Newspaper of The New York Herald, February 8, 1849, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated February 8, 1849 Page 1
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T II NO. 5362. VHWTIBTII CONMRJRSB. ROOIU) UWBIOM. Hook off IltprMeiiUtlTei. WAiHinnrtN, Feb 5. 1849. * THl MEXICAN TSSATT?ITS VALIDITY ^UIITIOXID. Mr Houston. of Alabama, desired to ?ajr to the Mouse that, ?o far m ha was eonoarnad, ha witbdrsw tha objection whioh ha mada to tba resolutions of Mr. 8t? pb? at, on Saturday. Ha gave notice that ho wished to iftrt slight medifl(atlon. The resolutions vera read. [The j vara published In tha Htratd of Tuesday ] Mr Stephens-1 mora a suspension of the rnlas, that I may introdnoe the resolutions. Mr Houston and others?There is no objection. Tha SrEAEca-The question is on ths suspension of tha rules. Mr. Nicole?1There is no objection. Mr Wcntwosth-Yeas and nays; ysas and nays.? I" There is no objection " "Objection."] The yeas and nays ware taken, and the rules were impended?yeas 181, nays 8?(Messrs. Dickinson, I ngs and Lord) The 8 peak is -The question is on ths passage of the resoluttonn. Mr. 8t?:phei?s said that ha had no intention this morning of entering into a disoussioa sf the subject. Ha had good reason to believe that there was such a paper as the protocol in existence, and that it was signed by onr ouumissloner and tha M?xlsan Minister of Foreign Affairs, previous to the ratttlcation of tha iraaty This morning he wished to call attention to a few of the points of the subjaot of the inquiry. Mr Kaufman rose to a question of order, whether the retolutlone were debateable. The Speakeh replied that this was resolution day ; but the house, having susoended the rules, the reso lutfons of the gentleman were a subject tor debate. Mr. SrtrHbM remarked that the resolution* were not aocompanied with the usual reservation, (to furnish the information, if not]tncorapatible with tbe pubic interests ) He would state tbe reason for the omisi Ion. At the last session, after the ratification of the i rsaty ,and the proclamation of the President, a eall was made on the Executive for the instructions to the Antei lean commissioners; but the Executive declined giving he information, on tbe ground that it would be Inoorapatlbl, with tbe publio interests. The message was dated the 28th of July, 1848. Tbe President then refused, and thueiore be did not accompany these resolutions with the usual precaution. The oatl was unconditional. If the President does not respond, Mr Stephens said that he would move a sominittee of inquiry, with power to tend for persons and papers The information whio'u he acted on might be learned from looking at what he had before htm, purporting to be the treaty of (Juadalupe Hidalgo, and contrasting that with the treaty as It parsed the Senate, and the explanations and assurances made in the protocol. Whether this treaty, wbieh he held in his band, be autbentio, as it ncpfeises, h* would not undertake to say; but his resolution oall?d for a oorreot copy, lis had however, good reason to believe that what he held in his hand was a copy of the original treaty. He then quoted the ninth artiole tf the original treaty, wbioh was suppresssd by the Senate, and contrasted it with the guaranty in the protocol?"that by substituting the third article of the treaty of Louisiana, tbe American government did not Intend In any way to diminish what was agreed upon by the aforesaid artiole in favor of the inhabitants of tbe territories oeded by Mexloo." He likewise read bat tbe Senate substituted. He did not Intend to say wbetbsr it was true or not, as a matter of faot, that the ninth article, as ratified by the Senate, is substantially the same as tbe original artiole agreed to by the Mexfsans; bnt be did intend to sny that the ohief Executive of the United States, under the constitution, has no right or authority himself, or by an agent, to say to Mexico what the Amertoan Senate Intended. He repeated, that the President had no right to lend a ipeeial agent to say that what the Senate did was a matter or form, and not of snbetanee. He had the votes of senators en this very question. In itrikieg out the latter clause of the ninth artiole in the eriginal treaty, the vote was-yeas 18 nays 29. He found the name ef one of the Comm <-sioners, Mr. Sevier, (of whom be did not intend to speak disrespectfully.) in favor of letting the wordB stand. Twentynine Senators raid they should net stand. Now, how tan the Executive and his agents say that those Senators who voted that it should stand, did not diminish, in any way, the rights of the people in those territories? It may be that they did not; but the American Senate ilone'can declare 'bat they intenedd by striking out these words < >.te to strike out other words, he found that six '.en *ein favor of the original words, Mid tbirty-on^ ng.-v them. He found, again, the name of the sa ne Sec r, who wan subsequently appointed one oft i cor. i ueioners, in favor of tbe words remaining as a put o. e treaty; but thirty-one were gainst their so remaining. Mr Stephens repeated, that the Executive had no right to say to Mexico what the American Senate intended. He referred to the other .iterations in the original treaty, and condemned tbe 'xplanationi in the Protocol as applicable to them. The President could not employ any man or men to speak 'or the Senate; it was a downright insult to the tenate of the United States. He did not reoocnise ;h.e treaty binding on him a* the supreme law of the and He did not reoognlse the priactp e that the President hes th? r'ghtto make a treaty, and call on the ilouae, who bold tne puree atringa, to oarry it out, elthcnt first aaktng the representatives of the people ;o make an appropriation. difkncb of thi EXECUTIVE?WANT of nerve impt'TtD TO the WlllOt. Mr. Houston, of Alabama, did not intend to make roy remark* on the resolution*. He did not anticipate t debate epringiog up at thia stage of the proceeding*, tie presumed that, after the reading of the paper*, the douse would find that the speech of the gentleman waa rrtmaiure, and that it doe* gross injustice to the Pretident. It la a little singular that the gentleman did act think it proper, in the examination of the doounents, to refer to the message of the President |and the locuments which accompanied it, when the treaty was slurried after Its ratification, and the event proclaimed ,o the countiy. If he had referred to the message, he sould have tound that the letter of Mr. Buchanan to the Mexican Minister of Foreign Affairs, sontalned presiselv what the commissioners acted on?the guide fhieh controlled them And if it be true that the voiding of this protoool does not precisely conform to b* letter of instruction* of Mr. Buchanan, he (Mr. tousten) was sure that it could not be oharged as a suit apon the government. By an examination of this irotccol, and comparing it with the treaty itself as ireseated to the Senate, and with tha letter of Sir. loohaaan, and with the instruottone, as a mattter of 'ourse, all these things substantially agrae. Mr. Stephens?I would state that I have read the stter of Mr. Bnohanan to the Minister of Foreign Mfairs in Mexleo, and other papers. I read them tolay As to what the Instructions to the commissioners vere. I don't know. We oalied for them last year, bat be President refused to give them. I wish to say, in l?ply to the gentli-man, that Mr Baohanan assumed ma made au argument to convince the Mexican government that the alterations ware matters of form, ,ad not matters of substance. If he could convince i be MinUter of this, very well; but. it Is one thing to nske an argument, and anothsr thing to make the ulnleter believe that it is so. Rut the Minister did not telteve it ; and accordingly he said, " if it be so, sign his protocol." Mr Houston resumed?He was remarking, when ineriupted, that by comparing the treaty, as It was ori;lnahy sent to the Senate, and as amended, and iith tne protoool, there is no essential differeno* ; and bis he prooeede4 to show. He desired to know why be gentleman did not state that the protoool was nterrd into after the tresty was ratified by the MexlaiA Congress; and be read a letter from Mr. Sevier to Ai Buchanan in support of this assertion,'written on be Sttb of May, IS*8 Vr Si kvmxns said that he was acquainted with that stter ; bet the material part ia. that Congress is not be government of Mexico. It was no treaty until the ,ction ef the Mexican executive upon it. That exeutive refuted to act nntll be got thts protoool. Mr. Ashmi'n?Ths letter of Messrs. Sevier and Clifford. announcing the exchange of ratiBeaiions, is Isted the SOtb of May, and the protocol Is dated the Oth of May. 1M8 It waa four day* after this that the irhange took plae*. Mr Houston remarked that that was an unimportant ri1.1. TQe gentleman sam m?v mo ^uii^rooo vs .?ie?go la not the gorernment; but everybody who hat ookfd Into the constitution of Mexico. know* that It sstmilata# to our own, and that Congress reflect* the entlmcnta of the country; and that when they pass a neasure, there la no auoh thing ?a the Prcafdant of hat republic, or of thla. attempting to destroy or ,onul it. The treaty passed the Mexican Ceng rear the lay before our Commissioner* arrived there. Mr. Stspheni?There la eucb a letter; but the proto"fcl aaja, "these explanations baring been accepted by be Minister of Kore-gn Allaire of the Mexican Repubic, be declared. In the name ot the gorernment, that rlth the underatandlog conveyed by them, the same oreroment would proceed to ratify the treaty of Gualalupe, as modified by the Senate and Gorernment of h* United State* " Mr. Houston Inquired, if this protocol was such a aeterta) part of the treaty, why did not the Mexican '.xecutire send it to the Mexican Congress? The allure to do fo rhows that Mexico herself did not conIder it a part of the treaty. Debate waa not In the *tt tatte, because all the documents were not In the ,oas*>slon House. He asked the gentleman to aodify bin resolutions by adding, - if, In the opinion of he President, the furnishing ot the Information be not ncouipattble wltb the public interests." Mr Srirmai-1 ean't accept the<anse, last year, the President refused, with auoh a retrietion, to glee the information. Toe Senate as I mra been Informed, know nothing of this protocol. I nil attach no contingency. ("No, let'* call outright or.tb* documents ") Mr. Houston? What If the date of the call? Mr STietftiea-The 17th of Jnly. The proolamalon waa leaned on the *th of that month The PreslIsnt than refused. I am not going to aak the PreeiIsnt again, with such a restriction; and I her* tell dm and hta friend*, that If the Information be not fordsbed. I shall more for a ooinmtttee of Inquiry, with ,0w*r to send for persona and paper* (-What doea it mean f '-To Impeach the President I suppose " Mr Hoi-stow - I hare no doubt the President will bs xneedingly nneaay to see these fulinloations In print! Che gentlemen mast oertainly know better Ifheat.?mats to force the President. Le will reap nothing hie labors ' Mr Stefhxns. (with strong emphasis)?1-|| try It. Mr Houston remarked that the cnaracter of the relatione wes unprecedented and unparliamentary, ?d lbs language of the whtgs. and of Mr Stephen# In uiiooiar, towards the President, waa uncalled for. E'NE MOR] Such language should not be used by any ore whea speeklugcf the Kxeoutlee. But the Presid-ut h*< etoxt all this. He la (till atire, prepared to dt*ch?rge his duty as a man and statesman, and as President of the United States, and as ths President of the democratic party-(ha! ha' na')-on this particular question. (Ha! ha! ha! ha!) Yes, I repeat what I say; be is prepared to discharge his duty as a man, a statesman, as President of the United States, and as President of the demoeratlo party. (Ha! ha! ha!) And he disregards these things if they hare any aBeet, it will be of an opposite character from what the gentleman from Georgia designs. " Persons and papers !" We bare heard the threat before, when the instructions to Siidell were nailed for and withheld. Ah! you cowered under H. and submitted. You dare not. It you wanted to do it, why not do it when you had an opportunity? Where was all the ralUanoy aud courage? wbete was the chlralric daring of my filend from Georgia te send for " persons and papers " than? He did not. do it, and would not do it now ' It onoura to the gentleman, as to others, that reasons existed for withholding the "Udell instructions, which do not exist uuw. Ik was nmjr uau a uoxeu uajB aict- r me ratitioatlon reached th e country, that the instructions irere called forj peace was not then on a permanent basis, and there were reasons why they slionld be withheld at that time. All that Mr. Houston dotired waa to offer an amendment, that the President also oomnaunicate, if, In his opinion, not incompatible with the public interests, ooplee of the Instructions to Mesera Sevier and Clifford, together wlthsuoh correspondence as pel tains to the treaty. He meiut to embrace all the information songht. Give the President a ehance to comply If he refuse, tfton make the call absolute. If he refuses, then more to send for persons and papers . It Is improper te attempt to force the 1'resldeut. executive usuarATioNs?"?er?on? and fatehs " Mr. So hence remarked?That "the king can de no wrong," Is not an artiole in his ereed. Where he thonght there was usurpation he would speak, notwithstanding there were defenders of the President on this floor. This whole question was embraced within ery narrow limits. He would not talk about blundering into the war, and blundering out of it It was commenced by the President, and oonoluded by a person not at the time recognised as an accredited functionary. There conld, therefore, be no treaty. Mr. Born arked whether the President did not sign it, and thereby approve of it. Mr. Schknck replied, that the President was willing to shove this tisaty on the Senate, and when the Senate ratified it, with amendments, he sent it abroad. Before a treaty is sent to the Senate, did the gentleman understand that the President has to ratify it? Did the gentleman recollect that the President claimed our right to Oregon up to 64 40, as "clear and indisputable," and that he was compelled to some down to 40; and that he rent this to t:,e Senate? In Mexico as well as here, Congress and the President constitute the treaty.making power. He asked whether this treaty had any validity until it was ratified, not only by the Mexican Congress, but by the Mexican executive? No man will pretend that there oan be a treaty until this Is done. Before the executive of Mexico would consent to the treaty, he reqnired to have farther explanations, and farther essurauoes and modifications, so far as the understanding of the two countries was oonoerned; and these assurances, and explanations, and modifications, were obtained by the Mexloaa Kxeoutive, before he wonld allow the treaty to be sent here. [At this period, ten minutes past two, the minute hand dropped from the olook over the door of the main entrance ] If the gentleman from Alabama would look at tba protocol, he wonld find that the President assumes that the Senate did not intend what it said. It is an equivocation to pretend that the Senate meant nothing. Mr. Meade?If the Mexican government had inquired of our Commissioners what our government meant by striking out and modifying the artloles of the treaty, were not the Commissioners bound to give the considerations and reasons which operated on us ? Could they remain mute under the force of the interrogatories ? Were our Commissioners to say nothing, and not to give their explanations of the matter ? I understand that the protocol is the explanation of the Commissioners, taking it for granted that the protocol exists. I wish to know whether any real difficulty substantially exists between the protocol a<nd the treaty Itself. If there is no differenos, what harm is done ? Mr Schknck said that he had respect tor the gentleman's special pleading He admitted that when the Commissioner* of the United States were ssked by the Executive cf Mexico to rxplrin. it was tbeir right to give their own construction. He would amy, however, that they had no right to modify the treaty, saying that such and such thing* were not intended by tho Senate. He claimed this: the protocol got* much further than the explanations. It is a solemn protocol that the United States could not, did not, intend anything but what was contained in the protocol. And the Mexican government refused to ratify the tsfaty only on the condi ions contained in the protocol. If the Senate meant nothing, then the pro toool was true; if the protocol meant nothing, then the Mexican government was deoelved, and Mr. Polk procured the ratification by fraud. Mr. Jonas, of Tennessee, rose to a point of order How earn the Speaker ascertain when the gentleman's hour is out? One of the hands has dropped from the clock. [Ha! ha!ha .'J The Speaker (smiling)?The Chair will take csrc of that. Mr. Schbnck resumed; and after speaking of the protocol and the alterations in the treaty, asked that the President be msde to show papers?not to show cause. Mr. Msiut-Hal the House the control of the Departments ? Mr. Schencx? No; but the House has the right to oall upon him. We have ealled in two instance, but the President haa proved contumacious. Having failed in both instances, it will be a matter for the House to measure, and then come to other things?to appoint a committee, and send for persons and papers. Here is an instance where the President tried to get a treaty by frand. and presented that as a ratified treaty which does not tell the whole tale, and undertook to bo an interpreter of the Senate, and made modifications, without whioh the ratification of the treaty eould not have been procured. We have bad this President making war without eonanlting Congress; we have bad the President swearing in, by proclamation, the wbele population of a country; we have had the President going to war far a oountry which he said belonged to Texas, and then ereeting governments there ; ws have had the President declaring Mexicans citizens of the United States, and then hanging them for treason; we find him advancing into Mexico, and there establishing revenue laws, collecting money, and then spending It, without an appropriation first made by law. as required by the oonstltutlon There are instances enough for inquiry, and if there has been forbearance, or " oowordlcs," it does not follow that the time will never eome when forbearance will oeose to be a virtue. The time bos onme when we should demand of the President whether he Is going to usurp ail functions of government. It is because the inquiry looks to these consequences, that he acquiesced In the views submitted by the gentleman from Georgia. Mr. Burt thought that be stood dissdvantageously in this debate. His friends had had aeoess to a source of information beyond his reaeh; and as both sides had been heard, be moved the previous question. ( ' Agreed," "agreed") The motion was seconded, end the question being taken on Mr. Houston's amendment?for the President to furnleh the Informarion. If not incompatible with the public interest, sto.?it was disagreed to. Yea* 64, nsys 00. Mr. WtRTwoiTH having voted with the majority, moved to reocntlder the vets just taken. He suggested to Mr Stephens a modification of the resolutions, to the effect that the President be requested to famish to this House copies of the correspondence between the Secretary of State aad the Mexican government, after the ratification ef the treaty, with copiee of the instructions to Messrs Clifford and Sevlsr. etc. Mr. Stephens acquiesced, and the motion of Mr. Wentwcrth, to reconsider, was laid on table. The Speaker?The queetion is now on the adoption of ibe resolutions. Mr. Ashmin?Ysas and nays. ("!" "Question !" "It will only take up time ") Mr. Murphy? I wish to Inquire whether It is competent for the gentlemen from Gsrrgla to modify his resolutions after the previous question has been seoonded? The Spearer?It is too late to raise [that point of order. Mr. Murphy?i beg to ask The Speaker?The Clerk will oall theroll. Tbe vote was subsequently Announced?yeas 147, nsys 84; so the resolutions of Mr. Stephens were adopted. Mr. Stemiess moved to reconsider the vote by which they were agreed to. and at bl* own instance the motion was laid on tbe table. [Gentlemen now began to pat on their coats end overshoes, and to pick up their hats ] statue or WASHIRUTOIf, Mr. Meadk arose. A member In the crowd moved to adjourn. The Speaker said that Mr. Mead had the floor, and that gentleman sent up a resolution, whloh was read fer Information, vis: that tbe Committee on Pobllo Kxpenditures inquire into the ezpedieney of having a copy of the statue of Washington, at Rlohmond, taken, and that the same be deposited in the rotnndo of tbe Capitol. He asked liberty to give a short history of this statue In 1786. the Legislature of Virginia, through Governor Harrison, applied to Mr. Jefferson and Dr Franklin, then In Paris, to engage a statuary. Mr. Hondon was engaged, and came to America in the same vessel with Dr. Franklin. The likeness la said to be tbe best of Washington extant, and therefore It was important, in oase this should be destroyed, to have one similar to It. Judge Marshall said >lit represented the original as perfectly as a living man could be represented in marble. ["F.nongh said," "qnestlon." "question "] The resolution was adopted Mr. Eiissti offered a preamble and resolution, giving farms to actual cultivators. There were many objections. Members seemed to have something to do or to say "Mr. Speaker," "Mr. Speaker," "Mr Speaker," reverberated through the hall One voice was louder than all the rest and this occasioned laughter. "Ha! ha! ha! ha!" Few gentlemen were In their seats. The putting on of coats and hats was still going on, and there was a rushing out with umbrellas In hand. Tbe Speaker-Gentlemen will take seats. [Knock, knock ) A Member, with doable lungs?Mr. ffpeakcr, I move that the House adjourn. Thiewas carried; and, at half-past a o'clock, the representatives of the people went to dinner. A copper mine, yielding 60 per eeat pure ere, has been discovered in Carroll eennty, Md. w y o SING EDITION?THUS Washington, Feb. 3,1849. The Gold Region?Results of Captain Sutter's Discoveries?Extent of the Gold Region of the Sierra Nevada?Discoveries tn Sen or a, on the Gila, t* New Mexico, and the Rocky Mountains?Probable Ruhness in Gold of the Great Basin?Peculiarity of the Sierra Nevada fVashings?Curious Fact respecting the Explorations of Lt. Col. Fremont?Description of a View of the Valley of the Sacramento from the Summit of the Siena Nevada?Necessity of a Mint. Tradition, history, and iable, are superseded. The place is found at last, and all the world is arming for California. Chinese, Sandwich Islanders, Mexicans, Spaniards, South Americans, and the whole breed of the Celts and the Saxons, are in motion. The philosopher's stone is in the heart of the Sierra Nevada. When Captain Sutter, who, for ten years, has been the acknowledged American adelantado and viceroy of the Ilio de los Americanos, in Alta California, when the thrifty Captain and his three ditch diggers, a few months ago, in the tail-race of a saw-mill, discovered half a dozen particles of gold dust, little did they suppose that that discovery. in less than a vear. was to set the worlH in agitation, and aitractemigration, by thousands upon thousands, from every quarter of the globe, to the basin of San Francisco, and to tiie auriferous ravines of the sublime range of El Sierra Nevada ?little did they dream that those glittering particles of yellow sand were to affect the finances, the commerce, the capital and labor of Europe and Americu, and to precipitate the descent of the Anglo Saxon race, with their aits and manufactures, Into China and Japan,and the multitudinous islands of Australasia. A few mouths have disclosed the certainty of these results. Before the expiration of a year, a hundred thousand gold diggers and speculators will be thrown into the valley ot the San Joaquin and Sacramento ; and allowing to each of these gold diggers and siieculators the average of five dollars a day, and three hundred days labor for the year, the proceeds ot twelve months' labor will give you an aggregate ol $300,000,000. A fourth pait ot this amount, thrown into the domestic circulation of this country,must haveihe eflect of producing an inflution, of getting up great enterprises, ot wild speculations; and when the mines are exhausted, and the tide begins to recede, all these expansions, inflations, and speculations, must be succeeded by the veiy inevitable result ot a most sweeping ana magnificent revulsion. The rnineB must be exhausted?the washings of three or four thousand years from the lofty sides of the Sierra Nevada, are found to have tLeir limits, and a hole in the alluvia of the ravines is found to be capable of a speedy sitting ot its golden sands. But how far do the gold washings extendi At least 250 miles along the western flanks of the Sierra Nevada, by a width of from 25 to 60 miles. Andwnen the washings are exhausted over this extensive surface, who shall attempt to estimate the bulk of the gold that is to be extracted from the sides and tho bowels of that vast mountain range of the Sierra Nevada?a mountain range ot the average height ot 10,000 feet, with frequent peaks ol fro.n 15,000 io lb,000 feet above the sea? a mountain range from 50 to 100 miles wide, running 500 miles through California, 500 miles through Oregon, and 500 miles still further north, through through the British possessions, until it infringes upon the sea in the Russian segment ot the north west coast ol America ! And it has yet to be determined that gold does not exist throughout the entire extent of this range of mountains. From the report of Professor Dana, of Captain Wilkes' exploring expedition, the "gold bearing" rocks of this range are the same on the Columbia river that they are on the Rio de los Americanos in California. But again, the history ot Mexico furnishtB us with accounts of gold washings in Sonora? 500 miles south of the washings of the San Joaquin. The report of Major Emory, of Gen. Kearney's detachment, overland to California, Siieaks of certain rich gold washings on the Prieto, a tributary ot the Gilaj 500 miles southeast of the San Joaquin, and 400 east of the range of the Sierra Nevada. The report of the German Professor, Wilkisenns, who accompanied Col. Doniphan's expedition, speaks ot the gold washings of New Mexico, a thousand miles east of the Sacramento, in the lateral ranges of the Rocay mountains; and a recent re|iort from the Great Salt lake, or that neighborhood, gives a glowing account of the golden deposits in the Rocky mountains, near the northern boundary of the United States territories. The peculiar color of the waters of the Colorado, the entire general similarity in its volcanic oricin of the whole ot that vast region, from the Rocky mountains to the Pacific, stretching down to the desert plains of Sonora and Chihuahua, in Mexico; the identity of the geological characteristics, and the actual discoveries made, at different points, comprehending a region of a thousand miles square, warrant the presumption that over all this vast region of bald volcanic mountains, deep caverns, plains of salt and sand, valleys of stunted grass and slotting declivities, covered with volcanic debris, gold at diflerent points is to be found for the digging; and that thus, a region whose whole external aspect is that ot desolation, sterility, fracture, violence and fire?a howling waste of desert plains, strewn over with a chaoi of volcanic ruins, forbidding to look at, and fearful to explore?is likely to turn out, according to the standard ol value recognized by the world, the richest and most attractive region upon the face of God's earth. We speak of the vast region between the Rocky Mountains and the Sierra Nevada, in wnich the miserable Indians subsist upon routs and insects?a region without vegetation for animal life, except insects and Indians?a region, the waters ot which are solutions of volcanic substances, and the springs boiling Irom the still existing volcaaic fires under the surface; it may turn out, we say,that this region will be found to have its pfcreron, and its gold washings at the foot of the lofty mountain ranges which traverse, it in every direction, and I ihat, Irom being the most revolting, it may become the most attractive part of North America. The valley ot the Sacramento and the San Joa quin, constitute, however, the great locality lor the cold duet. There the Sierras Nevada are the broadest, and there the descent to the Pacific country is the deepest and the steepest, and there the annual rains are the longest and the strongest; so thnt there the WRshlni'H of the ?nnnntnin>i Hourn into the tavines and valleys, for three or tour thousand years, present the heaviest accumulations from the disintegrations of the mountain rocks in which the gold dust, in its original state, iB intermingled. How plain the thing appears when once j you understand it! Lieut. Col. Fremont has gone out with an exploring party to cross over the head waters ot the I Colorado, and thence to pursue that unknown river down to the Gult of California; this will enable { him to complete the geography of the region west of the Rocky Mountains. And his will be the credit of the work of mapping down a hitherto unknown deceit country, its mountains, lakes, singularities, and its whole togrpphical complexities, j comprehending from eight to ten degress of latitude and longitude, including the beautilul productive gold dust country, west ot these deserts, on the Pacific. And yet it is strange, that after traversing for eight or ten years past, the whole of this vast region, and particularly the valleys of the Sacramento and San Joaquin, until he he has been enabled to locate every tributary of these rivers, and every hut and mission, and presidio aad larm house,in the valleys; naming every tree, and describing every plant, camping for months along the gold diggings, and examining the soil and the rocks, day after day?it doea appear strange that he dia not discover the gold dust, over which he pitched his tent night after night. It also appears strange that one and all of the scitntific aitachtt ot the army, located and travelling over this gold region, during the existence of the war with Mexico, while playing among the sands as they lay at their encampments, should have lulled to find the philosopher's stone in those very sands whereon they lay basking in the sun. But more mysterious than all la the fact that the | Spaniards and the Mexicans?those nations whose ruin has been their love of gold?should have suffered three hundred years to pass without touching ' their treasures of gold in the valley of the Sacra- I mento. We apprehend that when Col. Fremont and his 5arty cross over from the Colorado to the San onquin and Sacramento, where they expect to be in May next, he will be astound d at the spectacle of the gold diggers; for he was out betore the " hue and cry" was raised. Then will there be opened te him a new field of adventure, in ascertaining the extent and capacity of the gold diggings, provided he and his party ao not set to work with the rest of the diggers, to make up for lost time, as we expect they will do j and ten chanoes RK J 1SDAY, FEBRUARY 8, to one he will go at once to the best placera in the country. The whole business rises before ue like & dream; and Una reminds us of the gorgeous vision which we had the other night aa we closed our reading of the latest news from the country of the gold spaagles; and as it has the complexion of a prouhecy, we should give the vision as it was disclosed, par ticularlv as it agrees with the maps and descripl tions of Fremont We stood ui>on one of the loftiest summits of the Sierra Nevada There was a oouipany of forty men around us, toil-worn, scarred, long bearded, and ragged, from their wasting journey over mountains and deserts, and through hostile 'ribes of piowling savages, tor eighteen hundred miles. The change of us many years hod been effected from (heir luudships ana privations of four months travel inrougn ttte wilderness. The late shining locks of youth were frosted by unremitted toil, and radiant fares of health were shrivelled by ftmine to prrmatuie age. Theircar&vaa was pitched helow them on the margin of a lake, high up in the mountains, and their bony animals were feasting upon the rich grass along the river of the clear water. The encampment was thrown into the shade by the surrounding peaas, for the sun was setting in the fur oil Pacific, and with its blaze ol glory suilused one hall the firinanent. Our compaoy Btood enraptured with the scene. Far glowing, till intermingling with the sky, was the broad ocean; and sails, like flocks of sea-gulls, were visible upon its surface for hundreds of miles away. A great bay, indented by wooded hills, was filled with ships at anchor. A line of mist, close down upon the sea, hung like a veil ol purple gauze along the low mouutsinsof the coast. To the eastward rose a black and boundless labyrinth of mountains? around us frequent snowy peaks were visible, glowing like white clouds in the sunlight. Ex- i tending downward for seventy miles, were slopes of the range which we commanded, clothed in their towering woods of five hundred years perfection. Ten thousand feet below, and stretching upon cither hand two hundred miles, and full fifty leagues across to toe mountains of the coast, lay the valley of El Dorado. Two long and winding livers from opposite extremes, united their waters in the great bay which opened as between two rocky walls tutu the sea. A thousand sparkling streams ran down from the great mountain barriers, and joined the two long shining rivers ol the pfatn. The plains were green in the luxuriance of early summer; patches of the darker green of the live oaks were sprinkled along the meadows, and u lighter green marked out the fringe of willows on the streams. Numberless white spots, the tents of the gold diggers, were clustered under the mountain sides and along the water courses, while beyond, upon the swelling hills, a cloud of dust deno'ed the evolutions of a troop of wild horses, with the wild rancheros hovering upon their flanks. Wreaths of smoke ascended from the ravines below, and the faint echo ol a cannon shot muttering through the mountains, and a dark smoky line near the bay, indicated the arrival of a steamer. The signal had been given, ana ironi point. 10 point me valley Heard the news, and men, like ants, were seen swarming from out the hills. Such was the scene ; yet so soft was the brilliancy ol that setting sun, that mountains, rivers, plains, and valleys, and the great bay, and the low range of hills along the coast, and the wide glowing ocean, extending tar away ull mingled with the sky, the whole picture sweeping the horizon a thousand miles, did seem to undulate with the solt evening wind, rising and falling in the fluctuations of the wind, as if it were a v st picture drawn upon the air and colored by the sun, and floating on the halo reflected from the sun, distinct as a reality, yet soft, transparent, and ethereal as a dream. A company at Washington are organising for an overland trip, and unless arrested bv some gold mine on the way, in the Rocky Mountains, or in the mountains of the Great Basin, they will have an opportunity of realising the general truth of thiB description. The discovery of this gold region must have the efltct of seeding the work of a railroad to the Pacific, and it is ?uly necessary fur the government to establish a mint at San Francisco, and the per centsge tor working up the dust into gold coin will pay for the iron track which is to bind the vallev of the Mississippi with the shores ot the Pacific. W. Shocking Murder, by a Woman, in Cincinnati. ?On Saturday evening last, a shocking murder was comniit'ed by a woman, the particulars of i which we g ve as follows:?A well dressed young j woman called at the boarding-house of Mrs. Wolf, in Fifth street, between I'iutn and Western row, and inquired lor Cap am Howard, who, with his lady, was a boarder in the house. On being in- i foinied that Captain Howard was not in, she inquired for Mrs. H , and was invited into the parlor. The eervunt girl then called Mrs H., who immediately repaired to the parlor, and had beeu theiebut a minute, when she staggered out, exclaiming in smothered tones, " That woman has killed me," and in a lew moments expired. A fiightlul wound was found to have been inflicted | on her throat, entirely separating the windpipe. The weapon used is said to have been a razor or ' a carving knife. The murderess fl-d, and up to a late hour in the evening h-.d not been arrested.? Phila. ledger, Feb. 7. Tub Obstructions in thk Susquehanna.?We learn, by the way-train that came in from Havre de Grace last night, that the obstructions formed 1 by the ice in the Susquehanna still continue as { formidable as ever, though it was thought, from 1 the change in the weather, and the general appearance of the river, that there was a strong pro- ! bability of the ice breaking up either during the i night or to day. In this event the travel on the railroad could be resumed immediately, as the ' company, with the aid ot the steamer Relief, have < succeeded m extricating the steam ferryboat from j its dangerous situation, and have got it safely into the dock on this side < f the river. The water in i the Surquehanna still continues very hiirh; hut so far as we could learn, no further damage h id been done either nt Port Deposite or Havre de Grace.? halt. American, Fib (>. From Grand Canary.?Capt. Kelleran, of brig Highlander, ut this port, from Grand Canary, .Tan. 8th, rtports that all American vessels bound to the Grand Canary Island, are ordered to Santa Cruz, | I'enerifle, for a (till of health, before any person can land?Button Ex<tnm% TravtUer, Feb. 6. Uomeatlc miscellany. The mean temperature of tbe weather at Newburypnrt. Mart., during the month of January. van 31 (leg. 62 min ; three degrees below the ev.rsg* of the month for the lest 26 jeers. The whole quantity of rain and enow which fell during the same time was 722 thousandths of aa inch David Tt.lnhardt. an Insane man, waa accidentally killed at Keletgh, N. C., on the 20th ult , by Mr. William F. Collins, whom he sssailed, and by wh im he waa { thrown upon a stone step, fracturing his skull. F.tra Dudley, the Methodist minister who was on 1 trial In Plymouth. N N , for the murder of bis wife, ! wee found guilty The murder was committed about j a yetr since The murderer has been onoe before : tried for the offence; but the jury disagreed. One of the churches at Kast Cambridge, ligass., waa entered by burglars a few nights sinoa, and robbed of 11 eenta. Fsnr persons, named MsMnrray. Stevenson, D'okson, and Ret hart, were drowned In the N'agera riser, at Black Reck Dsm, on Friday last, while ebgaged In smuggling a load of molasses across the river In a boat. Otis Dimock, of Dartsn, N. Y., was kiltsd on the 27th ult . by tbe falling of a tree. A great freshet recurred in tbe St. Joseph's river, Mich , on the 28th ult. by which the bridges at South Bend, BetTlen, and Butraneo were carried away, cutting off all passage weetwardly from Michigan. Court of Ueiteral Sanatoria. Bsfora Judge Ingrabam.aod Aid. Hatfield and Dodge. Fib. 7.?Burglary.?James Oroves, who had bean triad on tbe previous day on a charge of grand larceny, waa found guilty. Jam?e White, Impleaded with the above named prisoner, who Claimed to be trisd separately, was put upon trial. J. VanoaaaaLT testified that ha Is the owner of clothing store No. 122 Fulton street. On the night of November IS, his store was forcibly entered, and clothing apparel to tbe value of f 300 was stolen therefrom. Thumii Swkeisv, police officer, testified that he arrested tbe ptlstner, and found on bia person a eoat wbloh Mr. Vanderbelt Identified as part of hla property. Tbejnry fennd the prisoner guilty. The Court sentenced Oroves to eondnement in the State prison for three veers and one month ; and White to fonr years and one month's confinement In the same plaee. John Clark, Impleaded with others who had bean triad at former terms of the Session, upon a eharga of burglary, waa put upon trial for the same offenoc. Tbe faats have been already fully published. ChsclcsM. Nennaav testified that ha la a groear, residing at 16 and 88 Pina street. On the 2C<1 of September. hla store waa bnrglartously entered, bia safe waa broken open, and bank notes to the amount of gl 200, together with other papers In relation to business transactions, amounting to a large mm, wefe abstract* d thereto m. Tbe court adjourned over to this (Thnnday) forenoon nt 11 o'aloak. IERA 1849, The Emigration to California* MOVEMkNTS IN NKW YORK. The following ere the names of the passengers who sailed on Tuesday, imthe ship Robert Bowns, j lor Ssn Francisco:? S?murl Alnny, George Abbott, Benjamin Abbott, , Springfield Mm ; Mart hall Bakor, N. Y ; T. R. Barnes, do ; J 8 Blue, do ; Jas. J. Butler, Rensselaer county, i N. Y.j Nathan Barber, do.; John Bundl. do.; Coring : O Beal. Junius, N. Y.; E. F Burton, Nswburg; Wa. ' Byrrfleld, Dan bury, Ct ; G. E. Ulbbs, Port Gibson, N. I Y.; Lewis H Branch, N. V.; J. Boyd and eon. Albany; i J. Brower, N. Y ; Otis Brown, Palmyra, N. Y.; John Bannonr, N Y ; Eber Brown. New Haven; Nathaniel Bishop, i/isbu y, Ct ; George N. Brown, Orleans oo , N Y.; John Coie. Haekrnsaok N J.; Andrew B. Cook, Tompkins county, N Y : A. Crook, Brooklyn; H. N. Coleman; Nicholas Carr, N. Y ; J. L Cardell, Albany, N Y.; E. Cox, N Y : J. B. Coffin, Brooklyn, N Y.; Joel Cosad. Junius. N. Y ; William J. Crawford, H. B. D. ollttle, New York; William Dillon, T Dillon, 8. P. Diamond, Albany; F. Deiematsr. do ; K. C. Drake and bts celebrated dog Sam, Brooklyn; J A. Dutoher. New York; J Dougherty. Paterson. N. J.; Roberts. Darls, I Orleans county, N. Y.; Daniel Karlee. Isaac Lunes, ! Kort Gibson. Ontario county, N. Y.; Washington Ea' monson; Swaine Koreland, New York; Ml net C. Freeman. New York; J S. Forshee, Franklin. N. Y.; AnI drew Carroll, Mr CarreU, New York; G. Anthony I Franswa. New York; O D Foot, Danbury, Ct.; B F. I Goodwin New York; William Grant do ; A. Hammond ! and son, New Yoik; Wm. E. Hunter. New York; A. ; Hurd. Fairfield. Ct ; Jonas Hawkins, Nsw York; G A. ' 11.,-,.- V?W I II 11*111.1.a Pn.e (lIK.nn I .<? ' re no* Hallenbake. Albany; John Houek, do.; William i Hamilton, New York; H Hamilton, New York; J. C. Humbert, New York; Jonas E. S. Humbert, New York; ' Glover Hawley, HawUysville. Ct ; J B Hager, N. York; ' Wm. 1 lager, John Johnson, Juliue Haolphus, Oelanoy King, do ; Stephen Lalnhart, Albany; E J. Lynd, New Haven; Aaron Lock wood, New Canaan; Lewie Lewis, N. Y.: Robert Logan. Niagara Kails; Edwin Maoellus, Aqnanknaok, N J.; W. D. Mason. Williamsburgh; Jas. R. Merrill. Albany, N.Y.; E. Mug ford. N. Haven, Ct ; A. Mite, Waldon, N. Y.; J. R. Myers. Klahkill, N. Y.; Peter Myers, d?; J. P. Nichols, Albany,N Y.; Joel Noah, do ; Wm. P Norton, do. ; James 11. Pradmore, do. ; A. J. Pease do ; J. S Pierce, do. ; Rlohard Poiilon, do ; G. Paulding, do.; Charles Phillips, Addison, N. Y ; Cyras Page. Orleans Co., N. Y.: Henry Kntledge, Toronto, Canada; O. W. Roberts, Albany. N. Y ; John Rlohardson. Palmyra; James R. Rogers, Ct. ; R. W. Russell, Kent, N. Y.; Wm. Russell, N. Falls; James P. Roberts, do ; H. W. Sayles, Ct.; John SDear, N. Y ; Thomas Sedgwiok and son, Columbia county; E. B. Squire, N. Y ; John Salisbury, do ; Ch. F. Smith, do.; Jacob Smoke, do.; P. C. Sullivan, do ; J F. Small, do.; Jaoob Saulpangh, Port Oibson, N Y.; John Stsoy. do.; Abraham J. hanford, New York; W. L Smith. Farmlngdale, L. I ; Lewis Sumpter, New York; James Sktdmore, do; Russell Smith, do.; Everett L.Stanley. New Britain, Ct ; J.N. Stone, N. Falls; S. A. Stone, R Stone, S.Stone, N. Y.; C. H. Sandford, Danbury,Ct.; Andrew Smith, Niagara Falls; David W. Thompson, Cincinnati, Ohio; Stephen A. Thome, New York; George W. Tattle, New Berlin, Connecticut; Henry A. Truax, Schenectady, New York; Mrs Mary F. Truax, do ; P. W. Van Blooken, Franklin, New Jersey; C. N. Van Antwerp, Albany, New York; J. M. Vanderveer, do ; Lafayette Vedder, Schenectady, New York; Clinton Woodford, Avon, Conn ; W. A. Walton and son, New York; J L. Wester velt, do.; Thomas Wilson, do ; Albert Webb, Rox- ' bury, Mass ; W. H. Whesler, New York; Oeorge F. 1 Warren, do ; Franklin Wells, New Burhn, Conn.; George C. Wickwlll, Aquacknaok, New Jersey; Charles < Wilson. New York; Smith Worden, do ; James C. ' Westbay; William T. Wattles, Tioga Coanty, New t York; Peter WUste, Fishkill, New York; L O. Wright, New York; James B Wall, do ; Oeorge Watley, Niagara Falls; James Wilay, jr., New York; Dr Greene, do; Dr. J. S. Bowson, do., Dr. E. Sprague. John ' Oott, Hiram Bailey. Stephen Green and lady, Henry i Ashton, Stephen F.merson, Edwin Field. Lewis Lyon, Alven < istroni, William Ostrom, George Van Houston ?170 in nil. Annexed is a list of passengers sailed yesterday for San Francisco, in the ship Clarissa Perkins, Captain J. W. Goodrich, being a part of Gordon's California association:? James SmRhey, John Mayo, Gloucester, Pa ; George W. Davis, I'enn ; Hugh Nelson Brown, Jas. C. Boyd, Havre de Grace; Samuel M. Boyd, Philadelphia; Edwd J. Edirar. William Wright, Jacob O. Michael, J. F. Courtenay. Havre da Grace; Alfred Clll, George CHI, Jan., Samuel H. Jar den. Philadelphia; laaac Bark, Pennsylvania; George B Hanbo, Gloucester; J. Martin Sterreit, Jerome B Painter, Abraham M. Klntzing, Kdward Thayer, Philadelphia; Thomas Crooks, junior, John O'Donnell, Trenton, New Jersey; Matthew Wilson, Washington City; Robert Foster, Augustas Skeene, Philadelphia; George Ersklue, Delaware oonnly, Pennsylvania; George Lauoiister, Burlington, New Jersey; William H. Haley, William B. Foster, Henry A. B. Brown, William Hammond, Samuel Badger, jun., F.dwtrd Stair, Charles H. Ntreoper, Kdward Steels, J. Kngal Smith, C. H Kerk. junior, Atkins Massay, Joseph A. Pennington, Philadelphia; David W. Gillmore, John P. Bering, Jaeob K. Neff, George C. Little, Baltimore; L MoAleer. York, Pennaylvania; Alfred Darlington. Chandler Darlington, Isaao Darlington, Westchester, Pennsylvania; S. F. Smith, Untonville, Pennsylvania; James Davis. Andrew J. MoKee, Westchester, Pennsylvania; Peter W. Triebels, Francis P. Triebels. Philadelphia; Theodore P. Apple, Westchester, Pennsylvania; James Bowers, Levi Holmes, Philadelphia; Jesse K Gauze, Thomas Sherwood, Pennsylvania; Jacob Addis, Archibald Henshellwood, James L. Hart, J. C. Heietand, Jaoob Engleman, Thomas Belrose, Reuben Haines, Arthur P. Chamberlain, Samuel J Haeeltlne. Philadelphia; Albert Hoyt, Elizabethtown; J H Cornell. E. L. Banks. Brook.yn; John 'Wlntgen. B.C. Knapp, B C Moore,N York; Kendall D. Taylor, Maryland; C O Nhlpinan. E Beaoh, N. Haven; James Carter Smith, James O'Brien. William Powell, Flushing, L. J ; George Jerome. Horace Hurlburt, New Haven; George Snetder, New York; Rlohard F Burnham, 11 eboken; George P. Hall, Bridgeport; Timothy B. Beers. M D , New Haven; Theodore Knapp, Putnam county. New York ; Alfred F. Renaud, New York; Henry F. Taylor, David Taylor, do ; Samuel MoOready, Flushing; George W. Smith, New York; Robert Bloomer, Binghampton, New York; Phillip Degan, Phila.; James A. Moreton, William Taylor. Alfred Bryant, Gloucester, Pa ; Charles liumiay, Robert T. Payne, William A. McCorkle, William S. Mendenball, Penn ; William A. Russell, New York; Benjamin Chesnut, Edward P. Drake, Ithaca; Charles Honter, Flashing, L I ; Elisha C. Osborne, West Stoekbrldge, Mass.; ; Henry A. Haeford, New York; Lieut. W C. Cravey, , C.Fenner, David Johnson, William P. Beeoher, New < Haven; Schenck Glass, J. Poinsett Canlk, Havre de j Grace; Ellison Dickey, Peterson N. J.; S. Maxwell Taylor, Hottstown, Pa ; John Fiannlgan Hoffman, , Jeremiah Dickens, Philadelphis; William L. Hind, < George M Dana. Henry D. Kckley, Ithaca; Dr S. W. , Howell, Henry F. Carver, Phila ; Robert Gnsman, | , Ithaca; Owtn S Gilbert, Frauaia Anthony, Patrick Fenn, New Haven; Dr. Wm Marshall, Samuel Oegax, < Philadelphia; Geo W Kimball, Watertown-Total, 127. j City Intelligence. The Burivino or Messrs. llut. Si Co.'s Warehouse? Great Loss or PRorERTr.? t'be fire whloh consumed ; ' the extensive warehouse of Mee?re. Hoe & Co.. at Nes. ' i 20 and 31 Gold strset, on Tuesday night, waa the most ' destructive which has occurred In the lower part of the j < olty for some time past. About eleven u'olock the alarm was given but the building had been on Are for some time before It was discovered ; for In a few , ( moments after, the entire upper part of building was 1 j enveloped in flames, and de tied all the effcrta of the , firemen to save the frost building. The first and se- j t oond floors were oocupled by Messrs. Hoe & Co., to f whom the ballding belonged, and the dausage to their [ property is estimated at Irons $10,000 to $20,000, whloh : is probably covered by insurance. The third story was | J occupied by J D. Stouvpnal & Co . glass cutters, wnose i J loss is estimated at (7.000, and whloh was partially in- | ' sured. The fire is supposed to hare originated in this J story; but how, er in wnat manner, sould not be asoer- J tained. A part of the fourth story was occupied by J Bauer L Boden. paper stalners, whose loss is estimated ' at (fi',0. upon which there was no insurance, and by J. ' D. Chevalier, surgical instrument maker, whose loss is i (100; partially insured. The fifth story was occupied . f byOeoigeW. Wood, printer, whose loss is estimated j I at (10.COO upon which there la an insurance of (2 600. I r The building connecting the front to the rear, was ; r aocupied. a pert by Messrs. Hoc ir Co . as a repairing shop. SDd by Messrs. Leonard & Wint. shear and sels- > sor makers whose loss principally by water, is said to | ' be abont (400, whioh ??? fuiir insured, l'be rear [ building if occupied by George W. Wyatt. cloth dresser, r whose loss was trifliog. The factory of Messrs. lloe it \ n Co. is situated at the corner of Broome and Sheriff I streets, and the fire at the warehouse cannot at all in- { terfrre with their business operation*, and the work at tbe repairinK abop will be resumed in a few day*. The'building. No. 3.V occupied by Mr. Hagar, type founder, wa* eilghtly damaged ou the roof. That part of Gold itreet le very narrow wbioh retarded the work of tbe firemen vattl tbe felling of the wstle, which pretested a fine opportunity to play upon the rear build- 1 Ing. which was eared with but comparatively little 1 damage. ) ?9The Board or Education.?A epeolal meeting of ' the Board wae celled for thie evening, to meet in the ebambtx of the Board of tbe Assittaat Aldermen, at fi . e'elook. A note to the above effect, addreeeed to the reporter*, wa* left at the office of the Clerk of the Common Council. Our reporter waited until air < o'cloek ; but up to that tine, neither tbe Clerk of tbe Board, or any of it* member*, made their appearance. A California Quit..? Some quixteal gen us who evidently doe* not believe in tbe wonder* of California Gold-dom. yesterday erected a tent In Jeaob etreet, and tet op a store a U California. Wares were di*- j played at tbe tent door, and offered fcr *ale at orloee j to suit tbe market. An old *elve was labelled $75 ; am 0 ancient grate pan waa offered at $160 ; a venerable 6 tcoop at $60 ; a pteee ?f *ols leather, a foot In diatom ? ter. cut tonad and hammered into a concave form, wae marked $40 : an axe at $76. To cap the ollaax, / wa* a wonderfully significant ooil of oord, with a nooee , at the end. marked " cure for disappointed digger* " j The tent wa* hungabout with email sign* and placard#. y anncunoiag tbe readinee* of tbe owner to buy good a geld fo- $7 per onnee ; to eell bill* on New York and ? to accommodate customers In varloua other way*, fcr a j; consideration. Two American flags, and a pair of gold T scale* placed In a prominent position, salBcUaUy indi- ( sated that tbe owner of the tent waa a merchant. The ( whole thing, viewed as a burlesque. waa a oapttal affair, (l and attraated many person* to witness It. Quite a severe ahock of an earthquake wa# felt at ? Newport, R. I., about noon, on Sunday last. t a t m J j JJ. TWO CENTS. Tn?a(rital and Noilcal, Imit'it or the American Dramatic FurdViociatiow.?Thla benefit, the first on which haebeea niitttdn since the formation of this aaeooiatien, will take place this evening, at the Aetor Plaoe Open Honee, whleh ha* been placed at the disposal of the aaeeelatlon, for thla oeoaeion. We believe the object of thla aasooiation tie extensively known; but It aaay, perhape, be ae well to state that It la to " establish a fund, whsreby aucb profeeaora of the dramatlo art ae shall beeouie Incapltated by age. aoeldent, or Infirmity, from pursuing their naual avocations, may reeeiva neoesiary aid." A moet worthy object, indeed, and one which, we treat, they will be enabled te fulfill. An actor's life Is always a hard one?the phyaleal exMrtlnn ml Oil a in ttnmiah tn nruar dnwn an w nna rhllafc the mental exertion they ere flailed on te IN is iXceislve end newr oea*tng At tn ell other eel 11 mo, there ere eonue fertunete on?a, who eoqdlre eompetenelea previous to the advent of old age; hot then egein e vast number never make more than e tiring, and when the inrceda of time upon them warn them that " Supei Hue us lags the veteran on the tage." whet e chilling prospect have they hitherto had. Tho American Dramavio Fund Aaeooiation, however, will, we trust, prove the meane of obviating many of these unfortunate occurrences, by affording aid in time ef need to those who belong to it, and we understand it includes a great proportion af the profession among ita members. But to return to the benefit this evening The entertainments will oommence with " Macbeth," after whioh, elngiog from Slgnorina Trnffl and Sign or Benedetii. and pertormanoes on the Sax horns, by Mr Dlstin and his sons. The eomedy of 'EveryOne has His Faults," will conclude theentertalnmsnts. Mr. Forrest wlll^play " Maobeth." and the following is tha list of those who have volunteered their serviae and wilt appearMessrs Forrest, \V. K Burton, John Scott, Waloot Pearson. O. Holland, Mitchell, C Bass, O Loder, Hadaway, McDouall, H C. Watson, Sidney Pearson. T D. Kioe. Warden. Dlstla and Sens. W. R Blake, Vaobe, Dawson, John Gilbert, C W. Clarke, Tilton, Chanfrau. MoFariand. Wiaaos. W B. Chapman, Bernard, James Pearson. Ulnbleli. T Blakely. Mesd's. Vernon, C. K Horn, Bailey, O l.oder, l'lmm, Knight. Misses Fanny Wallaok, Hose Telbln, Mary Taylor, C. Wemyss, O'Connor, L Klrkham, Denin. Mr. G. l.oder will superintend the Musical Department. Mr. Maretsek will direct the Orchestra Stewards Messrs. Thomas S. Hamblln, K. C. Wemyss, John Pofey, Brougham, l.ynne. O Andrews. Stage Director -Mr. Moore, late Prompter of the Park Theatre; and the splendid orchestra of the Astor Plaoe Opera House. Grand Duett by Sig. Benedettland Sig'a Truftl. Bowery Theatre.?The elegant little oomedy ef " Naval Engagements" was played first last evening: after which the Arabs made their appearanoe, and went through a variety of the very extraordinary feats which have been so mueh admired by the freqnenters of the Bowery Theatre. These Arabs are truly a most remarkable set of performers. The drama of the " Sergeant's Wife" has been played in most handsome style this week. F.very character in It Is most ably personated, and the interesting story of the pieoe is eagerly listened toby the audienoes To-night, the ' llaunted Man" will be played, with the original east, is also a musical drama, and the -'Miller and his Men.'* The banco has been fairly attended lately; and as icveral new dramas are announced at soon forthoomng, we antiolpate seeing busy times at the Bowery rery shortly. Broadway Theatre.?The performances last night it this theatre were for the benefit of Mr. Lester, who has contributed so largely to give this drama the long and successful run it has had during these last seven weeks. The house, notwithstanding the oold weather, was well filled, which of coarse was only what we expectedfrom tile great estimation in which the talents of this aotor are held by the people, as well as from the intense interest and attraction of the pi 'oe itself, on such an important occasion. It Is needless to add that it pi rsed sff with great fclat. and its varied features elicited the customary applause and laughter.? It Is to be repeated again this eveniog. being the fortieth night of its representation Saturday evening lii set apart for tbe benefit of Miss Fanny Wallack, who, wo tee, Is to sustain tbe charscter of Lady Maebetb tbls evening at the benefit of the Dramatic Fund Association, in the Astor I'iaee Opera House. National Theatre?Last evening this house waa very fairly attended, and the performances went off well. The popular drama of tho " Children in the Wood," with Mr. J. K Scott as Walter, was the first i ieee, and Scott never played better. After this piece, Hiss Miles and Mr. Hamilton sung a duett, the Syren and Friar.'' in good ityla We would say a few rorda regarding Miss Miles; she Is a most unassuming, isefnl member of the company. We see her working isrd In every piece almost, and doing her duties with unotnallty and judgment; she sings vary pleasingly nd acts some parts most capitally. Mr. Hamilton Is ikswlse a vary useful member of the eompanv, and ilds fair to be a capital comedian. To night the bill rill consist of no less than four pleees, vis; three srees and a domestic drama " Rosins Meadows" was ilayed last evening in capital style. We presume it Is lot played this evening on acoonnt of several of thoss ictors who have parts in It, being engagsd at the Dramatis Fund bensflt, at ths Astor Place Opera House. Bust oil's Theatre.?Again a very raspeetablw tudienee was present last evening, at this theatre, to witness ths ever attractive comedy of "Vanity Fair," which received, as usual, the renewed applause of h delighted audience; after whloh, the first act of the "California Oold Mines;" and ths entertainment concluded with the very laughable bnrlee?|ue of "Monto Christy." This piece Is becoming a very great favorite, and should he seen by all who glory in fun and fancy. To-night a good bill 1s offered; "Vanity Fair," "Misohlef Making," and "Monto Christy." Amebican Circus.?This popular place of evening rsorration was well flllsd'last evening. The Bedouin entree by the company, was greeted with vehement applause. The tumbling, the feats of sagaolly by the fairy steed Cinderella, the beautiful gymnastics and groupings, together with the general performance here Rch evening, have .gained for tbls splendid Cirens n served share of publlo patronage. An afternoon perfoimance will be given on Saturday at 2 o'clock. Concert or Sionori Luiui and Annibale Elena at the Stuvteiant institute, 067 Broadwav.?This 'asblonsble toirie rnuaicale will take place this evening, it the above mentioned place, and will undoubtedly prove very favorable and productive to the voang performers who make their debut befure the public. Several artists have volunteered their eervloes for the occasion, and we netice among them Mm. Bothe and Otto, Messrs Coupa and Tlmen The yonng Lnigt will perform severe', pieaes on the violin, and among them, tbe celebrated dno for piano and violin, from " La Oazia Ladra," which is one of the beet compositions of Osborn end De Berlot. His brother Annibale, a boy eight veers old, wll. also play two pieces on the piano. We hope the concert of these artiitii infant will be well attended. Chriitv's Minstrels are dolngflnely. 'Midst all the excitements of the day, they oontlnne to draw fiiU houses ; and as their style of singing, fco., and tbe raolnessof their programmes kesp up as good as ever, hare la everv probability of their eontinulag In the iame favor with the publlo for a length of time to eeme. The New Orleans Serenades!, at the Society library, are crowded every evening with ths most asblsnable audiences, whose hearty applease at their nlmltable performances show how they appreciate the aylngs, singings, and doings of these setsntlOo and larmonlous colored gentlemen They will this evenng give a most admirable programme, well worth leering. Donna van's Me i ico 'The explanatory lecture which s given every evening by the exhibitor of this beautini panorama, glvas evsry Information regarding the fcale, Ac., of the famous Mexican battles which have endered the American soldier so famous The panorama itsell is well worth going a hundred miles to see. Mr. Chwlfi Thorn*, lot* manager of the Federal treet Theatre, Boston, has gone to California. Mrs. Butler will commence a course of Shakspertan endings In Cambridge, Mass., on Monday evening lent. Henry Here and Francis Coenen were dhnonnoed o give a oonoert in Boston last night. Circuit Court. Before Initio* Jones. Fre. 7.? David Fran tit Baean v?. Jamtt Wat tan Webb ?This was an notion for libel, growing ant of an irtlrl* written by the plaintiff in 1845, and published n the June nnmber of tne Amtncin Htvitu> of that fear, entitled ' The Mysteries of Iniquity," in whloh :he writer obarged a certain section of the whig psrty with treaobery to tb* whig cause, and that by 'heir duplicity and corruption the election* of 1842 1843, ind 1844 lost Colonel Webb reviewed lb* ertiol* n the Courier and Inuuirer of the llthJune. 1844. In criticising it .be called the plaintiff a madmen; and in ibe course ef blsorltlolem repeated the libellous aooulation two or three times. The oause wa* tried before, ibout ttu years sinoe; when tbe jary disagreed. A4ourned this to-morrow (this morning). Law InteLllgcnec. Si psemc Cousr or thi l/mtao Sraras, Feb. ft ? so 28 reek It Co vs Jennings. Gage St. Co , and No. 8, Colby vs Mden. In error to the Superier Coast >f Judicature of New Hampshire. Mr. Justice Grier lellvered tbe opinion of thla Court, affirming the judgoents of the said Superior Court In these causes No. 13. C. W. Lawrence, plaintiff In error, vs Gilbert illen et al. Thla eaus* wa* submitted to the Court on be reoord and printed arguments by Mr Butler for be plaintiff in error, and by Messrs Curtis and J P. lall f? r the defendant In error. No 8ft. J O Paye e dmlnietrater, appellant, vs R K Psg* Thearguient (*f this oause was commenced by Mr. Kvaoa for be appellant No 2'24. N. W. Lord, plaintiff in error, s. J W. Veatl*. This cause was submitted to the ourt on the reoord and printed arguments by Mr. lamlin fcr the plaintiff in error, and by Mr. Bradbnry nr the defendant in error The Leglelatnre of Wisconsin have abolished the isnry law, and made any rate of Interest agreed upoia iy contracting parties legal.

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