Newspaper of The New York Herald, February 3, 1849, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated February 3, 1849 Page 1
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I I * TH NO. 5357. VHIHTIBTH COHORBM. ncoio sxmion. In Senate. Whhikoiom, J?n. 81,1810. P1W4M4 RAILROAB. On mUob of Mr. Oouuuii, the MnU |toek op the till providing compensation for the transportation of troops and eupplSw, for a limited time, over the lsthnu of Panama. The new bill provide*, 1. That the Secretary of the Savy Is authorised and greeted to enter into a eentraot with the Mesers. Aspiawall, Stephen*, Channeey, aad other* for the transportation or all sorts of government snpplies, and the pablle mall*, by a railroad to be ooastrnoted by them ever the fsthmn* of Panama, and limit* the torn for soeh transportation to $'160.000 per annum. Road to be opened within three years 2. Fises a tariff of oharges for said road. CMiseas ef United State* and their freight, for Srst five years, to pay eight dollars per passenger, and eight dollars per ton for freight After five years. Ive dollars per pes senger. and flvo dollars par ton for freight. After ten years four dollars -after fifteen years, three dollars. Contract sntyvct to be rescinded at the end of ten yean Passengers and freight to be earried In the order of their arrival. Three fourths of stosk to be taken by oltlsens of the United States. On notion of Mr. Downs, with the assent of Mr. Douglass, the words directing the Secntary of thofNavy to oontract with this oompany, were strloken out, leaving the natter with the Secretary as a sinple authority to contract. Mr. Underwood moved to strike out the public malls from the publlo transportation, to be carried over at g280,000 a year. He thought that something extra would be required for the malls. Mr Benton submitted a few remarks in opposition to the motion, and it was rejeoted. Mr Nile* moved to reduce the proposed annual pay, from $280 000 to $180,000 per annum, and argued that from the discovery of the gold dost in California and Its almost inevitable exhaustion In a short time the travel and transportation, between our people on the Atlantic, and the emigrants to California, our eommvroe with the west side of the American continent was wry limited ; the necessity of transporting provision* would only last for a short time? the publlo transportation would necessarily be small. He therefore, thought $180,000 suffloient compensation. As the bill stood, in other respects, he oould not go for it. It must undergo material modifications before it oould receive hie support. Mr. Allen said it was obvious that the Senate, before paeslng a hill of this magnitude, would give it the moat critical and dallberate examination. And before entering into this examination, he desired to know the sense of the Senate upon the main question ?f the general merits of the projeot itself. He should, therefore, not now proceed to the details, though an objection might be raised to the oharge for freight, of five dollars for thirty miles per ton, when it was oarried to China, some 18,000 miles, for fifteen dollari per ton. With the view, for the present, of testing the sense of the Senate upon the merits or the soheme, he moved that the bill be indefinitely postponed. Mr Webster was opposed to the indefinite postponement. He should not go into the details of the measure. The ciroumstanres of the oountry oall for this work. I do not say that better modes oannotbs found for oommunioation from sea to sea. As between this and the Tehuantepee route, I consider the lathmus of Tehuantepee the preferable one. Nor do I view the matter in the light of the Senator from Conneetiout?that the present exigency is to be a short enc. The exigency will not cease. The necessity for this oommunioation. or some similar oommunioation, will continue. From the progress of thing', the exigency must rather increase for a passage between the two oceans Whether the mania for digging the gold dust, or working the gold mines, shall eontinne or .snbside, thera must be a neeesaity for a large transportation across the continent' at this or soms other point. 1 take this route because a passage is now demanded, and beoanse this Is open to us, and ean be the soonest completed. 1 have not the estimates to say what weuld be the proper limitation of expense to u s I understand the road wilt oost some four or five millions, and judging from the ooats of the most eoonomi call j constructed roads in the L nited States.and taking into the estimate the distance of this work from the means of construction, its tariff of transportation mast be enhanced in a corresponding degree. The advantages of the road sire apparent. It will shorten the communication with oar territories on the Paciflo some 9 0(/0 or 10,000 miles, as compared with the voyage around Cape Horn?oertainly not less than 9,000 miles. This must be a great advantage la the transportation of public stores This road appears to be the readiest, and the only ready mode, for the oommunioatlon so muoh desired. From the oharaoter of the gentlemen engaged in it, we feel oertaln that It will be completed. The object is desirable; and it is attainable at a reasonable expense, if there were the privilege of a choice between this and the pass of Tehuantepso, I should prefer the latter; bat as we have but one alternative, we must aeoept it or reject it; and 1 would accept it as the only ohanoe. Mr. Butler raised a constitutional question as to the arbitrary sum of $3 600,000 to be paid by the government. Mr. Webster raid it was a mere matter of discretion left to the Secretary of the Navy. He was not directed to pay this speoiflo amount. Mr. Butler replied that It amounted to the same thing, and he eould only view the appropriation here made under cover of a oontraot, as a bounty to these gentlemen, in the accomplishment of the work. Under the power to regulate oommeroe, this authority might be claimed; but he was not exaotly satlsQed with the technicality in question. Mr Clavton sold that, in 1836, he had presented a petition in referenoe to procuring the right ot way across the Isthmus, for some such project; and if we can obtain It for two millions of dollars, and save a sea voyage of 9,000 miles, let us have it. He agreed in these views of the Senator from Massachusetts; but there were great objections to Tebuantepeu The northersg for instance, in that latitats, on both sides of tbe Isthmus, were very violent tor several months in the year. Tbe very name of Tehuaatepeo indicated, when reduoed to plain English, "a bell ef a blow,"? [that is, a devil of a gale.J We wanted some praotioable road; and at Panama, with the encouragement er this bill, the road, he believed, could be constructed within two years. And he wanted an American road?no patohed up job; but such a road as would be worthy the Ameriean name, the American people, and the Amerioan government, And It was proper in acquiring snob a road, that the government should aid in the work; and whether it cost two. five, six, twenty, or fifty millions, he believed there was no enterprise in which an equal amount of money could be so well expended, for tne benefit of our own oountry, and of all the world. As for the competition of other nations, they could not compete with us. The advantages, and the command of the Isthmus transit trade, mutt be always in our possession, if we do this work. Mr. Jefferson Davis agreed with the Senator from Delaware in many of his views ; but in others he differed with him. He agreed with him In referenoe to the northers at Tehuantepso, so prevalent in the spring at that latitude, on both sides of the oountry : but the measure which bo desired abovo all ethers for oommanlcatlon with the Pacific, was a railroad through our own territories; railroad line from tbe Mississippi to 8an Francises on the Paolflft, through our new territories, binding the two extremes together, and stretching a lins of settlements all the way, awakening even the great desert of California te tbe music of civilisation With respect to the present hill be moved to strike out the rate of compensation altogether; anu if that should be agreed to, he had another amendment proposed, ills objert was te Ox the compensation according to the nature erd extent ot the servloe performed. Mr Uicmnsew meved to pass the bill over, and to ge into executive session. Tbe Vice Pmejidint said the question was on the indefinite postponement, as first in erder Mr Allen, tor the aocommodation of the Senator, withdrew hie motion for the present, and the bill was la<d aside for the day. A. d the Senate went into exeentlve session. / House of Representative*. 1 Wednesday, Jan 31. 1840. another exflosion?slave trade in the district op columbia. The committees were called for reports. That on the Jndiolary, through its chairman, had presented several, when Mr Kdwardi, of Ohio, from the Committee for the District or Columbia, reported a bill to prohibit tha introduction. Into the District of Columbia, af slaves, elthtr for rale or hire. He moved that it be referred to the Committee cf the Whole on the state of the Union, and be printed Several voices:?-' What's that?" "Slavery In the District ?" " What's it about ?" Mr. Wentworth'* tall form arose, and he anxiously asked for the reading of the hill. There being no objsotion, the Clerk proceeded to read The chlrcgrophy seemed to he bad, judging from tbe frequent halts ot that officer. Mr. Fdwatis took a itend near him, to facilitate the deciphering. The bill provides. 1. The business of Introducing or importing slaves into the District of Columbia for salt or hire, Is prohibited. I. If any person shall do so, or be aeoeseory thereto, he shall be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor, and, on conviction, shall be fined #600, and be imprisoned not less than one. nor more than six months for every slave so introdueed. 3 All contracts or bargains entered into, either verbally or ia writing, for such purposes, shall be null and void. 4. When any citizen of the District shall bring into the Dlslriet a slave, he shall, within forty-eight hours, go before the Clerk of the Clroult Court and take an eatb that the said slave or slaves have not been brou <ht heie for sale or hire, but brought here tor his own use, and for no other purpose whatever. fi. The Clerk shall give a certificate that tbe oath has keen taken, and It is made his dnty to keep aperieot record thereof. 0. The person violating these provisions, shall be ar* " nested by the marshal or constable, and taken before sc^ee judge or Justine, and held to ball or in custody, to tab* hia trial at the next term of the criminal court; provided, that this shall not apply to any psrson visiting the District. as now authorised by law, for a term not exceeding twelvo months, for hire; and provided, that notbdng shall be construed to prevent any person r> moving t<t the District ttom brlogiog their slaves *Hb tbun, etd E NE' MORN T. The bob#j collected la pursuanoe of thla act, hall be applied iter the support of the poor; and i I. The Secretary of 8tate, Immediate!* after the pas age of thie aet, snail oauae it to be published la four newspaper*, for the space of two months, and en the Hist of August next the aet shall take effeet. 1 be above we beliete to be the outline, so far as oould be gathered bj the unsatisfactory manner of the reading. Mr. Wsntwosth again rose. The SrEAHsa?The question is on ordering the bill to be printed. Mr. Wiktwoith-If we rote now Mr. Lincoln, of Illinois, (on the other side of the hall)?I wish to make an Inquiry. The SrctiEK?The gentleman on the right rose to make an inquiry. (''Make it." "Goon.") Mr. WtmwoiTH-It is. whether or not. if wo new otder the printing, the Sill est be ordered to be engroeeed to-day? ("Oh no !" "Let It be printed.") The Stealer?it may be ordered to t third rending. Mr. Wiktwoith-Since I here been here, Mr. Speaker, n large number of euoh bille here been Introdnoed from time to time, end the gentlemen wha brongbt tbem forward should have the credit tor It.? The intelligence goes abroad that they hare been introduced, but, at the rame time, when they are referred to the Committee of the Whole, there is an end of the matter. Mr. Sawier, of Ohio?If my friend from Illinois will permit me immediate actio* desired. Mr. Wertworth, (earnestly)?No. 1 don't trouble the House as muoh as the gentlemen does. (Ha! ha!J 1 want to explain further. I hope that the gentleman who introduced the bill will go with me, and pass it this session. I trust that we will vote now. It is perhaps as good a bill ae we can pass during the session; therefore, 1 express the hope that all gentlemen in favor of the object, will vote down the motion to oommlt 1 and order the bill (o be engrossed. a frotkst. Mr. Chafmah. of Maryland, (the Chairman of the Committee for the Distriot ot Columbia) - I rise to glvs notice that 1 am opposed to this bill, as reported. As a member of the committee, 1 wish to eay that, hewever oorrect may be the prinolples gentleman may wish to oarry out. this bill does not meet my sane'.ion and approbation. I give notice, that when the bill comes up for consideration, I shall move a substitute for It. which is not yet prepared The substitute, it is true | will place the question entirely wbere it belongs, that is, with the corporate authorities of this District. I oould not, as a member, vote for this, because it oontains provisions which, In my judgment, Congress has no constitutional power to pass. I do not now mean to enter into a discussion of the principles of the bill, or to Inquire what is right and proper. I mean merely to say that I am opposed to the principles of the bill, and shall, at the proper time, when the bill comes np. give my views of it as to the constitutional powers of this government over the question of slavery. The majority of the committee authorised the gentleman from Ohio to report the bill. A goed many amendments wers hurriedly adopted this morning, as la frequently the case on important matters. Therefore, there was not time to perfect the language of the various seotlens. i'asckr ahead !?an erteriru widi1i. Mr. Haralsor, of Georgia?Judging from the Intimations ot the gentleman from Illinois (Mr. Wentwortb), I apprehend that any aotlon taken now is not to be the final action of Congress. He tells the House that this is as good a bill as we can pass this session, evidently meaning that It is to be followed by other notion. Where this is to terminate, no one can foresee; hut he intimates that notion is not te stop here.? Jt is to be the entering-wedge for further aotlon. I move to lay the bill on the table. Mr. Wertworth?Yeas and nays; let's have the yeas and nays. (Several volees :" yeas and nays."] Mr. Rorert Smith, of Illinois?I rise to make tsi appeal. Will the gentleman let me have the floor for a moment? Mr. Haralsor refused to withdraw the motion, and the yeas and nays were ordered. Mr. Smith?1 make an appeal, only for a moment. I wish to know whether the gentleman withdraws the motion, to enable me to set myself right? Mr. Haralsor?1 really would, were it not for the faot that 1 have refused other gentlemen. Mr. Smith?i am misrepresented. The Si-iaker?Theyeae and naya have been ordered. Mr. brouhead- 1 wish te propound an inquiry. If the gentleman from Georgia withdraws the motion to lay on the table, will?(" Order," " order," "order ") 1 ask of the Chair whether? (" Call the roll"?" Go on with it"?" Question," "question," "order,")?whether (* Order.' ) if the previous question be sustained, It will not bring the Honee to a ( ' Order," " order,") vote on ordering the hill to be engroesed? The SrKAKEB?Yes. Several gentlemen said something, the purport of whloh oould not be heard for the confusion. The yeas and nays were taken, and, by a vote of 71 to 117, the Houee refused to lay the bill on the table. Mr. Rorert Smith Immediately rose, after the Speaker announced the result. He was understood to say?I am glad that the motion to lay upon the table luj m i .w -11 ?am aw- a av-a urn UV? 1 BUHI TUIP 1UE WAV [PlPnUOt, UUI the hill may undergo examination . I am opposed to bringing theee qneitlone here, when gentlemen bare no opportunity to place themielrea right before the countr?. There ia too much of legerdemain here. I hare been forced to rote, without an opportunity for explanation, aa a choice of erila. I will not plaoe any gentleman In inch n poaltion. The gentleman from Pennsylvania (Mr. Brown) placed me In a predicament not at all agreeable. The 8peaxer interpoeed. Remarks are not In order in the House aa to what was said in Committee of the Whale. Mr. Smith?I thought that I might refer to what was said there, to show the impropriety of the matter. When the subjeot waa up some time ago, on the resolutions introduced by the gentleman from Ohio (Mr. tilddinge) a motion was made to lay them on the table. I roted against the motion, and for that I am charged with baring roted to giro the blacks the right to rote as to whether alacery shall be abolished in this district. There is not a man on this floor less inclined to extend to them this privilege than mystlf. 1 could show, by the same method of reasoning, that twenty-seven members of the South are ia faror of prohibiting the slare trade In the Distriot of Columbia. The previous question was sustained by my southern friends, who were found roting with the member frem Ohio and others who profess to be abolitionists. Would it be honest for me to apply the same rule? By roting te lay upen the table, I wished to refer the bill Introduced this morning to the Committee of the Whole on the state of the Union. I am willing to leave the subject there. This question has to be met, and it were better that it should be met in the spirit of falrnese and candor This dharge against me did not come from gentlemen of the South, bat from a northern adrocate with southern principles. (''A northern man with southern principles! Ha! ha! ha!") As far as the South is concerned in the possession of their property, witbln the limite where it now exists, I claim to be as warm a friend as the gentleman, or any other member; and I appeal to the record for the truth of this assertion. 1 am no agitator ; I hare nerer fostered agitation on this question. On many occasions, 1 have been forced to rote for a choice of arils. I hare always roted, and will continue to rote, to sustain the institutions which are local. I think, howerer, that slarery is a moral and political erll, and I will not gire my rote or influence to extend slarery to territories now free. (Mr. Glddlnga rubbed his hands, and Mr. Wentwoith smiled in approbation) Mr. Brown, (the gentleman alluded to) - I am willing to rote for a bill to prerent the slare trafflo. but not to inter, ere with the rights of the people of the District. I am opposed now to the agitation of the subject at all, This House is not in proper temper now to do justice to the matter. 1 want the discussion to be coot and oalm. ('-Now or nerer !") Mr. Smith?1 said that I would not rote to extend slarery to territories now free ; I meant to say exclude, a voice raoa the old north state for the sooth. Mr. Tenable. (the seoretary of the late Southern Convention)?There is one subject on which 1 wish to set myself right, before the H> use and the oountry. We hare been charged on sereral oocaMons, and among others, by the gentleman from Illinois, who has just taken his seat, with being fanatics on tbe question of slarery. I presume that the twenty four or twentyfire Southern men who roted for the prerloua question, on the ooceaion alluded to, come witbln that category. Mr. Smith?I wish the gentleman tounderstand that 1 intended to apply my remarks to no particular gentleman. I made the remark* to apply generally, because some persons are fanatical on the subject of slarery. 1 had no intentiom te indulge In personalities. Mr. Venablb?I am gratified with the explanation. Mr. Brown? i know that the gentleman does not mean what he says. (Ha! ha ! ha !) Mr. Venabi.e?I want to put gentlemen right before the country; but other gentlemen den't seem to understand it. The resolution of tbe gentleman from New . York (Mr. Gott) to abolish the slare trad* In this Distriot. was accompanied by a most offenslra preamble. My friend frem Georgia rnoredtolay it on the table, and the gentleman from Illinois roted against the motion It was a gross Insult to the South. We were oompelled to present it before the House, and I roted to bring the question to a lest. I hare always pit fi rred the soldier's sword to the assassin's dagger, it wts due to the South and to the country, to show how far defeotlon had gone. When gentlemen from ue Aino were eineiriinea to vote lor in* preamble. ] knew the ground upon which (they stood; they were driven by an lrreeletable force at home. Suppose a preposition were made for the relief of an honorable member of this Honse. and the preamble said that he was a scoundrel, therefore we would grant $6<j0 tor his relief?Is there a man who would reoelre relief with suoh a preamble? Just so with the S rutt; they are charged with being laimioal to liberty, and gentlemen have not tbe nerve to vote to lay It on the table, because an Irresistible force Impels them. I have seen a child go Into the woods to klmle a tire, and have seen the ffkmes leap among the dry leaves aod consume the whole wood. This fanaticism was very good to make thunder at homa, but it was setting the country In a flame, and gentlemen have not the rn-rre to vote it down; and we are blamed for supporting the previous((iisstion. Gentlemen are afraid to go home and say that they voted against the liott resolution I glory In having voted to sustain th# previous question because it made men say they were aftald to go hr roe without voting for that odious ptopositlon; and it d? mon slrated to (he South that th# abolition spirit Is Irresistible. I know patriotic and honest men at the North, who stand by the compromises of the constitution; but there are others who veil us tanatios. In tbe lot g history rf one country, show me where the South bis ever bT(t<iv'i tbe iDitUutlooi of ths North <>r erer t W YO ING EDITION?SATUI ralaed a hand and uktd for anything not authorized by the (tuti of the oonatitution. If thta bo fanaticlim. lot bo oror bo o fanatie. Thoro in oomo who do not lore tbo Union, bat tho eonnootion. 1 lore thla acred Union, with tho ioto llko that botwoon man and wife: It la roojpootod oror tho wholo world. I ioto tho glorioua marriage ceremony, whtoh ?u porformod whoa tho Steteooame Into tbo union. Thoro oro oomo, I repoot, who ioto, not tho Union, bat tbo oonnootion, and who defy oTory prineiplo inTolTed. For hooTon'a toko, dellTor mo from tho man who pata mo oa tho ahoaldtr, takeo mo to hia ombraeo, and than ataba mo! the charge of cowardicb 1ifuted. Mr. Hunaon, of Maaaaohnaotta? I hare ropeatodly heard tho aooaration that mambera from tho North aro afraid of the inflnoneoo at homo. I repol tho aoeoaation, and aak from what aooroo dooa tho gontloman derive hie information? Mr. vera ble?i ezeopt your diatrlot. Mr. humor, (atornly)?1 aak noexoeptlon, and will roooiTO nono. The gentleman haa repeated tho aaaertion that Northern gentlemen are afrail of their oon tltuenta, and are compelled to Tote oontrary to tfcelr own oonTlotiona. 1 aak tho gentleman by what authority he hurlo the Imputation on mo and other me inhere? Haa be not told ua that tho lawa of hia own 8tate are right and proper, and haa ho not intimated that he will apply tho aamo provision to tho Diatrlot that oxiata hi in* uwu guic ana dh ne not tomo to rejeoz ' utterly a bill containing no other proposition than that < which exists in the lap* of otherStatee? Mr. van able? The law* of North Carolina oontain < no euch provision. Mr. HtJotoM?The State of North Carolina hoe not j found it necessary to pose euch laws ae hare been pasted in Missieslppi, Maryland, and Virginia, and other < clave States. 1 understand that the bill read this morning, and which the gentleman voted to lay on the table, is only applying to the District of Columbia ' those wise and wholesome provisions whioh gentlemen i of the slavehulding States have adopted within their own jurisdiction. Mr Bayly?What laws of Virginia are similar to this i bill? i Mr. Hl'dsor?1 have understood that there is a law i whioh prevents slaves from being brought into that State tor sale. { Mr. Bayly?There is no such law. Mr Hi dsow?There wai. If the State has retrograd- i ed, she is entitled to all the honors. Another remark was made, that the North Is perpetually enoroaohlng j on the South, and that no lnstanoe can be presented where the South has encroached on the North ! I call the attention of the gentleman from North Carolina to the law which has been passed imprisoning the free citizens of the Northern States when they oome within Southern borders. Is not this an encroachment on the rights of the North? A black man, in Massachusetts, is as much a citizen as a white man, and when Massachusetts came into the Union every oolored oitlzen was as mncb a citizen as any white man. The laws of Virginia, South Carolina, and other States, authorize the imprisonment of these individuals when they come into their waters; not beoause of crime, but the color of their skin. ' Mr. Bayly?The gentleman mistakes the laws of < Virginia; he does not understand them. Mr. Hi'uiom?I know that the laws of Louisiana and South Carolina are similar to those to whioh 1 have i referred. These States not only passed laws by wbieh free cituens of Massachusetts and ether Northern States are imprisoned, but they have gone farther, and have passed laws which they will not permit to be annulled by the supreme tribunals of the land. AU that the North esse, all that Massachusetts asks, is, that this question be brought before the Supreme Court of the United States, if the Court say that the law Is right, Massachusetts will bow In submission; if the Court annul the law, she will expect that 8ou th Carolina will bow. (' That's fair, "j But the South is not willing to submit to the tribunal which the constitution has provided. If an individual of high oharaoter goes to oneot these States, on suspicion he ts not permitted to take the neoessary steps to bring one of these questions before the Suprtme Court, but is told that, unless he leaves the city of Charleston forthwith, his own life will be in danger. With suoh laws on the statute book, they oome forward and challenge a single lnstanoe to show that the South, in any degree, has interfered with the North. Mr. Habalhon?Did not these laws grow out of the interference of the North with the South, and passed by the South as a preventive of evil T Mr. Hldiow? If a vessel from the North touohes the harbor of Charleston, and there is a oolored cook on beard, who does not even set his foot on shore, an officer of South Caiolina goes onboard and takes the negro to the shore, and Imprisons him, an 1 the master of the vessel has to pay the neoessary ohorges. the mlicv i su'i nr saitth, .wa Mr. Riiktt, ef South Carolina, (la reply to Mr. Hudson )?The gentleman le mlataken. The law la not levelled against the North, but agalaat all the Statea, and against Great Britain. Doee not the gentleman know that the law aprung out of an attempt at Ineurrt otlon In the elty of Charleston by people from the North ? In making defence, did we aggreaa T Mr. Hudson? lam acquainted with that portion of history which relatea to Great Britain. 1 know that ihe British antherlties cnoe demanded aatiefaotion ; and I know that thla law waa brought before a judge ef the State Court of 8outh Carolina; and he, a Southern judge, pronounced the law unconstitutional and void. I venture to say now that 8outh Carolina knowa too well the character she is dealing with, to enforse the law against the subjects of Great Britain. Mr. Rhett?It haa been enforced against the British government a* well as agalnat the North. I say thla with a perfect knowledge. The law haa been applied with an equal hand to all. A complaint was made hy the British authorities that a negro had not bean iu proper keeping, but put with persona who had been charged with orimes. The subject was brought before the Legislature of 8outh Carolina. I wish gentlemen to understand that the law has been applied to all, Indiscriminately. They had not paid more deferenee to the lion than the people of the North. Mr. Hudson?< suppose that South Carolina would dare the world in arms. [Ha ! ha! ha !] I know tbat a United States vessel haa gone into the port of Charleston, and tbat a police offloer has taken from on board a colored man, and that the United Statea had 10 pay the fee. The money waa taken out of the treasury for this purpose. Mr. Holmes, of South Carolina?The gentleman is totally mistaken. | "Louder. " louder."J A negro wastaken from a British merchantman, and put in jail, and Judge Johnson deolared that the taking and Imprisonment was unconstitutional. On this decision the British minister made a representation to Mr. Adams, and Mr. Adams referred the constitutional 1 question to Judge Berrien, at tbat time Attorney General of the United Statea. and asked a deliberate in- < veaiigatlcn. Mr. Adams, from the decision, became convinced that the case was not unconstitutional, ! being merely a police regulation. He so informed the < British minister, and the British minister aaquieaced 1 in the confinement of the colored seaman. The law < was passed with a view to prevent blacks ooming from the North for the purpose of inciting Insurrection, I which, at one time, by a timely discovery, waa prevented from bursting on Charleston with all Its horrors. ] Mr. Hudson?1 any that the law was pronounoed to be unconstitutional and void. 1 am aware that other tribunals have given their decisions against the law. the true foint. , Mr. Ashmun. of Massachusetts, (by permission of his i colleague )? I think that both gentlemen have over- , looked the true point between the North end the South. It is not the constitutionality of the State laws. My own opinion Is, tbat they Imprison our citizens in defiance of the express provision of the constitution. I have the olaure, [opening the book,] and I desire to reed it: " The citizens of each State shall be entitled to all privileges and immunities ot citizens in the several States ? Yet they imprison our oitlzens in the Southern pcrts. 1 Mr. Thompson, of Pennsylvania?Is this debate in I order ? i The Speae er? It has taken a wide range. The Chair would have arrested it, but there were eries of | " so od'' m go on " ( Mr. Hi p?on, (in reply to Mr. Aehmun)?I Inform my . colleague, tbat I made that point when 1 first arose. And Mr. Thompson?I again rise to a question of order. ! The gentleman is discussing the laws of South Caro- 1 iin* I I The Speaevb?A discussion of the Itwi of that State i ie mot In order. Thee may be alluded to, however. I j Mr. Hudson? I wished to repel oertaln imputation!. ' j My friend from Pennsylvania haa not understood me i with hla usual aoutenesa. [Ha ! ha !] ' Mr. Tiiohmon? No other gentleman ean. a rhikf 8tats.mknt. | Mr. Burt, of South Carolina (Mr. Hudson giving ' way 1?1 he law of that State was paused in no hostility ( to Maaeaehuaetta, but was passed because It was be lieved indispensable to the peace and security of South Carolina while you from Massachusetts have been ct tnplainlng of this law, how it it that not one single note of complaint ie uttered against Ohio, Indiana, and Illinois, every one of whloh States has excluded from her borders your black citizens of Massachusetts! Mr. Thompson?I call the gentleman to order. Mr. Burt (bowing)?If the gentleman from Pennsylvania la the custodier of the order of this house, I bow to him with submission. (Ha, ha! " Good'" Ha. ha!) Mr. Thompson again rose. Mr. Hrnton?l call the gentleman to order. Mr. Thompson?i oall you to order. Mr Hudson (smiling)?I call my friend to order also. (Ha, ha, ha ) Mr. Dim?I want to say one word. ("Hear him ") Mr. Hudson? I shall not give way. I only wunt to ( occupy two more minutes. I will make the point: the colored citizens of Massachusetts were made so byhtr constitution, which existed before the establishment of the constitution of the United States. But yet they are seized and Imprisoned by laws >f the Southern States. Gentlemen say that this is necessary for self preservation. We of MassaDbusette oontend that it ie not constitutional; they jf the South say It is ; and in this conflict of opinion

we ask that the question be settled by the trtbu- t nalsof the land. The gentlemen of South Carolina prevent an appeal being taken from the State Courts. If the rtal sentiment, of members from the South on Ibis floor were known, we would see as much influence behind tbe throne, controlling tbeir votes, at in the Northern section of tho oountry. And so long as they sill not allow an appeal to be taken from their State Courts, do not make imputations on me and other (enllf men on tbie side of tbe question. thc kill before the house. Mr. Buav, of South Carolina, said: This bill Is dlf>rent from tbe State laws, which Intended slaves as irtlelrs of ncmmerce or merebandiee. It luvolv-s a otaliy (Mb rent questi' n, sod touch** t.>r th- tiist RK H IDAY, FEBRUARY 3, ime a moat intereating topic oonneeted with alavory. It touehea the point whether Congreaa haa the right ;o mterpoae with the iaie of alavea I I trait, thereore, on anoh a queetion Involved, thoae who may He in favor of the general prinolple, and thoee who intertain doubt# or the eonatltutionality of anoh k law, wiU let the bill take the oonrae of the Committee if the Whole on the itate of the Union. I hope that Ihe Ill-omened aouaeela of the gentleman from lUlnoia' [Mr Wentworth,) will not prevail. What right haa He to apeak on a qneetion of thii kind t I aay te all, aith the greateat reapect, that I truat they will not. for Ihe coustderatlone which I have lndioated, toroe thiabill through at this moment, and in thia way. I doubt ahether any Southern man ia diapoeed for one moment to delay action on thia bill, or any other oonneoted rlth alavery. 1 am prepared to meet them, bat I want to aee the bill printed, that all may read it. (*' That'a r.i? r\ a voice kiom the buckeye (tate. Mr Stephens arose, bat the floor was assigned to Mr. Taylor, ef Ohio, (every Inch a gentleman.)?He laid, in substance: 1 hope that every member will vote to send this bill to the Committee of the Whole. I wish to read it. and to see whether there is anything unconstitutional in it, or nut. I tell my friends that I 'brink from no responsibility. I was opposed to the presmble of the resolution offered by the gentleman liom New York. (Mr. Gott.) beoause it oontalned sn insuit. Tnere is a struggle going on between two disappointed fragments of party. In the late Presidential oontest, the gentlemen who farored General Cass failed to effeot their ob|eot. Another party, known as the barnburners, eere doubly, trebly defeated. They set their trap at Buffalo to catoh a few abolitionists. They annihilated them, and henoe they oome here and introduce unnecessary propositions, oaleulated to disturb the peaoe of the eountry, and ask us |to vote on the spur of the moment, and without reflection. I sympathise not at all with the faotlon who assembled m May,11848, with William Lloyd Garrison at their head, and threatened to break down the Union. I have no sympathy with them, and think that they ought to be | scouted by every honest man. I will read one of the ; resolutions which they passedSlaveholders, as such, have no right to existence on earth. (Ha ! |ha ! j ha .') They were never calculated by God to constitute any part sf the human race ; they are monstrous and diabolical in their origin, and no constitution or reli- j gion which endorses them as human beings is to be j observed." (Ha! ha! ha!) I warn my Southern 1 friends, while they denounce the North not to do injust ice to Northern men of moderate views. Who was the candidate of the abolition party in 1844 ! Blrney, who wss a slaveholder; and, atter emancipating or selling his slaves, he went to Michigan, and became a democratic abolitionist. We have in Ohio a paper publishtd by a learned gentleman from 8outh Carolina. ( 'What's his name ?") JohnC. Vaughan; be is the editor of an abolition paper in Cincinnati. We have another, a clerk to the Legislature, [so understood,] by name Stanley Matthews, who is the editor of an abolition paper, lie was a slaveholder in Tennessee a few years ago. In this city, we have an editor, named Bailey, from the State of Virginia. [Ha! ha.'J He is here to propagate abolition doctrine (as the editor of the National Era ) If I sm wrong as to the State, gentlemen will oorrect mo. About the time there was exoltement about this es- I tabllehment, I saw the name of another gentleman, appended to a card, against the efforts supposed to be made to destroy that press, and he, too, was from the . South. Mr. J. (4. Adams, while on a vlrit to Pittsburgh, in 1848, said to a committee there, that he was against the Abolition of slavery In the District of Columbia without the consent ot the Inhabitants. [This, Mr. Taylor read from a paper.J Recently, there was a convention here, of gentlemen from the South Thk SrKAKKi?Suoh remarks are out of order. Mr. Taylor?Well. 1 voted against the resolutions of n>y colleague, to allow negroes to vote here en the question whether slavery shall exist In the District. I think them unworthy to stand on the same platform with whites. 1 look on every elTort to dissolve the Union, as prooeedlng from a factious spirit. 1 stand by the Union, and frown indignantly on any man, be he from the North or the Sonth, who would violate Its i integrity. 1 love the Union now, and I trust that 1 ' shall love It forever. thk conclusion uk thk dkhate. Mr. Brown, of Mississippi, delivered a speech in defence of Southern rights, aying down what the South eught to do?to stand together and aot together in the detenee of their institutions, and what the North had ! no right to interfere with. He condemned the idea of i 1< gislatlng in any important matter for the people ot i the District of Columbia, against their consent. Mr. followed in a few remarks. He said ! that be did not know that he eould support all the ptovlslons of the bill under oonsideration, but to pre- ! bitit the Introduction of slaves into this Distriot for tralilc he was prepared to vote. He desired time to | examine the bill, and, to postpone the sutu?ot, ho j movtd that the House resolve itself into a Committee of the Whole on the state of the Union; but, at the soggeition of the Speaker, he waived his motion for j sundry executive communications to be received, whioh were laid on the table and ordered to be printed. A joint resolution from the Senate..for the appointment of a joint committee to eount the residential votes, was taken up and agreed to. Mr. Stephens motion to go into oommittee was now put and carried. Mr. Joseph R. togerroll was called to the chair. The Naval Appropriation Bill was taken up, when Mr. Urkelky offered an amendment, to reduce the number of wartant oflceri in the navy. Mr Seamen opposed the amendment, and it was veted down. Mr. John A. Rockwell moved an amendment, to leave it optional with tbe sailor to receive the spirits ration or an equivalent In money Mr. MvarHv preferred abolishing spirits altogether from the navy, both in regard to officers and men. He moved an amendment accordingly. Before any deolrlon was accomplished, on motion the committee rose and reported progress, and the House adjonrned. Gen. Wool.?We are glad to see that thiBgallant , officer had not any part in late attempts to ruake him the hero ot Huena Vista at the exi*nse of j Gen. Taylor. We felt sure that it wan not in his ! nature to do a brother soldier such a wrong, much less one with whom all his former relations had l been kind and friendly, and who had cheerfully yielded to General Wool all the credit which his courage and services demanded. The Pittsburg Journal, speaking of the late arti- 1 cles in tbe New York Pott on this subject, says:? ' An officer who ssrved with General Wool, has authorWed us to say. that the General himself disavowed, distinctly and pointedly, ths claim here preferred on bis behalf, as ' the real hero of Iluena Vista,' that he could not and did net sountenance any attempts to rob General Taylor of his well won distinction, as ths real hero of Bueua Vista." In confirmation of this, we shall in a few days 1 refer to some reminiscences, honorable to General Wool, which are now fresh in our recollection. We were satisfied, upon a little reflection, that Gen. W. had not, in any shape or form, detracted i Iromthe merits of that noble commander, who, in | his speech at Albany, he had characterised as the "illustrious Gen. Taylor."?Rich. Rtjtub., Jan 31. Thk Iron Mines of Wisconsin.?Immense quan- j Hties of iron ore have recently been discovered in Dodge county,Wisconsin, the metal from which is ' of so superiors quality that already two furnaces sre in course of construction atMaysville?a point adjacent to the mines. The yield of iheoreis53 percent, and will, if judiciously wrought, be & source of great wealth to that young State. The Daily tVuconnn, of the 17th instant, speaking of | ihese mines, says :?" This ore lies in a hill, , ;oming to the surface, and seems to form the enire hifl, and lies loose, so that no mining is required. The quantity of ore is great. Though ying in a timbered part of the country, yet tnere s[nct timber sufficient, within available distance, o smelt the vast amount of ore there, though there a timber sufficient for many years. The materials ie within that county to make all the iron used >y the State. The ore has been tried by the Vlieliaweka (Indiana) furnace, and lound of the est quality, both as to richness and quality of the ton made. Some bar iron made from the ore, >as been pronounced by blacksmiths equal to the >ld Sable. _______________ Law Intelligence. SrrscMK CoraT or the United States?Tcmnir, laauary 30,1849 ? No 15. R Pattou's heirs vs. James raytor'e heirs. Appeal from the Circuit Court IX. S. or Kentucky. Mr. Justloe Nelson delivered the iplnlon cf this conrt, reversing the decree of the Irenlt Court and remanding the cause, with directions o dismiss complainant's bill with costs. No 83. Charles , .Vllkes. plaintiff In error, vs. Samuel Dlnsman. No. II. John L. Sbawan et a)., appellants, vs. P. Wherrltt. | A decision of some Interest, involving the responsi* dllty of shippers to their business agents, was made a ew days ago in tha Cirsult Court of St. Louis eounty, ilo Last spring, a commission house in St Louis revived from s large pork-packing establishment, several onsignments, on wbleh they advanoed the sum of 10 200, and shipped the merchandise to a firm In New irleans, then solvent. The New Orleans house aubequently failed, with the consignments on hand; rberenpon the commission house In St. Louis demaudd from those to whem they had made the advances, eimbureement for the sum advanoed. This was reused, on the score that no instructions had been iven as to the disposition of the consignments, and a uit was acoosdlngly brought In the Circuit Court by bs commission firm for the recovery of the $0,200. udge Hamilton took the ground, that the position of hs plaintiffs was that of agents to a principal, and fcat so eh agents were bound to act for their principals o the best advantage, witbont being liable to personal oases groving out of auoh dlsebarge of duty. He hereft>re|instrneted the jury that If they believed the laintiffs bad discharged their trust faithfully, they ere entitled to rieover. The jury found for the plainiffs. Si raiMs Colst sr the United States.?Wednesay, Jan. 81. 1840.?Wm. K. Sebastian, of Arkansas, 'as admitted an attorney and counsellor of this court. No. 34. John L. Shawhan, et al. appellants, vs. 'erry Wherrl t, assignee, fcc. The argument of this au.e wse eontlnnrd by Mr. TrloaMe, for the appel ints and Mr DiVb, for the nppellee [ERA 1849. InUniUai fraa th? Gold Reftoni and Panama?A Letter from Qeneral Ptnlfti F. Smltlt. [From the Washington Union ] We have been furnished with the following extracts from a letter written by General P. F. Smith, at Panama, dated the 7th instant, and lay them before our readers, as containing matters of importance, especially to that portion of our fellow citizens who are preparing to visit California;? Pasamaj January 7,1849. * The situation of affairs la Callfornis is rosily moil extraordinary. No accounts we had are exaggerated Captain Heariaa de Langie, of the French brig of wa Genie, now here, saya that he learned at ValparaU and Lima that there had hern brought to thoee piaoe from I allfornia, to be rnn Into bare, gold to the amonn of ntno millions of franos, (near (1.800,000.) Th British Consul tells me he has forwarded It 000 ounce from this place aoroae the Isthmus; and Lientenan Wood, of the British navy, commanding the Pandora now here, saya that the truth 1* beyond the aooou nt wo have heard. These gentlemen also say that hun dreds of people from the western ooast of South Ami riea are embarking for the gold region, and most o the olerks in the oonrmerelal places have qnit thai employment, ror tne (kins object. It will evidently be impossible to prevent the troop* when they arrive, from deserting, and there will be n foroe to oomtrol the orowd of adventurers that wil arrive. No preparation was made here by the steamboa company for transporting passengers across the lath mas, or affording them any Information or aid in re lation to it. Tbe roads are almost impassable, evei for mules, and the number of boats ou the river am animals on the roads is entirely insufficient. The public property in charge of the quartermasters ha< been lying a week at Cruces, waiting for thirty or fort] mules to carry it; and the trouble, vexation, and exSosure, in getting It up the river Cbagres to this place rought on Captain Elliott, the senior quarter-master an at'ack of cholera, of which he died ou tho night o the Mb, and was burled the next day at Cruces, in th( chimb yard. Major Fitzgerald has taken charge o tbe property, but he is no* sick here of a similar at tack. 1 have direoted all the public property ant officers' baggage now there to be brought at onoe t< tbis place, whioh is more healthy. The greater pari of it will be carried on men's baoks. They are nov asking $20 a piece for mule loads of one-third of th? ordinary weight, the usual price being from $1 to $i for full loads. I will not attempt to describe the roach or paths. Under these oirnumstanoes, I think it will not b< wise to send anything by this route exoept a messen ger with a very small trunk, until other arrangement are made The resources of the Isthmus are entirel; nnequal to the business now thronging to it. Flou Is to-day at $40 a barrel; and the inhabitants of th town are alarmed at the prospeot of pestllenoe ant famine. Mr. Birch, a very fine young man, a mechanic fron Washington, is one of the viotims of the cholera a Cruces. We are also indebted to a gentleman in this city lor the (following interesting extracts of a iettei which he has received from an intelligent oflicer of the United States, dated? Panama, January 7,1840. We reached this point on the 2d Inst., and have since been lodged comfortably enough at the United States Hotel, (tbus denominated for the occasion and In view of the future prospects of American emigration to California across the Isthmus) whish la lafl nitely better than anything we had been led to expeol In this nnohristlan latitude. This afternoon, how ever, we shall take up other quarters, having seenrec private rooms, which possess the advantage at least o plank floors. It is donbtful how long we shall be de talned here. The " California " has not arrived, nor has any in telligenoe been received from her A French man-of war, now lying off Panama, left Valparaiso some thirty four days eiace, but had heard nethlng of the steamer It is apprehended seme accident may have ooourred or she oould not have fallen so far ahort of the reokoa Ing. I still hope, nevertheless, she will arrive by th 16th or 20fh, so *8 to enable ne to get under way, a least by the let of February. The passage across the Isthmus is Inconoeivabl; difficult. Such roads are to be found nowhere elfe and suoh weather must also be peculiar to this par tloular latitude. When we reached Chagrea. it wa found that no provision had been made for the oon veyance of the malls, and it beoame necessary to en gage a canoe for this purpose, whteh was according); done, through M^jor A. Harris, at an expense of $40 We travelled in the boat to Uorgona,about 50 miles U| the river, where we seoured mules for the b&ggaire an malls, at an aggregate cost of $32 We have taken re ceipts for these sums, which will probably be relm bursed to us by Mr. Nelson, (our Consul) who aota a.the agent of Messrs. Howland St Asplnwall, otherwise we will retain the receipts, and present them for allowance upon our settlement with the department. The necessary arrangements for transporting the msdls over the Isthmus have not been made Tbej will probably be attended to by the next arrival of tb? mall steamer. The mails in my charge were dcliveret to Mr. Zacberleeon, the partner of Mr Neisoa, the latter being absent at the time our arrival. ZaehsrissoE informs me that Nelson has received no inttrnctioni (special) from the department in respect to his agcnc) tor the mails. Would it not be well to furai'h such' I regret to say that several of the passengers wh left Chagres with us. have sudlenly died with violen attacks of diarrhoea, among whom are Captain F.lllot of the army, and young Dlrch, of Washington city These deaths occurred at Cruces, six miles above (iot gone. Five or six of the natives, also, have died In l!k manner. The attacks were very violent, ter minatlng fatally in the course of six or elgh hours. I am lnelined to think they were Induced b imprudent Indulgence In fruits, and excessive expo sure; for, notwithstanding the climate is at any ttun unhealthy, this i? certainly it J most healthy season and, with proper care, a northerner may paes the prr tent and ensuing month here as safely and seoureiy a under 38 degrees ncrth latitude. 1 his is said to bs the dry season, by which I presum is meant there are occasional brief intervale of sun shine; for I am sure there has been rain- anil none o your gentle showers either?every day since w landed at Chagres. If this be the dry," hearen pre serve us from the "wet" season of this weeping ell male. Please send us papers and letters by every opportu nity. A paper from tbe United 8t?t?s is worth lti weight in California gold, and the value of a letter li Incalculable. There are about 500 em'grants, I understand, on tbelr route over the Isthmus, and advices from Valpa raiso, up to the lilth ult., state, that up to that perioi I,700 persons bad sailed from that port for California that clerk* to the number of 400 had abandoned situ atlon worth from $1,000 to $1 500. and that the met chants were compelled to call a meeting, and raise se laties. bo Besides this, I Warn there are about 40 passengers waiting at Callao and Valparaiso, for th steamer California. The gold fever is awfully preys lent here. Movements for California. FROM NEW YORE. The following pcieons compute the "Manlial tan California Overland Association," who aailei on Wednesday in the bark Mara, for Vera Cruz J. Campbell Smith, Henry C. Wllliston, Lewi II. Bonstel, Francis Uriffltn, Edward Nix. Isna Stickey, J Me Mils.| A W Sehults, E. Gould W. F. Hotto. J. W. UriflUb, Chaa. Pesehe, A. Peach' A. Penny, Julius Siruth, C. F. Ward, J. M P n'.l K. M. Piatt. H. Hill. C. P. Dickey. J. K. Kemsen H. D. P. Allen, S. R. Keen. W. B. Olds, C. B Al'stan, J. F. Van York, A. Miles, J. W. Ortswold, E H.Mamby. T. Rogers, R. B. Preston, P. Jennings, J V. Uonlden, M. Holmes. J Truetx. W Mordev. H. T Gill. J. Millward. 8. P. Crane, M. T. Here*, J. Wey man. W. F. Huff. J. R. Clark, J. D. Boylen, W. ft Sim mm,*, A. Hihbard.H . Doehvr. L. Negbswer, O. V. V. Dayton, J. W. Weed, C. Millar. Thomas Greene, Thomas Hawkin*. B. II. Winans. J MoKenny. S. W. Law la, W. K Brown, C. T Tompklna, S. F. Woodruff, G. Mead. Wm . Jonaa. II. K Ward, F. Koratar. G. Noonan, V B. Gillett, B. C. Ilurd, W. Frlell. William Ccrkuren. A. l.ockwood, M. Bardlck, D. C. Brown, JI. K. Bradwar, O. V. Trvoa, J. G. Thompson, A Townry, J D Olmitead. J 8. MoCully. E Batai, J. 8. Van Wlnkla, J Turklngton, Thomaa Hall. H 8. Malvilla. 8 E. Chandler. 8 Hrmont. F D. Hawkins, W. D. Sitinrn. W. Back, 8 Lent, Ralph Brown, T. Jonaa, S. Conklln, B Stickle. O. Stickle, A. Passage, L. Mulford, P klank, I.. R. Hodgklas, B. II Hastings, E. Sullivan, J II Mumby, N. B Brandamora, K Ullman, P S Millar, J. Koaalter. C. Danlela. J. Knighton. Wm. Loudarback, / 8. Karl, H. Austin. O. H. Gantz G. Campbell. G. W. Caaa. J. M cogwell, R. Cowp*r, J B. Verpianck, O. Tfcayer. 8 Davis, II. M. Birnei. K.J Barnaa, J Walkar, R 8. Holdan, S. Morrison. R G. Mollitier, H. W. Taylor, T. Angus, Jamaa Ropla. G. II. Morton, A. C. Farrla, J. ratteraon, J. O Kielulng. J II. Wayman, 8. I.uek, J. Maaaarva. M. Klnny, A. Baabe. J. Slvlaon, J. Clrlland, E. McGregor, G. y. \ atas, M. Vic Kail, M. K casing J. C Taylor, 11. Montford, W. B Vltirpby, W. [.each. I. McDonald. George Swift, J. Its. Dartson, J. Irwin, O. Scardiflald, J. V. Maokar, N. R. Sinclair. J. OaakUl, J. K. Pillow, 8. Moody, II. Fait.? i'ctal; 167. massachusetts. The Button Journal of the 1st inst, saya:?The passenger liBt of the ahi|> I'harsalia, which sailed from this port r few days since (or California, amounted to $ 10,000. Whale ship Charles VV. Morgan, of New Bedford, 3ol tons, !I years old, Iirb been purchased by a house in this city for $18,000. yhe will be sent lo ihe Sandwich lalunds and California. We learn from the New Bedford Mrcury that ihe clipper Bchooner Kiulto, Captain Luce, tailed from that port yesterday for Holmes Hole and California, with a mining company of sixteen personl, mostly whaling captains, and fully equipped for an absence ol two years. The Nantucket ln</uirtr of Wednesday states that a company, consisting of the following gentlemen from that place, go out in the Falcon, intending to proceed immediately to San Francisco ind the gold mines:? Charles W. Cook. George W. Wright, Caleb W Field Albert F.. Field, J-weph C. Palmer, Henry C. Wertb. and Jcelah C Swain These gentlemen, with Mr. Jonathan Wright, of BclWA, nhc vvas cue of Colonel Fremont's ?x(du LD. TWO CENTS. I ring party, have formed themselves into a mining association. They go out, furnished with tents, abundant supplies tor two years, a complete apparatus for mining and testing gold. The Inquirer says:?The crew of the ship Henry Astor, forty-two in all, have been selected. The > number who will go in the Henry Astor and the Russell, from this place, will probably not tall much short of a hundred; to these add those who have gone out or are making preparations to go, by other conveyances, and it is safe to say that Nant tucket will have a representation in California, within six months, at least one hundred and fifty r strong. What town in the country, of the same 0 size, we would like to ask, can beat thatl A company is forming in New Haven, to start as soon as possible, lor Vera Cruz, and thence a through Mexico to the gold regions. The shares it are fixed at *200. It is intended that all the utensils and supplies for eighteen months shall be ima mediately despatched nround the Cape to San - Francisco. The projectors expect that the trip to e San Francisco will be made in 37 days, at an e.xlf peuse of $92. * A company Is forming at Portland. Me , to pro^ ceed to California overland, via the Salt Lake-i. o The bark Drummond, Captain Pierce, cleared II of Rncfnn on ths* 1 Jt mutant lor r'nlil-on^ the following passengers: ? F. F.. Baldwin. E. A Kendall, J R. Carr, E Cleave*, * Joseph A. Wbitmarel), Humphrey Jameson. Hiram VV. Colver. A mart Bryant. Kdvin Paxon. John Gregory, jr.. J. W. Uny. Thcma* Emery. A. Sigouruay L oaard J F. Rowell, of Boston; Hiram rummlogs. Henry Scale, 1 o'Duxburv; P L Bliss, of Springfield; S W. Orush. of 1 Beverlv; W. H. Tupper. John Holinsn, S?mn 1 N Fai1 ler. Merrlam Bruwer, H. M. Adams. of Wilbraham; ' Enaeh Bnrnett. jr., of He'obertoirn; H. E. G*ts?, or Canada West; James (Jibhene. of Barton, Vt; G V. < Hall, of Roxhury; R O. M Hoynson F. 7. Born'on, of Wether sfiald, Vermont; John B White, o' /amnion r Plain; A. O Lindsay. J. Lindsay. Stephen A Stimoaoo, ' Richard O French. Geirge J. Lindsay, and Charles T". r Mallett. of Charlestown; K B. Kellogg, of Norwich. Vt; ' Henry Hancock. (Jeo C Carroll. Henrick Cummlnjs, ' Joseph C Treeoott, of Welle Hirer; G.W. Colbr, of ' Wilmot. N II.; Albert Cook, of Somerville; Franois S. Frost, of West Cambridge; Albert Merrlnm. of F.ast ' Cambridge; John Hancock, of Bath, N. H.; D. C. J Smith, of Sandbornton, N. II.?Total, 47. , texas. The Caliloriiia fever is raging in our city to an e alarming and unprecedented extent. No epidemic has evir spread hall go rapidly as this contagion has done for some time past. Some days u?o, we V had a little cholera excitement, but the cnolera ? ' is completely swallowed up hy this Calaforma I I panic. In fact, we do not know who among our citizens have not felt its influence. The premonitoi ry symptoms are disturbed slumbers, in which vit sions of pearly streams rippling over pebbly bottoms intermingled with lumps of gold, bearing a remote r connection with lerdly palaces and princely dor main, which is followed by what is here regarded as an unmistakable evidence of disease, viz.: an inquiry as to the best and shortest route to California, and whether it will be most expedient u> take shipping to Chagres, or to join Col. HayB, at San Antonio, or Col. Kinney, at Corpus Christi. At this point the disease may be said to have fully developed itself, and to be beyond the reach of medical skill. In fact, we believe our medical faculty are as yet unable to prescribe so as to afford any relief. Not the least alarming feature about this sickness is, that one can afford no relief to another, but all are made worse by attempting to minister to each other's relief.?Homton Advertiter, Jan. 6. Domestic AUscellanyr. The Philadelphia train of oars for Lancaster was thrown off the traek, near the latter plaoe, on Wednesday evening. The engineer and a fireman, named Wolf, were Instantly killed. The passengers esoaped uninjured. There are now 9,969 children, between the ages ef five and sixteen, attending school In Buffalo olty. Several young ladles were amusing themselves,|a few days alnee, by sliding down n bill, In Milton, Vt., when one of them fell over a preolplee, and was Instantly killed. John Shad bolt, of the town of Bennington, N. Y.? has been Indicted for tbe murder of his wife, a young f woman about sixteen years of age; they had been married but three weeks. Miss Abby Clans, agsd sixty.five, recently recovered a verdlot ol ten dollars in the Detroit (Mien ) County ' Court, against Andrew 8tut?,flaged twenty-six. for i breach of marriage promise. At York, IVnn . on Katurday last, John M Koch died, and In a half hour after, bis father. On the following r morning,bis wife and mother died. | Thomas Pry or. a blacksmith, while on the paaaago I from Boston to Halifax a faw days sines, In sohooner Meriolsn. jumped overboard and was drowned. | James Fowler, aged 70 years, oommttted suicide In Holmes county, Miss , on tho 16th Inst, by hanging himself. o Ex-Governor Merrill, ot New Hampshire, died at Concord, on Snnday last. He was formerly a Congregational minister. Governor Drew, of Arkansas, has formally resigned, and tbe duties of tbe executive will be discharged by the Hon R. C. iiyrd, President of the Senate, until the people can choose a Governor. ' The Income of tbe Girard estate now held by tha j olty of Philadelphia, amounted last year ta $104,000. I The estate comprises 177 houses. | The SufquehsDna river is still obstructed by lee. A I steamboat from Baltimore had. on Thursday, reached I milhU a ekoet ,7 tk. k a -WlA l-l_ ? ,1 | n.auiu m . uwi?ub? ui tun iwtlj VU??, wlllfJU IB I/I ?? on cakes of Ice tome ten feet thick. ; Kite houses were destroyed by Are In Troy, N. Y.. ' ' on Thursday morning A colored man, named Samuel ' i ratter*en, was burned to death. The building* wero ' cf little value, and generally occupied aa German boarding-houses. John Davie was beat almost to death on Snndav *t*ning last. In Pottsvllle, Pa., by David Sand* and ! Benjamin Carp. Tne object was to rob and murder , I him; and when they left him, they supposed he waa i dead. He succeeded In crawling to a house and told ( 1 hit story. Sands waa subsequently arrested. . 1 A report is oircnlated in Washington, that the Hon. | I John M Botta is about to b* married to Mlas Julia ; I Dean, the actress. There are twelve bank* in Worcester county?another ha* been chartered, and there are applications for c two more 1 A mall bag, containing letters mailed at Baltimore for Mobile and New Orleans, waa found on the 24th ult , near Opellka, Ala., rifled of Its contents. Two large Dogs, and the leg of a child, la a state of 1 petrifaction, were found in a meadow, a short tlm* ! since, near Morrow, Ohio. ' | Joseph R. Reynolds was drowned In the Ohio, near d , Cincinnati, on Thursday, of last week, by falling over i board from the steamboat Jewess. 1 I Valentin* Voghwas married at Vlokaburg, on the 0 9th ult., and died of obolera en the 12th. Isaac R. ') Newman, who aoted as groomsman on the occasion of S i th* marriage, died on the 13th, of the same disease. '' Barbara Hack, the wife of a hotel keeper, at Wll' 1 llameburg. N Y , was arrested on,W*dn*sday, charged I with robbing John Meckel of North Carolina, of (600. j He was a guest of her husband at th* Urns. I The report of the Adjutant General of Massaohn. j setts, for the year 1848, shows an enrollment of 98 079, leaving a gain ovsr the preceding year of 8 413, while th* active militia numborsoaly 4 683; leaving a decrease frc m the preceding returns of 403. The ferry boat need for conveying th* passengers cross the SUfnuehanaa river, at Havre Am 1l?-? longing to the Baltimore and Philadelphia Railroad Company, waa driven down the river by the iee oa Monday, which detained the tralna and the Sonthera Ball. The receipt* of the American Missionary Board for the last flee months, were $131,288 This society now sustains about 670 ml'slonary laborers. Michael Hyde was thrown from a carriage in Dorchester, Mass , on Monday, and hla skull severely fraeI tursd. Charles M Clayton, son of lion. John M.Clayton, ol Delaware, died at H trans. on the 20th Inst , of pulmonary consumption. I. Tisdale, master of transportation on the Stoughtcn(Mass) Branch Railroad, oommitted suicide la ene of the cars at the depot of that road In Stoughton, i on Monday morning, by hanging himself with a silk handkerchief. The poet office at Danielsonvllie, Ct., waa destroyed by Are on Thursday, of last week. John Cook, a laborer on the Hudson River Railroad, was killed at Mount descant, N. V , on the 23d inst, by the blasting ef a rock. He waa nine hundred and fifty feet from the blest whan It want off. Osotge Bostwick murdered his wife and child at Port Stanley, Canada, a few deysego, and then oat his own throat Charles Stewart, colored, has been sentenced, by th? Baltimore City Court, to the penitentiary for six ysars, Ur enticing slaves to abscond The President has officially recognised Motte A Prtngie, as consul to Charleston, from the Argentine Confederation. John Hope, a school teaehsr at St Mlohaels, Md . ban beeu committed to jail on tns charge of ceasing the death cf a mail colored girl, by severe whipping. Two hundred and fifty emigrant# hnve sailed frong New Orleans lor I.Iberia. A man named Ruland, of Jackson's drove, aeoidenI ally ihct himeelf in getting ent of his waggon, with n gun, a short time since. During the month of January 802 passengers arrived at the port of Boston, of whioh 721 paid the emigration lie The wo?,11en factory of L C Pendleton, at Mettvtlla New York, was destroyed by fire on the 26th Instant. Altin B urns was killed at Darien, S C , on the 12Ut inst., by Use accidental discharge ol a gun.

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