Newspaper of The New York Herald, January 3, 1849, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated January 3, 1849 Page 1
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?TH .. NO. 5326. THE FIRST MESSAGE OF OOV. PISH, OF KTDW YORK. frUoto- Citirv? ? of the Senate anj of the Jliemhly :? Ths? oooiiceveement of another year has brought Jrow together to diBrhHrge the high trust with which y?u have be? 11 commissioned by the people of thia State, at enaotiuf laws tor the government of nearly three (pillions of freemen. Before you enter upon that itn'pertant duty, permit me to oeegratulate you upon the circumstances under which you meet. The year wh'oh baa juet closed, bas been one of unusual prosperity to the people of our State The Almighty Ruler of the Uniw-rse bas been pleased to vouchsafe to us a continence of bis many bleetings; the influences of religion and learning have been extended ; the labors h of the husbandmen have been crowned with the reJ wards of an abuntant harvest; the meohanto and arti' aen have enjoyed the well earned return of their honest Industry; oommeioe and manufactures have oontinued to engage the enterprlce and the intelligence of a large portion of the people, whi'e the arts and sciences have gradually spread their influence, and are developing new source# of wealth and prosperity. Prominent I among the benefits which the past year has brought, is the restoration to our oountry of the b'esstngs of peace. While other nations have been threatened wnh famine, or ravaged by peetilenoe, or convulsed by foreign wais, or by civil commotions, onr thautts are due 10 v Almighry Ood for His signal blessings conferred upon our country We enter, then, upon the duties of our respective offices, surrounded by these evidences of the welfare of our people, as individuals, and of their prosperity as a commonwealth The publio confidence in the oredit of our State was favorably exhibited by the terms on wbioh the loans authorised by the act of the last Legls.ature, 411 > proVide for deficiencies in tne Sinking Kuad under the provisions rf article 7 of the Constitution." wer taken A part of these loans were taken at par for Stocks beating five and a half per oent Interest, redeemable in the year 1H55 ; the balance was issued at aix per cent interest, also redeemable in 1855, for i which a premium, averaging 14.SO per cent was ob taloed. Tbe entire debt of the State at the close of the last fiscal year, and the annual amount of interest payable thereon, was as follows jlm't. Inl't. Jim't. Debt. Oenerat Fund Debt >038 044 85 $5 980 803 32 Canal Debt 905 037 61 18 074 898 91 ' 44 ? 30,751 00 Total $1 241,082 39 $22,703,343 23 In addition to this, there is a ooniiogent I liability of the state, arising from the loan of Ite credit to certain corporations. (which have hitherto paid the y | interest.) amounting to $1,232 905 80 I JUBKlug iuo ?ivir? uu FIMUUIUK uoui., > both direct and " contingent," on f 30th Sept. last $23 837,219 33 ' There wan on band, on 30th Sept last, ' a surplus of the Canal Debt Sinking Fund carried to the credit of the next Ureal year, available toward the payment of the above mentioned debt, of. $116,908 40 There was a deficiency in the General Fund Debt Sinking Fund, of $1 008 97 whioh bad been tdvauced !from the revenues of the General Fund 1 008 07 $114,944 43 MaklBg the total liability of the State, on the 80th Sept last, above the means on hand f.r its redemption $23,822,304 40 The revenue of the State for the last flsoal year, was as follows:? I. General Fund?Snrplus revenue the 80th Sept 1847 $111,006 93 Feraanentrevenue.exolusive of the constitutional appropriation of $200 000 annually, from the surplus of the canal ? revenues 188.030 00 i State tax 238,303 74 Mireellaneous and tempo, rery receipts 20,005 14 ? * Sundry receipts, for which Srevious advances had een made, or whioh if wars to be withdrawn subsequently from the Treasury 71,823 83 ?, $629,88 9 24 j II. Canal Revenues.? Tolls including penaltier. fee $8,168,614 24 Beat of surplus waters... 8,364 14 l? Interest on current eanal revenue ? 47,101 78 ' 8,204,707 11 Total revenue $3,833 969 40 t The payments out of the canal revenues above mentioned, amounting to $3,201,070 l'i were a* followerExpenses of collection, superintendence and ordinary repairs... 866,660 64 Appropriated and set apart by article 7 of the constitution? if I. Towards the CanaiDebt Sinking Fund 1,300,000 00 II. Towards the General Fund Debt Sinking Fund 350,000 00 k III. To defray the necessary expenses of government 200,000 00 $2,705 850 64 Leaving the remainder of the revenues. $498,219 62 which sum is applicable to the completion of the hirie Canal enlargement, the Genesee Valley and the Black River canals. The canal toils (including the tolls received from railroads) during the season of navigation, for the L year 1848, amounted to 63 469 (!90 29 Compared with the corresponding periol during the year 1847, this amount exhibits a decreaas of $216 881 83. The tolls Of the year 1847 ware greatly augmented by reason of the e xtrsordinsrv dffinsnd fur nrnviainnt na>l auricul* I turnl product* f r exportation, to meet the nr oesslties \jl arising from the failure of the crops in many parts of I | Europe. From this onuse. the tolls for the past season f I were less than those ol the preceding year; yet, as com' I pared with all other years, thsy show a steady and rapid Increase The enlargement of the Erie eanal and the earn1 piet'on of the Uenesee Valley and of the Blaok Rirer canals am progressing as rapidly as the limited appropriations to those ohjeots, nnder the constitution. will permit. Previous to the resumption of the publlo I works In May. 1847, about 98 miles of the enlarged eanal and 398 structure". had been brought into use, at nn expense of nearly $10,000,000 The enlargement will embrace 980 structures, upon the entire length of the eanal At the opening of navigation nest sprtng, there will be 118 miles of the eanal. and 409 structures k \ In nse; in addition to whloh, a oonslderab'e amount of word will bare been done on other portions ef the * eanal, and on strnotures not then complete. The entire length of the Bla k Rirer canal will be 44 83-100 miles, sxoluslve of 43)4 mi es of slack water v aarigatlon. en the Blaok rirer. Contracts hare been made, covering nearly all the work nesessary to complete 86 miles of this eanal. which, it is thought, will be brought into operation in the soring of 1850 On the Genesee Valley eanal, 63 miles are now In nie; there being 66>4 miles not completed. A large amount of work is nudar contract between the present termination at the Dansvtlle side-eat, and the Canadea feeder, a distance of 3614 utiles. The commis inner In ehsrge hopes that the canal may be ready for navigation to this latter point by the spring of 1860 The repld angmenletlon In the business of the i canals has produced a corresponding increase In the number of boats employed in their cavitation. According to the Register In the Auditor's <>IB the pre. ent number Is 4.743, being an increase of 623 within I One year The magnitude of this Indispensable appendV age .o oar Internal commerce maybe estimated from 1 the tact, that the boate If pUo-1 In line, would oeeuoy f nearly rerenty miles of the length of the osnal* The establishment of safe and convenient ba-io< for the accommodation of such a m??i of vessel*. with the net arr appliance* for the cheep and expeditloa* reeep/ tlon aud discharge of their cargoes, has bscome a matter of pnblie concern. Under the authority of recent law*, extensive basins bare bean commenced at the expense of the State, In the city of Buffalo; while the ermmodtone b?-in* constructed hr local enterprise in the city of Albany, and hr the Atlantic Dock Com panr In the harbor ' f Vew York hara been eminently serviceable in aecurlng from injury this large fl?et of hoala. which our system of internal aarigatlon has walled Into existence. The revenue derived from the three funds which are wither entirely or principally applied to purposes of wdneation, were, on the 30th of September lest, as Jkllows litmman Srhool Litrratur* V. ft Dtpoiit Fund Fund Fund Capital. ... >3,211,47614 $246,80478 $4 014,620 71 lainnr* In traaimry 3Cth Sept '47 124,047 18 18,204 49 Rao'ta daring tb? jaar 117,230 26 18,183 41 251,677 24 Apa'priatloni from tba?e?ma ot tba U.S. Dcp Fund 165.000 00 27 000 00 Tatal receipt*... >407.167 41 >43 888 .18 $25 1 677 24 Fiy'kli during the yaar... 284 002 0 0 43 63266 240,634 4$ BtlttMi of m'M ia tbo Treat ory 30th Sept, 1848.. >122 265 41 >10,865 64 >1042 76 I raepectfnlly rotor yon to tbo report* of tbo Co tap traitor and tba I omtnirsioner* of too Canal fund, wbteh will profont a (totalled itatamant of tba flnaootal *ta1 tio'ici < f the St ii? I Tba annual report. of the I neper tore of Stat* r'rik poni will preeant to you tha ?t at* aad oondition of tbo I prtoooa and the renvlpta .and expenditure*of money daring tba year, with otbtr datalla of tbo Important L ,nferret* with oblrb they ?r* charged, tow i OQinuiiiulaata herewith, la oonJortni'y with featlon i 9 ENE1 MOR 6 of article 4 of the Constitution. a statement of tha I reprieves, commutations, an t pardons, granted during the past year, by my predecessor. Reports of (he Adjutant General and Commissary General, which will anon be transmitted to the I.egls lature, *111 furnlah full Information on the subject of ti e militia, ana the arms and other military material of the State. The Con. mm School System of the State continues efficient in thel discharge of it* Important objects. The number of|crganlxed school districts reported during the past jear.j was 10.6:21; and the number of children tauitbt In the oeinutou schools during the year waa 776 723, being an increase of 27.US over the number reported tbe preceding year. The number of unincorporated and private schools repotted was 1,7t6. ib which 32 U.ri6 children were tautht; making tbe aggregate of 607,070 children, who recel?e instruction tn tte common and private schools of tbe State. The amount of public money paid for teachers' wegea, durirg tbe year was $630,006 00; and the en ouiit paid on rate bills for teachers' wages was $460,674 44. help a en aggregate of $1,105,68 2 44. intimately o hin> o'rd with the success of our institutions of learning, is the establishment and support ef libraries for the use of the public. Tbe liberal and far-seeing policy of the law of 1836 provided for the lormstion end gradual increase of libraries in each of the sobooi disttiets of the State. During the past year $81,024 05 have been expended by the State for this object. Upwards of one million three hundred tbouvand volumes beve alretdy been distributed, carrying tbe moans of mental culture into every portion of our wide-spread territory. This benetljent legislation Of tbe State has recently been seconded by a sigaat exsniple of individual liberality on tbe part of one. who though not a native of our land, bad realized in nis own career ii? oeoents or the rail an 1 tiir p ir.tclelpation In the privilege* wbloh the libvril policy of our institutions extends to all, without regard to the place or circumstance of birth. John Jaoob \stor a native of Germany, who lately do d at an advanced aue, in the city of N#? York, by bis will, has devoted the large, and. in this country unprecedented amount ot tour hundred thousand dollars, to the foundation and perpetual support of a library for the free use o the public The trustees to wboui the management o this munificent donation has been oommitted, will under the directions of the will, apply to the Legislature lor an act of Incorporation to render the manage, mept of the library and it* funds safe and convenient. 1 cheeifully commend their application to yyr enlightened encouragement. The foundation of such an institution, with ita treasures of learning, cannot but be regarded iss striking event in the literary history of our State. Prom the representations made to me, 1 am led to believe that the restoration uf the office of County Superintendent would be productive of good to the school < system. One of the injurious consequences of its abolition, as I am informed by the Department, Is, that the reports for which it depended wholly on these tfflcers, are nuw greatly diminished in number, and that ny of those reoeived are so imperfect as to be of little value. The report of the Executive Committee of the Normal School will show the condition of that most valuable egeut in the cause of education This school is doing a great and good work. It has oeased to be an experiment, and under its present judicious management. it is growing in the confidence of its friends, and attracting the interest of many who once doubted its practicability or its usefulness. The limits of this communication will not permit any detailed statement of the various public oharities of the State. Their annual reports will exhibit their prosperous condition, and their labors in the accomplishment of the benevolent purposes for whioh they were designed. The number of patients in the State Lunatic Asylum, at Utioa, on the 1st of December last, was 4'4>, which is about as many as can well bs accommodated in the institution. During the six years of its operation. this asylum has reoeived 2,011 patients, of whom 614 have been discharged cured. Personal observation of tbls institution, during the past summer, enabled me to notice the neatness, method, aud excellence of its management. The institution for the Deaf and Dumb, numbered among its pupils, in the latter part of NovemberBeneficiaries of the State of New York 160 " ' City or New York 16 ' " State of New Jersey 8 " " Institution itself 10 Supported in whole or in part by their friends 20 Bting a total of 223 As tbe institution has no permanent funds, exoept its investment in buildings, its existence depends upon the annual appropriations of the Legislature, from which it receives nearly three-fourths of its income. In company with the Superintendent of Common School* I attended an examination of sotne of the olasses during the lust summer. A more interesting exhibition of the excellence end benefits of a pubilj cbaiity. oonld not have been enjoyed. In the New York Institution for the Blind, there weie, on the 4th of December 106 blind persona, via :? Supported and edneated by the Stale of V. York ..104 ? " u " New Jersey 7 ' " " their friends 3 " ' gratuitously by toe Institution 1 Graduates employed as teaehers and otherwise... 2J Total 131 To complete the usefulness of this institution, an appropriation of $16 0C0 was made at the last session of the Legislature, providing tor an asylum wbers these who have finished the course of instrua ion, and acquired a trade, may suppt rt themselves bv their own labor. I learn that the contraots have been made, and that the building is oommeacd, and will be onmpleted within the appropriation. This excellent ohari'j Is accomplishing its benevolent objects. It is second to none in the exoelleuce of its management, or in tbe humanity of its design. It merits, and I trust will receive, the continued at d of tbe State In tbe New York Hospital. 3 178 patients have been under tn atment. between the 1st of January and 30th of Novsmber last; of whom 2166 were discharged, cured In the Lncatio Asylum ar Bloomlngdale, whieh is under the charge of the Governors or the N Y. Hospital there were 120 patients on tbe 1st of Deoemher last. 1 ha annual Fair of the State Agricultural Society held at Buffalo, in September last, is represented to have been equal to sny whloh had preceded It; and exhibited the interest of oar people, as well as their advancement in those pursuits which the Society was intended to promote and encourage. This Society has b???tof-re made valuable contributions to the cause of egrlcultnre, in severel Interesting volumes of its transactions I understand that the report whloh It will present this winter, will contain more than the ordinary amount of interesting and valuable information. Ihe history of the 8tate evlnoes that its legislature has not been content to confine the exercise of its powers to the mere enactment of laws fur tbe administration of the ordtnarv functions of government, or for the suppression of crime. Its canals and other publio works, its schools, and institutions of learning, are preud evidences of a determination to promote the increase of its commerce and trade, and the moral improvement and happiness of the people, by ants of munificent but jadicieus legislation We have long recognised it ae a high and holy duty of a civilised government,-o provide for the general dissemination tl learning? to fouler the enterprise of it* people-to develop* tbe resource* of the state?to encourage It* Industry ?and to secure to tbat Industry Its surest and most ample rewards Much bas been done to effect there ends A noble fund has been provided, and our common schools and academies are sowing broad cast tbe seeds of learning Tbe higher branches of science ana tbe arte have not been neglected -tbe endowmrnte of tbe colleges and universities have generally been liberal?and tbe rioh return of these Institutions, in tbe advancement of good scholarship, of profound learning, and of liberal and lofty science, le tbe surest evidence of the wbdom of the past liberality of tbe stale, and tbe strongest incentive to Ite future continuance. I think tbe time baa arrived when tbe S'ate le called upon to mak? provision for the advancement of agrl cultural science and of knowledge in the meehan e sits Of late years,the science of agriculture basrf cieved much attention. and lis Influence, in combine tion witb tbe practical I a no re of those engage I la th? ennobling punu te of huebsndry. has lessened the toll and Increased the returns of the tillers of toe soil. Similar intluenees have produced similar results, with respect to the mechanic aits. If the wealth, and pow. er. and independence,of a nation are to be estimated by its sbittiy to supply, from within itaelf, its most ee febtial ws nt? and from Its abundance to minister to tbe wants of others It Is bo h wise and po itic for tbe State to aid tbe advancement of those pardnulatuench's ut knowledge more Immediately bearing upon 'be pursuita of tbe great producing classes. In tble view. I cannot too strongly recommend tbe endowment by the State of an agricultural school, and a school for Instruction in the mechanic arts I would suggest an annual appropriation to be expended node* the direction of the Kegente of tbe I'niearslty for inetricirrs In tbe several btanehes of learning conmoled with agriculture and tbe mechanic arts The pproprletton should be sufficient to ensure the best tslente. to test tbe utility of tbe plan. and. If deemed expedient, ite duration may, in the first Instanee, be limited.} Tbe constitution of tbe state omits to provide for tbe coetingracy of a vaeaaey occurring In the office of Oovernrr pending a vacancy In the office of Lieut* ........ on to guard again at a failure of the depository for the sscutive power of too .state, an amendment to the constitution to meet this omission should be ratio Your attention to also requestor! to tho necessity of firovldii g by la* for filling rnnenoias In office. (treat nconve Dit-nso and Injury to tbs public Interests might result from an omission to exercise tho power oror this subject, which Is confided to the legislature b ueh of tho tlmo of tho State L glslature Is now ooenpisd with business of a local char* ter which might, with propriety and advantage, bo transferred to the Boards of Supervisors of tho several counties A majority of the members of the Iscislatnro oan have bnt little personal knowledge of the marl s of most of the local questions Upon which they are oallod to not. A transfsr of the poser over there questions Is In no eordanee not only with the theory of the constitution, but with Its express provision, aod would bring the local legislation mora nearly home to those directly Interested In Its results. And while It would elsvste the oflloa of Supervisor. It would leave to the Stato Legislature a larger portion of Its time for the oonald oration of subjects of more gens ml bearing, I recommend to your consideration a modification of tfce criminal cods. lha puul:h'-u?ni of orimr W YO NING EDITION?WEI should ba certain. rathvr than severe Long terms of ! imprisonment produce a crowded data of the prisons, won, n is utaue n ? joriitica ion ol appeals Co the Kxncu trve power rf pardon, if it do not. at times present a necessity fer tea exercise In n popular government, where every branch of the oivtl power I* In a measure attested by publio opinion, certainty cannot be attained unlets tbe punishment which the laws prescribe, be In accordance ?nh tbe vreTailing sentiment of the community.? That sentiment is undoubtedly opposed to severe punishment. It frequently operates upon juries to induce either an acquittal, or tbe conviction of a lesser crime rather than a verdiat whloh will be followed by a punlebment beyond what'the jury may deem alequate However rigid the disposition of the individual vested with the power of pardon, the force of a saotimeiit strong enough to And its way into the jury box, will sometimes reach him. and open tbe door of tbe prison, before tbe expiration of the sentenoe. The certainty of punishment is thus sacrificed to 'he e? verity of the legal enactment If this be oorreot. it suggests tbe propriety of abridging, in proper oases, the terms of imprisonment. By the present laws no perron can be sentenced to a State prison for leas than two year*. 1 think this minimum might be reduced to one year. And I reoommend the substitution of a Isrper sum than the law now presoribesforthe division between grend and petit iaroeny. Our former peoal code placed the limit of pel It larceny at twelve dollars and a half ; hut as tha exchangeable value of money receded, .it was extended to twenty-live dollars. The same reasons which induced this ohange more than thirty years since, seem now to demand a further extension. In connection with this subject. I also recommend the enactment of some regulations relative to the ma ner of applying for pardons. In the abience of any legislative provision on this subject, the appliastinue for perdou become almost equal la number to the oonviotlons. It is not wit bin the limit of my duty to suggest the nature or the details of provisions whloh the Con etitution has c< miulited to tbe wisdom of the Legisla ture; but. in my view of the Importance of restricting the exercise of this power, I oaunot emit presenting tbe subject to your coin-ids ration Under proper and judicious regulations, the number of applications for pardons will be greatly diminished; while the power cun be exercised with greater discrimination and safety. The interests and the convenience of the public, as well as a tegard fcr the rights of property, itnin to call for a revision and alteration of the laws under which tsxes. and assessments for local improvements, are imposed, and their payment enforced In the exerclre of the power of taxation, cr in delegating it to other and local bodies, the Legislature should use the utmost vigilance to eonflne this severe attribute of sovereignty within the most rigid lim.ts consistent with the publio necessities While the amount of the tax should be limbed to the wants of the most economical administration of the government, the mode of its collection should have regard to the convenience rf those who are to pay ; and payment snould 1 e enforced in such a manner aa may most advantageously combine certainty with eoonomy aud Lublicity of notice. Sales of lend for unpaid taxes ate hltr erto been held at the Seat of government, at lriegular periods. I am aware that th -re have been strong objections, from those whose position and experience entitle their opinions to n.uoh consideration, to these sales being male in the counties within which the lands are situate. But I am rot able to see sufficient force in thwss objections, to resist the arguments based unon the convenience and the interest of tbe parties arfeeted in fttt/np r f t/il nsfe-rTlliff tha nlnna nf anla tA counties. Many titles have been lost, and the bar 1earned savingx of years of toil born swept away by means of a sale oomluotad at a distance. and without tba knowledge of tba party to ba atTeoted for a tax imposed before the title bad accrued. These sales, as now or nduoted. are sure to meat tba attention of the vigilant, and of tba wealthy land owner; while tba Inducements which tbey present of a high rate of interest, in case of redemption and of still larger gains in case of an omission to redeem, attract the keen eyed and watchful speculator; but they are seldom brought to the personal know,edge of partlee whose only p-op-rty consists of the lot of which they may be deprive 1 by thir remote, and to tbem not notified, process J trust that the Legislature can so regulate thetranxfer of the place of hn'dlng these sales as to aroid the objeotions which have been made. Under the pres- nt laws a very large amount of personal property entirely escapes taxation. I recommend such alterations as will distribute the burdaa of taxation more equally, and will reach personal property mere effectually and a-nerally. The lrvyirg ef assessments for local or municipal purposes is frequentlyfexeroised so arbitrarily, and so oppressively, that the power of the Legislature has often been invoked for its arrest and limitation. I cannot doubt that the Legislature ought to interfere in favor of the rtrhts of property, against the toe freque nt abuse of this power. The authority u nder which tbere sbu-es are committed 1s derived from the Legislature, and that body is, therefore in a degree held responsible for Its exercise by those upon whom it has been conferred. A large number of slaims against tha State for damages on canai contracts, broken by the state under the law of 1642. remain unadjusted The State ha- already paid to contractors, for their loss of profits by reasoD of the suspension of tbe public works In 1842, the sum of $450,738 91. end awards, amounting to upwards of $flu00 remain unpa'd, by reason of the exhaust inn of the spprup* la'ion to pay such claims A further appropriation bas become nece-stry. S< me ol these unsettled claims amount to $.10 000 or $40 ( 00 They are decided by the Canal Board, which is also charged with tbe deolston of all other claim" under csnal contracts, and of appeals from the award" of canal appraisers This branch of its business added to the other numerous and important official duties of tbe members of this hoard, throws upon it an amount of labor beyond its ability to (11 "charge. Delay inevitably results, and while the claimant is thus injured, tbe Interests of the Slate are not properly seeured. for want ot adequate powers in the Board There should be authority to dismiss a claim In defanU of its being 1 brought to ? bearing on on assigned day; and there I ehould be sopie rfflcsr particularly .'bt7j.-d to represent the State on tbe hearing of all claim* for canal dama* CM, It bse been soggeet<-d that tbe interest* of the Stat*. aa wall aa of tba claimants. wonld be advanced by relit vir* tbe Canal Board oftbia portion of their duties and giving tbe daciaion of all claima under canal contrac'e to a commission, with adequate powers to protect tbe interests of tbe State. I present the suggestion to jour consideration. A communication will be presented to yon. aa 1 am informed by tbe canal appraiser* showing tbe awards made by their board A large amount is yet due for awards made nrre tban a jsar since, as well aa for tl.ose more n cently made. An appropriation will be necessary to meet these awards. The communication of tbe appralsere will suggest some alterations in the power* aad duties of tbeir board, which will reoelve your raietul consideration. Mncb excitement has travailed during tbe past year among the Inhabitants of Richmond eouoty, with re. speot to tbe loeat'on of the Quarantine buildings. For tome time past tbe hospital baa been orowded with patient*, suffering under mallgr -nt disease*; and during tbe last suinmsr the yellow fever extended Its ravages among tbe surrounding population. The gtand jury of the county has presented the establishment as a nuisance, and has found bills of Indictment gainst tbe officers of the State who have It in charge. A committee appointed by tbe late legislature has been recently engaged in tbe Investigation of tbe propriety and feasibility of selecting some other site for these buildings. I am not apprised of ths facts which they have elicited, nor of tbe conclusion to which they 1 ave smved Their report will be laid before you and wi I demand all tbe consideration due to the health aad comfort < f the cltiten. and to the Important com merc al interests so vitally concerned In the proper loration t'f this establishment. Tbe constant Increase of tbe commerce of tb* port of New Vnrk lifts given rise to an Itnoresslon that the emoluments of the health officer of that port, wbose compensation is derived from fees dependent upon tbe number of arrivals.are far beyond the amount necessary to sectrre the most eminent services of the neoical profession An officer charged with the im portent duties of that situation should be liberally rewarded: but if tbe generally supposed compensation of this i Iff er be not greatly overrated, the amount of bis emoluments Is excessive If a reduction he proper. It may b* made to ta*e effect from the expiration of tbe term of < fflce of the present incumbent Long pievions to tbe paesage of the laws of 1X17 the necessity was felt of reorganising our system of leg's latlon with resnect to em'urant* and ot olncinir the aubjec' of emigration nn it b?*la better autted to e xi?t log and pioap* olive e xtgeoclea. The great migratory movement' t tbr bnotu li-h hv g me forward, unlrr oie form or another, from a very early period of blttory. equalizing population. Bowing along it* path urdiif future atrength and dominion, opening new Hilda tor tie arte and eleonee fur religion and morale, fi uniting d>* emplree for freedom, and wbloh, In our dajp hae had lie chief direction from Europe to thla country, bad. of late jeara. aaanmed a magnitude which made it a mtject of primary Importance in the State where It a effect ia flratund moat felt Waated by cruel berdibtpa on hia voyage. the emigrant waa the pre? of ayali matte Irauda and extortion, e?an before hla foot t< urfced tha ahore of hie long looked for land of promt** and refuge Erlendlera and deatitute, with few about him, except thoaa whoa# Intereat it waa to wrong htm ; having neither tba meana nor the knowledge where to beati w hla energtea beneficially to himaelf or to bit new country a abort and intffactual etruggia againat hla lot, made btm an Inmate of the alma bouee, and the companion of pauper* Thle condition of thlnga tt waa felt f ad eileted ton long, and If aontlnoed, would be a reproach to the ctTtllaation ofourage. and to the humane eplrit of our inatiiutlona. aa well aa a lasting injury to ourSute whleb owea to emigration much of IU proapmty and power. It became arldent, then, that tba Mate mutt no longer r?ly upon the effort* of county autbiritlea or of benevolent aaaoeletleo*, but ahould itarli ?arnn e tbe charge of a anient. In erary reepeot ro Important, and t' at tba Immenaa annual emigre tten Irom Kurope ahonld be committed to a d atlnet departs cnt oiganlied on aacai* oomm*naurate not only with exlatlug hut future neceaaltli* anUla aueh a wine polity at would render the emigration aa beneficial aa poaeit-le. both to the emigrant and to the community of wbieb he tenia to form a part. During the aeaalon of 1847, a a erioa of lawa were oaired, organtalng. on a eomprebeaet?e and liberal baale, a board of oommlaalonara In tha city of New Yotk, with extenalee powere, and making aueh prowl

lona aa appearad mo*t nnuduclve to the benevolent purporti in new. iu tie mid*: of lh? preliminary ar- I RK E )NESDAY, JANUARY 3 rengeirente of thia board, an emigration unprecedented sot merely in numbers, but in destitution and disease. was poured In upon it, and added to the embarran-untts Inseparable from t1-# nrno r ion of a system so exten-ive and ?o complicated. But it was I bo pood fortune of tbe State, and of tbe emigrant, to And in tbe integrity and devotion of tbe gentlemen enttueted with tbe arduous and responsible duties of commissioners. resources adequate to tbe emergency Tbe beredrital results already obtained, furnish evidence of tbe wisdom and efficiency of tbo system It is stated tbat since the passage of the laws alluded t?, u| wards of three hundred thousand emigrants have arrived at tbe port of New York, not one of whom has become a charge to any city or oounty In the State. For further details of lot. rest and value, your attent'on is directed to the annual report of the Commissioners, to be rendered according to law. to the Legislature In the nature of things experience, and the practical working of tbe sytein must disclose further improvements, whloh. doubtless. the Ucard of Commissioners will suggest, and which will receive full consideration at your hands. i l bs 7th section of article 8th of the Constitution, incites the stockholders in every corporation, and joint stock association for banking purposes irsulng bank notes or any kind of paper credits, to (simulate as money.ifier the first day of Janutry next. Individually responsible to the amount of their respective shares of stock, for all the debts and liabilities of evary kind, contracted by the corporation or association after tbat day In some of these Institutions the State is a stockholder. In most of them, more or less of the stock fceioDgi to infants, or is held by charitable institutions, or by trustees, and others acting in a flduc'orv capacity; while large amounts be long to per pour residing out 01 me Mm#*, ana nsyona 'ne jurisdiction of our courts. I suppose this j>r ivi-inn of the constitution to contemplate only an ultimate respon nihility for deficiencies, after tbe exhaustion of th? a?Rets of the inRtitution; and that it has left to th* legislature to declare the manner in whlvta that responsibility Rball be enforced, and in which contribution shall be made between the several ii-soclates. The near apprrach ?f the time when it will become operai tire. presents the neceefity of considering this aubjeot during this session of the legi-latuce The Code of Procedure adopted by the last legislature went Into operation the lit of July last. It was | not expected that a system, working so radios! a i change of long established rules, eould be enaoted without tbe necessity of numerous subsequent alterations, which time and experience would inevitably indicate Many modifications will doubtless be brought to your notice, and I respeotfully commend them to your serious consideration, in the hope that the defects inevitable in tbe commencement of anew system, of pitch comprehensive extent, however numerous, may cot jeopard the many improvements which tills code lis* Introduced. The present operations of the Judiciary System seem inadequate to the speedy administration of justice. In the Court of Appeals the business is accumulating ; so also in the several districts of the Sufireme ( curt ; although probably the largest acoitmuation is in the first district, where the numbers of ranres u ion the calendars of the well as of tbe local courts In the city of New York, is Increasing beyond the ability of the eeurts to dispose of them. I do not wish to infer that the difficulties thus far encruntered. are necessarily Inherent in the present system, but would rather entertain the hope that they n ay be found incidental to the change from an established to a new system, and the nearly simultaneous adoption of an entirely new oodo of practice in the courts, and that a remedy may be found wlthi n the riarh of ordinary legislation, without resort to an | amendment of the censtituMcn. Ii has been suggested that relief might be obtained in the fit st. district by an increase of the judicial force, under the 4th section of article 6 of the constitution ; but tbe census of 1845 does not show suoh proportion between the population of the city of New York and that ot the rest ot the State as will maintain the conformity required in case of an increase of the number ot justices of tbe Supreme Court i do not doubt that an addition to ihe number of the judges of the local courts in that city, will greatly contribute to ths despatch of business, and will relieve much of the pressure upon the Supreme Court I would also suggest an amendment of tbe Judiciary act, whereby the basinets ot tbe eeurts shall be so distributed as to leave to tbe Circuits tbe mere trial of issues of fa"t. The establishment of tribunals of conciliation is a provision within tbe contemplation ef the constitution. Courts of ibis nature, although unknown among us. bsve been long in operation in other countries, and are represented to have been productive of great benefits by tbe prevention of litigation. The power of such tribunals being simply advisory, except so far as parties may voluntarily agree to. and their deolslon can scarcely fall to produce an influence over a rea- 1 sorting and moral people. in preventing law suits..sufficient to commend their establishment as a part of the system wh'ch the constitution has contemplated, belo.-e we indulge In sweeping condemnation of that system, or commence tb? work of amending the constitution. In this view I bring tbe subject to your consideration I mske these suggestions with diffidence, aa the anbJeet ba- engaged able minds, but hitherto without eftectlr g tbe desired relief They present themselves to me as feasible modifications ofthe present system, short of an aroendm* nt to the constitution, whtoh I am unwillirg to recommend. During the past yesr, the war la which our country bud h-en en unhappily involved with the neighboring republic of Mexico, has been brought to an end The conduct ot that war reflects the highest possible credit upon the rfflcers and men who have achieved a series of victoriesunparalleled and uninterrupted from tne first brilliant success of our arms on the banks of the Pi- J/,? (/, <h- . ? .-I.. ..1 .# St-.. It capture ot the capital of Mexico The gratitude of the American people ha* been moet cheerfully accorded to the officer* and men of those gallant armlea, who, in spite of jealousies at home thwarting and embarrassing their action, have added Inetre to the American name. Nor are the eervice* of the navy forgotten by heart* grateful for deed* of yalor. After the commencement of thi* war. but one feeling animated the whole country. The consideration of It* origin was for ?be time auepended. by the fact of it* existence; and among the moet ard-nt of thoee engaged in the actual conflict of arm*; a* aleo among the moat active supporter* at home, of the rigorous pro section of the war, were men who thought that ear not only unwise and;impolitlo, but neither juat nor nreceaeary. They had had no agency in lta commencement. bat while hostilities were raging, they chsei fully gave their beet energies to their ennntry, ruerrir g their opinion as to the oanse* which bad induced ihe war. until the restoration of peace should furnish occasion to rev'sw the conduct of thoee who bsd been obarged with the administration of the government If the valor and tbeprowee* of our people were established in the field their philanthropy and juetloe have hern vindicated by tbelr condemnation of the measures and the policy which had broken the silken corda of peace, and involved two Christian nation* in the btrrorr cf w?r. Among the consequence* of the late war with Mexico, has hern the acquisition by the government of the I'nlted State* of a large extent of new territory. I am sustained by the decision* of the highest jnd'clal tribunal In the Union. In the opinion, that while the relations of the Inhabitants of tho newly acquired territory, with their f.rmer government are dissolved, and new relation* established between tbem and the government ot the United State*, to whom their al'egiance is now transferred. yer, trar iDf IK* wnirn regulated me intercourse ana general conduct of Individuals within that territory at the tin* of tbe transfer. remain in force. until altered by the newl; created power Among; the law* of Mexico in fotce. within thta territory at the time of ite acquisition, wig one f< r ever abolishing slavery The change of soveieignty oxer the teirltory. ha* not affected the validity or the force of this law, which according to the eetebl'obed principles of Internationa) law, and the decision* of our own courts remains in force and Is operative at the present day, to the exclusion of slavery from that terrltr ry An effort, however. Is being to abrogate or annul that law, if not by its act o il repeal threugb a direct legislative enactment., at least by indirect means, the effect, if not the object of which will be to permit the introduction of slaves within the teriHory However we mey deprecate the necessity of discuss- I irg a question ot a nature toexotte sectional prejudices ; or f-arr, we may no Inrger avoid the consideration of me abb hie now of present, practical, and paran cunt Importance The State of New York early manifested her attachment to the principles of universal freedom, and her repugnance to the institution of human slavery. Holdlog that the eon'titution of the United States at the time of lis adoption, found slavery to ex'st within and by viitne of the laws of the several States, and therefore recognised the fact of ite existence aa a State Instl tutlm, w tbout. giving to it. in any degree, a natienal or constitutional character ?r existence, but left It en1 ir? ly dependent for it* continuance and it* regulation i pin tbe legislation of ths several States, nnr St.a'e. ) aif a century since, commenced a ccurse of legislation for tfce gradual but certain extinction of slavery I within her borders. Asa party to ths federal comoaet. | she l ag ever adhered, strictly and literally, to the compromises of tbe consultation; and has not sought to Intufete with the domestic Institutions, or to disturb the Interns! polley of anv of *he other parties to the c. n I'sct; hut has left each to exercise, in Its own way, the same power under which tbe had proclaimed freeticm to ail men within bee limits This course she will continue felthfnliy te pursue; and while she will not intermit the expression of her attachment to the principles of universal freedom, and of her abhorrence of human bondage. aha will tbtUIn from all Interference with the d< meetle laatltutiona cf other States. beyond that moral Influanea which mnat attend tba fore* of her example, and tba expression of bar deep-seated eonrlctlcaa 1 be ' compromise* of tba constitution >' aa they are familiarly termed, do not of right extend to territory haj t od the limit* of tha original thirteen State* Tba privilege* which tbay concede may be granted, bat cannot be claimed for an] newly acquired territorv. The question now prevented I* not one of Interference with an extatlng Inetltution, far the *otl to which It refer* la free By pra-exlatlng lawa. no alarery exists there, nor ean 1' extat there, without either the expreaa er the tacit aaaent of the old State* Itl* than a qteaUrn of tba Introduction of alarery Into territory from wbieb It la bow excluded and the consequent political repreeenlailon af elaraa In lha Federal Congress whenever the new territory aball be organised into State government*, and admitted aa anah Into tba eonfederaey. It there be nay one anbjeot open which the people [ERA , 1849. of th* sta'e rf New York approach near to unanimity li of reiitin.?ti , it la in their fixed determination to resist the extension of slavery ovrr territory now free. With them it involve* n great moral prise pie, and overrides Ji all questions of temp <rary or of polltioai exoa lienor. (,f None venture to di-sent; and in the mere difference of degree in which th* sentiment receives utterance. . it ha* proven powerful even to the breaking down of . the strong hanier of party organization. This eentlmerit ie not of recent origin with our people. It waa iC: this 'entiment which (fifty years ago. prompted the abolishment of slavery in this Stat# It. was this n?ar|v unanimrus sentiment of the people whioh was reflected 'n and received utterance in the voice ot our State l.e- hj gielature. at the period of the agitation of the question, on ike admission of Missouri into the Union. Slavery P' rot only existed at thnt time within the limits of Mtssouti. but wan legalized witntn inn wnoie 01 inn ?' territory acquired by the United Stvtes under the treaty with France. The people of cur B> State were induced to yield their assent to a compromise then made, whereby a State permitting Kf slavery was admitted into the Union, formed out of j" territory not embraced within the compromises of the J* constitution. by the consideration that slavery and J*1 involuntary Mryitude should be for ever excluded from the remaining portion of the territory within which y slavery was'heretolore authorized They yielded the political advanlaye of slave representation, by a por- r" tion of the territory, for the moral triumph of establlshlng freedom throughout the remainder. ' ' They are now asked to become parlies to the eaten- P" sion of slavery over territory already free. Their an- ' ' ewer may be read in their past history I believe that he it is almost. If not entirely, th? unanimous droislon of rj the people of this State, that under no circumstancaa ^ will their assent be given to any action whereby ths m institution of slavery shall be introduced into any part of the territory of the United State*, from which B it In now excluded. ' During the past year, the people of the United SI States have exhibited nnotber Instance of the peaceful- "1 ness ard order with which they select the maglstra'-e P' In whom they confide fora time the power* of govern- K mvnt The universal aci|niesnence in the dso|slou of r' the majority, indicated immediately and unhesitating Si ly after the strife of the contest, atfords ths most encouraging assurance thst the perpetuity ofourinsti- Si luttona is not jeoparded by differences of opinion. " with respect to the individuals to be entrusted with '' power. ol 'I be recent elections throughout the Union, hare "I had the eff> ct to restore to the people, through their *' mere immediate representatives, much of the power It which had been gradually tending toward the Kxeeu- *< tive Tbey have declared that the will of the people, U on questions sffesting their interest anu welfare, as al expn ssed through their representatives, ought to be <* respected and carried out by the F.xeoutlv*. They n have proved that the American people value peaoe, and b the advancement of humanity, as the true ends and it objects for which a republican government was founded They have giTen expression to the sentiment, v that the constitutional powers of our government are r beneficent in their design, and they have administer- d ed a rsbuke to that creed which holds government to 1 a state if inaction on the subject of education, Indus- t try internal improvements, and other kindred tn?as- v ores, looking to the happiness of man. the advance- T ment <f freedom, and the melioration of the sooial and political system. 1 have thus endeavored to ooniply with the rpqnU meut of the Conetitution, which makes it my <1 communicate to the legislature the condition State, and to recomnieDd such matters as I m, exted'ei.t. It has been my aim to state facts, make suggestions, without more of uetail or o mint, thuu seemed necessary to a clear statem the subject. I huve entered upon this raiponaiht. with much diffidence; relying upon the indulgoi. 1' i i a gent tons constituency, ever ready to exouse errors ; i of the understanding, if accompanied by slnoority of i ? purpose and purity of motive. t I cow submit these matters to your enl*ghten?d consideration, with the assurance of my moat oordlal co-operation in all your efforts to advance the varied 1 Interests of onr great State?confident that yonr de- 1 libeiatione and actions will be earnestly dirunted to t such ends as will promote tbo publio interests, and l advance the^cause ot religion, learning, morality, and s happiness. 1 invoke upon tho*? deliberations and 1 actions, the blessings and the guldanoe of that Almighty Iteing who rules the universe -Id whose hands the wisest ot ruen are but bumble agents of higwill. i HAMILTON FISH. \ Albany, January 2,1840. J Appointments by the New Governor. 1 Governor bieh haa made the following appoint- I minis :? ! Private Secretary?Robert H. Morris, of Otsego. I hicstecger- Jacob Sptingstted. of Albany. , military stats'. ( Adjutant General?Samuel Stephen*. . (Juaitermaeter General? Franklin Towneend. Paymaster General-James Kidd. ' burgeon General?Mason F. Cogswell. M. D. Judge Advocate General?Lewis Benedict. jr. ' Engineer in Chief? P. N. Spofford t Military Secretary?CUrkeon F. Crosby. e Aide-de-camp-Legrend B. Cannon, Troy; Ilenjv \ mln INalban, N?w V?tk; S. F. t'laxton, Cohocs. ( iHKI IIIC Alinilt* Tout oT New Von*-Arhivai.i ok Vessei.s a"ii> Pav- j i.isceas ? The following statement of the arrival of | Teasels, and the number of passenger* from foreign I rountrlr* from JeDnary 1 to Deoember 31, 1819, w.ta made op fror- thr book* of the Revenue Department, ' which are hept by Mr Thorne, to whom we are lnd?bt- ' ed for the facilities offered in obtaining it for publics- i tion1 Miii. Hitrkt. Bfi. Be hi. Stchiui. Gaffs. Tuhtl i American M2 ITl 67U V1 17 ? 1,934 , Hr tieh I'M 1? 0 2KI) 1M 34 , ? 754 ' FM.Ii 14 IS IF! 2 1 ? 43 | Bremen 17 15 81 3 ? 3 99 ( Fw.dlab 5 16 23 4 ? ? 44 , heivrcjrien ... . 1 10 19 S ? ? SI Bmlmg 7 18 9 ? ? ? 31 ' J'aiish 8 6 14 1 ? ? 25| Dutch 9 7 ? ? ? ? 13 I B. I? Ian 2 9 3 ? - ? 14 1 1'crtniiuete,,, , ? ? 11 1 ? ? 12 < fnmUD 1 0 2 2 ? ? II f 9pti>i?h 3 2 ? ? 1 ? 6 A miliar ? 2 ? ? ? , ? 2 BanoTt nan,.. ? 1 3 2 ? ? A t ten Ian ? 2 1 ? ? ? 3 1 hu.strn ? 1 1 ? ? ? 2 Olu.n'tir* ? 8 3 ? ? ? 9 bet p. lilac. , ? ? 1 ? ? ? 1 Ccci'M ? 1 3 ? ? ? 4, B'snllsn ? 1 4 ? ? ? 6 f Oriental ? 1 ? 1 ? ? ' tj Verer.ue'raD... ? 1 ? ? ? ? 1 Aardiaiati ? 2 1 ? ? ? 3 Kit) p. cl.auri u . 1 ? ? ? ? ? It lulte ? 1 ? ? ? ? 1 Grtcadian .... ? 2 2 4 ? ? "j Trial i em?er of veriel* of all olaaiea from fore'irn rerta... .'infill K To al nun Iwr of anrivalafrom foreign poruin 1847 3,147 f Shewing a decrtaae of 87, c The cumber of rawtcgar* arrived In 1*48 191.907 I " 1847 169.110 f Iscreaae over 1847 24,799 1 t More op thk Wii.liamstown Mystery.?The j Ninth A(ihiiih IVatwript contains a etatrnient ^ concerning the fate of the young woman who died ao ? mjrtnlrurly under the care of ''Doctor" Roberta, of Williamatoen. It ia made up from tba investigation* of the committer ibat viaited Albany and Troy. The v giilaeemato have died broken hearted. We extract I1 that pat t of the etatement which tracea, more fully tl than aid our paragraph on the subject. the stury of t h? r aad wrong* and dying boura :?The first dlreat tee- a tlmony relating to ber history. commence* about fjur years ?go at which time ebe wae Introduced to a lady in Albany, who then Kept a email but reputable board- ^ leg hour* In that aity. Sh* watt taken to that b tard- ' lng-h< me by a man who etlll reeidea in Albany, and is " a mewhat, ztenelvely known She wae introduced to ' the landlady a< a Viae Cynthia Barker, Herjage waa v rtat.d then to be fift-en year* be remained at tbi* h houee In Albany for one year, and the exponas of her b.aid wae paid by the eame peraon who lntrnduee.1 her there She wae ennatantly vlalfed during thl* time by |tbie ran e Albany man. with the procaine on hi* part, and expectation on her part, of f.\ inarrape The nnptlal day wae appointed, and all thirg* made ready ; bnt her lover did not ap b p. nr But 1 will not f >1!rw thla part of the teatimony e farther at thle time. Suffice it toaay. that after being v f< ii.d n thle way for a number of timer, aba loft Alba- n ny. dbappointed and heart broken, and took up her reside ice in Tioy. at whioh place ahe ha* lived, in reepertable fr miller, to the day ahe left, in charge of Dr. lifberte. f< r this p'ace. It anpeared by the evidenoe I11 I r< cuted. that during the whole time ebe resided In 'i roy the was known by the name of Cynthia Barker ; a llatrhe wae industrious and prudent, and her a?*t>ci r.te? respec'ahle. but ahe could net become reconci #1 p ?lth her fi rmer treatment, and that she continued to ? mom never her ill fate tilt ahe found that the dira die- f. care, consumption, had fast hold of h*r, and death tu tating her in the faoe In thl* dilemma, she aent to Albany to har old friend, aa ahe oatled him. for aid and n advice Her old friend came, and what did he do ' I 0 would here glad J draw a veil ovar the brutal aoene ^ tl at follow* and forever hid* It from my v|?w ; but I p ran cot atop her*. It further appear* in evidence that r her old trlmd earn* to *ee bar, and introduced a man t< whom he called Dr. Roberta, telling her that tha Dr. j, had a neat cottage h? u*e In th* country; that he had apieed with the Dr. to tahe her home with him ; ah* would find It a very nleaaant ettnatton ; and that the " Dr would er on cure her. and in a ahort time ah* would a tie quite well ; rbe received, at the aam* time, a new a: prr mire of marriage when her health ahould be audi- it clently recovered I thell paaa over the awtftnea* and fatigue of the journey from Troy to Wllllamatown; nor re ball I atop now to eontraat the altuatioa ahe left In pi 1 toy with the cottage of the Dr ; but will further atate that It appeared In evldenee that tbta young lady re- t mcnatrated again*t leaving her fHenda In Troy. She j raid ahe war afraid ah* wan to be aent away from her friend* to die; ihat ?he enold not bear the thought: '0 that ahe wanted to die In the preaenee of friend*; that Cf rhe a aeeret to reveal to aome friend In her dying ie hour which waa known only toharaelf and one other per on She raid to a confidential friend,"If I gTew wore# cl I rball aend tor yon; and If I aend. come qulok, that I r may divulge the aeeret,and die In pane#." What that i' aeeiat la aba wiehed to eommnnleata to aoma friend In ' her dying henr, may be Imagined by nil who heard the rf whole tvetlmony ; but will probably only be known on Pr that day when the reereta of all heart* *hall be made manlfrrt ? /ttpvfitr in. ' B:. 1 L D. TWO CENTS. niiortaat from Honduras, Yucatan, and Central America. An arrival nt Nr* Urn a - irom Belize, Hontres, I.rings account* from that place to the 2d December. Accounts t nrn Yucatan received Belize, report mHi'th in th it country ia a very llerent condition from the inform itiun we havo 11 receivinc from Yucatan papers. The 06rvtr of the 2d met. any a :? We have received advice* from the interior of Yuan- V,1 n Tla Baealsr. which ? preseut t he I m|i*ns a* Mailt J the ascendant Several town* hare been re-taken ' ttifni. It Is alio .fa'eil thatif th?v sinceed in raking Tlcssh now etoety besieged, they will at onow , ecerd to attack Mertda Wm. II. ( fffln. Ksij . hsa h-ee sentenced to etc li ontbs imprisonment and a fine of ?100, for writing: y rtaln article* wb'eh appeari il In the OAjemer, re- \ ctlng ?n public effloere It appears from the Belli- OWrtcr, that the British kTemment. through Its Vloe-Tonsnl at Nioaragua. is drirandrd the pm ir.ont of debt* due B'it.lsh sabot* Nicaragua * .hare r f the debt In #116 015, and in Interest on this sum for'JO yearn, at sis percent, ?163 SCO more A pnr'ina of this must bo paid fore IMA and the rerrninde* It Is nronoed tc noneo- A late and Issue new stock. The government of Ntoa- f gna is required to give see.urit.y f >r >h-religious ob- S tvenee rf the stln Intlon. imnn-ed hv the British ML onsul; and in the event of failure to make the regular lymsnt*. the Koglt-h ere o >u of the *W\ ustrmhouse of Sun la?n d?l Vnrte ii n' >1 the amount ?. 'made up. The British Consul a< k< immediate comB lice With the?e d-msnd j Sot the Assembly of ioarsgiia sdj timed without oomimr to anv smess. 1 VI ent In the nutter til In eddltl n to this .liffl ulty with Nlcereguv tho 1 rlMsh governm-nt. through Its "in ??*rles. is end**- 1 ring to bring shoot. some trouble wt'h ItundurM and I SelvsdT tor the purr r" siinnos-. of s"l*ing I jon Central America Honduras unit St. Salvador ' otestcd against tho oecupatlon of San Inan by the nglbh. and Mr Chatfteld Kd<lre?<ed the following ther curious letter to the Secretary of the Scale of StJ tlvadcr:? "Sih:? 1 have received the Official Giizrllr of St. ilvHdor. number S8 and mi attention h?? been dieted to a decree of tho Pr?*ld-nt of tho 31st of \f*v, 41. It Is wHh great regret I observe this now proof f the disposition of the government of St Salvador to Dpore that ?f H B M.. rmoolallv af'er having dona 1 in mv power. a? tho Biitish representative in Cen nl America. t? cultivate a cordial harmony with the iithorltixs of this State Acknowledging the purer of le President to issue any O'der he may ?hlnt( flt, it is, t tba sanrs time, my duty to observe that when a dares i? published affecting Bro|sh Interests umust or nconstltntlonsl ' tte state rf <*n Salvador must not e surprised ' if it should he made responsible for the idlsetetlon of its governors.' ft "I ahetatn from commeptin* on the raneonr (unpre B 'Ohed) thst rltsrly has d!cti 1 th's decr< : but I * oust eny that it would beti ten tgnlty ot jour ar'tnlnlstm1 u if at fir r Inqoirlee h td ?eu made ss tothe t h n -'pin111 y legislated U) a this examii tllon rould have shewn?1st.. That, It is not, true that the ortftfSen has always h< ?n acknowledged tohet entral America 2d. N" ther Is the river of San ft as far as the fort of San Carlos occupied by or n v session of H U. M arms 31 That the tariff tiihllrhed in the Musquitn por* of San Juan is obll- '' i itirv te the commerce of Oranada by the rlrer ? .n Jnan. 2 f I ii conclusion f roust state to toii for the Informs- I I ion cf your government, that i shall place this decree |l ndtrtht notice of II n M OswruMll, in ordar $ 'I hat they may be acquainted wirh the adverse feel- I nys of your government, leaving eveo its post un- I ccrssarily abii ur s ilici'ed, in losnl> II B M Gov- M J rnroent iu au sITalr which practically doee not affaot m i V Lh interest of ih? State of Sa Salvador" All I have the honor to he to |<' Oiiitiiild " w ' ]j Tothis the Oovcrnm* nt of s'm Salvadorreturns a very fr org answer, comnieoo'ng bv-tst'iig fha'the President , 1 laddirectedthelettertobersturnedunanswrred being * 1 oo It,suiting but atfuwariir r-solving, that as there * 1 reie many ohservatlonsln t.bat letter which w-ire ab- * 1 rlnteij neeesrary to be pnbH-h-d to the whole world 1 vith bis remarks on them, he had changed his mind. I [From the Boston Adv-rtieer laonary 1 ] ImVUVCTIOIf in Honiu kan?Bf tho Soptom>er, at thispoit, from Omiw, Nov. 21, Truxillo, Doc. 7ih, wo luivo rocoivod tho news ot an insnreclion in Honduras. On the 21st November, a nootinp was held at the ciiy of Tegucigalpa, by a party of military persons, over whom Sanior tiuardiolH, h General ol division, presided, u which a pronuncinri onto was adopted to ouiidiate the authority ol the Mute nssenihly and )ihor lurclionarirsm t appointed according to law; ore r/o tho perrons < ! Iron Fr* arisen iVrrera, Cornndo Chavez,and their agent*; to demand from the utpromo govern mn ttho suspension of the capitation aw, and that which reduces the military force and heir ray; ihe convocation ot a grand constituent aslembty, and the punishment or banishment of those m *ho mey l?e found guilty; authorising General/ ft II iuardiola with full ;<o.,er? to realize this object* 1 fl t wns fuitlier declared lbHt. th" Assembly shoulfil S [ J- P-j? - -L ? ' ..I*. ... ........o. vic wiiiw, im me win 01 n .* December, Bnd be composed of one member ft\l ricm puch municipality of Honduras, wbo might II f either a resident or not, in his district. ll rW? placed til MOW Nw tmdfr the protection 1 II )f IBI amnntltl of Nicaragua and Salvador, 1 \| jivirg information to every town, through its au- * fiorines, that they ring! t Minify whether or 1 lot they approved of the measure. In case the Ificc President reinsert to accede to their proportions, the landholder w.-re to he called lotether. As co<.n ?s possib'e, a document, exilaininpand defending th:s p'oc-edintr, was orlerrd to he published, and had been sent, on , he same day, toeach the presiding tfecer The insurrecticnarv party had taken po<'eseton tit Comaya, the capital o( Honduras, about Vov. 2tl, and the government h id fled to the town >1 Oi otica, the natural situation of which is itiong, and had called up< n the different departlients of StHto lor men and money. . J1 Interesting from JsnittM^scm from Pa- I nam*, Ac. I [From the N t> 1'iea. one. Deo. 21 J I By the brig Fidelia, Cm fit. fvendrick, which left J ungrton, Jamaica, on l/ie |2ih iriRt , we have t t,i lie ( f the Mnruiug Journal to the 7th tnst. iV One ot the fin things which meets our eye m I lie Journal is the following from Panama:? 1 We have arlvtces Itom Panama to the 15th of i November. There was at that place her Map>sty'n j chorner Cnrkatrise u/itli unrt > or her Majesty's surveying shiiis Herald and Panlora, the first from the edge of rlie ice. where she lad been in search of Sir John Fr *nklin nnd hi? arty, the other from Vancouver's Island nnd the Sandwich Islands. Thege vessels were tnomentartly expected at 1'annma. Admiral Hornbv, the comrnander-in-chtef in the 3acific, won gt VHlpnrniso w.ih lh* A?ia (ff4), lorgon steamer (4). June (2fi). nnd Calypso (21). I'he Champion (lf<) had snled lor the northwest The Hriti h brig Maty Rcssell, Fain, master, nth peaiI shells and hides for London, was fleeted to leave in a couple of days, hs woidd tllso he French ship Mitierve tor Hiv;e. Besides these her? were in port h couple ol Graiiadian schooner* rri"ed from the coast. The California, the first of the American line of tenmerg to ply l>Hwun the port o| Pan mid and ian Ftancisco, California, ?a* expected to arrive etore the end of tins mouth or the beginning of annniy, and will take the m ills for the North'eef Const to be lining' t to Ch?grea (?y the first of rother new line of stehnieis between the States nd that port. Fannina has therefore become th" central po'nt i the Pacific, whence depart the etearn**'" to the lutb as far as Valparaiso, and to the north np to 'regon, as from S?n Francisco there will be a ranch to that |>oitir, and there is little doubt that re lone there wilt he also a branch to the Sandich Islands snd China put on foot bv the parties inning the American line to the westward. The repair of the Crimes mad is to commence n the 1st of January next, the Royal Mail Comany advancing the New Gianadian Government inas sufficient for the purpose, the latter providing corps of two hundred sappeis to do the work. Perhaps < ur renders are not aware that all the I ortsin the isthmus are free and that vessels cart I ome and remain in th< in hiI the time thev think I t, without paying tonnage du'-a, and rhaf file du- ii es on all pnrds imported are red >ced tofhe nomt- 11 _i . i c... I i i . - r - ?i ?- ??i ? HI Itiict'1 iivr-mir HiiiMiirup <>i a iriti |>-i pouuu, II r less lh?n one p?-r cent on an as-orted cargo. II 'he only exception to .hatrate is on spirits, which U nv b duly of ibnt eleven rcHf* per doKB, ^ngar. I nm, cotton, roco i, and tobacco are nut xerinittea Jl > pars in trnnf-it. CipH's may lie imported at the ^lil 1(2h duty ot ten dol'ais |>er thousand. With such I dvantsges, hi d wi'h the line of steamers diverge I ur from this central point, we should sav there ta I] hirrpniif ii Piiirm tor nirwN MiM% II nd we conceive ihnt before many years are over I will be a very flourishing pi are. I The Anttfcmi Uhtrrrer mentions a rumor cur- I nt in that island that hisExreiIency.Gov Hig- I upon, is shortly to r. Iiitr|in-h the government of M e Leeward Islands, his Excellency having been ipointed to BSCCred Sir Charles Eit/roy in the ' M wernment ol Australia?this latter being about B| retire. Gov Htggisw n will be iern>>or*rily sue- . M eded by Lieut Gov Mcintosh, ol St. Kitts, who | st present (October 12) sojourning in Antigua. I ] The Jt.urmiil mentions an outbreak which ne- t irred in the pariah of "Stiat Thomas in the g ast," on the 27'h uIt., in endeavoring to execute | gal process. The laborers on an estate rose and , acued a prisoner made by the law officers, and evented the arteet ol others against whom there ere warrants. We later from various circmiv .uutthat it \ra? no dangerous affair. A