Germans ! 1 rely ou you who ftand by me. and I will stand by ycu. The lor# wished-for object, fur which *c aie striving. Is nearly attained. The labors of the German constitution will noon be completed, and i our beautiful latberlnDd will then, in unity and freedom. be great and powerful. (Signed) THE ARCHDUKE .JOHN, " Regent of the Empire. Countersigned by " St'HMKRLINO, R. Mom , <l Bkckekatii, Dicuhii /.. " Peucker. ''The Imperial Ministers.'' The advices from Krankfort give the issue of a dei creeby the Archduke John, dated the 12th ult., regulatirg the Imptrial German National (lag and the flag of the German mercantile marine. The former Is to be of three colors? black, red, and yellow, in horizontal stripes black above and red in the centre, with th? Imperial arms in the leit hand corner, upon a square field. The Imperial arms are the usual double black j eagles, with golden beaks. and distended red tongue. The Mag <t the mercantile marine Is to consist of the | fime three h< rizontul colcrs. but will not bear the Im- ' ptrial armi. Tbif Hag is to be hoisted by vesseln | lel< ngir.g to ail German States, without exception, and no distinctive mark or indication of the separate States is to be allowed upon the ting ; but ships may, in addition to the national (lag, exhibit another, which shall indicate the respective State to which they btlODg. Holland. The advices from Holland announce officially that the Trustiun government iatends to grant the same privileges to Dutch manufactured goods as to those *f Krglsr d and Belgium, enumerated in the decree of mjc -Mil crjiltiuucr iau. Sweden. Advices from Stockholm, of the 12th ult., state that the Danish government would oppose no further obstacle to the peaceable adjustment of the Schleswig jue?tii n. The Kiuk hail agreed to the opening ol the negotiation in London for the definitive conclusion of peace with (ietmany on the following ba*is :?Ills Dnnifh Majesty proposed either to divide the Duchy of Scbieiwig ami re establish the tlalut t/vu previous to the nar, modified by the union ot the proviooial states of the two Duchies ; or to give to each of the two ' 1 Duchies, to ilolttein ?s well as Schleswig, an absolute j independence, with a separate constitution and adml- | lii-tration so that they shall neither belong to Denmark j j Bur to Uermany, but m?r?ly constitute on* state with 1 the frrmer as rejected the suooession to the throne and its relations with foreign countries This last arrangemem would be preferred by Denmark, and was believed to have obtained tbe full adhesion of the King of Sweden and Lord Talmerston. Baron de Piessen. the Danish Minister in St i'etersburgh, had. it appears, previously sounded tbe disposition of the Russian govnrmt ut. and asked Count Nesnelrode if the Kmperor wruJd sign the projected declaration of guaranty in favor of tbe indissoluble union of the Ducby of Schleswig with Denmark, in esse the government of the French Kcpnblic and the King of Sweden should consr tit to it, notwithstanding the refusal of Kngland to concur in the arrangement. Connt Nesielrode returned to him an tvasiv? rrply, amounting, however, to a refueal. and oniy undertook to assist in effecting an equitable division of the public debt between Den- I mark and Schleswig. in proportion to the population o! er.ch Denmark. Letters from Copenhagen, of >he 11th instant, men- , tic n a report that the Mi nit-try hsd rerigced the jwrte fr\Ulri, which resignation had been accepted by hii ] Mi jesty. The formation of a new cabinet has been cuiiueiru io uvuui ivBTfuiiow. ?nu ivi.u. vmen tua | (M , Obr advices frrm Ccpenh&gen. dated Nov 10, state: , ? in the higher circles the copy of a nots is circulated litre, addreeted by the Kmperor to the Russian Ambarrsder in France. in which the Kmppror declares that he will uphold the rights of Denmark though be rb< uld be compelled to do so by force of arms. It la generally l>eli< ved tbat the new ministry, In conjunction with the King, will not enter into aDy conditions, In the rigotiation for peace now pending in London, which sie contrary to the wif-hesof the people as expnmd at the Frankfort Parliament The Important post of Director of tte Bureau of Foreign Aftairs haa Mt yet been filled up. The late ministers have, it U amrted. promised their supprrt to the new ministry. Switzerland. A letter frem I he canton of Vaud says ?The oele- ' l.xation cf Catholic worship was Interdicted on the lUth at Nycn." Rnnla< The St. Prltrthournh Gattllt, of the 8th, eontains a report, according to which Chainyl had sustained a defeat In the Caucscas. The Kmperor has bestowed a fhower of orostet and rewards on the generals and cfflcera. Kgypt. Intelligence reached London on Tuesday afternoon of tbe alleged death of Ibrahim Pacha, of cholera, but no particulars are given. Tbe Paris papers of Tuesday evening state that it is his father, MeDemet All, who had died, and that Ibrahim had assumed the reins of government. Tbe M,miliar dr Sum , of Tuesday ev. - i ilny, gives the the following short letter from Cairo, dated the 6th The health of Ibrahim Pacha again excites terlous uneasiness." India and China. We have again advices by the Overland Mail from > c India, with dates from Calcutta to the 7th. Madras to b tbe Sib, Bombay to the 17th October, and Hong Kong to the 30th September. * i lie mum government om n once ueierminm upon the annexation of tb? I'urjaiib. noil by thin date Lord Uotigh In in the field with 30 000 men. wbllft 10 000 trocjn would eo opt rate along the line of the Indus. Ceylon continue* treciuU,and the districts of Kan. ; dy and Karnrgalla bare been relieved from the operation of niartial law At ( acton everything wan quint, and bun!nem had j been more ?xten?lv? From odvlcei of that and the India market*, we refer to our uaual ecmmerclal report. The KITc?t In Knrope or the Election of Uenrral Taylor. [from the Pari* Conatitutlnnnel ] j Oeneral Taylor will I ring to the rrcftidt-ntnbip of the t I'olttd State* a sr?at name, a *potle?* reputation, a probity above all rupplclon. a loyal and Arm character, and. ubove all. a flncera love of peane. (inn Taylor conducted with vigor and talent the war with Mexico, a war which be oppo*ed an impolitic and ur>ju?t (Jen. ( aiM on the coctrary, bad inspired great uneaMne**, from hl? mlFch'ef making di'prxltion and hi* Immoderate paction for conqu?at. He wan the defender of the r war with Mexico, on many ground", and adveriary of the treaty which terminated It; he allowed It t? be *ald * n nd repeated, that be wonld be the support of all the j made to lead to the complete absorption of ? Mexico. Without believing, with hi* adver^atie*. that E be ever thought of intervening in ftvor of Ireland or , of taking ( uba from Spain. It may b< iinng'ie<l, with- ] (lit Irjuttice. that the presence at the hea 1 of affair* j of a won like (Jen Ca*f, would ba<e been an encour- , igiaent to teekera of adventure*, and the fignal of r ?< w aggrenlona nuainFt Mexico. All who feel an in- ? teie?t In peace not being troubled beyond the Atlan- , tic. in the United State* not being obliged to)"-/ j heavy dutie* on Kuropean Impoit*. to keep up their j r.itnle*. will eartly comprehend *11 the eati'faotion that t ir.n emciuu wnurim ajrioi nuguv WW K.rpllrh. Such per*ouf> a* *rn interested ill the trinri j h ( f principle*?the true friend* of the American* ? who could not rte without regret the manner In which the aflalr* of the I nion have been con looted for the la?t eljbt jesrc, will not be ie?* plrMfil with au electoral rr?olntl?n which c*irle* to power on listened men. ennnief nf violence and corruption. I IKiom the London Timed ) | The elrcth n for TreeiJent ot the l, nitrd State* took : place on the 7ih In W The Kuropa, whleh bring* th? , teiu t a* f?r rs it oouid then b< a-o< rtatued. left New Yirl ru the kth. eighteen hourt hfl?r the olo-ingof tho [ |nl t'y n?nrH of the eleottic telegraph, it *?s known | i i.at (ietetul Inrlrrt*'! received 1-11 electoral rote* > hv.biii.1 (> i,?inl ?.<'? 20, in the Mat"* u-ar U to \ i r t w V'< tfc U 140 v. In WOtlld p ace the farmer In an i rb o u e najerliy. them t?i no dou'it nf a triumph bejord e?eh tue t?ntk,!pa>inn of hi* friend* It I* true I tint 1'* irt?r?*t lay chiefly In tf.e Rercantilu and i it i 1.1. (I: < 11 r t>c pifts (f the I nloii. *o that th? return* fictn tho State* n t jet ti por'ed will reduce Owoeral t a-?'? trli orltj ti? ler* in Igtilflcant figure. XVhen tl.e kurpalei'i ho r?v? r, I'. ??< deemed impo**ib!? that 1) o>e Mutt * < ou.d t rn the *i ?l* Otherwi*?. one ii tltl.'k hy 'h? ?nr?eehf run kolnvrt of a de|>%rtiie? at .u.invat. Aii utiuuii u?4juat MdiiMei wuieb, IER A 1848. for four years at leant, created the greatest p?r?on?/j? and decided the mo?t influential policy of the New World Yet a great steamer, with sixty-two rtnpectable pastergers all <jf them probably somewhat int<>regted in the election darted across the Atlantic < n Its mission as a link between the New World and the Old. before the result had become a matter of alvolu'.e certainty. 1 he only parallel one can think of U thit in the (ireek drama it here the interest is sustains 1 by the arrival of successive messengers, each of who u set ids to tare left the ecene of action on the eve of a catastrophe. Under present circumstances, it ii Impossible not to regard p?ace and war. or rather a trl*ndly and a .(tiarrc,force policy, an the alternatives chletly at l<sue On this view of tl.e case, the choice ni.vde by the N:a*es calls for our warm congratulations General Taylor's military ivputation it is not our business to exalt. n,? Mexican war was no concern of ours, but It was impossible not to admire thu dating the hardihood, and tha skill of an Invasion, conducted into tha heart of a diitant country, under a tropical climate, with an army of voluntet rs, and carried to the metropolis and U-<t citadili f the empire. But OMUllTkjlor has b"U*r jualitlcations for government thau these Ills speeohe*, his letters, and bts whole conduct, show him to b? a gentltniuna man of temper, of conciliatory habits, and KCtd M n*e '1 he humanity of which he has given nm?y proofs in his military career, has been p |iia.'y conspicuous, though douttless c<i'ially tried, In the new field of political warfare. The mild tone of the Gent ral's addresses f hows that he can spare his fellowcitirens as well as hiB foes, and respect feelings as well uo u:n auu jiutiruj 11. ?:? ri'mciu.uS, ""i >u? un in not a [ arty mac. lit? ban hn-n selected by the whig*? that is, the conservative and traditional school, not lor ? ay opinion? he hail ever exprMMd, but simply M a durum el inurabilt ncmtn, likely to unite tnany ?uI'irsgi i lie van c (Tt r<'d, iD fact, us a comj>roml<? to all [aitits. As such h?> ha* been acciptrd by a v&U majority of the more re?pectabl? oitizeuH ami as such ho has bu n denounced and contemned by the tirrbr m ib ct the Union. <>?ceral Cass, it must not b? di("gulst-d. would havo been a serious inlliction and wu ure thankful to be tpitti bin, 11a la a frantic envi*r and batur of ( ur institutions, empire, and race ; with sulllcleat i mbition to inspire JaDgerous deigns. and sulllcieut rashness to lead him to the attempt. When the (. '?- i neral represented liin government at Paris, he made himielf remarkablu for the continual blttt-rneds of hit* tone to this country, lie appeared to have Imbibed tbofe fabulous and vulgar notions of the llritish aristocracy, and of British policy, which Cooper hag embodied in his novels, and which the lowest portion of the American press industriously propagates with ever increasing exaggeration. Kver since February he has been loudly proclaimed an the man for the crisis, and as the most suitable gift the 1 nited States could oiler to the genius of revolution in the Old Woild. America, it was assumed, must ba invoked, and. if not, would at least make an oppor- 1 tunit/ oJ interference. Ireland, C'unada, Cuba, have ' become familiar words in certain circles of the Union, i There can be little doubt that had Cass been elected, , he would have bten prepelled, noc only by hU party, not only by his numerous Irish supporters, but by his 4 own taste and ambition, to attempt another grand feat of annexation, lie would not, indeed, have carried \ with him the public opinion of the States, lie would have Involved the Union in unprecedented debt, and struck a heavy blow at its trade and w?uufaot <res ; I but hu would have run all risks for fame and power, on the gaiLbler's speculation, that if ho should succeed, the Congress of the Union wruld accept that expia- l tlon of the crime We will not ventuie to speculate on the consequences of a collision with the States. It would have been most disastrous to both parties, for tuch is the pride and constancy of this oouutry. I that the quarrel would have been maintained at a'most any expence. But, dwelling, as we ao, securely by our neighbor, nnd lab< ring to be at peace with him, we do not deserve to be dragged into a quarrel. General Tnyltr is elected without pledges. Though . he is the whig candidate, it is admitted, both by friend and hv foe. that he is returned bv an extensive coali tioD, embracing many varieties of opinion. We are not. therefore, disposed to dwell much on the accident that among bis supporters are many who expect him to reward thtrn with a protectionist tarllV, and other like mi Bf-ureB. Happily in America, as In Kngland, there are men who can forget their party,and remember their country; and who are content t.> purchase, with a lew yt am ot abuse, an Immortality if pral'e. Whutev< r atilmale are peculiar to K.ngland or to America, self-interested patriots are coaimcn to both lands, and they every where vent their disappointment with the fame ignominious fury. We are inclined, therefore, to hope let the day when thousand tongues will stigmatize (Jan. Taylor as a monster of treachery and ingratitude, because he has not sulllclently checked the introduction ot British manufactures, or otherwise spent the resource* of the Union for the exolusive benefit of two or three Mates. When Mr. Polk was elected, the cry of his supporters was "All. Oregon or none;" and he was held pledged to give etlect to that modest aspiration. We ventured to predict, that onca created father of his country, and warmed with the more gennous instincts of power, he would consult better for the L'nlcn than plunge It Into war for so n ere a tri2e. and for so unjust a caufe. That prediction we will now repeat on ft new cause of quarrel, (it n? ralTaj lor will not set the growing Western State* against the it aboard, and class sgalnst class, for the sake of a fraction of bis numerous supporters; and were he to desire it, time only can show whether the (. obgrcss would rupport him Recent experience see n* i 10 indicate that commercial questions are, happily, in- j ?*nde nt of party and c t men. and rest with less oapriciou.q power* for their favorable solution That arne expedience proclaim" that if a man wants to wreck his pi Kent hopes of power, to scatter hW folIcwei*. anu Vr'n tiic'r uncompromising hatred, he cannot do so more ceiT*s?'/ hy promieis^ to control the el?mt nts in thfir favor. ? tllG of th? sruntry into the lap of a few, and to rxducua *e0" I pie to the service of a selfish monopoly. ' Ittlarellancousi The Rkv, KiTiikR MiTHtw.-The members of the S'orth Star Temoeranue Society have received a letter 1 rem the " Apostle of Temperanoe," which contains he following gratifying announcement My heslth a now, thank Ciod. completely restored, and I anxcusly look forward to thu fultllment of ray ardent deires in the mmirg spring. I hart ulready commitilcated with the high minded people of An^rlot on be mbjeet " It will be recollrcted that the Iter, genUman has accepted an invitation to attend a tea iwty. to be given by the members of the North Star r?n>persnce Society, previous to bis departure for Imeiiea. Politicai. Exile* ?The Uache M I'.vers which pulled rem this pert on the 4th August last, with emigrants or New York, arrived In our harbor on Wedneiday, lith a cargo of Indian corn and flour from that port. ! raving her passengers all well. When she left Cork, he had on board, with otler Young Irelander*. th i residents of the Lord Kdivard Kitzsrerald and Arthur )'Connor clubs, and the vice president of the John rlitcbell. allof this city. Letters which have arrived leie frcm New V ork j;ave bo flattering account of the rospects of these exiUd patriots. Mauyofth -m now egret that they 1* ft the country, nii.-^overneu a.? It ras. acd not a few of them would again return if they :ould. One of the presldcuts, on landing, was as ilaimrd as if be bad seen a ghost, when be raw a "hard I | ip" Cork solicitor offering a few old books for sale iubiicly in the streets Cork Comhtution. Rnnli Ar KiicIiiiiI. ' .An account, pursuant to the 7th and Sth Victoria, hap 31, lor the week ending the lhih Jar of Novem?r, 184b. IW ' HI IMHTMKST. fell, ittucd X.7,(Jiivermntrt Debt, .ill.01.1100 Other Scmitics..,. 2.9M,;*X) C"ld l'om and Itul- I lion liW,!'M ! Silver Bullion ?)7.W JC<7,IIM.8S? ?27,198^38 j I A M. IMi c.| i-abtmk .r. , rf prist'r?' Capital.! U./.VJ(1 o tiayernu'iit Sccrrl. *?? 3,121,479 tie* (in-lrlln# ublic D< petit* (in- l/c.l ?ti/htAu ekdirg lathe- nuity) jCl.%:?9,llia <i'"r. ftaticgf Oilier Securitie#... l').7<i'.l,umj links, Con,tin- Not** 9,.Vii,liWJ tleteil cfKatic nal Ov-ld and Sihir ta>f, ?rd Diri- loin 721,123 d?? d Accoon'e),, fi.HO <95 t).tr D?|?iwt(i... ,i It,0)4,'Hi even day and ntl.tr , Ilillf 1,136,211 I jt3i,174.*29 ?14,174,?29 Tl?e CornTrmle of Kiiropr. [Prom tb? Lnidog Mercantile (iazett*, Nor. 24 ] Held wnik bat been mere or lest interrupted *ince ur la*t. hy the fr?.|uent shower* which have fallon a d tieren't part* ft the country, but the Qrat three nek* in th>- month bavin* proved f**oral>>. a large readth of lard intended for wheat ha* been seeded, td the work ha? generally been acjotnpliahed ia a LOie mtitfactory manner than, from the prtrlouily \11< r'enred exn i*We act. mlcLt hare beeu expected. wea'her l:a? not been by any m?in< favorable of , ?te for improtlng the condition of th# coia In utank, tor cnn we calculate ?n much improvement in thla Kfltt until ?n interval of fr< t ?hall hav* taken >)arp The very bid order In which most of th? new iheat h.ip come to hnrid. haa un.|ur?tlonably had ?ome nfli.ence In regulating the operation* of buyer* and ia* cauaed them to purchase with greatar eautlrn i tan thiy would In all probability hare done If I he quality bad been better Hence the tr.?da < it* remained in a languid state notwitbutan*- ] tg the rmallneM of the deliver!*-* Ir >m th* i !?iwer?; and even at the market* In the a?ri?nUu. al diMrict*, where foreign hae not cone directly Into < O'pvtitlfn. the tendency of pr;re? h?* b*en down- ( ?ardn At tha large eenauniing towns and tha dtf- . etent port* on the ccaat whire tbe etoekl of forelun , it* large, tha decline baa been more d. ct Jed. and ai i ( iet tbtre doe* net app? nr rout h pro.'pect of anything j ( ikeaially crcuriirg The arilv^< from tba conti- , n.it of Kurr.pe late r.ot been a.i 'iiilte o ilb-ral a j 'cr.le thla week a* previ ' y but for. ;'<!?rab!* arpp'le* , of fleer Indian tirn. V? , b*ea re?eb?d our afws fr> m tba t'nit* d .N'atr* at.d there 1* rm oo tu b-l.cvo Ibat *e tbaii bav? fuitlir le.-clpt-i tt 111 the astr.e i|uarttr during tl i? ai.d next month. are. ho*erer, dirpcrtd to think that import* rn w II taor tly land in b' rd ?id wait till il e lft <.f JVhtu ?jr r.?tb*r tbaa . 11... r....? nt , lit v. and that no nd-ii. i?;i of l>: p r trnire will l>? ?B?Jf t" our ftVftiUMe bcf-'rn :!ib I *tlod r.?n < d It If, tbfTffor*. !?; ?. t<iit>r<>tiabl<>, pif Ueulnilj if th? winter n.?y pt?v? mrtir 'but tlcB* ir?y ilf? to a inotfrttt* fx'at y?t, hi* rT?r th? corn tr?d? In all it* toni<< .lit* i*ni?lo* ><x efMlv^ly dfcffd M*'k-Un* ?fti<'l* h** ItQlOCMIU illltt ?u v.- ? ... , * wmmmmmmrwmtrmr ? /?i 11 mmiwm win u -?*. ?:T. *r -^?ni T Tfc JLf ? TWO CENTS. I of wheat by land-carriage lamples from the homo counties was unusually nim.il, urith iitUe or nothing fresh up caastn Ise; this failed, however. to cause any competition amrng the niller*, who manifested no Inrlltiation to buy except at reduced rates, and before factors oc ul 1 succeed in effecting sale* the; were under , the oece. nity i.f accepting prices 1* to'ii perqr below thooe curreut on that day 'nuight. Sine* then the transactions hi. ve been <if very little importance. and, 1 tr'tlmg a-< have been the supplier considerable dillirulty ha* beeu experienced In realixlog the terms paid In the comuoMiceinedt of th? week. Our market hw been Tinted by a 'e# country millers In search of good utefui qualities* of foreign wheat. <)u Monday ft toletnble amount of bu*lue?a was done at a similar deS cllno to that noticed as having taken place on KngI llfh Subsequently, however, the inquiry subflded, , and the trum act ions, both ou Wednesday and thin morning, v re of a retail character The top quota1 tion of luwn-niH.de flour has remained nominally unaltered. Norfolk households, and most kinds ot for| e'nu. have lit . n rtVered tid to la per sack and barrel lower, without exciting attention There was a good display ot barley samples on Monday, and though tha arrtvulaot thin grain have since Deen moderate, no portion of the decline (la. to li. per quarter) whiob then took place ha-i been recovered; indeed, secondary sorts | m mailing nariey i>rar>-<-iy m>iu go well to day as in tn? I ruiuKi oru.mt ul lU n.rk M*it has been taken very I slowly, ?ud must be quoted Is. to'is p?r quarter lower. Tim i ujipihs of oats, ?itli ut lining particularly laru'?, , bave been more than sufficient to satbfy the demand, | tbe dt.ihrs haviog tbioughout acted on the reserve. The prion realised onJ.VJouday were at least f d. to In. per quarter lower than thorn current on that day week aud a further dentine to the (-aim extent h.is , tiueu been readily submitted to, sellers deeming it bxpeUH nt to make a further concession. rather than In1 cur landing expend**. lleans and pease have felt t*e influence of tho general dnpr*js?lon; the fo;mt*r article receded In., and the latter 1j to 2s p?r quarter r<i Monday, and so far.from any improvement having been cnui-ed by this reaction. s.iles luve beoome in^re difficult fr< m day to day. We have lately had inquiries from Ireland for floating cargoes of Indian corn, but generally lit a price too low to meet the views of sellers, who hnve continued to usk ills, to :15 s. per quarter, cost. freight and insurance, for the bei-t heavy qualities. No alteration took place in the duties in London. Liverpool Com iiut? l;i 1 Sminiinry. I b rum the Liverpool .Mail, Nov. lift | km iiasi.k, Friday twening. Though we l.ave not been d,>iu< a lur^n amount, of buinuni.1 as yet, compared with the state of our tradd at the coireeponding period of firmi r years, yet ther* is a fair prof pect before us of returning briskness. Tbo MMM. OVMUUP mn unua.i^ i < ui vv<-* '? ?uu Aii/vu?jr uiuuwi j of November, but in that through which we are now hastening they buvo been inuch safer than formerly, and though Hit-re has not been mush effected by wholesale, small purchases have b-en rather esteusiVM, anti these almost wholly for cash We may shortly look for a more ptrfeot restoration of conQdence, which will am pill y these matter* consideiably. Tiie railway companies have published their statement*, which, if not ilecIJedly satl-factory. gWeJ^ood Krrtund fur hope of ltss disturbance in that interest h*eaf er; all fears abcut the potato crop in KnfWn'l, Ireland and Sootland. have been completely ui sipa'ed; and the MancheMei manufacturers who are always gruabllog when not fully aod profitably engaged wl'.h their factories. are leginuing to wear moro cheeif.il taoiM than have recently been observable on their vl< t* to thin enipoiiira. From thtsn oircH'aitanceH and the knowledge that articles of all kind?, whether of home or fort ign produce,uie lower in price thin was ever before known, ai.d whilst the warehouses are far from being overloaded with stocks ot any Ue.?or:ption. and breadstuffs and other previsions a' e pouring into the country in large quantities, or a.e on their way hither, It is anticipated that we must piss throng the ensuing winter without any difficulty Mow the agricultural Interests at home aod In Ireland will be able to stand the foreign competition to which they will bs subjected by the operation of free trade measures, and haw our tradei-meii will be enabled t> bear up against it with the heavy local and genera', taxation of which they have Ion ; had good teason t > complain, remains to be tested by time. It is to be hoped that tbafree traders will tot prove to hiivo been deitructlve of all lha - Is good an i useful in lhul~ native land forth* benefit ot foreigners, though ruc.h a result is setlouity apprehended e en by thaws vho have looked upou thsir n.ea.'ujes with acme degrte ol favor. COT! O.f. We hare had a largo demand this week aod price* of American cotton under 4'vl perlb are .fed parlb. dearer since tl is day w e. k, above that quotation they irevitbmt change. Bmz's are fed. per lb. higher; Surats are also fully'id. per lb dearer; Kgyptlana and Sea Islands without change. The salsa of the week ate 40 540 bales, of wbiob there have been taken on speculation fi 60<> .Americau 1,500 Surat. and 160 Maronbam; and lor export S20 .\met!i;an The committee's quotations for folr cotton are, Mowed, 3^1; Mobile. 3,fed; and Orleans, 4',,1 The sales to-day are H.01.0 bags, and the market cio.<es steadily at the advance. Thel?nports this week ur? 'it 041) bales; sales this year. 1.444 41 ; sair.e time last year,'J0?i 06'J. The est minted Hocks are 11 7.10 t>aies; rams tim* iwc year, 87.2*0. There bave butn taken this year by the trad* 1.222 TOO bales, by Fpeculators, T''i,8i(); by exporters, 1P6 7 0; same time last year by the traia, 'J41.020 bales; by speru'.n tors. 2E6 050; by exporters, 1 110. 11 will be seen that, In spite of all the outcry of the pad ten or eleren months about the decrease of the cotton trade, that the manufacturers managed to take a much arger supply of the raw material than in tht? former year, while there *?? little m ir< than a fourth of the quantity taken on speculation. The stock la reduced toabont 5 OoO bales more than last year, but large supplies are at hand. It is apprehended that, on account of the low prices on the other aide, soma of tba large planters will hold back their crops. aaaioiTurra. There *M a attendance of town and neighboring millers it ""''tJiday morning's market. Wheat was tleable onli In s^T*11 <l??i title ?, at a redaction of 3d to ' d per busbel on the ?< l?? Hour was dull, and Is per sac." ?n^b"r"1'?"?r . Jerllned ,'jd to Id p<-r bucbel, o 1 * mealing quality was very email Oatu**,^Vr~ per load cheaper. Kgyptlan beans support *"V . ' [>as were Is to 2h per <|>iarter lower MaltlLu ^L. * net a fair sale at a reduction of Is per quarter. * lemand for Indian eorn was less active, but the Tain., pras considered unaltered The duties on grain and lour are without any change this week. The value of wheat was unaltered at our market this morning, but Lhe bueineaa was small. 1 he sale of aack fl< ur wis iikewlas dull, but there was a better demand than of late for American barrel*, and 29<< was obtained for best western canal. Oata declined Kd per bu?hel, and oatmeal fid per load. Beans brougnt late rate*. Barley indpeas both alow aal?, and easier to buy. Indian corn was in fair request for Ireland, at late prices.? American white 33s 01 to 34a, and yellow 35s to 39s 64 per 4801b.v Indian corn meal )7s to 17s 0d per barrel. Kntered for home consumption at Liverpool, from 1st March. 1648, to 2lat November: Wheat 176 321 qrs; oata 4 734 qra; barley 21 580 qrs; bean* 72.1*2 qrs; Indian corn 477 347 qra; Indian meal 35,387 bbls; flour ( 2,708 bbls. Remaining under bond In warebaose at Liverpoel, 21at November. 1848: Wheat 47 305 qrs: Hour 07.096 bbls; Indian corn 9 VISA <jr?; Indian meal 11)28 bbls; oats -03 qrs; beana 11,286 qra; pess 10 qrs. rbe imports ef wheat, flour, (to . into Liverpool from foreign places, for the week ending the 22d of Nor., ire heavy, being as follows 6H 373 bushels, 10,199 quarters. 21.034 baps wheat; and 876 birrels, 2.765 bags Hour; 97.381 bushels. 45 768 bags Indian sorn; 1,791 barrels. 1,610 bags I ndian meal; 1,938 bags rioe; 1.840 pockets rice; 8,000 bushels. 3,004 quarters, 1.206 bsgs. i39 barrels peas; 803 quarters beans. The Imports of *h*a;. he , from Ireland, for th? aame period, are 130 torn. 1 270 quarters, 593 barrels. 81)9 bags wheat; 610 tans, 2 0t>/> quarters, 182 barrels, 166 packs, 3,000 bush, sats; 2 .'.65 sacks flour; 324 tons, 5,816 loads oatmeal; 27 6 quarters beana. In the London Corn Market, to-day. the few parcels jf Kcgllth wheat eshibtted were not olTered lower than n Monday, but the demand wan exceedingly slow, koretgn scarcely aold so well as in the beginning of tha .reek. Flour was the turn cheaper. Barley hang t.*?llv on hand, thoush freelv offered at Monday's leclice. Oats wei? rather easier to boy. In other Litirlfft little or nothing doing The following is the Wakefield report to-day Arrlrals good, Wheat Is a 2*. lower; barley Is. lower; >ats and shelling rather lower. AMFRICA5 PBOTUIOifl. New beef Is much wanted. The dealers are put to ?r?at inconvenience, and forced to order from Ireland 'or present wants. At the advance noted in our last here has been a fair business in pork; line nesr Is icxlou?ly looked for Old barnn has h'?# dull of sale; i little mora tew just landed, has been sold at 63s. Wa bave large arrivals of cheese. and prices have receded 2s. to ui. per cwt. without inducing the dealers to buy freely, The market must be called dull, with a downward tendency He- f?I nited States prime meps, par tierce of 304 lbs , *;'>*. to SSs I'ork?Unit#d States prime mess. per barrel of -OOlbs.. 30s. to 69s. I! icon, per cwt, westt rn ,;fis. to 40s. Hams, dry, per owt , 84s. to 42s. t heeie. line, per cwt., 4,'>s to 4?j, middling. 8Us to 44s : ordinary, 32*. to 38s. Bu'ter, p?r cwt., < ansdian C0?. to (3s. Import* from 10th to 22J Nov., 1648? !?< ? t. 3 brls.; pork. It) brls ; eheess, 162 casks and l.V-40 boxes; b.im<, 21 oasks; bast n, 3i0 b< xes. Previously this year?Beef, 13 rt65 tierces, sr.d 2,Cf5 barrels; ror'i, 32 324 barrels.; heere. 4 131 castil and 73 391 boxes; butt?r, I <09 casks; har.. , 1 v 2 loose aui 3 018 casks; bacon, 10,870 tox?s. ?'KHtR?L aMcmcAN monrr*. Tbfre is still a preat scarcity of >lontr?'*l po* ashsi, ind where ra^es t.*ve been itltcttd the highest quoalircs ha\e beeu obtaintd; of pe?i"ls there Is a Mir *,ick, ai.d the i?les ;euerally. 1 a>" been at a Je-'ine >f Is. per cwt. No Ntw Vrrk b tad i here. Kor t| ier-itrc n ktrU tbere Is not much ini'iirj, bat 25 bods , I r rt of (,arc?1 jtktariirrd bf? 0'. til per cwt. litm th* ?hip's sU'e. A forth' r M l his taken p!a*? ? (? .. urn. of 340 tons oil,.i d t>y aoocion on !Lr 2l?t ln.-t?bt, ic y 100 t n< round hiupr* *t * K due tie a <{ 1* to 1? 81 prr cwt. rhiel/ fir ,r?p n ?k'ii< iir J rfi?Ti(l!i ry purpe:'".-%t n sf nl* kBdrrtlrf* tl.n cruc^ t ..In n m.i-1 bi it!n ih hit nr*> h vf b'K'i tr ltin^; t .? l> mij mpply ?t prr*?Dt b ng largo f>r?l;n is It at III tin ljHt no frr U ft u: I >! ??l? an J hi ?v l>* If. 1 on iror? f?toiftl?!? ti. m la ?rr.i. UrJ, ?n<t ?h?'? i i!slh? tr.ii Kici'i n* )mvt b ?? Hand uiniUll li*,<itt rb'tit f>inir pr r?*. I uri -i.tii,?, Qua (patty. U ru'Vi r n<Tf Ir i"|iff. ncii 7' :>r!? ?l i.-ut of * tor* j (? !l,d. to 'it . ?bil.Ht uiiilailo/ i'i?tiy ft? p.tpr> iln bVIh r?-''urlii o. Ir to S,'lrlt- of tur^.oiivx.. rfttl'. H K'?-ia I# In <1( ?