Newspaper of The New York Herald, February 11, 1849, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated February 11, 1849 Page 2
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NEW YORK HERALD. UrtfeWHl oornar of fullvi Md Humw m. jahm oohoun bhnnktt, PEOPKir.TOR. m fiur MERAl.U.? l too eidwiu. 1 ooate per -Off? ma per mnmmm. The MUtiMSU EDITION u publuhod at B d cloth A. ML. and 4t-'r?kui?l before h.oekfnt : (A* AFTER HOOH EDITION earn ho had of the Mm'ww it v orlorh. TEE WEEKLY HSR ALU, far circulation on thie ContiSaturday, at 6% teaIt jut inpy, or I for iHon: far eircul tlion in Kwopc. and prin'cd in B tank mad faowi at ()( matever mm, or |i per himuij tAo < ??r prion t? include the potto p*. ALL LETTERS tryauul. te> . ahecrtptiont, or wtfA itdtierBii?fljo W tmf P?M, or tL oott/vro will he deducted from III MMi migud. VULUNTAR Y CORRESPONDENCE, eoatammp taeportaut /ram a?| quarter a/ fV world: %f used, will be "dDnUrmiSkNTa, (rooM> wiff 0%omvo?, and to J* I pubflffcad mlAa marrmt# and afUrn?n editkme,)af reaeonabt prUmi la a toHttan In a plain, legible mnmmer: the proprietor mrtrmmmtu * for orr or & in ouinwcrtpt. .... KO ROl - K a/ a* 'nymoan eemmunteatleMe Wh* oar la imUna d /ar iaeertum m+et be am'hen'fijted op lee emme and ad< ett of Ik* writer. ?ot ^ecte tardy ttme,bui at a guar nay of kin good fakK We cannot return r*p7iwiuw 'tfaa^hkiidt .xe-te beautifully. and unth <USCHTJlL..Sir^r' O.UO. ikrouohout the ItUS IUMLU.U Mljnuan .". <tight. imwimilTB to-sOARO# EVENING. ' BOWERY THEATRE. Bowory?Locksmith or Brucellous ?Ooueiw Ch??b*~Natiosai.Gv/aai>. BROADWAY THEATRE, Broadway?Monte-Cristo. NATIONAL THEATRE, Chtthns IVinM*?The Anorran Cun .?Mesa in CAuromwiA? Roaina Mcauows. B( KTON'B THEATRE. Chambers itml? Irish EhgacbMIMII-t'OOIl Piujooi l,y?Ehwto-Cbisty. MR' HANICH HM.1., Broadway, nsar Broome?*Chbihtt's Hirst una. BUCK Y LIBRARY, Broadway, near Leonard?Naw Ontur ? 8? v aw Ac ana ajti* ? ,'RA, Broadway, noar Prlnoo?Bauds, Lbkt k Co.'s Ann* ir > IH era. ZOOi. 1'al Bowery?Van Ambvbom k Co.'* VlKAb.'!. ?. CLIN i MUSEUM, 639 Broadway?Cktwbsb Otrniosrnsn. P*K()f i ma HALL, 608 Broadway?DonnAran's Pano??? <" t ixioo Nfv Vorh, Sumlay, Kebruary It, 1849, Fsnlgn Intelligence. Oi.e <?( she ocean steamers will probably arrive ' to- <?- ) The Sarah Sands is in her twenty-second, and ih?- \'i. eara in her filteenth day. The news, whin .in :ved, will be given in aa Extra Herald. 1 lie Fiit Mtltoocl and Benevolent Societies, A print ness to obtain control over men's minds ntts ne? ti i! c naracterisuc ot itie cittrgy, ot all denomim-d.t us, Christian and Pagan, irom the earliest tin.(? to the present day. Free as this country is, it is not completely emancipated from the thraldiiit >! priestcraft; and were it not for the liberty and independence of the press, we are satisfied th.'.r our people would be as much the slaves of then prints as are those ot any other country. Priestcraft, or tyranny of any kind, however, cannot gain such an ascendancy over men's minds as it would desire, as long as freedom of the press exit is. That mighty power grapples with it, wherever it exhibits its cloven loot. It treats it as it would error in any other lorm, and always triumphs in the contest. We do not wish the public to suppose that we are hostile to the priesthood, as a class, or that we would, in the slightest degree, detract trom the holiness ol iheir calling. On the contrary, we would have them believe that we honor and respect the priestt r od of all denominations, and would like to see them respected by every man. While we would do this, however, we would confine them within their own peculiar sphere. We would not have iht m descend from the altar, cross in hand, and e< ter the arena of politics, for the purpose of excitu.g the passions of one portion of the people against another; we would not have them, as they art- in Mexico, a controlling element in the government ; we would not have them, as they have recently done in Ireland, ascend the pulpit and use the sanctity of their calling to stop the progress of one ot the holiest efforts ever made by an oppressed and downtrodden people, to oveiturn a corrupt, dee; otic, and bloody government. In a word, ihf* l? rt? vmrxr urall IB tkwiw ! j ?vt/ ttvm mi uivu uj/ci juauc, auu ire *< uld keep them in their proper place. If, from ary excuse, they left their appropriate sphere, we w ould denounce them. We would nip in the bud any attempts they might make to attain an undue influence over the |>eople, or engage in matters which concern them not. Of this character is an extraordinary ease of priestly interference, which lock place at Rochester, in this State, a few days since. We will briefly explain the circumstances. A member of the Order of Odd Fellows, living in Buffalo, died there, and his body was taken to Koahester for interment. As a mark of respect to the deceased, the brethren of the order in the latter city received the body at the cars, and formed an escort to the Catholic church in which the funeral services were to be performed. The Odd Fellows entered the church, as a matter of course; but before the services were commenced, the officiating pri'St requested every member of a sscret society to leave the church. Thinking rightly that the occasion was too solemn to permit them to rebuke the priest for hia insolence, the Odd Fellows withdrew from the church. Now, we will put it to our readers whether thejr ver heard of a more insolent or impudent piece of interference than this. In the presence of ths deceased, and his friends and relatives, this priest took occasion to go out ot his way to insult a benevoleni association, which is based on friendship, love, and truth, to all mankind; which recognizes no distinction ot birth-place, color, race, wealth, religion, or politics, in its members; which sums to join the whole human rac, in every part ot the world, in the bonds of brotherhood; whioh dees more good, and relieves more distress, than all the churches combined. What could be his motive 1 Ths good accomplished by the order of Odd Fellows is acknowledged by all; and why should it be thus openly and publicly assailed, and its members insulted, and that too by a priest 1 The reason is plain. The Church is all ? preachee, prrachee, preaches," without practice, and this benevolent society is all practice and n? " preachee." The Church preaches friendship, leve, and truth, and the Odd Fellows practice them. The consequence is that modern priestcraft tcela its influence and fears annihilation, ior the order of Odd Fellows and other benevolent institutions are making rapid strides, and inoreasiag at a rate quite alarming to the priests ot all denominations. Bishop Hughes, some time since, denounced that order fiom his altar and newspaper organs, and other sects are engaged in preventing its extension, to the utmost of their ability. It the priests were sincere in their professions, and desired to practice what (hey preach, instead of throwing obstacles in the way of the order, they would join it heart and hand, and bid it God-speed in its good work, as some ot the best of their cloth have done and arc now doing; for there ia hardly a lodge that does not number among its members, a clergyman of some religious sect. As long as we are at the head ot an independent press, w?t will rebuke and denounce all such acts as we ha?e mentioned. We will never consent that prieata or parsons shall tneddls with what doss not concern them?we wi'l denouncs fanaticism ot every kind, religious, or political. Latw from Havana.?By the arrival of the bark Rapid, Capt. Ward, fron Havana, we are in receipt of papers to the 27th, and accounts to the jomin uii. uur niws cununit 01 mr faro fniuttaial and the Diario d* la Marina We are sorry to eee that one of the little Viennoiae Children, Maria Stanton, aged only 8 years, died at Havana on the 2Jd ult., after a short illneas f only two daya. Her funeral was attended by all her former companions, Madame Weiss, Seaora Tndeaoo, Signor Marti, and a great crowd ot respectable citizens. The Havana papers are uaoonunoaly barn ef MWS American Ifmptlhlnn la Ireland. That every pulse of Ireland la filled with the most pure love and high enthusiasm for America, is < proved by the confidence the Irish people feel in j tvery one known lo be purely American. When ) Mr. James Bergen, ot New York, was in Ireland, | and Ireland was in commotion, the simple faot ; that he was a native ol the United States ceutred ni.<>n him the strongest and most lively feeling? CO that, during his long imprisonment in Newgate, Dublin, as a suspected American sympathiser, he had friends innumerable, who daily, and with heartfelt interest, watched his course and conductOn his retrace irom an incarceration ot one hundred and fourteen days, he would have been feasted beyond the endurance ot any ordinary individual, but ke declined all public demonstrations; and avoiding dinners from associations, clubs and parties, chose only the hospitality of some of the gentlemen who had previously been his fellow-prisoners. At some of these private dinners he met some of the leading men of Ireland. Our space will afford us only room to describe a lew incidents. Just after the suspected attempt at an escape, under the bad auspices of that ungrateful scoundrel, Hutchinson, the polioeman, whom Mr. Duffy had lifted from abject misery and insignificance, Charles Gavan Duffy, Richard D'Alton Williams, Kevin, and Izod O'Dogherty, were removed to the part of Newgale where Mr. Bergen, Mr. Ryan, and aome forty others, were confined. Im. mediately on their reception, it was proposed to give those distinguished gentlemen a dinner, and, although neither the Astor House nor Gresham's Hotel were in requisition, and it was contra bontt morti in Newgaro to eat, even decently, it was so contrived, in defiance of all law and rule, that Newgate should, for the first time in fifty years, witness one meal of victuals. The Jietta was not, perhaps, as rtckerchi as if Messrs, Coleman and Stetson, or John Florence, had had supreme command ; but, even under Yankee auspices, there was a sort of read mili* faltha about it which made every one remember thuthe was at home, and, therefore, bound to love loyalty, in a way which may, hereafter, improve the British rule in old Ireland. At the same time that the dinner to Mr. Duffy, etc., was progressing, the poor, but stalworth and honest, sufferers tor Ballin/.arry were being fed with the first msat dinner which some of them had tasted for years; and, by the way, it is worth while to Btate tnat, although nioct of these men, like their compeers,labor hard in the coal mines, from day to day, they scarcely know the taste of animal food; and yet, in a stats of positive misery, they were ready to strive for Ireland's independence. Where were the well fed and purse proud then 1 At this dinner, Mr. Bergen presided as chairman, assisted by Cornelius K. Mahoney; and if Lord John Russell could have been of the party, it would hare improved his knowledge of Irish affairs, and might, perhaps, have made a decent man of him. This dinner took place on the 22d of October, 1848; and its anniversary is to be celebrated for ever, by the participants and their descendants, wherever they may be, as a day especially devoted to Ireland. On thp 25th day of November?the anniversary of the evacuation of New York by the British troops?Mr. Bergen received no'ice that Mr. Ryan and himself were to be liberated. He caused the disgrace of the British to be properly celebrated in all his despatches to government (published), and by his Irish fellow prisoners, who will probably remember evacuation day quite as well as it should always be remembered in New York. On the 26th, as Mr. B. had to await the signing of his release, his fellow prisoners determined to give Mr. Ryan and himself a " finishing" banquet. By management, the splendor of this entertainment surpassed all hotel pretensions. Newgate belonged to the prisoners, for the time, and it echoed to the loud song of the " Star Spangled Banner," as sung by Mr. Bergen, chorused by his fellow prisoners, and applauded by the listening and admiring hundreds of " out side citizens," to the great dread of the Dublin police. At this, the last of the " Newgate outbursts," the following address, written by Charles Gavan Duffy, was presented by a committee eonsisting of the following gentlemen, viz.:?Charles Gavaa Duffy, chairman; Edward Troaton, vice chairman ; John Lawless, James Doyle, James Francis Lalor, John Martin Burke, Eugene Martin, Jonn Evans, Francis Harvey, Charles Henry West, M. D., Cornelius It. Mahoney, secretary; via.:? Newuats, Dublik, Nov. 26. 1848. To Jambs Bbboer, of Nssr York, and Richard F. Ryak. Keqs ?Gentlemen We oRBoot permit you to quit this prison, where. through long and most eventful period, you have shared our oaptivity, without offering you some distinct eipreeslon of tbe respect and regard with which yeur oonduot and bearing have impressed u*. You have borne the many privations and the not anfrequent Insolence of authority, whleh make imprisonment heavy, with manly oeurage and forbearance; and your associates bear willing testimony to the cordial and nnfalling kindness with whioh you heve endeavored to share and lighten the same burden on others. Accept onr personal gratitude, and at the same time bear back with yon the expressions of our profound gratltuds and rsspset to the free nation of whioh you have the happiness to be citisena, for their services to our oountry In all her necessities, aod their frank and I generous reception of our exiles. We trust, hereafter, to be able to thank Amerloa as she ought to be thanked; but, meantime, you will be our witnesses that we are not unmindful or lngrate. Mr. Bergen also received innumerable testimonials from the friends of the United States. Among them we select the inscriptious on tho likenesses oi Terrene** Bellew McManus and Thomas Francis Meagher, which he brings to this country. Under the likeness of McManus is inscribed in his own chirot, the following words:? To Jambs Banns*, of New York:?As a token of my esteem for the manly part he has taken eincehls arrival, and during hie imprisonment, In this oountry. Richmond Prison, Dec 8 1848 Tbrb.vcb Bbllbw MoMaitvi. And upon the portrait of himtelf, the distinguished and highly accomplished patriot and orator has written: I feel ctDoere pleaeure In presenting tble flight testimony if ny eeteem end ndmlrntlon, end beg of him to oeept It In remembranoe of one who deeply regret* thet he hnd not the bnpplneea of longer eoq as Intense with him, end thet hi* virit to Irelend we* not rendered nemoreb'e by the triumph of the sauss for ! the momentery failure of whloh both here offered Imprisonment Thomas Fsasci* IMraohkb, Member of the Kzeeutlee Council of Fire. R'chmond Bridewell. Dee. 8,1848. After visiting the American Minister, at London, Mr. Bergen returned, via Liverpool, in the ship Princeton, Captain Russell, with Mr. Ryan, Kugene Martin and James Francis Lalor, who had been his lellow prisoners in Newgate. Some ot his American friends propose to compliment him by a public dinner at the Coliseum, on Tuesday next. As he will meet there some of the lead* ing exiles, it will, without doubt, prove tn be a highly intellectual entertainment. Mr. Bergen is at present recruiting his health at Fort Hamilton, at the quarters of his friend Lieut. Niekel, of the 1st U. S. Artillery. Superior Court?In llanco. Fes. 10.? Otcinmi? Daniel J Taylor aie Sarah Caok ? Motion to set a*ld? report denied F.liriige va Sft/ieril.--Judgment tor plaintiff on ths demurrer to th* second and sixth pies, with tear* to the defendant to amend on the payment of costs In ten days after nottae of the role. Preniiae aia Motion for new trial d?nled. Wrimort aia. Palmer -- Motion for new trial denied Mulhont and mife, appellant, ait. A. Palm ?Ordered that tba court below make a return of tbelr proceeding* and testlmany, and that oan** b? nubmitted on the flist day In term after rash retura ihall be Bled. Re ken ait Clark el ?(<.--Motlon far new trial denied. Wnkina va. Ilalaltai.?Judgment raverssd, with f lOoosto Olephant el al. va. Smith.- -Judgment for plaintiff* on demnrrar to Brst replication to the third plea, with ? leave te the defendant* to withdraw the demurrer to t nrat replication to fourth plaa wt h Imvi to yltlatlf ( to amend In it dayo, on walah defendant* bijp within K 10 daye (kmiflw withdraw thoir demarrer, and to- r join. No ooet* toother part/. Mryer ?I, Huktr. Ordered that tho Jnitic* before ?h?a thi* uim wao triad nak* a rotara to thia ooart a la ten day* after Mrrieo of aflUaelte, ha , of tho y teetimoay ha. j Th? Paiza Fioht and its Co.nskqtsnois?A. rntnu Fnvd Brkwino ? The result of the relent prize fight between Sullivan and Hyer, n Maryland, promises to lay the foundation of a errinle feud between their several adherents in his city, that may break out, one of these days> into some fatal riot or row. It seems that Sullivan and his friends deny the Accuracy ol the statement that Hyer won the light according to the approved rules of the ring ' Yesterday, Sullivan published, in conformity with this idea, the following card :? SULLITAN'l Nonca TO THK PuSLIO.?I faorobj Otdtlon my friends throughout tha country, who have had mooay staked on my fight with Hyrr, not to give up a oent, a* I won the fight aooording to the rules of the *1 ting, three times?and never lost It oaee. JAVtKs SULLIVAN. Such an announcement, under the name of Sullivan himself, will have the effect of preventing either the stakes being delivered up, or the payment of the beta that are pending between the several adherents of the prize fighters. It will be recollected that the stakes tor the fight amounted to ten thousand dollars?five thousand aside; and it is calculated that the beta may exceed one hundred thousand dollars, more or leas. We do not apprehend, however, that the payment of the stakes can be prevented by the mere announcement made in the card. The stakes are held by parties whs, according to all accounts, consider that Hyer gained the victory; and, of course, if their convictions run in that direction, nothing can prevent the stakeholders from paying over the funds to Hyer. But a diflerent result may take place with regard to the payment of the bets. The friends of Sulli van, long before the fight came off, were ho confide nt of the the victory oi their man over Ilyer, that they bet moat extravagantly, and in every quaiter? many of them to the whole extent ( their meanB. The decibion against them would, of course, if acquiesced in, reduce many of them to pennileBi pockets. From this circumstance, as well as from the ambiguity of the rules of the ring, and the conflicting recollections of the spectators, they may be able to get up a plausible case, to the effect that there lias been foul play in the fight; that some of the rounds were not fought according to the strict rules of the ring; and, therefore, that the decision of the referees in favor of Hyer, is invalid and contrary to the established code of pugilism. Such is the position of matters at this moment; and this position tends to exasperate the adherents of each, and to render their feelings extremely bitter towards each other. Mr. Hyer's party is principally made up of a class of society who will not very readily submit to the terms, or the consequences, indicated in Sullivan's card. Neither is it probable that the adherents of Sullivan, who are equally determined and powerful in numbers, as well as strength, will give up in their turn. We are prepared, therefore, unless the authorities of N?w York are very watchful, to see terrible riots breaking out between these two adverse factions during the next four weeks, in consequence of this position of matters. The aggregate of the bets pending amounts to one hundred thousand dollars. This circumstance gives an additional feelinn of ferocitv to the adherents ot the two far. tions. But this is not all. Tom Hyer is considered " a Bowery boy," is a native of New York, and is backed by what is called "the native party" and native interest. On the contrary, " Yankee " Sullivan is said to be an Irishman, and is supported in his viewB by the Irish party, through all its curious and interesting ramifications ia the diflerent wards of this city. Again, Tom Hyer has been always attached to ths whig party ; has been hitherto one of its principal leaders in times of difficulty and disorder, when elections were pendingOn the other hand, "Yankee" Sullivan is the champion of democracy at Tammany Hall, and, on many occasions, has led their processions, arranged their public meetings, and supported their pretensions in the conflicts which have generally taken place at contested elections. These circumstances have given additional edge and accumulated vindictivenesB to the feud; while at tne same time they have engendered a more extensive sympathy with the combatants and their respective adhorents. A new election is just approaching. tor the municipal government of this city. An attempt has been made to organise an independent party for this movement; but their eflorts have been imbecile and ineflective. The two great parties o! the country are now beginning ( come into the field, and will, no doubt, take sides with the two factions, and thus superadd the acrimony of political feeling to all the other motives and stimulants which have worked up the two factions to their present intense animosity. Jt will be seen from this view of the controversy ?from this mixture of personalities and politics, ! and from the high and more comprehensive ' sympathy wmcii tias been excited?that much danger la to be apprehended of a violent outbreak i taking place between tne adherents of tne two j pugilists before many weeks. The scenes which have already occurred at the head quarters of ( each party, give an inkling of what may be ex- 1 pected. The refusal of Sullivan's party to pay their 1 bets, under the sanction of his card, may bring en the crisis between the tactions; and we shortly expect *.o hear of some dreadful collision and riot, if the magistrates and police authorities of New York do not make preparations to put such scenes down at a moment's notice. ( P.S.?Since the above was written, Sullivan has ( issued another pronunciamtnto to his friends. It ] is published as an advertisement in this day's , paper- 1 Police Intelligence. 1 CAargt tf Stealing SAtep.?A maa by the name of < Alexander Benryman, wai arrested yesterday, on a i warrant issued by Jnstlee Lotbrop, wherein he stands eharged with obtaining twenty lire sheep In a felonious way from the possession of David K. Tripp In tbe following manner ?It appears that Mr. Tripp sold the twenty sheep to Berryman for $80, and reoetved $6 on aeeount, bnt that the sheep were not to be delivered until the balanee, $28 was paid. However, in tbe abseaoe of Mr. Tripp, Berryman drove the sheep from ? the c ustody of Tripp, had them slaughtered, and then a kept out or the way. Tripp finding that he had been defrauded out of hie propsrty, made tbe eompleint at the poliee offloe, and a warrant was issned for tbe arrest of Berrsman. Berryman on finding out that k t! warrant had been issued for him on the charge, went a to the complainant and paid up tbe balanoe $26, but this payment did not settle tbe case, as tbe magistrate held the accused to ball to answer the charge at oourt for trial. t Brfort Justice I.tthmp?Yesterday morning, the police court presented rather a dark appearanoe, from the fact of tbe major part of the prisoners brougnt be- * fore the magistrate, by the policemen from the prevlons * night's arrests, were blacks of a very dark complexion. One <f these sable prisoners was a slim little darkle, very black, whose business It Is to sweep floors ; hie B name was Alexander liutoblson. This prisoner was * charged by a fat little negro by the name of John Henry Artist, residing In the olaaele neighborhood of " Cew bay," situatsd on the Five Points, with cutting r % ssvoiegosn in nt? neck, with latent take hie head off' r. The wound w?i a eery had ene, running about dee Inobee from the baok of the negro'* neek toward* hi* " threat, causing a remarkably ?tiff neek. The prisoner >*ld, in hi* defence, that the complainant woe a going " lo lick him. and In hi* own defenoe, being maoh weaker n bodily *tr(Dgih. he need the knife to save being >eaten. The magistrate remarked, that he thould enlessor, if possible, to pat a stop to this oat-throat i)stem of carrying knlre*, a* it appeared that ipon the least provocation, a knife I* Immenately resorted to. and marder* will be shortly *' k* reaimon a* black ej * are after an election. This *' isltgof knives mast be stopped, if possible; nnd I sincerely hop* the Coart of Serelon* will panlsh all I _ commit ter trial. You are now eemmltted to prison, * or trial. Several other esse* of loafsrs and drunkard* wore llspoeed of, and thai ths morning's basin*** tormiiated. B Ctarge Diiminti ? We notloed, a few day* ago, tho ' uvest of B. L Sohmltt keeper of a fanoy store, at No. 91 4X Bowery, on a charge or paroheslng some oatiery, t rem a boy who had stolen the same from his employers, lathe case being Investigated before the magistrate, dr. 8cbmltt proved to the Coart that he was net war* that the property was stolen, at the time he purhaeed the same; and that the arrest of the boys and be restoration of the property was oaased by him , Sohmltt) who gave Information to the ofloers, and the ailty parties were arrested. Mr. Sehmltt was hone- Sl ably discharged. |( The population of Mllwankie, Wis, Is eompoeed of 990 Americans, t TM derm an*, a 4S7 Irish, 1M llolmders. 91 Scotch, M Norwegians, Tl Kronsh, M Welsh, Dans*, and I Swedes. bt TBUfliifwc ifTamigm , VHIHTIHTU OOIUUIIIS. SKOOND SESSION. Senate. WiiHiioToi, Itk 10, 1040. TUB MU.M.T'. reOTOCOt, M.I.AQ in* viox racuucNT iniaoemre tne senate a 'rom (ha President, oommunioatlog tha information previously nailed for. r a la t Ira to tha aaorat history of (ha lata traaty with Moxloo, and tha protoool ta tha i tame. Mr. Manovm, of North Carolina, moved to rafar tha message to tha Committee on Foreign Ralationi. Mr Foots, of Mississippi, moved to print twenty thousand aopias for tha nsa of tha Sonata, and moda a lengthy apaaoh In support of tha motion; and in a general discussion of tha protoool qaestion, ha aald tha movement about tha protoool did not origin a ta with tha wblgi. who appeared ao ready to take It np. A democratio member ?f tha Senate, by ohanoe, obtained it from the Maxiean Minister, So nor Roe as, and oarrled it to tha Senator from Delaware, (Mr. Clayton,) who was then In his seat in tha Senate, and there they examined it together. Mr. Clxttoh rose and observed that the protoool was shown to him at the time referred to; but not in a private or reoret manner, as the gentleman from Mississippi would intimate It was at the same time exhibited to various other members of Congress, of both tha politioal parties. The debate new beoame general, and owing to the obaraoter of the subjeot before tham, was of more than ordinary interest Several Senators on eash side ex- ! pressed their views of the manner in whloh the protocol had been made public, from whiob it beoame evident tbat its existenoe was generally known among ! mem otiore me recent movement 01 sir, atepnens respecting it. Mr. Clayton moved that the original treaty, i! sign- 1 ?d by Nioholns P. Trist. K?q . negotiator, he , and the

amendments of the U ntted states donate to the same, be printed along with the President's message. Mr. Bradbbkt, of Maine, rose, and was prooeodlng to dlsouas the whole subject of tue treaty, when Mr. Nianui'm, of North Carolina, called him to order for irrelevancy. The obair decided that the Senator from Maine waa in oider. Mr Mancium appealed from the decision, bnt subsequently withdrew the appeal. Without oomlng to any decision with regard to the message, bo., on motion, the Senate adjourned. House or Representatives. Wash inuton, Feb. 10,1849. The journal of yesterday's prooeedlngs harlng been road and approved, rslikv to datio mtkbler. The House took np the bill from the Senate for the relief of David My erlee. After a brief considerations a motion was made to lay the bill upon the table. Upon this question the yeas and nays were ordered and taken, with an affirmative result. Yeas OS, nays 71. sills prom thr sbnats. Sundry bills from the Senate were taken np, and after reading a first and second time were appropriately referred. wash 1 no ton and alexandria steamboat companv. The bill granting a charter to the Washington and Alexandria Steamboat Company was taken np and diseussed at some length. Mr. Jobes, of Tennesee, oppesed it in strong language He considered It a monopoly, and he was opposed to all monepolies. Meoers.icharman and Evans, of Maryland, replied to mo goubitiuKu iruui louuvBBtie, sou ?aTOOi(9a IQ0 Dill in an impressive manner. It ?u nemore of a monoprly tban a thousand schemes which received the reaction of Congress. It was both customary and proper to grant obarteis of this desorlptlon. On motion the bill was now laid aside, no decision having been arrived at. tkbbitoxial bill amd miscbllbkious uiicuilloa, On motion, of Mr. Viktor, of Ohio, the House new went into Committee of the Whole on the state of the Union, Mr. Morehead, ef Kentucky, Chairman, and took up tbe bill making an appropriation for fortlfleation purposes. Mr. HiLLiABD.of Alabama, being entitled to the floor, rose and addressed the committee la an able and very eloquent manner dwelling especially upon the territorial question. He gave a history or the aotlon of Congress upon the subjeot, beginning with Mr Clayton's compromise bill?which bill he approved of, but whloh tbe House had put aside. He advocated, In energetio terms, his own bill for the establishment of a government in California, and appealed to the North to support It, en the ground that it did net establish slavery in that territory. He eulogised the great qualities of New Kngland, and claimed the honor ef a participation in them, as a citlsen and lover of the whole Union. Though he ardently loved the South, he loved the Union more and was determined to stand by the Union. His peroration was peculiarly beautiful, holding the undivided attention of all the members. Mr Buown, of Mississippi, followed, and spoke for some minutes upon tbe territorial question, differing with the views hitherto expressed by Mr. Preston, respecting territorial ri?hta, and then branched off into a defence of the administration and its measures generally In tbe course ?of his remarks, he was several times Interrupted by Mr. Boyden, of North Carolina, to wt oee queries he gave satisfactory replies. Mr Hurt, of New York, ali-o catechized him with respect to the isspes of the late presidential oampaign, and particularly with respeot to the number of votes cast for each oandidate. Mr Baown, in reply, oontended that the majority was against General Taylor. A running political debate, of a highly Interesting, though somewhat disorderly oharaoter, ensued, In which tbe measures of the two lea ling parties In supriort of Generals Cass and Taylor, were pretty generaly canvassed by Messrs. Hunt, Turner, and Brown. Mr. Hunt pronounced the present administration a partisan one in everything, from beginning to end, and predicted that thelnoomlag administration would be national and jnst in all respeots. Mr Houstok, of Alabama, asked the gentleman's permission to make an explanation, and said that he ubu iifvo minrrprfRoii(iea. nil rsmarK, to wd10q IIIU ion had been mad*, waj, that Mr Polk wai the Preiident of the democratlo party, upon the partloalar j nentlon of the war and not that he was the Preside a* of the Democratlo party, simply. The Hons* laughed heartily at the refined distinction, and so the debate ended The bill era* then read through, each eeotlon separately, and agreed to, when the oemmttte* rose and reported it to the House, whioh oonourred in the postage of the same. a roms DRrtSTMSST, Mr. Whits, of New York, mate an effort to introlnee a bill providing for the eetabliehment of a Home Department; but objections being raised, it was not ntrodnced. On motion, tbe Hons# thsn adjnursed. Mew York Legislature. SEN ATX. Albany, Feb. 10, 1849. A eemmnnleatlon wss received from th* Clerk of ths "ourt of Appeals, In answer to the resolution adopted >n Thursday last, requesting him to report whether h* la* paid Into the State treasury, th* sum of $84,000, as required by law. The clerk says h* does not think the aw applleable to tho faad in question; and aotlng ipon tho adrloo of the Judges of the Court of Appeals, >o has not paid in tbe money A long and aaimeteil lebate followed, after which tho oommunioatton was eferred to a select oommlttee. Tho Senate then adjourned. ASSSMXLjr. Albany, Feb. 10, 1849. NAUTILUS INIUSANCS eOMPAST, A petition preying for an amendment of th* shartsr t ths Nantllns Insurano* Company, was presented nd referred. SSeeSLTN city ckaktss. Tbe House took np the bill amending the eharter o ha alt* nf SmMn aaJ III III * I- *wa * Matt tothe mil mad* by the Siuti. iioht dsapts. The bill respecting sight drafts, was, sa motion, aksa np, road a third tlmo, and roosted. , Mr. Smith, of Queens eounty, moved to rooonsidor ! ho vote roiontlng tho hill, whloh, not bolng agrood to, ras la d on tho tablo. 1 appointmbnts. j Mr. BoooHToo, of Kings eounty, agreeably to provlons lotioo, latrodneod a bill for tho appolntmoat of a ! lark for tho sarrogato offloo of said soaaty. 1 mw toss ana tot av clssb. 1 Mr MoKinnst oaliod for tho oonsldoratloa of tho ' solution previously offsrod by him, requesting tho ' glafery olork of the otty of Now York, to report to tho j Lssombly the amount of foes received by him, and tho ' tltries paid for olork hire. 1 On motion of Mr. Pasdsb, of Osnosoo oonnty, tho * eolation was laid on the tablo. medal to captain msbbill. _ A reootutlon was submitted, authorising the Qover- , or to present a gold modal to Capt. Morrill. . Tho resolntion lies over ^ rise limit in NSW TOSS. The Committee of tb? Whole then took up tho bill wpeotlag tbe Ore limit la the elty of Now York, and seed the samo without amendment. On motion, tho house adjourned. " Vrcok of the British Bark Kate Kearney. 8 Boston, February 10, 1840. t Tho Brltiih bwk Koto Kwmj, Hno,from If. Y. rlo s oiton, (whoro oho pat la la distress, aad satlod 7th i i*t,) weat osboro oa Chotham Bar, Cap* Cod, on tho h last., at 8 A. M. Tho orow abaadoaod hor, aad 1 10 la now la charge of tho aadorwrttor'a egoat. [ ?? I Klreln HolUmoro, Baltimobb, Fob 10, 1840. A Ore oeoarrod la Holllday otroot thlo moral ag, by ? bleb tho oitoaolro ooap aad oaadlo faotory of Moooro nltb k Carlo* woo dootroyod. Tho Iom la. estimated ; 860,000-partly laoarod. ' Tlao Malls* Iutimoio, Fob. 10, 1810. I ffo mall hat boom rooolrod to Bight boyoad Fotorsirg, V?. * Hjr?r kid Salllrka. Iutihom, Fib. 10,ISM O floor* b?n bND Mat to Nov York to arreot Still too, ud oootkor offloor bu boon Mot to PhiladalphU for Hjif. with ? roquiittloa froa the Oororaor of thM SUU ob tho Oororaor of PinHjIruli for hi* dellrorj, ProrccKllngM of tike Otllu Ligtilktort, Columbus, Ohio, Fib. 10, lilt. The Legislature have pui?d id aot repealing the Ohio rigUtijr l*?. Tbe gruM rrfunl to tiki op the bill pr >rllli| for a ?ot* bp tbe people on the question of oalllng oon en'ion to frame new oonjtitation. Tbo rote itooi }tfti 20, naje 60. Dtatftgu for (Jftreleeeneee on ft Railroad. Albant, fib. 10, 1111. We lftftrn tbftt Wm Bennet, who was aerloailp Injured bp ft collision of trftim on tbe U tloft ?ad Soheneotftdp Rftilroftd, In April leet, has recovered tbe earn of 810,000 damages, ftt the Herkimer Countp Cirouit Court; Sudden Aleft.Uk> i Baltimore, Feb. 10, 1840. Mr. Thompson, ft member of the lower branch of the Virginia Legislature, died euddeulp, en Thurtdap laet, while epcaking In the Houee. H?rkeU> BiLTiMom, Feb. 20. 1848 Our merchant* are waiting theateauer'i newe. 8 a lei of 1000 barrele of dour were made at $187'; There wee net much grain offering, and no obange noticed In prioee. Provisions were in moderate request at pre loue ratea. Nothing new in other artlolea. UiMTON, C?D. 10. 1849. Merobants generally are awaiting the receipt of the Niagara'* new*, now momentarily expected. W* noticed ?ale* of 1600 barrel* (lour, including Southern and Western at $6 87'-, a 96?the latter Qgure for straight brand* Corn? There wa? a fair enquiry, and the sale* reaobed 16,000 busheli. at 69 a '"0 j Rye?Sale* of 1000 bushel* were made at 72o Oati?S*1e* of 4000 bushels were made at 40o. Provision* were unobanged. Theatrical and Musical. Bowxar TH?aT?x.?The past week ha* aot bees a very favorable on* for tbeatrioal*. The oold bluaterlng weather, and varlon* out of doer exeltement*, have tended maoh to keep the theatre goer* from their nsaal vlalt*. At the Bowery the greateat bit of the week baa been the drama of the " Sergeant'* wife," whisk baa been played with the moat remarkable *aooe*a, and ha* received more appianae than we reooileot to have heard given to one pieoe thin winter. The Bedouin Arabi played a few nlghta; their feata, though wonderful enough in tbeir way, aod requiring vait *trength and great eklll, were not ao briliiant and impoaing aa many whioh are not ao difficult if performance. They are, however, a fine, aottve aet of aorebat*, and oreated quite a (eneatlon. Baring the ooming weak aeveral novelties will be produced, and we expeot to see the Bowery well orowded every evening. Bboadwat Thbatbc.?There was another large attendance last evening at thia popular theatre, to witness the performanoe of " Monte Cristo." The suoosseful run wbioh it has already enjoyed, ha* oallad forth many oritlolsms, whioh were deservedly due, in relation to the admirable manner in whioh thia splendid produotion has b*en put upon the stage. Mr. Lester, a* usual, last evening, was excellent in the part of Dante*; and the desire to see it, even still oontinues unabated. Upon no former oooaaion on our publio stage, has a similar produotion been reoelved with so muoh of popular favor; and it still promises to draw good house*. Its great popularity has secured to the theatre, so far, a consecutive representation of forty-two nights; and it promise* to draw, by its unprecedented interest and splendor, the most fashionable and delighted audlenoe*. The grand feature of attraction in the pleoe is tie Io?ad of Monte Cristo, so beautifully represented The arrival of the smuggler*, and the various lnoidents oonneoted with this splendid aot, are much admired. The pieoe will be continued during the ooming week, after wbioh it will be withdrawn. National Theateu ?" Rosina Meadow* " has been the feature of the week at thle houie. I tie au intereating play, though the etery la rather too full of unmitigated raaoality; etill we do not know but what it ahowa up, in their true oolore, the oouraes pursued by certain claaaes of young scampa about the eity. There ought te hare been aome oomlo underplot more than there ia, by way of a relief to the broadoast wickedness of the principal obaraotera. J.R Soott has been aottngseve ral of his favorite parts during the week, such as " Wallace," William la '-Black Eyed Susan," ho ; and, supported by the excellent oompany, general satisfaction was given to the audiences. A new looal piece, called "California Ho!" ia to be produced tomorrow evening ; It will be played with very novel effects. The very identical ship in whioh Mose embark* will be exhibited on the stage, and all the troubles of raising the wind, getting outfit he , will be graphically Mted, we presume ; it will be a racy affair, we doubt not. Buxton's Theatsk.?A very respectable audlenoe attended this very attractive plaoe of amusement last j evening, to witness three of Mr. Burton's ever attrao- ! tire pieces?"Vanity Fair," " Counterfeit Present- | meats," and "Monto Christy." These pleoes were i played with a degree of talent that only Mr. Burton can boast of; Mr. Brougham, Mr. Johnston, Mr. Re a, Mr. Raymond, Mies Chapman, Mr*. Knight, and ia feot,all the performers engaged at this theatre are good. These pieces seem to have a very long run, and well they may, as they will bear witnessing more than ones. Several new pieces, we understand, are ia prepaiatlon, and will be produced soon. Italian OrECA.?The first performance of " La Favorite ' was given on Friday evening, and the eeeond last evening, at the As tor Plaoe. It was, on both occasions, if not a failure, as near suoh a catastrophe as ever was witnessed by the dilleUnh. No proper scenery, no oorreet costume, for (ho era from whioh the plot la token; no reoltattva?auoh la tha abortion of on entertolnment offered by Mr. Fry to those who patronise hia plooe. Many present hod oft and again seen In Paris the great work of Donisetl, and knew its mosio as well as the ABC, and they oononr In deelaring that they soaroely reoognised " La Favorita," aa sang by Dnpres, Barhoillet, Mae. Stols and Levaaseur, In the Italian translation, as performed at the Aitor Plaoe Opera. There was but one opinion on this matter In the lobbies, and many apeotators left i the theatre In disgust. If any body had read the bills ' he would hare seen, two weeks in adranee, that ' La Farorlta," waa to bo performed with new scenery, new ooatumes, eto. There were neither tbe first nor I the last, but the anoient stock of sceneries?a cemetery I Instead of a ololster; a Roman palaet, instead of a Moorish hall; a public square, instead of a convent, j eto. eto. Now for the oostumea:?The supernumeraries . were dressed the same aa in Krnaat," (time of Phi- j llppe the III) whilst they ought to have been dressed as during the time of^Alphonso XL, two hundred years I eerore tumc epocti The ami ourious display wu that Dtdt by tha appearance of Benedetti, dressed at a Prussian offlaer; iom other* My Ilk* a miller?all white and gold. Thi? drew forth muoh laughter. At or the masia, a* we *aid before, the to ere is a very bad oopy of the French original version, In whtob all the splen did reoitative, so peoulior to ths Frenoh stage, bat been eat down, or spoiled. In sueh a way a* to render it Impossible to reoognlse the original mel >dy. The only thing* remaining are the arias, duoi. and pleae* of an* itmhle, whloh are not salted to the roloet of the artist* to whom they hod been distributed If itwae attraage thing of Mr Fry to take away from Mil* Traffl ths part of Norma, and to give It to Mm*. Lsborde, it was still worse to do the same thing to the Krenoh artists, Mm*, and M. Laborde, and M Uabrsail, to whom the parts had been first given, and wbe had seen and performed the opera of " La Fovorito" in Franee, and have the neoersary traditions of th* different nuances of the opera, as well as th* remembrano* of the style and Intonation given to the maslo of Donisstti by th* artists of Paris Let the Italians sing their maslo} bnt let th* Frenoh deliver their own cAaeen ??n mifirr. I Mdlle. Borghese and Signor ttorelll, no* here, would, I however, perform It better than any of th* troop* 1 engaged by Mr. Fry. , Amebic** Ciacus.- The past week has been *n* of i nnpreeedented attraotlon at this fin* resort of amusement, and Messrs Sands k Lent deserve high patron- ] age for th* oar* and splendor In whloh they offer th* pnblio the entertainments of their bills Seldom has mob a rich combination of equestrian talent been se- ' lasted for th* gratification of th* patrons of th* olr- ' jus The elegant and skillful professor Sands, with ' his two graceful children, th* lively poal*i, the ad- I mlrsble partinn May Fly, and all th* fan and ha- i nor displayed by ths clown* of the company, every hing. seems to oenour to the delight or all th* per10ns who frequent the American Circus. Th* eon- j ng week promise* still greater attractions, sad ther* i s no doubt it will be followed by suoces* even greater han the past. J Chbistt's Mi*stbbi.s.?Excitement or no excite- j oent. flgbt or no fight, It makes no matter to Chrlitj's f nlnstr*!* what's afloat; they have enough to do to at- i end to their own point* and pnehet their own stake*. , rbey will give their eonoert* next week, a* usual. Th* Ns? Obi.eass 8bb**ad*bs will proceed with c heir concert* during th* oomlng week, with their ' isual excellent programmes, and something more, too, I * we understand tb*y are going to bring^ut several J oTnuirn, iubl win kiuiBiia ine roio. rney art a k rent Mt of phlloeopheri. f Do*** tan's Manoo ?Thlt piii fiionai It at* ratting a enat deal of attention. Krerybody goat to ! alt and ererybody It delighted with it. Vf? torn- | aand it to the attantloa ot all. Ma. W. R. Blaib, tba wall knowa and popular itaga oanager of that tpltadid boata, tba Broadway Thaatro, a >uU hit nana ap for a baaedt oa Thartday evening ? itzt. Ha will no doubt hara a flnt rata bill, and . loaaa to aatoh. , Hon Alosandtr la at Now Oriaana. Mr. Q. L Hattaa, tba Taoaliat, waa thrown from a lelgh, in Bootan, on Wadnaaday aftarnoan, and orlowaly iajnred. Mr Booth oloaad hit engegeatent at Moblla an tba n Id mat. ?? HartniaaU afladindaala. ? Oea Her way left Now Oriaana, on tba let laat, an ^ ioard tba U.S. ataaaiac Now Oriaana, for Port Zaraoaa. Col. Ward B Burnett, of Haw Tork, (a be Baparin- " andant of the Dry Daak to ba araatad at Philadelphia. HIOHLT INTERESTING FROM CALIFORNIA* The Confirmation of onr Maxatlan Aeeonnti. The Shipment of Gold to the United States. Ac. Ac. Ac. The Irwia arrived at New Orleans on the Slat alt., from Vera Cruz, with advices irom the citr of Mexico to the 13th ult. She brings account* from California to the date of our special despatch received from Muatlaa, which was published in the Herald of Monday, the 29th ult. That came in the American, from Vera Cruz, to New Orleans. Among [other accounts ia a letter, mailed bf Messrs. Talbot, Oliphant, <Je Co., of this city, from Captain Spring, of the ship Huntress. Annexed ia a synopsis of the letter:? 8*i? Funciico. Cal fornix, Nor. 6 1848. 1 sent yen a duplicate of this br tbs storeshlp Lexington whioh tailed for the United States, a sheet time sinoe. I got the Huntress discharged by the 13th October ; laborers demand from Ore to seven dollars a day, and some want a dollar an hour. Thera Is ne ebanee of vessels getting orewa, for soma time te on*; tboee that are willing to ahlp, demand $188 per month Uold continues as abundanr as ever. There ha* been a snew storm at the" upper dig* glue,' and ralne at the lower, are setting In. Many of the geld digger* are retnrnlag from the mlaoe, eiok and exhausted, owing to their irregular mode* of living. Some are drprived of the ordinary comforts of life, while tbey make nsa of their hard arningafor their pillows, done np In dirty rags of ...... VUO l U IV U ||UUUUD IU r.?QU OWIU1 Ul? IB ?aw way ; two died yMteiday, and two moi? to-day If 1 should li?e to get ham* Hgaln.li will glva you au aeoount of tho troub e and vexation I barabalwltb runaway aailora and soldl-r*. was closings sale of tie vassal at soma $40,009 in gold oust. at $16, to ba shipped immediately. According to this, the latest date from San Francisco is the 6th of November. Our last letter from Monterey was ot the 16th ot that month. The Lexington will bring $200,000 or $300,009, and perhaps more, of the gold dust. She has now been over three months at sea. It will be seen that these accounts confirm those published exclusively in the Herald of the 29th ult. The New Orleans papers of the 1st mat. give the following additional intelligence:? The only paragraph bearing upon our possessions on the West CoaBt oi America, relates to the arrival of the United States ship <>t the hue Ohio, Commodoie Jones, at Monterey, having on b ant 350 Mexican emigrants. Several launches had arrived at San Francisco from Moaterey, filled with emigrants, all bound to the gold mines. The weather has been very cold in California, ice having formed of the thickness of a quarter of an inch. Large quantities ot gold had been discovered in the neignoorhood of the Nortn Fork, on* man having gathered $12,000 worth in six days, and three others have obtained, in a single day, thirty-a x pounds ot pure metal. The New Orleans Picayune, of the 1st instant, gives the following intelligence:? We have by way of Mexico a copy of the Oalifarnian, of October 21st?later than any paper from San Francisco we have seen, but containing little news. We clip a lew item', as follows: " Improvements, in the shape ot building, are rapidly going on in our city. Among the rest, Messrs. De Witt k Harrison's new building, which was framed in the States, is going up oa Samson street, ouposite the Government Reserve. "The U. S. ship ot the line, Ohio, Com. T. ap I IT a ... J I wu?vci>; uvuco, auu \j . kj. cui|'?> ovum auipiuil OaQ Lexington, arrived at Monterey, on the 12th met., bringing 350 Mexican refugees. We understand these vessels may be all expected here in the course of the coming week. Their presence will enliven our community to no inconsiderable extent. Lieut. Col. Burton has arrived at Monterey in the Ohio." Our Monterey correspondent informs us that the U. S. storeship Lexington will leave this port tor New York between the 1st and 10th of November. She will touch at Valparaiso and Rio de J metro, -< and, should the interests of commerce require i', at the Sandwich Islands. The Lexington will take gold and silver bullion (placer) to either oi the above mentioned ports, and deliver it to the agent or consignee at the following rates of freight:?Te Honolulu and Valparaiso, on gold and silver, one per centum; to Rio and New York, on gold, one ano a bait per centum?or silver, two and a half per centum. The insurance on gold and silver, en board a man of war. is usually below one per cent. The Lexington is a fast sailer, aid will undoubtedly make a short passage. A rumor is extant here, that a merchant bark, bound from Valparaiso to this port, has been seized by the crew, and the captain and officer* put to death. Also, that an armed vessel has been despatched from Caliao in her pursuit. We cannot vouch for the truth of this story, though it comes to us in a very plausible shape. From a long article upon the civil organization of the territory of California we extract the following:? That we are without any established form of civil government is readily admitted; but that "the Colonel of the 1st Dragoons," as commanding officer of the U. S. forces in this tevitory, has the ivv^auiioii auu vvuilllUC a VCIlI^UTUTJT CIVIL government here, by the appointment of a governor and council, in whom shall reside the power of framing such laws and adopting such measures sb the present state ol the territory imperatively demands. Now that Com. Jones has arrived upon our coast, Col. Mason is ot course second is authority; and with the commodore, as commander ol the Pacific squadron, lies the nower of immediately establishing a government here. Should neither of these officers, however, feel inclined to assume the responsibility requied, we believe It will be not only proper buthighlv necessary that the people of this territory should, as a measure ot sell defence, immediately take the necessary steps in the matter, after the example of our sister at the North, and establish?not a young republic, but?a < moderate system of a free government, which shall ultimately and almost insensibly* become a portion of that which Congress shall vouchsafe to give us, whenever the opposing parties have worried each other down to a compromise. A rumor has reached us that Commodore Jones and Colonel Mason have had a conversation upon this all-important subject, from which we are eager to announce that sa'uiary measures will immediately be entered into, which will ensure the safety of life and property, in accordance with the lawa ot the United States. Then shall California, with her great resources, her fertility ol soil; ths salubrity of her climate, and, above all, herex'raordinary mineral resources, becom- the garden spot of the world?the place above all othtra msat to be desired as a residence, where peace and prosperity shall spread their fostering influences The following is a letter, from Purser Buchanan, of the navy, dated on hsatd the U S shin Lf.tla, Nov. 22,1848, from which we make the following extracts:? We will sail tomorrow for San Bias to receive ? 100,000 for the army, and then will sail far ths Sandwich Islands. We remain at Hilo and Honolulu a short time, and return to San Francisco and Upper California early in February. Wa leave about the 20th of February tor Valparaiso and Rio, and hope to reach the United States on Dr before Aug. 15 When we sailed from Monterey, on the Sd of November, it was said there were about tour thousand persons washing, digging, and collecting gold lust. At the mines, labor is from ten to fifteen lobars per dav; board ten dollars per day, with he privilege of sleeping under a tree. A pair of baskets is worth $80; a pea jacket $150 Tea a worth $5 per pound, and everything in like pro- | >ortion. Captain Hallrck, of the engineer corps, who has >een there, aays triers is no tale in the Arabian Mights half so romantic and golden aa these mines, >r placers, as they are called. Ao extent of over hres hundred miles, by thirty to fifty broad, has >een exploied, and due west from Monterey, as ar south as the City of Angels, an extent of two nindred miles, yet unexplored, contains gold. * Mumerous vessels from hers h>?? nnn? ?n nth goods, money, and passengers, and people I rotn all paits of the tvorld are flocking there in ;reat numbers. There have been many deathr, am H naoy are obliged to stand in the waters over their H nees, with ah intense sun on their heads, and H nany are laid up wrh fevers. H The storeshis Lexington will sail for the United H Kates about the first of December, with about H 1100,000 in gold. She received at Monterey $50,OOg n gold. We expect to receive a large freight. The Ohio, line of battle ship, and Southampton, H toreship, sailed from Monterey tor San PrancNcn, Hj n or about the 5th ult The St M try's had sot ' mved when we sailed, although ahe sailed from lie United Sutea April 18, and was at Rio July 5. H I ROM CAI.iroaNI* BT THE ARKANSAS ROUTE. H (Fwn the Washington Union, Pah. 9 1 H We received IM following letter by L'nirsdaK ight'a wettern mail. Tne envelope bears dat# H Louisville, Feb. 4 "The enclosed letter is addrraad to "fVmhtnrton Union," (politeness of Mr. H Itockwell ) wis give ths writer's name, with the H imple remark that "the name of H. Patrick could ot be found in the Adjutant Ooneral's office n any roll of the troops in California, ao far as