Newspaper of The New York Herald, February 23, 1849, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated February 23, 1849 Page 1
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TH NO. 5377. REPORT or TUB SECRETARY OF THE TREASURY, on TUB WARKUOVSma It STICK. Treasury OtritTMiKT, Feb 22, 1819. Sir:?This drpertmttul. under the Mtboritj granted bj the 6tb s.eiiuB of the warehousing Uw of the Oth Auauit. 1R4? httJi uaned n>s end sdJitinnsi mrnlh tiona a copy at which. uiutril A, will be found aiuexed Tbtse regulations are bmd upon an expvrleooe of the prsot.csl (juration of I he law la this country during ilie last two years, an well as upoo vary full information upon tba. laut subject obtained from the oenllatntof Kun pa and also from Gregt Britain. It la bellevt d that tbvre la aoaroely an aot ever paaaad by tba BntUh Parliament that bat aided more than bar warehousing law to augment bar manofeoturen, oommtrce tt uLage, and revenue Thle it the opinion of all ber rtateemen and business olaaaae. and not a vote, it le believed, eoulu be obiatoed in either ilouae of Parliament lor lta repeal, although in ita inception tbe system euouuotrred even greater and mere violent opposition there than In our own country. Smoe it waa perfected there, the commerce of Great Britain baa moie than quadrupled , tbe bonded gooda remaining in warehouse having risen in August, lb47. acooid ug to tbe atatament of tbe commlsaionera, attached to my report of December, 1?47, to tbe value of >&?7 1100 000 The dooka. structures, and buildings In wbloh tbaae goods were stored, coat In London alone, aeeordlng to the same statement, J40 000 UoO and in the wnolo British eu.pire ate estimated at nearly doable that sum It is tLus seen hoe Great Britain baa mad* birsslf the eentre at univerral commerce and exebaegcs and tbe rtureboute at the business of tbe world. She has the almost lncredib.e amount of near four hundred million* of lorriitn imports stored In her dooka and warehouse*. so a> to fur utah assorted oargoos of every pro duel end fabrto of the eartn, and ot every c ats, datcrtpticD, and quality. She thus makes berse.f the laeitr of all natlooa and tba proluo*.lona of the In* ou-try of ail . aukind are stored la her werebou ee, snd ii Id by ber merchants to the pespl* of every ountrj. lbe profit itins renin-d is immanaa, and draws with it tbe eoa>mebd of tbe trade aud business and speole of the world. 8ide by aide wi?b tbeae wareboused toie'gb goods ar? ber osru pioduotsaod fabrics, ready for raie at home and abroad In bringing to bar porta tte vessels of all nations for oargoea of all leteign pro ueilons, the purchasers, to oompleta assortment*. aLo take with inein east amounts of British aiticioi, and thus Great Britain, whilst commanding the oommerco and speote of other countries, augments the ta>e of her own prouuots and fabric* An attentive etamtoatioa of tbe globe and of the relative position of its several eonntries, will exhibit onrgrtat advantages over Groat Britain avaaoutre for umsersel oommerco The latter baa no great Interior ooniitry to supply any of her potts with business ?the has no mighty takes or rivers?no great expanse of sutlace; nor oan she be oonueoted with the ooatl nent by railroads or canals Her soil is less fertile; Her climate lee* gtn'al etid favorable, embracing by no mean* ?uch a variety i f produota; and great a* are her mineral resources, tb*y are br no means ?iual In extent or cumber to our own. Her po<icton I* lee* central, north of hei much lord than one-tenth 01 the aiab e surface of the globe, and less, alto, than ore tenth of its population; whereas, If <** torn to our own country, in view both of latitude and longitude combined, with our fronts up in both oceans and upon the Golf, we are, as nearly as ean be, the oentre of the h'aole turfaoe. the pupuiation and the bunt nets of the world Oar great interior lakes and rirets. with our rapidly extend nt not wutk of railroads and canals, bringing to our porta the interior ootniacrce of a oou tintnt, wiih nnmerouH deep and capacious harbor* on both octant, accessible at all times, and wltb every variety of climate, suit, and product, mineral and agricultural give to us an unrivalled poeitloa. That Great Britain nevertheless, with so many local disadvantages, should have oiede herself the oentre of uaiver at trade, ia the highest proof of the geniuaaudenterpriae. th? energy and per ?Vrranoe, and especially the wieo legislation on this subject or that great oonotry. Alter toe meet deliberate investigation daring the lest tbree years, it is my Arm eonvlotion, that withont her wenbousing syeiem, eberiahed and improved, as it baa been from time te time, abe never would have aohleved these great results; that It is mainly this system whleh has m?d? her the etor?house of the world, and, giving her the ermmatd of the carrying trade, ha* tilled her vessels with cargoes for her own use or re exportation. In b-ir great clocks aud warehouses are stored the products aod rubrics of all countries, together with her own; and she caa thus become the point where internationri > xebai gas are made, and wbero trade and speoie have cemi*d if wo would enter into a fair and honorable competition with her for this carrying trade and commerce and rpecie, we must avail onrseivts < f the llshts of esperirtce. and Introduce here. wKb tome chtugra adapt* d to our position, * similar wartboutii g syttern When foreign or Ameriean vessels tvine to our own p rte, tbey mm! bo eoab.ed here, m in Great Britain, tu load and unload with the utmost laollry. economy and dispatch, at all times and in all *ea*ont t he) mum a no bo enabled to obtain, Vlti out delay in our porta, assorted oargoea of (ur own product* end fabric* as wall as those of all other oountrie*, tf ev?ry quality cbaraotar and prioe Thai* fuiaign and dotn> Mio products and fabrtoa must be ooilroted In our warehouses, as tbey'are in London, ready at all iimea tor immediate purchase and sblpmant, ao ti at any v?s?ol arriving at our ports ean always obtain at once full and assorted cargoes. It is only bus that vessel*, sure of return cargoes, can be biought to our ports on the best terms, diminishing freights, wblls-. augmenting our carrying trade and argr-gate probt* of navigation It will be perceived, on examination of tbe new regulations hereto appended. that tbis department, as indicated in my reports of Derembrr. 1847 and 1848, has Introduced tbe system of private competition for storage, to the fad exiso t authorised by existing laws, combining, a> primmed thereby, pubiie and private stores, and p o ec ing be interest of the government and merchant by every aaf-guatd in tbe power of the. department, suggested by experience and investigation. In crdrr, bewever, to give to onr warehousing system all tbe advantages tbat are possessed In Ursat Britain, the following changes are indispensable. Toe provisions of tbe act ot 17lb June, 1844. limiting tbe inspectors to tbe cumber employed at tbat date, mast be modified In ton e respects astneae officers are required by the warehousing laws ,*n keep the key god have charge of private bonded stores If these private stores arc to be aoatterred over our great ports ns the eonvenlenoe of commerce u ?y diotate. and a* to a fair and reasonable extent tbey should be under proper regulations? if tbe war-hunting bu-mees should progress, as It bas don* for tb* last iwo years, tbe inspectors must be augmented beyond tbe number autboris-d by tbat set. Tbe wars housing acts allows ths importer, whose private store Is used for tbe warehousing of foreign go< d*, on wh ob tbe duties beve not been paid, to keep one key. end require* sn inspector of tbe revenue to keep * no'her ; toe law direetmg a joint oustody, with two different kind* of look* and different keys in tbe possession of eaob respectively, so tbat the Importer could not have access roauob bonded goods in private (toif> except in ihr presence of the inspector, the not fcrb ddtng the importer " access to the good*, exoept iu the prerenoe i f the proper officer of the customs." The expense of firnUbitg euch inspector* for privat* stoics should of course be borne by the importers, tor ehiso convenience and benefit this arrangement ia us tie. and who otn only exntblt the go*ds or wither** paokagee for sale or re-exportation, from time to time, udiIt Ibe law, ''in the presence" of an inspeottr. After much deliberation and enquiry, my mind ha* been brought to the conclusion that this exp-nae eoaid best be arranged by an eqaiiabie apportionment of tbe compensation paid to Inspectors, to be refunded by such Importers; the amount to be fixed In each ease by tbe coils etor, with the approbation of th? Srcretary of tbe Treasury ; or, by adopting tbe principle of half storage, with a vis* to eorer the expense, whieh has operated so well In some of tbe poits leasing to tbe importer tbe option between these two modes of payment, and ibis is the principle upon which the prereut instruction* are based. Under the (' la?,boweerr as it no* stand* in ear largest ports it will be impi's ible to put the'system, a* to prirat* Sioies into full operation, unless the act of I'm June, lb?4, bwnie letsrred to. should b modified; Inasmuch as a.'.ust *-ne inspector might suffice for one va*t pub lie hu< d* d stoie. m eunsulsrable number would be requ'ied tor tae prlrate stores of the importers scattered over a great city No far as the goeernmsnt Is coneerned. it is obsioue that in ths large ports the great pubne sioiee. equal in capacity to a dozen private slotes, are Ibe moat economical; and in these most be Stored, under any arta*fem*nt* the unclaimed goods, amounting, in New Yorg. >.y the returns of tbe collector to the taiue. ?uru g ihe last two year* of (14. i'.ttb If, howerrr. tbe importers claim tbe goods, and the privilege i-f warehnu-icg in ttaslr own private stores, they ought, in my Judgment, to be permuted to go so in tbe naocei provided in tbe regulations an>l instructions no* issued by this department Tbe stoies agreed upau by tbe importer and colleotct. wilb (he restriction* above designated, are tbe aibly prise's stores u<>? au'horited by law. In all otb<r oarvr- the stoma must b? rented on public account a* required by trie pr ivPinn* of tbe 8tb section of tbe act i t tie lid Man b 1 Ml. which t* In full foroe, and is 10 thee mortn : Sec 11 " ,\nd he it farther enaeted. I bet all stores bereefr-r rented by the e sllector. navali diner or surveyor shall be on public ac lount.and paid tor by tbe ? ?llector as each, and shad be appropriated exoiuslv- ly to tie u-e of recelvicg foreign laeicbanat-r. subject. as to the rates of storage, tu regulation by the Seoreiary of the Treasury." The I**, theu, ss it now siaod*. aii'.horlis* hat two elsssee of al< res. namely, pub in aod private stores ? Tbe first, ilv* have ?es a, must be -rented on public ao rount acd paid for by ti e e dteeior." Tbe second are the pr ?ate rtgrer. rgr?'d up'd a< before s'ated. aod must be k pt under ibe regulation* uervtofore quoted, as pre erlbed by la*. Under the cianre of fbs la* authorising private stores in oeitam ca?e?, a vcty inn orient ijwiilrn has been piersnted for my ooaaidsraMoa : whether, In vie v of Ihe very l?r/e discretionary pneer* ve-te 1 i a this y dvpaiiment by tbe bi b sentinn of the warsh uumg la*. It is oi mpafeut to eaiend the privilege of su.r?ge in prlvnie s ores to the g*od* of se eral unporiets In one suob store. ?ben reqessiert by them Upm ma'ure deliberation, I have come to (he nonclraton tnat this may be done, aad have aeo-iidlngly to ew?bor?-d, dtr regulation* couoiniLg ihe most perfect indemnity I E NE MOR and iccurlty to the government. ."with grot eonrenl??cc and economy to tha inercbnnt. ToMe will ant ha public etoree, and no raul will be paid for tbam >7 tha government. bat the; will be uaed ti private terra, denominated in tha law "other rtorea to be agreed on by iba oollaotor or ebiaf revenue officer of tba port, and the importer, owner, or ion?ign?e " In 1b?ie carve. bowerar, tba prraon who la permitted by tba oolleotor to baea eoch prlrnta bonded atore. muat ba conitltuted by each of tba Importera ualng tba rnme, their agent, wbo muat keep the importer'a key oa authorised by law, whlUt tbeiaepeotor will keep another and diatinot key; ao that na aocees ean be bod to tba gooda. except in tha pretence of tba intpeetor in tbia aaae, however, wbara eraial importera tbua naa one private atore, tbua guarded and a*onred, In addition to tba onatady of tba got da under tba lock of tb? Inapeoior, and tba bond for the dutiea required from the importer, tha eolleetor muat a ao exact from tba agent i f tha importera who keepa the note, a bond with eufllatent eureties to indemnify tbe aorernmont aealnat loaa Tbia la inhatan. tlally ibe syslern of private competition tor storage and Ubor i mi educed Into tireat Britain, and which has been attended there with euoh wonderful suooenv. aod bat n ade that country the ttorehouae of the prodnots and tabrica tf the world. In the absence of tuab regulailona. tbla department feels well aaeured that tna waisbonilng business in the United .States oan never be brought Into suocrsafil competition with that of Ureat Btilaln,and it believe* tbat the adoption of the system here wnl be attended with InealouUb-e benefit*. Under tbla conviction, I have felt It to be my duty to extend tbeae privilegea to the mercbanta and bueineaa cf ibe country. Being cetiroua of introduolng the system of atorea ab oluiely tire-proof, ?o aa to guard, aa f*r aa practicable. againat those diaaatroue Area wbtch have bo otten awe pi away no many millions of property inverted in itorea and gooda, and wl. h a eiaw to pace bonded at t ree In our own eouutry upon nn equal. If not a ?upetlcr footing to all otbera aa regard* eeeurity, ao at to make our porta ibe prlnoipalentrepo'aof oomuieroe. 1 have directed that a preteieaee thall be given in all caret, oy ibe oolleoioia, to auon private etorev a* art made entirely Are proof. By tbii I mean auoh stores, ut whiob we have now tearoely a aiogle one in thie otnntry.alihoagb lately introduced with great euocaea Into Client Britain, a* are tree irom all combustible ma tenuis. Buoh itorea would be built on arohe* of atone or brick- or, wbat would be batter, for all the wooden material* now need to substitute iron, namely, for roofa and raf'era for jolete, tor doora. windoa-frame* and shatters, slabs for Aoortng, and beams or pttlare where needed, aa now need In some cases in ?urope. Tbe advantages of this system would be -1st. Tna greater eecntity from Are in suob stores would icuch increase the warehousing buelneis of tbe ooun ry.wltb all its immense prohts to our commercial and navigating inteiest. 2d Tbe saving or diminishing tb* losses arisiug from conflagiations. 3d. foe earing or diminishing Insurance. 4ih The frequent arresting of ores in our gnat cities, by stopping tbsm at a point where tbe buildings wore wholly incombustible 5tb. Tbe gradual extension of tbe system of iron buildings to private storea, other than bonded warehouree 6th The great bem it to the iron Interest of tba ocuntry, from tbe new and increasing use and demand thereby created tot that mater al. Tbe augmenting demand tor warehouses in many of our ports bad lorced upon the department the alternative of leasing, at tblB time. Lew and additional publto stores for terms of years In tbe larger ports, or resortii g to the system of private competition; and after tall Investigation, it is deemed best to adopt the latter. Publto stores, however, to a large extent, are etill required by the law. 1st For importers who may prefer lonsrthim 2d Unclaimed goods under the provisions tf tbe law can be stored only in in public stores, and the value of there unclaimed gooda In Naw Vork nlone, doling tbe Aral two yrare under the warehousing law, by tbe returna of the coileotor. amounted to $14 617 658. Under this system, public and private itorea wilt be combined, and eaeh for useful purposes as designed by tbe law; bat ultlmatelv the great mare or the warehousing business (exoept aa regarde unclaimed goode) will be transacted here aa In Oreat Britain, by atorea neither rented nor owned by the government. Three etorea, owned by Individuala, In nioper locationa and of a proper ahacnotar, will be anthoriieO|by the oolleetor,wiU> the naaant ef the Secretary, at i acb port; and the government will hare no ot h> r control otrer tbam than the custody of the hay by an Inept otor of the revenae, and aeeeea to the gooda permitted only in his pretence, aa required by la a. The perron aho is authorised te keep the store, will be the agent of tba Importers, and oontraet for storage and lahcr aa they may think proper; the government being indemnified only for the expense of the services tf an mrpector, by the payment of half storage, or of tht inspector's salary, at the option of the Importer. The ftorage and labor will thus be fnrntahed by the owners i>t itoree, sod not by tba government; and the business will thus be oondueted in time with greater economy, and the choice ot atorea left chiefly to the importers The government will nave ell tbe security for the atorea and for the custody of the goods that la required In case of public stores,as well aa full Indemnity for all charges, without any risk or expense tor labor, or for the building or renting of atorea, witn a preference of the fubile store, where adapted to the storage of artiolea sought to be warehoused. Private enterprise will be invited into rivalry for furnishing waiehcuMs; and now that the system hes reoeived propel impulse from the government. Individual earn petition will In time furnish the best, and oheapest, and safrat stores, as well as the most eoonomloal storage and labor for nearlv all (roods airnant snnh as mo unclaimed Such private enterprise will In time came Urge and eapaoioua ineombuitible atorea to be created in onr porta, giving employment to onr mecbanlca and labor, augmenting our oemmerce and ravenue, and increasing the vaiue of property in our warehouring oitlea. The inoombuatiblv or iron atorea will giadnally take the place of atruotorva that are not flre-proel, for the atorage of imports, and be eventually extenced to atorea holding domeetie goods, and thua teimmate thorn disastrous conflagrations that have ruinsd so many thousands. As tally aa the 20ih of July, 1847, my attention waa directed to the important autyeot ef iron warahouses; and among the inqutriee whloh the oommlaatonera who visited the continent of Europe and Great Britain, onder my appclmment in that year, were directed to nake. waa the tobowlng:? " Yon will inquire, particularly, bow far, and to what extent. Iron ba? been introduced, either for roofa, rafteia, jolata, or otherwise, aa well aa the material for flooring; the expense of mob bulldtnga; the Insurance, if any.caaucb warehouoea.and tbegoodaatored therein." In replying to thia inquiry, the commissioners stated as lollowa:? ' In the dock warehouses originally constructed, iron *a* not used as a material for building, being only use 1 in some cares for braces to strengthen; but in tboee more lately built, it has entered to some extent Into the construction, for rafters, joists and flooring; for pillars it baa been more generally oeod; the St. Katharine * dook. in London, and tbe Albert dock, at Liverpool. using iron pillars, fil.'ed in with brick, aa tbe support, in moat cases, to the second floor. The London Lock company bnve also nied It to n considerable extent tor pillars in the last vaults oonstruoted. The tbede on tbe dcok piers at London are generally supposed by iron columns, as previously mentioned; and tbe intention hereafter la to increase its uee, experience having demonstrated, from tbe nee made of it in constructing the large railway stations, that it is the lightest tnd beet material for large rbeda and roofs. The fleering in tbe warehouses is usually made with rsferenoe to the cbaraeter of the goods to bs stored; where a smooth surface is vsry requisite for the preservation of tbe articles, iron has been somewhat used, in the Albeit desks, before mentioned as combining the most modern Improvements, tile has been used, laid on eoacrete mode perfectly smooth, for sugar and molasses; such a floor, er one of stone slabs, being considered the best, tbe dralnsge requiring it to he frequently scraped and elrsned "1 be buildings are kept insured by the proprietors, the rate beirg from one-sixth to two-slxtha sterling per cent. The merchandise is generally insured." They staieelso? " Tie w?n houses In the East and West India, and T as<ste.? an Uniifln afa sinnsirtirfnil in h mih. stsntlalatd Ore-proof manner?the roofs of date or j tile and the doors and windows of Iron. The lower flat ri are generally of stane, on arcbea lustained by P Iter* ot stone ot iren; the upper floors are of wood, sustain* d by wooden pillars. The stares In these docks ate of different dates of eonstrnetlan. the more mi cm nines embracing the most appro red modes et building at the time. 1 In the St Katharine's doek, the stores having been more recently bnlit. are generally of a ketcar description? the loeer stories being on arches, supported by iron pillars, and tbe floors ot the second story of Iron pistes. Ui (Urneath all, are tbe oellars fa.* the storage t 1 quota, with arched roofs, supported by iron or stone eoiuuina. These cellars are of immense extsnt, and in the London doek alone comprising twenty-two acres. Tbe floors are fitted with iron .abide for the storage of tbe casks, and their easy movement from one pert to another. -On the piers in these docks are also oonstructed sheda for ths protsetlon ef merchandise while diai bailing end loading, and for custom house examination these shads are supported generally by Iron columns, aud In same instances have Iron roofk, and railway s laid through them, for tbe more eonvenleat removal ot merchandise by bend trucks. ? tbe otter bonded warehouses are private stores of flie proof construction, within which no oflloos or er noting rtoms ate allowed, built to comply with the circular of the eommlssloners of customs. ' The stores in tbe Albert Dock. Liverpool, (the only dock having warehouses at that port.) tbo undersigned think Ibe most perfect In eraiy respect which they visited being built entirely of stone and Iron, no wood *batever entering into their construction " It thus sppests that tbe best and most apptoved war- boersstn Great Biltain am now " built entirely of itcne and Iron, no wood whatever entering into their construction " That similar Iron stores will be built In our warehousing ports nnder the present instructions. giving tbera this preference, would seem to be ceitain, and when they are constructed in ooe port, 11 ey mutt be built In others, or It would lead to a greater concentration of tbe warehousing business in ihose perls that adopted the iocombustib e Iron stores \V|*u tbe business of the storage ot foreign Imports Is tl r< w n pen to private enterprise, and safe aud ooinn>< di? ns stores er? cted by individuals, they will seek to till them with goods, especially for re exportation, and thus immensely I release the warehousing business, and tenth r out poi ts at a much earlier period the entrepots lor untverisl commerce I be question Is ?na of great magnitude, In what country stall be chiefly stored the exchangeable produote and fabrics of the world, during the pjr.od Inter W VO NING EDITION?FRID/ ning bctwtoa their growth, production, ormaaufartiu*. and itnr us? or eonaumpMon? What eouotry ball tramact tbie vast bualqaca? Who ihall enjoy th'* carrylig trade? Wbo?? mechanics and laborer* ball furnirb Iba stores, and dock*. aod basins.' Wboaa merchants ?ball receive the a'oraga? Whora underwrite* tbe insurance, end who shall realise tha eoinniUaien* and profit* on tba aala and rashlpaeat? Tbare are questions of momentoua Inlaraat ta oaro'inniaiaa and navigation, and to tba progress of our wraith and industry I think It may ba demonstrated that, dirautly and iadireotly, Great Britain la now realising from tbla ?ouroa an annual 1 oeou?a to bar paopla ol mora than alghiy niilliona of dollara By tba return* of our commlasiooera bafora referred to, It appear* tbat the ve'uu of bonded gorda ia tba warabooa a of Great Britain, in August, 1847. waa $387,200,000. Tba quantity warabouaad tbrongbout tba yaar la not. , i given; but If It bears iba aatua proportion aa In our i country, to tba gorda remaining In warahouaa at tba no of tba yaar. it would ba uiunb greater Assuming It. however, to be nnlj MOO 000 000, we may form ?u approximate eettmste to tbU income from ihe followiiig data : let The freight upon the Importation of the goods. 'Id. The freight upon luch as are re. exported 3d. The storage 4th. The Insurance whilst on depr site, as well as when imported or exported. 6th. The labor attending the latding. reoeirlng, andreehip* ment. in* ludtng the wharf.igs dravege. oar age rrtmsge. hoisting, stowirg, piling, packing, and repacking, ho fllh The profit upon the sale of the goods , or, 7tb. Toe commissioLO when sold and reshipped on foreign aeoount. 8tb. The wages and compensation j aio to oierks. storekeepers, ho tHh The yearly spprecaution et pr<periy aiisiig from the exteasiou of busiarss and (be erection ot doeita and warehouses, lbth. 1 be augmented market for domestio produots snd manufactures, purchased to oomplete assortments and fieigbted ebioadat cbeaper rates, thus augmenting domestic exports, as well as the proiit upuu them. 11th. The use of the ctpitsl, credit, and specie, snd the commaad ot the exobsnges of the wor.d l'Jth. '1'he augmented heme market tor domestic products snd fabrics, arising from tbe increase of capital, bustnets and population giowing out of tbe warehousing system There are roue of these items, known to be great, not eutci ptltie of auy aocurate approximate estimate; taking however those only where the data are established, it nay be safely assumed that the gross Income yielded on such items to the country from warebowed gocos is not less than twsnty per cent eu the itlie (I such goods stored for sale and distribution it must be remembered that this is an income realised on tbe product* and fabrics of other oountrie*. grow, log out ot beicg their factors, and transacting their business under the wnrebouring system. Amoog the most beneficial effects of tbe system, as demonstrated in its result* by praotlcal experience in Great Britain, is the largely augnun'ed lorelgn market lor domestic products and fabrics, to oompiete an assortment or a cargo, eo as to give full freight* to vessels. Our ports are the natural and proper depots ef Ituropaan goods reeking tbe msikets of Canada the Wert Indies, Msxiso, and of Central and Southern America. They are also the natural depots of all there latter countries when seeklig tbe Kuropean or other foreign market Our portr on the i'aoific. In connexion with there on the Atlantio and tbe Gulf, are also the natuial depots for rale and distribution to all the rest of r the world, ot the products and fabrlos of Asia; and 1 nothing can rvoure to us this torn me roe but a well- j organized warehouse ryrtem, furnishing eoual facilities for storage and entrepot with similar tys'tome la any other country. To the perfect luooeat of this system, the principle of free etc rage and free competition for 11 but unclaimed goods will beooms Indispensable. It would be difficult to ascertain the extent to whtoh tcieels and purchasers would be brought to our porta under a peifect warebodsing system, to be supplied with return cargoes, in part composed of our own products and febrio*. It Is clear, bowerer, tbat tbe effect must be very great, and when our warehousing system sball go tuto complete operation, 1 do not doubt but that stores filled with domestic products and fabrics will bs found side by side with our bonded warehouses, and purchasers will resort to both to fill their vessels or to ocmplete their assortments. Whilst tbs bonded warehouses will be filled with foreign goods, enrown hsaadstuffs and provisions, our flour and grain, our corn and cotton, our rioa and tobacco, our hemp and wool, our ootton and woollen fabric* (and, In tin*, also our iron and sugar,) and the aat vanei y of manuftotorcB wbiobour skill and industry produce, will b* found in our domestlo stores near or adjacent to our bonded warebooaoa, assembling purchasers to find a market for them in every portion of tbe wcrld Nay, it ia quite oertainl tbat the barter of tbe foieign for the domestlo products and fabrioe in adjacent etorea, will often take place dally, ao it now doea to ao vast an extent In Ureat Britain, increasing not only our internal but onr exUraol ii aaam, augmenting our toll* or freights on our lakes and rivers, our railroads and canals, and swelling our exports (Including our own manntaetnrea) to an extent corresponding with our foreign Imports. The foreign and domeatle gcoda warehoused in adjacent etorea will, as it wsre, Invite tbe exchange, and our merchants thus become the faotors of universal commeroe Whilst the warehousing system in Ureat Britain la | reatly cherished by their merchants, it Is regarded with still deeper Interest by their manufacturers being as popular In Manobeater with its bonded stores, as In London or Liverpool; bringing, as it does, oapltal to British ports, and purcbaeera and gooda from avery quartar of tbs glob# to axebaoge far Brltleh fabrios; and onr American manufacturers can never compete successfully tor tbe foreign market, until a similar wart bousing system is introduced and perfeotsd in our potts. Mueb as our msrsantile and navigating Interests will be advaneed by such a system, the Amerieaa producer and manufacturer, in augmented markets at horn* and abroad, will derive still greater advantages. 1 hers is a perfect union of interest betwrsn our ei- P ports and imports?between our trade,.external and * internal. Commerce ia a unit; it is the* axobange of products and fabrioe, whether foreign or domestic, P rebetber transported Inland or coastwise, open tbe it lakes or tbe ocean, upon tha railroad or canal; and whatever system assemble* in any port for vxebange, t the prcducte and fabrics of human industry, augments 11 tbe wealth, and buslnesa, and capital of the country '? fnnilifntiti* tnsk Antnmnrsa nn/l Alia fKa kanil lakes with greater and Bore abundant reward. In truth, * commerce la the great handmaid of labor, the faotor or <1 Ita products, finding for them the markets of the h wcrld ii Among the most Important amendments required'in the existing law, are tne following 1st. Wnere the P goods are ceposited in a publio store, under the ex- I elusive custody of the government, no bond for du- l< ties ihouid be required. To exaot security for the P payment of duties on the goods, when the goods them- Is selves are In the sole custody of the govervment, would T seem to be superfluous. 2d. When the goods are de- U posited in private stores, to permit the proprietor ?>f 1 the rtore te rot r the amount or duties on all goods In l> his store under his own bond, with adequate securities. P instead of exaotlng a bond from ovary Importer. 3d! k To cancel all btnds for duties when the goods are de- ? stroyed-by fire. This Is the case in Great Britain, and 8 much Increases her entrepot trade; It being a great inducement to prefer her porta for warehousing, f aa It le known she exacts no duties when tne j goods are consumed by fire before they are | taken out of the warehouse. Here, Congress generally f refunds the duties in each case*, so that our govei n- r meat, in foot, gains nothing by the exaction; MLll i the meantime, foreign goodsi are driven to other autre-' j pots by the fact, that under our law, aa it now stands, t the duties are payable Under the present law, tne i goods are insured at a value ineluding the duty, thus \ increasing expenses here, as oompiired with foreign t warehouses; and where the duties are refunded after a t fire, it is generally only for tne benefit of the under- t wiIters wto have Insured the goede 4th To ih* tint a l?r wirphnnitinir I f not inddflniUI* at lunar. & to a polled uet less then fire pear*. In lireat Britain the term la three pears. but at the aame time, discretion la given to the commissioners of customs to extend toe period two peare more; thus praotieallp enlarging the time on gooda not perlehable te floe pears. The term of one pear is too limited, especially with a view to exportation. Debenture goods map now be exported within three pears.and no reason can be given whp warehoused goods should nit hate at Itaat the same time, II not an , indefinite period. The faot that goods oan onlp be ' warehoused here one pear, when in Kogland thap map ; remain fire peaia in warehouse, gives to that ! oountip an immenre advantage over ear own ' ss an entrepot tor warehoused goods ; and we will I contend with her to great disadvantage for | the commerce of the world, until we extend the warehousing privilege to a similar period of pears. Whp should debenture goods, remalmgg iu the mershunt's own exclusive possession, be permitted to be < exported within three pears, when warehoused goods I remaining in our own custody must be foiced out of i the country in one pear 1 Whp should wedeapto our ; own countrp the papmsnt of insuranoe and storage, of : labor, an'd other i harircs upon the goods, beyond the period of a pear T Wbp limit the period for exportation or cobsumption, the good* remaining with us at the expense of the foreign importer T The Its* of interest, the papment of Insuranoe, storege, and other obarges, constitute a sufficient ind uotment to the Importer to sell or re-export, at any pined, without limiting the time. Beside*, there ate manp articles that are grvatlp improved bp remaining Ibfttote for a series of pears. [Among these 1 map mention wintsand liquors, whioh are generally so greatly Implored bp age. We can never become n great entispot for wines and liquors whilst this limitation exists, but will be compelled to send fortbe best of these articles, ss we now do. to the foreign, ond especially to the London deck cellars and stores, where auun articles are sent bp the producer to at\utre the reputation and tddltiOLBl price derived from tbelr deposit* there Mote then lOkurieoi bonded vaults and cellars in (treat Britain are filled with tb>te wines and Iquors, of every quality and tgr; ard we earn never compete for the storage of there articles, unless we grout her* equal facilities loi sale at (1 storege Thrre Is another re*eun why the lime should be enlarged arising out of the extension ot our ports and territories since t bo paaiag* of the warehousing art l.'nder the law. gooda ran be warehoused ard tranifcrred from port to port in oar own countrp. Note, from our A'ibdiIc to our Paaiflo ports, going or reiuinlig a'ound Cspe Horn nearly one-half of the lime map be OOcnpird In the voyage ; pet this, l>p the law, ecnrMtuWs part ol tna pear per n Itled for warehou-lng. and Is eatire,j too short

lor lbs great purposes of auch a commerce Why ihculd we destroy < or own coaelwuo trade bp a limit* lion so pernicious ' In extending the psrlod for depna'.ta of foreign 1 I would renew my recommendation fci the re peal vf the dt brntuto system. The merchant map RE E LY, FEBRUARY 23, II new export debenture good* within three year*, ha ring ibe duties refunded without lotereet, the government withholding two and a half per eent For thin pririiege. then, he loses three year* interest, b*in^ eighteen per eent, and two and a half per eent on the dutie*?in all. twenty and one half per cent; now, if be t? permitted to retain the good* in publio or private bonded warehouses, without the payment of any portion ot tbis *um, or any adranoe for dutie*, and export the good* within three year* from auoh warehone**, why tbould he want the debenture pririlege ' Tbe ttuih I*. if the time were tbu* prolonged when tb* good* remained unchanged, tbero eould be no motive (but in tome extoeordlnery cases) to resort to the debenture pririlege. exoept to defrand the revenue by a pretended exportation of tbe goo is, when In fart, baring been in tbe importer's exclusive possession: they are too often smuggled into the con UD ptirn of the exuatry, and tbe duties refunded, as if they were exported. I have, heretofore, reeomtneodedtte iep?al of the debenture system, an 1 tbe substitution of a right, for nt least the same period of lime, ti exporting abroad tbe go'da from tbe public or private warrnourre, viiooni oinog ptn any uuues. J Ma is a mucb greater privilege than the debenture, ind.not accompanied with ite fraada Thia department baa berelofi re repreaanled the fraudulent eharaoter of Lhe debt mure ryatem. which baa led to its abandonment In other oountrtsi. The system furnlnhea great 'ecillOes and temytafloDa to frauda upon the revenue. Lut ua take an example to illustrate how eaaily theae 'raoda may be perpetrated. Under the exleting debeoure privilege, an importer tntroduoea a quantity ef fo lyn ootton goods; be paya the duty, and taker the [code Into hla exclusive posses-ion At the end of a >?rlod net vxeet ding three yeara, he protei eea to ex crt tbtre aame eotun goods, and after theae gooda are lamii i d by the appraiaera, and supposed to be the inn, be xecoten hia export bond.abipa hla gAida. and eeeivea hla debenture certificate, upon willed ho drawa he money at onm ; but pernapa the eppralaer who xamlned tbe cotton gooda three yeera o?tore i* an ent, dead removed or reilgued ; or, in the lapie of line, from tbe multiplicity of hla duties, h? u.ay have igoittn the preche character rf the good* or an iticle of eotton gooda of ao preeine a similitude may tr that very purpose have been maoutaotuiei hero, aa 0 defy deteoiien, and the d?meeuo goods are exported nrteed of the foreign; and tbieia but one out of many uodaa In wbiob frauds may be perpetrated under the libeniure ryatem. in truth, the whole system 1* an 'pen Invitation to frauda upon the revenue, and in omecaaea ihia baa been eo palpable that the drawlack exceeds the duty. Herewith la oommanloated 1 letter on this subject, (a oopy of whloh is >?reto annexed, marked U.) from two experienced suatom house tfttoera of New Orleana and New fork, being the result of inquiries directed by me. exhibiting tbe frauds under thia system. 1 cannot too itrongly urge tbe eonsideratlon of this subject by Contress, nor too earnestly repeat my undouoted eotivio.ion that the revenue la defrauded maoy hundred housand dollars every year by thia system Not only a lhe revanue thus defrauded tf large sums, bat this honest m< ret ant. who has fairly paid hi* duties, is leeply injured by being brought into competition with [red* tbe duties on which have beeu rounded, wbtiac he domestic manufacturer and producer are ulso comlelled to oompete with foreign goods subjeot to duty, >ut on which tbe duty has been refunded under the K act leal r perat ion of this law. Connected with tbe tubjeot af wareboualng, ie the lonsirucuon 01 uocxa laa oastus tor the aoeommods ion of vessels, the erection of warehouses and the leonomlcal (torago of goods In anotent, a* well as In nodtrn timer, these improvements. to a greater or lers latent Dark the giowth of eommeroial oitlea. On .he Continent of Knr-pe, they exist to a oonilderabie extent;, but in Great Britain they have teen constructed in greater numbera and to a (roster extent than in any other part of the world In Boaton, in connexion with their wharves. they have long existed, and are oonetaatly extending baring greatly contributed to the iLoreaee of the roteign and domeatio commerce of that great eity, fur D'rbtog another ptoof of the aagacltj and foresight of that people. In the harbor of New York the; are jnat (Oing into operation, and muat fnrniah great faolltilea lor the extension of the commerce of tbet olty They ire admirably caicnlated for theexUnsionofth* ware bousing eyetem especially for heavy goods, and for srtlclea introduced for re exportation. On that impcrtant tubjeor, I attaeh to this report docuuienta narked C and I) ; the first bring a report of the committee on wharves, of the city of New York ; and the second, a pamphlet of the proceedings of Bititens and companies in regard to the great Atlantic Dock haein. To a considerable exteat such looks and warehouses have been used in Boston ind New Yerk for the more eoonomioal storage of juviii, ?uu ib ii uouiTiu in uiiuiiDtt ui Krui ana somplete t ucceee. It te abvtoae that heavy goods ean be landed end stored more economically wn.iu the reriel ean lie alongside ot the warehouse in such docks Dr basins, nnd load or unload from it without drayage ar cartage When the warehousing law was passed, In 1840, the >yettm was entirely new in this country, and the department was required to put it at onoe Into operation, rblr was done atter a conference with the collectors in ibe principal ports, and the action of the department lommunlcated to Congress Whilst it Is bettered that ill then done In pnttmg so promptly into operation so tew and great a system will redound to the ultimate idTsneement of the best interests of toe country ; yet, n ibe period of two years which has intervened since bat date, the department amidst ila other pressing Bgagemente, has devoted much attention to this new nd important subject, collecting from the oontinent f Europe and Great Britain all the Information that buid be obtained la ragard to the practloal .psration of be ay stem in those oountriea. On the continent be plan adopted Is that of pabllo governroeut stores. n Greet Britain an appeal is made to private enterilaw, capital sod competition aod t.hslr bonded wareouses err cbl? flj private stores, with a tew large govruno ut wan Louses tor certain purposes. The British leu l as been tar the most saeoesrful. and commenda *?t/, in my judgment, as well from the success of the pstem itseii, s- fiem a thorough investigation of the rinotp es on which it is founded I have, therefore, bv be m w regulations, so far as was consistent with the itv, lmruobctd it Into this country under lbs powers ested in this department by the 6th section of the areLois ngact The important Information derived rem the continent of huiope and Great Britain, la eruwith appended to this report, in documents .a. bed K, G, H. I. K, L, M, N, O. P, Q. 'I be regulations now ieened, introduce the system of rivate competition, so far as permitted by the public uteust. and by the law as it now stands By the ex-tlip law. unclaimed goods must be warehoused tn ublie stores. The value of these 1* very great In iew 1 ork alone, by the returns of the collector, the aiue ol ithe foreign uaelauned goods warehoused in bat port from the fith August. 18-IU, to 8<)'h September, M8. was $14,017 hot); and ihe regularly warehoused, u the tame peiiod, $^(>,64tl 260; making a total In tuat ort ?ff<J6 183 908. These uu ilaitned goods, under the ot of tte 8d March. 1841, must be kept Id th? public teres, ihere being uo importer who claims aud makes warehouse ?atry of ib? m By the returns of tba collectors, (see doe. E.) the Dieign goons regularly warehoused from tue fith lugust, 1840, to Hepiember 80th. 1848 was $48 931 308 n addition to this, there was a vast amount of oreign imports deposited In our warehouses as unmanned gocds, amounting as we have seen, in New i cik alone, to the rum of (14,017 668. If in the other 01 to the unclaimed goode bore the rame proportion y bote regularly wareboured in New Vork. It would jrlog the total amount or foreign goods d'poii ted in our rarehoures from the Btb rtu*uet. 1848, to 3uth S -p tmber. 1848, up to (16 6'i7 038. Notwithstanding, ben. that ibe *>eteu was entirely new la tbUeoaatry t i? hoped that there feclr, and the reel amount tbue rait touted in the Infancy of the eyeleto. und r the ottructlonr and aete or tula department. will satisfy >i>gr?rs that every t fTort was made to oarry the law ull> Into rflt ot and tbat these efforts were attended rkLhtuccets, Doiwiibiiatdmu toat tbe department rar compelled to enter on a field of eiperiment entirey unexplored In this country It would be strange, mder auch ol'OUD?tanor* it the department baa aren ,othing to improve or amend. at the lerult of more ban two years of experience of tbe practical prration of the system la thle country, and at lio rf tbe Infrimatlon collected with eo much ate from the continent of Kurope and Oreat lutein Thle experience and Information have Libit d tbe depailment to le believed, (r? >at and in portent improvvmeute under tbe new In iruptlons tow issued and especially In authorising, I li tar w permitted by the law and tba aecarity of tha >ubl!?jrM?tiue, ttih system of private enterprise and :on>petttlon In tha business of storage. ao a* to rtduoe, ,o tfce uimcit practicable ei'ent. ail tba cbargea and -xpepset mcldentto ibo system These regalailoas. It a believed, will land to a considerable augmentation la iba warehousing buslneas ; but In ordar to give to our ito poita all tba advantages enjoyed In (Iraat Britain, mdto enable us to enter into auooaaaful competition il h otbar eountrlea tor tha aoiamaraa of tba world. LI a amendments In tha law Itaelf, especially u regard* ibe attention of tba time lor warehousing. which oan :>nly ba made by Conpres*. ate Indispensable. With Ibme amendments, advancing In a liberal commercial pt licy with tba prcgretaof tba aga and tha light* of ?xperlenca, it la believed that out own country will paaa 1 tap id)} onward to tba command of untv>r?al commerce WItb.endnrlDg peace with ettaadad area, Industry, and population- wit h an enlarging trade. Internal and rtternai. aLd Inersasing facilltla* of navigation and transportation on the lakra and riaara. tha ocean and r.he land- with a cart er marked by a spirit of equity and ustioe. our future advance mutt be mora rapid even Iban the paat. Nor should wa regard only the ad van lapes to curaelte* from our natltcai Union aa a moral it.d political necessity whtrh no human power oan >a?sr or dsatroy, but consider also Its effect* aa a I'gnt anil < run pie to all nation*, and aa ultimately destined lo ektsnd it* beneflis and bussing* to every country nd pet pie or the globe. To accomplish these great nhjsr.ta en ev?r extending internal aodlntarnational t tttreice and Infocoun* are indispensable; and even if interrupted for a brief period would be aura to nitb tba triumph ot truth, In augmented furoe red powsr bloat respectfully yonr obedient servant. It J WALKKR Secretary of the Treasury. HOB IlliRKST C WlbTMSnr, Speaker ot the llouaa of Representatives. Sporting Intelligence. A trotting match came i ff at Auoui n, on tba lee. HaIntdty, the 17tb. between Hiram and brown aeldiog I aillornla, tor ftWiP a side?mile heat* - three in flee It w sa won by lllisrn easily, In two h*a*.i hirst ml-, 2ru COW.i ircond ruiie, Urn [ERA 849. | Court o( Oyer and Terminer. Btfure Judge Edm?nd*, Aldermea Stevens and Dodge. TRIai. I'OR MI KDEK Feb. 32.?Tbl? tn-1x>|i the day appointed for the trltl of John S Aurtin. tnoto'ed for the murder of Timothy Sbea. la Leonard street la ibe montlt of September laet, the court room wa? crowded fr-m en early bour In the morning Alter tbe Judge and the two Alderman bal taken their arata, and the orter made proclamation, Judge Edoionda asked tbe Diftrlot Attorney If he was ready to proee* d Tbe latter rep'led hie annotate bad not arrived from Albany; upon wbloh , the oourt rejoined, they oould not help It- tbe trial must proceed. Jebn 8. Aueiln was then placed at tbe bar. It having been intimated tbet conMderab'e diffljulty and delay would be bad in empannelilog a jury, tbe oourt appoint* Mr. Cochrane, a lawyer, one of tbe trier*; upon whiob tbe prUoner'* counsel roee and objected Kranklln 8. Keany and Patten. Esqe.. two lawyer*, were then appointed trier* The Clerk then prooeeded to oall over the namea of tbe juror* Jame* N. Brown wa? the !iret railed, and was sworn without any diffloulty; John bcbmuet* wae nest aworn; cbarie* M Chattel ton was challenged peremptorily by the prisoner'* coumel, John Small was nest set aside, he having lormcdan opinion from reading the aoeount In the lewspapers; Philip Raulbause we* challenged peremp. torlly by tbe prieoner'e counsel. Eliaba keeby wa* et *tlde. on the ground of having oonaeientiou* tcruplea to capital punishment Morgan O'Brien let aside by the eosrt. Edmund Kerne was challenged peremptorily. Samuel Lalrde was abailenged peremptorily by prisoner's oounael George U . Calmer was aworn; George W Ureen was sworn, Geo. W. Glalte waa set aside, having formed an oniul,>n. from raiding in account In the newapaper; Andrew 0 Algram ?? peremptorily obillengMd by to* prtnonr'e oonntel; Gabriel M Baldwin ex iet a?ide, hieing for? ?d in < pinion on the one; ltennseelaer Goll-unith ??? ??on; Wm Steel Jr . Win e? t aside, having lormrd 1 prevli u? opinion on the o?m; Jobn L Ouyre wm pworn; Tboe. K Kvnn/waa set iside, hiving formed i previous opinion; Christian Browne was challenged peremptorily ; Giles Uurhneli. set a-id?, having formed i an opinion previously; Jacob W Goodwin, eworn. , AdUon Agaue, challenged peremptorily; Joseph Orr, ret itide, nivlcg forintd a pievioua opioion; Uriel L. Smith, ret a?ide, hieing loroied in opinion; Andrew R. Littlelind, aet aside. hiving conscientious icruplaa to dviih punishment; Oliver jVVllleu, oballenged peremptorily; ilugbea Gureo. ret l-ode, not hiving aufUvient knowledge ot the liDguege to underetind tbe tertimony; ( hir. J. Riohirus, obitlenged peremptorily; Ktlix Modicum, excused; George V. Peterson, ; aworn; Jamea McCleve, peremptorily oballtnged; Jioob Bruek. chillenged peremptorily; Pitriok Browne, cfca, leoged peremptorily; Wm Croiius, aet iride tor eonrelentious scruples to capital punishment, John W. Strorg was inisdesonbed in the pmel, ind aet lelda; Emanuel M.Swata, eet irtde, hiving i bias; William Smith, aet aatde for biaa; Jeaee Lady, (worn; Kdiaond Cureey, act artde, having ooneoientieaa rcruplea againrt death punishment; Edward G Mono, misdeed ibtd on the panel, and ret iride; Marka Soheloh, challenged peremptorily; Alfred Ivera, ret atlde, having read a report in tbe newspapers; Henry Alberta, worn; Wm. tiakrr, ohalleuged peremptorily; John 0. Kenaey, eworn; Cnrilogton Wilson, challenged peremptorily; Edward Kauikner, challenged peremptorily; Miobael Joly, challenged peremptorily; lnaao LI wKnlUe><rn/l nowamnt nrilv ('nnin an old gentleman from the Seventeenth ward, was then called. The Judge asked htm how old he was? lie aoawered that bin wife aatd he wua ?3, and a good man jet Judge-Sir, 1 have no doubt but you are ; but we will relieve you, lor ibe present; Mr. Camp bowed and went away. William C Chilatopber, put aelde; Bernard MoPhelan, challenged peremptorily ; Theodore Taylor, iworn. Mr. Taylor made the twelfth juror. The following persons compote the jury to try the issue between the people of the State ot New York and the prisoner at the bar.?James N. Browne, foreman, John Schmueu, George W. I'almer, George W. Green, Hensselaer Goldsmith, John L. Guyre, Jacob W. Goodwin, George K. Peterson, Jesse Cady, Henry Alberts, John I). Keusey, and Theodore Taylor. Here the Court took a reoess lor an hour After the recess, the assoolate District Attorney briefly detailed the faursof the ease: John Shka was the first witness examined for the proeccutlon ?Is brother of the deceased, Timothy Shea; was in Leonard street on the 28'h September last, the night ot the sfTray; was living with my father st the Urn*; the family consisted of father, mother, Patrick. John, Timothy, Bryaa, and myself, tbs hou->e contained lore* room*, sua is on the left side of Leonard siieat. towards Hudson street; the hones is No. 66; it Is next door to Victoria House ; tbrra are tbras steps In tbe eniranee from the sldvwalk to the basement; on the night In question, there was a light in tbo bar, a barrel of cbarcoel, a few cnairs and a table, aud a brown pitcher en tbe counter; on ttoat night titer* was Peter Itobinson a sailor, who came In with witness, my brothers, Timothy and Patrick, In tbe bar room, and mj father was In tbe back teem, in bed ; Teter itobinson, as soon as be came In, began to slug | deceased sat down by tbe side of the sailor, listoolug to ths song, wasn tbe prisoners, Austin end Nesbitt. cam* In; (O re the witntss Identified the prisoners); ths deceased snid to Austin, "won't you take a obair?" Austin said no. a charcoal basket It good enough for ids to sit on;" deoeaeed asked him two or tbrre times to take a obalr, and to sit down and listen to the song; be answered no; Nesbitt then began to kick bis hetls against the door; motbet told bim to stop; he sat J be would not; my brother Patrick went behind tbe bar and told bim if be did not stop he would make him stop; my bretber had a tumbler in his hand, and Austin asked him was it a dagger be bad to stick him; Patrick said to him, ' If you don't go out, I'll let you know what It it;" Nesbitt then picked up a cbalr, Hung it at my brother Patrick, and br> ke a decanter, and my brother Patrlek came out, fired n tumbler and a piteher at him; he then came out and hit Austin, afcer winch they were both put out; when Nesbitt first came in, before any blow was struck, be said to Austin, ' how are you, qountryman?" at tills ttine the flgbt began between hsiin, Patrick, and Nesbitt; the sailor and the de ceased remained sitting- down all the time: 1'atrick then put them out; Timothy stood up nd took a chair lu his baud, and was I going to the door to abut it, when tue ibot was tired which muck him in the breast, and be eried out, lather, 1 am (hot; two shots were tired; no peraon attempted to come !n after the abola wera tired; Austin had on a white hat, red handkerchief, red stud in hm bieant. and a go d chain; his coat, I think had a<me aort of stripes over the arme ; it was about half paat 8 or 9 o'clock when the affray happened ; there were tome oyater sbelia tbrewn against the windows; my brother, tba deceased, and I got up to abut the door, when 1 (aw the Oral Baah couie in; I atood then behind the wall ; aa my brother van falling, I caught him. and he aeeiued aa if the blood waa cboating biiu; ie tried to apeak to tattler, but he could Dot; be died lu three to flee minuter after be was shot. Ct ett-ezemtxed.?I* lU years old ; works for a living I in a manutactoty at Undgeport, Connecticut; has been in that State for about bee years ; is connected with the manufactory ; wae connected with it at the time of my brother a death ; waa in thie city for two mcnths at that time in the hospital; thinks be went bsck to Connecticut about tour weeks alter the occurtence ; ts lu the city now about five weeks ; came for the trial ; came here from the Tomb-; the onarge against me la piektug a man's pocket of $10 ; 1 am in prison since Monday afternoon ; never wae inside the walls tf a pnson beiore ; the sailor and I had been in esmpeny together previous to going into my father's the night my brother wae shot; waa not drinking that nigbl ; it wae about half-paat seven wheo we weut In; , the tailor wae a little intoxicated ; Austin came in ; about half past 8 or U o'clock; my brother Timothy wae reading a sung book; Patrick wat> sitting down, aud ten sailor was singing; ibere wae no female in the room at the lime eieept iny mother and my little sister, who | Is about four years old, [ model uf Shea's house la ex- | hlbiti d to wl< nees;J be admits It to be a correct repre- | testation of ibe premises, bet says there wae no curtain to the window, as represented by the model; bis lather and molher. and bis lima siatnr. and vouoeeat brot her sirpt to one of tbe rooms. lui witness and alt tbiee blotter* slept In tbe other roam; my father waa in btd whe.n Austin came in; my mother, aa well aa I can think. waa in tba room when Austin came in ; Neeb'tt od? in about two or ibrea nnnnice after bin, I think, belt re be came la. Austin wee ('bettering and talking. and wanted not to let tbe Bailor elog the song: I cannot eay what It wee be eaa singing; he continued to ilt on tbe cbaroi ai barrel until .Nrabut came In and began to kick the door with bia beele: I did not eee Aetna bare bold ot Tiraotby that night; ha had bald ot nobrdy but Patrick that night in tba baaament, when Pai tick and be bad a collie, and Patrick put htm out; it wae after be waa bit with tba decanter be was put t ut; I did aot its any wouuda upon Austin's fact or bead before be eaa put out; cannot eay whether Patrick went to Auatin or Auatin to blm, bat I |aow they bad a icoflle In tba middle of the ltoor; when Anatin eau bit with tbe deoanter, he eaa trying to keep tba door open; It eaf after Neabitt bad (lung tba chair at my brother, and that my bad dung tbe tumble! at bun, Hat Auatin waa ttruek; only aaw one blow ot tee tumbler giren to; t ie blow waa given on tba bead, cannot aay what part; tbinka ha had bia bat on when tba b>0? was given; saw no blood on bis; raw no kaile With any of my brothers that night; Patrick waa ttoonly one that encountered Ahstin and Nwbut that night; tbe cnalr thrown at my brotterby Nerbltt eat at tbe left rde of the door, It eaa light before him, he had only to take a hold of it; It wan tbe brat thing Hung in toe room tbat nlgbt; f'airlrk Is not now In court; be Is out in Illinois, ha went away shortly sfter the affray; he laft for Illinois slur I went to Connecticut; when Neabitt eame Into ibe asked Austin bow be was; Na.Dilt ouapi'tattd Immediately after uiy brother llang the tumbler, and as be came from behind tbe bar and fit tig the pitcher; the 6ib aard station bouce Is In tbe fame street; my brother Patrick Is about 6 feet 8 Ibrhef.sLd stouter than I am; wis 21 years of age; my blither Timothy was about tbe same height, but rot refloat; when tbe brst rhot war tired my father war ci Bung tonaids the eouuter; tbe door was wide r-ps n when tbu |!>tol ?as uncharged; Patrick waa goii. ft H.wards my lather at the time the rhot was tlre.i; cao loi tay where my mllirr wa?; Timothy and i were going losards :be; I was at bia irft side and a little ahead ( I him, wLen th-. ball t ntered and strunk him; I d< n't know where hnbmson. tba sailor, la now; I bave nvt ft en Mm since I wo wee ka atter theoomr If Lee; I I eve not fe en lha cii Ihes tbat Austin wore li at u'pht fines, I doiit't too* who brcugbt the light to my mother 1 bat nlgbt; ehoever it was tbey banded H to her. fbe be.d it mer my biotber and looked at hlui; te died soon after; e't?r th- door flung o^in my brother liniihy got up to shut it. and the H?*h of the piftoi was seen and my brother te ; I d d not see here I antra neat alter Austin was put out, nor until Li D. TWO CENTS. I tbo light wae brought io; we all staid la thebaeemeatPatrick shot the door end |i we* then Hang open; my 1 father raid he ran towarda hlr; I waa arreeted on Monday lart j L)irti t rxamtnation resumed ? Saw the wound after my brother'* death; the Coroner took down all I bad to ray toat nfgbt; the hat and c at now prolueed are like thoee which Austin wore that night. Ctuib txnminalton returned ? My brother waa aot a drloklrg |B>en; he never took mora than a glasa of wine or ao, I war a' home bat ooe day when the affriy took plaee, my br tber oama to .ee me la the hoepital; I did not era bin> for twoyeare before Q.? Where ?a? he A.- Well they raid he waa In the States' prison. To the Coi'ht ? There were tw- tle?hes; the? nana Immediately efier each other: w- never (bond the bell, but there wax a bote in the planter, by the door; wo tbrogbt ibe ball went In there The Ce-urt here adjourned, and the jurr were given in charge to tour offtaarr. after ge'ting the neaal eaution to converse with no one on tbeeubjeet of the trial. I'OUl tof Oeiit-i nl deealoil*. Before Judge Ingrabaui, Aid. Ha'tinld and Crollaa. Km T2?tiiei lor ftu'g/dry ? Jeddy Moore, (ooiored 1 who we? in pleaded wnb lamea Grave* and Jaaei White, (already tried upon the charge of burglary in the third d> gree ) was put upon trial for tba eame offence. charged with aUo aiding aoe'tlng jaad atsisttpg in Ibe ccmniteeion -f the bu'g'ary. It appeared in evidence that prieoner gave Information In relation to a portion of th- property stolon. via : a eoat. which be alleged had been pawoed by Wei's -one of the prisoner* already tried In the ofllon of Mr. Jaokaon, pawnbioker. No 181 IJrend rtruet. The faota were tully proven In relation to the identity of the t-roperty, by Mr Vandtrbell. one of the o* tiers raslding In Pal iouiir?*t, anu D) i itnr Th* jury found the prisoner eullty of twit In ijeuy, the oat being veined under V-ft Sentenced Curia mouths' confinement Id the l'eitlteu'laiy nod hard luhor The petit jury wire discharged for the'erm. The Court took a recess until Saturday, when motions will be hes'd Police liilelllgeine. Huiband Cut thg k-t J'areat.?Alt Trl'hman by the name of Johu MuIIiuh war arretted on Wedoeaday nlgnt, by officers Murphy m l Menus of tbe Oth weld,on a ooargo of cut teg thr tnroat of hlr wife with arator.wiih the lnteutiuu to mke her life. It appears, from the t<Sttm< hj before the luegi-trate. that rlu Mas came borne. aud outoinruceo t? abuse hlr wife la consequence of her sot baring htraupj-r ready This elroomMatioe, Ir ge'h>r with n uie previous jealousfeeling existing between ttu-ui r-eco tag idrs. Mullins and some other man led tu a eery violent d epute aud Mulline. while In a desperate tti. of p-sslou. seised a rsior. and endeavored to take her lite by ou'.tiog her throat. Tbs potr woman, to eudeavailag to save her fsee and throat, received many revere out* on the ' hands, she grerplng the rat' r and her hu-baod drawing j It fi out her, cutting the tier h to the houe each time. 1 Bnt. af'er a dvrperate struggle, the hueoaud suooeadvd I In tutlotlng a long gash on Iter ttiroa* aluio t prnei tratlng tbe wiad p pe. and weulu have done 8 > In all I probability but (Iterator ha-irga gap tu it, is sapi pored to hsve been the reave wny (he poo- women's , wind pipe war not cat through When ihe officers ari tiVbfl th? ?nma.n oruu <e/v?v-s?^ /* *wi*b* ? ? ? j tbatscarorly a feature ? ? risible M'dloalai I was pro* | cured, and tb? wound Id berthmae sewed op Sbe ?u tbea conreyed to lha olty bo-piiai I lia *u ; brought before Jue'lct Lotbr p wbo cnajmit'-d bin te ; prison, to abide the result of the injuria* indicted on j Lis wife. Movements of lntllvMluala. I Tbe following formed a pontou of yn-terday's arrirain at tba underuiettionrd Hotel*: -./iMcriciin - Mr T. ! JaokfOD, Boit>D; H Itobeil* do: W Deuniston. Hartj ford; Dr. Howley. U. S. Na?j, K Judfctu* Ss Louis; I) Shueford Georgia; K Jotinson do; J. Pope, U. 8. Navy; J. McDonald Glasgow; ll.S'roug Boston; W. Cody, Georgia; C It MoWitliainn. Alexandria; L. Dutibam, Georgia; II. Moirtann Sr.. Lout*; A Ntoolla, Saco, Me -M CroewGi. Aliauy; K A Jones, Brrtrn; LI. ut L loser, U S. Army; Major Tackling. U S Nary; II Sea Illinois; B Parly Poor, Boston; George Brown, do; C. Ooc >U., UaUimiro; Geo. George Hueb. Virginia; G Pnzart Georgia; H. Nicoll. Alabama; 8. Gardner, Bneton; M. Piobea, U. 8. Nary. Cily-E It Biddle, Near Vnrk; i Cleamaa, Pblladelpbla; W. Cummtngs, do; J K Reg us, do; J. Lang. Be?ton; A J Catberarood. Pnliadelphla; J. Mclirain. Petersburg; E. Met.-alf, W .ming - in, Ga ; A G Aoame. Nathmie Wound?J 1) Hoyd-r. Connecticut; H Harkberet, Buffalo; Ed Baxter, Boston; J. E Law, elo; W. Koeter, Sarannab; VV. It Browning, I AiftotiDi; w h wont, do. II Htrrlion, Baltimore; T. ovunr, do; M. J on mm. Michigan; J. Nolaotc. Noteber; flcn. Tbcma* K'ug. vndui-im; II J I'arklne, Alttont; Benjamin rroe'or. J.ouUeiile Irving lioutt ? K.J TowdodiI. FhiUdeipha; vv. H. Morti*. Mia*le(fppl; W. IfuuloQ, I'nUdelptiU; lit. (>aoaiia|i, WbirllDf; W. Collier. lUrrlibiirg; Hon J. J. Smith, Newburg; B Alexander. U S Armv; O?or<o Paige, ProvideDce, W. Sampson Albany; T Hexle'r, Xauee 11 lo; K 8 Donald Pitlaftald. A vlo'Jlura, Albany; N. C. Naah. Bcrton: Major ilrahani IJ S. Top igrapbiaal K.oglnerre; Hi* Kxnellaocy Millard Kill mora V lea-President elert; Mr. I'roehy. Albany; I'oonia NmIIim, Canada; K 11 Metcaif. Washington; Dr Murray Ilattlmd; 8 1. Spmgue. B<-at< n; Hoi. W E. Damon, Georgia; Col J. Calbouo. Carolina; Han. ilobert Nieolre, Geneva; A Kellogg, Columbus. Major L?*ta Cara. Jon, Clarjte </< Jiffnirtt t? Kama, took paesege In tbe steamer Niagara, lor Kuropa from Beaton, on Wednreday laat T. T. D. Oatna Conanl General of Pern to the United Statea, arrived In Washington on Tuaaday lait. 'I tic Pailflc Alalia. Cll.irOXWil MIIOIMK I.IL. V.\ IIT ioi, CBI ?m> I'iumi -TIw l ot ad Stave etea-n-pneaet Kalcon w.Ji be despatched from the portof_,New York on Thursday. the bib of March next. Tba public la hereby notified that malla may he sent to S?? Ywk, Charleston, bomb Caiolina. >*v?noah. Georgia, and New Orleans. Loulatana to b? eonrayel br e? l steampacket, whlcb will isl fr?m New Vork on the Sib; from Charleston. 8. C . en tha Ilih; from Savauneh O*., ontbalJth. touching at Havana, and from Naf Ofleana on the 1Mb of March Dart, vuil bags will be inaCm up at New Vork, to be torwardad 'o all the polnta above nutned; al?n, f>ir tbi?ir?>, Ptoini, Nan Diego, Santa Baibera. Mont*r-y, S?n Fraonl?eo sad Astoria. Tbe postmaster* of Charleston Navramih. end N?* Orleans.. will alio make ap mall* fur tba point* stated, to beeent on bcatd of tba Falcon, upon n?r arrival at tbalr reep?ctlve pott* 1 be ratue pottage tor a ?logl* latter, not rxeawdtag ball an ounce In weight will he UK eenta to Havana; 20 eanta to Cbagrt*; <10 sent* to Panama?to t>a prepaid In ?U cater- and '0 cant* to Nan Diego. Santa Bvtbnra, Monterey. San Franalaon, and A'toria, ta be prepaid, or tent unpaid, at tb* option of tba writ-r Newrpapera and pamphlet*. tea portage 8 -ent* each, and Inland pottage to be added. C JOHVSOM, Postmaster Oenara.l Poet Offloe Department, Feb 20. 1849. The Flood In tli? Rllsvlealppl. Tba New Orlean* Mer or the 12ta in?t, speaking of tba flood in tba Mifalerlppi, try-: A report waa entrant in toon yesterday, that tne levee at Cnrrol.toa bad broken In. but it prove* to be a false n'arm Thr river at tbl* time 1* h'gber than bar ever yet bean known, even in tbe memory of tbat notable individel. "tba otdert inhabitant," and wa aia Informed tbat It la still rUlng. Tba New Orleans Crrtctnl of tba 18tb eay?: Tbe breaks In tba levee opposite tbe lo*er part of tbe third municipality, kave been entirely topped The laborer* collected by fbe eurreyorof the iblrd municipal!ty were at work tbe whole of Sundry night, aod an In cress*d fore* **t to work jesterdwj. mat* tn? ?nh*akroent as secure as was posslbls. cuder tbe etroaaastancrs. _ CabimtAppoi>tmknt?.?Numerous speculations have been indulged in by the public pre?a in regard io the prcbable compos, timi of ['resident Taylor's cabinet, Mud aiiiou^t those distinguished whigs who have been acsigued, by a sort of general consent, a place in the cabinet, is Coveruor Crittenden, oi Kentucky. Knowing nothing ourselves of ti.e intentions of tbe President elect, w* hare hazaided no conjrctures oa the subject. quite satisfied that in good time the public would nave offered to it ibe nsmcB ol a snund and anls cabiuet. It, however, we have been able tn sh*d no light on the featuie > s to who will coin|Kise the cabinet of President Taylor, we b' lieve we can sav, to some extent, who will not be ot it; and, as this may gratify curiosity, and be stated without liiv.diousuess, we ate induced to say ihat we have reason to believe Mr. Crittenden has positively declined accepting any cabinet appointment ?IVuihingfon lnltUigrwttr, Ftb. 17. Arrival at Jamaica ?The town of Port Royal has been somewhat enlivened during tbe Ust tour days, owing to the arrival in port ol three large ships, each of them having on board as many as thr?e hundred paRtengera, nil Irom Liverpool, bound to New OfletDH. Tbeae veeacla have put in lor a supply r.f water. The pinncngerrs are all lrith, who are maKing their way to the Uaited hiaiett to obtain in that country what they have been unable to get in the land ot their birth?employment and the menu* ? f living tor ihemaelve* and tamilien. A (treat many of these peraooa have come up to thin city. The Vessels which h?vc brought them ure- the Chancellor, witti three hunaitd mniiibiita; the Loid Aahhurton, with three hundred uiid ten, and tne Chipp:wa, which cvnie in lute |v?t evening, with as many more.? A'ir?gtt(,n (Ju ) Jnuma1, Jin. 24. Owe Pay Later kko.w IIto dk Janeiro.?The bark K. Hnrh'-ek, Capl. Ih*ey, arrivd yesterday trom Hut tie Janeiro, having en le I mi ihe 2->tn December. Ca|>t. I)ixey ie,,< rtB that the Hleainera Mnrnnchutetis nnd Edith would probablv aail the next d?y tor the Pacific.--Af O /Hi a, Ftb. 1J. Ce ?n t Cult ititnr for hi* liny. Circuit i ui ?t un? ?< y- feriHioR l ot'er ?1*4 112. 61 60 60. 01, 43, 1S1, m. 1S4 ls5, 167 to 20*. 2o7 to 200, 211 to 226. 227, 2lv In 2(0. l.otuio.i Pi.?A? f?m? as jvsttrday.