Newspaper of The New York Herald, February 4, 1849, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated February 4, 1849 Page 1
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TH NO. 5358. Th? Debate In tlie New York Leclilaten, |on Prise Klghtlng. In the Assembly. on Friday the 3d instant, t*s bill to prevent end pnnlah prise lighting name to i third rending Mr. Ki?h moved to recommit, end etnted hie objections to tbo Mil. It pnnlfbed. by Imprleonment In the Sinte prUon, the mere eending or neoeptnnee ot n challenge to dght, with or without wenpona, whether there woe nny flght or not. He *u lnollned to pnnleh prim fighting severely; but be was not dlapoaed to punleh with till Mverlty the mere eending end neoeptnnee of n ehnllenge to n price flght. He objected el to to the provision punishing in the seme mnnner the not of leaving the State to elude the provision! of this not. There wns n revolution going on in the pnblte mind as t>> the eriminol code It wns generally thought to be toe revere. He would not, under these circumstances, go the length of this bill. Having stated his reasons for opposing the bill in the shape in which it wns, he wi<hdr-w his motion. Mr. Hosb moved to recommit, with instructions to strike out the 8d section?punishing the leaving the State for the purpose of engaging In or witnessing a flght. Mr. A RoacBTion expressed the belief that the bill wns destined to pass, and that it was all time lost to undertake to amend it; though It might no doubt be put n a shape that would give it more votes than it eould get now. Mr. VV. 8. Smith moved te add instruotlons to insert his section, declaring exhibitions of boxing or parting matches, &r , for gain, unlawful; and to raporth forthwith Mr. Rose accepted that amendment. Air in oblk suggestea mac ii tne aa section wee truok out, so must the 4th, which was only designed to cur j out the 3d. Mr Rose accepted that motion. Mr Fiike wondered that somebody did not get up and m?ve to strike out the enacting clause. Everybody must see the object of these amendments. Mr. Fish?What is the object? Mr. Fisbe? To kill the bill. Mr Fish protested against such Insinuations, and was sorry to hear them. He was eonselencloas in his objections to eertaln provisions of this bill. He disdained the captious feeling loipnted to him. Mr Hslk said be should not arraign the objects or the feelings of anybody. He assumed that they were eonteienoione in all they did or said But he oouid not consent to see action taken that might endanger the bill. He esteemed its provisions too highly to be willing to see it lost by delay, or by any other course til action He esteemed It of more Importance than the act to prevent duelling He who fought a duel, always went with two or three friends to some by-piaoe, and the fight wae seen by a few pereons only. Bat a prise-fight was blazoned abroad through the press, aod thousands were gathered atthesoeneof aotion. where nil klode of Immorality were praetloed. The evil was seen and known The prinoiple of the hill was alt right, and the idea of referring It to a commit! se of the whole, where by some intluenoe It might be defeated, be protested against He should like to eee It passed immediately We knew there were persons about to leave the State to engage in this monstrous praetioe. If any time was lost one objeot of the bill would be frustrated. He hoped the moral sense of this House wouid be sufficient to guud against the loss of the bill. Mr Fish laid it was surprising to him that any gentleman should urge a speedy passage of this bill as necessary to prevent the fight that was coming off between Iiyer and Sullivan. Was It possible that any body could believe that under the publloity girea to cur proceedings, any person who intended to join In or witness this figbt would be green enough to wait until this bill passed before leaving? If there were persons green enough for that, they would be proper rnbjeots for the f-unatio .Asylum, and oould scurcety be rvaobed by any * bill designed to affect responsible persons. The gentleman last up artmed to assume taat every body wto was disposed to rc commit, was In favor of prise fighting. This was not so; but tbers were those who w?rv opposed t > punishing a minor offence with the same severity as the heinous offence of prise fighting. The bill, in faot, punished the man who sent or aooepted a challenge to n pitse figbt. for not fighting, as severely as did the man who sent or accepted a challenge and did fight. So oi persons who might get Into n street brawl, without concert. He should tike to know if a majority here were cgainst enacting such an absurdity, whether that msjorlty should not ana would not oontrol. I Mr. w. 5. smith corrected a misapprehension or Mr. Hale The motion t?i not to send the bill to a oommittee of the whole again, bat to a aeleot committee, with instruction* to amend and to report It lnoi forthwith if that was dona, it would not delay the bill half an hour Again, aa to this amendment ef his not being mada in good faithMr. Hals exprenly disclaimed any auoh imputation. Ma. w 8. Smith aaldtha oharge came from the gen' tleman from King*. Mr. Fine dUclaimad alao. Ha aaid the object was to kill the bill. Mr W. 8. Smith replied that the gentleman oould scarcely have made a more direct imputation. As to bis own proposition, it was made in good faith?and he honestly believed that it wae the life and soul of the bill. His amendment would make it effvotaal. Without it, it would be a dead letter, i.a? tue etetute against aabbath breaking or profane swearing, which etood out oo oui statute book as a scare crow, never to be heard ' of in courts, exoept wuen used to gratify personal malice or vindictiveuwss. The gentleoiau from Steuben bad himself given one ef the strongest reasons for the adoption of his amendment, l'oe gentleman's rema>k was tbat thi. bill was more important than the duelling act, because a duel was a private affair? whereas these prise rights were public, aod being bin oned abroad, attracted thousands from all parts of the Uaion?becuiise steamboats wera oba tered. and armka of men were drawn together at thu place of combat. Bnttbe gentleman lorgoc that the prise right itself wac a mere incident in point of demoralization, compared with the preliminary combats, got up to make lucney, ana where the epiiit that led td tnem was iaitinted He alluded to these exhibitions of the - manly art of seif-defsnce," wnlch were so frequent la New V ork and Brooklyn. Not a week ago he saw placarded in ibis city a notice of one of these exhibitions. Tbe Ian. j geuLiemeti attended these exhibitions, and there it was that they noticed the condition of tbe pugilist ?tbe rirmness of his Heeh? his training?waether he perspired or not-and all tbe incidents on which tbay calculated the chances of bis soccers, aod the safety it a bet on him. So with the combatant on toe otnev side. He gave similar exhibitions in anticipation of a coming fight. Now bis amendment was voted down yestirday, but by a very small majority, under the o:y that U would prohibit schools for gymoaetio exeroises. it was not ?. He proposed only to step these public ' exhibitions tor gain Mr. Kiskk said nis remark was that the same technical criticism made on this bill, might give the proposed s-ciiou a bearing on thase schuois. Mr. W. S Smith ooutiisutd - Penal laws were always construed strictly, and, in framing them, too inuoU care eould not be tsken eo to frame tnem a that there Should be tu loop hole for Wipi, n,r a?y room for technical cnticiroiH. As to these exhibitions oi tbe maoly art, they were often got up by tame prize hgbie re to raise the money to put op as a stake. The last exhibition ot Meyer, be was informed, netted him $1( 00 He should be glad to kaow if sucn exhibitions as there, calling together large numbers of persons, were not as demoralizing as a prize right? We hid row laws making billiard rooms uuisaiioe.i ? al?o the keepitg of ten-pin alleys minuerneanors But would any body pretend 'hat a gentleman woo bad a billiard tame In his dwelling, lor ptivate amusement, or a teacher who had a tea-pin alley connected with hie reboot for the purpose of exercising bis pupils, would be heh e under the e laws? So wita Ills a.nead nent. It would raacb only public exhibiilonn of pugilism far gain- not the mete ^jmoavlic schools which had been atludrd to. Mr. Noblr moved further instructions to amcud the first section, so as to obviate tbe objections of vlr. Fish, in legate to punishing the rending of a challenge, where there wae no tignt,&o , [butsubset) luutly waived 111 piopoeition.J kit. Vak Ovuis was anxious to have the bill amen 1ed so a? to prevent pugilistic ezbioitlons It was iinporiant for the preservation of the morals of the coatmutiny; far whlie prize fights were g-uerally wituasred by ptmout aireauy debased, these exnib.lions are wit nerved by young persons, who thus oecaau Inoculated wltb the hiatal mania of public rights The other 4 amendment be cared nothing about out he was sat foas to have ihle proposition oarrled out He m ived a division tf the question, so as to get a vote on this ainenuuient alone. Mr. WiLtisu proposed to amend, so as to exempt eases wbei* a ohalieuge ?n withdrawn. Mr A Uuhihi moved the prev iou* question, [and it having b-en ordered, aud tbe question divided, Tbe pirponil* n to strike oat the 3d and 4 th sections was lost, it to 7'i. 1 i.e qnestioii then rtourreilon Mr Wossel 8. Smith's Section, providing that It shall uoi be lawiul to give public exhibitions, far gain, hi b'vmig, or spurring, ir pugilistic ni?>?ties, technically teim^d 'vihib.uoas of tue manly art of St I* 01 rn :s,' or to adv-"ti*e or give u itlo* of ?ucu *xMbillons or r .t the owuerof auy grounds or prainlses, ti ,?t either jor r.ioh purposes?on pun of tine ami IIL.iri-wOUielit ' I I is Rao a lop ted .17 to 4* far. 1'uuk nn.veil to l 'cotnlder?saying that he voted for it to viiebl - hm !o do so Ho anew O 'thin 5 of tin He boxing ma* chel w. ii which the gentleman from t,'neei s ii|ip< ac.-d to bo so laminar nut the ct y of Ne w Vet I. had ample pnT r t?i pieveac t'leui witnouC tlie aid of e n> such enactment as this. Aud he must sy that if the gentleman really uegired such a law, ro to,, u hi is Introduced hi um b II, and takon l!ie reiponslbility ol It. But tho gentleman pre. to n'lsch it to a bill which he (Mr Koxe U??l ll)?* Ti'tp' U-Hi JIIJ < >! Imrmiuiuij. I u?i ni UIJ not like. The nu,ei.dn>*nt would bfvaK up auoii*p. uti> a.* I> ull>r ? and othei* tor gyranaatie ex<-rcl*ea. H? **' tr r nth og about :>iillir,.n'h and lijr.?'? exbihltl?.on Pertiap* Hiirh tbtons ixiitvd In N,?r Vn>k p.oxt of th?*e thing" t >ok pate In Qu"oan [ ?ir. fefmn : "Not tin"] ?.> woil ?* borne tl? rep med ibe umtiidn.ciit mi in.t.'Ddi d to em >*rrtus too pni Mr. w 8. Smith replied - If inning fr.hoo'n led to tbenn r>mu Bghtt the roouor they .rare broken up the better Bnttt r?? not c i. tVan It puten.lod tbai t uli?r'n eahnol w?" a place of public exhibition of kit k matches for pa u .' If ho, lb >no exolbttion* iboiiiii he Im.k o up. Urn a retool lor the raerapurp > ? ot touch dg b. xii.p Id private, would 10 no w+y bo allotted by lb " uu.eianieut da to (Jiiveni county, be ootild te II the geutleui in fnou Kin.; a ihitnoexbl* billon of the art of em! dcieuca" e?er took pUoe in E NE Queens Tru, we M u mm mum there, bat who supported it? Not tba people of tbo county. bat those who lived la tbo City of Chare hot. as It fM sailed, and who owned their trotting honee?their Gypeles and their Lady Suffolk*?gentlemen, too, living just ea the line of King*. All the mischief that grew oat of herie-racing, oame from those In King* who loved that kind of sport. And the very room that Sallivaa oeeapied, whilst training, was either in Kings, or within a few feet of the lloe. I Mr Fishes : " No part of the hens* Is in Kings "] No, bat the house Is on the roea, and the eoanty line runs through the middle of the road. [Laughter.] This seotioa, he repeated, was the life and soul of the bill. It straok at the root of all these prise lights-at their starting points. Hs read In the Pukee Gazette? for he did not see the gentleman's Spirit tf the Timet?that at one of the** exhibit! ins, on* of the pugilists got so slotted that he challenge,! the world to light him for >6000. At another, one of them stripped off his gloves and challenged his opponent to go oat and baveaflghtln pa bile and in earnest These were the kind of exhibitions that the gentleman from Kings had rsken under his special charge. Mr. Pmio* tier. tk. -.1? v..? waived the notion. Mr Fuse Hated that ha had not in any way orabapa Advocated tbeaa esbibltiona He knew nothing of tbam or of the race oonrae. Ha had baan throe or four tinea in bia life at the raee course?nothing more Mr. F aald something farther, which war not diatinctly heard; when Mr. W 8 Smith aaked what the gentleman meant by that T [Mr. Fiske raid aomething about model artistes.J Mr. 8. replied that he Went with the gentleman to see them laat winter. The Houae refused to reoonaider- 85 to 01. The Speaker annonnced the oommittee, a* followa : Messrs Rore, W. 8 Smith, Flake, Noble and Hale. The ormmlttee immediately reported the bill with the additional aeotion, prohibiting pngillatlo exhibitions for gain or profit. Mr Fuse then moved to recommit the bill, with Instructions to strike out the section Just Inserts J, under instructions. The Speaker deolded this motion ent of order, aa the Home bad already refuped to reconsider the rote giving the instructions to Insert the section to which the gentleman objected Mr Bush moved to lay the bill on the table to be printed Lost The bill was then read a third time and passed-ajes 104, noes 6. Message of the lllrxlcan President, nt the Opening ofjthe Congress on the 1st of Janunry. GKSTIEMFN:? Favored by the hopes of the country, by a general feeing or the necessity of public order, and by a tranquillity which our revolutions had long forbidden, jou are once more about to begin the constitutional period of your labors. A happy ohange In the state of ihiogs Is realising Itself, such as assures, under these auspices of law and of concord whloh we have a further and regular melioration. I congratulate you, gentlemen, most sincerely, that this assembly of the ale's representatives begins under circumstances Altering, and,besides, so favorable to the suooeseful discharge of your lrgtilatlve duties Since the olose of your last session I have nothing very notable to announce to you The Government, although contending with incessant obstacles, has gone forward in a course both steady and entirely constitutional In the several States tbe sauis solrit orevatle. and much in doing toward tbe reorganization of the different pnblio business and private pursuit*, whioh were destroyed or paralysed Faithful to Its principles, the Government will labor unweariedly to carryforward those which it proclaimed in Qntretaro. reduoea to this tingle point?"good ad. ministration." The papers whioh shall be laid before you by the Secretaries of the several Departments will let you see what progress has been made toward accomplishing that great object Much is yet to be done ; and to you it belongs to establish, by wise and just laws, the foundations of an administrative system that sball not permit ohange and corruption, frequent and fatal. To morrow the Treasury Department will submit to the Congress the estimate* Of the public expenditures lor thekcoming year ; and 1 may,in advanee. felieitate you upon the performance of a duty, about to be perfected by sou, whioh has never been exeouted, except once, in the long period or twenty seven years. Tne estimates once settled by your vote, the treasury will assume a clear and regular orderliness, and the taxes will he paid without repugnance, beoause it will be know n that they are spent In oonformity to law. I can assure y on, gentlemen,that It Is not only not impossible, but quite practicable and even easy, to sqaare oar publlo expenditures with our reeeipts, and tne public debt will be paid with punctuality, and mast beoome a fountain of credit and eontidence, if the idea be adopt(d of establishing n National Bank whioh. aiding the financial operations of the government, sball banish that oonfusion fn wfaieh we have hitherto wandered, without anybody's being able to tell what revenues belonged to the treasury and what to Its oreditors. Free from any snoh serious difllculty as might interrupt the friendly relations in wbleh we stand with foreign nations; our administration of jnstiee making with success ell or is to render seoure all the guaranties of the person and cf property ; our publlo e xpendlturea met by our reoeipts ; the vicious organisation of our army reformed, sad a muitla raised ; you can, gentlemen, perceive that our present condition is tar f im that which, all probabilities considered, was to be expeeted from us. Let us, then, not lament our past disorders, (detordenei; bathe mans more? calamities ) unless that ws may guard against fhem henceforth, if they recur, it will not be the people's fault; the people desire nothing but rest and tranquillity. Let ua do all that we ean to accomplish that popular vow; let the efforts and the feelings of Congress and of government be the same, for the prinolples of moderation and ofjnslice, for a sincere unitednesa among ttie citizens, and for the preservation of that peace within aud without, which we owe to tbe bounty of Div ilu Providence. Army Intelligence, [OsMHiL OflDKHA. No. 4.] Wis Dsraai mknt, Aojutant Osssstt'i Offics, ) Washington. January 24. IMP. ( " An Aot making provision tor an additional number of general officers, and for ether purposes, approved Maich 8, 1847. Section 17. And be it farther enacted. That when any non-eommiefcioned officer snail have distinguished himr ell or may have dlrtiiiguisbrd himself In the servioe, the President of tbe L'mied States snail be and is hereby authorized, on the recommendation of the commanding officer of tbe regiment to which said nonoommiMdoned officer belongs, to attach him by brevet of tbe lowest grade to any corps of tbe Army. Piovided, That there shell not be morr than one so attached to any one company at the same time; and whan any private soldier shall so distinguish hnn?eif, tbe President may in ilka manner grant him a oertiHoate of mailt, wnich shall entitle him to additional pay at tbe rate of two dollars per month " it having been represented to the Seeretary of War that the distributien of eeitifioates of merit under the Act of Match 3 1847, has heretofore fallen unequally upon the companies of the army; and several com muuications having been received from time to time since tbe publication of "General Orders" Nos. 32 and bw. of 1848, urging an additional iisae of c ?rtitijate?. it it hereby announced, that in nil cases where tbe recommendations received at the War Department from (luinuwi ui uc.u. m?? ct? rignated the particular battle* or affairs with the eiit-wy in which the soldiers were distinguished, certificates tare been conferred according 10 the term* of the law, upen "private soldiers." In many canes nearly whole oompanirs, including even noo-oominisstored i Ulcere, have been r< commended in general trims ? ua? entitled in the opinlou of their comuiui.dtra to the ben'-flcoil provisions of the " tc,." without the mentiou either of date, place, battle, or any particular act or feat o( bravery, which c.uld entitle them to the distinguishing reward. In euch care* the recommendation* nave not b,-eu entertained. because where all, or a large majority of the Army performed tbelrduiy with untouching bravery, whole plalooL* could not be eaid to " have distinguished themselves above others " i'be subject having been again brought to the notice of the secretary of W ar. be has decided that the spirit au>l intention of the law would seem to be liberal and general not par tlal ? but clearly designed to hold out a reward to the entile cass of enlisted men : - to the non-com-.itssioned fllci re. brevet* ol the lowest commit*.on , to all under the grade or non commissioned oflioer, certificate* of n.eilt; and that the technical terui, " private soldier," In common juntlce could only be ured to represent the mere numerous ciase of soldiers lu contradistinction to nun com missioned grades ; and henoe, that artificer* lartiers, blacksmiths, and musician \ who do duty in the ranks and in battle may receive the " certificate of ncilt'" when their conduct eutitl?s th?m to sued mark of distinction. With this view of the case, and to secure ss tar as possible to meritorious soldiers who, fioib tin fault of i heir own, base hltnerco not received the crrtiPoate of merit, commanders of itegiments will toinsid, with as little dr'ay as practicable, recommendations fot eucD -nliated tu> n, uud-r the grade of nono< mmissioned c fli'ier. as may have | >lor ii d aoy particular act or acts ot individual bravery, for whiou they have not already received a certilluale of merit, taking cere to specify date, place and battle, or a'la>r The snhsi ijiient d. ath. dlsobaige or promotion or tiie sol dier will not prevent hie bring renouimsndt d After ll.e publication of the neat list, no further rrnouiuiendstious will he acted upon. (J cm menders will acknowledge the receipt cf this Order end forward the recommendation* vfcuh they may make, with the acknowledgment itv Ohok.h i 11 JOVES, Adj't Oei'l. A bouse was robbed a '?? nights sines in Philadelphia, and in the morning the gas iighis were round burning, and a table in the p.irior tioo'aieiug empty wioe be tries and glasses In the rentreof tne table w a* placed the tamily Bible, opened at the EVI Ohap. Isaiah, with a mark attached t? these verse* Verse lo. " His watchmen are blind, they are all Ignoiant. they are all dun b dogs, they cannot bark; seeping, lying down, lov log to slomb'r " 11 ' Yea they are uri edy dogs which oan never have enougo. and they aieshepherds t at cannot under-tandj they all look to the r own way. every one for his gain, from his iiuarter." 11. " Come ye, say they, I will fetch wine, md<1 we will fill ourselves with strong drink; and to metrow shall bs as this day, aud mueh more abundant." John Wa'srsnake was arrested, a tew day* sines, at Syracuse. N V .charged with murdering an Indian, named Adam f'owles, en the ilHd of l> ember last. He belonged to ths Oneida and Onondaga I ndians. W YO SUNDAY, FEBB Texan Wows. [From the Westers Tax tea, Jan. S. ] Routx to Chihuahua.?We have conversed with a gentleman who accompanied Colonel Hays ' on his late expediuon to the Rio Grande, to discover a new route to Chihuahua, and we are gratified to find that he positively asserts that the route from Houston to Chihuahua is far superior to any.that can be opened trom any point on the re coast west of the Brazos. He is so fully satisfied ot m this fact, that he intends to return in a few weeks, with a quantity of goods, to Chihuahua. He will . proceed to the heaal of the San Saba, thence in a hi direct line to the point on the Pecoa where the lu Chihuahua expedition crossed it in 1840; and 0j thence by the route followed by Colonel Hays to , the Presidio del Norte. From the latter town to h< Chihuahua there is a good wagon road leading by N San Pablo. The distance from the Presidio to 0| Chihuahua is only lfcO miles, by a road practicable at all times for wagons. Tbere is another road P1 which can be traversed only by mules and horses, bi which is only 150 miles. The distance from Hous- 0I ton to the head of the San Saba is estimated at , 280 miles. Thence to the Pecos 90 miles, and from the Pecos, at the point where the San Saba trail 91 crosses it, to the Presidio, is 130 miles. The dis- 'r tance then from Houston to Chihuahua by this n route is 680 miles; and the whole route is practi > able for wagons. The distance from Indepen- " de nee, in Missouri, bv the route now travelled by y caravans, is 1,360 nnles. The route by Houston, therefore, is about one halt as long as that from h Missouri, and caravans can start from Houston as 0 early as the 1st of January, while they can seldom 0 start by the Missouri route, until the 1st ol May. 11 Col. HayB mentions that the best route from Bexar, or any of the western ports, must necessarily y pass by the head of the San Saba, owing to the ? vast ranges ot mountains that extend below the 1 Pecos to the Presidio de Rio Grande. The vast ri range of the Bolson de Mapimi also extends in an * irregular semicircle on the west side of the Rio 11 />n 1*1/1 n(v ttnti's rr{a nou vln in iUa mn,,tU ,,1 I) the Conchos. and shutting out all communication 11 with the valley of the llio Grande below San " Ptblo. o The only practicable route, therefore, from P Corpus Chriett or Bexar, below the Bolsou de J Mnpima, is that leading by the PreBidio de Kto B Grande and Montclova, to Parian. This is the 0 route that G?n. Wool took from Bexar. The dis- 0 tance trom Bexar to Parras is about 650 miles, and P thence to Chihuahua is 360; making the whole distance from Bexar to Chihuahua Did miles; and 0 the distance from Corpus Christi, Aransas, Mata- 8 eorda, or any other point on the Gulf west of the M Brazos, cannot be less than 1000 miles If, how- b ever, it were possible to cross the Bolson de ' Mapimi, and travel in a direct line to Chihuahua, n the distance would not exceed 600 miles. Houston a has this advantage; that it is situated in the same ' latitude as the point on the Rio Grande where the 1 most practicable route from the Gulf to Chihuahua I" crosses that river. This is the moutn of the 81 Conchos, near the Presidio del Norte. This point I5 and Houston are both situated on the parrallel of w 30 degress north latitude. The route from Hous- ol ton to PreBidio del Norte leads due west from P' Houston, and all the ports en the Gulf are so lar V1 SOUlh Of this parallel, that the route from Hous- i' ton is the newest. This gentleman also informs us that the route tdfhe Presidio del Norte extends Jj through a beautiful and fertile country, affording " an abundance of pasturage and good water. P Col. P. H. Bell arrived in town last evening, h from Austin. He informs us that the Indians (sup- h posed to be the Kickpoos and Wich tas) on the t( northern frontier, have recently manifested symp- c toms of hostility. 8 The ranging companies of Capts. McCulloch and >> Highsmith have lately been paid off at Austtu, and 1 the other companies, with the exception of the P company under the command of Capt Fitzhugh, have probably been also paid offaud mustered out of service. We have been informed by Capt. Gil- * lett that the company of Cunt. Fit/.hugh, according to the orders of the War Department, had aban- h doned its station on the Trinity, and taken up its * line of inarch to Austin, to be mustered out of ser- i' vice; but after it had proceeded about seventy P< miles runners arrived with the staitling intelli- ?< fence that the Indians had made a foray upon the t! 'nnity settlements, and that the settlers were fly- ? ing in all directions. The rangers immediately h returned to the station, and we understand that h they have been ordered by Col. Johnson to remain ti there until they were relieved by the troops in the P regular service. " [From the Houston Telegraph, Jan. 18.] ' Paintkd Rocks of thk Commanchks.?At the c head of the south fork of the Llano, there is a high r limestone cliff which is covered with rude paint- J inga, representing innian cnics in ineir war cob- , tume, horses, mules and other animals, also a variety of hieroglyphics! figures. These pointings 1 are made chiefly with Vermillion and charcoal, J but are so well sheltered itom the rains, by a pro- * jecting ledge of the cliff above, that very few of P them are defaced, although they have been ex- ? posed for years to the weather. An old Mexican J who accompanied Col. Hays on his hia late 1 expedition to the Kio Grande, stated that ? these paintings appeared as freah and perfect 11 forty years ago as they appear at this day. 8 These locks are often visited by the Commanches. and are held in great veneration oy . them. Th? y seem to be regarded as the historical _ record of the nation, ana the various groups f of figures probably represent the victories they K have achieved, or the defeatB they have sustained n in their wars with the neighboring tribes, or with 11 the whiles. One of the groups is probably intend- i P ed to represent the dreadful massacre of the Mex- 8 leans when the neighboring fort of the San Saba was n captured by these Indians. Near the cliff a large f Indian trail winds through thp valley and over the ' table lands above it towards the sourcea of the Co- i " lorado. The Commanche war parties often visit J', this cliff; and it issupposed that thoy perform certain ' religious ceremonies before it before they start on 81 any dangerous expedition, and when they return n from any successtul foray they come hereto record the deeds of their distinguished chiefs. A broad and beautiful grassy plain extr nds southwest from j the cliff, and is wailed in at ihe south-west and north by steep precipices. This plain has probably for many centuries, like the Olympian plains, heen ifl the theatre of festive games, in which the Commanche youths tf successive generations have dia- | Cl played their gymnastic teats. b< Gov. Wood passed through IIouEton on the 10th a inst., on his way to Austin. Maj. Thomas Bates, Cletk of the U. S. District Ci tut at Galveston, died a few days since on the ' n Bra/os, from the efleet of an appoplectic ht with j a which he was At ticked a few days previous. I p The weather at Houston has been intensely cold, a Ice halt sn inch thick was formed. a The practicability ol navigating the Brazos by s steam, to Washington and above, which was 1 clearly and completely demonstrated some years p since, is a fact which at lenath begins lo yield its v proj>er results. The new steamers Biazos and a Washington, built expressly for this trade, h tve p ascended the river to Washington, mid returned to the nioutn ; the. Washington with 524 bales ol cot- o ton. the Brazos with 3.^7, making 911 at one trip, of p both bouts. The trip was made with much can- d tion, in order to obviate sny accident irom the p want of familiarity in the pilots with the snags or o or other obstructions tn the river. n b Domestic Mbccllsny, h Dr. Osgood, pastor of the first church of Springfield, c Conn , prearbed his 40th anniversary armon on fi Sunday last He has, during his ministry In that p place, preached 2 000 sermons, marrlsd 600 oonple, burled 1.446 persons, and baptized 1 002. These were 41 deaths in the city of Brooklyn, for the week ending the 27th nit. ^ At Menominee, In Jce Daviess County, III., on the v 7th instate, John Sparks attacked bis wife, aged 66 j ears, with a knife, and cut her bowels out. j John Cotjbs. a soldier of the revolution, aged 106 > years, died at Pbilvmont, Va . on the lflth Inst. , A buffalo waa killed Dear Krla, r? , on the l&th, the only one aeen in that pert of the eonntry. r A yourg men named Donnelly waa vary *erlou>ly v hart, on a I rain of rate paaaing over Cayuga bridge. i a few day* hit heed coming In contact with one of the croea piece*. He wee removed to Auburn, ^ NY. ^ A eon of William Rennie. of Albany, ten year* old, v war drowned on Friday by falling into an air hole in f the river, while akating. n At the recent fire in Donelaonvllle, Conn , the law h library of Judge Baekua waa deatroyed. together with ti It ^probate record! of the diatriot. for the peat 14 year*. ( The whole damage by the fire waa f 10 M)4. 1 he Preabytvrlan < hurch at Ridley, Fenn . waa dee- n troyed by fire on Sunday morning laat. Margaret, a deatituta yonng woman, fro** to |l{ dratb in a garden near the railroad in the city of Waah ' ton on Friday night ' Tba ice in tbe Suequebanna broke up on Saturday l*et, at and above Wllkeabarre. and an ioe dam form- 1,1 irg eoon after, a few mile* below, the water roe* about 11 te etity feet, eo that tbe dlatane* between Wllkeabarre ill and Ktngatnn waa paraed In boat*. There were 24 dree la Boaton during the month of in January, tba animated amount of loaa from whiah waa 4.11.42*1; the whole of whtoh waa oovered with In(iiranc*. ,. 1 here are now at the Weateru Reaerra College, Ohio, ' 3S0 etude nt*. ' J The Legislature of North Carolina adjourned ei'w# die 1 on the 2V(h alt , after a aesaion of tiff daye. RK H UARY 4, 1849. Otur Ucraun Correspondence. Btttsasp, Jan. 8,1849. hi Rtndt of the Revolution in Germany?Vu Effect of the California Gold Netoo?The Jmmente fncrtutt in Emigration, 4*., fc. ' We have entered upon a new year in the ll ckoning of time, and a new epoch has com- 11 enced in the history oi onr revolution; or, ither, we are agaia in the same stage ot political 11 ictory m which the commencement of the revo- * tion found us. Not a trace is left, to remind us 1 : the glorious March-days, save the ruins, and c paps of dust and ashes in the streets of Vienna. 8 ot one of the glorious liberties, so much boasted jj t, remains to console us for the loss of blood and (j operty?for the death of our most noble and c rave champions oi freedom?for the devastation ' f'trade and commerce, occasioned by the struggle f last spring. The future lies before us, dark, 1 Did. and unpromising, The beautiful vision of ' eedom that disturbed the slumber of the German J1 ation is past, and the stern reality of the young > ear 1849 succeeds the phantoms?the beautiful, 1 lscinaiing, but, alas! illusory visions of the leap 1 ear 1848 With the last stroke of the bell that t tiled (he funeral knell of the dying year, the laat ; ' lint gleunt of hope that yet remained in the bosom v f sanguine patriots died within them. The silence f the gruve-yard reigna all aiouud, and fills the v nnd with dark and gloomy forebodings. j ' The leap year 1848 is over. What an eventful t ear it has been 1 In nine short months ute history * t the last ihiity-two years haa repeated itself, a 'he events came rushing past us in bewildering | apidity, and leli us where we were before. The j * ante unanimous struggle for liberty on the part of ? lie people, as in 1815 and 1832; the same golden F romises from princes and kings?the same mea- ? ures employed to deleat the revolutions?the same s reacherous means reBorted to, and the same result < btuined. How strange it is that the German ecple should not have profited by the example of t 'ranee nnd of the United States 1 How strunge f liat it should not have learned anything by its ? wn btuer experience 1 Where is the unanimity s f the German nation 1 where its grandeur ana s awer. when Prussia and Austria may arbitrarily li rent ine decrees of the National Parliament with h pen and undisguised disregard 1 Where is the s nvereignty of the nation and its representatives, p 'hen A ustria may declare the constitution, tramed d y the German Parliament, null and void, when v us same Parliament dares not utter a syllable of s prouch against the King of Prussia, for usurping a sovereignty that never belonged to him, for p ucing upon his subjects a so-called constitution T tl his union of Germany is but the union of the tl nnces and their coadjutors to subjugate the people d nd keep them in vile subjection. The German n ailiament is but the servile tool, by means of u hich the people have been defrauded of the fruits ai I their revolution. It haa ceased to be of any im- le nance, even in this respect, tor the object of the m rinces is gained, and there is no further use for w We enier the present year in a state differing s< cm that ol last year in no respect whatever. We rr sve gained nothing. No nope remains for a 11 Tighter future, save that which remains to every ? wl and deserted nattou?the release to be gained y a new revolution. The preaeut year, and, per- o aps, many moie, will pass away, ere a new at- a -mpt will be made. The reaction haa been so ti ( mplete and succeaalul, that we are, if possible, e till more deeply steeped in ignorance, and more t mpotent for an energetic struggle, than before, l" tut the Genius of 1-tberty is unconquerable?the t] rinciples of troth must ever be victorious, though u piauny and despotism reign tor a while, and carry r rrrorand despondency to the heart of the timo- d ous, cowardly people who submit to it. i The news ul the immense gold districts in Cali- 0 irnia has created no little sensation here. Ameica has long been considered, by the destitute and I g ndigent working classes ot Europe, us a desirable t< Uce of refuge, and all who could by any means u crape together a sufficient sum of money to pay ]| teir passage across, flocked thither, in the hope tl t finding in the land of liberty a peaceful, quiet j n ome, and the means of procuring a decent liveil- v otd. But, since the fabled El Dorado of old has ! fll tuned out to be a mere desert to the glittering j w lama of California, the mania of emigration h is ' 0 rrived at an alarming height. Whole colonies, I ? nrm themselves, and intend to cross to the land , tI it prr.mwe, in the ho|ie ot receiving a share of the e ich booty. It is no longer the needv and poor i ? hat reek an asylum, but me more wealthy. Even | 0 he rich classes arc sacrificing their property tor ? ittle or nothing, and leave their homes for the i ^ and that ia painted in rich, dazzling colors. It | j nay easily be conjectured what a ruinous in- j luence such a state of affairs must exert upon the c nice of everything; so much the more, as comnerce and trade is already at so low an ebb. rhough our harvests have yielded rich returns to he husbandman, and provisions of all descriptions re plenty, it is probable that the present year will ear much harder upon the working classes, in conequence of ihe decline in the price of everytntng, han even the yeuis of famine 1817 and 1846. It is amusing to hear the speculations of our eer-house gossips in relation to the newly disovered treasures. Some shake their heads nowingly, and proclaim, in un authoritative I tanner, that the whole affair is a mere Y.inkee ' rick or the cunning Americana, to induce emilation fr<m Eurojie. Others believe that a general nd thorough revolution will take place in the commercial world, seeing that gold must cease to be ted as a circulating medium because of its promion. A third class believe the whole matter to e a humbug, which mnst end in the destruction f all those who are credulous enough to believe q le story; but much the greater pro(>ortion sigh a nd wish for an opportunity to get at the tempting f ictal. J. j (Our Paris Correspondence* r Paris, January 8, 1849. " The Isthmus Route. ] Your last paper is very fully quoted by the French i urnals, especially ir reference to to your ac- ! ' DUBtaof the gold rfgion In California. The fact I j iginatogain believers, even among those who i t re unwilling to believe. I am glad to see your d*- ! 1 rtuuiiP) in iviriciitc iu u 1'uoruj^c atiuoa iuc ism* | ^ ins; but as I have moused the Isthmus, and sailed i Ieo arour.d Cape Horn, my advice to all is to go | < t und Cape Horn, unleps they can make thern > i rives auie of u passage immediately alter iheir 1 rival ut Panama, t?y an arrangement with the ) leamboat agent in New York ; lor a passage from i 'unania to California could no more be procured j < a Panama than in Canada; and a person might as j I veil go to Canada to obtain a vessel to Calilornia, I s to Panama, except under a positive arrangement, r roviding lor one, belorc he leaves the United t tates The expenre ot living in Panama w ex- 1 ibitnnt; the climate is very bad?very dangerous 1 ndeed, though less so than at Cha^res; but the ' ' jEentery will be likely to attack at least one man i 1 n two; and it is terribly fatal?no assistance ! { 1 any kind?nurses, medical aid, or other 1 neans ; beyond, |>oesibiy some medicine to | i ie obtained in Panama. Only blacks can j ie hired, nnd at an enormons price, speaking I i inly the 8; anish language, who will cure no more i or a man than a doir?and the climate is so prosrating that it is almost impossible for the strong- < st constitution to bear up against if, when once ' ittacked. I say to all citizens ol tile United Sfntes t -Ktep away Irom Chagrea and Panama, as you ? v< uld Irom an hospital tilled with the small pox, * vh?re there was no one to care tor y*u, unless t o\i c an make sure of your passage direct from the ' alter place, before you leave the United States; c aking guaiantees therefor from the agents ol the lOBlS. " Whether you bnd at Gorgena or Truces is a v iiaiterot no importance. I landed at Gorgonn, and vent from theie to Panama; because the liver was n here high, and the water between Cruces and e odh rapid, so that I saved one day by landing at o iorgona?tor one day is ample to ride, or to walk, J ith a guide, from either Gorgona or Ciu es to tl 'unania? and when the river is rapid, it will take ? early a day I or the negroes to pole a large boat, e envily laden, Irom Gorgona to Cruces. It is only ti ivo or three miles lurther from Gorgona than from e 'd cesto Panama. h At Chagre, men ought not to leave the vessel n lithe boats on shote are rntiiely ready to start n p the river. The only articles of food that I could a roewre, in a passage ot two days, upon the Cha- j re river, were some eggs. To walk from Gor- I r?na, or Cruces, to Panama, will greatly increase ! n ie piobahility of nn attack of the dysentery. j A yientery in Panama, is more fatal generally than j v ie rniullnox in the United States. I t> I liave been induced to make these suggestions i > i the hope that they will be read, listened to, nnd 1 1 foiled; and if so, they Will save many lives, I v* iiu h sickness, and a great deal ot ex;>ense; lor our c ople have no more idea of the condition of the | a ininte, the people, and of things, in Chagre or i unama, than they have of the unknown world. 1 ai Viator. 1 a [ERA FUNOHAL IfOADS, ) U. 8. Ship Erik, Oct. 26,1848. $ Vine of Fayed. We did not anticipate touching at Fayal when re left the United States. An errand of humanity aok us out of our course to escort a French Teasel n diatreaa. When discovered from the sea, Fayalhaa a very avitisg appearance. A bold roek-bonnd coast wells into a lolly and irregular line of highlands. )n near approach, the cliffs and soil assume the haracters ol volcanic formations. The hill-sides, rometrically divided by hedges of cane into vineards or larm plots, present a great variety ot proluctions, andare clothed in various colors by the liflerent ciops. You may see a similar diversity >i landscape tiom the top ot Hotyoke, as if the ace of the country were tatooed, or divided into ections, uinl colored like a map. The passage between the inlands of Fayal and ? ? ? i T m. 1 : i- ? icu iB auoui imcrii nines wiue. a curved luiy, lankcd by high promontories, forms the harbor, vhich being completely open to the northeast, ami rem the routhrast to southwest, is but little better ban an open roadstead Gales of great violence set nto the harbor troin these open points, and it is rquisite to watch the weather with great vigi mice, and to be prepared to slip on a change of viiid into the exjiosed quarter. The bill-shaped peak of Pico, the first object vhich greets the eye of the mariner, is seen on me side ol the harbor, springing from the bosotn >f the sea, and uttuining the elevation of Mt. Vnt-htngion. Extinct as a volcano,11 still smoulders ind emiiB clouds of steam from its caverns or its umniit, sometimes capped with snow. The tra'ellerwho crosses its crtter, quickens his footteps over the heated soil, or may bathe ta hot prings at its base. These vents of the central fire ire esteemed the safety-valve of Fay&l, where ubterranenn noises are Followed by the shocks of larthquukes. The town, Villa Orta, built upon the border oi he hay, forms a beautiful amphitheatre, extending rem one promontory to the other. You are remded of the Koads and city of Macao, by the same enri-cicular bay, flanked by cultivated height*, ind girt by a sea wall; by the same salient fort ami rinding in the centre; by the same commanding leights in the rear, and with narrow ascending treets without foot-walks; by the same bizane ublic edifices, and that uniform style of private writings, which mark the Portuguese all over the vorld. Being built upon a declivity, the town, as e? n from the harbor, has the appearance of conideisble magnitude, and even of architectural reteusion. But the illusion is gone the moment lie foot touches the shore. The low, dark houses, le narrow streets, irregularly paved, the dilapiiitrd forts without armaments, the colleges and rligious edifict s, falling from neglect or converted lto secular offices or hospitals, all offend the eye ud speak of degeneracy and decay. These colpts and religious institutions are the only melorials of that enterprise and devotion to fetters hich, 300 years ago, planted the colonies with ;ats of learning and noble chanties, unless ws lay discover the worst effects of mental culture 1 the at ft and indolent character ol the present npotent race. Our visit here introduced us to the hospitalities f the numerous and charming f amily of our conul. Their houses, somewhat msulited from the awn, aie among the most charming spots I have ver visited. In their cultivated circle one seems o be surrounded with everything which can make ite agreeable. The hospitalities and charms of his mansion have long ago distinguished it, and nvited notice from shier pens thau mine, whose uccess in making an interesting picture has not lone justice to the snbject. To fail in describing oniy to meet with the same delect which has vertiken others. A climate of perpetual summer, a diversity of rand and picturesque scenery, and u prolific soil, -fining with noble trees and a profusion of rare nd beautiful plants, combine to make this spot kethe gardens on the slopes of Eden." A genie declivity is divided by hedges of geranium and lyrtle, and neatly terraced by low walls, clothed nth rare vines. Equatorial plants, which we o/iietirnes succeed in rearing in conservatories riihfoud and zealous culture, here spring up m the pen air. The aloe, the camehs, and others the lost delicate, thrive more luxuriantly than in their opic home. The cofiee, banana, and orange, vt n the aromatic spices?the nutmeg, and cinnaaoii?pi nw upon the aume soil with the most hardy i our foiest and fruit trees, and our common wild nd garden flowers Our choicest plants, hardly listuiguieheil amid the profusion ot beautiful obectB around lilt in, attain a most remarkable size Hy notice was especially directed to a msgnificeDt amelia, with a trunk a foot in diameter, rising ten ?r twelve feet, and expanding with perfect svmrnely. Its enamelled leaves were gemmed with tuds and blossoms. With so many facilities for he culture, you may imagine what a paradise a rmily of foitune and taste, devoted to the pursuit, mgbt tear in a life time. W hile you see around you nothing but plants and ilotbi ms, and breathe only fragrance and delight, 'ista's, opening as it wvre by accident, lead tne haimed eye to the harbor arid shipping, and the Majestic foim of Pico, not more than fifteen miles listant. I am told that no urtist has ever m ide a atthful sketch ol Pico, though many have atteni itd it. The eye is constantly pleased, but ballled, ly the variety of its changes, its nearness arid outine, eharjily defined to its very summit, render it lifiiculi to preserve the proper relation of distance ictwetn the raked upper region and the cultivated lopes of the foreground. A water color painting iy moonlight, was pronounced the most faithful fhe changing clouds are ever shifting the scene, nd producing picture alter picture, each different roni its predecessor, but each perfect and beauttul. Now shrouded in its misty mantle, the witole rciiritain is obscured, or the gleam of it* taunted mmmit, springing like u sugar loaf Irom the bosom if fhe cruter, may he seen piercing the blue sky. S'ow it discloses only its barren and lurrowed uper regions, in all their natural wtldness and subtmity, whete the hand of mult has writteu no :hange. nor vegetation conceals the petrified chaniels of lava-, now girdled by n zone of rosy clouds, he lower distiicts, luxuriant with vineyards and lectures, embroidered with aromatic gardens, and jotted with the white cottages of the peasantry, are teen in striking contrast with the nakedness and sterility of the summit. There is in the grandeut if the mountain top, unclothed with verdure, ridged jnd reamed with the congealed streams ol formet luptiotis, now unalterably fixed, but still preservng the appearance ol fluidity and motion, u close esemblsnre to that valley of barrenness and ruin leecribfd by Lamartine in his journey through ranon, which by a bold figure he compares to " tne letrlfied waves of a granite flood," "a cataract ol ocks," and a "vision ot the last hoursofthe world, vben all shall have been consumed by fire." The mountain is too near, and too sharply d ined, on a clear day, not to he wanting in that hadowiness and mystery which belosg to tne lighest sublime. But standing in cultivated It ounds, such as I have described, and catching a new of its surf-fringed base, its vine clad ?loj>e? ind its naked top, and its graceful outline the 2cneral picture, everchanging into new and charmng con.binntione?und yon cannot but frcl iffl list*monious relation to the garden scene around you. Without being ollended by any inharmonious or xcesstvecontrast, you are subdued by itsuuobtrulive majesty, and the calmness of its repose ; and he mere sensual pleasure derived from a profusion >t plants and blossoms, is refined into more correct ind elevated perceptions of the beuutiiul. associa -i -L ? <ii iIim nrcul T'rurner nf Cd Willi Mir ? vorlds, who lilted the volcano from the sea, and :< miTiiinded the fiery flood to stand fait, and who, iy the same agency, can overturn it hy the roota, nd in whoie presence it will again be melted aa rax. Pico 1a the summer resort of the people of Fayal, t least ot so many of them as are considerable notigh to be able to observe the fashion. As with urselves, the time of migration commences in uly and terminates in October, i have not learned hat any advantage is gained, or any inconvenience voided, by the change of residence. But of ourse fashion is omnipotent; and to call in que aion her usages, w ould be in as bad ta.'te here as Isewhere : and as I cannot leurn that the people ere hsve any employment summer or winter, I do ot know that there is any reason why they should ot enjoy their indolence in one place as well as notlier. W. Dfatii or Ms?. Nines?The Paris papers hbource ihe lecent death ot Mrs Nilca, w fe of (lie imeiiean Charge d'Aflsires at Turin. This lady 'as born in France, and married lor her first husarid Doctor Sue, formerly physician to King Fmuia iVIIF., and lather of the ciebrated Kugenr .Sue 'he funeral of this lady was attended ut Turin, iih every mark of reap* ct from the dip oma ic nrps end others. She has left twin daughters bout 1-1 years old, on the model of whom Kogene ue is sa d to have lormrd (lie characters ot liose nd Blanche, in one of hs moat celebrated rulancer. LD. TWO CENTS. Tile Common RchooU of New York. OOMMUNISM AMONG THE INDIANS, ETC. ?? ??? INDIAN ICHOOL1. Keboola for tbc Instruction of Indian ohlldran are now aatabllabcd upon tbo St Rogla tbo Onondaga, tho Cattaraogna and Allogany, and Sblnao?o?k Indian roaorrationa. Tha flhinnaaAak Indiana Aaannw a amall naamanlama containing about 000 aeres, on the eoutbern shove of Long Island, and within the limits of the town of South Hampton The whole number of ohlldreu between the ages of 6 and 10 years is 60, and the number who base attended tohool some portion of the time, is 40. The Agent of the St. Regis Reservation reports, that a school has been kept nine months during the year, with an average attendance of fifty children Of the sum ol taw. appropriated for the support of the school, ?i',B bM h*fn P*'? to tb* late teaohcr, Francis Cerr : ? J? tkl* I'terent teacher A. C. Waterman ; $8 20 . .l?e n,at eapenres; $10 In hiring a teacher and lilting the school: leaving $66 86 unexpended In the hands ot the Agent * '"iter dated Net 27,1848, from the teacher to Mr. Wheeler, the Agent, gives eome additional particulars, relating to the Indians and the ech'ol. The books used In the school at* Sanders' First, Second and Third Readers. Websler'e Klerorntary Spelling Book, Mitchell's Primary School Geography, and Colburn's Mental Aritbmetto. The number of children learning to read and reeding loktbe Spelling Bcok wae 24 ; In toe first book of Sanders' series 10 , In ths second book B ; and In tha third 10 ; in Geography 6 ; In Mental Aritbmetto 10 : learning to write 16 ; learning to oount 24. At the time of writing, the average dally attendance was 86. and the numb-r present that day was 60 Ths diffleulltes which the teaefaer at flret nooouotered. had been overcome, and there was a pr<>sp*ot of more scholars than could be properly cared for without assistance. A want of sehool booke. map*, apparatus and writ!eg materials. Is severely felt. Still, under all dlsadvnntsges, the obildren were makingoommendableprogress, and teetn to acquire knowledge with the same faoilit/ as the whltss. The reeord kept by the olerk of the tribe shows that there were living on the Ameriean eide. bordering on Canada, two hundred and fifty children of wbteh number between eighty and ninety are between the ages of 6 and 10. As an evidence of ihe rapidity with wbloh they learn to read and write, the teaohcr enolosed a liat of the names of 40 children, then present In sehool. written in a fair and legible hand, by a lad who took his first lesson In wrlMng in July last. I earnestly recommend the enn'inuanee of ths ap, propriatton of $300 annually to this Reservation. L'pon the Onandaga Reservation a school was kept . by a male teaohcr tor five months previous to tha first of May. 1848, and for the ensuing six months by a | male teacher with a female assistant. The sum of $226 , was expended for teachers' wages. The whole number ef soholara, who had attended, at the date of the Agent's report, was 01 ; of whom 40 bad been quite regular, and twenty-five bad been absent but a few days during the year. The whole number of children on the Reservation, between ths ages of 5 and 10, is about 84. Only about three-fifths of the obildren belonging to the tribe have attended eobool at ail ; and the average daily attendance Is lesa than one-third of the whole. When we consider ths extreme poverty and destitution of many, the discord between the Pagan and Christian families, and novelty of subjecting to school discipline the roving Instlnets of the Indian, our wonder will be that so many can be persuaded to attend at all. The branches of study taught are, reading, spelling, writing, orthography, geography, arithmetic, drawing, and vocal music The same want of books, maps, apparatus, and other apelioanees for teaohing, la felt as at the St. Regis school. The laok of needful oijthing and food, also, prevents the attendanoe of many obildren Speolmens of drawing, executed by several of the scholars, highly creditable to them, have been prej sented to ibis Department. I The Indian Reservations in Alleghany F.rle, Catta! raugus. Onondaga, and other sounties. cuuortse many thousand acres of the finest agricultural land lathe Slllf). llin (JUQDUUU UibUlBIIJ BUK^TTBbB IbBBIl HUB, then. can the Indiana be ao miserably pvor and destltute T Agriculture, the mechanic art*, and the habits of civilized life, are to be learned by them; bat the chief oeure may bo found in the fact, that this land, being the common inheritance from which all derive support, no one feels an individual interest iu improving it. The labor of the industrious contributes alike to the support of the idle. The usual incentives to toll and thrift, the hope of personal gain and the acquisition of exclusive ptoperty, are wanting Is it not obvious tbat the prsctlcal oommunlsu imposed by our laws upen ths Indians, obstructs their advance in knowledge and civilisation, and deprives them of the chief stimulus to industry and frugality? The eeeeign and alienation of their land cannot be made without the consent of the State. Could they not be allowed to divide the land equitably among themselves, giving to each an estate of inheritance, bnt not permitting the lai d to be disposed of by devise, deed, nor to be encumbered by mortgage or judgment r It is now held in common and Inalienable; It would then e held in partition, not devisable, not alienable, nor suhjtct to any lien or Incumbrance. The right of pre-emption belonging to the Holland, the Ogden, and other laud companies. If the Indiana cbcore to remain. Is worthless, aui their removal most be voluntary The State is not bouod to shape It# legislation, eoaa to cause the expulsion or extermination of the Indians. If they desire to occupy the small remnant of their once ample possessions, and are willing to become an agricultural people, the State ehould petmit their possession to be such as Is proven to be most conducive to the Individual and social wvil-being of mankind. It the Indian Is to be ctvlllzad and eduoated, be must cease to be a savage. We nmst allow him to partition and cultivate his land, if we would not have all our efforts to educate aud enlighten him prove Illusive and futile. By the liberality of a philanthropist of our State, inducements have been held out to the colored people, by ihe generous grant of laud, to improve their physical condition, and to elevate their character. The grant was not made as the common property of all who might choose to occupy if, hut was wlssly parcelled out to Individuals in small tracts, thus furnishing the strongest encouragement to individual enterprise and frugality Why should not the same policy he adopted In reference to the Iodians The red man hae been deprived of h'l inheritance. The advance of civilization has usually done hot littieforthe improvem?nt of hla condition. Hs has generally been foui.d apt to adopt all the vices, while be diicarded the virtues of the white man. OS" THK OSOOI7.ATIO* OS T H I! COMMOV 1H00L1 The number of School Di-triota in the State according to the Wet rspoitB. is 10 621. The nnoib-rrsported last year was 11 012 The formation of union districts Hid the dissolutir n of districts oanmt have caused this decrease Some error has been committed, and yst It. seems highly improbable tbat any Town Snperiiterdsnt should be ignorant of the number of diftiicts or sobf ol-heures In his town The school money Is apportioned to the several . counties and towns in proportion to tbeir copulation. ' If we divide the amount of public money by the num ber of the dietrieta. * b??e *5S-? 000 (the euro dletrfI I ntra the coming year.) divided by 10 621 gtelog 1M 66 to each dletrict. And yet there are 26 to won in the | S'ate Tret lrlcg lei* than that num. and 7?recelriog lae< t) an $100 The dlatributlon among the district* of tha aereral towt l if mud* In proportion to the number of children in neb. hi-twri-B 6 and 10 y-are ? f age 1 The distribution of the achoM money aooordlng to pcpulation glee* the older en adeantageorer the rural i d Htib-tr New York ha? SO *00 children between the [ ?pe* of 5 and 6. and the por'lon of rohool money l? $40 C21 66. or 60 rente I r each child Madison cm r ly bnr 10 766 children between 5 end 16 rea?a of nk r, and har f4 4S6 ? 6 erhool money, or abont 42 centa It r each child '1 be (inference in faror of New York | ir s een'r for each child [ilvlrilrg the number of a'raa of Improved land In th> s<ate 11.76" 2"0. by the number of dlrtrlcta, 10,621, W" bare 1 107 acter to each district. The aggregate* < aluetion of the whole >*tate In 1S47 wax $632 690,008. (r f ft) Tf 0 to each dlrtrlot . or excluding tha valuation oi New Ink. ($247,162 o(>3.) about $66 000. acttnoi. uxtmiit i.m* aaira. The number of rolutner In the .school District Htrailer in 1M4 wsa 1 146 250; In 1446. 1.208,190: In 1H6 1 610,0)6; and In 1X47 1 936 846 In tbe counties of Allegheny. t'ayuga, Chenango, Clinton. Columbia Greene, Hamilton. Mouroa, Montgomery. NewYtrk. Orange. Orleana Oawego. Pattiim. Wayne, and Wyoming, tha number of rolumea reported ir lett than lart rear. Yet the library maney har bean apportioned to them all Sel( cttonr for the dl?tr1. t llbrarlaa. are mnd* San the whole rar ge of literature and rctenae, with fh> < xreptlon of controrerrial bcok". politloal or religion*; h ?toi y. biography, poetry, philoaopy. mental, moral, and natural Action-indeed erery departioem of Uuman knowledgo contribute* Itr ?h?re to the district school library. The object of thlr great charity waa not merely to fur fish book* far ahlldren but to eat*. hll?h in all the rehool district* r mm?iUueous library. anlted to the tarteraud carae'tl"acf every ago. By iraana of thia diffurle* bonerolence the light of knowledge penetro'aa arertr portion of the Slate, and tha tonr of onr farmera. merchant", meohanloa, andtabirrrr. hare daily recera to many selected book*. of y hlch. hot for tbir sagacious pelloy of our 8 lata, a ma jorlty of them wonld hara naver heard. After a loog dlacnrrion upon the quaatlon of tha nererrlty of the oflloo of County Superintendent, tta report paste* bn to dlaonaa tha preeeat system. and ihowr the plan to ba bad of oolleotlog the teacher'* ealary by a rate, he haying to wait for hi* money till all tbo euita are ended. Tie question of Tree gohoola la then ably dlaaoaaed, That part of the report eonaarnlng ladian aahoola, deprive* attention and la partlanlarly Inter eating. It la not. pethapa, generally known that the Poarletlte, or aoalal system, la In practical operation In thla Stata, and that It* natural frnita and ooasaquanoas ar* beggary. airtb, Idleneaa, Indolanaa, daatltntlon, wretahedreaa. and mlaary ! A negro named Gilbert ha* bean taken Into cajtoJy at Peoiia, 111 , for the muider of hla wife.

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