Newspaper of The New York Herald, February 26, 1849, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated February 26, 1849 Page 1
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th: NO. 5380. Our Krcncb Corrugrandtne*. Paris, Feb. 8,1849. Tht Threatened Revolt nf the Twenty-Ninth of January, in Paris?Tremendous Military Dtmnnitiation?Aspect of the Affair?The Ditsolutivnof the Assembly?Views Antagonistic to a Republic?Are they Correct f?4"f., Ire., tr?. The last fortnight has been as fruitful in incidents as most periods of the same duration through which we have passed during the last eventful J1".. My lest letter wee scarcely despatched from here before an incident occurred which, though at the momept unknown, happened to come to my knowledge from immediate |>ersonul observation. A friend of mine, who holds the rank of captain in one cf the legiansof the National Guard, was ad' dressed on the morning alter the despatch of my last letter?that is to say, on Friday, the 26th ult., ?by u deputation of the company which he commands. These individuals disclosed to him the existence of an extensive conspiracy for the overthrow of the pre Bent cabinet, and for the establishment of the Reyublujue Rouge, as the only means by which a real and durable republic could be established in France. Not that the said deputation approved of or sympathised with ttie red republicans or the socialists, with whom they were forced into a coalition; but that they felt convinced that the present reactionary government had no other ultimate object in view than the overthrow of the republic and the establishment of the monarchy, and that no eflectual means of defeating this plot weie available, except by a temporary union of all shades ot irue republicans, and that this union cou d only be eflected by a concession on the part of the moderate and sincere republicans to the mete exalted and violent. This deputation applied to my Inend, knowing hint to be a partizaa of the Cav&iunac government, to sign the general roll of the conspiracy. On examining the document thus submitted to him, be perceived that his own name, bad be signed it, wouid have been the 7,6u5th on the list?ilie narnesbeiiig time regulaily numbered. My friend declinrdihe invitation, without, however, giving any express promise of secrecy. Not being at all disposed to see Paris the theatre of civil war again, he went to one ot tie ministers, to whom he communitated this circumstance, of course, however, without naming the parties who bad applied to him. The minister laughed at the ttflnir niMiip liohr nt it an/t it fn Ka a ?<itlite unworthy ot attention, and at the moment really believed what he said. This, observe, was on Friday. On Sunday a most maguificent entertainment was announced to be given to the President ol lhe Republic, by the Minister of Justice, at the Hotel in the Place Vendome. To this entertainment 1 was fortunate enough to have, been invited, and a truly royal feast it was The dinner, which was given in the long gallery of tne Hotel, consisted of iO covers. The President of the Republic sat as usual here, in the middle of one side of the tables, with Madame Bariot on his right and the venerable mother of that lady on his left, those being the only ladies at the table. The party consisted of the Cabinet Ministers, some few members of the carpi diplomatique, among whom wkb Lord Normanhy, the British ambassador, the President of the National Assembly, some ot its most distinguished members, and several individuals eminent in letters and the arts. In the evening, a party ot 1500 persons were invited, among whom were at least 500 ladies, display ii g all the splendor es remarkable in the Parisian niodt. No assemblage has exhibited so much beauty and fashion in Paris since tne revolution of 1*30. Whatever may have been their motive, a considerable number of the iamilies of the ancienne tinbletse from the Faubourg St. Germain, on this occasion accepted the invitation ot the Minister of Justice. In the midst ot of this festival, which continued until midnight, appeared General Changarmer, with a countenance marked by his usual placidity. That gay crowd wus not aware of the anxious thoughts which at ihat moment occupied him and the Minister I the Interior, who was at his side They had just received intelligence affording a most alarming confirmation of the communication which had been made on Friday to the minister, and which I have before mentioned. Before the brilliant assembly had separated, measures were taken for the to lowing day, on which, accordingly, the great military demonstration was made, an account ot which you win ntive seen in me journals, in me forenoon of the Monday numerous bodies of troops of every arm were seen converging towards the Assembly, and collecting in the Place de la Madeleine, the Place du Pantheon, and other centres of popular assemblage throughout the capital. Before one o'clock the environs ol the Assembly were completely filled with troops ; the area of tha church of the Madeleine, the llue lloyale, the Place de la Concorde, the Champs Elyeces, the bridge in front of the Assembly, the gardens ot the "Assembly and the Tuileries, and the quays, were one large camp. Artillery was planted, with artillery men ready mounted and prepared for action, at all the approaches to the Assembly. Wagons, containing implements to raise defences, and destroy barricades, were posted at various points. All the strategic points adopted byjth insurgents at any previous insurrection were militarily occupied. PrtBce Louts, on horseback, accompanied by two aides-de-camp and a squadrou ot dragoons, psssed before the Imes of troops, and everything indicated a firm determination on the part of the government to prevent the infraction of order This great demonstration had, undoubtedly, a favorable effect. The funds at the Bourse rose, and many of the timid and wavering in the chamber rallied to the government, who obtained, on several questions, majorities more or less; but still the jioint was gained. The matter, meanwhile, was variously interpreted by parties. The fcovernment declared that it hud detected a vast conspiracy tor the overthrow ot the moderate republic, the abolition ol the constitution, the confiscation of 'property, the establishment ot paper money, the deprivation ot personal liberty, the proscription of an immense number of persons, more or less eminent in the legislature and in the press, including the Bonaparte fjtrntly?-and, in short, lor the establishment ot the Red Republic. A quantity of flsgs were found, which had b??Cii I pre pat ?d to be erected on the occasion, consisting of a triangle upon a red ground?the triangle denoting equality, and the red ground the terror? all indications of liberty and fraternity being effaced. The movement contemplated in Paris was alleged by the ministry to he connected with like movements of the mine kind, and by the same patty, throughout the provinces, and reports of the Pri feels sod ot the provincial f unctionaries were quoted each successive day 111 confirmation of this. Such was the statement ot the government. On die other hand,the democratic party denied the existence of any Bitch conspiracy, and retorted on ihe govt riimciit, declariug rfiat the only conspiracy w hioh existed w.iS one among the monarchists snd reiutiotiiiitrs. ut the head <>f which was tfie govemmeot iiscll ?that the object of this conspirsey was the overthrow of ihe republic and the n Mutation of the monarchy under one or the other pretenders, M LediU ltollin brought in a bill to impeach the ministers lor violating the constitution. This, on being referred to a committee, wni thrown out by a la gr majority. After the affair of Monday, a committee was appointed to enquire into the grounds upon which the government made the extraordinary military demonstration of Monday, and to ascertain whether its real object was not to intinyfate the Assembly. This committee, however^ w 11 pn bably end in no result, for it is not likely that the government would lay it?elf opinio such a rhuge. There can be no doubt that there were some grounds for its proceedings. Hie only question nun be, whether the measures taken were not more than proportionate to the exigency of the occasion. Be this as it may, above 200 persons have been ar ested, and are in prison, on charges connected with this conspiracy. The triul of these will show whether or not the government had sufficient grounds to justify so extraordinary a manifestation Among the persons who have been arrested, are Count Li'A ton ?*hee, ex-peer ol France, who has become noted as a leader ol the socialist paity. snd M Alsdanixe, the commandant' f the (iunrd Mobile. Besides these, there la also Htnong the lirieoneia Col. Forestier, the commander of the 6th Itgiou Ol the National Guard. During the week which enrrmrnced with the I, v Jflih. the feelings excited hy that military demonstrai n wete fermenting,both in the Assembly and out t f it. The Ass? nnh'y, notwithstanding the protestations of the government to the contrary, thought or pretrrred to think, that the real object of the miJitaiy derronstiation was to innmidute the E NE MORI A*6emMy and to show the ability of the government to put in force an effectual "amp d'etat," and close the AfBembly if it did not consent 10 close itself. The m joritjr ol that body, therefere, concocted during the week a plan tor the open defeat of the Cabinet, which was carried into effect on Saturday last Immediately alter the events of Monday, a committee of the Assem- | bly was appointed to report to the House whether there existed giounda tor an enquiry into the conduct of ministers in relation to those events. This committee, alihough| composed ot a majority of members hostile to the government, made a report that there were no grounds; that the explanations ol the government were satisfactory, und that the ministers weie entitled to the confidence of the Asetmbly and the gratitude of the country. This re|>ort was presented on Siturday, and a proportion made that it should be adopted. Upon this proposition, an amendment was moved, that, on the contrary, it should be rejected, and that the continuant e of the Cabinet in office was dangerous to the republic. After one of those fulious and tumultuous debates ot wnich the Assembly has been so frequently the theatre since February, and in the course ot which it frequently appealed that the matter waa likely to be decided by blows rather than hv arguments, a division took place ai a lute hour of ihe evening upon the simple question whether the report of the committee should ot shou'd not be adopted The report whs rejected by 407 votes against 3X7. Ttiat part ot ihe amendment which declared the Cabinet dangerous to the republic, was reserved for another day, and was entered upon the order ol ihe day tor Monday. An incident occurred on Saturday evening which is worth mentioning, as indicating the spirit which prevails among the ditlereul parties. The President ot the Assembly had arranged during the wetk to give a grand fi'tt in his splendid palace, to the Piesident ot Ihe Republic, at which all the cabinet ministers and great functionaries of the State, and the leading members ot the Assembly, were to be invited, and in the evening a Urge pariy, of course including ladies, were to be assembled. This /ere wusannounced inihv public journalsduring the week, and it was stated th it the President of the Republic had accented the invitation. (in Saturday evening, accordingly, at 7 o'cli ck, weie assembled the guests who were invited to (lie dinner; but it was unexpectedly an uuHncru mm, a iew imurs Deiore, tne President had Bent an excuse, pleading indisposition as the cause of ins absence. It was nevertheless observed that the muladc had been on horseback durinj the day in the Champ de Mars, reviewing some troops ot the line. More than half the Cabinet Ministers sent late excuses, and, in short, the dinner was a failure. The toirit was not less so. On arriving there a little beiore 10 o'clock, I lound the rooms almost empty. The numbers increased somewhat towards il o'clock, but did not exceed three hundred iieisons at any time during the evening. Amongst the guests I observed but few of th?m who might actually have been expected to have been there, and the show of ladies wbb unusually deficient, both in number and quality; in short,a more striking contrast could scarcely be imagined than was manifested between this Ilie mat r;ulr, and that of M. O. Barrot, which I lave already described. Immediately alter the vote of the Assembly sghtnst the Ministry, the Cubinet assembled at the palace of the Ely Be Bourbon, the President of the Republic presiding, and cante to a resolution, which appeared in the Aloniteur of Sunday that, regatdlees of the votes of the Assembly, they would persevere in the mission which had been confided to them. It was again announced that the government considered itself as representing, not the majority of the Assembly, but tne majority of the country, and that, whatever might be the vote of the Assembly, they would continue in office until a general election should afford the country an opportunity of returning an Assembly which should truly represent its opinions and its wiphes. Mondav was an tmnortant dav in tli? Aaa#mKl?/ The question between the Assembly and the government was brought to a definite issue. An amendment was proposed, declaring that the continuance of the ministers in otfic was dangerous to the republic, the meaning of which wus,that the republic would be in danger unless tiie otlice and functions of the President were regarded as a cipher, and the sovereignty of the State vested exclusive!) in the Assembly. A debate took placs upon this, in which M. Leon Faucher, the Minister of ihe Interior, played a conspicuous part. The i*6ue was a division upon the amendment, affording a result which no one in the morning of the dav entertained thejeaet expectation ot. The amendment was rejech d by a majcrity of -161 to 359, giving a balance of 102 votes in favour of ihe ministry, and against the Assembly. This vote has been the finishing blow to the Assembly. In delivering it, that boay has, as will be seen, committed aa act of suicide. On Tuesday commenced the debate on the question ot the dissolution ol the Assembly. You are aware, by my former letters, that a great variety of propositions on this subject have been, from time to time, made, Borne mentioning a particular day tor the dissolution, and others mentioning particular measures to which the discussions ot the Assemb y should be limited. All these propositions were,on Tuesdsy,withdrawn, except one?that ot M. Laujuinais?upon which all the parties not desirous ot the indefinite continuance ot ihe Assembly had agreed. The proposition which produced this general concurrence, was to the t fleet that the Assembly should confine itself to the discussion and passing ot the electoral law and the completing the electoral lists; that the elections should take pi .ce on the Sunday following the completion of these lists and the aaseinbling oi the new legislative Assembly, and that the dissolution the present Assembly should be fixed for ten days afier the elections. This is substantially equivalent to hxing the dissi lution of the Assembly and the convocation ot the new Assembly.for the middle id April. From ibis time until that period, we shall have a continued electioneeung Hgitation; and unless some new and unexpected incident should arise, the proceedings oi the Aseembly will henceforward attract but Intic interest. Let me now say a few words on the general political spirit which prevails through the country. I told you formeily that the monarchical parties had foimed a coalition?the legitimists, or partisans ot fienri V., having consented to unite with the Orleanisis, and an agreement being made that in case or the re-establi.-hment ot monarchy, the throne should be given or left to Henri V. with the succession to theComtede Paris. In this arrangement, all parties assume that Henri V., although he be onlv twenty-nine, and married to a young wife, can nave no issue. This coalition, however, is now broken up. The rapid increase of the monarchical party through the country, and the unexpected progress of the re-actiou, have been such thai ihe Urleanista led themselves much stronger tbsn they were. They begin to mink that the coalition wiih the Due de Bordeaux will, besides postponing ihe accession of the C< mte de Paris, do tin m direct dunnage. 'I he Due de IJor- j deaux obsiin; t-. ly insists that he will return io Fiance < nly as its legitimate sovereign, acknrwledged as such by the unanimous voice (I the people. lie will accept no flag but tie white flag, RDd will revive all the tradition and ttssoeisii>ns ot the house ot iiotiibnn He H coi t< nt, it is ti ue, to allow the continuance of untvenal suffrage, and democratic institutions ; bu be will be a King by descent, and not bv election. hi. J w ill a bo idi ihe tri-colon d f].ifr. "Tins is an imi ratticability, and, combined with other and n oie powerful reasons, hns determined ihe Orjeepist* to proceed llpoh ti.eir own hook, as you ta) in America They will go lor a regency, under ili*- Duchess of Orleans, uutil the mujonty of ihe Count do Paris, the counc.l of regency, being preaided over by M. Th.ers I must tell you that thia irojeit is infinitely more likely to succeed ihan you can belleve, with your Amercan ideas. You ratu.tlly find it difficult to comprehend how a people In actual post? sat'n of a very democratic icpi blie, tan be guilty of an act of suicide so ?g'? pious as vo'uniuiily, and by general consent, to return to a mc naichy. It is, I unmit, difficult to compirhend; but every well-inlurmed peison here kru wa that such a result is likely speedily to ensue. The fears of the monarchical party are not that they will fail lor want of sufficient aupport, but that then supporters will be too numerous, and too ardent, and will push them on too fsat, and thus eiasjeraie the minority and produce a premature civil war. It is expected that the Chambe re now about to be elected, will consist of an inmenee majorpy of advocates for the re-establiiLment ol monarchy. There are two things, however, to which it is generally agreed we cannot return. We cannot abolish the tn-eolored fh a which heb waved over so many fields of glory, si.d which has been identified with the most brilliant papes ol the history ol France; neither can we revi ke the great principle oi universal aafhage. h h< rt of this, how ever, the restoration of monarchy would be hailed here with almost universal satisiM-uon The aiatere and pure republicans,? thore who dircaid all ideas oi terror, ot the guillotine ana the red flag?those who desire the establishment of a government such as that of the Failed fctates? are, as lhave often told yon, a very W Y O !IING EDITION?MON: small party, coufined exclusively to the capital, and to tome ot the manufacturing towns. The parties of the red republic, socialists and communists, are, tbken collectively, much more numerous; but all these put together, iorm a very small minority in France. The great bulk of the rural population, and the great majority of the commercial classes and proprietors, desire to have a constitutional monarchy. The commercial distresses and general misery fkioii hf.t'w nvouoiLfi fnr fh*? luut tu'plv?> mnnrlm are, however, unjustly visited ujron the republicIt is true that they would probably have prevailed in any case alter a great revolution like that el Febiuary, no matter what might have been the lorm of government established; but that is not taken into account by the people generally, and the great mass, who are now sutlerrng misery aud starvation in the fauborgs ol Paris, and m the great towns, ascribe their sullt rings to the republic.? Some of them would have socialism and communism; but being convinced that these are unattainable, they would rather at once return upon monarchy Depend upon it, that this is a true picture of public opinion here, however difficult you may find it to be conceived on the other side of the At- i laniic. The proposition of M. Laojuinais, for the dissolution o) the Assembly, was carried yesterday, with ome slight modifications, in the Assembly. The first a)tide, declaring that the electoral law should be voted without delay, was carried by au immense majouty. The second article?that the elections should take place on the Sunday alter the closing the electoral lists produced some discussion; but on a division, was carried, by 470 to :W7. The new legislative Assembly is to meet, und the present Assembly to dissolve itsell, on the 15th, and not the loth day, as originally proposed. The thud article regulates the business to be done by the Assembly before its dissolution, if there l>e time to complete it, viz :? the laws on the Council of 5?taie, the responsibility of public functionaries, and the voting the budget of 1841). Last night, at miduiglit, the court martial deli- : vered its sentence on the accused of the murder of tieneral de ]>rea, and his uid-de-cumpt Captain Mnngin GutllHume, Coutant and Quiitun are acquitted; l)aix, Vappreaux, Jeune, Lahr, Nourry U7I/1 ... - T .... II I u?u viivjuh me i uuuciiiiica IU ucaui ; ucuriir" ?uny. Nurne uml <:authe roil to IrovauxJnrc($foT lilt*; Mouny, Gone, Naudin and ] >ugat to ten year* ol Iravuvx furrci; Moueeel to five years; Luc to twenty years of detention; Vapprraux. Anie, Rtissieres, Boully and Breese to ten years; Paris, five years; Gem, two years of imprisonment; Haude and M-tsson, one year. After hearing the sentence, the crowd quitted the hall of sitting in profound silence. Interesting Arroant of the Discovery of the Uold lit California. [From the London Glebe Feb 0 1 " Four Months among the Gold tinders in Alta-California; being the Diary of an Expedition fmm San Francisco to the Gold Districts." By J. Tyrwbiit Brooks, M.D. Bogue.?Mr. Blocks, it seems, left San Francisco on the 24th of Msy last, with a party bound tor the "diggings"?having arrived at that port with the lntr hi ion ef seeking employment as a surgeon in the volunteer corps organized by the United States government curing the Mexican war, and hading the war over, and his chance gone, determined to try hi9 fortune with the crowds going up the country. He appears to have returned t# San Francisco early in October, and thence to have transmitted to his brother in England the diary kept in the interval, which forms the work of which we have given the title. Whether its contents be all true or uot, they certainly look like the truth, the details being not only consistent with each other, but with all that ib yet known of the districts described; and few who read the book through will not admit that it is Hmusing. As to the main ^>oint, just now?what Mr. Brooke realized by hia four months' labor, appears to have been about fifteen hundred dollars?say three hundred pounds; and considering the circumstances under which it was obtained and retained, we can hardly consider him a very fortunate man. i ci ne nad ne mean advantages, personal and other, over the majority ot his eompetitois. From the first he was associated with a party varying in number from four or five to eight or ten, and including men dexterous at carpenter's work, at trapping, hunting, and the use of the riHe, and who all proved brave, hardy, and faithful to each other. The first place they visited was on the south bank of the Americanos river Here they worked till the place got over crowded, and then went further up the river, passing the point where the river forks, and taking the south bank of the south fork, till they reached the saw mill, where the fust discovery was made. We extract the account they received from Capt. Butter, the owner of ths mill, of the incideuis of the discovery:? "1 waa sitting one afternoon,''said the captain, "just after my siesta, engaged, by the by, In writing a letter to a relation of mine at Lucerne, when I was Interrupted by Mr. Marshall- a gentleman with whom I had frequent business transaction*?bursting hurriedly Into the room. From the unusual agitation la hts manner, I imagined that something serious had occurred, and, as we Involuntarily do in this part of tba world, 1 at once glanced to tee if my rifle was in its proper place. Tou should know that the mere appearance of Mr. Maraball at that moment in the fort, wae quite enough to surprise me, as be had but two days before irf t the place to make acme alterations In a mill lor sawing pine planks, which he had just run up for me some miles higher up the Americano*. When he bad rreovsrsd himself a little, be told me that however greet my surprise might be at bis unexpected appearance, it would be mucb grsater ahen I beard tbe intelligence he had come to bring me " Intelligence." he tdded. * whleh, it properly profited by, would put both ef us In possession of nnbsard of wealth?millions and millions of dollar*, in tact." 1 frankly own, when i beard ibis, tbat i thought something had touched Marshall brain, when, suddenly, all my misgivings were put to an end by his flinging on the table a handful of scales of pure virgin geld. 1 was fairly thunderstruck, and asked him to explain wbat all this meant, wbea he went on to say that according to my instructions, he bad thrown the mill wheel out of gear, to let the whole body of water in the dam find a passage through the tall-race, which was previously too ntrtow to allow th? wattr to run off In aufiioient quantity, whereby tba whtel aaa prevented from efficient y perrorming ita work. By tills alteration, tba narrow obanosl was considerably enlarged, and a mass ef sand and gravel carried iff by tba loroa of tba torrent. Karlyintbe morning after ibis took plaea, bo (Mr. Marshall) was walking along the left bank of tba stream, when ha perceived n metbing wbicb be at Brat took for a place of opal?a clear, transparent atone, eery common here ? glittering on one ot tba spota laid bare by tba sudden eiumbling away of tba bank. Ha paid no attention to ibis; but while ba was giving directtaaa to the workmen, baaing observed several similar glittering fragments, bis curiosity was so far excited that ba stooped down and pick'd ona of them up. " Do you know," aid Mr. iuai stall. *'1 positively debated within myself two or tbrea times whetbsr I should take tba tiouble to bend my back to piok up ona of tba pieces, and bad decided on not doing so. when, farther OR, another glittering morsel caught my ijstba largrst of tba pieoes now before yuu. 1 condescended to pick it up. and to my astonishment found that it was a ibin seals of what appeais to be pure gold, lie ibsn gstbersd some twenty or ibirty similar pit-eas, wbicb, cn examination, convinced hliu that his suppoeittens were right His tlist Impression was that this gold bad been lost or burlid there by some early Indian tribe- psrbsps some ol these mysterious Inhabitants of tba Wert ot whom we have no account, but who dwelt on this continent centuries ago and outlt those cities and tcmp'es, tbe ruins of which arc scattered aoout tbeta rolitaiy wll.s On proceeding however to examine the ne.gbbourlng soil be discovered tbat It was more or less eutlierous This at onoe decided him He mounted his b'is?. and rode down to me as fast as It w< old carry him with the urws Tbe captain and hia Iriend atarlrd the next morning to make a (linker survey, and apeut u day in poking about among the auuu both on the bunkaot the river and in the dry beds ot one or two tnbutary rtirnma, finding bus ol cold on all sides ; but k I I..-.I.. (..I... I - I" L. .u I1IVU?|I rjiH< III' if V<VTIU1 iv ACCp UUIUI HlgHl VI IIIC wcikpcople utthe mill, they found them til goldhunting vn thfcir letuiu. "due of them, a sly Ken* lutkiun, hud dogged us about, and looking on the gtcund to tee ll he could discover what we wore in rentch of, he hud lighted on some flakes of gold hiimcli." The next day the captain hud lilty Indiana at woik ; but the newt spread like wild-tire. fc? n;e of the gold sent to San Franrteco brought up ( n>wda of pvple ; and a large emigrant patty ol the Mormon* having entered Cnlilorniu across the llorky Mountain* just a* the a (lair became known, Ithl ed, and eel to worn about thirty miles higher up the liver. Mr. Hrnoksand hi* party woikedhere torn me time, but finding the produce of their daily wsehings toon tall off, and hearing of better ground at Wrhei'a Cteek. a email stream running into the f^outh Fo.k, they flatted again, and there tout d the gold much mote plentiful, occnrifng in short veins, and in lump# among the rock* of the neighboring rnvinea. But here they had to contend witit a new difficulty. The richest spots we re at a distance from water, so they had to curry ihe fHtid and gravel a long way before they could warh it Then " the tun was terribly hot in thoae r.e ep vbI'i j e all da) ,aud the nights eh.II and damp." l evel and ague began to prevail, so they struck to if.e noiihwnid, for Bear Valley, in search of a belter climate. At the end ot three day* journey >hry found it; and lonnd also gold and plenty of iinme , hut ihry.lonnd, too, the Indians, and great wsiit of fertility for lite and property. They had, mote than once, to fight lur both, and in these en- I RK E DAY, FEBRUARY 26, counters one of their humher ??b killed and scalped,|and several desperately wounded. As their cold accumulated,they feared alike to keep it with mem or to send it into a saler district under any escort stroncer than the whole body. One tiercel, so sent oil, was captured by Indians, alter a hard fight in its defence. At length, by common consent, the party returned ; ana on their way beck found matters wonderfully changed. 1 journeyed by (low marches aloog the banks of the Sacramento, passing aevtral oolontea of gold-fladers on my way At noon I halted at one of these, and tottered scmelittie time round abouttbe camp The rapidly decaying vegetation - here unusually rank?was producing a malaria, and sickness was doing its ravages ; but etiil the poor in'atuated people, 01 eucb of them as were not prevented by poeiilve inability, w uke I on until tbey eank under the toil. Kvery one seeoaed determined to labor as bard as possible for the few weeks left before tbe rainy seaeon set in, and the result was, that many of them met their deaths There were others though, who sooght to enriob themreive* by a onluker. and perhaps leas dangerous pro I cuts than a)* this Weary toll. Acoonllog to the ao counts I heard, life and property wafe alike in- 1 secure. The report ran, that as soon as It bscine

known that a man bad amassed a large amouat of gold be was watohed and followed aboat till an op portunlty presented itself of quietly putting bim out the way. There hid been few known deaths, but the htiml ?r of pern ne who bad been missed and wnose Irlerds even had not thought It wortb while to go In seatrh of tbeui, was very large In every ease the maa's stock of gc Id was not to be found in his tent; still there was netting surprising In this, as every ene made a point of carrying his gold about him, no m* ter bow heavy It might happen to be One or two dead bediss bad be?n found floating in the rlvtr. which circumstance was looked upon at Indicative of toai play having taken place, as it was ooneidered that the poorest (I the gold-finders carried tuny a sufficient weight of gold about them to oause their bo lies t > siuk to the botti ni ct the s team. Open attempts at rob bevy were rare ; it was In the stealthy night tiuie that ibieves prowled about, and entering the HUla tenia, occupied by perbaps nut more than a couple of miosis - neither ef wham, in all probability, felt iuoMnud 'o keep a weary watch over tbelr golden treasure? carried off as much of it as they cuuid lay their hands on. By way of preoaution, however, almost every one alept with tbelr bag of gold underneath tbeir pillow, having a rifle or revolver within their rvach. That, with no law acknowledged, or power patent to enforce it,the more successful tinners should come to be regaided us an many rich parcels of aurilert us clay, the silling of which by their cempetitora in the night was more profitable than any woik they could do in ihe day, ih not very surprising, though it evidently places within narrow limits the probability ol making a fortune. Due Yankee had alreudy shot two men for entering luu tern, and not going out when told. Mr. Brooks put his head tn to ask a question, aud got leave to retreat while the host examined the fhutot his rifle. Mr. Brooksofleta nothing more than a description ot his own adventures; though|he if evidently disposed to expect great Euiopean results from the discovery. For himself, his Inst words dtscribr him as possessed ot $1,400 tn ban Francisco, but anxious to get away,even to the Sandwich Islands, as the prevailing prices would swallow up all his Store, lor meie subsistence, in two nxinlha The Latdt fiom the Pacific?Highly Interesting Intelligent e?Man luge ox the Amv. titan charge U'Aflalrea at Cuili Siiignlur Conduct ol (he UlHhop. I From the < hurleston Courier, Feb. 21,] The btig Henrico, ( apt, Paine, arrived at this port yes eiday, fiom Chagres, wbtoh port she left on the 8)it nit. We are indebted to the polite attention of Captain Thelpa. a passenger on board tbe Henrico, for tbe following Inieieetlng information with regard to matters In California, and in the Paeitlo Capt Phelps left San Francisco on the 12th September, ben Diego on the let ot Ootober, and Valparaiso on the 80th December, at noon. Tbe U. S ship Independence, Com. Shubrlok, was at Valparaiso when Capt. Phelps left, to sail in a few da) a lor tbe United States, via Callao. Mrs. Abel, tbe lady of tbe late U S Consul at the Sandwich Islands, died on board tbe Independence, at Valparaiso, about the 27tb December. Setn barton, fcrq ,tbe U S Charge to Chill, was married at ht Jsgo, aleut the 28th Deo , by the Cbaplaia of ibe Independence, to a lady of the country Tbe Catholto niebvp refuted his eanotion^to the nuptials, on sccr.nnt ct the ( barge being a I'rutrstant and tbe lady aCathollo. After ibe marriage was pel formed by tbe Cbapiain the Biebop aeeerted that the minister bad a wife then living in the United States, whereupon tbe minister addressed a note to the Blrhop, demanding an apology, with tbe threat that, unless una was given within twenty four hours, It would beoume a national aBalr. Tie Calilornia was to have laft Panama about tbe Istinst., tor San Francisco, with 36u passengers on beard It la stated that she will realise tiU.OUt! dollars tar 1 be passage and freight charges. Tbe American slip Philadelphia, a British bark, and a imall rcboouer, bed been lakeu up at Pan*ma, by parse ngers at that place, to proceed to California, all of wbtob would go lull It wan believed that tbe steam ii buu iup verseis aouve enumerated. would net leave more then 200 at Panama- including those on their way to that place from Chagre*. but there was no veesei at the foimer port to take them when Cept Phelps It ft 1 barr have been noma ca>a? of cholera at Panama, on tba read betaeen Cbagrea and tbat place, and at Crueea. tot the dietaae bad not prevailed to any alarming client Id consequence of the scarcity of mules, and the worn outcondition of those in use, mont of the m?rchsndlte tlio bsggege required to be transported across tba Isthmus, ? as conveyed on the baoks of the natives who. laking advantage of tie state of things, were obarging vnoimous prices Many of the aiui giants w?ie crossing on font, and some carrying their tiunks and baggage on their backs. A number had died fitmtatigue and exbautlion, and many others were taken sick on the road '1 he honesty ot the natives is proverbial. On the arrival of paisengera at Gorgona and Cruoes. the ous 11 hi is for ite natives to engage for the tiasportation tf all the meichandite and baggage they aen lay their hands t n. the oarers of which proceed on to Panama, expeetlrg their goods will be there on the following day The earners, however, circulate otherwise.? ( TLty deposit their freight just without the villages In piles. In ibe woods, and lake them across to Pauama promiscuously and at their leisure, but they all arrive , >afs veptualiy Bales, boxes, trunks and packages ot tpeoie aie ihus left to the mercy of the poor, ha fbaked natives, and a robbery by tbem has never boen khcwn. The agent of the California paid pa 000 for the irsmpi nation of 142 packages from i.hagreito I seena. Passengers lor Caliloroia by the Isthmus of Psnsma should not leave the United States unless they aie certain of meeting a vessel at Panama, to proseed on bcaid of immediately on their arrival there, oihtrwire they may Bod themselves out of funds end a long way fnm the gold digging region. The risk from nckaees by being delayed on the road is also a lesions eonsideiation Boaid at Panama is $3 per day, and other expenses in til Ob( rtlAri Thee* rt-n.? ./!- AW eh- . V th en.lgisnt* being much larger than they had provided tor, many modes of raising the wind are ad >p(ad ? Amcig other contrivance*, exhibitions are mad* of vinous kinds, and ou? of a aparrtog match was adveribt d to ooma off on tbe evening of the Mib December. W would suppose that tbia display would be wall at< ended, aa tb? "art of relt defence" will bo vary In j.01 taut 10 thise who bate to buffet tbeir way ltUbtlh the mixed population of that newly settled country Ibe fir. royal mall fat*amtr Trent arrived at Cbaftrra on tbek'J.hof January, and left attain the hb? uay,t?kingm at Cbagrea one and a half millions In ritoie. The yellow itvir broke eat on board the Trt nl, th< rtly alitr she left Kingston ; and previous to ber arrival at Cbagrea. 7 peraona bad died, and 17 other eases were then reported on board, iu contaquenee of which nirsl ot the passenger- from Peru and Chili, by the fir. I'ao-Qo ateamer. aeclined going on board lbe Trent, preferring to charter a vessel at Chagrea for tbia port, and coneiquently engaged the Henrietta to bring tktni here. 1 be bark Hoi id a from New Orleana, with 78 passengera on board, arrived on tbe 3utb, and anchored outside, subject to du daya iiuaianiine, altboagb there war no iickneaa t n board. 11. B M eurveyirg ship Herald, and brig Pandora, were at Panama. 1 be Herald bad bean to tbe north toenueaior to gain intelligence of Sir John Krauklin, but relumed without bearing nuythlng of him. At Ctngtea, tbe btlga Mary lenuei and Caroline Piatt ellii renamed ? n chore Attriopta were mating to get tba Caroline f latt rff At prevent taey teree to d*coy veaiela on shore, as tbey Uy With all their masts and }aid* aloft,and pretest to a atranger approaching tl e harbor the appearance of ves-als riding at anchor 1 bote unacquainted, abould lla oil tba port and wait , H t tba aeeictaiica of a ateamer to tow toe weaael In. 1 he ewamer Uru* Ilea In tbe batbor for that purpose, and tbe cbaigea tor towing are moderate Passengers, i n at living at Cbagrea. ran go immediately on board ibe due with their bvggege, where they win find good accommodations and good living, at moderate prices and can bargain wlib the captain to convey them to l toeraor fiorgona at lower ra'es than can be dona with tbe naiivea. Tba ateamer goea about half way to CtrgoLa -ibe balance of tbe distance la perform-d in b<air provided by the ateamer. Capt I'helpa heartily j.ceil m-nda Capt Tucker to all paaaenger* crossing ibe Inbmua. ae ageat eman extremely kind aocommidatitg. atd anrnine. ltar. Sterling, of Bali I more, and Mra Clark and family. of MaaraabU'eiU. were left at Cbagrea, to take paaaage in tbe best verael that (Cera In |0>t at Valparalea, abipa Damascus. of Baltimore, atd Albairoa, or Beaten, alio a bark ot Baltimore. The d ip Colchis. Aribur, nailed tor tbe leeward porta about tbe 2ftib Deo. 'Ibe ship Crueader, Miner, railed for liilbimtnon tbe tuib Dec , to load for Boston Tba katk , tlaldy. of Baltimore, was %\ Ariea oo the 4th Jan., bavins jual arrived. At Caliao. Jan. 13th ship Aiqnefeet (jsrdner Just arrived fn m Valparaiso being tbe only American sktp in port The Aiuerieaa ship Atlantic,kwith a Cargo of guaan. sailed fioin Caltao short ih' Uh January 'ibe bilg Malek Adhel. flail, frr.m San tranciseo, and ta retain there, was at Masal I an on tba &tb lira. Two Baltimore vessels, names net recollected, were lying at Valparaiso. [ERA 1849. Tbe Henrico bring* no gold on frolght Copt Phelps boned n? tome specimens wearieg tbe form in which the; wore token from tbe eorth. Their oppeoronne is similar to thet of gold poured from o crucible in on ir* regular euifooe. end apparently quite pure. From tbe accounts given In the letter which follows, it would oppeor tbot Copt P took tbe sure course to Insure reosonsble quantity ef the precious metol by j trading with tbose who dteembowelled it from tbe earth. In this way he boa aeourrd for himself. if the tufurmo- I tion of tbe writer is coriec'. o haud?ome fortune, end tbe short couferenoe wh ch hie limited time allowed wiib us. we drew the iuf. rence that bla mtellipent and clear-sighted knowledge woe of such a ohsrooter as to enable bim to make tbe beet use of his opportunities while in the country. He has our hesrty good wishes for n long and prosperous life, to enjoy bis good fortune. We learn from ('apt. P.. that there l< eery little dlf Acuity in getting across fiom Panama to Cbegrea. but In returnltg there i* much to he eucojotered. and mtny ere ?rn along ihe road, too much e xhausted and fatigued to make further progress tap'. Phelps intornia um that he was quite familiar wl h the country about tbe g-ld region long before it was known thai It coDtaioeo wlthm Ha boaoin tha rich metal wblch la now taken from It to ailcb nroiuriun ~ Nine years ago. ?b?n enacted to the ship Alert, of Boatoc, h? want up tbr Sacramento river in a boat, and wax tbe Urtt man ibat ???r bois'ed an American tlvg on ite baake He wae also frequently In that region wben Colonel Fremont waa there wtih hie corps of en gineers. and often enoeuiped wi'h them il* then little dreamed that they were treading near euoh a vaet bsdy ot the preeioua metal nor does he imagine that any one in the expedition had an inklntgj ot it unleea it was ( ol. Fremont himself *ho>? searching mind might bare made pome discoveries that induced him to leiurn to lliat country tucniitiy In a Edition to the above we t.ave lieen favored with the p? meal of a vary inlereatiug alter from Vaiparaito. Valraha so. f)eo. 20 1848. ***???* Since that time we have had an arrival from San Franctrco. bttngiig twoj gentleui u les-engers, who have been in that country for Hire* yeara past, one of tb>m at apt. Phelpv au old acquatutHnoe if mine who har given me much in tor uihi ton regarding the gold utatilot-- it cannot be nailed a miue for the gold la found on the turlare of tbe earth, and not by digging or mining any depth, and the extent la not yet atcertailied. anbui gh two hundred intlre long andfrrm ptxty to aeveniy broad haa been traversed and gold found in every tuot of the way It was first discovered by a peitOD (one < f ihe Mormons) who bad a mill, and Irbtng to turn the watt rs ot bis mill race dug another cbanutl and dried up tbe old one, in the bottom of which he saw something shining but did not know exactly what it was. He from curiosity, oolleotedfour quart hotthe ol this yellow-metal,*and took them to ban Francisco, end confiding in a friend, bad it assayed and it proved to be goid duet of a very superior quality. In a rburt time this led to other dtsaoverles. Mist on tbe baDks of the rivers, for the convenience of washing, and an tbe number of persons increased tbey went more inland, where tbe'site and quantity IncrtBPed. Capt. Phelps tells me be has taken out many pieces from under the roots of an old ties, with no other implement than a sheath knits, and no other Instrument Is necessary in any part but a email ptok-aze, shovel, end a tub or trough to wash the eaud and dust from the pieces and particles of gold Pleoee of au enormous rue baue been found, from four pounds upwarda. and as you ascend tbe mouutams the pieoen tucreele in six*. Now this range of mouutaiud extends over four hundred miles, end the oietanoc from tbe great bay of San Frsnoi?o<> and tne sea is from titty to an hundred, intercepted by many small atraams, navigable for email vessels and launches, with evert facility tor carrying on trade and building towns ami oitiee, with an immense fertile country on eaob side of it The river baoramenio runs a long distance to the northward inland, into wbioh runs several othei rivers, all navigable ftr vessels drawing 12 or 16 feet ol water, and tbe country around rapable of supporting millions of population?plenty ot wood of all kinds ?>l|<IT<IUUlIDbUU|U> >u UU IB, LU VSWOIISU I bianob nilut Immediately. aDd leteitch individual have a lirf un' to dig by paying a small sum p-r month, and heavy fine* lor dlggin without a license; a mint to give ih? raw matt-rial a valuation and furnirh the country with a currency and standard, and their revenue would be im me nee There are now from five to t?u tbuurand perrons employed a' the diggings on their own account. Say eight thousand, at ten dollars per month, is f 00 per month, Besides the profits ol tbe Mint, the silver, quicksilver, and lead mines are very rich, and from samples taken and tried yielding from 60 to 80 dwts. of pure metal, wbiob mines are not troubled as yet, as gold Is found easier aud at no expense. 1 here is an immense field open In this vicinity for enierprlee The transportation is now earned on by launches, woiked by three or four Indians, which bring tbslr owners In from thirty to forty dollars per day ; and there wlii b* employment fcr hundreds of eisan boats on the w?Un or mo Krauoisoe bey in lees than live years. A steamboat now would make a fortune In a sbortttme. You may ask bow it is that oommtice bar starled up to suddenly ? Formerly every kind of trade was can led on by barter in hides and tallow, consequently business moved stow, and a small amount coveted a targe space, and averybody went regged sod tbe Indian naked. Now gold nas onanged everything I'be people are olothed. debts paid, and luiunee obtained by pinking up tbe gold under their feet and paying for it. and it is not oonsumahle In a day. Thedtpibof lbs soil sustaining g-Id is about sia to tight feet, when you come to hard, dry clay, or tena. called ' Tueca" (pronounced " Toska" In this couatry ) and where no gold u found; the black soil is from twenty to thirty feet deep on tne flat lands, growing thinner as you approaoti the mountains, and very rich, biaveiy is not required in this country; Ibe Indian population are disposed to work, and tne vfiujatv win peiueii Ul M/ llhU UI l?wr. 1Q0I? IS ft dry slid wet season tn California, Ilk* that of Chili, neither hot In summer nor cola in winter, ft* in the Lulled 8r*ie* or < u the A'lamto side ot the oontinent. 1 be winter of ft wet Mtfon Is the most pleasant, as beta* en (be internets ot rainy days the olimate Is delightful, as In ( hill, ibe ibeim>,meter at about 60 deg., atd ibe air sufficiently charged with moisture to be plrarant. la the dry season the thermometer at TO atd Hi, dry and warui < apt Thripe has with bim 1U7 pounds of gold, which Is worth in this market (3tu per lb or #3t) 100 all v btch be tltig and made by trade in six monihs, and nany others bar a done as well, lie takes his with him to tb* United States. Dae 28 A psrt of this contlneat is In a civil war. Jio lei* (or upper I'eru) Is in commotion and revolution . Cblli Is quiet. thci.gb not contented. Our commerce Is daby tailing id, owing to tbe Peruvian government ipebing the port* to tree commerce, and the Califorblan pi rtr hen g open We hate bad the Amsrlcan'stc amer California here, in 44H running cays, or day* at rea She Is a first late veaiel and works aeil, uoacoideiil of auy klndon He passage If tbere is any fault, her engine is too light io propel against the strong winds on tb* ooast otfalihrnia bhe will meet witn some detention and tiuobie in ber tlirt oommenceinent, but after ftlf?<rs are regulated, the company will make money. Toe lliiilrb line ot steaineis on this coast, between this and I anama, ate d<.lug a great business I'he last tteaiuer hi ought to Va paraiso 126 passenger* and >360 000. besides Height; am ibere are averaging monthly 100 gasler g>(s and t too 11 0 in specie I he average of pasrag* money turn tbis port to Panama is (SO, and freight ot i-peeie ]>{ p.r ern'. I bope some of *ur enterprising merchant* at Lome will conaeot a line to the California, to inn South to ibis port?it would be adding great piofit* lo ifeeir oultii* '1 l e geld lever U raging all along this coast all oar bssl m* rbaniz* ana yoomr men aie leaving tor Call forn a. The Sandwich Islands are quite deserted of all siarfer ? every perron has left Monterey and Sao Francisco so n.o. h so that tbeie are n - servaata to be had. I will here relate an at> ccoteot the times at vionterey, ( apt Spariow, el the schooner Laeobiaoano. an arrivli g at biometry Ironi oau Francisco Inquired fortlov. b' t si n. 1 La hi use being pointed out io bim, he sn? t>r?d Ion l d two men sitting in the kitchen, one with bta coat < t! sleeves turoud Up p-nl'ug potatoes: the other In tbe samedriss, washing them and putting ihem in the pe t ; and who su'.a.d there two men be but Oov. Mrson a Del the Collector eet the < u?lom?. Oov. I Mare n said to Cap'. Sparrow, it's u >t my turn to cook jtu tea ttey tir of retvante- - cook or ntarve. Munj of ibo rooieie bare ileeetlao. toil ail the endure left their rail' U I'd give ) ou lur b-r id fa- of tho go (1 lever. II. B M f iga'e torn I a no# (row in tine p >rt) wee la Ken Kiel, r-hco in Auguet laet 1 he oom ma Oder, knowing 'be ol'pieilloh to deeert. anchored hie iblp two B>il(i firm the ehore. doubled bie guard* and had the marine* under urine abd only flopped there 48 hour* . jet two if the mm oeeerifd. anii with aome difficulty he grt hie ehip out, or be would have lout half of bia cite bj drfiiiicn. From Panama. [From tfcc National intelligencer, Feb. 24 j PeeeM*. N?wr Uaaeaut Jauuary Id 1849. Fir : I haTe the honor to report, tor the information cf the <io?rieraarter'e Depart men; that the d Wcutiina of enuring the lattimua of Darien, from Cbagrn* to lanana, are vrtj great. f>o?pt for a very few pereoaa and a rn all quantity of haggege or freight. The Lumber of cenoee to be had at (Juagree, alt told, great ana rmall. ie not m< re tbuu lorty. The number of ablmale to be bad at Ciuoee and (jorgoua (being Interior murtarg hotter. not muler) ie not uiore than firm tbl* place The rerult I? or bee been, that more than < Be hell of our public etoree end OMm* had b?m )itoi|)itf odi l iurn ana tlorgnna to tni* place l j men. at ten dollar* >he hundred pound*. Mill** or P< Lira ate now paid for at tbe rate of twenty dollar* each. No arrangement* haee been made by the agent* of any line either t o the A'leniio or faniflo, to faetlitate In the rliyh'eft degree toe traneculeelon or either letirngera. or freight er goeernraeat property aoro** < he 1st) mux We the agent* of the gorxrnraent. are m roh Ind'bttd to M? *rx. Zaoh.i?eua, Netaon h Co ,our ooatub. Icr their h id aiaiaiance Thr banka of the ileer Ihagree are exceedingly unhealthy llae tl t low eoeete of Afrioa 1 be read lr< m I mere to rename oro*?e?. be*lde* the dlrdlig ridge beteeen the two oct ane, diagonally, a nnn.ber ofei ura jutting ont therefrom en each aide.? 1 bete epora air ot reck, aid eery preeiption* 1 be i"*d. aa y< o par* up beteeen two of theae apnra, pie-el la ibt appeaianoe of the bottom or a r a etna mltd wlib large loote atone* and the debris of the adjaer nt bllle, and, ? here it croerea tbe spur, that of tuectation of atalrt, up and down, with a bole In each LD. m. '..ila:?v ?. - ? ...| j TWO CENTS. atep about tbrca Inehaa deep. worn hy the feet oftho animate paratng "r?r, Into which your mule or (bora* ineerte hie foot, and yeu oanaot make him plaoeany it vWiaalw. Tba read from Oorgooa (?l* ml lea nearer Chagred than Crucee) to Penan a rum at tba baaa of thaae apura, oroanng.thc ridge at a comparatively lor paint: but it ia impaaaable in the wet eeaaon. on aeooant of tba quantity and tenacity of the mad; in tba dry eeaaon it la infinitely piefarahle to that out Crnaaa. Tba dry aaaaon uaually comaiaaoea about tba middl* of December, and ooutiouaa uotll 'ba middle of Marob. No local cauae of diaaaae esiatain tba olty of Panama, or ita Immediate vicinity No impediment allele in the oooatruetloa at a rallroad acrwea the iatbmue, eimpt ib? uoheakthlnaaa of i the climate No grade of forty feet to the mile need | be made, an tba valley* will allow any dlatenoa to bo Puerta Brllo In an nonllnDt h?rbnr on the Atlantis elde. and in old time* all tha trad* (I hare aaoartaieed tbla from particular iiqoir? paeaed fr?ui tbenoa to tbir elty bj a pav?d road no* onnr.il wlrh t.he Inxuriunt vegetation of the ollma'a It waa abandoned becaure tb? river of i.hagreii afforded for two- htrda of tbe ?ay an ea?ier mod" ot trauapoilation for tba 11111% iirmu arrori the laibmua. To a tit da like our*, what I may oall tha cnttra want of a harbor at < kagra* <a mttuitaiy the greater obHrurtiin No vetarl drawing tl't-n f-nt *at?r MB rafely eiit?r It, except uudir several moat fovorable eontingpnrlaa of wind. tid*-. ?a>nn bo.. and, wbeia nteml It ia but a null pond, deepening very gradually Indeed in front of tha town. In making a railroad front Puerto Bello (haauttfol port) to tbia ol'y, tba labor must ba performed by lackr, who compote twn-thirda of tba oopulatlon of tba irtbnjua, and who are fabhful always and Industrious when Inspired by good remunaratlon. The dirrotora and averreers for tba flrat winter moat 1 a Amarlrana or Kngllr hmaD, during whioh tbay ean nairuot Datives of ihn Spautrb blood euflfolently to be able to anprrintpod dnrlng tha unhealthy season. until the work la Miflloiently advened to ba aompletad by the engineer j with tba precise and anlenttBo nloatira of eoDatruotlon. in *ba aacnod healthy aaaaoe, at { iba end of whtoh iba work rau ba completed, If andcc conti act all at tba aama time I waa a civil englutar on tba lln? of a contemplated j railroad fr< m tba Suri|iithaona river to Lake Krln. and each day after wa reached lha Alleghany mountains i we mat with mora nat ural ob.-'ruotloua (omitting the unheeltbtiiesa of the oltuiate; tliau oxlst la crossing tba Isthmus of Derlen to Panama from Pnarto Bello; I and yet iba rnuia waa leported practicable without * atationary engine 1 am your very reeptr.ifut and obedient aarvant, fcOWARI) H K1 rZUKIt VLB, Bt. Major and A. Q.. M. To Major General T 8 Jen e. I ^uRitrriLtoirr 0*11*1*1 U.S. /V , WASQIQgtOQ. CALIFORNIA GOLD AT THB MINT. | We undt-rbiaud that ihr amount of California gold deposited at the mint of Philadelphia for coinuge, up to Wednesday lanf, was $58,522 Tho only coinage ol CalitorniH gold is in quarter eagles, and amounts to 50. Ol these, the pieces traiiniuited to John Y Mason, Esq., the Secretary of ihe Navy, were marked with the letters " Cal' ; over the head of the eagle. The other pieces, with i u few exceptions, had no distinctive mark.? ffutli. Union. The Emigration to California. k I'KMNSY I.VaMa. Our Philadelphia correspondent wiites that the > ship Levant, Cape Moses Hnjt, belonging to the ! Aspinwalis, will go down the river 011 Monday , (ihie) morning, in tow of the llaHpahannock,bound , to Calitornia. She has on boatd the frames ol tea houses, a launch thirty teet long, eight boats of I smaller dimensions, and the hull, cabin, boiler, I engine and propeller ol a steamboa', belonging to the Pacific Adventurers' Association,the members > of which fonn the great bulk of her loriy-nine | passengers. Two entire families go cut, com* . | f.KiMj; 1?? kiiioico nuu ri^m i'lllllliru. Firft Cabin? Kllas D Keno-dy. Or Juetaa D. Steln, berger, Geo. Slerman, Mllle 11 Kepy Cl-autiee Foltt, MO. Second Cabin? Paoiflo Adventurer*' AaeooiatioD ? Dr John Irmley wife, and two onildren. Kdwd. D. Roberts. turtle./ tlilb-rt Devid vlaDanlet John W (Landing. Joreph Ulipwil Nathan (tellings, Henry M. Iteigart. Jr , Oweu K Dililo. Anion J. Bait, Francis M. Ourny. Amos N Bailey Jobn Urabanstlne, Juine* Porter, Herman Beaten. Kdward Cummings, Wm.IIegy. Daviu Uihb. Fid ward bartllng. Kdward Hunt en 1'beo Lindenmntb, Jobo Law.?he, Ksey (Flats, Albert Hourton. Jobn (.-lemeut* John Cooroy, Robert Stroud Kdward Crrea. leaao Putter. Jaoob K Veager, Jerre Jlcyer, Oaniel FlppUsheiuier. George 11 Snyder, A R. Swayne. Morrte K Wilkin* o Charles' Kn'ght, Kiijab Cbeereman, Jauiee Luugtieed Jr , S W. P-tlte, Jobn II Scbuita. O Parrot-. Alex. Stewart, W L. Wblteoar, Caleb N. Thori, bury, John O. Kelly, Jobn Q. Adams, Sainu.l Price. J*ui-s Waodeli, A K Ourny. Forward Cat-in? John Hnbb. 0 Louderbaok. w fe, and rlx children, Francis M. Greeo, Ira Bradaha-v, J. L. I'attoo. W Walla, J. tl M*lou?, I J >ae?. ller freight-list ih seventeen t-et long, and the vhlue of her cargo is eetirmit-d at two hundred iln ubiiiid dollars. massachusetts, California Movements --ships Sweden, with shout ISO pussengets ; llrgulue, with the Hunker 11 ill Company ; Chnrlottc, and brig Taranto, with the Shaw mut Ct mpany, are nearly ready to sail for California. The Sweden cleared yesterday. The Sagamore and Sacramenio Mining and Trading Compsny, to consist of f>2 members, is Co start Irmn L\nn about April I, to join the great waravan which is to leave Indr prudence about the 20th of tlie tame month. About thirty mm have paid the fit at arseosmmt. Hark Averon, ol Waldobaro', has been sold to a good company in Connecticut.? Boiton Bit, Fib. 24. france. We find the following iti the Courrier dt la Gi' rondt, of the 22d Januaiy Twrlvs rhips. bound for California, are. at prwswnt, taking their cargo on board in the port of Bordannx. three ebipe will depart during the month of February, loaded with wine and brandy The wane trade, woieh bar depreciated for the laet eleven montbe. seams to revive. California with ite daily looreaetoir population will open to the market < t Bord- a it and tha department of Gtronde a naw piece to aellwtneoamd bratdlee Tha iDhebtteata of California, who ara buetly engaged In the gold ml ore pay enortnona priood fcrtbeeetab.ee end drinkable* brought th*re. either from F.urope or from the Cape of Good Hop*. No dcubt our produce will aell well in California. Naval Intelligence. IT 8 sleep of war Uermantowu from iacmel, arrived at AuxCayea 2fith ultimo, remained 'J7tb. and wottlil ail in a few day* for St Thomas ?. ~ - - ice u.a. ecnoooer Mire r,.barren I.ieut. Commandlrg. attired here yeHerdey ereuing Irom a cruise In the Uulf. She brings do new* of importance. The 17. 8 M? cp of war Saratoga la expected here aboat the middle of thi* month. ? I'cntocot* Uemoct at, 8. The United State* ator# ahip Supply la expected to rail tbl* day frr the Mediterianean and Braall. The following 1* a ll*t of har offloer* Lieut. Commanding ? Arthur Sinclair Acting Master- Oeorge H Cooper, rested Anlatant Surgeon- K R K?ae Aotlug Purser ? John D tibieelin. jr Pa* ed Yiidshfpmeu -W. V. Jena*, John I) Lmghorne, C. W Woodley, Oeorge H Betr l'aee*ng?ra-Lieut Waahingten <>weltney and Parted Midshipman Leonard Paulding, to )<ria U S fr'gate St Lawrence; Wal'er Could, artist, foe Italy; M m II Talbott. (ten. New'on.and A. Sinclair, jr.. lor the entire.? Nmfullt Htialrt. Frh 20 The following letter from an offlcar on board the noble old frigate Constitution, ha* b-en received b? a gentleman in thi- city, gtring an account or ber successful and almost unprecedented ran across the Atlantic. Thte well known ship, bii'lt ab >nt half a cautery ago, ttlll ably Tindicetua her olaim to tupcritrity U. S. Smr CowsTiTOTiow, ) Ofl 1 ap* Spartei, U?c M > Mr Di:it Sir?Tha great interest I know yon an I all Dnetonians take In tbt* noble ship prompt* me to glre yt u an account ef the great run eh* made the fltet thirteen day* out We left Cape Cod at 5 tV 'J. on the ttth of December On tbe tenth day we were up with Floret, tbe most western ef the Vaires; on the eleventh day we were up with St Mary's the mod eastern of the Asoree. and distant from Fioree .?0 mile*; cn the tbtrteen'h day we e?rs up w til Madeira, and bad tbe wind continued forty eight hours longer. iDouii nave Dtm in w.orairar in nni-n a?ys. 1U Constitution ia the futni ablp I hm nrmil in no frigate ran overhaul her VV* fall in to day with iba elcop of war Jmawtoao, I'niniiiidim B iltoa, bout d to Cadiz where ib* trgate Uot'ed Star?# now la. wblrh ha relieves VV? ke?p on for E<ypt. Wa have bad a moat boisterous and tempea'nou* ptsaage, but Old Ironsides did bar work noblyRattnn Jtur. Iba U. 8 rlorp of war Sara'rg? Coin Pulton, loot firm Tamptao, waa lying at SucrlSoloe on the 27tla January. U S Kainare SavmivaH.?The following la a Mat of the fllrrra attached to tba I' 8 frigate Savannah, orw Ijltg at the Na?y Yarn l.barleatown, to a?i| tba tlrat fair wind for the famfln state n Captain? Philip K Voorbeea. Lieutenants- Saauel K Haaard Henry S Stellwagen, Joahua Humphreys. Willtam R La Hoy, Charles 8. MeDoaongh. Purser - I'hnama B Nelfe. Siirgroa? (I. It. B. Ilornar Aaalatant Surgeons ? Handi lph K Maa-a, A A. K Hiil Anting .rtnW ? f i)ward T Nirhola. ChapU'n -Thomas O. Stanly. Taaird Midshipman Jam** Wiionien Midshipmen ? Daniel L. Brama. William H MalTltt. L. H Newman, Kredelfck V. Broee Oeorgo D. Hand. J O. Sallvao, Blchard H. Oarle. John T Realty, iVni A Abbott, I. B Hodges, James C Walker Captain's Clerk? D?brey C.Wirt Purser's Clerk-< ha. H Ellas. Boat* twain- (Jeoigo Wilmwh Sallmakar- Oeorge Parker, f erpenter?kmos Chick (fanner- Kiiafae Haskell. I.lenta Marines-Frederick B McNeill, Joeeph W. Cartla, Edward Mel). Reynolds. Hondttras ?The Urn tin reprndut e? the news, whuh late ly arrived here from Belize, announcing that ihe nioet rleplur* hie anarchy reigned through the republics of llouriiirHP hikJ Guatemala. Alao, that Senor Kuatillo had taken posstef ioi. of Ouiwu, aa Governor.