Newspaper of The New York Herald, February 20, 1849, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated February 20, 1849 Page 2
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NEW YORK HERALD. Mkwul aermr ?? ValtM and am Mb JAJOEI eORDOH BMHBTT, PROPRIETOR HI HAIL 1 i/.? i im idtfMu. I cooto per copy? XT ?? Tb. UURMNU HDITHJN ? f?MwW ( o'clock A k., and dcrrilmUa. before breakfast : the AFTRR k/yvb itad ?/ t*? Mwlwyi at S o'clock 2 HA WtRKLY UXllAl.l), for circulation on tkic (lontiMb. N fvMiiU mrt Saturday, at 6\y cents per copy- or V "" ' * Hon M Kwoie. end printed in Oronok and Bnokek. at <K contt per copy, or M per finnttm; the tPAHo price to include the poet ape. ALL LKT'l'KKt) by mutt for tuboortpUono, or with adocrSCw'rJissr"" or riu poetare will be deducted from nSmSTAR Y LUXKKtirUNDRNCB. contact*%t important inon'trrttr of 'he world; cf need, unit bo jSyZtriSKMlUfTB, t returned every moment, and to bo P?iilub?u ?.ihe eurnmo "ad afternoon editions,) at reasonable prion; to u written in a plain, lepible manner; the proprietor getroopoeai for errore n mannerreel. grig UERAl.n KSTAKI If HVRSTie open throupbeut the AMUSEMENTS THIS EVEN1N0. BOWERY TUEaTKIC. aimery-Lam Dat? or Poxrm? Tamu.v J a Tun* I.r Bin i ? mninwiT theatre. Brobdwxr?Mortb-Oxixtc? Fo?<. uu. i i? liO<>. HATIONA1/ T'lAATH*. ChathuD BgtwrB?Smrjon k Co? Mom u? CAi.iroHNiA? IU.hiaa Mr.Aii.wi. BUBTOWa THIATtik Chunbrri itm#!? Took Lire** ia Dakouu? C'AIJrnRMA (INU- VHIIU'I Bab NUM. BBCBAMlCir HALL, Broadway, near Broome?0WRIST Molar A ma OCEB^T UBMABT, Broadway. near LmmK-Niw BbLiaaa Inininui. ALH AiiBRA, Broadway, near Prince?Banna, Lknt fe Co.'i Aanioin Cinci'A ROOI/V'-ICAL BALL, Bowery? ah Ambubom k Co.'a Mbmmui. CB1NKSK MUSEUM, etV Broadway?Ohibmb CrrmioaiTiBa CONCERT 8 vooON?Whits'! 3si> bsadbb*. New Vork, Tncaday, Pebruary MO, 1849. The Callfornlu K? linnet, t?- l ire JCxtent of (ho K migration. The golden sands of the Sacramento, and the auriferous products of the soil bordering on the San Joaquin, continue to be an absorbing topic of converse'ion among u.i classes of society. Thousands of adventurous young men, armed with implements lor gold digging, and (or wushing, smelting, and assaying the ore alter it has been gathered, are on their way to El Dorado, and thousands more aie preparing to embark for the same distant rroinn. Tl.e accounts that have been recently re ceived, confiimatory as they are of all the official itatemeuid that have been published concerning the great and almost lav ish abundance oi gold in California, have strengthened the wandering in a determination to seek their fortunes aa gold diggers, and incited many who are in comfortable circum.-lances, to throw up all?friends, relatives, and business?lor the chance of rnuking a fortune umong the placers. Iu fact, emigration to California has bardlv yet commenced. Several thousands of our citizens, from various sections of the country, have gone thither; but that number is only aa a drop in the bucket to that which will follow. As a matter of interest, we have posted up the whole number ot gold seekers that have left tor California since the breaking out of the gold lever, and the vessels which have Bailed; and the following list will give our readers an insight into the matter:? Vyj5ki-fl Sailed Die*ct fob California. hum* Data Number Officer* H'Atfire of of of a\td Mailed. I'mhI. Sai,inf. Patter gert. Crete. Baton reported, In ?u \ etaala 3,475 1,W t B?W Tim?Brig l onla'ia Jan. 30 rtl 10 BnihiihSoFiilud 90 61 10 S> ip l 'rpiiaua 30 181 IS ttot.rW di.O. Hki'SaUff. 30 7 ? 8chr in p ro fab. 1 16 6 SohrSta w iieb 19 6 Bit* home Adele. . . I T] 10 fkhr J R M>luting. 3 16 6 Ship Pasama 4 170 16 Ship Daniel M abater. 6 68 16 Ban Ktok* 6 43 13 I l.iti Kohl llnu A 1711 la Bark StrmlT.rri 6 lvl 12 Uukkia WlUh.... 7 74 is blip * lariaaa P< tkina. 7 127 lti Mipne. .H M>tni>r tbB. 8 95 18 fbip Monlaaa 9 109 1? Baik liabel 9 48 11 Bite i *mio 9 10 10 Bat It T< ui*u 10 ? 11 KukAu'mc 11 ? 11 I Lip rarthand ?Jiia. 14 40 18 8?t.r Bar> W 18 Of 8 bteanuMp P?iimi, . 17 81 20 Ship tci,if Lev ... 17 124 18 t-hip E utneui kllen. 17 188 in BMtM ... ... 1 48 11 Mop aauLOre 4 luO 18 Bark Rot ball* 4 66 11 Brie Acadian 6 18 7 MipLualur; 7 110 16 BrgRtdi.lpti K HI 8 luiUDirt 9 118 11 Balk V? aaro 10 88 11 Bn?( il Tajlor... 11 18 10 Baltteore.. .Baik htte. S 8 12 Slip Xjlt-a 6 119 16 Bark J<'hn Poner... 8 II 11 Bti|H. 16 8 10 Warraa.RI khip bt.ptwtll Jan. 16 Ins 16 Baifat... a M 60 11 B.Ba4iord..fcoor h'atto 11 16 6 8MpMa?ni>lia Fab. 3 MJ 10 Baik Lna on 1 41 11 Schr I on or a 4 16 6 Baik l'Kiadei H 4 II Brig Imiljr bouina 8 II 18 let rTmnant 9 21 6 * PobrJnln Aliyua... 11 26 6 Bchr (jaseila 11 ? 11 Chip?illlaru k Ueorj 16 28 14 H.Loadon. .Ship Mratrr Jan. II 48 16 kclirUtld Prl.nnr. .,. Fab. 1 18 6 Ntwport.R.I MiinAndley tlaik... 16 70 16 Bant art? r. .Pi ip Sobna 7 70 IS Charlrot. ii. .Hj p Oiltllu Jo.30 49 IS Kltlio Feb. 7 11 6 7lttU?r< J.^r Iudoiui II if 8 ?loooeater.. Bel r Paragon IS 6 Briatol, B.I. B*rk Ante Feb. IS 2 1U Total S7S6 J.7JS S.7M Total In 1411 hhI, Tin C ape Horn 8,484 Via ??? JutK Ritbb. Mew Yoil Bur Fi?m*o 2 Via v a* a Can. Wherte tailed. Same ill en. I Date of Sailing. So. Fiu'ri, M?W York B?ik Mennpha Deo. 24 81 Baik tugei.ia -Jin. IS 1M Bnrk Una Jan. SI 157 Brig Colntnbuo .... .Fob. 3 21 NewOrkcne Bobr. Nancy Biahup..Jan. 30 65 Total li fit o toboIo, rta Vera (roe 449 Via Tami- co. Philadelphia BrigThiuiai Walton.Fob. 1 60 Via Brazoa. Whence tailed. Same #/ YetteI Date of Sailing. St. Pat'rt. NawDrleaaa Buauier Telegraph. .Jan. 12 S S onne: Fanny Jan. 14 214 Maw Totk Bohr. John i ootner. .Jan. 27 8* Bohr. U U. Soul] Jol. ;7 It Bohr. Co1, Tannin*..Feb. 7 2' Bohr. Wa. B. Traria. Feb. 13 61 Total in tli Tetania, Tin the Irene 40* Vtoan.a S' roa Cnagbn. Whet.ce tailed. Same of Ytttel. Date of Sailing. So. Pat'rt. Beloro itpi rted in 14 roeela. Hr7 Boato* Ship < oiaair Jan 31 111 Mowloik brig Winthrop Fob 1 3S Sooan.or Bkleon fab. 1 61 Bng Kinlma Jan. 29 47 B' u.i. ( r?wentCitr..Feb. 6 #Uk Boltimr re Km Bat l.m.i P.k A i. Ms* Yilk Bn* !**u ??n r?n. 9 7) B?ik 6. I. < r<i*?ll,.. r?b 9 S Br k B?r?h r?k. 13 0. B?:k Osi.fort ..fib. 19 Si Total it H tmmU. rl* Cb*(T*? 1.79 R?c?r,Tin.?Tion. Tout in Ml vsshIs, Tin Csj* a. in 8,461 , M - tl'Mrvo , ? II ? tht Dniti 44; ? ft ? Ver*??ui 441 a 1 ? Tnnpio j | ? 1 ? BnnJuna Kim j TotnJ in 17? ve??:?. 11,14 i II the gold excitement dors not abate, wr think it very probabla that twenty-five thousand more adventurers will be on their way to California and the gold diggings before tiie first of May next. There ale many cempaniva being formed in the Western and Southwestern States, the members of which intend proceeding overland through our own territory, and are only waiting for the aeason to be a little more advanced to lake up the line of march for the chores o( the Pacific. The probability ta that there will be fiity thousand gold diggers at work in the mmes before the first of January, IdoO, and perhxpa one hundred thousand. Casks ok "Conscience."? We see every now and then, in our exchanges, accounts of people writing anonymous letters,i nclosing sums of money ( to parties whom they cheated, and makt.ig resti- j tuUon, in order that they iimy die in peace. Although we have been swindled more than a little in the course of our experience, it has not baen our fortune to receive one of those documents front any source whatever. We have trusted is a ' great many caaes, and in almost every one have 1 been deceived. Indeed, if restitution were made to us of one-half, even, of the smount of which we have been swindled, by plausible stories snd appsato tooursympsthtrs, the amount received would | pay our pat er bills for several weeks. It may, hawevrr, be our turn next. Who knows 1 1 Th* Usuar Laws?Thkik Moealb.?There ie no hope that during the prenent session of our Legislature, the code of rascality known as the usury luws, will be repealed, or even modified, notwithstanding that the voice of the public is opposed to their remaining any longer on the statute book. It has always been a mystery to us how legislators, who are presumed to be men of sense and intelligence, can tail to see the absolute and utter inefficiency of those ridiculous laws fur fulfilling the purpose which was contemplated by those who enacted them. That purpose was the prevention ot contracts lor the loan or usage of money at a higher rate of interest than seven per cent; and yet, in ihe face of this enactment, and the penalty attached to an Infringement of its provisions, money is daily and hourly loaned and borrowed at a higher rate ol interest than that provided for by tne utuiy laws. Jn tact, men ol business, when cramped by the want of money, and when the article is scarce?as it frequently is?will not scruple to give at the rate of eighteen percent interest for its use. With this law before the eyes of the lender, this rate of interest will be taken, because money may actually and intrinsically be worth that sum for its use, to the man who borrows it. Both the boriower und the lender know that capital, like everything else, is subject to the laws of supply and demand ; that when the demand is great it is worihniore than when it is not so--and vice vertaThus, money in Wall street is frequently not worth more than five per cent; but again it is woith ten, and will command even twenty, when it is very scarce, in precisely the same manner as corn was dearer in our markets during the demand that existed for it at the time of the Irish famine, than it was before that demand existed. Now, in order to be consistent, the Legislature, if they undertake to interfere with the laws of trade?to step in and make bargains between borrowers and lenders of money?should dictate to the farmer that he should not receive more than a certain pi ice for his corn, his outs, his hay, or any other article produced by his labor. But if it were to do so, the farmer would no doubt complain? I .... !.. U- IJ ... ,k... I ..I oiiu juou| du. iic wuuiu any iwni ngiituuuiai [uw ductions are scarce in cuuaequence of bad harvest weather in England ; that hay la scarce in consequence of the winter b-?ing unuaually severe, rendering it neceaaary tor cattle to be better fed, and lor a longer period, than in other years; and therefore ihe productions of his farm were worth more than in former years. The owner of money ib in precisely the same situation. From causes which are continually at work in the money market, or in the commercial world, capital is worth much more this month than it was last; end why should the Legislature prescribe to the moneyed man the rute at which be shall lend or sell it 1 But there is no use in arguing the matter; it is clear as the sun at noon-day, to every capitalist and man of business, that the usury laws ere inoperative between men of honor, and ought to be repealed Men sf integrity never call upon our courts of justice to declare a contract for the loan of money veid because the lender has charged a greater rate of interest than is provided lor by those laws. Dishonest men, however, do so. They bcrrow, occasionally, of men to whom they are not known, and then call upon our courts to declare that the lender has forfeited all?both principal and interest?by charging more than seven per cent. An amusing instance of the way in which the usury laws are avoided, occurred a short time since in Boston. A certain corporation was in want of one hundred thousand dollars, and in order to carry on its business, it must obtain it. But money was worth, at that particular time, one and a half per cent per month. Now the company were willing to pay this rate of interest but by accepting it the capitalist would incur the risk of losing all. The company were willing to pay the rate of interest, and the capitalist to accept; "but no," says the yiBiuiuic in inubMitiiusfin*, "we Know me dusineea of each of you bttter than you do yourselves, and although you the (corporation) say that it would be an object for you to pay that rate of interest, we will not allow you to do so; and as lor you, Mr. Capitalist, take more than the legal rate of interest if you dare. 11 you do, we will declare the contract void, and will deprive you of your money." What was to be done 1 The company must have the money. "We'll fix it in tins way," said the capitalist. "Massachusetts five per cent stock sells in the street for only ninety-one. Now I will sell you one hundred thousand dollars worth at par, and take your bond at six months for that sum, with legal interest." Thus the capitalist obtained the usurious interest, and the company who borrowed the money proceeded with their works. The law was evaded, and all parties were satisfied. Contracts like the above are by no means of uncommon occurrence. Similar ones are made every day in Wall street, and in other large cities, and still the Legislature persists in keeping the usury laws on the statute book. How absurd, therefore, bj pears the conductor those persons, when they have facts these before their eyes! The truth is, the sooner these ridiculous enactments are repeal* a the be tter. Dullinq.?The practice ol duelling is a relic ol he age of chiva'ry, v\ heu knights and squues met each ether in ateel atinor. and tilted at each other with their long spears till one ol the parties was unhorsed. Then the ladies present at the spectacle waved iheir white handkerchiefs, in token of applause for the conquering hero, and the umpires put an end to the contest. Duelling is a far mora bloody and murderous transaction ; and instead of being au improvement upon the rude and sauguinsiy practices of our forefathers, is |*>sitively a step backwards towards brutality and barlTansm. There is, however, another step still more backward, more brutal, tnorc disgraceful than even duelling, and that is street lighting. When the day arrives that a man cannot walk along the streets without being attacked and assaulted?when it shall b? licensed and fashionable in the laws of honor lor men to stand in the streets aiid shoot at one another?we may say adieu to all our boast of civilization. We are no lunger civil beings?we are become little better than savage brutes, and our streets the arena of contest for bears, hyenas, and tigers. Compared with such brutality and street exhibitiona oi violence and bloodshed, duelling, sanguinary and brutal us it ia, is comparatively a lamb-like offence We perceive, from our Western correal undent, that an editor at St. Louis, on being called out to fight a duel, refused to meet his opponent in this fair manner, but proposed a street fight with bowie knivea and pistols, to be fouitht in the public atreets, among the crowds of passengers. This we call brutal, cowardly, and infamous. The proper couise would have been, first, not to have provoked the challenge, by coarse, vulgar, violent language; secondly, on receiving the challenge, to have handed it with the challenger to the legal authorities, and to have had him bound over to keep the peace. If, indeed, w? live in a country of laws, let us abide by the laws; and if tfe seek vengeance against any one, let it be sought and obtained by the law; but if we hro degenerated into a lawless people?if we are as l,.w l-ll^n kml.. ..-J > .. .. ? >i? i/iuio niiu anTHgro, men, aDd not till then, 1ft us light in the streets, and lay in wait lor one another, with clubs, pistols, cow-hides, md bowie knives! Court Calendar?Thin Da jr. Cmeuir Co.rt -No? 4, 18,17, 18,19, 20, 31, 22, 23, 14, 384. 23 29. 27, 28. hi rgnoa Coubt ?Nos 109,12 62.1,23,77.144,143, 147 149 162 to 168. 180. 8. 380 93 83. 92. 19. 22, 30, 81, 6, 71,46 61, 17 29, 107,207,64.2.161. 96, 10, 68, 48, 49, C?. 188, 121,129, 8. 81, 78. 28, 84,63, 90, 138. 68 Common Put. ? No*. 81, 84, 38. ?6, (19.88.90,92, ta 48, Id 24, 26 , 29. 32, 30, 61, 69, 62, 06, 83 , 86 , 36, 42, 60. An wtWjtf Ciarinniit i ?. received a*old aauf boi, * vase .tedded with diamond*, and 43UU, M a prooant from U?? Saltan of Turkey. Gkneeai. Tayloe's Cabinet ?The great question which haa occupied ao much public attention since the Presidential election?viz: the persona who will compote the cabinet of the newPresident, will soon be decided. A little light has been shed U|>on it within a day or two; and before many days shall have elapsed, we must know all about it. It is now considered settled that John M. Clayton, el Delaware, one ot the moat distinguished leaders of the whig party, has been selected (or the important office of Secretary of State. We have no doubt that this selection will give unqualified satislactinn In the whole country. Mr. Clavton IB a man of acknowledged tal*nt and puntv of ckaaoter. lie has always shown himself to be a friend of the Union, an advocate of compromise, and a discourager of fanaticism, in every shape and form, in Congress and ?ut of it. The interest of the State Department will be sate in his hands. It is rumored that Mr. Crittenden has positively declined to accept any office in the Cabinet. This may or may not be true; but we are inclined to believe, if it is true, that he has been induced to make this determination in consequence of the retuin of Mr. Clay to the United States Senate. The relations between him and the Sage of Ashland are not of the most friendly character, on account of the course which Miv Crittenden thought proper to pursue in bringing about the nomination of General Taylor for ihe Presidency, in preference to Mr. Clay. If the rest of General Taylor's Cabinet be men of the same stamp and calibre as Mr. Clayton, neither the country nor the President will have cause to regret it. American Pork in Liverpool.?Fresh American pork has become quite an article of traffic in the liverpool market, where it is bought readily, at prices which pay a good profit to the shippers on this side. The following is a copy of a neat circular, printed on a hall letter sheet, and circulated in Liverpool just alter the holidays:? "Fiiih Punk ? On Thursday next. January llth> 1MV I mrnii < lit-r at puono auction, at tne commercial Sale IIomd, 'IVuipIc Court, 100 pi?? in ice, averaging three cwt each. juet arrtred from Boetoa, per steamer Niagara. ' Temple FUoa, Liverpool." This trade was first started by Captain Yeaton, now of the Fidelia, when he commanded the packet ship Oxford. As he was about to sail, one winter's day, he saw a lot of fine looking dead pigs hanging up in Fulton Market. The idea occurred to him that they might prove a good speculation, and it nothing could be made on them in Liverpool, he could use them as ship's provisions, huH thus Rave himself from loss. The SDecuIation did turn out well, and was repeated several times with great success. The captain made known his operations in the fresh poik .line to Borne of the dealers in the article, and so put an end to the comfoitable little trade which he had been enjoying a monopoly of. On his next visit to Liverpool he found some ether Yankee pigs than his own in market; and, on his return the second time atltr, a still larger stock; and so he gave up the | business. The hogs are carried out on deck, the whole carcases being packed in ice. This kind of pork is much sought after on the other side of the Atlantic, as the meat ia said to have a much finer flavor than the perk which is raised on the British islands. Kkh-gt-gag-ah- buwh'i Lecture on the Indians. Mr Kah-ge-gag-a,i-bowh delivered another lecture on the Indians, last evening, at the Tabernacle. He commenced by referring to the condition of the Noith American Indians, as it was when the ccntinent was first discovered, and at the time of the reception of the Pilgrims at Plymouth. From that time till the present, the Indian has extended the hand ot fellowship to the whites; but in return he has receivi d nothing but what is derogatory to the Christianity which the whites profess. But he would totjefer particularly to this; he would leave it to the future historian. Knowing the in. justice that has been done to the Indian sinoe the year 1601, and the poltoy which still regulates the Indian department, he took the subject of Indian wrong* in hand, and determined, tf he possibly could, to do emcthisg beneficial lor his race. He aooordingly? lectured In Philadelphia and other cities; spent five months In Washington, and has now matured (a [plan for the amelioration of the 1 nutans, which, it carried out, He thinks, would be of the highest advantage to the Indians of the West. It bee been endoretd at p?rftctly fraubie by the legislatures of several States. Among the causes ot the decrease ot the Indians, he enumerated the small pox, the chilera, and other diseases, which were never known to the Indian before his intercourse with the whites I ?the introduction ot tire-arms and itunuowiiioe arith which tbey destroyed eaob ether much Uater thanlbey | coula do it by ttieir bow* aud at rows?their 1 ost es In the Krt-nch and Knglish wart, and the use of are water or ] rum Notwithstanding tbat tbe btoud of tba Indian I Honed freely erub tbat tf tbe nbitea in tbe oause of 1 America, bis chums are overlookrd ; and II be seeks for j cbailty. be la rudely kicked out of doora. To be aure, I he gets lomeming of a return for bia broad lando, which j are day by day ceded by bim; but, In a great degree, It I con mm* of wbiakey and ttre arms, with whtcb to etill I further dtcreaee his race. After giving bim tbe meana 1 with wbiob to degrade bim in tnia way, tbe white* look on tbe Indian a* uresis.rnaoie ; and when tbe aubjeot ot Improving bim la talked tf, will abake bia bead, and ray tbe Indian* are ravages, and an Indian win tie an Indian anil. Not content, however, wi.b taking tbe land wbicb i* ctded by tbe Indiana, tbe government i cf tbe United Stales seeks. by every means in its power, I to divast tbem ot the little wnlcb tbey bavereaerved for ' tbemaelvea, on tbe plea tbat tbey must be removed to tbe extreme Wert, where tbey can have deer and otber gain.-; but a ben tbe last deer on this aide of tae i Rocky Mountains la killed, then will terrible retribution come to tbla country, and eapsoiaily to tba j Western Mates, tbe toil of wbtoh will Im molttened with tbe biocd of both the ludtan and White races, unless romething be done. It is to prevent tbia dreadlui state ef things, as much as anyiiuag else, that ha baa bven induced to bring forward bia plan for their ; amelioration. Tbe nun improvement of tbe Indians arista fiom tbe faot that me system ef eduuetlon | Lltheite pursued has beeu deteotlrs, tba lohol* being featured to mush tbat only detached pertions of tbe Indian tribe* enn avail lhtnu>eivea of education; and tbe absence of moral culture; but give bim education, and inatll Into hi* heart tbe prlnoiplee of molality and religion, and tbe Indian will abine as brigntiy a* nit most ardent friends could deatra. In whatever place* i l.o.?r . ?.l ......l.?tln.. .? >- . I , ...... ... ....... ...... ........... in) uaen appear*!i, their a bore hare been bleteed with the beet rasults. As a proof of this, he referred to the improvement of the Lfcarekees nnder the guidance or pious 1'ruebytanan*, it is a matter of aoubt whether the Western > Ir.d sns will ever have a permanent home, in osqm. quenoe of the vast emigration to that part of the Lniwd Sta es, tar tba land of the Indiana will be taken to supply the wants of that enrgration. Mia plan cf bringing about the clvtllxatioa of the Indians la for the government of tba I.'nitad States to appropropriata to them a permanent home, from which they shall sever be driven, and to give to eaoh family a farm of ona or two hundred aorea; after tbla to introduce an ong them the arta of civilisation and agtirultura. If the Indiana were satisfied that thla ap- , propriation would navar be diaturbad, all would wllliogly Hock there. In the centre of the nation whioh would thna be establl-hed, there aha aid be a military post 11 aufflsient strength to secure the administration of the laws, and the wools to bo provided over by a governor to be appointed by tha United States?auah governor to be a wall kaownfrient of tho Indian. Missionary labor, education, ko.. would soon follow, and i then would it be shown to tha satisfaction of tha ' i whites that the Indian will not bean Indian still, i Uivethe Indian the Bible and the press, and thay will ahow themselves as capable of Improvement aa ( the whites. He concluded by hoping that the ! people of New York would not allow thla subject to drop, but that they will call a publio ' 1 meeting, and lay it before tha community. Ha 1 proposed also that tha confederated I radians should 1 be entitled to send a delegate or representative to J (.'ocgrees As soon as this grant shall be made he will ) go among the Indians and induce them to settle upon it; and afterwards to New Ycrk and other cities, and endeavor to get the or.operation of tha whitas in carry- ! log out tha good work. In ooncluelun. ho deplored the apathy which eaists on this subject, and could not : help repeating what was raid to him In conversation, [ by a kind Iriend, who took an Interest In tha Indian? ! that if he would but get his head shaved, paint hla face * bin eh, and advertise te deliver a lectors ca tha African r?ce, tha Taberuaole would b* crowded to boor bin. 1 , ftu6 sher* la no sympathy for tba poor Indian. Aa , lot g aa ha lira*, however, ba will agitata tbla subject, acd endeavor. aa far aa in bia power, to redress, in soma degree. tha wrong* dona to bia raoa, and alavate ' thrni In tba toale of morality and civilisation. r Hounitnu of IndlwldwUa* , W? undaraland that tha President will laava tha ( Whit* Hoiti on Saturday, tba 3a ofMaroh, and baa | taken room* at tba Irving iioua* until b* laava* Waab- , Ington on tha 6th, per tba acuthern rout*. , Xb* Provident cleat la axpeotad to arrive In Waab- t ington on Krlday next, and baa taken room* at Wil- t lard'* Hotel. Ilia suit la raid to eonalat of twenty t perron*. I The Hon Mr. Thorn a*, of Tonne****, who bad been 1 railed homo by alcknea* in hi* family, roanmed hi* Mat 1 yesterday In Iho Hcua* of Representative*.? Walking- 1 ion Cnion, ?i. 17. 1 (iov. Wlckllffe, of Kentucky, arrived In th? oity yea- ' terday, and took room* at the Irving Hon**. Col. bile* la sojourning in Philadelphia. ? Theatr ?il Mil Nui if, Bowcbt Thktm.? Thl< hnn?? vw erowdad U?| craninc by a mart wiyiiUbb aadlanaa, attraotad by tba anaaanoa < aot o> t a >* ??l?r u ? ?r?a<- roaaatio tpaetacia af tba "Lut D???nf P?ap?ll." wb'ab la day* loaga atnoa gonaby, araaUd (uob an axoltamaat at tba Bowary. It wan prouuced i??i atnumg >iik much tpWndor and tha u)?at uaqvaltflad auscent. Tho draraaa. daanraMon*. aronrry, and mora than all. the aetlag of all oon*arnrd in tba piaca. wara all ad ml r a bla. Mr. OUb-rt pUtrd tba part of Arbaoaa admirably ba loofc-d rba h?n?hfa to "< rfMtloa, and hia taataful and aplandld oo?tume waa nut ad mired Mica Wemyaa'a Njdla, tha blind girl, m also i fine place of acting; aba ru maoh applauded, whilst tbe rent of the perf >ru,er? gave n?arrai sa'l-tactton Tbe stags manager iv-rr** ?rea? oe?<ilt for ?hn handacme manner In which ba baa performed bla duty la the getting up of tba pleoa. where eo much oftba gene ral effect la dependant on the atage arrangement; but Mr 8terena la always at bis poet, aed keeps the Bowery atage well regulated Tba comedy of "Family Jara" preceded the drama, and that of -'Hunting a Turtle" oloeed the entertainments. The bill for this craning will be found in our list of amusements. Broadway Thutik?Last <t-nlng was witnessed again another triumph of t>e rich and beautiful drama of "Monte Crlsto." It la, hoeever, so constantly Improved by the most beautiful additions made to it. that every night of its noting It appears to bs a novelty. The nttendanoa la ns orowded ns ever, and tba high satisfaction of tbe audience is nightly evidenced, by tbe must rapturous applause beetowed upon tbe piece itself tbe beautiful elaboration of all its parta, and tbe tine and .masterly performance of tbe truly talented aotnra. We bear, in t'-ie meantime, on all efties. tbe buzxing rumors of what la preparing at this theatre, which Is said to he a new play hr \1r. O K Laater, entitled "Kate Woodhnll " Theenbelllshments of thia new pleoa, wa bear, will ba of tba flratorder; and h? a luelo-ureina, it Is said to present, lb ruing paisages, dashing see nee, overwhelming poaitibns. and astounding drimurmetitt, far exceeding anytotog of tbe kind ever *itne*eed in New York. We watt with Impa tlenoe t) heboid this new glory of the great Broad way, and shall do full and impartia justice to tba pieoe Its author, and all concernud in it. National Thbatbk,?Tba very amnilng faroa of ' Simpson U Co.'* ctmmaneed the entertainments last cvenirg. before a most orowded audienoe, who were kept In tbe utmost hilarity fr< m tbe beginning to tbe end ?f tbe pU-oe. Mr Chapman uWved Simnsoa. and ! Tilton. Bromley; and the sarins of ceojugtl mistakes and (i ninuliinf which poor Simpson is lad iota by the peccadilloes of bis scapegrace of a partner, wars very funny indeed. Mrs. Woodward and Mrs. Iaherwood. as tLe two wires, were also rery lunuy. A pretty dance, from Miss Carilne. ibe ei>gant young dan$euie of tbs establish incut next engaged the attention of the audience; and af'er It oame tbe ureal pi*e? of the times ' Mose in California " which went off with all tbe usnal cclat. It is decidedly tbe best of the Mose pirces yet produced, and will long continue to delight toe petrous of tbe National We understand that Mr. C.benfrau will take a bensflt ooe evening during tbo preient week. We doubt not it will be a full one, for no one is more popular vritb theatre-goers tban tbe worthy representer of Mose. To-night, tbe same bill as last evening will be repeated. Boston1* Theatre,?Tbis neat and popular resort presented a very brilliant appaaranoe last evening* Tbe audience was highly gratified. Mr. Burton is a favorite with play-goers, and the truth of this assertion is to be found in tbe fact of tbe extensive pstronage wbicb crowns bis efforts. He seems to be governed by tbe principle of Lord Byron, via : that "to do much we mast dare much." Some dare mueh. and do bat little ; Mr. Burton io over actively engaged in catering t> r the pub.u, and lu consulting description ot taste which is founded on a desire for moral, intellectual, and rational enjoyment. The play was that of '* John Bull,1' from the gifted pen of Colman The part of Job Th,rnbsrry was well sustained by Mr. Burton. The feelings of the outraged but fond and loigtvtng father, were truthfully and toucbingly delimatedby him. Brougham, as Dennis Bulgruddery, was riob and humorous ; bis astlog agitated tbe sties of tbe audietce Tbe farce was " Vour Life's In Daor-r.'' and was, and deserved to be, eminently auecsssfol. American Circus.?Again this attractive oiroas was fil ed met evening, although the tveattier was very coid Tbe pleasure and delight expressed by the au Hence were Miloniehinc ; th*-\ appea'cd to he taken quite l>7 v urprlf e at the wonderful sagacity developed by the horse Mayfly, tbe fighting ponies, Tom Hyer and Yankee Sullivan, the Lilliputian race coarser; and the raoe wuli go ot the pie, tieet little ponies tuo reader could possibly imagine, was reoeived by tbe audience with rounds of applause. Masters Sends and Aymtr were vny choice in their horsemanship The Tom Thumb horse is eerie nly quite a ouriosity. and Weil worth double tbe prioe of admission to witness. Chiiiti'i Minstrels ?We need scarcely call atattention to lliese Individuals1 concerts, a* they jtfe ai well known a< tbe City Hall is to every New Yorker, and their merits are as generally aporeolated. Should there, however, be any one who has not heird them sing, we advise them by all means to repair such en omivslon at once, for tbo minstrels are among the "lions1' if the day, and must be heard by all. New Orleans Si rlnadors.?The introduction of not only new Lmuric, but also of instruments of a novel description, this week, has oaused a tresb accession of paironsge to there distinguished performers. The ; melcpbone is an instrument of extraordinary compass ' and rwiet sound; and the bunjell* is likewise most re! mat kable for dei-pnesi of tone s he musioal panoramic I burlesque and the rest of the performances are much j applauded nightly. Thk Chimksk Mcsium {? the headqaartera lot all those who wish to tee the Chinese at home; and though they may not be able to take a sociable cup of tea who them, they will eee all abwut how tea and all the other products of Chlntre industry are made, as among the 410 paintings which lorm but a email item or the whole collection, all tuch Interesting points are clearly dsmcnstated. The museum Is well worth visiting. Mh?m Ansa BitHor.?The concerts lately glren by this favorite vocalist. In Baltimore and Washington, have been crowded every night Boohea's performance on the harp i? also spoken of in the highest terms. They gave a concert last evening at Richmond. Zoological Hall?The lioness at this establishment, has bred three beautiful eubs ? they can be see a svery day this week. It in. we believe, the Brut tims tl at such a sight has been witnessed in New Vork. The list of animals exhibited at this plaoe ormpri is tne largsat variety in Ameriea. No doubt Van Amburgb's istablisbment will be visited by hundreds this weel. The repott that Mr. C. R. Thorns had gone ta California is conttadlcted. He has been couilned to his house, in Boston, by severe illness. V a Jams Anna Bishop was announced to give n conceit at Richmond, Va., last night. Mr. C. W. Clarke is at Hiohmoad. Mrs. Fltnwilllam is engeged at the Theatre Royal, Haymarket. She and Mr Buokatone have recently piajed to excellent boueee at Beth and Bristol, Knglaxd. The fourth dramatic performance at the Queen 01 EngWad's palace went off with grett eclat. The 4 Stranger," and "Twice Killed " were the pteoea. City Intelligence. Thf. Wr.ATina.--rbe thermometer yesterday Indicated the preralenee of cold weather still. The mercury at Uelatour's, In Wall street, indicated as follows:? 7. AM. 12 PM. ?P.M. 6 PM. S deg. 22 drg. 27 dt g. '21 deg. This la a decided improvement on the preceding half docen days, but it still remain* oeld enough. In all conscience. Good times these tor the furriers and clothiers. Tippets and extra overooate are all the vogue, and we only want a foot ol snow to give us real Canada times. The absence of the white mantle, however, is not regretted by our business men, as they erenow getting in their spring stooks of goods, and he oartmen prefer the bsre ground and wheels to 1 rltppery streets and sleighing. Suidids nr Takinu Laudasum.?The Coroner held 1 an Inquest yesterday, at tbs corner of Ridge and L)s- 1 ianoy .streets, on the body of a young Irish womsn. . aged '20 jeare. by the name of Mary Ann Graham, who came to her death by euieide, by taking a large quaa- 1 tity Of laudanum, ou Saturday night. Tno deceased was a tailoreee by trade, and appeared as cheerful on . Saturday as ever On Saturday exsnlng she wont nut with Ann Riley, one of her acquaintances, to tne drug , tore, 001 ner of Ridge and Broome streets, and purobated a vial of laudanum, the greater portion of ' which she took that night, as the vial was found In her pcoket the next day, neatly empty A doctor was sent lor to attend her that night, who sent word bsck ne was slok, and could not come. In all probability, If proper steps had been taken, and the stomach pump applied, the life of the deceased oould have easily been save 1. Subsequently, however, medical aid sai obtained, but too late, as she expired troui the effects of lbs drug. No cause can be aseigaed for the rash act. It might possibly have been accidental. Verdict ao- , Dording to tho above facts, ' Hose ibis OuTBAiie ?The police returns from the 12th ward,for yesterday, contained an aooountor an I nurderous, mud ippUfntl; wanton outrage, which ? *as committed oa tne Bloomiogdale road, near 61st treat, upon the person efone Jamee Branigen. From f be return*, it appear* that Braaigaa wa* returning '' rom.Harlem to the *l'.y,and wa* walking along quietly, ' rbea an unknown nan approached hlu with an axe, >nd aimed a blow at bl* bead Tba blow took effect, mt only Inflicted a scalp wound. The assailant went ' m hia way, and Branigan being laid senseless, can* * tear bleeding to death, but wa* rortunateiy discovered ' ly tb* police in tine to call In medical aid, which 1 iroved efllelent In *taylng the flow of blood. Re*toreis#* brought the wounded nan to hi* eensee, and a* la ow doing a* well a* oould be expected. No cause " iseigned for the dastardly attack being made upon the lefenoel*** man. 1 Flier Arc ids nr.?On last Friday evening, a Mr*. )ebor*h ruiever, a native of F.ngland, 66 yean of ago. veldlng at No. lid Pearl street, was crossing the Fulton , ?rry from Brooklyn, and while endearorlng to step in the dock from the boat, before ehe was mad* pro- 1 irrly fast, slipped her toot between tb* doek and the >oat, and before *he could extricate herself, the boat ammed against tb* platform, smashing tb* thigh of * be deceased in a most horrible manner, from the Inju- 1 iff of which she expired yesterday We bare too often be unpleasant dnty of reoording the** sboofcing acoilent* by peopl* carelessly Jumping on or off the** ferry j loat*. Surety a few seoonds oannot be ef so moon ' mportance to them, as to run tb* risk of being 1 tilled, or disabled for life, by endearorlng to Jump on >r off tbese lerry b<>*u betere they are made properly est to the deck If people wonld only observe n little ' note caotlon, such aeoident* would be of very rare eeurrene*. _____ | Mary CartoU died *t Boston, a few day* siaoo, of , itsu ration. TELEGRAPHIC INTELLIGENCE* VHIKT1KTH CONUaiSS. SECOND SESSION. Senate* Wiihimqt**, Feb. 19, HW. The Senate oonveaed at 13 o'clock, and opened with prayer by Iht Chaplain, and the reading of tho journal, M ujraal. A BOOK FOB BUUI4. Tb? joist resolution from tba Houao, In favor of sup_ plying tho Ruaeian goTernmoBt with a eopy of Com. modoro Wilkee' narrative of tha lata Exploring Kxpedltion, waa takes up, read twioa, and referred to the Committee on the Library. bitba raiitTiiro. Ob motion, it iu ordered that an ixtn number of oopiee of the report concerning the snrvay of the coast ot Florida, be printed for the use of the Senate. sii?ocLi.snaoua. The Senate then pr.oeeded with the ordlharj roatine of business, receiving and disposing of memorials, petitions, reports of committees, fco. OALiroaais mail. Mr Kmo presented the memorial of oer tain oltisens, proposing to oarry the mail* and military stores of the United States aorose the isthmus of Panama t r a sum not exceeding 912 000 per an uum The petition ires referred to the Committee on Military Afftirs. KLOaiOA or ikk slavkkt 4uk8tio.v. Mr. Yulkk. ot Florida, submitted a series of resolutions passed by the Legislature of bis State, on the subjeot of slavery and southern wrongs, and moved that the paper be received and printed In presenting the resolutions, Mr Yulee remarked, ttaot though they were not addressed to Congress by the Legislature of bia 8tate he had deemed It proper to present thaw, in order to ebow tbe views which prevailed upon this important subjeet in bis section of tbe oountry For bis oe n part, be was ready to proceed to extreme mea<ur?s for redressing the wrongs wbioh had been inflicted upon the South, even to the dissolution of the Uni >n. Mr West cott was ceiled up by tbe remarks of hie colleague. He approved fully the sentlmonta expressed In tbe resolutions, but be was determined to adders to the last to the constitution. That immortal instrument was tha sheet anchor of our safety. Theeeourtty (fthe South and tha North aitke depended upon its presei vatlou. He wae not ready to rush headlong to the dissolution of the great confederacy, so dearly purchased by tbe blood of our sires He wns not ready to encounter the horrors of tbe oivil war that would ensue upon tbe dl-solutlnn of this Union. He proceeded to express hie views upon the subject at great length He gave a history of the wrongs tbe South had suffered, and drew the oonoluaion that the legislation of tha country end been partial to tbe North Tbe debate baring concluded, the resolutions of tba Senator troia Florida were again read and ordered to be printed, california bill, Mr. Douglass, of Illinois, moved to take up the bill for tbe organisation of a territorial government in California, upon which the yeas and nays being ordered , tbe result stocd- yeas 16, nays 35. gsnbral apfrofhiation dill. Tbe bill making appropriations for tbe eivll and diplomatic expenses of tbe government for theoaming fiscal year next came up In order, and tbe question being on Mr. Benton's amendment, relative to tbe coast survey, Mr. Foots offered an amendment, ts engraft on tbe appropriation bill tbe leading features and principles f 1 be bill for a State government in California. Ha did not expect that notion would be taken on this proposition immediately He only wished to have the amendment printed, for tbe present Massra. Ai iibrton. of New Hampshire, and Davis, of Mississippi, next addressed tba Senate against the amendment of tbe Senator from Miseeuri, (Mr. Benton ) Tbedebatewas continued by Messrs. Davis, Benton, and Pieroe. At tbe suigeston of Mr. BftAunuat, of Maine, Mr. Benton tben withdrew bis amendment, when Mr. Bradbury submitted an amendment piovidn* that no one be employed in the coaat survey, whore place can be mpplied from the navy or army, and that the President r?port to the next Congress, the names of persons employed not belonging to the naey or army. This amendment was rejeoted, and a motion then made for adjournment. Mr. Atberton demanding the yeasand nay*, the question wasoarried-yeas 28,nays 17. So the Senate adjourned. House of ltepresentatlvea. Washington, Feb. 10, 1810. The Hcuie organized at the usual hour. CAl IVORNIA BILL. Mr. Smith, of Indiana, moved to suspend the rulesi In order to offer a resolution making the California Territorial Bill the first business in order in Committee or the Whole House, after tbe disposal of the Mexican Indemnity Bill The motion prevailing, the resolution was introduced accordingly. Mr. Burt, of South Carolina, called for the yeas and It;;, en the passage of tbe resolution. Mr Wantworth, of Illinois, said he understood that the Houre would not act at the present session upon territorial bills. He was led to this opinion frem what ha had seen on the part of tbe majority in that body. Mr Vinton, of Ohio, rose and said he should claim precedence for all appropriation bills. He moved aa amendment accordingly. Mr Stanton, !'f ^''^Ihia, raid that the Mexican Claim Bill had already been made the special order tor te morrow: and ho would move to except that bill. Tbe quertion was then taken on this motiou, and it was lost. Mr Vinton's amendment, giving precedence to appropriation bills, was also rejected 'ihe original resolution of Mr. Smith was then adopted by ? jess 139, nays 30. smithsonian inititi'tr. Mr HillUIid. of Alabama, submitted tbe report of the Smithsonian Institute; which was ordered to be printed for the nee of tbe House. ( MirrkWA INDIAN IHCLKGATIOIV.' Tbe bill fiem tbe Senate, providing for the payment of the expenses of tbe delegation from tbe Chippewa tribtt of Indiinn. in romin<r rn IVkthimr'An nn mihiu business and returning. w?s then taken up and passed. MEXICAN INDEMNITY. On notion of Mr Vinton, the House then resolved itself into Committee of the Whole on the State of the I nlon, and Mr Cabell, of Florida, being oalled to the chair, took up the bill to indemnify Mexioo fot her claims against the United States. Mr Dunnf.ll, of North Carolina, addressed the committee on the constitutional bearings of the territorial question lie took ground against the views recently expressed by the member from \ irginia, (Mr. Preston.) and defended the Speaker of the House against the attaok of Mr. Oiddings made on Saturday last. Mr. Uiddircs desired to est the gentleman right in the matter. Mr Donnell declined to yield the floor, and having concluded, Mr. t Howr-.L, of Ohio, obtained the floor, but had no time to make a speech, as the time allotted to the discussion bad nearly expired. He said he should embrace the earlist opportunity to pay his rerpsote to the gentleman from North Carolina. Mr. OnimvELL moved to amead the bill so as to stipulate that the money be paid to Mexico aooording to the letter of the treaty, without regard to the protoool. Mr. Vinton availed himself of the privilege te which he was entitled, to elose the debate, and proceeded to defend the bill in an able manner, and to oppose the amendment of Mr CrtnneU He considered it unnecessary, and thought it might lay the foundation for Mexioo to come in for another claim. The question on Mr. Orlnnell'e amendment waa then taken, when it wee rejected. Mr. ScHEficK, of Ohio, moved an amendment, providing that the expenses of the commissioner and surer} or shall not be voted, until those offices respectively are oiehtvd by law, as prescribed by the eodstitutlon. Mr Schenck said tbe President bad appointed the commlssleaer, and flxed tbe salary for him, without having the sanction of any law for doing so. Mr. Schenck also proposed a substitute, instructing the President to enter into negotiations for surrendering to Meiico the newly acquired territories ! Tbe Chaii decided tbat the substitute was out of order. Mr. Schenck made an appeal to the House, when tbe decision of the cbair was overruled. Tbe question was debated by Messrs. Schenck, Root and Oentbv?the former twe speakers for, and be last against tbe substitute 8everal amendments were adopted, among others, Mr. Scbeock's Tbe committee then rets, and reported the bill, with intendments. In tbe House, the amendment of Mr. Sohenok was ejected, by yeas 10, nays 104. The question on the oarage of the bill was then taken and decided in the ifllrmative?yeas 188, nays 8. The House then adjourned. HKW YORK. LBU1SLATURK. SIN ATS. Albany, February 10,1840. new toss UNivnaaiTY. A bill for the amendment of the Charter ef the New fork University, was reported. OONTBAOTi YOB LOANS. The Committee of the Whole took up the bill anboriiing contracts for the loan of money for a abort erlod. After an animated debate of considerable tngth, tbe enacting clause of the bill was stricken out, m? tbe report laid on the table. cesirsNSATiON or biecutobs. The Committee of the Whole had under considersIon tbe bill te regulate the compensation of executors nd administrators la certain oases, and struck out the naetlng olause. In tbe Senate tbe report of the oomatttee was agreed to ; so tbe bill Is rejected. ASSEMBLY. STONB OUTTIWO, Mr Bsbweb, of New York, reported a bill to prohibit ten* cutting it tha Stata priioi, Sing Sing. CU5TIR COVITf rllMI Mr. riurn, of Albany oounty, according to proyloua lotlce, Introduced a bill to dlaoontinua tha Clinton 'rlaon, and conrrrtlt into an Aaylua for Idiota. Mr tiMniu. of Nan York, Introduoad a Mil to nlar^a tha prraant Capitol of tha Stata, or build a mw ona. VTICA AID ICHIIICTADr RAILROAD. Mr Ei.wcon, of Oneida county, gam notion of hla ntention to Introduce a bill to repeal tha aot anthor11 og tha UUca and Sonmactady Uairoad to oarry night. MIORART FRAUD*. Mr. DiiOiwat, of Hiobniond oounty. offarad a raaolnion for tha appointmant of a aalaot oommltta* to lanetlgata tha fiauda praotlnad npon emigrant*, with >owt-r to land for par?on* and papar* Tha reaolntlon liting rlao to dabata, it waa laid omr undar tha rnlo. IffOID TO COLONRI. BLIII. The Committee of tha Whola took op tha raaolntlon author aing the pr> rotation af a sword to Cal W. W.P. Bhee, late or (ioaeral I'avlor's staff The r?aolutioa vi? tmrtfr discussed aad amended. M a* to (In a medal ?t'h Mil table Inscriptions, sod to here duplicate* of tha earn* at rook aad deposited In tae Libraries of Wast Point and tha State The HoUfO of Assembly then adjourned. Movements of Uanaral Taylor. Whiiiho, Feb. It, 18M. The river ia closed with fe? and it i* now daoidod tn be impossible for General Taylor to reach hare at tha time appointed, by way of tha rirer. Muoh disappointment U felt in oonaequence. Tha weather is vary oold. second despatch. / Phi la ns lp hi a, Feb. It, 184b. Tha Pittsburgh kietnlioat Teleeiiioh Mo. 2 la aeronnA five mile* above Marietta. OtMtil Taylor U on board. The navigation bar# is suspended. The weather ia moderating. The commit tea of arrangements leaves at 3 P.M foe Waabington, Pa . with the determination of bringing General Taylor bare if possible. THIRD DESPATCH. Wmielinu. Feb. It?P. U.: The steamer Telegraph, witb General Taylor an# anlte. ia aground, seven miles above the mouth of the 1 Muskingum river. There is muoh iee In tbe river, and navigation is almost suspended. However, he will reaoh bare to-morrow afternoon. He will tabs stage, it Is said, and o to Frederic ksburg, and not go to Pittsburg, aa eontea plated. Tbe General oontinues somewhat nnwel*, arising from fatigue with tbe tedious journey, ho. FOURTH DESPATCH. Pit tsmunoh, Pa., February 10\ 1840. General Taylor Is to leave the river at Wheeling, and proceed by tbe Nationa Road to Brownsville, and tbenoe, by way of Cumberland and Baltimore, to Washington. FIFTH DESPATCH. Bai.timoiik, Feb. 10, 1MB. I General Taylor passed through Marietta, Ohio, a lit tie rust 5 o'clock, tbia morniug, iu tbe steamer Tela- I graph. There is a great quantity of tie la the river, which greatly retards the boat's progress, it was expected that be would reach Wbeeliogearly in theevanIng; but as be bad not arrived at half-past nine, iti feared he will be detained until a late hour. YVhkkii no, Pa., Feb. 10, 1840. General Taylor loaves this eity to-morrow morning, for Washington. The New Cabinet. Washington, Feb 10.1840. It Is said that Mr. Clayton has aooepted the offloa of ( Secretory of Stat#. Ha Is oppepad to slavery, aod that, too, in the broad aenso of the term, and Is vary favorable to the blaok population. This is tbs oarreo* opinion. Late ami important from Santa Fe. St. Louis, Mo., Feb. 10, 1840. Wo have dates from Santo Fe of tbe 10th Deeember. Major Brail waa soon to take tbe field against alarga party of Indiana in the vicinity of Red River, with the lew of oompeillng them to make a treaty of paaoos The Indians were oenstautly oommltting depredations on tho inhabitants of Chihuahua. Kit Carson was at Santa Fe on the let of November. A judicial envoy from Texas had arrived at Saite Fa with tbe intention of entering upon offloe. The Republican ridicules the pretensions of Texas to eover Ignty over any portion of New Mexioo. H. M. Smith, District Attorney, had reached Santa Fa. Fire In Utlva. Utioa, Feb. 10, 1840. Abont one o'clock yesterday morning, a fire broke out in No. 10 Liberty street, oocupled by Mr. Bourne, whloh totally destroyed tbree stores. Mr. Bourne's lose Is $1,800. He was insured for $1,200. Mr. Morgan's loss ia about $8C0; insured fer $300. Mr. Callamaa lost $260; insured for $1,000 Bailey k Brother's jewelry store was eared; their lose by damage of their goods about $1,000; insured for $2,000. The buildings were owned by the Delvin estate and Mr. Overaoker, and ere greatly Insured. John MoQuade ' and Jihn King were considerably Injured by a fall. Tom Hyer'a Movements. daltimoka, keb 19, 1849. Tom Hyer it to give ft sparrinr exhibition in thia oltj \p- morrow night. Ho is followed by lammie erowds wbarerer ho goes. Philadelphia, Feb. 19, 1849. There is ft rumor tbftt II yer will appear at the Walnut Street Theatre, on Wednesday night, in the erlb J soene of "Tom ani Jerry," and bare a set to with | Mann. 1 lie Ohio Legislature and Pennsylvania. Habbmbubo, Pb., Feb. 19,1819. The Speaker of the House this morning laid before that tody the fallowing telegraphic despatch from the * Speaker of the House of Representatives of Ohio* Which was read by the Clerk, to w t:? Columbus, Ohio, Feb 19, 1819. " To the Speaker of the Haute of Repreeentetioee of Pewn.jf rente:? rue General Assembly of this State has patevd resolutions protesting against the contemplated repeal, by your Legislature, of the act granting tbe right ot way to tbe Ohio and Krie Railroad. through File county, and declaring tbsir iirentioq to resort te measures of retaliation in case the right of way ball be denied. Tbe resolutions will be forwarded by the Governor, by mail. Respectfully, J (J BRISU.V, Speaker ot the House of Representative!." Tbe reading of the resolutions produced some seuaatlon in the Assembly, some treating them with grea| gravity; others with much merriment, with allusions to the disorder which so lcng reigned in the Ohio Assembly, ho. * ill all failure. Baltimobc, Feb. 19,1849. Tbe mall failed beyond Petersburg to-night. Harktls. Baltimobk, Feb 19 1849. Tbe market remains unoheuged. The harbor is closed with Ice. Shipping Intelligence. Borrow, Feb 19- Ship Jenny Lind, from Apilachioola, with lfhb bales ootton fi r Button, wont aahore yesterday, 4 am. oa Kitoaie; meats gone, five lent of water in nerboid. Brig Oaoar. Ironi tor notion, went Aehnro tome time, on Beituaie; |one tepitctt.carkO Ktvbebiy total Iota United States District Court. Beiore Judg* tint is. Feb. 10.?Anthony Kariock, indicted far perjury, air leged to btu been committed in en affidavit sworn to by him, in e enuae depending in tbta court, was arrested, on a benah warrant, brought into oonrt, arraigned, and pleaded net guilty. He was then admitted to ball in the sum or $8,U00. Plead Guilty - Riohard Serapbine, against whom Bra Indietnenta were found lor ooanterfaitlng the com of the l.'n ted State*, and pausing it, withdrew bis plea of not guilty,and plead guilty to three or the indlotiaent*. The plea ee* recorded and the prisoner remanded for sentence. The eourt then adjourned. Supreme Court?Special Term* before Justioe bid wards. I Fsa. 10.?Decisions. ? Henry Chanfrau es. Charlea H. Dudley.?hietion to quaah inquisition denied, with llOeoets. Thamat A. Davtei ??. Henry A Wright.?Motion dahied, with (10 eoste. William F. Janet re. Elizabeth Pr.tchard ?Motion denied, with $10 costs Samuel Etc halt at. Thamaz Ftrgutan.?Attachment dirobarged, with costs. Jamtz lluacket huih va. Jateph t'an Burtn.?Motion for receiver granted. ..... Maiy F.. Tucker va. Charltt W. Lynde.?Km order must be entered, restraining defendant from selling the four lota not covered by bisaeoond mortgage, in other ret pecta the motion Is denied gj'il People ex ret. Philip S. fan Renteelarr vt. Tha Yludton Htvtr Railroad Co?Motion to oompel Com. miss Ion era to maka further return to certiorari denied, with $10 coeU. AugvtluoC. Rariiolautvt Abm.R I.aurrnre.?Motion to strike out answer as frivolous, denied. Court of General Seaslonc. Before Judge Ingraham and Aid Hatfleld and Dodge. J. B. Phillips, Keq , Assistant Dlstriot Atornay. Fs a. 10 ? Clara Wood.? The trial of thla woman id m uuwu idt weaneeuay morning next. Grand Lmtctny.?John Wtllams (colored) *M put upon trial, ebnrged with stealing. on tho 12ih January Inat, ibrte bottles of ehnmpngne, n coat, and other article* ; aleo money to tho amount ot about (50, tho property of John ?. dehor, No 206 Washington otroot. The jury found tho prltnnor guilty of potlt laroeny. Sentenced to tlx month*' Imprisonment In tho penitentiary. Grand I^rttvy.?Mary Bogart and Chloo Croeblo were put upon trial, obarged with stealing (160, tho property of Loandor Leafield, residing la Sulllran county, N. Y. It appoarod In evidenoe that prisoner (Mary) earn* to tho proeooutor, and, to use his own word*, wanted him to treat her. The prosoouior testified as to tho prinolpal fseti In tho cats, els: tho ioeisg of his monoy, after going to tho hour* wham *. prisoner (Mary) Invited him, upon whoso person tho money was found. The jury round tho prisoner, Mary Bogart. gulity, and acquitted the prisoner Chloo Crosble. The prisoner was sonteneed to throe years'and on* month's confinement In the State prison. Greed foreewy ? Mit'hel Msllen was put upon trial, (Impleaded with others ) charged with stealing, on tho 17th August last, In Esst Chester, two sails, valued at (60, tho property of James O'Dell. The jury found the prisoner net guilty. The Court adjvuraed.

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