Newspaper of The New York Herald, January 19, 1849, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated January 19, 1849 Page 1
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I? NO. 5342. ADDITIONAL INTELLIGENCE I I or nm I0VEXERT8 OF THB KIGR1TIH6 PARTIES SO OALZrORNZA. <V?. dM. dM. The brig John Endus sailed yesterday for San Franciico, with forty passengers, all young men, and all shareholders. She is provisioned tor twelve months. Annexed is a list oi her passengers E.SKingsbury. captain; Cspt W. E. Flavell. mate; C. R. Hotailng, John S Rice, Hiram, Arents, VVm. Tyaok, E. Kingsbury, trustee*; E. M. Young, W. Arents, C. , Terbune. Benjamin Bates, H 8ilvsrhorn, W. M. Pbyfe, f W. D. Pbyfe. Geo C. Grants, W. F Skiff, R. A Drake, D. W. Klienbaus, John Ebbet's, James Rogers, R. Cochrane, James Reld, E. Reeves, Samuel Vallean, P. R. Vallean, 8. Hornmarson, Paul Stryker, R. T. Edwards, Geo. W. Cbedis, Levi Markley, jr., H. C. Beeobsr, Joseph Clinton, H. E Hall, E B. Kingvbury, D Demsrest, A. R. Williamson, J C. Pooler, John H. Tuttle, M. Wbittaksr, Mara us Cox, H. Bleeker, W. Sull.van?forty stockholders, at $300 eaoh. ANOl'HkR LK1TKK FROM CALIFORNIA. A. G Hendeism or New Diggings, has furnished the Ga ene Guznlt with tbe following letter frem Mr. B. P Kooser, now of California, but formerly a journeyman printer in that office:? Mosrxasr, Urrsa California,) August 37, 1848. ] Mr. Henucrso.n?My objeot in writing to yon is to inform you thst ! am in the U. S. service, and of the prospects and advantages to be gained in emigrating tu Cent- rnia Tbe goid mine* that have been discovered on tbe Sierra Nevada are the moat extensive and valuaLle in tl e world, and It is useless for me to attempt a description oi the quantity and quality of the gold already obtained, as you would not beiieve it. 8ee the newspapers of tbe day. and, depend upon it, they cannot overrate the mineral resources of California. Our ccmi any has been reduced down to 20 from 172, by de If er lion Th? ae ineu bare made cbeir fortunes, but have violated tbeir oaths and dishonored their flag, by deserting in time of war. We tare just heatd the news of peaoe, and I am on the fence as to whether I will deaert or not, as 1 can easily make (160 per day at the mines. Lead baa been discovered whioh yields 90 per oent. Mr Bates, of Ualena, Illinois, has opened one of the vslf-s. and thinks it of sufllcient richness to keep four , fumaevs in operation. Quicksilver is fennd in abnndance, and so Is platlna and copper. One ot our men, on a three months' forlongh, brought beck to Monterey with him twenty-seven pounds of virgin gold Thl?. at California prioes, ($10 per ounoe.) would be wor:h S3 240, or at the Boston prioes, ($20 per tnnoe ) $0 480. What do you think of that? I hate to desert?1 hate to soldier for six dollars a month?I am almost crazy. Exouse this letter, as 1 have the gold fever ihocking bad,and the " root ot all evil" is in my mltid night and day. At the mines, flour is worth $10 per toe 1 >a , coffee, *2 60 per ib , and everything else in prop rtion. 1 binaS will be oheaper next snmmer. Do as yju please, but I advise you to bundle up your traps and eon e to California. It is a good climate, and an agricultural country, which would warrant you to come, Independently of ita mineral wealth. Bring yonr wife along, for a good wife is the scarcest article in California. Yours, in a bad fix, B. P. KOOZKR. Paislsoers st the Eugenia, tia Vera Cbuz :? DaviU U. Mnlford jr , Geo 8 Wright, J. T. Wright, Wm. F. Nye, Harmon Cronk, Wm. 8 Carpenter, Clandins L. Hoag, Jas. H. Pratt, Henry F. Smith, B. W. Mansfield, Jaeob Barbydt. Chas.A. Clark, Jas. MoOay, Robt. Evans, Gilbert Griswold, Geo. Barstew, Dan. Burdlek, J. W. Wadleigh, R. O. Tripp, Wm. 8. Streek, C. H Pitcher. Oamer i'armele, Andrew H Httohoook, David L. Gardiner, James Van Bsnren, Butler Coles, Nath. C. Culver, Joseph L. Garret son, Wm C. 8 Smith, B. F. Voorhees, Arthur W. Gee, Jas. P. Howard, Henry D Harrison, Theodore Russell, Cbas. P. Wol4u?m fSdrfiAaiH^ lUnrv W AM?n Mlllnw I Themes L. Pickering, Ralph J Forbee, Noma Lafoy, Franklin Lawton, Edwd. O. Field, Horatio V. Carr, Wm. S Johnson, J M. Hempstead, Joseph (Jlbeen, Asker C. Bidwell, W. Hawley, Samuel Barker, John Warien llodgers, Dan. C. Stone, Santiago Magee y tn repot a, Geo. H. Bowly. C. M. Simmons, Henry Blackman. T. J. Harris, Geo. W. Gibbs, Benj. W. Bariow, Cbas. E Gibbs, Cornslins V. 8. Gibbs, J. Ward Hmry, Wm. E. Martin, Raymond Winant, John Atwoud, Geo. Rogers; Conrad Nessle, Albert Aetcbimann, Henry A. Perret, Robt. B. Ford ham, AKrrd Lawton, Wm. H. Fairohild, Frederic Copeland, ? Isaac R. Coprland, Jonathan Cobb, Isaao C. Wilbur, Norman Crane, George W. Hopkins, Elijah T. Benton, r L. L Biake, t esar Gignou?, J. Musson, E. F Northern, Henry B Wheeler. John D. Menderille, Abraham E. Miller, Hiram Cloofc. George S. Broogbton, J. Franeea Hntton, Lloyd Mintnrn, Robrt. F. Allason, S. A. Me* reaith, Charles S. Cooper, Edward B. Carroll, Joteph H< nriquee, William H. Gladwin. Lloyd A. Rider, H. M. Whi more, Asaph Strong, Setn A. Cheney, Charles Manuevllle, Charles A. Chase, Horace Porter, Charles F. Dunham, J. H. Wing, F. A Boughton, Henry Glddings, A. C. Cable, George J Klpp, Nathan Peck, jr., Arnold Turner, Thomas Jefferson Agnew, William H. Johnron, Joseph Johnson, Wm J. Van Dusen, Arnold C. Hawes, F. H. Sharts. A. P. Fryer, B. F. Peabody. J. L geeley, Edward Eld, Manson Briggs, Wm. Carpenter, Jotepn H. Cornwall, Charles Van Canejhem, Pierre Vet tart. Royal Button, Henry Reiner, Orson Fox, Wm. Manning Martin, John Baptists Bonnefond. In thb Ncvrnaa, ria VcaAfCaur, Deo. 29?John H Bolton, John Nightingale, Cornell Bradley, Riehard Baldwin. John Alexander, James Law, Robert B Morehead, Isaiah Lees, George Howell, Joseph Nightingale, Peter J! Hopper, Thomas B. Godden, Daniel L. Conre res, Charles G. Updike, Charles M. Norcross, Joseph Crookes, Joseph W. Branch, John Wilson, Wm. Prloe, John B. Phelps, Wm H Graves, Do Witt Hamilton, Louis Marra, Daniel E. Iiungerford, Stephen T. Miller, C. B. Hoober, John B. Perez/.o, Alejandro Marshall,Robert Law, Seth C. Grosrener, Sumner S. Haynes. The company to which the fine steamboat Panama belongs, have caused accommodations to be made on board that vessel lor a number of passengers bound to California. She leaves on the 15th ot February, touching at Rio Janeiro and Panama. The price of passage is varied according to the conveniences offered in the different apartments of the ship. I The Crescent City ib expected to arrive on Monday or Tuesday next, and will return to Chagres on the 9 h ot February. Those having tickets for the mail steamers on the Pacific, will be guarantied ilieir lights, whether they go by this steamer, the Falcon, or a sailing vessel. The grand object is to be at Panama in season. Tickets will be acknowledged there, irrespective of the convey, ance hence toChagres. |B-l bs following are the nam** of a company of men, wbr are going out from Providence In the Hopewell, for C tllfornia They take with them the frame of a house, js t stone for a year, all sorts of farming ustenstls, and v iything which will be necessary for a successful expo Ition Henry Carriron, Nathaniel B. Hortoa. Darn > H. Wee on, Geo. W Thompson, Lewis P. Field, Christopher Vaugban. Thompson C. Pisros, B. D. If'oton. W J. Silver, Providence; Tbemas H. Cole, H. McDonald. B. A. Mason, Warren S. fierce. Warren; J. B Pierce. Kingston; Thomas C. Peckham, J. B Simmons. Seekoi k; tieerge H. Smith, R. T. Reynolds, T. 0 Bo' bins, Caleb Btrbank, James B. Carder, D. V. Rotr, W. D. Butts, Joseph H. Williams, Stonlngton." 1 Meisrs. Thomas H. Tingle, Win J. Towell. Zadoek Pnrnell. end Kendall B. Taylor, all of the highest respectability. left the town of Berlin, Worcester county, Md , en the 10th Inst, for the purpose of joining a eotrpsnyof one hundred, which hss been formed in N. w York, for the purpose of emigrating to California. The ^association is bated upon each member having paid $300 into a general fund, with which they have pvrchared and provisioned a vessel of good size. A number of the capitalists of Utlea have formed a company, with $30,060 capital, for the purpose of sending thirty enterprising young men from that elty to the "gold region." The requisite number having been elected, they expect to proceed about the 1st of February. Mr Benjamin Cahoon Is to be at the head of the I'HiT.APKt.rtiiA, Jan. 18, 1,819. JIo! for California? '/Vic -Veto York City (luardt? The JVt?' York and Eru Railroad Company. The Grey Kagle, (or Monterey and San Francisco. 4 sailed this morning, with 36 passengers, and freighted with a cargo valued at $120,000. The followina are her (laaeengers:? Superr.argees, Wm. Barling. George B. Thomas, John Redlee, George G. White, Joseph M. Thomas. Alfred K. Davis, Tbomas II. Bowsn, H Trioot, Wm. T. Kershaw, M. D. Eyre, E. B. Shippen, J. B Smith, Thomas Wright Krederlo Bradley, wm. Csmm, Jr , James Smi'sy, Samuel J. Torbert, Dr. Benjamin Carman, Toomes M Carman F.dward Mallory, Charles A QUlingham, Charles Justice, Frank M. Caldwell, George II Mrtm ns-ll .Inhn P rinklum.? TL.oJn.. I Theodora Dobosqns, Jr.. Thomas R. Kern. Dr. Parsons, C. M McHenrv J H. Hartman. James Neall. Jr., Win. T. K-r?baw, M D. F.jre, Henry A. Dubo-que. T. H. Thompson, W. N. Thompson, C. Llriagston, E. HalMead. The Messrs. Dubosque are well known jewelers f thie city, and it is understood that they carry ?nt machinery tor melting and coining gold. The New York City Guards arrived from Baltimore about 3 o'clock this morning, and have been quartered at the Washington House. They are the guests of the National Greys, Capt. Peter Fritz, under whose escort they have been viewing the liana of Philadelphia to-day. At noon they were introduced into Independence Hall, and heartily welcomed to the city by Mayor Swift. Captain McArdle responded in an appropriate reply. The omrany visit Fairmount this afternoon, where the Watering Committee of the Common Councils will do the honors. They leave for home tomorrow. A colored woman was admitted intc the Hospital this morning, dieaofully burned, from her clothes Inking fire whilst she'was drunk. She eannot recover. The State Senate haa passed the bill repealing the aet af the last session, inecrporating the Erie and Obie KmJroad Company. t E NE MC THIRTIETH OON8RBM. SICONO SXSBIOM. In Senate. Wiikikutoi), January 17, 1840. .Aftsr the morning business of petition*, report*, tie., Mr Nils* called up the bill and amendment* from the Poet titiice Committee, further providing for the people the benefit* ot ciihap reiTAtiC*. Mr. Nils* explained the provision* of the bill a* emrndtd; and a* nearly a* we ean make them out from the printed copy and the explanations of Mr, Niles. the bill, a* be proposes to amend, it provides 1 Tbat letter* of ball an oun*e,when pre-paid, shall only pay 3 cents postage ; if not pre paid, 0 cent*. Ounce letter*, 0 cent* pre paid. 10 cents not pre-paid ; two ounoe letter* . 12 cent* pre paid. 20 cent* not prepaid fractions of ounces to be oha*ge<l ounoe* 2. Penny postage of *itie* to be one eent, and one rut for ad\erki*iBg. 3. Newspaper* under 2 ounces to pay one eent poetage fraction* of ounces te be charged as ounce*. Papers only to pay out-half oent for circulation within fitly miles from office of publication. Periodicals, magazines, pamphlet*, and book*, ene oent postage per ounce. Newspapers not eent from office of publication. but such as are occasionally sent from one ladividual to another, to be charged one-half letter pottage. to be pre-paid. 4. Newspaper* to have the right retained of exchange* with each othtr. Foreign letter* of not more than half an ounce weight, from auy foreign country to the United States, er to suoh countries, or to er from the U. 8 territories on the Pacific, via the mall steamers, shall pay fifteen cents rra postage. Fraction* of half ounces to be oounted tall ounces. Newspapers by sea two cents the ounoe. The Preildent of the United States to have the option of obsnglog these foreign postages, if It may be deemed expedient, to meet any ohanges by any foreign country. The Inland pontage upon sea letters to be three oent*, prepaid per half ounce, two cents In (ireat Britain, making the whole postage upon letters between persons in Ureat Britain and the United State* 21 cents lor halt ounoe letter*, wrhloh includes the land postage on both sides and the sea postage of 10 cents. The charges upon all sea letters to foreign countries, anu 10 me raeioo territories, to be uniform. They are adapted to the lata postal treaty with Oreat Britain. Bill appropriate $76uOtO to meet di-Hole noes of department tor the fiscal yrar. Mr. Dayton raid it was no doubt important to aet upon this bill promptly; but it was more important to act upcu it ucderstandicgly. lie moved, therefore, that the bill be laid upon the table till the projtt as proposed to be amended be printed. Mr appealed for speedy action, if we would have the bill to pass at all, and at his instanoe the motion to lay on the table was withdrawn He then prooetded to re-e>p)e!n the provisions of the bill, as proposed, in reterence to postages by the mall steamers, and raid that the amendments were ptlnted. Mr. WriTcoTT gave notloe of an amendment he should propose, fixing the rates on newspapers atonehalf eent within the Congresaional districts in whloh they are printed. Mr Nile* appealed for action npon the bill. Mr Fk anct suggested that the amendment respecting foreign letter postage could be agreed to, and he hoped they wculd be parsed as through Committee of the Whole. Mr. Daytor?I have no objection. Mr Niles had auother email amendment, proposing two cents upon newspapers, where they weigh over two ounces, which as understood was agreed to. Mr. Diceirsor said he should propose an amendment, providing that newrpapera of one ouree and a h*If, or less, be chargeable only with a quarter of a cent postage within fifty miles of the plaoe of pub1 cation. He wished thtm, to this extent, to go free ; but if he oould not get that conoeesion, he would try to xednce the postage as low as possible. Mr. Niles proposed an amendment for the regulation of the franking privilege, giving it to the Executive Departments npon pnblle doouments, and to Congress, the postage upon suoh documents to be paid out of the Treasury; privilege allowed to members upon letters with some restrictions: but not allowed upon printed matter, exoept public documents. This would cut ofT the privilege of franking spteohes. Mr. Urdehwoou moved to extend the privilege, upon matters relating to their official duties, to the Judges of the Suprtiue Court. Mr. Jeffiraor Datis spoke in favor of the abolition of the franking privilege, as better than any proposed modification of the system Mr. Alleh pleaded warmly for the franking privilege, as a privilege of the people, and not of the members of congress. Many members would doubtless like to get rid of it, for they thus get rid of the labor of franking speeches, many of which are valuable as means of information to the people. Mr. Urderwoob explained his amendment, and its limitations lor the benefit of the Judges of the Supreme Court. jvdoe m'lear excoriated. Mr Koote, after some general remarks on the franking privilege, and some scattering shots nt the letters cf Old Zack Taylor, came down In direct opposition to grt&ting the privilege, as proposed, to the Supreme Court?because, as he argued, there was one member of that Court who was entitled to no snob consider*'! n. J .vr. Kocte did not mention the name of the objectionable Judge; but from the specifications ymirnu, it is BTiacm iii) was pronouncing uu guut and the sectoDce of Judge McLean] Thii judge had ullied hie ermine by lulling himself up with the politicians of the oountry. He End undertaken to dlotate to the legislation of this country, while the country was e cgaged In a foreign war. He had boldly taken * dee a 1th the enemies of tte country while the war was raging [This tpeolfladbn doubtless refers to the letter ot Judge McLean. wuRten and published daring the war with Mexico, in which he pronounoed the war unconstitutional 1 But, again, while we were looking to this judicial tribunal as the arbitrator upon the agitating question ef slavery In the territories; while we were looking upon this tribunal as the medium for a compromise, what does this letter-writing judge do T At snob a crisis, be had dared to advanoe his opinions ?to adjudge the ease in advance?to promulge to the world that his mind was made up?that his judgment was fixed upon this question, whloh he had no doubt would be submitted to the court. [This specification, no doubt, refers to a later letter of Judge M'Lean, in wbion he intimates his opinion to be adTerse to the admission of slavery Into the new territories ] Mr. Koote desired to know whether such a judge was entitled to the privilege of franking his letters all over the land, for the unhallowed purposes of aggravating rather than conciliating the exoltement eft be public mind He had been deliberately guilty of inflaming tbat fearful exoltement which may require all our feelings of mutual forbearance to prevent from ending in scenes of devastation and blood. Never shcnld he be forgiven till he has repented?never, till he bat gone down on his knees in the sanctuary, and in the presenee of good men and women, prayed to Uod to pardon his derellotions. Mr. Ukdemwood explained, that his amendmet did not propose to give to the judges the privilege of franking their own letters, but only the privilege of a frank upon offloial papers transmitted to them or from them. Mr. Foots replied, that until the judge in question bad given evidences of repeatanoe, he should move to make him an exception even to the benefits of this privilege?he would exclude this judge, as having forfeited his title to the respectful consideration due to his position on the beneh. He would cease to regard htm with this consideration, until he should have gone down on his knees, and In the presence of Uod asked pardon In his repentance of his mischievous Interference in the politics ef the day. A judge thus convicted before the world, with no defence offered for him In any quarter, notwithstanding the directness of the charges against htm, would stand under a judgment more awful U an a deoieion of twelve j urymen upon a regular trial; for distinguished as were tbe political Mends of the judge on this floor, for their high sense of honor and their scholastic attainments, there were none, as it appeared, who could venture to rise In his vindication. [Such substantially was the diatribe of Mr. Koote against the judge, who has dared on several occasions to intermeddle in the political disputes of tbe country. J Mr. Allkw spoke in defence of the franking privilege, end in opposition to the amendment for the benefit of the Supreme Court. Mr Nilis e x plained the object of his proposed amendments of the law. Mr. 1)icri59ow was In favor of the abolition of franking altogether, as one means of securing cheap postages tn tbe publle. Mr. UnnsaieooD withdrew his amendment relating to the judges, and with the view of testing ths sense of tbe Senate, moved an amendment, providing for the abolition of the franking privilege. Newspaper editors and writers wenld tbue be relieved of their charges of tbe frequent abuses of this privilege? sbarges which had even irmetlines been made in pnbiie documents. For all such charges be bad been always willing to bear his share of tha biama ; bat he had always scorned to notice ihtm. MM. FOOTE DEMeLliriES Til t. LETTEB ITS ITEMS. Mr Koote indignantly scorned to be influenced by the abn-e of newspapers, newspaper editor*, reporters, or letter writers ; and became qul'e excited as he went along in bis expressions or oonteinpt and indifference to newspaper allegations: bat out of pare friendly consideration for Mr Koote, who is a good hearted rtar, with all his peculiarities, ws think it best to give dip wratn against tne letter-writers the go by, and would admonieh him to rcmiBber the wrath of Aehtr.PS " Achillea, wrath to Grteee, the direfol (pring Of *?i nnnomtered, LeavenIjr Goddcw ting." The question of the franking privilege *m further disrupted by Meeirs John Davie and Weateott, when On motion of Mr Nil**, the bill waa laid aelde, In order that, aa thue far might be printed, aa alto the amendmrnta yet pending. And the Senate adjourned. Hons* of Reproaentntlwen* Wi'Hivtitov, Jan. 17, 1840. aw riiiio, riLiretPii, apd the diitiict op COLOMBIA. Mr Coi nai preaented the reaolntlona of the Legislature of New Vork, protaatlng agalnat the Introdnot on of elavtry Into the tarrlterlea of California and New Mexteo aa revolting to the aplrlt of the age. and desiring government* tor thaae teriltoilee, wltn the exelnaion of Involnntary eervitode, except for erlae; a so agalnet the exteneion of the lawa of Texaa over Newhiexlco. and In favor of a law to protect alavaa fr< m urjuet Imprison mant and the abolition ofalavary in the Dletriet of Colombia. On motion of Mr. Collin*, Uva reiolntioaa were read, and laid upon the table. W YO )RNING EDITION?FR] swamp lands. Mr. La Skbb moved that the bUl to aid tks State of Louisiana to drain the swamp lands, be made the epoeial order of the day for to-morrow week, and that It be so continued until disposed of. Mr Hoot? I object to it being made a special order, until the territorial bills are made a special order. XTKNSION or TNI BBVKNVt LAWS. Mr. Fa i kb asked leave to introduce a joint resolution that the revenue laws of the United States be extended over California and New Mexleo, and all ports and harbors of the mainland shall constitute aeolleo.lnn district. At the port of San Francisco there shall be a collector of customs, and tbe rreeident of the United States Is authorized to establish suoh porta of delivery, not exceeding three in number, as he may deem expedient, and te appoint, by and with the advice and oonsent of the Senate, officers to reside thereat. There was objection, and leave was not, therefore, given. LI tjl'IBATION Or MrXICAN CLAIMS? BOFNDABY LINK. The SrKAKta sailed oommittees for reports; first, that on ft reign affairs. Mr Hilliard inquired whether he eould now make a report from a select committee ? The Spearkr replied that select committees would scon he called. Mr Smith, of Connecticut?Has the Committee on Foreign Affairs been called! The SrzAExa?Just this moment. Mr. Smith-I want to make some reports. I am directed to report the bill to carry into effect an article of the treaty between the United States and the Mex ran repnbllo, to run the boundary line, with an amendment. It does not oontaln an appropriation, and therefore is not necessary to be referred to tha Committee of the whole on the State of the Union. (It lit * on tbe Speaker's table ) Mr J. K. lHiikRsoLL?1 desire to ask whetker there Is In the bill any reference to olaims Mr. Smith ? Not at all. I wish also to report, with an amendment, the Senate bill to carry into effeot certain treaty stipulation!, under the treaty between the United Statta and the Mexiaan republic, with regard to clulma. 1 move that it be referred to the Committee of tbe Whole on the State of the Union, and that it be printed and made the order of tha day for to-morrow. (The hill provides for a board of commissioners to pass upon claims ) Mr. J. K IpiornaoLL?I would desire to have printed with this bill, an amendment, whloh I wlU offer as a substitute lor It. 1 desire it to be printed, that members may see what It is. The main otyeot of my amendment is. that all those eases whioh were adjudtoeted under the former oonventlon, by the Ameriean Commissioners, and not finally noted on by the umpire, for want of time, should have a bearing. Mr Thompson, of Mississippi?I would ask whether the bill oontains an appropriation, and makea it neceasary to refer the bill to the Committee of the Whole on the State of the Union? Mr. Smith?It does not contain an appropriation. Mr. Thompson?If the bill should be will roarcely be reached I hope that the Chairman will propose some speoiflo day for its consideration. Mr Smith?I hope that the amendment to the bill, offered by the gentleman from Pennsylvania, will be piloted. Mr. Thompson?Is it in order now for me to make a motion that the bill be made the special order of the day for Monday next? The Speakkh?Only by unanimous oonsent. Mr Tnoursoif? Then I ask the gentleman to consent to this. Mr. Root?I object. A short lecture. A motion was made to reoonsider the vote by which the bill fertbe relief of Capt. B. O Paine, er Kane (who was wounded in the Mexioan war), was referred to the Committee of the Whole, the object being to put the bill on its passage. Mr. Schewce said that the House eould not rsaoh the eases of those who were wounded in the war with Ureat Britain, and why should this one be taken up? Mr. Prttit?What kind of grade is " ordnance officer. or an agent?" I want to know what grade that Is? Will the Chairman of the Military Committee, or any other gentleman, answer the question? Why should he rroeivea pension of f^rty dollars a month? (After a pause.) No one, then, can answer. Mr. Wewtworth?Since I have been In Congress I have noticed one thing?if an Individual ooines here on private bill dav, objections are made to his bill, even If henestly before the House. Gentlemen move early adjournments, and carry the motion. If they cannot do this, they threw every obstaole la the way, or vote down the bill. There Is no possible means by which the bills on the private ealendar can be reached. I am wilting to stay here until these cases are rsaohed In the regular order of business. I will sit here night and day. 1 will come here every Friday and Saturday to do business in order, but I am opposed to the system ftf fYffhlalva WK-e? Ww aV??i? .. . ...... . V ? Q..MIMVH. ffUQU) WJ ?u<0 DUUUIIU| BUU twisting of members, business can't be attended to, the; break np In a raw. We would rare millions or dollars If we wonld bring up the poor pensioners, and tee what we ean do for them on Fridays. Mr. Schincr?Before my friend sits down, I would ark bim to more to lay the motion to reconsider on the table. Mr. Wkntwoxth?I will not make tbat motion. I want all private claimants to get their dues, and the wounded soldier to get his pension. If they do not, I want them to know the reason. I want the pensioners who throng the capital to know whose fault It is. I desire ihelr cases to be taken up on Fridays and Saturdays; but I will not move to lay on the table; I am too great a friend of the soldiers. Mr. Bhoducsv?I have no doubt that this soldier can receive his pension nnder the existing law. The House will be thankful for the lecture of the gentleman from Illinois, and 1 hope they will profit by it. 1 move to lay the motion on the table. This was determined in the affirmative?ayes, 70; noes, 64. milbaoi. The House resolved itself into a Committee of the Whole on the State of the Union, (Mr. Smith, of Indiana, in the ohair,) and resumed the consideration of the bill, making appropriations for the civil and diplomatic expenses of the government for the year ending June 30, 11)60. The amendment pending was that of Mr. F.mbree? j that mileage shall be charged acoordlng to the nearest 1 mall route, whioh Mr. Morse bad moved to amend, | by adding that the compensatien shall be increased at the rate of one dollar for every hundred miles travelled. 1 his latter amendment was this morning rejected, but one or two votes being in Its favor. Mr. Brown, of Mississippi, moved to amend?that hereafter members shall reoeive no more than their travelling expenses, and eight dollars a day for the time occupied in coming to and going from the seat of government, providrd that not more than twenty-one days be consumed cither way, except in eases ef siokness. | He said that be was not inclined to pay by the nearest route, because this was Impracticable. for nine-tenths of the shortest routes were travelled on horses and mules. F.ven the gentleman from New York (Mr. Ureeley) would not with to be placed in ruck a predlrsmtnt. [Ha! ha! ha !] Mr. tiSEiLxr?Would the members from Texas only have twenty-one days for travelling ! Mr Brown?Yes. The emeadment was then rejected. Ayes 49, noes 70. Mr. Bchkrcr offered an amendmeni?that the mileage shall be ten cents a mile, the dlstaneeto be oomputtd by the usual route, and. In lieu of the per diem and other compensation, members shall reoeive $26 000 [ per annum. He believed that this would shorten the , session. He was opposed to paying members who were detained on the way, for there might be a good deal of siokness among them in the summer going home. Like Napoleon's army, on their retreat from Mosoow, there would be many disabled on the road. This amendment was rejected-ayes 48. noes 70. Mr. Lamm proposed tbat every member, instead of the present mileage, shall reoeive $10 a day for the time consumed in travelling. He thought that this would be fair. The amendment was rejected. Mr Bowling oflered a sliding seals, reducing the per j diem, after the first thirty days of a session, to $7, and so on, down to $1. If a member absent himself, to be | deducted $8 a day. This was rejected. Mr. Virm : moved to amend?that member* should 1 not It paid per diem when absent on business or plea- > tore. He raid tbat, during the last eeteion, several gentlemen were off electioneering, and each a grievance (honld be eorrtcttd. The amendment was agreed to. Mr. Brown, of Miieiralppi, offered another?that the mileage, hereafter, (ball be computed by a direct line fr< m tbe residence of members, and ahali be determined by the beoka of the Foat office Department. It was rejected. Mr S< hkrck (ffered an amendment?that the mileage stall be ten centa a mile, and that membera shall recent a Jtatly (alary of $2()C0. Mr. F.aiRRiB- I rite ton question of order. Thle la the a c.e amendment ibe gentleman effered before. The Chaii mais?The chair la of opinion that the amendment Is In crder. Mr Bc. iiercr?I understand that there la a subetantial dlfleience between $26 000 and $2,000. I think that tbe gentleman Trim Indiana will peteeive this Mr. Vinton moved to amend, by aaylng that the mlltege i hall be paid according to the lODgeet route. He (aid ibat be had not rleen to prolong the debate, but rather. If he could, to bring It to a clone. The llouce went Into committee on the bill en the 9th of the menth, and ha believed that thay had been on It Ave days, and they had not yet passed the first ttem In the hill. One thug be could sey, from a leng erper ence. and it was this- no genteman serlenely believes tbat any change will be made In the meat are of mil* age That being the cate, It appeared to blm tbat, if gentltnen contult economy and with to go on with the politic buslnera, there was every reason why tbe delate should be stepped, and tbe committee proceed to vote. He si ggeaitd that the smendments be voted on without debate Tbe mileage Is regulated by a law parted thirty year* ago, and tbe sppropriatlon bill was not tbe proper pleee tor the reduction He ventured to predict, It tie item goes Into the bill, tbe result will be, In tbe end, brought to tbls position. It will be sent te the Senate ; they may disagree, and, within the last 1 |?>|?7 v> no; uvuri ui III* CiOf a 01 ID* ICM'On, I n* DroM wtil b* either forced to r?c*d* or lettb* bill foil 1 bit lr juit wbera the boalacii 1* to con,*. IIt* daya bid alt-adj been rpent la doing notbing. Mr Min t < Her* dan imendKent?ibit nomemb?r ihall recti** nor* tbon $1 600 for mlleig* ?t in; on* teuton, and notbicg rball be gold for conitrnetlTc mtla I*. 11* nid, nitb refirene* to tb* Mlleig* Statement in tb* New Yaib 7ti4u*?. that Initead of charging a bundled md fltty. b* ibosld bate ebarped a bond ted ad bfty-tbre* Billea Mr. Greeley bad bim down for a bnndridand leity mlltt; bnt Mr. Mint had locked to tb* regiitar, and dU*CT?rtd tbat ho lirod a hindr*4 RK Xi IDAY, JANUARY 19, 1 and fifty-three mile* from Washington. Ha presumed that the gentleinan from New York Intaadad to do him no injustice. The Chairman?Ths gentleinan ie not In order. Mr. Mrade? I will ehow that ny remarks are rele- j rant. I want to show how my amendment will are ; expense to the House. The Chairman?The gentleman baa fire minutes to | explain his amendment Mr Muni-1 was about to add that the gentleman from New York did not mean to make a misrepresentation. 1 believed that be was misled by the book whioh he consulted. 1 make this avowal in courtesy to him Mr Meade's amendment was rejected. The amendment of Mr. Sehenck was agreed to?(ten cents a mile for travelling, and $2,000 salary per an num.) Tols ended. In Committee, proceedings on the subject; and the substitute will be voted on in the House. Othsr clauses of the bill were read, and amendments voted on; and at twenty minutes past three, the Committee rose, and the House adjourned. Cur London Correspondence. Loudon, Dec. 211, 1818. Effects of American Neiot m Louden?Probable Abdication of tyieen Victoria?Effects of the Election tn hVance upon England?View of the Policy of European Manarcht?Corruption* of the English Judical Syttem?Of the Pre**? Vaiiout Commentt on the State of Europe, Qr. The rise of republicanism and democracy in all Europe, and the contagious flight ol kings and princes, have completely changed the order of the day in several infected districts of this metropolis. Within a month, Buckingham l'al&ce, Downing street, and Printing-house square, have received a succession of electric shocks from the alhiira of America and the Continent. And although none of the enemies of the human race who occupy the si>ectticd localities have been actually struck with lightning, they are turning their devoted heads in every direction, to escape from the surcharged elements of destruction now hovering over this islund. Nothing can exceed the terror with which they survey the simultaneous triumph of universal suffrage in the election of Presidents for the magnitieent republics ol the United States and France, contrasted with the overthrow ol monarchy in all enlightened Europe. They are amazed at the order with which these great popular elections were conducted, and the quiet which ensued; and they see, in the abdication (!) of the Austrian idiot, and the flight of the Pope, that monarchy has become an obsolete idea, and " lags superfluous on the stage," soon to take to its heels outright. That a woman can any longer rule the destinies of England, after such a total chunge of the ancient delusions of the people, is impossible. Indeed, the Hnald might as well announce, at once, the abdication of Queen Victoria; for nothing can prevent its almost immediate accomplishment. Nations change, according to the ntw fashion, so rapidly that the eye cannot be removed a moment, and in the language of Turaot, " it is unnecessary to predict the present." England is now actually sloughing off the tffctt snake's skin of monarchy; and it will be cast so quickly in the spring that the Herald will be the day bfter the fair it it does not venture, with its usual courage and sagacity, to announce the near approach of the event torinwitli. The truth iB, that the old cards against republicanism are useless. The English peoule, though very slow to learn, and rather more dull than conceited, have found out that universal suffrage is tl.e right of all adults; and that whoever denies it, or Etanda in the way of its free exercise by a man of his own race, is a knave. Ihe danger of tumult and disorder, so often preached by the press, is discovered by the practical working of the i>eople's right of voting in the United btates and in France, to be a pure invention. And in spite of the double cunniug of the government humbug conspiracy with chartism, by means of spies, and wretches paid to misleud and betray the people, and in spite of the trick of alarming the middle classes, by fortifying the bank, so tiiat they came forward and took a ridiculous oath as " specials," and of the lraud of systematically starving and torturing Ireland, under the affectation of charity, the long-established despotism of the British system la shaken to its centre by the example of republicanism; and it has also lost all decent countenance from kindred institutions. The so-called constitutional monarchies of the Continent are tottering and tumbling pvcrvu'li^rc nn fhut Knuluiiti in ul<rrw? unH a the date oi this letter, is driven into the era* braces of the Czar, who is the most inveterate scoundrel on the footstool, lie grinds to powder a countless population, wholly ignorant, e minuted and degraded, of whom 20,000,000 are his personal serfs, and over a million his mercenary and ferocious troops. Above all the knavery of British pretence to freedom and popular rights, he mocks at humanity, and bends or breaks it to his will, with arrogant and awful violence. His system is what prevails in Pandemonium, and in or out of that region has no other parallel. Discussion is forbidden?the human mind and soul are suppressed?all human emotions are utterly detpoiled of every earthly possession, except slight material comforts; and their despot domineers at home, and intrudes abroad, with the characteristic impudence of hie prototype?the devil. With such a Thieves'Alliance.the vauntedChristian and rational government of England is compelled to be content, she is driven out by the people of all enlightened countries, from sympathy and society, for ner op- j pression of her proper subjects, and for the exploi- j tation of her conquests in India and Ireland ; and ; now herdB with the ruthless successor of all the Autocrats. W hat a spectacle for the 19th century! | Let none suppose that France will continue her j cordiality with her ancient hereditary eneiny. The ' present alliunce is merely casual, and to be termi nated almost instantly by the same antagonism which dec'arcd itself so strongly, in the tory press of London, to the canvass of the incumbent of the French Presidency. If General Cavaignac had been elected, England might have kept up relations with France, and continued her admirable system ; but now it is impossible. Gen. C. would have retained the present set of functionaries who manage the foreign relations oi the great reiublic. M. Bastide, the Minister of Foreign Affairs, and the pliant inferior of the Marquis Norrnaiiby (iiritiEb Minister to France) M. Beaumont, the simpleton whospeaks with contradictory voices, as the French Minister to Eneland. and writer on America, ar.d L>eTo<queville,wlio is hand and glove with British pretention in mutual mediations, after having printed " I)< mocrucy in America," two volumes! Louie Napoleon, at leaet has the negative merit ot being tinted by England, and he returns the compliment. In selecting nia cabinet, he is not likely to defer at all to the wishes of >.in enemies, at home and abrpad, over whom he lias achieved such a splendid victory. We shall theretore see France drop England without ceremony. And will it not be a b'gnal example ofjust retribution, it (he next of kin to the victim of England's greate. t perfidy should return the chalice to her hps'! Indeed, he that believes in the doctrine of national accountability in this world, mu-t desire to ace null an instance of its consummation. It is perfectly certain, at all events. England cannot expect any longer successfully to supplicate the aid ai d friendship #1 Frunce. In the lace of trioini hunt antagonism to her despotic principles, niiti the equally distasteful success ot a Bonaparte, prompted ,to w eild again too puissance of her t>U|<enor, she mutt turn away in despair, hut the turtie lrtlinctively to Russia aa the congenial tpint ; and already we Bee every sign of an fiftititc cotihtilc between Ihcm. The two tyrants are tliakng htnda over the splendid domain of liberty in Etnope, with fiendith gratification, and day tnd night aie towing the verdant prospect with taies Observe tome of the signs of this infernal amity. In ibe first place, the two governments are bttualfd by the same feelings?self-aggrandizement, ami ihe total abnegation of popular rights. Both equally love power, and each profoundly distillers tne fidelity of the people. With correspondii g cruelly, springing from the same fear of consequ nces which bil cowardly oppressors feel, each (tirtues that ay turn which in its respective positions most ?fit dually represses the trtte sovereignty of every state?that of the masses. In ft ussia, it is only necessary to seize and hand over to the knout, or Fiberts, or the scaffold, those who ?ie suspected of political oflrnces: i.e of desiring nr.y L? tier government. In the abject state oi IfusFian character, with its nges ot servitude, ignorance, and btutalny, the imperial will stands for lew. ft'tr vol to, iic jtibto, is enough for Nicholas ut.d his Mmplc administration. in England, the conditions for arri>le abuses of power aie essentially different. The mockery of forma in the hcures ot Parliament, the courta of justice, and in the churches and schools, and in the newspaper press, is iiidirjeneible. Each and all of these are necessary t<> support the fatal necessity of the most (?mr'ex and enormous despotism yet made known by mortal men in the annals ot both the ancient and Boaeio world. Unlike Kuaaia, [ERA 849. which has no history, hughind is made glorious | uj ?! *: ouu^uB ui urr mtiriyrs iur uurny, ?tiiu renowned for having at one i>enod of her career under the Protectorate, attained to something like tree institutions Her Miltons, Hampdens, and Sidneys, have tilled the world to lis circumference with their sublime and indignant protests against tyrants, till the cry has reverberated home again; and her Cromwefl chastised coutumehously, the lie ot right divine, by substituting tor it the voice of the people as the voice of the King of Kings. Besides, in science, art, and literature, England boasts the gi eaten names, who have in prose and verse achieved the precedence for British genius over the competitor! ot every clime and age. And even the forms ot liberty themselves, have been instrumental in their very perversion, for Sood. For instance, popular representation was es gned to be, what it is?the vilest cheat ever successfully attempted. The people were by its plan to be systematically tantalized, with the name of governing, while in tact, they were to be only governed by a hundlul of knaves and aristocrats. The thirty millions of Englishmen were to be made believe that they had something to do in the conception and discussion and passage of the laws so that the great moral sanction ot the will of the people might be cluimed for the entire class legislation of the crown und nobility. Perhaps it is wrong to say the people were to be tantalized with the mockery of representation. They have been actually made to believe that they have a valuable pait in legislation. Although excluded by the so-culled constitution, altogether from one of the two houses o! Parliament, and having only the proportion of rather less than one-seventh of the votes in the other, we huve beta talking of popular influence; and that, too, when the dispropoition is aggravated by occasional losses of one or more of the people's fifty odd, by purchase or by (lattery, or by jealousy, on the one side ; opposed to perfect identity of interest and solidity of ranks in the other (ilO members who superintend this islund tor their musters with more than the fidelity ol Cuban overseers representing Spanish proprietors. An J yet indirectly, and in a verv different way from what is erroneously supposed, the figment ol' a House ot Commons in England has been udvantugeouB ; although a false picture in reality, it has been necessary for the authors to act occasionally us it it were true, or that the people sometimes get a nod of reluctant recognition. Moreover, an election in a great town like i Manchester or Sheffield gives occasion for com- 1 i lmienis and professions wnich are not so easily un- ' needed by rulers as if they were suppressed ; and at long intervals a man of the people, like Cobden or Bright, elected from such a place, gets that hearing by the government which the truth requires to be respect*d; und something is extorted, as in the cute of Catholic emancipation in 1S29, the Reform Bid in 1KJ2, and free trade in 1HI2, from the fears of the aristocrats, and with the aid of France, which is always necessary. These means of propagating truth and justice are principally assisted by the corruption which attends a common pervnrsion of so-called popular elections among great constituencies. The whig and tory nobles, in their Struggles against each other, are ever anxious for exiion-ic support; una neuce mey vie in aliening liberal sentiments, ho that the highest bidder at the auction of popularity muy invest himself with the confidence of thousands, instead of units, of his fellow-subjects. 1 do not mean to assert that the price of tins petit treason to the order is alwuvs paid, according to either the loyal or the moral < bligation of the contract: that is to say, as the text of the promise made plainly reads, or aa the bidder knew, at the time he gave it, it was understood by the seller; but a part of the consideration is generally exacted. It is thus, and in various oilier forms, that 1'arliument has been useful, though intrinsically only a cunning device, anu wholly unworthy of any comparison with the farthi st West legislature lor integrity, ability, decency, or usefulness. The British system, of jurisprudence and courts of justice also wear the visage of impartiality and eflicacy: but in the language of one oi the present Chief Justices (Deimiaii) on another subject, they have proved, and are constantly proving it, in practice, " a shame, a delusion, and a snare." The whole of tliiB machinery is useless, except to destroy all who, by speaking, writing, or acting, endeavor to produce a melioration of the government. "Justice," Jxird Brougham (bud authority, I admit, for anything, because on every side of every tiling) says, "is not delayed; it is denied;" and I may add what he omitted, that in criminal cases, injustice, ensanguined with cruelty, is the robe of the bench and box, of the judges and the jury. Everything is sedition, or felony, or treason, as Sir John Jervis* sees fit; and lite is taken, or liberty, or property, as the case is supposed to require; death, or imprisonment, with or without confiscation. The craft of a special commission enables the government, through the bench, to assign the moat unscrupulous judicial churacler, for the arbiter of the law of the case bv which such partisans as ililde, Piatt and Williams, or sucn reprobates as Erie and Crescull and Patterson and Lefroy, hector the counsel and trample the accused during the inquest, and fullil more than the functions of Jeffreys himself by the hypocritical addition of a Bentence excluding all mercy, and framed of politic?, morals and religion nauseously dosed up together in about equal parts. i\b 10 mc jury, un y nave nui aciuinea in a single case in England, even upon the slighest evidence. They are made by the crown, most artfully and cautiously packed upon system, out of the vilest of the middle class, enemies to freedom and humanity, which the ulcerous centre of a nation of shop keepers has festered into pecuniary prosperity. Servility and venom, and hatred, skilfully apportioned, it seems by the experiment of the Chartist trials, can be made to constitute a model juror for political offences. Kven the ignorance which always enters into the composition might be omitted. A Catholic, however, is discovered to be the most tremendous disinfecting agent, as one ol them, in several Irish cases, neutralized the other eleven; and sweetened the panel so as to make it unlit for the purpose. Hence, it was absolutely necessary for haughty England to acknowledge her total weakness in Ireland to the world, by disfranchising) the Island, so far as seveneights of the population were concerned, liters: When the French invade this country, will I there be more Irishmen ready to repel thein i than there were ol National Iruards to assist L Philippe 1 A question somewhat searching, ' but requiring a prompt solution from the authorti to s. But the fact is, that Mr. Cufley and his friends were denied by Englishmen the privileges oi Englishmen, and yet they were not Irishmen. Mr. ( ulley, who is a man vastly superior to the judges of the tribunal which tried him, demanded I a lair trial by his peers, according to the principles laid down in Magna Charta. He fully explained to the stupid creatures who were mocking his dis! tress that he had a most intelligent meaning, tor I he very logically said :?" It is my right to be tried 1 by my peers ; but 1 am a journeyman tailor, and as these jurors are employers and tradespeople, my right is violated." That humble but upright protest will live forever: and before the judges who scoined it go to their account they may make a similar appeal in vain. Yet. (to return,) in spite of these enormities, tourts of English justice have done a very little for popular rights. There is an oral discussion with open doors, that is all; yet that is something. It immortalizes the judicial misdeeds of lfe48. As to (he churches and schools, it will always be difficult to ascertain what good they have ever done lor liberal opinions, such are their exclu I sivenesia, and moat profane and indefensible general career; and yet it is possible the balance inclines almost imperceptibly towards the friends I rather than the foes of mankind. One must, how| ever, see the universities and the Protestant Epiec< pal establishment, to appreciate the repulsive mass ot corruption which only does not exceed all the real nod conjectural benefits of both. The English newspaper press is even a greater enigma. It would appear impossible that some service to the cause of progress should not be rendered by the self styled organs of public opinion. But after parent study, it is my ballet that the presa is an actual drawback to liberty. Paradoxical aa this seems, it might be demonstrated, if there were lime. You must remember there is no free presa in England, nor any freedom of the press. The people have, strictly speaking, no newspapers; and three which are printed are restrained to insipidity by the laws against all discussion of the form and measures ol government. The stamp tax and advertisement duty prevent the issue of cheap tourists, and the high priced ones are rither inclined by their patrons or compelled by the dread of punishment to bepraire the Queen, lords and commons. They are also the jackals of monarchy ab'oad, as well as at home; and all the London daily press, (except the A'ev?,) following the Tmu, have urged on the Kinga of Auetria and Prussia to bombs and cannon, and are in the act of inciting the Autociat te crush ihc rising democracy ot Euro) e. Not t< dwell upon the subject, it ia certain that now the press is a barrier to progress, and it * In Dowlfag's ease, this man, Attorney Oeneral bsld that If three, er even two. persons resist a constable It Is b ch irssion. (finri and V?ir? Sent as i I I fi>pld li^iokrow ?bit th? New Votk bar think cf 1 ftncb )i?ky??xy lex ib? nineUtntii tenturj. ' 1 Ij 13. TWO CENTS. in only because H was different before the panic of February, that it mav be assumed to have advanced, at any time, the cause of the people. Siuce and now it is inimical to the masses; before, it was inclined to suppert popular rights occasionally. By all this ingenious network ot contrivance, the British government has effectually subordinated and paralyzed the people,tor whose benefit nothing is intended, and who are feared, hated, aid cheated by their rulers. These rulers and Nicholas are in fcfris*t iiiriniiihv nntwifhufanrlinff th#? miiterifilfl of their |>owf r are ao adverse. Their objects are the same. Their perils are the same. Their destiny is the same. Everything disposes them to a fraternal partnership, and for a moment they will coalesce successfully, before they are both rent into fragments by the indignation of their victims, assisted by glorious France. Meanwhile, it is curious to pursue the incipient caieer of the Thieves' Alliance. France is quite broad awake to all their movements ; but in America, also, ihe thing ought to be understood, for the purpose of future action Russia has advanced large armies of over 200,000 men, fully equipt and munitioned, to the Prussian trontier ; Russia has mixed up her soldiers with the Croats, who despoiled the people and monuments of Vienna; Russia has sent old Radet?ky her order of St. George; Russia has sent to Wiudischgata and Jellachich her orders of Leopold and St. George, by special messenger; Russia offers the daughter of ine C/.urto the young Austrian Emperor, which of course includes money and soldiers, as well as wife. Austria has rifled Turkey of her fine Danukiun provlncesot Moldaviaand which universal suffrage, provisional governments, and a notion of republican government, had penetrated? all of which ib now extinct under the hoof of Vandalism. Russia has appealed to some muBty obligations, by way of treaty, to oppose Germany in the controversy with Denmark ; Russia told her infatuated legions to saddle up. when the news of Febtuarv got to St Petersburgh, and Russia stands with her toot in the stirrup, to meet England mora than halt way in a mortal crusade 111 the 19th century against the universal rights of the human raca la Europe. From tirst tolasi England has stimulated and responded to these advances. The foreign secretary department is full of thanks, gratitude.and co-operation for the Czar. Sir S. Canning, at Constantinople, eagerly assistein robbing "the ancient ally" ot ma country lor the benefit of the new arrangement which brings Russia as far as tha Danube,on her way tothe Mediterranean,where sha intends to arrive by another process of spoliation. ! The motive ot the robbers is explained in two word?,?Russia can never be a maratime power until she has a sea coast on the Mediterranean. With tliat footing she has everything else, and England and she expect to sweepihe deep. Asthe matter stands,France and America,(repulicanism,) can overcome the allied fleets of England and Russia, (despotism ) And it is no doubt to prepare for the in mine battle of these great principles that Turkey isjsacrificed by the Thievea'Alliance?a daring and despeiate game; but nothing can cope with such friend* as France and the l/nrted Slates, either by sea or land. To proceed, the same diplomacy ia hindering the democratic movement in Italy, without aiding Austria, and it is baffling Germany in the controversy with Denmark ; England and Russia concurring. The British press is courteous to the Czar, andne has been flattered as the mediator and saviour of Europe, by the Timet, with plain directions to put down the people ot Germany, and put up the miseruble elligies, in the shime of idiota and debauchees,who are drunk one half their time, and flying the other half. Some of them have ended in abdication pro|>er, and the balance probably will end in that kind ot abdication which Chief Justice Wilde foolishly talked about at the < >ld Rally, vixt An abdication by coercion, with a tola I change by the people of the line of succession. Jt i? useless to go further, however, to show that a stnct league and covenant are not only feasible, but ('listing, between England and Russia. The* only question is, whether it will be resisted by the British people. The time was when such a question could not properly, be asked; but all the public spirit and private character of these islands are cone. Burke found that iu his day the chivalry of England had departed?" a race ol economists and calculators had succeeded." But even the ardent imagination oi the mighty liiihninn could not have realized the present ignominy nt his successors, almost in the next generation. They have retained the lowest qualities of human nature in perfection, w hile the higher are all in abeyance. Indeed, you may almost fancy you see in the gait and forms of Englishmen of tlm present age, the predominance of appetite and instinct. It is painful to think upon the downfall of BritisIt pride and energy, eince the disarming ol the people, the prevalent system of eapoin?ge, and their total deprivation, physical, moral, and intellectual. There were British heroes who tell at Waterloo, and likewise British heroes who survived that glorious field ; but the new race in England, have been reared since 1815, like Hindoos and Chinamen, till they are as harmless as the children of the East, or the innocent tropical natives of ih? remotest islands. There is a marvellous difference between the ancient and the modern type of Britons. They are not only not the same?they do not seem to be related There stands John Bull of the 18th century, with his dew'ap to the ground and his horns abroad, full of force and fury, but here a most disconsolate jackass represents the nineteenth can lury, win), uy buiiic uuuuiurai iiiiiinacy ui uii ancestors, hss lost his voice, nnd, stranger still, ha* borrowed the cloven foot, liven with the national parade of the lion'sskin on his shoulders, he seems the most ludicrous of emblems. lie is a beast who cannot kick with his hoofs nor push with his horns, nor make noise enough for .Hsop's masijuerade. Hut, to be serious ; if Englishmen do not speedily give up this system of spiritual emasculation, which is now the fate of every man child sent into the British world, John Bull must be known hereafter only us "Jackass." I think it would bo well enough to enforce the amendment of Ins policy by calling him, as other things are called, by his right name. It is the province of the Herat//. to decide upon the proposed alteration ol name and surname, and, if approved, to make it stick, by repetition, till several generations have worn out its stupid characteristics, and, in these high and somewhat lncongemal latitudes, asses have ceased to multiply. But after the advent of the republic, indicated by all the barometers in repute with the weatherwise and otherwise, that fained race, with mcnarchs, will be soon extinct. Etrc la rr/mJligut. Manet's. The Cholera In the South. Health or New Obleaiss ? It Affords u* mueh gratification to be able to announce that the disorder which baa proved so fatal within a few weeks past, has rnn Iteelf completely ont, and tbat now not tbe slightest danger need be apprehended. We feel perfectly authorised In saying that all danger la past, and that thore who fled from onr city at the breaking ont of the disease, may nonreturn without fear of lie knees, oath the "ills that flesh ie heir to" in ordinary seasons. The weather is cleared up. and a hard froet with a sharp wind has dispersed the foul vapors and purified tbe atmo?ph?re, so that the citv is now completely restored to its uhual healthy condition We need but the retarn of our fellow oitlsene, business men, and votaries of pleasure, to produea a revival of the eotlve business pursuits and tha gayaties for which New Orleans In the winter season is so noted. All who are in the city feel perfectly secure, and a cheerful spirit has succeeded the gloom which, a few dayssince, pervaded all circles We xtln uinr, our ?hwnt blende that they can return with the moat perfect eafety.?Jf. O. Pieayunr. Jan 10. Political Intelligence. Minima* U. 8 S.hatoh ?A letter from Lenving, the teat of gOTtrnmeDt of Miohigan, dated Jan 'J, give* the rote for 1 nlted Statse Senator In the llou*# on that day, but do?? not bring the aetion of tha Senate. In the former body the vote itood ? I.ewli Caee 84 Kpapbrcdito* Haneom 11 Ldwin Lawrence, whig 15 Joeeph II. William*, free noil 2 A committee war appointed to inform the Senate of the rrenlt. That body fixed the 11th for the day of iti aetion. In the I.onleiana Leglnlature. a bill hae been introduced to pnnirb, by fine and Imprieonment. ail telegraph cflleere for rehiring or omitting to transmit or deliver meeeagei in the order in which they are received. A Mojsstk* Woman.?The clerk of a well known New (>rle?ne etcamer tells us the following horrid tal? of a woman, who wae peeeenger the laet upward trip of the heat. She got on the boat, we thiafc, near M-mpble, in company with a man who called hlmeelf bar father She wae middle-aged, homely,and eeldentty m an mtitnit equation During the night ebe wan btarn troaalne In tha water The nhamtw.rmalil went In, and found her In the act of giving birth to rhild, which the moneter mother dropped down the do?et into the river Immediately on delivery, and joat a* ita flrtt and laat feeble cry via heard. Tn? womaa bad taken medicine to procure a premature delivery in tie Blffht, vhen there via leva chance ef diioovery. Her ie called father raid he oaa entirely Ignorant of bar condition She conferred that she waa not martied and that the had a oblid ooee before, which ah* brew Into the fire and burnt to aahee. She wae pet there w ih her eompnnlou at the Aral town where the hoet lat ded The captain i f 'he bnatehonld here been arretted for not handing ever the wretch to tbe haadft il the legal authorise*. J

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