Newspaper of The New York Herald, February 25, 1849, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated February 25, 1849 Page 2
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assessed at ?10,00d, could not low be made ts realize jE2,000. His pai>er, one of the moat flourishTag journals in I: eland, necessarily involving large business transactions, was immediately shut unite imprisoned, and all communication with nis trustees denied. The Commission Court, for his trial, was opened at Dublin on the 6th inst. by the Ijord Maj or, Judge Bell, and Baron Lelroy, when a new bill was sent up to the city Grand Jury, at the suit of the crown, against Charles Gavan Dufly, proprietor of the Natron newspaper, under the crown and government security act. The bill for a further suspension of the habeas corpus act in Ireland has been passed. The migratory panic is still on the increase, and " die season tor the denarture of emigrants is near at hand, the mighty inroads which will be made upon the Irish population the next twelve months, is beyond all human calculation. From the County of Tipperary, the flight of tenants and small farmers to America, continues unabated. Scores and scores of what were considered Bound and respectable farmers, ?re giving up nisi: ianils, and leaving the homes ?t their lathers, for the land of tbe stars aad sinpes. Tax COLD BsciTKWRNT IN rueLANe ?jtrrozmctnr OF .UWISTSES, "(TO, The recounts of the gold diggings in Cej?f*7n;a, published in the New York Herald, brought by the Europn, bnve caused great excitement in Enrnpe. The New York Hem Id't correspondence ia quoted by all the London papers. Sir Edmund Lyons, lately minister at Athens, will be appointed British minister in Switzerland. Mr. Bulwer, late ambassador at Madrid, has been appointed ambassador to the United States. FREE TRADE. On thn 1st February, a virtual repeal ef the duties upon foreign corn took place, the existing sliding or fluctuating scale of duties being entirely abolished, and in their stead the following, merely nominal and fixed duties, being leviable on all sorts of meal, flour, and grain imported into this country, viz.: By virtue of the Act 9 and 10 Vic., cap. 23, from and afier the 1st day of February, 1849, the following duties shall be charged, viz.: Upon all wheal, barley, bere or bigg, oats, rye, peas, and beans, the quaiter, Is.; upon all wheat, meal and flour, barley meal, oatmeal, rye meal and flour, pea meal and bean meal, the cwt., -lid.; buckwheat, the quarter. Is ; buck wheat meal, the cwt., 4id.; maize or Indi an corn, th? quarter, Is.; Indian corn meal, the cwt, -lid. There is a tibo of Is. to 2s. per quarter. THE BRAND BANQUET AT .MANCHESTER. A banquet, on a magnificent scale, " to maujrurate free trade," was given at Manchester on Wednetday, " that being the day when expired the last shred of protective duties on foreign corn." The Free-trade Hall, the place ol the festival, was decorated with taste and splendor for the occasion. The number ot guests, admitted by ticket, was 2,984?700 cil thein ladies: numbers paid a high premium lor their admission, and a multitude were disappointed of places. The list of notable names, lrom all parts ot England, occupies more than ttie space of one ot our columns, and includes some two dozen members ot Parliament, and half a score o! gentlemen lately members. Besides inuoc iianiro ?imipc aj?,?rtiituiuc is a umucr Ul course, as that ot Mr. Charles TiHiers, the name of Mr. James Wilson may be mentioned far his official position, and that of Mr. Bickham Escott for the steady rise of his liberalism; there are also names of less promicence, such as that of Colonel Salwe? or Mr. Hardcastle, whose appearance among Manchester aotables, we believe, has not been so much a matter of course. Letters expressing regret at compulsory absence were read from Mr. Joseph Hume, Mr. William Ilutt, Mr. Ilorsman, Dr. Bowriug with farewellgood wishes, the Kev. Baptist Noel, Ebenezer Elliot, and Mr. Frederick Bastiat, of Paris. Mr. George Wilson presided. Mr. Charles Villiers responded to the toast of " The Free trade Members of both houses of Parliament." Mr. Cobden spoke with his usual energy, less than his usual novelty. We take a few points ot his oration:? He was Indignant when he saw " that other indlv\aoal," the Duke of Richmond, trying to hoodwink, gull, and bamboozle the farmers of Suseex ? the county where Mr. Cobden was born?and telling them that he wonld talk to Lord John Hussell about restoring protection. That Duke should not reators one shilling of Sroteetion again. " I tell his grace that it Is of no use Is going to men in power to talk about restoring the corn laws. We are in power on the oorn law*. (Tremendoua cheering ) Now 1 do feel somewhat indignant at this barefaced attempt to delude honest men. (Cheers) I have had eredtt given to me for aeven years for keeping my temper upon this subject, bat I can't keep my temper with humbugs. 1 want it te be understood that in dissolving this League, wo aro not going to be revived again to bare a fresh contest abont TiTOleotion. We have dons with that." (Loud cheers ) Mr. Cobden referred to the Peace question, in phrases which seem to promise that the League machinery shall be applied to a peace establishment pro pagnndisni. "As we meet here tor toe last time as numbers of that great and united hod7 which effeeted ths emancipation of oar industry, I cannot help raying that I sboa'd reei the deepest regret in separating this evening, were it not that there is something in the toast which 1 am about to propose, which leaves me a hope that we shall not separate after all. [Tremendous cheering ] The toast which 1 have to propose Is, 'Free Trade and Peace, the best guaranties of popular lights, the best promotera |cf national industry, and the most effectual means for the reduction of national burdens.' Well, I repeat, 1 don't think we shall separate for long, after all: for If free trade and pease be united together, why then I think that we have something jet to do belure we have finished our work. I think that we may conscientiously co-operate to carry out the second object ol the toast: indeed, I don't think that there is one of this assembly hut will be as willing to work for one as for the ether, and who will not agree with me. that the most logical conclusion to which we can come in arguing the matter is this, that having effected free trade, we are bound to see if we cannot carry peace alio." * * * * * *'1 am glad to have this opportunity of letting not only our own fellow countrymen, but all Kurope, know that those men and women who exerted themselves with so much self-sacrifice and so much honor to themselves, to emancipate industry?that they are as datermtned now to watob over and preserve the peaoeable relations of this country with foreign nations-that tbey are as much apposed to war as to monopoly, and as determined that peace shall be henoeforward a real praos, and not a mock oae." (Cheers ) He thought that free institutions abread were logically connected with the progress of pacifio principles ; and he denied the assertion that the tendency of democracy was towards war. He hoped to live to see the time wben foreign affairs would no longer be among the secrets of a cabinet, hut be as publicly discussed as domestic affairs are new. " 1 un against ail monopolies of states ; and I hope to aee As monopoly of the Foreign Office and the monopoly of the Cabinet, so invaded that they shall not bs allowed to engage In a treaty, which may involve yen in the liabilities and risks of war. without its first iddergoicg public discussion " (Much cheering ) All oar bloody contests for the last two hundred years have been oenducted witn a latent belief that captured -colonies would recompense us for war We know bet tor now. " I believe we are now at the beginning of a Ireat world-wide revolution, which is destined to circaate rooud the globe, and to end only with time itself; and 1 believe that the beginning and the dawn of that revolution wet* laid at our own meetings in the Frestrade Hall." Colonel Thympson, Mr. John Bright, Mr. M.iLaer fvihann Mr Hnne fn tenant former nrr) l^na in essayist), and Mr. George Thompson, were the other f|-rak? r?. At un instant or two before midnight, eome minstrels struck up Dr. Mackay's song, " There's a good time comingas the clock struck twelve, the assembly rose and shouted their hurras that Protection had ceased ; and soon afterwards the meeting broke up. Next day. a large number of the most influential guests at the feast, held a meeting in Newall's Ho ldings, tor the purpose of originating a new " Financial Kefoini Association. Mr. George Wilson of course presided. Mr. Cobden moved, and Mr. Bright seconded, a motion to found a society tor maintaining an efficient care over the registration of voters in boroughs and counties, and promoting the increase of the county electors, by the multiplication of forty-shilling freeholds. Vltwi In Kurop* Respecting the California liold Region?The hi Kite men t. (From tbs London Times, Ksb. 7 ) I One fine morning last September we called the attention of our readers to the strange results which might be expected from the sndden admission of thousands of the hungriest, most inquisitive, and most indomitable adventurers in the world to the unfathomable stores of a vast unexplored region. By adopting Cobbett's interpretation of prophecies, we might take credit tor having preoicted no inconsiderable portion oi the wonders which we now announce, but we are free to confess, that although we did compare the Americans in California to a British Association in Japan, we weie not altogether prepared tor such a rejiort of their transactions as we yesterday preedited to the publicOur advertising columns will have sufficiently shown that the rage for gold-hunting has not been limited to the New World; but we have reason to suppose that very indefinite conceptions are entertained respecting the circumstances and condition of the country so strangely introduced to popularity and renown At this moment the golden treasures neem practically to belong to the finder. Any imnngiant from any quarter, iiossessed of a pickaxe and a shovel, u apparently nt liberty to pocket all | the gold which his diggings muy produce. The | territory, however, is iUe tecuguised prv^r'y oi | the United States, and although certain political , r.ad )<;, Jative difiieai'.n Lave hitherto impeded . the icruarl settlement of ibe province, yet the Mine , must be at hand when thu mi as* of Catilorma r/ill . bs oa mere common property thai the nrn*#c-t jI bnnJvn. Nothing but an "traordtn iry oorhv , nation of circumstances could have permitted the { ftcraiiik<e continue io iexg. Ca!;t?;a:.. ' of the few regions of the known world which may ! be pretumed to have never at any period of time been subjected to any cognizable government. It . was never, like Central America, the seat of any barbaric civilization, aor was it ever brought under anything more than the nominal rule of Spam or her colonist*. The few Indians on its prairies, mid the few settlers on its coasts roamed and vegetated without any more appreciable supervision of a superior power than exists in New Guinea. When it was made ever by Mexico to the States, no Mexican had any more knowledge of ita character or contents than of those ol Aeam or Labuan. Aa long as its treasures were still hidden, this state of things might have continued without any aerioua evil; but under the circumstances lately disclosed, it becomes a matter of the greatest importance, aad, as it will he seen, of almost equal diihculty, to organize some efficient government in the province, and some protection tor hie and property. The Califoruian continent was conquered in the late war by a wing of an irregular corps, whose o|>erationB were obscured by the comparatively interesting campaigns ol General Scott and Santa Anna. A military detachment was subsequently lett at San, Frttiwisco, as a symbol of occupation, and th"4. >' Wmh ltd unjH.'f. until thn Bcukment of tfie slavery question, aid same otkeis, should permit Congisss to agre? upon a system oi organization lor tao provic.e. But, alter a hriet show of rreisjancs to the torrent, these authorities have new joined the invaders in common *juest ot plunder, ijoverni r Mason, with all hia-/siicero, -.tub, ex tiio latest intelligence intotincci tta, deep in ths sig^aes. Colonel Stephenson had disbanded hia regiment, and was camping out on the Sacramento. Captain Marcy, sou ot the Secretary at War, had " set to serious washing in the great placer." There was no officer, and scarcely an inhabitant, at anv part of the coast. Where " head quarters" mignt.be was altogether unknown ; but the most plausible conjecture seemed to point to a certain " four-mule wagon travelling ever the gold region." Nor did any amendment in this respect seem very likely. The commander-in-chief ot the Pacific squadron had reported, and not unreasonably, that "he had no hope ot maintaining in California any naval or military establishment tor some years to come"? i. e., as we presume, until the sure operations of time and trade had brought "diggings" and wages to a level again. The tact is, that the ties ot discipline und patriotism snap asunder in a moment, when an American is brought in presence ot a substance ot so superior affinity as gold. The mines act like ihatgreat mountain ot loadstone in the "Arabian Nights," which, whenever a ship came wiiliin a certain distance, attracted all the nulla frrim l*a I mui'o iivui no oivmo rr mi a. uciliruuwuiS llUlDtr, ttllU lelt the unfortunate vessel to founder in fragments. Soldiers, sailors, officers, secretaries, and servants, are drawn off to the "diggings," as soon as ever they touch the land. By our last advices, a "governor and judges," bound tor the new province, had already arrived at Chagres; but, as the same correspondence sensibly inquires, " what wages must be given to make a man serve his country, when he can earn $100 a day on his own hook V' There seems to be no doubt about the realit/ of the reports, though we are, to be sure, informed in the same despatches that the manutaature of artificial gold lor exportation to California, was carried on tc a great extent in New York and Connecticut. Still, this considerate provision can have hardly taken much effect as yet, and the yield must be mostly genuiue. The modes of exploration in this land ot wealth, vary according to the tastes ol the operatives. Plodding old stagers grub on steadily in the sand, and wash their scrapings in a tin pan. The more lazy ones, "roll about and pick up the big bits, leaving die smaller pieces for the next immigration." Some tine dashing fellows, on blood horses, career over the recks with bowie knives, at full speed, and "gouge" out the gold from the crevices with a twist which practice has made lamiliar. The "dust," when collected, is packed in bags ot cow hide, carried to the port, and put on board vessels lor exportation. At this point of the process, however, there is a serious latch. The vessels are all without crews, and the gold, tnereiore, remains in port by boat loads; nor is it likely to move oil until a whole ship's company are found surfeited with the fruit ot the diggings. As to the climate, disease rather than mortality is said to prevail, and most people compound tor an intermittent fever through live mouths of the year. Law there is noBe, nor government, nor police; but our brethren across the Atlantic have a knack ot extemporizing these requisites, and the passions in California are pretty well concentrated Besides, where it is easier to dig than to robt even Jonathan Wild would have given over thieving. We are anticipated in auy speculations upon the "European results" ol this great discovery, by some reflections which will be found in another conceived,an Hz luthor thinks, in a spirit ol "sobriety, religion, and ?juieude." It will be time enough to calculate the market value of gold when the J210#,000,000 cterlioj? arrives annually at Liverpool in the galleons ol Ins republu. There axe some old stores to be cleared off 1 rst, and a tolerable percentage to b? deducted afterwards; but what is ol greater conaeqneace to us, it is plain that whether gold falls or not, produce cf all kinds has already risen. The activity Consequent on the enterprise, has sensibly raised the value ol agricultural and manufacturing products. Breadstutls and calicoes alike command higher prices than before; and though the mania will probably end in the rum ol many, and the disappointment of more, it can hardly be without its beneficial eflectson the colonization cf the New World, and the commerce of the old. [From the London Chronlole, Feb. 7.] Hotter and hotter, faster and taster, hurrying onwards in gieedier and more breathless haste, pellmell, helier-skelter, scamper the throng of gold seekers to the distant El Dorado ot the Pacific Ocean. From Oregon, from Lower California, from the Sandwich Islands, from every seaport in the Union, flock all who can muster up enough to purchase u spade and a tin pan, and who think it worth while to earn, by not very distressing labor, a hundred dollais a day. The news gains interest with every fresh report; the predictions of unbounded wealth glow with a rosier brilliancy. Larger and larger shme the lumps of virgin gold in the crevices ot the rocks; the precious spangles glitter more and more prolusely in the sand, "dome," we are told, "work in the sand by washing from the surface in a wooden bowl or pun; some gouge it out from rocks or slate; the more lazy ones roll about andjuck up the large pieces, leaving the small gold for the next emigration." He who by this sort of work gains less tnan 100 ounces troy weight in a month, straightway "prospects," or looks out lor more productive diggins. "On one occasion," says the correspondent ol the New York Herald, "nooning or refreshing on the side of a stream entirely unknown to diggers or'prospectors,'or, rinnt-r, u Hiiowii, urn auenuea 10, one t>i my companions, in rolling in the sand, said, 'Give ine a tin pan; why should we not be cooking in gold sands 1 lie took a pan, tilled it with sand, washed it out, and produced in tive minutes two or three dollars' worth ot gold, merely saying, us he threw both pan and gold on the sand, 'i thought to.'" Where the lightest work is so profitable, we arc uot surprised to hear that oo little ti.ne is euBiiSred to the amenities ot hie. "As to shaving, 1 have never Been a man at the pLcer who had time to perform that ojieration. In this Elysium of the Birraingfc'un economist i nothing is cheap but gold. Doctors' bills arc paid in pounds of specie?tor ihe gsMen age has its alloy in the fact that one half of the diggers are always laid up with ague or intermittent fever. As to washerwomen, they are for the most part dispensed with, on account of the exorbitancy of their charges?an instructive circumstance, which induces us to suggest that, when our Spaoner shall be King, and all the half-pence in England shall j be changed into ?6 notes, it may be advisable, as a sanitary measure, to confine the exactions of that useful but too rapacious class ot females with- > in the limit of a statutory maximum. BrotherJonathan.it must be admitted, never | made a more succesaful deal than when he bought, for ready cash, the vast block of unpromising land, thrnuch a remote corner of which rolled over its glittering sands the undiscovered Pactolus of j the West. He has a right to chuckle over his > purchase, like the treasure-finder, who, turn- ! ing over the soil of his newly purchased acres, throws up a crock of gold. A twenty years lease of the patch of ground which comprises the valleys watered by the ban Joaquin and Sacramento, would fetch, in George Kobins's auction room, more than enough to reimburse the price paid for the tee-simple ot the whole tract of which it forms so insignigcant a part. The Yankee buyer little knew, when he closed his bargain, that he was purchasing an inheritance which might enable him to cheapen the circulating medium in the markets ot the world, and perhaps to beat out of the trade the Im|ierial gold merchant of the East, whose article, extracted with greater labor, yields a less ample profit on the cost of production. The Mexicans, on their side, must feel some mortification at discovering, too late, the value of the province ' which they bartered for the blessings of peace and J a round sum of American dollars. But for them , we feel no compassion. The source of profit was i patent and obvious then, as in the days when Drake picked up a handful of earth, and noted, as it crumbled in his fingers, the shining particles 1 which betrayed the riches of the soil. The coun- 1 tryinen of Cortes, more lazy and apathetic than 1 Iheir Indian subjects, would not give themselves ! the trouble of f?-ooping tu. p'o*. wp the gold in ijeeei ot .which* their mcwtfori rraiT. d the Amenran ietmtisrnt from a i to r i1 perorated rrsrye't'Tia that c?*a dieyrHie hoe;'" ty. It was rserwd for the pjn??vv ?n.n ?jed alining, busting spirit of the i ae * to tern to acroiuttu-? wealth vhiph in ioput <-.< <-'ra were ;>o carcass to assure. So'Vou)?. a reaping, r*kug, digging, wasuiug. niiiiug, iiiienug, the Yanlees will have turned the whole country inside >ut in lesa time than it took them to make it iheirown. But this lucky windfall, whilst it enriches the i individual seekers, has conferred, as yet, no pro- J k portionste advantage upon the States. Wealth thus acquired, as it were by chance, and scattered over the surface of t:ie earth so profusely as to require neither akill nor labor for its collection, as it is the legitimate property of the State, ought likewise to contribute largely to the public exchequer. There is no source from which the national purse, can more faiily be supplied than that of treasure trove To turn these golden streams into the reservoir acantily replenished by the produca ot the taxes, interferes with no Dranch of manufacture or trade, and cramps no effort of productive industry. Nor is the gross profit derived by the community from such a prize, when left to be scrambled tor by private enterprise, at all commensurate with that reaped by the individual adventurers. Money quickly got is quickly B|>ent. It is not by large fortunes swept up at a single haul, but by the accumulation of small profits, hardly earned, thriftily husbanded, and employed by men able to enhance their value by their personal skill and labor, that the productive capital ol a nation is increased. Thus the cotton manufacture of Kngland grew, l:ke a coral bunk, not by capital borrowed from without, but by the carefully invested gains of the manufacturers themselves. Of the gold colIt cted on the Sacramento, the bulk will find its way to Kegeul street and Ludgate hill, without having Irucl.neU in a due proportion in the hands of its original owners. The levy of a royalty, such as to leave an ample but not exorbitant profit to the speculator, would have given the State its share of the booty, and at the same time have imposed a salutary restriction on the flow of the humaa tide which, now rushing unchecked to California, bears with it, we fear, the plentiful seeds of famine, disease and crime. Of all this the government of the United States, we make no doubt, is duly sensible. But the p edicament in which it finds itself is a singularly awkward one. For what is the use of arnding soldiers and sailors to keep a country in order, when no human power of restraint can prevent the soldiers and sailors themselves from scampering of! to join the rest!. An American regiment, as it neurs the spot, and feels the strong attraction of the precious metal, can no more hold together than could Sinbad's ship, when it approached the loadstone mountain. The privates dribble of! first; then go the non-commissioned olficers; ensigns and captains spend their last half-crown in mattocks and mule-cans, and are soon the foremost in the headlong race. Last of all, the colonel himself, left alone in his glory, is fain to follow the example of his subalterns, and, putting his dignity in his pocket, digs,scrapes, aud washes ts merrily as his neighbors. One commanding officer is said to have made, by his exertions, upwards of a million dollars woith of duBt. The Governor hiniselt is missing, und is currently supposed to be "seeing the placer" for the third or fourth time, attended by a superflously large equipage of bullock carls, spades, and mi pans. Foiled by the irresistible influence, the government retires from the contest, and le aves the creeks and valleys of its remote dependency last filling with the refuse of its half-wild population, burning with the gieediest of passions that can animate the human breast? a scene of unbridled lawlessness, for which we should vainly seek a parallel in any quarter of the civilized world. FAfthlniiB #!rar Fi ltriiArv. [From the Magazine of Foeblon.] The last few week* have not been very productive of novslty in tbe w<rld of fashion For ooiffures, black lace la at tbe present moment eery reoherohe, tbe faccbcn style being tbe moit adop'ed; barbes of black and white laoe are aleo need, reaching very little lower than tbe eara. and fastened with light flower*, laterraized with long bladea of graei and foliage, eo airy that tbey resemble lea'bers. Tbe small caps, trimmed with flowers, either pointed In the front or in tbe Mary Stuart style, are almost tbe only dress coiffures at prereut worn, but it is expeoted that turbans and small wreaths will again become fashionable. All the bonnets are of b'ack or dark-oolored velvets, and lined with white satin, either quilted and wadded or plain; those for morning dress must be but little trimmed, and even then with velvet only; no flowers or feathers. A fail of blaok lace is worn with tbem. The most elegant capotes are of quilted and wadded satin, lined with I white satin-the same for all colors, they are simply I trimmed with a ribbon crossed, or witb narrow terry velvet of the same color as the satin. We have this week seen some in most charming taste; one of pearlgrey, trimmed with an English laoe sewn round the edge of the front, andaaother in the same style, of sky blue color; but these were bonnets for demi- toilette. In proportion us the morining coiffuies are simple, se are these for visits elegant and rsoherotic For lining large cloaks, squirrll is reoherohe ; but lor the edging of pardessus and paletoca sable is preferred. Grebe, the real fur luxe, with imrto igeuivn, is iiwjunuujf empioyeu ior evening diets; but, aa we bare r.ften Raid before, ermine is, alter all, the fur per excellence fer full dreea; tbia ia the for which ia beat auited for pelerine* de bal, and the trimmings of velvet dreaaea,or aortiea de balfl't la aald that dUmouda will be mucti worn at the fetes, principally toiled with dowers iu the head dreaa, and in the Bcuda and agrafea ct the eorra<e. Bracelets are still in favor end are worn larger than ever; several are wotn on the same arm; but in no case two alike. They are placed above the lung glovea. which, despite their Dane, are worn very abort. Brooohee and bracelets of reee colored and blue enamel, set in tine pearls or brilliant marqulsttea, are much In vogue For morning wear, thick pcllsaea of aatln u la reine, lined with fur, or simply wadded, and trimmed with very targe revera of velvet, deep euSa, aud a border of velvet on the edge ; of the large pelerl ne, which forma a shawl behind; these pelisaea are frequently made with a small eollar, which i can be wotn up round tha neck as a protection from ibeoold, or turned down at pleasure; it fastens with a i ribbon, tied at front, with long ende This atyle of cloak la made in blaok, myrtle green, eheenut, or very dark blue, with velvet of the same shade, and la remarkable for Its dietingure simplicity. Tire Corn Trade of Idurope. [From tbe London Mercantile Gazette, Feb P ] The immediate effect ot tbe introduction of free trade was to give a temporary impetus to the grain trade, and to ceurean advance of a few shillings per quarter in the value of wheat. Buyers of every olaee, from the large miller to the small dealer, tbe baker, he , had for weeks been waiting for the liberation of the bonded corn, and could no longer defer purchasing llather an exit Dsne demand was consequently created, end for a short time there waa an appearanoe of eotlvltytwhlch lt d the sanguine to prognosticate a material rise In thle view we did not and do not agree The quantity of foreign breadetufla here ia too large, and the prospect of supplies from abroad toe certain, to allow us to reckon with any confidence on more remunerating prices for ' agricultural produce The purchases made during the j autumn at the Black Sea the AsofT, and the Mediterranean ports, are now omlng forward; when these oeaae weshali begin to have arrivals from the nearcontinental , ports and subuquently from the llalUo. The withdrawal of all but a nominal duty must have the effect 1 of drawing supplies to this country, and we regard the future, as fur as the British farmer s interest is con- j cerned. with grsat distrust. There are already ap- 1 pearanci of a reaction, and we question whsther the slight Improvement established will be long maintained unless something unforeseen should occur to Vive a fresh impetus to business. The weather has lately been favorable for drying the land, and bringing it into condition for workiag. Preparations are alresdy in progress for commencing spring sowing, and, for a time, termers will be too busily employed in the flelds to deliver freely; but after the seeding of the land shall have been completed, an increased home supply will be added to the arrivals from abroad, and there is certainly little chance of the consumptive demand (stimulated as it undoubtedly it|by the lowness of pr oes) overtaking the supplies. '1 be reports from most part> of the kingdom deferibe the appearanoe of the autumn sown wheat as healthy and promising; in some looelities it is said to be thin on the ground; but this is rather the exception to the rule, the accounts on this subject being generally of a satisfactory character. At Mark-lane business in wheat has been more firm then brisk On Monday there was a large attendance, but the transactions were not of a very extensive j nature. Knglieh wheat, of which the quantity on sale I nu Bm?H, was at first held at considerably enhanced rates; there the miller* positively refused to pay, and the consequence was that for an hoar or two few bargains were closed. This had the effect of rend-rtng tellers more reasonable, when the best dry ! qualities wer* placed at prlc** a trifle oyer those | o the preceding Friday, malting the adranoe on ' the week la to 2* per quarter. Sinoe then very little has been breught forward by land carriage . aaa.ples from the home counties, and the reoelpt* coastwise bare likewise beea trifling. On Wed- 1 netda; hardly any bueinese was done, and this mor- ' nlng the lew lota exhibited on the Faaex and Kent atands were placed with great difficulty at Monday's curreney. The arrival* of wheat from abroad have been rather liberal, which haa not been wlthoat effect, ; Inasmuch as holders af granaried parcala have had to compete with parties an xioue to sell from on board ship. On Monday there were a good many country buyera, , hot they confined their operation* to a somewhat narrow circle, drolinlng generally to take mere than they reded for immediate use. The aggregate quantity sold was nevertheless tolerably large, and full prices were obtained, certainly la. per quarter above those current on that day se'nnlgbt. On Wednesday there was a decided falling off in the demand, and this morning the Inquiry was very slow,the advance noticed above being realised with great difficulty. The value of

town made flour haa remained stationary, nor have prices of other sort* undergen* any change of oonaeqnenoe. Barley of home growth, though In fair supply, waa on Monday takan pretty freely (pertloularly the finer sort*) at fully ae nigh terms as tboss previously current, and neither on Wednesday nor to day nould good malting samples have been bought oheaper than in the beginning of the week. Foreign barley has met a moderate share of attentlen, and quotations have rvmalaed about the same as they were last week. In prices of malt, little or no change haa occurred. During last week we received good supplies of Knglish and Scotoh oats, and we have again to report fair arrival* coastwise, with a few cargoes from Ireland and abroad. I n the early part of tb* week the dealers seemed more Inclined to buy ; and for fresh oorn an advanoe of Cd. to la. per quarter waa, in partial Instances, realised on Monday, fnb'equeatly. ths demand fell off and the Improvement was scarcely maintained to dav. Beans and white boiling pease have excited very little attention, and quotations have remained nominally unaltered. Orey, maple. and blue peas have been taken for aeed. and have commanded enhanced terms Holders of Indian oorn have rather raised their pretention*, but we have heard of no salss. The Circular of Brown, Shipley, <V Co. l.tvKarooi., Feb. 0th, 1840. The demand for^ootton during the laat fortnight haa continued good, both from consumers and speculators, I ind a large business has been done, producing a fur- ] ther advance of folly Xd per lb The ofll del quotations now are ?,H for fair Upland and fair Mobile, and , 4\;d for fair Orleans; middling 4)4 a 4K. nud ordinary 8X 4d per lb. The tale* for the week ended 2d lul mounted to 67,860 baler, of whloh 26,000 ru Ukit on speculation and 2,200 for esport, and thif week's are 61120, of which (peculators hart taken 16 600 and exporters 6 100 balea. Tba Amerioan deaoripttour sold this weak consist of 14 360 Upland at 4 a 4%; 24,080 Orleans, at 814 a6; 6 846 Alabama and Mobile at 4 a 4J4, and 000 Sea Island at 7)4 a 12)4 P?r lb Tba import during tba two weeks la 05,000. of wbioh 62 000 is from the United States and tba stook now in this port la estimated at 407 000, against 282.000 at aatne period last season; tba stock of Amerioan is about 246,000 being an increase of 102,000 balea. The new (lorn Law baring coma into operation, the duty now is one shilling per quartsr on wheat and all ktnda of grain, and eeren penoe farthing per bbl on Flonr and Indian Meal; and henceforward tba quotations will be the duty paid prices, dealings In bond being at an end. Some adrance has taken place in the Corn Markets tinea our last, and a good deal ot businei-r wax uuue i?at week; but in the last few days the demand has fallen oir and the trade beeome heavy again Flour la quoted ?7e a'2Ts6J per bbl Ohie being now moat In faror; Amerioan Wheat 6a 4d a 7e 6d per 76 lbs. Indian Corn 26s 6d for inferior white, to Sis per quarter tor the best yellow; Indian Msal 14s a 14s 6d per bbl. l oust ores in Turpentine, aiooe oar last, baa baan abiutSUdO bbls at 7a a Ta Od pur cwt Tbo reouat supply exceeds the demand, aad tba market U heavy. Common American Rosin 3a fid a 4a per nwt BROWN, 8HirL.EY.Si Co. Bank of England. An aoeonnt, pursuant to tha 7th and 8th Viotorla, ohap 82, for tha week ending on Saturday, the 3rd day of February, 1M0. laSVB I.KPARTMmaT. No tea issutd. ?2a,3*\M5 U vein meat Debt. .?11.015.1110 Otl'?r 8. rarities.... 2,981,900 Gold Coin and Balboa 18,828.777 Silver Bullion 501071 ?1?.3S0.??5 ?28,310, M5 hankink i.apARTManv. Proprietors' CapitAl.AU M3.lk*) Government SonariHeat 3.675,614 tiea (including Public Do posits (<r. Dead Weight An eluding Biuha- nuity) ?13,882 2.7 Siier, Savings Other Seouritlea... l-i.Hli.M auks, Commm- Notes 9, 5, .1,100 i?n?raofNaii..nal Geld and Silver Debt, and Divi- Coin U 771,1'19 dund Aeeunu's).. 3.922,S07 Other Deposits 11,320661 Seven-day and other Billi 1,141.821 ?31.525,3(0 ?81,526,300 Amprlcnn State Stocks. i.atkst condor fricick. Feb. 9. Jin. 20. United States FU per Conte. (1863)....100 alOfl,^ 101 a 105 Now Yorli Fire per Cents (1836), 93 a 95 9* a ? Do do (1853) 93 a 95 92 aDo do (1863)' 93 a 95 92 a? Pen. sylvania Fit s per Cants,g(e?.div ). 73 a 71 71)?a72K Ohio Six perCentf, (1856) 91 a 14 93 a ? Do do (1880) 93 a 91 93 a ? Massachusetts Five per Cents, (8ter. Bends), (186a) 100 a? 98 a99 South Carolina Five per Centa, (Baring* Co.) 86 a 88 - a Do (l-almsr ft Co.), 82 a 84 ? a ? Lcuisiaia Five pel Cents, (Baringft to), (1350-621 85 a 87 87 a Maryland Fire per Centa(8ter. B'nds).. 78 a 79 71 a 76 Mississippi Six per Cents 50 a? ? a ? Alabama Five per Cents 65 a 67 65 a ? Do (Sterling Bonds), 60 a ? 60 a ? Virginia Si* per Cento, 91 ?9d ? a ? Markets. London Monet Market. Fob. 9.?Citt, 12 o'clock. ?The funds are still very firm. Conioli this morning opened 62% to 92%. were almont immediately dona at 93 and are at present 92% to 92%. The foreign stook market al?o eupporta high pricee. Spanish continue to be a good deal looked after, and the natives bave Improved to 17% to 17%; Mexican is steady at 25%. I lie share market bae presented no aotivity to day, and prices are about the same as tboy were yesterday. Two o' Cloce.?The Corn Market is rather heavy to-day. In the funds there Is maoh firmness; but we bav? the same feature as has been observable for some days part, viz . ratbar lower prlees for money than aocount. Cwnsols are now 92% buyers. The New 3% per Cents realise 08% to 94. The Maroh F.xohequer Bills are 46s to 48s prom. The Foreign Securities are at present very little dealt In. Spanish Five per Cents bring, however, the advanced rates of 17% to 17%, and the Three per Cents 29% to SO. Fortugueee Three I'er Cents are worth 25 tout). Mexican Bonds are to 26% and Grenada 16, with rather a dull appearance. Brasll old stock is worth 81%. Russian Bonds are 108% to 109. Dutch 2% Per l.ents bring 60% to CO.%. and Belgian 4% Per Cente 60 to 81%. Shares are comparatively quiet, and North Weeteru and Midland scarcely maintain the rise of yesterday afternoon. Boulogne and Ameins are higher. Latest?Three O'Ci.oce.?Consols for the Account left on at 92%, rather sellers. City Intelligence. The Weather ?? esierday was a fine day: the sun came out in the morning in all its glory, and the mercury rose to 31 degrees at seven o'clock, A. M. At twelve. M. it marked 42 degreee; and at three, P. M , 48 degrees. The ioe in the streets is fast melting away, and there is every prospect that we shall soon have as filthy a set of streets as any herd of swine ooutd wish tn wallnw in The linnumillfht.skd rtilihiiih of thrrp or four months begins already to exhale such odors as promise a rich harvest to physicians. What a full development of the thaw will be, it is easy to imagine. Tom lltcn's Return to the Citt.?The late pugilist? now no more a candidate for the honors of the riug?has returned to town, and was lionised by his friends yesterday afternoon. A carriage, drawn by four bcri-es, and decorated with flHga, passed up and down the Bowery just before night, bearing the viotor in the combat of Pool's Island. It was gaied after with the greatsst interest by all the boys, and many of a larger growth. I Iyer announces in a card, that for the future tt is his intention net to " be conneoted, directly or indirectly, with any pugilistic encounter." St. Baud's Day.? A dinner will be gitsn on Thursday evening. March 1, at the Sbakspeare Hotel, corner of William and Duane streets, by the National and St David's Benevolent Society. Annivkriart or the French Revolution.?Yesterday being the anniversary of the late French Revolution, was very generally observed by the French inhabitants of New York. There were several meetings and dinners, but ne general assemblage. The principal feature of the day, we believe, was a dinner given at the Hotel de Paris, where much patriotism was displayed by those who united In commemorating the event which gave to Franoe a republican government. Movements of Individuals. The following were amongst yesterday's arrivals:? Amesican?M. Washhnrne, Boston; B Nloolls, Me.; A Houston, Detroit; T Chtpman. Albany; R. Peirson, Georgia; U. Fisher, Baltimore; C. White, Philadelphia; Captain Hensberry. U. S Army; R. Pierce, U. S. Navy; tlf ( :.A..(a . U 6AufK.Uk MaVII... fa 1KTI~.it' vv . UllilDUU) nrvi^ib, ?.ov?vuwiw?, INVUIir, Lib 111UUU, U.S. Army; A. Moses, St. Louis. A?tor?John Taylor. Boston; U. Aibertson, Avon; H Martin, Buffalo; H. Hamilton. Waterloo; W. A. Connell. Albany; U.S. Hurst, Philadelphia; George Pat ton, Macon; A. Barclay. Springfield; W.Bayley, C. T. Russell, W. Blake, Boaton; H. Totty. J. Dorley, Rlohmond; N. Carter, W. R Haigh, England: Major MoKlnniatry, U. S. Array; D. Hammond, Bos'eu; M. Maeauley, Phlla City?N Agrant, Rochester; J. I.amlng, Albany; E. Riddle. New York; Colonel Travers, I'ataraon; II. Howard, Boaton; J. Willie, Taxaa; Lieut. Palmer. Top. Engineer; M. Philllpa. Mass ; J. Haywood, Geo ; Jndge Striker, Phlla.; n. k. Tuck, Va. Howard ? J. C. Dunn. Alabama; A. P. Burton, do ; A. W Dennell, llouaton; J. Sherwood, Baltimore; T. C. Butler, Kentucky; Ilcn. Aaron, Clarke, Washington; G II. Weed, J W. Stanton, Pottsvllle; E. L. Lake, Phlla ; C. W. Taylor, Kentucky; Calvin Parker, Bennington; W. Lord, New Brunswlok; G, A. Mason, C. Williams. E. Davidson, Albany; Captain Sherman, ship Gertrude litviani IIorsK?R. Kennedy, Pittsburgh; C. Trowbridge, Detroit; J. Hayden. Ilaydenville; W. H. Ellison. Columbia; W. Picroe, Philadelphia; D Miller, J. Smith, W. F Bullar. Riohraond; Mr. and Mrs. Conner, Quebro, H. MeKenr.le Hamilton; W. Pearce, Va ; W. G. Webster, do.; J. Cole, London; R. Howard, Boaton: R. Thompson, Va ; W. B. Teres. U. S. Array; Colonel Wright and family, Boston; Major Emory, U. S. Nary; Judge Lawrence, Grand Rapids; Professor Jackson, Hartford. Col. William Blgbee is sojourning in Philadelphia. Got. Johnson and Senator Cooper, of Pennsylvania, left Philadelphia on Friday last for Washington. Tbo President's last levea which was to have taken place on the 2lst Inet., has been postponed until Wednesday evening, the 28th Inst, on whioh oceasion it is expected the President elect, his lady and family, will be present. Veurt of Session*. Bsfore Judge lngiabain, and Aldermen Crolinsand Hatfield Jin Incorrigible Offender? Warm Reception of the Offi- \ ctr 'f Juttice?Daniel Doris, who had bean discharged . out of cuetody but two days ago. was ohargsd With 1 riotous and disorderly conduct. The prisoner, la re- i ply toa<iueetloa from the Court, said that he had not , bad time to go away; the Court told him he had had ' time to misbehave, and create a difficulty; why did he \ throw hot water upon the pelieeman' Hue M??,the police officer, was then called He said that ' on the very day of the prisoner's discharge he pursued I the same line of eoaduot?rioting,quarreling,and drink- i log; he (the prisoner) bad beaten him very severely, and kicked him in rnoh a manner that he still felt the ef feots of it; It was the females who had thrown the hot i water on mm. 1 he prisoner protested that ha wai Ignorant of the whole affair.. The policeman wee asked bj the Court whether he wai eure that the prleoaer wae the pereon. The officer aald he oould not be mistaken. Hie Hanon then eddresied the prlaoner, and eald that aa he bad thought proper to reject the admonition. and to disregard the warnings which were glren to him when be was before the Court, on a very recent occaaon. he moat be punished for his determined misconduct; and therefore the sentence of the Court was. that he be Imprisoned for three months In the Penitentiary, and kept to hard laber. The prisoner was then removed. 8everal motions, whioh, however, possessed no feature of public interest, were disposed of. In one of these, tbe Court having dissented from the view taken by tbe learned oouneel, the latter said he would feel oll'gsd If It would say what praotlce It did wish to rotation There bad, for tha last two years, been so much new practice that he (the learned counsel) confessed he oould not understand It, and naver oould. Tbe Conrt adjourned at 13 o'oloek. The Comrta. Si-racMt Covbt.?A spedal term will be held nest week. Ne jury causes will be tried. Sure sins Cottar.-Neat week Is vaoatlon week In this conrt. No lesnea of fleet will be tried during the March term. c Cesssseti Pi es..-Lew arguments In this oeurt during , the next week. NEW YORK HERALD, j ItrtkWMt wrur of Kulton and Raittn lilt JAMKS GORDON BKNKETT, PROPRIETOR. THE DA 11. Y HERALD ? Two edition*, 2 cents per copy?*7 per annum. Tht MORMNH EDITION is published ,it S o'clock A Af and dutributrd be/ore break/ait; the ATT Ml NOON EDITION c n le h d of the newsboys at 2 o'clockTHE WEEKLY HERAl-l), Jot cir-ulation on this Continent, it published every Saiurd>. y, at ti)? cents per copy or $3 per annum ; Jor circulation in Europe and printed in Trench and Enyluh at 6)% cents per copy, or $4 per annum ; the latter price to include the postage. ALL LETTERS by maif, for subscriptione, or teilh adver j hetmcnte, to be pet paid, or the postage wiU be deducted from tht money Tttnittfd. VOLUNTARY CORRESPONDENCE, containing important newt. solicited from any uuarter of the world ; tj used, will be j liberally paid for, THE HERALD ESTABLISHMENT it open throughout the j ADVERTISEMENTS, (renewed every morning, and to be published in the morning i.nd afternoon edition*,) at reasonable priori ; to be written in a pi in, legible manner ; the proprietor not r Sponsible tor errore in manuerript. Nil NOTICE taken of anonymous rommu nicatioee. What ever t* intended for l seition muet be authenli-ated by the name and address of the writer ; not necessarily for publication, but as a guaranty of Ail good faith. We ennnot return rejected eommumrr. turns. PRINTING of all kinds executed beautifully, and with despatch Orders rrrettwrf at the office. AMUSXMMNT8 TO-MO Hat) VT KYXN1NG. BOWERT THEATRE, Boworr?La?t Bat* of P*xfcu? Natal b?aoi:.iimt-rili ck Auuron. B1WAJDWAY THEATRE. BroAdwiT?Kitr WoonHor.t.? B iothkhs MAirKiiTi'i Otmi"a*tics?Slawir A.to CiAMn. NATIONAL TBXATRH, ChAthAm SqtiRW?Masrwakk? Mom in Cajjioania?hwutthialti amo Wit**. BURT01T8 THXATKB, CbAmbon atwot? Kino or Tm Picacock*?Fait Maw M BOH AN ICS' BALL, Broadway, AOAt Bcoomo?CuKutt'* MiHVTRRLA BOCIXVY LIBRARY, Broadway, neAl Leonard-New ObKAWI BBRRN ACCRA ALBAMBRA, BcoAdwAy, n*Ar Frinoa?Bahia, Lanr k Co.'* Aurrioam Oiuoua ZOOLOGICAL BALL, Bowory?Fas Assuror k Co.'* Mbsaorrib. OBINKSX MUSEUM, S39 Bro*dw?y?Owwra* CuRio?m*A BROOKLYN CONCERT SaLOON-WKITC'* SCRRMAUCRA CHINESE ASSEMBLY R03M3. BroadwAy-Jiacr Quho'l* Soiras Damakti. How York, Sunday, February 43, 1840. The Foreign Nona, The steamship Europu arrived at tins port yesterday morning, and brought to us our regular tiles of English, French, German and other exchanges, and a batch of correspondence from all the European capitals. The details of the news will be lound in to-day's paper, as well as a few of our letters. We shall publish the remainder from day fa ?1air oa rporlilu ufl u/N r?an malrs* rnsm Inr llmm ?*? ????V IVVM* *?? MAVftU. California?Thouulk Ahead.?We trust and hope that, lite aa it ia in the session, Congress will yet do something towardsgiving a government to Calitornia, and preventing the terrible scenes ot anarchy and bloodshed which are certain of taking place in that country, unless something ot the kind be done. It it be done at ail, it must be done quickly, or the opportunity will be lost until next December, and, in the meantime, hundreds of valuuble lives may be sacrificed. The whigs in Congress are acting most strangely in this matter. They are about coming into power, for the first time in a great number of years, and they are shaping their course so as t0 make it almost imperative on General Taylor to convene an extra session. California cannot re. main as it is till December. Before that month arrives, there will probably be a hundred or a hundred and fifty thousand persons there, composed of people from every nation in the world, with no law to guide them, and no safety for life or property,but the rifle and bowie knife. If the scenes which we have frequently referred to as likely to take place there, should occur, the new President would, no doubt, consider it his duty to convene Congress, and impress on it the necessity of putting an end to them. Then will not be the time to dircuss the abstract question ot slavery. But what shall be said of men who will, with the fear of these things before their eyes, and with the likelihood ot their occurring at any time, fritter away their time in useless debate, that can have no effect but that ol exciting sectional prejudices and making the dissolution of the Union an ordinary topic of conversation! Extra sessions of Congress never will be popular with the people of the United States, and are always hazardous undertakings. The whigs are about entering on a grand experiment. They are about to test whether they have the ability to conduct the government of this country successfully; and if Ihey commence the experiment with an extra session, they will do so at a great disadvantage. We look tor trouble in California at an early day. General Smith, who has been ordered to the Pacific station, and is now on his way thither, has ssued a proclamation warning foieigners from trespassing on the lnnds of the United States in that quarter, and cautioning those who are flocking from all parts to search for gold there, that their conduct is in violation of law, and that he will put the law in force immediately on his arriiml fltavo 117a <ln nnt nan irofw nlnnrlir linur Iia can carry this threat into execution, in consequence of the difficulty of maintaining disci pin in his troops and preventing them from flock ng the mines. If, however, he Bhould make the u tempt, it is easy to tell what will follow. A war of races will be excited. The thousands of cmi. grants now on their way to the gold region, will try to drive the foreigners away; and in the conflict that will ensue, a great deal of blood will tie shed, and a great many lives lost. This state of things, however, is likely to occur, whether Gen. Smith should attempt to cairy out what he threatens, or not. There is another important consideration connected with this subject, and that is, the danger which exists of the inhabitants of California declaring themselves an independent people. By th? accounts which we have received from Europs by the last steamship, we learn that the excitement throughout that region, or the gold fever, as it is termed, is as great as it is in the United States. Books of California, and guides to California, are published trom day to day, and goldwashing machines are abundant. Companies and expeditions are also being fitted up in great numbers. It is evident that a great many of those people would very willingly lend their aid in carrying out a scheme of making C&hfornnia a separate and independent nation; for their prejudices will be S?tlnst republicanism and in favor af institu. lions similar ?Q those under which they always lived. There is every inducement to attempt A scheme like this. The soil and climate of California are excellent, and it embraces all the ad- j vantages tbat could be desired in a commercial >oint of view, for it possesses one of the noblest tarbors in the world, which will, sooner or later, >e filled with theships of all commercial nations. If inch a Rtate of things as this occurred, what a >eautiful predicament would not the government it the United States be in ! What an andertaking vonld it not be to re-conquer the country, and re. stablish the power and authority of the United , States over it! But this m?gr or may not take place. O! one thing *e may, however, be certain. It there be no [overnment established there soon, fearful scenes vill he enacted. Amerioans who tought and bled or that territory?who were taxed to support the var by which it was acquired?who have left heir homes and associations on the Atlantic, and ravelled thousands of miles in ssarch of the vealth with which it abounds, will not tolerate, if hey can prevent it, foreigners and adventurers, rom every country in hurope, stepping ia and iqually enjoying with them the wealth of that :ountry. Collisions will soon take plaee between hem, and blood will surely flow. News feom St. Thomas.?Our accounts from St. Thomas are of the 31st ult. They are of a cmmercial character only, and our corresponlenre from there will be found on the fourth page if this day's paper. Veby Latx raoir the Bbitish West Indies.? By the steamer Ospray, at Halifax, from Bermuda we have papers from moBt of the British West la din Islands, from which we glean the following The Ospray left Bermuda on the 16th inst. The yellow lever, we regret to observe, has re appeared at St. Ann's garrison, Barbados, la fivi months, ninety-two persons have fallen victims ti this disease. Fifteen sergeants of the 72d regi orient have died Bince that regiment left Gibraltar a year ago. Sugar making had commenced, am the crop is said to be unusually good. The Poituguese immigrants, recently arrived a St. Vincents, are leaving for the neighbor"^ islands a? fast as they can get away. One htiadre< left within the week ending Jan. 25th, and other were to leave soon for Madeira. A severe shock of an earthquake was felt at Do minico, Jan. 23d. Some dwelling! were injured but no lives were lost. At Demurs re, the weather has been favorable fo the canes, and the BUgar crop promises to be abun dant on the estates that have been kept in operc tion. The appointment of Mr. Barkly, as Governor c British Guiana, has exceed much speculation 1 the Colony, as to the instructions of the home gr vernment Some regard it as a concession, an the hope is entertained that he will come out en poweted to grant such relief aB will save the coui try from otherwise utter ruin. Several murders have recently been commute at noon-day, on the public roads leading from tb town. The British brig Standard, Kesey, from Demi rara, bound to England, was lost at Martiuiqui on the night of December 30, and eight ol t! crew, including the master, his brother, and tw passengers, perished. (For ship news, see proper head.) Will Saltpetre Explode 1?For a long tim past, one of our medical colleges in this city K been in a quandary in relation to the coniag neas or noa-contagiousness ot the Asiatic ch<rsome members of that learned body advocatu the affirmative, and others the negative side < the question. It was supposed that the subje would have been disposed of at the last meetu of the society, which was held on Wednesdt evening last; but no conclusion was arrived at. ] order to get rid of the vexed matter, a resolutu was offered, to the effect,that in the absence of su ficient knowledge on the subject, it is ine.xpedie to decide the question by a formal vote. Now, we cannot eee how a formal vote of tlioi Bivans could decide whether the cholera wasco tagious or not: and in ilie absence of suflicie knowledge on the subject, we think it strange th they should enter on the discussion at all. W fear thut this, like the other problems of the ag such as, " Will salt retre explode 1" " Who strut Billy Patterson 1" Arc., will, as far as the Acaden is concerned, be a (jue?ho vexcta for snnie time come The discussion has been very Pickwickit throughout. 1 ntkrestiwo Naval Intelligence.?Among tl passengers in the Europa is Commodore Foxhs A. Parker, of the United States Navy. It will 1 recollected that he a short time since went t Europe, on a mission connected w.th the organ zation of the Get man Navy. Since then, tl steamships United States, Acadia, and Bntann have been purchased lor that service. The retui of Com. P. has probably something to do with tl outfit of the United States, and securing the se vices of other American naval officer* till Germ; officers become au fait in naval tactic*. Theatrical and 01 osteal. Bowert Thsatrk.?During the past week, theente tainments at this house have been moat exoellen The spectacle of the' Laat Days of Pompeii" has be< played nightly, to tolerable full houses, and the dran of the "Boston Boys," and various farces, have ma; up the rest of the performances. Mr. W. Marsh, took a benefit on Friday evening, which was flnelv a tended, and he was most enthuslasttoatlv received the character of Macbeth, wbioh, we think, is tl Sbakepearean part that be play* best. We r-gret to he that Mr. J. M. Scott so long and favorably known ; the Bowery, and indeed throughout the whole Uniti States, died lest evening ills deoease was aomewh eudd?n,aa he performed no longer ago than Mond evening laet He was much respected in private lit and was an excellent aotor. During th- coining wee many novelties will be presented. We see the ne drama of the "Mill of Aldurvon" la announced f? to- morrow evening. Broadway Tinat?r.?The new drama of "Ka Woodhull" was performed at this establishment la night; and if one may form an opinion of it* meri from the large audiences It has drawn since its fir tepreeentation, th* author has admirably succeeded i eultlcg the popular taste. The various incidents the stirring times of the revolution are depleted wit great vividness and power; and there oan be litt doubt but this piece, whatever may be its defects, w continue to draw large audiences, through the intlJ ence of the patriotio feelings which It is calculated I awaken in the community. The performers are begi* ning to be more at home In their respective parts; an( the alterations just made in the play itself have cos tributed greatly to enhance its merits. National Theatre.?This house was well fill* as usual, last evening, and the weok conoluded a; su> cessfully as it began. The little oomedy of the " Prk of the Market" was played first, and Chanfrau's pe: formance of the Marquis was a most admirable pioc cf acting. The two new pieces of " Mose " and " R( slaa Meadows," conoluded the performances. Chat frau's benefit, on Friday evening, was a grand on' and the numerous pieces were plsyed most admirablj Quite an Interesting affair came off on Thursday la? when the first parade of the Chanfran Guards too place. This company is composed of young menirlends and admirers of the enterprising manage; Chanfrau?who have adopted his name as that of the corps. They are commanded by Capt Conelly. The met at Centre Market Drill Koom, on the evening t the 21st, to receive a beautiful pair of gulde-oolors a present from Mr. Chanfrau, which were preiente with an appropriate speech by Mr. A. H. Turdy (Ilk' wise of the National). They paraded on the 22i Washington's birth day ; went to Hoboken for targe practice; bad a dinner, he , he.; were aceompanie by Lothian's Brass Band. Messrs. Chanfrau, Purd; T icon, Seymour, Morgan, and several others, aoaotrj panied them a? gueeta ; and on their return they v: sited the National Theatre in the evening, wher M xes for their accomodation were handsomely t*r tconed with flags and thns ended the very pletsan first parade of tne ('banfrau Guards. Daring th coming week tbe entertainments at the National wis be as amnslDg as ever. BraTon's Thsattb.?Last svening was a bumper at ^hls house; the dress olrcls presented a galaxy of boats ty and fashion. Tha entertainments oommenosd witf tha well written and popular comsdy of tha "Fan Man," whloh was reoeived with tha utmost enthusf asm. At the conclusion, the applause was renewafc gain an<i again. There wets loud oalla for Broughan. and aftar the lapae of a faw moment*. gentlsm* made Ida appearauoe. aad announced, ami.."'' fre< mnniisstations or gratification, that the piece wou. be repeated on Monday, (to morrow) evening Th ' King of the Penoooke," from the pen of Planobe, wal played for the flret time; Argu?, the King of the Pea ' cocks, wai enacted by Mr. Warden, (hie flriit ep pearance here ) This gentleman possesses natural que lificatlone of a enperior order HI* flgure iiUll, and h' mim graeeful. He was well received Mrs Brougham ae Marlcel, the fair K ng of the Verdant ielanie, wa very happy in her port; while the acting of Mi* Chapman, aa Prlnceaa Hoeetta, derogated nothing fro a her wvll deservrd popularity Brougham,a* O'Dont knew-wbo, (pionounced O'Donogbue.) was extremal) droll, file rich Hibernian dial) ot and humor ahool the aide* of the audience. All the lad lea and gentle men who played In this extravaganza, made the mis* of ihelT parte. The dress** are grand, andtbsaaensr) 1* eppr prlate, and executed itcimHum arl'm W( think that the ' King of the i'eacoeke" will have e ot n*iderab)e reign "Vonr Life's in Hanger" esnelud ed the amusetrents of the evening. Having alrexd spoken of this In oommendatory terms, It would be work rf supererogation to reiterate an opinion. T! novelties which follow in snoh quick succession at thi theatre, prove the anxiety of the manager to renlt himself worthy of tLe patronage of the public ; nu success ctowna his " endeavous topleeae " Nxw Ori.rars 8aai:i**nra?.?These admirable per formers are on hand for another week's concerts; but In order to accommodate their numerous patrons in the eastern portion of the olty, they will sing for two ivenlnge, vix : Monday and 1'ueeday, at Rutgers Inititute Madison street, and on Wednesday return to their headquarters. Sooiety Library, and continue there until for her notloe. They are great favorites, all over the oity. Christy's Mikstbrls will give some extra fine contests during the coming week They have re-arranged their programmes, and will, If possible, make their treat ' Vox age Musical*' more aeoeptable than ever, and ndeed. will do everything In the famous manner for vhicb the Christy's are so celebrated. We have,** loubt their patronage will continue to be as great aa iver. Csiinbsv Misri'm?This elegant collection Is one of, be wonders of the day; It must have eost a vast sum( if mon*y. and mueh time and trouble, to oolieet each a isrfeot assortment of Chinese artlolss, of all 4swrlptlons. r - n