Newspaper of The New York Herald, December 26, 1848, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated December 26, 1848 Page 2
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^ ????Ji?? NEW YORK HERALD. 1 ( rtliwHl oorncr of VnlUa and Hum? (tt> < . i J AIM ICS UOHUON BBtHIBIT, I PROPRIETOR. TU DAILY HHK.iUl- Throe tdtttone rvrry MjLtwiwiti mtr con-1T S? > ' ..????. rv MOKM.YU KDTTION m kNuW .it 3o'clock A. M . at d dietrtbvted before breakf<i?t ; the Ant A/TKR\tMJ> KDITKJN ran be h id of the nev?>*>yt at 1 oVU-k P u~i the >ecemd AFTERS tH. IS EDITION at W Q'cUM k ^THa WEEKLY HKRALD?hurry Saturday, for etrrula (to* on the American iontmrnt?1% emit per copy, $3 UK ( "" rnrna Horry i|r??n picket da y, ft European nrcuuittcn, ft per tMWi. to t nc I tuie the poet a fe. The European fdifwni mil be printed in (A? Frrnrh n lui Enplith iattfuayM. Al.l LETTER5 by m,ill for tuberryptwne, or udth advrrturmentt te be pmtp<itd, or the poet ape will be doductM /rem ^ITIuVtaA YCORRK.VFO.VDK.WK, coHtawMn;i?fx>rta?< mm. Nik-Hal ^rm II?| ??arltr of the world, \f ueed, totU be . _ _ f. k. pvbltthed nthe tnorntnf and tifUrn?11 editiotu, )at reatonable prrn, to h? vrittrn n a fiawi, UfibU matmtr: the proprietor mot reeooneibU for rrrori m manuscript. HI) >0' <C'fc' fkeaof (i?onym<)t/i rMmuimMliMii. 1? A't?r?r ? intenrlea for viirrfion mult be au'hen'i-ated by the name and addrett of th' tertlrr; rot t ecettartly for p*b'u a ho?. b*toea (r?ar ulyo'tu jioai/rtifA. cannot return rejected fom?nunicat*ofi?. PJtfN-JJMJ o/ ali JiW? erected beautifully, and vith letpntch. Orderi recnred at the Ofct, corner of Pulton and The HERALD ESTAULISIIMES'T It open throughout the mi,hi at ipell at dap. ~ AMISEMENT8 THIS RYKNOTQ BO WERT THIiTU, Bowery?Lion or mi BnnrJomnny Atsini' Yotase to tub Moo*? Abduction or Nut a?Ii Btdbb. BROADWAY THEATRE, Bioadway ?Mowte Cbuto. MATIOH aL THEATRE, Chatham Squn? Damon md Pt. tmia& -Twin Biothiii?Lenu M^Tivk SMiiOJitM?PawtoBUE BURTON'S THEATRE. Chajnban (treat? Old Enoiik Qeh Ti.uAK-CAiirvKMA Ootp Mihei?Wmere'i Babnum? BROADWAY CIRCUS, Nui SprlEf ?E^ubetbiabim.Rc. MECnAKieS" HAI.L, Broadway, Nwi Broemo?CnBirrr'? llKTBEL'*? ETHIOPIAN SlNeiK*. MEIODION -Viboima Sebevadebe ROC IE". T LIBRARY?Cahteeix'* MmmnA ZOOLOGICAL INSTITUTE, Bowary?Vak Ambveoh*! OBAMi REP ACEB1E. STUYVR8ANT IN'iTITl'TE. Broadway, near Bloooker itmt ?Ifrw Ohi.eans BiBinAnni' Ethiopian Coboebte BTOPPANI BALL, corner of Broadway and Walker (traet? White'* 8*benai>eb?? Ethiopian Singinc. MI S1CAL HALL, 539 Broadway?'The Hohnstock's Last ! Oo?c?BT. I New Vork, Tnurtay, Decomber M, 18*8. | Actual Circulation of the lUtmldi Deo. 2.i, Monday 30.160 oeplea. The poMlemtio* of thi Herald enmmenned yonerday M 2? mica;** I'nti 2 o'clock, and Aniahed at l.r> minutci b*lore 6 o'olook. ClrtulatioH or the ether Littdlng morning Journals* Courier and Enquirer, (daily) 4.800 Journal of Commerce 4.800 Express 8.600 Tribune 11 600 Aggregate 24,600 Errors in tbe above estimate will be aorreoted on adequate authority. THE CALIFORNIA HERALD. Map of tbe Gold and Quicksilver Region, &c. &c. &c. f Tbe cilirobrcia Hihald, to contain a great deal of Taluable information relative te the Gold Region, and the route* thither, accompanied by a MAP OF THE GOLD AND QUICKSILVER REGION, will be published at ten o'clock this morning. The map, we received a day or two since from Call. fArnta If la tlia U?.a? a?, A tnA.? aaanaa^a <n awiaf. nee ; It wee drawn on Ute spot. since the discovery of | the rich gold mines, by an officer of the army, and embrace! all the principal points, distances,&c.. ic.,in El Dormdo. Such amap, with the information accompanying it, will be of the greatest value to thoae who remain at home, ai well as to those who intend to seek a fortune, ot something worse, in the rich Talleys oftks Sacramente. The California Herald will be ef the same siie of theNaw Yon* Hkbalo. It will be sold In wrapper* ready for mailing, at sixpence per copy. It can be had in time for the steamer'* mails. General Taylor's Appointment Policy. The good people of the Union who are not in quest of office, in common with ourselves, have perfect confidence that General Taylor's appointment policy will be dictated by a "-sole reference to justice and the public good," to use the language oi Washington; but as this may not be so clear to those who are desirous of serving their country in public stations, it may not be amiss to direct the attention of this large and patriotic class of our i?11nw ritizpna tti Hpnprnl Tnvlor'a nwn rpp*nt announcement of his intention to execute the office ofPreeidedt as it was administered by Gen. Washington, and to inquire, particularly, what was General Washington's policy in regard to distributing the public offices. On the 30th of last month, the survivors of the veterans of 1815 waited on General Taylor, at New Orleans, to pay their respects to him; and in reply to their address, on the occasion, he made the following gratifying announcement: ? General Taylor said that he had not been ft candidate tut the Presidency of his own accord, bat he had been placed in that situation by the voice of the people. who, h? supposed. had made him a candidate from the belief that it might be is his power to bring back the governmt n' t? its original parity. New that the fact ot hit election to that exalted station had been definitely settled, he felt himself not otherwise interred tban to perform the executive duties ia faithful coaiorxnity to that beautiful eyitem ef government framed by the wisdom and patriotism of oui anceatora and presided over for eitcbt years by him who stands distinguished and beloved before all o hers, living or dead, as the ' Kather of his country'" On his own account he had nothing to gratify but a feeling experienced by every patriotic citizen for the advancement of the prosperity of the nation, and the happine?s of the people. All be could promise was the faithful discbaige. to t*e best of his ability, of bin duty to th.' constitution and the country; and if. in the performance of it the expectations of those who elected him should b<- r*alized he would b? more than grettly repaid for 11 the abor and anxiety which he should have to encounter. Now, General Washington's appointment policy was one of the chief glories of his administration? an brimuiisirution which General Tavlur uroDosea to revive, because of its purity. What was tiia1 policy 1 The following extracts from Washington's letera, to different p?r>on9, will ahed so much liyht upon this question, that we do not think it possible to mistake its solution. The system of Washington's appointment policy being therefore known, we can, in consonance with Taylor's speech to the veterans of 1815, safely predict that Taylor's system of distributing the public offices will be precisely the same as that of Washington's. FVom Sparki' Life o/ M-'athmgion, vol. 1, ch 16. No part of tb? ('resident a duties gave him more anxiet) tti&n that of distributing the < dices in hit | gift Application* innumerable Bownl in upso him. en beiore be left Mount Vernon. many of them from i hi* pertonal friends. and other* supported by toe recoBJiueudalloti* of his friends, nor did they cease as long as any vacancies remained. He early prescribed to b'mseif a rule, however, from which he never I awerved, which was. to give nu pledges or encourage- . inent to eny applicant He answ.red them all 01 rillj but avowed hir determination to twep^nd a decison till ' the lime of making the appointment ^bomd arrive, and i , then, without favor or bus, toaeiect mob iudivldua s as ia Lit judfiiuent we're best qualified to execute 1 with faiibft.liieM and ability the trust r?poe*4 in them Hn sentiments and motives are w?U expiam?d in a l?it?r written to a gentleman who had ?oi died an flics for another person ' From the mo- 5 meat ?h> n ih- nec?s?ny bad become more apparent, ' 1 aio be, '?nd as it were iuetitabie I anticipated with a ( heait U led wub dlstr s?, the ten thousand em barren nienu perplexities aud troubles to which I must again i be eip< m a in the evening of a li'e already nearly cm ( sound in publle cares Amonx ail these anxieties, I will not conceal from you. 1 anticipated none greater ' than those that were likely to l>e p.oducd by applica I g tints lor appointments to the different nffl ies which | would be created under the n-w government Nor " will I conceal tt.amiy appreheDtiont hat* already bean \ a but t<>o well junitu) M-aroely a day pa*ee? In which pp Iratlanf of obi kind or another do not arrive; In- ! ' rou u< b that l<?d I n*>t ear>y adopted aom? general (<iu.ciplee. I tbuuld before thi? time have been woolly j oreupwd lu thin bualt.ee* A* It ! . I have f >uud t'ie K riiimi'*-' Of antweii- which I hare b^-en McMflIaiecj Q i. five lb uiy own band au ?iiuj?t maupporlab e burden to rite 1 he poliiU In which all tbeae aonwera Here , Agreed In abetatHM are that (h?uld It b? my iol V) j go again Into public tflloe, I would go without being 1 un<**r any poialhie rrg*g-?ente of any nature wnat- ], ?o?*er, tbftt. to f?r ? I knew tny own baan, I would ft It tie |fc the ren.uteat degree Influenced, In ina ling I > tr l: !' t IfTf, M 'inif-ra the !l"|i 1 , m Mn4| m4 tk*t, tk* ?tW kill, ttrn Ikiafi, la ny opinion, ought principally to to regarded. maty, A* lta*M of ebiiMtM to fill tbe oompwitlTt ililnu from tto former merits tod sufferings in servise at tk? different candidates, lid the dtatrtbatlon of appointments In m equal a proportion u might be to perrons belonging to the different States in the Union. Without precaution* of thU kind, 1 dearly form* the rndlrss jealousies, and possibly the fatal ooaw <|uenoes.to which * gOTernment,depending altogether on the good will of the people for its fsubli-hm-mt, would certainly be eipo ed in iU early stage*. Besides. 1 thought, whatevrr the effect might be in pleasing or displeasing any individuals at the prisent moment, a due conoern for my own reputation, not loss deciMvely than a *acred regard to tha interest* of the rrmmunity, required that I should hold myself absolutely at liberty to net, while lu ofBce. with a sole reference to justlca and the publio good." In practice,he verified these declarations, acting in every ease with perfect independence, looking flrot to the national interests. and next to the best means of promoting thea, and admitting no other ground of preference between candidate* whom pretensions war* in othar re spec U visual, tban that of former efforts or aaorl flees in lerring their country Extract of ? Letter from Central ITathinfton to Edward Rut ledge, datid Xew York, May bth. 1789 I anticipate that one of the moat diffloult and delicate part* of the duties of my office, will be that which relates to nominations for appointments * * * * Though from a f jet m whieh I have prescribed to myself, I can say nothing decisive on parttoular appointments, yet 1 may be allowed to obserre in general, that nothing could he more agrveable to me than to hare ona candidate brought forward for every office, with such olear pretensions as to secure him against competition. Extract of a Letter from General Waihington to Mrt. Maly H'ooittr, (u idow of General Wooiter, who died of woundi received in an action with the Urolith, at Dankury, Jlpril,\"~T ) dated New l'ork, May 21, 1789. I have duly received your affecting letter, dated the 8th day of this mouth Sympathizing with you, as 1 do, Ik the great misfortunes which have befallen your fWmily in consequence oi the war. my feelings as an Individual would forcibly prompt me to do everything In my power to repair those aisfortnnas But as a public man, acting only with referenoe to the publio good, I must te allowed to decide upon all points ot my duty without consulting my private inclinations and wiahes. I must be permitted, with the belt lights I can obtain, and upon a general view of characters and circamstanoea, to nominate saoh persons alone to offices, as in my judgment shall be tbe brst qualified to dlsoharge tbe functions of the departinsntsto which they (ball be appointed Hitherto, I have given no decisive answers to the applications of any candidates whatsoever. Nor would Si be propsr for me, before office* shall be created, and before I oan have a general knowledge of the competitors for them, to say any thing that might be construed as intended to enoourage or diacourng? tbe hopes which individual may have formed of succesa I only wish, so far as my agency tn this bu.-ineas is concerned, that candidates for office would rave themselves the trouble and consequent expense of personal attendance. AU that I require is tbe name and such testimonials with respeot to abilities. integrity, and fitneas, as it may be in the power of tbe asveral applicants to produoe. Beyond this, nothing, with me. is neceaeary, or will be of any avail to them in my decisions. In the meantime, 1 Deg you win oe persuaaea. maaan, mac lot tne result be whatever It may. I can bar* do interest to promote bat tbat of the publ'c. Extract of a Letter from General fVaihington to David StuLrt, dated New York, July iM. 1789. Nothing would give me more pleasure than to serve any of the descendants ol Oenetal Nelson, of whose merits, vbrn living, no man oould entertain a higher opinion than I did At the same time, 1 must confess there are few psrsrn* of whom I have no personal knowledge or good information, that I would iah? into my family. where many qualiticatinni are neresssr> to fit them tor the duty of it, to wit : a good addiers. abilities above mediocrity, st-creoy and prudence, atiention and industry, good temper, and a capacity and disposition to write correctly, aud to do it obligingly. Most clerkships will, I presume, either by law or custom, be left to the appointment of their principals in office. Little expectation, therefore, could Mr. Nelsoa or any other stranger bare from this source This latter consideration, added to the desire I feel of serving the son of my old frien4 and acquaintance. has induced me. at all hazards, to offer Mr. Thomas Nelson, his son. a place in my family. Extract of a Letter from General Washington t" tiuihrod IFIuMmIM, dattd AIru- York. July 27, 178U. Von cannot doubt my wishes to see you appointed to any office of honor or emolument in the new government. te the duties of which you are competent; but however deserving you may be of the one you have guggested your standing at the bar would not justify my nomination of you as Attorney to the Federal District Court in preference to some of the oldest and most esteemed general court lawyers in your own State, who are desiroui of tnis appointment. My political conduct In nominations, even if I were uninfluenced by principle, must be exceedingly circumspect and proof against just criticism; for the eye* of Argus are upon me. and no slip will pass unnoticed, that can be improved into a supposed partiality for friends or relatives. Extract of a Letter from General H'athington to Jame? Madison, da'ed Xew l'ork, .higutt 10, 1780 My solieitude for drawing the first characters of the Union into the judiciary is auch. that my cogitations on thla subject last night, after I parted with you. hava almost determined me. aa well for the reason just mentioned, aa to silence the clamors, or more properly aofUn the disappointment, of smaller characters, to nominate Mr. Blair and Coi. fenaUtoii u AuMiita and Tl'trict Judges. and Mr KJmund Randolph for the Attorney (Jeneral, trutlw to ib?tr Moepltio*. Extract oj a letter ftom General Washington to Joseph Jones, dated Xew York, Nor. SO, 1789. In every nomination to office, I hart enieavored, as far as my own knowledge extended, or information could b? obtained, to make fitness of character my primary object. If, with thla, the peculiar necessities of the oandidate could be combined, it has been with me an additional inducement to the appointment. By these principles, in a proper degree, have I been influenced in the case of Mr. Griffin, wbo is not only out of office, and in want of the emolument of one, but has been deprived of the former by my means ? an(j ig now entirely oat of employment. This circnmstanoe. added to the knowledge of his having been a regular student of law, having filled an important office in the Union In the line of it. and being, besides, a man of competent abilities and of pure chaiaeter, weighed with me in the choice. [Mr. Griffin was appointed Diatriat Judge of the United States in Virginia J Extract of a letter from General Washington to Edmund Randolph, dated 31MA Nov , 17H9. For, having in every appointment endeavored, as far as my own knowledge of characters extended, or information could be obtained, to se'ectthe fittest and most acceptable persons, ***** it would givs me pain if Mr Wythe, or any ef bis friends, should conceive that he has been passed by from improper motives I have prejudices against none, nor partialities which shall bias me in favor of any one. If I err, then my errors will be of the head, and not of the heart. Extract of a letter from General Washington to Wm. Eitzlxvgh. dated Sew York, 24th Dec ,1789 In appointing, persons to office, and more especially in tbe jud'cial department, my views have been much guided to those characters who have been conspicuous in tbelr country; not only from an impression of their services, but upon a consideration that tbey had been tried, and that a readier confidence would be Dlased In them by the public. than in others perhaps of equal merit, who had never been proved. Extract of a Utter from General Waihinnlon to John ?9rm*frong. dated Philadelphia. 6th Feb , 1791. Having in all cares of application for appointment to cfflce. prescribed, as an invariable rule, to myself, the right of remaining to the last mom-nt free and unengaged, I did not find myswlf at liberty, even in yo?r regard, to deviate from that rule; which youjwill be so go< d as to assign as the reason why I did not answer your letter of last spring. I have the best disposition te s-rve the person whom you then recommended; and in whatever may comport with ciroumstances ard public propriety, I ifcall be happy to do so. At present I know not what ofllr.es may be created, and applicants multiply witb every new office, and some of tbem come forward under such fair pretensions and pressing wants, that preference it difficult and painful to a degree. In a word, to a man who has nr. ends to serve, nor friends to provide for, nomination to (dice is the most irkr.ome part of the executive trust. Here is the chart of the President elect. Will all the office-seekers, " from Dan to Beresheba/' go to w ork and calculate their chances from these elements, before they disturb the old hero with their applications ? S ETTLEMENT OF THK I)lFFfC?I.TIF.S IN OHIO.?The difficulties in the House of Representatives of the General Assembly of Ohio have, we are glad to jterceive, been placed in such a position, as to ren der it probable they will shortly be satisfactorily settled. The contested peals are to be submitted to a test, and left to the judgment of the remaining nn rubers. Although there has been much delay 'n arriving at this conclusion, we are glad to see that party spirit has given away to sense and mode) ation at last. The members must work hard to remove the stigma which their recent disgraceful onduct has inflicted on their own characters, as well as on that of the State of which they are rep esentatives. Affairs i?j thi Celestial Empire.?We re;eived by the last steamer from England the overand China mail to the 28th of September, incluuve. It contains a great deal of very curious ntHligpnce relative to the internal affairs of ^hina, a few eitracts of which are as entertaining is a novel. We give several of the extracts in mother column of this day's Herald; they convey i very correct view of the way affairs of state re managed by the Celestials, and will repay erusal. The Leading Characters or Europe?We :ive, in another column, a few sketch's of the ?ading men in Europe. Thfy are, of course, ncomplete, but are interesting a* t<i as they go OrmiNO or the New Have* Kaii.road.?We ^hiii that the road to New Haven was op?nfd eeterday. A train arrived in this city, and cam-* n rv< TV'r" TIm Battery lalmrfeaiRt?Mere Tim Change mt UerernMeiit. Two of our cetemporaries, who are steeped to ' their eye-brows in all kinds of speculation and trading, are calling vociferously (or the enlargement of the Battery, and threaten to ostracise the members of the Common Council if they do not I ass the measure immediately. It Beems tint these speculators, not content with an increase o| the taxation, amounting to three hundred thousand dollars during the last year, making the enormous aggregate of three millions of dollars for the taxes oi the coming year, want to saddle the unhappy people of New York with another half million of do'lars at the end of another year. Is there, for goodness sake, never to be an end of this base, bare-faced, impudent corruption and public plunder, ingl We expect no relief under the present organization ol the city government. All the vast and extravagant expenditures of the city government nre made by the respective committees of both boards of the Common Council, and the perfect recklessness with which they are authorized, prove at once that we need an alteration in the form of our city government?such a one as will make each individual connected with it, responsible for his doings, and amenable to impeachment and punishment for malfeasance in the discharge of his duties. We need not tell our readers that we have, for years* past, demonstrated this as the root of all the evils which we suffer from extravagant and reckless legislation, backed up by extravagant and reckless taxation. It is apparent, that it is the want of a system of government similar to that o the several States, or of the United States, that we ???,J ?i ?.> I .< ? L iiccu) anu iiiat nr uiuoi nave, it *rg wibu hi BlU{i the flood-gates of corruption and extravagance that have been so long open upon our unfortunate Citizens; and the tide of which has finally reached a volume of such magnitude, that it threatens, if not reduced, to overwhelm us completely. Our citizens, from the oldest to the youngest, and of both sexes, are the sufferers. The taxes are in the first place laid on property, but the mechanic and the working man have eventually to pay them. Hence arises the extravagantly high rents, and the annual migration to Brooklyn, Jersey City, Williamsburgh, and other placeB contiguous to the metropolis, of thousands who find their means insufficient to pay the high rents demanded for tenements in this city, and at the same time support their families in comfort. This is a serious injury to New York. What, we would ask, has been the cause of the increased and increasing value of lots and houses on the line of the New Jersey railroad, of the land in Westchester county, and in Kin^s county, while land in the upper part of the city, in the vicinity of Harlem, remains the same? It is the increasing amount of taxation that is annually imposed upon us. The best portion of our population, our honest and hard working mechanics and tradesmen, are thus driven away from the city, because their means will not allow of their paying the high rents demanded. The increase of taxes for the coming year is nearly three hundred thousand dollars, the greater part ot which has to be paid by the industrious poor. A still greater increase may be levied next year. Is it any wonder, therefore, that there will be this migration to places where there is a relief from this overburdening taxation! The only remedy for the abuse, the corruption, theextravagence, and the wilful waste of the public moneys which characterizes the government of the city, is the establishment of a system of government, the members of which, from the highest to the lowest, would be responsible and tangible. In order to show this more conclusively we refer our readers to the following table which we have compiled for the purpose of showing the population of the States therein named, and the expenses of carrying en their several governments :? Etlimated popv- Total Ex8(al? . lation in '47. penditure.i. Massachusetts 8bO ooo $478,760 NewVork 2.780 000 2,181 001 Pennajlyani* 2, ISA.000 8.080.813 Delaware 80 OoO ? Maryland 495 000 1 004,453 Virginia 1.J70.000 735.040 South Carolina .. 006 000 847.704 Georgia 800 000 349.299 Alabama 690.000 287.061 Mie?i'Slppt 040 000 323 757 ; Louisiana 470.000 423.740 i Tennessee 050,000 042.314 I Kentucky 855,000 165 001 Ohio 1,850,000 S 483,141 Indiana 080.000 ' 188.300 Missouri 800.000 329 481 Michigan 370,000 165 300 The government* in those States are all responsible and tangible. If there be corruption, it can be stopped; if there be extravagance, it can be checked. Hence we see that in the State of Ohio, with a population of one million eight hundred and fifty thousand people, the expenses ot the government are more than half a million less than (hose of the municipal government of New York. The expenses of the government of the State of Alabama, with a population of six hundred and ninety thouAnd, are only $287,051, while the expenses of the government of New York city, for the year 18-19, with a population of about four hundred thousand, are estimated at $3,016,664, and the probability is that that sum, large as it is, and appalling as it is, will not be sufficient for the purpose, in consequence of the leakmess of our vessel of government. Now, we have tried the system of governmental present in existence here with all parties?whig, democrat and native, and with the same result? we have tried it long enough, and if the public are not convinced that it should be changed, we do not know what can convince them. No matter what professions of reform and retrenchment the whigs may make before election, they outrun the demoj crats in waste, extravagance and corruption after their election. The democrats, in their turn, do the 1 same; and so did the natives, when, by way of i variety, and for the fun of the thing, as much as I anything else, they were elevated to the control of the ci'y government. There is but one remedy, ' and that is a complete and radical reorganization : of the whole system of government. A system similar to that of the States, or of the general go; vernment, is called for, and we must have it 8ooner or later. We must have the legislative branch divided into two houses, each elected in different years. We must have an executive or Pre sident, and ^einust have bureaus and departments for all the divisions of the government. When this shall have been accomplished, we may expec a reduction ol taxation j we shall have the mem bers ofthe city eovernment paid for their services; 1 we shall have them all |>ersonally responsible ; the public business will be managed by the heads of the departments, who will be liable to the law for the execution of their duties, and our city will not be disgraced, as it is, by corruption and extravsgance of the worst description. Fataj. Accident mar Hastins*.?On Sunday nifht laft, the roof of the old brewery, at Dobb'a Ferry, near Hastings, fell in, when two young Irishmen, of the names of James Sherwood and Patrick Fay, were instantaneously killed Tftis house has been lor some time past used as a boarding house, and the unfortunate young men, who were laborers on the railroad, were lodgers, and happened to be in bed at the time the accident occurred. Another person had Ins knee severely bruised, and several were slightly injured. We are not aware of the cause of this untoward occurrence, but, from the inquiries we made, we understand that the roof, which was eighty-four feet i ii.. J i long, W8I viry unuiy am. "ty, paitly from its original defective construction, and partly from the superincumbent weight of the laige distillery chimney, which it was but illcalculated to sustain. The coroner's inquest wil' doubtleM throw some light on the subject. The young men bore an excellent reputation, and were imah r>tecnr-d by all who knew them. Th* Cholska Ejccit*mk&t.?The gold feverf Christmas holidays, extraordinary weather, and vaiious other topics, have contributed much towards allaying the panic which was caused a few days ago, by the announcement that the dreaded Asiatic cholera was among us; still we regret to pay that the excitement which was so heedlessly, and we must say foolishly, raised, has caused considerable damage to the trade of our city, more particularly among the shipping interests. The report went abroad that the cholera was m New York, and the consequence is, that at the ports of Cuba, and most of the West India islands, a most rigid quarantine is exacted from vessels arriving from New Ynrlf lor with nUon Kill? nf health, all recu'arly certified and attested, the authorities^ these islands, with certain New York papers full of cholera articles, in their hands, cannot help regarding our city as an " infected district," from whence the seeds of disease may be brought, even though there may be no actual case on board the vessel. We heard of a case, a day or two ago, where the master of a vessel, bound to the West Indies, was about to go round to some other port, and take his departure from thence, in order to avoid being put in quarantine on arriving at his port of destination. Now this js all too bad. Here we have the commercial relations of the empire city of the Union thrown into confusion, our citizens alarmed and panic-struck, and the greatest excitement produced

generally, and all on what grounds 1 Why, the very extraordinary and unheard-of fact, that two poor Dutchmen have fallen victims to eating too much sourkrout, and washing it down with a superfluity of Dutch beer, for Buch, in sober reality, do we really believe to have been the sole cause of the two "awful" cholera cases conjured up by certain wise men of Gotham, and which served as a text for certain speculators, who wish to have the Quarantine ground removed from its present location, on which to raise thiB groundless panic. An excitement regarding cholera was started a week or two ago in New Orleans; there, however, the Board of Health was on the alert, and the card they published was a moat proper one; and it our own uoara 01 iieaitii nau laaen similar care nere, all the trouble which has been the consequence would have been avoided. Their repDrt was as follows:? BoiiDot lli) tm.?A special meeting of the BmrJ of Health wn ?< ' ? this day. in consequence of a rumor which wu circulated yesterday, that two oases of Aalatio cholera bad appeared In our city, from a ship just arrived from Havre The Board, therefore, used due dliligenta to ascertain the facts in reference to these case4 of disease, which they feel assured were severe attacks of cholera morbus, brought oa and aggravated by long confinement on shipboard, and improper indulgence in fruits on the arrival of the vessel. The public have nothing to fear from these cases. A. D. CROSS MAN, President of the Board of Health. A. Hfster, Secretary. We are informed, on good medical authority, that the two "awful" cases reported in the city were nothing more than cases ot the same 'nature as those reported in New Orleans. The first one died from excessive and injudicious treatment; the last irom not having any in time. We migh1 say much regarding the ridiculous figure which the Academy of Medicine have cut in this matter. When this body was first organized, ii was with a great flourish of trumpets about raising the standard of the medical profession, cVc. They may have raised it privately, tmt publicly tney certainly have not as yet. Let them try to do better in time to come. As a professional body, none can stand higher as scientific and respectable members of society than the medical men of New York; but they do not seem to get on well together in such societiesf; what is the cause of this, it is hard to tell. To conculde, we would once more assure our citizens, and all those doing business with New York, that there it no Asiatic ch?lera here, nor has there been this year. The Steamer Isthmt-s, which was to have sailed vesteiday, for ChagreB, could not go to sea in consequence of the almost impenetrable tog which hung over the bay and city. She will saij this morning, should the weather clear off. She goes out in command of Captain Baker, and carries out about sixty passengers. Theatrical and Bins leal. Bowtft Thiitri.-One would have thought that the very unfavorable state of the weather yesterday would have been sufficient to dampen the ardor of the holiday folks, ai far as going to theatres was concerned ; but it had not the slightest effect that way, as we 8*r?r saw the Bowery more crowded on anj ocl>l?n It laat A?anlr<* T *af /vf TnU the boaM was filled as close as we thought it well oould be. but last night it wag even fuller ; the private boxes, Shakspearrs. and. Indeed, every inch of the house was occupied, and all betore the ourtatn rose for the first piece. The afternoon performance was also finely attended, and the morning exhibition of the wild beasts was also well attended. The house was beautifully decorated with flags, greens, &o ; and altogetber4the soene of that immense house, so densely filled with a most enthusiastic audience, was one which it was well worth paying the prioe of admittance to see. The various performances of Herr Drieabach and his animals; the farces; ballet dancing by Ciocca, Neri, O. W. Smith, and the ballet company, the grand romance of "El Ilyder"?all went of! satisfactorily, and great was the oheerlng and applause which was lavished on everything that was done during the day and evening. To-night's bill is first rate, so that those who could not obtain admission last evening, will do well to go and see it. Bkoadwat Thiathx.?"The Count of Monte Chris, to," expressly dramatized for this theatre, byO. lf_ Andrews, Ksq , from the celebrated novel of Alexandre Dumas, was presented here last evening, for the first time, before a densely crowded house?every available place of accommodation, from pit to dome, being filled up. Indeed siace the opening of this popular and highly fashionable theatre, never before did it appear so jam-full. Considerable anxiety was felt, by many who had read the work of the distinguished author, to witness this grandfomantio spectacle ; and the vast erowds who attended ft. seemed highly gratified with the performance. The plot and design, the general features of the work itself, have been admirably grouped together for dramatio representation, from the able pen of the literary gentloman who lia* prepared it for the American stage ; and from Its enthusiastic reception upon thine board* on last evening, it will unquestionably have a run. The scenery has been prepared also at considerable expense ; and the superb manner in which It has been fitted up displays much taste, on the part of the artist. The character of Kdmend Dante*, a sailor, afterwards Count of Monte Cristo, by Mr. Lester, was a powerful and ably sustained personation Dyott as the Abb* Faria. a prisoner In the Chateu d'lf acquitted himself with infinite ability; and in the Interview with Dante*, where he foretells the successful progress ot republican liberty in Kurope, whieh he predicts will follow tho example of America, he was greeted with a round of applause from all quarters of the house The cast altogether acquitted tbnmselves In a highly creditable manner. The various Incidents, and the voluminous material of whioh this splendid drama is composed, will insure for it along run at this splendid theatre, where it ha* been got out for the flr*t time with *ucb decided success. The work itself has earned a deep sen*atlon in Kurope; and when tiroduced with *o niitnv advantages in dramatic form, upon the American board*, and by so powerful a cart. It cannot Tall to be a source of deep attraction. It will be repeated this evening. National Theatre.? Christmas come* but once a year ; but we should think that the managers would lika it to come once a week, If not oftener, were It always to bring auch large audience* as those that attended the National at both afternoon and evening performance* In the afternoon the house was crammed, and In the evening it was found neoessary to stop selling tickets at a very early hour, and we should think a* many applicants were turned off as would have well filled the house. Holiday audiences are always good-natured ones, and the performances yesterday passed off so well, that if they wished to be dlrsatisfied there was no possiMe way of being so Scott. Cbnpman. C W Clarke. Tilton. Booth Pardey, Herbert, aid all hands, were in fine aitlng order ; the new pantomime went off with great tela!, allotting shouts of laughter, and the greatest hilarity and good feeling prevailed. The heuse was most tastefully deno rated with green, and tbe front of it rtreased off with fisgs of all natlnns The weather was unfavorable enough yesterday for theatre-goers, still that did not stop them from resorting to the favorite National To night a capital bill will be presented, and as the oempany comprises some ef the most eminent talent in tba t/nion, Justice will nodonbt be done to all their parte BciiTOf?'? Thkhtii. Notwithstanding the insle. mency of the weather, Barton's was cramied, la?t night, with a highly respectable audience The pieces .1... ?? ?V. .. California (Jnlil Mlnaa'l <> I nn* did Sham Amour," and th? " Counterfeit PrM?ntm?ata," and n?Ter did ? wIImm thaw pl?r < racalva graatnr applause, the audience being perfectly enraptured, especially on the representation of the gold digging tr/r^n. Wm? f<irtn ar?>. m doubt, truly raprejantad ii thU scene; and all thoM who wish to jo/ a goad laugb u well m those who wi on the ??? of atartiag for that country. w? particularly recommend to go and mi Burton'* California Region this evening together with tba " Old Kngliah OiitUua," and "Wbwi'i Barnum three places that ran never fall to attraat a full honaa. HoHMTooi'a Last CowcaiT.?A great variety of th* beat mualcal game appaar in the programme of tha concert whioh will b? given thla evening by thaae eminent and dearrving art lata In thta season of sunoeaalve muaioal talent, when the cltisena of New York have had ao many opportnaitlea of judging the respective marita of all. we do not deem It neceaaary to aay more of there artiste than what haa already appeared before tbe orltloa of this city. However, we will (imply ay' they poraeae abi.itles of a very high order, and we hope their laa* oonoart will be attended, this evening, bo a large aaaemblage of those who delight in hearing the aoft and delicate tone* of the vloltn. wkioh are ao acleatlfloaUy produced by Mr Charles Hohnatook. Madam Anna BuHOr?The Information will be received with muoh pleasure by the muaioal gentry of this olty, that the grand muaioal composition by Dochsa. called "The Voyage Muaioal." will be repeated next Tueaday evening. If we may jndge of the mualaal tas^e of our cltiaena, we predict that the Taberaaole, vii Bfrujug, wiit no uiununu in everj uaptriu^av. Independent of this mammoth production, the great favorite, and the quean of tone. Madam A Bishop. will again sing tome of those plaintive and beautiful alra which were followed by reiterated cheering at her last oonoert in the Tabernacle. Benefit or the Park Orchestra.?This splendid affair, which comes off nest Saturday evening, under the direction of Mr. Max Maretiek, promises well. Several of the most distinguished artists, Italian and otherwise, have already volunteered their aid on this occasion. It is a laudable work, and should be well patronised. Chkistt's Minstrels are determined to keep up the excitement during Christmas week, and each evening they will give a new programme, and vary theirentertainment, so that one need not hesitate to go a second time for fear of hearing the same thing over again. They have a deal of tact, these Christy's, and know hew to suit the public taste as well as any one. New Orleans Serenapkrs. ? These aristocratic darkles are a touch above the ordinary, and aim at giving moat refined and elegant concerts such as will suit the taste of the most hypercritical musician. That they succeed, the crowds of our most fashionable oitizens that nightly throng their oonoert roomgshow. The grand finale of tha Fireman's Song is always much applauded Camfiikll's Minstrels did a fin* business on Christmas day, and will no doubt continue <t all through tha week, as they calculate ta bring forward all their most attractive muaio, dances, statuary ho., during this festival time. No one who visits their concerts will regret the outlay. Melodeor.?In addition to the singing of the Vir glnia Minstrels, the visiters to this snug house will bs amused by the beautiful ballad singing of Miss Reynoldson, danolng by the infant Carlina, fco.?This house Is always well attended. Stoffani Hall.?White's Serenaders have com' menceda series of their excellent ooncerts at this convenient location. The universal favor with whioh this band is regarded will insure them full patronage.? They give a capital conoert this evening. Broadway Circus.?The grand entertainments o' yesterday attracted, as wan anticipated. Immense crowds. Santa Glaus made his appearance, well supplied with the promised variety of toys for his young customers, which were distributed with liberality. The equestrian and athletio exeroises, together with the general performance, passed off with muoh success. Yesterday was a regular galk day at the circus. Zoological Hall ?Notwithstanding the heavy storm of yesterday?the rain eontinuing to pour down heavily during the day?the menagerie was visited by crowds of our citizens, who seemed muoh delighted with the appearance of the beasts and birds. The exhibition, altogether, afforded a treat to the groups of visiters who crowded the hall during the day. KcMr'n Lyceum.?At this house, which has been beau tifully fitted up Kemp, the favorite Clown, holds forth nightly, assisted by a clever company, in a variety of amusements. Kemp is well worth seeing in his extraordinary barrel performances. movements of Individuals. The following were a portion of the very few arrivals yesterday, at the respective hotels Americin?Benj. Brose, U. S.N.; C. A. Forrest, Philadelphia; 11. Smith, Boston; C. Whitemarsh. Washington; Gen. Cazeneau, Texas ; Thou O'Snaughnesay, Cincinnati ? Jlitor?W. (iongerson, Boston; E. Hobart. do; R. 11. Blitcbford. do ; Waterman Sweet, Amsterdam ; Geo. Lumpkin. Georgia; W. Bates, Massachusetts; E. Leo3ser, Pennsylvania; W. H. Seward. Albany; Thos. Herbert. Boston ; H. Chadwick, do. Howard?W. K. Clarke, New York; S. Gordon, Delhi; A Waner. Boston; C. E. Wood. Lockport; E. Fitzgerald, New York; Edward Bell, England; Hon. Gideon Reynolds. Troy; Hon E Skimmele. Kingston; E. L. French, Canada; Ool. D. Saunders, Washington. Irving Houte, (How mi's.)? A. B. Gillman, Cincinnati; E. K. Johnson, Newburgh; C. Phelps, St. Catharine's, Canada; Dr. McArthur, U. S Navy; A. J. Cheesebrook, Philadelphia; Capt. K.Dglish.iTlft Light Infantry, Brit Army; , A Beren, England; Lt. Duncan, U.S. Engineers; Rev. C. D. Jackson, Westchester; Lieut. Day, U.S. Navy, General Taylor's Visit to Lotilsvllle. Baton Roitok, La., Dec 6, 1848. r.rvn rut. . I ?),? hnnnr ?n tho ' receipt of your communication of the 18th nit., kindly inviting me. on behalf of my fellow-citizens of Louisville. to visit jonr city, and to sojourn a few days with yon. while on my way to Washington City. This hospitable invitation Is cordially accepted. I shall endeavor to reach yonr city about the 10th or 12th of February next, when I shall be most happy to offer to you. personally, my acknowledgments for the courtesy of this invitation, and to renew my acquaintance with my old friends and former neighbors among you. With my best wishes for your health and prosperity, I remain, gentlemen, Very respectfully, yonr ob't serv't. Z. TAVLOR. Law Intelligence. Ij?tir**ti:*o Case.?Fourth District Court.? Morgan IK. brown t>?. John Crockett Chapman and Wife.? Our readers will remember the particulars of a proceeding last summer, in the Fonrth District Court, by which the defendants, who aramost respectable and excellent citizens of New Orleans, were brought np for a contempt of Court. In being concerned in an attempt to withdraw a young lady, their niece, from the guardianship of Morgan W Brown, a citizen of Tennessee. The yeung lady in question inherits a large property from her father, who died while she was q'aite young, leaving Brown as bis testamentary guardian. The defendants, thinkisg that Brown was unfitted, on various grounds, for the charge of a young lady, and that her education wonld be seriously neglected under his care, took her away from Brown's family, without his consent, and bronglit her to this city, whither Brown pursued them, and suing out a habeas corpus, was sustained by the Fourth District Court, in his rights as testamentary guardian. He has since i<ued the parties for damages for a tort or injury done him by th's alleged interference with his rights as guardian. Defendants have set up the following exnoptlons to the plaintiff's claims 1. That the testamentary guardian cannot sue in this State, as such, without being qualified here, anl wiifl toe provai ot me testator s will 2 That it does not appear that plaintiff is the duly qualified guardian of the said Mary MeNeil. (the ward.) 8. That the said plaintiff, as guardian, appointed in Tennessee, hu no authority here to maintain his said action In manner and form as set forth. 4. That plaintiff's appointment as guardian does not authorize him. in law, to maintain this action in the Courts of this State. This Court has no jutlflcatlon of torts or trespasses committed in Tennessee, as laid in plaintiff's petition. ?JVfic Orleani Delia. Dec 17. The Ykllow Fever in Ibervtllk.? We copy the following startling paragraph from the last number of the Sentinel, published in the town of riaquemine: The Yellow Fever.?We are pained to record the prevalence of this distressing malady la our vicinity. The case* that have come to our knowledge are of a very virulent type,and most strangely exist to a great degree among those who have roughed it through life up to tbii time, with continued good health and strong sinews, and who, beside, have lived through the destructive climate of Mexico, and gone unscathed through showers of Mexican bullets. Hut destiny will have Its course, and we have not the least doubt, If this unexpected fever does not subMde very soon among those of our friends who have taken it, they will be carried off?to the regions of Califorhia a paradise which many of them, doubtless, never expected to reach. Soberly, we must dl-continne publishing those bewildering account* of California gold, if we with to retain any of our subscribers. Our cotemporary is informed that this identical "fever" in racing most violently in our midst? . - j i l : j i_ * i inarm, 11 may naiu 10 nave anumru au cpiaemic form? and threatens to " carry ofl" many of our resident population. Strangers and the nnaccliniuted stand no chanre nt all, or very littlt?, of esca|>e.?Ar O. Picayune, Dec 17. Hemp.?The Western (Mo ) Frontier Joumil say?:? The new hemp crop of Hatte county Ib said to excued the" orop of Uat year In quantity but la regarded M Inferior In quality. Income parte of the county, especially fast ut Dalle river, It la considerably below an average In length. It will therefore be incumbent on the farmera to handle their hemp with more than ordinary care. The same paper in urging upon hemp growers the importance of greater attention to the preparation of this staple, says:? Mlaeouri hemp whem well cleaned, la superior to Kentucky hmip, and In the LouiaTilie market will out-aell it at leaat five dollars per ton A letter from a Kentacky manufacturer. lately received here, atatea, that all the Mlatourl hemp 1* below tha Kentucky, ai to cleanness. Tiie Falcon.?Thin fine steamship, Capt. Thompson. leaves tomorrow for Chagrea, with the mails for California and Oregon, and a large numlier of passengers. We understand that the veB*el is crowded to her utmost capacity with passengers, on their way to California. Her departure is a notable incident in our n*val career. She goes to form a connection with the American steame"? in the Pacific, by which to maintain a more intimite communication between our poaaeaaions on the two oceans. It can hardlv be that any part of so eximxjed a plan ni operauona win mccanu pmcoilv in thr outset; hut aa it depends upon the steamer Falcon and her commander, we haw no apprehensions? N?w (Mtam Pitaywm, Dtc. 14. TELEGRAPHIC INTELLIGENCE# The Ohio Lr|tiUlnrc~The House Organise* > at but. CoLiiaieua, Dee. 23, ISM. The H(un la organised. Thli morning, Dr. Tova bead, a tree soller from Lorain county, ceiled up hi resolution! again ; after a rambling dlaoueaien, the} were ubatentisllj adopted, end the House organiaad The reaolutlona are to this effect Reeolved, That th> o< rtilioalea of memherahip which were hand ed to M?. S * ill (txctpt thcaa of Me?ara. Snenerr and Bunjan, > f whig*J hail be pi??ud to tha ck-rk'a deak. end It ad with t oau o the f.iriy.two on Mis tf at, tecoxnimua Mr loiter aaohar-nan for the parp ne ol oigaattat on the ttrat du ineaa tranajotad ahal l? the cuoaideretion of the foilowin* pro|>oe<tion :? That Meaara. Pupli and fieroa, [deuiooratel u?. bv their oerti flcate*, prima facie titled to beiti until thair claima attall bi finally decided u|-on their mrrit?. On which renoletiin tha aeid l-uKh and Pierre (hall no b? entitled to to e, but the nme a >a? naulntino shall be decisive ol the pr n.a ficie rwlit of laid Fuji ai.d I'ieroe to eeats, but notmni m the afoicsiid pr oeelioii thai *e construed to interfere with the riiht of either Mean*. Sieneei and Runvn. or PugU and i'ieroe. to ooutdit for Mate After il.? orgaaiiatlon. Mr. Leitkk, democrat, sett m chairman. Mr. McClure, whig, acta a* clerk. A? I close my deapateh, the He as* has not adjourn, ed. The probability la, there will be nothing done until after Cbriataaa. Markets* New Oeleaiti, Dee. 29,184S. Cotton ?The Canada1* new* hu bad a favorable effect upon the market, and eal-e of 4 000 bale* were made y?"f*erdajr. at higher rate*. The market closed firm. Hour?Sales of 14 000 barrels were made at $4 N\ Corn remained unchanged bj the new*. Provision*, a* laat quoted Nothing new in freight*. The weather warm for the season. City Intelligence. THE CELEBRATION OF CHRISTMAS IN NEW YORK. The anxiously expected anniversary ha* pasaed, bu* was far from being what was hoped. When the morning first dawned, the oity ?a* enveloped in a fog, the density of which baa not been ajualled. About tha hour of aunrise, the rain began to desoend, which continued at interval*, during the whole day, and up to a late hour at nlgbt. The antiolpated pleasures of th* day did not oome with it, though around the fami.y I hearth, there were doubtless hour* of pUasurable conversation. The little obildren, as usual, reoeived thsir present*, but the Btreeta were in auch a condition ai to prevent their making their regular Chriatmaa viaita tions. The oity, during the early part of the day, praRented an unusually quiet appearance. Nearly all the tores were olos- d, as if for some general mourning, and *he solemn peals of the churoh bells sounded from fit lofty towers; but few persons assembled to oommemorate the occasion. It was not like a Christmas day, fo. I joy and pleasure were not visible. The unweloome messenger. whose appearance begets sorrow, and breaks asunder the tendrils of alfeotion which bind themselves around the heart, did his work; and. ever, aad anon, the solemn moving of the funeral tuin but too plainly told that all were not happy. In that circle, where through a long series of years the day had been commemorated in feasting, sorrow reigned The aged sire, whose life had been spent in the servioe of those dearer than all earth beside, was borne to his last resting place, until Ood shall summon the nations of the dend to the great final tribunal How sad ti? pioture now! But a short time sinoe, health and happiness shone in every countenance; now sorrow and despondency prevail. The axe has been laid at the root, and the tree has fallen. The branohes bow tnelr withering heads, which nought oan raise but the promise of llim who holds the world in his baads Ood chasteneth whom be loveth:" a decree filled with hope and inspiration; one wbicn, though rending to th* bright anticipations of the heart, and causing " sorrow for the night, will bring him joy with the morning.*' The day was auspicious to the soene?wrapped in gloom, and foreboding of sorrow. But, aside from that mourning circle, as the day advanced, though the rain oft poured in torrents, there werethosa who seemed to enjoy the little pleasures of the day The volunteer military companies turned out in considerable numbers for target practloe. and, as usual on such occasions, appeared to good advan- , tage; each oompany accompanied by a band of good musio. The toliowing are the companies which passed tne llrrahi olnoe hulton lliucs. ( apt Wat?on; Kron- . tier Guard*, ( apt Cbanes; Mar*h Light Guard*. Capt. Llppincott; Packing flouse Guard*. Capt. Brownell; Clayton Guard. Capt Clements; Gilder's Guards. Capt. McManus ; Tompkins Guards, Capt. W. C Anderson, and the Artificial Hangers, Captain Blake. The last named excited more attention than all the rest, from the peculiarity and comical appearance of their uniforms. The principal pioneer represented ths world moving to California, and was really amusing to look upon. The other members of the company were dressed in every possible variety, from the handsome uniform of the American soldier to the gaudy trappings of the wild man of the forest and the Sikh of the Indian empire As the night grew on, the scene waa quiet, and the blackness of darkness prevailed. Christmas has parsed in joy and sorrow, and as another Christian anniversary rolls round with the wheels of time, great changes will have been wreught, but. as with the last, there will be a mixture of pleasurable and sorrowful meditations. Cholera.?The following Is the report of yesterday:? Quarantine, Statin Island. > December 21. 1848. ( To Hu Hono* the Mayor :? No new case of cholera or death has occurred at the Marine Hospital since last r.port Respectfully, ALEX. B. WHITING. Health Officer The resident physician reports, that no case [ cholera has ocourred within the limits of the city since his last report. CALiroBrui.?The Rev. Dr. Beecher delivered a discourse on last Sunday evening, in the Congregational Churrb. corner of Broadway and Fifteenth (treat, on a subject intimately connected with the present gold mania, and the part which the Christian ought to pursue in the premises. After reading.during tne exercises cf the evening, the whole of the sixth ohapter of Mathew, he selected as his text the twelfth ver<e of the fourth ohapier of Hosea, as follows My people ask counsel at their stooXs. and their staff d<-clareth unto them,'* &c., &c. Covetousness is deslaredtobe an Idol, and the word whioh signified idol in ancient, has become the same to signify wealth In modern, times. In ancient times, too,old men leaned on their staffs, and in the present day men rely on money as their staff. Both are, therefore, idols. After dilating, at some length, on the erili of covetou?n ess, and of pursuing the acquisition of wealth, and making It an idol, Mr. Beecher placed the Christian of the present day in the position occupied by Christian and Hop?ful in Bunyan's Pilgrim's Progress He oomp?red California to the little h.ll callrd Lucre in that wo -k. and which was represented to contain a silver mine, by digging which, Hopeful and Christian uiUht become wealthy Those imaginary persons declined the invitation extended to them by Demos, to turn in and see the mine, but followed on in ih-ir progress, regardless of both the invitation and the prospect of wealth thus extended to them. This formed the theme tor some lenghty remarks on the necessity, on the part of the christian of the present day, to resist temptation, in conclusion, he prayed that, as x gards California, the christian may resist th" temptation as Hopeful and Christian did that to turn in and see this hill Lucre, with its slivrr mine Tiir. IIeniiv Street Thaoeov.?Dr. Wa'ters. our very efficient Coroner, visited the city hospital y-s ? day. and had an Interview wi'h the Q-rra*n vimia Maria Klnater. who was stabbed by (toiger, while 'n the bloody affray with Marks on Friday la?t, it the res dence of Marks corner of Walnut aad Henry sts Siehamo far recovered that on being questioned by the Coroner, yesterday, as to bow the Hffray took place between Cieigeraad Mark*, she gave the following aoonunt: ? She said that on Friday about 11 o'clock, ueiger name into the room where she and Mark* were sitting. and turned the key. and said to her. " Viaria. are you married to this man?" (metain* Marks) Sbe an<wer?4 no, but that tbey were going to be in a fewdays (Jxiger then banded Marks a dirk, and said to him "de'end your woman.'' (iriger then si**?d Maria and stabbed her twice; sho fell on the floor. Oelger and Marks then began to out at each other with the dirks ; she then fainted and has no recollection of anything that took plack after that, and had no knowiedg- of th?ir being dead, until to day. Dr Thompson the skilful bouse surgeon of the hosplUl, appears to haye great hopes of her recovery. Mehtai. Dic?4Noir.?r?T.?Th** Coro?*r h> Id an tannest yesterday, at No. 102 Chambers street, on toe body of Henry H. Seymour, a young medical student, aged 2f> years, born in New York, who came to hie death by jumping from the i!d story window of the aid bouse to the pavement below, receiving such bodily injuries that be died in a short time aft?r. It teems that this young man. a few days a*n tonka severe orld which turned to a violent typhoid fever; and yeoterday morning, while young m<n hy the n mie of John Ken. and a female servant were in the ro > n, the deo?asod jumped out of bed, in a deranged state of mind, ran to the window. thr?w it open and sprang out, falling ? distance or oyer .j:> reei 10 inn pavement below Th? movement* of the deoeaied were no rapid that those Id the room were unable to arrest bit prograss The deceased ?ii a young man of promising ability, and would, shortly. have pa>sed his de* ees Tbajury rendered the following Tarllot:?That the deceased ram* to hi* death by jurnping from the 2d story window of house No. 102 Chamber* street, while laboring under delirium from typhoid fever Dkath nv Busniho.?The Coroner held an inquest yeeterday, at the olty hospital on the body of an o 4 colored woman, by the name of Julia Ogien 80 y?ar* of age, a native of ilpaln, who name to her d ath bv h -r clothes accidentally taking fire from a stov-1 n the liouaa No fl.r> Franklin street It appeals fr >o? the testimony that after the poor old woman's clothes to?? Are, she ctied out for assistance, and Mr Blenn?rhssi?t jumped out of bed an4 endeavored to put out the fire; in doing so. he set fire to his own clothl g;onaif ths Inmates of the house assisted in extinguishing the (lames, and on seeing Mr. B ennerhaa*t'? clothing on fire tried to put It out, saying, >' Vnu are on fire, too " " Never nilnd ma," said Mr. Blennarhaasat, 'let me alone and save the colored warn an " Tha poor old oreatura, altar a draadlul suffer) ng of sooa* ton hours, died. The deceased was a slave with Mr B'.ennerbaaset and was In his s?tv|ne twenty vaars raiding on Blsanarhaiset's Island,'n the Ohiaami twentv years she ba? been in the service of his eon, the present Mr. Bleanerhasset. who Is now lying very sink from tha barns reovived 1 n the endeavor to put out the flames. Aciohht.?On Tuesday afternoon an aooldentoa rurred In the Bowery, near llonxton street by which one of the borees belonging to tha rallroid was killed A pair of horses attached to the milk wagon of Mr Denk. took frlcrht and ran off The driver on tha car saw them approaching him, and. with a view tn av)i I areidrDt, dropped the pile, and drove his hor p? hy tha f m