Newspaper of The New York Herald, February 13, 1849, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated February 13, 1849 Page 1
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th: NO. 5367. ADDITIONAL INTELLIGENCE | V1AM VBW I CALIFORNIA GOLD REGION. Trade of Sao Francisco. Ams. Ac. Ate. We have some additional intelligence trom California, brought by Mr. Atherton. We learn that Capt. Blanchard, of the brig Laura Ann, made quite a good speculation by going to the mines. He is a blacksmith by trade, and a strong athletie man. He was at the mines three weeks, and, during that time, he gathered gold dnstto the value of ten thousand dollars, which he put on board his vessal, and conveyed it to San Bias. During the last three days of his digging, lie averaged one thousand dollars per day. Five hundred gold adventurers arrived in the gold region, in a body, from Senora. Valparaiso and the Sandwich Islands were, at the last accounts, completely drained of goods. The whole stock in both of those places had been purchased for the California market. Captain Phelps, Capt. Lindsey, and Mr. Mellis left San Francisco, for Valparaiso, in September last, with one hundred thousand dollars in gold dust, and were to come to the Atlantic by the Isthmus of Panama. They may, therefore, be ex* pected here every day. We learn that Mr. Atherton brings with him the bills of lading of gold to the value of |200,000, shipped on English account, on which he intends *o effect an insurance here. Annexed are a few more extracts from our California papers. The advertisements, which we have copied, will give our readers some idea of the business of San Francisco. THE OOLD MINES. [From the Callfurnian, Nov. 4 ] We have been prevented by thejprees of other matter "recently, ftom untieing the state of affairs in the miniag region as fully as could be desired. Great numbers of the miners come down on every launoh that arrives (torn the Sacramento, aad tbe general opinion appears to be that the season for digging Is pretty near over for this year Though the rainy season has not yet vet in, It was daily expected. The weather at night had become extremely cold; ioe had been seen in several plaoes of the thiokness of a pane of glass. We have beard several rumors of trouble and violence, butoannot state anything certain. Digging oontinued as good, if net better, than ever Immense quantities of ore had been dlsooveied in the region of the North Fork. One man dug twelve thousand dollars in six days, and three others obtained in one day thirty-six pounds of the pute metal. Two months ago these stories would have been looked upon as ludicrous, but they axe now common occurrences. The sickly sesson was over on tbe Sacramento, but every arrival brings more or less unfortunate viotlms of exposure and exhaustion combined with fever. The ehange from the climate of the interior to that of the sea coast seems to operate uafavorably upon these oases. CALIFORNIA AND THE HAWAIIN KINGDOM?AMBASSADOR TO COL- MASON, &C. [From the Californlan, Nor. 4.] We here received flies of the Polyntnan and Sawfwick It land''t News, up te the date of the sailing of the Honolulu. A large portion of the columns of both papers ere filled with correspondence and editorials concerning California; both editors have appeared to have left off quarrelling, with eaoh other, and are amasingly prolific of opinions concerning the growing greatness of this teirtiory and the consequent effeot upon the Ifllanrtfl of hflvitiff inch m. act ?huaH naUViKiW Uim r\t the tolynfian takes up the oudgel* and se vtrely berate* the power* that he, urging the speedy extension of a liberal policy towards applicants for lands, In hopes, no doubt, that some retired geld digger may be entioed thereby, and settle upon those '-sunny isles of the sea," thus seeping them from falling altogether Into oblivion, a eontlngenoy wbieh present appearances strongly indieate The New seems to exult over the general emigration, and at the same time querulously asks, "Who is going to patronize us," hinting at the possibility of the editor's "stepping oat," probably In aearenof nle subscribers, who hare gone orer the water. Alas, poor Vorick ! A prediction which wo made some time sines, seems now about to he verified, vis : that '-the superior attraction* of California would soon oanee eur friends of Oregon and the Sardwioh Island* te hide their dlmim?b*d beada," over half of the male population of Oregon are now at work in onr mines, and the majorlity of foreign residents upon the Islands are either here *r on their way. From the recent appointment of an ambassador from the Hawaiian government to Governor Mason, we surmise that H. H. Majesty bai an eye to the golden attraction* of California, and who knows, bat apoa the neat arrival, we plain repablioan* may be honored with a visit frem a rsal king, with his whole train of np bearers, epittoon-tairisrs, fanners, dogs, ho. he., greoionely honoring this poor conntry with bis royal preecnoe, merely to piok up a few singe of the proelou* Kw-iot (unviiuii, 01 oourse. For lone jtiri to osme. the islands will retrograde In point of eommeielal importance, and we fear, unleea a more liberal policy ie pureued bj their ruler* la regard to foreigner*, tbey will not *oon advance. They have long been behind the age in many reipeeU, and those with whom the power ef law-making haa reeided, will now have ample time for refleotlon and reform; while California, with her natural reeouroet?under the auepiee* of an intelligent and liberal governmentwill prooaed with giant etrldea to take her proper place In the foremoet rank of the flourishing and powerful 8tates ot our glorious Union. The Islands possess a fruitful soil, and a tropical and delightful climate, which, combined with their central position, render their natural advantages truly great; let their rulers hut adopt an enlightened and liberal policy with regard to (he sale of publio lands, and they have no rival in California, but will -grow with her growth, and atrenthsn with her strength." PROCLAMATION. To t*i People or Upper California :? The undersigned ha* the pleasure to announoe the ratification of a featy of peaoeand friendship between the United 8tatea of America and the Mexican Republic. by which Upper California is ceded to the United States. The boundary separating this country from Lower California, "consists of a straight line drawn from the middle of the Kio Oila, where it unites with the Colorado, to a point on the coast of the Paello ocean distant en* marine league dun south of the southernmost point of tbe port of San Diego " By the conditions of this treaty, those residing within tbe limits ef the territory thus ceded, who may wish to become citlsens of the United States, are absolved irom all further alleglanoe to the Mexican Republic, and will, at tbe proper time (to be judged of by tbe Congress of the United Slate*), be incorporated into the Union, and admitted to the enjoyment of all the rlgh s and privileges granted by toe constitution to Arerioan citlsens. These who wish to retain the oharacter of Mexicans will be at liberty to do so, and also to retain their property in this teiritory, or to dispose of It and remove the proceeds thereof wherever they please. But they must make tbeir election within one year from the tbiitietb day of May last; and thoee who remain after the expiration of that year, without declaring their Intention to retain eueb oharaeier, will be considered to have elected to become eltisene of tbe United State* In the meentime tbey will be protected in tbe free enjoy ment of tbelr liberty and property, and eecnred in the tree exercise of their religion. Tbey, however, are reminded that, a" war no longer exlets. aad a* Upper Caliternla now belongs to tbe United States, they owe a strict obedience to the American authorities; and any attempt on tbelr part tooletuib tbe peace and tranquillity of tbe country, will sobjeet them to the e* vereet penalties Tbe undersigned baa received Instructions from Washington, to take proper measures for tbe permanent occupation of tbe newly acquired territory To* Cengrer* of tke United 8ia"'e* (to whom this pvwer a'oae belongs) will seen confer upon the people ot this country tbe constitutional tights of cttlseui of the United States; and no deobt. In a few short monthi, we shell have a regularly organised territorial government;? Indeed, thsre Is erery reason to believe that Couriers has already passed tbe sot. and that a civil government Is now on Its way to this country, to replace that whinh has been organised under tbe rights of conquest. Such territorial govern ment will establish all local laws and regulations, which, within the scope ef its legitimate pewere, It may deem necessary for tbe public welfare In the mean tloae. tbe present civil olllcrts of the couotry will continue In the exercise of iheir functions as heretofore; and when vaoaaotes exist, or may occur, tbey will be filled by regular elections held by the teoule of the several towns and districts, dne notiseof such elections b*lng previously given Tts existing laws of tbe country will necessarily continue In force till others are made to supply thetr p'ace. From this new order of things there will result to Callft rale a new destiny ln*ie?d of resolutions and Insurrection* there will be internal tranquillity. Instead cf a flc.Me and vacillating policy there will be a firm and stable government, administering justlee with Impartiality and punishing crime with the strong arm ? power. I be arts and sciences will flourish; end tbe labor* of the egricultnrlst, guided hy the lamp of learni. ? ? will stimulate the earth to the most bountiful production Commerce, treed from thwwhetird restrlo tlons formerly imposed, will he greatly expended: the ebohed op ehan Dels of trade wilt tie npeneu and the poisoned fountains of domestto faction forever dried np. Americans and C'alifornlen* will now be due and the same people, subject to the sains laws and enjd/log the is.ii* rtfh'e end |*rvvil> g; t.k*y !h?mid, th*rif<r", become a hand ef brothers, emulating saah other In E NE MORI U*ir to fcwhpi wnlik iH nn?o? U WW ?> pim, hiptlllM, ud MIIMlt pMspmlti of their MM eMntry. Dm* at liMtMf, California, this wmth toy *f Angnat,IMC. R. B. MASON, Col. lit Drag*- Got of California. THE FEVER?MORTALITY. [From the Cehforaian, Not. ll-l Since tbo tidings of great booms ia tb* gold plaoor* vol* soundsd through the l?Bgth Bad breadth of the land, end the gathering together of all elesses to a Mass fortune 1b sue common pursuit, there has been an amount of sic knees in California, whloh may Tory well appear astounding abroad, and intimidating to tbo adTsnturer from other parts. Health has been alarmingly proetrated, and a number of deaths hare occurred seen In our midat. Our records show mortality to a degree noser before known in the oountry. In the town of San Fraaoiseo, during the past eummsr season, eight deaths base taken plaoe from ferer contracted at the North; and in and about the ml nee, slekness and death base frightfully pre railed. Now, to the unhappy coneequenoes attending many who bare labored in the mines, in the sudden depriratlon of health, climatic diseases are to be understood, in part, the cause. Cases of intermittent and remittent terers are, and hare been frrquent; but will any one attempt to attribute the unusual sickness that has been, and is preraUing, to a climate such as ours ' We are conrlnoed, that one of the principal causae of sickness lies in the enormous acts of imprudenoe of those engaged in mining, and otherwise operating in the ralley ef tbe Saoramento, are guilty of. We bsliere tbe prcserTation of health to depend almost entirely upon self-treatment, self-rostral at If tbe secxet of this ferer disease were generally understood, would net the fearful eieeoses indnlged in-the over tasked mind and body lorm a prominent part T Were the system properly fortified against oltmatio attacks, by those about entsrlng the Held ef labor, regular diet wmmm-vm VSUCVU V VWBV* f VUf MUU pa UUO UVO IU UUUHUI llUQ operations of tbs miner, need we remark, the better remit produced ? An ill-advised movement, we venture to any, la that of a removal of the patient from tbe Interior and mining country to tbe climate of tbe ooast. wben stricken down and prostrate under a burning fever The disease. it would seem, is rendered more tenacious, ie much prolonged, or speedily and fatally fermlnated, as past instances have proved. Oar medical men, we believe, generally concede tbe climate of tbe eea-ooast favorable to obstinate cases of fevers, intermittent, but do tbey recommend tbe removal from an intensely warm region, to that where so vast a difference In temperalure exists, and during tbe height of a violent remittent lever? Without for an Instant considering the Immense number employed in a mountainous country, and at a distance fiom even tbe bare necessaries of life-without a provision at hand for tbe seonrlty of health, oninured to excessive toil and hardships attendant ui>uu liin uimrr in ma moors, and suffering exposure to wblob rcsree another oooupatton could more severely ta?k tbe nnsd and body; men do not hesitate to pronounce tbe climato of the northern country, destruotivato baaltb, and attribute the disease and death we bare of late witnessed solely to it* unbappy effeete. Xbii baa deterred a number from entering the mlnea this aeaaon, and well nigb paralyied tbe belief of many that fortnnea lay open in a land quite free from tbe common " ills that flash ia beir to " A word en our own experience. We were one of tboee early adTentnrers whose lot was east in the mines, and whose labor to ply tbe plok and spade, promised eueoess. In the month of July last, all health and strength was ours, but one single aot of imprudence and tbe stroke fell?we were brought down, and shortly after enjoyed tbe satiafaetion of believing our elf a tolerable lair abaker. lor one taking first lessons. We believe that with prudenoe and eonslstenoy becoming a just proportion of self management, health, In tbe valley of the Sacramento, is quite as seoure aa elsewhere. sales of merchandise. [From the Californian, Nov. 18 ] The oargoea of vessels Undine and Virginia, late from Valparaiso, were sold at public auction, commencing on Tuesday last. 8ales ran high. 1hk government of california. * * As yet, what has the United States done for California? Tbe Anglo American and European residents on tbe soil conquered It from tbe native Inhabitants, for which they have never been paid, but attempts rather, by some in authority to rob them of their just dues, fer winning this richest prise of the late war ; not only to rob tbem of their pecuniary pay. but also tne fame and laurels of tbe dted. when all here at the time, know that, with but few honorable exceptions, these tame tinseled amphibious would-be heroes, who, by blowing their own trumpets abroad, have got tbe lalte honor of acoompllthieg it, did but little else than dlsboner their flag, stain tbelr arms with ignoble deeds, and tarnieb, by malpraotioes, and highbandvd lawless acts, the glory of their nation. Ever since the hoisting of our flag, tbe people of this eountry have begged, prayed, petitioned, argued, and, failing in there, have resorted to threats to indues those holding tbe reins of state in hand to give ns some plain, simple, temporary form of government, but in vain. The aggrandising, selfish, and weak brained course of some, and non- committal, do nothing at allSolioy of others, still leaves us. after two year* and a alf anarehy, precisely aa we stood at the start?sans laws, sans order, sans government. What good to California, may very sensibly be asked, does the collection of this revenne do, when none of it is disbursed for our benefit. Has it been in depreciating tbe price of gold dust to one-third its intrinsic value abroad, when compared with specie ratee hrre ? is it to be laid up tor our future neoeeeitles ? ? iiavugu irum prceenv rigDH we BDill 71116 IDODgD III future to pay our way; or olM la It to bo lent homo to pay wrangling Congressmen, for consuming time In debiting on what basis California thill ho idmlttid into the A inert dan Union ? and tbit, too, on on# mam point in whloh wo the peoplo of Cilifornii hare the sole right to think, speak, let ind decide for ourselves? whether or not slavery thill ho illowed by oar conetitutien. On thit subject the moek-mietiken philanthropists and envious oenteutioos spirits of Vinkeedom hid at well eeate their eeerliatlng ttrlfe In referenee to Cilifornii, at they will toon find we are the meet Independent, demoeretlcil, atite righto, inti-buinbug in religion. morals, phlloeophy and government of any portion of the oontinent, and will have ' niggera" or no niggtrt at tlaeet just at a majority of we, the sovertgn electors of Alta California may deeide. This much for the disputants of Uncle Sam's advisers and law makers atbeme, who may or may not admit ut on sneh grounds, just as he thinks proper. 1 never have been an advoeate for the people of this land taking the responsibility of organising aelvll order of goverment. except on those to whom the government of the United States have delegated this authority falling to do It. The tumultous, unsettled and mixed population of California presents a etrong abjection to entruatlng them as jet with suoh an important eleotive franchise, that he* never been overlooked by me; and hat for tbo continued failure and disappointment at the aouroee where we had aright to expeotassistance, would never yet have been advocated. Even now (for the time taenia yst mors nnpropltions for the neoole laklne the Question In hnnd thsnislnii ] would yield my cordial support to way measure for our benefit. Tba naw executive, Com. Jonas, (whom jou aay supercedes Col Mason ) and In whoaa good sense and dlfcratlon In civil affairs I bars rathar mora confidence than moat of our naval officers, may take But if he too reiterates the cry of ' wait, wait,"?" la a tew short months,"?a government from the Atlantic side must arrive I join you, Mr. Kdttor, In saying it Is "proper and necessary"to "immediately tnke the neeattary steps la the matter" ourselves. Paciric. [Correspondence ef the Callforalaa.] "Dair Oleoma," Gold Plscbso, > Ang 16, 1848. \ Mr. lloiTOa,- I have now spent several months at the Gold Plactro, during wbioh time 1 have visited the prltoipal "dlggins." 1 And these" dry diggins," far exceeds any thing that has ever been discovered At the l<?er mines, tbe miners count the snocesa of the day In dollars, at the upper minee near the mill ia ounces, and here In pounds! 1 be pieces found here are or an astonishing site ; tbe largest piece which I shall It form you of (for you would nnt believe me if i told tbe whole truth) neigh* about 18 pounds. The only lusttument used at first was a butcher's knife, ana tbe demand for tbe article was so great that $40 l?> been retusid lor one; now a pick and spoon or fbovel 1s used. Tbe earth is taken out of the ra Tines which make out el the mountain, and Is carried In waggons and packed on horses from ooe to three miles lo the water, Where It Is washed, kour hundred doilais bas been an average for a cart load. In one instance 6 leads of earth wbioh had been dug oat. sold ler 47 os. ($769) which yielded, after washing, $10 000 Instances have occurred here wbere men have carried tba earth on their back* and col eoted $800 to $1,600 id a day. Notwithstanding all this. I sru confident tbe tbuataln bead has not yet been discovered. The hi le In ell directions must abound with gold, and when proper machinery la Introduced and the hills ent down, bugs pieces must bs found. News has just arrived that new " digitus" have been discovered on the Stanislaus river, nod about auo persona leaee this morning for tbe new prospect, myself among the number. from whence I will write to yon 8end me some papers. I would give half an onnce of pare gold for one eopy of y?ur valuable paper this moment; I nave not reen a newspaper sicca I have been In the gold p arero us have a hundred capias most any one wbo ia rtming up will take them, and beeidea greatly aectmmodating us gold hunters .will make a handsome *- rpeo" on tkem Yours fortunately, J. B. ORAIES |prmn inn t aniorntan, NOT 11 J Thla la the grape reaeon, and a loodly proportioned wlrker baeket. ?ell lined wiih luecioua looking and great purple rlnatera,crowding hooka, papara and proay r orrei poideneea to Iba eornera, and oorupylng the rerj centra ot anr edltor'a table, remlnda ua rrbile t> arttr a our ejea thereon, and rendering onr appetitea tberrunto, of what California la oapable of dlepiaytng In ad*aetagea other than tboaa at preaant ao generally and faithfully teated If we uia) uot be reproached aa eonaumately premarptlone f r Intruding upon the attention of our reapera. matte re for tbalr oroaelonal refleatlon, notlo tin>ately mterworen with "Anding gold" In Ita primitive Mate, wa will branch off from that eatne old aub jt or, but promlainit to return ahortly, thereto by all D"i>i. What ucn'1 our ill. be worth without!:. The Lima la not dtatant whan tko outturn of the W YO SING EDITION?TUES grape will raeelra pro par attention,'a oon?p%r*'l??i? light and agreeable ecoupatlou. and tha unaurpamed eapabtlltiaa of onr ioU, in tht? aoaroa of wealth. ba ably and tally drawn forth. Wa hara a atatement on hand, from an old raaldaat of tha eountry, and whoaa nnoeanpladtima haa btan profitably and anooaaafally amployad in tha onltura of tha rlna. Ha any a:?"I poeiaaa a amall rtnayard of 1000 rlnaa, ooonpylag thr?a acre* of land, whloh prodneaa ma naarly $1,000. Tba produce of laat aaaaon, howarar, (1847.) exoaed?d $1 2C0. laold grapaatotha amount of 4 000 pound* at8eanta par pound, amounting to $888; mmuftcturad 80 barrala of wina. at $38 par barrel, amoutlng to $760. and 4 barrala brandy, nt $60 par barral, amounting to $100. Tha rlnaa eommanea bearing tha third year, and perfect an tha fourth. A rioayard doea not requira more labor than a common cornfield, and one man la capable of attending 600 Tinea, merely laboring three honra dally, for eight monthe daring the year." The climate and roll of the South aren excel* that of the North, for bringing tha Tine to perfection. Wa hare teen "tall fruit" grown in that aac(action. California la tha grapa-growlng country after all. PKOCIZS1NOS OF THE TOWN COUNCIL. 8ai? Faarcuco. Oct 30,1848. The Council of the Town ot San Franolaoo did not elt at tha appointed time and place aa no quorum waa preaent. The next regular meeting will be hold on the flrit Monday in Norember. M. L. Callbitdkx, Clark of Council. AHR1 VALS. [From the Callfornlan, Sept. 10 J Our town la completely erowded with new oamera, 36 ! Having arrived in on* vessel, 80 In another, and 10 in another, while every veseel that eomes brings more or less. Verily, gold Is a powerful magnet. Among the passengers by the '-Huntress." from New York, we notice Capt. Rnfns Ingalls. of the Quarter Master's Department ; Lieut Norton, 1st Regiment N. Y. Volunteers. recently disbanded; and Mr J. A 8utter, jr., son of the enterprising propletor of New Helvetia.? The number of people In town renders all kind of lodgings In great demand, and It Is a moderate assertion te say fifty perrons are nightly without the oomfort of a root to sleep under. THEATRICALS IN CALIFORNIA. [From the Californlan, November 4.1 We have heard It stats d that a subscription hats been very successfully set on foot for the immediate establishment of a theatre In this city An enterprise uf the kind would undoubtedly take very well this winter, and reap a golden harvest. Weunderstand that quite a numerous company has been organised, among which are several performers who have appeared with considerable eclat in the principal theatres of the States. We wish them success- full houses they are sure of. EDUCATION A8 IT NOW 18 IN CALIFORNIA. Does California with all its fair and fiowery prospects bold ont. at present, the hopes of its being an assistant in this mighty advancement? To this erqufry I would say, look into her present state of instruction Where are her teachers and where ber scholars? Gone to the mines, where >he very children are taught that to seek sordidly and avariciously after gold, is the one great essentlsd in mtir raueaitoa Those generous Impulse*, amounting Imri-t to a fatllrg in youth,tbe result Id part of uroper training, will, by tbe youth here, be rarely If ever felt, being supplanted by tbe keen of obtaining gold, with all the iflfleh feelings whleh Its rapid acquirement under such peculiar olrcumstanees, most certainly engenders This extraordinary atate of affairs It is to be hoped will not long continue, for the sake of those who are already here, and for tbe take of those who are coming here?eerily, to the tamllled stranger arriving among us. to whom tbe education of hi* children is a serious matter, the present state of California presents, with all Its other richea, a bleak, unbroken, barren waste. Yours, he, O. C H. MISCELLANfcoUS. The Wsathkr baa for a few days past assumed quite a summer like aepsot, indioating the approach of the season which, while it takes the eharaoter ef a lengthened spring with us. rends our friends of the Atlantic coast shivering to their firesides. Milton Ills or a Caiiforniai* Editor?No news from tbe mines, wherewith to greet bis readers. CALIFORNIA ADVERTISEMENTS. House roa Sale.? The subscriber offers fbr sale, lmSorted per bark MARY FRANCIS, a neat story and a alf cottage. Said cottage is 86 feet by SO, finished with Venetian blinds, verandah, kc. The sashes are glaied with double crown glass, doer flramss made and put together doors and windows bung, boards planed, kc. It can be erroted at a very trifling expense. Oils, palnta, extra glass, nails, a*. Included. A plan ana specification of the same oan be seen by calling at the office. C. L ROSS. Foa Maxatlan.?The fast sailing brig MALEK AOHEL, Captain John A. Hall, will have despatch for the above port. For freight or passege. having enperlor accommodations. apply to R. A. PARKER, Clay at. San Franclseo, Sept. 9,1848. Graves.?Fresh lots received weekly per lanneh COMET, from Sonoma Vineyards, and for sale In large and smell quantities, by EDMONDSON k ANDERSON, Centre Market. For Honolulu.?Tbe_fast sailing clipper schooner nunuLULU, captain r. A Newell, will rail u above, on Monday next For freight or passage, havltg superlor accommodations, apply to the captain on board, or to R. A PARKER. Foa Honolulu.?The brigantlne MARY ANN, J. Horsey, matter, will be deapatobed for the above port, on Tneaday next, Nov. 7th. For freight or passage, having good accemmodationa, apply to C. L ROSS For Vancouver's Island.?The brig BELFAST will sail la a few days for Port Vietorla, Vanoeuver'a Island. For freight or passage, apply to the oap'atn, onboard, or to W ARO A 8 WITH Foa Monterey and the Sandwich Islands.?The LAURA ANN. will aail as above in all thssnsaing week. For freight or passage, apply to STARKLY, J ANION k CO , or to Capt. THOMAS. For Honolulu and Valparaiso.- The brig TEPIC, will be dispatehed for the above named porta. For freight or passage, apply to Captain Loee. on board, or to STARKEY, JANION k CO. Notice ?All persons Indebted to the late Thome* Adams, deceased, are requested to call at the Alcalde" rffloe and rattle the same. Tbosebavlog claim against the deoeastd, are requested to present their olaims on cr before the Sth of November, 1H48. T. M. LEAVEN WORTH. Alotlde. District of San Franolsoo. San Franeiseo, August SI, 1848. Skventien dollars per ounce for gold dust will be paid by the subscriber in making clothing, or teaching the seianee of eu'tlng. LAZARUS EVERHART, Tailor. Laagggoon, San Franotsoo. New Goods?Dr. Witt k Harrison will ooen on Monday next, a largo and general aseortn ent of Now Goods,just received per brig Belfast, from Now York, wbieb tbey offer to roll at wholesale at tba obip wharf, foot of Broadway. San Franeloeo, Sopt 80, 1848. Dr. J. A. Ward. M. D., would respectfully announoo to Ibo ptcple of the mining diotrlot, that he baa eatablltbm himself at Sutter's Fort, and that be will keep constantly on band a supply of Drugs aad Med clues. and will attend punetoally to all wna may faror him with tbelr patronage Offlse at the Hotel RiLimoci Notice.?We are requested to plata that tba H?t. Elibu Anthony. will preach In the Sobool Hcure to-n orrow 'Sunday) at 11 o'alook A. M. The pnblie are respectfully requested to att nd Waters. Kaq , at tba New York Store, la authorised to aet as agent for the Polynesian. New Yore Store ? C. L Ross offers for aala at tba corner of Montgomery and Washington rtreets, the following goode, at eery low prices, for coin or plaoer gold. Ditiise Se rticb every Sunday, at 11 o'clock A M. and "X P M., by tbe Rev. T. Dwioht Hurt, at the lubllo Institute Portsmouth Square. A general attendance of our eltnena is desired. Stareet, Janion It Co , Commission Merchants and Importers ef Goods direst from England, tua Atlantlc ports of the United States, aad China. San srancisco, U. C. Ward It Smith, general commission merchants ? Frsnk Ward. Win M. Smith. No.3 Montgomery street, Sen Francisco, Upper California. T R. Per Lee. attorney and counsellor at law, and solicitor in chancery, will attend to all business with- i in th? province of his profession. San Francisco, Sept.Otb, 1848. 8. Brannan It Co., wholesale and retail merchants, Saoiamento. Gold rcctivad at $18 perounae. 8 AMI. BRANNAN, WM srour. A Card.?Tbe undersigned, physician and surgeon. of tbe Loudon and Dublin Co leges, offers his servloeg to tbe poblie on moderate terms. His address Is at Mr. i Carritgton'e, Saeramento street. i. HENRY POETT. Also, wanted, a building lot, and a heuso to rent. Ooi.d! hold! oolu! - Messrs. Dickinson k Hay are purchasers of Saersmento gold. A liberal prle* given. BEEHIVE. R A rum, wholaral* and retail merohant. Stor# Id Clay atr??t. ( I MoDTDOMiirk Co, Shade* tavern and bawling { alleys,earner Pacific and Rtockton atreets fian Francisco U C. Tba beat llqaon and aegars constantly on band. Fesnrii J Lirrrrr, Oate of New York olty.) attorney and ceunaellcr at law, salioitor and conaiellor la cbacrrry, proctor and advocate In admiralty; ban j FtsbcIsco, Al'a ralifornla. Office at Mr. Merrill's. November Id, 1148. Htsr fc (JsLiroseisn Boor artn Joe Paiiaruto Orrica.?'Waablngton street Portsmouth aqoate. Single copies of the ''Callfornlan" for aalo at the I (Slew. (Cali/prnimn cfllee ) Price 25 cents 1 Ctrr Hotsi.. located on the south aide of the Pcrtan.oi th Square?The proprietor informs bis friends, and the public generally, that be bes again leased the ' above large and well known establlahment. whtoh has 1 been recently fitted up and fnrnlahed In the moat n cdein style, and from hla eiperlence In baaloess as a rendu tor cf a peblte house, he bepes to gain a liberal ( share rf pa ronsge. The purveyance departar.eot la attrndsd with care and attention and hie table supple d wIth all the ?arl-Pe.- 'hr IMiket stores lit- U 1 contain* the ehoioeet braada of aordlala, wines and | 1

R K E DAY, FEBRUARY 13, liquor* In feet, no point will bo tptnt In any department to render hit gueate tptttklt dnrlnc thtlr irjonrn. J H. BROWN, Proprietor. Son Franclroo, July 16, IBM. Chibv Mao istbatb'* Orrica, Diitbict 8ad Fbaivcitco, Oct. 20. 1848.? Territory #/ California, Diitriet */ San FVancitc*. ta ?To William Lanoaaa, Sheriff of tho Diatrlet: - Whereat, It baa boon repreaented to tbla Conit by affirmation, and reported by oommon fine, that Pktkb Rathokd. the perpetrator of the erime of murder, la a fugitive fK>m juatlee, and attempting to eaoope legal trial for the erime. Yon an commanded to make dllllgant tearob. and by all lawful meant, bring the body of Peter Raymond, the fugitive * fores eld, If found wliMn tble diatrlet, before me. to be lodged in prlten until dealt with aeeordlng te law. And all good eitliena are required to be aiding and aeaittlng the execution of the purpoee of thla warrant; theaireatand exemplary puniahment for the hlgheat eiIme known to human lawa. And of thla warrant maka legal eerviee and due return Given under my hand, thla day and year above written. T. M LEAVENWORTH, Alealde, Diitriet of San Franelaoo. Ciktbb Mabibt, ecrner of WaaMngton and Montgomery itreete, oppoelte the New York Store ?The undertlgned have the pleaaure to anoounoe to the eitliena of San Franclroo. tbat they have opened a market at the above atand, whleh tbey will conduct on the New York plan, and Intend keeping eonatantly on hand, a general tupply of fresh and eorned M*ata, aueh aa Beef, Pork. Veal, Mutton, he ho. Alao, Vegetable* of every description, at prioea to *uit the ttmee. A lanncb is kept eonstanti y running to nil parts of j the bay shore by which menus they will keep their ; enctomerc supplied with the delloseles of the senson. No eonneetlon with ney other establishment. KDVIONSON It ANDERSON. Sen Francisco, Oct 21,1848. Notice to Cortbactors ? Proposals will he raoelvad by the undersigned fer freighting fifty thousand feet of timber belonging to the town of San Franolaoo, from Coita Medora to San Francisco W. S CLARK. Chairman of Committee of Town Counoll of San Francisco. Wanted.?A person to attend to the cleaning and feeding of two horses ; also, cutting wood aod drawing water, lor a small family, lima required, one hour early In the morning and a balf hour in the evening. To a person who will perform those duties faithfully, which will not interfere with the usual dally lahor, $16 per month will be paid. Apply at this office. Notice ?The understghed shipped on board the launch " Charles & Edward," (so called.) sumetime in the month of June last, among other things, ene common sited black leather trunk, containing many valuable papers, clothing, and $1,600 in eoinsd gold ? The said trunk was shipped at San Franoisoo for Sutter's Fcrt, but has never been hsard of since by the undersigned Any person who will Inform the undersigned where the said trunk may be found, or forward the same to him shall be amply compensated by L. W. HASTINGS Rat-ioiovt Notice.?Divine service of the Protestant Episcopal form, will be held at the Public lastitute, Portsmouth SquareJto-morrow (Sunday, 16th Inst.) at 11 A. M. fire hukdtfd Doli.ah> Reward?A reward of At# hundred dollars cvh, will be paid for tbe apprehension end delivery of tbe perion of PETF.R RAYMOND, charted with tbe murder of John R. Von Peiitia, to tbe Alcede at 8ntter's Fort, or te tbe commanding of Deer of either of tbe military poeta of San Franoleeo er Monterey By order of Col. Mason. W. T. SHERMAN, let l.ient 3d Reg't. A. A. A. (Jen'l New Helvetia, Oot. 23,1848. For Columbia Riter.?The fast Bailing American bark "Joven Uuipusooana." 8. Reeve, maater, will I rail for tbe above place in a few days, for Freight or Passage apply to DAVIS A CARTER, oerner of Mont- ! g emery arid Clay street*. San Francisco, Nov. 17,1848. New Bakery?.The undersigned respectfully Informs tbe Inhabitants of San Francieoo, jlbat he has lekrn tbe Bake House on Broadway, near the ship wbarf, where be Intends devoting bis time to tbe baking of Bread, Pies and Cakes ; thoroughly understanding bis business sod using the best brands of flour, be hopes to merit a share of pnbllo patronage JOHN BOWDEN. The California*, published every Saturday,devoted to tbe interests of AIta California, by Sheldon, Foster k Weaver, proprietors. Offloe, corner Broadway and Sansrme street, San Frauoiseo. U. C. Terms: ? Subgeilptten. one ytar, in advance. 86; If not paid within three months. (0 No paper dlscontinned, eseept at the option of the publishers, until arrearages are paid. Single eeples. 26 oents. Advertising, 7 lines or less, $1; one square. 16 lines or less, and over 7, $1 60; every ubsrquent Insertion, half price; by tbe year, to change at pleaenre, f<r one square, $80; two squares, $t0; three squares S70; four squares. 886; one oolumn, $1(0. Business cards, six months, $6; one year, $10. Advertisements not accompanied with written directions will be inserted nntil forbid and eharged accordingly. All transient advertisements must be paid inadvanee. The Emigration to Uallftornla. The fine brig Arbraaia is to sail torChagreaon the 18th or 20th iust. She is well fitted up, and will go out in fifteen duye; has been there in thirteen from this port. She will be consigned to li a- t ...: ' . iisTcu u LiKiiiKMnn. An ngrni ib resident in the ltstl mua, and will take charge of freight and passengers across to Panama. Tne following passengers sailed on the 9th mat., in the bark S. L. Crowell, Captain Lewia, lor Chagret:? E. Gill, H. It Kenej. J F. Smith, W. Haawell, B. Itlce. A. Richardson. M Richardson, J. W. Miller, J. 0 Wood W U Moore, J W. Giddings. C L. I.athrop, S D Cook. B. Gatdner. I,. Morton, S C Stone, T. Ayrss. C. Biadsbaw, MBoynton, C. Read. A Borates. N. Spregne. K Robinson, C. Perkins. A. Van Nordan,J. B Perkins, J. P. Oogsvsll. J. M. Jones, A. Dodge, G. Nlcoll, N. Cbenery. H. J. Hodges, M. Hoblud. C G. Starkweather G B. Pbelpa. J. Prou'y, C. E. Cashing A Bradbury F.Baker. B. Bisbe. N Tower, W. Allen. J Fleh. E C Clark, P. R Merrlok. 8 Reed, M. N Hnhhard, F. Lyman. S. Boswortb, J. G. MeKlndley, O Wright. Total, 61. Sailed, also, in the brig Cameo, for San Francisco:? Members of tbs Franklin Company. Msssrs. E C. Crrmwsll, Oeorge A Parkes,Charles Walnwright Ssml. Knlsbt. John L. Crs'g. R. H Howell, James Dnbolse, A. H Craig, Ssml. 8 8 afford. M. Andrews. Total, 10. MAPHACIirSKTTR. The following ate the names of the passengers who sailed on the 9th inst., Irom Boston, in the ship Duxbury, for Calilornia:? Meiers John Dowllng. Stephen M Keltb. James M. White. R. C. Bseon, Kllean Kaiser, Christian Re'.ser, Otis E. Smith, Charles Shillings. Samuel Ksndrlsk, Francis L. Sargent, C. A. Upton, Henry Way, John crttcnerson. Jr . Wm K B Andrews. and Charles A. Bernard, of Boston; Lot Wheelwright, of South Boaton: Wm II . De t ester. Richard CUmeato, Nathaniel K flt.we. Albert Marshall, Fdward D. Shed, Cbarlea Bailey, H. P C. Lnriif F. C. Loriug Joseph P Lunt, Moeea Heath, O. W I'ennel. of Charleston; William Stswatt, ot Cambridge; Daniel MoNell, of West Canbridge; Watron B. Hastings. Daniel R. Keuney. Cbaa. Litchfield Irssa Miller, leaao Underwood, Jr , A Sidney Smith and 8 C. Moore, of F.aat Cambridge; Joehna J. Wentwortb,of Cambrlpgeport; Mr. and Mrs Kinney Robt K. Maltby. Jamea W MoDonald, Michael UalUf her and Wm. MoLeod. of Roabury; Wm.Mnnroe and Ibomaa Cooper, of Dnrcbeater; Jonathan Ogden, rf Watertown: Tbrroas Hayes. ef Beverly. 8. R Trerltt. of Brookllce. Kara Learitt. jnn; Joseph Hudson, and Nathan Hudson, ot Hlngham ; William Harper, of Sooth Bralntree; William M Carr. and Cbarlea (J. Carr. of West Newbury; Henry Elrgelbeeht, John Rtbrewre. Fredsrlck Reeee, and Henry Glade, of Plymouth; Daniel M Pierce. 8 Colaon, M. T. Moore, Thoracis H. Colby, of Lowell; Ree B Brlerly, Henry Le Sand. J. A Men lam and A. J. Kimball, of Grafton; Lorsnto Mansfield, of Saugua; J.M.Clark, Thomas P. Itaitott. Andrew Morris Daniel Howard, jnn, L. Crosby O B Stanley. Colonel J. T Bowler, John A. Clark, Samuel Fenby, and George W Coates, of Lynn; Wllllam Gatdiner. 8 F Weeks, and J. Adams, of Salem; John Brlerly, of Ameabury Mills; A. A. Wood, of Hold n. James M Morr of Lawrenne; John 8 Burns, of Ashland; George W. Rand, of Littleton; R. B. Thomas of Portsmouth, N H ; H 8. Loreland, of Concord, New Hampshire: C F. Putnam. of Walpole. Newllanp>bire: Catdtnrr B. Nuden. Doctor Burdell, of NewVork; Valentine Nutter. Jerrmlah York, Horses Manaon. Gllman. Vlckery. William Vlckrry. Jaoob Remlok. H. R Fianch. Charles Dunn, and ' yrua Dunn, of Dover, New Hampshire; George Bolton. Manchester, New Hampshire; John N Freter. Portland. Me.; Stephen P. W hl| pie, Cumberland, Rbtde lsland-110 Hpl roR California.?The fine schooner Hialto, rf ,l6 tone, a very sbpehor VPief! ot her clans, fully esjiiii | rd, with mining utensils, Arc . and provifiinsd for a i?o years' voyage, took her departuiefrrm Holmes' Hole (Mariha'n Vineyard) op the 7ih met., destined for the gold regions. She is mannsd by a joint company, consisting of anlern |men,"n,oet ot whom have formerly been engaged in ihe whaling business, all residents of noimr r~n mm", i ney fn wnn inr wh wi?nn of thore they leave b? hind, and bid fair' return amply rewmded for their enterprising exertions. Annexed in a list of their names:? ( attaint Cbarle* Down* William Marry. George B. Mancfceeter. and Zenaa Dillingham. Maaara Warren I.wee Mreb Lane. (>a?rge Luce. Jr hn Roblntoa, Thaa. Rcbtrron. Alohoaio Smith, William K. Daggett. Banitmin M? rry. Benjamin Wert, Abraham Chaca, lUebd. Hurra!!, and It' v. Oeorga Denham. Total, lfl. Court of Oyer and Terminer. Before Judge I emends,and Aid Stevana and Crollne. L h?rfr of Mm itr.? Thomae Hadrian. indloted for the murder 01 John Keboe, In September laat, waa arraigned. and pieadad not guilty. Hia trial la Bxed for Thursday next. The tiial ef Sherry. Indicted for tha murder of Monulre. la eat down for to-morrow (to-day.) after whloh lb# Court adjourned. Baral Intelligence. The U 8. frit ate tit. t.awrenee. laet from Southampton, arrived at Liabon on tha 19th af January. The U. 8 frigate Plymouth waa at Macao Nor. 20th; ii t via rlctp rt wat 1Ti>U? wot at WhlU^poa, i&a* late. [ERA irtiA 104U. TBS DBSAZLS of thb , EUROPEAN INTELLIGENCE, j BROUGHT BY THR J STEAMSHIP NIAGARA. Oar London Correspondence. Loudon, Jan. 26?P. M. Opening of Parliament. The Queen will open Parliament in perion. The address in the Lords will he moved by Lord Brace, and seconded by Lard Bateman. London, Friday Evening, Jan. 26. Summary of European Nttci. Europe is becoming more settled, or is rather tailing a atesta. The Continent is tmnauil?if we except a sanguinary civil war in Spain; and here in England, the approaching sesa on of Parliament is the topic of the day. The buoyancy ot the English stock market continues, and bUBi- , neaa is getting up. The stock market is the beat barometer to go by. Our winter is over; to-day is | as warm as summer, with a bright sun and a clear 1 sky. ! The last mail from Bombay brought tidings of a ' battle with the Sikha, which, though our troops carried their point, does not fail to prove that the 1 Sikhs are good men and stout, and what is more, are well disciplined soldiers. The Commander inchief gave orden to cross the river Chcnab. This was etlected, but with the loss on our side of Brigadier General Cureton, who was shot through the heart, Colonel Havelock, two other officers, and some ten or tw<elve wounded, witn a loss of four and twenty privates. The Moolraj still holds out at Mooltan. We have 100,000 men in the field, and 100 pieces of heavy artillery. Some decisive battle is expected?ine result must be in our favor, I as, however brave the Sikhs may be, civilization is too powerful an opponent for them to overcome. In this last skirmish they crossed swords with our best horsemen, and fell fighting by their guns ? Colonel Cureton and Lieutenant Colenel Lavelock are both old Peninsular men. The most important event that occurred on the continent since I wrote on Friday last, i? a vote that was parsed in the sitting of the Frankfort Asst mbly on the 19th inst. The question who is to be Emperor of Germany, was on the la vis. The debate was long and violent; but the Prussian party carried the any. The original proposal of the committee, "that the digni- ; ly of the supreme head of the empire is vested in \ one of the reigning Princes," was adopted by a < maiority of 47. 1 The next question, which is now being debated, < is whether the title is to he hereHitBnr i < And then comes the rub?who is to have it 1 1 The King of Prussia has (irmly and wisely notified his intention ol not accepting the imperial crown unless with the sanction ot Austria, Bava| ria, Saxony and Wrutemberg. Should he accept ot it without thio sanction -a sanction Austria will never give?civil war is the inevitable result, and the Austrian and Prussian eagles will dig their claws into each other. The war in Hungary is over. The Hungarians, after all their bragging, have not made a stand for it. What has become of the old Magyar chivalry 1 Gone is the revolution of 1848. The sudden change in the weather has caused the ice on the great rivers to break up. The Viennese are no sooner out of one scrape than into another. The Danube is now the monster evil, beating " the state of siege" hollow. After a period of intense frost, there came all of a sudden a thunder storm, accompanied by a rapid rite of the thermometer, which occasioned the breaking up ot the ice, and overflowing of the river. A part of the city, intersected by an arm of the Danube, is still under water, and for two days people have been sailing about the streets in boats. The iton. as it is calls d, came so unexpectedly that the shopkeepers had barely time to shut their shoes, and make their escape. This event, formidable enough here, is viewed With t?rrnr nod ?n prehension by those who inhabit the banks of the i main stream ; the rush of water sweeping allbetore it, burying towns and villages, and desolating fields. In Hungary, the patting of the Ice Is always aeoompa led by military honors, gun* being tired from the adjacent eminence*, te warn the people of the enemy's apptoach The Inundation* of Pesthin the year IMS, and Preeburg In 1M7. are atlll remembered by all who wt to eased them, with fear and trembling. Country people, with whom I have epoken, pretend to have felt, on the morning of the tbnnder storm, the shook of an earthquake, by whleh they explain tha sudden upheaving of the mass of lea. Ths dangsr la ovsr for the pretent. and the river returning to its natural bed. after canting considerable havoo. which, togsthsr with the d.l02 kl'2 florins'worth of damage done by tha fires, will bear heavily on the sitliens for some time ta eome. In consequence of the sadden thaw, the Pegnits rose at midnight to a height not remembered by tha oldest inhabitant befcre Many lives, it is raid, ara lost, and ihe dsmage sustained by the warehouses lying along the banks must be very considerable. The unusually high flow of i be waters in tha Neekar and tbs neighbouring rivers eaused tbs bursting of a bricked drain to a breadth of fifteen feet, by wbloh the railway communication between Nordelm and Heilbrenn was stopped. Tbs damage ha* been repaired with tbe utmost rapidity. The breaking up of th# Ice at Hamburg, prooeeds with great rapidity During tbe nlgbt a considerable portion of the ice between Blankeneusn and 8ehalan was ret sdrift. In tbs vicinity of St. Pauli men are actively at work in breaking up ths los, and tha i harbour has already been cleared. The Kibe baa become to Inrccura that a great number of the country people have crossed to Hamburg in ice boats, through the Kohlbrend.and others have gone by Isnd acrsrs Wllhelmsburg. The thaw seems tohava been universal. In Kiaacs, matters r? main pretty much in statu quo. Prince Loel, Napoleon is a President in name, but ntlblrg more. He cannot lift b s little fit ger without permission. Contrary to rxpeetatlou, ef tha three candidates proposed for tbe Vice-Presidency of tbe Repnblto, M. Boulay de la Meurthe bas been elected This was a. blow to the cabinet which supported M. Vivien; but will not induce tbem to resign. The affairs of France bave, however, entered a new pbaele. It la currently reported and believed that ateys have been taken and attended with suosess, for a srrt of compromise between tbe Orleantits and legitimists. Tbsy bave been convinced that pulling eaeb In crntrary directions, they all suffer and neither parly laagalner If I may judge from information from well accredited sources an amalgation af tbe Orlean lit* (l.fcux Philippe* party,) and the legitimi*ta (l)uke of bt rdtaux). baa taken place; the reiteration of tba Bourbon* I* to be tVIr motto; tba plan propoeed la, | that tba duke I* to reign for bin lifetime an Henry V , tba crown than to descend ta tbe Count da Paria, aan | of tba Ducbrf* of Orlaana. Tba immenre impnrtanaa i of tbla entente ret dialt will ba eaan aa aoon aa tba gen*tal alrcllona take place. Tba Conatltueat Aeaam- i bly will toon ba dterolved. and the Leglelative . t bamtera el?eted,ln wbleb tba nonaroblata bopa to t obtain a Urge and decided majority. Tba republican* t are at a dead lor* Tba Bonapartlat* are a weak fee 1 Uop._ Tb< ogb a Bonaparte la at tk* bead (nominally) I of tba republic, hla miuieter* are Odilon Bar rot ana Leon Peueber (OrlrenUt*) Palloux (legltlmiat); hla 1 adulters Mole and Tblara (L011U Philipptata); Commander latli?f Btipeaud. who offered hla eerviee* to Louta Philippe to milt mi/tr i? canait/a. All the aopointmanta Lcul* Napo eon mada In favor of hi* ralatlvea have been at pulnl, one by rna, by bit mintatera. with the exception of tbat of bi* ancle, Jarome, to tba poet of (Jovunrr et tbe Invalid**. Tbe diarolution of tbe praiant Alterably mill ba tba liprai ftr new agitation. Tbe National Arrembty ba* at length adopted th* bill ? bith eend* tba partiea aoeueed of being tba principle* or arceeecrie* In tba aitaak of tbe Aaaambly on tbe 16th ct May, for trial befora tba High Court of Jcatice of tbo nation. Tba dabate upon tha mbjaot wa* a long and animated ona. but tba whole qneattnn at ieenr meteiy amounted tothia : doe* th* trial of tba pertona arcueed of tbe affair of tba 15th of May, befrre a tribunal which did not *xlat at tha time when tbe crlma wet committed, amount to a violation wbleb lay* down tbat lawa have no retro aetlvajafftrtf MM. Dupont da Bumio, Crcmteui, and Jalea *a?*e. cantended for tbe affirmative, while tba Mlniater of Joetire. M Odlllon Bat rot, M. Dnpin, and M. Roubar. maintained 1 be contrary. M Odlllon Barrot. eapect Hy. ct ntended with great foroe tbat not only on Ugal, but en political, ground*, tbe authority of tba high tr'bunal entabllihed by the new oonttltutlou In plaoa of tbe one wbleb fell with tbe former conetttutioa. iunit ta be maintained. Ha denied that tbla trtbuual did net guaranty juetlee to tba acouaed, and declared, on tba contrary, tbat It afTorded more powerful guarantiee then thcie offered bv tba ordinary court* af I aralia. Tha National Anainbly ultimately took tha roan* ?l?? cf tha quaatlon, and on t dlalalon on tha 1 flint clatitn of tha Ml), tha following tu tha raanlt Mum bar clTOtarr 7M Abiolntn ??Jf?ltr .. ...378 for tha adoption of tha bill 868 Against H 888 Majority ?130 Tha ramaiairg alaotaa wara adnptad wlthont any dinccnnton. a ad tha bill waa than paaaad. Tha two principal paraona implleatad, Canaatdtrra and I.onia Blanc, ara la London. Tha oaloaaal Agora cf tha former may ha aaan now and than In Ragant rtrcat whllft tba anther of Vkittoirt ii$ Dim jfut, la np.utlpg hlmrnlf by writing painphlcta on tha organlu Ita of iauor TbaFranab Bndget laaa follows.-?Tito tabiaaand T Is! TWO CENTS. ether dcenmenta relatlen to tbe Budget o11849, htrt been laid befora the National Auembly. The reeelpta for 1849 hare dimlalahad. an compared (ith tha previoua year. by about 487 7IS GOO flraaoa. in ninouioi of tka anppraaaion of tbo 46 oentlcaoa tax md other lmpoate ; but that daOoleney la reduoed to 148,716 000, la oouaoquoneo of tbo impoot laid apoa aoveahlea of tbo atnblug fund, and tbo paymouta of Iba Northern Company. Tbaro la alao a ooaaidarablo imolloiatlon vlalblo on tbo ladlroot roootpta, wbiob ara Dtarly 84 mllllona. Tbua tbo diminution of tbo rooolpto of 1849 ob 1849 dooa not oxeood 194 mllllona Ibo expenaee have boon roduood 178 mllllona. Tbua tbo deficit, which bn 1848 waa 76.908,0007, wiU bo 01.410 8247. In 1840, or aalaoroaao of 16 610,8627. In tbo auaaxed tabloo wo remark tor the budget of 1840, an lnoroaao on that of 1848, of 41 408 0527. tor the national debt, lu tbo war department, on tbo otber band, there la a daeraaaa of 7? 111 4.10/ Id coniequenoe, the effective strength of the tmj, which, on the let of December iMt, was 60X194 me a Bad 100 432 bonce, will undergo a reduction of 121,373 men end 8,022 honce Prudenoe. however, doee nol allow lhis reduction to be mede Immediately and provlekinally the redaction will be only of 77,067 men nod 7,272 horiee. There will be a redaction in the budget of the marine of 22 078,O2Sf. The fleet will consist of 10 lineof battle ships, two with floating batteries, 8 frigates, 18 corvettes, 24 brigs, 12 transports, 24 schooners and cotters, 66 steamers, ef which 10 are frigates, 10 oorvettes.?nd34 tenders. The vessels on the stocks are to be 18 vii.: sailing vessels, 8 men of-war and 10 ftigates 6 siram corvettes, and 8 tenders A letter from Berlin states that "each negotiations bate taken plaee with the Minister of the Empire, on the subject of the formation of a Herman navy, that s Prussian envoy will shortly prooeed to America for purpose of purchasing sailing vessels and steamers, which will be efflcered and oommaaded by Americana, mill such time as Herman ofltoere. duly quail Bed. shall be fonnd." T be Economiit states that " Messrs. Baring A Co. h?ve sold all the stock of the United Static six per cent loan. The price at which they began was 66. but before the close it reached 1(13, and to-day the stock has been sold at 104 to 106." M.Kufflnt, the Envoy of the Court of Turin to the President of the French Republic, has arrived In Parle. The Marquis de Kieoi, who la obarged to represent Charles Albert at Brussels, Is also there, but ne will leave for Brussels shortly. He will be aooompauted by Ccunte Dutlnl and Tcffeti, as hie counsellors at the conferences, whlsh are to oommenoe as soon as the Austrian envoy shall have arrived. Vloe- Admiral Ceelle. Ambassador of the French Hepublic to the Court of England, has arrived In London. All the Cabinet Ministers are in town, and meet almost daily. The Royal Mail eteamshlp F.uropa, Captain Lott, with the urual mails from the United Statss, Canada, he , he , and about fifty oabin paisengers, arrived at Liverpool. on Monday, 22d January, after a rapid voyege of 11% days from New York. The following order of the day, addressed to tha crews of the 1 rdin au vessels, was published at Aneona Italy, oi, the 7th lust, by Admiral Albtni "Lomiedes, the royal navy, by the number of men that It has furnished to tbs army which has fought for national independence, has acqnlredjust titles to tha gratltnde of the King and of the oountry. Yon mast mv?t >?v> ?v ?uo((iVi/ wuivu iue duou oi jout OrBUlTOIl ban thrown en you, and the oooMion to do ao is probably near at baad. rotting aslds rain words, I shall tnly remind you that ws are the ahlldren of a land sblob cannot beoome frae except by ths extermination >f tbore wbc bare in faded It. Let as ooatiaaa to jive an example of anion and order, each as hitherto bare distinguished ns wbarerer we hare dlaplayad our flag. There are the flrat elements of oar strength? calculated siike to cause apprehension to the enemy, and to render Italy Independent." A letter from Villa-Kranoa of Jan. IS, in the Pitdinontne Goxitte, states that eonsldarable transport# of maltrttl bare arrired at Verena. The Austrian forces were concentrating themselves at Plaeentta, and were protecting the line of the Mlnole with strong artillery. Tbey were also said to be engaged in making a strong poi>it d'appui of Castlgllone delle Stirieire. The usual amusements and rejoicings of the Carnival bars been prohibited at Rome, for this season. There is a great deal of suppressed agitation and uneasiness in Naples. Our accounts are to the 14th nit. Although ererytbing is tranquil in appearanee, it la certain that the revolutionary party la endeavoring to bring about troubles. The Chambers are to be opened on the 1st of February, and that opportunity will be taken, It is affirmed, to attempt something. The result, however, will be tbat the factions will only suooeed in destroying themselves. The Neapolitan armyfh always ardently devoted to the cause of order; the only thing to be leared is, that it will defend it with too muoh energy. You know tbattbe king of Sardinia, or rather b minister, the Abbe Gioberti, has sent M. Plexitis Charge a 'Affairs to Naples. M. Plaxsa is wall kn > n lor bis adtanced < pinions, which la of itself a sufficiently bad diplomatic recommendation. But you do bet know, without doubt, what the Abbe Gioberti charged him to propose to the Neapolitan GovernrnentT An alliance offensive and defensive, against Austila. On this condition, Charles Albert engages, on ble own part, and tbat of his son, the Duke of Savoy. to renounce deflnitively the erown of Sioily. At another period, before Charles Albert had been defeated by Hadetsky, when the king of Naplee had not yet put down tha revolt in bla kingdom, and wben the Sicilians thought seriously of tha son sf the King ef Sardinia, tucb a proposition might have been understood; but. at the present day. it can only be considered, as an impertinence. Tba Neapolitan Cabinet would not listen to It. The Sardinian envoy hae not been received. Count Martini, who has bean sent by tha Court of Turin toGasta, has not hitherto been more fortunate. The opinions of tba Count are similar to tbose o f hie colleague; it eppearsthat Gioberti knows little of diplomats propriety when ha would make such a ohoiee. Besides this, the Turin Cabinet does not appear to have elearly explained itself with respect to the Roman revolution. It appears to recognise at the earn# time the Pope and Provisional Government at Rome; but tstwem the two it mutt obooee These are the reasons wbv the Sardinian envev hu ?nt ?a?i?i It roceivad hcr?. POSTSCRIPT. FRANKFORT ASSKJHBI.T?IMPORTANT DRBATB. In the Fitting of th* Frankfort Assembly, of the 23d lout , tb* following important question ?M pat to the *ot?. > follow*:? 1. I? tbe dignity of Supreme Heed of tho Empire to be hereditary? Thin dignity 1* hereditary lathe Hoa*e of the Prim*, on whom it 1* conferred It descends in ike male line, according to the right of primogeniture. iRejeoted ? no**, 208; aye*'ill; majority against the motion. 62.) Cheer* followed en the left, and loud a;plauif trrm the gallery. '1 he motion running "The Emperor la eleeted for life ' waa rejected? no**, 413; aye* 03. 1 be motion running - " The eupreme dignity !* conferred tor twelve year* at a time, on one of the aoeereign* who reign respectively in Prussia, Austria, Bavaria, Saxony. Hanover and Wnrtemburg, wee rejt cted. Noe*. 442; aye*,14 Thing* now begin to weara very critical appearanos, and the ieft did their very beat te carry the next motion. Int. a* bad be*eme probab'a, nothing at all rbculd be reeolved upon, and the Prlnee* thu* have a pretext fer taking the matter into their owa band*. Nevertbalea*. Zits and Sohoffsl, true to their hatred of prince* altogether, remained inflexible and voted gaimttbe motion, which ran, ''The Supreme Head of Lba Empire I* elected for *ix year*. 'and tbl* motion alao wa* rejected. Ncea, 2t4; aye*. 19(1. A f?w ayaa wera heard from the extreme right, but all waa maalfeet coal avion. lndecl?lon, and anxlaty. The faatldioua dealaration* mad* and protoaoled by various member* in rerpeet to their vote*, it would be superfluous to |lv*. A motion Of Nenc*h***r'? On, (!> ? pram* bead of tbo Kmpire ?u rejected. 'nom, 803: ije* 110. Ibf on? j??r motion was than withdrawn, as tu ilio that of Hofksn, to tha eff-ct that -the National Aeetmkly leaolves to refer th* question for speedy deitelt n to tb* electors among tha German people, a* to cbethsr tha right of tha Kmperor to b? placed at tbo ,e?d af tha German Federative 8tats ahail bs heredi ij er elective Tha sitting lasted nearly eight hour*. I bis la the third Important question on whioh all notions have been rejected. Onr Liverpool Correspondence. Liverpool, January 27, 1S4J. Tht Vepartute ot the Sarah Sanda. Tha itaampblp Sarah Saods. Copt. V/m 'L Thompson, sallrd Thursday, at 2 o'clock, P. M., f?r New York, full of passengers and a larga eargo of goojs, tha freight on which amounted to upwards of $23,000. Iha was to bare tailed on Saturday, the 20th Inst, bnt owing to the great quantity of freight, and an Insufllelent depth af water in tha Salisbury doak. In which sba was lying, was prevented doing so, until Monday morning In eanrequsnoe of tha oontlnusd heavy southwest gales wbloh have blown with great strength and vloitaee since Saturday night, Captain Thompson vary wisely dteld.d to remalnlmbe river Mersey,rather than be at tba mercy ol tba storm on tha Welsh or Irish erast. Luring I be |sst week the shipping has suffered asvetaly; tba New Vork packet ship Isaao H. Wright, has put into ( oik for repairs It was reported la ens of tha Liverpool paper* that tba Sarah Sands was ashors on tha ooast of Wales. Another repftrt was In olroolation, that Captain 1 h'mpeon bad bsen washed overboard from the deolc ol ble veieel; bnt noae of tha reports are trns. for I railed it Mr Sands' ifllee veetarrfa* t.i a.??et-ln truth of the rtporta, and learned from htm that aha di d cot Iritr until Tht'trday, between ona and two a'e oeh It wee generally roppored that aha want to ?oa i n Vocdajr, Juat before the heavy gala. which, had aha (lore. would undoubtedly have auffrrad aeverely, a* It h'aw a pal fact hurricane, a? much ao, that the Dublin at ram are did act venture out fcrr thraa daya, on their itlja to Liverpool. Tha California Gold Nines. [From tha London Lbrnnlcle, Jan 'Ji ] The lert adv<eee ftom tha United Mtataa r.preeant tha pnrruit after tha oiId* ral traaaurea of California ad ecitlliialDg with nnahat.d aeal, though it la bow o*t? t'.d r n in a more urgauii.d and ayetematta form Tito, claiac!.lietio erergr oi tt a people hat found an ample ftld attii the innutir* 'M.i ', W. . a y dtitirgnlahea them, U tUtted by an braaUuhia .%