Newspaper of The New York Herald, February 19, 1849, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated February 19, 1849 Page 1
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- rp11 NO. 5373. Affairs In the Celestial Kitt|ilre. We have received our regular tiles of the Otrland China Mail, to the 2!Kn of November last. It contains some curious extracts from the Pikin Gazette, which we give:? (From the Pekln Gaiette ) The Coc*t ?The K.mpemr lately called together a great council of kiuga and grandee*, and hla nearest and moat influential relatione. The auhjaota of these dnlttinrftMAnfi h&v* nnf. fpunsnlrml hut frnm th? rtnlt or tb? persoet summoned, it may be Inferred they were of tbe utmont impoitaooe Taonkwang oouinues in good health. snd goes through the general routine of business Ho now and tbon attends at ths sacritlise, by no means, however, no often as formerly, and the dnty, therefore, devolve upon bs princes of the blood. Disturbances no Six chueiv.?Keshen writes to his sovereign, that bis aoldlern are sbort of money, gunpowder, and ballets Since the barbarians of Sefan name oat of their biding places, they have been plundering and burning Though the soldiers have undergone great fatigue, and agree amount of publlo money has been eipended. the rebels are not yet quieted. The efforts to paoify them mlsoerried, because they are of a fickle disposition, and will not stioh to their ecsagements. Some officers having unfaithfully administered the public stores and funds entrusted to their eare. gave rise to this deficit, and they are, therefore. degraded. A second very earnest representation has been made against arming the people for the suppression of the barbarian invadsrs, as this would lnyolvs the most dangerone ooncquenses. Armel multitudes have repeatedly overawed the government; and if onoe legally embodied, the vagabonds might avail themselves of the opportunity of having weapons In thslr bauds, to commit outrages. Tuskcstav?Vih-shan. in his more detailed report respecting the Koksn envoy, states, that he declared to him the principles of justice, and the advautagee and disadvantages which an alliance or breach with China mast produce. Should the Kokan prlnae show n>??eu i/Dnuiuai, n? woaia represent nis wi?n to me Great Emperor, to re establish things upon the old footing. On hearing thin, the ambassador fell to the ground, knocked heed, and by joyful ?*cl:i nations expressed hie gratitude A splendid entertainment wa* then prepared for him; he received a robe of state, pieces of satin, tea, a quantity of doe silver, fl iur, ho , as presents. His servants shared likewise in the imperial bounty. To the chief himself (Yth shan oalls him a Beg) bs forearded a seal with a Turkish Inscription. and directions for bis future behaviour. The great point for which the Ushbscs strove, was freedom of trade. This has been granted; for la eontnqaenae of tbe present application and a former memorial noMoed by ns, tbe Emperor wrote on the bsok. " My will Is recorded," signifying the request U granted No duties will therefore be paid by the merchants of Kokand, at the Chinese custom bouses to tbe westward of Kashgar. In former times they amounted to from 25 te 30 per cent; and if the officer*, as <s frequently tbe case, do not evade the regulation, the traders will now enjoy great Immunities Ylh-sban mentions that the 017 taels presented to the envoy and hie train, were tbe produoe of many of the natives lost all their property, on account of being suspected of csrryinron a clandestine intercourse with the enemy. That sueh a paltry sum should be mentioned in a paper addressed to the throne, and that an envoy from aforeign state, hew small soever, shonld lower the oharaoter of his nation by accepting snob a tritle, are matters of astonishment. Reviwue ?The Lieutenant Governor of Shanse states, that the colleetion of patriotic gifts iu his pro < >?? Aneissw I..* OK w.w.. a ? ? * - ' v mvv u u? lUg bun tBib mu ?'UUUllV,^li liO Did taele. From henoe it may be inferred, that the tale of nominal raak and the purchase of honor* and emolument* must be very contlderable. Many member* of the middling classes eubeeribe for the purpose of obtaining a certain Handing in eociety, other* d? *o to emulate their compeers Latterly, however, thl* branoh of traffic ha* become mere and more depreeied, and the income derived from it will probably now not amount to one-fourth of the ordinary reoelpte In time* past. At the gat** of Pekin 7,860 tael* surplus revenue were received, and paid over into the fund for maintaining the extensive buildings and garden* of Yaenmlng juen. A large portion of the cattle consumed at the capital are brought from Mantehoo Tartary; and the receipt* of duties levied this year from this branch of rtvenne at tbe gates of Pekin, amounted to 31670 taeis; bat the salaries of the various clerk*, and oth?r expenses attending the eolleetlen, were so great, as to leave only a very trifling surplus. The arrears of the gabelle in Honan are very large, and tbe strictest orders have been issued to enforce the payment without msrey In former times the situation of a salt merohant was much ooveted, and heavy earns were frequently paid to prooure it; but at present several individuals are making vigorous efforts to be struck off tbe list of monopolists In Keang-se province large quantities of rio* have been sent as presents to the government, whioh in retarn beetows empty title* and badges of rank upon the donor* From a statement of the finanolal affair* of Keang soo province, it i* apparent that the resources of the country ere much less than they were ten or twenty years ago. The details are prinoipeily confined to the custom-houses, and tkese shew a deficit, which the su perintendenta (among whom we find the famous Ileonllng late of Shanghai ) have to make up. Their eaae, however, doe* not eeetn to be irremediable, and looser or later every thing may again be plaeed on the old footing. The Navy ? The est! ma tee of the Fookedn naval raoadron of Kin-mun have been published In the whole t hinme eyetem of government, nothing ie so despicable and expenaive aa the navy The money rpent on the marine la oompletely thrown away I tie astonishing that the shrewd mandarin* have not yet leen the lolly of the present arrangement, and aubititnted a more efficacious system for the proteotion of the ooaat. Kwawo-se ? The Lieut. Governor eontlnaea to report to the Emperor the great eervioes done to government by the mandarins. The rebels appear to have defended themselves with despe-ation, and done their utmost to oppose the Imperial troops. We believe that the lntumetion is not yet quelled. The whole district Is very hilly, and there are many mountain passes, where a handful of brave men might hold la defiance the best disciplined army. Ele.?When the rebellion broke ont last year in Kasbgar, a large body of militia was raised from the neighboring nomades,to replaoe the troops marohed to the seat of war. These latter did good servioe, and kept the Klrgis oompletely in cheok, so that no depredatory ineorstons have taken place. When the fenciblee were disbanded, each man received a reward of : 10 taels?a very large sum In those regions, where J money is scarce, andeattle the only available property. | The Premie*.?Muhohang-ah, who appears to have ' recovered from his indispesition, has issued a notlUaation rpeeifytng the time when public business is to b* transected du ing the absonce of the Emperor. Hs will be the leading man of the regency. Though not the Metternlch of ( hina, but rather so impress of tile master's mind, he is a man ef great tact, who never fails to discern the strongest party, and whilst he avows no f articular opinion, keeps ?q terms of good under* ten 1ng with all. He soarcely ever gets into a scrape, is mute or eloquent according to oireumstances, and never handles an Important matter in whioh there is Kmc risk. Such la the Msntohoo premier, a d**elded enemy to innovations, and a practical conservative. Liiv tiiii seu.?Tho anticipated rapidity with whioh the insurgents in Yun nan were to be put down has net been realised, and la'gs demands are made upon the local treasury to carry out the military operations. Tha Vnn-rmU,i.lui.l nl' l'l-.?... ?Ill K- .... ..I ?A ?. *!* verbal account at Pakin of tha manner in which the money waa apent. The Governor, in the meantime, flatter* the supreme government that there will be very roon an end to the trouble. Ti'a*??TAjr.?Yih-shan and hla associates appear to be atlll unoerta'n how far their meaaurae of pecitlcetlou will give to tbelr rule thu aseandsncy over th* Mahotnmedans. They consider the character of the native an inconatant na the nature of doge nod goats, and., therefore, deem it necessary that a portion of the troopa be retained. If thia statesman, and aaion of th* imperial clan ban concluded a aimiiar convention with ' the IF*b*cke of the went, as hn did nt Canton with the English, the ccnsequsnnoa of hit meesur-s will very aron appear The ambitloua Keen-lung male a very bad move by extending hi? dominion to ruxkrstan, for tie Kobl desert protected the Chinese frontiers suflleienty towards the West, without thia new acquisition. What the Caucasus la to the Russian, tig Tin to the French, and Afghanistan waa to the Knglish, does this territory prove to the Chinese. It Involves an Immense expenditure, without a single advantage, except t'- o fame of extended dominions to the far west, which actuated the grandfather of Taoukwang to venture upon each a dangerous conquest. Tne elite of the Mentehoo. Mongol, and Chinese army mast he sent thither to oonund against these unruly tribes, and tba possession of the land cannot after all be insured for a day. Several princes of the blood take by tarns the station of residents, beeause on tbem the Emperor can place most reliance; yet with all their vflortf, the inhabitants are constantly ripe tor rebellion. The adherents ot iebanglrare etill very numerous, and ready to revenge the death of their beloved leader The raler at Bokhara, likewise, is raid to foment the discontent, and even to give ofllalal sanction with hypecrittoal sanctimoniousness, to a border warfare of the followers of Islam with the uahelievers. Koknn, or Kokand, however. Is the reel bnthed of treason against the celestial rule ; and alibough the prince may not directly take part in three all rays. he Is always glad to see the holy war klodH?*. There ere thousand* of hungry Klrghis reedy to join In the enterprise, whloh, whatever may be the re. suit. Insures at all events, a coo I booty to the daring robber, In the last campaign after having collected an Immense number of cattle, their num *r rue host, on the first reverse, Instantly withir w to the west of the nountsine n*at Ka hgor, at gome distance from Yarkand. Bslog sat'sfisd with what they actually had taken, tfnd perceiving the hopelessness of adding nio.-e to the r store, they to' k the field no looker and thne obliged the comparatively few Usbeek* from K >kau. unJ-r the ooBitrand of a relation of Jehanglr. to raise the siege of Kaahgar. If the < hinese, however, do not pay a heary mm for the loyalty of the Kirghts, tney will eoruinly wake their appearance again this year nod carry on the customary system of plunder, for winch they are l?o famous throughout Suugara. Whilst Kokan le this active to eld and abet In the.e Inroads neither llalaksf ao.whloh has been subsldled by the Chinese, nor K infill take any share la these matters. Hhouid Bokhara, E NE MORN ki'ViTtr, kciiui itreif openly for inch a war, it Is aot Improbable that all tbe Vtabnmaiedan tribes from the lliciloo Curb to the Russian frontier in the North wruld join. Tb? wily ruler of that country does not a* yet retm to harbor aueh designs, Mono they would in'erfrro with h<s interest* ; and "astern Turkeatau may therefore etill enjoy some quietness. The peop'e of Oiountal have oontrtoated their quota towards defraying the sinenses of the late war. Cbey are poor and unable to afford much, but their merits on that amount, are, aceo'dlng to a memorialist, much greater. The Emperor concurs In thta opinion. Cssvo* ? The Governor Sett appears to show great activity in the performance of hW duties, bat his severity amounts to ernelty, for. by terror, be attsmpts te crush tbe evil doers, wbo, however, notwithstanding the most unheard of punishments. Increase in daring He does not give much satisfaction to the people, though he alms at popalarlty, Hta lutluenae Is much e i i un.scribed, and he oannot boast tbe tact of the fa nous old Lieutenant Governor Choo, who, in times of yoie, became a tribune of the people. [Krom the tfhina Mall, Nov. 9.] In noticing Mr Bourne's Cantm Commercial Ia'iI, we stated that besides shipping and markets, it contained " Items of news" about passing events We propose occaaioLally to make use of tbe Information thus obtained But while we shall endeavor to give tbe meaning correctly, wo may not always ooasidsr ourrelves beuud to ass tbe very words, and muob less tbe punctuation cf our authority. Erom the numbers of tbe past wtek ws gatherThat tbo Tartar iieneral of Kwang tnng has Imposed a duty ' n all gunpowder carried by merotient Juan*. It la ramoNd II. K. 8-a has notlflnd to the UrHish Plenipotentiary that it will be impossible for him to open the nates of Canton to foreigners on the 1st of Apti), as be aannot guarantee the safety of thoee who may enter the city. A dinner was given to his Exeelleney J W. Davis, Commissioner for the United States, at Canton,on the 1st instant Hasam Ksmael, a native of India, who sailed for Bombay on the 80th ultimo in the Utaganxa, is said to hare swindled the Canton shopkeepers of goods to the value of (80,000. [From the same, Nov. 10.] One of the Anaetiean papers received by the last mail, states that -'the bill from the Senate oafrying into effect the treaty of China and the Ottoman Forte, giving jnd olal power to ministers and consuls, was, passed '' Beyond this paragraph whioh is dated the 8th of August, we believe very little is known of the provisions of the bill; and all that we can learn Is. that it onnfera extensive powers on ooasnl* to adjudicate in civil and criminal easse, subject to appeal to the commissioner. The powers extensive as they are still understood to be, bare been greatly restricted sinoe the measure was first laid before the Congress; for. as the bill originally stood, power of life and death was given without appeal; altogether, affording a curious example how absolute a republican government oan be In legislating for its eitlxsnsabroad. [From the Fekin Gasette ] Tiir Cocmv ?The nuptials of Miogah, a lady of high rank, with the sixth brother of Taoukwang. ware celebrated under ths management of the Mongol minister See sbangah. We know little about thla happy pair, except that the father of the bride is one of tbe most influential men at the oeunoil board. Roy*l Progress.?The projected pilgrimage to tbe Eastern tombs not having been undertaken by Taoukwang himsrlf, but performed by proxy, it was ganeraliy believed tbat the Emperor would not leave bis palaoe during spring. Great therefore, was the astonishment when hie majesty made the announcement that he wonld proceed in person to the Western mausoleums to offer sacrifices. Ths whole court was thrown into commotion; the stars had to be consulted, to asoertain directed to draw up a paper about the etiquette to be observed on the journey; a cortege was ehoeen of the moet trustworthy offloers; and sundry other arrangemeats made, whieh kept more than 10,000 people day and night in employ. In the meanwhile, the Governor General of Chth le made a present of frnit to the Km peror, one high military officer sent some wild fowl, another sent bams and dried ducks, and Le, the Go ernor General of Keang-nan and Keang-ee, a considerable number ef silk dresses,and 3000 ingots of silver, all of which the Great Kmperor condescended to receive. Having moet minutely regulated his dress, the cavaleade finally set forth in due order. It is an event In Chinese history, when the sovereign leaves his capital to journey any distanoe; and such a tour, from the very great number of soldiers and other followers, resembles a campaign Some of the princes of the preeeBt lino used to visit the provinces, and Kangbe'even crossed the Yang tese, and went as far as Che keang, to ascertain the state of the empire: this laudable eustom. however, has now entirely ceased, under Sretenee of saving the expense entailed by such a tour, ut In reality from fear leet during the absence of the despot the throne should be usurped by another. The pilgrimage to the tombs Is looked upon as a pious act of filial devotion in which the Kmperor ought to show an example to his subjects. To omit this entirely, would brand the monarch with the aharaoter of a despiser of the most sacred duties. Finsscas ?The Board of Revenue points oat most feelingly, the many arrears that remain undischarged, and greatly embarrass the state. The want of the circulating mediam is much felt, and matters grow worse every year. The only feasible plan is to make the high provincial authorities responsible for the due payment of the taxes, and permit no defalcation en any uoconnt. If the governore are men who posaees capital sufficient to make good the deficit, or have power to enforoe their demands, they will be able to eend the requisite amount to Pekin ,\s, however, there are not two perhaps who eould furnish tha unpaid sums, aad as none ean, with the inadequate means at his disposal, enforee payment. it is to be feared that no order from Court will remedy the evil or fill the exchequer. Shan-tuno.? This peninsula presents towards the sea ridge of naked mountain* end reeks, and in the interior, amidst much fertile soli, there are numerous marshes, from whloh duekfeedera alone reap benefit. The population is very large, and myriadaof the inhabitants emigrate to the opposite shores of Leaou-tung, where they meet with rieh Selda and a oongenial climate. The province was for a aeries of years under the Government of a distant relative of the Kmperor, who completely mined the whole administration. The servants and clerks of the treasury received bribes, and whilst, on the one hand, in consequence of the misrule, numerous bands of robbers rose in every direction, there remained arrears to the amount of 300,000 tasls when this officer was recalled. To redress all the evlla would be a herculean task, and to repair the dilapidated state of the flnanees is for the pretent impossible. Still the neighborhood of tills region to the least of government, renders the restoration ot tranquillity a very important matter to the oountry. This business has now devolved upon a veteran Chinese statesman, and we shatl be cmloua to observe the measnres he adopts to extrioate the district from its present ohaos. Cultivation or Waits Lands in Kirin.?New measnres have been adopted for restricting the clearing of land in Kirin. The Chinese having ones got aoeeas to Leaou-tnng, in a very short time, in defiance of the laiy Mantohooe, changed tho whole waste territory into a garden. On reaching the northern frontiers, they naturally hankered alter the virgin aoil of Kirin, and ere long, large traots of tho extensive forests were levelled to the ground, the roots of the trees dug out, and the ground prepared for a wheat and pulse harvest. The Mantehoo government felt their patrimonial estate! would, by dint of the indnatry of tribal of immigrants, very tcou be converted into a Chinese province There would be uo woods or hunting ground left, nor a place of refuga,should calamity ovarwhelm theraco in China. Hence the Governor of Kitln has again strenuously In t?i dieted tbe cultivation of tbe soil" and punished several officers who were lax In tbe execution of tbe imperial order*. We eball soon re* wbo ia tbe stronger,? the few vagrant huntera or the peasants of Han. TutairoiiT ordiiMi nv St*.?The report of the Governor General of Keang nan and Keang ae haa been published, regarding tbe grain junka waiting a favorable breeia to aiait from Sbang hae for Tien tain. Some mandarin junk* were to aooompany them to at fcrd protection on the voyage. ThU ia the drat attempt on a grandaoale to transport the tribute bp lea, j and probably long before this all the junk* hava arrived | at their destination, if they have escaped the plratee who infeat the coaet. When w? consider that the thine ae have navigated these seas far at least two thousand yeare. It is aatonUhing to observe that a limps voyage of ten degrees latitude should call forth ao many Imperial edict* and representation* as the present, and that the most powerful native government In all Asia should not poeaea the means tf protecting its own coasts against bneaneers. Kiihiv isn rnr A??i.-Slni!s this statesman has held important trust*, he haa invariably expitsated upon tbe ineffective state ?f tbe army. Long before the war with Knglsnd broke ont, ho urged the necessity of introducing Ore arms Instead of the bow and spear, and of exercising the army in shooting at a target. Though be did not succeed in carrying out hia design, he nevrrlbeUsH attracted muon attention to tbia subject, and Induced the ministry to dlsous i the moat appropriate means of reodsrlag the military arc mere perfect. Wa find him again complaining or i-r-at ins fll-isnry on tbe part of the garrisons In Sxe-chu*n, who are not eouveraent with the use of weapons, such as tbe sword and bow, the aolilieri being too weak to handle them, and fur from setlous In tea ex-cuMon of tb?tr duty, because, being born near tne eanluauienta, ltej are on familiar tonus with the enemy against whoci ifcey have to conteud The upshot ef the whole memorial is, that in order to control tha abnrUital tribes, a new nru?y must be formed. auperlorVo tbe present one in physical strength and discipline Cs.vrov Makkci, November 28, 18-18. ?fwp/w/t? Cotton-We have this uionlh to report astirl farther depression in the market, la couse'i'ten re off treed riles mads by importers: but the failure of the native crop, and tne rertuoed stock (dO.'sti > bales le*? than last year) a(T >rd grounds for b >pe of a spe-uy improvement. The folio eiog It our usual mni.thlv Hni-n-nl. bnporttd, Dtht ertil. Stock' 'g(7. S(o?fc? 18-4". m?rican nnr,? ?0 4<1 1IW 47ft Tttal, 21 tflH IT, 624 76133 0J 201 60 374 American Oooda - 86,COD pt?cf? drills hiw baxu dl?pnrcd of at f 1 H6 t'ir 3d yard*, aod 62 60 a 62 0> lor 40 jard*. In Jeans onttilu.j Ci n<, priata nomlual ac f'i 30 In abnnttojis. ??l?s irod-ra n at 61 do a *1 70 for 29 in h and 42 OO a SZ 63 f>r 87 icch. Cotton V?rti baa alio ijsaltgmt. flm <al*a of Kni(ll*b hare 8oO hals*. W? quit* Not Id a 24, 'Alffcl* 24625, 26 a 82, 29$ a 306. 36 a 42. 30 I a 3dfft>. i\n?n ilcan-Price* nominal, at 2!( a 226 >" Stick of all w YO ING EDITION?MONI descriptions 5.696 bale*, against 7,436 last year. Woollens Spanish stripes firm, at last quotations, say 1406 a I f'-O at wbloh 4 COO pieces hare been sold. We quota scarlet. 1(48; purple; 1(11; dark blue. 1(08; bleak, 82* ; aah, 87o : gentionella, lfj# Opium-Malwa?SCook Ttrj rmall. demand moderate; quotation 7*268 Bengal drug, before the arrival of the steamer. in oontequenoe of tht prolonged peerage of several ships from Calcutta, our stock was reduoed to a f?w hundred cheats. Benares has Wu generally 2850 a 68 higher than Patna; but for the I art week it has been that muah lower. The demand bar b**u large during the month, prices 1 ranging at about 480$. Tuikey has been in fair demand at 400$. fc.i porta.?Teas? Black?Of Congon 33 chops are raid to bare been settled at prices which shew a slight decline upon those of the preceding month. The stosk is now reduced to 66 shops; 4 chops old taken at 11 a 12 taels. Souchongs, but little doing; 4 a 3 ebops set'led at 16 a 2i taels, 2 old shops at 12 a 13 j taela. Flowery Pekoe, not muoh inquiry, and no sales of eonseqnence to report. Plain Orange Pekoe continues without tneslighes demand. Scented t-as, the rales are 1.SU0 half boxes Orange Pekoe, and about 2 000 ien-eatty boxes Caper; tbey may both be quoted 1 a 2 taels down. The salesof Ning Vougsand Kokues bare exceeded 6.008 paekagea; prions may be quoted scmewbat lower The fresh arrivals of these kinds are abaut equal to tbe quantity sold, theetook therefore remains unchanged. Tbe requirements of shippers having In a great measure been supplied, we look far tome reduetion in price before very long. Greens?There bae been a good demand for the middling and fine qualities tar K.nglaud ; some 66.000 package* ate fettled In tho proportions of 30 000 for England and 26 000 for America. The puicha*** for the States have been mostly confined to Young Hysons. and they have been taken sparingly As the large stoek of Greens now in the market, say 180X00. comprises a large proportion of Young Hyson, they will necessarily become cheaper aa buyers can hold off ; thus far. however, there has been a material reduction in price in favor of some kinds over that of last season ; the quotations are for Moynne and Twan- j kay kinds. Young Hyson, cargo to good 20 a 21 taels; superior, 28 a 86; fine, 38 a 48 taels; extra One and enrious 63 a 60 and upward*. The arrivals ot Typings will be small this season, a considerable quantity having been sent to the Shangbae market. We hear of no transactions, and the teamen ask extravagaot I prices for the few In market. Hyson, cargo, 26 a 20 taels ; superior to fine. 82 a 46 taels; fine and eurloas. 60 a 00 taels Imperial and Gunpowder, oargo 80 a 83 taels to 33 a 30 taels; snpsilor 86 a 83 taels to 38 a4l taels; fine to ourious, 46a48. 48 a 63 and 67 a 06 taels. Twsnksy, cargo to fair. 13 a 17 taels; good to superior, 18 a 21 tasls; fine and enrtous. 24 a 25 taels. Skins, nearly 8,(00 sold for Sydney at 11 a 13 taels; oountry kinds arsquoted at 13 al4 taels; etrgo superior to fine, 17 a 23 taels; curious. 20 taels; the transactions few. Canton teas, 1,000 packages of all kinds, settled -no alteration in price Annisced?Nominally 12850. Oil has advanced to 110$. Cassia Llgnea?10$ a 10(60. Buds, 16$ Ail, 176$. Sugar has advanced No 1 6$60. Brcwn for 8banghae, 3820. Candy, 7$60. Chinchew do plentiful at 7$ a 8$. Camphor-Quite neglected; quotation 11$. Alum?Very obeap. 1810. Exchanges?On London, atO months sight 4?. a 4s.2d. On India, company's accepted 214 a 216 Bullion, fcc.?Syoee, for duly 7X per cent. Mcxioan dollar 1 per cent premium. Gold 25825 Freights.?To England, ?3; United States, $18; to Bombay, 26 cants lor dead weight. Shanghai Market, Not. 10,1848 ?Imports.?American drillings-No change to note; a few thousand pieces bave bean sold at a trifle under 28 for 30 yards. The bulk of the stock is held at 2$16 a 2$20. American sheetings - No sales are reported About 4 000 pieces In first hands are held at 2$80 a 2885 Woollens ?A sale of about 1,000 pieces (German) Spanish strips* has been made in barter, at the equivalent of 80 oents cash. There is no Inquiry for these goods at present. Metals?Nothing doing. A considerable quantity of iron, imported this month, is being shipped to Caatou for sale Tin?Banca Is worth 20$50 ; 450 pigs straits bave been sold at 10880, quality inferior. Export*.?Silk?About 2.600 a 3 000 bales have bssu sold and delivered this month There !a but little good Tsatlee offering, and for thnt full prices nre asked, say 246$ a 266$ for vsrv oummon,316$ a 830$ for No. 3, and 400$ a 420$ for the usual proportion of No. 1 and 2. Of Taysaam about 1,600 bales are in market, whloh can be had at a decline on last month's quotation, but the quality is inferior. Quotations are 2008 a 260$ for very common to inferior No. 1. Several shipments have been made on Chinese account Tea?Black?of congou the sales during the month are 85 a 40 ohopi of Slnehukye and Hohow at 10 a 16 taels. There remains about 60 taels of the same description Trices lately paid are 1 a2 taels above the previous purehases. Green?The demand is good both for the English and Ameriean markets. Salsa have been abiut 16 0CO packages at about the same rates as last month. Good quality is in mere request than tho oommon. A Man Who la Not Going to California. IMo! for be has been once beiore to a gold region in Georgia, and the lesson he learned; there will last lor a lite time. A few of the incidents he related to us to-day, will form the main feature of our present sketch. Oh, this lust of gold! what unforeseen miseries it is destined to bring ! How mnoy friends we have parted with, since we wrote the last chapter, we shall never meet again this side of their distant graves! They leave this city to go forth on a dangerous mission, in search of what I Gold, nothing, but gold. It is not to earn an honest, substantial livelihood, by labwr, which blesses him who laborB. It is to grasp the shining metal, which, for past ages, has been the fruitful cause of un'old murders, and the massacres and crimes which hive stained the annals of every nation on God's earth, that ever possessed mines? gold mines. All are now pushing forward to this gold region, urged thither by the basest, lowest, arid most grovelling passion that disgraces man's character. 'Tis man's destiny to earn his livelihood by the sweat of his brow. When he forgets this, and rushes madly into the vortex that will swallow him up, and destroy hundreds of those we have loved, who have lived so long among us. who can be blamed I There never was, ana never will be, a gold region where crime will not stalk forth unrestrained, and where blood and murder have not reigned supreme. California!? With that name now ringing in the ears of millions throughout our land?California! thatnowsounds so sweetly, when pronounced by thousands of the soft and gentle voices of those we love?why should that lair land be doomed! Why should that name be destined to be pronounced with the curses of dying thousands, and the horrible denunciations of millions, who will have some dear and loved friend's bones lying bleaching on its valleys and on its mountains, victims to the lust of gold? who have perished by the foul hand of murder, assassination or starvation ? Destinv and God's decrees ever have been, ever will be, fulfilled, until time passes into eternity. It is January, 1819. Hope sparkles in every eye ?jov beams upon every countenance?all look bright anrl smiling, and give no token of the horrible future that must and w ill come. Gold?Gold?California?California? California?is the merry shout of thousands at the commencf meat of 1810. Roll up the curtain for 1?60. Blood, murder, starvation?California, California, California, is the deep toned cry of anguish and despair that will be heard in every street of our city, in the commencement of JhTjO. But the happy, excited, feverish crowd think not of these things?they pour forth from every fireside?every , vessel bound out teems with our best as well as the very worst of our citizens?they are as san* j gutne as though they already had their pockets tilled with the shining metal which has allured them to destruction. Away with work in 18f9. Burst asunder every domestic tie, even the dearest relations of earth. Scatter to the winds every blessing that honest toil brings home to the hearts and the hearth-stone of every family. Throw them all nside. Sudden wealth is before you. Fly, go?gold beckons you on to California. But take a last look at the household gods?bid farewell to your home-altars; kiss, for the laet tune, the wile, the mother, the sister, and the loved little oneu. You will see them no more. You've birtered ihrm for " the lust of gold "?you've touched the devil's own purchase money--you're his forever. Waft, watt, stiong winds, the victims to their destination. St?eed on those innocents to the valley of the Sacramento, where scenes are to be enacted to which hell itfelt is child's play, und the bloody maFsacrrs of Peru in her golden age are but children's paitime. Hurry on, old tune, wuh your monthp, to the grand finale of " the lust of gold " in the nineteenth century. Pass forth to the spot of the grand trugedy, the population of the old, as well as the new world ; bring us the news of outronngs from England, e'rance, Gerin< ny, and all

Euiope, into that valley, which must, from the r?a tuie 01 tr:s elements rnai win congregate Mere In m all parts of God's creation, be the scene of the bloody immolation of countless thousands who are rushing ihither. God protect them ! Our citizens are mad, stark, staring mad. Who in there that will look calmly at the records of the past, and behold the prospects of the future, hut will agree with tin, and see an clearly as we do, that there things must eome, to pans, ami that the time in not lar distant etthetl A vast mixed popuiation are crowding ton larticular region, lar removed?allare animated hy one absorbing desire? to gt t gold; tney have no other motive. They go 10 a Innd sparsely populated, where no laws have b< en made, and where no power now existing there eould enforce them?where the strongest must rule ? and thetrnuocess can only be secured hy extermination? sye, by murder I Gold will cause it Where RK E k A V UKBUTTABV 1Q 1 riJL X } 1' UUUfXlil t ll/t A thirst foretold prevail*, it knows neither the laws of G?d or ol man. Murder ! what is that, coinpared with gold I Nothing?merely removing a man Stepping his life?that is all. Who will prevent itt 'Is thy servant a dog that he should 4o this thing 1" The old Bible tells ua what an innocent man (who once asked this question ot God's orophet,) did do when temptation had hun, and rte had a chance; and many an innocent, kindhearted, gentle, loving man, who goes forth to those gold regions, not dreaming that he evercoold harm the hair on the head of a h man being, will prove an example of what "the lust of gold " will do, end his career in California will be traced in letters ot blood, and the same unassuming citizen who is eminent for his virtues, seduced by the lust of gold, will he rendered infamous and notorious for damning crimes and murders. Every mail, everv ship and steamer that is now reaching this great city, comes loaded with new and strange tales of newfound treasures; and the gold fever rages more and more?is hourly on the increase among us?and hundreds who. two weeks ago, laughed at the idea of going to California, are now selling property, sacrificing their business,and rushing forward to fulfil their destiny. These flaming accounts, written in letters of gold, will not come much longer. By and by we will begi i to hear af the arrival of those ?'ho have gone out from among us; a few weeks more, and then we -1- ? 11 I .71 at. I _ _i J a I ~1\ man nrai u> uunga we aiauiy won.a uui unar ui; then, about January, 1850, every letter that cornea will not be written in gold letter*, but in lettera f blood Gi d, in mercy, avert the horrid scenes which all prudent, far-aeeing men behold in the distance! We sicken aa we write what a year will bi ing lorth, and we turn aside our pen to write on a more pleasing theme?ol the merry faces all about us. Oh. what a funny world this is! There never was suen a one, and never will be; tor from the beat and most authentic accounts, there is not one half, no not one quarter, of the tun in the next world that there is in this. 80 far ns hell is eoncerned?the bad place where lots of people of our acquaintance are destined to go, and many oi them have gone, that we have read of in history, they must have jolly times of it now, in talking ovrr itnu uiscussing me umuornia news as it leaches them, hihI in relating their own experience in gold matters. Just fancy Croesus addressing Solomon* in this manner:? 'Good morning old Wisdom; what do yon think of that last story in the Herald, about the lump of gold weighing 'i.VJ pounds! My eyes what a lump! flow many carats fine, my covey, was that gold you used to get from Ophir!" "The fact is, my boy, I don't understand the new way sf estimating the gold in the States; but here is Panus, who has studied the gold standard. How is it, hoss!" "Really, your majesty, you do me too much honor. It is a very large lump. I think there mast lie some cove in California who is like our friend Midas, and has been handling the rocks in Oililornia, turning every thing he touched into gold, it is a bad business, this. I sav, Alfonso, give us a story this morning; tell us what damnable crimes you and your bloody Spaniards used to perpetrate upon the poor Peruvians?used to rip them open, and try all sorts of experiments to get gold?did you noil" " Si Senor; I flatter myself we did crucify and impale a tew hundreds of thousands, to find out where they had stowed aad hid; but curse them, they wete Peruvians, and we were Spaniards; but these Americans will try it on each other; what few natives there are out there don't seem to care a curse about it. Consequently, they will have to crucify, impale, and murder each other; they will do it, too; where in hell did you ever know the strong to show mercy to the weak, whengold was the stake ! Never. A man will rob and murder his father, assassinate his brother, stab his dearest f'iend, to get gold; but we shall see. There will be rare sport in those gold diggings. Hut hold, here comes Beelzebub himself. Hullo, my precious, when did you get down! " Early this morning; what i9 in the wind here below!" " Nothing stirring except the fire pokers, in order to keep up the usual hsat. What do yon bring!" " Oh, don't ask me; wait a few months longer; | I am all right. I ve got the biggest and mist damnable concoction ready that i ever invented since the time I persuaded Eve to make Adam take a bite at the apple. It opens rich now. Why, roast your skins, there ia news already that about 300,000 immortal souls are on the way to a little spot, not 150 miles long, to find a few e?ld shavings? all the worst spirits of Europe, the bloodiest-minded men olive, all eagsr tor gold; saints and sinners will all be mixed up together. Won't they be a harvest! Of course they won't?certainly not. Hut i say, I can't be talking here to you fellows; make yourselves warm and comfortable; 1 must b>* off, and shall take up my best imps, mv most glorious masterspirits, along with me; but don't be worried; I'll send you constant news?lots of California humans will be pouring down among you before the year is half over. By by." What a naughty man t'te devil?old Lucifer^, Beelzebub, old sciatch, or whatever else he calls himself? must be. How he chuckles when he |Mt down to the dock to see a party of good, honest, respectable citizens go onboard ship, bound fi>r California to dig gold; men, too, that he could never touch or get hold of before. As the ship gets underway, he clenches his fingers, exclaiming " Fast, by h? 1 " Gold?all-powerful gold, has been nis bait; the silly man has swallowed the hook, and he is dragged out of his comfortable home and former haunts, to struggle amid foreign and strange scenes, (of which he hsd been previously riin.1t hliiiStnliv irrnnrunM nnt fnr trnlrl hut for existence. The silly man, like the silly fish, has left his native wafers, which he will never play about in aguin, to perish in an element foreign to nis nature and to his habits. And then the devil put on one of his most fascinating smiles, walked into the nearest three cent liquor place, toon a drink of rot gut or fire water, and spent a delightful morning. "Excuse me, friend P , for this long digression. Now for the Georgia story. The fact is, T think this sort of preamble to your tale is exceedingly well timed. It will make the people who read the lltrald look before they leap. They won't all be in such a hurry to get to the gold region after they read No. 5. L)on t you thiuk sol" " Certainly I ao; and now for my tale or sketch of a gold mine country in 1833. Holy Mary ! It makes my heart ache to think of my speculation, and trip to a gold mine in Georgia that year; but I was green then, 1 was." "The excitement in New York was very great, certainly, amonir all classes; but not to be compared with the epidemic ihat is now raging; but I got the gold fever In 1833, and made np my mind to go to Georgia, and get my share of the golden pickings. I was advised to take out with me dimes, or silver ten cent pieces, and was informed that there I could purchase gold from the miners at the rate of a dollar's worth of gold for eight ten cent pieces. I shipped the kegs of ten cent pieces by a vessel bound to a Southern port, and west down myself by hud, via Washington and North Carolinu?that route. Well, after a very fatiguing journey, I found myself in Augustit Georgia, and my kegs with me. I had a letter of introduction in my'pocket, for a glorious old lellow, of the name of Jacob D.intorih. He was a man who will ever be remembered by any person who ever saw, or heard him converse. He was the oracle ol that part of the country. I delivered my letter, was received very kindly and cordially by the merry old merchant, and found myself perfectly at home with him. Alter a short acquaintance, I confided to him the nature of my business bouth. that I was on a gold hunt, und destined for the Georgia gold region. He laughed at me for a moment, and then very good natmedly took me under his wing, gave me all the good advice his experience ens bled him to give, and winch I followed to the letter." " My young Iriend," said he, " I perceive you are on an expedition you know nothing ub ?ut. You have no idea of the class of men you are going among. The fact is, you have cot one of those strange vagaries into your nodale which come over the beet and most sensible of the men gender, when there is gold about. Now see it through. I iv? urwl li-nrn la mv motto, and if VQII d'Ul't get miirdersd, you can tell me iome amusing stories on your return ; for there is always fun ail I mischief in a cold region. Your first step m ist ba to get a horse." A horse ! \V!iy, is there not n stage that goes op every wesk?is there not V "Stage be hanged. You want a horse?a live horse?nud u saddle and bridle. You must go armed " i ?M am armed. I've got pistols with me. Oil, I got nil those things before I left New York. I ain't ipiite in unsophisticated us you suppose." M don't know anything about your fisticationa, i r what uae they will be? pistols .ire nil very well in their way?but you want a swivel." " A whatl" "Aswivrl. Don't ye know what a swivel isV' "Yes, to be sure. You mean a sort of a thing to mount on a?" Vo *teh nan shall InhsrD ths kingdom of h??T?n ? ?n says ths HtVe ,? t matter of esano tha !.! >g t.f the Js*g rural b? In lbs <;ib-r pUos, mrmam?Wi.uvmiMwanMBn [Ell A 849. "Exactly, to mount on your saddle, behind you, in oider to fire hark whhIh ?t vnur pursuers." "You are joking. ain't voul" "Me! joke 1 Allow me to say In ver joke on a serious subject?when a fellow creature's life is at stake; no, sir Tiie fact is, you are going aniens} the worst human devils ever known; you always find this clans among the gold mines. Hold makes 'em so. Now nine to ten you will be robb id, or it will he tried on; vou will have you' saddle baps filled with (he yellow, and you must run " "Me! 1 never run." "But in such a case you must. You must put your horse at full s|?eed?the robbers will pursue? vou have no time to turn round or lire a pi-tol; you look ahead, and keep the horse light. Now you see the advantage of the swivel; you out your hands behind you?it's all right, and made fast to tne saddle. Bang! Three or four lohbers are dead? for ihe swivel charge makes a swath behind?and you are sefe, and, what is of more importance, so is the gold " I took mv old friend's advice, and bought the horse, etc ; (people should always take a swvel to carry on horseback when they are in a gold region ?I lound its advantage iu many respects;) and Having sent up my kegs hv the stage, started myself, with as many ten cent pieces as I could stow in my saddle-bags. I was uniui (he beautiful scenery ot that portion of Georgia three dayshelore I reached Dahlonega. The Dahlsnega el 1S33 was not the place it has become since the United States government have established a branch mint there. Not a bit of it. At the foot ot a range of mountains 1 found quite a number of log huts built about a rquare place. In the centre of the square, st-mdti g by use f, was a loir hut larger than any ot the others. That wua dignified by the name of the courthouse; a da precious time the courthouse had of it. There were scenes enacted inside id those old logs that would have made old Nick himself hold his aides with laughter. The old fellow resided in that place; there was no mistake about that. Wnere there is f;old, the devil is close by, you may stake your ife on it, and you will win sure. All the ritf rati and scrapings of society were clustered about that spot. 1 lound there some very respectable individuals, and one very eminent one?no less a person than the Hon. J.C.Calhoun?who had just got over the nullification business. lie lived over the Georgia line, not a great distance oil in South Carolina, and had for a tune cut politics, and with abont fifty slaves was working a gold mine. He had wan him a young lad, either his son or nephew, who otien came and spent hours with me in telling what he had seen about the diggings.? Col. Deoays was also there with slaves ; so was Dr. Thomas. .mere were Home most uurisrnteous ana unnoiy doings while 1 wua there. Robberies and murders were very frequent, and many were missed and never heard of again. "But, friend P how did you sell your tea cent pieces 1" ? 1 was lucky?very lucky. The Bank of Darien had just established an agency; but their silver fund, to buy crude gold, had become exhausted, and their agent had gone down to Darien with $16,000 in bare ofgold. His name was , and irom that day to this neither himseli or his gold was ever heard of. 1 invested all my silver ateight for the dollar, and made a very g^od thin'' of it? not much either, considering the trouble Iliad and the risk I ran. I would not encounter it again for ill) per cent.; but, as I said belore, 1 was green then." "A short distance from Dahlonega was s place called then, and now, Kuuckletuwn. All the gamblers and blacklegs frequented the place, and a more incorrigible, irreclaimable set of devils creation. A Methodist exhortercame tliere while 1 was at Dahlonega, and ot course created quite a semation; it was a novelty; a great many perrons wen; to hear hini, ana I among the rest.? {Sunday came, and tlie M'thodist man was to preach at Knuckietown. He preached a sermon in the morning. Every gambler in Knuckietown atunded. He gave just such a sermon us might have l>een expected?the gamblers were rather pleased than otherwise It was somoth'ng new. After the preacher had finished his morning discoaise, he announced tiiat he would preach again that afternoon in the same spot. One ot the gamblers rose as soon as he had finished, and announced in a serious, business sort of way : ?' During the intermission between diviae service I have opened a chuckle-board, and those who wish to play can do so; another table, tor vinrt et wn, will be opened directly." Tne garmlers now commenced operations in earnest, and checkleboard and v?*igf et un tound the principal religious worshipoera with their hands in. The preacher looked on, but did not play himself. Alter an hour he held a consultation with the gamblers, when they adjourned tne game, and lie made his afternoon discourse, and tney caul as much attention to it us lie had paid to chuckle-boaid and vtngt et un, while they were gambling. One of the congregation was a hard case, ot the name ot 1'inchbeck; he had shown himself us great a rascal as could be found in the diociui's. and was reanected accord ingly. This man had taken two small lots ot gold, which he hud run up in bars, down to Macon, una fold them to a watchmaker at two ditrerent times. The watchmaker wua very much pleaeed, and told him to bring ns much more as he liked; he would huy all he brought. Master Pinchbeck then re| turned to DuhlonVga, picked up all the gold he I could find, by purchasing or borrowing He then melted it with the identical silver lie had received irom the watchmaker lor his two first lots ot gold, ran the bars of mixed into aqua fortis, to remove the silvery appearance, and took it to Macon. The watchmaker purchased and paid for it us pure 5old, and Pinchbeck returned with his money, 'he poor watchmaker lost over $'>,000 by his purchase?it broke him. Pinchbeck, in relating to | me the transaction, added?" I lelt it my duty to i learn thnt watchmaker something?lie was getting | careless, so 1 guv-.- him a dose ot halt and hall." There was another bad rascal of the name of R (ley; he was he terror of the whole gold region. While I was there, a man came up with a loudof kegs, containing 10 cent pieces. Master Riley had similar kegs, which lie filled with nails, and very adroitly exchanged the kegs ol nails for the kegs ot 10 cent pieces, while the latter were under a log shed, one evening, in the ow.ier'j wa?on. As soon as 1 could get rid ot my silver for gold, I made tracks out of the gold region. I had enough of it. II any d'scovery has ever reduced men to the very lowest degradation, it is the finding of a gold mine. There is no crime too bad lor a gold seeker to commit, and no known vice that he does not practice. I got back safe to Augusta, saw my old friend Danlorth, we laughed over the gold humbug together, and 1 returned to my legitimate business in New York, perfectly satisfied to attend to that, and to leave gold operations and speculations to other people, in whose welfare 1 could not be expected to feel so deep an interest as I do in my ow n." " When you got back from Georgia, I suppose you felt as though you had accomplished a very considerable undertaking!" "And so I had at that time. But now ! why, it would be nothing ! A man talks of a trip to California as though he was going up to Albany in fho morning line, and was to return in the evening. Only a few days ago, I was over on the North River side, watching the actions of those who were bound to California in the ship A?, and ot their Inends, who were down on the dook to see thein oft. Alter all had left the ship that were not going m her, as she wss leaving ihe end of the pier in tow of a steamboat, made first alongside, a young fellow rushed up on the wheel-houss ot the steuml.naf in the rrreiitest apparent ugitution. and veiled out at the top of his voice? "Dill, Hill?Bill, I say!" Ins ryes peering ints the crowd ?n the dock to see his friend Bill; hut Mill wasa modest man, and didn't show himself. The crowd began to show symptoms of uneasiness, at the evident distress of the young man, and supposed he had forgotten something. Soitseemsdtd Kill himself, for at last he made his appearance, and stepped out from the crowd. The instant the ('alifornian chap discovered Bill, he shook his ti.-t at him, and screamed out?" Bill, I say, von son of a , if you don't write, and send out to me in California, the very first accounts of the fight tli it's to come ofr between Yankee Sullivan nsd Tom Hy?r,f m down oh you for the rest of my life, by " I won't forget it,Bob," sutd the other;Jindthis thess two friends parted. I am sorry, Mr. I' , you did not get the entire name < f the interesting Master Robert. Mark my wotde? that young man is destined to shine in a fold land, wnere there is neither law nor gospel, t is characters such as he who will fulfil the solemn prophecies recorded in Sketch No. 5 of the California movement. Firk at Jonrsvilt.e, Mich?The best part of the village of Jonesville, Mich., was'burned on the last night of January. Among the buildings de- ' stroyed was the Odd Fellows'flail. Loss by the fiie ronie $10,000. Th* Mississippi hM substdsil <ma<o, *>ud the fatra of invtidut'on ar? conr.-queutly dtailpitel. LD. TWO OK NTS ? ? ? A HJt Uoiltnillnn t> t'm'ifirn1*. MOVEMENTS IN NBW YORK. .Among the passenger* *hn so.lnl in the Panama, on Saturday I <at, for S'n Francisco, was aa association of eight gentlemen They are, Charles KUet Joseph M Frey, M. T), Charlea D Jndnh, John G liver, C'Hiroce G. Mitchell, Edmund^C). Cspron, ChurlesC. Given, and Jwuah Hoyt. TSey comprise the Adelphi company-*-^ It lb needless 10 say that they are abundantly supplied with arms, provisions, camp equipage, tool.', apparatus, A c. M ASSaCHIJSE ITS. Thesliip Ward Henry, Capt. Church, cleared at New Bedford on the Hhh inat , lor 8an Francisco. She lakes out the following passengers John Chntrh, r?,ptain. Ear* U'rinbdngton, 1st mats, of Kairbaseo; Jaium P La*r*?oo it mate, of Falmouth; Benjamin S Kanu.a, j?ni Tarry, JaaMS Hammond Jr., Jama* H. Simmer. Knoob 8. Jaaoay, Jr., William C. Kldridga (im>rga F. Ca-lay, Joseph 8. Tab?r, tJsorge Dalano, Fmi.rluR Wiloox, Oeorge D. Bisbee, of Kairbareu; Peter H*r?ar. cnarls* K. Brown, Allen Sherman, Heorj U Wood ?f Nee Bedford; Josiah Sparrow, Mason Modern William HagglaS. of RosheMer; laeeph 0%a, Jatbro H Con. Ct?r1n IV. Tavl~ I . U_.l.l. ..w -.i i, . ? ,v? bviruivfluinu,.^^ n ? ?r*J Of IaII tit) f?n| ptO? I Jam** M. ALdeo. *f MtddiDborouAh : WdLtam Tavlor of We.tpori-ToUl '28. -a ay , The schooner Paragon, C-ipt. Haley, cjeared at Gloucester "u the l.Vli, lur ^an Francisco. Sho takes out the following passengers:? George Grovsr. Arthur 'sin sod icon William*. of Gloucester; William H HulluUy.of Boston: A. Loir, of Kmsx.?Total. 6. The ('all lorn in excitement has subsided to a great degreo. There are a lew companies not quile full, who intend to leave as soon as the ne( essary number is obtained. The Northwestern Association is all ready, and wul anil the first of next week. They go out in the bark Orb. But two vessels have cleared at this port tor the gold regions the present week.? Rostmn Journal, Ftbnary 19. Connecticut. A number of genilemeu in this city and vicinity, at the head ot whom is Hon Alou/.o W. Birge, or Coventry, lute Treasurer ot th- state, have formed a company with a capital of $;i5.0lK), to be divided into fitly shares. They are to purchase a slap* provisions for ihree years, and the tr.ime work lor a large hotel, which is to be kept by one of tho company. They are to take out their families* and go prepared tor a permanent settlement.? Norwich Courier, Feb. 14. NORTH CAROLINA* llo! for California?We invite attention ! > the uotice in to-day's paper of the sailing of tho bark John A. Taylor trom this port to ban Francisco. This splendid new bark lias just been built* at Little River in Brunswick county, and will bo launched in a few days. She is UK) feet long, of 300 tons burthen, aud is said to be ot a beautiful model. If our peoole will go to California let them consult their comfort, safety, and pride by placing themselves upon this strong and beautiful North Carolina bottom. Their feelings of exultation in their craft, us she rides into- our fur Southwestern port, will be worth the gold dust of several days amaksing.? Wilmington Commercial, Feb. 18. INDIANA. The South Bend Democrat ot the 12th inst.. says-.?A California joint stoek company informed here, consisting of 30 of our citizens. Tney ex iwct 10 siari next wfts, rrooan.y 10 ointra win go from thi8town and itH vicinity. WISCONSIN BKIQADK FOR CALIFORNIA. We underutand thai trout 4(K) to HOD persons will rendezvous at Madison about the 2oiti of March, and (rem thence form the line of march acros* Iowa and the Missouri plains to California. Among those who will join this company, we learn, are Col. Ifaraezthy, (our State can scarcely spare so worthy a son,I Mr. Sutherland, Lieut. Wright, and varisuB members of the Senate and Assembly, who are determined to visit this modern HI Dorado and see its golden treasures Tticy will cross the prairie in one company, and under one organization, and though Wisconsin is the youngest Slate o! the confedera-y, we d- ubt whether any brigade that goes there will embrace a better class ot men. 01 who will be more calculated to worthily buila up a new government. Those with whom we have conversed are all enthusiasm to traverse eve* the long distance of 3,000 miles.?Daily IVitam tin, thu. o. rRKCEPTS TO THOSK WHO CROSS Til* ISTHMUS OF PANAMA. We have received through the house of Messrs. Nelson, Zachison iV Co , ot 1'x.uaina, the following interestinir statement:? BY DR. M AROICMKYi RUCIAOA. The name ef pestiferous that has been applied to the Isthmus is entirely unjust There are, hoeever constant enures of diseases which are oommoa to all countries situated under the same sous. These causes are humidity and excessive heat; and as travellers in general arrive from places that are laflueaoed by different at mospheres, it broomes neoeisary, In order to maintain complete health upon passing the isthmus,to use proper precautions tooounteraet the affects of the causes of disease. Higiene furnishes the neoeseary precepts to preserve health In nil the countries of the globe; but a medical work is not within the reach of all. and, furthsrmore, the subjects are explained in general terms, without a special application to any particular country. I bavs found it ussful to publish the most necessary rules for to oross the isthmus wtthont risk. These rules have become the more necessary sinoe the notorious imprudence committed by late travellers from North America has been the cause of some of then having perished. Nothing of this can happen If these pfecepts are oerefully observed. Travellers wilt not then have an opportunity to repent having preferred otir short route to the protracted and dangerous navigation of Cape Horn. /There are two prioclpal indications that should be attended to upon crossing the Isthmus? 7 First To keep in order the functions of the intestines, carefully avoiding all Indigestion. Second. To preserve the cutaneous presplration, endeavoring to keep it within its just limits. To fulfil both there indications, they should follow exactly th? following rales 1st. It is useful to make a good selection of eatables, and make no nse of milted fat provisions, nor of highly spiced ones; more than three iiarUra of all the sick dcrs mat in luui wa ny travellers can :>? aurioaied to tfce use of fruit?it wnet be prohibited entirely. Fresh be?f, rice, some preparations of corn, fresh lib, eggs, poultry, and bread, are the only artioles of foed that should be taken 'id. Spirits must be used with great moderation, and mixed with water: under tbls form they are useful ia prsrerving tbe rkin iu a delicate presptration, of the utmost Importauoe in these climates; wsak tsa and ccfTee will produce the same effect .'id Water should be placed in glass vessels some time before using?eartheu vessels being eery porous. present a great surface of evaporation, lowering considerably the temperature' fihe water; and a! though it makes it vsry agreeable and nueoobes thirst caused by excessive heat, it is also the can .e of colds and diarrhot, especially if cold water is taken whilst perspiring. 4tb. Cloibing should be of light linen or ootr.on; of wcollen nothing should bti used but an inside (linnet. It should be cbaogrd ituini diatr.y afer b log damped by perspiration, uud one should carefully avoid any currents of air while doing so. such a* are otused by windows or doors Tbe bead should bo bat lightly covered with a straw bat. especially up tbe river Chagres, and tbe roads of (.'runes and (Jorge na. 6th. Dampness must bo avoided as far at possible, end the feet should be preserved pnrfeotly dry; If tha clothing Is wet during tbe day by the reins, upon arriving at a house, rub brskiy with strong rum upon tl.e feet, back, and articulations of tbe limbs, and rnakw an immediate change of clothing. Oth. The doors and windows of the h iasi should b? c ofciI while sleeping If tbe excessive heat does not permit this, curtains ebould be used that will not obetruob the renovation of air, and yet prevent a sulden ourrt nt. Nueh are tbe precepts that should be scrupulously obstivediu the transit of tbe Isthmus to preservw heath; If travellers give to all the importance they deserve, the odious epithet ot pestiferous, wltlx which this lstbmus has been stigmatised, will soon ba ob. Iterated. (Signed) M AUO AROSKME.VA QUES IOA. Fisau, Jan. 11,1K4P. Sitiudi.?Robeit M. N. Smyth* wen found ia the yard ot tbe Boston uud ideucw Railroad depot, about tire o'clock this morning, with his throm cut. The act must have bpen recent, for when found, his body was yet warm, though his face and hands were frown. A penknife was 4*.,?rt h m uml urtlii this instrument Mr. Smythe in supposed to have taken his own life. Mr Smy the was we I known in this city as a land sjieculutor. In the days of the Maine land minis, he was one of the largest dealers, and, it is said, became bankrupt. His fnmilv resided in Cambridge, but Mr. Mniythe had of late been boardiruf at the iVmberton lloui-e in this city. In the trial of George Miller, lor lorgenr, he was a prominent witness for the defence.?Bottim Trantcript, /It. Cienesal Tayi.dr's Famii.y ?Mrs. Gen. Taylor is a native ol Calvert county, Md. Mrs. Taylor'* father w as Capt. Walter Smith, an Independent and highly reapeitnble tanner, whose estate situated on the right bank of St. Leonard's Creek, in which Commodore Barney's flotilla was blockaded in the late war. She is the sister of the Lto Major Richsrd Smith, of the Marine Corps, well remembered in New York especially, tor his gallant nad soldierly appearance and bearing, and hid fine social qualities. It was in Kentucky that th?i General, then a very young man, saw her and wan conquered.?National Intcllitftnctr, Ft 7. l*i.

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