Newspaper of The New York Herald, February 21, 1849, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated February 21, 1849 Page 1
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T T T_J~ NO. 5375. TUB PROUtCESK OF TUB PRESIDENT ELECT TOWARDS WASHINGTON. HIS CABINET, die I, &C.. die. THE MEW CXI1INKT. The Ptnntilvanuin of Monday published the jewing t' A rnmor prevailed at Harrisburg, apparently t ell founded, on Saturday evening, that the office I f Secretary of the Treasury had been tendered to Horace Binney, Esq., of this city, by General Taylor. [Correspondence of tbe North Amertoan ] Washington, Feb. 18, 1849. Tbe announcement which 1 sent by telegraph yesterday. ban already apprised the public af tbe appointment of tbe Hon John M. Clayton as Secretary of State Tbe taut would have been communloated earlier but for a cunirt tempt which it may be proper to espial n At' ,he cloning of my last letter, interest having been sited by tbe statement of Mr. Van Allen, inquiry an made at tbe telegraph office to ascertain whether any despatch had been reoeivud for Mr. Clayton. It turned out, upon examination, that a communication from General Taylor at Cincinnati, dated tbe ltttb, bad been received ou the previous evening, and wan sent to Mr. Clayton's lodgings, but, from some misunderstanding, was not delivered. Mr. Spruance, the colleague of Mr. Clayton in tbe Senate, was then placed in possession of tbe telegraptio letter from General Taylor, which I have had thd satisfaction of perusing Like all General Taylor's productions,it is brief, pertinent, and explicit It consists of out hundred and twenty two words. General Taylor opens by stating that he bad been unable, before tbe period of writing, to determine definitively upon any arrangements for bis Cabinet, (whlob explains why Mr. C. was not addressed upon tbe subject previously.) and that he plao'-e at Mr. C.'s disposal tbe Department of State, and hopes It may be accepted. He oloses by saying, tbat in offering Mr Clayton the first position in the Cabinet, bis aces plan oe will bo equally as gratifying to the wishes of the country as it will be agreeable to him who tenders it Tbe president of tbe telegraph company took the precaution, when tbe despatob was returned from Mr. Clayton'sledgiogs, to send to Wilmington, with directions for an express to follow him. It is. therefore, probable that be was In possession of the information Before It was authoritatively promulged here. TtitM rnmnllmnnt. and the manner of Iti innnHan srw equally honorable to both the distinguished parties No public mail la the Union deserved the aistinetion In n higher degree than Mr Clayton, and it ie not presuming too muob to My, that none in more eminently qualified for the discharge of all Its important duties. It is a tribute to his statesmanship and publto character, and not the reward of political serrioe. The republlean party may well be proud of this honor to ene who, in all the great contests, has never wavered in bis fidelity or principles, and the country may rejoice over it, for the security which his sagacity ensures to the vessel of State. Beyend this appointment, nothing is known or intimated in a reliable manner; nor will there be any indication until General Taylor has oonferred with auoh friends as he may think proper to oill into oonncil. AT NASHVILLE. Nashville, Feb. 9, 1849. Ortat Enthusiatm?Application of an Old Soldier for Office?He's a Horte?Hit Cabinet, fyc. $c. Dear Sir:?The President elect quitted us last evening at 4 P. M., on the steamer Daniel Boone, lor Louisville, en route to the capital. He will rein ain a couple of days with his relative, Mr. Crittenden, and then proceed direct to Washington. His reception here was enthusiastic in the extreme. The whole city turned out on the occasion, and hailed his landing with shouts and discharges of cannon. His meetings with the numerous volunteers of the Tennessee regiments was cordial, and appeared to give him, as well as to those hardy fellows, the highest satisfaction. He has been with us two davs. and nearly every citizen has paid his respects to him, and he seems to have won all hearts, as much by the simplicity of hiB manners, as by the pleasant tones of his voice, and smiling eyes. He is strikingly like the busts and portraits, save always that in them is wanting that characteristic benevolent expression of the eya which marks him as a man with a heart in the right place. He is by no means handsome, yet all tne pretty ladies kissed him, and tell in love with him; so ne must possess a charm to captivate, that handsome men nre deficient in. *He looks like a man of intellect, thought, and calm judgment. In conversation he iB aflable and entertaining. He converses well and sensibly, like a man who has thought deeply and formed bis opinions accurately. Politics, diplomacy, agncul*ui5; milltaiy affairs, internal improvements, on all which suojects conversed, he was at home in. and master of the subjects. At the door ol the hotel, as he was eoing out to ride, ? crowd of boatmen came about him, and so blocked up the way in trying to get "a look at old Zack" that ne stopped, and heg^i to address them in a humorous, oil-hand way, with a depth of humor and knowledge of character that I did not suppose distin* [ guished him. I would, from what I saw, put him against the beat political stump speaker in the west, for en effective address to the masses; for he knows them and they know him. "Ain't he a horsel'" "He's one of 'em! Kentuck to the back bone!" "He'll do." "Three cheers tor old Zach!" Such were the rough cut speeches that cametrom these rude men, who had voted for him, and now came to look on the man: f.nd he humored them; but through all, never parted with lhat certain air of military command which ahvayB distinguishes him. He would have gone to the Hermitage to-diy, but for the inclemency of the day. The oldest heads here can't yet even guess who will be one of his cabinet. It is thought Crittenden will be offered the prime ministership, and it is thought here that he will accept it. But the General keeps, with military caution, the secret ot future "operations" both from his friends and enemies. He goes to Washington a new man, and old politicians are new men to him. He is a stranger to every eminent leader, and has no preferences for either. His cabinet selections will, therefore, be whig to surprise the country. Evans, of Maine, win probably be called to the treasury, if Walker's resignation is accepted. Yours, _ Viator. P. S ?There was but one application for official patronage while the General was here. It was an old Florida war soldier, who had been wounded. "General," said he, "I wish you would give an ?Id brother soldier a pension!" "The application should be made, my friend, through your own member of Congress," responded the General quietly, but kindly. His long habit of command, and giving audience to military men, will avail him as President, where decision and firmness of will are Roman virtues. . AT CAIRO. Our citizens had their big gun loaded, and thirteen rounds awaiting the old General, to remind him of Buena Vista, and such ;,itier pleasant reminiscences; but the only cc-(l80jatl0n now left us is, that if we did not se* the General, we waked him up. On Mond- every HOuthern steamboat wa< watched '^,^1, interest so intense that it became doi'?.y a steamboat. The day was watched out, ?nd the night appeared, yet came not old Zack. at. A.A kAumva* anil wilVi it n IV Hie U liut* U1U CUIIIW, uunc<ci| aitu nnu i* ? light round the point or bend, where we firet see the New Orleans steamers. Loudly pealed the bfg gun?madly rushed the good people to the whart boat?and pale lips whispered to each other, " is it the Tenneesee 1" Dreadtul pause?great agony?excitement alarming. Another gun. and up looms the Eliza Stewart, in all the pride ot being mistaken lor the General's chosen boat, and received with gunnatonal honors. But if nine o'clock came, three o'clock next morning wasn't more than six hours behind, and with that did come the Tennessee, with old Zack on board, of course. It was not expected he would get up at that hour to see i.airo, as not many people would do it; but that he might wake up and know he was somewhere, we gave him three rounds ss the boat left the wharf? Cairo (la ,) lulta, Feb. 8. AT CimnERT.ATtD. General Taylor is exacted to reach Cumberland, Md., next Thursday evening, and from th?re pat* immediately on to Washmgion. A committee of ten has been appointed at Cumberland to meet him at the Narrows. OriNIOX OF OKU TAYLOR Of HATS. While in Louisville, two ol the halters of that city, presented Gen. Taylor, each, with a hat, to v hich he returned the following replies:? LoviifikLt, Kv . Fab. 13. 1840. OawTLicMrK Your p?L8* not* of y?*t*rday'a data and ih* baud'oma pr?i>?-nt of a hat to hioh it r?f*rr*d have duly reached of. and I bog to offer joumyataoei* thank* fer soueotul a riff I am (oatlamoa, vary r##pooifully, your ob'taary't, '/. TAYLOR. Lornvitu, Kr . Yah. 18. 1849 Gsnrittir* 1 ant duly la reoatpt of your pottto E NE MORNI] note of the l'2th innt. nnd the necompnnying present of n hut I beg you to ?ee?pt in return, my stnnere thunks for so TBlueblee gift, end my best wishes f*jr your ruoorsa. I am, gentlemen, very reepne'fully. Your obedient eervBUt TAYLOR. Washington, Feb. 19, 1849. j Cel. Benton and the Coast Survey?The Policy of Gen. Taylor's Administration?The Proviso, fyc. Col. Benton, in one particular at least, emulates the character of Old Hickory. He is devoted to his friends, and while there is power ot resistance he will hunt down an enemy. It is with him a religious principle, a sort of sujierstition, tnat a lriend is never to be abandoned, and that an enemy is never to suffer a moment's repose till he is vanquished or victorious. In 1814, it is well known that Mr. Walker, at the Baltimore Convention, defeated the nomination of Mr. Van Buren. It is supposed that without the admirable management of Mr. Walker, Mr. Van Buren would have secured the voice of the convention. The object of Mr. Walker may have been precisely the same as that of Mr. Crittenden in deserting Mr. Clay, to wit : the choice of a candidate who could be elected. But, whatever may have been his object, his conduct has never b-'en excused by Old Bullion.? From the day that Mr Van Buren wus set aside at Baltimore, Mr. Benten and Mr. Walker have been on opposite sides of the street. And, like a true enemy, the great Missouruin lias seized every opportunity to express and demonstrate his displeasure for the defeat of the regular order of the democratic succession. And tins disp'easiire, mainly directed against the author of the twothirds rule, extends, as it has extended, to the whole Walkerfamily. Perjiend?Mr.Bach.superintendent of the coast survey, :s one of the Walker tamily. The opportunity of a lick at him in the general appiopriation bill, was not to be disregarded. Hence the amendment of Mr. Benton to reduce the appropriation for the survey from $186,000 to $30,000, and to confine the conduct of the survey to officers of the navy, which would exclude Mr. Baclie from the service. Now, had this motion emanated from almost any other Senator, it would have been rejected at once. But when the Senator from Missouii irinkeB n motion- hnw?vpr imnrunfiooKU W 111 akt e out a case. And so plausibie was the case which he made out to illustrate the economy to be attained in transferring the sutvey to the navy, that it required a deliberate vindication of the existing system, per cimtra. Hence the expenditure ci two days, upon the heels of the session, on a metion which every Senator foresaw, including the mover himself, had no possible chance of success. One object, however, has been achieved. Mr. Benton has had his broadside discharged upon the Walker people, and Mr. Pearce and Mr. Jefferson Davis have nad an opening for the exhibition of their scientific attainments in triangalations, hydography, astronomy, conchology, chemistry and topography in their defence of Professor Bache. The discussion, in this instance, illustrates the assumption that a great deal ot time is wasted in Congress on mere personal objects, on the plea of public economy, whether the plea in this case is substantial or fictitious. We learn this evening that General Taylor has blocked ou? his cabinet, subject to a deliberate consideration after his arrival in Washington.? We bear different reports, all of whloh agree in one particular, namely, that there is to be no leoofooo tn the ministerial family: and from tha oomplexlen of the aalectlcns indicated, the administration of Old Zaok is to be whig to the vertebra. With this beginning, prima facie, we might apprehend that tbe work of rotation would be oomplete,for it begins to be manifest that the demand for tbe offlcea will be aa tan to ene to the capacities of tbe Executive patronage. But we consider that General Taylor ia firm when be takes a position. lie has taken tha position that he will administer tbe government for the whole people, and not for a party. A part of tha administration of tbe government is tbe administration Of tbe offices, and in this branch, as in every other, we predict that General Taylor will stand to bis letters of tbe campaign. Tbe pressure will be strong against bim, but wa have reason to suppose that be will have tbe nerve to resist it. lie will aJmost stand alone, for tha leoofeooa supporting him in the election will have but a negative bearing, while tbe wbigs, npon whose nomination he was eleoted, will assume as their right, and u a right which they may assume, the positive direction of his polioy and appointments through the counsels of the cabinet. Now, then, with a whig oablnet, and a whig party to support it in Cengress, it remains to be tested how far the whig desires of rotation may be oarried. consistently with the conservative programme of the election. But, even conceding the point that General Taylor may be borne down by the pressure of whig patriots, anxious to devote their lives to the publlo treasury, there is yet a check against excesses in the Senate. The Senate will be locofoco for some few years to oome. They have the confirmation of appointments. They have the reservation if a veto. The very presenoe, of itself, of this restraint will be a support to General Tay- i lor. He may make this bar an appeal against a discharge when all others fail; and thus the same party which incidentally secured bis eleotlon may be the agency of direoting his administration, though its voice is but negative. But we hold tb?* wlth tbe selection of an ultra whig cabinet, and himself a decided whig, though not an 1 ultra whig, the administration of General Taylor, on account of the Senate, if on no other account, must be conservative in its policy and its appointments. No ultra whig measure oan pass the Senate?no ultra whig appointment, merely to reward a whig?can suooeed, If the locofocoes of the Senate say no. The condition ef the Senate, then, will have its Influence with the cabinet, and shape its polioy and its recommendations to office. And difficult as must be the tssk of Gen. Taylor, it will from this cause be less difficult than with a whig majority In each of the two houses. The proviso will go over. It may pass at tha next Congress. If it does pase, it will be sign-d by the President. And if this act is ceneuntnated, a revolution ( of patties will follow, which, in leaving Gen. Taylor free cf all party obligations, will give him the powsr of re-uniting the Aiejrcta membra upon a new and indapendent policy. From the fluctuations of events? from the rapidly shifting current of tha times?from the changes which are imnendlng upon measures yet fo be determined, the position of Gen. Taylor la the 1 best that he could occupy. He has a wide margin for self-defence. He may retreat or advance at pleasure 5 fcr all that he has to do Is to stand firm aud watoh course of events, directing It when expedient, or drifting with the tide while appearing to direot it. One of the assembly bails came off to night at Jack ecu Hall, the beat attended of the aeaaon. W. movements of individuals. The following formed the prinolpal number of arrivals yesterday at the undermentioned hotels :?Attor ?J. Earners. Philadelphia; Major Ramose, U.S Army; Colonel Tnrturm, do.; J. Hurst, Baltimore; M. Kirkham, do.; A Tike, Arkansas; L. Snapp. do.; C. H'.llberne, Philadelphia ; W. Redmond, Baltimore ; Joseph Gushing, do.; Dr. Harris, do.; A L. Major, Prsvldenee; C. Mnnot, Boston; W. M Velght. Virginia; T. W. Sherwood, U.S. Army; Captain Anthony, ship Havre. American?M. M-Moodley. Lowell; J. M Callender, Boston ; W. Dillingham. Philadelphia ; A Bernard, Boston; M. Ellison, Philadelphia; J. II. Coxs, do.; H. Stevenson. Georgia; J. Van Ness Philips, U.S. i Army; J. D. Matheson, Georgia ; W S Howard. .Nash. I vllle; O. H. Gordnsss, US Army; Captain Sbeldy do ; Captain Banoh, Washington. City.?W. De'--^' Guanos | Commodore Perry, U.S. Navy ^ r.u nV timore ; 'm. K Bnxrell. Clinton ; * . M villa ; C. Wot ton, New \*-K . ft s Thompson, Tirglni* ; L. rblladflphia; Doctor Salter, U.S. Army; J. Wello, Pire Ttxu. Howard-V 8. Valtob. Montreal: R. Ward, Michigan ; L J. Judson, do.; S I.angdon, Alabama ; K Walker. tdo ; V. Baldwin. do.; M. Canoherone, St Louis ; W. Llfferty, England ; Captain M'Ghea, do.; J. M. Langborn, do ; J. Thorn, Zanesvllle. Irrirg Houie?J. Vanderson, Philadelphia ; S. Potts. Trenton ; W. Kettenridge Ctnclanattl; H. C. Keaham, Baltimore; K. A. Whitmore, Boston; C. H. Longer, do.; W G rrlnos, U.S. Army; Captain M'Cnllnm, do ; J. Russell, Sing Sing ; G. Lyon, Alabama; M. Oliver, Conneetlout; W. Mulr, TruwUI. . n nnViovtann PhlUdslRhll ! M. Moflli. Sardinian minister, Washington; Hon. J. M. Cross, Staten Island. Hon. Charles F. Meresr, and Hon. W. S. Archer, of Virginia, are now In Washington. Domotlr Miscellany. M. C. Harden, of Big drove, Iowa, *u froten to death a short time slnoe, near that place. The bark Liberia racket was annonnoed to sail yesterday. for Africa. Rev. Messrs Hoffman and Rambo, sent ont by the Proterteat episcopal Board of Missions, take passage in the Packet. The house of W. Anderson, at Raton Rapids, Mlchi gan. was burned last week. Mrs Anderson and the children were saved with mnch difficulty, but Mr. Anderson perished In the Hemes. Alexander Dutee, convicted at Boston of the murder of F.llen Baker, but whose sentence was commuted to Imprisonment for life, attempted to cut his throat with a rat'r, on Saturday last, prior to his removal to the Mate prison. Three barns, two dwelling houees. and a bowling alley, were destroyed by Are. at Provldeuee. Rhode Island, on Sunday last The House of Correction took fire, but suffered no matetlal damage. The papulation of St. Louts, by a late census, Is <3 471. Two brick stores In l/tlca. c ecu pled by Messrs D. D. T. Brui pc and U Morgan, were destroyed l>y Ore oa Sunday mcvrtrig The buildings were a total lose, and demsge to the extent of 3 COO sua d<>ue to the property therein. MB?r?MWBac-?MW?ni -jm". 1- ?l, IIM !>< > II g?H? VV YO NG EDITION?WEDNI The KmlKiatlon to Cailtoriila. lOraUMI IN NKW YOKK. Atnorgst the numlier of vessels now up lor California, none appear to have better advantages than the hng Leveret, lying at Pier fourteen, East Kiver. This vesstH is very complete, beiug expressly fitted up for the comfort of passengers. The cabin and saloon is vetv spacious, the floor covered with handsome oil cloih, and the benbs on each side are fitted up in the style of a North River steamboat. The great advantage this brig possesses, is iu passing through the Siraits of Magellan, thus avoiding the passage around Cape Horn, and will proceed up : the ^acmmento River to Sutter'b Fort, near the j gold regions; she will carry ahout fifty pass-ngers and one year's provisions, together with all the implements suitable for digging and washing j gold lor each passenger. The brig and provisions elong, in equal shares, to the fitly passengers. This brig is what is termed a new vessel, being | only two years old, and a fast sailer. She will sail about the first ot March. Ship Samoset ?Having heard much of late in regard to the superior accommodations of the ship SunoMt. Otpt. llollis, now up for California, we 1 were induced, yesterday, to pay her a visit of 111- j inspection, and are compiled to admit thut | what we have heard lias not been exaggerated, j She is 734 tons register, and 1,600 tons burthen, | and is tigged in a style suitable lor such a voyage; ] it having been tried in a voyage to Canton, during which she proved herself a remarkably fast sailer. She is but sixteen months old, and is built of the best timber, and in a superior manner; making her one of the strongest vessels in port. Her between-decks are high, and very light and airy, having patent port-holes, wiih Lmerson's ventilators, and her beitlis are all single and large, making it as comfortable as passengers could desire. An experienced physician and surgeon is j employed by the ship; hIbo a stewardess goes out to attend upon families in the fiist cabin. Those j seeking a passage to the gold regions would not regret a visit to this fine vessel. List of passengers sailed in brig Mary, Capt. i J. K. Hayes, for i^an Francisco, via Lake Nicaragua, as members of Gordon's California Association:? George Gordon, Piesident, lady and child; J. W. i Stillman and lady, Charleston. S C ; Win C. Leavenworth. Reading. Ta ; A. T. Baquer, M. H. Jolley, Pottstown; Dr. John F. Evans, do; Geerge W. Held, Jacob L. Martin, W. H. Thompson, New York; F.dwln Tyler, Charles T. Blake, Roger S Baldwin. New Haven, Conn.; II C. Logan, William Wallace, William Egner, Philadelphia: Col Tbos. A. Monkhonse, New York; Hiram Dennis, Smith Jeivis, David P. Jerri*; George ctouie. jumee u mclwid. unto; iiarnett MeKeige, MMwwiifU W. C. Door*, Jr , J J. A. Bruce, New York; Charles J Hawkins, Cayuga county, New Yotk, Gsorge Ameridge, Charles Stsadman, D Hunt, J. Henry Reilly. Phlla ; John W. Priestly, Philip Meyer. Abner K. Saurman, E. Tyson Keyssr, Lcrenso M. Frtas, Phlla ; Charles M. King. Germantown, Pa ; Warren L. Young, Phlla ; A. V. Crittenden; Robert M Jarden, M S. Hawkins, William A Maupay. Phlla; 8. L Prindle Ohio; J. J. Allen, Honesdale. Pa ; Charles P. Dudley, William L Dudley, Chesterfield : George l.'mbvrfield. New Haven, Conn ; W. J Powell, Md ; Albert Wilcox. New Haven, Conn ; George B Hitchcock, New York; Charles B. Porter, William Y'oung. Belleville, New Jersey ; Joseph Britton, New York ; Thomas Fielding. Henry Dunoan, Belleville, New Jersey ; Alfred Welsh ; David L. Prieatly ; John W Brown, New Haven, Conn ; H. P Doollttle, William G. Dooiittle, Hartford, Conn ; Richard Gormon, D. W. Hardenburg, Wm. F. Dennison. Wm. N. Bcwera, Geo. F. Perry, A. N. Stratton, Sullivan co , N. Y. ; John Dale ; George W. Rogers, Patrick, O'Byre, Henry E Greene. Charles L. Dtnry, Albany, N. Y. ; James C. Donnegne. M.D , New Haven. Ct.; Charles A. Potter, brands E. Totter, Bernard Fowlsr, Levi Gilbert. New York ; David B. Soho- i field ; Charles L. Taylor. Philadelphia ; J. N. Cardosa, Henry H. Phillips. Bernardu* Halgbt, New York ; Enoe Dudgeon, Reading, Pa.; John L. Martin, Pottsdam ; Ery ; Charles F. Snyder, Leman Copperthwaite, Philadelphia ; J V Newman, M D , West Stockbridge, Ms.; Charles B. Pellett N Raven: Peter M. Van Riper; George M. Gibron, Great Barrington, Mass.; EaraDorr, West Stockbridge. Mass.; F P. Smith, Henry Howard . Hall, Brcoklyn; Joseph S. Harrison; George Beeoher, New Haven; John Dougbton, G. W. Still well, John Stnart, Wm C. Stebbins. Wm Sherman. Wm. Bownson, Aug Fiiher. Franklin Bitting. Dalmiskie Turnbull. Charles Deene, Reading; A. W. Halse, Pert Jervis, Orange county, N Y.; J. Martin Sterret; George Adams; J Smitbey, Gloucester, N. J.; J E. Prieah, Knointer. Fhilariolrhin - Simiml 13 W/wmI county; Dr Tsoker; D. Seymour, Klisha Nichols, Sy- j racure; W. H. Fsrnbsm, C. H Hayss, Bangor, MaineTotal 110. The following is a list of passengers in the steam propeller Hartford, Capt. l^efevre, which sailed yesterday at 12 M. for San Francisco:? Her. Wm. May ; Dr. J King; T T. Thelps ; H W. Wright; J, Wallace ; S. M. Benton ; Nodine ; Yerke. T. A Birge ; P. Carrtgan ; C. Randall ; ! J H. Gayen ; William Potter ; P. Carrlgan ; C. F. : Rnrrell; Joseph Weed: H. Camp; E S. B Brigga; M.4 Carrigan; J Klinn; A B Hudson; James Huntington: | A.A.Nicholson; M M'Farland; E Bradford; R Malony; Dr. Cieaveland; E. Hough; J. D. Skinner; C. Jones; E Murther: Benjamin Dart; F. Corning: ] George Plies; J. B. Chapman; Justin Hodge; Samuel Klpp; Thomas Andrews; W. A. Roberts; James B. 1 Low; J G. WolYin; H.Kraft; Taylor; O H Mor- I gan; Captain Corsen; William Dobson; William J. > Hblklne; J-lias Snow; William Rogers; Timothy Bll- 1 lings; Leandcr Van Orden; J. Kelly, jun ; James ' Hebrew; Winters; and three others?Total. 67. I The brig Empire, Capt. Baxter, sailed on Mon- 1 day (or Vera Cruz. The following is a list of her ( passengers:? i Jos Martin, S. and T. C. McConnell, II Hayward, | J. C. DnHer, M. Curtis, 8. Lawrence, J. Oilman, W. \ H. Gould. II. Hopkins. R. C. Hunter, J. O Fowler. E. i E. Harlow, John Briel, J. T. Elyrei, O. M. Goodrich, | R. Fenuer, O R Welch, A. Booth, D I). Crumly, B. \ Brown. O. F Ackerly. W M. Mitchell. J B Stanton, , J. B. Gultlau, J. W. Stanton. D. Moon, J : Cateman. J. ; Lcgan. S. Wlngerti, T. Hawkins, D. Gloyer. P Rearm, , 0. Gibbon, W. II Bulklsy, A B Berry. F H. Berry, i G. W. Pierton, M. Saner, P. 8tonn, W. B Ostram, 8. i Dodge, A. D 8ellick and servant, C. C Ha?beck. G. H t Berry. J. G. Gurrett, W Shores. W Simousfeld. M. \ Romclet, H. L Dodge, W C. Harrington, D. B Nor- i Ihrop. N. H Amblers, J. H Alien K Gill. II. B. Sax- ' Ion W. H. O'Urady. J. Peterson. O. P. Black roan. H. ( 0. Comstock, 8. Wedam. A P. Sherman. M. Brgardus, ( A. N. l.ynde. S. C. Wellington.- Total, 66. , MAS8ACHtT.sk TTS. ' Ktv. F. P. Tracy, formerly of Concord, N. H., i ib about starting for California, with a company i of workmen. He will hold some yuan relation to ihe government at the gold regions. OHIO. A company of twenty gentlemen from Ohio, headed by ex-Govcrnor Shannon, arrived in this city on Friday evening, en route lor the gold diggings in California. They design, we believe, taking passage in one of the vessels shortly to leave here for San Francisco. We wish them a prosperous voyage, end a realization of the most sanguine CAJICCIUIIUIIB. JUUll . I'fO. I?f. The applications for pasapoits to California, via Mex ico and New Granada, have become so nu- | merous, that it was found necessary to employ an additional clerk to fill out the blank formulas, I while the secretary is employed frem one to two hours a day in signing them. Kentucky. The steamer Soutf, America left for New Orleans yesterday, with a company of enterprising yoVng men from Lancaster, Ohio, who P? California to procure a little of that gold which we read about in the newspapers. The company numbers twenty men, all of whom are excellent mechanics; so they will make a fortune at their respective trades, if they do not succeed in gold hunting.? IsmuvilU Daily Drmocrat, Fib. 15. western movements. The following gentlemen of Cincinnati have joined the company under the charge of Colonel Webb:? Lieut. Browsing, V. 8. Amy; W. W. Walker. Wm. H. Harrison, Jr., Alex. Simpson, A. H. Van Bnren, and Richard Robinson. The members of the company are to meet at New Orleans, and proceed by the overland route. Freshet in Kankakee River ?During the past week this section of the country has been visited by a greater freshet than ever before; or at leaBt in the vicinity of the Kankakee. The thawing of the snow and the rain which fell during Wednesday night and Thursday, almost entirely inundated the whole face of the country, and canned the streams to rise to an almost unprecedented height. The damage done is immense, an estimate of which it is impossible to make ut this time. Wilmington is reported to have suffered the most, ft is said that the Kankakee waa twelve feet higher at that place than ever known since its settlement by the present inhabitants. Many of the citizens were compellsd to leave their dwellings on account of the flood. The upper mill was struck by an immense body of ice, and a large portion of the building, including the woollen factory, was carried away; as was also tne saw mill, near the lower mill. The bridge over Forked Creek, this side of that plare, was also swept away. The embankment of the Kankekee feeder for the canal, is washt il away for some hundred rods, which will seriously a fleet the navigation of the canal. The dam at Kankakee is destroyed. Wheeler's dsm on llickoiy Creek, i.ear here, has been damaged very much Had it rot been for the change in the weather, and the freeze which followed on Thursday night, it would have required years to have repaired the damages which would have been done io ihe canal, and to the other improvements or | our water courses ? Jvlut (!U.) Signal, Jan. 80. RK E tSDAY, FKBKTJAHY 21 Loan of II nit son BlTtr Rood. The )liid-<n KiTtr Kallroat Company l? now before t> e publio with proposal* tor p ? r t of the loan to complete the road ro Albany Permit mo to occupy a portion of your column*. in or dor to present a statement of the advantages, direct and indirect, which will accrue to there who take the loan, in whole or In part. 1 It will ho the first and only lien on real property on which $3 OfO 000 will have been previously expended. ard the money loaned will have the like application. furnishing $7 000 0( 0 of aeenrity to pay $4 000 000. The yroper'y cannot be destroyed by fire, or, aa the experience of thie winter shows, the elements, and ia not exposed to the risks which attend eiugle ioeestiu i.tn m bond and mortgage, where tha nsaaaaity existscf * SVctlng Insurance, preventing sales fortaxea ei-u crtrfriumu ana peying iDt expenses 01 ioreoiosure under an ever vary log code 2. Unlike any ot our public debt, the lien is not export d to the power of legislation t? afl'eot it. and is not eubjectvd to the oommgonrl** of oliange which aflliet governments and reach their securities The holder ta provided with abuudant means, without expense, of en(< reicg his security in default of payment, a power not possessed in case of default in the public debt. 3 '1 he bonds bear tnteiest at nesen per oent, payable ha'f yearly, a rate greater by two per cent, tbeu the probable average rate for the next 20 years. The large sums reaching New Y ork from all quarters for permanent investment will, undoubtedly, press down the

rate of interest nearer than it now is to the usual rate Ht the rres*lit commercial metropolis of the world, a poilton wblch New Y'nrh is destined to oooupy, with the certainty that as she approaches that position, the rste of inteiest will be lowered, even if notaooom plistied by positive law. 4 The privilege of converting the bonds at any time within five years into slock, is superadded bylaw, to 1 he highest legal rate of Interest, a privilege shown to be valuable in the experience of the Boston and Albany toad which rose from 4ft to 118?and one whiehnsay not be conferred hereafter These reasons apply to the loan as an abundintand valuable security ; there Rre advantages of an indireot character, worthy of being maturely considered by New Y'ork cspitalists and commercial men. The fund will be applied so as to benefit greatly the real and personal ectste owned here, and eilend the business aud commercial Influence of the oity New Y'ork ewes most of h<r greatness to tne Hudson river, the waters of which alote. of all our Atlantic streams, except the Susquehanna, break through the Alleghany mountains Its tide navgatli n is over lftt) inilesjfar exoeedirg that of any other Atlantis stream. These peeuliaitties, and the power ef reaching it through the opening thus foimrd in the mountains, make it the scene (f a more active inland trade than any other river in the world The productions reaching it through the canal aloue, were $73 000.000, In 1847. (an extraordinary year.) and now uinount to about $60, wv.iuu fer annum. equal 10 iwo-inirds of our entire foreign commerce. Tine great river is olosed. however, by ice, cn en average 104 day* every year; and, estimating the lore of time to navigatian immediately before and alter such closing, and it ie one-third of every year- one year in every three, or 216 yearn in every 7ft. Kcrmerly. during the clore of navigation, trade was merely suspended, and no lossaocrued to theoommeree of the city, except what resulted from being idle through the winter, when our energies are best fitted ter employment. Now. however, our citisene, in addition to the lore tbey ruffer from baviDg no direst oonntction with the great rource of our wealth and trade for one third of every year, suffer loss of a character never before felt, and as if the river iteelf were navigable, and the Instrument of an astlve trade to other potts when closed to ue. 1 his has resnlted from Improvements made in other quartere ? Massachusetts and Pennsylvania? as to which it nay be well to ocnslderwhat views govern in their construction. .An important article, lately written on Philadelphia, thus describes the benefits expected In that quarter : ? " All traffic on the trie canal ia suspended during flTe months of the year, it being seldom navigable till the 20th April, and rarely after tba 20th November; wt lle. frcm the milder climate of Pennsylvania, its rsnals are open from the 10th of March to the 2ftth of December. When all the projected lines of intercourse, by canals and railroads, ate onmpleted in Pennsylvania, fr?m Pittsburgh to Philadelphia, the markets of the latter city will be enabled to mouopoiixe the western tiade during the commencement of spring and autumn, the busi* at season.of the year." Bcston. in addition to the same advantage, is empowered to have dally connection and intercourse with tbe great centre of all our improvements and internal trade, during the whole time wbea we are exclude d from it, and thus to receive productions that formally came to us. and enjoy also the late fall and early spring trade, and the trade of the whole winter, now growing into immense importance through the influ ence ot rai'roads. which are produelng mighty changes n the mote of business and internal intercourse of ; nations. Those who take the loan, aid in restoring to ear , citizens what is lost frotn three causes. The inurnment to effect it is a railroad built ia the moet durable 4 manner, equal in all re?peote to the demands of this , great line. Such a road alone will answer the put poeee , of this important trade, and stand the powerful oompe- , titton of other interest*. That competition, it i? con- { ceded, tbi* road will effectually stand, if it can accomplish a high rate of speed, such as is usual on the best roads, ana that question (to meet some objections in the public mind) will now be considered. If a high rate of speed can be accomplished, the facilities thus afforded will be preferred, ae eaoh previoi s new and better instrument of commerce has ever bun, over others that for some purposes were displaced. Kew, at the time, contemplated that for passengers, sloops would wholly give way to steamboats, or that passengers would wholly leave our oanal lines to go to the railroads, or that the oompetltion between the parrallel land and water routes between Boston and Maine and New York and New Haven, would he decided to thoroughly in favor of railroads. None but the few enthusiastic minds which set the eleetrlc telegreph in motion, ever supposed, even after ite capabilities were known, that it would spring (wholly because It eclipsed in speed all other communications) nto sncb universal use as it has reached, against many snd great interests; and he who puts his faith n* sltw medium of conveyance, when a rapid and >afe cue rosy be employed, is destined to see the world pass bv him as he etsnds relatively still. The steamboats have reached their maximum of speed. Stnoe the construction of the South Amertoa 8 or 10 years igo. not over about half an hour has been gained *n their running time between New York and Albany, with all the great efforts that skill and capital have nade. That slight difference In the speed of competng beats, renders one a favorite with the public so as n coir mand the travel. What will be the effect of introducing on this mighty thoroughfare a mode of eonrevance that short) ns tbe time of travel between New > fork and Albany fully one-half? The question Is t knswertd in all former experience. To evade, however, its effect, the capability of this railroad to aoocmplisb high sp?ed is questioned, from alleged delays , which the assuued length of pile bridging will oe- ] caslon. A singular delusion has goae forth on this subject, from supposing that the length of pile bridging was from 16 to 16 miles. There are roads in the country exposed to this objection, but not so with this. Indeed, most of our roads, from crossing the ordinary country streams, have an equal amount of bridging per mile It will astonish those who have listened te this objection, to know that the whole line of road will be built of stone and earth for all but one mile and a quarter probably, and certainly lor all but one mile and a half. The policy In construction has been to diminish the quantity of pile bridging at every step where possible, and hence, on the line to Albany, there will cot he as much as was originally proposed to Firbklll The serutlny cf the public has increased the original teudenoy towards this excellent result, j and led to that spirit of true economy which rejeota what is cheap whan It may be condemned because It , will not last, Thoie who have misled the community , In this matter, are oondemned to more oertaln over- , throw in regard to th? delays In speed charged to drawbridges. The liae from Boston to Maine, which has j bean spoken of, affords, In lis dally experience, the ' , most oonclnslve answer to thle objection. Ita main I ( draw-bridge is opened for vessel* six thousand times during a single season, without Interruption to the trains. This well known fact does not deter those who dislike to be convinced, from Insisting that delay will take place in speed from the few draw bridges on the line of the Hudson River road, although it 1s certain that the number of vesrels passing through them all will not for the whole year be equal to ons-t?nth of the number above mentioned. Tbree *r four ves ssls per week, at most, will ba over the average at tha four draw-bridges likely to ba ustd. which will make It ea*y to lot them through at convenient periods. Tba residue, ray six, will be constructed to oomply with provision* of law to satisfy tha claim* of a nominal 1 and expected navigation. an expectation which many partia* ar? willing to abandon on receiving compensation abont cqnal to what tba company will save from omitting the etrtictnra. Tha* vanishes thl* bugbear. What, than, remain* for prajudioa to pre* nt against tba oaitainty of accomplishing high spaed on this line. The Hartford and Springfield train runs aver its route of 62H miles, daily, in 1 boar 46 minute*. Including the stops, and 1 hour 36 miautas. excluding them. If thia can be done over a road excellent, but yet Inferior In grade, rutrt* and weight of rail, to the Httdson Riser roau.it is of course evident that It can be done upon the latter route It Is not saying mote than the truth will warrant, to allege that the Hudson Riser road will be equal In Its line, grades, construe tion. and, no doubt, police, to the best K.ngllsh road*. It* grades will be hardly peroeptlble; It* curves may be judged of from the faot that tha line deilatrs but (.?{ per rent from an air line, the rligbtrst vsrlatlon Known of on any considerable route, ar d Its mil weighs 70 lbs to tbe yard If 40 n.lUs ptr hour Is not unusual speed on the Hartford and Springfield, and (0 miles per hour Is mual speed on tbe ^ ngilsh roads, then 86 miles per hoor can certainly be made on this line, which Is the ntmoet speed l tb at its filer, ds, In the r desire to show great mod?ra- ] ticn esk that the community may assent to. Four j t oi.*s to Albany, excluding a few stop* for the through last traits, wllitbsr be consumed In saeb passage with a site trsrgln f< r h'.iher speed, should occasion prs- 1 n i t This gt> at point b'-lrg free ot any possible qneailon the dedoction fiom it tliat the sars in the summer all) with r er y.h? come the favorite mode of reach- ' ltg A beuy. will he an-enied to ex*ept hv that class of | u sn whoeoubtsd when steamboat* displaced sloops, who pave I j 'b* ( k tin ir ht ads whs n the einal was con sltuctfd, who di vbti <| i he wl?di m of establishing rail is ads sl< rg Its side and wb< d nbtcd nt each succeed- | lug step in new ar d gr<ai improvement" of this nature I Results sine, at d not arguments In al-anne. will | t< n>ii < e th> tr. Tbe ? Inter tisde and travel will of Ctunv h- vcc." d to this line. wii i iirmn i ii n '^,a iJ?.wrwtt?nr:3i [ERA ?? ? 7~3r~riiTii , 1849. It la a foot, worthy ever to be remembered la forming ! judgment of the value ef a railroad, that la the 1 Northern and K.a*tarn Statea th? recetpta, and eoana- ' qtiently tha dividend! have generally outatripped all, ! area the moat eangtilne calculation! Thla la trna even of tha Boet*n and Albany road which aoat about thirteen mllliona of dollara. The generai fact raiulta from circumetaneee not auffloiently conaldered. Thla ccuntry doublea it* population in about 24 year!, while that of Kranre doublea in about 150, and that of Curope in about WO The paupera of Kurope are eatim&tfd At l.'io nf tha nhnla iwinnlaMna *hiU 1 have od the eowt bat 1 in 360, and back from it bat 1 in 860 Oar population t? almost wholly useful, while about 20 per oent of the English Is unproductive. The velocity of aeaummulatlon in thic oountry doubles that of the population, a rapidity elsewhere wholly unknown. These taote constitute some of the remarkable circumstances, that In the Northern and Eastern Slates hare in nearly every case made the profits of railroads outstrip all expectation, la addition to their great force. as applied to other quarters, this city has peoultor reasons for olalming advantage trom them The Alleghany range, at an average breadth of from 110 to 160 miles, extends through the oountry for 1,1110 miles. It dips at the point at which our canal and central line of railroads pa*s through the mountains, where the elevation above the oeesn exceeds but a little over 200 feet, while it Is a barrier to other seaport* The most favorable elevations Id Maryland and Pennsylvania, sre from 2 200 to2,300 feet. Another mountain range dips at the Highlands where ibe Hudson pae>es tbrr ugh them. We are thus euMhled to resch two distinct valleys, one of them extending westward so as *,o embrace that immense con course cf people which has a-s- mb'ed iu the great West, and the other extending northward over an elevation ot but fifty-four leet, by way of Lake (.hacup'atu, to the i lliitLh possession*. Tbsy constitute, owing to the form and height of adjacent mountains, tunnels through which the travel and trade of wide and exten I s:ve regions are necessarily driven, with the certainty ot reaching us throughout the year, if we but furnish the facilities tor the remaining one-third of the y?ar j which uow exists for only two th roe. This wondrrfn ?civ?i.ta?e, possessed by us aloue, makes it certain that the inadequacy < n other Iidsh of sanguine calculation to cover results, will exist with greater force on a thorough faie thus formed by nature, and the greates, (or trstie end travel on this or auy other continent. During two thirds of th? year, when navigation Is open, it supports innumerable vessels, steamboats, merchants, and laborers ot all grades and conditions; and for eDe-tfcird of the year it must give Its whole business to this road It will astonish those who ore unaccustomed to the statistics of the river travel, to know tbst on an increase lately ot ev?r 1,000 every jrar, iiir renins ve i>i me iravn oo luf Hudson last summer, .counting through passengers and way passengers, and those going up as well as those down.) reaohed 10 010 per day. On such a route, and with such a line as has been described. a railroad has been partially oonstruoted, I and three millions of dollars have been expended on it by men who have car?fu'ly examined the subject; and the question now to be decided is, whether the city of New fork will carry it forward to immediate coinple- j tion. and thus sustain her charaoter for enterprise, or whether the improvement e hall be condemned to go on slowly and inrOloitntly- an important part of our trsde to remain diverted, our connection with the in- ! terlor ?f tbe country partially broken off, and the position of Boston and hhlladeiphla strengthened by so marked An indication of our apathy. 1 NEW YORK. j Court of Oyer and Terminer. Before JuBtice Edmonds, Aldermen Kittgerald, and 1 Stevens. THE TRIAL OF TIIOS. HADHKN FOR THE MURDER OF JOHN KEllOK? SECOND DAY. Fxa. 20 ?The above trial was resumed this day. Lawrknce Mark, examined.? Resides at 97 Cherry street; kBows the prisoner for about five or six years; knew Kehoe from the time he landed In this city ; witness has often met prisoner on board ships in the course of their business; they also visited each other'* houses H ? Did you ever see prisoner at any time and in any place carry a slung shot T Witnass, after muob hesitation?1 never saw him wear one but onoe, and that time he was not there. *<.- nrptmru. Court. - Von must answer that question at onoe. A.?I never saw him wear a slung shot but one*, and that was wlian he said he had one in his pocket. District Attorrkt.?Why did you not answer my question before ? WiTNkfis.?I never was on a bench before, and I did not know much of law. Q.? Did you ever bear him say anything after that about a slung shot, or since this affair ? A.? 1 oan't say 1 did, but I heard others say it. Counsel for prisoner objects to the testimony, and requests that his objection may be noted Court?it is not worth while to spend any more time with this witness. John Lawlkr examined.?Knew Kehoe; remembers j the night of the affray; Kane went to the door with a ] eandle; saw prisoner and Campbell, prisoner came in \ and Kehoe laid abandon bis collar, witness having | laid that It was a shame for prisoner and Campbell to serve Devltt in that way: they then pushed each other J In. and Kehoe fell oa a chair behind them; witness se- , psrated them; they were both friends of his; they had angry words, and they seemed to be about to take bold i of raoh other again; witness again remonstrated, and Kehoe said be would not think It worth his while to raise his hand to prisoner; after this he saw prisoner take something out of his pocket with a string attached to It, and then the prisoner moved over to deoeased and ;ave him the blow. Q.?What did yon say to prisoner after he had given the blow? A.?Said It was a cowardly act to strike him with a lung shot: raw a slung shot before that time with the prisoner; I / aw it with him on board of a vessel; one lay we were taking out some luggage from on board a rtsiel; a difficulty occurred there, and prisoner took It >ut and struck the person with whom he had a diffljulty. Cr-on-examined? Q.?AtTthe time be nsed the slung 'hot on board the vessel, did the other man ran at him sith a dirk knife. A.? No. sir, but he struck him, and five others then ran srfter him; saw no eandle with prisoner on the ; sight of the affray; did not hear him say he would lave his dog or somebody's life, or any such language; i?ter they were released from each other, Kehoe renained near the press, and the prisoner went to the 'tove; saw O'Brien tbisre; prisoner and Kehoe were J igain going to take hold of each other; Kehoe said he lould whip the full of Cherry street of prisoner; he lid not attempt to take bold of Hadden when he said 1 o; did not see O'Brien rush between tbem; the wateh tas called, but 1 don't know who sailed them; 1 don't ' inow that prisoner and Kehoe were acquainted befere 1 hat n'gtat; was not tipsy that night. Court ? How csme you te get tipsy yesterday? W ?1 don't know, sir; 1 only took a glass of gin and t glass ot brandy, but tbey were pretty still ones; knew Kane In tbe old country, neve'' knew his wife; never knew any of his family but himself and his eldest son. I went with him to an attorney, to make over his propetty to Mary Ann Trayne. bat I don't know what was bis object, except that he baa a eon, and he wished to protect hlmecll from him. The esse for tbe prosecution was here rested. Tbe prisoner's oounsel then opened the defence. He said their theory wse that Kehoe did not die of the blow he received from the prisoner the night of the eflray at Kane's house; they would prove tbat Kehoe himself said in 17 days after, that he did not know the cause or bis disease, and that In his interview with doctor Duggan be said so; and that, for a fortnight hu Attended to his ordinary business. It ba? also appeared that the doctor whom he first con- 1 lulled, raid be could not tell whether his disease arose I Irem ibe blow, tr whether It was the Incipient stages of a fever. it also appeared that the other physicians sctrd upon that opinion, and that In all their re* searches they lalt tbe wound out of the question. I 1 hey would also adduce proof of the life that Kehoe led from the time he reoetved the blow until the 2'id id November. We will further show said be, that prl- ' i loner was in nossesaien of a dog, and that on tbe evening m question, he, with two other men. went to Kane's bouse, where the dog was; that they want into tbe hall , ' nd entered tbe yard, and from th..t to the back base- i merit. We shall also show you what happened in the ] ) ard, and the part that the man Devltt bad in the af* I < I ray. We shall also show what took place between the ! < trisonerand Keboe'e party, in Kane's house, together with all the attendant elroumstances thereon. Tbe counsel went on to ray that If they failed in showing ] that the deceased did not (lie of the wound Inflicted on i him by the prisoner, then, from the nature of all the attendant circumstances, they would contend that the ir'.sonrr aoted in eelf-detence. and that it wasJuatifla- | Lie horriiolde. Counsel then read tbe testimony of the prisoner's barkeeper, taken rfr hent esse from which It I appeared that the prtrooer, witness, and one Klanagan, | went to the premises in the rear of Kane a home, where . they suspected tbe dog was ; on returning, they wars n.et by Kane, who eeuir out with a oandle. Kehoe col- > lared prisoner, and they forced each other Into Kane's j room, and in tbe scufile both fell ; saw no weapon In the bands of either of the parties that night. Jams Ukvitt examined for defenoe - I am the perron who was lying in tbe hall on tbe 22d of Ootober last ; I received no injury that night from prisoner ; he said uotbing to me as I know of ; 1 did not make use of such an exprrssicn as this?" Boys, don't kill me " Cross Etaminrd ? Q - litw did you come to be lying down ? A ? 1 was pretty drunk. Manv Ass Derw, examined. Knows prisoner to see blni merely; went cut the evening of the affray for some chops fer tbe morning a breakfast, as I went out, saw Kane,with acandle,and others; saw Kehoe take hold of prisoner, and he said " Vou son ut an orange , C(n.e back in here aud see what yon hare been doing In tMs et try ;" they then force 1 eaoh other into Kane's roim. and tioth fa i near the store; witness then saw Mrs. Kstie altb a chair In her hand, and sbeaworethat el.e witld split Hadoen's (hull; saw no more of it except that she saw tbe tflloers oomng up. taw nooandle in Madden s hand. eaaieir.rd ? The row began before witness got title hi (I et e did hot get I be chops Josiam I). Si iohsian, exaiuioed ? Is a practi-ing phyelclsu in tble city , heard the examination of the physicians who testified yesterday in this case, ) ol opinion there Hie o'bn (runs that, would produce the etl-sts dsirtlhed than those si a ed by them <p ? M f a: state of the artt rles would produce it flam n ai'on of the biam you will recoilejt ihe phy ,ideas i Im ti a j esurcay they dl I not ex ami us the art erica ? .A I rut not. si.ewt r wiiht u gnii g intoao sxantna tier. ?f all the cci.tes whit h might produce the d (I-rent I inds if sirltruitga of the brain and arteries; not LD TWO CENTS. having seen the symptoms of the deceased, It woull be exceeding difficult for me to my what those sympto-ne were, or what produced them The symptoms stated resterday might be accounted for by aoute inSammitlon,and could bare proceeded from other cause* In a living subject; whether the softening described yesterday was a real softening or an abscess, did not appear; where an abscess has set in, the other parts of the brsinar* generally healthy: sometimes the part affected Is of one color, and sometimes of another, and sometimes It emits an offensive odor, and sometimes not. If Dr. Post Is to be believed, the arteries which were not examined, if diseased, might produce the effects described. By the Codst.? Drs Mott and Tost stated yesterday that from the symptoms and from the pott mortem examination, the death was produced by the blow, do yon differ with them t A I tfn Miff., -tat. at. -- -- - -- ?ivu iueui, so rar br in* symptom* described by them might ha produced by other moms, Cimi-raonm.fi/ ? Resides In this olty. Q'?Voudifltr with the dootori tn thalr theory, inasmuch w they did not go far enough In thatr examination of the decanted alter death ? A ?I do. id ? What Is the standing of Doctor Mott in this country and Kurope aa a practical aurgaon ? A.?The highest. By the Court.?Tall us one cause that would produce tbe combination of tacts described here yesterday T A ?The causes axe numerous that may produoe softening; one is disease of the blood; another cause is irregular living, which may produoe a broken down constitution; an ab'cess of ihe liver may produce an abscess of the brain. &o. The Court here took a recess for one hour. John Lawlcb recalled for the defence.?Was in the emplov of the prisoner; was sent to the penitentiary on a charge of larceny, but witness was Innoesnt of the charge. Several witnesses were examined to Impeach the chareeter of Patrick Kane. Sen., one of the witnessee for the prosecution; they, ail swore that his gensra cbaractsr was bad The testimony was here olosed on both sides, and prisoner's counsel ooramencsd summing up. He laid It down as a legal proposition, that the prosecutor was bound to show afliimatlvrly that the wound on the head inflicted by the sluug shot was the oause of death It would not de to prove the probability that it was that that caused his death if there be auy other theory by which death cau be acoounted for. We have shown by a witness who was produced before ynu, that there are no less than five other causes, which might produce the same symptoms as those which appeared on tbe jwst mortem examination of the deceased In this view of the oase. gentlemen, the prisoner is not legally responsible, and youoannot And him guilty. He was followed by the District Attohnky, who commenced his address by commenting on the levity displayed by the prisoner in the progress of the trial He thru scmbatted tbe medical propositions contended for by the prisoner's counsel and concluded his address by calling on tbe jury for a verdict of guilty. The Jt'oci: then charged the jury. He said there were only two fact* in the case which they had to decide:?First, did the blow oauee tbe death of KehoeT and if it did, with what intent was it given? Upon the first you have the testimony of the three physicians; and they unite in saying that his death was caused by that blow. Agelust the united akill and experience of those gentlemen, an attempt has been made by prisoner's ceunsel, to controvert their testimony by the testimony of Dr. Stiokney; but, after all. i don't find much dlif> recce between them; for he lays it is probable that the death occurred from the kvukii, ?? ? ? iw iui^ui, ukvo occurred irom kiotntr cause. But you havs the evidence of Dr Molt on thli point, who gave his evidence at great length. He said, that death must have occurred from the wound, and from nothing else. On the one side is the testimony of ihete respectable physicians, and on the other side you have the testimony of Or S'.ioknsy ? and upon this testimony you must decide thli question. Two of tbem are an h?EOr to their oountry; and if we had to eall tbem into our own family, and they deelded on an operation to be performed on one of ear sons, sorely we would be governed by their advise. Now. let me a*k, If you rej?et their evidence, by what theory wbl you decide thii oase? Let me advise yon, however, before you tejsot their evidenoe, to eak yonrrelv s upon what theory you have to fall baok to enable you to decide. The remaining question is, what Is the prisoner responsible for! (Here hit honor defined the difinition of murder ] He said the crime of manslaughter was already defined by oounsel on both sides. The main distinct ion between murder and manslaughter is premeditated design, whioh includes an intention on the part of the prisoner in rsferenoe to that crime. The idea generally conveyed by the words premeditated design, are that it Was entertained for some lime before; but that, I tbluk, is unnecessary. It la i nowgb for you to know that at the time he si.ruek the I low, be entertained a design and intended to kill hi* i iotim. The rule is, that every sane man intends whet e does. It is from his acts and expressions, you must nfer bis Intent I'artioular attention, however, is to >e paid to the instrument need by the prisoner; from he nature of it. and the manner in which it is used, > ou must infer the intent With these rules of law, you ire to look at the testl 'inn y, you can judge from tne appearance of it here, that It is a most deadly Instrument, - nd I oan scarcely imagine how any man oould esoape Irom a blow of it It ssems thli instrument has i rown up amongst us, and our people now arm themselves with it as the population of the 801th and West arm themselves with the bowie knife. Now It Is. as 1 raid before, for you to infer from the nature of this instrument, and his aotiens and words at the time, what his Intent was. You will, however?for It la a Question for your consideration?Inquire whether the ?kl. M? 1- 1? 1 you come to this conclusion, you should a>k yourselves what was the situation of the parties at the time?whether an attack was made or about to be made on the prisoner, and whether he was in any daoger or not? It does not appear, from the testimony, that he was. There were three or four men present at the time, and they all interfered to make peaoe. The jury retired at ten minutes past nine o'olock, and returned in an hour and a half with a verdiot of " Justifiable Homicide," whloh the court dlreeted to be changed to a rerdiot of " Net Guilty." Hadden was then discharged. The jury were also dlsoharged until Thursday morning, when Austin 's trial will oommenee. Court of General Sessions. Before Judge Ingraham and Aid llatfl.ld and Dodge. J. B Phillips, Ksq , Assistant DiitriotrAttorney. Fr.e. 20.? Grand Larceny -oA man named James Wallace was put upon his trial, charged with stealing, in the I3th December last, a trunk containing some wearing apparel and some property, rained at $62 26, belonging to Sylvester Woodbridge, of Virginia. Officer Hulie testified that he arrested Wallace on 13th Deoember last, and that be (the prisoner) offered him $15 to let him go, and also promised him something in addition. This property was identified. The jury found the prisoner guilty of petit laresnf. Sentenced to the penitentiary for three months. Pasting a Counterfeit flote.?Peter O'Kourke 011hooly was put upon trial, oharged with passing a counterfeit fire dollar bill on the Oakley Connty Bank. Michigan, in the purchase of groceries from 8amuel NlcGowan, on the 28d of Deoember last. It was shown In evidence that prisoner borrowed the money .and was under the Impression that the bill was good. The Jury dltassnnAM nsnfllffnil fka Grand Larceny.?Carolina North, a lady of the pave. ?u pot upan trial, charged with ataaliog, on tha night of the 10th of January last, a Teat oeloogfng to Jaal Smith, in the poeket of whioh was $38 $0. in a house of Ill-fame?number not giren?In Benson street. The testimony of Mr. Smith, taken de bene esse, went to show that he resided in Chenango eennty. New York; that he came to this city with a friend, and picked up an acquaintance with prisoner white lounging in Broadway, near Canal street; that he was on his way to California; that he accompanied prisoner to the honse of i 1-fame In Benson street, and that she there effected the larceny. Another female was with her at the time, and a friend also with him (Mr. Smith). The jury did not sgree, and were discharged. Grand Larceny ? Patrick Carroll, and Margaret, his s Ife, were both put upon trial, obarged with the above flense. In stealing about 1 400 pounds of sugar, the I ropertj of Havemeyer, Mullerfc Co , froui Noe. 48 and ;0 West street, where the sugar was stored tor the Dwnsrs. BebnabdM. Csssior testified ?That on the 30th of tannery last the sugar was missed, and traced to the I itmises of prisoner, where it was found concealed; pome of the sugar was found In a ooal hide, and the entrance wee effected through the sky light; some of the pugar was found inbagp.aud also in a ca?k ; prisoner Uokagunand threatened to take hie life when he was attested; this did not. however, alarm him; It further appeared in evidence for the defenoe that some of tbs sugar was found mixed with pork In a oa*k The jury fouad the prisoner, Patrick Carroll, guilty of petit larceny, on the ground that the sugar was stolen by degrees, and not together, inasmuch as testimony to the contrary was act produced, and giving prisoner the benefit of the doubt The wife Magaret, was acquitted The Conrt sentenoed Patrick to six months confinement and hard labor in the penitentiary }'leadt d Guilty ? John J Beverly pleaded guilty to the charge ot having committed a??eult and battery on Mr l.enden one of the keepers ef the Oltv Prteon W^vst. v,n.r1 f a fnnp ws/inihe n rt n r? ? rn? n t in tha PenL tentlary 1 b# i ov.rt adjourned over till to-morrow forenoon, at 11 o'olooM. SrFAMSHIP ISARCf., ) Off Charleston Bar, Feo H, fjtli). \ 'lht i'np of the /nihil. Well aware of your zeal in behalf of American ttftniiehips, the following pm tulars of the trip of ihe ]?uhel,fr< in Havana to Charleston, ruust arrest your attention :? The Isabel,,Captain Rollins, left Havana on Thtmdav, Feb. 8, at 1' M , and reached Key West at '2 A M., on Frid ay. There receiving her mails, she again got under way, passing the Flo* tula reels in sntriy. and making tli-* cape of the si me nan.p at I I'M Thirty-toir hours afterwaids made Tybee light, n< ai Sivunaah, and it f> A,M., on Si i.n.iy, ouU 11 o i hio l? *(< a lur : tuns im lut g the viho't disiance lrc.ii K>-y West to ( 'harUr'on ii I' t ? Im nr-. including tiie atoprage nt Savannah, the sh arte at ;'i8sa ;e, we believe^ on record. The )?Bsetigfi?all hear cheerful t-stm, my totlihigh t'hniaC'r r of Captain K<dui;s, bnlh au nt.oI in..n and H'uni n. A n&citiu&&.

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