Newspaper of The New York Herald, January 28, 1849, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated January 28, 1849 Page 1
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TH] *T~ " ? NO. 5351. Opening of I he free Academy. It This important event, mark9 an era in our history * which future sees will look upon with profound v reverence, and will serve, for all time to come, as ? a lasting monument of the liberality, enlighten ment, and spirit of this age of progress and free 11 opinion. As a boon from the people, whose vote * of 19,404, in favor of the establishment of such an 0 | institution stands recorded, it affords an uneqmvo- '0 cul proof of the wishes of the masscs.'in favor of f< untrammeled education; and between such an academy, and our common school system, those A parents who would neglect their children's instruc- ? tion, where so many inducements and advantages ft aae held out to them, would be guilty of a grievous terror indeed. The building is situated at the comer si of Lejusgton avenue and Twenty-third street, and ? in point of size, architectural beauty, finish, and ti general accommodations, surpasses any thing of Tl its kind?indeed, any public building in this city, tl In the chaste, classic, and polished address of the 11 President of the Board of Education, will be found T a description of this noble edifice; but it will not ? be out of place here to add a few words in addi- B tion, and particularly as to the grand hall, which ?i surmounts the entire buildinsr. and is a snlenriid t specimen of the universally admired style of Gothic < architecture. The large dimensions of this grand ci hall make it admirably adapted lor the purposes w for which it is designed, viz: general examiaa- ta tions, exhibitions, xe. Acc. Two large Gothic windows aflord a full and bright light, being situat- u ed at either tnd of the building. The roofisnar- tl rowed in some twenty leet from the base, where a tl second tier of roofing is formed, and made to close ti at top; and additional light is thrown in from tl twenty large windows of Gothic design, which are arranged at either side. These windows surmount * as many arches and ptllarB, which are finished so d( as to accord with the general style and character of w the edifice in the interior of the hall, and a large m platform is erected at one end of this hall for the * ore of the professors and visiters, on the occasion m of all public exhibitions. The interior of Trinity tl church, divested of its jgorgeous drapery, will give ' tin iaea 01 mis principal apartment, wnicn is situated m the fourth or upper story, and where the *!! student can "climb to it" alter undergoing his preparatory courses at the primary ana jp word schools, and classes of the Academy, may br safely undertake to say that he has reached the It goal ol his fondest aspirations?the veritable top cH of 'Parnassus" itself. Four spiral pillars orpin- " nacles surmount the outer angles or corners of the building, which add much to the beauty of the extenor. This apartment is well furnished with seats, Arc. The various other apartments, which th are situated in the lower stories of the edifice, are he fitted Up as cIsbs rooms, well furnished, in the si same manner aB our ward schools, and the stair- ' cases, the solidity and character o' the workman- m oKin nlmw thn rrrtiat nam tknt U?am L.?DT V?uv>T utv givat taiw mat iiao UCCU UCBlUtVVV I J upon the erection. The exterior of the building presents a very imposing appearance, and it will, ?* altogether, class high among the many objects of xi public attraction in our city, which are always to sought after by the tourist and the admirers of taste of and genius, with much interest. T1 About 11 o'clock, the hall was densely thtonged ln witn a highly fashionable assemblage, consisting * principally of ladies, who seemed to take a lively r.' interest in the proceedings, and at which hour, ac cording to previous announcement, the exercises were commenced. Among the gentlemen on the platform ,, were Judges Belts, Lex-Iteoorder Scott, Bishop Hughes, Dr. Sweeny, Rev. Dra. Peok and Ferris, Rev. Messrs. ~i; Price and Knox. ex-Mayors Harper and Brady, the members of the Boards of Common Council and Edu- ff eation, he , ho., together with a foil and cffeotlve or- * chesiia, who performed with exquisite taste and exeeu- ' tion. and the omsIdi hvmn was suns with mneh swee'ness Robert Kkllev, President of the Board of Eduoation, presided. HI* donor the Major eat on hie J? right, and Horace Webster, Esq , L. L. D., eat on hie Vj left. , The Chairman delivered the addren with an im- !, prrssive solemnity well eoited for the oeeasion, and wbioh wae listened to with Intense Interest bj some fu two thousand or mere persons who were present, and v, expressed themselves deeply gratified with the sent!- ? meats oontalned therein. He said J* Fellow Citizens We have Invited your presence * on this oeeasion, to lend as yonr countenance on the ''' opening of the Free Academy, and to introdnee the '? professors reeently appointed, upon their responsive 5J and honorable employment. We desire, also, to afford to the pnbUe, the opportunity of seeing the arrange- J" sent, that have been made for the aeeommodatlon of ? the seholars, and for earrjla g on the bnsinesn ot in- ?: straetlon. It is an oeeasion in wbioh we have ail a oooamon and an equal Interest. This Institution {" belongs to the people, its doors are open for the ad- ' mission of their children, its oourses of instrnetion are *: to be arranged to suit their wants, it will derive its support from them, and be managed by oflloers elected * by thess. We wish, as representatives of the people, to snow you what we have done, and express the hopes we Ifj cherish that the institution mav nreva vnrthv nf the city, >d4 be regarded by yon a* one of its greatest or- * naments. The bnildlng Is open for your lnspeotlon. Yon will be able to jndge of its cenvenlenoe and adaptedress to tbe pnrpoees contemplated The furniture and fitting np are submitted to your inspection. You will deolde if they hare been provided with discretion, ?tl and la a style befitting the Free Academy of the eliy ' . of New York. The dimensions of the building are 136 feet by 80. It consists, exclusive of the basement , and great hall, of three spacious stories, which are latersected by two wide passages, rnnning at right angles ? through the middle of tbe building. It is believed that V it will afford accommodations for a thousand scholars, with tbe neeeseary applianoes and oonvenienoes. . It has been erected under the superintendence of Jas. f Renwick, jr , architect. It la In the style of the Gothio ' town-halls of tbe Netherlands. The style was seleoted H( for its appropriateness and convenience By It, we have been enabled to combine utility with appearanee, obtaining convenient means of ventilation and beating, and converting flues 1 oto buttresses and ohlmneys T, into towers. This elegant hall, so well adapted to the pnrpoees of tbe institution, may be said to have been , procured without cost There is no waste room The building is brought into use np to tbe very roof peak, and the structure for tbe support of '.he roof is so ar- , langed that its weight rests mainly upon the interior At walls and there is no lateral thrust upon the outer walls. ~ t This has allowed the construction of well-tied, hollow, exterior walls, at a saving in oost sufficient to pay for r all the ornament which the adoption of the Gothio ( style of architecture has required. An ornamental u Duiiaing um muB wen ouuwnea, pernapo at lean oosi, than a plain edifice of proper architectural proportions, 1 arrangement, and solidity, could bora beanarectad for. Te 1 ha entire coat of areotion, in which are embraoed all c" expe nres of printing and advertising, plana and super- ?P itiietdenee, and including several largo Items of ex- B* pavdltnra for fou ndatlon and aawars, not contemplated P? whan the contracts wore made ; also the stuccoing of " the exterior, and painting and sanding of the battlemeats and pinnacles, to bo performed next summer. *> will be safely within the sum of #50.000, the amount P? authorised by law. it is hoped that nothing will be required beyond the amount already appropriated, ,cl #48.000. The Legislature wisely limited the cost of tb< ereoting the building, in view of the extravaganoo de wbieh is usnaliy practiced in this particular ? dt Tbis eligible site, of the dimensions of 122>i fset on re I Lexington Avenue, by 300 feet on 23d street, was pur- he abased at a eoet of #25 600. The amount appropri- wt ate d thos fer, for fitting np and furniture, is #10,000. bt< The hletory of this project can be told in a few words. Pu The Board of Education took the first action in refer- '<> once to it. by the adoption of a resolution, introduced ml by Com'r Townsend Harris, July 27tb, 1840, raising a committee to report upon the subject. January 20th, flu 1ft 17 m. TditAvt voa nrmnotktmrl Viw Vsiipi Hnrrlu unit f Tl ?. Itoeworth, of saldcommlttrf. February 10th, 1847. bci the r< port was considerr d, and a committee appointed to memorialise tbe Legislature. consisting of the aaae 'h gentlemen with Coa'r J.*L. Mason. May 7th, 1847, the *? aot wae passed under which tbe institution le estab- Uj' Ushed, with tbe provision that the question ihould be 'J submitted to the people at tbe ensuing school andju- ?* dioial election. The election ooourrad on the first ft' Jdonday c f June, 1847, and the reault of the tote wae b* 10,404 in favor of establishing the Free Academy, to >* 3,4l9 against It? giving tbe enormcus majority of 15.- "* 006 Tbe eieavation for the foundation of this edi- fr< fiae was commenced in tbeend ef November, 1847 Jan- bo nary 16th, 1840, tbe institution was opened for the ex- da ami nation of pupils. January 27tb. 1849, we are met to exchange congratulations. The establishment gr of this institution ie an intorestlng elrcupe. th tan ea, as connected with the subject of _Qb. y< He ednoetion It Is an important ? -D r0T st ward in this great cause. Oor system, of ?ubllo *d oducat on ha* been confined, hither*,. to rnLmnn to school instrnetien Something ha* for tba wl advancement ef higher edncatle Q jn ?,|tlnB ln,Ut0. y, tlons, nat ?J P ^ o character. The acade- pi mie? ??d conges throe gboul the State have been *' aided by legislative ape /n-r;atioD| aad th?j have thus wi been enabled to exs^,,,! gbejr naefulnees, and bring the it means of ednoa'-' on they afford within tha reach of a > larger Bomber 'tban would have been practicable other- ? wise. But *fu|R |R the first attempt that has been|ma<la w In oar 8te.ee, to introduce academic er collegia!* in- tr a true ? as a (art of tbe system of pipular educe- cl tlr?. A narrow view of tbe subjeot m gbt lead some st t* sappose that, Inatmu h as the uiia purpose of a 'I' public system of education is to elevate the mass of tbe ?< population, all the means which can be controlled for ol educational purposes should be oonfined to the support rl ef eommon scbo its, and that any sums app'ied to the aid ef higher "emirates or learning are se much dl- 11 verted and abstrsetel from that object. But tboae sj who have examined the subject most carefully, unite v In the opinion that there is an intimate connection J between tbe general education of tbe whole pcpu'a' lon, rf and the diffusion, to some extent, throughout society, 14 til higher and more ex teniled culture. The larger the * f>re port ion of well educated intelligent men there is hi n a community, the eider, as a ireoorel rule, will bs i? the diffusion of pcpulav education, the mora will cl E NE .? ?Dt be filt by those whom It ! to bonafl nd the mora will It receive of effort on tl kit of tboee wbo guide publlo opinion. Tho effei f mob Inititniiooi m this one, upon the mui f general education, will be peculiarly happ the influence which will be exerted by thegradi tee, all of whom will bare received the solid base* < heir education In the common echoole. The cleee eoi cation between the Free Academy and the cotnmc oboole is an Important circumstanoe In Its Influent n popular education, and will, it is honed, be produ lee of Immense advantage. Being established as a pa fgthe system of public education, the Free Acaden i necessarily united with the oommon schools Tl ct give* the Board of F.duoaticn power to establish res academy "for the purpose of extending the ben ts of education gratuitously to those who have bee upils of the oommon schools of the city and aountyi lew York." The quatiAoatioa for admission into it winer is a thorough knowledge ofthe branches taugt a the latter. The education Is continued onwards ranching, as it proceeds, towards the various dlv ions of the field of knowledge, as the purpose of tt upils may lead I arm. Together, they are to form, f lost youth, a complete education. It should b? tt Jort of all concerned to make it so complete and i aluable that it will be sought by all olasses of tt ommunlty as the best that can be obtained. All wi ien imdft the benefit* of the daeetioa prsvtded i 10 common coet, nnd will feel n united internet In tt eliere end beet management of the entire njitei be etnndnrd of education in the common echooie mi gradually advanced, end the teeehere will ocoui; ore fully end prominently the poeltion which the llUty end general intelligence qualify them to ooeup; hey will here en important put to perforin In tl icompliibment of this grand purpose The n proael action of the academy and tne schoo ill he highly advantageous to both. It U on the mei 11 discipline imparted in the common sehoole thi neh of the sueeesa of the Free Academy will depeni ad it will benefit them by the introduction of great* niformity?by exhibiting in immediate oomparteo le skill of the teachers, ae evidenced in the prepan on of the candidate* they will fhrniah for ei nnoe into the Aeademy?by raising np from amoi le people n body of teachers to recrnit their rani ad increase their numbers, and by the incitements ill constantly present to the industry of the scholar these advantages should result from this Free Aoi (by, it will base accomplished a public gsod thi 111 be a full equivalent for the oost of its establisl ent aid support. But there are other public Denefl hich it will render, if properly and successfully mi iged. It will tske the ohildrenof the people, and sen itm out Into life endowed with sueb eminent advai gee of education that thsy will be a blessing to soc y, adorning their varied pursuits with their intell noe, enriching them with their discoveries, clevatin id equalising the rank and respectability of the Idely different occupations, making industry honori e, and securing to labor Its proper dignity. It wl lng out genius that otherwise might be lost fbrevei will pisk up, perhaps, out ol the very ksnnels of tb ty, many a gem of piloeless value, and will polish I id est it on nigh, that it may shed its lustre upon tb jrm me advantages or this institution, as Ita nam iperts, are free to all. It preaenta. to rleb an ior alike, an open and an even field. Intellect dustry and good conduct are to win the prlsea 01 ilacourae. Merit la to be the teat of admission, an ireafter, when the number to be admitted at eaeh ex nination aball be limited in advance. It will be neoei ry to exerolae the nicest discrimination. Tbaexi I nations are to be condnoted, aa that which la no' ogreasing baa been, ao that there may be no groun r the suspicion of favoritism, Each candidate r? ived from the principal a number, which will be bl ily designation, until the examination la completed he professors who conduct the examination, are no know the parentage, the aohooi, or even the name the candidate!, until the whole result is declared tie whole system of education that will be embrace the plan of the Free Academy, is not definitely at nged. Ithaa appeared best, in the judgment of th iard of Education, to put the Institution Into opera >n, to observe its working, and to learn more intl ately the wants ofthe pupils, before determining th lative importance that shall be given toparticula udlea, anil the extent to which they shall be oarrleii nd?r the act authorising the establishment ofthe In itutlon, they are left free to exereiae their dlscretloi to all these arrangements. They have, however, I: sir memorial to the Legislature, and in their owi oceedinga,sufficiently indicated its general purposi id given repeated assurances that ample means c luoetkon will be provided, of a very high valui lorough and diversified. The form which th istitution will necessarily take, in order tha may not be of partial benefit, will be intermi ate between the college system and that i ,e polytechnic sebcola of Europe. It will en ace portions of both these systems, Imbuing 11 >ur*e of classical and liberal education with somi ling of a practical spirit, and uniting its courses i iimrn, uiecnmmcai ana industrial education. wit neral mental culture, aiming In each case t? impai knowledge of principle?, and teaching thoroughly tl ience as well as its adaptation. It may not take an elusive direction. As it belongs to the people, ii tin direction and management mutt be for the bem , of the whole. It cannot, therefore, ocoupy tt tuation of a preparatory seminary to an exlstia stitntion. If there should be founded hereafter eat university, equal in all respects to the first an rsities of Europe, or should any of our collegia! stitutlens expand into those dimensions, to such a etltution only oould the Free Academy serve as a pre ratory, with many other sister academies scatters er the land. And, Inasmuch as It does not oceup eeieely the same field, It ought not to be regarded a itsgonlstic to any other institution. It will, nnlas e hopes of Its friends shall be disappeinted, dlUus dely over soelety the blessings of knowledge, and wi! rgely increase in tbe community the number of rip bolars and highly educated men. But the effect c is spread of liberal eultlvatien will only be to mek more deserved and sought after, in all the variou minaries of learning where it is furnished. Felloi lizena, this institution has already reoetved th longest evidences of tbe favor of the whole comma ty, In the large majority which ratified the law au orlzlng its establishment. It will require their eon iued favor and support, that it may attain am Mntatn. the position which It tlau to occupy. Pub confidence will be the only safeguard of the Kre >ademy. May It always receive that confidence, em ir reword it by the (rent good it will perform. Th rsltutlen has been organised for the eommeneemen operations by the appointment of the foilowini rps of Instructor* race Webster, L L. 1) , Professor. Iward C. Ross, Professor of Mathematics and Naturi Philosophy. Tardus B. Dtbarty, Assistant do. icodore Irving. Professor of History and Bslles Let tres. hn J. Owen, D. D.. Professor of the Latin and Greel Languages, and Literature, iver W. Gibbs. Professor of Chemistry, bn Roemer Professor of the French Language .astln J. Morales, Trofessor of theSpanish Language .ecdore Glaubeurklee, Professor of the Germat Language, and Literature, ul P. Duggan. Professor of Drawing, have now the honor of presenting them to thii dietce, as the first faculty of the f ree Academy. Mr. Principal and Gentlemen Professor* ant arhers of the Free Academy ThL public o* rion of opening the Free Academy affords me thi ccrtunity of Offerine some ohaermtlnna u ? th. tureot )our duties, and tb? circumstances of youi ritlon. It teem* appropriate, at this time, to gin pression to the expectations formed by the Board o location, aa they relate to the Inetltations the] ee CBtabliebed, and to thoae whom they have ap Inted ita first clAsers. and to proeent none thonghti to the peculiar character of tbia seminary of learn g, and the reeponeibility of tboea into whoec handi a impcrtant trust ia now confided. It la a subject eply interesting to yon. and one which I hare at ubt has been tbeoocaeirn to yen ef much eerinoi lection. It is, in every aspect, a moet interesting Id of labor. \ on will bate a large body of mind 01 ilch to operate, and that of auperior quality. Thi at scholars of tha common schools are to be youi pile. They will not be received In an lmperfeot ite of preparation, with the view that they raaj ike It up hereafter. There is no occasion to shoe mency oa thi* point, from the fear Of losing tht ror of parent*, or suffering a diminution of Iniome ley will coma, too, with the disposition to make the it uie of the mean* of Instruction. It is by dill oca that they hare become the preminm pupils 01 s common sohools. By tha acme diligence the] II maintain themielvee here. Tbay do not eotni rely for tha respectability of a certain sort 01 ucation. to pass tbrongh n routine with as little applieation aa will serve the nnrnose ul th?i . w.?. thtj t.6a. '* *W 71W* - ?4us??on. anil wan for o*?fUlBeM berecfrer. Tb '? j . ?r keademy will give yon i at advantage r,yer the whole suhjeet of discipline . *5.2 ^'e'Tvatlon of ordnr and the whole aon ctcftfl- unainess of Instruction. You will, wlthou 11' nd without favor, so control the progfee* am ndatlon of each and all, that your training will t> moat efficient possible, and may b# all <ff?ctiv? an will promote no stndent to an advanced branch ? udy nntil the preliminary degress hare been master By pursuing this oouree you will not waste, as I o often the ease, both bis time and yours. Ther III he no retardation of those prepared to advent* ou will keep the column marching on?a band t eked men?with which no Idlers ean keep pace Yo ill not watt for halters and stragglers. Von will nc atrh the movements and ehowlndu'genee to the ui esdy progress of exratio genius that lores to turn asid ><l waste its speed in chase of every glittering ball o >lden apple that roll* across Its path * 'it h ench minds to recelre the lessons of truth, eot oiled with such effective discipline, trained nnd? roumetar.ces of such advantage, and stimulated b ir.h Impulses, great remits should be produced. Us lestlonably great results will be expected It seen ow to depend upon you whether It shall not be aal ' the Free Academy as Cicero once raid of tha scbo< ' Isoetatea. In a paesage where he speaks distinctly ( le various fields in which the pupils of that philow Jer became distinguished, and condenses his pam r io In a comparison of exquisite felicity?Ciyue dn tanquavt rr n/uit Trojana wrri prinr.lpfi ssitran here is certainly a serious weight of responaiblllt sting open the first teaehera of the Free Aoadam; Is on them that Its sneeesa, for several years at leas III depend, and the right Impulse at the nuteet ma tvea hearing upon Its entire history, and exert a flnenee upon the whole educational system of ot ty and State. The disappointment of the hopes i W YO SUNDAY MOKN1NG t, the (Heads of this enterprise, ?n ths contrary, at the ie commencement of ths experiment, may prodnso uust happy ooneequeneeo of wide extent and long daratioa. e The spirit wbleh Is to pervade ths Institution will bo y, communicated by yon, and yon trill bars much to do i- In giving it its character end moulding Its form. Ths of Board or Education can only okateh ths plan?It is for i- yon to carry It oat and aceompllsh It In praotloo. And ia It Is ftom your knowledge of ths subject, and toot ob 30 serration and experience la the working of the tnstlo tution that tbey exprot much light to gaido them la rt arranging hereafter Its complete organisation. The iy general oharactor of the instltntlon will be the result ie of the direction of each particular department a If Its praotieal aim Is to be realised, It Is to e- be done only by the practical aim of each professor, in >n shaping his department and In glring his instructions, of If youth are to be prepared specially for the preeeon ie tlon of the useful arts, or any other industrial oeonpait tlon. the professor must give to his teaching the requl? site spirit direction, and elm?ley the scientific grou nd|. work, and guide the minds of the students to the thole oretical knowledge necessary In each ease. Every it thing here must depend upon the teaahing. under nay ie system, however perfect in Its details, it is not only io the application of science to the arts of industry that ia is to be regarded in this oonneotlon, bat the whole sub,11 Jeet of education, as a preparation for Amerioan Ufa, it Is before us. Here Is an opportunity offered to Introie duoe a system of superior oduoation that shall meet. In a. some degree, the varied wants of on' busy community. iy Let m not sacrifice tbe opportunity. It cannot be iy that one unvarying oouree of inetruotion furnishes ir tbe beet culture for all youth Tbere Is a disposition j. with many to admire tos highly, and exalt too much In i? dignity, etudlee, the aim of which seeme far removed s. from the ordinary carve of mortal* Whan rellecting la npon thia subject, Virgil's beautiful description of the games at the tomb of Aneolaes, has often presented Itit self to my mind aa affording an illustration of this 1; somewhat general sentiment. Tbe olaiana of Hippoir coon, wboee arrow entered the mast of Mneetheae. who n severed tbe string, and even of Eurytlon, whose shaft pierced the dove when soaring away in the olouds, are I. passed by. and, on some principle of poetic juatioe, the ig palm is awarded to old Aeestes, whose arrow took fire ia in its aimless flight, burning and biasing, a meteor In It the sky. S " In nubibos arsit arunda Hgnavitune viaiu llama it, teaue?<|ue roceoslt \ Coa>un,pts in ranter." f Annlatiae 1 If the iv.Umi vltlal, >.. k. J i. us as models for our imitation originated at a different M era in the world's hiitory? if they were adopted when 'j the field of knowledge waa widely different from what it ltt is now? lftbey were detigned for the benefit of exclusive ola?BCB or profession!, let ua not refuse to keep paoe, in }* tbe progress of eduoatlon, with the progress of mankind. Kducation should be in keeping with the oha? racter of the age. The school should bear a eloae analogy to the life of the nation. l- ? * ? * " There is one subject of great delioaoy, eonnecte d ' with your office, to whioh I feel it my duty to allude. * There is danger, if caution he not exerotaed, ofwound* ing the religious feelings of some of the youth intruat8 ed to your care. Our system of pnblio eduoation is ? based upon the prinoiple of exolnding all sectarian tea nets, and we are trying the grand experiment of a se5 paratlon of ohuroh and school, the only mode in whioh J? a free government can itself eduoate the people. The Free Academy is to be eenducted upon this prinoiple, '* and no class of religionists is to be debarred from its advantages, by offence given to conscientious ocnvicw tions It were a breaohof honor to direot education, T provided at the public cost, as a means of proselytiam to any particular system or doctrinal belief In teach'* Ing the higher branches of knowledge, there is a wide * scope for the action of such influences. The teaoher's 1 own doctrinal sentiments, if his mind be not llberal* ized, ma^r pervade and color bis philosophical opinions. L- tory; or bo may covertly i nsinuate stateme nte end prl n, dples subversive of tbo cherished faith of others. There ere other, various indirect influences, * affecting this subject, which should be carefully p watched. But let the spirit of Christianity pervade your teaching, as it pervades the laws cf the 8 land and the administration of justice I.et a devout * Christian sentiment be the tone of morals and philo' sophy here. Teach that the truth of nature rests upon '* the truth of God Demonstrate that at the founda* tlon of every selence, his omniscient wisdom-that all B of beautiful or sublime truth?is but a development of B the Divine mind. Point to the limits where man by 'l searching, oan find eut no farther, beoause he meets the unrevealed mysteries of the Divine Power. Let ' the serene light of a pure religion permeate every " science, brightening and blending with its beauty and [* truth, like a lamp set within a vase of alabaster, bring ing cut into bolder relief and more exquisite effect ; the forms and ornaments that are sculptured upon it. [" 1 trust that a spirit of infidelity, materialistic, athe* istio or pantheistic, may never gain a foothold within these walls, to exert that lnealoulable power for evil, ^ which It will eontrol, by guiding the minds of youth 7 In their investigations in the higher regions of know ledge Whs n exhibiting the soroll of the heavens, and '* pointing out the golden characters emblazoned upon ? it, you tell yeur scholars, that those characters are the M symbols ot worlds ; let not the guidance of a mad undevoutness lead them to the Inconclusive reasoning, '* that beoause the Almighty hath created all those ra diant inheres, which none but himself oan number or * call by their names, and for hie glory sent them upon their career, whirling like burning eeneore through the eky, end binda them to hie throne with oorde invisible, end cueteine them in their prescribed ooureee, not needI log to cheek or niter, with hie band their intricate movement*, therefore hi* rebellion* creature* upon thle apoetate orb, are net subject to the moral lawe, and the eiernal enaction* of hi* Infinite government; but let thle be the epirit of your teaohiagc. " When I eoaelder thy heaven*, the work ft thy finger*, the moon and the etare, which thou hait ordained?what ia man, that thou art mindful of him ? or the eon of man. that thou vialteet him ?" (Loud applauee ) When the Illuminated page of Orceian and Iloman olvilliatlon ia open to their view, and the aohlevementa of heroic virtue, the znatohleee creation* of art, the eplcndor* of genlualn poetry and eloquence, faeelnate their imagination, you will open, opposite to it, another page, all black with infamy?toe record of the vice* of that anoient world, J unlllnmined with a single ray ofhollnaaa. If you march 1 them to the promenade where the aohool or Ariatotle met, or to the porch of knowledge where Zeno taught, ? or bid them alt in the shady grovea of that ancient 1 academy where wisdom fell In word* sweet aa those of J poets from the lips of Plato, you will conduct them, * also, to the altars reared to false and unknown god* ? I You will waft them through the open dome of the lloman Pantheon, and station on their pedestal*, the . Olympic representatives of heathen morals that onoo poereseed it. You will show how, as the virtue* of that heroic people were gradually effaced and blotted out, in their tad decline, freeh god* claimed their adoration ? fouler, if possible, than thoie of older date; monster* from the teeming Nile and men more monstrous from ID0 ivpvnki mronr. ( luuq appiau-e ; wntii, NDtHO the vtrle<l enrfaee of this earth, yon ahov them thoae tablets of atone on wbioh are graven the only records of Ita primeval agea, let them traee on them, aa on the tablet* of the law written upon Mount 1 Sinai, the finger of Ood. You will teach them that the record* of God'a power, and the revelation of his will, the registera of an eternity paat, and the chart of an eternity to come, shall one day be beautifully reconciled in a perfect gospel harmony. You will tell 1 them, that should vaicee come forth from the tomb ef buried centuries, full of dark anl doubtful import, they may be like the false oracles of anolent time* Issuing fr?m the earth, only to beguile those who trusted in them-that should science teem to deolare that the Jehovah who spake by the Hps and the pen of Moses of the creation of the world, and the origin of our race, is to be dethroned, they have only to wait until, by a more potent adjuration she be oompelled to make a fuller, a clearer, and more truthful utterance. For science, exorcised and dispossessed, shall one day sit hi mbly at the foot ot the ore ss. and the Tythoness shell leoome a Prophetess. After further exhorting the professors to assidiously attend to their various duties, tne chairman concluded; when a beautiful original ode, composed for the ooeaslon by a lady of New York, was sung by the orchestra The following is one of the verses of this beautiful ode, entitled "Knowledge for the People." Here, by Wisdom kindly cherished, Let the lamp of science shine, Soul*, that else in gloom bad perished, Lighting with Its rays divine. Music's notes and poet's numbers, Pour ycur airy oharms around ; Many 4 spirit's dreamy slumbers, Rousing by the magic sound. Hoback Wkbstkb, Kso., Principal of the Free Academy, next addressed tne assemblage. His remarks, principally, bad reference to the eourse of instruction they had >o far Intended to pnrsne, ami their determination to imcress the necessttv on the mind* of the pupil* to rigidly adhere to "truth'* In all their relation*. After music by the orehes'ra. If is Honor, tko Maroa, earn* forward and aald:? Mr. raniDENT : 1 have wltnetaed th* interesting ceremonies of this oeoaeion with much gratifleattq*, end I am euro thl* gratlfloattr n I* shared l)? tne Member* of the municipal government. Ihd the large number < four fellow ettl*eni BOW present. I cannot, therefore, forbear to cypres*, In their behalf a* well a* my own, to the gentlemen ft! the Board of Education, who bare had charge t.f the organisation of this Institution, our thahlr* for the fidelity, energy, nnd eplrlt? at once judlcloo* and liberal?with wbteh they have fulfilled *o Important a trust. If there be any ease in which government may eafely and properly extend Its action beyond the simple function of administering justice between man nnd man, It I* for the pnrpese of Instructing and educating the eUltens, on whom, In cur country, must ultimately rest the responsibility for the wise and just exercise of all the delegated power* of society. The common school* are the basis of the system which seeks to accomplish this grant object?they reach the whole masa of the people?they put within the power of the humble and the poor j the meats of securing good Instruction By an Influence co-extensive with nnlvrrsal suffrage, they not only elm to lit the people to discharge the d duties of cltlsens having an equal voice In ?1 tfce giverninent of the conntry, but they tend to ?f lessen the inequalities of the social condition, by en >- ablirgall to enter with equal advantages, as far as ? education I* concerned, npon all the competition* of t life. To bold out the strongest of honorable Incentives I. to diligence, In Imprceltg the opportunities afforded by 7 the common school* to generate a salutary emulation f. among th* veet number* whose education la to be ret. calved, and whose characters are to be fwmed in them, y I* en object of the greatest Imports nee And how oan n ibis bo so fitly or to wisely done as In the manner tr proposed by this Institution T not by prise* or dietlnoof tlocs, which are ephemeral la everything, eioept In IRK B , JANUABY 28, 1849. the flattery they administer to the vanity; tat by hold>i( oat the immm that tbOM who avail thoiaMlvM moet faithfully and effsetanlly off the odvantages offered la the common 'schools, hail have the opportunity of gratuitous Instruction ia the b If her departments of education. Thie Institution, whue It surmounts the common school system, strengthens and adorns It If wisely administered, it will net most beneficially upon the whole mass off these who are embraced In the Inferior deportments. For my own port, I eonnot regard with indlfferenee anything which Is calculated to Improve ear syetem of publio Instruction-It Is oar eblef security fet good government and the, protection of the rights of person and property. Oar public schools are now forming the characters of those who will, In a brief period, supersede us in the active duties of life, and In' exercising the power* of |OT*rawit. Ov oountry la advancing In a career of aeoamnlatlcg wealth, popnlation and power, whleh baa no parallel. The Influeneea of oar oommon ochoolo go wherever the foresight of our government extends our jarladlotlon, or the adventurous spirit of our people poors the tldd of emigration. Amid the eooial and civil revolutiona which are oonvnlaing other parte of the world, our own country la proceeding on Its march to greatness, not only undlssurbed, but with aooelerated rapidity. Tha Imagination fails to anticipate what Is to bo the meridian of that age of which this generation area but the dawn. Whether that meridian shall be overcast by gloom and doubt, or shall be resplendent as its preacat promise, mutt depend upon the intelligence of the people To have been even an humble Inrtrument In founding or carrying forward systems of instruction whleh are materially to affect such a future, Is no common honor: and this edifice, to day copsecrated to purposes so nigh and noble, will be a monument of thoenlightened labors of you, sir, and your associates, as well as of the benelioeuce of our citizens wbicb has aided and sustained you in the accomplishment of the work. Itov Ucobck Peck here pronouneed a benediction when the oompaay separated, and aeveral inspected the interior of tha building, when all departed, highly gratified with thegeneialexercises and object for which they had met lie event will long be remembered with pleasure by Oil who were present. Domestic mioeellatijr. Tho whole number of pardons granted In Virginia during tlovernor Smith's term, was 44, making the number granted, since the establishment of the penitentiary up to the 1st of October last, four hundred and fifty-eight out of 3,006 eonvicts received therein during that period. The Ooveraor of Illinois has been authorized, by an aet of the Legislature, to prooure suitable awords, with proper devices and inscriptions, to be presented by bim to (Jen Shields and eaoh of the colons in of the 3d, 3d, and 4th Illinois regiments in the late war, and a simi lot uuc vu uw jurpomcu iu (lie DiaCBl BOD Or U010H61 Hardin. Tbe quantity ot mackerel caught by the fishermen from Cape Ann, during the year 1848, was 61,260 barrels; from Gloucester, 44 810 barrels; Asalnquam, 8 680 barrels; and from Rockport, 7,760 barrels?making a total ?f 122 400 barrels. Edward Mahan, arrested a short time since, on suspicion of murdering Mr. 1'arker, at Manchester, N. H .in 1846, has been discharged from oustody, and Grorge Sherburn, who gars the information respecting him, lodged in Jail, at Boston, as the real murderer. Homer V. Moul, of Effingham ceunty. S. C , was killed last, week by the accidental discharge of his gun ' while en a huating expedition. He served through the ' late war with MtxUo. 1 A negro boy belonging to Joslah Benton, of East Feliciana. La . murdered a fellow slave reoently. by cutting bim in tbe back with an axe, severing the spine. | Alter the commission of the crime, he fled, taking with him one of his master's finest horses. The cause was jealousy. Hon Henry Barnard has resigned his pest as school commissioner for the State of Rhode Island. Hon. E. K Potter is spoken of as his successor. T he lumber yard of Nathan Mason, at Providence, R. I., was destroyed by fire on Friday night last. The trial of those engaged in the recent riot on the canal, at Buffalo, has resulted in the conviction of six, and acquittal of two of them. An institution for the encouragement and improvement of the mechanical and Industrial arts, has been formed at Charleston, S. C. The almshouse, in Dorchester oounty, Md., was entirely destroyed by fire last week. John Buekley was frosen to death on Saturday, tbe 20tb Inst , near Galena, 111. Hon. John L. Snyder, of Cherry Valley, N. Y. was stunned by a blow from the barn door, driven t? by the wind, and fell with his face in some chaff, where he smothered. Mloh-an-no pee, the principal chief of the Seminoles, died suddenly, a few days sinoe, at Fort Gibson, Miss. Tbe small pox is raging with/earful fatality at St. John's, N.B. Barker's satlnst factory, at Hanceok, Mass , was destroyed by fire on Thursday last There were three eases of cholera at St. Lo uis, Mia ourl. on the 17th Inst. 8badraeh Barnes committed suicide, a short time (luce, In tbe jail of Madison oounty, Ky. He was un- I der sentence of death Ephralm Rebblac oommltted suicide at Middleboro', Mm*., on the 10th lust., by cutting hi* threat. Political Intelligence. The whig* ef the Eastern Congreacional district of Rhode Island, on Thursday nominatedOeorge A. King, and tbose of the Western distriot Sylvester O. Sherman, as candidates for Congress. Madison Brown, of Centreville, Md.. is spoken of as the democratic eandidate for Congress in that district. The members of Congrats from Pennsylvania, deny that they bare ever held a mtetiag to reoommend any one for a oabinet appointment. Oen. Dlx has fonnd in the archives of government the original draft of the Ordlnanoe of 1787. It is in the band writing of Thomas Jefferson, and inolndes the famous anti- slavery elanse which was struck out by Congress, but afterwards Incorporated by Nathan Dane into his draft of the Ordlnanoe. Messrs. Jefferson, Howell of R. I., and Chase of Maryland, were the committee who reported it. The Legislature of Florida has adjourned. General Thomas Brown was Inaugurated Governor on the 18th. Ten of the democratic members have issued a protest against the inauguration, alleging that the office of Governor is not yet vacant. The LcMslature failed to elect Jndfii of th? Clrenlt Court before It adjourned. Constitutional difficult!** were thought to bo in the . way. The State will, therefore, he without a Judlolary , from July, I860, when the aroooat Judge* go oot of offloe, till the next (eeaioa of the Legislature, whleh commence* in December, I860, anleoo an extra aeoeiea ihould be ealled before that time. The Taylor party State convention of Rhode Ialand, ! at Provideaee, on Thursday, aomiaatod Henry A. Anthony for Governor, and Charloe K. Robbing for Llent. , Governor. A free eoll feitival waa held at Kendall, Orlaans eonnty, New York, on Wedaeoday the 17th laat., whleh waa largely attended. Railroad Intelligence. The bridging and grading of the Terra Hante and Richmond (la ) railroad, from the foraser place to Greeneaatle, have beea pat under contract, and the contractor* are to receive 80 per cent of their pay la the atock of the company. Thia read, when completed, it la expected will be one of the aaoet important of the Went em roada. The Central and Sullivan railroad*, will be opened to Windsor, Vt, on the let proximo. The laborer* on the Providence and Hartford railroad have all been dtaeharged by the contractor*, becanre of their refusal to work tea boare per day for 60 | cent*. I Daniel A. Neal. President of the Ka*tern railroad, , It I* ea'd will be offered the Reading (Pa.) railroad, and 1 rin h 1* the confidence of the people of Salem. Ma** , ] vhere he reside* of hi* superior capacities, that the , rtcck and bonds have Improved considerably in the | BoMin market. , Niw Your **o Nr.w Htrr* Rui.aotn ?The Hart- < ford and New Haven and N?? Vmfc M? u?? ' rallrrpd* 419 likely to effect 4 eoa?proml*e, by which 4 1 joint lib* of ir*rt5 orer the two railroad* will be imme- | dlately e*tah!l*bed. The broach for connecting toe two railroad* I* already completed, 10 that there I* no physical impediment to the running of car* from Bo*- , ton to New York. A negotiation I* now pending for , the arrargetrent of the detail* for running a dally paeeeager train thmu2h on thl* line between the two , eltle* which will be carried Into effect without delay ? itcie Iloim (Cl ) Ifrraid Tmr CMi MLieft DAtLliOtp.-Thl* long talked of and i much <'.e*tr?d Imprornr.eiit I* it l-'Pj'h t? ba fl>a I H'lofllnfed Tfce neceeeary ftock ba? heen faVan, 4od the director* will proceed at onae to build the road I It will be done and la operation In time to connect 1 with the New Vrtk and Krle a? *ooa a* flnUhed to I tblr place, which will be la Oatober next - Klmira (,V I J") hijiuhlittn. I,iw Intel llgenrc. SurnrMK Cover ok thc Uwitko Statbi ?Jan 2' - < No 88 Cbarle* Wilke*. plaintiff In error, r*. Satnml Diarlnaa. The argument of thl* eauae wa* commenced I by Mr Bradley for the plaintiff In errer, and continued by Mr. May for the defendant la error. Jaw. a#?Timothy Jenkln* and Ranaom II Tyler, F.ron., of New York, and Daniel Sanndere, Jr , and Henry M Chtmberlaln, F.*q, of Ma?*aohu?ett*. were I admitted attorney* and eouneellora of tbl* aourt No*. I 13.1 and 2C7. J W Blydenborgh, et al., *. H and I). Cotbeal On motion of Mr. Core. of eounaal for tb? defendant* in error, tbeae writ* of orror to tbo court of error* and appeal* of tbo State of Now Jeraey, woro dlemlared for want of jurladletton. No 172 William Crawford, ot at., plaintiff* In orror. ro. Branob Bank of Alabama. Tbo motion by Mr. Inge to diamine tbla ranao for want of iurtodlotlon, waa argued by blm In anpporttboroof. No. 1T6. f J. Barnardetal .plaintiff* in error, *. John Uibaon. Tbo motion to diamine tbla eauao waa argued by Governor Seward in anpport of, and by Mr. Tabor in oppoeltlon to. the aame. Adjourned till Mondaj morning, 11 o'eloek. ArroiNTMKirrs by thk President, by and wiih thr advice and consent ot the Senate.?Oliver B. Hill, receiver of public moneys, New Orleans, Louisiana, re-appointed. Samuel Wise, receiver of public moneys, Vineennes, Indiana, re-appointed. [ERA Intelligence tram the Sandwich Island*. I # The following interesting intelligence concern- j ing the Sandwich Islands is extracted from a file > . ofthe Sandwich hlami Newt, and another of the . Polynttian, both published at Honolulu, which we 1 have received by a recent arrival. We have given I already some extracts from those journals, as well i as some from the Oregon Spectator, and we now | give morei DINNER TO THE ROYAI, EAMILY. 1 [From the Sandwich Island News, June 11 t On Saturday last, Messrs. H. Sea and William Sam- f n*r. at their seat at Moaalna, gave a most sumptuous s feast to bis Majesty the King, the Queen, the chiefs t and their ladles. We are Informed bv a person who was present that this party was equal, If not superior to any ever before given upon these Islands, with the exception of the one given by his Majesty In Nuannu Valley, In commemoration of the restoration of the Hawaiian flag by the British government. Their Majesties, with most of the chiefs and their ladles, arrived at about 9 o'olook, and shortly after the whole party sat down to a well-spread breakfast table. The table was spread In a large tent ereoted under the trees so much admired at that plaee A large Hawaiian flag was flying from one ot the highest oocoanut trees In the front ground, (which had a beautiful effrot when viewed from a little distanoe,) and the royal standard over the tent. About twelve o'elock, a target, representing 8ir Lnk. --?? ? i- ?v 1 ? I of the "Rivals," as large as life, waa placed at a respee | table shooting dUtanee, and the sporte of the after- | noon commenced. We are sorry to Bay that after a few hallo had been fred, which told moet conspicuously on c the figure of Sir Lnolne, hla exeelleacy the governor J of Oahu met with an accident which might have 1 proved a very serious one. We are unable to get at the i i eal truth of the matter, farther than that hlsexoel- U lency lost one of his fingers by a ball from one of the a new revolving nieces, and that his left band was other- o wire seriously damaged. This for a time cast a gloom n upon the countenanoee of all present, and put a atop d to the sport of target firing. Messrs. Sea and Sumner F not wishing this gloom to take root and mar the sports w of the day. immediately brought into their bullock pen t] seveial wild colts which had never before been ridden n If we may judge from the loud bursts of lauihter and tl eontlnual roars of mirth which were kept up, every n body had their fill of fun in witnessing this sport The I boys who rode the oolts were evidently acquainted a with their business, and the old pteoe of ''Johnny o Gilpin" was completely portrayed. It was estimated r that there were no less than 800 people present to wit I nets these sports. a But the crowning feature of the day was the excel- g lent dinner which was served at three o'clock. Their a majesties, the chiefs and other, to the number of about sixty, sat down to the first table, and after they had retired, about three hundred more easae and ate their * fill. a Sbcrtly after dinner, the bear belonging to Mr. Sea, , was brought ont and shot at. After several ahote had been fired, without injuring poor bruin, their msjes- 1 ties took their departure, apparently highly delighted 1 with the entertainments of the day. On the arrival ? ot the party in town, tbare were not less than two hundred horsemen in the train. l The whole arrangement and the sports of the day ( were suoh as refleot great credit upon the indefatlga ble originators. Meiers. Sea and Sumner Toahns ? the prevalence of temperance principle* among the 1 chief*, and those who gave the entertainment, we are J pi raced to atate that there wa* no more exolting berer- a tge than cold water need upon the oooaeion. a Tii* T.AZZARONI OF no.voLrLU. J We hare read of the mlaerable laxiaronl of Naples 5 ind other parta of Italy?we have aeen some of the J! worst specimens ef the wretched beings termed "loafera," In the eltlee of the United States?we have pio- ' tured out In our own Imagination a olasa far below v either of these?but all that we have read, all that we have ever aeen. all that we have ever Imagined eonoern- f, ing this indigenous olaaa of objeota, whiob are to be found, in more or leas quantities, all over the world, 0 has never eome up to the reality as experienced In this 1 town of Honolulu Here are to be found the moat dia- a gusting. miserable being* in the world, of that class, whether termed lazzaroni, loafers, ladrones, beggars, * or thlevea. Of all vagabondism, that which la . practised by the natives In this place is the most I disgusting and damnable. Here are to be seen J hundreds of stout, hearty, well-fed men, lounging J about day after day, and tipped off with all the vulgar j finery Imaginable; and yet these hang-dog looking * wretobe* do not perform a hand's turn of labor from : one month's end to the other, with the exoeption J of that whleh tbey are forced to do for the govern- J ment How, then, do these beings manage to appear J astbeydoT In a few words, we will endeavor to state ! bow; they encourage their wives and sisters to roam J the streets, and offer the use of their bodies to the passer-by. and whatever money they obtain by suoh mer- 1 cantile transactions, they appropriate to purohase food ? to gorge aad finery to deok their lousy and filthy * bodies. This is one of the means by whloh the filthy lassaroni of Honolulu obtain their support. Anothrr is. when one gets employment from a white mac, be t (the native.) Is expected to pilfer enough from his em- t: ployer'shouse cr shop, as the oase may ba, to support a the whole generation of his relations?consisting of a some ten or s doxen makuas and their delightful pro- e: gen v. This Is the way these moat lazy and wretched ti of all miserable objeota obtain the means for ti.#lr cub- T siitenoe; by lying, cheating, stealing, and prostitution. S Nothing la too mean, too disgusting. too vile for them * to cngaga In to obtain money. There Is only one a crime in the whole oatalogue that they do not eommlt, ' 1 and that Is murder?and this thsy do not refrain from | t d??bn iii is a crime, uut on accoum 01 tneir coward ie?. THE PROGRESS OF CIVILIZATION. Tha other day, a native went Into a shoe shop and told the shoemaker that ho wished to pnrohase a pair of shoes for his wife, and that if the shoemaker had noob jeetlon he would take one shoe from a pair whieh be saw. and if It fitted her, he would ea'l and get the other one, and pay for the pair. He took the shoe, went to another shoo, told the same story, and got another shoe; since when he has not been heard or. It seems, from this, that the natives are very expert in practicing some of thetrloksof civiliaid people; and if they improve in the same ratio that they have done, in five years more they will be on an equality with the light* fingered gentry and shop lifters of London and New York. HAWAIIAN PRODUCE. We understand that upwards of sixty tons of sugar and other merchandise, (exclusive of salt.) the produets of these islands, will leave this port daring the present month, having been eichenged for the produoe Df foreign countries. At this rate, now manyplantitions would it take to raire enough produoe to pay ftr ill the foreign goods needed here 7 ROWS. There have been two or three rows in the streets <1 drug the pant week. One man got his head badly broken, mother had his arm broke, and a thl'd had his face sadly cnt with a knife. These were all from the effects ?f strong drinks. O, rum rum what a monitor art ihou ! Will people ever learn to despise you 7 SHIPPING. The harbor now presents quite a lively and full appearance. The ' spouters" and merchantmen which have lately arrived, give business quite a start A new law published in the Polynesian requires the commanding officer of every vessel, on arrival, to deliver to the Collector, under oath a full, true and per I feet manifest of the cargo with whioh such vessel Is laden; which manifest shall contain an account of the peksges, with their marks, numbers oonteata, quantities, ho. Is it usual for ship masters to knew the "contents and quantities" of packages shipped on board of vessels ? We are under the impression that " contents unknown" is affixed to most bills of lading. Hawaiian Theatre.?Oreet attraction ! The Idiot Witness and the Vampyrw. On Saturday evening, Sept. Sd, the performances will commence with the grand melo drama, entitled The Vampyre, or the Bride nfth? Ill?fl. To UMialnflA with tka aaUkea?aa <laema The Idiot Witnoso. or the Tele of Blood. Ticket* to be hod ot the onetion room of Wm. Jos. Robertson, luring tho efternoon preceding the evening of per- i rormonee, ond ot tho box office on tho night of the performance. Doors open ot 7 o'clock, performonoe to 8 commence ot holf poet 7. A strong ond efficient polloe B mill be in ottondonto to preserve order. Admlttonoe, y box ft; pit, flit; cento. J* OOt'RT NEW*. * [From tho rolyies'oo, Aug. 12 1 '' Their Majesties, tho King ond Queen, ond the oonrt, el srrlved ot midnight on tho 7th Inotont, boring been b absent einee the fOth of June lost. a The royal port; were received with repeoted oheero, f ond escorted to the poloee by the mllltory ond police, u preceded by the king's bend. . On tbe 8th, tho foreign console, the forts ond notion- " ol vessels hod their Hogs hoisted in honor of the King's '' sriivol J Their Majesties received visits of congrotolotion on t tbe evening of tho 10th. The toreijn consuls, with t their lodles, mony of tbe foreign residents oil the (j King's ministers, most ef the ohlers o d their lod es t tbe pupils ot the royol school, ond severol stronger*, . irere present. Numerous presentotions took piece. ' Tbe Kln| held a special privy council on the 11th nn tbe subject of commnniootiona from tho Consnl ot } France, relotlng to tho chongo of government etfeote t ( in Krsnoe. ond her continued sympathy for this k ng- i dom. ... ( AN KAKTRljtMKK. I (From the I'olyurden Sept 2] A correspondent wiltltg from l.ahaina, under dst* < cf August 26. says: ? Ouite a mi art thoek of on earthquake. of lornn sa ' ccnd'l duration ?x f It At this place. this morning at ' precistly 6 o'clock The force of the ?h >ok was ao great I a to shake our beds aery sensibly. end to wake op nil I a bo were asleep. It wee attecdai with the usual trrmbiing at tbe earth sad ibe rumbling sound On tha 3d of August, at about three o'olnak in tbe imrn Ing. a slighter shock was felt here, aort also at Wat In I hu. and doubtlessat other pl?a*s. That seemed to be i rather a motian of tbe tarih, unattended by any < trembling er ncise ? Wrre these shcrka Ml. at tbe earn* time, at Oabu i Ktutl, Hawaii, fee ' We are told that tbe Tolceno of t Kl auea Is gr< a'ly diminished In ae'lon Are not the i to eanle fires traTelllng thin wii' and may we not ex i peet, a'er long to see Diamond Heart and old Haleakala renewing tbelr blase? Or ba? not Kilaaea broken oat with new power, strong enough to reck the whole group Shirks tfearthquakes b*?? b en ??ry uo frequent tad rrry slight on il.ul, ,N?t,r o, fore bare we felt twe )o titgle roon'b l d. TWO CENTS. Tkwtrleal and Musical. Bowser Thiitu.-The doings at this house during he put VMk, hare kNB of the moat '-?T-Tttag malt re Flrat mum ' Boadloea," which *u played with treat applause tha Irat half of tha waak; and then a testing tragedy, tha 'Apostate," which waa perormed In excellent style by tha aery talented uoiapm ay attached to this honae. Light fareas and melo- dreoatlo apaotaolaa made np tha remainder of tha dracatio entertainments. The Lee family bare also been lerformleg nightly, and hare oreeled a perfaet /erect; uch original gymnasu hare never before been seen; heir feats, Indeed, snspass everything. With them, he laws of gravity and attraction (In one sense of the void) ream to be set at deflanoe, though so laughable ire iome of their feats, and so crowded is the boose very evening to see them, they may he said, in another tense, to be uprettlng all laws of gravtty, and fulfilling ell those of attraction. Their nail play, with their feet, Is Indeed almost superhuman; whilst little Eugene, the most graceful little sprite that ever bowed to an sndlence. has all the agility and aotlvlty of a monkey, with the gracefulness of the most graoeful of danoers. Alia a uberiaiamrnis aunng the present week will be ruled end Interesting, t? the Lees ere re engaged nod he London copy of the dr metlo v.-mloa <f Dloken's sew work, the ' Haunted Man," will be played. Broad a at Theatre ?The house wee filled, leet ironing, to excess, and the desire to wltnssa the gor(eoue ipectacle (f ' Monte Crlsto" remelas still unalated. This beautiful production, whloh has been Iramatlsed expressly from the celebrated novel o Alexander Dumas, and from the pen of U. H. Andrews, isq., ha* drawn, for the last fire weeks, an unpreeelented run at this popular end fa?hlonaVe theatre, or ehioh it in originally dramatised. The piece last enlng, wss performed with muoh ability, by the exellent caste who hare aoquitted themselves with so luch credit since the first production of this beautiful rama upon these boards Mr. Dyott. as the Abbe atia. acquitted himself with his usual ability, and he 'as repeatedly and dererredly applauded throughout tie performance. We would remind the many adilrers of thla eplendld speotaole, that It will be conInued again on to-morrow evening, being ths eomlenoement of the alxth week of ita production hare, ndeed from the appearance of the house last evening, re should not wonder if this grand attraction ware ontlnned for eome more weeks to come The intesst which It has created remains still undiminished, t has bad already a successful run of thirty nights; nd will surely double the amount before the playolcg public are fully satisfied. The seenery Is much .dmtred. National Thkatsi ?The drama of " Waoousta" las continued to run successfully during this weak; ,nd were it to be continued for many nights more. It rould still attract orowds, as it is one of the most interesting and best got up pleoee ever produced at the Vationel. Light farces. " Iranhoe," and various melo Irsmas. have constituted the other entertainments.? The National is doiog a most safe and profitable boeliess. Kvery night it Is well filled, the performances [o off with much punctuality and regularity, and the rotors and aetressee all take sueh palne to play their tarts well and correctly, that It Is quits a pleasure to dslttbe bouse. A new local drnma, called " Roeina deadowe," baa been in preparation for some time past, .nd will be prodnoed to morrow evening, with new cenery.&o. It is said to be a most Interesting piece, nd as the scene Is laid here in New Verk, It will no onbt be well appreciated by the andlenee. Chanfrau ikes a prominent part in It, as do also Seymour, Miss lestayer and Mies Gordon. The scenery Is all new. Dd will represent many well known soeuaa la Now otk. Bvitod'i Thiitm, CiuHini Street.?Tha per>rmancee, lut night, at this theatre were the aame as n the prertona evening. The attraotlon of Brougiam'a adaptation of " Vanity Fair" aeemt unabated, ,nd the audience exhibit aa muoh satisfaction with **>? tew effort aa they did with the very aueoeaiful pleoe ot Dombey and 8on." Brougham waa all that his beat rienda could have wiabed him in hla delineation of lawdon Crawley; and the return of an old Mead, roota, waa welcomed by the audience. Mr. Johnaoa'a teraonatlon of Pitt Crawley waa worthy the reputation ifttis talented actor. Mrs. Brougham looked eaihantinaly aa Mr*. Major O'Dowd. This comedyaeems ikely to increase in favor at every successive representation. and to have a protracted run. The "California iold Mines" followed, in which Brougham, aa ustfaL tept the house In roars of laughter We must not omit o pay amerlted compliment to Miss Barber, an exeeedogly pretty girl, with an excellent voice, and muoh nrdesty of deportment. From the admirable mauageaent of this theatre we have no hesitation in saying bat the conclusion of the campaign will be equally as uccessful as its commencement. Amkbics;* Ciacr-s. -The two performances of yeaerday. the first in the afternoon, and the second in be evening, were patronised by numerous visiters, nd the Circus company of Messrs Sands. Lent ft Co , re always enjoying a well merited popularity for their ihibltions at the Albamra. The tnt-it of " Valence and Orfon" was rect-lved with great enthusiasm, be prlneiptl act of horsemanship by Master Maurice ands. was applauded "to the echo." The flae and agaetous May Fly. the elegant and lively Cinderella, ltd hit thn flffhtinff nnitUa vara a Ian mnsk nnnsaslata/l .'he Circus. Indeed, possesses every variety of attration In Its line The two clown* made a world of fun, ,nd the entertainments ended with a very fareleal len'omlne,'llarh quia and the <>ho*t," whl-h drew orth bursts of laughter. The next week promisee to >e very brilliant Grnoi.'a CovcrsT.?The third musical entertain nent of the above celebrated composer's band will ake place on Monday evening next, when they will ixecute several new and beautiful compositions, which lave not before been heard In this eity. To as It betomes a superfluous duty to speak of the excellent muitoal abilities of this band. Those who have heard ihelr harmonious strains, which touch the heart, and ixcite the most pleasing and delightful emotions, will rear as out in the expre**ion, that a more llnlehedand lolrntlflc hand has never been beard In this eountry. IVe hope their merit* will be properlv appreciated by a arge assemblage of all those who believe in the elegant ixpression, that music, when breathed forth with cienoe and aweetnese, can " Bet ten rooks snd bend the knotted oak " Chmstt's Minamata are geing on with the most isrfeet unanimity The musical publio are going fter them with n perfect rush, and each succeeding eek they cain more fame thaa ever. They area dm ste set of philosopher*, and moreover are pnblic beefed or*, as they give most delightful and Innocent ranssmsni In >inni4faila awaww awanlnw Nkw OuilKI SbSF.HAHBRS.?These geniuses IN It uccersful m ever. They have a moat admirable way 4 rendertag the various Kthleplan ieip they have oa heir llat. Their band ia composed of drat rata aclantifla ousiciaua, and whatever the; attempt u done ia flrat ate atjle. Chirbsb Mvikvm ?Though much has been written ibout the curious customs and habits of the Chinese, 10 oppoitunit; has until now ever bees afforded to our Itliens to see for themfeles* their remarkable and iriglnal ways, as the; absolutely exist at present in the ireat empire At the Museum now exhibiting ia Jroadway, such a perfaet collection is to be seen as rill give evrry beholder a most thorough Idea of China. Marlni bad lately taken a benefit at Havana, am rblcb occasion be realised the sum of gfi 000. The Count of Penalver gave a grand soiree to Baron lothcbila's son, which is said to have been a vary brlilant affair. The Viennoise children reeently appears I in a new dstorieal drama at Havana, which created a great senatiea. Eiryinq a Wirx and Finding her Ai.ivb ?A nost singular circumstance occurred in this citv ast week, which has been the subject of remark mong tfae high otbcials nt the court-house, and in everal of the churches. The story runs thusi?A oung married woman called on Judge Saffia for rtmission to enter the Commercial Hoepttal, thich waa, through his kindness, immediately obtined. Alter remaining there a few days, the leward of the institution called upon the judge, luting thut the woman for whom he had obtained dmission into the hospital was dead, and he was eeking information respecting the woman's has* and, that she was a (oreigner, and expected her lUi-band here; during her watching for him she eci> me sick and destitute and applied aa above, udj e Saftin took the trouble to advertise in one of he Geiman papers for the person, and the adverisement had the effect to find the man early aext lay, when the sad news of his wife's death was old him. The husband lost no time in repairing 0 the place where the corpse laid. The oorpse vas interred in a respectable burial place, and the lusbund returned to the hospital to inquire if there were charges, lor which he in honor stood bound. L>n his retusn, instead of going to the "dead room," is he did in the first instance, he was shown to the ' convalescent department." What was his astonishment and delight?how his heart leaped with oy?in there finding his wile, into whose arms he (ell with a wild joyousnees, not to be described in. 1 paragraph, or exhibited in a drama. Tnebidy hat ine kind and sad bushaud had interred, b/ mistake, was that of an unknown and friendless Itmule ? Cincinnati Ccmmercutl, Jan. 20. A Casr oi Conscience ?The case of coascienee in this city, by w Inch soinr *1,501.) were dirtrib ited iDiTgtt tlx or tight Individuals, ha< caused muuh slk b?ra. It Is said to-day. to ba probably tb* wo.* if a gsntlvman who bat heretofo-e laborad a odar aberration of mind, and who Is *upp-??d to b? similarly affected In the oraaent Insttnsa This gentle nan <va.< a nlsiktntha Danvars Bank two or thraa yaw* ?n??, tnd a'l at nnna. "mysteriously dlaappatre 1.'' S ibsaipently a Ivtter was reoeiveil from him dated in Kurope, nb'tber ka bat none, without koraiut b >w iral sn lie is r>"w | b?'l?ve. residing at th* hop'tal Hi Charlettowu Tba riini vrMfn In tbs conaeVooo '.fttut wvte. In ona or two cast. a"?-r?il and >u* la Is'gir a fact of ft?vlf ft-ral"* to In sio uu.ui oaf Mate ef D'tid ffjilni Hf _J i. U.

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