Newspaper of The New York Herald, January 21, 1849, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated January 21, 1849 Page 1
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TH m NO. 5344. Tlia lie port of the Superintendent of Com. mon Rchoob. This (bbuI report la new before us, end although of greet, we might ?ay Immense, length, jet the inbatantial information it conreya may be oompriaed in a eery email apace. Nearly one-half or more la taken np with complaint* against the general looeeneaa and incompleteness of the reporta sent in from the several aiPIIISM kWVH|UVUk UIV OUIVV, BUM oe ^tvau pvtuvu VI the other half of tha report la taken up with heavy complaints, in general directions to trustees how to make oat their reports in future, and eritlelsms, showing the absurdity of the law, and the gross imperfection and bad-working of the whole system. The positive information is rendered much smaller by tha lhet that, after giving various tables and long statements, which as one reads one presumes to be some information, the report afterwards proceeds, by criticisms and comparisons of the reports sent in, to show that these reports and the results must be erroneous, and, therefore, that the Information Is not to be relied upon. Upon the whole, if narrowly looked into, this report is calculated to produoe the eonvlotion that our common school system is anything but a good one, and that its working and operation is like that of a erasy machine, with all Its joints disjointed, and all its sore irs loose. We present to ear readers every item of its information, omitting all Its complaints, oritiotsms, instructions, and other u.-eless matter foreign to the point. or THK CONDITION OF THI SCHOOLS. on tne .net amy 01 ueoemoer last, tn*re were in tne State 10,021 school districts, the tchool houses of which were situated in the town, or ward; 8,070 whole districts, and 6 462 parts of joint distriots. The following is a com para tire statement for the last four sears 1817. 1846. 1845. 1814. Whole number of districts... .10,6X1 11,054 11.UM 11,018 Number of whole districts... 8,070 8,241 8,327 8410 Parte of joint districts 6,4o2 6,?tS 5,848 5,311 The number reported the past year less than the previous sear, is, whole number of dietriete, 481; whole dUtrlcte 171, parts of joint districts 108. The variation from year to year ehewe either remarkable inaccuracy in the report*, or numerous alterations and divisions of districts. The number of incorporated and private aehoole reported, is 1,780; in 1817, 1,704; in 1840, 1,730; and In IMS. 1,981; exhibiting an inoiease of eighty one durln? the past year, but a decrease of ninety-six slnoe 1846. The only counties reported ae having none, are Ha j mllton and Montgomery, New York and Albany. ? The counties of Allegan;, Portland, Franklin, Fulton, Schoharie, and Warren, have each less thantcn. Dutches*. Jefferton, Oneida, Otaego, Orange, Rensselaer, Suffolk, Ulster, Washington, Westchester, and Kings, have each fifty. Tha average attendance at these sehocls have been a fraction over 16 to esoh. But there can be little rollanoe placed upon these reports, as to the number of schoels or scholars. In Allegany county bot three private schools are reported, and yet the number of scholars Is stated to be 1,172?a manifest error. None are reported for New York or Albany, while there most be a large number in each. In Caltaraogna there are reported 12 suoh sohools, nnd 18 scholars; In Cortland. 8 schools and 88 scholar*; in Herkimer, 22 echoola and 24 scholars; in Montgomery, no schools and 12 scholars; in Sohoharie, 8 schools and 88 scholars; in Seneoa, 26 schools and 21 scholars; In Warrsn, 7 echoola and 78 saholars; in Yatss, 21 scheols and 68 scholars. A glanoe at this statement must oonvince any one that the number of eobolars reported is not a tithe of the number aotually in attendanee. It must be concluded, therefore, that the number of scholar* reported in attendance at private echoola is much below the true number. The error of too few schools and too many saholars appears only in Alleghany county. From the obviously wrong estimate in tne above named counties, and the very elearly low estimate in all the other eountiee, the fair inference le, that probably 75 000 children are annually taught In private aehoole. Private eehools ought not to receive the encouragement of the 8tate or the support of the community. They are ueually euataiuod by those who have the ability to emplwy competent teaohers, and the eofcxmen schools are weakened by the means applied to their support. Our dlstriot schools may be so elevated, that those who eeek superior advantages for their children can find them only in the eommon eehools. The whole number of children between the ages of 6 and 16, reported on the 31st day of Deoeinber. 1846. exclusive of the city of New York, was.. 626,809 k The whole number reported on the 31st December, 1846. exclusive of New York. was... 624,843 The whole number reported en the Slst December, 1847, exclusive of New York, was... 718,128 Tbe whole number of ohtldren reported as attending cbool during some pertion of the year 1817, la 776,723. And of these, 17,806 attended rohool the whole year. 25 028 attended ten, and less than twelve months. 60,828 " eight and less than ten " 104.016 " six, and less than eight " 164 673 " tour, and lesa than six " 104 ,802 " two, and less than tour " 108,625 " less than two 14 Tbe aggrega'a of this periodical attendance is 745,802, while the whole number reported taught during the jeer is 776,723, a difference of 20,831. If the returns were accurate, those tuo aggregates would be equal. WHOnlJl TOR 4101.011 V.I) CHILDREN. The reports of the codnty Clerk*, relating to the** school*, are in sum* respect* palpably incorrect; aad the information they purport to giro, is not, therefore, ery reliable in other respects in the fifteen counties where such schools are reported to have been kept, the whole number ot children in attendance has been 4 741. an increase of 877 since 1840, and of 2 186 sinoe 1846. The amount ?f public money apportioned to such school* was *16 620 <18. in the county of Chcmjng no school la reported, nml no publia uiocey apportioned ; but *6.227 00 is reported te hare been expended for teachers' wage* in such schools, besides the publ.o mousy. So, without nny seheol or appropriation of publ>o money, it is reported that in Cortland county $4,228 10, and in Wyoming oennty $7 8i7 10 hare been expended In teaohers' wages. The Clsrk of Rensselaer county reports, that 106 children bate attended the ecnooia ; that *6.171 06 public money has been apportioned to them and that $10,632 (.7 has been paid lor teachers' wages, besides the publle money. The City Superintendent of Brooklyn report*, that there are two school* for colored children in laid oity, In one of which 220 seholar* hate been in attendance, and in the other 80; and that $700 publia money was apportioned to the former, aad *300 to tho latter? Thia statement ia trie. But the county Clerk of t King* county, leasing Brooklyn out of his report, returns no sobools for colored children in tte oounty, and yet state* that $860 public money waa apportioned to *uah school*, and *8.007 66 paid for teachers' wages, besides the public money. Here in the cum of $3U.2U'.i 08 erroneously credited to tbe school* for color*d obiidren. it ie impossible to tell in what enluma this amount of money ehonld be included. Nor can this Department know upon wbom to charge the gross carelessness of committing aucb mistakes, whether the county Clerk, or the town or city < fflcera. In the county ef Columbia, the Clerk reports two eolcred children, to whom bare been apportioned (70 public money, and (170 besides, paid lor teacher*' wage*. In contrast with the liberality of tha school offleera in Columbia to tbe two colorel children, is the parsimony to the 60 in Montgomery, the 03 in Greene, and the 126 in Kris, to whom no public money haa been apportioned, and frr wbom no money haa been expended in teachers' wages. Such report* art worse than nselaaa, for they are false and delusive It is plain that, in a large number of counties, ne effort has been na de te col lee aocurate statistics relating to schools for colored children, and that luch as bare been collected are in many oases deficient and deceptive. rant schools. A free school ia one whose doors are open to nil who cheese to enter. In Connecticut, Vermont, Massachusetts. Khod* Island.New llampahire, and Maine, tha common sohoola are nearly free; and in several of the eitlea and lnrga villages of those States, as well as In some of our own, I they are entirely so. The names of the places In which free schools are main tallied, with the population of each in 1845, are as follows :? New York 371.223 Tnaghkeepsle 9.000 Buffalo 29.773 Hushing 3 918 Brooklyn 69 56(1 Newton . 5.521 Kjracuse 19,000 Bushwlck 1,867 Horhester 25.266 I-anslngburgh .. . . 4.000 531.452 William-burgh . . . 11,838 Tbe whole population of tha Stato, In 1845, was 96C4 495. It appears, therefore, that free schools are established In n portion of the State containing ene fifth of tha entire population. If to tl,e above we add the following nlaeea In which the nchroi* are mbitantUllj free. although not by force dt low the above proportion will be inoraaeed to one-fourth Albany 41.ISA T<oy 21.709 iniea 7# 038 The money ralred by the Supervisor*. equal to the amsunt appropriated fr?u the fund* of the State, la ebee.'lully voted and paid. In addition to thla, many towns, at their annual m< etings, vote to raise another turn, tqnal to that required to be raised by general lawe. The aggregate aiim tbua voted In the 8tate every year le very large It was In 1847 $109 008 00 ' 1840 106 974 20 ' 1846 195 061 15 ? 1144 191 478 98 0> - ? 1843 179 800 62 There rum* were rained by the Inhabitants of towns, voluntarily, and nnder rpeotal laws inserted in the ebartars of eltles and villages It wonid appear from thla that tha peopla are not oppoeed to taxation for free schools. E NE The probable taxation, and the rate per eent neoeei?rj to support a free school system, ean be asoertalned, by showing the aotual expense, in the oitiee and towm whole it Is established. In the following table the flret column shows ths valuation of the elty or town In 1847; the second, th< wbole amount of scbool money from all sonroee; ths third, the amount of public money apportioned te tb? city, or town; the fourth, the amount aotually raised in the city, or town, besides the publle money; and ths filth, the rate of tax upon $100 of valuation:? School Public Amount KiUt Valuation. mo ry. money of tax. uyjn, Albany $il,3r7.a76 $13 044 6(1 J.4,:-3i 69 J*7I3U? ?)(J7.? Brooklyn... 29.363,1(9 26,(?-9t0 ?,'2tyi 33 10713 IS U IM>7 Buflalo .., . 8,497,162 81.142SKI 3.14200 1S,(*W4HJ 02'.1 Bust wick... 7M,lf'0 1,?? 3D 1!W ml 1,(03 30 Olti nesting... 2,398.133 1,393 03 4 3 60 1.179 41 00".! Busaon 1.139,330 4.084 27 397 11 3,487 16 0 30.1 Kewtcen... 1.199,173 3.913 77 382 73 2.7'J 34 0 13.1 Ntw 1 oik.. .247 132.303 293 43380 3/183 88 266,279 22 *101 kVkeepsie... 3 499.191 6,470 68 1.241 88 4.228 08 0 12.! Kocl.nwr... 4.634,'91 11,808 47 2.14,6 83 9,141 64 0 191 Utica 34r0.7(6 10.276 16 1,286 70 8,99146 0 251 Hi'liama'gb. 3,123.142 &(40 37 420 31 7,443 77 0 23.1 The amount paid on rate bills in Utlea, a936 43, and in Albany, $67, Is lnoluded in the school money foi those places In the other places the schools are free or substantially so, very little being collected on rats bills in Troy, Lansingburgh, 1'oughkeepale, Hudson,and Flushing. With this table, any one ean tell what would be hli tax fur the support of echools in either of the plaoei namsd. The eontlnnal Ineraese of the common school fund would annually diminish the amount of taxation It is urged by the opponeuts of the system, that those who have property are taxed to eduoate theii own, as well as the onildten of the poor; and that tboes who are blessed with property, but denied ohlldren are also obliged to contribute something for the education of the Indigent Those who have omitved thell duty, or are mere fortunate than their neighbor* m the possession of property, hare no reason to oomplain of the trifling burthen whioh good fortune imposes upon them. Are property holders wronged or Injured by this system or taxation ? Property is the ereatnre of the law. Its ownership li regulated by law. DIITBICT SCHOOL JOl'RVAL. The Superintendent would earnestly recommend the conlinuaiioe of the appropriation of $'.?,400 to the Dutrict School Journal. SCHOOL HOUSES. There Is doubtless a gradual Improvement going on in the State in the construction of eohool houses. Tha log huts and unsuitable strnotures built at the flrfl otganitation of many of our school dlstriots, are giving place to more comfortable and convenient buildings. imtitui loss run the okas- and pusis, ami roa the BLlMt. During the summer I attended the annual examination of the pupilc in the Institutions for the Deaf and Dumb, and the Blind, in the oity of New York. The extraordinary progress made by the scholars in both inititutioae, furnishes the strongest erldanoe of fldtlity and devotion on the part of the Instructors. I earnestly commend these noble charities to the continued lavor of the State. UEKEHAL OBtEEVATieNS. If this report, In Its details, is not in all respects i atisfaotory, yet the general results deducible therein lu. are such as to gratify the most ardent friend oi the common school system. Imperfections are pointed cut, that the Legislature may amend them, fnaojurecite ate exposed, that they may be avoided In future The schoel system, like all other institutions, is inoompie e. and It cannot be expected that it should work with perfeot accuracy. But its defects ehmld bnremoved. and Its discrepancies reooneiled, by the law-making power, and Ita various parts, as far as practicable, harmoniously adjusted. There are Instanees of trustees unable to read oi write, intemperate, averse te schools and education; of town superintendent* incompetent, end dishonest; of dlstriots quarrelsome and blind to their true in tereets ; yet these are all exceptions to the general rule. When we reflect that nearly a million of dollars Is disburssd by eight hundred and twenty town superintendents, in sma.l sums, and at different times to about thirty-two thousand trustees, and that the acoounts of this expenditure are rendered by thii la-ai/iVk hf rffipgtfl vie mil At. ppm lVin.ii nMrfpnt: tflnupffrti * e ? - -* - ? --'j cannot be expected, And yet tbe account of dlsburaementa end receipt* varies but a few thousand dollar*. If tbe report* of Trustee* show that 393 617 children fcave attended *ohool leee tban four montb* during the year, we are also reminded that fifty year* slnoe, the trasses of tbe people had net the opportunity to obtain even tbe rudiment* of an education. We must alec recollect tbat tbe enlightenment and refinement of at ancient and most modern countries, was limited totbi favored lew, and that tbe avenues to fame and prefer moot, except through the ehnrch. were oloied again*' any person who oould not claim descent from som< Norman robber, or other freebooter, whom plunder had enriched and wealth ennobled. If we consider, too, tbat over 350 000 children havi attended school more than four month* during thi year, and tbat the attendance isevery year increaalng we ihall find no cause for discouragement Tbe so tnal school age is from four to twenty-one, (legally be tween five and sixteen,) and under the present organl ration of our schools, it le scarcely possible tbat all th< children of tbe Stake should not atte nd at l*ast fou yesrs in the courte ot .seventeen. Any person of ordinary oapaelty, who ban bad fron four to six years instruction in the csmmon school Is fitted to perform well hi* part in most of tbe avoca tions of life. If be has been taught tbat most impor tant part of all instrncttoo. bow to learn, be will oon tinue to add to bis acquisitions of knowledge. It must be borne in mind, that It is not tba objec of tbe common school to make finished scholars. It great object Is to give to all the first elements of ai education Such are tbe relation* which tbe dtlfrren employments in lire have to each other, that but fee are needed to beoome scholars by profession. Tin crrumon school system gives to tbe eouioiuulty a large, without respect to condition or means, the op portunity which, without It, would be eajoyed only b, the riob. for tbe free unfolding and developemvnt of in dividual inclinations, tastes, and powers of tnind. Tbe district school and the distrlot library suppl; all with knowledge, and open to them tbeir rich am varied stores. In obedience to tbe settled oonvlotion of the people that it U tbe duty of every well constituted govern ment to provide all its citizens with the means of edu cation, the constitution guaranteed tbe integrity o the Common School Fund, and we may, therefore hope tbat tbe common school system will be perfected and continue to exist as long tut tbe couetitutiun uu< Ian by which it ia guaranteed and governed CHRISTOPHER MORGAN. Such ii the report of onr common school syetem; am though an able document, ae regard* the author of it yet the picture it drawl, of confusion, expenditure liberality, and parelmony, ia deplorable. What can b< expected of a school syetem in which a teacher's lalar; ia on an average twelve dollar* per month T That 1 three dollars a week! Who but beggars, felona, dunces idiots, and Imbecile old women, and worn-out ear vants, can be obtained to sit down to auoh ignomini ous and contemptuous drudgery, at sueh a salary which is less even than a child 12 years of age eai earn in New York by running errands ? Ws invit the attention of onr readers, particularly to thesohool fcr colored children; there Is some droll Informatioi there ! Eight thousand nine hundred and ninety seven dollars paid for educating in one county none o th< m and two hundred and forty for two colored ohll dred in another county ! 1 hat part of the report concerning Indian schools dcrerves attention and is particularly Interesting. I is not, perhaps, generally known that the Fourierit* or sccial system, is in practiced operation la this State and that Its natural fruits and consequences are beg gary, slctb, idleness, indolence, destitution, wretched lives, and misery! Piracy akd Murdkk.?The French achooner-of war Venus, returning from the Uruguay, having touched at the Island of Yaguari, the officer in command was requested by the Montevideo com mandant, Iiedesma, to be allowed to send on boarc 15 men of hit detachment tor the purpose ot beim conveyed prisoners to Martin Garcia, or Monte' video, on account of having been recently c?n cerntd in setting tire to some property at Vaguuri The request being granted, the men were sent oi board. The schooner having got aground on th< peerage down, the 15 men, while the greater war ol the crew were engaged aloft, rose and killec lhe officer in command, M. Giraud, and oue sea man, and wounded the purser, M. La Coispellie and two sailors. Having thus tv.ken possession o the vtere), they spiked the guns and threw their overboard, lowered ihe long boat, and tuking wit) (hi m all the arms on board the schooner, and alai the pnor, wnnm wey onngea to toiiow mem, steer ed their course up the river. Disputes having arisei in rs gatd to the place of destination, five of thesi mult-(actors teparated and landed on the coast; the other ten, headed by a notorious character nauiei Vivorita, continuing their course to the island o the Boca Falsa. Other quarrels have subsequent!] taken place. Vivorita was killed by one of his owi followers, a mere lad, while sitting by Ins side n the boat, and the body thrown overboard. Th< test separated at the Boca Falsa, whereupon thi pilot and ore other returned to Yaguari, with tin boat and the arms taken trom the Venus, whtel they there delivered up to the intrusive authort ties.? Luetics Aytti Packtt, Nov 10. An eld man at Motace, while st prayer. ?m rohbai f jC17?. The thieve* wrote on his door, " Wetol when yen pray " <600 pair* of boots sod shoes are manufactured pe weak, st Lewiston, Maine. Thtre are now tn New Jersey twenty-fir# bantu with sn span-pate capital of $3 ?l 0,700. Thalr eirou lation 1* \'i <20 714, and the shares on band, on tb 13th lot, fC16.t( X w r ( SUNDAY MORNING Tttm tommencing March 4, 1M9-ihA'?( March 4,1141 Nnttoi WMgi ? ItaUae; Nat?'??? in Sm*U Capital'; Demaerat in Assibm; 7'Aess storked F. 8. art Frit Sailari Ttrm Term iuitnt. Expiree. Micmai*. Expire Beajamin Fitspakiek.... IMS Thomas Fitsasraid 18! Caoertain 1844 A pheus Feieb 181 imtiiu Miseonel Wm. K. Sebastian 1864 ThanuH Beaton 184 Mom Borland. 1864 David d. Atohiaoa 18! Connecticut. Nnw HuriHita Rater 4. Balduin 1861 JoAn P. Halt (P. A) 183 Trumam Smith 1855 Mown Noma Jr IN Dnunua New Yon*. Joint II. Claytan 1861 Daniel 8. Diokiuton 18! P relief Spruance.. ...1843 If kit 181 Florida. New Jersey. David L.TnlM 1861 Win. L. Dayton 18! J., ckion Morton 1864 Jacob W.Miller 18! Georoia. North Carolira. John M. Berrien 1863 IP. P. Manuwrn. 18! Ha C. Ihtwtoa 1844 liea. E. Budper. 18! Indiana. Ohio. Jean D. Brisht 1841 Thotnai Cortein 18! Jaaies Whitcemb, (P. 8.). .1844 l!noertain . 18! ILLINOIS. PENNSYLVANIA. Stephen A. Douglass 1843 Daniel Sturgeon 186 James shield* D66 Jumet Cooper 18! Iowa. Rhode Island. Oeerge W. J sties ..1861 Albert C. (ireent 18! Augustus 0 Dsdge 1844 John II. Clarke 18! Kentucky. South Carolina. JoeepA R. Under tcood.... 1843 John C. Cnlhoaa 18! H Aip 1S64 A. P. Butler 18! Louisiana. Tennessee. Solomon U. Downs 1868 Hopkins L. Turney 183 Pierre fionlA 1845 John Bell 18! Maine. Texas. Baanibal Hamlin 1841 Thomas J. Rusk 18! James W. Bradbury 1843 Sam Houston 18! Massachusetts. Ybbmont. Daniel Webster 1841 Samuel S. I'helpi IS! John Davie 1843 William Cpham 18! Marti.Ann. Viroirla. Reverdy Johmon 1841 James M. Mason IN Jame si P earee 1844 Robert M. T. Hunter 18! Missiasirri. Wisconsin. Jefferson Davis 1861 Henry Dodge 18' Henry 8. Foots. 1843 Democrat 18! Total number sf Senators I I StnatcTsls be elected * bigs, elected and to bs elected, ! Democrats, elected and to bs elected ! i Uncertain Hows* ot Representatives. Diet. Arkansas. New Yobk. 1?Robert W. Johnson. I?John A. King. a Georgia. It?David A. Uekee. P 1?TKomat B. King. S?J. PhiUtpt Phania. 1?M. J. Wclhurn. 4?Waiter UndeihtU. 8 Alien T. Oman. 6?George Rriggt. 4?H A. BuiIkb. 8?Jnmet Hrootu. 8?Thomas Q. llickett 1?WUlutm Ntltoa. 8?Howell Cobb. 8?R. Hallmeau. tAlex. ll Stevttene. 8? 'Ihomno McKiteeek. Rotort Toombt. 1U?Herman D Gould. Illinois 11?C. t tiulvrinr. 1?Win. U. Blseell. 18-6Hdton 6 Reynelde. 3?Jobn A. M > lernand. IS?John L. Schoohcrajl. 8?Thomas K. Tonne. 1 I?George R. And rent, t?John Wentweiln. lb?J R Thar man. 8? Wm. A. Richardson. 1 C?Hugh White, b?Edward D.Baker. 17?U P. Alexander. 7?Thomas L Uuik IS?Preston Xing, f A Iowa. 10?Cfuirlti E Clarke. 1?"Win. Thompson. 30? O H. Matt item, t?Shepherd IaBIst. 31?Hiram Waldos. Main a. t!?Henry Burnett. i 1?Sbridgs hem. 28- WU iam Drier. 2?Nathai.lol 3. LitUsAeld. t*-Daniel Uatt. ' 3?John Utit. 28?Harmon 8. Conger, 4? Rujut K. Ooodenete, M?W. T. Jaekeon. 8? C'uilen SswtslW. 37?W. A. Sackett. 6? CbsilOf Stcuon. 38?A. M. Kehermerhem. 1?Thoo J. 1). Fsllor. 1V?Rob't L. Rote. Maiaachi'sktts. 9U?DamA Rnmeey. ' 1?Robt. C. Winlhreg. M-E Kuley. 3? Daniel P. King. 82?? 9. Spa aiding. 3?Jumee H. Duncan. 83?Harvey Putnam. t? hoehoioo. 34?L. Burr owe. i 8? Char lee Allen, F. 8. Mishuvrl t?George Aehmvn. 1?James B. Bowttn 7?Julius KockweU. 3?Wm. T. N. Bar. I t?tor nee Mann. 3?Jama A Orson. 1 0?Oriit Fowler. 4?Willnsd P. Mali. 10?JoeephGrmntli. 8?John 8. Pbelpn. VivJiain. PnnniTi.TAHiA. 1- Andreee K. limy. 1?Law is C. Lotus. 3?H oi. A. Newell. 3?Jos. it. Chandler. 8?loose Wlldrick. ? Henry D. Moore. I?Jo' n Van Dyke. 4?IJoim Bobbins, Js. 8?Jamtt O. King. 8?John Freedley. Ohio. ?Thos. Bom. 1?Dosld T. Dlsnsr. 7?Jesse U Dickey. 1?L. D Campbell. T.9' fc?Thaddeue Slovene. 8? R. C. Kcheuelt. 9?Wm. Btreas. 4?Motet B. Cortetn. 18?M. N. Dimmlek. 6? Imsry D. Pot tat 11?Cheeter Butler. 6? Ro4olpl.no lMekinso*. 14?Darld Wil mot. P. B. 7?J. uatf.an D. Morris. U?Joteph Catey. 8? JoAn L Taylor. It?Char let W. Pitman. 9? Xdson B. Olds lb?Henry Nee. 10?UCI.sites is* seises. 16?Jas. X. Mcleumhan. II?John X. Miller, 17?Samuel Calvin. 12? Samuel F. Pinion. lit?A. Jnelteon Ufie 15?W. A. Whittlesey. 19?Job Mans. 14? Nathan Avoirs. V?R. it. R ed. 18- H'en. F. Hunter. F. 8. 31?Motet Ha uipten. 16?Moses Hose land. 22? Jo*? IV. Howe. V. X it?Joseph Cable. 38?James Thompson. is_n..,s r i areas ?4? Allied Mimosa. > iti?John~Crotnll. F. 8. Suvth Caboi.iba. aU- Jot. K. (i id rim ft. F. I. 1-Daniel VI allaee. SI?Jottph M. Root. F. 8. S-tJ. L. Orr. Vermont. b?J. 4. Woodward. , 1?H'm. Iln.ry. (?t Jams' RcOuseu. _ I? M m llebnrd, 6?Armietaad Bart. r i?tito P. Marth. ? tlwu R. llolmca. 4?L. B. Peck. 7-W. F. Coleaol:. I Diuwtm Wiacosam. , 1?John IV. I lout ton. 1?Chares Durkee, F. 8. Michigan. t?Ormmui Colo. 1?A. W. Buet. 8?Jam** D. Duty. i?William Upratvt.f. 8. Florida. 8?R. 8. Bingham. 1?M. C. CabolL t Th'i nat ie to be aenteatad by Daniel F. Miller, whig, oonaoquence at tha rejection of the poll book of the Kaaaari , precinct. , t Elected aa Taylor men, bat are democrata. i Tliie (eat la to be eonteated by John S. Little, Jr., whig, an ' aonnt or alleged fraud in the return* from Richmond and thai 8 trietof Pean. t I 1 bia teat la to be eonteated by Mr. Dnneaa (whig) for allei ffelMdfla y THE EMSULT IN FIOT7KE3. New CoxGBEaa. Ore ConaaE Whip. 1km. Whig. Do Arktnaaa ? 1 ? f Delaware 1 ? 1 1 Florida I ? I Georgia d d d I Illume 1 I I ' Iowa ? 8 ? * Mai 1 8 1 M(irarhnietU 9 ? 9 f Michigan 1 ? i, Mteeouri ? ? I, New York 91 38 1 NewJeiety 8 1 d 1 Ohio 10 11 11 Pennsylvania ,10 9 17 South Carolina ? ? j Vermont S 1 0 WUaonain* 1 S ? Total ,7m 67 76 '> M <6 * Whlgmajority thai far.... 3U> tf , Total nnaker *f Repreeeatativea 5 Members already elected 1 i Men. bera te be elected Wiaeei*ia la new entitled te three mem barf. CONOBE56IONAL ELECTIONS YET TO BE HELD IN T? , 8EVEKAL STATES. . Alabama Aug. d MlMiaeippi Nov Connecticut. Apr 3 New Hampshire Jam a Indiana Aug. 6 North Carolina Aug Iowa Aug. 8 Rhode Island Apr Kentucky Aug. d Tennoaeee Aim Louisiana Nov. 5 Tsxas Nor . Maes (I vacancy) ? Virginia. Apr. * Maryland Oet. 3 In the Congressional elections which ire to tali | place, we aaaume, Tor the purpoae oi making a cm 't eulation on tha prol>ab!e division o( partiea in tl next Houae of Representatives, that the votes < the people in the several Congressional diatric will be the same, politically, that they were at tl recent Presidential election; that in those di tricts where Taylor had a majority, whigs will t ehosen to Congrese; and where Cass had a rn jority, democrats will be elected. In such cos [ the (allowing will be the result:? . Nr* tosasrre. Oi.n > I Tht0. Prm. IVMr. Or ? A Islam* 4 8 3 [ tear rcUcut... 4 ? 4 . Indiaaa 3 S 4 Kettvckf V 1 S LnUM 4 ? 1 SUfMuLtiMttl (TtMBCj) 1 ? 1 1 Mm) 1st <1 4 1 4 , IMnlpfl 1 3 1 New In ( hire ? 4 2 t Ncnh t'ereliaa SIS | R1 one Iilut 3 ? 1 Trustees * 3 * , Tun 3 ? ?. TixfiUa 7 8 8 , Total to ki tltrUd M .19 48 | MtBlsra already elaeu4 ... 34 Sd 73 ) Total TTsi 97 118 BCCAPlTCLATIOIf. 1 rrot alia detnoermtio majority la tha Banata

> rrobable whig majority in the Boaae j A Carefm on Crime.?Some time in Septemb t Iset, a man named Stephen Putnam waa releatt . from tb? Auburn fctn'e Prison, after rerving out a tei ' of five years' Imprisonment. whleh had succeeded previous t?rm of two yeara, with an intermiMlon of b 1 three moot be of liberty between the two. On hie w ' ft i'd Auburn to 8y raeuee. In Repteember. be eommltt s a ihr ft and waa rent to the Cayuga county jail for ? days. Afrer satisfying thle penalty, ha returned l syracure. end wee there convicted of grand larcer But escaping from custody, he took peerage on a eat boat, com!i f to this ally. Before arriving here, ho ever, he atols the Captain's geld weteh, and etcap -?.fc l? A U m Am as .O.rtM. hsnfli.?4 tnxll In 1 I Sheriff an axe; ?n<J It bring auepectrd that he h li etolea It. be ?ae taken to the pollen i>fllee. where wee reepgntr.edae the perron dernrtbed by the Capta a* haelrg ftolen bl* watch. He wee coneloted of bo r tbeftr, atid rent to jail, and at the fitting of the eoun court, war reiitenced to nonflnement In Auburn pria< >. for the term of nine year* and four mentba. Trulj k roTerrtf uamitlgeted wiekrdneM! HI* prompters e and eonrletlon t< r hi* emalleat and greateet crime* e nupllBeathe proteh, that the " way of the tranegrt tor ia hard."' Rothiltr V*n. >RK H , JANUARY 21, 1849. I Tht Details af Um Fnncb Freatdeatlal 1 The following details are taken from the returns t? published in the French papers received at this ' office * _ L.N. Com<s> All ij Departmtnti. Bouaparti, me. aCktrt. Hn> a \-A1B 7XM0 8,780 MBS 850.330 , *-Ai? 13J130 8.190 633,100 3-Sidu.M. tUfiU 10,000 U1S? 836.300 I a 4- Autw 06.1-41 I 4.998 0,086 368600 6?Audi 47.8rr 8.606 6.647 307 800 J a 0?An?6# 37.300 4 007 1 KM 380.400 J S 7-Alpt. I Weeee) .... 14.738 6,637 l,T"l 100100 8-Alpti (hsutas) 23,883 4.763 371 137.100 < ,, 9?Ardi'ste 38.614 16 3.7 8t7*3 364.000 . 'i 10-Alluw . 41118 6423 1.138 330100 1 " 11-AvdjroB 68,306 0.686 1,077 300^00 12- B< lichee do BbOs*.. 16.248 30.148 1.826 390,100 ? !J 13-C?lT?do? 06,175 33 104 1,000 006,100 1 14?CbijIBI 27,617 7.041 1,343 883^00 a 15?Clierente 90,369 3,100 1.116 370,700 1 ij 18?tliueBteiiitC-ricttre. 100,203 13,004 1,4 <7 46J.700 , * 17?Cher 61,406 6.163 4.957 206,300 ' Li 18?CvirrM 47,406 3.373 4,001 310.000 , a 18-Co,.. . . . . . . . . . .40.310 1.464 173 212^00 * 30?1 ottd'Or 72 633 11728 13.813 Mil 0011 . 21-rOteidu fiord 72.733 30,626 - 017,*W 1 a 22-Creuee 60,222 1,941 733 283,400 | J3?l>i.idc*ne 91,634 6,269 0,080 491.000 n 34?DoBbT.. : . 38361 10.691 1.661 200,200 ? 26? DrfliBe 64,731 12,1J 4.643 434.800 ] 70?Kmc 139,249 30 037 0,237 424,0" 0 , a 27? Euro ei Loire 64666 9 330 1,663 J06.?W ? 29-FiLl.ieirt 40 623 62.4*0 1,263 661,410 * 29-Card 8 336 2 5o7 3103 307.300 il 60-lien uue (haute)... 63 029 6,408 13,673 4ikl 001 I Sl-Lere............. 67 866 6,964 8.9N1 320 10 33? tirondc ll'S OoO tO.lU) #,'00 669.V0 H ?3- Ilrrcalt 21308 11,317 8.327 304 800 IJ 34?lie it VlUlM 71,927 30.620 - 664,3110 36-Iudre 41 677 0 6 7 7,694 272 ?W ? 36-1 ndr? et Loire 64,600 9,136 1.904 SliftW ! ' 37? Lire. .113420 21,344 2.811 R0.j?W I 38?J un 00,226 12,417 4.321 323 600 ii 69?i.audee 4 ".(HO 6.0011 ? 391.300 1 40-l.o-r etChcr.! 40,045 0,137 2 931 352,700 41?Loire 60.149 17.911 ?.<?' 414,100 I 11 42--Loire Ih-uteJ 30 240 0,033 0667 3"i6,3>J a 13?Loire inferieurd.... 4I,H"3 SJ.227 6.404 476,100 ? 44 ?Lu-rit 64 <94 7,026 1,243 13>20l ? 4f.-Lot 4f,3!'3 10.652 2.920 201 7 OJ 5 40? L?t el 66 362 7.000 18,461 360 900 Id 47?Ldtirs 16.064 8 167 436 140.901 12 40? Iteite 17,3*7 3.727 470 480,200 3 49- Mkli e it Loire M1.9MI 20,605 ? 406.200 60? Menohe 83 247 1 190 4.510 003,600 61? Wart e 60 017 17.667 1,061 382,100 62?name (haute) 7?.397 w f7l-73 17.Oil 7*7 J?''-?}*! M? Meurilie 7H7 21.204 l.'<38 ?i-?5> .'ft- Iteure 62.918 12,646 1,497 229,300 66?llorbihau 77 .' Ml 43,566 1,712 467,610 ft7?Hi,telle 7M6U 19 660 1.092 444,600 66?Mevie #1,303 4.611 3.30# 317,200 60?ft ltd .. ..106.473 8H,!l38 14,448 1.1J68.6U0 W-Oiee 66,970 17,726 3.013 400,700 01?Oil) 10.211 1,304 449,MOO 62 Pae deCelaie 100,631 30,462 1.901 674.4U0 fiil-Pu) 0# Dftme 97,OW) 6 2U 5K7 601.316) 64?I'jitm'ee (tewes).. 97.13)0 ft,,13 661 464,400 f5? f (haute*).. 41.378 2,1*33 1,068 262,400 66?l yit t(ee oriental,!. 14 683 #,141 8.83' 173 6, 0 67-Rlitn (l ite) 60 Sift 46105 4*74 670.200 #.'-" ! " ibautJ 66 02# 17,736 4 167 666.200 rO-Rlfl.i. .. ....... 84.613 21.037 9,897 489 400 70?Seiiiit (htutc) 67,673 6 467 2,41ft 346.14>0 7'? Sefa c ot Loue .... 81.837 JfJSiZ I'neJ ftJwei 77? Sett)? 82,270 10,837 1,032 472,300 7ft?Sfine: l'arie-let Arr.l#,?tft 6018 2d do. .12 638 7 708 3d do.. 6,170 6.636 4 tli do.. 6,683 3,847 6th do.. 10,132 4.023 h'ntt!> 6,716 1,201.900 7th de.. 7,097 6.036 f iuoluiiiiit hth do.. 12,669 6,311 Benlleuo 9th do.. 16147 1168 Banlleua. 10th 40.. 21.403 10,602 11th do.. 8.448 6.020 12th do.. 10,934 4,616 J Banlltni ..56 633 16,018 6.716 74?Seine ft Marne 76.411 10,613 1.420 328,400 76?Saute et Oin 96.1.93 19,221 2,681 461,400 76?Seine infftrture ... 136 467 28,886 6 634 728.403 77?Pi'tree (lieux) 24,500 2,67 1 460 3(19.300 78?Soinm a . . ... 128 735 9.325 342 663,800 71t?'lam 23,66 1 4,180 8,29!) 350,300 80?Tarn et Garonne... 1'..642 8.718 910 24\JM) 81?Va r 12,167 3,338 489 328.600 82?Vauclue e 10.680 7.493 ? 35O.300 83?Vendi'- e 44 566 10,827 747 355,300 84?Vienna(haute).... 63 622 3,666 2 733 86?Vlennc . 72.881) 13 359 2,728 306,400 86 - Voif ee 72899 13,839 3.1 418,500 87?Tom a 81.676 7,932 3,249 S6O.70U fcS?Algarieandeoloniei. 7,760 4.848 ? ~ Alginate 6,262,218 1,294,903 3?,191 35,203,000 The follow iog is the final state of the poll, as addressed by the committee ol the Assembly to ihe MoitiLtur.? Number cf votee In the 86 department*. not Including Algieie ?} ftnn.ter of aotaa expremcd 7.426,. a. Majority of voice repressed 3,713,127 Louie Napoleon Bonaparte 6,634.52 Cavaignuo .. ... ...... ... ... ... Lcdrn hollln 271,43 Pfi'*1.1,' LtiitBkiniir (CH t ImtrsvrUs 12 43 , Unconstitutional votes 21,21' Total as above 7,(42,171 ( The Button Jltlai ttjiAlthough the newly elect ' ed b ranch (resident received an overwhelming prepon 1 derance of the votes of Kranoe and nearly four time 1 as many as was the aggregate of the votes given to Ca valgnac, yet there were a few remarkable exceptions In the south-eastern portion of the country, especially in the cities of Marseilles and Tenlon,and the departments In their neighborhood the majorities against Napoleon were very large and heavy in proportion to ' the number of votes given. The contest seemed to be rather between Ledru Kollln and Cavaignae, while Napoleon was thrown quite Into (he background In ae- the department of Bouches du Rhone, of which Marlie seilles is the capital, the vote was:? Cavaignae 40,596 l*" Ledru RoUin 19 351 Bonaparte 17 075 Others 2,998 m 1 he msjority against Bonaparte being 45 809. 1 In Marseilles the vote stood 26 464 for Cavaignae, 10 920 lor Rollln, 6,740 for Bonaparte, and 2 072 scat? teilog. It will be seen, therefore, thit the vote for * Bonaparte was only one In seven in Marseilles Some 2 of the eantons In this department were nearly unanir, moue for Cavaignae. The votes in the following are ? remarkably so :? 8 Caraignac. Bonaparte. Othcri. St. JullleD 548 28 61 1 La Valentine 621 40 120 )0 Alianch 638 17 27 7 Frquevaire 664 18 30 7 Amiol 849 33 168 J 3,118 138 >93 I mm In the city of Toulon, the vote stood as fellows: ? I Cavaignae 9302 1 I Rfin&narlfi .4 885 I BolllnT.V.V.V.. .". 3 3PI Others 831 In consequence of tbi* decided vote la that portion of the if public for General Cavaignac. for several days *? after the election the ballet rtrtua to have been prevalent that the chancea were In favor of hia eleotion ? Even a* late aa the 13th. the Stmajihorr of Marseilles is expresses a confident hope of baeing Cavaignao for ! rreeident, and exults, in a long leader, over the vote ; >1 of Marseille* and the neighborhood. ? 7, . 2 fcTEAMER MEl.OriKON, ) ' * Onto IIivkr, Jan. 8, Its ID. ( Million to Baton flouge. 24 De rS?ir- From relations and associations lieretofore ex iting, I feel confident that the slightest tj. and most unimportant injustice, towards ntyself, Ie in connexion with others, would not be permuted of by you. tJ My attention has been called to a Washington 1C letter, published in your paper of the 27th Decernber. In that letter allusion is made to trie by name, ,e and while I am duly grateful for the appreciation of my friend, (lie writer of the letter, (known to e me.) end the compliment, equivocal though it may be, of being pronounced by him, "a man of no ? common tenacity," still, on behalf of others, it has been dte med advisable to ret the matter rwtut ?" ?? cvi 'tr. 1 am, li.de? d, rmcufefor New Orleans, and my bund, the w riter of ihe letter alluded to, saw _ me cfl in ihe cars ficm Washington, side by aide J with another fiiend. At the eaine time, however, 3 I ii in. in no h nee, upon a political mission, nor aril I I the egi nt or attorney of any " patriot, "oroflice- ! I bolder. J In fact, I have no personal acquaintance with i f more than tw? nty " ollice-holders" nt the federal i ? capital. In this behalf, therefoie, I may quo-ieihe i J* words of a most distiiiguirhed inuu?" i ask no < " favor tad shrink from n > responsibility." And ( lit sfiould it be my fortune to reach the present re- i eider.ee of myfold and valued Iriend, through the ( panic now prevailing in theae latitudes, he will at I .37 once be ssmred that I have come to hirn to ask no ' favor for myself or oiliers, and moreover to con- | ff vtrio ti|irn any other than partizan or political fd topics If at Hiiy, time since 1X17,1 had found myrm sell w ithin filty leagues of his elation, for the time * being, I should have per onned a duty in paying m? respects- Tnat it would have been a pleasure, *J no one ihnt has ever known General Taylor in 30 t niately and well, will need be assured. As Preu sidmt, lie will no doubt be loinied to be the inme iy. mnn at* when he was a Colonel or a General. No i?l si int ol politira 01 parfy is permuted to enter luto | * there considerations. 'Jhe Melcrieon is the first steamer that haa ^ Matted for New Otl< ai.s within a week's time. h# The panic not only has affected the steamboat I tn men, but it hbs also injured trade, the exchange* th and industrial pursuits generally. To-day, howty ever, as we learn at points along the river, it litis 1 ?n considerably nbhted. It was time lor non-re- I ' sident* to look around, when the Creoles preei1,1 pitately le(t New Orleans, in the vnin endeavor to i escape (rem the pestilence that walketh in dark" nesa WO. I [ERA Albany, January 18,1849. Attempt to bring forward Governor Fiok at the ! fVhig Candidate for United Statee Senator? Rtvinonof the Lau> m relation to Pilottofthe Port of New York?Legislative Affaire, tf-c. Bfc. j It ib understood in certain political circles that f i deputation of gentlemen from the anti-Seward I lection of the whig party have waited upon Gov. t Hamilton Fish, for the purpose oi prevailing upon i lini to offer himself as a candidate lor the office i >1 United States Senator, in opposition to William I i. Seward. Such a contingency is not impossible, t tnd it is not an unfrequent thing, in some of the 1 Western and Southwestern States, to elect the i icting Governor to the Senate of the United Stites. It is even now proposed to return Gov. Crittenden, < }i Kentucky, to the Senate, though he has just | jeen elected Governor of that State; it is probable, aowever, that he will stand aside in deference to he claims of Mr. Clay. But in New York State i the case is different; the very flower of her nobility?the whole body of her leading men, who ire attached to the whig party?are bitterly opposed to the election of Seward to the Senate. The question then is, who, of all the leading whig-i in New York, shall be presented ub the coni|>etitor nf Seward for the splendid honors of this ofticel The deputation of whig members of the Legislalure, who waited upon Governor Fish, represented to him that, in tne opinion of their collesgues, he was the mun, and the only man whom they could run against Seward with any prospect of success. The emergency, they said, was extraordinary. Mr. Seward, they declared, could not be supjiorted by the whiir party with unanimity ; he did not enjov the confidence of the whig party; but unless Mr. Fish would allow his name to be used as a candidate, a very considerable number of members of the Legislature, who cherished a strong dislike for Seward, would be forced to give him their votes in preference to any oi the candidates now named in opposition to him. It 18 understood thut the deputation made extraordinary eflbrts to procure the Governor's consent; but, though he is himself hostile to Reward, he is represented as having utterly refused to allow his Dame to be offered aa a candidate. The aspect of affairs seem, at present, to be favorable to the election of Sevntrd, by a large majority. Col. Fiske, the active and highly esteemed member Irom Kings, has reported a bill to the House, from the Committee on Commerce and Navigation, entitled "An act relating to the Pilots of the Port of New York." This bill contemplates nothing less than the re-organization of the system of nf pilotage, as at present conducted at the port of New York, it proposes first, to create an associition to be called " The Board of Commissioners )f Pilots." This board is to be composed of three e preEentatives; one to be elected hy the Chamber >1 Commerce; a second, to be elected by the prestlent and vice-president of the marine insurance lompanies of New York, comprising the board of inderwriters; and a third, to be elected by the nlots actively engaged in the business of piloting reseels to and from the port of New York. It is nade the duty of " The Board ot Commissioners j1 Pilots" to appoint a secretary and establish an iflice in New York, where they rnuBt meet on the :iist Tuesday of every mouth, and as muchoftenar 11sthey may deem necessary. The commissioners ire authorized to license, for the office of pilot, i-very person making application, who is oi good moral character, and who does not hold iny similar license from or under the authority or laws of any other State; and the commissioners shall give a preference to such applicants as shall be or have been actively engaged as pilots; the next section authorizes the commissioners to compel appl cants for licenses to give sureties in the sum ot $1,000 for die faithful peiformance ot their duty. The commissioners are authorized to alter or amend any xisting regulations for pilots; urd to etiforce new egulations not inconsistent with the laws of the United States, or of this State. They are also auborized to establish rates of pilotage, [Qi;euy? Does not the constitution of the United Stales coiier tins power exclusively upon Cougrese 1] and nforce forfeitures of pilotage in certain cases; hey may also impose fines upon pilots, to prevent my of them from combining injuriously wiili each ther, or with other persons, and to preveut any >ilot from acting as such during his suspension, or liter his license is revoked. They are also authored to reward pilots when they shall have exerted themselves for the preservation of any vessel in distress, Arc. This bill gives the Board of Commissioners nliove mentioned power to regulate and control the pilot system of this tState tn nil its details. The bill, it iB said, will become a law, not- r w ithstanding the doubts which exist in regard to the cower of the Leaislature to interfere so directlv Willi this subject, without infringing the provisions of the constitution oi the Unitea States. I enclose a copy ol the bill. 1 obseive that inconsequence of an error of your telegraphic reporter, you were unable to coinpre hend the meaning of a reference lately made by him to an act lately introduced into the House by M r. I'ruyn. and entitled " An act declaratory of the law bs to the time of payment rf sight bills of exchange and promissory notes, payable on demand." The act is as loliows:? Site. 1. Every draft or bill of exchange, or promlaaory note, drawn or made payable at sight or on demand, shall be deemed and taken to be due and payable on presentment or demand thereof, without graoe. Skc 2. This act shall tsk-sffeot immediately. The above lull has been referred to the Committee of the Whole House; it will be acted upon sptedily, and will probably become a law. A resolution ottered to the Senate by Mr. Hull, providing that on Tuesday, the O'ch proximo, the Senate will proceed to elect a U. 6. cienator, was adopted to-day. it will be recollected that at the last session of the Legislature, a general bill for the organization id insurance companies was passed by ihe Senate and lost in the Assembly ; the present Assembly have, however, taken up this bill and will undoubtedly pass it. In order to test the sense oi the Striate upon this subject, Mr. Cook introduced a >r solution in that bmly to-day, declaring that a general law of this character was inexpedient; but the resolution was rejected by a vote ol 21 yeas to 3 nave. Mr. Geddes ottered a resolution, requiring the Conmiissi<wrs of the Code to furnish the draft of a bill to the Senate, in accordance with tiie views set forth in their laie communication to the Legislature in relation to highways and bridges. Ihe resolution w as adopted. Mr. Clark, un able and worthy Senator, offered the following resolutions of inquiry to-day, in relation to the communication lately submitted to the Senate by the Commissioners on Practice and Pleadings; you have published this communication P.f?clr?d. That the Cottnjin>!o*?r* on Praottca sad PlftdloRii be directed to explain their communication cf the ISth icrt. by ioforc tn>r the Legislature? let. flow the difficulty of the work, which the Comnlreii'Ueri ptopoee to accomplish has b. en lnore??ed " by Ihe ptrsererlcic hostility of large and powerful bodies of men. not only to the code, but to the constitution. of which it la the offspring'" 2d W'hst ' large and powerful bodies of men," ars chargeable with penevtrlcg hostility to the ooastltuth n?" 3d. What "large and powerful bodies of men." a?e chargeable with " persevering hostility to the oode." The honorable Senator made some learned observation* in support oi the resolutions; but, at the suggestion of Mr. Fine, he agreed they should lie upon the table until the report of the commissioners was received, when the subject would be tully before Ihe Senate. Kveryyear considerable tune is wa-ted in the discussion of the question whether capital punishment onght to be abolished in this Sfute; the prerent I-? gistature, in this respect, are imitating the example oi their predecessors. The debates are of uourse followed by no results; the law will remuin is it Btands. In the Assembly Mr. Johnson introduced a bill to amend the act passed at the last session to provide more ?fleclually for the protection of tlie property of married women. Mr. Brewer, of New York, gave notice of his intention to report a MO to tax the existing Safety Fund Banks of this Stute a sum siifTicient 10 in ike up the deficiency n*cffSH'y to pay the creditors of ihe late Canal Bank of Albany. A netifion whu rIrenluU?fi in ihe Inhhv nl ?h? House to-day, prayiog the President elect of the rutted States to appoint .1 antes N. Mitchell, of Ulster countv, to the office of navy agent at the pott of New York. A telegraphic dstpatch, dated Galena. Ill. 4th alt, wax received by the editor of the Georgia Mttttngrr, In Macon On . on the earns evening, at 10 o'clock. The elttanee over the aire* must be near 3,000 ullee. Charlee flail, 10 years old, who left his father's bouir, in North Cheleea, Maw , a few day* einoe. wax round sa board one of the veeeati bound for Callfor ata, from the port of New York He had paid $03 for the privilege of working hi* pa?*age to the gold region Judge Lacy, of New Orleans. dUd at hli rrsldeuoc In that etty on the 1Kb Inst. ? I ? L D. TWO CENTS. Riton RnraK- De<> 27 IfUfl. Travtl through the Country?Trip to Baton Bang* ? The Scenes and Perils of a Journey, tf +c. When I set out on my trip hitherward, I anticipated much matter of comment on my travels, both rom its novelty and from the variety of the scenes ind people with which I should be brought in conact. These anticipations have been poorly realzed. The truth is, the annoyances and discom"orts of the river route to New Orleans, in Decemier, are bo manifold as to put all idea of enjoyment o flight. It likewise so happened that from Cumberland to New Orleans we did not see the sun three times. My impressions of the journey and the river I can therefore give in very few words. Iu a former letter, I attempted to give some faiut notion of the passage across the mountains. At i'lttsbutgh one getB into a very indifferent boat, bound tor Cincinnati, where he arrives in about three days. At th? latter place he takes a boat for Louisville, where he arrives iu abcut twenty-four hours. Here you pick out a boat advertised to start for New Orleans hat evening. You go on board in a hurry, natually expecting to Blurt at the hour specified ; but hose ol yourlellow-travellerB accustonii-d to the hing, knowing better, take it easy. You .ire veiy ortunate if you get off in three days. <) .r paity. after waiting a reasonable tme alter the three days' grace, at length grew impatient, and made inquiry ot the captain as to when he exi>ected to start. lie was sorry to inform us that the " Doctor" was broken, and that it would be impossible to start for three days to come Ot course we did uot wait lor the recoveiy of the ' Doctor," but went on noaiu tiie inei uci.n iii.il uin-iru; which, oy inc way, did net start until the next day. And here, 1 must say, that with the exception of two very good hotels, I know nothing else good about Louisville. The mails must he in a queer condition between there and New York, lor the agent of the Herald informed me that, notwithstanding many were exceedingly anxious to take the paper, yet it is wholly impossible to get it with any degree oi regularity. The telegraph appeared to he almost in as had a condition us the mails. You get on board the steamboat at a pi ice called Portland, three miles below Louisville, where the precipitous nature of "the levee, and the magnitude of the ruts, would certainly acquit the driver (it is impassable cn toot) of bre.Kiug one's neck, and would as certainly convict the authorities of the said little town of Portland- But, fortunately, the mud is of such depth, quality, and consistency, being as adhesive as birdlime, and the carriage wheels sinking down to the axle, that an upset is very rare: so that Portland has, after all, some natural advantages to boast of. From Louisville, until you tloat down into the Mississippi at Cairo, there is nothing ot interest, and all of Cairo that yon see, is a wnarf'-boat, a very muddy hank, and a few dingy houses. Bat the arrival at Cairo is an event, nevertheless. for here, as 1 said, you exchange the muady stream of the Ohio, for the more muddy Btieani of the Mississippi. The scenery i f either river has not much of interest for the traveller in midwinter. A dreary and monotonous succession of leafless trees on either lund; no green lane leading down to the verge of the water, and revealing the quiet hamlet or the pointed spire beyond; no mountains in the distance break the eternal sameness and relieve the eye; the ll it river, , and the flat banks, and the bare trees, ami the grev sky are the only objects the eye rests upon, day after day. But still the Mississippi is a mighty river, and one has some idea of its vastness when, after travelling days and days, one grows weary and longs to arrive at his destination. One feature of river travel, which will strike a New Yoiker, is the entire absence of wharves in the larger cities?such us Pittsburgh, Cincinnati, Louisville, and New Orleans?their place is supplied by levees, and in the smaller places, such as Baton Rouge, by wharf-boats. Now, tor the benefit of those who have never travelled on the Mississiiuii.l will explain that wharf-boats are old steam boats unfit for service, Irom which the machinery and paddifB have been removed, aud winch arc laid close to the shore; thus serving as a kind o flooring whaif. Levees are inclined planes, slop trig from the street to the river, rendered n- ceaaary, it is said, by the rising and falling of the Musis, sippi and Ohio. The heat I have seen is at Pitts urgh. Boating on the Mississippi, to an imiginative biped, ta calculated to be aught but suggestive Ot pleasant fancies. When such a one he's down at night, (it that can be called lying down which is creeping up to a bed, slmvti as turd as that of Prociustus, for unless the unhappy occupant be of sesquipedalian dimensions, he must " double up," and then hia knees touch the ceiling,) one is apt to dream, either asleep or awake, of being thrust up through the hurricane deck by a sawyer, or impaled by a snag. Occasionally, also one passes the wreck of some boat tun into and sunk, or blown up, with the loss ef some thirty or forty persons. I remember one morning passing a steamboat, the side of which had been, the night before, feloniously and burglariously entered by a snag, which said snag did actually, without ceremony or scruple, penetrate into the state-rooins of some ot the ladies, and tumble the lair occupants pell-mell on the floor. A rather awkward th? me of reflection, when creeping up to one's uneasy perch at night. .Snags or sawyers, however, are not to be dreaded going down. Lying in a direction with the current, they are dangerous only to boats ascending the river. I-'iom Natchez to New Orleans one sees oa either bank sugar plantations, more or less extensive, with their clusters of negro huts; llie smoke rolling from the chimney of the sugar-house. , e "-y i-.?. .o ?".?s " ? within. The grinding season commences in Octcber, and generally continues till January. During this season the lite ot the negro is indeed wietchid. The labor is much heavier than on tne cotton plantation, and, us a matter ot course, the life of the slave is much shorter. At present the value of sugar is depreciated, and the profits of those plantations are, tn consequence, curtailed. Heretofore, those profits have been enoimous. With good crops, an income of forty and fifty thousand dollars a year was not uncommonly realized by the ncli planter ; and thus enormous fortunes were amazed. But times ara changed. On those plantations, or near tkem, one will often see the orange tree,?its glossy foliage studded with golden fruit; the live oak, with its immortal green; and the stately inagaolia, towering in symmetrical beauty. The overseer's house is generally near the negro huts, and the mansion of the proprietor at the other end of the plantation. The nearer you approach to New Orleans, the more numerous become the plantations. The thick, growth of cotton wood and willow disappears from the edge of the river, and the evidences of habitation grow more and more frequent Boats pass at d re-pass at every turn. Apropot of boats There cannot be conceived anything ino e unlike the noble steamboats of the Sound and tne Nortit Btver, than those ot the Ohio and the Mississippi. In shane they resemble exaggerated bumble-bees more than anything else I can think of. 1 eanno attempt a description of them ; hut just imagine i Jersey City ferry boat, loaded down until the deck is level with the water, with a sort of platform raised about fifteen leet from the deck 011 woode.t prois, and about ten leet above, another platform, both running nearly the whole length of the lower deck, and yoa may have some idea of a r.vor boat. On the lower platform are the state rooms, dining roeni, fee., and on the upper, the captain's and pilot's apartments. There are very few of those boats in wh ch any degree of comfort is attainable. They ate built tor the purpose of makingmonev; generally ot very slender materials, ami scaroely ever last longer than eight yeurs. Such are the floe ting palaces of the Western waters. Cotton Caop of North Louisiana.?The cotton picking season being over, we have m i le mmy inquiries relative to theameunt of cotton s*'i>d In . i>< upper part of this State, i rom many partetiee we have received ruoh information on the subject as we am entitled to consider very near the truth That in for matloa ecnfltme fully tne mii?I er pressed In our oolumns mora than two months ago. that this 3 ear's erop would fall shott of lta Immediate predeee-uor la the dlatriot in the majority of patlehrs In Louisiana, north of Red rlrer, the number of bales of cotton made this 3 ear will be at least twenty per csat below the figure reached by the product af the saw* en ton region last rear. The a?erage detlciecey In all of the parishes nrrtn of Red rlrer will count not less than that par rentage.? Concordia (/-? ) Inttlligincer, Jan 5. During the month of November there were seven 1 bocks of earthquakes frit nt the j?sote Islands, one of which, on the night of the 4th, wi.i so violent as to throw down n number of beueei The city cf Angara, In Ttroelra, waa nearly donroyed. Charlaa Burton and Kllnb?th Nichols, of Boston, were married In the Albany jail on the Ibth. Rue bridegroom Is under rrnoiice to the State Prison for two years, for berre Healing, and the bride is n pretty, Intelligent and leepeotnbie girl. i