Newspaper of The New York Herald, February 7, 1849, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated February 7, 1849 Page 1
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TH NO. 5361. Proposed Dissolution of the Union* Seventh Annual Meeting of the Atmchusette Anti-Slavery Society. The ennui meeting of the Massachusetts AntU S1?to."7 society we* held in Fanueull Hell, Boaton, on Wade at ?lay. Jen 34. The cbair waa taken by Francis Jacbson, Preaideat of the Society,e< 11 o'clock, A. M.,who oalled the matting to order, end gey* opportunity for yoeel or client prayer. Wendell Phillips, from the Committee an Business, reported tba following resolutions 1 Unsolved, That while we look upon the free aoil movement es the unavoidable result of onr prlnolplea and agitation, and bell It so far es its formation gives proof of the wider spread of a degree of anti slavery feeling in the community, are feel oalled upon to warn the old friends ol onr cause, the veterana of so long and fleroe n *tr?ggle,not to expeot too much from tba first groping* of a community whleb, as yet, seas men but as tresa walking ; and that ws are not to sinh the eiparieneeof nigh twenty years, to suit the views, or wait tba Infant movements of those who have just awaked to onr enterprise ; that the maintaining of our advanced position is the only seoartty wo have, that tbay will persevere In their short measure - the only sheet anchor when this experiment n*o?ssary for their educe Ion has failed, as in its present form it must?the oorps of reserve by whtob alone their broken rants and disheartened oournge are to be succored. and the labors of so many years saved, when tbi* transition period is pa<sed. 3. Resolved. Tbnt as the success of the slave power, in usurping the control of our government, ha* been owing to its being made the paramount object of a large claia in the community, and espeoially in the lave States, no effeotual resistance ean be made to such a conspiracy, bat by a party prepared to make re slstance to the slave power the exolusive and para mount object of Its existence ; and hence we view with alarm and deep regret theoourse of the free soli party in putting in nomination, in some oases, men <r*^0 were not prepared to pledge themselves to the support of even their platform of principles, deem'.ng such a course trea*on to the hopes, and dege/friag to forfeit tbe trnst, of the anti-slavery public 8 Resolved, That we cannot Vook upon the free soil patty as an anti-slevery party in any proper seuse of the term, as no effeotoal reslstanoe oan be made to the slave power, except by a pat ty prepared and pledged to h ample unisr foot the compromises of the constitution ; and we look upon any sucoess attending ths ef forts of the free eoil movement, as due only to the fear entertained by tbe South that their candidates will, in reality, be false to their oaths of office, and ready to make every use. covertly, of that auti slavery sentiment in tbe oommunity, which far outruns its platform. and haa long ago snapped asunder the bonds of the Union. 4 Resolved, That the churoh, which is in religions fellowship with slaveholders or the members of whi jo are In political alliance with slaveholders, or which cherish as and exemplifies the spirit of oomplexioaal oaste -or which does not make the immediate abolition of slavery its special oonoern- is natworthy to be recognised as a church of Christ, has no claim upon human sympathy or respect,and ought to he abandoned by every one at radically defective m Christian principle and character ; and whoever oentlnue? in willing connection and conformity with such a church, ia to be regarded as an aetual supporter of alavery. WlDS KSI)?V ? AKTKBSOON SKSSION. S. S. Fostkh withdrew hie motion to re oommit, and moved to amend the first resolution by substituting ae fellows Resolved, That we hail with joy the breaking up of the two great political parties of the oountry, as conclusive evidence of the progress of anti-slavery sentiments, even though their sundered fragments may have been re-united on ground scaroely less pro-slavery than that of the partiee from whioh they have been torn. WBDNBSDAV? EVEWIRO SESIIOlt. The Seeiety re assembled according to adjournment; Kdmand OulnAV. of U?dh& th? nh&W who rM&J the resolutions before the meeting. J amu N. Br a i m moved to ley the resolutions on the table, thet en opportunity might be afforded to introduce to the eu ilenoe two recent fugitives from slavery in Georgia, which motion was carried. William W. Brown then gave a brief sketoh of the interesting and remarkable esoape from slavery of William and Ellen Craft. He read an extract from a New Jersey paper, a correspondent of whioh had observed this fugitive oouple on board of one of the steamboats, and had been struck by something unusual in their appearance. They are quite young; Ellen, the wife,Is so nearly white that, by clothing herself in male attire, she wan enabled to pass for a white man, while her busi band attended her as her servant. In this way, they took the prinoipal travelled reute, and came to Philadelphia in four days, where they met with many who rejoiced with them in their hazardous but completely tuccesiful undertaking. The husband was a journeyman cabinet maker, and by industry and prudence had been able to lay by a sun sufficient to pay the expenses of their flight; this, besides paying $22J annually to his master, and the cost of his owe support. These fugitives, whose appearance is suoh as warmly to prepossess every spectator in their behalf, were then invited to the pla'form, and introduced to the audience. ihey were received with cheers, and expressions ol vat interest on the part of the audience. Mr. Brown said be wished to lay three propositions before the audience, that they might be answered in hearing of these fugitives. First ?All present who will help return a slave to his bondage, will please to say Yes. None replied Second ? AU who would stand still, and do nothing, fer or against him. will please to say Yes. None replied * Third?All who would aid in protecting. rescuing and eavinghim from slavery, will say Yes. An immense and piolonged assent, reminding one of the '' everlasting yea," came up from the meeting William W Brows, himself a fugitive slave, then sang an anti-slavery song, whioh was muoh applauded. Henry C Wright moved to take up the resolutions on the free sell party. This was carried, and Mr. W. addressed the meeting In their support, showing the pro-slavery character of the eonstitutlon, and thft the free soil party goes for maintaining the compromises with slavery. He showed the inoonsistency of those who had just responded so enthusiastically to W. W. Brown's question, that they would protect and resoue the fugitive slave, while the; supported a constitution which bound them to deliver up the fugitive Several gentlemen of the free soil party, whe were present, were here called upon to speak, but did not The discussion was continued by S S Foster. W. Phillips, and W. L. Garrison, the first in support ol his amendment, the last twe in support of the resolutions. Samuel May, Jr , introduced the following resolution and spoke briefly in its support : ? Resolved, Thnt in prosecuting the work of the redemption of the slave, and in our determination to be deterred from that object by no constitutions er party organisations, or ecclesiastical combinations whatever, we summon all the trne friend* of freedom and humanity to oorne to our aid, and sustain, during the year on which we have entered, that great moral movement which has laid the axe at the root of slavery's tree, by their moat generous contributions and pledgee. thursday ? evening session The resolution on the ohnrob being before the Society. Edmund Qkincv spoke in its support. Paerer Pillssurv followed, in justification of the course of the Amerioan Antl-slavery 8ociety, ai d its friends, in boldly exposing and rebuking the faithless and pro slavrry course of tbe Amerioan cburobes. He spoke of the influence of those ehurshec as on the wane Wendell Phillips took a different view from Mr. Pillsbury. of tbo Influence of the churches, end commend"! the energy, perseverance, end ability with wtnrh tbey labored tor the end* they sought. He acknowledged their bigotry, end oondemned their ooursc on the tubjest of elerery, end would not regard them as Christian churches ; but he seld they were enemies not to be thought of lightly, end abolitionists might learn a useful leeson from them of dauntless end unwearied self-devotion. Mr. Phillips, before taking his seat again Introduced William ana Klleu Craft, tke Georgia fugitives, to the meeting They w?re received with even more hearty and prolonged cheering than on the evening previous rsiDAT - Moniiiso ar.ssiois. The resolution on the church being the subject before the Society, it was spokea to by Samael May, Jr., and Parker Pillebury. Its adoption wss moved by S. 8. Foster Saw ash .Mitciisll moved to amend that resolution, by substituting ibe following: ? ^ Resolved. That as the Amerioan ohureh baa been * folly proved to be the bulwark of slavery, w beliave lhe time hat came when it thinthl he destroyed root and branch, at of no ute to the people, and a cunt to every cause of moral reform The question was then taken on the original roseI lotion and adopted wi'bout a dissenting voto Stishvn S Fostkr Introduce J the following resolatUn, and advocated it at length:Resolved, That, in the opinion of this Sooiety, It Is eipedient to organise a system of measures designed to array its friends at the ballot boies, there to vote tot men pledged to take no oath to the o-mstttntlon of the United States, and to use all their Influence to dissolve the Union. i raidat?ArTKBitoon skssioiv. Charlks Stv.arrs offered the followlog resolution, and supported it in some very earnest remarks respecting the suffering of many of the laboring people of the Noitb : ? Whereas, the rights of the laborer at the North are Identified with those of the Southern slave, and cannot be obtained as long as chattel slavery rear* it* hydra head In our laud ; and whereas, the earns arguments whleh apply to the situation of the crushed slave ore also in force In reference to the condition of the Northern laborer, although In a less degree; 1 tm refute, I Resolved, That. It la equally Incumbent upon the workintinen of the North to espouse the can e of the emancipation of the slave, and upon abolitionists to advocate the e aims of the free laborer John C. Cluhs attributed the greater part of the sufferings of the North-rn laboring people, and espee ally of the poor Irish, to a too f.ce an of lut'?*ieaI ting drinks, lie said he had paid mueh attuation to i ) fbsee subject* vis: the rights of tbs laborer and tern ' persrce; and he spoke with full assurance of the truth el what he raid Mr K teams'* resolution was adopted, and the Soelttj adjourned to 1 o'olock. rsir>Ar-vvvnino session The Scelety m?t according to adjournment. In Faptutl H-il; Fraud* Jt-okson, rrisideut, In the chair. E NE" MOBNJ Mr. Omiiiw, Chiirxii of the Business Committee, r ported the following resolutions:? Resolved, Thet the one greet object to he attempted j and achieved, to seoure the emancipation ef oar enflared countrymen-to aeeert and protect the rlghte ' of the people of the North?and to impose the aehtl criminality Involved la the slave eyatem exclusively epen the Incorrigible tyraate of the So nth?Is, the ] iamei.'s-te di? solution of the Amerloaa Union?a Union 'baud the prostrate bodies of throe millions ' of the neoni* ?nwtod with their blood-a Union , which gives ibwlut. pot.?' "d wholesale traffickers la human W < military and naval power, and the < wonld inevitably burst asunder the oh*. * , a * j bond man?a Union la which treedom of speeoh .*<* j the preas, the right of petition, and safe and e<iual loco- j motion, are eloren down, aad the citizens of one por- t tlon of the country are seized for no alleged crime in r another portion, hurried to prison, kept in chains, j plundered of their property, and in numerous ins tan- , cm cold ob the auction block at public Tendue, m iUvm, la lota to ault purchaser*. Resolved, That la openly and unequivocally advocating slavery as a just, beneficent and democratic Institution. John C. Calhoun, of South Carolina, Is to be oommended for his frankness and directness; that for hlsearnectneis. censlsteney, Intrepidity and self-Sacrtfloe, in defending and seeking to extend and perpetuate what he thus professes to regard as superlatively tTeellefit, he is equally to be oommended; and that he stanls in honorable contrast, and Is incomparably to be preferred, to those Northern time-servers and dough laces, who professedi? look upon slavery with abhorrenoe, and yet are found ever ready to compromise the tacred principles of liberty, to betray the rights of the people of the North, and on bended knee lo worship the sla-e power of the South. j They were supported by W. L. Garrison unci He'arv C. Wright * William W. Bnow.v advoosle i lbs resolutions, and declared tbat he do n0 loss that intse war upon a consututi". j and Union whloh ibtde a chattel of nim, arid u'%riy refused to acknowledge his right to free'.Ini or to proteot him in it. He referred to the two lugi'tvrs from sUtvery, who bad attended some of our previous meetings, and again introduced them to the audience, who received them with enthuiiastio greetings. Mr Brown again gave a sketch of their method of projeoting and executing their bold attempt. Wendell Phillips referred eloqueatly to the case of these iuteresting fugitives He raid that we should look in vain through the meet trying times of our revolutionary history lor sn incident of courage aud noble dating to equal that of the eeoape of William and Ellen Ciatt; and future historians and poets would tsll this stiry as oue ef the most thrilling in the nation's annals ; aud millions would read it, with admiration of the hero and heroine of the story, and would wish that they could have lived to take part in the glorious struggle of freedom and justice and humaulty against slaveiy, fiaud. aud tyran-iy. Mr. Phillips closed with reading the p-ution to the Ma-saohusetts Legislature, (now in session.) for a secession from the Union, and called upon all who were not inere hearers, but doers, to come up and sign and circulate this petition. Mr. Gakhkofi, from the Business Committee, then reported the foil ring resolution : ? Re set vi d. That if. in the earlier days of our antltlaiery struggle, the utmost zeal and alacilty were wisely ai o tll-ciuaUy shown by abolitionists, In circulating pstiriccs fer the abolition of slavery in the Dis trict c t Column1*, and for the repeal of ail laws in this commonwealth in derogation of the rights of our colored population, it is Incomparably more important, now. that they should inanife?t at least as much seal and alacrity in circulating, for popular signatures, the petitions to the Legist .ture fur the immediate secession of Massachusetts from a Union in which she is held as a vassal, and which serves only to pollute and degrade her. The question was then taken on the resolutions separately, and they were unanimously adopted. Voted to adjourn, sii.e die, FRANCIS JACKSON, President. Samuel May, Jr , l C. Bramhall, > Assistant Secretaries. Eliza J. Kenny, ) The California Go 1*1 Excitement. WOVfcMKNTS IN NKW YORK. The New York and California Mining and Trading Association, numbering titi members, owners 01 the fine bark Ann Welch, (late Mobile line packet,) sailed yesterday, under command oi Capt. A. S. Rogers, for San Francisco and the gold diggings. This association is composed of substantial and respectable citizens of New York, Brooklyn, and Williamsburg, who advanced $500 each for capital, and are well fitted with two years' orovi1 eiyns, and various kinds of implements ana machinery, which will give them advantages equal to aBy company that have left our shores tor a similar enterprise. They deserve success; and if energy, enterprise, and perseverance, with stout hearts and strong arms, can insure u, iney win nave ineir share. Annexed are their names:? Captain A. 8 Rogers, R 8. Mstlok, John Petty. Win. Eaton, Jacob Camran, A. D. Withers, A. F Dunham, William Eaton. 2d. William 8. Meeiok. Richard H. Stanley, J Sidney Oonld, O. W Casllew, Henry Bainbridge, Wm F Bowne, B F. Bonne, Thlletas Dorion, , Henry M. Clark, E. C Franklin. Dr. J. H. Hobart Burge. Wm. H Rogers, Julius Goldstein, Rlohard E. Stanton, A. McViokar, Geo. W. Jones, Lewis P. Sandford. Panl 8. Carsilew, Geo. W. Aroularlos, Madison Felley. John Dnteher, Morris King, Char Whitlook, Cbas E. Rowan, F. Chas. Ward, 2d mate, John F. Carter, George L. Hewett. J. B. Marshall, James Carolan, John Totten. W. J. Vredenburgh, Robert James, F. 8.-McLenwled. Hiram M. Carter, Andrew F. Benediot, Daniel Hogvls, Hollis E Jenks, 1st mate, Morris Lyon, Jobn H. Riokett, Peine Hull, Jos. C. Williams, Samuel R. Ketch am, Thomas Benediot, Wm. Morrow, John L, Morrill. Samuel Smith, Jonathan Hatsted. Joshua Totten, Samuel Totten, John D. Russei, Henry W. Peokwell. Michael Morris. Wm M. Cooper, E. MeGinnis, John Roberts. G. W. Messerole, Morris Baisley, Geo. Barry .Jr., W. H. Jasen.?Total?BT. Among the passengers by the Crescent City, wa8 Mr. Chas. L. Ileiser, who was omitted in our report yesterday. The following persons sailed in the brig Cordelia tor California, on the 30th Jan. J. Cooke, J. M. Jackson, G. J Farley, W. P. Isaacs, E.Hall, S H. Covert, R. Tardeaius, Wm. Phyfe, M. Phjfe, M. H Welle, F. M Fenton, J L. Isaaos. A Robett-on, Jr.. C.W.Sy, Charles>loLean, M. H. Gillet, > Ed. B rurdy, O. H. Newton, N Semanboff, Jehn Osboin, A B Shelden, M. B Carpenter, James M. Parker, J. W Hendriokson, Charles Milliken A. L. Conkling. Mr. Vallalr, A. Higgins, Jr., Charles Rolls, Chas. G. Cornell, J R. Mead Henry Fooe, William E. Hoff, Daniel Christie, J A Ruggles, Thomas G. Voorhls, P McLean, George W. Whitlock. John Baird, Samuel C. Ransom, Jobn Jsokton, John W. Smith, E Gerder, Hiram Thorne, John J. Brown, John Ledger, George ' Alexander Smith, John Keyser, George H. Foreman, i Francis Cooke. W. H. Worden, E Colgrave. Benjamin Carter. J. Mlldrnm, B Old*. G H Carriek, Warren L. Everett, Thomas S. S. Lester, H. H. Hassey, T. P. Williams. MASSAC IIUSKTIU. The Boiton Journal of the 5ih inst. says Ship Lenore, and bark Rochelle, both tor California?the lormer with one hundred, and the latter with forty-six passengers?went to sea yesterday. Backed out.?A person belonging to East Boston, who had taken passage in the ship Corsair for Chagres, paid his fare, and got his '-truck" on boaid, when the hour for sailing came, concluded that be would rather stay at home and seek gold by diligently laboring at his usual employment. The ihip went without him, leaving him minus his pat soge money and outfit, in all some time hundied dollars. Uot I Aft.?The bark Drummond also left one of her passengers. He went ashore on Friday evening to spend the night, and did not start early enough to get on board in the morning. Just as he reached the wharl the bark was standing down the harbor in fine style, with a strong N. W. breeze. He had probably forgotten that good advice given by the old Quaker: "Never wait lor the last bell." Two of the Leonora's company, Dr. Fitk and Parker H. Pierce, Jr., (Secretary,) were also lelt. Th?y were about an hour behind hand. Another new Company ?Another new company for the gold diggings was organized in this city on Saturday evening, under the title of the Mutual Benefit Mining and Trading Company. The officers are Daniel I. Moras of Chelsea, president; Calrow of Boston, vice president; Mr. Haggles oi Dorchester, secretary, and a beard of directors. The company is to consist of sixty memi eC. nL.l r\ I ? Drrvy ^iiuiii i^iirisfn, uorcurmci, hmu uiucr luwns in this vicinity,) who pay into the common stock $300 each, with which they have purchased a fine veFsel, and intend to fit ner out tor a two years' cruise. They also intend to take a large stock of goods, and establish a trading house at San Francifco. The company have purchased the bark Emma Isadora, late of Gloucester, 213 tons burthen. and about six years old, for $9,000. Captain Sandfoid Henry, of Chelsea, who is one of the company, will go out in her as master. Capt. H. ha* been rounathe Horn four times. The brig Acadnn. (late Halifax packet), Capt. Cunningham, cleared this forenoon for San Francisco ; and also the brig Rodolph, (late a Baltimore packet). The passenger lists of both the above vessels are suppressed until they get to sea. The Acadian will maxe the passage through the Straits ot Magellan. She is ownid by the company who go out in her, and who intend to establish a house at San Francisco, to be managed by a portion of the company, while the remainder go to the mines. They take out a large assorted cargo of goods. Ship Flavio, of Newburyport, 638 tons, ten years old, has been purchased in this ctty tor a California voyage, at $22,000. The bug Sarah Abigail, which was reported some weeks since as sold for California, cleared at this prut, on Sa.urday lust, for the Cape de Verde Islands and a market. I VV YO [NG EDITION?WEDN Ship Magnolia, Capt. Simmons, also cleared at 1 New Bedford on Saturday, and will sail to-morrow < or the same destination. A list of passengers is < mnexed:? < Benjamin Worth, John F. Pops, wife, ahlld, and ear- t rant; Miss Marohant. Rerlllo Swain, Isaao K Potter, j lohn Hasklns, James H. Crocker, Franklin Perry, John < King, Mrs. Simmons, (Captain's wtlfc) of New Bedford: tdward Potter, Cornelius N. Carpenter, of Nortbdeld, Vermont; George Peyton, Charles Payson, Semnel ' Berrell and -, of Portland, Maiee; P W. Selbr. 1 William P. Hallett. William Norton, of New York; C. | 3. Spauldlng, Mr. Cadwell, Mr Collins, George B Reed, 1 >f Montpelier, Varment; Samuel H. Taber, Feirharan; i F. Billings, Dr. White and wife, of Woodstock, Vt ; > Baker, Philadelphia; Horace Williams, Augusta, riaine; Gilford, Westport; <5. H. Smith, Dartnouth; BenJak:1,l 8. Shore, Fall Rleer; E. T. Snell, 1 rhomas Whiteside, Duncan H Barns, Theodore H. ' >noe, Michael O Sullivan. K. H. Tobey, N. Rederiok, 1 lames Webb, Jr, John P. Henderson, William Bly, H. M. Hill, E F. Haffardt, E H. Wade, Otis Manahester, t lames Bates, Bartlett Allen, Rnfns Howland, Edwin i ,dc?, William Gilford, E. T. Slocum, Frederick P , lowland, Jeste, Gilford, of New Bedford; Alfred, aait^ i low. Divid P. naraiow, of Lowell; Henry B. Pearoo,of Barnard, Vt.; E. Glover, Mr Sturtevant, Mr. Stnrte- 1 rant, of Boston; Wm A. Libbey, Alborne Alien, A. Jelano. Thomas O. Bradford, of Falrharen: O. A xi__ , oe, of Bristol; C. A. Clark, O. C. GHTord, of Falmouth; i J G Bourne, P H Braoket, J,B. Pleroo, of Woodstock, /ermont; William T. Ward, Fall River; \ilen Hooper, iwansey; J. B. Thomas, Robert j p yall, New fork; JetbrQ sowle, Weatport; Macomber, Dartaou'tj Mr. Haywood, Bridge*^,. jamM y, wheeler ind William C. Thompson , residence unknown; and a company of six men fro ^a West port, names unknown.? Total, 80. The bark Dimon, Capt. Reynard, sailed For San Francisco on Saturday last, from New Bedford with the following passengers:? P. Pierce, Hiram Churohm, George Whltbsok, Samuel D. Barnes, E. E Luoas, Frsderlok B. Sylvester, T. L. Davenport, Jackson Lewis, John E. Carnell, Harrison Johnson, C. G. Cleaveland, William H. 1 Gibbs. Albert A. Thomas. Jos J. Gray, Alexander J. 1 Tilton. Zsdoek Tllton, John M. Weaver. Thomas W. I Thurston, Jos. A Dies, CbarlesHood, James William- i son, of New Bedford; Jos. Chase, Jabez Pleroe, R. II. , Purrlngton, George Presbury, John Woodwortb, Alex j ander Bordeo, Richard Ilopwood, William C. Ball, . Edw. Kershaw, John S. Carpenter, Thliip II. Chase, John R Hood, W. Cobb, James Briggs. Samuel L. James. Jos G Brown, George W Chase, Hiram Reynolds, Thomas Brown, James F. Devolt, Philip Stro- 1 bridge, I'resbury Sherman, of Fall River; W, W M v | i son. Terrace Coyle, of Taunto^; ni assent M. Luoas, George F. Trlbou, Marmot M. Keith, of East Bridgewater; John 5. urewni-11, of Portsmouth, R. I.; Rowland S. Lovell, of Coventry, R. I. Her oflloers arcRobeit P. llaynard. of Fall River, captain; George W. Smith. ?f New Bedford, 1st mate, and John Carr. of Fall River. 2d mate U. II. White, Johu R. Corey, Dr. Henry McGee? Total, 50. In addition to the above, the schooner Pomona, Capt Almy. cleared at New Bedford on Saturday, wilhihe lollowing passengers :? Holder Almy. captain; Edw. P. Mesber. Failing master; Philander Gilford, 1st mate; William Pennlman 2d do; Phi'ander Hont, Levi Nye, Isaiah Nye, Thomas 'l'obey, Pardon B. Dsvoll, Andrew Sawyer. John Chapman, Freeman Bavtlett, George Uifford, Elkanah Gilford. and a cook and steward?Total, Id We learn from the New Bedford Mercury, that ihe bark Dimon, Capt. ileynard, with forty-three passengers, and manned with a crew of thirteen seamen, railed from that port on Saturday, for Ban Francisco. The schooner Pomona, Capt. Almy, cleared at New Bedford on Saturday, and was to sail to-day lor California, with a company oi fourteen persons, all told. Bhe takes no freight except provisions, t-Vc , for the voyage, and no passengers. The Balem Observer gives the iollowing list of ciiicers of the California company which is to start frc m that city on the loth, to go overland by way of Muiamoras, Monteiey, SaltilTo, Mazatlan, &c. President, Captain William C. Waters; Vloo President, Thomas Brooks, (onr present olty marshal;) Secretary. Joseph Hale; Treasurer. Benjamin S. Grugh; Directors, E. M. Cbipman, of Salem; Warren Prlnoe, of Beverly; Mr. Foster, of Danvert. The Taunton Whig savs that some fortv of fiTtv persons are now prepaiing for California in that town, and in all tne neighboring towns the " gold lever" rages to a greater or leas extent. Three companies, comprising about thirty persons, are to embark at Bristol, II . I , 5th inst. The Pawtucket Overland Association, a company to hunt for gold in California, have sailed from New York forvera Cruz, in the brig Columbia, a vessel chartered by them for the purpose. They will proceed overland Irom the laiter city. The association consists of 31 persons. The Lynn News is informed that thirty-seven persons have already left Matblehead for California. maryland. The ship Xylon, Capt. Brown, left Baltimore on Saturday morning for California, with the following passengers:? jos J. Sargeant, Danl. Moo nay, Henry Diekaon, C. W Dorney, John Spooner, Lewis Geurraud and lady, Benj. Phillips, J. Watson, Walter Philllpe, John R. Vansant, Win. Anderson, J. B. Thompson, J. R Da l, Dr. S. Mills, John Lewlston, Jas. Prioe. John Gunu, Robt Gardiner, Oliver J. Cromwell, John MoKeen, Chas. Dcits. Wm Smith. Henry Seglehouse, Win. O. Shipley, A. W. Shipley, Michael Lynch, A. Sergeant, Sam). Sullivan. Vletor Gondaller, Chas. E Hyndes, 8. M. Webb, P. Sullivan. Wm. .Taylor, J. W. Sohlmp. J. Keeper, Jas. Taylor. Geo. Spear, Jonn A. Foster, Geo. W. Morgan, John T. Hunter, A. G Hubbard, Lewis Klcokgetber, Henry Creager, John McAllister, G. Raper, J. O. Sunderland, S. E. Sunderland, B. Cole, J. K. Glascow, John H. Hill, Henry T Dunn, Thos. Miller, Wm. Wright. Geo. Jenkins, B. Randall. John T. Weaver, John L. Woods. Riohard Gladston, John Speights, P. D. NoweII, J. C. Cooper, Geo. W. Molntyre, Col. J. Miller, B Daugherty, Wm. Read, S. L. Detwiler, Jos. Hcrtley, B. Laugblln, John Hyndes. J. 8. Seymour, J A. Gregory. J. W. Hubbarp, Dr. G. W. Brower, Edwin Bell, Joe. T Scarborough. John W. Gaseans, John Leeds, Wm G.Martin, Ed. M Hall, Chas Pratt. H. S Tearce, Dr. R. H. Ayres, surgeon, John O'Donnelt, Frederick Haubert, Gee. Soblmmel, John Mase, Saml. Browning. Jehn O'Donnell. Wm J. Kane. T. s Griffiths. L. McElhern, M. Messlok, John Barker, B. Garrett, G T. Keadell, L A. Morgan, Henry Hoosten, Dr. Ptlgg, Wm. Hammond, N. Hammond. R. Hammond, Wm. Gllorease. Peter Blaok, Thos. N. Adams, F. Schmtti, Wm. Holman, P M. Griggs, John Nowland, Jehn Butler, Samuel Griffiths, Thos Grar, Alex. MoKey, Robt. Armstrong, G. J. Emeen, V. J Dorsey, juiiu Bogga, S. a, 51;:pr?t2, ^?hn moryls John Matthews, Saml. Brand, K. M Daws, George Daws, Wm Arnold, Chas. Fox, Wm. Dobbin, John Hanootk, C. Kills, A. G. Selbert, Wm. T. Marys, S. B. Salmon. A. J Hits, M. Dalton, John Clenhall, Thos Cnrtls. Jas. Koberts. G H. Sander, Jas. Martin, F. M. Orne? Total, 140. The bark Hebe, Capt. Stetson, also sailed on Saturday, frcm Baltimore, for San Francisco, ! with the following passengers:? A. H. Taylor, Va ; J R Cass, Baltimore; P. Dorsey, Baltimore Co.; John Hill, Old Point, Va.; Lawrence Brook, do; Wm. G. Larah. Baltimore; James Beeman, do?Total, 7. The bark John Potter, Capt. Watts, cleared on Saturday, nt Baltunoie, and was to have sailed on Monday. The following passenger* go in her:? James Haalett, Chas Ds Koncsray, Thomas Miles, John Mackey, Thos W. Burgess, Jas Dafger and aer vani, entries nvsy. jw. woolen, jr , David w. R?ay, | Lawrence W. Maints, Tboi. r. Conway. Henry Brown -Total, 12. The brig Bathurst, Capt. J. J. Hooper, which I sailed yesterday from Baltimore for Chagrea, took out the following passengers, who intend proceeding to California via the Isthmus of Panama, viz:? lames Williams, Harford Co.. Md ; R Wilson, do; W. W. Levy, do, Harman Singleton,do; Win, Barnes, do; Larson llobbs, do: A S Dungan, Baltimore; F. H. Rldont, Anne Arundel Co., Md.;10r. J. Lleyd, Baltimore; C. Matthews, do; Andrew lag, do?Total, 11. Juno. d of the 31st ult., says:? We understand a company is being ranidly organized at East Cleveland, for the gold regions. They are all enterprising, bold, intrepid fellows, and they are bound for Sacramento by the overland | route. I.OinSTAtf a. Tne New Orleans Bullttm of the 22d ult., says: The fine schooner Relampago, Captain Wake man, leaves to-day for San Francisco, with a heavy freight and a large number of passengers, who go , out to seek their fortunes in th* new Iil Dorado of ]

the West. They carry with them a thousand good wishes for their health and prosperity. The New Orleans Crescent City of the 2ifth inst. says, the bark Touro, Capt. Low. clears to-morrow for San Francisco, with a full freight. The Touro is is one of the most substantial and beautiful crafts in our harbor, and Capt. Low, in seamanship and the amenities of a gentleman, has no superior. She sails on Wednesday. ran TBHTTAnTarec aotmt. Astor House, New Yob*, Jan. 28, 1848. Sir: Your correspondent from Panama gives a most Ingubrious account of the delays, difficulties, and privations to which passengers by that route to the gold region of California are exposed. Will you permit me, through your columns, to call the attentioa of the American people and government to a much shorter, speedier, and better route than Panama, via the Isthmus of Tehnantepve. via the Guasacualco river. It the government of tne Uni.ed I Nates would ask and obtain from the government 1 of Mexico the right of way across the Isthmus of J Tehuanteprc, I will demonstrate to the satisfaction J of any man, that passengers can, by that route, 1 teach San Francisco, in California, in fifteen days Irom New Orleans, provided that steam naviga RK H ESDAY, FEBRUARY "3 lion is employed.. The mouth of the river Guasa:ualco is situated in N. latitude 18degrees, and is of ?asy access at all times to steamers drawing not jver twelve leet of water. The river is navigable o ocean steamers some twenty miles, to Minatitlan, a town on the left bank of the river, in N. latitude 17 degrees 60 minutes, and is distant fr" New Orleans about 800 mile^ {(J | of steam navigation. With a steamboat ol light I "rait, such as is used on the Ohio river, passcobe conveyed from the town of Minatittan ?..hianPfift0,orithe!'nudinS of Sarr-'oiB, which is within fifty miles of the Pacific ocean At that e?OM InM Wp" fiha\f t0 tak' horses or muleB t0 Pacificshores wh[ch would occupy IZuVrhours. Thus passengers Ive to seven ds- P0'111 on their Journt*y,n from h ipo'r.'* Of "embarkation on the Pacific is in p,> -./te of San Francisco, a large estuary, into ulrb nrenn slpiinirrH. it ia iirenumed. can easilv i enter through a very narrow mouth which communicates witn the ocean about ten miles S. E. from the city of Tehuantepec. The port of San Francisco is situated in north latitude 16 degrees 12 minutes, and is distant from our San Francisco, in California, about two thousand two hundred miles, equal to eight days of steam navigation, i The climate 01 Tehuantepec is very healthy, provi- [ sions abundant and cheap; mules and horses f abound, and can be furnished cheap. Passengers would sorter no delay for want of transportation ; and if thty should meet with any detention in | Tehuantepec, for want of vessels, ilieir provisions would not cost them more than twenty-five cents per dny. There is nothing hypothetical in this statement?the writer speaks from 'positive personal knowledge, having crossed the isthmus repeatedly. Practical men, by looking at the map, will find the steaming distance on both sides is correct. It is, therefore, in the opinion ot the wiiter, satisfactorily demonstrated that passengers by the Tehuantepec route can, with the aid of team navigation, as above mentioned, be transported from New Orleans to San Francisco in fifteen days. A railroad across the isthmus would reduce the time to twelve days. The price of passage by this route would v,oi be more than onethird the prices ,iow charged via Panama; and not mCir than one-half the time would be required to complete the trip. With these factB before us, is it not, 1 ask, the duty of our government to ask and obtain from Mexico the privilege of transit for our citizens'! Gubacualco. More Confirmation of Mr. Branch's Letters on the Isthmus of Panama.?a correspondent of the jfrt-y IF/itg, writing from Cruces, under date ot Jan bth, confirms the sad accounts already received, of the difficulties of travelling over the Isthmus of Panama. He says that three of the passengers in the Falcon diea of cholera in Bix hours utter they were attacked; also three of the natives,while two others recovered. He continues: "Ihe man who died last night was abandoned even by the members ot his company, and no friends could be lound to bury him; only one remained by him, and he begged of every one most beseechingly for help. Three volunteered, myselt among ihem, and we buried him this morning. I could not bear the thought of the poor fellow laying here to decay upon the ground, or be devoured by the vermin, without a friend to pay him the last obsequies. His br ther is collector or assistant rnlleclor of tlip nnrt of New Orlpnnn. nnH in now at Panama!. IIis name is Hayden. The others who have Hied are Bine or Birge of New York, and Capt Elliot, of the U. S. Army. Theae men all encamped out on the ground. Men are rushing off every way, and at all prices, to Panama; leaving baggage and everything else behind. Some pay $50 to the latter place, it being only 21 miles. We have hired a house at 50 cents per day while we stay here. But wc shall probably leave to-morrow." He adds that the passage across the Isthmus cost him $100, and advises no one to take that route. Five franc pieces pass for $1 25, ten cent pieces 8 for a dollar, pistareens 25 cents, doubloons $18 or $19. There are from six bundled to eight hundred inhabitants at Cruces, all colored, and mostly naked. The accounts from the gold region were far more extravagant than those which have been circulated in New Yotk. He says that the alligators were rather snappish on the route.?Phila. Inquirer, Feb. ti. Gorqona, (S.A.,) Jan. 5,1819. Anc.ther Account of the Itlhmui. We have now arrived forty miles up the river Chagres, from the town of the same name. Difli ! culties of an unexpected nature have impeded our ' progress at every step. A want of the common necessaries of life, a scarcity of the means of conveyance, and an ignorance of the language, have been evils almost insurmountable. God knows what they who follow alter may experience; but unless they come well provisioned, starvation must ensue. A famine which visited this part of the country lust year, has rendered it almost impossible even for the natives, (who live upon what a white ma.i would starve upon,) to gain a scanty subsistence. Do, for the cause of humanity, make known (at least among our friends) the distress which must eventually follow, unless they make provision lor themselves before starting. They will need, at least a month's bounty, as th?y may be detained that time, perhaps longer. I will write a more full account when I have time. I am writing ina hut, w ith a cocoa nut for a lamp. My kindest regard to all. Yours, truly. Advices from Panama, via England--Our advices Irom Panama are t? the 22d of November. There was at that place Her Majesty's schooner C< CI trice. With stores and provisions lor the surveying shins Herald and Pandora : the first from the edge of the ice, where she had been in search of Sir John FranKlin and his patty ; the other from Vancouver's Island and tke rtanwich Islands. These vessels were expected at Panama momentarily. The California, the first of the American line of steamers to ply between the port of Panama and San Francisco in California, was expected to arrive about the beginning Cf January, and would take the mails for the northwest coast, to be brought t? Chagres by the hrst of another new line of 6teanierB between New York and that port. Panama would, therefore, become the central point in the Pacific, whence would depart 'the steamers to the Bouth as far as Valparaiso, and to the north up to Oregon, as from San Francisco there was to be a branch to the Sandwich Isles and China, put on foot by the parties running the American line to the westward, The repairs to the Ciueces road were t9 commence on the 1st of Januaiy ; the Koyal Mail Steam Packet Company having advanced the government of New Granada lunde sufficient for the purpose, the latter providing a corps of 200 sappers to do the work. The seaports od the Isthmus are free, and vessels could go into, and remain in them, free ot tonnage dues. The duties on all goods imported were reduced to the nominal rate of 5-lOOths of a res! per lb. weight, or less than one per cent, on the value ot an assorted cargo. The only exception to that ruie wmb on spirits, on wnicn a uuty oi 11 reals per ' dazen was imposed. Sugar, rum, cotton, cocoa, and tobacco, were not permitted to pins in transit. Clears could only be imported at the high duty of $10 dollars per |1,000. With these advantages of situation snd extensive means oi communication diverging from a central point, there appeared to he a fair opening for business in Panama.?London l\mtt, Jan. 8. A New Mountain Pass.?A Texan hunter?one of those wild, roving characters peculiar to the unsettled wilderness of the West and South? Sves ihe following account of a new pass through e great chains of mountains which traverse the continent. He has suggested a new route for a military road or a railroad across the continent, that is perhaps entitled to as much consideration as the celebrated project of Mr. Whitney. He states that there is a broad pass between the vast ranges of the Anahuac Mountains on the south and the Rocky Mountains or Cordilleras of the north, that extends quite across the continent, from the valley oi the Kio Grande to the valley of the Rio Hiaqui. This pass, he says, resembles the southwest pass discovered by Fremont, and the access to the summit of the table lands oi Mexico is there so gradual, that it appears like an extended plain, and carriages and loaded wagons can pass from the valley oi the Rio Grande to the valley of the Hiaqui as easily as they can pasa over the undulating prairies of Western Texas. The distance " from one valley to the other he estimates at only five hundred miles. This pass, he says, about in the latitude of twenty-nine degrees, extends between the valleyB of Monclova and the Cochos.? 1 lout on ( Ttxat) Tt'tRraph, Jan. 2. Yucatan.?We have advices from Bacalar, and learn that the place ts entirely surrounded?(in all propability it is taken ere this,) and all communication with it cut off. About 200 men are posted it the creek, and 000 at the mouth of the Hondo. Much anxiety is fettfor the safety of those gentlemen Irom Belize who were at Kacalar. Jabn Brown, tba murderer of Ml?a Anna Tamer, at Coventry, Conn., bs* baeo arrested. t [ERA f, 1849, Our Parts Correspondence* i Paris, Jan. 11,1819. ' Affair* in Fiance?Ministerial Cruit? The Cauu j of it? Symptomt of Reviving Fathion? Tlua- | tret, $c.?lhuolutvm of the Auembly, fc. ( In my last letter I reooru?j *5 y0U til* * ii-biiod *jk I ^ Prince Louib Napoleon aB tirst President ot the j French Republic, and his immediate nomination 1 ot a ministry supposed to represent the opinions of ' me vast majority oy wnicn ne was reiurnea. This new government wan scarcely formed, when ] it was in danger ot tailing to pieces; within three or tout days, the Minister of the Interior and the Minister of Commerce deserted it. Various ex. planations ot this schism were given. What appeered certain was, that a serious dissent took place between M. Leon de Melville, Minister of the Interior, and the President. The President addressed a letter to the minister, which caused the immediate resignation of the latter. The mimeter took the letter to a meeting of his colleagues, which was held at the palace of the Minister of J ustice, in the Place Vendome, where he submitted it to them. They resolved, collectively, to resign, and ivi. Odilon Barrot proceeded to the Elysee Bourbon with a resignation in his pocket. Prince Louis became alarmed, felt that he had committed a grave indiscretion, expressed his regret at what hud happened, mid made a gentlemanly ajwiogy. Upon this, M. O. Barrot convoked the ministry at the palace ot the President, where the explanations were repeated, and the ministers withdrew their resignation, and decided on remaining in office. Later in the day, however, M. Leon de Maleville changed his mind, and resolved delinitively to resign, which he did, and was accompanied in tins lesolutton by M. Bixio, Minister of Commerce. Another meeting of the cabinet took place in the evening, at which M. Leon Fuuclier, Minister of Public Works, was translerred to the Interior; M. Lucrosse, Vice-President ot the Assembly, was appointed Minister ot Public Works; and ML Buflet, a promising young member ot the Assembly, was appointed Minister ot Commerce. These were the fucts connected with the ministerial crisis, which so inaiispiciously signalized | the debut ot the President. Various reports were circulated respecting the j real cause of M. de Maleville'u resignation, it : was said that Prince Louis had requtrea M. de ' Miileville to countersign the nomination ot M de Emile de Nieuweikerze to the post of IJirecteur 1 des Beaux Arts, a place occupied, since the revo- ! lution of February, by M. Charles Blanc, the bro- j ther of the wellknown Louis Blanc. With this I demand, M. de Maleville refused to comply. M. de Nieuwerkcrze is a person of distinguished family, and favorably known as un amateur in sculpture. He is well known 111 the fashionable circles in Paris, where he hts been distinguished by the tuvor and patronage of the PrincessMathdde Denudotl', the daughter of the ex-King Jerome, the Governor ot the Fnvalides, and consequently the nnncin nt fltta Pr?'hiri*?nt It wmh iinHprntnnd that the proposed appointment was the consequence ot the recommendation ot thta lady. Supposing tlusBtatement to be true, M. de Male- I ville lias been cenaured, even by hia triends, lor an over degree ot scrupulousness in thta disinclination to comply with the desire of the President. There was nothing in the character or peraonal qualifications of M. de Nieuwerkerze which would have rendered the appointment unfit, and beyond theae qualifications, the Minuter of the Interior had no right to look. It was also said that Prince Louis had demanded oi M de Maleville to deliver to him certain documents preseived in the atchivea of the Minister ol the interior, relative to the allaira oi Strasbourg and Boulogne, in which Prince Louia had figured. Amongst these documents were alleged to be letters addressed by Prince Louis to King Louis Philippe, and also letters addressed to the Mints- j ter oi the Interior and the Prefect of Police, irom agents employed by the government as spies around the person oi the Prince, not only to watch and report his movements, but to prompt and stimulaie him. Some oi these letters, it was said, contained matter proving that M. de Maleville himself, as well as M. Tniers, were directly implicated in the employment of these agents. it was further stated that, on the other hand, M. de Maleville had proposed a list of nominations to the Prefectures ol Departments lor signature by the President, which nominations the President considered to be ot too reactionary a character and declined to sign. We give these several reports as they circulated, without pretending to guaranty their accuracy. it was not long before some farther details oi this curious affair oozed out. A copy ol the letter addressed by Prince Louis to Maleville, was, by some means or other, obtained by the editor ot a small provincial paper published ut Nantes, called J/Hermine. It was published in that journal, and copied immediately into all the journals of Paris and other parts of (ranee. Nothing could exceed the excitement which followed the publication of this document. At first iis authenticity was doubted. But those who had been rendered cognizant of it, were speedily forced to admit that it was technically correct. It appeared that it was written and despatched at a late hour on the night of Wednesday the 27th December, and it was said that the writer, at the moment, was under the excitation ol wine. It was contended that the style and language ol the letter itself, in some degree, indicated this. That it was hastily written, and without the deliberation and counsel which usually precede the dispatch of letters Tso important, is manifested by the after thought in the P. S. It will be observed, also, that the writer, demanding the delivery ot ceitain documents on Tnursday, aiqiears to be ignorant or forgetful of the day on which de was writing. It we write on Wednesday night, ordering something to be done on the next morning, the phrase used would be different. Be this as it may, the ministry rigorously discharged their duty. It appeared from what transpired afterwards, that on the very evening on which Prince Louis was proclaimed President, the first act of M. de Maleville, on entering the Ministry ot the Interior, was to place the seals of State on sixteen boxes, containing the documents relative to the affairs ol Boulogne and Strasbourg, and to place them securely under lock and key. Sucha precaution indicated, on the part ot the Minister, a conviction ot the possibility not only that direct and open efibru might be made on behalt of the President to withdraw these documents from the archives ot the interior, but that even furtive means might be resoited to. On the retirement of M. de M-deville, the same precaution was observed by his successor, M. Leon Paucher, who, as well as M. de Maleville. assured the Assembly that the documents had been, and would be, carefully preserved. Thus the Prince President had scarcely entered upon the exercise ot his functions before discordance muritfested itself, arising from the undefiued lowers and responsibilities ol the chief ol the executive and the ministers. The ministers, in entering up* n i he exercise ot their duties, saw, or dosnrd to see, in the President, a constitutional monarch Thej wished to realize in him the celebrated maxim ot M. Thiers?that the sovereign reigns. but does not govern. They desired to real ize the favorite object of the latter statesman, by establishing in France a government and adminisirative regime sinularto that of KngUal, and thus to retorm what was always considered one of the greatest abuses ot Louis Philippe's government. This monarch, like his predecessors, delighted to assume the active part in the affairs of State. He sat, himself, in pers- n, at the cabinet councils, and exercised a direct and important influence in their deliberations. Most of the ministers, since the revolution of July, submitted to this as a matter of course, recognizing in it the political manners of France, ana the established "habitudes" of the monarchical rlgunt. M. Thiers was disposed to resist it, and contended that such a mode of government was incompatible with the spirit of a constitutional monarchy. The sovereign was, he said, irresponsible?the whole responsibility resting upon his ministers. Fiom this it followed, he contended, that the entire deliberative power should rest wuli the ministers, as in England, and that the sovereign was merely the agent by which the measures decided on bv the ministers were to be carried into effect. Neilner the French sovereign, however, nor the Fttnch people, understood this; and L>uts Philippe's resistance to M. Thiers met with no distent. either with the public or with the majority of the Chambers. , It isevident that this old struggle between the , chief ot the State and his ministers, has agai t j broken out; but the frienr a ot the President contend that the present case has so analogy with that of a constitutional monarchy. In the latter, the monarch is irresponsible ; mi the otner instance, the Preside nt is responsible, according to the spirit and letter of the constitution. Responsibility inters tower, and demonstrates the absurdity of the ait mpt to convert the President into a stufted figure to cany intoi fleet the decieesol his ministers, upon the meie principle of an automaton, la :k? ir attni ft, therefore, to refuse to the chief LD. TWO CENTS. or the State the exercise of definite powers, the ministry were clearly wrong. But the ministry itself 1b also responsible. There isjoint responsibility left, unfortunately but ill defined, and conflicts are likely to arise continually between the ?hiel <?f the Sute and his subordinates In the republic of the United States, the PresiItnr, as is well known, exercises a large share of >ower ; but the American republic is a confederal ion, and the central government at Washington, ias powers which have but little analogy with the French republic?one and indivisible. While the ministers of Louis Napoleon desire that he should reign, but not govern, Louis Napoleon himself desires that he should govern and not reign. But the conflict of powers which has been developed immediately after the proclamation of the President, is not alone between (he President and the cabinet. It is equally between the cabinet and the Assembly, and between the President and the Assembly. Between these three powers of the State a sort ot triangu'ar duel is produced. Twothirds of the Assembly are opposed to the President?a mnjority is opposed to the ministry, and tolerate them only because it would be more inconvenient to vote them out; and, finally the mi lUBirjr nam ib v^iubCU 10 me t'resiuem. I'rUlCA Louis is conscious, and cannot be otherwise, that the moderate party, into whose embraces he has fallen, would willingly smother the republic, and substitute in its place a regency, and the Count de Paris or Henri V., with the succession to the Count. He has not forgotten that the journals sf this party designated him as a plank by which the chasm between the republic and monarchy could be crossed ; and rather than suffer himself to be used after this fashion, he would ally himself with the sincere republicans?the republicans of the veillt, as they are called?or even with the party of the mountain. Such a state of things has produced unccftstog intrigues during the early part of the present month. The President nas alternate conferences with MM. Thiers, Mole, Bugeaud. and the members of the cabinet on the one liana, and M. Marrast and the members of the republican party on trie other. It is said that he distinctly stated to the leaders of the moderate partv, that lie would either have a cabinet composed of the eminent men of the one side or the other; that it the moderate party intend to maintain themselves in affairs, their chief men must come forward and assume the responsibilities of the situation; in short, that he would not suffer MM. Thiers, Mol* and Bugeaud to stand in the " coulitui" of the ministry, prompting the ostensible performers, and without exposing themselves to tne public approbation or disapprobation; they must come forward, or leave the stage to that party whose chiefs do not shilnk from the responsibilities of the State. At the time these lines are written, such ib the situation of aflaira. Even the Mountains do not despair of courting the favor of the President. They think that he may be forced to throw himself upon them, rather than allow himself to be converted into a tool by those who oaly look to thereestablishment o 1 a constitutional monarchy, and that not in hiB own person, but in the person of others. The conflict prevailing between the powers of the State, has raised the question of the dissolution of the Assembly. No existing body, sive itself, has the power ol pronouncing its dissolution. Its powerB being those of a constituent assembly, are without limit. It ib concurrent with the President, whose powers are defined by the constitution it has made. The question, then, is, how can these two powers, derived lront the same source?universal suflrage- be brought into harmony with each other! It is contended that tne Assembly must continue in session until ltohall pass the organic laws; but the laws which it thus designates, would require at least two years tor their completion, and that the dissolution of the actual Assembly would be postponed indefinitely 111 the present discordance between the powers ol the State. Under these circumstances, petitions and remonstrances are pourintr in trum all the denartments. lor nn immediate, or 8|*edy dissolution. Resolutions of the councils general, are adopted to the like ellect; and it is even supposed that a "coup d'etat," or a minitestation by the National Guards, may be resorted to to bring about the termination of the Asiernbly. The reluctance of the Assembly 10 dissolve itself, will be readily understood when it is stated thutnot more than one-third of its members havo ihe least expectation of being re-elected. It follows that six hundred members will be turned adiift, who have been, and are now, receiving ?1 a day as their salary For the most part, these individuals are in a situation to render this pecuniary compensation a great object, and they will consent, therefore, to a dissolu ion only under the pressure ol compulsory measures Society begins in some degree to recover its old appearances. The ministers commenced this week to give their customary receptions, and nothing like what was witnessed at th- Ministry of Justice and the Ministry of the Interior has b*en eeen in Paris since the revolution of February. These magnificent salons were filled on the Inst two evenings with all that was brilliant in fashion and eminent in talent and intellect in Paris. All the members of t >e corps diplomatique were present, besides a considerable number of foreigners and a great inany handsome and well drested ladies. The President of the republic is also beginning to open his salons to society. His evenings are Tu? edaysat.d Thursdays for general receptions and on those days he usually gives a dinner partv to a select circle. Un Tuesday he invited the President, Vice Presidents and Secretaries of the Assembly, and the cabinet ministers, the ladies of whom were in the evening presented to him?the Princess Mathilde Drraidufi, daughter of the ex King Jerome, doing trie honors. Another symptom of reviving fashion io the reopening of ihe Italian Opera House, which has been closed lor more than a month It is intended to open this evening with Uossini's opera of the " Cenerentols," to be performed by Lablache, Alhoni, Honetmi.iVc. The theatres in general are beginning to revive, and unless something not foreseen should occur, hopes are entertained that the remaining fragment of the searon may present an agreeable contrast with the state of society which has prevailed here 6ince lato February. The prevailing topic of discussion in all the journals, and the most absorbing question of public interest, continues to be the dissolution of the Assembly. It will be presented to the Chamber in two propositions Ihe one, that of M. Kattean, to which I have alluded, and which fixes the dissolution of the present Assembly for the 19th March,and the election olthe Legislative Assembly for the 4th, will come before the Assembly tomorrow ; and will, it is supposed, be reiected by a large majority, notwithstanding it will have the support of the government. The other,.that ol M M. Pagnerre, Barthelemv St Hilatre, Bixio, and Aliaroche, fixes the "new elections for the 15th April, and the convocation of the one and the dissolution of the other Assembly, for the 4th May. This Utter measure will not be introduced to the Asiombly until the fate of the 'ormer is decided Like the oiher, it is supposed that it will lie reiected, but not by so large a majority, since it will have the support of the parties who will vote I... .1 ii* -i .i? -r ** i> ... ? - n?i iiic niiirmaiiTc ui uir motion ui m. ivaitra j. Of the ten organic laws which it has proposed to vote befoie its dissolution, not one has yet been preiaredfor discussion, although more than two months since it decided on limiting its labors solely to the passing of those laws The length of untie, therefore, reuuircdto complete them, renders it almost certain tnat it will be compelled, from some pressure from without, to a dis?olution,unless it take itself the initiative, in complying with the reasonable requirements of public opinion. United States Circuit Court. Before Judge Betts Ft . The February term of thle Court commenced to-day The proceedings were opened by (searing the following named gentlemen ae Grand Jurors- Waldroa B. Poet. Esq . foremen; John Andrews. Thoe. Blake, Rlobard Barilett. Charles Cogswell, Alfred H. Clarke, Walter S. Cunningham. Edward Eos. Samuel Frost, Rowland 8. \1alloy, James B. Oakley, John H. Paff, Hiram Reynor, Hiram Russell, Henry Sayder, J. M. Shaw, and Jonathan Wilt; after whtoh his Honor delivered a brief charge on the extent of their powers and duties, ae Urnnd Jnrors,within the Southern district of tbe State of New York. He next oalled their attention to tbe eaees on tbe calender, which are three-one for larceny on tbe high eons; tho second for counterfeiting the eoln of the United 8tntes; and tbe third waa that of an individual charged with having served on board, an American vessel engaged In tbe slave trade. The jury then retired, and shrrtly after adjourned. His Honor then proceeded to hear a few unimportant motions, aflsr whloh bs stated that he was preparing his deorees in a number of caste, which woatd be ready in ft few days. Tbs Court than adjonrnad. Tho petit |ury was discharged until Thursday morning next Circuit Court. Before Justice Jooee. A jury was sworn la. after whloh the calendar was called; no business being ready, the Comt adjourned. Court Calendar?This Day Cibcvit Corav-d, fl, 16. 17 to 24. 334 35, 96. 97, Sercaioa Cover?9, 91. 82. 36,48.48,49 60. 17, 67 69, 99, 61, 62, 64, 66 to 70, 78, 74,76,77, 79,90, 81. Common Plus -9,11,18, 38, 24, 96, 97 to 86.