Newspaper of The New York Herald, January 17, 1849, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated January 17, 1849 Page 1
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? I _TH I NO. 5340. Cnllfor. la Emigration. Vrsselsnre leaving, with cargoes and passengers from this port, in quick succession. Yesterday, the vlnn Anrutlln vullfH (nr Si-n? VrunniunA liuvinnr nn |v.?r ?.rr...v . u ,V1 -'U.I A .uuuinvv, Iiu....fe bomd the following named pereons:? George Sbaum Horace Riley, Charles R. Riley, W. H Pegg, Jee. D front, Cornelia* Dewitt, Jaui?s Dean, J Siaoe J B. (Jarabrsnts B B Si???m i Bowers. S. K. chsgotte. Lyman Duteber, Baaj, L. Uunn, Alfred | Davie M. H. Gtrke, George W. Hammond, J Matthewfon, Wiluaim A. Peiguoon. Jouu A. Drake, Jamei [ C, ( aidan-ii, Thomas J Stevena. Daniel Davis, | Jo >n M*watt, W. W. Keen, W H Bovse, John March, Charles Foot. George H. Wells, J. N Braakett, John la. Carey, Matthew (Campbell, John Davitl. (eaiah Id man, Jet vis Stokes, Pascal Uutledge, George Pare caucus, John lUsler, John K Lower, L. P. VV at kins, Coorfii.ii tine KaUelides, Charles A. Calhoun, John B. Ore, 1-ton William T. O'Connor, D. C. Betts, J. P. Beach, leaso Foster, John B Hotaliug, Loomls Lamb, William Svcfces. Praufclin Stokes, Samuel R Leidy, James Bouober, Thomas Haifman, John K Murphy, lie my Johnson. Howard Buciirjgaam Levi Strong. U. C Mi ore. Dr Ashley. A Beach PI Dorsatt, first steward, William .vlorreis, second steward, Solomon Smith, third steward ; Andrew Smith, carpenter; Riohard Isbnian. Sixty.six passenger'?or 82 persons in all. Including Captain Collm, Captain Bunker, first mate; Captain Rogers, second mats; ten seamen, and three j cot ks List of passengers sailed yesterday In the bark Rolla ( apt Hall:? Joseph G Walters. Joseph 3 Willets, Mahlon Chi ebeeter, Ihrolore F Pruden, Theodore Gutllanden Chiiaani n Cantield, Thomas Marshal1. Daniel A Gorbain John J Roberts. Ilenry M. Weed, Kdwin R Nichols, William Wetnicre JehielC. Thompson, Wat sen Brown Osoorn. Kghert G Burton, Irsao H Knowl ten, Geyn P. Deforeest. William Cowley, William "Williams and son John. John T Smith. John K. Book man. Jainrs Vanttne and Geo M. Troutman, of the ssuie company, previously sailed in the blig Prances, Hr San Francisco, via San Juan River. 1 he schooner Olivl , sailed yesterday for San P'ran clfco She is owned and freighted by a compauy of gmtl< mm, who go out in ber. as follows: ?J. K. Withtrell. Luther R Mills, R. W. Van Sickle, J P. Kitten bouse. J Pease. Win P'lsb. W. K Keys, Thomas C. D. Gimstead. K Beyles, W. Van Sickle. PL Van Siokle. Also. Paulsen, oaptain; Dr. Tinker, surgeon; W. Ottiwell. ma'e, cook, and cabin boy. Passengers??d j Cook, C. Tinker, W Mcintosh. ; A company of ICO men are forming in this city, to proceed, via P'ort Smith, In the early part of next month We learn from the Newport Ntwi, that the Newport California company, sixty in number, are making prepartitions to sail in the Audley Clarke, whioh vessel they have purchased She will leave in about four I weeks The company is composed mostly ot young, ' actne. and intelligent men The brig North Bend.? apt Royal O Higglns cleared at Boatnn, on Tuesday, for San Francisco, with alarge assorted oargo. A company of thirty persons is forming In Angnata, (Me ,) for the purpose of proceeding to California. It is proposed tor tbe company to purobase a vessel of some 200 tons, to loea ber with such articles as will be for the advantage and convenience of the members, snob as building frames, machinery for a saw-mill, gristmill, provisions, &o Each member, on joining the company, is to pey $000, which will entitle h'm to an equal sbeie with the others in the profits and income of the company. Sb>p Sweden, of 050 tons, at Boston, has been purchased for $50 000 by a company, and will leave for San Franoieco about Feb. 1st. Tbe biig Josepblue is to rail from Boston on Saturday neat for tbe gold region. Pa-rmgers railed on Tuesday, from Boston, in the North Bend for San Francisco?William J. Warreu, Ch rlee Ai. es. Ktcbard Palmer. D C Stocking. Addi(ou Sea.low John < ogsgrcve, Meirill Webber, William Kennedy, John D Baguall Harvey Oaroelon, John O. Buiier. and II. Hunter, of Boston; John Page. William Fatten, ana Ellis, cf Koxbury; I U. Pearson and Jobs Kratb, of Salem; Utorge (J Brooks and Albert Arketson, of Cambridge; Washirgton Edwards. J Q A Otis and H Hunter, of I.jnn; Jobn Williams of *l)oicbe?ter; C. Bobbins and W Bem i. of Westboru1; I A K Winslow, Otis Hammond, and Curtis N. Stnedley, of Sacoarappa, Me ; Stephen Crane, of Middleton, Ct.; Henry H Sawyer, 01 Fitobburg; Eugene , of Boston?31. (From the Salem Register ] Wo are Indebted to Captain Samuel Varaey, for a file of Sandwich Island papers to August 31 Captain V. has abo brought some of tbe pure California gold. We raw a noVIe rpecimen of the - real critter'' on Saturday, which weighed, we should judge, not far from a pound a half. Intecligkmck prom Ureoon.?We have received the Oregon Spectator to tbe 13th oi July. That paper of the 15th of June, says:? Wehavebsfore us twe letters?one by Col. Taylor, addressed to Oen Lovrjoy, and theotbsr by Mr. Craig, who hub resided for some time In the Ifes Perees eoun try, adareised to den Palmer?the substance of which I We give below A pert; under Lieut Enyart, left Fort "Water* on the lrtth ult., for Fort Wasoopam. to take up a supply of provisions to the army. The p?rty reached Fort Wasoi pamon the '44th, aud on tbe 29th ult, lefitbat place tor Fort Water*, witb 40 barrel* of Sour and three of salt. it eat arranged that Col Water* and Col. Lee, ?aoh with a part of tbe regiment, were to proceed and overtake tbe murderer*, and If possible capture tbem? hence the rumors that the murderers lied upon the approach of our force*, leaving wives, chiloren and property. are probably true. It is hoped tbat the army he* been successful in securing the property of the murderers Fort Walla Walla, May 10,1848. Dear Sir?The Little Chief of the Nez Perce* has oome from tbe mounta r t- and joined ?the army, with five ether Nez IVrocs. nud we are preparing to march alter the Cayuees. The Old Looking-glass says that a great many more of tbe Nez Perces will join tbe army. Tbe.y all appear anxious tbat tbe murderers should be taken. Co:onel Waters will take a part of the army, and Colonel Lee the other part, and proceed after Telcklte.jiiO WM. CRAIG. Fort Walla Walla, May 20,1848. Or*. A. L. Lovejov ?The army of 400 men are yet out in the Nez ['trees oounty, gathsring np the stook of the murderers, who have all Bed, leaving their oountry aDd rtock. so says Indian report. A party of the army is following on after some of the murderers in bepse of overtaking them. The murderers bava fled toward Fort Boisa, or Fort Hall, but as they have left their sttoii and families, there Is no hops of ovsrtaklng them. Young Chief says that bis brother. Five Crows, Is going to give bimrelf up, and be tried by our laws In tbe valley. P'tve Crow* has got well and i* about the Gr-nd rounds row Suckle is near Fort Bolsa, where some of the other murderer* have made for. We look every (lay, nnar tne n nert ftf f.hes hrmv ka nt. fha fnrt with thft I Itrek taken, anj feel In hopes a majority of tb# men c?n leave In time to gat home and attand to tba bare ait. Nothing but tha number ef man that etmi up here queued tor I nutans Into submission, as they heretofore have bad no Idea of tha force and resolution of the Americana an<l It Is bell-Ted it wilt bare a great influence erer all the tribes up here, as all are s using for p< toe. In much haute, yours, be. J. TAYLOR. N B.?All tha above are Indian reports. Tho Spectator of the let, rajs:? We bam before utt three letters, bearing dat1 at l"t. Watere, 14th May, iKlS. addressed to <!> . Abernethy, one Rom Col Waters?one from Col., as auperlnten(i> nt of Indian alialrs, and the other from Adjutant Cook. Col Leereeehed Ft. Waters on the 9tb ult, four days In advance ot the r>-orultl. The recruits arrived oa the I3'h. 10 days from Wseropsm. all in good health and epirte, though much fatigued The troops at Ft Waters were In good health, with tfee exception of one *r two cares. Col. Waters bad beard of the appointment of Col Lee to the command of the army, aud had expected that be wonld retain rucb command, and so expressed himself to Col. Lee ; this ofltcer. however declined the com ins a j of the army, and tendered his rerignatlon to Col .Waters requesting bim to forward the sa ne to the Governor; an t, in accordance with the notted yoloe of the regiment?ofll eersnod men?consented to aet as Lieut. Col. of tb reg ment. Welrptoleke and some others were prisoners at Ft. Waters. The Ne* Perces were anxious thai Col. Lew, a> bnp of Indian Allaire, should nominate a chief, as fiiocfssor to Kills, and as they Insisted upon it, Col l,ea named Richard to rake the place of Kills, and Mearway to he the war-chief?tbey took the ma'ter under rwniidsration, toooirmiiuicate at another time. The regiment at Ft Waters Is 450 strong, and Col Waters mosee bis communication as follows: "Teloquot end perty are said to remain In the vicinity of the II't'inoPB rifvr, iu-i n * ? > - v. , liule doubt ot our snoot as la ospi'iring them. The frltudthip oftfce Indians hern InitnaM with oar nuahe?? I irel ?o hesitation In giving It i? myopiulon that ? have a sfflel nt torn* to accomplish nrnry lh;n|t that might on rea cnably expected at our bands; and te-t asturrd that no t in shall be loatia ?lien* in? the one n ran (I object of our mission " The Hudson's Bay ' "mptny'a hark Vannoaver was wtorked, In May, on a bar at the mouth of the Columbia river. The Pre-tdent'i mnnajo of D*opojb?f, 1847, la published in the Sjieclalnr rf June 29 A proclamation, signed be If. A. '1 I.en, Superintendent of Indian alTaira dated July d. deelarea the terntmy of tha Cay nan fntfel'ed. and sehjeet to b? 'coupled and bald by American cltlsmM rem dent In O *u< n A company appeara to have been formed for luah'oravfi'lm. Miratr.paiy latere with the Indiana east of the Ca?eade M< ubiaid* are suspended until "the p*e*e nee of w.-JI ' ved and disciplined troopa. under oommrn 1 I oi I' d Mafia ... Ulcers, shall reader ft teh efforts safe ai d judicious n Mr MeBean. chief trader of lha Hudson's Bay Company at Knrt Ne* Peri <:, ?sys he Dad te eel red Informshob on the 4 h ol Jut e that Serpent Janne ctluf of the Wa la Valine, bad taken and hung one of the mnrd* reis of the utsst nariea, and aaa iu pursuit of another. Messrs K.ela end Walker missionaries at knrt ColTills, with their families, lave been brought to Oregon E NE MORN city there to remain untiljaafer titnrs Their Indiana, the Spokane, parted from them with strong tocens of regret and affection The Key. O. Atkinson and lady had arrived from Bri'on. R-v. Thomas Me Bride wm drowned, la June, while I attempting to cross th? Willamette river. ' Interkstiro pr?im Vknkh'kla ?The Elizabeth Felton, Capt. Eldridge, arrived last night, direct from Porto Cabello. Her accounts difi'er somewhat from those brought by the steamer Dee, Cupt. Kldrtdge, in a verbal report, corroborates the rumors contained in tne following letter from our correspondent, and further states that 12U persons belonging to Gen. Paez's party were killed, and that the General still held jKissession of the castle at Maracaibo. Po 11 to Cant i.lo. Dee 38,1818. I write you now per Kllr.abeth Kelton, to eay that yesterdey morning early a schooner arrived hrre from the liar o( Marscatbo, with extremely vague aooouuts of a ' ?ev? re engagement ' having taken place on the 18th insc . at Bsjo Seco, between the two fleets. the cor sntutiorel squadron having fought so de-paratety and rourageously ai to destroy In the beat of the hittie. their own bark and two echoonere, aud abandoning their wiecke to the enemy. '1 be government beet if entirely destroyed, or else disabled for further service, ae it own uever again put ta rea, so injured is it by the terrible lire opened upon it by the Parr fl-et, and sustained, without intermission. for nearly tbree hours. Berides verbal aoe runts, an official report wae also received by the schooner referred to abo ve, from (be commander of the Mouxgui equaurou. staling the disastrous conseqaencns to nte Bret in Ibis furious encounter witn the Pa-t fleet, which report, of course, is not intended to be made publlo l hare accounts, however, are of a conflicting and dubious nature, and require OonBrmailon in every partloularj much more so as they have been transmitted by the government party tVe are anxious to bear fiom the other side what we presume will be something like the trutb. The steamer F.l Llbertador (formerly the Angnsta. from New Uihausj ie ta d to be shattered to piece*. Capt. (illicit who commanded her. states, in a letter addressed to M B Msjesty's consul. Mr. John McWbirter, that his vessel is injured to a considerable extent; yet be tbtuk* be may be able to repair all the damage dene to ihe steamer. When this intelligence reaobed us. the government party wtre quite l.v spirited, ana contiuue so. No salvos, no publio demonstrations f rejoicing of any kind usual ou the receipt > f glorious news to the government par'y! What is the matter, then? If the l/overnwent pa iy have really gained a victory, why do tiiev not rroclkitn it a'l ov-r ih- l-nil Op,i.s -...i Why are lh*y and cast Their conduct in this particular in inexplicable. P S ? The Britnh ouusul, Mr John McWhirter, in the prise agent ot the American steamer Soourge. ?ud one of the judges, along with Guzman, to coudeinn her. He is iheegrntof Capt. Giiiett, us well as his correspondent '1 his is neutrality w th a vengeuaoe. The American steamer Scourge, that was taken hy the government Meaner, was at Porto Cabcllo. The diflicui'y about her bad not been settled, on account of the absence of the American agent. The Anaiiciiy in the Ohio Legislature? Tkouiii.oi s Times Among the Memukks.?The greatest excitement Btill eeems to exist among the members of the Ohio Legislature as to who is really elected Governor. A committee was appointed, with Mr. Backua as chairman, of which Mr Whitman was also a member. On Tuesday, theOthinst., that commiitee was to report, and accordingly appeared in the Legislative Hall for that purpose. Mr. Whitman, who had the minority report, persisted, amidst the greatest confusion and disorder, in reading it before the majority report was made, and made a speech, declaring that Weller bad received 14b, 103 votes, while Ford had received but 145,816; thereby electing the former Governor hy 279 votes. The Speaker of the Senate nicsides over the inint Asunnhli'? anrl on thif> occasion the democrats occupied the left side ol'the house. The following is a synopsis of the report ol the proceedings of the imeutt, as published in the Ulno Stale Journal:? Mr. Whitman concluded by Apologizing for the length of time he had occupied, In the few remarks he had made in thus opening this discussion. He closed at 12 o'clock. Mr. Uoddard?Mr Speaker. I wish to speak abont ten minutes I think I can ra'.isfy? The SesAKKR?Will the Senator from Muskingum give way a moment? (Mr. Uoddard did so ) In many of the positions taken by the Senator from Fairfield, 1 feifeotly agree, and my dutr is, to my mind, olear. therefore. In acoordance with the constitution and the law. declare Seabury Ford Governor of the State of Ohio. The Speaker then announced the state of the vote. While this announcement was being made, which waa done In the midst of a tremendous tumult on the left side of the hall. Mr. Arch noi.o, shaking his fist, his head and his b(j,dy at the Speaker, was proclaiming at the top of his voice?'-You're a perjured scoundrel?a perjured scoundrel. zir." Mr Whitman (advancing towards tho Speaker's seat, and shaking hie (1st at that officer.)?Mr. Speaker, Mr ^Speaker, Mr. 8peak?r, 1 order yon, sir, I command yon, fir. in the name of the people to stop; to eome dawn ft cm that detk! You have violated your oath, sir; you are a miserable coward! Yon're a perjured vidian! He then turned to the clerka' desk and threateningly commanded them to make no entry of the Speaker's declaration. Itis impossible to desoribe the excitement and confusion In which the whole of these proceedings were trsnsscted. The left side of the bouse were on their feet, and aiding in the uproar, the gestures, attitudes, exclamstions and ejaculations of the parties, made a picture which can only be eonveyed by the skilful psinter of men under the most exalted pensions. During this scene, and while Messrs. Whitman, Archbold, and other Senators were hurling their anathemas and oaths at the Speaker, that offloer annonnotd that, The Convention, having accomplished the purpose for which it wan convened, the Senators will now retire to their chamber. The Senators then left the Hall. Mr. Mott- I move the Speaker call the Ileuse to order, now that we have got rid of those disorderly Senators. Speaier?The Honse will eome to order. Mr. Moseort, (Conrishing bis oane over the clerk's desk)?Order, hell! order, hell! Speaker (rapping violently npon the desk?(Order, order. Mr Morfort?Order, hell. The speaker continued crying order, until order beisg for a moment restored, a motion lor a recess was made and carried, and The Hense took a recess. Legislative Doisgs in Michigan?Opposition to Gen. Cass bv the Senate.?The Legislature of Michigan eeem to have hail much trouble about the election ot a United States Senator. The House almost unanimously nominated Gen. Cass, but the Senate, in view of the Nicholson letter, refused to concur, though some members of that body 6trongly urged his election. The following extracta from their proceedings, of the 5th instant, will give an idea oi the state of affairs, and the eflort to put off the election beyond the legal period :? Krek Noil Re?oi.vtioi?? ?Ths resolutions of Senator Thompson coming up in order, Mr Summers (Uncle Jake) moved to discharge tbe Committee of the Whole, and refer them to the Committee on Federal nidations. TMs motion was Intended to give the resolutions a quietus, and " Uncle Jake" administered a slight anoCyne to tte patient; but it wouldn't sleep. The following was the vote on the quietus motion?Yeas, 8; Nij? 11 Air ltEnriEi.i) effersd a long substitute, embodying the opinions of ??en Cass' Nicholson letter A motion to lay on the table and print, brought up the Senator from the first (Vtr .Summers) sgaln. who thought the govert ment w?> in no Immediate danger, and that the Michigan legislature eooid aflord to wait a while to glte all a chance to carefully scan the original resolutions and the substitute t he motion to ley on the able was lost by the pare vote es above The cuh tltute was lost by a larger vote. The questiuo reourrinr on Mr Thotr p*< n a resolutions, somewhat verbally .eft I.t.'l .-.In.t, II thought leglslatuies wete too free v. rh tbe doctrine cf Instruction. Senator miow mori-.l to poatpnne fu thcr considerv tlon till W'tiltfi day next, (day after l"Ri?l period for electing Olfed .vati * Senator) He very imploring1 y b?igmtl* -'ate to put ofl action till: Lilt time The motor, , r *tp< ne was lost Ki nati > Km.i in.n troved to amend the resolutions ro ta to Instinct our representatives to epnoseanv lav jern lit irp slavt ry In the territory striking out the inttiuet i< ri to vole |< r a lav prohibit!) ? slavery therein vL' h use lost. Ami'.on tiotn'he sama Senator, to tbe i (hot that the power of Congress to prohibit ?lsr i j ought i.ot he exsrehed. ?aa lost by ayes and ijue e as given above on tLo llret vote S> i.strr B k hp v r tde scire i tehlte at, the mluortty ot tbe deiuorratln benali-rs. v'io were coii?|i:?log vi'h big Ksatsrsto fi roe these resolution* tbrci\:'i tbe Snate lie charged (list fheee vety deiuocratlo Senators. two m< nibs since were not la favor of these resolutions He vnutd rether his party shoo,J be def-u'ed tLau that tbi Legislature should endorse the Wilmot prrtlto Nor e of the free soil democrats replied to this onsat glit, anu the set ete ri fossil to Terr nslder tbe vote. Com I. <rf (veneial Rtaslnns. Jev II.?in of the smlaeri Indisposition 11 Judge Duly, this court vas further adjourned, by Judge Ingrebaia, until lbs forenoon,av 11 o'aioak. W TO . -?? ING EDITION?WED! Interesting Intelligence from the Pwlflc? The Void Ksrltcinent In the Sandwich lain lids, die., die, (Kr. mihr Boston Traveller.'Jan 13 ] The Stw Bedford > rrrury of this morning contains na?* from the Sandwioh Island* to the 2d of September, furnished hj tiles of the Polynesian, and Sandu'icA /stand Ann. received by the late arrival of whalesnlps from the Pacific We copy from tbe IHerrwy as fellows: The aoeount* from the gold legions In California had produced great excitement The brig I'epea, from San Francisco artlred at Honolulu Aug 12 In a passage of fourteen days, with a eargo of gold dust and lumber The Aru'? *?ys " The exoliement whloh the acoounts by this arrival orea'i'ln our village is very great and every b?dv is packing up for California. Tbe ship Rhone and brig Kuptemta have already sailed with passengers, and other* ere preparing tofollo* The companies or associations are c mpoi-ed of old residents at the Islands, and are men of steady habits The) go well prepared with mining implements, previsions, ho." L'pwaids of 10(0 picksxe* had been made in Honolulu and Isken to alitnrnla. sines lb* news of the discovery of the gold mines there Tne Polynesian ol August 2fltb. raj* During ihu. week no leas than three vessels have btcn despatched for San Franclfoo. The Honolulu h'tiend. of the 1st of Suptember. *ay >: ? ' It is estimated that not less tbau two hundred foreigners have left the Sandwich Islands tor the g 'Id mines in < alifornia. Othe.s, It is rumored, will soon follow. At the latest intelligence fr> in the gold legion there was no ratling oO in the amount of gold that re wan tbe labors of tbe uitner. but the hot season and exposure had produced a tearful amount of sickness The probability was that the fever and ague and other disrate* would make sad havoc among the crowd of adventurer* Intemperance, gambling, and kindred vices were tearful y rife, and attended with their usual evils and mlrchivt " 1 he Arms say* " The discoveries In California buTe created quite a stir In the commercial world. Our trade with California is rapidly lucreasing. During the month of June, '2 brigs and 2 schooners sailed for Calitornia? during July. 1 ship, 2 brig*, and 2 icbooner* railed?since August 1st. 1 bark and I brig bate railed, and 2 brigs and 2 sehooners are shortly to follow, making in all 13 departures in two months Cspt. Spencsr. of the whale ship Triton, has published en account of his adventures at the Kings Mill group of Islands. It. will be recollected that Capt S was out (11 from bis skip at those Island* In January, 1&48. and part, ot his crew murdered by the natives. The anniversary of Ihs restoration of the Honolulu flag by Rear Admiral Thomas, was celebrated at Oabu on the 31st of July, At Tahiti all was quiet at the latest date. Husolvlu, Aug 31.?By a letter received fYom Capt. Fiucb of the abalesbip l.vgoda. w? learn that, during th; Dif lit of the 6tb June .'aft. ahile in the lapan s-a. hfie> ii nioa belonging to tbe I-agoda took three of that ship's beats.and want off. alnoa when notnlng baa be-n heard ot tbem I apt. F. states as his hpinlon that it ?as lbs intenthn of tbs mm to commence pirating upon tbs junks wbieb infsat thoss sea?. Wban they lelt they took only 16 gallons of water. and about four days'tnpply of provisions At the tiros the msn lsft lbs ship thsy supposed thsy were not mors than thirty or forty n.ilesfteoi the land, but Capt Ftoob says thsy en at ls&vt 120 milts, and there bslng a vsry think teg at tbs time, It Is more than probab'e that thsy base perlrhed. Mo''ov formerly of the Oahu I'heHpian, was ore of the crew tbat It ft. Ht m the ssn e sourue we also learn tbat the ship Wisearset, belonging, ws believe. to New Bedford, [An trrtr, no rnoh vet lei In the whaling fleet] was wreoke-l upon one of the Japanese islands, and har crew, with the exception of six, were lost. Tbs six that escaped were taken and putin confinement by the Japanese. One of the men endeavored to make his escape hut *aa Immediately maseaorsd by the guard. The remaining five were afterwaids aent off to aome ship. Tbe editor of the Pnlynttian of Sept 2d. in epeakIng ef the gold In California.seems to apprshsnd tbat the diggers wid eventually Lave great trouble with the Mormons wbo are there in great numbers, and who c aim a pre-emption right to the land. He also estimates tbat there will be twenty thousand perrons there digging by January 1st As an instance of tbe fever at llonululu, it is suted that one person actually started in a whale boat. Tha 17. 8 ship of the lint- Oblo. wus dally expected to arrive at llonululu. She Is ultimately bound to California. Since tha above was put in type, we have re. cciveu uur nies 01 ounawicn i&Janaa jinpers. We make the following extracts :? [ Fr< in tbe Honolulu Polynesian. Sept 2 j From the tlmo that Commodurr Stoat took possession of California to the name ot the United Status, the various con metciai nations of the world have watched Its progress with jealous eyes For a long time It was doubtful whether the United States would exercise, permanently, its jurisdiction over any considerable portion of this country, or whether it would revert baok to its former grveri ment, under whose rule it bad remained fcr jesrs, without any material progress in commerce, agriculture, manufactntss. or the meebaoio arts Since tte ratification of tbe treaty of peaoe, In which Mexico relinquishes all future right to tbe territory of Upper California it has nsrumed anew position, aid its prosperity may be Hated from the time of Its occupation by the United States forces. Upper California is situated between the 32d and 42d degrees of north latitude, and tbe parts whleh border on the water trs between tbe hundred and seventeenth and one hundred and seventy-third degrees of west longitude. Its boundaries on the east have boon heretofore considered the Rocky Mountains, although the part that has been principally settled is a narrow strip <-f land on the shores of the I'aciBo, not more then sixty miles In width The attention of the public has been direoted with increased interest to the vast mineral resources of California: and from the accounts which we have been able to gather from various sources there seems to be scarcely a doubt of its being one of the richest mineral sountries in the known world. ? ? ? ? ? The discoveries of various gold mines in California have settled tbe question, and the public mind Is somewhat at sars in tbe belief, at last, that the El Dorado. the long looked-for nlaec, baa b-on found. It wonid be Impissihle to form nny correct estimate of the immense mineral wealth of California; it will need time to develops its reaouroen. Gold quicksilver, Iron, copper, lead, sulphur, saltpetre, and numerous other mines, have been discovered in vatlous sections of the oonntry. Bei-<lee tbe mineral* wi'h which California so richly abounds, ebs possesses other valuable resources, which, when properly attended to. will be a great sonrcs of wealth to the oountry She possesses a varied soil, capable of produalng every description of vegetable substances necessary for tbe consumptive u?# of her own inhabitants, aid for exportation Wheat it is said, prcduces from forty to fifty fold, under very im perfect cultivation, and a hundred and eighty fold rave been obtained Wild oate and mustard cover the rout-try. Grapes of very fine flavor, and in great profusion, grow in verious sections. Apples, pears, peaches and quinces, ars common all over the country ; and In some parts, limes, orsngse, and figs are found Cotton and tobacco are capable of being reared there. Id connection with these things, California possesses numerous facilities of water power; and we prediot that in a few years she will manufacture cotton end woollen, goods not only for tbe nse ot her own population. but for exportat'on It needs but m-m of Industry to wske Ceiifirnla what she ought to be. The climate is rerresenti-d ss belcg very fine 1 he growlh and prosperity of California will open a more extensive market for nnr staple eriicles of export. snob as coffee, sugar and molasses I,et tbe more general cultivation of the eoffee plant asd sugar cane he enrooraged by government and it will eventually prove a greet source of national wealth These articles are capable of being produced here In greatahundance: nil ate cow. snd will continue to be. ? profitable Investment of capital Upon the prosperity ol California, depend* In a great measure, the future growth of comtnrca in the Pari Or ; end a* the commerce of the pacific Increate*, *o in like ratio wlil these Islands adtar re. We think it I* a mistaken idea which some hate that the prosperity of California will prove detrimental to this kingdom. The central position of these Islands ; wot Id v errant a different, eotclu-ion California may for the the great pleoe of attraction; but when things become more settled there and her com irriclal Interest* become more widely extended, these will still he. ae they are now. the centre at civilisation and business operations In the Pacific We predict that in twenty year* time, or less, Honolulu will or a flourishing city. [Kr'tn the Polynesian. Aug 12] It Is 'rnpreelble to foretell the filial results of the resent geld discoveries in < sllfornia |)oubtl?s* msuy of the repcrt* wbicb here reached b?Te?re exaggerated; but that the piaorra yields the greater, profits ot any mines yet discover'!, there can i.e no doubt. Th- Unsslsn gold mines are now annually producing s !?'<? mount V eins of golden snnd were first discovered in Vra1 In IflW. ard in Siberia In jvjp The product of these u lues for the firet tew i nars was not large; but f< r the :art four <r five years the i.-oet brilliant result* hiTeihein experienced The gold fvlm from the Piter an inir.'S In lMf. amount-d to pit" 000 COO. and lor 1S4? greatly exceeded that amount If the placera cm cv re it In California Is ae extensive as It Is reported to 1 e Inmenre rirnDtttie* of gold will he thrown Info li site'. In Htssla the mines are undcrtbe control of th.< I B'per or; hut In t allfornla cTery man stands an 11]in.I dure. If the product I* a* large as reported to he here, every man engaged tu digglt g will soon amors a fortune; and thon aids will fl.ek Into the eonntry. (tuns Idea of the i iTi ct el'lrh the news *111 produce in the United ttstes prop bo formed hy the excitement which it has reined Leie. 1 he idea is prevalent here that the ge veitn e rt c.t the I t tied State* will tike possession of ti e gf Id region Such portion of It a* Is Included In the public domain they hsve a rleht to exclude the I d?ip<re from, tbey occupying the position of trespasser* Lar d owned h> private Individual* they are hi r no to j rolect. ; but it Is donb'tnl whether there is n fl'rlent ft ce now rn the coeit to do eo. The Ohio. Ciniredojs Ji wss to ? sit San Frencisoo, and on hi srivnl there it will he knru n what measures will be hi'i j ! d by tfci government in relation to tl e gold reghr> A11 h i t o h Itwrolrtheao essy matter to blocksrfe the rlr.r end stop supplies It eeuld b? diflleolt to irsTihafsrre op the river sod drlTe the treenasscrs i (I M?n> hue f?ol (i e??t> ln'?-r??t In kni'tini what will te lurninJin rotation to th'a matter K t.t o? ??' Mo* h?T? colWetKl thrr* are tbl* unii *u illin jit to ?tcp th* opti*lions will laiuit la \ RK H JESDAY, JANUARY 17, bloodshed. Owing to ths uttsr neglect of agricultural operations, pi oris tons will be scarce and prilselv commnnd high price*. If the emigration I* large tbl* fell. t suffering must MM* A large body of Mormon* left I the Old Bluffs in Map last, for California, and proba- J bty tbe body encamped at tbe Salt Lake settlement* 1 will rrmu into tbe valley of the 8anram*nto on the I receipt of tbe new* of tbe gold discoveries. It 1* tin- ] possible to calculate tbe number wbieb will oentr* , ] there; but probably net lese tban 20 000 will be In Call- 1 Irrnla by the 1st of next January. Another year will \ I witness an emigration of 50 000 This Immense tnrong < will arrive In the country entirely destitute, and food must he imported to feed tb*m until tbe nvxt Harvest. i 'I he effect ?ill be a rapid Increase in the commercial 1 t anraotion* of the Pac>flo A cash market will be i llordrd for tbe produce ot Oregon and Chili. A prao- i t'oal demonstration of tbo importance of producing i an xynt here <a row giveo by the great opening In i Calitornta D< es cny one wish a mora praotioal iilus- i tration of tbe importance of the measures we have ao 1 olttn advocated ? 1 [ Prom tbe Polynesian, same date ] The ABetlean whaleehip California arrived here on | Tuesday last, llom tbe Japan sea. full and bound ' home She is the tlrst ship ibis season, having taken 1 1 350 barrels She reports good success among tbe t ships in that sea. as will be leen by reference to our 1 I n arms journal A large fleet of whalers will probably 1 visit the islands this tail, end no doubt those engaged j iu tu cishiug supplies will reap a good harvest. It ' will be sort) day for sny who go Into gen Krancisco, 1 as aside tri m the fact that no recruit* can be pro- 1 cured there at any rate the brilliant prospects offered I in the gold legions will induce every man to desert 1 I resided l aiifornia onuld produce supplies in abuu dance, the wbairrs would be slow in resorting thither, ' on account of desertion which it is next to impossible to pit vent there. Those who went in there last fall learnt s lesson which they will art soon iorg?t If a ship wi re to go tuto Saw t-'ram-iscu now she would undoubtedly lose every man. and It would be impossible 1 to procure mau at any rate 1 Nnval Intelligence. The following is a list of the officers attached to the U. S flag shin Plymouth, at Macao October 30, bearing tbe bioad pennant of Commotore D. lislsluger ; ? I'luuiuui'ir, V. \ in.-iu>;rr ; i nuimauuer. 1 OODIM It. Gedney ; Lieutenants.?t"t. Thomas J. Page; 2(1 Geo. W. Drty; 3d KUwuid Dnraldtmn; Acting Lieut 4th. G. V Fox; Acting (1U||) 6th, George P. Welsh; Aot'g Lieut tttb. C H Weils. Fleet Surgeon. U. S, W. U Husbeuberger ; Purser. Louis Warrington, jr ; Passed Vildehipmau. John L. Davis; Assistant Surgeons, W l.owler end O. J. Wletsr ; Commodore's Secretary, Fred'k Schlty; Captain's ( lerli, Geo. R . <>oldeborough; Actipg Mldehlpmen--l harlea Haralson, Jan>?? Rowan, A K. K benhum Charles L. Hammond, Boat.swaiu. W. Whiting; Gunner. James L)rt1h; Carpenter. Henry J . Therein"; Sailinsker. Benj Burohsted; Acting M. M , James J Woodward I)r Rush* nberger, fleet surgeon, is to return to the United S'ates In charge of the sioH, ai d l)r Brooke. Surgeon of the Treble, will receive the appointment a* Flret Surgeon. Captain Uedaey, it is thought, will soon leave for home, in oonspi|iience of bad health, a change of climate not having benefitted Mm as he expected. The squadron, at prasent, cons ste of this ship and the sloop Preble. The brig Dolphin Is expected dally. The Ohio line-of battle sh p Ik on her waj friim the Paolfio. Dr Davis, U S. I cremissloner. presented his credentials some time since, and was received with considerable pomp and show by Sue. the Cblriererrprrsentettve of the Kinperer. A large number ofofflaers of the squadron wrre pre'ent on the occasion. All quiet at ( an ton. Thehealtnof the squadron is good. The U.S. sloop-of-war Jamestown, was at Madeira, Not 20 Sloop-of-war Saratoga, Capt. Nicholson, was at Sacrlflcles. 12th ult The frigate Rarltan, bearing the broad pennant of Commodore Jesse Wilkinson. Commander In chief of the home squadron, will probably sail for the West Indies. from Norlolk time about the 15th of the present month The following Is a list of her officers: captain?Benjamin Psge, Jr. Lieutenants -lst.G G. Williamson; 2nd Wm T Muse; 3rd Wm. A Parker; 4tb, Thomas B Huger. 5th, Jas S Ridgeley. Surgeon of the Fleet? D S Kd wards. Purser?John A Bates Passsd Assistant8urgaon?Wm A.Nelson. Assistant Surgeon-Alexander J Rice Chaplain-John liiake Acting Master-Francis Alexander Commodore's Secretary? William 11 Allmand Teased MidshipmenWashington F Davidson, Wm De Korea, Greenteaf Cllley, J. C P De KralR, George S King. Captain's Clfcik-ifhnZ Fornnv Purwp'?(!Upif- 1a*>? p <1? I bod. Miiabipman?Joseph D Blake Acting Midshipmri?( barlcH W. Klusrer Jobn W. Itlddell, Win. B. Met aim J antes H Otllls. Trevett Abbott. Curios Bratt Bene wain?Joseph Lewis. Gunner?Andrew J. Randall. Carpenter ?Win Lee. Sallmaker?Jacob Steven* The Went tier. Tba eold weather which for two weeks past had thrown its niaotl# over the whole of the Kaslern and Middle States, baa (or a time, partially given way to that of a more plearant character. In Boston. on Sunday, the thermometer, at aunrlae. etood at 31 d*g , being nearly 60 dtg higher than at aunrlae on Thuraday laat. At New IlaTen, on Sunday, the thermometer atood at Hi deg. f urther north the weather la atill cold, though milder than during the part week. The Weatlield New*letter r aye: The oideat inhabitant can hardly remember when there waa aucb an immenas bulk of anow on the tare of old mother earth, as there la at preaent In this region. All around us, In every direction, la one immense snow drift; and on the bills and plalna, the road* have been impassable. Several of our townsmen have spent much time In breaking roade, for which they dnerve to be well rewarded. Just In the immediate vicinity of the (ireen the sleighing ia fine, and should there not be a thaw, the sledding will be auparb, t vi n on our plalna and mountains. Domestic miscellany. On the first of January, there were, in the State of Maine, 134 divisions of the ions of temperance, comprising 6,972 members. A notorious horse thief, named Hawkins, ent hla threat on Krlday. in the jail at Harrisonburg Va The streets ol (Quebec. (Cm ) were for the first time lighted with gaa on the night of the 1st instant. The coal mines ct Tusualeoia are becoming quite valuable The gas by which the city of Mobile la lighted is made of it Turkeys are felling In Chicago, (111) for 37,oenfa each. J he market is stooked with poultry and venison. Charles Boyer agent of the Sonthwark^(PhlU.) Rail- | rfad Company, had both his legs broken on Monday, I by a collhion of the Baltimore train and a horse-car j which he was driving Jrnrea Thompson Jr.. of Kast Haven, was robbed of f 1 uti a short time since, in Jersey City, on hla arrival 'rem I'bilacelpbie. 'I be number < f persons relieved and supported as psuptrs in <he Statu of Maesacbutetts, durit g the year 184t>, wa? 13.083 at an expense of $1.439,'248 75 1'be number of foreign paupers who went to the State | during the year was 4 o?>7. Large floekt of wild geese have very frequently, o^ ' late, puree d over Bustou, to the Southward Tneir migrations are said to be the omen of the beginning of | wlLter Tea, verily. 'I'D* pttfonera in jail, at Cumberland, Mil., hare I hrnirelvt a Into a dehetlDg aooiety. Mr K 11 Stanley, a ron of Lord Stanley, and now ttaeel'ing in tfrl* oountry. has been returned a member 01 Parliament for Lynn. 1 be l.rwel! ?;j-tt cf the uuost celebrated pianoforte n.anuf; ctoriea in IJoeton. stale* that be baa rold no lere ilan eight piaDoe during ibe pa?t etx month*. to j girl* now actually < tuployed in the fao'otiee lu tbat city The price? ranged from $240 to $340eaoh The total number of peteone apprehended la Montreal (I a ) uuriDg tbe year IMS waa 3 624. being a r eciraee on tbe prrfltdmc year of 616. Of thia number ? 473 were o.ale*. 830 female?, and 312 boy* A man named Flaherty waa killed at a fire in Quebec, on tbe bib Inrtant. There nete three Shaker aermon* preached in tbe Eaptiet Church of New Brdford, on sundry laat. During tbe year 1848, there were 3b till 600 lba. of Iri u rent Wed at Philadelphia Thete were in Philadelphia, during tbe week ending Sati.iday, the 13th. 134 death*. There w-re 1 663 Meamboat arrival* at Cleveland, Cbl>.. during the year INS Mr < hailr* Polk, a roldler of the revolution, ajed (0 year*, recently dod at San Auguallne, Texan He wae a c< IMU to the Preaident of tbe United State*. The l.rglelatiiie of Mirpouri hare agreed to accept the there ot rtiipln* fund* to which the State became ettltlid vtder ibe drpoalt law of C'uugreaa. The Senate wa* trpanlked on Monday, the 8th met., with' (jff W ella In the tbelr. A roar named I.angley. in the employ of the Northern llalii rd Cottpany, lied Ilia head crushed between two t.atgage rata on that lead, on Friday, ao badly that It la clou bit ul whether he will rurvlre. Jin DopnaTan. 13jearaof age, waa teeerely bitten ' by a dog, euppoted tube tabid, In Beaton, on Friday laat. John Untberford baa been arreited at Waahlngton, Ga , oharged with robblrg the mall. Sinoitar Est am >hom Slaykry.?William nod Ellen Cialt, man and wife, lived with differ* ' ent matter* In tie s'aie of Georgia. Kllen I* ao near white, tbat rhe ran paaa wtiboui rneph.loo for a white 1 miliar ll? r bueFaoit la much darker. He la a me- ' ol arte *l?rt by wirking rughta and Sunday*, ha laid i p r tit-} anut gb to bring Liciaalt and hi* wif* nut of ' . ,?eiy Their plan wan without precedent; and ' tl ugh novel. war tha mean* <f getting them their ' (rt?a<m Ktleo (Ireretd in man'* clothing, and pawed ee the m?Mer, while her hueband pa**?d a* the ?ernit In tbl* Why ih> y travelled fiom Georgia to ' NlledrlpM* On tLelr journey, ibey pat up at tha I b<*i holt l* where ihey 'topped. Neither of theni can read (>r write And hllen. knowing (hat aha would bo ' aiiirt up< n to write her name at tho hotel*, ho , tied t er right band np. a* though it wa* lame, wblob proved * Of roue atrelce tu her. a* ete wet called upon *eeeral ' liieer at b< tel* to legleter" her name la Charia*tin S C. Ibey put up ht tha hotel ahioh Governor V Dottle ti d John I i alhoun generally m-ika their |j line Thej anieed In Philadelphia, In four day* from . the lime they llaited.? i-i&viufer. " [ERA 1849. Police Intelligence. B'ftrt Jin tire MrUratk.? H ulle a host Of priaoner* tcrti brought op yeaterday morning before tho itiagiarate, charged with varloua otfonraH, the principal porton. however, ware vlctima of old King Alaohol. exht jitlng aoine of the prettieai black ?j?i and pamtad Taceg that the reader could poaatbly imagine. One prl-onrr ea? remarkably marked The ntreaka of blood peering acrcn and acroaa bia faoa, Ilka pter.ea of rad i?pe, togemer with his eyes to swollen that hit itgbt was rcarsely visible, presented to the aourt a countenance of comical horror. This Individual was picked up by the policeman out of tha mud gutter, and gloriUed In tha dm ma of John Smith. Tha raagls irate remonstrated with bim on tha folly of gutting Hunk and that it ba had any respect for bis family relalivsg, or for tba Smith family in geneial ha would ijuit at once all intoxtcatiug drinks Tba prisoner aald ba fait at on'* hied* graded position, and promi-el io retrain firm any mora auch acta a* would bring bim in contact with tha policemen Tha Justice raid ha thought that b* had suffared pratty wall for his roliy without bis putting on a Mna and discharged h>m rri ih custody, but reminded him that if he was brought helore bun again, be should makti hiiu suffer by flue and imprisonment The next prisoner was a jolly looking old chap, with amy full face taibsr inclined to be bloaty, who sat in tha bench by tha side of a oosy looking black woman. bar face bring embellished with a noble pair of lips that projected beyond ber chin, and every now inn than she would allp olf the Beat, her figure and shape being of auoh a modal as allowed only a small poiltou to rert on tba bench, in "touring as she did. itbout as broad aa she did long. This old biddy, every lime she had a slip would oatch the old rnau by tba knee, saying at tha time. "excuse me, air, I didn't mi an to do it" Tha old fellow, who called himself I'at K? 1 y, wan In fact a most perfect Image of Mr. Burton when he plays Tetterby k Co. in the 'Haunted tMau.!' This old man would turn his eyas around, make an s nary face, take off his old black wig and scratch bis short gray balra, twist up hta lip u la Burton, and look daggers, but use uoue. Mr. Tetterby was at last called up to answer for bla misdeeds, on the comptutnt of another old fellow about the same stamp, tall tng Mtnseii Hubert Maobuth, whore nose and faoe were well sprinkled with blood. This individual accused Mr. Ttilvrby of assaulting bla nasal organ with malict jirrytntc. but, said he, "Mr Tetterby has made the aliunde honorable, and I am willing to forgive bim." "Well," said the magistrate, "if you are satistt-d I am willing to let hioi go " ' Thank your wrrehip," said Tetterby, and off they went together, unite loving, evidently with a determination to take a drink, and thus drown all their ill feelings that might have previously existed. Kale /\?g?ion was called, she being the next prisoner on the roll, to answer to a charge et stealing JihO in silver ana gold from a mun with whom she lived, called Jt-ny Bogart, leaping house at No 141 Anthony smet 1 he evidence oualust her wan merely clrnumstantlal, yet the magistrate committed her for trial, The neat case waa three decent looking men by the en a en of Jacob Telrnan, John Talman, and Uarry Dtmerest, who were arr?ated the night previous by the poiice of the 4th witrd, on the ooiuplaint of OrUon Blunt, gunsmith, No. 44 Chatham street, obarged with endeavoring to carry otf by force, from the store, agun valued at f'J 60. It appeared, from the evidence, that Talman eft tbe gun in question to be repaired, which he said aas to be 7 shillings, when finished, instead ef which, Mr. Blunt charged 10 shillings. This extra 3 shillings I'alman refused to pay, hut said he tendered the money ahiob he agreed to pay, but Mr. Blunt refused to take t. Talman itban seized the gun. in order to oarry it >If by force of arms. This loroible attack was oontost d by Mr Blunt and his clerk, and the result was a regular rough and tumble fight, bringing themselves, in the vitlee, into the mud gutter. A crowd was soon sol' lecteu, the police oallsd in, and the accused parties were all oonve) ed to the 4tb ward station house. Upon the hearing before the magistrate, the affidavit of Mr. Blunt was taken, charging these men with the larceny, and ball was requited of the accused to answer tbe charge. Charge Ditmistrd ?A few days ago, we noticed the lireat of Thomas Connelly, a clerk in the employ of Mr. Nov, on a charge of embezzlement. Tbe cane was beard btfoie tbe magistrate, and resulted in the honorable dndmrge Of ,'vir. Connelly?thejevidanoe not sustaining the accusation. .1 Uithoiint Dutchman?At the instance of the Almsbouse C? uin.iisioner, Constable Hue arrested, yesterday, a Dutchman by the nnroe of Michael ltncsbart, on a charge of appropriating a large sum cf money, the property of Mrs. Scberman, to his own use. It seems that in September, 1K47, the accused came to this city from Krunkfort-on-the-Maine, fiermany, In company of Mrs. Scherman and her child The accused and this woman livtu together until last July, when she diid On her death, this nun took pojsession of all her money, and placet! the child with Mr Frederick Miller, resiuipg at No. 67 Uidge street, for safe keeping, without paying anything for its support. Since which time Iter khan he* been squandering the money away, leaving the child destitute. It was to recover this nonuy and secure tne city from the support of this child that tho man was arrested and looked up. Common Plena. Before Judge Ingrahsra. Jan. 16 ? Nitholat if. Jlarl us Henry J. Hell and olhus.?This was an action to recover (315 tor work, labor and services performed. The plaintiif alleged that he whs employed as bar-keeper at the Crystal House, Urand street, front March, 1817, to April, 1848, at (.'10 per month, and claimed the above sum fur bis services. Tbe defendants pleaded the general Issue, wbieh pat the plaintiif on proof of an actual hiring; they denied having ever engaged hiui in that capacity. The Jury found for pintntitt the full amount claimed. Ihti hat fed ? Nt nis Cook, commuted on a charge of false pretence, in obtaining tbe endorsement of Pllony I'helps on a note for (160. was brought before Justice Edmonds ami discharged. Hupieme Court. At Chambers ?lieiore Justice Edmonds. Jan 16 ? In He, Caroline and Mary Martin.?Mary and ( arollne Martin to whom reference had been mads in the report in yesterday's Herald, wore brought up ibis afternoon before Justice Edmonds, and it ap peering that an indictment had been found against iheui by the city Grand Jury on a charge of grand larceny, his Honor made u order that they be committed in default of ball. L'siltcu Sinus District Court. Before Judge Uetts. Jan. 16 ? Jtrrainued ?The following named persons H'raigoed ibis looming and pleaded not guilty : ? Oliver L. Besree.iDdlcted for cruel and unusual punish uieni? Charles lloss and John Morris, indicted (with Get rge Honey and Joseph Thompson. the two latter being unab.e to attend, having taken the small pox ) for an endeavour to make a revolt, were also arraigned and pleaded not guilty. Law Intelligence. SiNTKNcr.n to Dkath. Washington Goadn, who wsh last week convicted of tbn murder of Thomas Harding, was on Monday sentenced to be hung He is said to have manifested a careless indifference when V.. * ammm -* Cor bt ok Appkais, January 15, 1849.? Trssent. all the Judges No 45, Charles H. Coltbe. receiver fco , appellant, rs Orrin B Crane, respondent This causa bus reserved for to-dsy. Mr. 1). Dudley Field opened ibe argument for the appellant. Mr Ju.fu* Khoades was heard for respondent, and Mr. Field closed No. 36 Ueorge W Sutton. plaintiff In error, rs Henry A. Dlllaye, etnl defendants in error. This was a reserved oause. J. Sedgwick oounsel for defendants in error, took judgment of anirmance, by default. No. 44. Israel T Hatch, administrator, Ito , appellant, vs Sheldon Thompson, r??pcndent. This cau>e was , ubmiiud on primed arguments and points. The court having gone through the calendar, and there being uo causes ready tor argument, and no further business helore th< d), sdjourced ?me die about 12 Sl.?AUainy JIrgui,Jan. 16. Tin Rt hniso op the Steamer K.mimfk State.-At fifteen imuuieB lietore 11 o'clock on .Saturday night, the citizen* of Fall Hirer were startled by a sudden glare of light, and the cry tbat the Umpire State was on Ore The fire department wa? immediately on the wharf, and, with the a<autaDr.e of the citizen*. did all that could be done to arrest the pr< gress of the tlarae *; but in less than fifteen minutes from the first discovery ot the fire, this noble host was one broad sheet of hemes. Before bell p*ft eleren O'clock, her wheelbru-eand her promenade and state room decks fell <n. and her larboard chimney went by the beard. At Sfti minutes to 1 o'clock the starboard chimney fall with a trrtuendousrraeh; and before 2 o'clock the most splendid flcaiiop palace in the world wrs a complete wreak. The fire broke out amidships, and spread with snch astoni'Mi g rapidity that tome 15 or 26 perrons eon meted with the boat, who were in her lower oabin. roc apt d with the gr< ateat difficulty. Notwithstanding lour powerful engines and a force pump front the Auiericnn Print Worse were playing into ber from elersn to iorr o'clock the fire could not be subdued. An atit nipt was made to sink ber immediately after the fire ear d'roovered but owing to the ice. and other difficulties. she did not fill uuitl pa.-t four o'oluck, or after her rabin nrd saloons were completely destroyed By a t onstant etnam of water upon tb- frame that snstalna her poi derma machinery the position of h-r engine la re aired; but owing to the extreme heat, the taaohlwcry mutt he seriously uamsged It is not oertain bow the rite took, hut the impression is tbat it caught from a strre in the kitchen; and from the neglect of th* watchman, It had made great progress before it was fits retried The conflagration was awfully sublime , ibe night was Intensely dark, and the immense olnnie of flames lighted up tha country for miles mund and the detouriog element, as It leaped and rn cliled through the gorgeous apartments of this titrated Ttseel. gate the beholder some idea of what j srudhate been ibe result bad ths disaster occurred upon the Sound with but the common means of es e ir.r her u-uailv hirce number of narfansers Toe 1 ii ; ire Ma' e * no built leat ysar by Mwp. Cawrenoa t Sunder, In N-wVom; her machinery. which waa or rtl< r?d tfce fluent specimen or the hind In tba', fly Allsire (It Co. She m?de her first trip June <b IMS. arid ha* been laid up shout a mouth. undero'" t re) airs. to take fcer place in the line early In th? pilbg She coat about *yi;0,M(l. and la tDsnred for ttut one tail (bat amount The wind, at tha time I her destruction waelltiht. and moat favorable, had t blow n fn m the northwest. as It had lor a ft w day* aet, the devt'ticiion of property would hare been Inintte a* the lee n tl>" Immediate vicinity of the fpot. print a- (I Iron works end the steamers Bay j lata at-d biaciud L'otfaa ? Mutton J<>urnul, Jan 11 \ MAILS* L D. TWO CENTS. city inTfliiigfnce. Mercantile Luikiky Elxctioiv.?Thetnnuilsleetlonof President, Vice President,Secretary, Treasurer, and Directors, of the Mercantile Library Association took place yesterday, at Clinton Hail, and resulted in the election of the regular nomination Isaao II. Bailey, for President, and Thomas J Bayand, Vice I're-ident; Corresponding Secretary. Henry A Oakley; Recording Secretary. J. Eugene Berard; Treasurer Theodore Stout by a majority or 216 votes. The whole number of votes polled was 1,100 Great excitement was e<pertmeed by,tb* young clerks In this election particularly by toe filends of the opposition candidates, who, after the result was known, "vamosed'' as juiolily aa possible Station Hot'tic Lonucaa?About one hundred and sixty perron*, dertltute ot a home, have been entertained as lodgers st the police station bouses, for sseerat sights psst. Considering the ample provision mad* for the city's poor, this is a large number Thb We at ii k The atmosphere was unite bearable yeeterdey. 1 he merouty In t he thermometer at Delatour'e,indicated, at 7 A. M 83". at 12 VI. 40", at3 P. M. 40?, and at 6 P. M. 3#v. The sky was dear, and thw westerly side of Br. ad way, being free from ioe, presented >;ulte a tempting opportunity for a promenade, which was erutraced by not a tew in the middle of tha day The evening was units oool, and tbe air oatne from over the rivers and wet etreets with a sort of chilling influence. Short Weight* ?The prnotloe of using weights below tha standard, by some of those engaged In tha huckster iug burl sees at the railroad market, has become so flagrant of lets that the people cry oat strong against it. it is of eery common oocurtenoe that in puicbaring a h*g, purporting to weigh one hundred pounds, a toes or ten pounds falls to the lot of tha purchaser, end in proportion in almost evsry article rold A tew days since, a grocer p*ld for two hundred pounds of poultry, end. upon re-weighing the lot, discovert U that it fell abort fourteen pounds. Veiterday a It*titleiiian purchased a Dog which prored tan pounds light; and another, a turkey, which was dcOeient on* and a half pwuude This l? really too bad; and It i? to be hoped, for the protec'iou of thane residing In that neighborhood, that the inspector of weight* and neeatures, It tbtre be one, will pay a vl?lt to that market, and **w tbat the people are not thus Imposed upon Tho otlenoe Is a criminal one. and should hs visited, upon conviction, with the severest penalty of tha law. Mich ami's Institute.?The Hon. Zadok Pratt, ex-M C , and recently elected President of the Mechanics' Institute, delivered an address to the members of that Association lest evening The audience on tho occasion was large, and the address was received wills marked appri bation. Destitute I mm i on ant Cnii.dren.?Yesterday morning, a case culoula'ed to exoite thn pity of compassionate porsona. was exhibited at the office of the Commissioners of Kmlgraiion A visiter at the office might have seen a uroed < f poorly clad people, seated around a pile of labelled packages bearing the appearanoe of inggsge. In one oerner. crouching beside a dirty looking package, were two children- the eldest, a girl, parhips 10 years of age; the other, a boy, seemed to have enuured about two years less of corporeal existence.? They were indeed destitute ; no one to care for them but those ahone oOlcu made it their duty to see to their comlort. The glri had on a kind of frock, of an inde' scribable color, with a cloak ditto, and a kind of hood which answered the purpura of a bonnet. The boy bad on a sort of fustian jacket and, in place of trowsers, wore a stud petticoat. Thus attired, they huddled themselves away beside the baggage, as If fearful to tmeige ftom their place, or meet the gase of the crowds of persons who were congregated around them Whlla tktir older companions weie garrulous, and elated at the prospect of a comfortable temporary abode, the children ibiuiik away from them, and were silent. Other ohildien piattii d aroun 4 their parents, and made knowa their little and bumble wents; but these had no parents there, end looked with a pert of indtffermtgiize npon all around. 1'oor creatures ! It was indeed a meroy to them tnat they found shelter aid a provision against the plnebings of want, in this inclement season. All that the officers knew about them was, that they arrived here from Liverpool on Sunday, per ship Wisconsin, Id search of their parents, who had been in this country some live jears. No one spoke for them, no one appeared to know their friends ; some one on tha other ride of the Atlantic pool made arrangements for their passage ont. and here they were, candidates for public chanty. On being addressed, the girl spoke respectfully though sadly, and told her simple story in language and with a mauner which contrasted strongly with the outward appearance of herself and brother. Her name was llnea MoCabe, her brother's name wan Miobnel. - W here did you lire before you left home ?" asked one of the officers. " We liveo with granny, our grandmother." " What did your grandmother do ?'* " She bai soma land in county Monahan ; she lived on that." " Where is your father ?" Sorrowfully?'-1 don't know ; be came away fivo jiate ago " ' 1* your grandfather living?" " No. he's d.ud My granduiolher had tw? sons, and bad enough to do to keep them " It appeared tiom the books, that the children had been taken to ibe 1st Ward Station llouse on Sunday night, as destitute ami in want of lodging. They remained tbere for the night, and were on the following ii,on,lug taken to the office of Commissioners of Kmtgration, as the proper place to have their wants provided for. Tbry were to be sent to Ward's Island, wbere tbey will be washed, clothed in comfortable garments provided with wbolesuuie food and sent to school, until they are r< stored to their parents; or, iu case the parents be not found, or, when found, prove improper persons to be intrusted with their ehildren, little Rosa aid Michael will be foruished with other guardians, who will see to their employment and educalion. Such are their privileges uuw, thanks to oar institutions of public benevolence Ilosa need not fear being sent away three thousand miles again, because ' (>i?btiy has enough to do to support her boys." four more destitute immigrant children?name J Mary Brennsn, Patrick lireunan. Lavlnla Breanan, and John Mitohel?were landed at the foot of (Jrand stuet on Monday evening. They were also sent to the Commissioners of Emigration # Political Intelligence. Tb? lacofoco convention of Indiana nominated Joseph A. Wright for (.Governor, and Col. James H. Lane for Lieutenant (Jo vet nor. It is not exactly correct, as has been stated, that Mr. Ten Eyok, U. 8. Commissioner at the Sandwich Islands, has not been removed. It seems he bas resigned and buitled el) to the California " gold diggings," preferring his ohance there to an annual salary of 43.000. At tbe democratic caucus el the Legislature of Michigan on Saturday, the Oth Instant, for a candidate for U. S Senator, all the members present (thirty-four) voted for Oeneral Cass. The Itherty party hold a State Convention at I'tlc* on ibe 31st of January inst. We were ebown a letter, yesterday, says the Ohio Slaietman of the 3d, from a distinguished member of I ongrers from another State who expresses his positive conviction that (Jen Taylor will veto tbe Wllmot provlro, and other antl-elavery questions. lis says snob was not his ooioion some weeks ago, bnt that a total change has been wrought in his mind of late. The Canadian Parliament will assemble at Montreal on Tharsday next I>katii or C5kn. lit land ? For several days th-s public have been in pot>ri-&t?ion of the fact that < Jen. Ituiand, ol this city, on bis way to Jefferson City, was puflexicg Ir. n. a dsngerous sitae* of apoplexy, and that tbere was little bopn of his recovery Tbe fears oi bis friends were loo well founded lie died last Monday. rpposlte .St Charles, jrom ?blchplace hi- remains kut-a Im.n liVfilitht. tn Thin fr?r i r* t *v msni Tha burirl will take place thl? (Jay, under arrangement of the lot inhere of the bar and etcoried by the St Lou1# Uteye. with which company it may be remarked, ha had leer tor ruauy years a decided favorite. Id the ubvubce >>t any more accurate narrative of the lift t! the Offumd, we h?vesought thefoilewlogfanta. John llutabd wao born in the year liMi on the banks of tbe itvn Ilatfttn. in what i: now the Sta'e of Michigan. lie lived tbi p'' u< !pa! part of the early period of l ift life at Detroit. At the age of nineteen, he entered the northwestern anuy under the command af Oea. Harmon. and i- rv? it with re ptitation for several years - at war proved hj hi* having pa-eed rapidly through isveral giadee <1 uulltm y rtstion At the termination > I ble nnlitniy r *r< < r and whi n iw> a-y eight years of iLi .lieD Roland removed 10 St I.oula and engaged it the business f tirveymg Aflerwarde, be wee the rh'i f clerk in the Btco 01 Supertntendent of Indian aflaiie. Id 'hie city On retiring from thle po?ltlon. he wh? then appointed Cleikoftbe Circuit Court of tbe county i f lib coin: and wbeu. af'erwardi, be again removed to St I.nuift. be >11 eiected. by the people, to the i flfre of Clvlk of the Circuit Court of this coooty. 1 tale i lllce be held, at tbeir baud*, fir more than twelve yiarn; mid we" the incumbent at the time of hie dealh Gen Ru and was a man of many Ann rreialard agreeable nua'ttles and elwaya extracted lioops c f Irtend" around hint He ieavee teveral chtldien fo feel th. lull anguish of a bereavement which wen wbojiy uneapecti d and the keenness of whi ib was incri artd by bin dying froiu home. They were with him. bowever during the pi riod of hi* tillering. and have tt e ci mlort cf knowing that nothing wae omitted hicil medical ekill end I'riebd y aid c v.ild suggest. to avert (he ca'etnilv whioll has beltftileu them. ? .Sr /. iuit Krj, I. ilit an Jan 3. Formi. Foot Makkh.?A number <>t singular foot ( nuts have rec-niiy been tound in the lime-stone Hist* tu 111* Brushy. resembling human foot print*, but of a gigantic rize The) aro imbedded iu tno eoft ergillacenu* il>nrettna. in<l are an dietinrt a* if tbuy b?0 been luuilo Id plastio cl.?y A gentleman wiio etilted tli-no a few month* floe*, state* that th# t ics and the print of the heal are in distinct that there is frarcsly a doubt that they acre in ?da by a human I ei ng, who niuat have iltaHid (ruoah lo '< < I'fis amde ia to laign tbnt a man 01 ordinary alae rati witlt n flit ntty jump ftoui cna <o< t print to aaotbtr I ha lin ?elot e in ableh they nre found, we beii- re, 'a *!miler to tpat which extendsfbiou?h Austin. Ni w BrainM* and Bezar and f. rio the ,(Hurries la thi" rook mut if t? e atooia in the Alamo and (.for buddlogt of 0.-x?r re obtained Tba a'tata contain* many ma'ia* frail's, amorg which ara tho ammonite. nvirllu?, atypke.elc. Theee toot, mark*, like thoa? di>io> re I in tedtai.i -tone forn aMons, weie probatpy mvi >.> aa eat mat apeoiea rf bit ia o. oraithicnite.i < /i?; Ckritli tin, Lite. 16. J

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