Newspaper of The New York Herald, January 31, 1849, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated January 31, 1849 Page 1
Text content (automatically generated)

TH] NO. 5354. ADDITIONAL NEWS ? n RECEIVED FT t< THS SVBAMSSIP OAST ADA. v ^ c SPECIAL FOREIGN CORRESPONDENCE 5 or THE * NEW YORK HERALD. ? p THE CALIFORNIA COLD EXCITEMENT 1 ur inaLAHO. &(< &c< 4 c. i c Our Paris Correspondence. ' Paris, January 7,1849. d Gtntral Complot of the Cabinet Expand?Marrati 1 invited to Meet the President. 2 There haa been a storm ta-day in the Asscm- B hly?an explosion?which, I think, shows that the b eondition of the ministry is of the moat precarious j| character, and that Nopoleon had hardly organized , his cabinet beiore he believed himself surrounded J by spies in it, and set at once to work to ascer- ' tain the truth ol it. Under date of December 27th, , three p. m., he addressed to Lavalette, the Minis- t ter ol the Interior, a letter, of which the following 1 in my translationJ;' Monsisua Minisi ii < I have demanded ot the Prefect of Police if he did not l Motive. sometimes, some reports upon the diplomeoy; and he ansoered me affirmatively, and added that he {' badteni to you, yesierday, ooplos of a dispatch upon ,j f Italy These dispatches. you understand, ought to bs <{ sent dir.otly to me, and I ought to express to you my t dletatUfeotioo at the delay wnioh you nave caused la a communicating them. 1 pray you, also, to send to me B the sixteen "carlo/is" (portfolio..) whiob I have de- j mended of you. 1 wish to have them on Thurs dsy. [Ttese are the reoords of the affaire of ' htierbourg and Boulogne ] I do not intend tuat the , Mintaier of the Interior shall oontrot the artiolee 1 wbish affect me personally. This was not done under |1 Louis Philippe, and ought not to be. It Is also several ii dajs klnce 1 reeelved any telegraphic despatohes; in ^ flue, I pereelve that the Ministers whom 1 have named j| with to treat me aa if the famous constitution ef dieyus H was in foroe; but 1 will not suffer it. u Reoeive, eto. L,. N. BOVAPAR TE. * P 8 ? 1 forgot to say to yon that t here are at St. ' Lasatre eighty women yet arreated, of whom one eniy r' has been carried before the eounoil of war. Tell me If n 1 hare the right te set them at liberty; for In this ease p 1 will give the order for it this moment. c Upon the receipt of this note, all the ministry Eve in their resignations, and, except M. M. ulleville and Bixio, withdrew them after some ' explanations from the President. Three days ago M Germain Sarrut addressed a letter to the Liberty, in which he stated that certain important Sublic documents, touching the all'airs of Stras- c ourg and Boulogne, had been abstracted from b the records, alter the advent of M. Malleville to v the ministry; and that if they were not replaced, or . should not be replaced, he would prove that they uau uttH auouavvcu) auu v,"uiu uui ut ivuuu by the proper officers.. M. Malleville retarded j< this as an attack upon him, and opened the' scene in the Assembly by denying that ne had abstracted them, and he alleged that the sixteen cartons were I' sull there under the seal of .he State; but M. a Sarrut replied that the papers abstracted were * others than those in the sixteen cartons, and affect- ' ed him who was a conspirator with Napoleon in a lbSV and lft40, and that these papers would show a S conspiracy in the French police, of the letter year, '' to get Napoleon into their hands; that he was ( then betrayed by the police tor that purpose; and following this declaration of the represen- F tative, is the following explanation io the Prtue:? 1 That in 1840, M. Thiers was Minister of Louis ? PhilijHie?that Malleville was then his secretary, ' and then and now his trusty fiieud; that M. ! Thiers wanted to be rid of Napoleon, and through B the French police he was betrayed and encouraged ri to make his famous descent upon Boulogne?the n Minister, M. Thiers, having the whole matter b arranged to lake and capture him as soon as he n landed, and thus get possession of his person. *1 to put him in prison, so that he would J not endanger, the throne of Louis Philippe; that now Louis Napoleon has become President, tj M. Thiers did not want these tacts to be known a to Napoleon ; therefore, declining to go into the p cabinet himself, he caused his well-tried friend to n take his place, that he might put the seals of State n upon these papers, and refuse to surrender them to the inspection ot Napoleon?that Napoleon being informed what these papers would prove, demanded the inspection of tnem, in the letter I have translated, and thus the cabinet explosion. M. Marrast has made two official visits lately to the President. Kumor says that he has been sent for to form a new cabinet; there ia great agitation npon the subject. Many do not believe it; all are prepared for another cabinet explosion. The rejection of young Napaleon as ambassador to England, as well as the letter before translated, shows that the President is in leading strings; that the ex-ministers of Louis Philippe are riding him hard; and that he is restive under the load. M. Thiers drives now, whip m hand, the executive ar; but he cannot drive the Assembly; and that he is attempting to drive out ot existence, by getting n vote of immediate dissolution. Oiiskrvkr. Paris, January 8,1819. The Threatened Ministerial Crisis. The storm growing up between the Assembly and the ministry, is increasing. Each is accusing the other of misrepresenting the country, and the press of the ministry is beginning to threaten the ? Assembly, in ease it does not consent quietly to 1 give place to a new legislative body; after which, J it is intimated that M. Thiers will take office un- f der Napoleon. Great numbers of petitions are flowing in from the different departments, in 5 favor of an immediate dissolution of the Assembly ; but M. Marrast is not yet prepared for that measure. In regard to M. Marrast c and Thiers, as the two great master spirits of the o two parties?one standing at the head ot the As- y sembly, and the other of the ministry, behind ths ' curtain?oth are now playing tor Napoleon ; the 11 one to win him; the other to hold him. It remains v to see the play out: for we shall soon have another ? developement, followed by another explosion. There is no public confidence in the ability of the ministry; it is to feeble?all is, therefore, doubt t and uncertainty. Napoleon commences his toirict n this week. On Tuesdays he receives the mem- o bers ot ths Assembly, the diplomatic oorps, offi- >< sials, Arc., without invitation; on Thursdays the c gentry, with invitations, as the rooms are * mil BUiucieiiuy Bpnuiuuo iu tiuuw ircc buccbb iu *' all. Yesterday, there was a grand collection, in all the churches in Paris, for the Pope, who is yet an exile Irom Rome. I think that the prevailing opinion in France ie, to restore him to his throne "by an intervention, if it is not done by the act of his own people. There is no similarity of views between Louis Napoleon and his cousin Lucien. at Rome. The latter appears to bo of the school of Ledru Roilin, in France. What is extraordinary is, that not one man has yet risen in Europe of sufficient strength to give a character and popularity to the great revolution ol 1818. General Cavaignac, in France, is the only man who has made any approach towards the point, and he has been crushed. Obscrvm. Paris, January 9, 1849. The Dissolution of the Ministry?The Mmisterta Crisis. It is impossible that the present ministry can exist a long time in the Assembly?it is too feeble,and already broken down in public estimation?rb one man said, "it can't get up Off position enough to make a decent pretext for retiring; for the Assembly are determined that it shall die out, of its own diseases." All is now confusion in the public mind, not or.'y as to who will compose a new cabinet, but, also, as to the .measures of public policy which they will adopt; for though France has a President, and the constitution makes him responsible, thus far the practical course has been the same as under the monarchy; the ministers govern and not the President ; ?^nd practically they, not the President, are responsible ; and this meets with the general idea, I think, tx'canse, it the President should govern, that is. appo int, and recommend measures, and bw overruled by the Assembly, he must resign. That is dfie French ?de,t?so he acts the partol the majority. Napoleon underK'X'h to govern, and waschechm tied by the resignation of his ministry. Soheyieided the point, and they a^vioint the officers, pro|iose the measures, and take the responsibility, uy resigning E NE MORI a case the Assembly votes them down, in the same i&nner as under the monarchy. Jules Favre yeaerday interrogated the minutry upon the publicalon of the letter of Napoleon to Louis de Molleille, andM.U Barrot said it was an act which ould not be justified among honorable men. Now ither Molleville or Napoleon must have caused be publication. It is net probably the latter?lor t is neither good French, nor good composition, nd it was done to degraae the President, as Jules 'avre declared. The ministry were interrogated, ileo, as to ihe foreign relations of France, and a licture was drawn of the European difficuL irs. But the ministry receded upon their right >t reserve, and all appeared to feel as if their existncs was, as the Presse describes it, one of trans:? ion, and, of course, of little consequesce. It is aid, and greatly feared, that Napoleon has resolved o throw oveiboard the Urleanists by whom he is ow surrounded, and ally himself with the republics of the tn the Assembly. The Ccmttitwlonntl is alarmed at the appearance and prospect f each sn event; while the Liberty openly and lirecily recommends it. The legitimist journals, o the number ot Bixty, have called a congress, to le holden by their representatives, in Paris, the 5 th instant, to concert measures to coerce the Asembly to dissolve; and, through their organ, th^y lave declared that, as Huge a ml commands the rmy, Changarmer the National Guards, and Ituliurea is Minister of War, Napoleon can rely upon he aimy; and he ought, therefore, to dissolve the Ltsembly forthwith: while a new club, of more ban two hundred members of the Assembly, have sen formed, at the Beaux Arts, who have resolved hat they will uot fix any day for the dissoluion, nor entertain any propositition upon the ubject. The act of this numerous club, in cncert with that of the Palais National, elites the question, that the dissolution of the Issembly can only be obtained, at present, at least, r force. In the meantime, I think that the signs the times indicate that Napoleon is among the BSt men who want the Assembly dissolved, and hat, through Aimand Marrast, their president, here is an understanding which wiil not be for the dvantage of the Orleanists, or the legitimists, in id ?>t their project of dissolving the Assembly, ill the bureaux of the Assembly nave accepted an nvitation to dine with the President, to-day; and I m prepared to see a closer connection between he Assembly and Napoleon, than exists between he latter and his ministers; and that it will result [i expelling the latter from power. Young laprleon, the ?ousin,will never forgive the Orleanite, for his defeat as ambassador to England? nd 1 suspect that he is heard through the Liberty, /hich is so severe upon the ministry. Ledru Rollin, esterday, declared in the Assembly, that M. Laochrjacquelin, the rumored legitimist, sought the iission to Constantinople, in halt an hour after the IVViBIVUBI KVTVIUUIVUk IIUU UvVll ui^auucu. lb reated much surprise and amusement. Paris, Jan. 10,1819. ^actions in Paru?Riported Alliance to rettore the Pope?Rejection of Lucien Bonaparte, fyc. The war increases, lor and against the existnee of the Assembly; the Conetitutionnel, Peats, and Patrii, of Paris, leading on the attack, nth excessive bitterness, and the National, Libery, Reform, &c. repelling it. Yesterday, the comlittee reported to the Assembly against the ad>urnment; but the vote in the committee was lose, and Friday has been assigned to debate it. t will give vent to an angry and excitinsr debate : nd looks now as if it might be the foundation of movement of force. The legitimists and Organists are in possession of the command of the rmy and the National Guards; and MM. Bueaud and Changarnier are officers of great resoution, and participate in the hostility of the lonititvtionmel against the Assembly; and unres the republicans can gain Napoleon, exel the present cabinet, and gam a new one, do not see why the Assembly will not be ibliged to yield, either to a vote, or to force; or f am satisfied that, at this time, the people rould follow Napoleon and hla ministry, In overbrowisg the Astsmbly by force, if it should become leceeeary to get rid of it. I am sorry to say it, but a epubllcan government is not, at this moment, popuir In France?perhaps it will be stain, in six months: ut io much hu ben done to diahonor one, and so gush mlsrepresentarion has been soattered among be people, and there baa been ao much Buffering la utlneaa. and snob an increase in the public expenses, bat tbe republic baa but alight bold npan the affeelona of tbo people, who are Tare changeable in beir opinions and impulses. I consider that 11 dependa upon tbe eouree adapted by Naoleen. He ean save, or overtbiow It, as be leases. In bis present state of popularity ; bat 1 would ot admit tbat be will hare ao much power in three tontbs, for bis ministry la growing unpopular, and bey may draw after them his political influence. It terns to be tbe fate of all public men, and publio odlea in France, to be pulled down as soon after they eme into exlstenoe as possible; tbe work la asmicnsed immediately, and tbe perseverance is unexmpled. Many persons charge upon tbe new ministry, tbat hey bare entered into an alliance with Austria and Naples, to restore tbe Pope to political power ; but the orrectness of this statement is semi-officially denied, tbink tbat there bas been an understanding entered nto upon the suhjeot, in case the Italian people do lot restore him. Tbe election of Luclen Bonaparte as been annulled, as Representative from Corsica, nd be goes home, to come back again, as he ays, with a much larger majority. This genIrmat). I am now informed, la tbe son of Luoien lonaparte, now playing so prominent a part at tome, in the expulsion of tbe Pope. He was first delared to bave been Lueien Lorrian, tbat is tbe Prinoe le Caneno; but I tbink it proves to be bis son. The amilj of tbe Bonapartea have been so long in exile, nc ao much off the *t*ge of public Ufa for the last birty year*, that 1 hare found It difficult to meat any rrenehmen who knew much of tha younger member* if any branch ot tha family. They are now In a fair ray to fill a largo page In tha history of Franea. M. inliot ha* been writing a metaphysical work daring lis exile, wbieh Is jast pahlUbed, and is spoken of as 'Da of merit; ha Is a Una scholar, and a man of iron terras I bare scan few men who Indioate this Utter uallty more elearly. I think that ha has mora Intelrctnal vigor than Thiers?that Is, more strength and ores. Paris, January 11, 1849. Pie Carnival?The PretxdtnVt Soirkt? Roman Affaire?The Duiolutionof the Auembly, +c. The carnival season has set in; and tilth its oinmencement, bal matquet at the operas, and ther large balls, for public dancing. I have given our readers, a year ago, some idea of these exraordinary scenes ot musement, at which the rhole Parisian world assists. This year the comany of masquers came out in a new style oi dress, nd of a most fantastic character; and, as usual, hey dance till near sunrise in the morning, comnencing at twelve o'clock at night. The Italian pera is just opened, under a new management, 1 having been shut a long time oa account of difllulties external and internal. Madame Rachel also eappeare upon the stage of the Theatre Fractals, flany of the English are coming into Paris, as the eason lor soirees, theatres, balls, dec., approaches. Upoleon will give his lint grand soirees next week. ,t which ail the world will attend. Ha la reprneented a a lover of gayety, and rnmor aeeigna to him an rreeletlble taato for Frenah gayetlee; and that waa >na rraeon why aoma of hia ministry would not eonant to bt raaponalbla for him But tbla la probably be work of detraction, bayond that wbleh la within ha llmite tolerated by all French eoalety It ia' quite .? likely to be the eoggestlon of thoae who eould not to hie Intimate*, aa the result of truth; yet a great any believe In hie esoeaalve lore of gayetlee; and ome any that thoee who have mad* him Praaident lave assumed more responsibility than they erected lot I do not believe a word of the whole matter. Hia lountananee doe a not Indicate a man of dlaeipatlon, >or do hie Intimate friend* belong to that olaea of men. da baa an agreeable eon ntsnanee.lndlaatlva of kt ad nee* ind eontentment, and bablta of moderation I do not >tnk tbat hi* face Indicate* a very high order of talent, >nt It deae Indicate a good heart, and good hablte. The ace of tieneral Cevelgneo Indicate* a high order ol alent, great flrmacea, ho . a thoughtful and aetiee rilrd. and a atlent mouth-hie true character. To General Cavalgnae waa attributed, by hia enemios. treat ferocity of character To Napoleon la attributed t love of dlepley; and that be ocouplea hie time la irranglng the livery of bl* servant*, and preparing hit ten and tbelr drerae* for a dlepley From thee* feet*, r rather ftom there Imputation*, all can understand hat quail tie* are attributed to each, by the enemlea >f each, and, of eonree, tome thing of public Impreailona. The new* from Rome, tbla morning, la, that all the ieople are engaged In preparing for the new election* f a constituent assembly; that the Pope haa given ome Intlmationa of a devlre to concede to the term* lemanded of him, but that the people have anawered ilm, tbat "it ia too late." The farmer part of the latemeut la undoubtedly true, but the latter need* onflrmation. The committee of the French Aaeem>ly bave unanimously agreed to abeilan the eanlon money of Id,000 frame* for each daily nteaa. and o robetltute personal responsibility; and I think that bi* Idea meet* with general favor An Immanee numer of change* were yeeterday mad* among th* Preset* of France and a great number of tho*e appolntd under f.onla Philippe wer* restored to olBe* Th* (jib of Ro* Poitlar have unanimonaly determined to i*l>t upon an Immediate dleeointlon of the Aaaembly, nd a publication of the namea of all who vote against jemeaenre Parties era eomleg feat to eitreme poalon?, for tftd agalnat the Aaaembly. The Bourse fee La W YO UNG EDITION?WEDNI the difficulty, and of ooarsa there ia Uttlo business elg doa* there- * commeroe fecla It greatly. The a*Jem- ? bly bare resolved that bo work dona la the prisons bit eh all be exposed in the public mar? at, la competition tel with that of mea without the priaon. The provisional ?| government decreed that bo work aboald be done In all tbe prison*; great number* of tbe insurgents hare tbi been set at liberty without any publio measure?les* bit than two thousand now remain In prison. re' Paris, Jan. 11,1819. }*' The Bourn?Monty Market?Commerce. The settlement which took place on the Slat ?it leads ua to the conviction of a firmness in the public funds. It was not overcharged with deliveries. The continuations were in many casea fr done at par. It was supposed that from 76 francs the five per ai cents would rise some two or three francs. This J* supposition was well founded, lor, during the fol- Ta lowing three days, a rise did take place, as will be seen by the list of prices which I subjoin; and it is probable that prices would have con- mi tinued at that level, or in all probability would is have advanced, if other causes than any to be ^ found in the market had not operated td check the tb upward movement. The silence in the National ?* Assembly as to the resignation of M. de Malleville in was very satisfactory at the Bourse. It appeared to be understood to leave the first or steps of the new government free and unem- w' barraised, and not to profit by its inexperience, in This moderation of the Assembly reassured the ? Bourte, and favored the rise of securities. The tb parliamentary proof which was to try the strength of the Ministry was waited for witn impatience. Unfortunately, the majority which it obtained on wa ihe question of primary and secondary instruction do was not sufficiently decisive to put ths question Tl at rest, and left speculators ignorant of its real tl< strength, and uncertain of the morrow. w This was the universal feeling. From the day ol that sitting we had every succeeding day ru mors ot resignation?of dissolution ot the Ministry qq ? more or less well founded, more or less authen- M, ticated, but still with enough of probability to u; create anxiety everywhere, and keep down prices. So The reduction of the salt duties and the budget to weie forgotten, for the political position ot the country; false news, the gossip ot the salons, conversations repeated, falsified, invented, often void f#] of common sense as to the ministerial crisis, were everywhere circulated. Menaced with a cabinet ea of the republicans of the Veille, the Bourse was m< in consternation, and prices fell below those some foi days before assigned as the lowest. It was at last known that interpellations could ' be put as to the resignation of M. de Malleville. r? Many speculators, not to be taken unawares bv the disclosures expected to be made, became sellers. n The next day, contrary to all expectation, so im- nt< possible is it, at the present time, to form any Bound wt: judgment by anticipation, the demands on the "s Bourse were numerous, the market was firm, and "primes" were freely offered, based, it was al- tb leged, on the Bpeedy a'nd sure advent to the Minis- 7* try ot MM. Thiers, Mole, and Bugeaud, and en " the attitude taken by the Barrot ministry, on the ^ discussion as to the retirement of M.De Malleville. 00 The duration ot the present Ministry would, per- ex haps, be more favorable to the improvement ot the o? morliaf f hon n mt on/f/lon Ae itknnoA U * *\T tiiuinv i) iubu duuuvuui tAittiiic uuaiixv. v? ever that may be, the apprehensions of the fall of the UI Barrot Ministry, by causing a fall of from one to two francs, has induced many speculators to take a course something like selling the bear's skin be- ai lore they had caught him. d( 1 regret to have nothing better to announce than tb the result of these changes in the Cabinet?of ni these tmbrogliot of the various parts of the govern- 1*1 ment? of these trialB of the swing-bridge, so fatal < to the restoration of business, that a more certain J? future, and one to be more assuredly calculated ,' on, would encourage the money market through- ?d out the country. The Bourse now desires, and with it all the financial and commercial world, that the President of the republic and the Assembly tb would agree to pass three or four of the important an organic laws, and then that the latter body should give place to the Legislative Assembly. I subjoin the prices since my last report. 7., Thru fir Five Per Five Per Bank ij,i Cm It. Cente. Cte (?>'?.) Skartt. Dee. 27 46 05 76 90 76 70 1750 1, 26 46 70 76 70 70 35 1770 29 46 60 74 60 74 60 1742 10 30 46 90 76 >0 76 1760 Jaa. 3 46 60 76 60 76 36 1760 v, 8 46 80 76 86 70 1736 4 46 6 76 96 75 66 1735 ,* 6 46 60 75 26 76 16 1700 I? 46 TO 76 10 ? 1680 j? 8 46 TO 74 76 - 1670 7* 9 46 70 74 86 74 86 1600 10 46 90 76 60 76 86 1686 N B.?On the 6th the dividend en bnnk harea . payable, which enuaed the redaction ot price on that of and following days. ln A report current, and very generally credited at (a the Bourse yesterday, that the government intend- tt ed to reduce one-third of the army, having re- ot ceivrd assurance that they would do the same, foi provided France would set the example, has much tended to give a firmness te the market: and should this report prove true, and the dissolution ja, ol the Assembly take place without any mamfes- n< tation or serious disturbance, we think that a fu- as ture is opening on the market, of security and pros- ? perity. ?P The reports from some of the manufacturing Jfl and commercial towns are better. From Havre, j we learn that the trade in cotton and sugar is re- " vivine, and that some considerable shipments tb have lately been made. to The steamer United States, Captain Hackstaff, hi which left for New York on the 8tn, took out fifty in passengers, and also probably the richest cargo ?< which ever left Havre, aBit amounted in value to no less than ten to twelve millions ot francs. The freight came to upwards of 31,000 dollars. fl Fiom other parts ot the country the accounts are w| not so inspiriting. Accounts from Lyons say that a( trade is still very dull there, in consequence of the w< doubts that exist sb to the state of things general- tb )y, and the bad disposition of a portion of the Wl working population, who have their minds poisonrd by socialist publications. The best foremen in J.' the manufactories are stated to have emigrated to Piedmont, Holland, and England. aI On the whole, wc are lar from recovered, in- ui deed, hardly yet recovering, from the effects of the ly revolution. m W The Kfleet of tlie California Gold Blows In tl Europt-The Organization of Mining As- g< aoclatlons In JCngiand. rc [I'roa the London Times, January 6 ] m There eeems no longer any doubt tbat we are now m about to witness on a grander soale, and with many r> new features, a repetition of tbat great event, the dit- ts covery of the silver mines of Potosi and Zacatscas. and soon after, of the quloksllver mine of (Juaacabelioa. In The first were discovered la 1646, and led to the most si ? xtensivs sbanges In both the new and old world Up to in that time, the preeious metals brought into Spain were p? chiefly the prodnoe of plunder and taxation. At that vl date, the population of Spaniards and of natives began be to leavs the fertile plains of Mexico and Pern, to relta- in qutsh agriculture and the other useful arts which it fit bsd attempted to lntrodnoe, and crowd into sterile and tb inhospitable districts, where some of the largest cities tb tf South and Central America were situated. Up to of the end of the last esntnry, it was oemputed that the d* quantity of gold and silver regularly entered Into the tr i ports ot Spain, from the discovery of America in 14M, pi was rqual in valus to ?4 000,000 a year, and it has e? been even contended tbat as much more rame in cos- of traband. This wonld amount to nsar 414 200 000,000 tk In three centuries Spain has ever reaped the least M precious portion of this harvest. By the monopoly of it her colonies, enforced by the terror of her arms, she se 1 run d the carrying trade, hut thereby restricted to that sb and to the mines tbe enterprise of her subjects. Since m that day her agriculture and manufactures have squally ge WI.-4W..- V- ?? W .k. AI-4-.I ?-- - * u% vll uv w . TT uvtun DJ pVMC VI Ujr WHI , IU? 'Jl' I vn?'l Ul b*r wealth over Korop*. fostering art* which at that til lima aha daaplaad. The metalllo torrent paaaed through to , I ha favored ebannal. and than latt It dry. France, or the Low Countries. Kcgland, and other nation* hare th derived mora advantage from the mine* and porta of fu Spanleh America, than they who alone ware permitted g? ?? wcrk the ore Moreover, that aadden tide of annual t* wealth, eoned a* It waa In Ita origin with the blood of th whole Indian nation*, led 8paln to persevere In her rp crnel and ambltiona policy at bom*. We aaw million* th < of her treasure aoattarad to th* wind*. The United p? State* are not likely to commit th* dreadful eerie* of at 1 error* throagb which Spain graaped at the ahadow and pr loet the rnbatanca rf her power. At the earn* time, ta on* cannot bat aee tone degree of danger In the pro*- tb ' pect of vaatly Increased wealth, of ipeonlatlon with- lla 1 drawn from u**fal art*, and eapeelally of a ynaii oolo- Ir 1 nlal region, eselnstrely devoted to the production of to 1 metallic wealth It I* evident there will be an Im- at menre diversion of labor, of napltal, of *hlpptng, of W food, and manufacture*, to th* weatern aoaat. In " | every way thl* will be a relief to ne, and to the State*. " al*o. themselves Our emigrant* will find a little more ne room when they land. Our shipowner*, farmer*, and mi manufacturer*, will eaffer a little leea enmpetlon Th* m< precedent* of Spanleh A marl on Justify th* expectation to that ralifornln may eoan contain a million gold hnat all lag settle re Aesnmlag the trnth of the accoa nte. and of the eonndnea* of tba ealculatlone, which there eeem* In no reason to donbt. It will he long before na average en day'* work will prodaa* lace than a dollar a day. Till I It *lnk* below that petat, It will ooatlana to attract ma new eattK-r*. A hundred thousand men eolleottag in one dollar gday-the present average t* stated to be oe; RK H SSDAY, JANUABY 31, lit dollars?will produce X? 000,000 par annua. Ona 1 it, tberefore, safely aatlmata tba prodaea at a mooh I [her rata. Whatever tba affaot map ba on tba alalia currency of tba world, bare la, at least. a vaat [ton opened to commerce. Oaa cannot bat reoogic In these glittering spangles aown In tba aand, and sae worthless beads adhering to tba rock, a provsril mean* far procuring tba settlement of tba moat note and Inacoeaalble coaat In tba world. San Franico, to a wall found venal, la mora than fifteen ttaound mllea fiom Ita own legislative metropolla, and not ? distant from any other footia of commercial ad Tenre. It la near ten thoneand miles from tba oppo;e shores of tba Pacific. What chance was there ef i eettlsment for ages to comet Provldenoe has rinkled with those little flakes, whereof betf-a- doaan < I areely make a grain, tba substantial .wealth of a uitful. well wooded, and wall watered soil under a nlal climate. Men were ahaatad Into experimental lence by the " philosopher's stone." Tba same bait id the same madness will now serve to people a 'Hint ocest, and maka tba wilderness smile. Before eg, the Anglo-Saxon race will dominate aver the at raclflc and Its ten thousand Islands. [From the London Times, Jan. 12.] A glance at tba Timti' advertisements will show that a public appetite for California Is likely to be promptly st. Tba burden of the various vessels announoed as sdy for Immediate departure amounts, even In to> s Impression, to about 6,000 tons, distributed In In# rancrlvtr from 100 to 100 tons, to iiv nothlair of West I nil in mail kteamer which leaves on the 17tb, trying good* end passengers to Cbagres, or of ? short end pleasant passage" advertised to Ualveston, Twee, en e eheep route to the Facldo. The retee oge from ?26 upward, to euit ell eleeeee. Thue far,

waver, we here only the errengemente for thoee who e eMe to move. The opportunities provided for thoee lo with to there the advantages of the new region thout its danger are still more ample. Indeed, so iposlng are the plana for an extensive Investment of pltal for carrying on the trade In sharvs of ?6 each, at It would seem as If the first effect of the affair >uld be, to eause a scarcity of money rather than an undanee. About e million and a quarter sterling Is already mted, and the promoters stipulate for the power of ubllng the proposed amounts as oooasion may offer, ere la a " Callrorntan Wold Coaat Trading Assooia>n," a "California Wold Mining, Streaming, and ashing Company,*' a " California Steam Trading mpany,'* a ' Californlaa Wold and Trading Compar," and a "California Wold Mining, tie., Trading mpany." The last of tbefe alone will require ?<kK>,0 for its objects; but as half the shares are " to be reread for the United States of Amerloa," the drain on onr resouroes will be lee-entd to that extent, us of the eoaeerns propose to limit their operations trading on the ooast, sending oat at the same time oUeoting and exploring parties" whenever the prosct may he tempting Others intend at ones to get a ant from the Legislature at Washington of suoh ads " as thev may deem necessary." while others land to trust to ohanoe, simply sending out a ' praotl1** manager, accompanied by an adequate number of fb " accustomed to the extraction or gold in all its rms," Along with these advertisements are some of a dified nature, to suit parties who may neither wish bo out with a batch of emlwrants. ner to stav at me u4 wait the result or a public company. One rellednoattd gentleman" seeks two others ' to share 1 peases with him." Another wishes for a oompeon who would advance ?200, " one half to leave his fe, and the other half for outfit:" a third tells where j >ny reepeotable Individuals with small oapltal" may id persons willing to loin them : a fourth states, ' at reepeotable persons having not less than ?100 are j inted to complete a party ; and a fifth, that'' a eea- ' ring man is ready to go equal shares In purehaslng a 1 hooner to sail on speculation." What number may ] i fofind to answer these appeals it la Impossible to ' njectare. Common sense wonld say not one; but perienoe of what baa been praotloed In this country j er and over again, reminds as that the aotive parties i the present oceasion are not calculating too l?r >y tenths credulity o( their countrymen. The advertisements In question will be paid by any hard earned siipences and shillings ea dgtd as the ' preliminary deposit allowed by th , id 8th Victoria," and a considerable surplus wil. lubtiers rewerd the enterprise of the promoters is respect, therefore, a word of warning Is unf itely needed. As regards emigration, parties ms ft to take their chance, as also the shippers of aas< I goods. That the country will be a pandemonium ng before any one oan reach it from this side is irdly to be donbted, nniess Indeed the United States vernment shall have been able to establish a blook!e and cordon. In which case the new arrivals will ive to get back as well as they can. Bui there is no question that the first comers stand e chance of large gain if they are able to fight for it, id there Is little danger of starvation, since the disfit ibonndl with d?#r And r*hhifa and crrnin will >w there In quantities from tbe southern sepublios; ills u regards arttoles of manufacture, the Sandwich ' iand?. Hng overstocked. will ba able to tend supplies, hose whogo out have, tbarafora, at all events, torn* mpensatlng prospect for their risk: but for thoee at use who map be deluded into parting with their mo- ' >y. not a shadow of its return oan exist. This would 1 i the oase under any elreumstanees, slnoe the idea of 1 London beard being able to Insure that the practical ad gentlemen of their expeditions, and the bodies of borers aecnstcmed to the extraetlon of gold In all Its rme, shall toll for them, and not for themselves, when le United States government, even by the severest seipline, can scarcely command the serviee of a single dividual on the station, is too preposterous to be asoned about. When, however, we observe that, cept in one ease, where the list contains a captain Ith the simple addrees " California," and a merchant " New York'' who is unfortunately not to be found the New York Dlreetory, no names are given of the nguine directors who bold out the present baits, it ems almost beyond patlenoe that the blind Impulse greed should be so overwhelming as to Impose even r a moment the duty of expostulation. [From the London Chronicle, Jan. 11.1 The American divines are, we see, endeavoring, with ndable professional assiduity, to1 Improve" the oeoa>n of the discovery of the Callfornlan El Dorado, by patiating on those weighty and Impressive antitheses, ' ntraetlng spiritual wealth with material, in which lnired writers have embodied the moral experienoe of { ;es. At ?ostop, for Instanoo, a "crowded oongrega- ! t>n" has been delighted and ediiled by an "eloquent , moon" from the text. "How moch better it is to get , isdom than gold!" We are not quite snre, however, ! at this scored aphorism Is so completely applisable j the preacher's immediate purpose, as be appears to tve supposed; since it may fairly be doubted whether, [ the present ease, tbe pursuit of wisdom ean be promnesd antagonistic to. and incompatible with, that tbe precious netal. Our own Impression decidedly tbat tbe two objects may very well be combined: id tbat they who leave house and home, shop and rin, friends and country, In queet of California gold, ' 11 infallibly reap a rich harveet of moral lnatroctlon, id will return (If at all) very much wleer than they int. The valley of the 8acramonto, tako it altogeicr, atrikea na aa to prove one of tho vary beat ? i do not cay, enaapeat?aohoola that have been tened in our time.; and aa for the Induatriona ntlemen who are ao bnaily adverttaing, en each ' de of the Atlantic, "Emigration to California," California Direct," "Steam to the Oold Minea," ! id the like, we can only regard them aa a aort of bead ibera In that well kaown academy whtoh proverbial electa lta pupila from among thoae whom other aeinarlea have turned out aa inoaraUe danoea, and hicb, In an amaaingly abort period, makea aagea of | le moit nnpremialng of aubjecta. Theae captalna of >id finding Indnatry might, not inappropriately, bor>w a pbrare from the educational proepeatmea ao uch in vogue at tbla aeaaon of the year, and recom>nd their great ('a)lfornlan model achool of expeence. ae, in every aeaae of the word, a " flniahlng eeihiiabtnent," with "protioieney guaranteed." We are a good deal atruck, tor example-to name one utance out of many?with tbe mamfaat edueational lvantagea offered by a certain "California Hold Mia- 1 ig, Streaming, and Waebing Company." wbote proa- ] ictuala now before ua. Moat confidently do we ad- , it all eandidatea for wladom, whoae education haa ien hitherto neglected, and who have outgrown all | atruotlon except that which tenohea foola?moat eonlentiy do we advlae them to put tbemaelvea under ( e training cf'prrmotera," who undertake to ??? | i e public, forthwith, twenty thouaand ahilllnga' worth ( tuition, in comideratien of certain "preliminary , poalta," and wbo likewlee promiae to go aa high aa n thousand pounda' worth, in tbe event of their pule continuing in a docile mood Tho idea of tbla con- , rn laexoeding happy. W ith ajudioioua appreciation j the popular r-adin-M to confound the ignotum with ic aiegf.t/icuai.tbe"promotera"of >ur "CailfornlaOold , Inlng. Streaming, and Waebiog Company." pr'aerva a ; riot incognito Toeitlvely. they accompany the r { call "of one ahilllng per abare on twenty thouaan I larea (in tbe abape of--preliminary depoailwith , ? other guaranty than that of a prlnter'a name, to- { ither with the addreaa of t he oomnanv'a " teinnorarv flee* " On tbo (trength <f thru* 'elgnally Ineonwr- , ble and unmarketable recurltlea. the public arc naked \ > believe in a " capital of ?800.000. with power to in- | ea?e the ramc,'' and arc urged to coma down with , leir " preliminary " thllling* l'ne " promoter* " , nther anticipate that, when the publle ehall have , >od-oaturedly forwarded to the right addr*** the . renty thoneand (hilling*, or the ill 000 - whiob turn , le " promoter* " pledge themeelves beforehand to end In law? the contributar* may be brongbt to *ee j e propriety of pa)tng np an additional ten (hilling* , r ehare. or ?10.000, for contract*. iurvey*. plane, . id etcetera; after which a* it will be reaeonabl* to etume that tbe object* of both partlee hare been atIned. the contributor* " (ball be at liberty," if they ink proper. " to retire from the concern without any 1 ibiiiiy whatever." Caa we be wrong in reoommendgiuch of our friend* a* lack wiadom. and are witling pay for to make up their pre imlnary " ? I not), id deapatcb It to tbe uddre** of the great unknown ? e mutt ?ay. there I* a good deal of dry humor in tbe promoter*' " hint, that they expect to oondnot their alnlng operatione" "by mean* of tlmpla machiry." ' Simple " enough, in all ooneolenee-tf the icblnery can only be got to work. Should our ' proiter*" inoeeed In Inducing tbe good Britleh public pay over ?1.000 to it know* not whom, tbey will order perl mental evidence (to u*a their own word*) " the faolilty with which gold may be collected ' 1 localitle* nearerer home than the valley of the 8aimcnto. However, tbl* " gold fever" la aot exaetly a jeetiag dter. A popular delirium, 'though ludloroiu eoougn tome Of it* atpecte, ie, after all. a painful eubject of hlcmplatlon tctio** who lock beyond the momeut "ERA 1849. KT e in, Indeed, unpiritlnlj ipttklaf. uninfected, a this country ; yet It migbt be unsafe to take for treated, thet many quacks wtU not flad some patients, md that the daily administration of Inflammatory stinulanla requires no corrective. Moot eeraeetly, there[or*, do wo worn oil thoc* of our oountr7men who hore invtbisg to loee, to bewere how they relinquish the | tedious, but enre. poriulti of regular end honest lolustry, eadrneh Into tchemea of whleh they really know nothing whatever, that the eehemere have Formed a oontemptuomly low eetlmate of the com- i merolal caution and good eenae of the community. We know bnt little of the " gold dlatriet" of California ; kut we know enough of the great, naalterable lawi of commerce, andenough of the hlatory of all El Dorados from the beginning of the werld, to predict that cruel diiappolntment and mleery await those whese ha.te to be rieb learea tham no leieure to oeunt ooets. There la nothing realty new in this Caltfornlan affair. We hare bad It all before, over and over again ; and we hnnm iuaf mm mall mKaf an l'l HftworlA aarn/im 1 n mm mn 1 know ?t what o'elook the ran will rise to-morrow morning. Wo bore had two of thorn already, in oar own time, In tboobopoof Mexican mlneo, and " provisionally registered" railway bubbles , and be that runs may road. A* regard! thlo particular Callfornlan til Dorado, any man with an atom of oommtrolal ehrewdnesa and aagaolty may m at a glanoo, that it ia about the moot perilous venture In whiob the dupes of their own greed aver risked life and squandered money. A country without government, without magistracy, without law, exoepttbatof the bowie-knife and revolving pistol; a country to which all the bucaneering adventurers of two hemispheres are rushing, In armed swarms, each Fearing to be behind the other; n country In whloh all the necessaries of life are run up, by the combined Influences of scarcity and social insecurity, ts an exorbitant and fabulous pries?suoh a country will not only lie a perfect pandemonium of all the passions, but (wbat Is more germane to our present purpose) it will be a singularly eifflcult and dangerous plaoe for making money Of coarse, a day will come when the rightful owners ot the Callferntan gold district will assert their proprietary title, aad send a sufficient military and ponce force to etcp the scramble; but, let It be remember?d, whenever that Jay ermcs. there ie an end of the K Dorado. In tbe meanwhile, Caltfornlan emigration I limply gambling?with the chance of being wrecked tarred, robbed, or murdered. Why go so far, when lice are to be bad at home ? On the whole, although we have never happened to ee nnd handle aoy of that Californian gold, and ilthough It Is most favorably spoken of by the assayers, we unhesitatingly tell our readers that It Is not, by many degrees, to free from alloy as the New York laeons would have us think And we earnestly entnat tuob of our countrymen as fee) tbe remotest Inclination to take a voyage of 20,000 miles, with the rtew of trying their luck In a scramble-which m.y be all over, by tbe way, before they reach their journey's end?to ask themielves two questions before starting First, may not even gold be Dought too dear / And, secondly, Is it ?(Uite certain that there are not very good gold mines at horns, that will handsomely pay the working ? [From the Liverpool Mall, Jan. IS.] Gold! It lathe God ol this world. Only whisper the word, and its worshippers fall down on their knees. Breathe It in tbe valley, and It Is heard at the mountain top. Tell where It ean be fonnd, and the millions rush to the spot faster than they would go to hewven. California That ia tbe newest " South Sea Bubble" of tbe day. There, they say, it ia to be had m buekete'full for tbe gathering- there It Is strewed ' thick as the leaves in Vallambreea." Mr. Jonathan talk, of tks United States, is one of the most remarka>)y oute tradesmen of these times. He wants money, rat he scorns the idea of ploktng It up, which aot ef friekinir. TmrhAim. h* wnnld r.anaifinr m. frfeurl nnon iha public spirit and patriotism of this republican era. He, therefore, In a fervent spirit of true munificence, Invites the citUsnsof the world to.gather It lor them- i selves. " Uo to California," he says, " there is gold 1" The eye* of the idolatore glisten?the galls flap their wing' and it is well they are gulls, for a large portion or tbi- uaginary gold dlatriot of California is six month* of the year under water. Bat go they will without any mistake. with their pickaxes and melting pots,and if they only find copper instead of gold, or nothing at all of any value, the object of Mr. folk will be accomplished. He will relieve New York of a few thousand reckless adventurers, whom his Mexioan war has made i*aniiess and desperate, attract other ad enturers from this or other countries, and he will procure settlers end inhabitants suffloleni for hie purpose. We do not believe that a grosser imposture baa been practised since one Magregor, calling himself the Caeique of royals, sold, iu this country, land he never posiessed and never saw. They tell us that a silver dollar will buy its weight in gold In California, and that a lump worth a sovereign Is freely given in exchange for a red herring. The people that believe these things are only fools, who, if It were not a sin, richly deserve to be ebeated. We remember the time when Mr Canning " called the new world Into exlstmee to redress the wrongs of the old," and when numberless companies were formed to work, by the aid of British machinery and British skill, the silver mines of tooth America. That was the California of 1834. The late Mr. Husklsson, always a Utopian, though at the best a very dull man, was so inspired by this grand application of British capital and mechanical power, that be predicted that so superabundant silver would become that every gentleman of ordinary means in England wculd, before two or three years, have, instead of iron, or steel, or brass, silver fender and fire-irons In every parlor of hie house. We seed not say that this luoid predlotion has not yet been fulfilled. The ardent adventurers, Instead of gaining silver fenders and silver fire-irons, only burnt their fingers and lost their Investments, as many, who still survive, can testify. So will it be with California and Its gold. [From the Liverpool Meroury ] To those who are not old enough to recollect the mining mania of 1834 and 1825. and who may be allured by the verypromising'1 prospectuses which California mining companies nave already begun to circulate, we should recommend the perusal of the article, " Mining Companies," in M'Culleeh's Commercial Dictionary. They will there find a full and detailed expotltlon of the dire results of u an infatuation hardly seeond to that which led to the South Sea end Mississippi schemes." It Is to be hoped that Englishmen, warned by the lessons of a bitter experience, will not, on any large scale, repeat the madness of an epoch so disgraceful in our commercial history The blindness of the gambling spirit will new, as then, doubtless, e ewe the ruin of a race of gulls But We may. at least, Indulge the expectation that the evil on the present be rich may not male *o very many poor aa did the Real del Monte, Anglo Mexican, United Mexican, and etber companies which illustrated the former period. Even were the geld region in California all that fanov paint* It,the expente ef diatant management, the semlbarbaron* condition of tbe inhabitant*, the absence of rattled government, and the high price of labor, would render the Inveatment of eapttal In any mine or mine* to be there worked, the moat hazardous of experiment*. HI* related by Chevalier,that the Ileal del Monte Company required armed forcea for the traneportatlon of the ore from the mine to it* place of destination, and that the miner* were *xpo?ed to the murderous attack* of banditti. A share in this company'* stock, which formerly brought 1,380 lb* , may now b# purchased for the very moderate sum of five shillings. The eapitallst clause*. however, are not th* only parties who need to be warned against th* risk* of California. It 1* fearful to contemplate the suffering* that are In store for the private adventurers who can just scrape together ?100 to carry them to tbe Vallsy of the Saeramento. The bonss of theusands of these deloded creatures are doomed to mix with the gold dust of th* plains Already there are mere deaths than burials ami ng the gold finders ; and murder and rapine diversify th* process of acquirement. The gold fever in California may this year number as many viotlmes as the cholera. Toal), we say?Beware ! [From the Southampton Independent, Jan. Id.} By the latest advices from America It appears that the long-sengbt-for Kt Dorado, or the golden country, bas been at length discovered, though not in the same geographical position in whloh Sir Walter Raleigh supposed it to be situated. He and the Spaniards of hts day believed th* land ef gold to exist in the centre of South America, somewhere between the Oronoco end Amazon rlvera: hnt it wee raaarvad for hla ilae. I rendanta of the Anglo Saxon race. to dlacover that thl* wonderful region laj much farther north and went on the choree ef the great Pacific Ocean. * * Now. what we have moat to do with, in reflecting on tbla extraordinary dlacovery. la to conalder what will >ta effect be upon oar own commerce. If the report* we receiee are aot exaggeration*, we expect the diaoovery of the Caltfornlan gold to produce aa great a revolution In the monetary affair* of the world, aa did the ron<|ueat of Mexico aod Peru In the ltith century In the flrrt inetanee, oar merchant* are anre to reap a plentiful barveat In that quarter, by the demand for manufacture*; and when we arc better informed aa to the actual ?|Uantity of gold likely to b# obtained, wa ball be In a better poeition to judge of Ita bearing on ibe vailoualntcreata of the country. With our preaent nfcrmattcn, however, we feel that oar eonntry t* richer vlth Ita coal, copper and iron, than California with ita Dcuntain* and river* of gold But whatever may be the ipebot of the gold finding apeeulatlon - aa the northern [art of the Penintula la a mild, aalnbrlona, and fertile tilmate?It la an Intereatlng fact to know, that an At glo Saxon colony will be planted on the ahorea of he northern Pacific, tbua connecting, aa it were, and ruling at the aame time the eaatern aad weatern hemlapbtita, [From L# Sleola. of Pari*. January 2 ] The wonder* of the diaeovery of gold mine* In California gr* the new topic offered to tbe public eurtoelty, ebioh need* now a-daye roma new axoitement. Tbe Irlar.d of Monte CHeto I* " done brown " But before thin ne* chapter of the "Tbonaand and One Night*" baa produced ita effect, we think It nece*?ary to await the opinion on thl* anhjact, oftthe K.ngllah preae, which I* never taken by atorm and wbleh I* of aome Importance la thle affair, wbleh will undoubtedly produce a certain influence on real commerce aa well a* in tba tp< culating trade. Wlae people aay. bnt often generally ?oo late, In the practical point do rue, that there la nothing new under the ann However prodlgloua aa event, a crlala, a uilraele may appear, wtian one reflect* a little, he will And the aame thing In the elrele of time in that Dumber ought naturally to be ranked thl* wonder of tb* year jnat pact?the. dUeovery of gold mine* In I'altfornla The praclona metal* h*v* bean obtained Py civilised nation*, not only according to numerou* Ixe'ua'-lon*. tut a'ao In an ex'raortlnary proportion LD. TWO CENTS. of Imcroa'o. Daring tho oldon tlmo, omplraa htftim, at tbe epoch of tbolr conquosta, gold and iUtot aooa mutating In tbolr aapltaii. In i*ah n quantity, that they ware ant only tba tourca of grant obaagaa, nut *lto of many trouble#. Too Inrga oltlaa of Aala, tireaoa, and tba Roman Empire. gntharad n hnrrari of |V1U in > ?? VI all IV[?- InuivUiB, rapine, BQQ III IW result# of victory ?d wiquit. Til* discovery of AmtIw, the plunder of IU ptlMW, nd th* working of It* mine*. produoed n rta* In th* took of matalela Spain, Portugal, end th* Europaaa continent; nnd thla com* to anoh n pitch that th* exchanges which hod remained stationary for lmae.noriol nm*, roae suddenly to par. From that ep>ch metals war* th* ourr*nt mousy In all Europe. Their usage has followed th* aam* esoendlog progression, and a proportional atlmoloa baa been given to luxury and trade. The metallic circulation In Great Britain amounted to ?70 000,1100. It ro*? above that sum la Kran**, hut for the silver. A proportional in*r*na* la the circulation took plao* la Europe, withont speaking of the Increasing works of art and jewelry. Snob causes gave currency to many million*, without *xsrelslog a great Influence upon th* intrinsic value of precious metals. Every piece of money has fallen Into that abyss called circulation; and w* aoeroely r*stembe r the plundering of Corinth the treo*or*a of Arabia, the Halls of Montesuma, the palsee of th* I nee* ? Yes! So fro* 1* It that ther* is nothing now under the snn?not even this unforeseen discovery of th* golden valleys and mountains ofCalifornia. The ordinary rfleot of gold?that common metal SO much discredited by poets, proeeribud by philosophers, and the history of whloh is connected with our misfortunes, sad reads like a romance - Its sffsot Is to exette Immoderate desires, to aid ths Instinctive appotltos of gambling, and vsry often to give birth to misery and ruin. At all events, gold bss been discovered a;am. . It wasoeneealed la the oontinentof the United States. It it promises an unforeseen abundance, it escapes, at least, for the present, the most Impatient research, for Its "placers" are situated many thousasd miles beyond the ooean, whloh Intervenes between this El Doi ado and the eivUlsed world. These wonderful facts, If ersdltsd, will Influence speculation and trade to a oertaln extent; bat wo must not have faith in the flrst reports. Many cruel deceptions havs often followed hopes entertained from rimtiar accounts. Beeldcs, it has been proved by experience, that America would be wrong la thinking that this discovery will bring to her a real benefit. Nations arc like men, who diaoover a treasure, or poor people who reoelve a rleh inherltanoe. JUahee, for them, Is only a meant to satisfy the passion of gambling, and the reductions of luxury and Idle new, andthut. of oourte, are engendered all the terrible eon* aniuencta of theie vices. In whloh are wreoked true independence, energy, and pertererenoe In industry. W hat has been already the remit of the discovery of gold? Numerous perron* are leaving the porta of the United States, abandoning their stores, their houses of oommeroe, and their toeial position. Merehants and speculators join with ardor tbe company of adTentuters. The discovery of gold threatens already to absorb the substantial produoe of all great Industrial labor. ''When we consider,'' say the English newspapers, >(tbe obances of the colony beginning in tbe delas of California, we find ourselves very happy that this seduction has not yet taken bold of any of us." One may acknowledge, In this exclamation, the taste of England for the praotloal, Instead of the speculative. A New Geld Song. [From the London Sunday runes, Jan. 0 ] Aia?" Yankee Doodle." 41 What is here ? Gold ??yellow, glittering, precious gold ?" Timon tf jtth*n*. Now's the time to change your olime, Give up work and tasking; AU who choose be rteh as Jews, F.ven without asking. California's prsclous earth Turn* the new world frantie; Sell yonr traps, and take a berth, eroee the wild Atlantio. Every one who digs and delves, All whose arms are brawn?. Take a piok and help yourselves? Off to Californy. Yankee Doodle all agog. vv itu ura goiaen mania. Debts no longer prove a clogHappy Pennsylvania! Tboee who about stocks and loans Kicked up inch aa old duet, Live to tee the very lionet Come down with the gold duat. Every one who dlgt and delvnt, Join the Indiana tawny ; Take a pick and help yonraelvei, In happy Caiiforay. ghakepe are, of undying fame, Whom they're gring to play to, Uave to gold a naughty name, Or made Tlmon *ay to. And the mob their true lands leave, Corn, and eanet, and'tatert,' To appear, Hat It deoeive, t As Califernieatore. Every one who dlgt and delves, Wear your hands quite horny, Take a plek and help yourselves? Off to Callforny. Oold it got In pan and pot, 8oup-tureen or ladle, Basket, birdcage, and what not, Even to a cradle ! El Dorado's found at last, Tuiba ltd virerum, Loose their datsled beads as fast, As Raleigh did before 'em. Choose your able-bodied men, Navvies bold and brawny; Give them pleke and tpades, and then Off to Callforny. How this flush of gold will end We bave statements ample; Perhaps a few tasks they will tend, Only for a sample. Bat we hope this golden move Really is ill !?M, sirs, riu will Vulu nnoHIo MAM A Yankee doodle doc. "A"" i>ery one who dig* or delve*, Stoat, nndteaoh. and brawny, Bar n pick and holp yoarselvee? Off to Cnliforny. Account* from the California Gold Digging*, by the way of England. [Correepondence of tho London Timor] Vai.paii aiio, Oot. 80,1148. During tho month moit cla**e* of Kngllah goo da. particularly eottona, hare been In brlak demand at good price* Tbe Importation* from Knrooe (which continue limited) daring tbe month amoant to $800,000. the greater part of whloh cold within a few day* atter the arrival of the good*. In prodnoo for exportation there I* little or nothing doing at preeant. The new* lately received from California of tho dleeovery of an eitenalvegold waehlng (of whloh von will nofdonbt have heard In England), ha* prod need a great deal of (peculation. Several cargoee bave boon deepntched from tbl* market, and other* have boon propared; while houree are being opened In California In connection with mercantile eetabllehmente here.tThe chief ground of bopo for the success of all this I peculation It the continuance of tbt gold watbing In lit protent fertility. Oold duet to tbe ratne of $100,000 baa already arrived here wltbln the last few wee lit from this gold- watbing, and we hare adrioea of aa moob more being on tbe way from tbe port of Sao Franeieeo, In L'pptr California. Tbe gold telle here at $11 aa ounce. Tbt watbing It altuated on a tributary of tbe Sacramento rlrer. about 200 miles ioland from San Francisco, and great expectations are raised from Its extraordinary fertility, and from tbe ease with whloh tbe gold It procured It It fonnd with little labor, near tbe surface of a valley extruding for many mtiee between the Saortmeutoand the great chain of mountains knownaa tbe "California Range " Tbe American Governor of California made a visit to tbe washingt lately, and be has reported to hie government tbe value of the gold duet collected at $i 300,000 a month, by the present Imperfect mode of working. As yet, tbe washing Is free to tbe exertione of all who may obrose or risk to seek their fortunes in thla Kt L)?rado. An eye-witness, Just returned from the scene, deicrtbee tbe bends of reeklets desperadoes there oolWeted ae something horrible. Tbey are more to bo likened to bends of pirates than to anything else Thn masters of vessels In tbe bey of San Kranoltoo find It Impossible to retain tbeir sailors on board. They an run away to tbe gold washing and the eaptaln of a ( blllan lessrl, just arrived here from California, was under the neeeestty of paying Inborera, to unload and load bit veesal. >1 p?r hour, with grog ad hiitum All the other resources of the country are abandoned for the gold washing l abor provisions. and good* fetch moat extravagant prloaa. nod Immigration from the I'nltt d States, aero,a tbe Rocky Mouotnina, continues In one unbroken itream of fortuna teakara. Tlie Cholera In Rnropci [From the Kuropran Times, Jen 11.J We rt>:r? t to ttata that the bopaa which ware generally etterieinrd that tbe cbo era bad reached ltd most destructive limit* in the Drlriah domiolone, have beet falsified during the laet fortn'irht. rhemortality in tbe London district baa again reaahad about Its previous highest range of teres areeka ago. In tha provlnce* tbe mortality la atlll eomparatlrely Inalgulficant ; whilst in Seoiland. especially in Glasgow, the official reporta of tbe onmbeia attacked daily are upoa an alarming arale Tbe total number of eaaee throughout the country, flrcm tbe flret appearance of the malady, had reached an Wednesday. to 8,508, whereof 3 918 had died, 1 249 had recovered and 3,819 were under treatment. or the reault not atated The Inhabttanta cf London were beginning to breathe eg*!*! after tbe flrrt feeling of alarm of the cholera bad subaided. when laat week thle inaldiona fetal malady appeared In a very aggravated form at the eatabllehment for tbe farming of the pauper children of the metropolitan dlatrleta. at the little village of Tooting. Ave alien eontb of tbo Tbamea Abont 130 children warn taken 111 at tbe flret breaking out of the dlaorder and the deaths have been ao numeroua that the weekly metropolitan repart of deatha baa been (Welled from 80 the preceding week to 81 dnring the laat week; and the Ian* dally report of deaths, at the eatabllehment at Toe tine, waeno leee than 18. whtlat 14 new eaaet had appeared. Next week, tbe number of daatbe In tbe weekly report will be tbne considerably Increased. The varinnn parishes of London withdrew their pauper children from the hence at Tooting, n step ef questionable prudence;