Newspaper of The New York Herald, February 13, 1849, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated February 13, 1849 Page 2
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<;iowtug are tbe acoounte. and splendid tbe anticipations, tndulgr J in by the mora sanguine of the adrriturart; and, it tba flattering talaa af bopa aould ba received without a larfa allowance for exeggeratloo. we might b? lad to expeot not only an Influx of wealth o??t the American continent, but a auddan and powcrful effect upon tba bullion market, and upon tba value of property, an measured by tba preoioni matala. on both aides of th# Atlantlo Kor tba praaant. howaver, we lauat reserve our judgment, until tba remit of the experiment baa been mora fally dereloped, and the reparta. whlob art noar bath highlycolored and withal aomawhat inoonalatont, pre cent tbemieirea In a mora (obar and authentic fcrm Tune only can show whether tbe dlaoorery, which baa eo datiled the Imaginations of oar brethren of the New World, le destined to be n abort and transient gleam af fortune to a faw Incky lndlrlduals or tbe opening of n large and perennially inoreased supply to all tba nations of tbe earth If. indeed, tbe rate at which tbe gold dietriet waa yielding, eeoordtag to tbe more eanguine accounts, could ba maintained for any considerable period, it oould hardly fall to affeot materially, and at no distant time, tbe quantity of olrculeting medium throughout tbe world. Bat this la, dif sonnn thff orrnat and af r>rainn f nnaanantsl nu/l question; and, at all events, It appears safe to assert, that, unless tha yield ct the Caltfornlan gold fields bo cnormcua Indeed. tha Taat amount of the praoloua metals already in uae, la anffleieiit to obviate any andden and abrubt declension In thalr value. What that amount la. la a matter of great uncertainty, for the data are by no means accurately ascertained, and the estimates ot different writers, who hare published the remits of their researches, d ffer somewhat widely. (According to the computation of Mr Jacob, the author of a treatise of considerable repute upon tha Jireclou* metals, the total ralue of the whole quantity n Europe, 1 n 1829, was ?313,888,660. The same autnor estimates the average supply of tha previous twenty years, ficm all sources, at no more than ?5 836,300. Mr. McCulloch's calculation of the total quantity in poeaeerion. is a good deal nnder that af Mr. Jacob, but, aooording to him, the annual eupply, at the present time, is inuch greater than that abo7e stated. The aggregate produce of the American mines. Mr. MoCnlloch pats at ?0 000,010, those of Russia at nearly tee millions and ahalf,and those of other European mines at ?760,000-making the total supply per annum, about ?9 050 000 Since, however, the Inst edit! on of tbs Commercial Dictionary was ublished, the rapidly Inoreased fertility of the Siberian mines, the produce of wbioh has been i ugmented tenfold within the last ten years, must bs > dOed to the account; and a recent Parliamentary renin has shown, that tha total value of the geld protuoed within the dominions ef the Emperor of Russia, ; ore. in the year 1846, to ?3,414.429, having been only ?900 678 In 1837 Still, this rapidly inoreased supply does not appear to have told with any appreciable effect upon our standard, and It affords a proof bow great and sudden an augmentation of the preoious metals may take place, without causing perceptible depreciation. It should be observed, that the ezpeuse cettenai eg the working of the Emperor's mines Is supposed, by many persons, to oaar a very large ratio to the Dtoflis: and. of coorse, If the ezpeotntions of the CaltfrrDian'gold-f?<*k?r should bo realized, and large supplies should continue to be gathered, almost gratuitously, from the surface of the earth in that country, the consequent depreciation of the metal ivoula tend to cheek the operations, which would then become no longer profitable, In Siberia and the Oural. Although ?* should be unwilling, In the imperfect etste of our information aa to the Callfornian workings to commit ourselves to the aaaertlon that the influx of gold, trom this source, will not in any degree tiileot the standard of our currency, we are free to confess that 'be prospect is one which we oontemplate, tinder ail its ciieomstanoes, with little anxiety. No doubt a eudden and violent depression in the value of gold bullion, attended, as it would ba, by a rapid rise of prlees, and deranging the b&eis on which existing engagements have been formed between man and msa. would be a serious calamity. Such a revolution in values would but relieve one clais at the piper.re of another; and it would be the occasion of Inevitable embarrassment and distress. But a gradual and temperate reduction in the value of gold, to which the transactions of ths country might Insensibly adjust themselves, Is a very different matter ; nor should we be inclined to regard this as either an urijust or an unreasonable mitigation of our financial difficulties. Without at ail conceding to tbe opinion of those who argue that, under the act cflSllt. the oredltor of tba State obtained an unrighteous advantage, we do nor go the long'.h of asserting, that a depreciation of tbe medium in whioh the government is pledg-d to liquidate its ol ligations ?provided that it were not extreme or precipitate, but tba gradual result of a permanently inar-aaed supply ? would be inconsistent with theruil Integrity of piublio ' taltb. To those who are bound to pay, on the other band?to tbe indebted members ot this heavily taxed community? it would afford a progressive relief, and, possibly, an ultimate extrication, from burdens whioh weigh heavily upon their enptgies, and whioh, by the severity of their pressure, and ths discontent whioh tbey occasion, tend, in seme degree, to endanger the very security on whioh the oreditor depends. These, however are. after all, mere theoretical spe eolations, contingent on events whioh may never be realised. It is. perhaps, quite as probable a result, that the acoessionto the atookof the precious metal whioh la now taking plaot, may prow not more than commensurate with tbe wants of an extending commeroe, and with tbe rapid Increase of production which tbe agencies of tbe nineteenth century have so marvellously stimulated. Its direct effect, in enhanoing tbe exchangeable value of property, may, not improbably, torn out, after all that has been vaunted, to be practi VAIIJ UUIfll. With regard to the immediate consequences to cur own trade and manufactures, of the diaoovery of this new aource of metallio wealth, we may safely predlot tbatlt ean bard I j fall to be benelolal, provided only that we know bow to torn It to tbe beet aeoouut. If we are wiee, we shall leave it te tbe adventurous gold* eeekere beyond (be Atlantic to incur, as tbey are only too willing to do. tbe peiilt and sacrifices, tbe reversee and disasters, which, according to all experience that is not now likely to be falsified, bare ever attended (be greedy and nnoaiculating pursutt of unearned opulence?while, by our patieut industry, the only tree eource of tbe " wealth of nations," we attract to oar shorts tbe steady but Inevitable stream, whioh new markets, and an extended demand for all the real neceerarise of life, mutt discharge upon them An vviin BviHJniui iu pruuucuuu wi uiaj vewBuukuijr ? Kt; indeed, it would seem to havo already begun. , us only take warning from tfce experience of the part?from the bitter sufferings of a crisis from which we are but just emerging?from tbu disastrous recor is, gain and again oeourrtDg in our annuls of popular manias and commercial delusions, that onos looked as plausible, as captivating and as fair as the tales that are now told of L'alifornian enchantments. Let sobriety be tbe spirit of our trade, and stability will be the characteristic of our prosperity. Knglmnil. Ma. Bawl sort.? Mr. Bancroft, the American Minister. had Interviews, on tbe *J3d ult., with tha Chancel, lor of tbe exchequer, at bis official residence in Downing street, and with the Right Hon. H. Labouchere, at the office of the Board of Trade. The Rumored Chamois in thkCamnet ?There ara Indications that a few days only will elapse before some Important modifications of tbe present cabinet will be announced As signs of whleh way tbe wind is blowing, wa note tbe following fnots : ? Aiter the cabinet oounoil, on Wednesday. Lord John Russell wrote to Sir Jamss Graham, who was at his seat in Cumberland. We understand tbe letter reached Netherby Hall by tha ordinary post, and within three hears after it came to the hands ol th- right honorable baronet, he left Carlisle by tbe flret tiatn for London (the mall tiain), which departed from Carlisle at four o'clock on 1 hursday afternoon, and Sir J. Graham, aooompanied by Lady Graham, arrived in town shortly bsfore five yesterday morning Owing to the family domestios in Grosvenor Piaee being unacquainted with the arrival of the tight honorable baronet, Sir James and Lady Graham stayed at the Loston Hotel until noon. Sir James Graham, in the afternoon, had an interterview with Lord John Russell. It was currently rumored, yesterday, that, owing to differenots with his colleagues, Lord John Russell will resign. With regtrd to the vacant tost at the admiralty, there Is rearen to belisve that the Karl of Clarendon will be tbe new first lord. It has been reported for the last two days, that either his lordship or the Marquis of Mormanby would be the nobleman selected ; but It Is now stated that It Is fcund to be a mors easy task to obtain a new lord lleuUnant of Ireland than a new ambaeiadcr at Paris, and for many months it hat bssn no secret that Lord Clarendon waa very desirous of being relieved In the event ef the Karl of Clarendon euocesdlDg to the office of first lord of the admiralty. iue r.ftri 01 i.aruM? i^uo. aa L>ora .iiorpet n, was CDief i?cicUry to the Irish government, under Lord Noru.anb> a administration) aid moat probably succeed to the vioeroyalty One of the reasons assigned far pre idlng Knit asllsle with another poet ia, that the go vernrntnt have determined to break up the wood* and fort-ate eommlreion. or amalgamate it wttb soma otber department.? UtU H'rekl y Hasten ger. Th? Emotion ?v Dahsli-.t Maiit Cot.t.i*nv ? Kkihh ons Li?ri Loit.?The number of persons ascertained to be killed at Daroley Mala Colliery is 81, men and boye. 76 have been drtto out dead; 27 have bean drawn out alive. three of whom hare since died, and three remain In the works Thle is considerably more than perished In the Oaks colliery in 1S1T. It li not known bow tbe eiploslon took place, but itli sup. poeed that it took place at tbe north part of tha works, which is califd by tbe workmen the "dip," or "deep" and, neer tbe bar rack* at Mount Vernon. Coal has been discovered In tbe Strait* rf Magellan. This will be Important to our commerce Austria. Mercantile advices from Vienna to tha 18th Instant mentu n id aononnoenxnt upon authority, tbattba contract tor tha new loan of jt'SCOOOOO tterllrg will be salaried tiU March. Saxony. Drudes, Jan. 20, 1819. The Second Chamber to day decided agalnet tbe appointment of an hereditary and Irresponsible chief at tbe bead of Germany, by a majority cf 67 against 7; and In favor of n responsible president, by a majority of 64 against 10. Turkey. On tbe 8d nit, Constantinople was Tislted with a most trrrtSo hurricane, wbieh destroyed all kinds of riopeity, to tbe amount of about 10,000,000 of plesttr*. vVe do not learn that any live* were lost. China. '.The date* from Hong Kong are to the 3#th of Novem ber Everything remained .juiet at the various settle rente In China His exeeiienny John W Davie, the American Commissioner, remained at Canton, but was spested to visit Manilla, afur touching at iiong Kung. mi wnoMia in Kuropt. Tb? ptogr?? of ttaa choirra. on aoaount oflt? alarming ?|?|???r?DO? in tb? limud S'at??, iha lota of ittonlich kuUlil (Uea amoimai lha ohil ltan who wtra nUneki <1 with th? roai* iy at Ton-.tn; n^nr (,ondon. Ja now wotohi d with iinduaint?ht-d autti t j itj , parage* hnra not, howi var. nioroHztanaiit, .luring , tbo J*"! ft.rtnl|?ht Tbe V ti nofiitHit of'ia??a r?|> nt>4 tip to tt><tDO?d?7 la?t Wrr* h n'4. ah.-r- if n ybi hvl I (ootid fatal Sllb had n acnri-d nod i Jio *?m undn* initaiBliM tbo roiuil ??.i not alatod. Wiiblu th'j woilro **ofe of tha o. ttii H"(litr?r laoiudiui Moitland, tha new luu whtph a^o-ai ddiy fluctuate Mwmb about 160 and 200, whereof from 10 to 20 may happen aboat the metropolis; the province I futnleh about the mm average, while! the residue appear to be embraced witbte the 000600* of iootlen I. 1 he weekly death* from 0bo era within the metropolitan diatriet cover about 62 The geoeral health of tbat diatriet ha* improved during the last week, the deaths being 108 lea* than the previoua one, bat Mill leaving an race** of 176 above the weekly average of tbelaet five year*. The Inquest which wa* eupau-d'.ed to Inquire into the oauae or the deaths of the children who perished from the maady at rioting, haa brought in a verdiot of manaleugnter agaimt the proprietor of the establishment, who " farmvd" the pacpor children of various parishes in London, and he atandt committed for trial. From the evidenae taken, bat little doobt con be entertained but that cold, inauf floient clothing, want of oleanlinaaa, and a deOelent dietary, were the predisposing oaueee to the malndy which proved eo destructive to the innooent victims who were swept nway in a few day*. No eooner were the survivors removed and properly olothed and fed than the malady disappeared.?European Timet, JanfldVh 17. Obituary. Lately, at Clifton, 8ir John Bbooer Stomhouii, Bart. On tha 16th Jan., at Cervllle,Tlpperary, the Hon. Mr*. PaiTTia 6- Lately, Mr. Habtlbv Colebioob, son of the celebrated poet, and a popular contributor to several of the loading magnet nee. We bare to record the death of two Roman Catholio bishops? Dr Maoism, of Derry, and Dr. Walsh, of Cloyne and Ross. The Corn Trade of Europe. [From the London Mercantile Uasette. Jan. 26 ] Very little alteration has taken place in the poiition of the grain trade since our last. B uyers are generally holding off for the let of February, in expectation of some further depression in prloea, or at all events, a belter selvotlon of quality. Sellers, on the other hand, appear to feel tolerably oonfldent, under the impression that the effeot of the repeal of the duties has bsen anticipated, and that the lofluenoe will be comparatively trifling when the event takes place. Our own Impression is that prioes are nearly, if not quite, as low as they are likely to go, and that an improvement in the demand may be reckoned on next month, many merchants and millers having allowed their stooks to run low. We question, however, whether prioes will advanoe, for. although it will not pay at present to import from foreign countries, a good many oontiaots were entered into during the autumn and winter to ship grain at first open water, and the extraordinary mi.dnees of the seasun renders an early opening of the navigation of the B iltlo highly proable. At some of the near continental prits the ioe has already disappeared, and we may expect shortly to hear of shipmei ts of oorn lor British ports having commenced. At most of the leading provincial a arkets held since Monday, the value of wheat has been tolerably well maintained; indeed, the growers appear to have made up their minds to tee the effect of the new order of things, and for some time past the supSlies fiom the farmers have been smaller than might ave been expected, considering the important ohange bout to be madj in the eorn lava. The arrival* eoMtwlM Into the port of Loadon have been seanty In the extreme, end the quantity brought forward at Mark-lane by laud oaniago eamplea from the neighboring oountiia, has alao been trilling. On Monday, the Eesex and Kent stands were poor.y supplied, and from more remote parte of the kingdom there was little freeh up. The condition was damp and rough, notwithstanding which a clearanoe was eti^o'.ed at rate* about the saints as those current on that day se'nnight. Since then, roarcely nothing has come forward, and though the inquiry was deoidediy slow on Wednesday, as well a* this morning, factors remained firm, and the trilling sales made were at terms similar to those previously paid. Keally fine qualities of free foreign wheat have bucome rather scarce or late, but of secondary and inferior sorts the stocks are largo The transactions have throughout the week been on a retail scale; holders have, however, refused to accept lower prices, and no variatiou has taken place in quotations. This morning tactors olTered bonded wheat, deliverable tree on or after the 1st of February, at prioes similar to those now current for duty-paid paroels; but tbis did not lead to much business, and the operations were altogether unimportant. The value of Hour has undergone no change rinoe our last, but barrels were held wilh rather more firmness to-day. owning to the advices from America per Europe, from wnioh it appeal* that little was bring shipped to the British marktts. The arrivals of barely have been small of late, coastwise, as welt.as from abroad; and the distillers and dealer* having taken oil a considerable proportion of the 1'urelgn previously pressing on the mirI ket,the tendency ef prices has been rather upwards. On Monday purchases of fine qualities could hardty be made on as easy terms as bt-iore. and tliis morulug the turn was decidedly in favor of the roller. Malt has not excited much attention ami in value his undergone no change requiring notice Sluoe the olono of last week the arrivals of Irish and foreign oats h ive been email, but the reoeipt coastwise tolerably goo i. factorshave been anxious to fell the recently re isived Irish from on board ship, whioh has kept the trade doll. from Monday to Monday, the fall in prices amounted to nearly Is. per quarter. Ou Wednesday there waa hardly anything doing, and though prices were not absolutely lower this morning, the dealers niansgvd in soine oases to purchase on terms whioh would not have been taken earlier in the week. Beans, pease, and Indian oorn, were negleoted, and with llttio passing In either cf these articles, quotations have remained nominally unaltered. Brown, Shipley 6t Co.'s Circular. Livkhpool, Jan. 2d, 1819. Confidence baa continued to Inorease here, with some improvement in trade pretty generally, and a further decided rise in the publio funds, as well as in railway shares, he. Without doubt, the California gold que." tion contributes to this, as tbe excitement so much I spoken of In America is also felt to a considerable extent here. Since our circular of the 12th inst. cotton has advanced >id. to >,d. per pound, chiefly in the present week, during whi.-h we have had a lively demand. The quotations now are 4,Ji for fair uplands and Mobile, and 47, for fair Orleans; middlingto 4>,. and ordinary S)4d to 87-?d. per pound. The business for the week ended 19th inst , amounted to 37 320 bales, of whioh 10,000 were on speculation, and 2,000 for export, and the sales for tbe week ended this day, are 68,290 bales?14,0CO of it being for speculators, and 3,400 to exporters. The American descriptions sold this week, oonslst of 13,000 Uplands at 37 i to 4,?; 2d, 280 Orleans at 3'4 a 6; 11,080 Alabama and Mobile at 87, a 4\. and 260 Sea Island at 7Xd to 127,'d per lb A large business has been done this afternoon, slnoe tbe week's sales were returned, and the operations of the day are estimated at 16,000 bales, of which 7,000 are to vpeculators. Tbe market continues to be pretty freely supplied at tbe advanoed rates, and is not decidedly higher at tbe olose of tbe day than It opened in the morning ? Tbe import since tbe 1st inst. bas been 170 000 bales, of which 140,000 are from tbe United States; and the stcok in tbia port la about 437,000 bales, 271 OQO of It being American. After much heaviness, and some further depression in breadstuff?, tbe corn m -rkets have beoouie more firm and steady, with some Increase of demand, and flour in bond has, the last few days, gone oil to some extent at 26s. 6d to 26s. 9d., and to day 20s. per barrel bas been obtained for the best western Indian corn in moderate demand at 2Ss fid. to 80s. fid for in ffrior white to the beat yellow, and Indian corn meal 14* 6d to 16* par bbl ; American wheat in bond, fla. 3d. to 7a. Id. per 70 iba. A prime parcel brought the , latter to-day. The transaction* in turpentine, tinea our latt, , amount to about 6 0(0 bbl*., at 6e. 9d. for ordinary, to , 6a. 94 a 7s. per cwt for good quality. The market j haa been cleared of common American roein at 8a. 84. \ per cwt.?none new remaining In diet hands. I Youra, reapeoUully. BROWN, 8HIPLEY h CO. ' Bunk of England. An account, purauant to the 7th and 8th Vlotorla, chap 33, for the week ending the 30 th day of January, 1840. ava ri re a rt?c*t. Note* iatntd. X.K,27v.378 Government Debt. .Xll.018,100 Other Securitleu ... 3,984,900 Gold Cola and Bab lion 13,788,303 Silver Bullion 802,073 X2tt270,S76 ?ti,Z7<),37l bakkimo nirtlrairT. Proprietor^ CapitahX 14,663.1100 Government SecartBeat 3,481,433 W (iaelading Pabiio DepoeiU (la- Deed it eight An elnding BxuW naitv) X13.631.93l qucr. Saving* Other laear Una... 10,323,117 Bantu, Commla- Notca 9,611,949 Boacra of National Gold and Silver Debt, and Diet- tola 773,176 dend aoroonte)., 3,671.140 Other DeponiU 11,727 617 Seven day aad other Bill* 1,131.128 X34.66l.21T XX 364,117 Dated the If th day of Jan.. 1819. arketi. Lonoon Moivav MenaaT, Friday, Jan. 30?2 P. M ? The conaol market atlil continue* aa buoyant aa yeaterday, and the price haa advanced te 9IS for the account, and with but very ellght difference for money. All the power which the government, in conneotlon with the bank, can bring to bear, ia alleged to be in operation, in order to enable 8ir Chnrlea Wood to ap- 1 peal to the priee* of the three per cent* aa nn evidenoa I 1 of the tin proving state of tbe oountry, on the mooting ] of parliament nest week. Wo bar* a hundred time* I bid occasion to explain how tblo lo I tory fallacious i teet; but still people who ought to know bitter, allow 1 tbemieWee to bo gulled into tbo belief of its truth, end i it li not Improbable but tbo Chancellor will rely with 1 confidence on tbo continued existence of that desorip- ? tlon of oredul.ty. Tbo tbrto p?r cento reduced bare i been dona from 81,% to 81%; I ha three-anda quarter ( per rente, 8'J1,, bank stock, 186; the June onehoquer j bills 40 4V; tne March, 42 40; and indie bonds, 47 60 c prtta The transaction* in foreign securities here not been eery attentive, bat prices bare been pretty ( steady, the change rather tending upward*. Brasfl li old bonds bare been don* at 78 78%; Mexican, 20% 7 20%. Spanish fit* percent*, 16% 10; the three per cents, li 5>>, an; rortugueie three per cents, 20%; the four per a cents,517% *7%; Dutch two and-a haf per cents. 48% 8 48%; and the lonr per oent certiBoatei, 70% 78% The k railway share market continues decidedly tlrm, with a o steady upward movement In many of tbo prices p tdosBTsa asroac fHSRK. f< Consols for account, 81% 81%. p ^ dassirts Statu Stocss.?Jan. 20 - T.atnt l.ondun tl Ptirn ? United States Six per cent#i (1868), 104 t; New irorx riT* p?r o'du (iodoj wx; ao (ina*), y:, do (I860), 1 92; fennrylTania Klra per oenta , 71,'< 2'-,' ?x. dir.; ' Ohio Six p*r eenti (1860), 93; do (I860), 93; Ma?ra- X ohurrtte Kitc par oenta (Star. Bond*), (1868;. 98 9; ' Lanlraiia Klae pt-r centa (Baring fc Co ), (1860 82), 87; * .Varjlatd Kit# per ornta (St< r Bond*), 74 6; Alabama " Kirr ptr ornta. 66; do (Star Bonda), 00. r< run Bovaar. Wedneaday, Jan. i*4 ? Tha markat ta?br?n Ttrjr heaay to dap. epaoulatora appearing klraid to operate to any extent Very little bualneia 3; b r ca/b / ae been donr, and at tha oloaa, prioaa vara 11 neutrally marked ioaar Threea at 46f. 46o ; Kiraa. 7; f:.t S60 f?d New Loao,76f 24a. Tha markat oioaad 11 ?? fulloap 1 brir(, for oaab. 437 too ; for aooouot. _ 41 r lie ; )1im, far oaab, 76f, 23a.; for aeoount, 76f. Uc , New I.OHi , 75f 26o ; for aeaount, 76f 06a.; Bank t-i branca bnrte, lOt'trf; Neapolitan, OOf.; Syaalab ? TOrree, S?t.; do. Flvee, Interior. 20f. There bar been but very llttlv done la the railway share market to lay, bat priori hare undergone bat rery little obeags Aiirweir. Jan 20? 8u?toe(m la ooffie rerirlng anew under the favorable ieflumor of tbi intellisenrefrom Hollend, I.oodoo and Hamburg Carol! a 1Ui? te Id greater Urmaud for iipottatioe the fresh Imports ckUriDg-ales in bnn-l In Sugars burtueee was very brlek during tho ourreut week, and prior* rielog. There la hat little etook la hand, holdere having a favorable opinion of the article, shew but little dlrporltlon to real1!* Our etock li about 10 500 caaeeof pale Havana; KO care* of whit* do ; 30 cases 2.500 bag*, and 175 barrels of whit* Brusliian and Muscovado; 600 big* of Slam and 700 kranoliaudi of Javanare. The rise in refined sugars continues, asps olally In eandies, which, however, hare not goue off very briskly at existing prices Kbciuhts at Livasrooi., Jsiv. 26.?The freight market offere few new features since our last report, but we notice a ra'.her Improred feeling In business for the northern porta, both freight and passenger* be ing less diffioult to be obtained of lato, and on the whole ? ffttr spring trade l? espeoted. For New York dead weight 1* 10? to 12a. 6d. per ton; floe goods, 16s. to 17a. 61; hardware, lit*. 64. to IS; earthenware, 7a. to 8. Bolton?dead weight, 15a. to 17i. 6d ; flne good*, 20a ; hardware, 20e ; earthenware, 6i Philadelphia?dead weight. 12a 6d to IS; flne gooda, 20a.; hardware. SOs; earthenware, 9a. to 10 New Orleans ? deadweight, 6a to 10; floe gnoJe. lflv 6d ; hardware, 10a ; earthenware, 4a. to 6.?Fock* 4 Boult. The Very ^Latest. Ireland* The state of the oonntryr is nothing Improved daring the last few days. The government are nnable to divine the reason of the tnoendiary Urea In Ulster ; cannot tell what to do with the poor lawa, and hew to rid themselves of the annoyanoa of the frequent appeals.whloh are made for relief. flpaln* Later advleea from Madrid have eome to hand. They announoe that some additional minor notions bad taken place D?i we en ine uarusi tan ^ann't xorces, mil that the letter were defeated. Frankfort. Our private telegraph London reporter advises later datee from Krankfort.and that commercial mattere there continued to improve. A large bueineM had been done in itocka. and ezohange on London and Paris was In good demand. American Stocks in London, Jan. 37. Within the last fortnight Amerloan stocks of nearly all descriptions have been In Improved demand, and prices bare an advancing tondenoy. United States six per oents, due iu XS08, have gone up to 105, ex- dividend. The chief cause of this ad vanoe is owing to the small amount in the hands of sellers, the large houses of Dennlsons, and others, firmly refusing to sell. Maryland has also advanced from 70 to 76, In oonsequenoe of the feeling which prevails that this small State with a large debt, is doing all in its power to aoc honestly towards its creditors. Massachusetts Ave per oent sterling Bonds (1808) are quoted at 07, 93, and 99, and from the very Arm feeling which prevatls are likely to continue at that price. Indiana is being inquired after. Tbo eircular of Movers. Cainman & Wh to. hours, of Now York, reoelved by too last steamer, giving salsfaotien and assuring English bondholders tbat tbla Stat* la gradually, but auroly, gsttlng out of Ita difficulties, the preaeut currency la 74 to 76. Pennsylvania fire per cents have been more inquired tor, aud are ateady at 7 1}. to 77>4, ex dividend. Xbe piioes or other American Sta's atooka, aa now quoted in Loudon, are, Near York flru per centa. (lhi.6) 1-2. do (lb68.) 1)2; do. (1860.) V2; Ohio eix per oenta, VI a 03; do. (1MJ0 ) 02 a li-Ui; Massaohu aetta five per oenta, sterling bonds, 08, t?H>s a 00; Louiaiana five per cents, (Daring ft Co ) 18 ill. 62 80 a 87; Alabama five per oenta, 66; and do. eterJlug bonds, 60. Liverpool Corn Market, Jan 27, 1340. We are without any change in our Corn Market to-day. 'i'he trade remains in every parcioular the ratne aa yesterday. Holders are hrui, but we bare little doing. Manchester, Goods and Yarn Market,) January 27, 1840. J Tbe demand for both goods and yarns ia brisk to-day, and holders are enabled to obtain pretty full prices, lbe general tone ot business ia active and encouraging. Havre Cotton Market.?A tnlegiaphio communication, jurt atbaad, from London and Southampton, reports tbe market for cotton, at Havre, very fltni Offers lor considerable lot* had buna undo at a fractional rrduottcn. but which holdera bad declined. The beuyant fteiing in the Liverpool market will be known there to-day, and will no doubt aot upon the previously firm feeling at Havre. Our correspondent at Havre states tbat commercial matters there continue on an improved character. Skipping Intelligence. Palled frem Uavr,c Jau fUlo, Victor Jae-p-ewoat, for New York and Cal.loriua. City Intelligence, Tuft Wawtf.d to IIcik fmum California ?Th? i fact wss anccucced in the Herald of yesterday moraleg, tha* Mr. Robert Atherten had arrlvod fro.n Sen Francisco, California, and that be was lodging at the Clinton Hotel. Long before Mr. A. wee ready to leave hie bed, several perrons called to see him, and lie bad hardly got on his unmentfonsblat andelippers, before his apartments were actually invaded by a number of anxious individuals, who besought him to tell them all about California One elderly gentleman bad a eon somewhere in tbe golden regions, and be wanted to know if Mr. Atherton bad tne honor of his acquaintance. Another wanted to be Informed if It was really true that lumps of real gold were to be picked up "out there," like pebbles on tbe sea shore; some wanted to know one thing about the country, and seme anotber; but none cf the callers were excusable for keeping e hungry man from his breakfast till ten o'clock, when he wished to take It at eight. This, however, was the fate to which Mr Atherton was condemned yesterday morning. We would alvise him to alter or erase the number of his roctn on the hotel register. But we learn that he has oonaeatod to deliver a lecture on Caliiornia and its wonderful gold mines, at the Tabernacle on Friday evening next, when the curious will hear from " one who knows." Fiats ? A Are brcke out on Sunday night. In the upper srory of a porter house, on 4th avenue, near 31st street, which was put out with trifling damage. It was caused by a small child playing with matches A lire broke out on Sunday night in tbe basement of No. 137 Spring street, which was put out with trifling damage. Mow.mi'st amo.mj tiii Jews ?The December nam her of tLe Occident, a Jewish organ, printed in Philadelphia, contain! an appeal, baeed on a proposition made by Kev Dr Wise, of Albany, to aall together a convention, whore object ahatl b? to eoneider the present condition of the Jews in America. We understand Rev. Mr. Wiss preached already to this effect in ibis oity, and will shortly revisit New York for the same purpose. It is proposed that in sa'd convention all the synagogues throughout the Union shall be represented, and that they sbali direct their attention and their efforts to the following point*:? 1 A harm nleu* anion of *11 tb? synagogues in the United States. 3 Tbe establishment of several organs, in German and English. at low rates, so that Instruction and information might be imparted to every Israelite. I. The establishment of uniform school and text book works on Jewish history, ko 4. Tbe elevation of dlrine servleeand securing to the followers of the Jewish faith its benign influences. Should suoh a convention assemble, we may expect to witness some very interesting deliberations, and an exposition of lore and eloquence, as It will probably esll out the highest talents of the Jewish nation on this side of the Atlantio. Ciiafok or Musdkr.?A few days ago we nctlcod that the Coroner was Investigating a case of a husband poisoning his wife. The Investigation bos been brought

to a eloee, and the jury rendered a verdict that the deovased, Susan Woods, came to bar death by poison (arsenic) wilfully administered to the deceased, by her hu-band, Matthew Woods. Tbe husband was com. mltted to prison for trial. Tha deceased was 48 years of sge, and a native of Ireland, and for soma time past lived with her husband very unhappily. The atomaoh of the deoeased was aaalyaed, and a large quantity of arsenic found; also. In soma of the buckwheat cakes taken from the sink, was likewise found to contain arsenic. The girl, Margaret Reed, is recovering from the effects of the poison. The husband Is alleged to have plaoed the arsenic In the batter, baked several cakes, which the deceased partook of, and resulted in causing htr death In a few hours. Police Intelligence. Reyviiilion for Yankee Suttiran.?Officer Olfford arrived in this city yesterday, from Baltimore, with a requisition from the Oevernor of the State of Maryland, for the arrest of James Sullivan, alias " Tankee Sullivan." the pugilist. Yankee appear* to have tipped the officer the doable yeeterday, as he was unable to And him. It was rnmored that daring the lay Yankee was seen in Hoboken, and before twelve c'clock this day it is said he will be In the Stat* of Conneotieut. A Yialent Outrage.?On Sunday afternoon a man by the nam* of Austin Gibbon, entered the dwelling iionse No. 139 Greenwleh street, abont Ave o'olock, by passing through the front basement, when he seised a imall German girl, by the name of Grada Elsohat, iged abont 18 years, whom the villain dragged Into the back kitchen, where he endeavored to violate her person. An alarm was given, aad some of tbe neigh>ors came to her assistance, when the rascal made his scape eat of the back window, and over the fenoes nto Thomas street, where he was canght by Assistant -aptiin Cook, and Officer Krean. of the 1st ward ioIioc. He was taken before Justice M'Grath and ommltted lor trial. Highway Rakhrry ?A young man by the name of Jecrge Sweet, was arrested yesterday, on a charge of nocking down and robbing Henry Armstrong, of No. u iiftiuwrmj ii'infi, nui BmiigK from on parfOD 09 d bank bill* and a quarter gold Kagte. The aoeoae.i, nd a man unknown, fall upon tha complainant on undap night at tha eornar of Orange and Croaa atraata, nocked him down and whan down ha waa held bp na while tha other robbed him. On aearehtng tba rleoter. a $3 bill waa found on hia peraon, whion waa lentlfled bp Armatror g aa ona of tha btlla atolan from 1* pockat bp the robbera Jnatioa Mutlrath oommlttad be aronard to priaon for trial Jirrenofa llotrl Thief ? Offloer Krean, of tha lat 'ard, aireeted perterdap, a man bp the name of llehard Taj tor, who waa dateetad at tha Pearl Street i Inure, In tha aet of eteallng a eoat worth $14, belong- , eg to Mr Na'hanlei llnbbard, one of tha boardera; lro a root worth $90 the propertp t 1 Alfred K. Spear, I kealee one of the boardera. The .blef waa looked up rt trial. 1 Cumrt Calendar for Thin Dap. Circuit Court.-*, 1ft, IT, 18. IP 30. tl, 23, *8 34, "4, 3ft 37 28 Superior Court - 68, 38. 10?, 104. 108, I r,0 111. 118, 118. 133 130, 134 |J9, jj n2, j gj 4 ft,j . t, 77. 141, 143. 144 146. 148, 141 149, 163, 163, 164, 166, 1 18, 169, IfO 161.8, : :u>, 7ft 93 83,93 Common Plett. I 61, 62, 68, 64, 67 to 76, Inrlurlee, 10, 41. Tba Chertkrea < ppore the lata treatp of Mr. Madlll 1 lib the Me lc miner Indiana. , NEW YORK HERALD. turUWMt eorn.r of Vnlti. and Hum* iU> ' JARBi ttOROOII BBNIIBTf, fpOMUETO*. AMUSEMENTS THIS EVENING. BOWIttT THEATRE. *r StoobboiM ?<ov?in tiifcHUT? MatiohalGuabi*. BEOADWAT THEATRE, Krt*dw?y?Moi?T?Gmrro. NATIONAL THEATER, Chktham Aiinn-Tin Adoptkd Chlli>?Hcicb in CAi.iroBniA? Ruum Mbad-iw*. BURTON'S THEATRE. Oh??b.t? % * ?? lltuaa or Pbo- j mi*b?MonTO-L'aurr?OAurOBniA Gold Mi> *. HtTHANTPB1 RATI. KMAIM MI IIiimm-IIUAAW'i SOCUt-rr LIBRABT, InUvq, bmc LewuH-Bsw CaUiDI 8xb kb 11IU1 ALQAMBRA, BcmAwbr, bmc pcibm-flAirDB, Lm.Tr ft Co.'* ' lebbicae t'lmcus. ZOOLOGICAL HALL, Bowwy?Tar Ambubem ft Co.'* InMMum CBIMXSB MUSEUM. an Bromdwmr?Ciumn* Oumtoarrtm PANORAMA HALL, 6H "jftromdway?Dobwatma*i Pahobama or Mexico. Now York, TuimIajt, Kebruary 13, I8M. The Blew Kourlerlto Cod* of Legal Practise, Years ago?it matters not how many?there j stood, in one of the fairest provinces of the father ' land, a fine old castellated building, which seldom i tailed to attract the pleased attention of the passer I by. It had been in the possession of one of the | most ancient families in the kingdom ever since its founder, a soldier of fortune, received the castle, and the broad lands surrounding it, as the reward of lus disinterested devotion to the fortunes of his sovereign master. Generation after generation had made considerable additions to the original structure; and thus it presented, at the time of which we speak, a most picturesque mix- j ture of half a dozen different styles of architecture, i In truth, as the declining rays of the setting sun i illumined the numerous quaint old-faBhioned win- : dowa of the venerable pile, gilding its roofs, and pointed gables, and buttresses, and tall stone chimney-shafts, the varied outline of the whole being Eeen in bold relief against the placid sky of a summer eve, a picture was presented worthy the oencil even of the matchless Claude. The interior was in keeping with the outward aspect of the mansion. There were many winding passages and oaken stairways leading to long, irregular corridors and lobbies; and numerous apartments, of all dimensions, from the great hall where they feasted, to the small octangular room in one of the turrets, to which the tongue of grey tradition had long since given a somewhat doubtful fame. But you were at once struck by the air of comtort and convenience which was manifest throughout the spacious dwelling. All its arrangements were well known to the numerous household. It was deliciously cool in summer; while in winter, as the winds swept howling around its solid walls, or fiercely assailed the sturdy " old ancestral trees." it seemed the chosen abode of that nnncelv ho6|>itality which encircles, us with a glory, the reverend head ol the "olden time." Thus grew and flourished that stately and commodious dwelling, having seen many a generation ol its owners pass, one by one, from its peaceful shelter to the everlasting silence of the family tomb ; until, in an evil hour, the eye of a new possessor, whose brain had been disturbed by the reforming mania of these modern days, rested with displeasure upon two small turrets which relieved one of the many angles of the building. At that instant the destruction ot the whole was doomed. And so the leveller went to work, und laafew slioit months, the entire structure, so long the dwelling-place of happiness and oomfort, was a heap of nuns. The re-construction immediately began. Hut marvellous enough, the new architect now discoveted that in order to rear a fabric which would meet the wants of his employer, it would be necessary to build upon the identical foundations of the stricture which had just been levelled with the dust! Thus, then, the work of centuries was, after all, to be restored, at great cost and labor, the ejected household being obliged, meanwhile, to submit to a thousand inconveniences and privations. Such is afuir illustration of the spint and sagacity of many modern reformers ; and seldom have the folly and obstinacy of that visionary reform, which is potent only to destroy, been more signally and practically exhibited than in the attempt to establish the new legal cods of the State of New York? an effort quite worthy of its origin in that bastard philosophy of Fourier, to which Mr. Greeley, of the Trtbune, has attached himself with a natural and instinctive devotion. The established legal practice, which has grown up under the administration of the law in the courts of England and the United States, is a necessary and important part of that great fabric which lias been reared by the accumulated wisdom of centuries. It is the result of a vast experience. It has been created, modified and improved by disciplined minds, conversant with human ailairs; and to whom, from age to age, so large a share in the daily business of society has been freely and safely committed by the most highly civilized and enlightened communities on the face of the globe. It has sprung from the wants aad necessities of society, and adapted itself to thetn. Ilence its general admirable utility. Hut to the eye of the ignorant pretenders to the character of philosophic reformers, this great structure?which has been certainly subjected to a process of renovation, and lias therefore all the dignity and stability, without the decrepitude, of venerable age?is nothing but an unsightly heap of rubbish. It is a cumbersome, inconvenient, and irregular system, say they, and muit give place to a bran new one, made to order at theehortest notice, by two or three smart York lawyers, at the reasonable cost of twenty shillings a day. The good people of the State?many ot tliem, doubtless, smarting under the wholesome discipline which sooner or later follows unnecea sary or malicious litigation, and rejoiced at the chance of humbling bo rgid a school-master?listened to the voice of th? Fourierite charmer, commissioning three or four promising lawyers to con. struct a " new code," who accordingly stripped j ? i- !.l - ii ?l- 11 ? anu vrciii iu wuia wnu an uie zeai ana alacrity of a eqund of industrious hodmen who have ju*t refieshed themselves with & libation of " the best of liquor, at three cents a glass." l'he result of this grand legal reform is now fairly before us ; and already the utter folly and absurdity of the whole thing are transparent.? Judges, lawyers, clients, are all abroad. It is ?? confusion worse confounded." It is the blind leading the blind ; and both are, of course, in the ditch. Just think of it! Every trivial point that arises relative to practice, must be carried up to the highest court for a decision! O, sapient reformers! The counsel of Mr. John Smith, the plaintiff, gives his c pinion before one of the inferior courts, with respect to the proper j interpretation of the " code" on some point i of gieater cr lesser importance ; but the legal adviser of Mr. William Jones, the defendant, 1 takes an entirely opposite view of it. Of course* all precedents have been swept away, and Judge ' Solomon Wiseman decides according to his own , view of it, to which one, or perhaps both, of the parties object; and so they appeal from court to j court, till they reach the highest. An authorita- | tive decision being at length obtained, the case is resumed, dt novo, after an enormous expenditure J of time, money, patience, and temper ; whereas* ( under ine established system ?t practice winch I'btains in other portions ot our Christian republic, the diflicuiiy, il it had arisen at all, would have jeen obvtaJed without any delay. There in, in M l, no end lo the inconveniences, and di(fit:allies, ind annoyances ol this wretched abortion in the say of legal reform. It surrounds the litigant with lew embarrassments st every step, impeding the course of jnetiee, and involving all legal proceeding* ia uncertainty. But atop?let ua be thankful for one great boon which we hare gained from thin Fourieriie "code." The writ of hiLsus corpus i* hereafter to be kn??wn aa a "writ of deliverance?" Thia ia the very subbmity of reform. Pergonal rights and public liberty are now secure against any stratagem! No dinger, now, bat virtuous citizens will be torn from the peaceful bosom oi their (amiltea, to linger out their weary days in oar Centre atreet Bastile ? The dazzling sunlight of the " code" has visited even the subterranean abodes of police oppression in the Five I'ointa ?n?l the n,ilillnr?H mind nf their retiring inmates is grac ously instructed to kupw theur old and valued friend, under the new name of a 44 writ ?f deliverance" ! Admirable piece of reform! Worthy altogether of that profound genius, David Dudley Field, whose ambitious intellect could not rest, a year or two ago, till he had given to this great continent itaelf, a new and appropriate cognomen! Pope, in hia " Essay on Criticism," remarks >? " Sons, by old words, to fsmo have mads protonoo;" ?to which we may now add :? But Field, by now oaos, shoes his bottor aomo! A " writ of deliverance" ! Wonderful codists? or, cod-heada! Common sense and experience, aided by the light of Christian philosophy, are the true reformers. They proceed slowly and cautiously. Their operations, like those of nature herselt, are gradual. All the great institutions of human society, by which its peace, order and prosperity are maintained. have been the crowtli of manv (fenerations. They have adapted themselves, by a natural and healthful process, to the varying condition of human aflairs. The work of reform is continually proceeding, and is the result of an antagonism which pervades the moral, as well as the physical, world. Occasionally there is a violent and forcible collision of the opposing moral elements, often preceded by a period of unusua repose, like the portentous calm which frequently gives token of one of those awful physical convulsions under which the earth reels to and fro like a drunken man; but the general rule is, that the progress of reform is stow and peaceful. Nations and communities do not, any more than in. dividuals, attain at once their full developemeut. But all this is entirely errone-us, in the opinion of the Fourierite philosophers. They would reverse the order of nature. These shallow-pated tnders discard,with the supremest contempt, the Christian ?ulin>iAM AwnAvinMna and nam m f\r% cartOii WI t h ICIIglUU) VAJTIJCMUC, auu WUIIIIMVil DV MDU . " >vu just enough of learning to gi*e an air of phi'osophicul research to _the jargon with which they "tickle the earaoi the groundlings," they draw up their splendid schemes, to which human nature is to be subjected, and become quite angelic; and the more repugnant the schemes may be to reason, common 6ense, and experience, the inore frantic are these chnrletans in their advocacy of them. The restlessness oi these quack reformers is another significant characteristic. Thus, Greeley is one day quite absorbed in dietetic reform. Bran bread and lollipop are the only remedies for human depravity. Now it is the anti-grog reform; then, it is mileage reform. So he goes?eternally atwork, like a squirrel in a cage, and all to no purpose. One ef his last exploits has been the detectable legal reform,which has already materially aided in disgusting the public with all this charlatanry. Men have been taught by this salutary lesson to piize more highly the results of experience, and to beware of permitting a spurious philosophy to control in any degree the business of society. A quack reformer, with an addled brain and poof digestion, may b: allowed to ailed a whimsical style of clothing, and exhort mankind to eschew the iniquity of mutton. But when he attempts to force upon us a " Graham code" of legal practice* he clearly " o'ersteps the modesty of nature," and ceases to be harmless. It is all well enough, so far as the great public is concerned, that weak egotists, like Greeley and his associates, whose minds have not been subjected to proper discipline, should indulge themselves in antics and vagaries for the general amusement. But when such visionaries attempt to meddle with the course of human affairs, they should be subjected to proper restraint, just as a humane regard for the safety of nursery maids and children imposes, by a chain and muz- j zle, a djue limit to the uncouth gambols of a dancing bear. Let this last Fouriente monstrosity be put out of the way as quickly as possible! Let us avoid the nclietty, gingerbread structure which these Fourcirite botches have erected, and at once return to the good old house of our fathers, commodious and secure, with all whose arrangements we are familiar, and beneath whose ample roof law and justice ensure us the full enjoyment of our rights, and undUturbed repose. California Nkws.?One of the evening papers, yesterday, contained a letter from San Francisco, dated the 7th of December, and calls it the very latest, ttec. Our advices by Mr. Atherton, publisbed yesterday morning, were to the 10th of that month. It appears by this letter of the 7th 1 that the concern that published it still continues j "to follow copy." Military Movements.?Brigadier Gen. Wool, accompanied by Major Wujthrop, A. A. G., and ' E. C. McLean, A. D. C.,|arrived in this city List i night, and occupy apartments at the Astor House. | Steamship Sarah Sands.?The steamship Sarah Sands, Capt. Thompson, sailed on the 25th ult. instead of the 20th. The Stkamf.r Burma Vista was not in the late action in Venezuela. A letter from General Paez, received in this city, states that he is confident of being finally successful. Movements of Individuals. The following comprised the principal portlen of arrivals yesterday, at the undermentioned hotels:? Amesicas?j. c. Smith, New York; Captain Stausberry, U. 8. Engineer; C. Wells, U. 8. Navy; W. ARoss, Georgia; B. Edwards, do.: H. Nswoomb, U 8. Navy; J. Bell, Boston: E. L. Chllds, Washington; Dr Johnson, Watorvlllo; J. Hallook, Weston;J. B Hanlng. ton, Utloa?for California. J. Watermen, Charleston; R ltl|.ll,rA?n VI....-V,......... I n p-1. a. , J. Miller, Florida. AsTOa? Signerlna Faaolattt, Milan; Slgnor Kasolattl, do; Blgnorettn Fasoiattl, do.; Moneleur and Madame Fnnetti, do.; C. C. Crogan, Pblla.; J. Steers. England; H. Conner, Belfast; D. M Bayley, do.; SlgL-or Castronl, Milan-passenger) per Niagara. J. White, Roxbury; W. Robinson, Louisville; H. Hooper, Boundary Service ; C. Whitney, Waahing- . ton; J. W. Carter. U.S. Army; J W. Rom, Qaebeo. , CiTT-Joe. Worke, NaihrUle; E. P. Eakln, New York; ! Capt. Chase, U S. Army; C. Levering Baltimore; K. , E. Beard, do ; W. Chapman,Connecticut; M. Meyers, ' Norfolk; N. Worthinglen, 111.; Col. Travers, Pater- I son; O. H. Tlllinghuat. U. 8. Army; Ed. Rowley, Thl- i , ladelphla; Rev. II. Putnam, Kreabpond; K. A Anderson, Wilmington. Howard?A. J. Gardner, Charles- i i ton; J. York, Dayton: R Anderson, Boston; M. Ellis, Massachusetts; J. Wallace, Vlekibargh; E. M. , Hayes, Philadelphia; J. Goodwin, Montreal; Geo. . Rlchaidson, Massachusetts; D. Perkins, Washington; , M. Stuart, New Orleans; Gen. Wileon. Philadelphia; , W. Davidson, Ohio; C S Grey. 8t Lonls. (avian , Hot:?ic? H. Soett, Staffordshire. England; J. C. Cooper, U. 8. N , Eng; Dr. Soboffer, do ; J.C. Thompson, do.; Prefersrr Webbing. Berlin?passengers per Niagara. ? Pblla Whyte, Consnl for liayti; H. 8 Newoomb, U 8. i N.; Lt. Green, do.; J. R. Merwln, do ! D Perigroe, t Salem, G. N. Shey, Boeton; Capt. Inmao, U. 8 A.; J Capt. Montgomery, do ; T. Crorson,do.; Major Ken- , Irlohs, do ; Col. A. Sloan, do. It la rumored that George D. Prentloe, of the Lmisville Journal, and A C. Bullitt, of the New Orleans t f'tcayunt, the latter of whom aooompanlaa General 1 Taylor to Washington, have been Invited by the Presl- * lent eleotto eetablleh an admlnletratlon paper at tne ] -aplta). Hon Bailie Peyton has been offered the pott t it Attorney General r General Taylor bas no children at sohool In Raltl- ' mr.fp >infc Mrs Tan Ins a ml \ffk Rtlaa hswn itAna ? :o w* the <lenetal'? daughter, Mr*. Wood, tho wife of Or Wood. The Philadelphia Timn of jeaterday. *07* Th* Ion of ovr city, yaterday, tu th? Tao<|iiUh*r of inliivan. Thome* H j?r. He waa conSued In th* lebror'a apartment of Vioy arnenoing prMon, whloh >lae* *a? b#*1*grd all da; h; crowd* to '#? him T1? 1 aprnUr* of the pri?nn allow tb* ' lion" to a** *T*ry- |i >< dj h* wlahe*. Th* re*p#ot ahowa to Hyar. and the tnilety to look at him, and rhak* hand* with him, h leeten all to placet, the la'.* popular demonstration*, n thle nlt.y and ebewhere. In bonnr of th* ror(|ii*rlng Iriora. oomlDK from M? \loo, *l'h th* laurel* fr-ah an I [reen upon lh'ir hr.iw*. V our i'f?-l1,uta of th?ot- * rd Stmt** f.?d better *t?r ** ?; front rMlaJ?lphl% *' uteafur l'h*<f r*r*pMon? an bonnJ to loo* small i) the *'d? of Mjar'i. j. TELEGHAPHR OTELLltiKAt'fiU TUIHTIKTH C<>!**>VtH9S. MCONO ItytU. WA?HinoToi?,y?b. II, 1449. Pi?rtt having boon offerwd Op, CONMURICA1IOR m?M moi/Ilrt DaMITMIKTI, Tba Vio* Freilpent 1*14 before tb? Senate a communication from th# War Department, accompanied with copier of the Army Regieter, alio, a comment oat Ion from the Stato Department containing Information called for rrlatWe to Cherokee Indian olalme, al-o, an ?" ?? " "* " ? UUK"to 0<>otrMt made with the said Department in 1847 ad 1848. HOUSS MILLS. Various House bills vsrt them reed twloe and! referred. PCTITIONS its sirosri. I'etl'. ions and reports were next lied for. califobnia conrors Mr. Bbnton, of Missouri, presented a petition, aijntl by numerous and raspeoabe ettiseos, preyiag task Congress us/ authorise the employment of ade<| ism military force, is accompany and protect expeditions to California The petition was referred to the Committee on blilitaay Air.irs. CUUMTS I If IOWA On motion of Mr. uuil>;s,of Sooth Carsllna, the Senate then took up the bi 1 ..making oertain regulations respecting courts in le?a. and parsed the same. citil and difi.o.tf l r ic amur.uatiun uill. After spendiug conriderable time in determining what business to proceed to next, the Senate took up the bill making appropriations for the oivll and diplomatic expenses of thegoTernmuct for the ensuing Qroal year. Several amendments were recommended by the Commute, and Mr Athrrton, of New Hampshire, made a detailed explanation of tbem. All the amendments proprsed, except one, were then adopted oolleotirsiy, without opposition. The bill contains a provision for the abolition of i'loooino in thi watt, which thil fc'lniniw Committee reCinninand to he atriak. en out. Mr Hals, ?f New Hampshire, was opposed to this reooaiuendallon.aud made an eJcquent apaech against the whole s*atem of flogging Mr BAuuKK,of Norm Carolina, disagreed with the gentleman from New Hampshire. and epoks at ssims length in favor of the leoouiuiendation of the Committee. Mr. Viilcc, of Florida, made a few remarks in favor of striking out thla provision, chiefly on the ground that It did not appropriately belong to this bin. It would be better to let the committee on naval affaire look into the subject of flagging, and if they should And it convenient and proper to no to, they might then reonmmend a suitable law for aooliahmg it. Mr. Nilks, of Connecticutt, spoke against the recommendation of the Committee. He thought the malntenanoe of proper discipline in the navy did nob in any case require the infliction of this barbarous punishment. Mr. Butlcs, of South Carolina, took a different view of the ease, and said he was convinoed that discipline oould not be maintained In the navy without it. Tne opposition which some very respeotable gentle men entertained to flogging, was, in his opinion, baitd.on a false sentimentality. Messrs. Bresss, of Illinois, Clayton, of Delaware, PhelCs, ?.f Veimont, and Calhoun, oonlinaed the dabate, and agreed in favor of striking out the mama referred to 1 hey were generally opposed to the abo i> tion of flogging if there eslstea objections to tha system, let the Naval Committee examine into the subject. and report, as before suggests 1. The question was then taken, and tha motion ta strike out carried. Mr. Hai.k then movrd an amendment to th* bill, repealing all laws which authorize flogging lathe navy, which was rejeoted?jeas, 17j nays, 31. The Senate then adjourned. House of itcurescntatlves. Washington, Fab. 12,1S49. The journal was read and approved, when Mr. Wallaub, or South Carolina, announeed the pretence of his newly elected colleague, Mr. MoCiueen, who went forward and was sworn in. minesota tksritor1al bill. Mr. Siki.et, ef Wisconsin, moved to suspend tha rules in older, that he might ask leave for the Comtni(tee of the Whole to be discharged from tbe further consideration of the Minesota Territorial bill. Xna motion 10 suspend was lost Mr. Vinton then moved to suspend the rules, in order that ha might report a bill, winon was oarrled lis reported a bill for the establishment of a department for the interior administra ion; and said that he wished to make it the order ot the day for Friday next. He said that the bill was recommended aud drawn up by the Secretary of the Treasury. Mr, Cobb said that tbe bill was too important to be noted upon so soon definitely. | thk mexican im10t0c0i., Mr Stanton, of Tennessee, rose to a privileged question, and called ffor tbe question on his termor motion to te-oonsider tbe vote laying on the table the Message from the President^ lespeoting the protocol, he. On taking the question, the House refused to reconsider the vote. llflMV ni'PA ? T M l" * T The House next took up for consideration, the b'U providing for a Department of the Interior, or Home Department. Mr. Whitb, of New York, rose and expressed the wish to submit a substitute as an amendment to the bill; but be Chair deciding that this was out of ordir, it was moved that the bill be mads the special otder t.t Friday next. On this motion the yeaeand nays were taken, with a negative result, as follows yeas 106, nays 83. A two thirds vote boing necessary, Mr. Vivroi* asked to have the bill put upon its engrossment to day, and he urged that If this was not done there would oe ao chance of its passage at the present session He explained, in a clew and forolble manner, the importance of oreatlng an additional department?taking from the State Department the superintendence of the f'atent Office and the Census; from the Troaaury Department, the Land Offlee and the Coast Survey; from tbe War Department, the Indian Bureau and the Pension Offloe; fr m tbe Navy Department, the Marine Pension desk; and from the Kxecutive. the Penitentiary and the Commissioner of Public Building*. The salary of the Secretary of tbe Interior to be $0,000, with a ohief clerk at a salary of $2,000, and no other additional officers. Mr. Vinton proceeded to advocate the prompt passage of the bill, in an able manner. Mr. Coee, of Ueorgia, made an earnest speech in opposition to the bill. He complained of the Chairman of the Committee of Ways and Means for not bringing it forward at an earlier day. The measure was en? of too much Importance to be hastily pushed tjreagh just as the session was drawing to a elose. Mr. Brodhkad, of Pennsylvania, sa'd he should take tbe liberty of differing from the viewe which had baea expressed by bis friend from (Georgia. He thongbt the bill a good one, and that it ought to pase. Mr. Peck, of Vermont, believed the auojeet required more time for examination than the wortby Chairman of the Committee of Ways and Meaoe was disposed to allow them, end be hoped the House woaid grant it. Mr. Cose, ooneurring in this view, moved to refer the bill to the Committee of tbe whole Hons* en the ounui Mia U111UU, XDIOB III lOlt, OJ JtM 7T, DIJI I 100. Mr. Vinton hsre rentwed hi* motion for tho engrossment of tho bill forthwith, which being token by jtoe ond nays, woi agreed to?yen* 111, noys TO. The bill woe then ordered to be printed, together with the substitute proposed by Mr. White. immotkmknts in missueifpi. Mr. Flatiixrstoiv, of Mississippi, with the unanimous consent of the House, introduced o bill extending certain aid to tbe State of Mississippi, for drelnln( fer swamp lands, which was read twioe and referred to the Committee of the whole House on the state of the Union. commission dnmiiic1scuims. Mr. Truman Smith, from the Committee cn Foreign Relatione reported a bill for tbe establishment of a commission to investigate and settle Mexloan claims, which was alio referred to the Committee of the Whole and made the special order of tbe day for Tateday week. ransioN application!. Mr. Hasolpson, of Uenrgia. moved to enspend the rules, to enable him to ilTer a joint resolution respecting testimony in oa*es of applications for pensions, whlob was agreed to. and ths resolution was accordingly introduced and passed. Mr. Cookk. from the Couimlt'ee on Revolutionary Pensions, reported a bill making provisions fer the families of those who have died eince the war of woouds reoievsd, or diseases contrasted in Mexican service. The bill was, on motion, oonsidersd, duly read and pasted. PAV FOR CONTCSTINO SCATS. Mr SciicNua, of Ohio, moved to suspend ths rules, n order to submit a resolution fer the payment of Hoa. lohn M. Botta, for contesting his seat in Congress in LS-tU and 1844 Mr. BaoniiKAD proposed an amendment, paying ' Charles J logersoll for contesting a seat la tbe 27'n f Jo ogress ; but It was decided to be out of order, ae tfr. Sehenek had called for the previous question. Mr Scbenck's resolution was then adopted, by yeaa OA, nays 69. Ull'TD casomna ON iiivthiis RIOHTS. Mr Waoi.ack ptesented a series of resolutions passed >y the Legislature of S^uth Caro ina. respeeting lontbirn rights, and, with the aoosent of the Hosts, irrteeded to make a sneeoh nnni, ?k? ...k:?- --- . ??? hiding with a motion to lay the rriolutloiu on the able to bo ptln'ed. The motion prevailed. airirnaiitn ee?ou;Tioa Mr. Tiioiureoa, of I'rnneylvaala. anIted leave ta Inreduce a long preamble and rrsoluiton In favor of dotting out that part of the llooee journal of the lait vMlou of Oongrem. respecting the declaration or the Icuee, that the Mex'nan war wee unconstitutionally rgun by Trealdent I'olk. The paper htvlng been ead. the members of the Houee Indulged In a hearty etigb, and, on motion, adjourned. ReW York l.rgl*lntiir?. nitxTi. Ai.n4ar, K?b. 12, 1HI9, cot'aTl in aeooki.v.v. Mr Boei a, cf the gecond dl-trlet, gave nvlet "f t('? iteiitlcn to bilrg In b'U f ?r thi eeta'*ii<hi???t vf ritain oouite, In Bioohtya. MOaiiMt a v. The resolution prevlnuely ofT.irtd, ft l>w vsaeUa* v* mcaumeotto (lanaral H*iklm>r, *ai ta*?? ?? ? vf iopted, ? e r I' H'l'M The C< mn.lttee of the Whole hAI ??l?, . Iv? I ,? jtawUbut rt of trr>, *e),? , ? t . ?ae