Newspaper of The New York Herald, December 17, 1848, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated December 17, 1848 Page 1
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TP fj NO. 5310. ***" isLiosir site. EUROPEAN NEWS. ARRIVAL OF THE * STEAMSHIP NIAGARA. ?HB WEEK LATER, &Ci, d(C., &C. The steamship Niagara, Ityrie, Liverpool, 2d inat., via Halifax 15th inst., where Bhe arrived at 10 40, A. M., and lelt at 1, P. M., for Boston, was ofl' tiie Boston light at 8, P. M., yesterday. She arrived up to the city at 1, A. M. She 8|>oke, 3d instant, oil' Tuskar, packet ship TnKn IJ ft\r I.ivpmnnl* mwl unmp /fair at 2, P. M., oli' the Saltees, passed steamship America, from New York for Liverpool. Among the passeDgers, we notice the name of Mr. Barnum, ot the Bridgeport Bank, who went out for young Beach, the defaulter ot that bank We also notice the name of Mr. Beach, probably the young financier. The Ihbernia, lrom Boston, arrived out on the 30th ult. The frigate United States arrived at Portsmouth en the 1st inst. Revolution In Rome. After the assassination of M. Rossi, before reported, the mob, at the instigation of the clubs, proceeded 111 a body to the Quirinal Palace, on the Kith ult., when they demanded a new ministry, the immediate declaration of war, &c. About one hundred Swiss Guards resisted them. The diplomatic body also entered the palace to protect the Pope by their moral influence. Some endeavor was made to set fire to the principal gates ; but a few shots from the Swiss caused the mob to retire. Shortly afterwnids, the Civic Guard, the Gendarmerie, the Line, the Roman Legion, numbering some thousands', invested the palace, in order of battle, and commenced a fusillade against the windows. Tiie Swiss were overwhelmed, and the Pope's Secretary, Monsignor Palma, was shot in the breast. The liescaners, by their overwhelming force, compelled submission. Negotiations were opened, and a list of ministers, comprising the names of those who had got up the conspiracy, was sent to the Pope who, under the duress of arms and the fear of personal danger, was compelled to submit to any dictation. The authority of the Pope is, in fact, now a nullity. On the 18th the Ministry was formed, with Ma/zarelli, President of the upper Chamber, President of the Council, iVc., Mamiami, Steibina, Campello, Lunati, and Serini. The Swiss were sent away, and the National Guard occupiedtheir post in the castle. The popular club is the su preme government, and decides upon all combinations. The new ministry has put forth an address, in which they say they will convoke the Chambers. France* As the period approaches tor the election of President of France, the excitement daily increases. The interpellation and explanation which took place in the National Assembly, terminated in the complete triumph of Cavaignac, as far as regards the declared sentiments of the Chamber. A maority of .r?03 to 34, carried a vote of confidence that General Cavaignac had deserved well of his country. The General, in a speech, went over all the points of the accusations made against lnm, Of having, by culpable neglect in not providing for the defence of PuriB, actually promoted the insurrection of June, with a view to raise himself to power. For a brief twenty-four hours, the effect of Cavaignac's speech was highly satisfactory. The funds improved, and his chances for the Presidency increased ; but on Tuesday, the manifesto of Louis Napoleon appeared. A change again came over the minds of the Parisians, and the star of Bonaparte once more rose in the ascendant. It cannot be denied that the Prince's address is eminently calculated to win favor from almost all parties. General Cavaignac has taken another step within these tew days, which cannot fail to intluence the contest. In consequence of the alarming news Ironf Italy, and the fears at one moment entertained of actual personal danger to the Pope, from his own subjects, and his reported flight from Ilome, Cavaignac has despatched four steam frigates, carrying a brigade of 1,600 men to Civita Vechia, for the purpose of securing the liberty of His Holiness, and respect tor his person. M. Corcelles has been sent ofl suddenly to Ilome as Envoy ^extraordinary, to confer with thp French Ambassador, M. de Harcourt, and act jointly with him in accomplishing the object of his mission. A reinforcement of troops will immediately follow. Cavaignac lias read to the Assembly M. Bistide's instructions to M. Corcelles. The despatch re. pudiates, in the strongest manner, any intention whatever of interfering in the domestic dill'erences between the Romans and the Iloly Father. On the day the above communication was made to the Assembly, Gen. I.amoriciere,Miniaterof War, developed his plan of reducing the army from fit,0,000 to 2!I2,000 men, thereby reducing the army estimates to 270,000,0<)0f., and effecting a caving of lfc'(),000,000f. The most strenuous eflorfs are being made by j he government to carry Cavaignac's election, but a till the cnuse of Louis Napoleon preponderates The funds, it will be seen, have somewhat lm" proved. The three | er cents have risen to f-12 90; ihc five per cent9 to f(>5 10. Grciit Iliitnln. Tn England and Scotland the cholera appears to be on ilie decrenee. Viscount Melbourne died onthe 2llh ultimo. Mr. Charles Uuller, M. P., is also dead. The Bank of England accounts only furnish ad* ditional data of the increasing improvement in its position. The bullion is still on the increase? making the total amount jC18,!H9,90O. The exports from Liverpool still continue on a 'nrge seal'.', and the number of American buyers of goods at Manchester is altogether .unprecedented. Ireland. The arguments of counsel in the case in error, of Mr. Hmith O'Brien, having been brought to a ?.lose, the Court having deferred its judgment, he Irish journals are now almost destitute of news. The maladministration of the poor laws, the e victions which are going on throughout the country an occasional murder in some distant locality, and 'he uninterrupted emigration of farmers at this late fe.ison of the year, furnish the only themes for political discussion in the Irish papers. Austria, It is annfiiirtt?',<'that Austria 1ms accepted the t llcr made by th<? mediating powers, to hold th? E NE v I conference for (he pacification of Italy at Brus- I eels. 11 is acceptance was the lust act ot the Wessemburg Cabinet, and Prince Schwartzenburg on accep'ing, the government at once ratified it, and expressed at the same time to the represen* tation of the mediatory powers, the strongest desire to enter immediately on the negotiations M- Bastide, however, ob ected that it would be more advisable to wait until the President of the French republic ih named. Lord Palmerbton has acquiesced in this. The mediating powers have also agreed that the armis" tice should be prolonged throughout the winter; and, in consequence, Austria has engaged not to attack Venice by land or by sea. The Sardinian government has, at the same time, also engaged to retain Admiral Albini with 'he Sardinian lleetat Ancona. In Vienna, the energetic measures taken by the Prince Windischgratz seein likely to secure tranquillity. The Emperor of Russia has sent the Prince a etter .with the order of St. Andrew, and to Jellachich an equally flattering communication has been made, together with the order of St. Ulatimer. The war in Hungary occupies every body's thoughts. A numerous army of Imperialists is about to enter Hungary, and the German papers | state that the Hungarians will give them a sharp reception. The execution of Dr. Beecher and Dr. Jellinck? (or their participation in the lute events in Vienna, has been officially announced. Beecher is an Englishman. Martial law has been relaxed into the more modified form which prevails in Germany, before the usual tribunals. Tlic Latest News. The postscript of the European Times says the report that Prince Windischgratz has been assassinated was current at the Paris Bourse on the 1st instant, but was not credited. There was a rise in the 5 per cents of i pe cent, and the general opinion there was that the present excitement will subside, and that there will be no attempt at riot, whether Louis Napoleon or General Cavaignac be elected President. M. Louis Napoleon made his appearance in the Place Vendome, on the lot inst. A large crowd had collected, and he was greeted with shouts o' Vive Ncjioleon. Marshal Soult has arrived in Paris. The antechambers of his spacious hotel were thronged by the friends of the Cavaignac and Napoleon dynasties, whe are, of course, desirous to secure the co-operation of the gallant old Marshal. It is believed that all his sympathies are with the nephew and heir of his old Master and companion in nrmn The nrnorranime of his nrincmles.which the Prince has just issued, was supposedto have emanated iromM. Thiers; hut the friends and advisers of Louis Napoleon have now declared that the Proclamation was prepared and drawn out by the prince alone, without their assistance, advice or knowledge. The efi'ect already produced l>y this document will add to the chances, now, it may be said, reduced to a certainty, of his being elected President of the Kepublic. PruilUi The second fitting of the Prussian Chamber at Brandenburg, took place on the 28th ult. No legis" lative business was done. It was agreed that the House should meet on the 2J)th and 30th. On the latter date, M. Simons intended to move that the ministers should summon all the absent members, and in the event of their not appearing, that the government be empowered to call up their several substitutes. In Berlin the progress of revolution is stayed. The contest still goes on, however, between the Court and the Chamber; but General Wrange' maintains peace at Berlin. Oermany. The Frankfort journals state that a plot for a republican end socialist rising, and for the assassination of several members of the German parliament, has been discovered in that city. Italy. Marshal Rcdetski, commander of the Austrian forces in Italy, is reported to be dead. Accounts from liome are to the evening of the 20th. The most perfect tranquillity had succeeded the commotion of the 17th. The new minister, Cumpello, had arrived. The Pope appeared to be satisfied with the new crder of things, and was greatly pleased* to find that the peace of his capital had been so speedily restored. The Alva, of Florence, which is an ultra radical paper, says that the programme of the new government has not satisfied any party. It is too liberal for the rcactronaircs, and not sufliciently so Jor the eualtct. Sicily. The London Timet says: "We are happy to state, on the authority of a well informed local correspondent at Messina, that an almost imrne* diate settlement of the pending dispute between the King of Naples and his Sicilian subjects is expected to lake place. One of the first results of the arrangements will be the surrender of the fortress of Messina, and the evacuation of the island by the royal troops. Vrom Baring's Circular. There has been ? fair deuiand this week for Amerl. can Stock*, and some farther improvement in priced United States Six per Cent Bonds to bearer have been done at UO ex. div., and there are purchasers of . Ohio Nixed, at Hi; New York State Fives. 00; City CO. n ar . M.??1onrl AO >llh tart 1 " ' ? ? little, stock for sale; Massachusetts. 04 a 00. Other prices unaltered. There aro buyers of Louisiana Bonds, of ihe Louisiana and Union Banks, but of no other sorts. Klarketli London Morkt Market, Dec. 1, P. M.?The fundi continue very firm. Consols 87K a 87^. Thespeoula. tire dealings have not been large. Bank stosk is worth 187X to lxe>{. Kxchequer bills have been 4_>. to 45spremium. Reduced Three Per Cents are SO to 86';. I.ivrnrooi., Dee. 2.? Klour is generally held at 21* to 26s per bbl; and duty paid. Klour sells only in a retail way, at the reduoed prices, at 27s a 2Ss per bbl, thedu. ty being now 3a 7>,d per barrel. American wheat, in bond, 6a to 6s 0d, and duty paid 7i to 7s 9d per 70 lbs. Indian corn is also decidedly lower, and may be quoted at .'!0s per quarter for inferior white, up to 32 a 33s for the best yellow; and meal Is dull at 10a per barrel. LivmrooL Cottow Market, Dec. 2.?In the early pert of the week a continued good domand for ootton was experienced, and the business was mostly at a further advance of >,d. per lb.; but the market lias become comparatively qniet the last few days, and this improvement has been lost, or very nearly so ; the only change in the official quotations j being ??d. in fair Mobile, which, therefore, now I* 4(1.; lair i plana, mil iair urjeann, ? ??.; middling of (be three descriptions la atlll 3\'d., and ordinary may bo quoted 2J<d to 3Xd. pir lb . The falcg of Cotton for the week amount to 33,000 balea. of which 7 000 am on speculation and 100 only for rxport. and the Amrrioan descriptions consist of 0 8.',0 Upland at 27?d. to 47, d. ; 14 600 Orioana at 3d to 5>\d. ; 3 4SO Alabama and Mobile at 8)%d. to 4d. ; and 711) ?v'i a Island at 7d. to 13d. per lb. Th# stock In this port ia now eatimated at 475,000 balea, of which about 265,000 are American. The atrivoih of American cored proriaiona during the paft week co?ipritJ* lo' i 09 bbia. of borf, 821 bbia. * W YO SUNDAY MOENING, I pork, 248 bxs bacon. 00ft firkins butter, 3 085 boxes 015 casks obeese. 3?7 tierces 2 269 bbls. 2,000 kegs lard. In beaf. the aalea are of trifling moment. No further arrivals of new have come to hand. The ourrenej l( 05s to 100s. per tierce, for prime new, and 85s to 88s for old. The low qualities of old pork find ready buyers, chiefly for Iieland. New, of good quality, is much wanted for ship stores. Little business is doing in bacon. New. of choice quality, is disposed of at 45s a 50s per cwt. Lard bas receded fully Od. per owt. Kxtenslve sa'ei have taken place, and the quotations now vary from 20? to 40s. per owt. , Butter is in very dull demand; Canadian, duty paid, fetches 57s. to 61s. per owt. TBS DETAILS OF T1IE NEWS BY THE NIAGARA, RECEIVED liY THE NEW HAVEN LINE, LAST KVKSINO. Insurrection at Koine. Letters from Koine ot the i(j J . announce that, on that morning, a lamtu table luiiurreotion broke out in the city. At eleven o'clock, an immeneo multitude, comport d of the populace, the Civio Uuard, some troop* of the line, and carabineer.', oiisemblud in the Piazza del I'opolo, aud thence they proceeded to the Chambt r u<? Deuutiee. to demand of tuem to insist un. ontbe robe's appointing a democratic ministry, and that be should make tbu following oonoeSBions: 1 Tim recognition of Italian nationality. 2. The cocvooation of a Constituent Assembly, and the deliberation of a Federal Pact. 8 That the deliberation* of the Council of the Deputies on the war of independence should be carried iuto effect. 4. That the programme of Slgnor Mamiani, published on the 5th of June, should be carried iuto effect; and the following Individuals should be appointed Ministers: Muuianl, Herbini, ('ampello. Saliceti, Kusconi. Lunati, and Gi!tetti. The deputies marched In prooenion, with the mob. to the i'ppe'tf palaoe. Hid Holiness replied, by Cirdlcbl Saglia, that be would reflect. The populace, not being satisfied. sent the Deputies forward aftecond time, to whom the Pope replied, in person, that h i would not grant anything to violence. In the maantirae, the Swiss and Papal Guards drove back the people, who then rushed on-the sentinels and disannul ttcm. The Swivs then retreated into the interior of the place, threatening to lire on the people, and on the troops, who advanced without arms. The people then threatened to set tire to the gates of the palace, when the Swits fired on the mob, and a cry of ' To your arms!" was instantly raised At three o'clock, the gfncvale beaten; the troops and civic guards av'eiubled, and maintained a tint against the Swiss until 5o'ciock. At ti, the UuiHnal was completely investedlby 6,000. civic guards and troops of the line, and rannon were placed against the principal entrance. A deputation was ugain sent to the Pope with the ultimatum of the people, giving him au hour to return an answer, telling him, in oaee of, that the Palace r-uvuiu ue Bturweu unu uvry sum in iv. e.\'.epu uimHtui, | should be put to death. The 1'ope linaliy rent for the advocate Ualtetti, to whom he announced that he contented to accept the following ininihtry: ? Mamiaut, Foreign Affairs; Galtetti, the Interior; l.unati. Fiuanca; Herbini. Commerce and i'ublio Works; Cam pel lo. the War Department; Abbii Ilosmini, I'ubiic Instruct n with: the rretidency of the council: Serial, In ice. And with respect to the other dem" la of till the Pope submitted to the dooision i!u>Cham of Depntiei. Amongst the killed was I d I'altna the j 1'opeM Secretary, who was shot thro head. intelligence has been received frou ne to the 20th Noveusber. At that date tranquillity 1 been completely restored. The Tope bad not od the (^ulrlnal, but had installed the new Mini in office, and appeared to have leyally acccpted new order of things. The followiug is the " VttUUMAMMK or THE BKIV ROMAN MINISTRY. " Home, November 18, 1813. " Called to the Ministry in the midst of extraordinary circumstances, aud at a time when a refusal on our part would have had the cfleut of placing in oertaln peril the constitutional form of govt rnment which is at present in force in our State, we should be frightened with the gravity of affairs, and of the times, if we were not supported by the thought that our political programme is in perfect harmony, not only with the principles pioclaiined by the people, but also with those which, after ripe deliberation, havo bt-en accepted by our Chanjtfrs? principles which will serre to regulate all our actions, as long as wo remain in power Among these principles, there Ih one which has received, by a tolemn act. the assent of the Trince; and as re gurds ancther. a promise ban been made that he would concert with the new Ministry, in order that analagouti propositions should be presented lor the asceptance of the deliberative Chambers. " The principle cl the nationality of Italy, proclaimed by our people and by the Chambers a hundred times, nod accepted by up. has been sanctioned without reserve by the Prinoe. at the time when, with paternal zeal, he.recalled itgto the recolleotion of the Kmperor of Austria, in bis letter to that Trince. Consiierin; that, in ordir to gain thia good, we must think it indispensable to execute the deliberations adopted by the Chamber of Deputies concerning the indepundencs of Italy, our firm resolution to put in praotioe these deliberations, is nothing elte but a frank adhesion to the vUhes of the r*preseutatives cf tho people. No one will doubt onr full adhesion to the programme of the <r>th of June, whioh was received wl:h so much enthusiasm by the deliberative Chambers. The convocation of a Constituent Assembly at Kome, and the drawing up of a federative act, aie principles and maxims which we find laid down in the opinion expressed by our Chambers, for the convocation of a Diet at Home, destined to discuss the general interests of oar common country. " At the present day, when to this opinion, to that fundamental maxim, comes to be joined the us<ent of the Trince, who also wishes to submit the deolsion of it to the Chambers ; of the sovereign whom the whole of Italy has saluted as the initiator of her liberty and independence, our heart beat at the idea of the proximity of the moment when we are allowed to hopo that we (hall at length see the birth of that federal compact, which, respecting the existence of the Isolated stales), and leaving intact their form of government, will serve to insure the liberty, the anion and independence of Italy. This work will be perfected, in oar opinion, when the glory of Kome and the venerated name of a Fontiff will have associated in the accomplishment of It. we mm programme Deiore the people and the Chamber*. If the people accord to us their confidence, we will use all our efforts to continue to deceive it The Chambers are About to be called together, in ordtr to prove to us if they will ascoid to us their confidence, and it i? permitted to us to hop* that we shall receive it if their political principles continue to be, at the present day, what they were in times past. "O.K. Mazzarklli, Tresident, " S Galktti, " I'lKKMK StkHHINI, " J. LUMtTI." The Tope having accepted the resignation of Trinos C. Aldobrandlnl, commandant of the Civic Guard of Rome, has appointed, on the proposition of the Minister of the Interior, Colonel Joseph Uallieno, in his stead. During the 16th, Trince Rospigllosi distributed bread, wine, and cheese, to the crowd, on the Monte Cavallo. The new ministry has ordered all the arms of the Swiss Guard at the Talace of the (^uirinal to be removed. By order of the Pope, the castle of Sit. Angelo is guarded by soldiers ef the line and the oivio guard. A civil guard mobile of 10CO men is to be Immediately ?stablishid. to act along with the troops who have returned from Vincen/.a. The Argentlno theatre ia to be illuminated a giomo, in honor of the new ministry. It appears that the report that the I'ope had been obliged to quit his oapital was false. The French government has received the following telegraphic des patch :? "Citita Vicciiia, Nov. 21. 1 "Rime ia tr?B'|uil. Th<! rew min itry have publiahod their programme, nua auumcd u.e direction of ?(lairs. i " ti. MamlaLl airiven at Kouio tliie alfeinoun." This telegraphic despatch was communicated to the .7/114 tti/ii Hffiftnta vitll lhi> fdllnvvin.r riAla _ ' It was throuph an error that a Journal announced yesterday that tie rope bad been compelled to .put Rome." Our advice* from Home add nothing of interest to the Information already published. The Top* bad received his new minister* with much apparently good feeling. In the deputies, a proposition hud been made to aasure his Holineia of the fidelity of that rhanb^r; butwhtn put to the was rejected?a pretty clear proof that the deputies are not very anxiom to Iraternl/.* with their sovereign in his present critical situation. The Frc-ncti Kejiubllc. THE IMPORTANT DK11ATK IN TIIK NATIONAL ASSEMBLY. Sittikhi o) Nov. U6. After some unimportant matter*, Gen. Cavalgnac rofe. and proposed that the debate wh.oh was commencing should be limited strictly to the subjuot matter arlMDg out of the published protestation of MM. Uarnter I agis, Uuclerc, I'agnerre, and Barttielemy .St. llllaire. Tills proposition we? received by the majority with appiobation; but. aa will be seen, wan not acted upon. M. B. St. llilaire then rn*e, and delivered an elaborate address, o< which ti> following is an atirldged report >1. Hastiiki ?:mv St Hn.aiac Clttsen representatives. we must tlrat disembark t i' jubate of an Incident foreign to it. w<i uave u iiUion with any journal ; we have authorised no one uiAke publications in our name. The question Is, then, between (. < n. < avaignao and ths executive oouimusl in on the events of June. We should not have ascendm this tnbune if we nad not been provoked t? It; but the Kieouttie I ouimisrii n has not for live months uttered one sirglu woid ot complaint. It would have remained Iiuuo ?ii" IT'BHB fi Mir tmuuilirn wmcu niff BUTroumlni it. Il w? werw silent It wm from patriotism, < mid not to nrtkni t power mrimly too wt-ak. (Very < good ) Our opinion on tbs ?vrint? uf June in kuowa ' nuoe tlm it-port of U.e t-omini>->loii of inquiry our ' rVlUcnee I* but tlmt of truth. IVV h?v? not. pmvoktid 1 i:?w dibate on tlieso ?T?ntP. but wo li*ve ?copp!ed it < RK I DECEMBER 17, 1848. with pleaaure. We know not what maybe the result; but at present we throw It on others than ourselves. If we were compelled to be misunderstood for some tlmi by potted to play that part in history. We hav? written the nl?tory of the events of Juno. This history haa been communicated to several of the frier. Jfl of General Cavaignao. It Is simply a history, and has not been written to serve any private purpose He who has exeroised under the exuoutlve oommi?lon the most humble functions, niay reoount all that took place in these ciroum?tance? ; and to prove what the executive commission did, I wish to read some passages relative to the events of June, as they have been written, and against which Geueral Cavaignao objects. [Here the orator read an article, published in the month of June, from which it appe ars that orders had been given to General Cava'gnac then Minister of War, to have ready ia Paris 15,000 men.J The commission thought, that by this measure, public tranquillity would b? assured; and this would have been the case had Its order been exeouted It wished thai Bomo divisions of the army of the Alpi should b>? called to 1'aris. Thene orders wero not executed. Wlij It i? not known, bat General Cavaigaao has produced no proofs in support of the denial that he h<ts made cf this. However this may bj (continued the orator, who went on reading) it is shown that the executive commission neglected nothing to re-establish order find tranquillity. It results, then, from this article, that from the orders given to General Cavaignao not having been exeouted In the days of Juna, the uwvri'er* of the ateliers nalionnux, profiting by a moment which appeated propitious, prepared the movement. A very tttry altercation took pla ie iu tho executive commission. General Cavaignao, who was called, raid ,be had not received the letter bringing him the orders. Rutin Fsome observations of RartheWiny St. Il.laire, he acknowledged that he had reooived the let ter, but he made some severe remarks against his subordinate, General Koucbe, This general, wlto did not coincide with the opinions of his superior, was at llrnt disposed to expostulate, and. I need not ray, was a few Uhjh after deprived of bis situation. (Agitation ) The manner of aUanUnj r.Ji-j emtute wan discunc?d. Th? Kxeontive Commiaxion unanimously decided that the oonntruation of barricades bhouldlie prevented. M Ledru Rollin,amongst ethers, obrerved that thoy were oontagtous. General Cavai^nac, on the contrary. and against the opinion of every one, declared that he would allow them to conMruot barricades, and only attack them when buIHcientfcices had arrived. The Kxecutive Commission ooneen'.ed. and thus the half of Paris was barricaded. Ought he to have allowed the barricades to have been made? We think not. If Paris had been, on the 2'id, occupied everywhere by numerous troops, the insurrection of June wouKl not have occurred. On thu 23d of June, at ten o'olock. two battalions of the line were engaged in the twelfth arrondissemeut. M. Oarniur Fapes. who was at the Luxembourg, received unorder from lien. Cavaignuo, which enjoined liiin to send away immediately, the two battalions that he had under bis direction. Shortly after, a new order arrived, mrnnciug the commandant of the Luxumbourg to (en i him teioro a council of war if the two battalions were not immediately rent to the National Assembly. M. Uarnier Pages, before suoli a menace, thought he must obey, and the 12th arrondissiment was abandoned to the insurrection. General (Jnvalgnac did not, moreover, In there circumstances, exhibit all the coolness that puight have been expected. The National (iuard murmured, abandoned as they were, before the barricades, without seeing a single roldier ot the line beside them, and to every demand Oen Cavalgnac opposed the most formal refusal. About 3 o'clock, only, (ien. Cavaignao marahed on thu barricades of the Kaubourg du Temple, and came back at 8 o 'clock. During all tnis time I and two of my colleagues were obliged to answer all demands which arrivtd from the Luxembourg. What the commisjion desired was to support the National Guards by troops of the line. At the commencement of tUe struggle there would havo been no danger In disp?rsirg the troops throughout Paris. This is simply my ovrii conviction; and the troops might have been certain (if having the National Irutrd with them. When the barricades were made and armed, they became so many fortrtssei, that must be taken by breach. To alio banicades to be constructed, when they oould be prevented, Is a great fault. Do you wish an example? At the corner of the Rue du Bau a barricade was in construction, a platoon of dragoons, who were passing, charged vigorously, and the attempt was not ren< wed during the four days of combat. The same thicg < ccurred at the Porte St. Denis, where the 3d legion destroyed barricades in the course of construqtlon, which were not afterwards recommenced Krom ? 1, ..r.. ,4.1. V,r\t,' n.-hMnnJ ii.IIU.I Th. only act wbich could be forced upon General Gava'.nehc was to cslltbe artillery from Vinceunes; but again the order given wits not executed until the following day. M I.edru Kollin in vain gave order*. The plane of General Cavaignac prevented everything; Jnir-ad of positive order*, tbe National Guards were deiired to wait;' r.nti in their despair the Nationnl Guards uttered the mo?t bitter complaints against the Kxuou'ive CommlKsion. The plan of General Cavaignac was not doubtful: he wished to create for himself a party, and rentier himself ntcessary to it. lie created immediately tiro parties ?one that of the Hue d*s Pyramid#*, the oihtr that of the ratals National, who took some ateps with tbe General. What passed between him and them? That they alone know. The General, who had refused the portfolio of war, after the'e interviews. being assured of the support of the I'alaig National, accepted the portfolio of war. On the evening of the 22d June one of hia friends, M. Aadeisward, received from General Cavaignac the information that he would accept the portfolio of war, if he could be assured of the support of the R>ie de Poitiers. The parliamentary plot would hive succeeded on the V3d if the sorrowful events of June had not prevented it. The enemies of the commission saw, with regret, the continnance of power in its hands. On the ?ld of June, we again seat to General ('avaignac, to demand how many troops he had; and he answered, waitnly, "Once mors. I don't know." An orderly ofllcer ol the National Guard, more impatient tban we, inristed on knowing. He was answered that tbe general was asleep. He persisted, made his way into the rocm, and it Was with difficulty that M. Ledru Kollin prevented him from awaking the minister cf war. On the 2-lth, in tbe morning, our enemies in the Assembly were not satisfied, and they aald, everywhere. that first, the Kxecutive Commission must be j got rid of. On Saturday, at 8 o'clock, General Cavalg- I nac was in conference with M. Senard; M. Pagnnrte came up, and he learned that, so far fiom attending to the insurrection, they were canvassing theconditinna ^ ?. ... v, i.. v, ?1. - .... 1 1 ? u. i _ ? ? , hid hands All delay seemed, after thin, inexplicable MM. Artgo, Marie, and Barthelemy St Hilaire wished ! to induce him to give order*; he refused, and replied: | ' Do you think I am here to defend you, Parisian*; your : National Guard, who defend their Uvea and their shops ? If one of my companies w.*re disarmed, I ! fhould blow out my brains " Later, they announced that bairicade* were being constructed everywhere; | he replied, "What doe/ it matter? if the Parisians are determined to rite, I will retire Into the Plain of St. Denis,and there give thom battle " Two hour* later, I the tenor ol the general was no longer the satn?; he strode about when the delegates oame to him "What," 1 raid tbey. "do you (till deliberate' Know that Is not r'niply an tineule, but a revolution; all Paris is in j arms." It was then, on a proposition of kh. Par<:tl I)uprat, that the power was oonflded to General Cnvaigrac, and the < oinmitf.'ion eeut in lt^ resignation to the Assembly. All these details are most striotly true. ! General Cat aicnac then rose, and delivered speech to the following tffeot:?Citizen representatives?I aocept the debate on the footing it has pl< ased my adversaries to place It I reptat what I have before said, 1 when I requested to be authorised to address Interpellations?! repeat. I do not intend to plaoe myself h?re as the accuser at the Kzeentive Commission. M. BartheUiny St. Hilaire spt^ks of the silence I preserve I in pretence of these calumnies, which are dtreoted at the Kxecutive Commission; if any of the members of the committee of inquiry be here present, they can do ine the justice to sny that, far from having repeated these caiumnles on all tides, I constantly defended the Kx cutive Coiiimisfion. Informed b7 soine Indiscreet Irienus (hut I wu* about to be reproached wi:h the condLct I had held in the days of June, I r-flied that if I w? re ealltd upon to defend my acts iu tile events of June, I hsd but one answer to mate?tint I had obeyed the oideis I had received If any of the members ot the j cotrmiltce of inquiry be here present, they cm afi'.i m ti nt In the sole time I w.ik culled before the omuihiI'c e, I took upon tue the defence of the comaiij.-i in i'.eelf; : rind I said that it would have beeu impossible fur in to | to have acted otherwise, since I hat had the hmor tf being one of their ministers since tlie I7th May. I never intended to attack a power whose minister I aai I conse jueutly positively deny h.ivlu : ever harbored the thought cf b iteming the aceii er of the Kxeputlve ? ommUsiou. \!y del'enjo, I am ab^ut to make, tnd without. I repeat a?ain, attacking the Kxecutive I'ommie-ion. I here speak of ofll^ial cirou-ustanoei, >1 li if mt on. ... .m.l.ll. ?>...? 1. - h*T? ??caped my iipa I am ready lo give an anawer.? 1'hiif. there 1* no urbate Iftwu-n the Kt??ut'?9 CoramtrBioii and rnyelf ; th* d*;l>at? is bct^-cn m? and \1M. Oarnler Pag. *, I'a^ncrrc. DueWro aud B.n:th?liwiiy <t Jlllalre. They baT? o-oimunlcated tonight p-rnon* ? parcr. iti which I am aocuaed. but which paper they liar- not thought proper to commutiicat* to m<*. I do i ot cnniptaiu 01 that. I xball not abandon that r?>*"-v? which I bare itupofed upon uiyaelt to observe. I >?ll xiraot from their act of accusation tbat part which :oncern? nijMf alon*. My nystera of defence i? vary Iniple Having arrived at Tart.i on th? 17th of May, I d mruintvly repaired to the Kxecutivw Coramtamon. hit tl It Wll m? (illt V tfl lln KK th? ( liu.rnn?. 1 lunuril nt Mgeria. The roiuiuti.*ioti testified the de*ire of aeeing ' ne accept the minletry of the war depurtuent I did 10. I do not reuieinl er on what day we spoke of the larrlaoB ot Pari*. \1 Bai'.belaray St. Ililaire. p-rhap*, nay; but ve *).oke of a frofh increase ?f the^arrimn I rr<|iie?t? I to be Informed, In the moat precipe manntr, of the *tafe of the barrack* and the number of loop* we oould lodge In the city ; everyone ran :onceive bow dangerou* it would have been to have lad troop* bivouacking In the *treet*, In the sritical circume'?nce* In which we were then planed.? I think I can nay thai, about a fortnight after. I In'<>riiie?l the commlr*ion that fre*h re*ouroea had pre. unfed themselves and tbat the effective force of the tarrlion amounted to about Kfi.UOO men. Some time iftcr, It wa* decided upon that on? division of the army if the Alp*, and not two. a* wa* *ali ehould be colectrd at the hrad cf the Bourse* railway. I moreover idd that M. de Lamaitine, every day, *poke io me eonserning the arrival of the troop*; I told him that order* had been ls*utd. and that the troop* were on their match It r?*ult* from ell thl* that. ompriHlng the [iarde Mcbile. thelleptblican <>uard,and the gai dimn )f 1'ails, the rQtotlve of the gairiivn amounted to [ERA 45,000 men, ami to 63,000 when the division of the army I of the Alp* arrived. M. Bartbt'lemy St Hilalre not only aava that I showed great neglect In exeoutlng the j orders I bad received, but also very dearly bint* I did ao on purpose. In alluding to a phrase of my friend General Lamoriclrre, M. ilarthtiiemy St Hilalre say* we systematically avoided colleotlng great maaans of troopa in Parla. M. Ilarthclemy St iiilaire anl my other accusers consider me as a diaobedlent, Inapt min- ' Uter, having acted with the sole view of further- 1 ing my personal ambition: ray honor is engaged In this debate; If It be not au accusation of inoapioity, if I am aojousedof a dishonorable act. I shall, alter having spoken the language of an advooatA to answer ! their acousatlona, apeak that of a soldier, (Applause) 1 have already said that the rneaux for augmenting I the number of men in eaoh barrack had been Increased, and I fhali now ask, upon that subjuot, of my honorable friend, (Jen. Bedeau, if it 1m not true th .<_ we I both spent considerable time and pains to accomplish that end. i Citn. Bkueai' ?I beg to say that thia U p'rfeotly i true. Gen Cavaignac? I have tfcuianinj a copy of the | oidera I icaued relative to the inoreaie of the girri-ton of I'arU. This copy la au iflloiul copy Irom the archive* of the ministry at war ; and if my adversaries d-d Ira to verify the exactnesa if that statement, 1 authori/. > my colli eguo, the minister at war, and even pray him, to allow tnem to olttulu whatever prcors tliey may trunk proper to obtain from liim. The orator then rea l a vast number of extract * from the archives, all tending to prove th -t from the inonlli of May. his oonstautly aimed at collecting a great number of well dlctpl'mid troops in the barraaku of Paris ; that It w.h wit a tUU intent he sent troops from Paris, ir order to have them , replaced by troops from tbe provinces, that it to say, that he replaced conscripts by old soldiers ; he himielf prt sided over tho movements of the troops, ha as (.>> extend tbe gurrifon of Taris from fourteen toflxteea regiments. I have proved, aontiMied U<n. Cava'gu 10, that 1 left no means uutried in order to make the elective amount to 25 0U0 men. Hut, positively, this is perhaps the first time, In a oity, where all it well organized, that a doubt can be raised relative to t!ie effective of the garrison. The committee of inquiry neglected nothing iu order to ascertain the stuw of this effective; they went to the victualling olllce, where^tbey were informed that, ou the 22d June, there were In furls, with the exception of those men thea lying In tbe hospitals, or on furlough, 22 300 men ; and between Talis and Versailles, and S*int 'iorinvm, j 20,020. I most vigorously put the orders of the Kxe- j cutive Commission into execution, and 1 think I not only executed the intentions of the oommlssiou, but > alro those of M. Lamartine. I appeal to tbe good lense | of all "Who can believe that the executive would have | preserved, foran entire mouth, a minister as disobedient as I must Lave been ! I shall not spare those wao | have said so ; but, for tbe moment, I atn but an advo- 1 cate?I plead. Doubtless the memories of my adver- | farie.M tail; but onoe again, no one oan believe that the executive can have preferred a minister who refused ] to obey their orders. But let us leave tbis (question of the effective gairi.?on ; I consider it to be fully explained and judged. (" Yes.") I now speak of the letter written to me by M Marie, in the night of the 22d. I do not know whether 1 am not about to furnish my enemies with arms against me. if I w.ire obliged to say, from memory, what ( did ontho22d, and in tbe night from the 22d to the 23d. Consequently. it is not from memory I shall answer, but from written statements. It did not liappea, even ogee, that the troops arrived an hour and a half, an hour, or even half an hour, after the time fixed for their arrival But it has occurred, that in presence of the multiplied demands ot tho prefect of the police, of the mau iei of Taris, the Executive Commission, and sometimes of the minister of Qnuncus. I have observed the demands, exceeded the limits, of the regular service. And it may thus occur that some replies of mine to thiLt. t lTpofc Tn.iv h? found in the TirvwI t rerltmrr nf lhn Kxecutive Committee. I Khali now refer to the orders of,the 22d. M. Mario wrote mo the following letters at eleven o'clock at night, to inform me that in all the mob meetings a rendezvous had been given for the morrow at the I'antlieon, to go from tuence to the Luxembourg; and he requested mo to (end thither, as early as pomible, a regiment of infantry and lwo>qaa-ltons of cavalry There was already at the Luxembourg a battalion of iufanty of the line, a battalion of the mobile, forming the ordinary guard of tint pila'se, i and a rquadron of the 5th lancers, sent at the request of the prefect of polico. I am sot surprised that my < adversaries, when speaking ol' things they are but little acquainted w'.th. should have thought they demanded regiments when they have only deaianded squadrons. (Laughter.) For my part, 1 intued my orders according to the letter I had received. And wWen I aui uocured cf havkug, to eaUsfy personal ambition, caused | the streets of Paris to be deluged in blood? Al. Btai iiklkm) St. Hii.aiue.? 1 aid notsay so. Several voices.? Vou fild so. Okn. Cavauinac.- I aui happy in beln^ able to produce this important letter, the original of which I refuted to (In Ifj but it the Assembly doubted( ' No.")?f fully comprehend the esolauiatlon of tho Assembly; but I am far from calling noisy manifest*. 1 tion to my help. I do not insist. The -Assembly had understood me; I merely add that I would rathor be a Jorger than an assassin. It is fortunate for ma, besides thin proof of my having fulfilled the orders of the Kxecutive Committee,! could even indicate the number ol the oorps which I sent thither. Another letter was sent to me, at half-past one in the morning, from >1. farthelemy St. llilaire, who informed me, in hi* own name, of the faots M. Marie bad stated to me in hi* letter, and In whioh ha demauded troop* for the Tantheon I sent the troops demanded; batasitwai the Luxembourg, the seat of the government. which was to be attacked, I sent those troops to the Luxembourg. I have no wish to busy myself in the least with the manner in which the troops sent by me were employed. I arrive at the system of defease adopted j by me for Paris. It is not I who invented this system, I 1 and ccnEt'iueutly 1 did not imp'.ovise it. Of two i ' thinps. one must have occurred; either the oommis- . sion found it bad or gocd. If they thought it good, it ! Is enough for me, even should M. Gamier 1'ages aud i | his colleagues judge it to be bad. 1 have always thought, and declared, before the Assembly itself, that the moist Important thing of all, in order to defend a , city against an rnii ule, is unity of command. I have alto maintained this opinion iulhe bo.^om of the Kxecutive Commission, though, doubtless, w>th less reserve? in ?more soldierly manner, if you like; I would not expose myself to the possibility that, in a given circumstance, any one could spit in my face, or tear i oft my epaulets, as was done to a general I shall not ! name?but why should I not name him T?to General Tempoure. One of the principal causes?I do not speak ot moral causes?one of the principal material ; causes which have caused the fall of the two last monarchies,was the dbpersion of forces. Consequently, j 1 was determined I would undertake nothing without 1 having all the forces conoeutrated in my own bands, to as to be able to concentrate them likewise in I'aris. If the Kxecutive Commission, before whom 1 laid down my plan, had thought otherwise, they had but to change tHVir minister, They did not do so; conse quently-let no one come and say they disapproved of | iny system. Besides, I submitted that system to the Generals, Bedeau, and Koushe, some d?ys previous to the combat, and thuy all approved of it. I consider their silence as an ascent to wbat I advance. Without entering into any technical terms, you can I conceive that the dispersion and insulation of troops would result in their being forcibly disarmed; and that waa seen in what happened to the troops .n the Place des Vosges, where they were at a distanoe from all order, all instruction, and all assistance. Kn^asin? troops separately In those quarters where the rmcutc was taging, would hare exposed them to be surrounded, and consequently lost. Do not a.l the returns of the police state that barrioades were being ercoted on all sides? How could troops, sent in separate torces, have been able to act or retreat? The example of the IVrte St. Denis was just mentioned, where the barricades, once destroyed, were not rebuilt. I can easily conceive that; it was the bend quarters ot my friend General Lamorlcli re. (Laughter.) The honorable member terminated by protesting against the word* cf contempt he is ,<atl to have pronounced in speaking of the Parisians He proved that they fought heroically on the 2,'M of June, and that, consequently, every measure had been taken to protect the government and nation. The honorable general then explained the absence he is reproached with on tbat day, and concluded by saying " 1 think I have proved by my words that I caa lay aside feelings whlah are easily excited within me But I do not wish to omit a rertain part of the debate, to mane an easy pleading; I had but to expose the fact*; the country will hate to jud?:e between you and me, between your story and mine. Now, say if I am an nmbitlous man in your eyes, if I have sacrificed my duty towards you, towards the nation; to combat your accusation I have demanded a public debate. I have desired that the Assembly, that the nation, should htar us. When truth is there before us. It is an easy matter to prove ! it There is a arave uuestton nMi Jirv' between vuu unci mr; question of honor. I again ?.?K you if you wli>h to spetik.; atid If I a?k you that i|U?KMon, It In 1)i- ! rauft there la point which I do not wish to atttck but at the last extieiul'y?but when forced to It by y?u. 1 [M Uarnler P*i;ea msd* a slgu that he would speak] Von tell me tbut you will a^aln speak; well, he It so: this evening. to nljht to morrow, if It muat b? to. I fhall endeavor to avoid no dlecusslin. Aftfr the speech of (lunetal Cavalgnac. whloh oocu- , pled in the delivery nearly three bourn, tho Assembly postponed it* sitting, and resumed th? debate at el^ht o'clock, when M. BartheimySt Hliatre agiin addresfd tfce hour*; and, after leiterating some general owm plaint* disavowed any intention of charging U?neral ( avalgnao with a crtmlual tu'oltlon, what was Intended, he declared, wag to Imputejto Ueneral Cavaigntc I those fault! of judgment and neglaot of responsibility I which hid been thrown hitherto upon the Kxucutiv* i Ctmmisslon. 1 Oen Ca>an;"mc ?I have but a few word* to a Id snd 1 I beseech the Assembly to allow me to dnllrer th'*ni at ' this moment The honorable member who ha* just t spoken stales that a great number of person* oomp:aln 1 of not having seen troop*, In the course of th? !Ud ' June, on those points where they deemed it necevary c l< r troop* to have been sent It I hid b*en obliged to s obey every demand of this nature. UUO battalion* c wouid not have sufficed A* to the letter which wai ^ sent to me In the night of ',(,n' """"bar t forget* that he himself told me that It was In some c respects a double order of the one I had alraady ie- t reived from the Kxecutlve Committee, whence I concli.dtd that his letter wan bt^t the reproduction of that I sent to me bv M. M*rle The hon. M. Barthelemy St. ? Hilaite ba* ju?t *ald that he never dreamt of ancunlnj ? me of ambitious caieulatlor*; let me then tell him hu s nijlr IS VIC'OUr, Biiil ll :i- ua rniu luui" nmn un in- ?' ten dill 'i'U? tvriv* of otM?tv?tlon?, whurli in jour i?9- y count, follow nt tti m iliaUc*, fiuia mioutu to mUuUj, ' t ID. TWO rnnxrTc ? ?? w VJUii XOI which interpret* my every action, caking me ast ia concert with the p?rllarai??Uiry plot you mention, this reries, I repeat, goes further th-\n yoir thought* I do not doubt of your Mnoerity. I do not know you; I hav??pcken to you buttwise; but I nan believe thit, wounded in your feeling*, in your affections aul deceived In your hope*, you have written what you did not Intend to write But you yourself hare said that what you have written in h story, and history doe.* not remain burled in a tn:ietni> ? ; it in printed and put Into circulation. Your declaration then doe* not suffl se; It does not place me in a situation in which honor cannot be attacked. I all-ill consequently wait new explanations on your part to know what attitude 1 aia to assume. , M Oarnikr Paohi.?The position In whloh we ar? placed Is very singular. Wo cannot pronounce a word that is not met by interruption we cannot propound our statement* before th*y are interpreted ani travestied. I hare been in anothc. Assembly, whore *? were received in the fame manner by the si'ldm" of M. Gul/,ot. If any one hive the right of b.-lng heard here with attention. Is it not thos<? who have been provoked into [this discussion ? who have b >rne liv? months of attack ? If thi* dlieuwlon be unf?rtunit? for ihu republic, it is not we who have induced it We the Instigators' How? When,we are told that if wn do not retract it, it is a soldi er who interrogate.) us! (Violent agitation.) This U the lau^uage held out to us, and you will not liUen to us. Do you not think that it is with profound urief wo arc obii ;<d to come to this tribunal to briug back anain the deadly days of June? And when we point out with regret tUe faults that we think we have committed, h >w are we answered? We are told that we lutte tome hidden animosities, lose disappointed ambition. i)l*atip'<iu-? I ?mbition! 13ut what share had my trl nd M. Barthelemy at Jlllaire in the so-much calumniated H.xecutive Commlbsion? lie accepted function* purely sctrilo 11! rial and sli ce then he has refuted the portfolio of public instruction that yen have offered him (turning towards the teat of the rreiident of the Council.) ' Ves, i nd to mo also you have off- red the I'residcnoy? you, ?ir; I f-peak to M Mario. I maintain my as*.ortion*. We have refuted to be your ministers, and we ore told that we are ambitious' In February were wo not pltici d by the people in the dangerous put* we occupied? Before you, were we nut at the Hotel de Viile' Were nut breasts there bared to the bill* of insurrection? and were those br?a*ts yours, when it was deemed necessnry to offer a [sacrifice to the safety of the country? Of tho;e who were with u* at the Hotel de Ville, there are some here who can state what wo have done. A Mkmiikb ? You have deer, ed the forty-five ocn tiroes. (Laughter). M. OAiiniKH Pac;k?.?We are divided Id opinion with seme? with M Ledru Rollin: but there was always a rallying print - the tricolorsd flag. the national lUg. 1 demand pardon for these statements ; but they were necessary to repel the aeousatlon of ambition. Vou. would now lead us on to gtound which in not ours. Wo will not lollow jou. No, we have not said that you have shed the blood of the people for your ambition, but that you have committed faults?and w i only have said ho These faults of the minister of .v^ar during tbe days of June, of the comtunuder iu ohief of the troops, is the opinion of all?of the people of the National Guard, of the whole national army. ["No, no!" violent disfent, which continued souie time) 1 exfUtdtbli interruption; It proceeds from an error, which I will explain. You thought faults wcrro committed in the command, when you thought that it was tbe Kxeculive Committee who committed >hoin. (New dissent). You deny it still; and yet have we not nil heard from all sides, when no soldiers were seen to arrive, "There| is treason I" The National Guard critdit in its ranks ; tbe people repeated it At this moment were you not the echo of what wal said ia tbe streets ? Now, if the National Guard were deceived, If tbe people were deceived, if you also were deceived, we may be allowed to hold another opinion on what may result from this to the ICtecutiva Commission. As a member ,of that commission, I have the right to say what was done by it, and I call on M. de Lamartlue also to speak, to txpluln its conduct. 1 oall on M. Arago, as M. Ledru Roilln has said the whole truth muht be known. This question must be treated above a question of persona. A Voice.?Speak of the republic M. Oaiutikr Pa(ie??Oh. I Bhali speak of It, be ksturtd I sball speak of the republic. Ah, take care. No ote can aay what may happen; but I say to you, if Bver any one, by a disastrous ambition, should ajan go to the Tuilerie , I will go to the Hotel de Villa. (Agitation ) If, spite of the opinion of m*ny of the members of the Assembly, we are not partisan* of your oandldateshlp, have we not the right to say no? Were not Godefrol Cavaignac. your brother, and Gamier Pag.' s, my brother, united in sentiments and in heart ' Ought we not to go together in the same sentiments ? When you were uccured, we came to shield you with our opinion nod our power; and you. when we were aoonsed of faults that we have not committed, did you shield us ? No ; you remained on your seat, motionless and mute; tbe reproach 1 make against you, is that of ingratitude. You, whom we named General of Division, GuvernorUen?ral of Algeria. Minister of War?(violent interruption)?you think that here I will not brave vour reproacht-s I will! What did Gen. Cavaignao do at the tirrt overture that was made to him ? lis replied that he would accept the power that was offered him by the l'alais National-(Numerous voices . Never !) The dnv tiffnr** th#* of .lunA cmmnHncMtl. a nronosition made in your Damn, to overturn us. (General laughter ) Do not believa that I Hay this, impelled by the animosity of disappointed ambition. Have I not often assented tbat I should b) happy when I could |Uit pcwer That which striken me m <st is the Ingratitude of whioh you have been guilty. It is a moot istoclsbing thing to hear, In an assembly which represents the French people, that iu attacking you we ittack the repubilo. In a monarchy, a inau may well represent the country; but In a republic, nomanotn lave this piete nsion I kuow.nnjotlier motto than thiif: ' The Republic, the Constitution, and the National \sfembly." (>en. Cavaiowac.?I have listened with calm to the speech you have just heard. Just now M. Garnier Pages hatt said that 1 have attributed his coaduot to disappointed ambition. He is In error. It has been said tbat we olfered to M liarttielemy St. Hliairo the portfolio of public instruction. I nevor authorised any one to make suoh an offer, uuless it refer to the 28! h of June, a period at whioh I was Ignorant of the opinion of M. Barthelemy St. Hilalre as to my conduct In the events of June. As to the candidateship of M Gartiler Cages to the Presidency, we may have lEqulrtd if he were a candidate ; but certainly he was not ours. You have reproached me with not having come here to detend you on the 2tth of June , I was then minister of war. and where I then was I defended you better than it I had been here. (Tri* Hen.) It teem*, from what you say, that I oourted the propositions that were made to me on the 22d June. Thero is no truth in this ; and I replied to those who offered me the power, that if they wer^f determined in compelling your retirement I would accept it. It his been raid ttiHt I sent some one with propositions to thn Rue de Poitiers. I sent no one I only saw M. Adelsward. If, In tbc nnme of the Rue de Poitiers, overtures had been made to me, I should have answered as I did to others. There are many members of this reunion present ; let them state if bo'ore the 27th June i received the slightest communication from them. Numerous voltes ? 'TIs true ' 'tis true ! (ten. I avaiunac ?A* to the reproach of ingratitude, I leave the countryto decide what 1 owe to M. Uarnier Pages. M 1.1 iin i Roi l in. ?I do not mount thin trlhum, (n mnke recriminations; but it has been averted th it tbe Executive Commission ha* done all thu ratsehi-f. There was one member of the Executive Ccmmlnlin ? it was I ?who, on the one hand, was *n?p?3t<.'d of bating betrayed the cauae ot older; and who'n, on the othir. the people reproached with blood >h<d; and y;t i never ceatwd 10 demand the most prompt and energetic reprtHtion of the disorder* < l June. I thought that, by joiniug th<> tro. pa and th<) National Ojard, tbe barricades should have been prevented from 1>-Iu< formed on all point*. The military nxp-rlenoe of Oeneial ' avalgnac decided otherwise, and I bowed to this detvrmtnatliia. lint, in so doing, f alw?y* thought here should hare been In Pari* 20.000, ready at tn? tlrft b. at of the drum. I remained all day at the seat frf th* government More than ton ttme?. In that d vy, (ii neral I'ame. me sent to d?mand a battalion?one buttailon only, and thia he could not obtain. Von wished to concentrate your troop?-be It ao; bat It was apparently to smplny them orherwl-te; if not, this concentration could have no object. I defy you to prove the advantage* you pretend to have prooeed?d from your ayatem Krotn three o'clock in the morning till nine In the evening. I recelvod, member of the executive government. 300 persona, who came to puy to me, "They are murdering our brother*. Help; let n* have help!" And, during those long 15 hour*, you lelt me alone, laying that you would return in half an hour, and recommending me not to give orders, lent tbey should contradict your*. Let thin be well understood : I have admitted the concentration of thn military fores* ; but toll me, where did it take place ? Where were 20,000. or 16,000. or even 10 000menf An?w?r me that. Had ths man who asked during a whol* day for a battalion any lack of courage ? Did the Ban who ten times wrote to m? from the Hotel de Ville that we wera betrayed, want courage ' Wera Oenerala LaDQorlcier* And Bede*u, who mud* th# demands, afraid ? This la my rttume. I comprehend the concentration 1 but you cannot tell me where you elfeoted It. and what was Its result I oite three generals who were engaged, and demanded troops, and to whem yoa did not 'end tbem. Observe the situation of afftir*. Our Kxecatlra Commission was In sitting at the palaoo r,f the National Assembly. Every hour, svery niinuto, the population of I'aris, that of the Danlieus. came to Inform u* of the state of affairs, and to demand forces. Krcm three o'clock In the evening, until eleven at alpht came. were we obliged to learn tbl* population *ithou? any reply. The general In chief was not there > iVhere we* be ? At the barricade*, It was sal J That rax not his place. Me hail nufllcUnt gooi generals to ake them. The place of the eomman<]*r-in-ohief *m t the Aneembly. where wai the Kxecutlre Comntmion. rem all thlo It reault* that men may be dealered and ontlnue good republican* ; but at the bottom were nen who were hnngTy. The general ha* said, that th? rowd who were hungry wfre incited by conspirator*. Vel', If thin he 10. why not Indulge In cleinensy ' If here men were otarrlrg. pnehed to the barricade* by onepirator*. ought we not to hare pity on them and. iy an amnenty, to reitore them to their place in society* General C*v*ioi?*c?I was surprised not to *ee *1. rdtu Hollln at trie inouna i <n?ii ?n?wi'r nun: u > both ?xpo<e oar orrTloen. tt will b? *i>n whi h of id t?o ban Wt ??r?ed th? r?public Throw your inultfl .%t mo; and ?t?r? I ? limn to eoil?t??or to turn tt> ny n vanl?'? what yon h? crnrlnm-'l I fhoulii iri?r jcor innnl:* lo yi-ur firfi**** ? *nil,Jatlrn ha? tttt oitu ol, I !C?i?t ti:*'. tbij w jra Um b.tii pr >.

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