Newspaper of The New York Herald, December 20, 1848, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated December 20, 1848 Page 1
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TH I I | NO. 5313. | THE DEMOCRAT!)! REVOLUTION AT BOMB. Abdication of the Pope, &C. &C. (fee. I I CWR ITALIAN CORRESPONDENCE. ki.okiiick, not. 21,1818. Count RohI. the well known economist and ex-Am. 1 bavsador of Lools Philippe In Rome, and tho Pope's principal minister, ene of the leaders of the doctrinarian fcbocl of Oulsot and Metternloh, undertook the re-establishment of reactionary principles and of despotic pewer in Italy. Tbe task, scarcely undertaken, has met Ibe result that was to be expected, and Rossi's tragical and melancholy fate baa been followed by a democratic revolution in Rome.' Plus the Oth will pro* bably abdloa'e, and the report of his Intended emigration to Spain vu current in that oity the day before yesterday. thia extraordinary and Important revolution will bare an echo In Naples and Turin. i entertain no doubt of it, from what i tee and hear in this central part of the Peninsula, and frcm what i observed during a month's residence In tbe first named olty. 1 enclose to you the act* of the Federal Coaereee of the Italian States, the ratification ?n<l carrying Into execution of which have I <rn od? of the denittnd-* o. the Roman people. TRAItSI Ti l' I ROM THE ITALIAN I'OR THE W. V. nrrRALD mton rr "> an n.ErroRAi., hy tiie conven tli'n of IIIK constirUKNl' ASSEMBLY of THE jtai.m.n states Art. i. A (on.-tituent \ssemlily shall be callud to gett er by all the Italian States, of which atxetnblv the loie biifiness an J task nhall be to complete a federal ccmpect hi il union, wh'oh. while it shall respect the txittence of each Individual State, and leave undisturbtd to each of tbe States its own form of government. shall ?im to senure the liberty, union and the absolute iudAesdenoe of all Italy, anl to promote the prorperity orfhe whole nation. Art 'i TI*eV?anstituent Assembly shall b* bound to Balntain unaltered, and to scoure flrm'y. the ba?ls laid down in the plan of a federal union annexed to the present law Art S. Eaoh State shall send an equal number of reprecentatives to the Constituent Assembly. Art. 4. The entire number of representatives frsm oil the Stat** oball be three hundred. Art. 6. The representatives from eaoh Stita shall be elected by the respective chambers of deputies of each one, nod said chambers shall be at liberty to elect any citizen of the confederation. Art. fl. No chamber of deputies of any State shall be at liberty to elect from among them more than the quota of representatives apportioned to the State. Art. 7. Kach State shall assign an adequate compensation for its own representatives. Art. 8. The Constituent Assembly shall meet at Home, one mi>ntnafter the Approval of the present lav by three Italian parliaments. Art 9 Lombardo Venice shall retain the present peculiarity other condition, and in the vt-nt that her condition, as aforesaid, shall not have : at the tine of themeetin; of the Constituent A*s?mbly, they shall have the right to a dibtlnct and separata representation, equal to that of any other State of the confederation. The number of said representatives shall be apportioned between Lombardy and Venice, in respect to the pooulatlon. Those from Lombardy shall be elected by the l.omhardun Assembly, called the Consulta Those from Venice shall be equally divided between the four provinces of Padua. Vioenaa, Trevisa. aul Rorigo, in propertion to the population; and the four others from Venice, Verona I'dine. and Bellana. The representatives of the former shall be elected by the members of the respective committees, those of the latter by the Assembly of Vtn'M. Art 10 As relates N> the Province of Modena and Reggio, and in case their present situation should not be changed at the time of meeting of the Constituent Assembly, with reference to their speeial relations ot Sardiria. the Chamber of Denutiea of each State will provide that the said States be properly represented in tbe said Assembly. Mamiani Tkrenzio, i Gioberti Vincenzo, Presidents. Foheo Giovanni Andiifa. ) Perez Ksucssco, 1 Bonaparte Don Carlo / V. President* Leopardi Pietro. ) FRtsein Francesco, 1 Boriani Giuseppe, ' Sec. General Brionone Giovanni F.doardo. j MtOJECT OF THE PLAN OK A FEDERAL UNION, HYTIIE NATIONAL CONGRESS OF THK ITALIAN CONFEDERA TJON AK.BMHLKD AT TORINO, OCTOIIER lOTH, ISIS. With the object of creating unity in the polllioa existence of Italy, of establishing and defending the Independence of Italy, of pre.iervin? Internal peaoe, o protecting and extending political liberty, and pronoting nseful civil institutions, for encouraging agriculture , Industry, and commerce, the Kingdom of Alter Italia, the Grand Duchy of Tuscany, the Pontifical 8tate, tbe Kingdom of Naples and of Sicily, have united to constitute The Italian Confederation. Tbe following are the principles and basis of this compact and union : ? Seo. 1. The Confederation shall possess an army, a navy, a treasury, and a diplomat io representation to foreign countries. Sec. 2. Tbe Italian tricolor shall be tbe federal flag. Sea. S. The Confederation shall be represented by a ce 11 LI|ir?wcr. auih|?ipq\i ?i 11 itgiaipvns wmqvwv >hu vi permanent executive power. Sec. 4 The legislative congress shall be composed ?f two ebambera. In one of whiob, each State shall be equally represr nt?d, in tbe other the representation ball be in proportion to the population. The two ohambers (hall be elective. The member* of the &r?t shall he elected by the constituted authorities of each several State; those of the seoond chamber hall be elected by the people. For this purpose, the Coastltneat Assembly will promulgate * general electoral law 8ee 5. Tbe executive power shall be composed of a responsible President, with a council of ministers equally responsible. The president shall be appoints for a limited period by the legislative congress. The ministers shall be appointed by the president. Sec. 6. Congress shall be empowered tol deliberate upon, and to propose all measures of general Interest to the Confederatlor. 8ec. 7. Congress shall exclusively have authority in tbe following eases 1. In allca*es of oollision between any of the 3batef with eaeb other. 2. In oil cases of serious disputes between States. 3. In eases of interior disturbances In any State, when tbe constituted authorities of such State are insufficient to prevent the tUnger of civil war. 4. In all cases ot revolution of the fedoral compact or union. Sic. 8. There shall be mo customhouses between State acd State. The system of customs, relating to icreign power*, poau no lounaeu upoa nm pnampian ui free trade, inbjeet only to temporary and transitory necessities. 8sc. 9. A Supreme Federal Tribunal Khali be established by law, to bar* jurisdiction In the following eases 1. In dtapnteaof right between State and State. 2 In deputes between any (ingle Stat* and the Central Federal Government. Stc 10. The Confederation recognise* the following u legal right* In all lt? territories : ? 1. The liberty of the press. 2. The personal liberty of every individual. 3. Judicial right* and maxims. 4 Free municipal institutions. 6. The right of p?tition, both to individuals and bodies. fl. The right of assembling. 7. Civil political equality, not to be prevented by difference of religion. 8. Political liberty guaranteed by the form of representation and by armed cltiiena. fl. Ministerial responsibility. 10. The security of the public fvnds. 11 The promotion of education and popular benefaction. 12. K.qual reciprocity of political rights. IS The admissibility ot every cltiznn of the Italian Confederation to all oftlies in any State of the came. 14 The promotion of uniformity in those institutions which sffixt the olvil rights of the citizens of the various States. IV The abortion of the penalty of deat'i In political offence*. TEMPORARYAnnANOKMENTS. The Constituent Assembly, before prooeedlng to the discussion and compilation of the federal compact, will solemnly proclaim the establishment of Ttir. Itai ia * ConrKDKRATion, and the acceptance of the principles and laws above detailed. Furthermore. the Constituent Assembly will propose and deliberate upon the necessary measure* and steps to b< taken in the urgency of present affairs, and the necessity of the Italian war. MAMIANI 1 F.HKRrin, f Riodkhti ViMCKNitof . P replant*. Romko Giovanni Anuria, > TcRKX CRAIfClurO, ) Bonafartic Dow Car to, > V. President*. I.koparoi Piktro, i KHRtCHI KraNCK'CO, I Boiiuni oii'ikppk. j 8 c. General. Hmujhonk Uiovakni Kdoardo, j fKETCW OF TIIK JN8tTURKl TION, FROM THE NKW3PAPKRS. Tlie Hidden arrival at Rom? of the carabineer*, the review of that body by the miniftter of the interior, the Mihn?i|!ient inilitnry perturbation of Uotne. and the report that they were to occnpy the avenue* leading to the chamber of dtputifi and the hail* of the university, had produced an iinu*ual agitation anu n; the peop!*. The cltlo guard ateerabled In their respective quartern, and deputed their colonel* to proteit a^ainat the unmerited ?u*plcione of whioh they had been the obj< et, and again a C the menacing attitude which tha governmtnt had a*?um*d toward* the oitizan*. while nothing prevrd that the leant disturbance wan m*dit#tr<f p? It* ooovion of.tth? opening of theohaaburi. E NE' MORNIN In the clubs and cafes tbwe measures were loudly eondfiuBfil. while printed bills were circulated, calling upon the civic guard to appear in uniform on th? follpwisg day, to maintain public tranquillity, though not the Mlghtest appreheision was entertained that it wonid be disturbed. Unfortunately, an Ill-advised article in the rfflclal Gazelle, containing a bitter attack open the chamber of deputlts, increased the excitement of the people The civic guard appeared in uniform, but unarmed, aa they were, as well as the rfllrers, convinced that nothing serious w<uld take place. Crowds had assembled opposite the pala -e and in the adjacent square, but their bebk\icr was perfectly pacific, though serious and taoiturn. The hour of the sitting had arrived, the tribunes wire ui;eu wnu spectators, ine uepuHen naa t?K?*n taeir feats. According to a new plan, the Chambur had bien divided into three parts. the right, left, and centre. Knui Deputies oo'y had trken their seats iu the centre ; all the rc.'t occupied the left. The article of the Ho/nun Gazelle had de'ermined even the minicter'aiists to aidewiih the opposition. The fall of the Minister Rrssi was certain. Suddenly a horrible event is announced " Itonl is assassinated ' "~ This was at first disbelieved, but win noon found to be too true. It acted like a thunderbolt upon the Assembly. The circumstances of the crime hay* already been laid before the publie. While Itossi was expiring in an adjcining apartment, the D?p<iti?s remained in tbeir places. The President opened the sitting, the minutes of the preceding one were read, the names called over, and there not being a sufflolsnt, cumber ! present, the Pr??)dant declared tb? sitting closed, (3d invited the nffiut'.cs to attend in their bureaux on the following daf. The oity remained , suifct, but the people maintained an ominous si: lenre. At seven. P. M., however, groups began to form along the Corso. and. forming a proceskion with lighted torches, proceeded to the burracks of the carabineers, who fraternized with tho people, and joined them to parade through the town, preceded by the UaUan banner, .<\fter visiting the popular olnb and the barracks of the Nlragoons, the procefMcn made an ovation to Deputy Callettl, jast arrived from Bolt gnu. The people loudly demanded a democratic ministry and an Italian Constituent Assembly. All this took place at half past eight. During the firing. Monreignear Palma secretary te the Pope, was btruck on the frrehead by a ball, and died on the rpot. The loss of the Swiss is not yet ascertained The people have had four wounded. The Papil palaoe bears innumetable marks of musket balls. The Swiss were protected by the wall* of the palace, and the oivio pua-d by the columns and barricades. All the troops <f ike line sided with the people. Colonels Roverel ard Tittonl directed the siege of the pal use. During tbe procession the people, In allusion to Rossi's assassination, tung in choius ? ' Benedetta qnella nana Che il lira duo pugnalo." (Blessed is tbe hand that slew the tyrant.) The very carabineers, who bad been called in on the previous day to Ore on the penple Joined in the chorus. Tbe Camarilla has fallen, never again to rise. Count Rossi proceeded en the 15th of November to open tbe Chambers He had caused the streets to be lined with carabineers ; tbe report that they were to occupy the avennes leading to the Chamber of Deputies and the halls of the University, had produoed an unusual agitation among the people. The civic guard a?seti bled in their respective quarters, and deputed I tbeir colonels to protest against the unmerited susol clous of which they had been the objeot, and against ! the menacing attitude which the government had as! pvtned toward the eitizena, while nothing proved that the lesst disturbance was meditated on tbe occasion ct tbe opening of tbe Chambers, In hid passage to the Chambers, Rossi was followed by a crowd of thousands of individuals, hooting and basing at him. When be arrived at the portico of the Chambers, he turned round and regarded the assemblage with a look of scorn. The tuiuult increased.? A hand was raised and stabbed the unponuiar minister in the neck. He was taken into the Chambers and expired in five minutes. The assassin esoaped, In the evening the soldiers fraternized with the people, and paraded the town with them The Italian Hag was borne before them They walked in ranks, singing " Blessed is the hand that slew the tyrant." The very oarabineers who had been o*'led in on the previous day to fire on the people, jeined in the chorus. During the night, the popular ringleaders were on the alert, and everything was arganised for a demonstration on the 16th. On tbat morning, a gathering began in tbe great sqnare del Pcpolo. The civic guards and troops of the line, in fragmentary sections, commingled with tbe people ; and the carabineers, whoee uniform bad hitherto been invariably arrayed against the populace, were now, for the first time, seen to fraternise with the mob. From the terrace of tbe Pinoian Hill, tbe spectator could count nearly 20,000 Romans, 5a threatening (roups, and mostly armed. Printed paper* were handed eagerly about, all having the mm purport, and containing the following CUSDtUISTiL POINTS : 1. Promulgation and full adoption of Italian nationality. 2 Convocation of a constituent assembly and realisation of the federal pact. 3. Realization of the vote for the war of independence. given in the Chamber of Deputies. 4. Adoption, in its integrity, of the programme Mamiani, Mh of June. 6. Ministers who have publio confidence? Mamlani, Salioeti, Sterbini, Sereni, Campello, Ualletti, Kusconi Lunatl. Their ostensible object was to proceed with these five points to tbe Cbambtr of Deputies In a constitution*! manner. Bnt the chiefs finding themselves in suoh unlooked-for force of numbers, and manyof the deputies being found mixed up with the crowd, the cry was raised to march to the Tope's palase, and accordingly the procession moved en orderly enough through the Corso, and reaohed the Quirinal by the avenue opened by Sextus Quintufl. It was now one o'clock. Tbe members of the Chamber presented themselves as the mouth-piece of the multitude, and transmitted the five points to the monarch. In about ten minutes the President of the late Ministerial Council, Cardinal Soglia, oame forth fom tee private apartments. and informed toe deputation that bis Holiness would reflect on the subject, and take it into hie belt consideration. This answer was proclaimed to the people, but a general murmur of dissatisfaction gave evidence of Its insufficiency to mret tbe crisis, and the crowd insisted on the deputation getting a perrooal audience with the Tope. This wss obtained, and in about a quarter of an hour Oalletti, tbe ex-police minister, appeared on the balcny to acquaint tbe people that the Pope had positively declined adhesion to their request, and had stated that " be would not brook dictation." It waa now two o'clock. Tbe position of the Pontiff began to grew critical. .All the avenues of the (Juirlnal Palace were Hooked up by denre crowds, and there was but the usual small detachment of Swiss guards on duty. One of the advanced sentinels having been seised and disarmed by tbe mob, the Swiss body-guard instantly flung back and barred the gates of the palace, presenting thuir muskets, In readiness to fire at once on the immense mass of multitude which beleaguered tbe Quirinal. At this stage of the proceedings it was evident that the die was east. From tbe back streets men emerged bearing long ladders, wherewith to scale the pontlical abode; carts and wagans were dragged up and ranged within musket-shot of tbe windows to protect the assailants in their determined attack on the palace; the cry was. " to arms, to arms," and musketry began to bristle in tbe approaches from avery direction; faggots were produced and piled up against one of the condemned gates of the building, to which the mob was in tbe act of setting die. when a brisk discharge of firelocks scattered tbe besiegers in that quarter. The multitude began now to peroeive that there would be a determined resistance to their finisher operations, but wen confident that tbe (|uiriaal. if not taken by storm, must yield to progressive inroad The drums were now beating throughout the oity. tbe disbanded groups of regular troops and carabineers laintoreing tbe hostile display of assailants and rendering it truly formidable. Random shots were aimed at the windows and duly responded to; the outpnsts l ore after another. were taken by the pnople. the uar rison l elng too scanty to man the outworks The bet^y c^St. Carlinn. which commands the structure, was occupied From behind the equestrian statues of ] CestoT and Pollux a groap of h.irp<?hoot?r* plied their rilles. and about four o'clock Moosignor Pslmt, ? prl- i VHte secretary of his Holiness, was killed by a bulle penetrating his forehead AS ir upwards of <i 000 troops or Ml ranks were no'. | considered enough to reduce the little garrison of n j couple of dozen Swiss, two tl-pounder* nownppearel on |. the seme. at<d were drifwn up and duly pointed against the main gate. and a truce having l>e?n proclllmed. another deputation claimed entrance and audience of j the hope, which the roonare.h ordered to be allowed. T'j* deputation were bearers of the people's ullunat urn, | and a threat that If It was not cocplled with In an ! hour, the palace should be tthen by assault. and alt In | It, except the Tope, put to df%*h. The Pope then nave I wty, and announced that he consented t(kaccept the i fcllowiag ministry P'rreign Affairs Mamlanl, I Interior aud Police Oalettl, F.nanres l.unatl, Connrerce and Public Works Sterbini. War I'ubllo Instruction Ilnmiui, (.itsee and Justice Ssruni If the Pope had not ac.itiiesoed in th? demands ol the people, they were determined to force aw entrance Into it's phlace A search w?.s made by the people for Cardinal I.atnbruscbini. but he escaped in thn disguise of a dragoon The military authorities had submitted to tbe popular ?!ub Rnmlnl and Serenl had refused pe. remptorlly to form part of the demooratie ministry. The Pope hnd been completely abandoned by his friend*. He was visited solely by the dlplomatio corps, who found him with Tar Jlnals An'onelll an 1 Soglla llis Holiness Is said to have declared that ho would take no part In the future government, having absolutely forbidden his name to he used, or tint the usu*l style " In consideration of the good pleasure of Ills Holiness" sbeuld In future bo prefixed to the government arts. The Pop* was compelled to aend away the Swiss guards by whom he has hitherto heen protected, and on tbe 24th oi November, at fi o'clock In the morning, he I* reported, by electric telegraph, to have auorelly left Home, for France or Spain. Lack ok Ir* at Homo Kono.?It is Btatpd, in h letter from Hong Kocg. that they had heen all out of American Ic* tht re for six weeks previous to September 2fl. Tbe amount experted to that place the pramut year, from this country, has b?en unusually imalt. W YO G EDITION?WEDNES THIHTIBTH CniKlRRIM. I , L BKCOND 8KBSION. - = - 1 In Senate. WtlHiKOTOR, Monday, Doc. 18, 1S48. i Soft, aad c'ear, and bright, and sparkling summer's morning. This extraordinary summer weatber mutt i be attributable to the proximity of some eomet to the < earth, or to tbe approach of the earth to the gun, or to a charge of the wind, and lt< oontinnanoe. several weeks in kucoessioo, steadily from the island of Cuba. Largs visitation of strangers at the Capitol today. i Prayer. Journal of Thurrday last. mohniku bl'sine-ta. Mr Dickinion presented the memorial of Oeor^e Wilkes, of New York, in raferenoe to a railroad to the l'acitlc, In opposition to Ara Whitoay's plan A number of petitions were presented, praying a reduction of postages, &.?. On motion of Mr wkitcott, the bill pro\ ' .?? for tbe erosion of certain swamp lands, in Klorida, ku the raid State, on condition of lier draining a certain tract, ?as taken up, and made the order for Wednesday next. california bill. On motion of Mr. Douclam, tlie Senate took up the bill providing f?<r the admission of Ca fornia and Ne* Mexico, an a single State, into tbe Union. He moved that the bill be referred to the Commi'.tee on Territories. Mr Bkrrieit opposed the motion. He contended hut It bad been the custom to refer bills for the admie/ion of States to the Committee on the Judisi&ry. [Tbe Committee on tbe Judiciary, with a single exception, are freat the South ?the Couiinlttee oa the Territories is decidedly Northern in iti composition, and rather adverse to the extension of the peculiar institution J Mr maintained that tbe Committee on Tprrit.nrli.fl v.*m.h u nnrnnrkt.? nnmmittaa uml .*ir . u precedent cr two in opposition to those proJuoed by Air Berrien Mr. Bkhhieh rejoined, reading farther extracts from the journal. Mr. Dure la's again replied in support of Lis motion for the Committee on Territories. Mr. Bctlkr was opposed to the motion and chnrgej that tbn Committee on Territories hu'l taken advan tuge of the South in the bill admitting Wisconsin, dlVUUBf it so as to admit six States out of the North: nei-t. in Territory, instead of five, the limit of the fvdeial ordinance. He was, therefore, distrustful of the Committee on Territories; besides, In view of pre* oedi ntH, usages, and of the va?t legal and constitutisDal questions involved, the judiciary was the only proper oomnjtttce. ??Mr. Yvlkb supported the views of Mr. Butler, and contended tbat the oare of the territories was the proper business of the Territorial Committee They bad nothing to do properly with bills fur the admission of States. i Mr. Pouglafs, Mr. Westoott, and Mr. Yulee, further debuted the proposition of reference. Mr., in order to test the sense of the I Senate, called for the ayes and noes Ordered. Mr KWfl opposed the motion to refer the bill to the i Territorial Committee. Their division rf the terri- i tory of Wisconsin, ?o as to leave territory enough for i another St ft#, was a violation of the limit of the orii- I nance of '87. < Mr. Douui.ass replied, and charge! whatever diffl- I cnlties bad occurred on the question of admitting ] States and organizing territories to the Judiciary Com- ! mittee. ' Mr. BniciiT advocated the reference to the Tarri- ' toriai Committee. Krom the peculiar composition of | the Judiciary Committee, it was impossible lhat any 1 territorial or State bill committed to their hands, in- i volviug the vexed question now in agitation butween < tbe North and the South, could be so shaped as to i rtceive theatsent ef the Senate, or, in any event, so as I to beccme a law. Mr. Bright desired this question of 1 tbe provibo to go over to the new administration, to < whom It properly belonged. i Mr. Baldwin sustained tbe views of Mr. Bright. that i tbe territorial was the committee to whioh this bill i should be referred. 1 Mr. Husk opposed the motion, ospeoially as the bill ] contemplated a total disregard of tho rights of Texas ] to the territory of New Mexioo, and showed that Mexi- j can conventions were.from their organlution, no evl- t dence of the wishes of the people. < Mr. Berrikn and Mr. Butler strenuously insisted 1 that from precedents and from the magnitude of the i legal questions involved, the Judiciary Committee i should have charge of the bi'l. I Mr. Niles argued that this was strictly a territorial i bill?a bill providing governments for oertain territo- 1 rles of the United States, and as such should go to tbe | ccn.mittee on territories. The question was taken, and resulted an follows ( Yxas?IfcKsrs AIIod, Athetton, Baldwin, Bradbury, Broose Br tht, Clarke, Clayton, Corwta, Davis of Mait, Di< kinmn, Dix Douglass, Feloh, KitscoMld, Hu t. Hamlin, Miller, Nile* Sturgeon, I'jihsn:, Wslkcr?M. N*i R? Mi it r i. Atohisoo, Banger, Ball, Bon ton. Derrion, Borln*d. Butler, Calhoun, Davis of His*., Downs, Filxpatrick, Foote, Uotutrn, Banter. Johmoa of Md., Johnson of Lit, Johnson of (Is., King, Metcalfe, 1'tarce, Rusu, Tnrncy, Underwood, H'ostuott, Vulte? On motion of Mr Berrien, the bill was referred to the Judicjary Committee I We recollect that, under Mr. Berrien's care, the Oregon bill was delayed several years, and would have failed last session but for the firm position of Colonel Bonton. Tbe reference, to-day, of tho California bill to Mr. Berrlt n and Mr. Butler we suspect will amount to tbe postponement of any action on tbe newly acquired territories, in the way of a government, till the Lext cession ] purchase of cuba. Mr. Milier submitted a resolution, asking of the Tresidebt copies of all the correspondence, if any, between the State Department and the American Minister at Madrid, in reference to tbe purchase of Cuba; also crples of suoh correspondence as may havo taken place between the American minister and the Spanish government on the tame subject. Lies ever one day. the finances?ti1e hold lands On motion of Mr. Atherton, all those portions of tbe President's Message relating to the finances, the tariff, the sub-treasury, and to the projest of the establishment of a mint in California, were referred to the Finanoe Committee. instructed to deport a bill. On motion of Mr. Downs, the Committee of Finance were instructed to inquire into the expediency of ieporting a bill for the establishment of a mint in California, for tbe purpose of colniDg the gold gatherings rf the gold district into the gold coins of the United States, at auoh a per cectiga as will secure to the treasury an im'emnification of expenses, (to. the isthmus of panama railroad project of messrs. aspinwall and associates manifestations of a strong opposition to the measure. Pursuant to the order for the day, Mr. Dk.nton called up tbe bill authorizing and directing the Secretary of the Navy to oontract with Messrs. Aspinwall, Stevens and Channeey, of New York, for the transportation of the malls, and all pnblio agents, troops, stores, munitions, &c., for a term of twenty years, by isiiruuu ?crvw iu? ipwuujub UI l aatuft lor ft sum uub * exceeding the amount paid to the (team mail line be- t tween Liverpool and New York?the contraot t? begin when the road is in rea<lin?si for the purpoaea of transportation. Air. B? nton said that the objcot of the bill Introduced by him the other day, (and which was now read a second time.) was folly and clearly presented in the Eaper itself and did not need any eluoidation from 1m. The Secretary of the Nary waa authorised to make the contract. And the whole matter *n< subject to his control. There was propriety ia thus subjecting the matter to the Secretary of the Navy, because the mail steamers which had been alreadyoonstnctedon the line to California, could be at any tim* converted luto I'nited States war steamers, under the direction of the Secretary of the Navy, The parties named in the bill worefully qualified to execute the work. .Mr. Ste- ! pbeca, the celebrated traveller, had made a peraoaal i survey of the route, alJ?d by competent engineers ? | Not merely the practlblilty, but the cost, cfsun'i a work bad been accurately ascertained That gentleman had examined every Inoh of the ground lie hud knowledge of the subject, then, and wlthontfull knowledge of such a subject. It would be folly to undertake the wotk. The company had another recommendation. They p<rimed an adequate capital. Ileaides all this, they had the strong motive of self-interest to urge them to a speedy accomplishment of the work? { They had already put afloat three steamers of the first class, wMch had cost them six hundred thousand dollars, which were now engaged in tke business of transportation from the other I side of ?be IMhrnus. They had there already a great j sunt ercbarkeJI in this business; and they had. therefore. a direct interest in making the enterprise aue- ! restful. There v?ns another reason why they should have this grant from Congress. They had it from the i government which owned the country?the government of New tiranada. He would read to the Senate the letter of the Miniater from New Uratiadv It was as follows, (and he translated aa ha went along, from the original Spanish :)? ' Gentlemen ? I have had various conferences with Mr. John L. Stephens, as representative of the asaociation which you have formed; and with sufficient power to solicit the privilege of conduction of a railway on the Isthmus of t'anitna. on the conditions whieli. in the name of my u iv.-mnvnt, I have fropoaed to give. From these conferences, it has rcrulted that Mr Stephens has given me sutllaient guarantees. besidt s thoae which are expressed in the jrivllepc granted to . on the 8oh of July, 1847. to recure the execution of the work; and that the nssooiatlcn binds Itself ta fulfil the conditions which I have proposed to it in favor of Nair Granada, besides thoae which appear on the face of the paper. In virtue of this agreement. I deolare that you are in possession of the privilege granted by the government of New Granada, to construct an iron the 18th of Dfctir.ber. 1S4S So that, besides ?#riirlng <1 to there applicant)! th? privilege* heretofore granted by t the government i f New Oranada, they ha?e ttita day 1 received an oftlcial rteolatatlnn that they are In poi- * ?<fMon of It. It wan probable that tha Mlni?t?r from j Ihnt government might i>e. ?t thit moment. In Round i <fhia vile*. when he (Mr B.) m*<l? that announce- < meut. He deemed It fortunate ttint, after the delay* f ?blob had taken plan* for more than three eentnrli-4, < In ?llectiiig fome eaey and practicable communication i between tbeee two great ocean*. that the time had ar- 1 rived now when tbe great work might be accomplished. 1 Two government*, botli ot the new world, republic*. 1 and filendly to eaoh other, had entered Into a ! ttruly, lor thepurpoeeof *ecuring th? execution of that I wotk An article bad been inaertrd la the treaty, 1 in anlrr.oufly agreed to on the part of the A-narlo-m Senate by which we had acquired an lnd?f?^lb.e in i turn in the u?e of ttiat work, providoU w?s ttvj tbe I rk r 5DAY. DECEMBER 20 light which is secured to ui of opening a way across 1 the Isthmus of Panama. This wan done by the two re- 1 pnblics?powers of the new world aotlng together In making this treaty, and taiilug into ineir owu i uuiH as *(| ropriately they should do the great w;>rk which was to carry Into effect the original Idea of the

limit Columbus, of proposing to go West in order to strive at the tart It was nnw in their power to aioomplinh this great work. The petitioners undertook to do it In three years, and enter on the execution of It upon an actual examination by engineers, of the whole work to be accomplished. Their witn tne government of New Granada, gave them eight years in which to do thU work : and iojkiog to ibnir own iotereht, as well as anxious to oompiy wi'.h thu uavvtrsal desire at this time, to facilitate Intercourse be twten the two gnat oceans, these petitioner* w-re ready to make extraordinary exertions in order to accr.midlsh this work wlthiu less than half the time which was allowed them by their grant from the government of New Oranada. That all this should be dona, was equally detlrable to the government of the United States, to the whole country, and especially to all who should have busineiis between th* two aoeam The interest of the petitioners required the suecestff'il execution of this enterprise, and it v?< demanded al?t> by the convenience of all who had business to transaot in that direction In the bands of this company, informed as they were, and acquainted with the nature of the work wh'ch they bad to do- possessed of thu capital nccestary for the work having already expended six hundred thousand dollars, invested in the stesm lines on the other side of the isthmus- -deeply interested in the returns which they expected to obtain from this capital?it wun obvious that ev?ry possible guaranty w?s given that these gentlemen would have the work accomplished within the short period of tinie which they bad stated It would be a great subjeet of rejoicing, that the United States of America the first of the powers of the New World, should be the first to carry out the great idea of Columbus. Other plane might be prcieuted. There was a proposal on the part of an English company, to construct a r tilroad acrcss the Uthinus of Tehuantepec Let it go on Let it succeed. Let theru be as many of th?He tun*us of communication as possible. Rut. when that work would be nccomplithed, it would still bo a British work ? notour*?not guarantied to us by treaty. If this contract were given to this oompaoy. they might look for the acoomptithment of the great Idea of Thorn*; JtflVrron in sending Lewis and Clarke to tcie Paoido Ocean, and the probability of opening a communication uwiween mu iwu niurn 01 iu" ootiii nf nt. i nuy mignc have, in time, an American road to the I'anitio Ocean. He hoped, then, that the Senate would Be* that every interest and every feeling that belonged to Americans -?lor he appropriated that term by way of pre eminence to the first power of the New World?would dictate the adoption of prompt measures for the aoooinpliphment of this great work. Mr. Bhkkic said that he did not rise for the purpose of discussing the merits of this impsrtant enterprise ; be would leave that to seme more auspicious moment than the present He rose to express his h?pe, that the Senator from Missouri would not precipitate antion upon this bill, or attempt to get a vote of the Senate an the proposition, to-day, or this week ; but that abundant opportunity should be afforded for the consideration of the whole subject, in all its details, aud In its full soope. He had information on whioh he Dould rely, that a far more beneficial proposition than that now presented would very soon be offered lor the consideration of the Senate. This wai a vastly Important matter. It was an immense underta&i.ig, which these individuals wore about to attempt, aud in which they seught the patronage and funds of this government If he understood any thing about it. this line of road, which the petitioners proponed to construct. was about sixty miles in length, and, if it should cost, on an average, fifty thousand dollars a mile, the whole expenditure would not be more than three milion* of dollars Yet it was proposed to pay them for the :>t fix millions, and, It they added to that the allowance for the conveyance of troops and military and naval stores. &o., the allowance would reach twelve millions, besides giving them the whole power to tax that portion of the commerce of the world which may pats over the Isthmus of Panama?au unrestricted power. The Senator had said that the United States Bad gained lights, by treaty with New Granada, and that those rights would be lost, unless theV were exersited, in the twenty-fifth section of that treaty, the 'right of way" was secured to the governmunt and citizens of the United States. That was secured, in toy event. He hoped, then, that the Senate would be kllowedtime to deliberate on this Important matter, ind that it would be bsrne in mind, that a far more beneficial .proposition would shortly be made to Congress. Ml Hii.c did not wish to be understood, In the re* marks which he was about to make, as giving any indication of the vote which he would give, fie confessed. however, in the outset, that his impressions were all adverse to the bill. He desired information on the subject. If he understood the treaty with New (rransda. to which reference had been made, a valuable privilege had been secured to the peeple and olti tens of the United States. In accordance with thu lectirn of the treaty which he would read by reijues >f a Senator near him " the government of New liraaada giants to the government of the United Hates, that the right of way or transit across the Isth tins <f Tanaiua, upon any modes of eommunica ;ion that now exist, or may hereafter be oonitructed, shall be open and free to the oitiiens >f the United States kc , and no other rates of tol iball be levied upon them than those levied upon tha litizens of New liranada,'' bo. He toek it that the 'fght of construction was vested in the government of he United States; and if any privilege was seouted at ill. it was secured to the whole of the United States; ind it was not competent for any citizens of the Uni. ed States to go on. and by a oontraot with that gorernment, made subsequent to the treaty, pa?* a 'snap judgment" upon the government of the United states, so that its hands shouid be tied and rendered ncapable of availing itself of the privileges of the treay. Again, tbls bill not only authorized, but direoted, he Secretary of the Navy to enter into a oontract with hese three individual*. It seemed to him that this i vould be, in the strictest sense of the term, a monopoy. Ail the other citizens of the United States, except i Wefsrs. A?pinwall, Stephens and Chaunoey, would be, ! jy this bill, deprived, for twenty years, of all the prlvi- , cge* secured by the treaty with New Granada; and .be Secretary ot the Navy was not at liberty after the >as>ageofthis bill, to listen to any proposals, however avorable, from any other quarter, for twenty years. He fished to have the whole thing thrown open to gene al competition; and if no other would do so, be would ilmeelf offer an amendment to .the bill, directing the Secretary of the Navy to Issue proposals to the people if the irnitml Stuteii. mo that it miirht hit mtpn shrth^p here were not three other gentlemen who had ti Duch I kill, knowledge, enterprise and capital as these >artiei, who iought to obain this oontraet. Mr. Benton replied.? He said that he did not deire a vote to-day. His objeot had been merely te i >pen the subjeot? to bring It before tbe Senate, so that ifter due deliberation it might be prepared to act upon t. The Senator from Illinois (Ylr. Bretae) was misaken in supposing that these petitioner* were to be >&id for oonveying the malls across the isthmus. They ' ere already under obligations to carry them, as the runtmlsMon of the mails across the Istbmus was included in their contract for their con veyrncs from jhagren to California. He might add, that over und iboTe the obligations of their oontraet, they had staioned a small steamer at Chagres, for their own td ventage in transporting the mails, and ai?o 'or the eonvenlenoe of paxsengers. In order to avoid letention at an unhealty locality, on a sickly coast, ind on a low shore, presenting very few attractions to fhite men. There was only one white man there now, ind in his case there was, Indeed, a practical illustraion of the adag*,that "when at Home yon must do m Home dees." There was nothing, then, to be paid or tbe transportation of the malls across the Istumus. ' \gain. all was left to the discretion of tbe Secretary of .be Navy. He might make the contract for whatever >eriod he pleased, and for whatever amount be deemed >roper. The rate mentioned in the bill was Intended inly as a rule to guide him. He quite agreed with the Senator from New Hampshire, in b'.4 opposition to all nonopolivs. But circumstances sometimes jsistifled rmpprary monopolies. When private enterprise and leans could not aoomplixh greit works of general itility, without extraorjinary privileges, It was pjtitlo m<i proper to permit a monopoly f?r a Ifenit-d period. He had no objection thit tbe bill should l'e o\ A for a tw days; but not for any extended time, for that sould he death to the whole enterprise. Mr. Ali,?w desired i'?" inl\>raiirt1on in rei:*rlto [ his measure. Does the bill propose tot-feafir the i,jht of way of tbe United S'.atos to a Mr. Benton explained that Ifiis company bad *e:uted the ripht of way from the government of New Grenada, or its representative here. Mr. Allsk? I do not speak of the rights of these ;ectlemen of New York, but of tltfr'fthts of the United States and the people. I desire to know whether the bject id to divest the people and the United Ststei of heir rightof way, and toinvest itln the hands of these reutlvmen, and to give th.-m the exclusive rl^ht of I "J Mr. Bentoi*?Oh, no! the people can go as they >lea*e; they can go on foot throuuh tli? woods, or l?y rules, or by any other plan; the way Is open. Th'.t ihieet of the railroad in tonorurff to the ?? ?.>nln i ll ;he United State* the fall benefit of tin put. Mr CnniiK ? HMthe Senator a copy of the contract Bndc by N?w Grenada with the Kr?n jh o >mo?ny' Mr Bkhtow?It In In the city, and o?n b? produoed Juder th? terms of that contract, it hu expired. Mr. Ci.akri?I thould like to know what were th? I erm* of toat contract; whether they wer* thma >? 1 >ured by the petitioner* and whe&hur tha contract *ith them confer* upon them th? exclusive right ol? >apr?|ie tar a railroad. Mr. lunmow. of Maryland, would ?UKne?t one or two lifiicultle* in the way, to whtoli he would call tt>? at.ion ft the Senator from Miwiourl The .Secretary of be Nary in not only authorised but U directed. to :ontrnct with thoia gentlemen on tho term* they protone, Kor the public transportation for '.20 year*, they ?lll pet $0000.000 The road will not c<~?t or?r $'i COO.. 00. which will leave them a elear profit of $4 000 009 rem the pnbllc trannportntlon alone. Then, an to their barge* for toll They may comnand any rati which will be nornadvantageou* than a voyage around Cape Horn, and thera la nothing to prevent th?.n. They may tie in oommand of all the capital required ; but If they lad not one dollar, they might easily ralne $1,500 030 or $2,000.(00 with a contract pledging th'm $6 000 900 From the Trtaeury. Mr. Jonnton, therefore, hopml that the bill would net be precipitated to Ita pt<<<t[*. Mr. IH-nroi* ratd that wa* n? hi* obj *nt; U was to rllfctiK tb" m? *?tire from ilny to d*y uatil it i nunu thculd beiuliy uuieAtood. tfuttuo -uu*. tx IE R A . 1S4R. cuse roe for not joining in hiii mode of calculating the | four million* of profit* from the coutract with the go- ! vernment. W? raunot not up our opinion a<?inat the engineer*. We cannot assume th?t all the money paid in in clear gain There are other exp->nce* besides tbe actual construction of the road. There a large provision to be made for paisona to be employed , on the road to take care of the people and freight ? there must be a large outlay for persons and for buildings. I apprehend that there will b>< a large dally out- 1 lay from the moment that transportation bt^inn till tho transportation ceaaen. Such is the experience | of our railroads htre t'ontirgent expense*, exclusive of wood and water. cut deeply into their receipt*, if , we could suppose, in going into the ticket offlc*, aud seeing tire hundred or one thousand passenger*. each paying down four or fire dollar* for their passage, and were to go upon the assumption tint thl* was all oloar money, we might well be astounded at the imm?n*e fortunes they were making. But when we take Into consideration tho fact that one half or three fourth* of theFu receipts are nhnorbed in actual daily expenses, the fortune* cease to exist. The engfne must go, whrth< r there be one p tsenger or * thousand Mr Hhkcik was disposed to believe th?t the profit* of thi* enterprise must be enormou*. They would *?t six millions Irom the government for twenty year*' service And what wastheextsnt reifilredof railroad to cross this Isthmus ? Kroin Chagre* tbey will run hy steamboat up the river some twenty-five or tkirty milKH arwl fnr thftt. rtiimntu fhav hnvu alrnmlv i??nk down a atratuboat. They will then only have soma twenty milea cf railroad Mr BkntOi?Si'me twenty odd Mr. Dhkksk ?Some twenty odd. Well, air, allow that to cott $?0 000 a mile, the coat will eiored a little over a million of dollars But the Senator nays they will rcccive, from all Its transport*'ion for the government an amount only equal to that whiuh ia pill the Liverpool line of staamrra for the transportation < f the maila alone An I nnderatand It. they will get .tf 300 00<i per annum, for twenty yean, or an aggregate i f aix million*, for tranaportatlon of tin maid, and such occasional public store* and munition* of war as It may be necessary to transport across the roud Ulit, exopp'lng the mails, there will 1m no urgent necessity for the employment of this company for the transportation of public stores. for the latter purpose, we should have mlwaya a sufll clent number of vessels of war. which can he profl'ably employed In the tranaportation of military supplies around Cape Horn. I hope the hill will not be proved ; and wiih the view of aflordlng an opportunity to the Senator from Pennsylvania (\lr. Caioeron.) to deliver his remarks to morrow, 1 move you that the Senate do now adjourn Volcea?Oh ! no! no! not yet Mr BiiKKnr?Why, it la full dinner time, and we Fhall do nothing further to day. Mr Dix desired juat a few words In explanation of the treaty with New CSrenada The only right we have acquired ia the right to pass over the lathmua by any road whioh may now be in eslatetion. or whiuh may be ' hereafter constructed We have no exclusive right In themstter The United Statea do not part wltn any j right whatever in the right of way in the contract propot rd. Mr Camkrow -If we can prooure a copy of this contract 1 should like to have it printed [The following letter of Sensr llerran to tyeasrs. Aaplnwall & Co , guaranteeing to them the right of way for a railroad acroaa the pass of Panama, ia, perhaps, the contract to which Mr Cameron refura ] [corv ] T.K0ACION DE LA NIJBVA GRANADA. WuiMSOTOi, 18 Diclembre, 181S. Seilorea?He tenido varias oonferenciaa on el Seflor John L. Stephens, cobio repreaentante de la asoeiacion que uatedea hana formndo, i oon poderes baatantes, para follcltar el privileglo de conttruir nn ferrorarril en el Istmo de Panama, bajo loa oandickoue.-i que a nombre de ml Goblerno le be propueeto De eatas conlerenciaa ha resultado, que el Senor Stephens me da auflcientea garautias auemas de las que ae eapraaan en el privlleaio concedido, ti Mateo Klein oon pecha, H de Junio de 1847. nara m aeaurar la eiecucion de la obrm obra a que la asoolacion de ust<Uf8 se comprem?te a'llenar. los condicionc* que le he propuesto. en favor (In la Nueva Granada, ademas de Ian qu? con?tau an el privilegio. Kn virtad deeste convenio declare que ustedrs estiin en poreilon del privlleglo oonoedldo por el Oobtemo de laNueva Granada, para construir un ftirrooarrll en el Istrao de Panaicii. Sir, de ustedes mui atento obedient* scrvldor, P. A. HKRR\N. A lea Sefmrea Woa H. Aaplnwall. John L. Stephena, Henry Chauncey. On motion, the 8enate went into exaoutlve session. [The reader will perceive, from the letter of Senot ' Ilerran, that the unlit of way la deolded to be In possession of Asptnwall la Co , for a railroad, as conceded by the Governor of New Granada.] flouac of Repreaentatlvea. \Vvshiii.tqi, Decsmber 18,1848. The SrEAKKR laid before the House sundry executive communications, from the Treasury Department, the Land Ofllee, and the War Department Mr V in ton, of tbe Committee ef Ways and Means, teported a bill to supply deficlenoes in the appropriation* for tbe year ending June 30, 184!*; which was made the order of the day for Wednesday week. NLW iieiico AND california?THE si.AVERT ql'EITION ?GENERAL TAYLOR AND 1111 friend*. The Speaker stated the Drat business in order to be the metion made by Mr. Robinson several days ago, to recenaider the vote by which the House passed the resolution of Mr. Root, instructing tbe Committee on Territoriea to report a bill *atabU*hlng territorial governments for New Mexico and California, exoluding slavery therefrom. Mr. Rouimson, of Indiana, who was entitled to the floor, was about to deliver his views, when he was interrupted !>y a question of order from Mr. Collamkr, of Vermont, who inquired whether i tbe motion, giving rise to debute, must not go over. The Steakik replied that the motion had already ' lain over three or four days Mr. Coi.i.amer ? There are many other motion* I standingon the calendar before it. The Si'kakbr.?Yea. but the motion to reconsider takes precedence. Mr. Coli.amkr?Would not. ordinarily, aeuhJect giving rise to debate, lie over? The Speaker?TbeCbair will decide when the question shall occur. (I.aughter) Mr. Robinson, after stating the substance of the resolution of Mr. Reot, remarked that there are member* who consider the question of organizing territorial governments for New Mexico and California a* more important than anythinj else; while there are others, who consider tbe question of aiavery, a* oonnaoted with tbe territories, a* prominent te everything beside; yet, according to the deeialon of the Chair, the two questions, in the resolution, were indivisible. All, , or none, had to be taken. There are othais, who might think it inexpedient to attempt any legislation during this seatlon, and ha was one of them. This territory had been aoquired. not onlv alnoe the present admin latration can e into power, but aince the present Congrea* were elected. If therefore, the qneatlon ahould be now settled. It will be without giving to the Representatives and the Resident, who have been elected with reference to the subject, an opportunity of being heard. An attempt was made to legislate on the subject laat winter, and failed, and it Is not unreasonable to suppose that any attempt this winter will end In the same way. Slnoe. however, the question came before the country, and before the Presidential election took place, and now, It. beyond all others, has the most controlling and all-pervading influence. He thought In&t it woulil not be denied by neniiem?o. rroui an ?ections of the country, that the question of slavery, aa connected with tht-ae territorlea, absorbs every other queation. The result of the election ahowa 'that the two extremes of the 1'nion. on the question of altveiv, bare net and united on the aame Preaident. repudiating the dcotrinea entertained by the other candidates. But. however widely the frienda of General Taylor may have differed on the quftxtion of slavery, Last, W? at. North and Sonth. all aeemed to think that he could and would settle the queation ; and tly?y appeared to have more confidence in hiin than inetttfer of the o'.her eandidatea. The party of which Mr. Robinson ?U proUd. and of which he was an humble member, went betere tho country with a candidate whose opinions and vitws on the subject of slavery were expressed by hiui in the most unequivocal manner ibt was in favor of the non-interference doctrine- of keeping the question, a? connected with the territories, out of the leulFlative hall.t Out this' doc:rice aeenis to have been condemned, in the d<%'at of (ieneral Cas?. This doctrine of non interference Mr Robinson conceived to b<tha old democratic platform He repeated, this doctriua has been condemned, and It seems that lettlnlation must now he bad. It has been taken wt of the hands of the democrats, and he coneeivtd rhdt it would htiinnroner. under the circumstances, to ?ten In under this expiring administration, ar.d aettle ttie question txiforu On. 1 ay lor comes into power. lie was perfectly aw.ire that the two extremes of the Union who suppor.ed (itntral Taylor differed widely on th? <:i. yet fhey all agreed on one Uii.g. ?nd It iiu tins, with one accord ?(hat thin gov'tument hai the power, and ought to exercise it. to legislate on tte subject of slavery He believed that the southern dl?i<ioa of tho confederacy had taken the lead in thin, lie unite 1 from ih* record of the House and from ne?r-p?p<ri t.> stow tlie conflicting views of whig* in tb? North and South -those of the one section, with Corwla nt th.-ir h?a<), claimed the whig as the free noil party; while auoh mtn as Uallie l'eyton of the other, contend that Gen. I Taylor would veto the Wilmot ptoviso. These being the fact*, he repeated that it would seem very improper f?r a defeated party, like the democrats, to tails the question out of the hands of the su joessful ptrty The new administration should have a fair trial to settle the question ; and Mr. Itobtnson would say to his democratic friends, " Stand from under, and let the question go to General Taylor" He reoollecte 1 that the gentleman from Alabama (Mr. Hllllard) said at th? last session, that his otndirlato would still the st >rm and calm the troubled water*. The country will be fortunate if he should do so; rni l he wa< not disposed to keep Mm from haviug ? '?ir ehanos of making the attempt. It seemed to him, from the action of these gentlemen, (the whig*) that they care nothing abou. slavery, but took up the question fi r the purpose of ranking p ?llflf?l mpital. They would not consent to pettle It at the las' iesilno. They now with the democrats to step In an.t settle the question befcre (ton Taylor come* Into power When the gentleman from Ohio (Mr. Hoot) moved his resolution, there was a fluttering in the North wing and in the Southern wing of the whig party. Were we to witness again, as at Philadelphia, another slaughtering home' lie would say to bis countrymen, bw/ire. Loot to tbot* men In this i otigres.i ?ni think ft it tie 1 nocruts will step in and ?*v- th-rn III ?n billing to leave ih? question ?riv re th.) J >mtit Jtloa left It; b il if U? sLwUld bo c-ziupaiitd tJ ioj jUto, I; wJAti U) LD. TWO CENTS. arainnt dUvnry. II* thought th?t Southern ?nntl?mm did wroD? In asking the Nortti to?xt?-j<i M???rjr. IVn h?T# obtained Lou liana Horida. aD<l T?iaa?all Have teiritory. i lie laet c.|ulM'ion In the only free on* which we have miidn in it right to a?k for the (tenalon of Haverjr over It' Oo.y on* free State h%a been carved out of the foreign an<|Ulaitlona He did cot think that the North would p.rinlt territory now free to be made (lave territory. The <|un?tlon of elavery ahould be left on the dewonra'ln platform, (dor intervention.) Bring It here, and no on* ran tell of the ronffqueures which the itorm will ral?o, Mr w'm 1?ortii movetl that the qaeation to reeon* aider the V( te by wht -h the r?-Bolution of Mr. Hoot wad parked, be laid on ti e table; and the motion tu agreed tc?jeaa If 6. imja 82 n.atkrv ii? thk diitiiict or roi.vwniA. Mr. (>u niM.*, in purniance &f previoui notice. Introduced a bill authorizing the people ot the District of Columbia to exprein ilielr deeire an to the ooutlnuane* of >laT?ry therein The bill having been read twice by Its title, Nir (iiuLHKci* i?id:-Ar the anbject la ?o well underatood by nil ti e n>*u<bi r* of the iloiiu and ba? been ao lorir agitated, I truat there will be no objection to the bill being ;nit upon ir.i? <*gr > <nn <nt [Laughter, aid coin til > Itead the bi 11;'r 1 lat'a hear it ''J The bill wat read It proposed, in elTeat. that all' male, twentj-one yeir.? of ag? having resided in the Olfttrlet one year ahali have the privilege of voting, on the fimt Mouaayiu April next, at the Court 1Ioupi>, wi f tk th>- put! in to tie held, either for "rlav?ry"or liberty'' Mr. Oi odiouii?1 have ecde ivor?-d to make the bill ao petfectly pla>n that every member may und"ratand it It Is fiioply a fjui.'.-tion propou-d to the people, whether or not It la rh?ir iifllm that the luatilution of nUvcry aball bo abolished Mr Tmomp?oi>i, of iViiaalaaippl - I wiah to aak^Qu**tIon rf t! e Chaliman ot the i ommiit?ii oo th- I).Htrict of Columbia throngh l>m gentleman flrom Onio The Si k*kkr-Wi11 the gentlemm from Obis give w.iy ? Mr. Tno?* ? The miration la. whether the people of tbig Dmiriot have ?xprattled the deaire ? Mr. Uiuni*i:a? I will au?wer I have ?een a number r f li eti' and it In in accordance with their reijueeithat I lime Introduced the bill Mr Tiiommoiv- I rbould llketonek the question of the < haliin&n of the Committee for the District of Columbia Ma M. T wall onaeiu* rt llnut IrtW I K>M been requested to bring forward the propos.tion by tha citizen' with whom I have conversed Mr. Thum rsoN, ot Mii*f>{nci^tpi I ui*y not have distinctly hear*! the bill reud I understand it. to provide thai all males over twen'y on? yearn of a^a shall vote. I inquire of the gentleman whet'ier h? m?an* negroes, bond and free, or bond or free, to take part In the ?*predion of the public sentiment t Mr liinuiM.i. (with much animation) ?When I look l abroad mi the faintly ot man, I know no distinction. (Ha! ha : ha') I know of no distinction in man as i be came from the band of his Creator. When I call on the purple. I mean what I say I mesn every tntle in* habitant tweLty-one years of age i did not draw ft distinction, to i-t the man who holds hl? fallow-man In bondage te decide. If tlie gentleman moves an amendment to exclude slaves and elave-holders, I will vote for It, but I never will submit the question to any man to make others submit t>< his will Kvery feeling of my soul 1< repugnant to the proposition. I stand here as the advocate of common humanity, as hwldlug rights and enduring principles whloh should be meted out to a 1. I do not come here to exclude the rights of any. I come bete oo the tound demooratlo doctrine. (Laughter.) The SrcAKEB?The ('.hair must arrest the gentleman. If debate arises, the bill mu?t go over tor one day,unless by general consent (C.les of "go on," "go ahead,'" object." 'object ") Mr Uii'Uinni a-lted whether this could be dine, the bill having been received and the question put before tba Houre, The Sskakeii referred to tha bonk of rules, and then said tbat accotdlng to then>, the bill must go over, debate atlsifg then upon. Mr. Gipdinos inquired whe'ber it wonld be in order to move the previous question on the engrossment of the bill. TbeSpeaker replied in the affirmative. Mr. UinoiNo* made tbat motion. Mr. Thommon. of Mississippi- I move to lay the bill on the table, and call for the yeas and nays I should like to lay one word, and it Is tblf: I did not understand from the Chairman of the District Committee, any perrons as having requested that suoh a bill should be intiodnced. Mr ('hitman the Chairman of the Committee for the Distrlot of Columbia, was in the actef moving tbat the bill be referred to that Committee, when The SrEARKR Informed bim that the motion to lay on the table had precedence The question was taken, and, by a rote of yeas 100, nays 77, the bill wan Uld on the table. KAILRnm or IIMP i'hil. to connect tut. atla.itis |wiTH IKE PACIFIC SCE4K. Mr R ocewkli., uf Crnnooticut, offered the following joint renolution. which *n referred to a aelect committee of five member*. tU Fr?i!T?ri, hy ti e Senate anil Houae el Reprcaeatatiree ?f the llil'ed fta't t. In ongtt?*nihlvil. That thu PreeMent of the I'i ilttl !*? * > be authiiizod and rt<|uca id to caa<e accurate ?rviy? to tx* mode <>f the eonrtry aon mi thu lathmu-, between (Jbapree ard Pur una in lufrrencn ? thn eonttrnc'ion uf ? ship canal ur tailroad lo faci itate tfce communication batwwn the <tllantio end Pee tie wuni wl?h eetlmatea i.f tne e?penee of e loatructing inch work ; alio, that In- c.mue * ek nova) and examination! to te madn ofou?r proposed Unce uf commnrli'a ten a note the isthmill l?t?ii ihe tw<i oti'iDK aa he may d em expedient; alan, roch examination! and aurvcte of a route lor a railroad or common road from aneb f*ial on t-e nbalaeippi or ita hranohea, to anrh P'ltil! on the I'acilia ocriu aa ha may deem expedient; and that liebe authorlred to employ, in perfecting said uurveya, audi pi rtion of (lie cnali err and nther corps of the armf, and auoh oortit.n ol the raval forces a? may lie adTantageouely ao emp'oy-di aid thai the anir of one hnnrir d thouaand doliara oe sppropriaftna l-rtle purpose ifureaaid to be expended under the dirtetlou ef the Secretary of War. A Urge nnober of ofher resolutions, on dllTeran* subjects were Introduced and agreed to. And the Hcure adjourned Police Intelligence. Singular Recovery nf Hold It'ufcAfa.?Aboot tile 22d rt July last. two mm entered the jewelry store of Jan. W. Faulkner, situated in Broadway, near White at , aid asked to look at some jewelry It bein< etrly in the morning, and bo one in the etore bat the boy, at tbe time, some jewelry wai sbown to them, but they did net purchase any Shortly after their laaving tbe atore, the boy missed from the one, two gold watohee, and a fob chain, valued, iu ell. at over $100, alnoe I which time, no clue wai disoo?ered of tbe thief, or tbe watcher, nntil Saturday last, a young man by the name of Charles Duane, went into Mr. Faulkner's store, for the purpose of fitting a key to ? gold ?ftti;h be had Just purchased On the young man seeing the watch, he at one recognized it as one of tbe two stolen from the atore la July last The key was fitted and tbe watch handed again to Mr. Duane, the y( ung man. not liking to take the rrsponslb'lity In Hopping it. aa Mr. Faulkner was absent. Mr Duan* then left some studs to be repaired and Raid h? would call in again On Monday. Mr Duane called again, nd tben Mr. Kftulkner waa in tb? a'ore and reoognired Mr Duane. wben an explanation took place about the watch. On Mr. Dnane being asked where hit g>t it. aa It win one stolen from that store he rep'ied that he bcught it of ft young man cal'ad Mum for ? hlcb he paid f:i9. Mr Kaulkner raid be should like t<> see Mr Motes. V ery well. said Duane. an 1 off ha started, returning In a short time with Moses Kurthxr inquiry waa tben made, and Mosea said heb>aght It fri m Vtr l.oula A nrich. jewelar. No. Tl Chatham street. 1 be case by this time became a subject for tb* polio* authorities, and Captain Magna*. under the directions of Justice MeOrath, called upon Mr Aurieh to h*Tn bis virr-ion of tbe story.and aaoer'.aln bow and by what means he came Into pixsession of the watab Mr Vn- , rich, after acme consideration, be not being positive at flist fri m whom be received it doing aa be doea a very larye liurioiss In the sale and purchase of watohea, finally, be recol'ect?d that he t"ok two wntahea In trade for another wa'cb of more value In August laal, and ore of these watches proved to ha the one in .juestion claimed by Mr Faulkner. Mr. Anrleh further communicated in a very bluest and orfrtreat manner, tbe name of Ah parson from whom be repaired th? vetch? bis name i* Robert VV Hlgg*. a pa'uter. *esloibg at N?. t;'2 Vanilarr street So far 10 good. Justice McO atb tben lent for Mr. Higgi. who corrtlorawd he statc m> n's made by Mr. An* rich. sckt owledging the trade mad* by bin with tbe wa'cb In ijuestlon. Mr. Hlgga. tn etplanatii n, stat. d tbat he pnrchaaed tbe watch from a i??dler and was unite Innoceait aa to the knowledge of the watch having h?en stolen. Thus far Jt has been traced into tbe pesse?slon of Mr lliggt, who. it aop'ar* at pr< sent, is unable to find the wbereabouta of the peaIt r. However, he may yat be foond. and the poai**don of the watch or watches be traced Into ni?o.y other bands, and thus finally detect tbe thief The statement given by Mr. Hlggs did nat appear t* be s?tiafac> ti rv to the mwirlstrat* rouse.toe n II r be was detained fcT a further hearing Tfte ipreml?*nf Mr. Ifl^s wan Marched by Justice MoU ath and offl.iers Mkom mad A M. C Smith, and fome three or fjar dosen of vary line llcen cambric handkerchelfa, together with two geld ? atcH. a it 'ot of cutlery, and othar valuable articles were found in *ui?ll >aliie. We unlerataad that Mr. lllgg" I" ? ma0 'on" property, and doin< an excellent I'lislnesa. bein< the painter for Mr A*tor for iraaj years pa?t bearing an un lue.sllonable reputation. and no doubt, upuri a ll'tle time being afforded Mr lllggs. he will be able to explalt away niiny eircuniatatioes which at pieseut look unfavorable. gitalin fat the Firt.? A man by the name of \1 iohaal rendegrsst,??' d?tented at the (Ire nf the Park Wia.itra on Saturday night, and conveyed to the Chief* ol|?t, on a charge of i-te?ling a valine valuable prjmlaory note*, money and-wearing apoarel v?lu?d at aeveral hundred dollar*, belonging to Mr Ralph B. Steel, of .New ilaveu, who wat pu'ting up at the hotel No 19 Taik'Kow, near where the theatre waa on Are. Tbw valine waa fouod In bis powexlon Justice Lothrop committed him to prl?on for trial tfirut of a Policy l)raler ? Officer Borty arrested jeftfrday, a man by the nt?m? of Kdward W. Tooker, on a warrant Isaued by Janice Lothrop. wh <retn ho stand* charged with rellicg a lottery policy at hi* >lli ;a located in (Jri enwlch atreet. near Warren I'hw complainant la Martin Aahly, of No. 317 Oreenwloh street, who obtained a prize, and Took?r not paying up, appt an to be the origin of the qbnrge. Justice Lolbrnp held him to bail to answer the rharga Si nnitN PfATM.*. (leo. Whitrhoiia?, .>2 yearn of ago. wn? found d? ad nn a wharf at K.aet II?sto?. on Sunday OrH'h OaOfed bv In'r nperanee and exuo iirw. I.ea??? a wl'fAw a > ?| tB'.Mr i lii \*>f Vvr\-b<>.tu* frU'uiil.i un. J. ti. i Jt