Newspaper of The New York Herald, January 12, 1849, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated January 12, 1849 Page 1
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? 'II . 1 TH NO. 5335. THIHTIKTH CONOHHSS. SKtO.Nl> SESSION. In 8?nate. WiMH.icns. Wednesday, Jan. 10, 1M9. Bright sud windy wintry morning Seoate chamber and gniUrlee T>-e??nt a ?iui?t id1 senatorial d'gnlTj, sod self anmplaoency. Prayer, Journal, petilions. rrsolalMDH fce. A 1IWiLY iritKrH noM OLD BULLION. Up V - ? - .1 ...? ... "? ?- ??i iun cuoiaiaiBo on mu nvnrj, to whom the subject had been assigned for consideration, reported a resolution for printing 6,000 soples or cottou'e map of rha route* to tba gold region of Ualiforuie. with tba explanatory pamphlet attached, aad submitted some remark* in cuaport of tba map and Its publication for distribution by th# Senate Mr. Bt*nn?Tbia ii a part of that specie* of book printing against wbiob tba Sonata oucbt to set its face This map sir. is of tbat olass of book puhllehIng, tba only object of wbich is to take money from the treasury. This is n plausible looking map to ths eye at tba first glnaos. It bas a very fanciful border, sir. liks a Frenoh bandktrchlrf; and I bare a llttla grand daughter at bomr, and I shall glee bar a copy of this map If this resolution passes from wh'cb to learn to embroider hankaroblef* (t baa its pictures, too, and gay adorn Hera, sir. Is the bins, and the yellow, and tba purple, and tbe red and the wblte. It is highly ornamental. sir. But bow many degress of latitude nod longitude bare we bare, sir, and in what spaaa T Why. sir. (placing hie bands on the map) I bare all North America and tba West Indies unilet my two hands. Now, who can presume to travel by sneb a map as that? Here we bare. sir. a seven by nine map to be printed as a guide to California And we have got Hudson's Bay in It. and Oregon, and California, aad Mexico, and tbe Isthmus ot Tehuantepec. and Panama and Niaarauga. aad 1 art of Seuth America. It is a seven by nine map of North America, and part of South America if tbe msp is worth anything to a traveller to California he w ll pay tw> n'j Ave cents for It, if be ia going thera in earnest But. sir, perhaps tbe publisher does not exj>*ot a large revenue from tbe gold dust. I think tbe whole thing ought to be laid on tbe table. Itlsa catch penny affair. and alt tbe merit it has is the eatch-wcrd of California, or tbe gold mines. Ab. yes. sir. here it is. ?' the gold regim," "tbe gold region." Tbat is tbe eateb-word, sir; bnt I trust ths Senate is not to be oangbt by such olap trap. Mr Fir zPATsica submitted some general remarks in reply. He knew nothing of tbe merits of tbe map himself, but had submitted tbs resolution at tbe wish of tbe committee. Mr. Dickiuso* was opposed to the printing, without reference to tbe value or worthlessness of tbe map Tbe contingent fund of tba Senate bas recently got tbe galloping consumption. Some years ago, it was $20 000 a year; now it bas reached to $120,000; and it Is largely owing to tbe system of book priatlng introduced into this body Mr. Bkntoiv said be bad a system for tbe printing of maf e. He was tbe advocate for printing maps of original materials, and printing them without a copyright. Be was not willing to purchase maps from a copyright edition of compilations from other maps or books, made up of compilations from the library. He bad remarked, too. tbat when a fever was got np on any thing tbe peculators seised bold of It to make the best of it wblte It lasted; and some fellow who knows nothing under n.Al. 1 ./ ?v- ?v:-_. ? !. IA I- I A V? air, we bare got up thin California fever, and nfter felling this quack medicine everywhere elee tbat be can ell it, this man eomee here to ene If we have got the gold fever. But. fir,letuf not fuffer theee quack mediolnet te come into tbe Senate. Tbe resolution for tbe printing of tbe map wai laid npon tbe table. COLONISATION Vi. ABOLITION. A few days ago Mr Underwood presented a petition from Dr. Bedioger and others, of Kentuoky, praying Congress to make an appropriation of money, to meet tbe expenses of transportation of eertala liberated laves in tbat State, (too poor to pay their way ont,) to tbe black Republic of Liberia Tbe petition was then referred ; bnt a reconsideration being bad, the question of referenee earns np again. Mr Uwdahwood moved the referenoe of tbe petition to tbe Judiciary Committee, with instmotlons to report in favor of tbe petitioners. Mr Datton moved to strike ont tbe instmotlons. Mr. UitDtawooD hoped the motion would not prevail. One of the ebj?cts of the petition was to get the encouragement of a report from tbe Jodieiarv Committee of tbe Senate in behalf of a project whioh tbe people of Kentooky bad on foot. They would soon bold a eon vention on the snbjeot of slavery, and wonld probably adopt some means for tbe gradual emanolSation of their slaves. A report from tbe committee, coloring tbe power of Congress to make appropriations for tbe transportation of liberated slaves to Liberia, would encourage the movement eontemplated in Kentucky , In opening a borne and a way to reach It for liberated slaves. With such a report, even if no action were bad upon it, doubtless many private individuals wo?M be tndueed to liberate their slaves. The senator then took np tbe subject of tbe right of petition, and eaid be bed moved a re-consideration npon the petitions whieh were rejsered the other dey. beetnse be eonoeivsd tbat those petitions praying me exerr.ire 01 tne power or uoagress over ail Baees under Ita authority, for the ezolualoa and a bo. !ioa of slavery, wae dearly within the province of the right of petition, and the rejeetiou of suoh papers could only do mleehlaf by exalting the fanatioa of the North, and rving then eouie just reason of eomptaint. He considered that the right of petition was necessarily restricted Men had no right to petition for an aot whioh Congress had no power to pass They had no right to petition for measures in whioh they were in no decree personally interested. He then exhibited the ml'ehlef whleh had followed the denial of the right of petition by the Hoose. under the 2lst rule, and was, therefore, in favor of admitting the right to Ita extreme limits, as It was not the way to conciliate the North bv treating their petitions with contempt. He hoped his -Ju'.Ion would be adopted, and the committee would report, if they could, upon the distinction be* tween the transportation of liberated slaves and of Indian tribes out of the country by the government. Mr. MjtTCAi.n made an earnest appeal in favor of colonisation. Free, or liberated, while the blacks remain In this country, they must remain a degraded race. They were here, and the only way of mitigating the evil, was to provide some meant for their removal fTom amon rst nt. He knew the father of the petitioner, and the petitioner himself. He was a man ot intelligence, and had studied and written much upon the euhleet. Mr. (Ialk, while hs thanked the first Senator from Kentucky in this debate, for the liberal motion of reconsideration whleh he had made, begged leave to differ with him on the right of petition, and denied the limltf whleh hs had prescribed for Its exercise. I am astonished (said Mr Hale, leaving ont evan the great question of slavery Itself,) at the constant complaints of the Sonth against Northern aggression ; and this, too. when the North has become so oraven and pusillanimous on this subject, as to be the reproach even of the women and eblldren It is s shame with which we arc justly reproaehsble, and I fesl that I am sntitled to a share cf It Why. sir, slavery has ruled this government since the adoption of the federal conatitutlon. It has carried ita power so far, tbatif we have presumed upon the right to beg. we bavs been denounced as insolent. Wr have submitted lonw enonarh with onr backs to the lash of this slave power. I do not wish to bo aggressive. I am willing to suppsrt tbo Institution where It osiato to the extremist limit* of tbo constitution; but our own cherished rights I cannot consent to relinquish. Mr Doi'olss would not bare said anything In this discussion but for the last remarks of the Senator from Mew Hampshire As a Northern man he was not willing to hear in silenoe the libel nponlhe North, that they had degraded themaelre* by submission to the South. The North have always maintained their right*. If there bas been any submission by tho North In former times, It has been a submission to the constitution. I regret that this submission has been less regarded in these latter days. I regret this spirit of faotlon which would ride into power on the ruins <f the constitution. If the constitution he good, as it came from our fathers, how can it be aid we are degraded In adhering to It ? He regretted this unnatural excitement In the North and In the South He was anxious to drive this agitating question from these halls. The territorial bill for admitting California as a State, by leaving It to the people, wonld settle It at onoe. with regard to the territories; and by th? retrocession or this district to iue ?iwc* or Maryland, the whole question of tble constant agitation would be disposed of. Pass these hills, and (the question of slavery ieat an end. Mr. Usdkswood, in reply to Mr Hale, maintained his limitations of the right of petition. Men had no right to petition for that In which they were not Interested And the abolition of slavery In this district deee not effect the people of the North. It may affect their religions sentiments ; but? Mr H?lb? Does not tbe North have to pay Its money for the support of certain slaves Imprisoned here, end for the support of the Institution as It sxlsts In this district T Mr. Uses a wood ?I admit that they do to some extent. Tbe federal government Is supported by tbe members of all tbe L'nlon, and the objection would apply as well in any other ease. Mr D?vtoe wished the petition to go to the com ui(f wunr-ut ineirueuona ins nuior iiti inn Kentucky I* about to hold a contention, and that thn opinion of oar recpeetable committee might hats asms Influence In aid of auoh contention. But whether It will or will not. I do not with the committee to be made the bract of burden for any deeialon upon the antyeet The motion to atrlka out the Inatruetiona waa (reed to. Mr. M??oc waa nppoted to any Inquiry upon the anh)*et in nny form wbaterer. Thla queation cannot now be approaehrd without doing mischief, and without danger t<> oar douiectle Institution* Aa one of the reprreentetite* of Virgioia here. I protect agalnit any trqnirv into the matter at all Our poettion is already anflleiently bn ailiUtln and it la only from onr regard to the eonctituiion and the I'nion that we h%Te eonlinn* d to cnbmlt to It It la only from thic eanae that I ahall aubmlt to take part In the dleenccion which I* coon te come np The General A'cemhly of Virginia t* about to act. and when che tak?a her position there will not be one of her tone that will be lound reoreant te hie duty, or unmindful of h*r right* I am opposed, air to any Inquiry upon the cuhjeet in any form Mr Devi*, of Ml** . charged home upon the North their aggreaclon* upon the South; and of all the claptrap of the demagogue* cf the day that of the right of petition wac, perbapc. the moct rtdleulou*. lie denied the power to Ongreca to transport hU'kcto tfrioa. IVhat right had they to discriminate between one E NE MOB elaee of paeaongera aod another? The North had re- | ealred the flrat and the liritwt profits from ala??'ry, i sad it belonged to them to tronaport the free blacks to Aftl?a. if to any port of the Union ot oil Mr Bi tlkb prntntod tbot If tbia matter were re- ] fetred to the Judiciary Committee. ho ahould oak to l to discharged fraui its aooaldorotlon. for ha could n >t eonrtot to bla own degradation ond the degradation of 1 hie country, by inquiring into auah mot art ot this true Mr. BcaaiEi>, after detailing the aubjoet matter of the memorial and tbe object of It to aecure the auo- 1 port of tbe deehinn of the Judiolary Committee In fa err of anme contemplated schema of gradual amanet niti/in h? kmnfnnkv oniwiitd thu r?fiirftni*? hii<?niiM raid bo it la nothing mora nor leas than an application frriu Kentucky, for an annual appropriation bv Congr*?? to aid in the transportation emancipated slavse to Africa and thna working out tha gradual emancipation cf slavery in the United State*. Mr Nile* beliered that CongmM bad no power oyer thieenbjret It wa* a (natter which belonged to tha State* and ought to be left to them Mr. Diciikki* concurred with the Senator from Connecticut in believing that no geod could come from It* further eon*ideration, and moved that the lubjeet be indefinitely pn*tpon?d. Agtted to, 27 to 23 Miiccni.Awceri. Mr JtrrEneoie Datii *ubmitted a memorial from a eubetitute for a soldier in the war wi'h Mextoo. praying for hi* bounty land. Referred to the Committee on Peneton*. Mr Eutlkb. from the Judleiery Committee, to whom bad been referred a memorial praying tbat manumitted laree may be carried to Liberia in U S ?e?-ele a* far a* convenient to tbe ebip. asked to be di?oharged. and tbat tha rnbjrot be referred to the Committee en Naval Affair*. Mr. Yvlke. ef that Committee, moved to lay It on the table. Agreed to. Mr. Bhkkse moved to take np the bill providing for Sam* of land to actual eettlera, enrveya, location*, to. i California Not agreed to And the Senate went into Kxeentive session. Home or Representatives. WtiHiruTOt, Jan. 10,1840. the slate tsade (If the diitbict of columbia. The 8praeer announced the business first In order to be the motion of Mr Stuart, of Michigan, to reconsider the vote by which the following resolution of Mr. Oott, of New York, was passed, vis: ? Whereas, The traffic now prosecuted in this metropolie of the Repuilio in human beings as oha'telt, is contrary to natural justice and the fundamental principles of our p litical system, and is notoriously a reproach to our country throughout Chris etidtm. and a serious hindrance to the nrorrsu or renuhlican liberty (moss the satiua* of the earth. Therefore Keiolved, That the commit tee for the Clttrlot of Colombia be Initruoted to report e bill, ee eoon u practicable. prohibiting the dare <rade In said District. The SrEABBB remarked that if the order vai luileted on, tha business would now be prooaedad with. Mr. Wkrtworth called for the order r Mr Bbodhead moved a oall of tha Houaa before tha question waa taken. Mr Wertworth aaid that to thie ha had no objection. The Clerk called tha roll; and ana hundred and saventy-seven members answered to tbelr names. The Speaker?Tne doors will now be closed. Mr Cliromar?I move that all further proceedings In the oall be dispensed with. ["No!" "no!" "Go on with the call "] The doors were elosad, and tha names of tha absentees were called. excuses. Mr. Dariel Di'rcar was excused, having been sick for a week, as stated by Dr Kdwards. Mr. IIarmorsor was exeused, in consequenoe of sickness In bis family. Mr. W T. Haskell was exeused. having been eonfined to his room several days by sickness. Mr. Bajly was too ill to be here, and be was exeused. The Clerk called tha name of T. B. King. Mr Kiro?I'm here. Tbe 8rEARER?The names of those net supposed to be in the Heuee ere to be ealled. By general consent the gentleman will be excused. [" No. no!" " Oh, yes!" '' He's a a'aver fellow."] Mr. Kiko-I wae employed in the committee room; and when tha House was oalled, 1 came as quickly as 1 coul d. Tba Clerk ealled the name of William B. Maelay, when Mr. Nicoll aaid that ha had this morning received a letter from hia colleague, informing him that ha waa detained In New York by sickness. Mr. Maclay waa axensad. Mr. rendition was excused, noing n? mi nil loaglui. Mr. Robert 8mlth vm alio excused, being detained at home by the aickneas ot bia wife. Mr. A. Stewart, who baa been siek for eeTeral week*, was excused. The Clebe called the name of Thomas J. Turner, as one of the absentees. Mr. Tvbner?Here I am. [Ha, ha!] Mr. Buehner was exeuaed In eonseqneaee of siokness. The 8rEAXBB?The clerk will now report the names of gentlemen absent without leave. Mr. Gbinnell made an exeuse for Mr. Hall, who had been called home to aitend to Indispensable business (' What is his business T") Mr. Hall|was not exoused for non-attendance. Mr. Levin moved that Mr. Green Adams be excused, on the ground that he was engaged with business in one of the publio departments. The metion was negatived. The Srr.aieb?The Sergeant-at-Arms will produce the absentees who have not been exoused. Their names were read by the Clerk. Mr Nicoll moved that all farther proceedings be dispensed with. Mr. Sawveb? And that the absentees pay the usual line. Then let the doors be opened, that we may proceed to business The Sveabeb said that the question now was on disposing with all further proceedings in the call. Mr. Greeley asked a question, which was respondsd tA hv th? Chtlr In thu DMttiTfi: hnt th?r? via mo much noise we could not beer whet tu Mid. The vote wee taken, end all farther proceeding! in the oell were dispensed with? yeas 130, nays 03. The Speaker now directed the door* to be opened, end the member! who were uxioulj waiting outside entered the ball. Mr. Greeley arose for the purpose of addreaeing the House. the ilate trade ag air* Mr. Wertworth (on the other side of the Honse) ? I claim the floor on this question. The Speaker?The Chair assigns the floor to the gentleman frem Illinois. Mr. Wert worth?I ask whether it will be in order to lry on the table the motion to re-consider the vote by which the resolution of Mr. Oott was passed T The 8peaeeb?It will. Mr. Wertworth?There are some who wish to debate the question; there are others who would like to get rid of it by voting now. The Speaker?The motion to re-eonsider may be delated Mr Wert worth?The debate may continue from day to day T The 8peaker?Yes. Mr. Wertwortii?If we go into a debate, it may last several days; therefore I move to lay the motion to reconsider upon the table, and ask for the yeas and nays. (" Oh, no!" " Keep the question open '<) Mr. Stewart, of Michigan?I would ask the gentleman from Illinois to withdraw his motion, in order that I may enbmit an amendment 7 The Speaker? No Mr. Wkrtworth?Then I insist on my motion. (" Withdraw it;" " hold on:" "go it.") Mr. Kacfmae?I would ask whether the question has not been taken on the motion to lay upon the table! The SprARER? Not within the remembrance of the Chair. The Clerk will turn to the record. Mr. Kii iMiK-lf I am not mistaken, It wae. Mr WmwoiTH ?I mtdc tb? motion mveelf. The Steakes- The < hair understand* that a motion m made to lay uj>< n the table 8lnee then the rjuev. tlon bae been postponed, and another motion Intervened and another taken. He cannot doubt that the motion to lay upon the table li In order. Mr Stvart?I aek the gentleman from llllnole to withdraw bis motion tljat an pmendmtqt may be read, which T will cilfer if the motion to reconsider prevail. Mr. Wektworth--! would have no objection to ddeommodate one or two gentlemen, but there may be a dozen more. Tie Seeaeer endeavored to rtpreaa the disorder which prevailed In all parte of the Houee ; and eald, the Chair can only enquire if the gentleman from Jllinola will give way? Mr WvMwoiiTn?No. sir : I iniiet on my motion. [ ' That * right "J Mr. Kit i mak?I aek that thapropoeed amendment of the gentleman from Michigan be read for the Information of the llonee. Mr Wzvtwvitii-I will give way, if the amendment ean be read without my loelng the floor, or without a tpeech being nade. Mr. Stcart-I merely wleh the amendment read for the Information of the Houee. ("Read," "read." "I.et'f bear It." 1 Read Tba SrEARr.a ?The chair will not decida on any point, or recognize any gentleman, until the Houee cornea to order. ("Order," '-order ) The chair underetandi tha gentleman from llllnole to withdraw hie molion to lay upon the table, aa a matter of eourteey to the gentleman from Michigan. Mr. UuoiRKv?I rive to aquestlon of erder, vl*:? tVbet In r the gentleman from Illinois ean withdraw hta motion for tin* pnrpove? The SrEARER ? The gentleman ean withdraw tba motion. and then hold tha floor, and make an hour'e speech. Mr Sitart? I aek that my amendment be read by tbe- clerk. The Si la?v:a- It cannot be read by tbe elerk. Mr Sh'abt?Then I'll read It myvelf. ("lio on." Object." -'object ") I propove to strike ont all after the word "revoleed," in the revolution, and Insert (- I.ouder," "louder.")?that iv loud enough. If yon listen (' Uo on," He. be.) and Invert: "That the Comir.litre for the District of Ct lumhla prepare and report to this Houve a bill, authorising tbe corporate autborl tlev of Oerreetnwn to or*vent the Introduction of r.laraa Into tbelr oily, for trado or marchoodla*. and that thin apply ta tbo corporate liinlta: alao that tbo corporal* anthorltloa of tbe eity of Waahingti n bar* a aim liar power aud that tba prohibition extend throughout the Dtatrlot." Mr. WraTwoarrf?! aak forth* yea* and naya. Mr. Liarot.a?I want to aak a plain ijaefthm of the W YO NING EDITION?FRIE ti ntleiran from Ulinola. Will he permit another intendment to te read? Mr Wht?o? i h replied in tha affirmative. Mr Lmcol))' tr the courtesy of my eolleagne I propose to lay that I Khali make an effort. If tha rote ta reconsider prevail, to offer an amendment [He read bis amendment, a long one, to tha affeot that the Committee for the District of Columbia be Initructed to report a bill providing for the abolition of tbe ilava trade and toe ultimata abolition of slavery, by making free tho?a born after tha year 18/>0, and allowing a reasonable compensation for adult negroes The vote ft tbe free white male eltiiens to be taken on tbe first Monday in April, to determine whether snob a bill shall become a law. eto ] Mr. Lincoln ? I am authorised tosay, if fifteen leading citlsens of the District of Columbia, to whom this propositi >n bai been submitted, there is net one who disapproves of the passage of snob a bill I don't wiah to be misunderstood. I do not know whether or not they would vote for snob a bill on the first Monday of April; but tbese fifteen persona desired a measure like this to pass Congrees. Mr Hclisi [to Mr. Wentwortb)?Will the gentleman give way? Mr Wkntwortii? For wbdt purpose? Mr. Ml-Lank?I wish to aay a few word* before I vote. Mr Pkttit?Give Maryland a cbanoe to be heard. ( ' Goon ") Mr McLank?Tt Is tbe general desire of the Maryland delesatton on both sides of the Moose?J Mr Wkntwobth?Mr. Speaker, how mueb time have 1 remaining? Tbe Spkakkr?It is not parliamentary courtesy to yield for appeeob, bntfor explanation or amendments, if tbe gentlemen from Illinois gives way for a e pee oh from tbe gentleman from Maryland, he must give way altr gather. Mr Wintwosth- I am aatlsfled. from the various propositions made here this morning, that the House is to vote directly on the motion, or on the various propositions. Therefore, 1 insist on my motion to lay on tbe table. Mr. Evans, of Maryland?I hope that the gentleman will withdraw the motion. [ ' Vote It down." ' Vote it down."] The yeaa and nays were taken, and the result was yeas,70; nsys. 123; eo tbe House refused to lay on the table the motion to reooneider the vote by which Mr. Gott's resolution was paased. Mr srium Mia tnai tne motion to rcconiiaer the motion vu before the Houie. when Mr. Mo Lank, of Maryland. expressed the hope that the reeolution would be reoontldered. So far ?? the Dletrlot vu ooncerned u a part of the State of Maryland, the slave trade has been abolished. Gentlemen coming from the North bring no new lights of principles or morals. The general and steady policy of Maryland has been that whleh looked to the ultimate emancipation of the black race The law now is the abso lute emancipation of the black who Is introdnoed from another State, for the purpose of being sold. He has no costs to pay even. Mr. McLana himself presented to the chambers the petition of a negro woman, and, under the law, procured her freedom The law has bean modified, however, in eonsequenee of the impertinent intermeddling of suoh persons as the gentleman from Ohio, (Mr. O'ddings ;) not to depart from the original poliey of the State, bnt for tne better secoiity of property. What a Mary lander would do at home, he mnst hope to do here, or in any other State. He was ready now. and always bad been, to prohibit, everywhere, any other slave trade than that whioh Is involved in a State as property. If a State chooses toreoelve slaves, and protect them, he could see nothing Immoral In it. If he desired to retain a slave, it was a matter which coneerned himself. Did gentlemen suppose that when Maryland ceded that portion of the territory which composed the ten miles square, sbe ceded the people ? She did no suoh thing ; and we do not understand that the people who inhabit the country surrendered their rights. Maryland ceded the territory and gave Congress exclusive jurisdiction, but not unlimited Congress must confine Itself to its express powers. He would not, certainly, vote for direct action by Congress to prohibit tbe slave trade in the district, because that would be tantamount to the abolition of slavery If the slave trade was prohibited by Maryland, at the time of the cession, the best we could do was to hold to the existing law. He wished this subject to go to either the r?mmU4aa tV. nUS.1.4 Li. 4. A?. _ ? fvuiiuii?? ivt ?uw i/Jomciui VyUlllUllll, Or (O IOC UOD* mittee on the Judloiary, u both of them possess Intelligence and patriotism. He deelred the committee to aseertain by what legal and constitutional mean* the lave trade can be prohibited In the District. He wonld cheerfully rote to preserve the existing law ; bat won^d not vote for any aot which touohes slavery without thli district. [The above lea mere notice of what was said by the gentlemen from Maryland.] Mr C. B Smith, of Indiana, believed that the slave tiade in the district of Columbia was a great evkt, and demanded a remedy; and he was as willing as anyone to adopt a remedy, and oonform to the voice of the people. He did not desire to enter upon legislation to proouce what is called agitation; he did not wish to speak of slavery as an abstraot question, to build up a political party, and God forbid that political parties should ever be made to turn on a subject of this character. ("Amen.") He had heard it charged that the trafflo in slaves here is in violation of law; but he did not knew what laws were in force In the district; and, for the purpose of informing the House and the country, be desired that an investigation should be made by a Committee, that they may report what laws are in lorce, and what measures are necessary to correct the evil, lie believed that a large majority were desirous to see what mode of legislation should be adopted, without a preamble of the character presented. He did not desire to excite the people of the South more than the people of the North. Whatever mi opinions were, ana ne naa never attempted to conceal them, he had been accuitomed to argue that slavery Is a local institution where it exists; while the gentleman from Ohio (Mr. (lidding*) saps that we have no right to go to 8onth Carolina or Georgia to laterfere with the institution. If we have no right to legislate In these 8tates, why pass a preamble, and hold them up to the reprobation of the world t He did not see what practical result was to be obtained by discussing the question her*, if he wanted to express his opinions at length, he would go before his constituents, where sombodv could profit by what he might say He did not belief* that there could be good results from dlsousslng the abstract question here. Mr GinatWa*.?-1 Inquire of the gentleman whether he intends to charge me with improper arguments ! Mr. Smith.- I made no charges. Mr. Ginninns? As he has mad* allusion to Improper agitation, I ask whether he charges me with interfering with that over which we have not jurisdiction T Mr. Smith ?I have heard him say that w* have no power to interfere with slavery in the 8tates. Mr. Gidpimos ?1 want to know whether the gentleman himself goes for sustaining the slave trade In this District ? 1 desire a direct answer. Mr. Smith.?My own opinions are known to the House and to my constituents; and when a case Is presented for me to act with regard to slavery In the District, I will do so. I can tell him, however, that I am not disposed to leave the question t* be settled by the free negroes or the slave dealers of the District of Columbia. (Ila ! ha ! " Good !") I desire to see the slave trade abolished, and I believe that the members from slave States will concur with me In the propriety of doing so. I was pleased t* hear the patriotle sentiments ef the gentleman from Maryland. Maryland, Virginia, and other State*, free negroes who are brouaht there for sola- ?nrl i have hu-J i?ik? members ?sy that, In their State*, the people would not toteiate auch slave-pen* ai there are in thi* Dlatrlot. I appeal to theae gentlemen, and aak whether they will refnae to adopt for thla Dtatriet what they regard aa right In their own State* ? Mr. Meade, of Virginia, area* for the pnrpoae of sayIng that he waa not aware of any Slav* State which prevented the aale of negroee. Mr. Ma**, ofMaaaaohnaetta, wiahed to aak Mr. Meade if he waa not aware, that In Delaware there la a law which prohibits any owner of a slave from aelllng the alave out of the 8tate. Mr. Meade replied that be had not the Stat* of Delaware In hla mind, aa he did not regard it as one of the slave States proper. Mr Smith ?I understood the Introduction of slaves, with a view to be sold. Mr. CauriELD hero produced the law of Maryland about negroes, which was read by permission of Mr. Smith. Mr. Dlcktv desired to aak a question, but Mr. Smith refused to yield the floor, and proceeded : A few days ago, somebody sent him a paper, the organ of the free aotl party In Clnslnnatl, in which abuse waa heaped en him, because, In the Committee on Territories, he had refused to vote In favor of giving to free negroee in California the right ofsuflrage. A good deal of talk bad been indulged in about reporter* of the proceedings of Congress, but he was net before aware that there was a reporter for the ecmmlttees. lie deelrtd to see the principle of free soil carried Into the territories. When he Introduced the bill for a government in California, would gentlemen have desired him to load It down, by placing negroes on an equality with the whites ? What hope would there have been for the Oregon bill, If It had been so framed ? We had nevsr seen a negro vote In Indiana, or In Ohio; nor did he believe they did vote In any State without restriction, exeept In Massachusetts. Perhaps there nt; be three States Whea gentlenen rote tor free soil, and yet advocate suffrage to negroes, he was Induced to doabt their sincerity. In Ohio, New York, and Conneotlont. free snffrgge for them met with no favor He had no doubt of the power of Congress to abolish slavery any moment. When they shall do so, they most consult the people of the district, and make compensation to the owners of the Marts. However, mnoh 1 would deelre this, I cannot agree wl'h the gentleman from Massachusetts, In his proposition to repeal all laws, and immediately and unconditionally dissolve the connection of master and slave. Mr Tiirak T made a remark, to us Inaudible. Mr Smith-I understood tnat it was prcpoeed.bya single enactment, to repeal all laws on tba subject of slavery. Mr l'ei ss.t ? In the District of Columbia. Mr. SMitM? Of course Before we do that, have wa a light to deprive men of that In wbleh they have Infested their all. sod which la considered as properly end capital ? Have we a right to deprive them of their all, without doing the simple justice of remunerating them ? If wr desire to repeal these laws, we should be jast. ri ?re v s i s. Mr S?n i vs ? 1 have hetened to gentlemen who have

dlscuved tins ouestlnn Is It possible that no otner *vhj< el but that tf slavery can b- debated ? Lock at R K I >AY, JANUARY 12, 18 the situation of affair*. On your calendar there are i*v?n bundled private bills, and thousands of petitions are coming in dally. There is, In addition, a Hundred or so of laws to he acted on ; but from morning till night no hlng is talked of without having negroes ana uegro slavery iniroauoea i appeal 10 me too J ?rn>? of the House and tbs patriotism of the conn;r}, and ask them to abandon this infamous means oflelielatton. (Ha! ba! ba!) We ought, at soma time, to get rid of it Wbat do my eonstituants oare about the subset There ara other questions of mora importance; md jet we are spending our time, day after day, arguing an abstract question. It appears that certain gentlemen embarrass us in our legislation. My oonitituente understand these things very well, and they never ark me about them unless there is something practical. The session is half out. and there is a large amount of business before us. 1 he people are autf ring. You bear a voice ot warning. The cholera is approaching [Ha! ha! ba! " You'll laugh the othsr way If it catches you "j It may soon be In oar neighborhood. You oeu't keep Congress together if it oomes. i ask gentlemen to take Into consideration these matters, and proceed to business, and leave negro slavery to the people Ibeuirelves Our constituents did not send us here tor any such purposes. How is it with my conatituentsT There are other questions which involve their interests much mors than this. What are they ? It reminds me of an aneodete of a little boy who went to a ne ghboring woman to get a patch pat on his pantaloons. [Ha! ha! j The boy resembled the boy in the slashes, going to mill, with his streamer behind in the breeie. The woman asked," Why does not your mother msnd jour pantaloonsf" " Why," be said, " she is making up clothing to send to the Greeeks," [Ha! ba! ba!J Attend to your own households, and then ait.ml to tbu Greeks. I have constituents, and not a tsar is sbed for them. All atound them the banks are breaking, and there is not a word of sjmpatby. Let us go to work and have a tariff on a proper basts, so as not to muke the wealthy richer to the deuiment ot the poor; and not tolerate the banking system, which cuts the threats of nlnetentbs for the advantage of a few. Let us not be led away by the t'gnt's/'aluui of negroes ' The Greeks are at jour door " as John Haudolph once said. Legislate lor free whites first, and then it will be time enough to I et jour sympathies run for the black population. I repeat, that the course wbloh we are now pursuing ends to degrade us and the character ot this House. When thousands of honest claims ars pressing on us, we are consuming the time in disgraceful eoenee I ask you, Mr Snptkpr hnnr w? i?an wnf eUa? Af ?? by moving to lay on the table, to indefinitely postpone, or what? (" More the previous question ") 1 demand It, and won't withdraw. ( Hold on to lt.'f) Mr. Uiddinor?I wlah to inquire of toy colleague (' Older," " order." The queition was then taken, and the vote by whloh Mr Gott'a resolution was heretofore passed, was reoonsiderrd. Yeas 119. nays 81. Mr. o. b. Smith offered an amendment, vis: ?In place of the resolution, Insert. "Resolved, That the Committee for the District of Columbia be instructed to inquire what legislation is necessary to prevent the introduction of slaves from any of the States Into the Distriot. for sals here or elsewhere, and that they report by bill or otherwise." Mr. It oot?Can the question be divided so as to take tbe question separately on the preamble and the resolution ? The SrRAcaa ?It cannot. Mr. Botts?I mere to lay the resolution on the table. ["Yeas and nays," "yeas and nays "J Mr. Dim?la it in order to ask for the reading of the lesolution T Tbe SrKAscn?It will be read with the amendment proposed. The CLicsa began to read. Mr. Rihctt?Mr Speaker, Mr. Speaker. The Steaiem?The Clerk is reading the resolution. Mr. Khi.tt-Is the resolution before the House ? The SruAKta- It is before the House. T he Clerk read the resolution, and the amendment proposed by Mr Smith. Tim 8rKAKsa?It Is moved by the gentleman from Yliginla that tbe resolution be laid uprn the table. The question was taken and decided in the negative ?Teas 94, naye 110, as follows, viz YenArchibald Atkieson, Daniel M. Barringer. Washington Barrow. Richard 1. T. Boole, Hennr Bodlnger, Ansbura Bird soil, Thomas 8. Bocock, John M.Botts,Linn Boyd. Nathaniel Boy dsn. Samuel A. Bridges. Richard Brodhead, William (1. Brown, Charles Brawn, Albert G. Brown, Armi stead Bart, B. Carrington Cabell John O. Chapman. Franklin Clark, Beverly U Clark, 1 homos L. Clingman, Ilowell Cobb, Wilbauiion K. W. Cobb, William M.Cocke, John W. Oilfield, Julia H. Crosier, John ft. J. Daniel, Richard 8. Donnell, Alexander Evans, Wintleld 8. Fttthtnton. lhamtfl 8. Flournov. Richard French. Andr#w B. Pulton, John P.Qainss, John Gay hi, Meredith P. (lentrj. Willltm L. Uoggin, James 8. Green, WilUid 1*. Hall. Ilugb A. Haralson, Santnoii W. Harris, William T. Haskell, Hugh L. W. 8111, Henry W. Milliard, 0. Houston, J. W. Houston. B. W. Inge, Chan. J. In* sertoil, Alfred barton, John Jamieoun; Andrew jonnaon, Oeoryo W. Jones, John W. Jons*. David d. Kaufmsn, Williaui Konnon, jr., Thomas Butler King. Bmlle La Mere, Lewis C. Levin. Thomas W. Ligon, John II. Lumpkin, Jean A. Mo.Demand, Jamas McDnuell James J. McKay, Mo hurt M. McLans, Klohard K. Meade, John K. Miller, Charles 8. Morebead. lsaao K. Morse, Henry C. Murphy, David Outaw, John 8.1'endloloa, Samuel U. Peyton JohnB. Theirs, Timothy fillahory, William B. Prea'on, R.Barnwell Bhett, Wi liam A. Richardson. J. Dixon Roman, William Bavytr, Augustine H. Bheppard, Richard F.Simpson. Frederick P. Stanton, Alexander H. Stephens, James U.Teaman, J. B. Thompson, J. Thompson, R. A. Thompson, P. W.Tompkins, Robert Toombs, Abraham W. t enable. Daniel Wa lane. James A Wiley, Ucstkiah * illiawe, Joseph A- Woodward?yeaaM. Nwyt.?amoa Abbott, Hiram Belcher, Kineley S. Bingham, Bshon Blaokmar, John Blanohard, JasperK. Brady, Cheater Bud )cr, Rirhard S. lanby, thir ei W. Caibrart.AaaW.il. llapp, Jacob Oollamer. William t ollina, Harmon A Conger, Robirt II. t ranston, John Growth, John D. Cummins, Mason C. Darling, Boha Dickey. Badolphus Diokinson, James Dixon, W illiam Duer, George G. Dunn, George N. Eckeri,Thomas O. Edwards, Nathan Rvana B Kmhrce, James J. Farau, J. W. Family, O. B. Fickltn, David Fisher, John Freedley, George Fries, Joshua R. Giddlngs, Dsn hi Gott, Horace Greeley, Dudley 8. Gregory. Joseph Qnnnrli, Nathan K. Ball, David Gammons, Jas. 0. Hampton, Mores Hampton Tboa J.Henley. Win. Henry, Elian B. Holmes Saml O. Hubbard, Chat. Hudson. Washington Hunt, A. Irvin, T. Jenkins, J. U, Johnson, Kellogg, King, Labm, W. T. Lawrei.ee, g. Lawrence, 1-efllT, Lincoln, lx>rd, Lynce. MoClelland, Mcllraine, J. Mann. H. Mann, Marsh,Marvin, Morris, llallin, Nelson. Nes, Nsw ell. Niooll, Palfrey, f easlee. Peek, Peirie. Pettit, Pollook,Putnam, Biehey.Rorkhill, J. A. Bookwoll, J. Rockwell. Rose, Root, Rumsey, jr., St. John, Seheuok, Sborrill, Silvester, Smart, C. B. Smith, R tirrltti. T. rroith, Starkweather, Stuart, 8trohm, Tsllmadge, lay lor, Richard W. Thompson, W. Thompoen, Thurston, Tuos, Turner, Tan Dyke, Vinton, Warren, Weatworth, White, Wilmet, Wilson?yeas 110. The question was stated, on eeoondlng the demand for the preylotu question. Mr. OiDDinns? Before the vote la takan, I wlah to appeal to the gentleman from Indiana. Mr. Pk;tit moved that the Honee adjourn (" Qo on," " C?o on ") M The question was taken, and the House refused to adjourn?ayes, M; nays, 101. Mr. Ducn?I ask wbsthsr, if ths previous question d? susiamea. ina me amendment 01 u? gentleman from Indian* be rejected. we will hare an opportunity ef offering another amendment! The SesaaER? No. Mr. Smith- 1 believe that I have a right to modify my amendment. The SrRtKKR?The gentleman oan withdraw the motion of the prevlone question for hie own purpose. Mr. Smith?I modify the amendment as follows:? That the Committee for the District of Colombia be instructed to report, as soon as praotloable, a bill so amending the present laws as to prevent the bringing of slaves into this Distriot for sale, either here or beyond the District. Mr. MBans'? Is that the amendment ? The Srsakcr?The gentleman can modify his own amendment. Mr. STiaRT, of Michigan?I ask the gentleman to let me offer an amendment. (" Question," " question.") The House then refused to second the demand for the previous question, (which would have brought the House to a vote.) Yeas 71, nays 80. Mr MsaDE asked leave to offer an amendment, " And that said committee be instructed to report a bill more effectually to enable owners to recover their slaves escaping from one Stat* Into another." Th* Smits?It I* out of order; It does not r*lat? to slavery in the Dlatriot of Colombia. The gentlemen wer* itanding in various parte of the ball, ealtlng ont, "Mr. Speaker!" " Mr. Speaker!" Mr. Smith?I offer my former amendment and move the previous question. ( ' Yon ean't do It ") The cry wee renewed, " Mr. Speaker!" ' Mr. Speaker !" and there appeared to be the greateet anxiety, on the part of a doien mem be re, to get th* floor. Th* Speaker?The Houie mnat oome to order. ("Order," " order.") Several questions were asked of the chair, and responded to. Mr. Cone, of Georgia, moved that th* Hone* adjourn. (" Oh. no!" " let'e etick it out!") Ana at fifteen minutes past three o'clock, the Hone* adjourned. Thk Conpi,aoration in Sybaci'sk.?The following is a list ot the eulierera by the late conflagration In Syracuse, with their losses 8. King, grocer, loss $260; insured for $800 In the Herkimer Mutual 8toddart k Baboook, loss on paper In Richards' store, stereotype plates, kc , $800; no Insurance. Mr. Kelsey, crockery and glass ware, loss from $300 to $600; insured tor $600. Mr Dyer, loosing glass and picture frames, loss about $1,000; Insured for $1,000. Mr. Blokford, grocer, loss from $200 to $300; no Insurance. Mr. Scmner. grocer, lese from $200 to $800; no Insuranoe. J. B. Chair k Co., harness makers, saved all. Mr. Van Y.ppe, toy store, loos small; insured for $400. J. M. lllcbards. grocer, loss from $200 to $800; covered by Insurance. Mr. Whlttemore,book binder. Iocs $800; no I. - $1. ST.I.. atlAa deals* Iam C'Dlf) inantail IBIUfBDCV. in r tuvw c,? for $2 600 Modlaehan A Co., book binder*, Iom henry; Insurance (800. Bnrn* A Smith, printer*, loee about (10.000; Ineured (8.600- Colnmbua, Ohio, (6 000; Albany Inanrnnoe Co, (2,600; Camden, New Jereay, (1,000. Recorder Office, account and *ub*oriptlon book* eared; all tbe reat loat. and na Insurance. Mr. Rice, fold pen-maker, lo*a from (100 to (200 Mr*. F.lderldfe. milliner and dree* maker, loet every thing, and waa net ineured L W. Hall, bookeeller, stereotype plate* of Amertoan Speaker, 1 400 normal chart* in ebeet*. a lot of printing paper, Ao., ho ; loss not to exceed (400 or (M)0 Kellogg A Squire*, tailor*, aared their atnek. lllggln* A I.aurie. gold pen mannfacturera, atoek moatly rated. Wynkoop A Brother, ' ookeellera. loat rtereotype plater of Allen'* (?ram mar The paper* and document* from tbe Sheriff'* and Surrogate's ffiea* were all eared Fifty page* of the MSS. of th* Hlatory of Onondaga County, were burned Th* Whole mount Ineured on tbe blonk and content* waa about (30X00, of which about (23,000 will be loet to tbe companies. Th* American Coinmimioner, Mr. Dart*, had an Interview with the Cortrnor General Sew, on tb* 0th Oct., at Canton It took place at liowqua'a residence, and terminated with a banquet A malignant and fntal fever war prevalent at Shanghai. [ERA 49. Superior Court. Before ? hint Justio* Oakley. Jast'ssv 11 John Thompson va, Mntti Y Beack, it ah ? Thl?is an action for a libel pebll?h?d In the Sun, newspaper, in August, 1847. TLe damage* are laid at $10 000. Plaintiffs aounsal, briefly stated the oaae. He raid (he aetion was brought against the defendants as editors and proprietors at the Sun newspaper, for a libel published In that paper on the lHth or August, 1847, and as partners they were severally liable for Its publication The situation of the plaintiff, as editor of the Bank Won Hrvmier, had attracted to him a considerable share of the notice of defendants. In t const que nee of their operation In a eertain banking 1 conotrn having come to an unsucoeatful result in Feb s ruary. 1011. 11 iu i|iui? auuiu tuit buou a paper | as the Bank Note Reporter ?M to the Messrs Beach, \ at that time, a most undesirable stumbling-block, anil i It Is very evident they thought so, for the malevolence of the publication ol which we oomptain has never been surpassed by any that has ever oome under my observation. About tbls time the defendants published a series of attacks on the plaintiff, none of which he thought worthy of his notice; taking advantage of hie forbearanco they believed themselves authorised to make any statement they thought would suit tbeir purpose in regard to him. Here counsel read the libel, which charged that Mr. Thompson was then about to be tried, orimi Dally, and if found guilty, his term of imprisonment would be for a long period, ho.; that he had been held to beaTy bail, and toat they, the defendants, understood he had, since the commencement of the proceedings against him, been visited by a large number of clergymen, but without making any serious impression upon him, in consequence of the hardness of his heart, and his loDg residence in Wall street. Counsel continued to say, tbat the oharge against Mr. Thompson of having committed a States prison olTence, aud being held to bail in a large sum, was ono whlrh he felt It his duty to bring befors a court of justlee, in order that defendants might have an opportunity of proving the truth of the statement they mads. If there were any foundation for such charges, there could be no Inconvenience to the defendents to prove them. To show the wealth of the defendants and i heir ability to respond to any verdict tbat might be given against them, the counsel read an extract from the Sun newspaper. The artiole stated in substance. tbat a place under government had been cfTered to the defendants or one of them; but they would not accept of any plaoe?they had higher duties In ??l. I,.,..,. it... C.._. paper waft more tban doable that of the President. and they bad still an overplus to buy up the New Jersey legislature at their market value, tie then went on to state tbat (be did not know what defence they latended to set up: they put the plea of the general Issue on reocrd, which only put the truth ot the libel in lsi-ue, and the amount of damages which the plaintiff ought to reoover. After oouusel had finished his opening, none of the defendants' counsel being present, the court adjourned further proceedings to (tomorrow) this morning Jlmltrote h'itchtr vi. John De Forreit.?This was an action for work and labor and materials furnished ? The amount claimed by plaintiff was $80 40. The defendant acknowledged $40 to be due, and set up as a defence (hat that sum was tendered to plaintiff. The jury found a verdict for plaintiff for $65. Before Judge Vanderpoel. Blether 4f Othout vt. Ihhotton 4- Horner.?This was as action to reoover $800 for goods sold and delivered. The cause Is defended by Mr. Horner on the ground tbat the goods In question, which was a lot of iron, was a separate transaetion, for aeoount of Ibbotson, with which he, Horner, had no oensern,and that plaintiffs must have been aware of the faot. Adjourned. The Riot at Buffalo.?1There was a gathering oi armed men in our atreetB early this morning, giving portent that something out of the usual coarse of things was about to transpire. On making Inquiries, wa learned tbat the sheriff of the ceunty had, last evening, Issued orders for calling out the independent companies of the 86th regiment, for the purpass of putting an end to the Irish riota upon the canal. At nine o'clock, about 200 men were under arms, in front of the Court House, comprising tbe Buffalo Cavalry, company B and D, City Guards ; tbe jcucrsuu uuuui, tuo uuruva urcutuwrB. iu? 5i>0uufln Guards, end the National Guards, Lieut,Col. Vaughan end Msj Kritner. The history or the metter ia this :? home two or three hunded irishmen oeme over here from the Welland Canal and commenced work on the enlarged oanal. After working awhile, last Monday they struck for higher wages. On Tuesday they quit work entirely. Nothing was done Wednesday ; but on Thursday the contractors procured other laborersGermans and Irish?who were driven from the work soon after commencing, by the Irish from Canada. On Krlday the same thing was repeated. There are plenty of lilsh and German laborers, who reside here, who are willing to labor for the wages paid?82,S cents per day? and this Is all they ean earn In the short days, In frosen ground ; but they are forcibly prevented by those who came here from abroad On Saturday the foreman of one of the contractors, with two Irishmen, went upon the works to let off some water, to prevent damage. In the evening one of these Irishmen was waylaid upon the tow-path, knocked down with a club, was severely bruised, and had one of his arms broken. Oibet acts of violence upon those who wished to work, were committed. After endeavoring to put a stop to these riotous prcceedingsby civil means, the sheriff, In consultation with the Mayor, decided last evening on calling out the military force, and Issued orders accordingly. under which the 65th regiment assembled this morning It la reported that those from the Welland Canal are armed with muskets and pitch forks,and are prepared for a light, llewever unfortunate, and to be regretted might be a collision, it is to be hoped that the laws will be vindicated and that a stop will be put to farther acta of violence, regardless of ooneequenees. It Is due to our oity, to the laws, and to our own Irish and German laborers, that the lawlessness of those coming from abroad should be rebuked, even by the strong arm of military force, if the civil is found Inadequate. Tbe military, after being provided with ball cartridges, he., uiarchcd down to the white lead factory, in the vicinity of the disturbances te be in readiness should their services be needed In the meantime the police force, with a pour of speeial constables, were busy in making farther arrests. Two arrests were made on the south side of the canal, near the river, and although there were several hundred Irishmen assembled, and considerable excitement prevailing, yet no attempt at fnrftitilA rMUUnm or tmaha ?ui mA.fi? On* of tha prisoners escaped, when near the ootton factory, but wu recaptured after a abort bnt exciting race. Tha depoty eheriff and tbe regular constables, proooaddd to the exrootlon of their duty with great fearlessness, although surrounded by an inflammable multitude. Tbui matter* itoed up to IX o'clock What will be the upsbet of tbe matter, w* cannot yet determine. We think, however,from the disposition manifested by tbe rlotera, that they will not dare attempt any resistance to tbe police force. *o long, at leaat, aa the military are in the field - Buffalo Ktjirut, Jan. 8. A Dreadful Affair occurred on Friday n'ght week at Jrseup's Mill, near Carpenter's Landing, between two young men lamed Hiram Burt ana John Can-ol, as a finale to a drunken sleighing frolic. It appears that the boys, after their return at a late hour at night, got into a quarrel, both being in liquor. Their noise awoke some of the family, who on coming down stairs saw Burt dragging Carrol out of the kitchen into a shed, where he was left. A great quantity of blood was found on the kitchen floor in the morning. Some inquiry being made during the day, he was traced across the garden to the mill dam. On Sunday a boat was procured, when the body was found in six or seven feet water. The back ol the head waa broken in, one eye much bruised, and he was otherw ise injurrd ; from some peculiarities perceived in his track to the water, it is supposed the injuries he received lnttus head deprived turn of his reason, as fe walked directly through a large briar busli directly in his WHy, which he might nave avoided by stepping aside a few fset. Burt was arrested and examined before Justice Kastlick, who committed lum to the county jail, to take his trial at the next term of the court, tor causing the death of the deceased.? iVooiUmry (JV. J ) Cowtitutirm. Tiir Church Accident at Westerly, R. I.? The following is said to be a portion of the persons wbo were injured by tbe falling of ths floor of the new church at Westerly, K. I ,alew darsslnoe:? Mm. Carew, dislocation of the hip; Mre. York, dislocation of tbe anele: danghter of Mr Thomas Billings, arm broken and wrist out; Mary K Barber dislocation of the shoulder; Wm. ( lark, dislocation of thumb; Jonathan I.ampber, dislocation of the uncle; A?orrc? oimuu, uuiwbuvu ui ?qci?; Lian DIIV* en, dislocation of the anele; Bridget, Irish girl. dislocation of the wrist; colored girl, rib broken; Wililom K I>ndleton. rib broken; Mri. Cheeebrongh, knee pen Injured; Henry Noyes, injured in stomach; Alice rrekbom. Injured In stomach; Mm. H. Brown, lajered In tide: Mrs Larkla, book and stomach; Mrs. Swan, scalded; Mrs Morse, bruised and sprained; Kllaa Voeo, scalded and burned. Domestic Rllarellnny. Rev Jesse Caswell. Baptist missionary, died at Bankak, Slam, on the 2fith or September last. He was engaged on that mission for nine years. Vn McFarland was killed at Chllieothe, Ohio, last Wednesday night, with a club, by John Ritchey, a blacksmith, from Pennsylvania. Ritchey Is in Jail. The mall from Peru, Illinois, was lost, last week, while crossing the Illinois riser Three bags of the Northern mall are said to have been lost In the Mackinaw riser a short time since. The torn et $27 611 has been paid to owners and crews of cod Ashing vessels, by the colleotor of Barnstable since the 1st Inst. Henry Nash has been convicted at Bloomlngton, low*, for the murder of a dock bond on board the rteamboat Ohio Mall, rent to tba State* prUoo for gavan prat*, and (lord fit) COO. Two daughter* of Mr. John Kelly. of Laeon, rillnola, were recently thrown ont of a wagon, near that plane, and one inetaatly killed. The o.h>r wai aerloualy Injured, but will probably recover. John Johnenn wn arr?*ted In the aot of abdnottng a lave beloLglog to >ir. (.ay, trom St. Loul*. He wa* lodged In jail. The at<amar Iron rity wa* *nnk by the lee In the Illlnet* river cn the itftt nit. Several of the the crew were dicward. LD. - ? " j. i ! ~ TWO CENTS. ConttofGtneral Pnaalona. Before Judge Daly, Aldermen Fl'emerald and Dadga. Johu MeKeon, Kaq., District Attorney J?(?. It. ? Trial of Mary Fowler continued ? The ?penlrg on part or the defence wan concluded, when :h deposition of the prlaoner waa pat iu,sbewtnc that t gentleman named Hainan had boarded in her noitaa, But waa now 'n Kogland and unable to attend to give irldence The depoaltlon of Mr Heman showing the [ood cbaraoter of the house, was also nut in on nart of ;be defence. Bk.vjamiw Ftiit'hiu. captain of polio* la the 8th raid, was the first witness produced on p?rt of the dsence He testified he knew the bouse No 17S Spring treet, end never saw anything about it wrong The lolloe were stationed there, and were direoted to pay .articular attention to that boufe Joseph Ward was ordered to attend to this house by the Alderman. Cfat exammrd ? Witness never reported anything himself; Ward was the person that reported; often oasFed the house in the day time; never was there five turns; went into the house when he (witness) got the warrant. The polieemen reported, about the house, raw id?d and women go in thero. John Wkitek?sut testified that he follows the grocery business, and knows No. 175 Spring street; lives on the corner in the neighborhood; never saw any* thing wrong or improper there. Cross-examined. ?1 have beea in the honse; prisoner desls with m* for groceries; never spoke to her in her house, spoke to her servant. Thomas Mookk, polioeman, testified that he knows the house in question; saw nothiug particular betwesn the 1st August and 18th October; passed at all hours of the day and night; eaw women go in there by day and night; did not know them, did not look under their bonnets. (Laughter) Saw men and women go in there about two o'olookin the morning. Theoase here closed on boih sides. [In the testimony of J. Livingston, as reported on me previous day, where De allured to tbe feet of Oeueral Starkweather baring aooompnnied him to 176 Spring street, it should have been added that he -'went there professionally, and, of course, on a matter of business. "J 1 he oase was here summed up, and his Honor, Judge Daly, delivered an able charge to the jury. 'In his openmg remarks he took occasion to allude to the general uharaoter of the proceedings, and to houses, sueh as tbe one in question, which were to be lound in all communities, and were, after all, to be looked upon as neoesrary evils, like sores upon the body polltio. Such was the nature of society in large olties, that all remedies that had hitherto been resorted to to check sueh a vlee had signally failed.? Sometime ago it had even arrested tbe attention of the King of Krance; but, alter a short experienoe, it was found out that the remedy was worse than the disease, and the consequence was, that vice was legalised in the same manner at it had existed before. It was right far the jury to speak out plainly, and to discharge their duties as good cltir.ens and as good men in this ease. They should have no hypoorisy about it: but ought to meet matters as they stood, straight in the faoe. As j far as regarded a single isolated oase, suoh as the pre- 1 sent one, bring capable, in the event of eonvietlon, of J checking this vice, he would merely remark that it reminded him of tbe fable of Hercules and the Hydra, who, when he had sucoeeded in cutting off one head, another Immediately sprung up elsewhere?and suoh had been the result from experienoe in oases like the present. This vice had been prohibited by law. and they, therefore, could not couutenanoe the ex stenoe of any such immoral institutions These kind ofplaees had been prohibited for centuries,and they existed for centuries; and it turned out after all that these prohibitions were all gammon. Wherever, therefore, any particular ca?e of this kind is brought within the law?whenever it it made plain before a Jury, that any citlcen acts in a manner injurious to the peaow and well-being of society-it is the duty or the (itand Jury to pass upon it; It is the duty of the District Attorney to prosecute, and it it your dnty, if satisfied as to the faota of the oaee, to find n verdict of guilty; and then it ia the duty of the Court to male out that punishment whloh the law awards. The defendant, then, should be triedacoocding to law and evidence The extatenee of suoh a vioe as this may be, and of course is, is very ohjeotionable. It was to be lamented, and its removal would doubtlees be a great benefit to eooiety. Well, all this must be aumiurd. ooin m regard* ite existence and (he iajar oufi effects of such a calling: but jroa gentleman, aro not to allow any prejudices that may oxiat In rolation to such a state or feeling?as In tbe case of tbo prisoner ?to inDuenoo you In yonr deliberation* in tba jury box. You are simply to try ber by tbe erldeneo before yon, as to whether she kept such a bouse or not. 8he Is not, gentlemen, to be made a eaoriloe. to propitiate publle opinion in this ease. What may be deemed salutary and beneficial, by what is called publte opinion at one time, has often turned out at otner times to be bad; and public opinion Is both unsertain and unsafe, as a guide to Influence a Jury in tbelr deliberations in the jury box. It is, then, your dutv, gentlemen, while approaehlng this case, and looking upon it in this connexion, to bra re pnblle opinion. It should, too, be considered that public opinion was often made through the mfluenee of the publio press?to be sura, honestly influeneed at one time and badly influenoed at another, it was la the power of an indlnduai who wieids control upon the public press, to produce this publio opinion, and therefore, the more seaiousiy should it be guarded against la the Jury box. it is enough to say. that la the whole world's history, trom the time, and beyend tbe time of the Redeemer of the world, the best benefaotors of the humsnraoe have had to bow their neeks beneath this monster, called '-pnblie opinion. ' and while you value, gentlemen, a sound publle opinion, and know Its value, you are not, in the discharge of a oubiio dutv. to iafllet a private wrong. Whether ae"juror* or Individual*, )ou are not then to be influenced in jour deeieton in this oaee bj publio opinion, but you are only to judge and decide a* to what ia right, and that i* the only thing that in to guide, you coupled with that etern impartiality which ia the essence ofju*tioe. If thl* defendant la called ' the notorlou* Mary Kowier," ah# is atill to be treated here a* any other on# that oome* into thia court; and any individual that eomee h#re, ever ao ateeped ia crime, ia to be treated a* th# moot exalted In the eye* of the law; and, therefore, title woman i* to be tried here, not by her paet life, but by th* facta introduced upon her trial. The evidence in the ca*e waa of two kind*: firat. a* to the clan of peraon* *een vUltlng th# nonae, and next a* to the doing* in the houae itself, ilia Honor here btietly called the attention of the jury to the testimony in trod need for th* prosecution, which he read curaorliy through and went on to advert to the teatimony of John Llvingaton, which atated that in converaationa had with Mary Kowier, ahe atated abe had taken the houee for tbla parpore. In the course of Living*ton'a examination, hi* Honor continued?Many otrcumetancea had been introduced not reflecting the highest degree of oredit upon him (I.Wlngalon ) After going through the teetimony of thia witneaa. hie Honor eontknueo?Under all c ileumstaii era. the teatimony of thia I.tvingaton deea not Kand in the moat enviable light before thie eourt II* pub litnea remarks aa to bu professional virtue and principle and bin aeta bare proved somewhat inconsistent a 1th the practice which he himself declared waa for the tenant of the pnbilc,and through the voice of the public picas. This waa all a very proper thing, if trne, and highly creditable te him in bta professional capacity: but wben on oath he gave a different version, it should, more or leas, affect bis credibility Among persons of the most profligate character, it often happened that the truth shone out where their credtbMty came to be questioned in a court of law, and It often happened that the most nnfortuoate woman, ever so depraved in habits, would shrink from the Imputation of telling a lie; and It, therefore, does not neoessarily follow that, because a man visits such a house as this, he would deliberately commit perjury In a court of justice; and they are not, therefore, to be measured by the same standard. Mueh ef the testimony depended on Livingston, and it was for tbs jury to see how far, under all the oircumstanses, they were to rely upon bis credibility. In relation to Mr. Cameron, he would be insensible to the feelings of a father, if he had not taken such,tcps as be bad done in the ease; hit testimony waa highly creditable to him. and remained unimpeeobed: end it was for the jnry te say how far his testimony had tamped the houte as ono of sneh a character aa represented. In disposing of the ease, tbey should do so strictly upon judicial evldenoe; and In tbls regard there must be judicial belief If they believed the testimony tf Livingston, as to the declaration of Mrs. Kiwler, with regard to a female member of Mr Cameron's family? if they believed that she waa one of those perties that prowl ebeut and intrude themselves Into private families, with a fair face and In fair habiliments. nnd Isys plans for lbs destruction of the virtuous nnd tbs innocent, they should deal with her as such characters deserved; nut it should be recolleoted that this depended altogether upon the degree of credit that should be attached to Livingston, the witness who m*de the charge ills Honor continued, he bud done with the ease, nnd had extended his remarks further upon this mutter than bad been uaunlly done by oooupants of that bench ; but he felt that this woman was te be tried by law, and It was not neeessary therefore, for them to approach the case in the mask of hypnerisy. It was strictly the duty ef tbo Judge and the jury, and all engaged In tbs esse to try It by the rules of lew ? and none coold disobey the law. crime here eunnot he suppressed by isolated proseeutloas 'net1 a# this, continued bis II nor. unless something l? dons by ton authorities to check It. Ho bad eald thus mash, In order that tbs Jury should pass upon the ease anon Its own merits; and throwing outof the oese altogether every Idea aa to serving the poblio, or bending to thn cmnlootent will of publto opinion. They were, there fore, to Administer the laws In etrlet n?o irdanoe with justice, mud treat this woman aa It aha war# tba mo?t rirtuons in tba oominunlty. to psseing upon bar oaaa. After tome ramarkr from coanrel on either el da asking tba eoart to lostruot tba jury aato certain law polnte beating upon th* twr, tba jury retired, and remained In tbalr room up to o'clock whan tba Court again eonreaed. and there being no likelihood Of their agreeing tbay were discharged, upon whtoh tba Court adjourned oyit to 11 o'eloek to luorrow forenoon. Ttt* Finn in Prrrwue ?The following in a llat ot tba snffeieis by tbelate lira In I'lttaburab, Pa J Irwin k son. buildings, $t.?.000 ; inauranoa |10,OC0 ; atork flO 100?folly laeured Mr* Adaiua, building*, $11C(XV?insurance (Xio ; K. C Townaaad. loan 14,610?in*vii?d lor $3,000 ; George l.adiia, iuaa $6 000 ? insured for $4 000 ; V. I. ,-renr i) M ('van*, and B. K. lege, partly insured , Dneaga It Uobarta?no Intaranca. A serious difficulty and riot is said to bnea takes p<ace amorg the lritb labor-ra oa the Naugaotue Radii nd, on Tuesday last, wb.eh resulted in tbe m irder of two Irieb gtria. i

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