Newspaper of The New York Herald, December 25, 1848, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated December 25, 1848 Page 2
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f eat twelve rtt?? of letter poata*e bring two ion* for tkr first twenty-tire mila* iKngtith > with an advance of two ton* for each additional prescribed distance, will then fee cup>T?i'drd by the uniform charge of four aoua, wbicb according to our legal standard of value. U equal to 3 72-100 cents. 1'ho (i ruian scale of postages though iom<?h>: variant in the different 8tatw asuui aiof generally to (hat of I'ru-^ia, which roBiMtcti silb a f>'r ib? tirat two miles, (equal to about nine and a half mile* Knglirb ) of one diver groscben equal to two aud a hall cents, increasing by a grosoben t. r each tutrrval of from lira to ten uilei. Cirrman with an ittet vtning half rata. A reform in postages has twen (Jeer- nl by a recent postal congriss at Pre?d?n. fixing two rates in substitution of the : fcregcing?ona tf five kreutzera, (old German convention money.) abcut eaual to five cents, for aay distance not exrreding ninety fir* miles (tuoglisb.) j and tta? other ten kreutrers. or cents, for any distance over The following arc quite anomalous In France. 1 wai Informed, the postmaster, instead of giving bondr with sureties deposits wltb government the required amount i n monry. He draws from it, whilst la office a moderate interest, lets than the commercial rate, and receives back tbe capital on retiriag from 1 (dice. provided be bee faithfully accounted for and | paid over all due* to the government In Prussia, the { Weneial Pest office open* accounts with the postmasters only for the letters they receive and deliver. The i amenui? prepaid on letters rent are accounted for by | tbe eendiBg pertma-.ter> to the receiving and deliver- 1 ing postmaster. who Is held liable therefor by the generaJ oftr? In Austria, where the posting of travellers is. as elsewhere on tbe continent, a part of tbe post office monopoly, tbe postmaster is prohibited f.om tarnishing conveyance. unless tbe party exhibit a posting ticket from tbe Stale Cbanccry. giving permission to travel. But the greatest anomaly of the present day is the Thurn and Taxis Poets This constitutes tbe only general post ( ffice power tf Germany. It is held as an hereditary fief granted by the German F.mperor Mathiai to the (.'cunt de Taxis, in 1616? re-established and confirmed, after Buonaparte bad abolished it, by the ! Congreae of Vienna, its central office is at F.rankfort, with postmasters and offlcea in the different Ger- i man towns separate and independent of tbe local man ertaDlii-nnients. u compels ine rauroaas to c?rrj it* malls for nothing, as a part of tbe restitution which it hold* that modern improvements should make for Infringing upon its prescriptive rights, in furnishing m batter mode for public travel than existed tiro centuries ago. its attribute* are tbo*e of a private monopoly; and It is managed so as to make the largest posslble income for its affluent proprietor, the Trince of Tburn and Taxis. IX. Oho*i?iii*tio"? or Fonr.ion Tost Dcfarthkiti, In th? oblei feature of its organization, au iin its relative importance at home, the ilritish Postofflee wide!/ differs from those on the continent. In France end in the Ouman States, the Pcitofflce is but a branch of the Treasury Department. The Oirecteur General, at Paris, is a bureau office, under the Minister of Finance. But In Great Britain, as in the United States, the rosteflice constitutes one of the great departments of tbe Executive government ; the Tostmatter General is a member of tbe Cabinet, holding a eat in tbe House of 1'eera. Thus, through its head, It is connected with the political power oi the nation ; and is directly subjected through the same channel to tbe influerces of the popular will, so far as their form of government will ailow. But to prevent it from being made a party engine, all interference with, or participation, even in tbe elections on the part of any officer, I'ostmaster or other subordinate, is prohibited by law, under severe penalties. All appointments, from tho principal officers and postmasters down to tho letter carriers and mail guards, are ordered by the Postmaster General; though in rerpect to the principal officers and po?tma-ters. the appointment is made on the nomination of the Lords of tbe Treasury. In France, the principal nppointments of Postmniters.and Other officer*, are made by the Minister of Finanoe, with the concent of the council. The Directonr General recommends In such cases, and makes the appoint- j meets himself of the infericr class of Postmasters and j In tho States nn:iolntmerits I in the principal cla?s are made by ttao King ; in the Inferior, by the rostmaftea General. In F.ngland. the tenure of office is "during pleasure."' And not for life, as rome have erroneously supposed. er even "during good behaviour;" removals, however, are never ordered but for an assigned cause, and as to promotion". I find the following meaiorondum'^ade at the General Tost Office in London:?"The clerks are promoted in rotation provided they are reported by the head of tb? office to which they belong to be competent to take tfce higher situation; and provided their official conduct is such as to warrant the promotion The heau of each office is selected an account of hii ability and fitness, not by rotation. The flrtt clerk however, is appointed, if 'lUalifled." The entire business ol'the pest office department of Great Britain is done in the name of the Tostmaster General. The chief functionary for the transection of this business, is the secretary, whose salary is ?2 000 a year There is an assistant secretary, at ?300, and a solicitor of the department, now receiving the same salary as the Postmaster General, jl'2,600; but whose euecesscr is to receive but CI.600 per annum The following are tlie bureau officers ?Superintendent of Mail Coaab Office, salary jC'.'CO; Receiver General, appointed by the l.ordB cf the Treasury. Jt'800; Accountant General, 4.'e(J0; President ot the Money Order Office, jL'.MiO, and Inspector of Dead and lteturneA betters. ?400 There are central offices for Scotland and Ireland. res|*ctively at F.dinburgh ond Dublin, subordinate to tbat at London, and on a smaller scale. Transactions with the < h&nrellor of the F.xchoquer and Secretary for Foreign Affairs, in respect to postal arrangements with other countries, itc , and matters of appointments, belong to the flies of the Secretary to the Postmaster General and j thoreof his private secretary. The former ii a post now filled l>y and crested for. I believe. th? celebrated Rowland Hill. The salaries of the clerks range from ?i0 to ?5.'0 perannrm. .As to the salaries of postmasters?the tighe?t in Fngland (Liverpool) is A'l COO. ($1 840). and the lowest is J>30 a year, ($145 20). Receiving poiitmasur* got t,"i?some Instances i.'5? | and in one cast a* high iih fir* per annual. In Kruno* | and Gernmny. th" higher trades of ralarias ramre much ! lower than in Kng'.aud: but I am unable to give them with precision X.?HtlTOtlCtl., The postrfflce bad no evisiense, as an^institation for general use. till towards tbe close of the l.r>th aentury The e?tabli?bin?nt of pogts we can trace at ilar bach a? the FVisiun empire, and the reign of Darius the 1st. The correspondence between Julius (".Tsar ar.d Cicero make* memorable those established by tbe prrat Triumvir between Britain and Home. Ilia kill in such arrangements, acquired possibly whilst f.urvtjor of the Apptaa Way. gave thein a speed umurpafted In luodern times, tilt the introduction of ateam Augustus and hi* successors maintained them on a larger scale But their character is indicated bj the fart, that the bead of this mail establishment was tbe captain of the Traetorian Guards. They were courier despatches between the government and the army. Military posts furnished tbe relays that performed the service; and whether they did not also confer their name upon it is a matter that the lexicographers. who derive it from the pa?t participle uf a Latin verb, may have jet to settle with tbe historians. 1'ostsof a like character the Spanish adventurers found under tbe Incaa of IVru The 1 'niversity of I'aris, and the attlueat merchants of Italy and Germany, following the example of their governments, sent tbeirown messengers for the convcyarce of letters. Bat with the ilawn of liberty in the Italian State*, and especially in the Duchy of Milan, the post office first entered upon the duty of saving tbe citizens as wall as the government And the comprehensive k'enla* of Charles the ' th. systematized it for hit vast dominions, on the basis of' public and social accommodation Ha created tha first PoBtmai-ter General known to history, in the person of Leonard Count of Taxis. The post ofiice wa* introduced into > ngi.iud from Italy but under ecclesiastical auspice*. The Pope's Nuncio was the chief functionary. It was bnt little u*ed in this term, and wa* at length II ung aside as one of the papal encroachments. The ottic# of Postmaster General in K.ngland enjoy* the honor of being created by Klizabetb, who ooni^rred it upon Vhona* Randolph, a *> mien *&of di'tinction in the foreign service of tbe Queen, where be had acquired, as wo a a lrr?nwl*r1f>aa f?f t h*? mail ??t?.hl ifthm* tl t? ""/ flip?J. -- of the Continent It Is a notable cireum*tanc.e, that in the 17th century the poet otliee ep*abl!shmeut *?? given away in Germany, ae a feudatory monopoly to the family of Taxi* in France, it wa* ?et tip at auetion. ami farmed out for a term of year*, and eo eon. tinucd tiil near the cloee of the 18th century. 1701. And the came disposition wa* made of It diirir.gthe < ommr nin-aith in hngland In the reign ?f i^ueen Anne, the po?t effloe department forth* British empire was r<-o.ganiM-d und r aetatute of Parliament,that embraced the American ' olonie*. and proTided f >r the establishment of one chief letter office in .New ^ ork, with other* in convenient place* in the other province*. Bui it wan long anterior to thi* as?arly an th? reign of ( barled II that the popular movements brought the poet office Into existence in America, as a convenience of the people a character In which It had never origitated in any nation or country before. A poet < fftr<- wan > itablirhed in Boston. under John Ifey. ward. by th? Colonial < ourt in 1677; and in Philadelphia under Henry Waldy. by order ot William Penn. m lotii The Virginia A*rembly gave Mr Nealapa tent ae Postmaster General, in 1092. which never wen IntoetRct. But. in i"0>". Col. John Hamilton, of New Jersey. obtained a patent (rum the Colonial Government/or a poet office roh'ine for the whole country, which lie carrud in'o rucceaaful operation, and for which heobialnediDdrmnltyfrotn the hnglish Government. when It wk* superseded by the *tatnt* of Ann, in 1710 The Illustrious name of i raoMin fir*' appear* in con Br ct ion with the service of the American po*t olBce in 1737. He waitheu appointed pos'master of Philadelphia and wa* commissioned a* one of the two Deputy l ost master General# of British North America In 17.'3 The length of the po?t roads In the thirteen colonir* was then l,.r-82 mile*. North Carolina having the moot. New Hampshire the least. and New \ ork ,7 mile* Alter improving and enlarging the servic and returntrp to the British crown a? he say*. three times at B.u< h cl?ar revenue as the poet office* of Ireland, tewa* di'TBieeed ae Inputy rostmaeter General by a 4 freak of mlnMeT*." in 1771 But In the nexty?r, July -'8. 17*6 he wax elected Postmaster General of the I nit< d (olonie*. by the unanimous vote of the Continental Ccngrm. An advance of fifteen year* being* n* to 1700. the < fl'icla! doeuretct* of which exhibited, through some meafl' T d?*e.fl?. the ex'- nt of ti e p^st oftlce operation* nt th? fleet ?t?T of the nrp?. nt noTirnmei' of th" i Bited ?lat?? Th? whol? m?il ??rri<'? w?? eomprlacd In t*r!?* Nlfrtct^, and ejmi ted of a 11 ne cl pvtn fW>m Wl?r????( to Savannah. with branch--* to Prorl0rIr? nJ to Norwich and New l.ondon, to >li4<li?tt>wt to I'ltuiiorgh, to DoTeraod Kaftan, ts Anr?poll<? and to Norfolk ?nd It^bmond opon bo portion of whlrh ww tho mail *?nt oft'n'r than tn weekly, aid 'n mur*) of it but one* in *B'?nf _ tour'' w? p rfnrm* I once In twenty d*y*. Tbe annual eo*t of ti -whth rerrtM w i? f 22.7U2 07 Th# number o po'i (Ira* win naron'yftre and the Unrih of p<*t route*. 1,??75 mile*. If with thli *errica cif the flr?t year, wa ' oripare ?h*t of th# bWh ymr ol the government. *? *tiall find the jrowt'i of tbl* iBntltwtl- n In the I nited Nt?ta*. In the t?iih*r of it* office*, th? Irtish of It* roui?*a ?n<< th* f'.-quf i.r j Cf lit ms'l* nne't'iaile'i I* rabidity Md exit n'. \>y any otter aat'oa 'Inr* the V?glnnioi; of time. XI.?CanruMion. We hart 10.1 M past office a; whilst those of K ranee, in 1847, war* 3.582, and of Great Britain, including 3 (K>9 receiving houses. 4 785 We hare 163.208 miles of post routes In operation, and 41.012570 miles or annual transportation of the mails inland What the extent of the transportation is in Krance. or (treat Britain there are no statistics at band to fhow-much less th?n cur own. undoubt-.11 H.i? ??. Klr/oil.tlnn in th? hVunAh m.ila una atxut US million* of Utters in 1847; and in the BrU titl.\ cbout :.t'0 millions; whilat ours ill less than 60 milier.s Where*', our population ii about 4H per cent ledf) t><?n that of France. and 2<> per cent lero than that of Great Britain This shows that w? niake a greater provision of mails.ptr i uyiia. but that tfcey are less ufed bj the public, In proprrtlnn to population, than in Kagland or France The greater equality of our servioe. In faTorof the dispersed and remote population, and the create! absorption in the Frenoh nnd English mailt of the city and town letters,golnii from street to street, with little comparative lo?s of a?eommodatlon on our part, are more than sufficient to accouut for the small difference in favor of francs, whose Paris letters alone number million* annually. Not so with Great Britain. For the difference in her favor, we nust look to other causes; and we find them in the higher rates of our postage, and the defective machinery of our system; both of which interpree checks to a universal refort to the malls A change Is the mode of business at the office that will give more regularity to the mail*, nsore certainty to the accounts, and Uiore exactness to all the deta<ls of the service, and the liberalising of the system by reducing the charge of transport, will produce inevitably a larger use ef the post office by the people, and result In a vast improvement te all the business and social Interests of the country I remain with the highest respect, your oVt serv't, S H. HOBBIE, 1st Assistant P. M. General. JNEW YORK HERALD. dortHwest corner of Fulton and Nauan iti. JAKES GORDON BENNETT, PROPRIETOR. THE DAILY HERALD.?Threeedition* every day.tiaccente per copy? $7 28 per annum. The MORNING EDITION f? Kiblieied ul 1 o'clock A. M . and dietributed before break/net; lArtt At'l 1CRNOON EDITION can be had of the netwhoy* at 1 o'clock P. M., and the,tcond AFTERNOON EDITION at tU o'clock. THt WEEKLY HERALD?Every Saturday, for Hrrulcitie* on the American Continent?centt per copy, $3 litt? per annum. Every iteam packet day, for European circulation, ??P er annum, tomcluie the pottage. The European edition W?f7 be printed in the French and Englieh lanfuagee. AMUSEMENTS THIS EVENING. BOWERT THEATRE, Bowery. At !> A. M., View o? thi Wild Beasts. At I*. M., Mingo Park?Crimson C?hh-Komar Macaire. Evening Performance?Lioji or thi DuiIT-Johwnt Atkins? Voyage to thi: Hook?Abduction or Nina?El Bypbb. BROADWAY THEATRE,Bicadway-Mont* Cristo. NATIONAL THEATRE, Chatham Sqoare. At 2 P. M? Lend Mr. Five Bhii.linos?Tovth *h? Never Paw a Woman?Pantomime or Harlequih and Golden Wheat Sheaf. Evening?Children in the Wood?Golden Fabme3? Twin Bbotheb Performances?Pantomime. BTTRTON"8 TBEATRE, Chambers street?California Gold Mines?I.uct Did Sham Amour?Counterfeit Tbesentm1nts?Whebe's Baiim'm BROADWAY CIRCUS, Now Sprin? straet? Equestrian, ism, be., at 2 and 8 P. M. MECHANICS' HALL, Broadway, Nf*r Bro?m8? Ckbutt's Minstrel's?Ethiopian Singing. at 3 and 8 P.M. MEIODION?Virginia Sebenadebs, at 2aad8 T. M. POCIK'Y LIBRARY?Campbell's Minsttils, at 11 A.M.. and 3 and ? P. M. ZOOLOGICAL INSTITUTE. Bowery?Van Axbvrch'i Grand Me>agerie, from to i, and t>X to9 P.M. PTUYVESANT INSTITUTE, Broadway, near Bleockcr stwct ?New Orleans Bebekasebs' Ethiopian Concerts, at 3 P. M .and at the TABERNACLE. Broadway-AT 8 P. M., Concert isCitizens' Di. ess. STOPPANI HALL, Corner of Broadway and Walker street? White's Kerenadi:r??Ethiopian 8inging, at 3 and ? P. M. Raw VorK, Rlondny, Dcremter a">t 1848. Actual Circulation ot tH? Herald. Deo. IT, Sunday 18,240 oopiee ? IS. Monday 221,072 " " 19. Tuesday 20.496 " ? ?0, "Wednesday 20.784 " " 21. Thursday 20 888 " " 22. Friday 20.160 " " 2u. Saturday 20 976 " Weekly. . . 10,560 " 162 976 " j " 24. Sunday 15.840 ? The tho Herald o?mm?notd yesterday at 2' mina'.M before S o'clock, &n<i Snimliod at o o'clock. Circulation of tlie other reading Morning Journals. Courier and Enquirer, (daily) 4.800 Journal of Commerce 4,800 Kxpress 8.600 Tribune 11,600 Aggregate 24,600 Errors in the above estimate will be corrected on adequate authority. AN EXTRA CALIFORNIA IIERALI). Map of the Gold and Quicksilver Region. &('. &?. die. The Extra California Herald,to contain & great deal of valuable information relative to the (Sold Region. and the routes thither, accompanied by a map of the gold and quicksilver region, will be published to. morrow neon. The map we received a day or two since from California. It is the latest and most accurate In existence ; it was drawn on the spot, by an officer of the army, and embraces all the principal points in El Dorado. Such a map, with the Information accompanying it. will be of the greatest value to those who remain at home, as well as to those who intend to seek a 'ortune, or something worse, in the rleh valleys of the Sacramento. The Extra California Herald will be ef the same sire of the New York IIi.rald. It will be sold in wrap pers. ready for mailing at a sixpence per copy. Advertisements, referring to California, will be inserted in this edition. The Birthday of Christ. Tine day ?, all things considered, to those who believe the sacred oracles and the revelation of truth with which we are favored, tke greatest, the most important, and most wonderful day which ever dawned upon the world. On this day, 1S-IS years ag>, a child was born into the world, whose comins had been foretold and loi ked for in all ages before, by the nation in the midst of whom he wa.i bom. In this body which then appeared in this world, the Godhead was resident and manifested. Many, no dou!?t, will be inclined to ridicule the very idea of such a thing; but we would ask, what could be more reasonable, more benevolent, or m?re credible than such an event 1 IIow should the Deity manifest him-elf. and make lus power and goodfies8 known to men, better, more intelligibly, or more amiably, than in the form of man! Some nations and people believe they behold the divinity in the form of beasts, and images, and reptiles; but (he Christian nations of the world believe that he has been manifested in the man who, oil this great and memorable day, was born into the world. Certainly, on the score of sound sense and true go d understandinp, the Christians, above all other nations, however wise and philosophical, have the best and most rutional conception of the po*er and goodness of the Creator. In this view of the case, no event which ever happened in the world, is, or could be, so great as this event; and the i onae<|tienceb which llow from it, viz., the bliss and happiness of tlios" who receive the Divine Word to guide and teach them' are no less great. It is, therefore, a day of un. usual importance, and ?f extraordinary joy and gladness to ail Chrisiian people: and accordingly, ail such people hail the day as a day dedicated to joy and merry-makin!/. In this view ofthisgrea' event, we add our congratulations to ourpatrons and the puhlir, on this glad and joyful day: and, as it was the dawn of "peace on earth, and good-will toward men," bo we sincerely wish|that all whom mntf ri/>hlv An.Atr t k> i a ilau ? n "Ul i'llfcrB iriui i""/ ..v..., ??j?f ....r. ? merely in its momentary enjoyments and bodily supplies, but in the solid and permanent felicity which it was destined to accompliah (or all mankind Important Past Ofllc? Report. We give in our columns this morning, the important re]>ort of Major Hobbie to the Postmaster General. It is of considorable interest to the 1'ublic, and we advise every one to read it. Tkt lUvlTtl of tke Slavery Excitement In Wublngton. The resolution of Mr. Gott, providing for taking the incipient ttep towards the abolition ot tne ^lavc trade in the District of Columbia, has proceed considerable excitement among the politimAhs at Washington, as well as some strong, M <?y passages and terrible threats in the news\WiL The resolution in question merely inm?Jlrthe Committee on the District of Columbia to report a bill for the abolition of buying and selling slaves in the capital. Several technical votes were taken on the general subject, in a particular way, which were in most cases defeated, until the final vote on the passage of the resolution was taken, which resultedajfollows:? FKKB Statf*. On the no i a On oribrinf On the pattolayonth* thi m in taiie oj the table. queMo*. molunon. ?< *2 ^ *4 % ^ fc ? ? fi" S S S ? ? ? ? af ? * ii - Mi & 2 3 .33 : ; 3 ? Main* 3 a'? 6- 1 1 6 1 N. Huniwliii*.4 ? 4? ? ' ? Vermont... ...? 4 ? 4 ? ? f "T IfMitohuMlUi. 6 5 # ? 1 ? It Island ? 2 ? 2 "I * ? "7 Connecticut....? 3 1 2 X -- 3 ? 1 NewYoik. ? 24 10 W I 11 26 ? K NewJerwy. 3 2 21 1 4 ? 1 Pcniujiviiiia... 6 11 H "2 5 }S i I Ohio.. 3 16 2 15 3 2 16 3 2 Indian* 2 3 6 8 3 - 2 2? lllinoii 2 1 4 2 3 3 d 3 1 Michigan ? 2 1 2 1 ? 3 ? ? Inwa ? 2 ? 1 I ? 2 ? WlH'onsiu ? 2 ? 1? 1 Total 15 ? 40 Hi 2:1 3D S? 17 24 SOfTIlEKl Br ATKS. rdaware 1 ? ? ? l~7 ? iT Maryland 8 ? 1 2 3 1 ? ,5 i Virginia 10 ? 8 *5 2 ? i 2 Nortu Carolina.. 7 ? 2 16 2 ? 7 South Carolina.. 4 ? 3 4 ? 3 ^ Georgia 7 ? 2 ? 8 3 ? 5 ~ Alabama 3 ? 4 4 ? 3 ? 4 a MtMisa'tiri S ? 1 1 ? I _ .1 1 Louiiiauu. 4 ? ? 8 1 _ _ 4 _I Kootucky 9? 1 2 6 2 ? 8 2 TennttfC* 9 ? 2 45 2 ? 92 Mmouri 3 ? J 2 2 1 ? 4 1 ArhansM ? ? 1 ? ? 1 ? ? 1 Vtorid* ? ? X ? ? 1 ? ? 1 TWM 1 ? 1 ? 1 1 ? 1 1 66 ? 25 27 40 24 ? 71>2~ recapitulation. On laying on On mi in On pat. the table. qut$'ion. taye. 7 58 H 3 5s H 's 52 H 3S*a?o23S-i: * S B w S 0 ^ ? a 55 . go " cc . 0 ss : b a : ? ? : a Si I ? S a : : ? : s : : ? : Ycm 14 CO 81 88 27 11*3 98 ? 93 Najs 84 - 84 23 40 63 17 70 87 Abe'tornotvot'g 10 29 63 30 24 M 24 21 43 Total i:? 91 J30 139 91 2.(0 139 91 2? By this vote, it will be seen that the first practical step has been taken, that may lead ultimately to the abolition of slavery in the District of Columbia. The agitation of the question must, however, stop at that point, as, under the constitution, Congress has no power to interfere, in any way, with the institution of slavery in any of the Southern States; nor do we believe that any crisis of atlairs, or the progress of mere fanatical opinion, will ever venture in Congress to transcend the limits of the constitution?to invade the original compact of the Union?which secures to the Southern States perfect immunity from all interference by the North, em or free States, with their right of property in slaves. The union of the States was based on that principle of forbearance, and to the limitations laid down in the constitution itself; and al denunciations glowing out of any special legis' lation in Congress over the District of Columbia* on this subject, will only be a matter of nine days' excitement in either the North or the South. The people of this country?both Northern and South' em?are eminently practical; and they will not allow themselves to be carried away in such a manner as to jeopardize the comfort, the peace, the prosperity, of the country, on account of the violent excitement and foolish ebullitions of the two ultra parties in Washington?that of the South or tha1 i of the North. J Previous to the reception ol the report that ; may be expected lrom the committee on this [ subject, and to the debate consequent therei on, there will be a great deal of excitement out oi Congress, in the newspapers, and in various parts of the country, particularly in the South, and more particularly in South Carolina. Already the letter writers from Washing ton describe the glowing eloquence of Southera members around the House, in the lobbies, out of doors?every where. We are prepared for these i beautiful and exciting descriptions; for politicians, be they sectional or otherwise, must fume and ! frtt to the fullest extent, in order to make their ' constituents believe that they are in earnest. The i newspapers are taking up the Fame tone. Mr. ! Ritchie, the government journalist, now luxuriat| ing on the cool side of seventy, warni9 up on the subject, as if he were a young man, just out of his teens. He threatens and tears away, in consequence of this attempt to interfere with Southern ; institutions, which he believes are menaced by this | first practical attempt to abolish the slave trade | in the district of Columbia. The anti-slavery mm of the North will bo equally warm, equally convinced, and equally resolute; and if the great masa of sensible people throughout the Union?in the South, as well as in the North, in the Ea.-t and in the West?had not more coolness and deliberation than their Senators and members of Congress, j and their journalists of all kinds have, it would be t an unhappy thing for the Union of these States, and the glory of the American name. Hut we do not i apprehend much danger, even if a law should be passed abolishing the slave trade in the 1 ?istrict of Columbia. Congress has the power to do it; and if it choose to exercise that power, it will be no infringement on the constitution?no menace towards the rights of the South, which are seKir (tin ovnroao li'Anla r\ ( ?Un IUUICU IU lUClli uy lilt ?M llic constitution. When lhat instrument is invaded it will be time enough to talk, as some of th<* ultras i do, about secession, dissolution of the I'nion, and the breaking up of the present confederacy. We I cannot help thinking, however, that all these menaces, and all this f.xcitement, have been brought on by the ultras ot South Carolina, just a.- much as tlicy have been by those of Massachusetts and lite Northern States. These men, at the two extremes of the Union, have agitated the general question so much ae to compel the great mn?s ot thf representatives from the North to follow the | original convictions and impulses of Northern sentiment in that matter, which of course are in ! opposition to slavery. The present revolutionary Mate of Europe, the singular position nnd example ' presented by the Imted States, all concur in giving to this agitation for the abolition of slavery in the I nstrict of Columbia, a fresher and keener edge than ever has marked the discussion of any qu^s* ^ tion for the last fifty years. As for the Californian and New Mexican question, and the wilmot proviso, they are a mere bagatelle; and we do nots;i|>pose, although Congress may talk incessantly concerning them, that the member? will be permitted t" legislate <>n the question of slavery, in reluton to tlieFe territories, at all. The population in those regions will settle them a? free States, lon<: before Congress will have finished discussing the first resolution on the subject. In the uudfct of all this, we really would advise the South, instead of wasting their strength, lungs, and pens, in a minor matter, and or a topic within the limits of the constitution, that they f'iouM cinnunee at once tin- agitation of the great question of the annexation of Cuba; and that would test the strength of the North, and draw a dividing line between the practical men and the fanatics. in thai We OOUin wouiu iriuuipu, I?r wc nre perfectly satisfied that tli^y could accomplish the purpose in the course^ a fewyeare^ Dkaiiis on the Lakh.?A week ago Inst Monday, a lake boat, on the pasange from Monah to Weatport, Ud<'D with Iron or*. *?' anddenly capnUed by a fqtmll, and the men on board, three in nuobur, wire all drowned. W* learn that one wa? a young mm named Clark, from Vergennea. A? to the other*, we know nothing, nor ha?* we heard whether th?ir bodi. t have been found. The ore wti waahed, by the motion of the water, Into one end of the hold, ao that the othar'end of the ??**! cam* to the top of the water, ahorlly a Tier th* aorldent.-but li?f<*n (*'j) Cvurter. Aspect of the Thirty-First Congreifc The following ia the aspect of the next Congress; Senate* White in Italic*; Native* in Small Capital*; Democrat* in Raman; Thaie marked V. S. are &et Soiltr*. Ttrm Term Alabama. Esviree. Michigaw. Espiret. Itesjimin Fitip&tilc'i.... 1*5S Ttoou rituanld 1851 Uncertain I860 Alph?us Felcb 1S53 Alitaiu. mimmiri. Wm. K. BebaxUau IMS Thomas IL lUoton 1851 Solon Borland. 1806 Democrat 1H06 Cohnectiout. New IIaufsiuki* Rotrr 8. llaldvm 1861 John P. HlU (F. 9 ) IH5S Truman Smi( 1.S66 Jtmci Nnrris, Jr 1865 D>u*in. Nkw Yuhk, John It. Clayton 1851 P&nisl 8. Diokinton 1*51 I'retley Syrusnr* 1868 If At# 1*55 Fi.orida. Nbw Jkrskt. David L. YuIm 18s1 h'm. L. IMuton 1801 Whig 1855 Jacob JV. AilUr 135J Okirgia. North Caroi.ina. John JW. fUrrirm 1853 ir. P. .Hinr/uui 1853 h'iii C. Damn 1856 tiro. E. Mtidgrr 1h56 Indiana. Ohio. Jr?M D. Bright 1*51 Thotnai Coririn 1851 James Wbitcnmb, (F. S.). .1855 lucertain 1865 Illinois. Pennsylvania. Stephen A. Douglass 1863 Din I el Sturgeon .1H51

Democrat ltA5 I Vhig (jvrobtbly) 1855 Iowa. Rhode In.and. George W. Jonea 1351 Albert V. (ireene 1851 Augustus C. Dodge 1853 John II. Clarke 1853 Kestvcky. Soi'rii Carolina. Joirph R. I'lutrrwotxi.,. .1S53 John C. Calhonn ISfSS W hif, A. P. Butler 1355 i.oi'isiana. tennen'eb Solomcn V. Down* 1HW Hopkins L. Tumey KM Pierre Soul* 1865 John Hell 1863 Mains. Texas. Hannibal Baoilin 1*51 Thomas J. Rusk 1351 Jamca W. Biidbury 1*63 Sam Houston 1353 Massachvsettn. Vermont. Daniel it rbiter 1*51 Smnvrl S. j*v/j>? 1851 John /'(ill's 185.3 lli/lium L'pham 185.1 Mahvianii. Virginia. Rctvrdy Johnton D51 James II. Ilatoo 1851 Jiinun A. Pcaree 1865 Robert If. T. Hunter 1*53 misiissii i*i. w iscombisf. Jefferson Davis 1851 Henry Dodge 1R5I Heorj S. Foot* 1863 Demoorat 1355 Totalnnmber of Senators 00 Ser.atorsto be elected.. 9 Whigs, elected and to be elected,. 16 Democrats, elected and to be elected, 32 ! Uncertain 2 The two Senators from Alabama will hold their appointment from the Governor, until the Legislature, which is to be elected in August next, meets in December following. It is quite probable that the whigs may have a majority in the Legislature, if the counties and Senate dutricts vote as they did at the Presidential election, the Taylor electoral ticket running ahead in the counties which elect | a majority of the Senators and members of the lower House. The present Governor appointed for the two vacancies in the IT. S. Senate, BenjFitzpatrick and William R. King?the latter to serve until the 4th of March next, or until the Legis'ature chooses a successor, if the Governor reappoint him. The two vacancies were caused by the resignation of Mr. Bagby, now Minister to Russia, and the death of Mr. Dixon H. Lewis. In' the next Senate, besides John P. Ilale, of New Hampshire, who was elected by the votes of whigs and liberty democrats, there will be several democrats who may be classed as free soil men, viz : Jones and Podge, of Iowa, although elected as democrats by a party vote; Whitcomb, of In. diana, and the two Senators from Wisconsin. Efforts are also making in Illinois to elect a free soil | democrat in place of Sidney Breese, whose term expires on the 4th of March next. It is also worj ; thy of remark that Mr. Benton is considered by many as a free soil man; and it is known that, since his vote last session in favor of the Oregon bill, by which slavery was excluded from that territory, he is not as fully in the confidence of the Southern democrats as formerly. It is difficult, however, at this time, to say how questions respecting restrictions on slavery will aflect parties in the Senate : as such questions have heretofore had a tendency to obliterate party lines. Divided geographically, however, the whigs and democrats in the next Senate, leaving out the senators to be elected in Alabama and Ohio, will stand as follows:? Free Statea 15 14 Slave States 16 12 Total 31 26 In the whig column we place John F. Hale, of New Ilampsnire ; and in the Democratic column Whitcomb, of Indiana, and other free soil demo! crats. Should the wings be enabled to elect the senators to lill the vacancies in Pennsylvania, Ohio and Alabama, thi Senate, after December next when the two Alabama senators are to be chosen? will btend thus:?Democrats, 31 ; whig, 25?, in' eluding Hale of New Hampshire. With regard to the action of the Senate in reference to Oen. Taylor'r administration, we are of opinion that it will be difficult to comhTde the democratic senators in an organised opposition composed as it must be, of very discordant materials ; for how can Messrs. Calhoun, Hunter, Yulee and Cutler, act in harmony with Messrs. Benton, Houston, and the free soil democrats ! Notwithstanding a nominal democratic majority | we therefore think that the new administration, I supposing them to act with due moderation, and discretion, will have but little to apprehend from the Senate in the way of opposition. House ol Representatives. Pitt. Arkamai. New York. X?Robert W. Jchnaon. 96?IK. T. Jaekton, Diuvari. 27?it'. A. Sackett. I?John IV. lloutlon. 3H?A. St. Sehermerhorn. Fi.oh in*. 29 ?Kob't L. Rote. 1?S. C. Cabell. SO?David Rumtcy. Gborota. si? E. RitUy. 1?Thcmnt B. King. 92??. V. Sy.tuldinq. 3?M. J. Welborn. SS?Harvey Putnam. 8 Alien T. Oven. 34?L. Burrmrt. 4? H A. Iiaralfon. NhwJkrikt. 6?ThomaaC. Dackett. 1?Andrew R. Hay. 6?Howell Cobb. 2?H'm. A. Seieell. 7?Alet. II Stephent. 3?l?tc Wildrick. B?Robert Toombt. 4?John Van Dy'ce. Ii.unoia, 6?Jamet O. King. 1?Wm. B. Bimcll. Ohio. 8?John A. MTIornnnd. 1?Da rid T. Diane r. 3?Thoinaa R. Young. 2?L. D Campbell. If.S4?John Wentworth. S?R. C. Schtnck. fi?Wm. A. Richardson. 4?Motet B. Coricin, 6?Kdieard D. Baker. 6?Emery D Potter. 7 ?Thomas U Ilarria. 6?Rodolrhus Dickinaoo. Iowa. 7?Jonathan D. Morria1? Wm. Thompson. 8?John /.. Taylor. 2?Shepherd Letiler. 9?Bd?on B. Ulda. Mai-ve. 10?HCharles Bweetzel. 1?Elbridne Gerry. 11?JohnK. Miller, 2?Nathaniel S. LattloAcld. 12?Samuel F. Vinton. i?John Olit. 11?W. A. Whittleaej. l?Ru/ut K. Clood*n?w. 14?Sathan Krart. t?Cnilen Sawtclle. 13?U'm. V. Hunter. T. 8. 6?Charles Stetaon. 16?Jlosea Qoaeland. 7?Thos. J. D. roller. 17?Joaepli Cable. Mahaciivsett*. 18? D?rtd K. Carte*, 1?Robt. C. H'iiit/irop. 19?John Vroirxll. F. 8. 2?No choice. ?Jot. R. (iirlAinft. F. 8. i?Jamet II. Duncan. M?Joteyh M. Root. F. S. 4?No choice. X'rM.iavi.VAMiA. (V?No choice. 1?Lfwu C. Levi*. 0?*ieorije Athtnun. 2?Jot. R. Chandltr, 7?Juliut Rnrlii'flt. 3?Henry D. Moore. H?Horace Mann. 4?{John Robhina, Jf. v?nvnincg. n?jonn rrreaiey. H)?Joirj>htlrinnrll. 6?tlioa. koaa. Minim**, ~?.lent C. Dichcy. 1?a. w. duel. P?Thaddeui Slenent. 2?ti'u/tom Sprtigiie. f. 8. p?win. rtrone. 3?r. ?. hi unburn. 10?v. m. immmlok. hinavm 11?Chester littler. 1?jamra b. bowlin 12?ihkvid wilmot. f. s. ; 2?wm. v. n. B?t. is?Joseph Casey. X?june s. qioen. li?Charles W.Pilman. 4?wilurd p. h*u. 15?Henry Ses. (?john s. pl.clpe. 10?j**. X. vilanahan. nrw vnii k. 17?Samuel Calvin. ! 1? John A. Kina. is? A. Jarkton Uflt. It?PuridA.liolwe. 19?job mann.t 5?J.I'hUhps Phirnix. 20?r. R. R'td. i?Walter I'nderhilL 21?Motes 111 motor, b?(ieorte Hriygs. 22?John h'. Hoxoe. f. 3. c?James Hroolo. 23?junea thorn [won. 7? William Selton. 24?alfred oil more. F?R. Ilolloirny. soiirii Carouk*. 'j?Thomas Mr hillock. 1 ?daniel waluoe. 10?Herman I) (lould. 2?t j. i,. orr. 11?( '. K. Hylmter. 5?j. a. woodward. 12 -Gideon (> Reynolds. 4?vaoaney by death. ] John I SthaoUtrmJU ft?armlatead bnrt. }4?(?>orye It. A/idretri. *? tlnuu- b. holme*. 16?J R Thurmun. 7? w. f. coloaok. 10?llugl, White. Vrn vist. 17?II. r. Alrrander. \?Wm. Henry. 1j<? pn-aton kin*. f. s. 2?wm. Ilrhard, 1 harlri I'. Cl.irUe. 3?tteo.P. Marsh. 2)>?o II. Motrin*. 4?l. b. peck. 21?hiram waldtn. wiim'o.vaiit. T'?lhii.-y llurnett. 1?fliarlea dvrkee, t. & 23- h'tf iam l>uer. 3?Uriamns Cole. 2i ?Uauitl tiott. 5?jwnea d. doty. 2.V-Harmon 8, Conger, thl* aeat it t? he r*nte*ted by danl'l f. millar, wu*. hi eoer?i|tience of tli* rejection of tlta poll book of the ka*ca? ill* 1 lloetod Taylor men, Int art democrat. } Tliis M?t i? u> lie contested by John S. 1,11tie, Jr., wW*, on ao iint of tllc^fd fraud id the rcturtxfrom Richmond aad th? dl? till t of Pea*. 0 Dili ieat it to U contcitcd by Mr. Dnneaa (whig) for ailogad Aiili THE RESUI.T IN FlOirtHfl. New ConoKBM. <)i n Co*nniM. Whig. Dtm. |i Mg. Dpm, Ark*.nM? ? 1 _ 1 IMaw?r? I ? 1 Morula, 1 ? 1 U'?r?i? 4 4 ? 4 IlllDOU 1 I 1 ( Iowa ? 1 ? ] Mute* 1 t 1 6 MftmaotinmMr 8?8 ? Mkhitftt 1 J - .1 Mtatowri ? S ? Now York 82 2 n 11 tirwJumj 4 1 4 i Ohio... 10 11 11 10 Pennayitial* M I 17 7 Aonth Caroliaa ? ? C VnrBiont S I 3 i Wlicoada* 1 ? ? * t Total ,~Tl ~~Vt ~n ~M r M Total nnmto of ReprtaanUtivM 31 lfemt?r* already eVUd IX Vaa. bcrt to be eleotf d 93 * Wiiooaaiii ianow entitled to three membera. C ONURESMONA1. KI.EfTIONS vvr To 11F uvi n II TIIH SBVKI! Al* STATES. Alabama Auk <> Miwiuippi Nov.5 I Connecticut A|r 2 Now Hau.|ishirj June ti I Indiana ...Aug. ti North Carolina Au<. 1 1'iwa Aug. A Rhode lilxnd A(r 4 Kenttiel.y Aug.fi South Curolina (I raiancy) ? Louiiima. Not. A Tenneaee Ao^ 2 MaMachiuKtt*, (vaca's) Jan. I Ton Nov 5 Maryland Oct. 3 Virgtnia Apr. 24 In the Congressional elections which are to take place, we assume, Tor the purpose of making a calculation on the probable division of parties in the next House of Representatives, that the votes of j the people in the several Congressional districts I will be the same, politically, that they were at the j recent Presidential election ; that in those districts where Taylor had a majority, whigs will be chosen to Congress; and where Cass had a majority, democrats will he elected. In such case, the following will be the result:? N?w fcoaaacM. Old Coxgimi , W/tig. l)cm. It'Ai*. Unit. KaiMLcbiuetta(Ttcanciei)... 4 ? 4 ? South Carolina (do.) ? 1 ? 1 New Hampshire ? i 1 j Connecticut 4 ? 4 ? Kbode island 2 ? 1 1 Virginia 7 3 8 ;? Ncrth Carolina. S 3 S S Alabama 4 3 3 S Tennerra* 6 5 5 ti Kentucky 9 1 S 4 Indiana 1 H 4 ti Louisiana 4 ? 1 Maryland * 2 4 f Miimfiippl... 13 1 3 Texaa ? 2 ? 2 Total to be elected 63 40 46 47 Members already elected ... 81 67 72 65 Total 1S1 >JT 118 ~12 ' Prnhulilc mlnnr mmnntir in nert Hnuw "i7 I .vwuw.v " "*e? ... ? ?? "The nominal whig majority in the present House was <>; but this majority has been affected at various times by the movements of the free soil whigs and of Levin, the whig native member from Philadelphia. There can be no doubt of a decided whig majority in the next House, over both democrats and free soil men. Of the latter, probably twelve or fourteen will be the highest they will number wken all the elections have been held, which will not be sufficient to enable them to hold the balance of power. They will represent districts in the following States, (allowing one each from New Hampshire and Massachusetts ) New ITumpehire 1 Onio ? 5 Ma?tncliua?tu 1 Michigan 1 New York 1 WiHoonuiu .., 1 Pennsylvania 2 ? Total 12 Ten of these are taken from the whig ranks* and two from those of the democratic. Possibly 'wo or three free soil members may be chosen from Indiana. City Intelligence. Christmas is Here.?Well, Christmas has again come, and with It a season of pleasure. It has for weeks past been looked forjwith anticipations of delight by those who expected a present on the occasion. Yesterday, though an unpleasant day, was spent by many in preparing for the merry Chrismas morn, and the children were delighted on awaking to find that old Santa Claus ha<l made his annual visits, and thalr stocking, whioh had been hung up for the occasion, filled with oakes and candies, upon whioh they have already frasted, and now prepare ftr a Christmas visit, to while a way an hour with a playmate and scheol-fellow. But to those who are just entering upon the stage of maturity. It is an occasion fraught with Interest. The fair form of the maiden glides to and from the wini dow of her abode, anxiously expecting the arrival of ! him who has laid bis suit before her, and on this porj tentous era is to receive the smiling favor or frowning displeasure of her to whom he has laid open the secrets of his heart, and sues for the heart of the fair defendant i to make course through life happy and tranquil. The I utual ceremonies of society are partialis forgotten, and the exchange of visits begins with the early morn, i The aged man. whose hairs are whitened by the frosts of many winters, sits at the foot of the festal board; j while the staid matron presides at the head, both of | whom relate the stories ot days long sinoe p^od aaa I the group around listep with pleasurable delight to the ' doings of the days of the childbed of the parental pair. The morning grows on. and tfar church bells ring their calls to worship. Is it worship ' Within the walls of 1 that stately edifice, whose towers reach far up towards : the heavens, the minister of peace, surrounded by the decorations of evergreens, typhlcal of the enduriog mercy of Him whose birth they celebrate, reads alcud, | " Unto us a child is born, a son is given, and his name ; shall beW omlerful Counseller.the Everlasting] Father, the Trince of I'eaee.and the ruling of ths nations shall | be upon bis sbonMers.'' The day will sdon be forgotten. Its scenes of worship nnd hilarity will be thought of as among the things that were. The Cholera.?Krom the report of the Health t Officer, made yesterday to the Mayor, it will be seen the cholera is on the deeline. The following is the report (^uarantink, December 24,1848. His Honor tiie Mavor?One new oase of cholera, and lone death, have occurred at the Marina Hospital since the report of yesterday. There are no new oases among the passengers of the ship New York. Respectfully. ALEX. B. WHITING, Health Officer. There are no new case." In the eity. Criminal Negligence ?There is now in Trinity place, one of the most narrow thoroughfares in the oity, an old pumf>, occupying one half the side-walk, vu? n' li nuivu iiM wru u^d iuricv?rni uays; Ana should those who are not in the dally habit of Waiting that part of the city pass there at night, there la every probability death would be the result. It ta to be hoped that the danger will be at oner removed. Death iiy a Su nn Siiot.?The Coroner held an inquest vesterdav, on the body of John Kehoe. who died on Friday night last from the effects of a blow on the head with a slung shot, alleged to have been inflicted by Thomas HaddeB, on the evenlnir ef the 2Jd of November last. It appears from the evidence taken l>efore the jury that Iladden and a man named Campbell were passing out of an entry or alley at No. 95 Cherry street, and came aoross a drunken man With this drunken man an altercation took place, and Kehoe, who was paising at the time, bearing the cry for help ccme from the drunken man, stepped in to give assistance, and in so doing encountered Hadden, who he took hold of aad pushed him Into a room, but did not strike bim. Hadden then pulled out a slung shot, and is said to have Indicted a blow on the head of Kehoe, which bled considerably at the time, since which Kehoe ha* lingered, and finally expired. The jury, on hearing the facts in Hie case, rendered the following verdict - That John Kehoe came to his death br injuries on the head inflicted by a slung shot, by Thomas Hadden, on the evening of Nov 22d, 1848, at the house of Tatriek Kane, No 96 Cherry street. The deceased was thirty two years of age, and a native of Ireland We gave, a few days ago. the particulars more full on the arrest of Iladden, which is unnecessary now to report. Not vkt Dead.?The woman, Mnria Kloster, who was stabbed by Kr*\n% (>eiger. in the bloody affray at the corner of Henry and Walnut streets, on Friday last, is not dead yet, and some hopes are entertained by the surgeon at the city hospital that she may possibly recover; if so. her storr. relating to the facts in in the matter, will be somewhat interesting as to the origin of the affray. Dim from tiie BrRMSii.?The poor old colored woman, .lulia Ogden, who was so dreadfully burned. 011 Saturday, by her clothes taking ?re. at lier residence, No. (>ft Franklin street, died yesterday morning from the effects of the Injuries received. The Dedication of the Cliurclt of St. Mcholna. The new Roman Catholic Church of St. Nicholas, in Second street, near Avenue A, was dedicated to the worship of God yesterday morning, by the Right Rev. Bishop Hughes. The house was crowded to its utmost capacity, and the oeremonies were of the most imposing character. There were several clergymen present, all of whom took part in the dedication. The marching of the congregation around the | church, the Rev Bishop and olergy in front, the liurn: ing of incense and the sprinkling ef holy water upon I the walls, typical of the purity of the Charch of Christ, i were Imposing and interesting When they entered , the church, the altar was consecrated in the same manner, by burning of incense and sprinkling. The i exterior of the church Is of brown stone, in the OoMiie style of architecture, while the interior Is one of the most magnificently finished houses of worship in the city Tne Irood work i? of wslnut. In the styU of tin structure of the church. The altar is of beautiful marble, decorated with gilt, the whole presenting a ! most beautiful appearance. The Rev Dishop delivered the dedicatory address I from the following words ; ?" I have rejoice I In the I things which were said to me. We shall go Into the I house of the Lord " He dwelt particularly upon I worship as being but the emblem of the Interior of the < hristlan heart, which was compose I of tli? constituent part*, vie. prayer, praise, and thanksgiving He was most fluent, and In a clear light portrayed the duty of the minister of Qod. who, he raid, was but the iEStrument, Christ himself being always present. After the sermon high mass was celebrated by the Rev Father Rubeso. The Rev Father I'ottgelsor then delivered an eloquent discourse In the Herman language, after which the congregation was dismissed Muring the whole proceedings there was an air of solemnity rarely witnessed in the other branchee ef the Christian church. The building cost $30,000. the whole of which la paid. Anokiikr Narrow Escatk ?In the oaae of Dr. Inpallf, for rape, tried in Supreme Court, Kaat Cambridge, (lie jury, after being out seven hours, came an I not nifflil fliaiini'OAfi T inu atnnH M inil#*Ylhlp for conviction, two rather inclined to convict, and one decided tor an acquittal. On the trial a year ago the iury atood 10 for conviction to 2.?BoUon Pott. Fir* m Sa(o, Mk.?A aeriouafire had occurred in Haco, Me. Eight atoren were burned, and property to the estimated amount of about 190,000 destroyed. I s ? ? TELEGRAPHIC INTELLIGENCE. * Tbt Cholera In New Orleans. , Baltimore, Dec. 39, 1841. * The New Orleani papers of the 10th inelant, btree come to band. The; contain the certifloatei of leva- '* ral physicians, which state that the cholera at the ? Charity Hospital in that city, was of the real Aslatia 0 type Kour deaths had already oocurrod, and several n more ieT?re cast's were reported. t Tlie Sugar Crop In Louisiana. | Baltimork. Dec. 29. ISM. ' e We learn from Louisiana that the'sngtr crop atanA about Attakapas is nearly destroyed. ThtatrlcahRiid Mimical. Bom hi Tiikatrk.? It seems as if the managers arc , determined to celebrate Christmas day this year with J en more than usual atyle, as each one is striving to outvie his rivals in the bill they present to the publia for to-day. At the Bowery there will be no less than i three performances thla day, viz: at 10 A.M., and at lj, and 7 P. M. ; and each of them will be most lnt?- I resting onei. The one at 10 A. M. will be a novel one, t as it will consist ef the cage exercises of Herr Driesbach'with hUTanimals. And in order to aiford more favorable view of the goings on, all persons pre* sent in the theatre at that hour will t>9 admitted to tha stage from the audience part of the theatre, in order ; that they may closely view the animals, upon which llerr Driesbaoh will give a lecture, desoribing accurately the manntr of their capture, thxlr style of training, &.O., &o. Such an|,exhibition oannot fall to be of the greatest interest, and we doub: not great numberp of our citizens will avail themselves of this opportunity. The afternoon performance will consist of the grand romantic speotacle of "Mungo Park," which has been so muoh applauded during llerr D.'s present engagement,and in wbichsueh extraordinary feats are performed by him with his animals. Apart from its attractiveness, as far as the animals are concerned. this piece has considerable dramatic interest, and the various characters in it are wull played by N. B Clarke, Winans, Jordan, Mrs. Herbert, &c. The faroe of "Crimson Crimes" will preoede 'Mungo Park," and the first act of''Robert Maoalre" will oonelude this performance. The evening perf3rm?nc? will also be highly attractive; the beautiful ballet d'action, called the "Abduction of Nina." will afford Slgnora Ciocca, Signor N'eri, Mr <i. YV. Smith, and the excellent corpt dt ballet an opportunity of appearing to great advantage. The elegance and gra?e of iha nrlnnlnul i)an<*AM la fftn wall IrnAwn ?ki> R audiences to require any further eulogy from us |Tta? very amusing farce of" Johnny Atkin?' Voyage to the Mood" will bring out the oomio acting of Winans. The splendid spectacle of the 4'Lion of the Desert" wilt again introduce Ilerr Drlesbach with all hie animals. And the grand eastern romance of "EL Hyder will conclude tlie entertainments No one oan say that the manager of the Bowery does not do hie part to aflord amusements to the public on this day of festivity. We have no doubt that the house will be wall filled all day. Bkoaoway Theatre.?The grand romantic spectacle, "Monte Cristo," from the celebrated novel by Alexander Dumas, for the first time on any stage la the I'nited States, will be presented here this evening, and from its novelty and general attractions, will ba found a most splendid Christmas offering to the numerous patrons of thin fashionable theatre. The dramatit persomr embrace a powerful variety of leading theatrical talent, amongst whom are Lester, Vaohe, Dyott, Dadaway, Baker. Fredericks, Miss K Wallack, Mrs. Isfaerwcod. Mrs. Abbott, .vo Sec. The bills of the day five a voluminous detail of the material scenery, taleaur, and gorgeous style in which this new dramttio representation will ba Introduced The work upon which it is founded, lias already been read with avidity by the many admirers of the writings of the celebrated author, and its production upon the publio boards, la the present shape, Invests it with more than ordinary interest. The spaoious edifice, scenery, talent, and beautiful decorations, with which the whole will ba presented, will make this one of the most superb holiday entertainments in the thentrical line to be give a ' in the city this evening It will draw a va?t crowd, and we earnestly recommend it as a powerful exhibition of dramatic excellence. NatiOkai. Theatbe.?Chaafrau is first and foremost always in getting up rioh entertainments ; and on a nouuay use mis uay. one may oe sure ne will not lag behind in the general nee. The bill for the performance* shows be ban not been idle, as.lt is crammed with goods things from beginning to end. Two performances will take place viz., one at 2 and anether at 7 P. M., and both of them will bo capital ones. The flrjt one will consist of the farces of " Lend me Kiv? Shilliigs," ' The Youth who never saw a Woman," and a new Christmas pantomime, called Harlequin and the Fair; of the golden Wheatsheaf " In tbo first farce, Mr. W. B. Chapman will take the part of Mr. Golightly, whcse unfortunate deficit of five shillings causes him so much trouble, and the audience so muoh fun; and Miss Mestayer as Colin, the youth who naver taw a woman, acts beautifully. The new pantomime, we underFtand. Is one all of the good old style; and the jntrry and active harlequin, (Mr. Colladina.) and the beautiful Columbine. (Ml?s Carline.) will lead the poor clown and pantaloon (Davis and Taylor) a merry dance. The scenes will represent many wll known city localities, and the tricks will be new and amusing. The scenery, machinery, and properties, are all new, and got up exprecsly for this pantomime, which will no doubt be highly successful. The evening entertainment will consist of the drama of the "Children in the Wood;". Mr. J. R. Soott playing the part of Walter; the favorite domestic drama of the " Golden Farmer," with C. W. Clarke as the farmer, and that capital comic actor T. G Booth as the immortal Jemmy Twitcher. Booth is an excellent young actor, and wa are glad to see his name enrolled among those ot the members of the National Theatre company. The celebrated brothers Henry and Samuel, whose engagement we have before spoken of, will also make their first appearance in their classical lahleaur and combats. They bring with them a gr?at Kuropean reputation, which they will no doubt fully sustain to-night The new pantomime will conclude the performances, and we can fully guarantee those whe attend the National to-day a rare time, as all hands arc determined to do their very best. Burton's Theatre.?The original burletta, " California Gold Mines." which has already been presented wiiii ru uiuuu nutocPB. wui ur ioji?iou iuib ornuia^ Ev ry one desirous of emigrating to California, and who wishes to receive profitable instructions, should look in here and take a letson. The first act and seen* arc laid in various parts of New York, and tha sooond, on the Sacramento, in California. The whole is a humorous and admirably got up burletta, which will ba acted for the eighth time at this popular theatre. Tha burlesque opera Lucy did Sham Amour," will also, ba performed by a highly talented oafct, in which Miss Chapman, as Lucia, will display her inimitable talenta. The favorite burletta, by Mr. Brougham, " The Counterfeit Presentments,''and ''Where's Barnum T" will wind up (he performance. This bill will be found attractive, in every respect; and the highly talented 00111pany attached to this excellent theatre will appear in full strength, and show off in their brightest colors. Mr. Burton will be particularly effective in tha new indescribabllity, " Where's Barnum' ' Those who look ju hero this evening, will have a rich treat. Task Theatre Orchestra.?A grand Muiical Festival, for the benefit of the muslaians attaohed to (h* late Tark Theatre, whose Instruments were conaumal by the late disastrous fire, will come off next Saturday evening. Nearly all the leading artists of this oUy have kindly volunteered their services, and every thing is now fairly under way. Mr. Max Msretzek is indef*. tigab'e in his exertions to make It a splendid affair; and when we announce that Messrs, Iter)!, Burke, and Timm. with most of the Italian Opera company, will appear on thst evening, we have little tear but that this benevolent action will meet with reciprocal cc-operatlon by the citizens of New York, in filling the Tabernacle on that evening. Christy's Mihstrxls.?Christmas has come again, and. as It Is well 'or every body to enjoy themselves on this day, the chrlstys have laid thempelves out to afford as much amusement as the; can on the occasion. They have accordingly looked over th?lr long list of songs; examined into the various merHs of tQnir different dsnces ; castaMde all the jokes that are in tha leatt antiquated, and got up a lot of fresh and racy ones ; returned their banjos, violins, accordeons, and tambourine; whilst -'Bones" has made his peouliar instruments pound as cloar as the best Spanish castanets ; and, in fact, every thing has bean put in perfeot crder, to give the Christmas folks this day two of the best concerts the Christy Minstrels have ever yet given. At 3 and 8 P. M , then, they will be on hand ; and, as when Christy undertakes to do anything extra well, it la sure to " come off," those who go to-day, will be sure of bearing most admirable Kthiopian ' music. Tiik Nkw 0*i.r?*?Si:hk!*an*iis will, this day, give two entertainments, vl* one mt 3T M. at the Stuyvecunf Inatltutn >ml another at 8 I'M nt the Rrnarl way Tabcrnacle, in both of which they will Introduce n most o'egant variety of their host song* imitations of Italian opera singers, Instrumental porformanees, Jic. The excellence of this company has been well tested by the New York publio lor many weeks now, and tha universal opinion is. that their entertainments ara among the best ol the kind t.h;it have ever been presented. They are relined, and still humorous Collins. Swalne. Rainer, Burke nnd Nanford. are all first rate singers, and worthy of the attention of all lover* of scientilio music; whilst little <lie Hull's performance on the vloltn Is. indeed. moct excellent, and fully entitles him to the name he bears Onoo more, we commend the concert of the New Orleans Serenaders to the mos- favorable attention of all the holiday folks, an wfll as the publio in Reuarsl CtiHriir.i.i.'i Miasriim.s ?" The | ( ampbdls ara coming" to-<lny, sure enough as they give no lean than three different concerts, viz . at 11 \. M., and 3 and P. M . and each conoert will be a fall and original one The very great favor with which the?a el)pent attirts have been always received In New ^ nrk. will, no doubt, bring around them on thli great day, crowds of thair admirers ; and we venture to say rone will be disappointed as they intend alerting thempi lye* to the utmost to give due effect to tha \arlous ni w songs, danoea. kc whloh they will thi* day introduce. In the evenin? performar.ee. they will appeal In cltixens dress, without coloring, and will sing a number of most beautiful and favorite ballads, quartettes, trios, ho. Crosby. Hermann. I.uka Weft feel, Abbott, Bnrdett. and the other members of thi? company, will today Rbow their rrlendi what ft ( hrlMnaa tntertalnmcnt ought to b?.| Wmitk'i Si *ki*adrii? ? Thar* aplxndid mlontra'a ' ramm**c? n aerira of alt-Rant KthlopWn oononrts ?t Stoapanl Hall, thU day. I hey will rItc one at thr?a, and another at right, T M.; and thn prci(ramm? will t?, on bolh ocoa?ion*( a mo*t?ultabla on? for tblx holt