Newspaper of The New York Herald, February 2, 1849, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated February 2, 1849 Page 1
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TH] NO. 5356. THIRTIETH CO.-VUUV.SS. SECOND SESSION. In Senate* WashingvOn, January 30,1849. REVORTI OK SBNA.tE DEBATES. While the morning business wu being disposed of, n raaolution M token up, heretofore offered by Mr. Badger, instructing the Convmittee on Printing to injure Into the expediency of discontinuing the present plen ?t reporting end publishing the debates of the Senate, in the Union and fnteUigtnctr, at $7 60 per oolumn. Mr Badger desired to .ay a word; and remarked generally upon the errors in the oflloial reports of Senator's speeches, and particularly upon certain mis representation. of bis own remarks. With a view to the attainment, if possible, of a more eorreot system, therefore, he had offered this resolution . Mr. Cameron was opposed to the system now in force. It made the two great party papers of this oity mere advertising sheets of long speeohes, at the expense of the Treasury?and 'speeches upon every little thing before the Senate, lie moved that the resolution be referred to the Committee on Contingent Expenses. Mr. Bright was opposed to the abolition of the existing system; for the publication of debates, even upon private bills, was of great value to the information of | the people. As to the occasional mistakes of the reporters, he might also complain, for in areoent speech upon a private bill, on whioh he bad referred to a certain sinecure officer on board one of our naval ships, I as having gone fossil hunting, he bad been reported as saying that be had gons possum hunting, (ila ! ha! ba !) Now, if he had said coon hunting, his constituents would have appreciated the remark. Mr .Dickinson suggested that the foroe of the oflloial reporters be increased; and witn regard to misrepresentations, be found the most serious and sometimes the most ridicnloua blunders in the reports to tbe i t New York press by telegraph For instanoe, in a late debate on the post oUloe bill, he had advocated a free passage to newspapers for 30 miles from the tfllce wbere printed, anl bad said that if he eould mot get that, he should move to reduce the proposed half cent to a quarter of a oent, in order if be could not have the thirty miles free, we might i have the postage at the lowest possible point. Now he I had bten reported by telegraph as moviDg to supersede I the free poetage of 80 miles by a oharge of half a cent on newspapers, whioh was a direct misrepresentation i of bis motion and his views The oountry press had 1 taken it up, and thus had he been misrepresented to his constituents Aud these mistakes were un every 1 day's practice, and if there were any way in which 1 these repeated errors could be corrected, be hoped it < would be adopted by the parties conoerned. I Mr WriTcoTT thought a great advantage had been i gained by this contraot in neutralizing the party pre- < dllectionsof the two leading papers of this city. The 1 Intelligencer, in this respect, by tbe nature of the eon- < tract, bad been oompelled to be impartial, and had < vastly Improved So had the Union. The impartiality of the reports had been to the advantage of all par- i tics. Generally they were oorrect, and the occasional 1 errors made could be avoided by the supervision re- I spectlvely of tbe Senators. J Mr. Miles said that no system eoold be expeoted to be correct, unless it were subject to the revision of the 1 Senators of their remarks before going to press. As ' to tbe party character of the Intelligencer being improved, he thought it just the same that it had been i lor the last forty years, as the great ergan of the whig 1 party. With regard to the Union, there has been a i change, and a change for the worse; for, from having been the organ of a party, it has beoome the organ of a mere seotion of aiparty?of a mere combination in one section, whose course is calculated to disturb and i divide the party, if not to distraot and divide the i Unlen. He thought the system in force subject to im- i portent improvements, and be hoped the inquiry would ! be made. Fending further debate, by Messrs. Hannegan, Butler, i Boreland, Berrien, Foote, Bradbury, Cameron and waixer, Mr. Butler observed that the greatest objection, peiheps, to the present system was, that it operated as a provocative to members to make long speeches, thus lengthening the debates in the Senate upon almost every question; but still there was a countervailing advantage in giving the minoiity a fair hearing before the country, to all parties, and in all seetions. The resolution Instructing an inquiry into the expediency of abolishing or modifying the present system of reporting and publishing the debates and proceedings of the Senate, was referred to the Committee on Contingent Expenses. tdk panama railroad. On motion of Mr. Benton, the Senate took up the bill providing compensation for transportation by railroad for the United States' mails, publio stores, munitions, he , across the Isthmus of ranama, in contract with Messrs. Aspinwall, Stephens,Chauncey, and others of New York, for the construction of aaid railroad. [The substitute in lieu of the original bill, offered by Mr. Douglass yesterday, and aocepted by Mr. Benton, we gave at length in yesterday's report. It gives discretion to the government to discontinue it at the end i of ten years?it reduces the compensation to $250,009 a yesr, fcr government transportation, and Axes the I rat?s at progressive peiiods of the oontraot, iu gradual reductions of charges upon American passengers and their freight ] 1 Mr. Benton had nothing now to say. The bill was ' amply explained yesterday, by the Senator from Illinois. Mr. Foot a moved to re-commit the bill to the Committoe on Military Affairs, with instruotions to inquire into the comparative advantages of a railroad over the Isthmus of Panama, and the more northerly Isthmus of Tehuantepee, and to report upon it with all poisi- ] ble despatch. ] Mr. Benton said that a re-commitment of the bill would be equivalent to its rejection The necessary ' inquiries, geographical, political and topographioal, i could not be made. There was atw ae opportunity of sending to Mexico for this r* u r. d iar?ia>*tion. The report from the committee wou ' -?> baek as It was referred, without any additions Alormation on the subject. We are now ready to go ea with the bill. 1 The motion of the Senator tr-m Mieeleeippl would be better if modified to an amendment to the bill, ohanglag the locality ef the route. Mr Bee ton appealed that as every Senator was ready for the discussion, the consideration of the bill be prosecuted, for It waa necessary that something should be done. Mr Foote had made this motion after due deliberation; It was not from opposition to the bill, nor from opposition to the public spirited gentlemen at the head of this enteiprise. But he did not think there was euifielsnt information in possession of the Senate to ; enable it to prooeed at onoe to the aotion asked upon the bill. He knew, too. that there was a distinguished * gentleman In this city from Mexioo, who has in his *>o?eession a vast amount of information respecting tue Isthmus of Tehuantepee, maps, books, charts, surveys, kc.. headed by the observations or Humboldt. He thought that this gentlemen had the information rei quirvd to a decision upon the respective merits between these two routes of Intercommunication between the two oceans. Mr Benton raid there waa a politioal question here whioh superseded every other. All of ui know that this right of way across the Isthmus of Tehuantepeo, was i asked for on the negotiation of the late treaty with Mexico And we know something more. We know that Mexico peremptoiily refused it We know that Mr. Trist 1 repeatedly asked it, and enforced it and that Mexico peremptorily refused to grant one inch of the iljht of way. New Granada negotiated with ue for the right of way, I ebe treated with ns, and signed the treaty, and the I United States did the eame, and the treaty was unanimously confirmed by the Senate. We have the right 1 of way granted at ranama; it has been refused at Tebuantepeo. Whether, therefore, this latter route is better or worse, what is that to us? 1 have read nearly all the books In reference to this Tehuantepee less the time of the conference of Cortes with Ifoatesnma on the subject Cortei in that conference tlM Montesum* if there were not a feasible ronte tiiibugu uis uuminiona between the two oceans, the great object being with Cortex, as it had been with Columbus and hts followers, a passage by the west to the Kant Indies The ge< g'apber of Montexuma came * forward, and indicated the Isthmus of Tehuantepao, and exhibited to Cortex the river, and the bxy on each 1 side, and the land between, as we have them from our < best authorities. It was over this isthmus that Cortex transported his ships from the Atlantic to the I'aniflo. taking them to pieces and putting them together again; the ships with wh<oh be explored the liulfot Cortex, "'Now called the f ulf of California. And It was over this pass that the old Spaniards brought from the Philippine Islands the cannon withwhioh they armed i the castle of San Juan d'Clus. But it Is not for us now to say whether this route Is better or worse. Mexico has refused to grant us ths right of way in every appeal, and by every branch of her governm >nt she has refuted It; she refused to grant nn inch; she refused to negotiate for an Inch of the right of way. The want i of tbls political power is a grea>er barrier to any schema over this Isthmus than ths barrier of the Andes themselves. This raliroad across the Isthmus of Panama Is intended as but a temporary measure for temporary uses ; as something fir our uss till we get a railroad through our own territories Thirty years ago, Mr. Bentou said he bad taken this question of a communication with the Paclilo Into consideration-from the t me that. Mr Jelferson sent out I.ewis and ( larks with the view ef a certaining a continental route, and the subject was therefore not new to him. All that we prnpoee is a contract for the Tanama railroad for Wo years, and then we csn put an end to It if ws have a road of our own. But when we have no bridge over a stream ws urn a log until a bridge is built. This immure is only for temporary purposes, and It was necessary. if toy thing whs to bs dons, that the bill should be promptly acted upon. Mr Howes hoped the hill would be recommitted We want iDforirtati"n; and wluls it Is important at times to net promptly, there is equal or greater danger in acting too fast. For ten years' services over this proposed road, we propose to pay this oompany two millions and a half lor governmtnt transportation May not some better arrangement be made? The news brought by th? Cresceot City from Chagres, shows that the difficulties ai d drawbacks of this Panama routs are very great; they are sufficient to Induce us to pause and inquire whether there is not a more feasible route. The locality of (diagres is not a good one In a commercial view. fur whole corrruerce by that roafe has to pass or touch at the island of Jamaica, which is certainly an advantage to (Irest Britain, but may bs of no advantage to us At liua'aoualco, on the Tebauoi ftrfpec Isthmus, there Is a good harbor; there Is also a good harbor on the other eids; and fr< m the higher ni rthern latitude of this Isthinns. It is unt only n< arer to ns. and shorter hare by many hundred miles than the ether as a route of communication with the iv gitic, but It is cemperallvely free from those pestilential diseases, and from the dangers to passengers and E NE MOl provisions at Chagres. from ita being ao mueh nearer the equator. In many owe the eargo of the merchant anffera more by the transhipment aoroas this lathmna than othera suffer by a voyage around Cape Horn. The leprosy, that moet fearful disease, was also indigenous to Cbegres, with all the other d'seaaes Incident to a low situation in a tropical olimate. And at Panama, on the other aide, from the exposure of the harbor to the ooean, ships often find it difficult to get In, and are as often delayed by head winds for weeks, in getting out. Besides, he thought it inconsistent on the part of the Senate to act in haste upon an approririation involving two or three millions for a railroad na foreign country, while we hesitate from year to year to appropriate $40 000 or $60,000 for the removal of obstructions In our Western rivers. He hoped that this matter would receive due deliberation; and as regards the refusal of Mexico to grant the right of way across the Isthmus of Tehnantepeo, it does not argue that because she onoe refused it, she will now refuse to grant it. On the contrary, he had reason to believe that the right of way from Mexice might now be readily obtained Mr. Foots had no intention of eliciting this disoussion in the motion which he had made His object was information. He next proceeded to a deliberate lecture of the senator from Missouri for objecting te give this Information, when from his own testimony, he bad read all the books, and knew all that was te be known upon the subjest. The senator from Missouri (Mr. Benton) reminded him of a oertain judge in the Southwest. This judge was a' vary wise man, and took ever proper oocaslon to let it be known; he was a very learned man, and justly proud of his learning; he was sdi. ivry muou uKt'u, uui n? was very mueu reverenced for his superior knowledge, wisdom and attainments. In presenting my cause before him, 1 was proceeding to quote In its support, oertain authorities in law. " Lay down your books," said the Judge. '-Why so?" I asked of his honor. "Because, raid he, there is no use in reading them, for I have read all the law in the world " Thus the Senator From Missouri, having possessed himself of all the knowledge that is to be had. in all languages, on both sides ot the ooean.on this aubjeot, refuses us the benefit of Instruetlons, when, as if at the feet of Gamaliel, we ask for this information. There was no reason to presume that because Mexioo, in her negotiations, pending a fierce and bloody war, refusvd us the right of way, that she will now, when disposed to eonoiliation and to consult her own advantages, refuse to grant it. He bad high authority to say that the government of Mexioo was favorably disposed on this projuot-and that the Stats governments on the Atlantic and PaciHe sides both desired to have this line of communication opened. He had authority to say, flrom a gentleman now in this city, (Don Jose Garry, we suppose) whose name be was net at liberty to give, but who was i gentleman ol high cbaraoter, and distinguished for ris information, that Mexioo will willingly grant us :te right of way, and on terms as favorable as those jf the government oi New Granada. Mr. LIpham rote to make an inquiry. Had not the government of Mexioo granted the exolnsive right of way across the Isthmus of Tehuantepeo, to a private gentleman; and had it not been sinoe transferred by trim to an English company ? Mr. Foote replied that the private individual referred to had transferred his privilege to Mr. M'intosh, and that by bim it had been re-transferred to the gentleman now in this city, ef high character and attainments, and who, while he did not stand here as a rival contractor, could give the required assuranoea that the right of way can be obtained. Mr. Westcott here interposed, and said that if he were allowed twelve hours, he could produce information whioh would show that neither this gentleman nor any other, possessed the authority or control over this right of way to Tehuantepeo. It was now in the possession of the Mexican government. |Mr. Foote?Now in the Mexioan government ? Mr. Whtcoit-Ydfr, sir, it is now in the Mexioan government. Mr. Foote did not olaim to give any decided information upon the sutyeot. It was information that he wanted ; but he was clearly of the opinion that a Mexican gentleman, now in this city, had the full control of the matter. But that fact can be ascertained. Nor can this gentleman be prepared to aot without full authority. Mr. Foote next read a paper placed in his possession by an intelligent gentleman, long a resident in Mexico, showing the shortness of the Tehnantepec route as a line of communication with the Pacific, compared with the Chagres or any other lower route, and these figures, he thought, were entitled to their full consideration. Mr DorcLASj said, if this motion for this inquiry bad been made at an earlier day, he would not have opposed it, bat should bare supported it. But the bill bad been before the Senate, from time to time, since the first week of the session; and long as we bad waited for this rival proposition that was promised, it bad not yet been presented. The Senator from Mississippi says this gentleman is not a rival contractor. Now, sir, when he comes here presenting the advantages of a rival proposition, I want him to stand up as a rival contractor. 1 want him to stand here in that character or none. Mr. Foote explained, in defenoe of this influential gentleman from Mexico. Mr. Westcott was in favor of the inquiry, not only with regard to the Tehuantepeo route, but with respect to the merits also of the Nioaragua route, and every other available route, for a continental communication between the two ooeans. Mr Douulasr insisted that the gentleman who came here, and presented his plots, and oharts.and papers of the Tehuantepeo route, should stand forward as a rival contractor, or be considered as laboring to defeat the proposed enterprise entirely. He should present his memorial, or withdraw his counsels and advice. Mr. Foote replied that if authority were granted by a vote upon his proposition, the gentleman would present his memorial. Mr. Douulass persisted that as the bill?had been before the Senate from the first week of the session, the only object In the delay of this counter projeot which is now urged upon the Senate, was to defeat any action upon this projeot of an isthmus railroad whatsoever; and that unless this Mexican gentleman should oome forward as a rival contractor, It was proper to oonsider him out of the question, and to debate the bill entirely upon the merits of the propesed railroad at Panama. Mr. Foote proposed to withdraw his motion for the present. Mr. Dickinson suggested an executive session. Mr. Douolass protested that if there was to be any consideration of the Tehuantepeo route, it must be in an authoritative form. At present we have no authority upon the subject. Tbe right of way has been refused, and it is not probable that it will now be granted. He was opposed to the entertainment of a project brought up in this desultory and extemporaneous manner. He desired a vote upon the merits of this bill to- day, so that the Senate might prooeed to the California bill to morrow morning. Mr. Foote, with a view to the procuring the facts in the matter, in the regular discussion of the bill for two or three days, withdrew hie motion to re-commit for tbe present. Alter some remarks between Messrs. Berrien, Foote, and Douglass, Mr. Dickinson moved an executive session. Mr. Jefferson Davis took occasion to say that the Committee on Military Affairs did not undertake to decide upon the merits of this bill. They had reported it as they believed, in an acceptable form, leaving the g-neral merits of the question to be determined by the Benate. Mr. Doi'olass, as understood, moved to re-commlt tbe bill to the Military Committee. borne general conversation ensued, pending which Mr. Dickinson moved an executive session. A motion was also made to adjourn. Question taken upon adjournment, rtt-a rore. The chair declared it carried. Divide ! divide ! Senators cemmenced rising in the affirmative. Mr. L)k E1NSWW? I.ct's have an executive session. It will be a chert ene. Mr. Butler? Oh no ! it will be a long one. Senators oontinued rising for an adjournment-27 to 18. And without doing any thing for or against tbe Pa nana railroad, by a vote upon any proposition at all' the Senate adjourned. Home of Representatives. Wauiiniitok, Jsn 30, 1840. t-assfnoer shies for California. Mr. Grinnkli. arose amid the confusion which prevailed, and raid that a large number of vessels were about to proceed to California By a law now In exist enre, a certain space in ships is prescribed for each passenger. Tbe passengers for California will be subject to this regulation, unless there be an exception ttiiide to their case. As the vessels will be crowded, he d? sired that a bill, whioh he Introduced several days ego. to meet the emerg. ucy. be taken up and passed. This would K quire but a few moments. The hn a kkh-The bill will be taken up If there be no objection. Mr Bum ? I object, and inalat on the order of bu*inee*. With the greateet reapeot for the gentleman fr< m V aaearbueettr, I think that peraona who with to goto California ehould crowd the abip* aa much aa they chr ore. Mr. FkatiikRaTort?I aek leave to introdnce a bill. Mr Orinhrll? 1 object. Mr b>ATHr??Ton?The gentleman from South Carolina withdraw* hi* motion. Mr Bi'kt? I Inelat on the regular order of bualneaa. thk ii.arr.RT o<>K*Tinn, The Iloitre then reeolved iteelf into a Committee of the Whole on the State of the Union, (Mr. J. R Inge rtoll In the chair,) and proceeded to the oonatderation of the bill making appropriation* for the aupport of the nary, tor the year ending June 30, I860 Mr C. Br?ww, of Tenneylvania. aald that, for the laet twenty jeara, he bad oppoaed the agitation of the r(Ue*tion if elavery. He bad heretofore been content to give a vote merely, and would not now addreea the Cm mlltee. were It not for the remarkable apeeoh of the gentlenan from Indiana (Mr. Thomp*on )which atrnck him and the Houee with eurprlre. The gentleman had be( n inconeietent In bt* couree on thia aub eot. (which Mr. Brown proceeded to ahow ) Mr Brown referred to a paragiaph In the apeech of Mr Thonipaon. to the effect : ' While our conatitiienta are CAlm at home, praying tor the peace and pro?perity of the country, there are perrem* In Ihi* hall dieturhlng the trani|nlllitytf the Union But. thank Mod, there wa* a time coming. when a eplrlt of eonaervatiem would aria# from the Vederal Uxecutlve, which would pour oil upon the trc utile dwatera.wben neither whig* nor democrat* would tpecially be conanlted. but. (he welfare of the country " No doubt, the gentleman honeatly eipre**ed hla aentlmente; hut a change had come over tha aplrlt of hla dream Mr Brown attributed Mr. Thompeon'*feeling* to th* inlluttce of the aunof the South (Uaneral Taj W YO INING EDITION?FRII lor) and the future prospects of the whig party. If conservatism? that which wilt allay angry excitement and preserve the Union-he the result of General Taylor's eleotion. then he wonld regret that be had oppose;) him In the last campaign. He congratulated the country on the bright prospects which are now before us. Mr Brown condemned the movements of the agitators. Among other things, he said that, the other day, the gentleman from Ohio (Mr. Giddlngs) offered a resolution, to allow the blaoks of this Dlstrlot to vote on the subject of abolition here. The proposition received seevnty-seven votes. Among them were members from Connecticut, the people of whlob State, not long age. by a vote of three to one. refused to pass a law giving to blacks the right of suffrage. Illinois has voted that no negro shall come and live there; and yet numbers (torn that State voted In this House to make negroes equal to white men. fennsylvaala has excluded negroes from voting, after solemn adjudication, yet he tound Tsnnsylvanlans here voting for the same objectionable resolution. His colleague (Mr. Wllmot) at one time repudiated all connection with abolition, and said that, be had no sympathy with the negroes, and that all he did was lor the free men of the North. He voted to (uncrossall abolition uetitions: but at this session, be not on); supported the proposition to allow negroes to rote in this District, but supported all the other schemes of slaver; agitation This shows where we are going As a gentleman said the other da;, like children we begin to creep, then walk, and next run. So with members of the House; the; sa; that the; do not wish to interfere with slavery in the States, and to produce insurrection in the South; yet the; always vote with the agitators If they are honest, let them be consistent; 1st them take the beam out of their own eye before they discover the mote in their brothern' Mr. Brown contended that It was the duty ot the North to deliver up fugitive slaves; but this has frequent); been refused, contrary to the requirement of the sonstitutlon The gentleman from Bradford wants emancipation and social equality for the negroes. Mr Wii-sioT- No such thing at all Mr. Brown repeated that gentlemen wanted the emancipation of the negro raoe. He had pondered on the effect of this To bim it was fearful; emancipation now, or at any time in the future, was fearful to tho white raoe, and still more fearful to the hiaoks. Could any grntleman point out to him three millions of n?groes without the United States, superior in morals, physical and msntal endowments, to the three mil (ions of slaves in this country? Slaver; ma; be an evil, to produce good for the blaoks, for it pleases (rod, in hlswisoom, to place individuals, as well as nations, in bonds, to be ultimately relieved by a better salvation. Wherever free negroes have established themselves in a body, they have deteriorated. Who is the Governor of Liberia? He was a slave. Frederick Douglass was born a slave Who is an eloquent divine in Liberie, and who spoke to intelligent audiences in Alabama? He was a slave; bis name is Ellis He knows the Greek and Hebrew. Slavery has not been an evil to the negro, but to the white raoe; and the latter, if either, deserve sympathy. The Chairman announced to the gentleman that bis hour bad expired.. Mr. Brown said that he had not done, but as soon as he could get an opportunity, he would finish his speech. MAIL STEAMERS. Mr. Sthonc. arose to speak to the hill. He objected to the appropriation of $874,000 for the transportation of the malls between New York and Liverpool, between New York and Havana, he. He regarded the sum as sufficiently large to attract the attention of the committee, and gave the reasons which operated on him to oppose a further extension of the polloy. For many years the post office department has been supported from its own revenues ; but the ooean steamers take money out of the tieasury- money paid by the farmers and mechanics?while they, many of them, are denied the conveniences of postal arrangements at home. He denied that these vessels wonld, in any event, inorease the tfflcienoy of the navy. The oommeroial Interests do not require that the polioy should be fostered; it will do commeroe an iDjury. He objected to the farther extension of the lines, beoanse government beeomes a party in the private enterprise, industry, and manufactures of the country. Mr. Vinton moved that the committee rise. The motion prevailed. That gentleman then submitted a resolutioa that the debate shall cease in ten minutes. It was adopted?yeas 04, nays 68. A motion was made to adjonrn at half-past three o'clock, bnt It did not prevail. Mr. Vinton?I ask leave to report a hill for the support of the post office department. Mr. fiTiriiLNs-l object, and move that the House adjourn In this motion the House acquiesced. Washington, Jan. 30, 18-11). Corporation Dinner to the New York Committee. The corpoiate authorities ot Washington gave a dinner this evening, at Coleman's Hotel, to the committee trom the Common Council ot New York, who have been here for some days, in behalf of the Branch Mint. Col. W. W. Seaton, Mayor ef the city, presided. Speeches were made by the Mayor, Aldermen Franklin, Hibbard, and Miller, of New York; by Gen Tallmadge, of New York, and by Messrs. Lennox, Johnson and others, ot our City Councils, of whicn we propose to make a report to-worrow. The best spirit ot the confraternity prevailed, and the meeting closed with mutual exchanges of aldeimanic brotherhood. We understand that the committee return to New York in the morning. They have had to-day a rainy journey to Mount Vernon and back. Utica, Jan. 31,1849. First Day of the Liberty Party State ConventionAttempted Suicide at Rome. The original abolitionists assembled in this city to-day, at Mechanics' Hall. At 11 o'clock this morning, a number of delegates from different counties in mis oiair niaue meir appearance. This body is composed of the original abolitionists who stood aloof from a portion of their party, who split ofl last fall, and joined the Van Buren free soilers, at the time of holding their convention in Utica, last September. The well known millionaire and abolitionist, Gerrit Smith, with his large white shirt collar, is one of the leaders and prominent members of this convention. At halfpast 11 the convention was called to order by David Plumb, of Rensselaer county, and the following officers were appointed pro tern:? Mr. Meyers, of Onondaga county, Chairman. S. W. Green, of Oneida county, Secretary. The convention then organised temporarily, and the following committee of five were appointed to draft resolutions, and ieport in the afternoon:? committee on resolutions. Gebrit Smith, of Madison oounty, Chairman. Bt.mah Grkrn, ' Oneida " David Plumb, " Keneselaer " A. H. Turner, " Cayuga " D. H. Frost, " Madison " Tne Convention then declared their intention to hold sessions three times a day for three daysWednesday, Thursday and Friday. They then adjourned to half-past 1 this afternoon. Hai.f-past 1, P. M. At the appointed hour to which the Convention adjourned, the members who were present this morning, with an additional uumber which arrived this afternoon, re-assembled, and proceeded to a permanent organization, and to the appointment of permanent officers of the Convention. The following officers were then appointed :? Prettdetti T. G. White, of Onondaga county Vict 1'rtiidtnt. .J. Prestoi* Mass, Jefferson " _ . 1 H. T. Cro/ ilr, Madison ' Strrtlanei ... j j j Bkldiit, Jefhreon ? The Convention was then cajl*d to order by the President, and proceeded to business A tew short seeches were made by somt of the members of the Convention, as to the olject of their meeting together, Arc. However, the object of calling this Convention is hardly known to any one (save the delegates); but I understand they intend to establish a thorough and jiertect organization of the liberty party throughout this and other States. At the conclusion of a short speech, made by Mr. Perine, of Chautauque county, it was announced that ihe committer on resolutions were in attendnnce, and ready to report. The Convention being in order, Gen it Smith, the chairman, arose and read the following address and resolutions :? ADDRESS. To tb? Voter* of tbe State of New York:?We again invite ycu to eepaure tbe principles, and become membtre of the liberty party. It is trna that oar party is reduced to a n.ere handtnl. Die true that, not with landing no voting for antl-ahnlitlnnlata hid ilaita been lt? molt piomiaent and distinctive character, the great mam of lta member* have left It to join an ant! abolition party. It 1* true that, notwithstanding lte lecturer* and presrea had, with scarce an exception, come to lay claim. UDder the federal Constitution, to the emancipation of the millions ot enslaved Americans, the great mass of Its members have left It to join a party which began its existence with gratuitously, basely, wickedly, murderously, yielding np that claim. hut the loa of our members Is no reason why you

rhould not join na; the loss of our members is not the loss of our principles; these remain, and the blcrsing of (led remains opon them, and npon all who faithfully adhere to them It Is because of the excellence cf our principles and of enr party abiding In tb?m, that we regard enr title to vour oo-operation far better than that which any other politleal party can set np. These members predominating of the liberty party, It. as well as any other party, might command success, snch encores as there Is In numbers, for. by lowering Its standard, It could soon swell Its number nd acquire prosperity. But the liberty party follows truth, however few may accompany It, and through sdverettles, truth must lead We, who t< mpoee tLl? party, can consent to no lower aim than the full and political rights of all men, for no RK H )AY, FEBRUARY 2, 184 lower elm It eon*latest with jnotice, bensvolenoe end teli-reapect; In a word, we go for a righteous end c ell government greet bleating*, of whioh every pert ef the world la destitute, end we go egelnat ell tboae seneplreeiea wbiob ere substituted for oivil government, th end ebicb ere the beevleat carte of every pert of tbe world?we eccept no plee for tboae counterfeit* for ,e civil government; tbere la no excuse, no defence, an- til der wblcb we can ellow eny of their etnpendona frauds end attrocities to take shelter. Tbe time, hewever, may be, wben tbeae frauds will be questioned; ve end although tbey may be enabrined In statutes , tutra end constitutions also, we require tbe present government to tremple them under foot. To no un- th rigbteona work of our father* do we owe any respeot; ?? if tbey I'glslate for chettled slavery or lend monopoly or tariffs, or standing ermiea. or the trafflo in intoxloa- be tirg drinks, or tbe entailment of loads of debt, or for Bp any such gross invasion of human rights, we are not to 1 feel conscience bound by suob legislation, but we are w to spurn it from u* Every generation is responsible c0 lor a righteous civil government, and Is to indulge in , no respect for Its dead fathers, which shall interfere with living men and of the living Ood. fo Sucb. fellow-citizens, is our our little liberty party. We neither know, nor are oonosrned to know, whether | 811 it will ever be larger than It is now. Ifissufflolentin the I w assurance that Kit abide in the truth it will, whether it | , be a large or small party, honor Oo?t and bless the i world. In not imoh si party worthy of your rote? tw The newspaper whloh most nearly represents the .1. slews of the liberty party is the Model Worker, printed In Utica No one will be ignorant of these slews, hi who regards this able and honest newspaper, and the j jj, political tracts which are published at the same effloe with it. Pe RESOLUTIONS. fa 1. Resolved, That we reoognlze the broadest princl pies of democracy and the rights, irrespective of sex '' or oolor, or character, to participate In the civil rulers. vv 2. Resolved, That when we admit that our hope of at the establlrhment c.f righteous civil government in the w earth,is in the prevalacoeof Cbriatianity. we of course w do not mean that spurious or that mistaken Chrlstianl- () 1 ty which upholds unrighteous civil government, and in which votes civil slhces into the hands of anti-aboll- ar ttomsts and land monopolists, and other enemies of uman rights fr 3 lUsolved, That by our love of righteous olvll government, of Cod and of man. we are bound to frown In upon the missionary and otber associations,being, with- th out exceptions, on the side of the oonspiraoies which its have in all nations usurped the place and name of oivil y( government, and such oonspiraoies being thH pre-emi- :d nent hindrance to the establishment of righteous and m oivil govt rnment, and to the spread of human salva- j tit n and hlertedness. The addretB and resolutions were accepted by t0 the Convention, which adjourned to hall past six ^ this evening. f'1 Mrs. Robinson, the lady of the landlord of Stan- l'' wix Hall, at Rome, came near destroying herself P* by taking laudanum, but was discovered in tune 1,1 to save her lile. w ai Baltimore, Jan. 30,1819. at The Prize Fighters?Visit to their Training P1 Grounds?The Preparations of Hi/er, frc. j jj The great attractions in Baltimore at present, c< are the training grounds of Yankee Sullivan and w Tom Hyev?the latter is at Govanstown, four miles from the city, and the iormer at Canton, about three miles from the city, in another direction, as The two rivals are located at these two places, sur- sc rounded by their friends, and are daily undergo- th ing the most rigid training, and preparation tor trie w fieat conflict, which comes oil to-morrow week, th yesterday paid a visit to Hyer'B quarters, and found the road lined with buggies and carriages go- sa ing and returning to and from the same destina- ! lit tion. Hyer, on nts arrival at Govanstown, coin to menced by walking ten miles per day, with weights, ! di which he has regularly increased one mile each I pi day, so that on the day before the light, he will ai have to walk twenty-ihree miles. He also prac- n< lists daily by sulking at a suspended bag ot sand, & weighing 160 lbs., which he causes to throw a si somerset by one blow from his powerful fist, lie di has also been using some black chemical sub- n< ctauce to burden the flesh on hie hands, so that w they are as rough and hard as a nutmeg grater, m He ulBohas two negroes who daily bathe him from head 10 foot in whiskey, and rub him with coarse Fi brushes, us you would a horse. He is daily providt d with a lan/e number of raw eoroa. ?n<l in H licit in undergoing the training of the ring in ull J*' Us varieties. ?The betting seems to run decidedly in favor of Hyer, by the bloods in this vicinity, though this b< opinion is formed raiher on the personal appear- i? ance of the two men, than on any known supenori- Bi ty ol either. They expect flyer's long and power- L ful arm to do the work in his smaller and shorter Al limbed opponent?but they should remember that P? this is not always the case F. D< PllILADEI.IUA, Feb. 1, ISIS). The Weather?Ho! for California?The Orphan't w Ball?Payment of Intercit on the State Loan, E 4rc. 4-c. frc. y The last of the winter months opens with a very H disagreeable day. The rain has been falling since y daylight, and, freezing upon the pavements, renders V the middle of tbe stie< ts the beet side of the way. hi The brig Thomas Walter, bound to Tampieo, Jdeparted inis morning with about fifty emigrants ?! lor California, including the Camargo company. I y, The handsome sum of $2,-188, is the net amount Sl of the proceeds from theOrphaus' Ball of Monday h evening lust, after the payment of all expenses. m The semi-annual payment of interest on the M Stale loans due to-day, was commenced this morn- V ing at ihe Pennsylvania Bank. Ji Madame Bishop's concert, announced for this evening, has been postponed until Saturday, on li account of the inclemency of the weather. w The steam propeller line of boats to Baltimore, arc now running,as usual, through the Cnesapeake B and ]>eluware Canal. * Judge Gibson, ol the Supreme Court,announced his decition in relation to the claimants tor the H Clerkship of the Orphan's Court. Mr. Brooks, J( elected to the office ht the general election, having died before entering upon nis duties, the Governor ol appointed Jacob Brown. David Iianly, the for- u mer incumbent, claimed to hold over to the next n election The decision of Judge Gibson confirms q the stand taken by the ineumbeut. f| From Vkn/cki.a ? Tbe condition of Venesuela, at ? the latest dates, was most distracted. We have been y furnished by a gentleman of this city wtth a despatch ], lately received from there, showing the state of feeling n In the vaiious provinces up to the latter part of Ds- | cember It is favorable to the causa of General Paes, ^ but as It was not Intended for publication or for effect, 0 tt is probably correct. We translate the following:? In tbe Fast, on tbe coast of Guiria, the large foroe y which pronounced itself sometime since for the resto- j ration Is increasing numerically, and gathering new ^ energy fr< m the persecution* ef tbe government a In the mountains of Trapa, more than 200 armed y men are under the leadership of Jose Cesareo Garcia. a noble specimen of tbe citizen soldier, although not brought np to aims. In tbe mountains of Laguaraparo, there is a strong ? bsnd commanded by Barileo Marcano, all resolved on | victory or death. Jose Antonio Manos, from the Island of Trinidad, is actively known among these. y In the province of Matunn, a guerilla warfare la ? kept up by the peasantry against the minions of go- > vernmsnt Jore Maria Cnntreras has eight hundred 1 men under his standard, who need only a supply of 1 ammunition to show themselves formidable. j. Tbe French have stirred, (so says briefly the letter ] from which we translate ) j In Barcelona there is a warm feeling for Tees The 1 brethsr ot Gen. Monjga* Jose Uregorln.disgusted with l tbe letter's proceeding* bas resigned his command, as a general el division, and strongly advised Jose t adeo to ( vacate tbe Presidency. '1 his apealca volumes ? In Margarita the government ia in the worst odor. r Desertions nre continually taking plaoe, whenever the h troops of Monagaa approach the eonstitutionaliste. ,s Mfl&iffSi has made naanv overtures, and offered free r pardona and advancement to tho?e who hare taken up j arma for Para, hut they epurn the offer. s In the w?rt It Is ascertained that the guerilla* are p organized In Barlnae and Merida. The previnse of tl (iutriro le in uproer. Crrobolo la prepared to rlee, and B In Valencia aleo there la a etrong movement.?Phil. ii bulletin, f'eh 1 L Resignation of thr Comptroller.?The fol- ,'j lowing resigimiion Iihs been presented to the lee- t gielatuie by Hon. Millard Fillniere, Vice I'reai- hi dent elect of the United StHtes n Com ft'? Orrrce, > J I Ai.aanr January 31, 1849. ) C To the Legiiloture of the State o f New York:? gi U> KTLrMkF>-Anticipating that my duty may aoon B con pel me to reelgn the office which I now hold, and I being anxtouR to avoid any Inoonrenlenoe which O might result frnn a raoancy, I hare thought that the 111 public Intercut would be beet conrulted by a reelgna- hi tl<n totaki IT' ct at rome future day. which ehould C not only give time for the Legtelature to pace a law for filling the varenoy, but alro enable it to appoint a rucceeror, end allow him time to reach the oapltol be- : fore I leave I therefore, reRpectfully leeign the of- J.1 flee of Comptrolli r, to take r(T?ot on the UOth day of '? February next. I cannot euffrr the opportunity to pa?a, without ex- Fi preR'Ing to you my heartfelt lhanka for the courteey rj and klndteRR which, on your part, have marked all 0| our rffical IntercRurre f. I hare the honor to be, your ob?dlent (errant, , MILLABD FILLMORE, Comptroller AprfibTMiRTH by hie Governor- Ry and with ut thr advice end con cut ol ihe Senate.?Jan. II.? ot ?it For* ? Oilrer W Nlmrod. Albert Oallatln, Jr , n w in C H EngllRh. Jamre T Howard Stephen p. hi Merrlhew. IVm N. Maxwell Samuel Brown. Joe>ph T m Van Vleca, Peter A Van Buren, notariia public Wa. M MeArdle, eommleeloncr of emigration, in plaee of , p Jacob Harvey, dectaeed. ERA 19. Bo s for California* THE DETARTUBK OP THE STEAMSHIP FALCON. cl The departure of the steamship Falcon, from "j is port, to Chagres, yesterday, presented as in- ar resting a scene sb we ever witnessed. For a long B< ne previous to the hour at which she was antunced to sail, carriages, cabs, carts, and other UI hides poured down, la a continuous stream, to be e dock at which she was moored, and emptied eir contents of human beings, male and female, gc rpet bags, trunks, valises, guns, sacks, pistols, f0 iwie knives, packing boxes, gold sifters, cradles, g< ades, shovels, picks, buckets of rubber and ^ ood?in fact, every conceivable article that mid be of benefit in the way of gold digging, or ll at would tend to the benefit of the gold diggers^ J r their sustenance, luxury, or comfort, was a rewed along the dock from which the Falcon 6 as to leave. When we consider that the number c adventurers which sailed in the Falcon was ^ ro hundred, our readers can form an idea of H e amount of baggage, of the various kinds we <5 ive mentioned, that was deposited on the dock, jj it this was not all; for at least three thousand ople, of all sexes, ages, classes, and conditions? 0 thers, mothers, sisters, cousins, brothers, ne- F lews, nieces, aunts, grandmothers, grandfathers, J r? iVp ? were rnm/r#*i/nferl tit tli*? flimlc untl u ound us vicinity, to bid adieu to their relatives, ho were about to embark for the new El Dorado, * ith the ho)ie of returning laden with the precious ist, that we are informed abounds so plentifully v the lar-laitied valley of the Sacramento. It was v i interesting scene, and yet a melancholy one. 01 'was interesting to see the adventurous spirit i T aving laiinly, home, friends, associations?every- j, log, and embarking, buoyed up with hope, lor L e hind ot promise; but the silent tear that forced w i way from the eye ot age as well as trom that of N ?uth, notwithstanding all its buoyancy, imparted c solemnity to the scene which we shall ever reember. It was evident that the. hour of trial id arrived?that the old to the young, the young ^ the old; the boy of sixteen to the mother ot t xty and to the sister of fifteen, the brother to e te brother and to the father, the bethrothed to / le bethrothed, had to say that expressive and F nnlul word?farewell, (perhaps forever;) and I mi, perhaps, it was the last interview on eartli '' hich was taking place between friends, relatives, 1 id sweethearts. While this was transpiring, an . ctdent occurred, well calculated to throw a . untie of gloom over all. Death was exhibited its reality. A block fell from aloft and fractured e skull ot one of the fireman of the steamship. The irpse was taken ashore; also the man through ? hose agency the accident occurred. There, ined the uncertainty of life was manifestly and dly realized to the two hundred who were taking 5,' eir departure, and to the three thousand who S" eembled to bid them God-speed. But soon the ene was changed?the word to start was given? n.' e noble steamer was eager to be oil'?the liawser as loosed, and, amid the blessings and cheers of e multitude,the Falcon started on her way. In addition to the money received lor pas- h iges, the Falcon took out a large freight e st?the whole, amounting, as it is estimated, P i some f75,000. Thus we go. Day after $ iv the best and most industrious of our po- v nation are leaving us; and ship after ship is * mounted to sail for the same destination. The ?xt steamship which willsail is the CrescentCity. a he, too, will be crowded; and we would not be c irprised to see temporary houses erected on her " ecks, as there were on those of the Falcon, to " ^commodate an extra number of passengers, P hen she tails, as the will, on the fifteenth ot next t nth. The following is a list of the passengers by the ulcon:? I IVachy Hamerslty, C. L. Jones, J. Blair, M. May, W. p Fauntleroy, John Cowell. Hiokok Billings, Captain r b\os, T.Hutchineon.Capt Simmons and lady, Denny, Ward, C I. Meriob Wm. Sims. Sieverts, J Hepburn, . m Hepburn. J W. Gerry and lady, Brieeland, C Va- 1 tine, Dicker?on, L. M. Goldsborougb, O. 8. Van r< iurt, S F: Blunt, S R. Knox. G. A Beck. C. A Our- * y, J J Cooke. G L. Cooke, R. L. Baker, P. L. Miner, J >*ie Stewart, A. P. Sibley. Dr. Turner, J. L. Smith, Bentrn. J R. Fltcb, J. Silva, Alston, J. Austen, listen Laurence, J. A. Smith. T. F.Gould, Bent,Llotih 1,1,lie Dale, M. True, J. B. Bldleman. J. Coryell, aster lluot, Simmons, Manrow, Morse, Johnson, Moril. Moore. E. Blais, Leiservitz, F. Sbepard, J. S. "Illtams. Sllsa WiiiiaiuM Cully. Moses, A. 8 tlobbs,J. [Ores,Wm L.Smith, Lent, Loukweod, R.D Hart,True, /. O. Chapman, Wright. F. Wright, Mathlot, Davles llintt. F. Fly. Oaklsy, S Lea, Whiting, S. Henry, talr, Hadeon. Rice, Clark, Block, S G. Williams, B. F. /cods, C W. Lowall. Bochman. Averlll, T. C. Child, t-mpstead. Baker. Tripp, Scofleld Jaokson, Mervin, amt ron S. Drake, North, Cornstoek, McKenxle, Joyce, reeiand. Lane. J. B. Coggesball, Field, C. Field, G. f Wright. John Wright, Palmer, Swain, Ceok, Marina Nor'h B Johnson. T. Denny, Slmonson, Sllya, udiam.Webb, Burger. Van Pelt C. Van Pelt. J Wood, oCoy, Whittlesey, Mildrum Blrnley, Reed. Annan, [cKune, A. Webb, Delevan, Thompson, G. H Beaoh, unnel Jeffrey. N A Brown, Strong. Whitney, Pugh, otton, Grant, Holt, Merrick, Blank, M. De La Pona, art, F. De La Prna. Huven, O'Callaghan, Losee, Viler, Livingston, Hammond, Corse. J. Halleck, Prok, orse, Baldwin, Waring, Carpenter, Cram, Burk, /heeler, Tindall. Jacobs. Burns, Freer. Knowlton, G. icobs, Logan, Wm Drexer?75 In the steerage. The following passengers tailed on Wednesday i bark Mara, lor Vera Cruz, in addition to those re published yesterday:? Wm Preseott Joseph H. Cleaves, E. E. Galusha. R . Galurba, A Van Camp, Geo. Bonny. Jos. G. Treaday. P. J. Stanage, A MoFarden, David MeFarden, hn Byers John Nicholas, M L. Merosr, Wm. Mentx, tcob Day, P Norman, James Mentz. H. P. Dennlston, DennDton, David Poyatt. James Clark, Wm. H. nkins Henry Roberts, J. ilaugbwoat, J. J. Galusha. The c!i?i?er schooners F.npireand Sea Witch, 1 Mystic,Conn., sail lor California this morning l company. Messrs. Lsnphear Ac Moore, owners ot the Empire, snd Messrs. A. A. Rogers Ac !o.,of ihe Sea Witch, are at the head of associa* ii ns in their respective vessels. The following re the passengers PiukKioHi n the Empire?Capt Joseph Ingham, Vhitman Wilbur. C. C. SWeon, Wm Kldredge, J. A. '.dgccmb.F. R. Burrows, N T. Sawyer, William Paliier. Geo Sims, E. Ingham, of Mystic, and Randolph )ong>?ss. of New London; Oeear F Kedtleld. and Cbas. P F Palmer, of Mystio: E. Baker and David Webster, f New Vork-Total, 18 Piasr.suKRi in i he Sea Witch?Capt. 11. B. Lesls, Am. L Lewis, W Reed, of New London,Conn.; B. furrows, Mystic; J. Latham, Lantern Hill, Ct.; B F. ;hipman. Brooklyn: W. H. Denlsnn, Norwich. Ct.; nd 8. Appleby, n Y.; Thos. W. Crane, of Westoheaer, N. Y.-Total, 11. MASSAC Ht RKTTS. The Corssir, which cleared yesterday for Chares, has 112 passengers. Their names are as oIloWB:? John B. Clark, Stedman L. Wilson, John Taylor, Vllllam Rltterbush. George L. Hill. Franklin I,, loule. James M. White, Alexander White, Harvey J Weed, William I Brown, Ebnoexer Hadley, rimothy Cheney Wm. W. Burn. Moses Hill, Edwara .lcAllinter. Horatio P. Wilson. Andrew MoNabb. Saml I Goff. James C Goff. Wm. B Edwards, Geo. MoAlister, Isaso Wallace John M Caswell, Jos. S. Fogg, ames A Gould James MoMurthy, Joseph B. Spofford, r C Clougb. Humphrey Nichols, Dayld E Wood, ranlel Elliott, William Parker. Andrew Jackson. Hor..a Jtcbinn Jtm.i I. Hteohens. Jobn 1,. Uachelder. ; A Hud. James H. Lawrence, Clamant M. Smith, t nd David H Ward, of Manchester, N II ; 0?oib? 1 Vnnell Henry Greea, Jr , Auguetu* Knndnll, John t loctt Beijemin Soul*, William Cartit, Clement H. r oule'. Ambrore Curtl*. George W SoaU. George L. 1 'rett. William A Pratt. Jeremiah Bartlett, George D. i HI,a. deration) Bliaa. Andrew Osgood. Samuel Osgood, llaa B Osgood. Francis G Phippe. Levi Staple*, and lath* olol Baker, of Kant port, Me. The residences of he following are not (Iran?C F. MoClure. John K. lake. An> a S. Kotley, llenrv Carnes, Alexander llad- , iro. B L Belknap. S Shae.kford. Robert Heath, , utber Sbackfoid. John Shaekford. H. Morte, J. A. ' atch. Jo* F.nton John Homing Tiage, Kdwln B. V/a- . rman, Cbarlea C. Kmery, Stephen Jackman, Jr., . hi inter. Merrill. James S. Sharp, Stephen M. BarMir. David Moore. David Marsh, Isaac B (Justin, , ante! llaytie*. John Stevenaon, A. Calvin Smith, S. Mlllett Nathan Porker. V H. Smith, T. Tenant, ( bailee Raymond, Duncan C. McGregor, Jabea Dag- , >tt, William Gray Doe, Kben Daggett, Thomas O , unn David B. Storer. John C. Bonn. Joan Mellon, zraW. Brintnal). James Melnt.ire. Philip Adam*. K .Wellington. Marco* A I.attell, Charles llSImpn*. Kdward B JelTvid", W. W. Curtla. H runningim C. H. Hall. Samuel A. Kveleth, W. L. Chase, and harlvs Fester-112. j The Stark Mutual Protection Company, num niig about forty individual*, arrivedjin this city, , urn Manchester, N. II., this forenoon, en route r California. I: The ship Leonore cleared this forenoon for San rancieco, having on board the "New Kngland h id California Trading and Mining Company," t ie hundred in number. She takes out a steam t igine of twelve h?ir*e power, and appurtenances, sides the materials for a house, a frame for a > l ambost, and anvils, vise, ox yokes, c rowhars, 1 id all the nrcefsary implements to pursue vigorislv the search for "the needful " She hsa also c salamander safe to protect it after it is obtained, e <d eighty-three muskets, now case swords, and , ? hundred pounds of |?owder, for personal de- f i ce. Her list of passengers is suppressed until ? if gets to sea. 1 LD. TWO CENTS. in Gloucester, the hardy fishermen are being imed away by the gold excitement. The New >tice8 the formation of a company, for the purpose purchasing the bark Emma Isadora, of Boston, id proceeding in her to California. The schooner pile, owned by Messrs. Giles <te Wonson, is to b? ted out Immediately for the California voyage, ide r the command of Captain Saunders. Schooner Mountain King, of Gloucester, has en purchased by a firm in Boston, to fit out for in Francisco. Captain Hale, of Rockpert, is to out with her. A meeting was held at Newton Corner last night, r the purpose of forming a company to go to the >ld regions. , # ! Two companies, it is said, have been formed at leverly. to proceed forthwith to California. The New Bedford Mercury states that among .tt ittatu now lining ai tnat port tor uauiornia, "long, low, black-looking brig," the Emily lourne, is evidently destined to make a sensation mong the fleet, being nerself fleet as the wind, taunch, and tight rigged. She is to take oat a ompany of lit teen persons, Reconduct mining ope* ations, is fitted for a two years' cruise, ana proided with the framework of a large building for store house, several smaller ones tor the miners, rc., and a canital of $10,000 in specie, to be emloyed in trade on account of owners.?Button 'ourttal, Jan 31. The bark Drummond will sail to-day, at 11 'clock, from the end of Central wharf, for San 'rancisco, T. G. Pierce, of Newburyport, master. 'he Drummond is owned by M. Rawson, of Waloboro, Me. The D. carries out passengers, ler manifest is six yards long.?Boston Atlas, tb. 1. connecticut. The ship Mentor sailed from New London, on Wednesday, for California, with the annexed list (passengers:? D. 1). Hempstead, Jr., James Lanpheer, Joel Harris, homas Payne and son, Jeremy Taylor, K. S.Smith, uciua Maynard. J. C. Latimer, W. E. Woodruff, od. F. Muesey, New London; John A. Lothrop, Norieh; GeorgeH. Biuton, J. W. Brown,G.C. Vaugha, f. Bennett, Jr.. Kdw. Bennett, James B. Peek, Geo. . Burnhem, John C. Calbreath, G. Tlllotson, C. Til>tson, New York; A. T. Case, John , Moses 'arrow, JohnR. Miller, Eben Hallen, J. J. Boyae, G. V. Andrews, John ScholAeld, Charles Harrow, William [. Smith, S. A. Rogers, E. H. Atwood, G. H. Rogers, 1, R. Andrew, William S. Belden, Marous Smith, J. i. Ford, Jsines Sweet, Albert Stillman, Samuel White, I. C. Member, J.H. Gordon. Nelson White, James 'rentice, John Calvert, Samuel Allender, Franklla 'otter, James Hall, J. M. Foster, John C. Burbeck, N. llmball. G. Douglsw. James Ilnworth, George Payne, lliver Scholleld?Total, 68. MISSOURI. Seven young gentlemen, citizens of this city, left ist evening on the steamer Rowena, for the gold egions, via New Orleans, Chagres, and Panama, heir final destination being the city of San Franisco. The party consisted of Messrs. D. S. Ford, !. H. Francner. Wm. Barlow, T. B. Walker, A ' t. Guild, Holbrook, and John S. Robb. In ddition to this company, another, consisting of aptain Wm. Craine, J, M. Julien, James Antony, Murray, and Piper, leaves this orning on the steamer St. Joseph, destined for ie same point.?St. Louit Republican. Jan. 21. accounts from california. We have been shown private letters of late date, ora the Pacific coast, which give some new and xciting intelligence in relation to the stores of old accumulating in California. They state that 2,000,000 worth of the dust was at San Francisco, raiting for transportation. The greater part of it nil probably be taken by the mail 6teamer Caliurnia. The English steamer Pandora carried way $300,000 in dust. Another letter completely ontradicts the reports of disturbances at the nining districts. The writer states that excellent rder prevails, and there had been but two orthreer etty depredations since operations commenced in he region.?New Orleans Crescent, Jan. 22. accounts from the isthmus. A letter from a lady of New York, dated at 'anama, Nov. 27, speaks of the comfortable quarers in which she is living, while waiting the arival of a vessel lor California, and makes not the lightest reference to an unusul crowd of advenurers. From this we may infer that the former i-nnrts in relation to the thousands starvinc there fere greatly exaggerated.?Ntw Orleans Crescent , an. 22. Supreme Court?Special Term. Before Justice Kdwards. Philip S. Van Rensselaer vs The Hudson River Railtad Co.?This was an ajiplloation on the part ef Mr. an Rensselaer to eompel the Commissioners of Apralsement (appointed nnder the amended obarter of tie company to estimate the damages sustained by im,) to make a further return to the writ of certiorari srved on them int.hls cause It appeared from counsel's tatement, and the papers read on behalf of Mr. Van tenesvlaer, that the oompany determined to run tha ntended road in front of his country residence In lutobess county, which, It was alleged, fronted on the ludson River for about a mile and a quarter. That dr. Van Rensselaer, although satisfied that by by dong so, the beauty of his house and demesne, as a lountry residence, would be considerably injured and belr value deteriorated, gave every facility to the iperations of the company in the construction of the oad through his grounds, leaving the question of oomleneatlon for further adjustment, believing that as he vas friendly to the enterprise, and a large subscriber, 10 litigation would be likely to take place. It further ippcared, that by the original charter the company sere directed to compromise, by offering compensation o the owners of property in the first instanoe, and that ub?equ?ntly the charter bad been amended That inder the amended oharter the company proceeded believing that the clause in the original charter, whloh uade it obl-gatoryon them to make an offer of eomiromiee, was reptaled by the amended oharter,) to ascertain compuleoriJy the damages sustained by Mr. fan Rensselaer, without any previous offer of an amiable arrangement. That the petition of the company ?r the appointment of commissioners, confined the uestion of damages to the value of the land to be aken tor the railroad, whilst the statute, as counsel llegvd, directs the damages to be ascertained, not only or the value of the lands taken, but also for the land njurlously affected. That the commissioners, In belr certificate of appraisement, found the value <f the land taken at fourteen hundred dollars, without eference to whether the adjoining land woqld or. irould not be injnrlonsly affected by the intended roat?." Mr. Van Rensselaer being dissatisfied with the certificate of appraisement, It not having disclosed, as his counsel alleged, upon what grounds it was mad*, whether merely as to the lands actually taken, or whether it inoludfid all other damages In relation to the adjoining property, he caused a writ of certiorari to issue out of the Supreme Court,(the statute allowing no appeal from the commissioner's appraisement) commanding them to set forth the grounds &c , and whether luoh appraisement included damages for the land injuriously affected, ho To which the commissioner* put in a demurrer, and thereby InMsted they were not bound by law to put in the answer required. The question discussed on the motion was, whether the demurrer should be overruled, and the commissioners compelled to amend their return in the matter required by the writ On the part of Mr. Van R , It was strongly urged that they were bound to comply with the requirements of the writ; that if such requirements were objectionable they should have applied to quash the writ or to amend it; but as long as it remained in full foroe they were bound to obey It. Counsel went very fully into the aw on the subjeet of certiorari* and enforced his views >y siting a great number of adjudged oases, showing hat it was the only remedy for the grievance complaind of, there being no right of appeal from the decision f the commissioners. Counsel for the commissioners nd the company, contend that the court had no juisdiotion; that they were concluded by the charter, ltd, tberelore. had no power to examine into the testinony taken by the commissioners, or to require them o give the reasons upon whloh their award is based, or o furnish the items of which it is oomposed; and that, bertfore. tbe commissioners could not be compelled to nake the return tequtred by the writ. In support of its view of the case be cited various deoislons of the :?Ii.eawa f'Ai.wt nael.U? ? Naval Intelligence. There are now two of the Un?*t frigates in tho Nary it the anchorage below the city : the Congress, jiut iorn a cruise, (having come up from the Koads on Saturday.) audthe Itaiitan, bearing the broaJ penant of Com. Wilkinson, of the Home Squadron, on he ne of sailing on a crn'en. The Congress is one of lie most beautifully modelled ships in our or any ither Navy, and as she now rides, b.-lng lightened of ier stores, in ail the pride ef symmetry in hall, spars, ind rigging, is really worth looking at. Yesterday omniodcre Moat made a volt of inspeotion to the Congress and was reeeived with the customary salute, rhicb was returned by the Commodore's flag ship, the 'enncylvania.- Norfolk Herald, Jan. 30. Oomt'itlc Miscellany. The oil factory of Henry L. Stearns, in MedforJ, ilars . wns destroyed by Are on Wednesday night. .0(0, >12,000. A flood on the Juniata river, in the early part of last reek, destroyed a portion of the new Matawana bridge, tMeVeyton. This Is the fourth time it has suffered a ibis way. James Cummings, of Auitin. Mo., accidentally killed Is wife a short time alnoe, by the discharge of a gun, he look of which he was repairing The ball pawed brough her heart. The tebeeco factories of Edward Smith and Jam## Void, at Riohmond, Va., were destroyed by Irs oh Vednesday laat. John Brcohs was recently killed by the accidental diefa arge of a gun, in the hands of John Monday, while m a hear hunt, near Ashvtlle, N. C. S. Queries was assanlted on his plantation, near dontgomtry. Ala., a short time ainoo, by two of hia wn sens, and barely escaped death. Grateful eontact ol children, indeed, to an aged parent.