Newspaper of The New York Herald, 2 Mart 1849, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated 2 Mart 1849 Page 1
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TH NO. 5383. ??^ TnzaLTxavix conorbbs. ocond session. THE LAST WEEK. IK'ill lNTKIKSTING PROCEBDIRGS. Iimh? imsin? session. WllHinuTM, fob. M-( P. M. Tit liattt itiiNBbM pwintot to tbe order of wmm At half put six o'olock tbe Vi?? President iNk the ?Ult ?l" U?ll? TNI WE?aO IVIITION. Mr. Docks. of Wisconsin. presented thi resolution* , ? Legislature of Wisconsin, on the subject of " 'wy. Ibtjtlttlu*:1-A|?l?it iM ilobiloa of elavery Into California, or aiy otbir t listing territory of tbo United " ni or lato any territory that aiy bo hereafter atM'rwd ; ?ad urge the prohibition of alarary, exeept In the panohmeut of crime. ? *? Agaiaat tbo adauaeion of another alaro State into Uf Union B?la fafor af the repeat of all la wo recognising laterj la tbe District of Uolumbl* and la faror of tbe ab< litton of slavery In alt plaoee under tba exoluslv* ivgieiettoa of ( oogro-s The resolution* were read, laid an the tabla, and ordered to be printed. Ciiirat?it-TH( iLtvctr tuiirior. Mr H,uti roue te propound a question to the Senator trim New Jer-i y with regaru to the amendment ha bed iffrrrd ae modified this morning As modifi <1 tbe amendment proposes to oont<nae the Mixum etrtl laws la toroe la Calllorula a? existing on the ac^nleitioa af tba territory. Mr Hunter desired to know whether tble ameodment was Intended to reaffirm the Mexican law abolishing slavery in tbe territories of thatrepablio If this be the lotention, this is no compromise nt all. and you had better at ouos introduce the Wllmnt proviso Aga>n, If the constitution does net extend to Cnltf >rnta does not the Senator reaffirm the Mexlonn Inw granting exclusive privileges to the Catholic church' Mr. Dstto.i exp'ained that his amsndmsnt was not Intended as a compromise nt all it was designed as a temporary law, heretofore tried, and found to naswer the purpose in Louisiana anil la Florida fa* rear on why bo bed aine ded it so ae to rend existing Mexican laws, was, that by eiiuply saying * existing laws," it might be construed to apply to the military government existing In toe territory , and wishing to supersede this military government, he had moved his modiUoetion to eontinuo in toroe the exist litg Mexican Inws. Tble amendment hsd been made nt tbe suggestion of the Senator from Oeorgia, and Otbsr Southern gentlemen Mr. Husvm said the gentleman did not perhaps understand his question Mr. Dsvton said he wae coming to that He had not the slightest Idea of enforcing the VVUmot proviso under cover of the exi-ting Mexican laws Mr H out re said be was willing to compromise this question II tbe subjeet of shivery were left la abeyaaoe. Mr. BcMBieN exuUloed that he had made his sagtrstlonof the modification, so as to apply to tbe exiting Mexican laws, with this addi'ioa?'O far as nut inconsistent with theooostitntioo of the United States Mr. Hvntkii - AM we shonld not objeot to that Mr. BxhRivN MM that that clause limited the laws to tbe constitution Mr. Dsvton further explained hie amendment. Mr. Nilcs thought that he should have to vote gainst this amendment Ha had thought that tbe tyeot now woe some temporary arrangement, and not a compromise of this great question. He was opposed to any com prom ire. Mr HvaTicn submitted thet n compromise might ho included in n temporary measure. Mr. Nilks thought toe Senator, in speaking of a compromise meant a compromise of this great question. * -r BuTii:n-Wh?t Is this great quesloo r Mr. Niles? The restriction of siarery no* and forever Ho was opposed to the amendment, because it oonfoirod dtrspetio powers upon the Executive; but grtat a* wee his eonflunare in tbeProsldenteleot.be could not *g'?e to giro him these extraordinary powors. There should bo no compromise upon this question?no ceding of an unusual discretion to an Exucutire whose sympathies must be with the South He thoaght It to be the duty of the men of the North to proteot in its existence tbls Mexloan law which Is eo adioneto the gentleman from Virginia?this law forbU ding the existence of slavery. Mr. Hunter replied with considerable fire to the neeisof the Senator from Coansetleiit, and aatd that while the 8 >uih were di-posed in protect cheir rights they were disposed to any reasonable compromise which won'd give peac < aod security to the people of the new terricoriee, and eeoure his constituents la their rights. Mr Wejtcott appealed for a temporary law for California. and tnougbt it the wise-t poitoy to leare the rnso entirely out ef the question; and If wee >uld neither, It would be better that we should neither adopt nor reject the Wilcnot proviso at this session Mr Wvsicott argued that the constitutten necessarily extended Itielf over the territories of the United States. r.ii inwna rtf thn ITfiititd dlfl nnt finhm to hh nili. mm in the territ rire?tbe cltlaeoa or the territories. Mr. Webstkb?There ere no suab eitisens. Mr. Wastcott?la, then. Colonel Dennett Riley, the hero of Centre res, deprived of hla cluunshlp bj removing to California? Mr Webstbr--Certainly not. Mr WtiTceTT- Doea General Percifer Smith lose hie oitlaenahip by going to California? Mr Wr.in is- Certainly not. Mr. Wkstcott eontioued pleading the right* of eitlaenabip in the territories. Mr. Wkbitkr eald that the eltiaen of the United Statee did not lose hie citizenship by going to California. Mr. Westcott?Can they search his house In Call* fornla? Mr. Webster?That depends npon the laws of the place. When Mr. Weitcott had conclnded, the amendment of Mr Dayton *s? rejected?8 to 47. Mr. Bai.dwi.-i objected to the amendment, bsoanse It would admit of the slave traffic bj tea to California, and read from the laws on the subject The amendment wonid involve a sanation of a coastwise slave trade Mr. Walker thought the honorable Senator had dlsaovtred a mere's nest. Mr. Underwood moved to inolnde the territories east of the Rio Grande, as well at those west of the Rio Grande, in the amendment; for otherwise we should be ssMimlng that the territory of New Mexico, east ot the river, be oogs to Texas. Mr Wbbstm appealed against any vote for an amendment rattling the bonnaary ot Texas in this way. or tor a motion to dfoavow it Ha should vote agalast both propositions, and hoped tils alien and incongruous subject would be itriofcen from this bill of olvil and diplomatic appropriations Mr. Underwood thought the amendment ought to concede a boundary to Texas, wbloh was under dispute. Mr. Houston and Mr. Run appealed tbat the bunda y of Tex?* attends to the Rio Grande all the way up. Including Saata Ke, the ospltal of New Mexico; and this, under ibe compact of annexation Tbe subsidiary amendment of Mr Underwood was rejected; and Mr Walker's amendment, axtending the revenue, tbe land laws Sic.. over tbe territories of the United States west of the Kio Grande to the Paeiflc, 23 to 27. wee adopted The Senate then proceeded to the legitimate amendments of tbe bill of general appropriations ; bat at leng.h were brought to a halt by a proposition from Mr. Hale, to in area* e the salaries of our foreign ministers to about double tbe rate or pay to taat wnioo u nor allowed. And upon tale amendment, at ten o olook P. Pi., the Senate adjourned, after wonting eereral days epon an abetraot dteoueeioa of a California amendment, wbteh la certain to reoetee the Wllmotproviao In tbe House, aod this will drive tbe Senate to the neesssity of withdrawing the amendment altogether. Wash moron, Feb 27,1949. Stormy morning Capitol full of strangers-Galleries of the two honeee crowded with risltera. Among the petition* presented there wae one praying that etepa may be taken for a peaceable dissolution of the Union; eereral urging the Wilmot prorleo; one the abolition of elarery and the elare trade In thie District; one from Illinois, praying the re annexation of Canada, gnieily and peaoeably; several for the reform of cheap postages; and one for the abolition of eapital punishment. / thc mauot'BATiow. Mr Jtrntaiorr Davis, from the joint committee appointed to inform General Zoebary Taylor, President leet, and Millard Fillmore. V'lee President eleet, of their election to the offloea Indicated, aubmltted the foilowlrg report:? 1 ho committee appelate! on the part of the Senate, jointly wi'Ji tbe cMiinitte# appointed on the|?rr ot the llonse ol Wepr-ee-.ts. tives. to wait on Xaohary Tayh r a d Millsrd f lilMors. aud notify Mem if their election is brvsideut end Vice frostdcat of the United Stttts, np it:? that they hug peilo.med the duty assigned them, and that the Frerde teleet, in s.gnityini; rile acccpta-ioo of tho <>(11 e to which ).? had teen elioten by the peope, svowul emotions of the pro f< uade.-t greti udu, aed declared his distrust of his ability tofullll the espeeisiions upon wtiten thti.-rounderce wae based : bat g no si jwtAi.ce of a tixtu purp 'no to aduimlster tbe goversmeut for ?ho Ititlii and advantage of the wh Is onoatry. lo tllncirg to the Tact to which his amotion had h<on drawn, that ilie oha.rman of the coo mittce represented a publir body, a mtjoii y I r wh< m were apposed in political opinion to the Prjsident sleet, ane ace. rde i with t> at raajintv, he recognised tn it site deference to si e popular will, constitutionally txpre-sed. on which rati the suing h an I here ot toe republio ; and i.etsid that H was t<> lu.ee been < xpocter uf tho enut of ihi. United Sia'es. IleexpreHc i an ardent winh that he might bca'de in any djgroc to setUkge tbe fierceness of part), or temp r with moderation tho ewaflics ol th< re who art only disidee as to the mesne of (soaring He public welt-re. Be said- having been remin ied that he was about te occupy ths a* air onto filed ny Washla..0iL ho could hope to emulate him ealy in the single, as of ibe time wi ich guided i ho condom ol tho man who I ad no parallel in history, and could have no rival in tho hearts of hiaVonntriB.ee. la aooolasleii, he announced his rsadinees to take tno oath of efbrr on ihe Cth March proximo, stanch hour and p sou at might It distf naud. And the o. mm it tec further report, that the Vice Prsiident eloot, tn (igr ltying his aceaplnnoo ol the ofli.is to wh eh he had beenatiOeeu by the pops. rxpnswd the piofeund tnnaiMlny With which be reovtred the anuonnoement of his nleotion. and aid tbat dieply in pressed with theohliget'Ons which itleipnted. atd the dlet.ngoished honor it oonn rred. us sli.iuid Uj mjmtce te his Irslinga li he taped io exrroshis grateful thanks (or this saai Ifeslsti.m ot eoabdt nee; tint Is shonid accept tut nflloo, easel as of his wa t of experience and dlttroe fnf of hit ability ta disaherne its entire l.nl with an catient da?ir? to meat the ixpeetationt of U.oso who had so generously ooiiferred it open km Mr Dash then submitted the fallowing resolution, which was considered and agreed to :? Rtsnlvod. That Ihsiv be appointed a oomualttM of the Senate *o mans ths necessary artsngtuien;#i'of Kte rseepNsa sf the Tte E NE M eid-n-. >)??t on the Am of '<?rcb, and to a|>priae him of ttieeauio. | Ob motion by Mr Dtvia. of Mia-laelppl, Ordered, That Bid eoon iun be Ailed by the Chair. The V ice PacaiucvT named Mr Jehnaon, of Mary land, Mr. Davla, of Mlaautlppi, mail Mr. Davis, of Mae*Boh?*?ttd. , Mr. WcardOTT celled op bill from th? Henee pro- , vlding to oonf*r a diacration upon tb? Cmnmiatloaur of Potent*, to renew petenta within three yean after tbelr expiration. onder nerteln elroumatanoee. Mr. Waateott. Mr. Bright. Mr. John Davie, Mr. Volboun, and Mr Cameron, delated the bill. when, on motion of Mr. C*lhouw, the bill wee laid on the table. LOea or Lica ann una. On motion of Mr. Jonca. the bill waa taken up] providing a double peueion to euob aold'.era aa may havo loat in the ware of the United Statee an arm or two arma, a leg or two lege, an arm and a leg two arina and i*g, or two tegs ana to arm, or two legs ana two arnt. or any part or parta of an arm or artna. or lag or legs. or who may bare otherwise aaffo od sueh matiiation aa to iniTet a pormaoont ph jsieal disability. Mr Kino objected to the eonaidaration of ao important a measure, at thla stage of the session. Mr JoHnson, of La . pleaded the justice of the bill, and for notion upon it now. it waa recommended by tba department, and there need be no debate expanded upon it. It eould be passed at onoe, for the MM PM clear and demanded aa a aimpie not of justice to the cripples from tbe ware Mr CatiaaoN remarked that the bill would take up tbe whole day. and moved therefore to lay the bill on tbe table. Agreed to. MAI L8 TO new OaLKAISI. Mr. Vulie moved a resolution inquiring of the Postmaster General whether tbe mails between New York and New Orleans oannot be expedited two or tb'oe da) a. and what would be the eost of auoh improvement in said mail facilities. UENKBAL AFraOFHIaTIOns? mCREASE 01' FAT TO THE DlFLOMATIC COHFS. On motion of Mf. ATHratos, the Senate resumed tbe bill of oivll and diplomatlo appropriations. Tbe amendment pending was tbat of Mr. Hale, offered last nigbt. providing to increase tbe salary o the Minister to Great Britain, from $tf 000 to $17 000 ; of Minister lo France from $0 000 to $15 000; if the Minister to Russia irom $0 0S0 to $12 000 Mr. Kino said, tbat if we iuoraasel the salaries of our ministers, we ought to reduce their outfits. The pay was certainly too small, while the outfits were too large. If you raise the salary of tbe minister to Lon don, you ought to reduce his outfit. Bat be thought lh< fi.n.tn, II. k.4 k,,? hit Amendment for a thoro-iigb revision of the whole system at the next sexsion. it need* reform Under the existing system the places of onr minister! abroad bad to be fiJed by men of private fortune, or by men who would aooept them merely to make a job of it, by remaining only a short time abroad, and then returning. to poeket the profits of the outfit, by avoiding the expenses of a foreign residence. The working of the present system, therefore, is of Itself more expensive in its operation than would be a liberal salary and a limited outfit, just sufficient for the expenses of the tiip While the American minister abroad abould retain the simple charaotsr due to our Institutions, he should have the means of sietai inters turse. whtoh olteu are of the greatest advantage in atferdtng information of polltioal movements in season to take ao lion upon them. Within the last twenty years the expenses of living in France had doubled; and yet, at the time of Franklin, the expense* of an economical living rf a minister in Paris was $12,000 a year. Mr. Half, after some facei-lous allusions to theremarks of Mr. Webster last night, that he never had been, and never expected te be, a minister abroad, said that the Senator from Ohio. (Mr. Allen ) in last night's discussion, had made an inntvertent remark-to wit : that our ministers ought to be apoointed more with re gard to competency than to salaries. Did not the Senator forget that two gentlemen In this body had been among those of our public servants abroad?ooe to Russia. (Mr. Dallas) and one to France (Mr. King), and that in their cases wo have attained the maximum of obaracter and fitness ? Mr Kiiso - What does he say? Mr Brkesk? Why, he is praising yon?that's all. Mr. Hals instated that the salaries of our mi miters ware too scanty ; for oooe, upon an illumination in London, only half the bouse of tbe American minister was lighted up, because his pay was too small to allow him to rent a whcle honsa for himself. This was a little thing, but a causa of great mortification to the Americans in London at the time. Mr. Allen presented tbe argument of republican aoonomy. Our ministers abroad now, If they stay out Icur years, including their outfit and lnfit, receive Ull 000 a year- neatly twice tbe pay of the 8eoretary of State, who thought that quite enough. Let us try tbe old system a little lenger, at all events, till we get rid of something of our national debt Mr. Nilks would remind the whig party that the administration of 1840 cams in under a whole catalogue of evil omens, and they had their Impression on the publlo mind. He would advise hie friends on the ether side to avoid opening another chapter. Let them wait till the administration does something for tbe country befo e they meke provision for the ofltoe holders. Pass this thing, and the country will a k you. '* Is this tbe vnlertalnment to whioh we were invited?" This increasing of yonr salaries in tbe outset lean evil omen. It looks bad. It won t do. At this rate you will bteak down within the next four years. Klght years sgo tbe whig party came into power moit triumphantly, bat they enddenly broke down. Let that example be a warning to them. Mr.JxrrxnsoN Davis nrged the propriety of postponing this msasnre till some permanent system ooaid be devised. Mr Unoerwood said there was wisdom in every word wbieh bed been uttered by the Senator from Conneotlcut (Mr. Niles), and sustained him lu hi) views of tbe case. and. for one, would eotupou his advlea. aed avoid awaking the jealousy of the people by increasing the salaries ot public officers Public opinion was against It. But this was not a whig movement; it cones from a gentleman disclaimed by both parties, who is In a party of one (Mr Hale), but it will soon be a party of two (Mr. Chase, of Ohio). Ilewonidnot 01, ly avoid raising tbe salaries of pubic officers, but he would, were he possessed of tbe authority, send all the office-seekers In the city back to their bomee, to be called for when they are wanted, and not before Mr. Halk took oocaslon to defend hie free soil party of one In the Senate, and said that if it goes on Increaelng at tbe rate of 100 per eent per annum, they might ultimately expect to have some considerable influence In the body. Mr. Butler said that the debate last night on this amendment wae not of a party obaracter; but whatever it might he, the eoncurrent testimony of Senators of experience proved that the salaries of our ministers were too small This was. perhaps, not the time for the obange proposed; but whether the hand of Esau or of Jscob was in the motion ? Mr. Halk?Neither Esau, nor Jacob, nor Ishmael, bad anything to do with It. Mr. Butlkr?Than the Senator maJe it on hi* own reepousibidty. No matter The principle is correct. It tie admitted on all hands that the salaries efour ministers are Insufficient. Mr Foots was opposed to the enormity of any inch amendment. Mr Itvsr considered It clear that the compensation of our ministers to Europe was too small; and at the right time, he should support the proposition to Increase It. Mr. Cai Hore thought the rev,sion of the whole subject was necessary. This is not tho proper time for sneh revision. We ought perhaps to make a special allowance to eaah court; and we should act upon this with duo infoimatlon, to be given by the State Department, aftei a coriespondenoe on the subjeot with our agents and others, at the different courts . Mr Haib. in consideration of the suggestions of Senatore, withdrew hie amendment altogether, promising to renew It, If tDered at the next session of Congress. [Message from the House. They haee passed a bill for a territorial government for California, Including tbat borrid proviso j Having temovsd ibis cbstaele out of the way. the Senate discussed numerous other amendm"ute proposed, adopting some and rejecting others. Among those adopted wae one by Mr. Atberton, appropriating $100 000 for deficiency of mileage 1 he Senate were debating the salary of the Commissioner to the 8andwloh Islands, when the boar of four o'clock arrived, And n reive* was taken till tlx. EVKSIPO SESSION. waihimotow. F?b i7?0 o'eloock t. M. Senate reassembled at 0 o'eleek. The question was upon the amendment moved by j Mr. Kino providing a salary of $3 000 to the Com- ! mlrsicErr to Honolula. the chief city of Oahu. the seat of government of the Sandwich Men Is, with an amendment subsidiary to this of $0,000 outfit to said commissioner Messrs. King. Dix. Douglas. Jrffcreon Davis, Weeteitt and others advoeaUd the amendments, oa the ground tbat the commercial position of the Sandwich Islands and their relation to the comuierea of the i United States. Jnstlftrd the appropriations, whi.n the grent distance io the Faetflc of those Island* from the I United static r-.julred a liberal appropriation to asset the ntoerrary expend'torrs of tba eommlwl >ner. Mr Hanlin opposed the amendment isoat ds*tded)y Mr CeMtaen thought tbat no sneh display of foreign j Intercourse a* this proptasd was required The king of ' tba Sandwich Islands was himself a nak-d vagabond of n savags Besides, tbs amendments would only operate to put n litti* more money into the pocket of the Commissioner. who. though long since appointed baa m malrsd her* in otdvr to gst an increase of hit emoluments. Mr. Jouw Deris was of opinion that from tba eeldsnoa of the public documents all the foreign agent* at the Sandwich Islands had been of more troahlv than profit, and that this we* especially the see* with our man Brown The proper agsat to have at these islands was acm'ular agent. The an nndments wrre rejected. rar to thk widow or commodobv naaar. Mr. Dn mo red to amend the hill by n clause allowing some M(CO to the widow of the late Coram lore DeKay, to meet a deficit la the etpenete of the nommodoro In taking out tha ship with provisions to the prople if Ireland Mr. Butlkn asked If $10,000 were not voted to meet the expenses of said ship at the last session Mr Dn replied In the affirmative Mr. Butler?And this I* an additional appropriation ? Mr. Dit said yes; and that If Congress did not pay it, the widow of Commodore De Kay wnaid be liable, and K would be herd upon n widow with eevsa ehiidroa to bold her reeponstbie for tble defleteney la the ei per see of a pnblic charity The * -re ml I tee of York preferred private verse!*; and Commodore Do W YO ONDAY EDITION?FI K?j hid taken oat the ship on hli own responsibility, ana at bit cwn expense Mr. vl'lck thought the Rift of the ship Macedonian to New York, and of the Jamestown to Maasachuseetta, to taYs ent provisions to Ireland, wai of tteetf a liberal aet. Maaeachneatta met the expenses. and acted fairly New York did not de ?o; but ehe had aoted dlaeredtt ably, la falling te lake the ship when offered by the goiernmant, at"brr own request; and It waa discreditable to call upon (he government to pay the ex. peases. And yet we bed voted some (111 000, which Mr. Ynlre thought ought to be satisfactory. Mr Dig raid New York had nothing to do with the Macedonian ; lonmotere Lie Kay belonged to New Jetsry. Mr. Millie explained the agenoy of Commodore De Kay, in taking oear the ahlp to Ireland, and the fair, nera of the elelm Mr Btnnii thought that the appropriation of the $10 000 justified the $s 000 now asked. Ketablish a preoed< nt. and yen may out and eome agtln. Mr. Dav ros appealed for tie indemnity. Had Commodore De Kay aeoeptedof the British gorernin?nt tne freight whioh they offered upon his eargo. this olaim would not have been presrn'ed. All the expenses would bare been paid. Hut from high public considerations. be refuseo; the ex p. nee* Were paid out of hi* own pocket; and thus are we to aeoount for the iodem miy nere wi?a-me aetioivucy being authenticated bw tbe report of the fourth aalitor Mr. Kootc was intruded at this olftlm. end If there were not lady In the oim, ha etieaid say he wav disgusted. There wav nntashadow ol jug. toe lu tbe esse. Mr Bum. a had thought that toe bill of $500 000 which passrd the 8*B-tte tor ton beoedt of tn? Irish pour?be bed thought that the $10 000 granted at the last session to make up the expeusr* i f i;o<n Oe K ay. was extraoruti ary. and be regarded this Iteio of Indemnity ol $b,Mi,0 of a piece w ub alltnese transautioua. The patties who provisioned tbe ship ought to hate wen to tbe expenses; it was no part ef the duty of the government to pay then. Mr Uicaiivtois recited the whole history of the Irish charities es ownneoted with the Maoeduulaa. to show thai New York wan not responsible lu any way for tula cla m here presented, although the K-ue'or trout Florida (Mr. V uiee) had thought proper to lecture the State, tbe city, end the ohls*us of New York, as hiving solid discreditably In this budaess. Mr Jens Davis was opposed to the amendment. It wasrejected. pashsi or wsshinotoiv aivo Moivaoc. Mr Pa 1(01 moved to atsead, by a paragraph appropriating $20 H O for the pmchaee of ilie priva-o maudscript papers of Ueueral Wu.biog'.oo now iu tbe p >*session of one ef his heirs, snd alike sum ut IW.miO tor the puichaie of the manuscripts of Tre-ident Monies Mr Pa arc a remarked that tbe Washington pap-r* comprised some twenty-six volumes, a 0 ary of his life, and of bis thouchts and reflections dsv by dsy, and durlrg bis leiirrmvnt at Mount Y'eruon dcwn to the day of his death It was believed these paoe.g sculd be invaluable, as the most flttiug tesum >mals cf (he glorious character of tbe father of bis n >uoiry. Tbe papers of Mr. Monroe were very volummoui. extending from tbe days of the confederation diva to tbe clove of bis political warner In '24 embracing a vast amount of the secret poiltioal diplomatic history of that long (nerval of time. Tbe amendment was agreed ta-22 to 14. A number or other aueuduionta were propoacd. and agrted to or rejeoted. CATLin'l IMIItll CURIOIITIKI. Mr. Dayton moved ad item f *5,000towards the parcbuee of Catlln'a puiatlugs mod ourioeitle*, provi led tbat tbe entire coat of the eolieotioo Mia I uot exceed $50 000, n ten annual payment* of $5 000 He apok* in favor tf tbe propoaition, and of the euperutity of < atlin'a painting*, and of hi? whole Iadian gallery. Mr. Catlln had been off-red $60 000 for it in Europe, but preferring, as an American tbat it ehnuld be prererved b> bis awn country. be badrefaned the offer. Mr Atmiri on objected to the amendment. After buying the picture* and eu'loeltiea, the next thing would be to ereot a baildlng to keep them In ; bu.. at for the pnrpoee of a mueeum. he thought tb*t we had a auffleient aupply of curioaitien in the patent office. Braid**, the precedent would give ri*e to other ciaimi of art 1M a for euch collection*, historical, aa they might think fit to get togetbrr. Mr. WxB?ir.i> was In favor of the amendment, and he thought It waa desirable tbat the government ahouid accure tbiadesirable collection of Mr. Catltn. ,- | nr. iikhhikm concurred la me view* of me senator fr< ru Masfacburett*. Mr. 1Iui?t>:* thought that the government had te'Ur not und?rtake to be the vapeoial purobasor of ?<'U of fcleDoe. This gallery had better helolttothe Smithsonian institution It would be appropriate for them to putclate tt. He would admontab the friend* of the new administration to bneband their resource*, or otherwise ttey may too econ And theoiaelvua short of fundi, if they go on with these iDdeHnlteexpniidlturee. Mr. wtiitti had not entered into thnQaan'lal view of the case; but be had not tuppoeed tbat the outgoing administration would leave the treasury ao nearly dertitnte, as tbat $5 000 for a gallery of painting* would be an embaraesment to the govs unroot And while nearly a million had been expended for an extradition to the Sontb Pole, and while we had bson going away off to explore the watera of the Dea t Sea, be thought it of more interest to ua tbat we shnu'd look after the hlatory and the relioa of a race in our own eonntry, rapidly and surely becoming extinct. Mr. Histss. In reply, argued the unconstitutionality of appropriations on the barn ground of fostering tbs arts and sciences The exploring expedition wet devoted to purpose* incidental to commerce more tban to aclenee. and the Dead Sea expedition; coating only tha f ries of a few boate. had aubsarved the purpose of traiang the yeung ofllcera engaged In U, In aurveya and those ex ere lies incidental to their profession. Mr. Koote supported Mr. Webattr in hi* view* In anppert oi the amendment. Mr. Hunter?The Senator from Arkansas tells me tbat a cap'ain in the army baa an Indian oolltction as large as this, which the government may buy. Mr. Koote was willing, if this were so, to buy this collection, too. Mr. Boni.xisb said that a captain in the army, an excellent artist, bad made a ffne collection of paintinga and sketches, and had eolieoted a number of ouriosities, which would nake altogether a Ooer eolleotion, perhaps, than that of Mr. Catlin; and all that be asked was tbo time to finish them In their details, continuing his pay as an siloer of the army. Mr. Koote nrged upon the Senate tha propriety of encouraging this American artist, Mr. Catlin, in his noble resolution cf refusing to sell, upon any terma. to a foreign power, the collection which la now offered to ns; and the duty of preserving these memorials of the Indians Mr. Webster contended tbat this was a good preoe- , dent; that the precedents of puroha?u tunings and | (ta'uary for the cspitol authorii'd Lola pariMM, There <u ono? an item in the appropr ution bill* for the painting of the Indian chief* woo c* ? to the city. Mr. King, a worthy artist, did the work, and received $100 for a fall length likeness. Bnt Congress took a St if eocnoipy. and cut down the allowance to $50 an Indlan?ao that the artist had to eat off all the lower part (laughter) ef the figure. An old ch'ef who came to be painted, prevented his cortidoate, and was Invited to sit dvwn. No, he remained standing np. stiff and impe.r tnrbable. He was for no halfway work:?" l.egs and all," said be-" legs and all!" (Ha! ha! ha I) With another somewhat similar anecdote, Mr. Webster sat down. Mr Bctlkb thought that an Indian collection ought tobeiromthe Indians In their wild state. An artist bad painted a portrait cf Oseeola after be waa taken prisoner, and the Indian had said It was a lie, because the white flag waa not painted over him-the tWg of truce under which he was betrayed. Now, such as he represented the race in Its boldest aspects, and auoh were different from the tame Indians we see lu our gallerlea. Mr. Dst row observed that this gallery ef Catlin was procared in the very heart of the I ndian tribe of the great West, and ttnly represented their ouu'oms, manners. and curiosities. It was unlqua, and would be so to the end cf time; and valuable as memorials of tribes, some of which are now exiinet. Mr. Bkrsicw supported the views of Mr. Dayton. Mr Uwoeuwoou contended that Osoeola was not betrayed, hut that t.e had violated bis parole aud was subject to capture. The idea that he waa betrayed involved an Impeachment of the Amerioea commander. Mr Bi tlcii intended only to speak of the de-prom ?f Oseeola, in declaring the picture to beallewhioa did not represent him aa a prisoner under the white Bag Mr. ATHravow urged upon the Senate the value of the time, and the fact tkut all the appropriation bills, hut one or teo, bad yet to be aeted upon. Nr.Jr.ss xmo.il Davis declared Osceola to have been a drunken half breed and a treacherous a8BB?ri?, and defended (Jen. Jesop aa ao henotable soldier ; but ex eslient as ha knew Catiin'a rail-ry to be. for be had be?n with birn among iba wild Indians, he was oppssed to tbe amendment Rejected?23 to 26. Sevtral motl' ns were made to adjourn, and rejected. Seme other amendments were dtcpoied of. and the civil and diptometlo appropriation bi'l w.\s ttaatly psried, and at past 10 o'olcok. I'. M , the Seanm adjonrned. House ef Itepreaeiitullvea* U aiiitir.riiFi, $'?:?. 2B, 1840. trowtlnnation of Monday's proccedlnge j MP oi ore, of Virginia delendnd the proueeUings of the Southern meeting of members, held in the Senate chamber. It waa not similar, aa had been charged, to the Hertford '"oneeniion The result was given to tie broad light i f cay Ha denied, here and everywhere. but the obj.rt rise to dissolve the Union If gentians u thoogbl that wreng aud outrage would save titt Lion li sy mistake It oan be saiad only by 'he re pres'-niauves coming np and reflection thv will of their eoBstllueata, and, when they see outrage pr-elalining it to the world If Southern people d-solire that t.rere la eptlbt beyond wbleh they can not go. oan her r?pre?entatlvis say 'hat sfca will submit? No; tn?y wi u d by so do og. be noting a false part. V rgmU. in fsrsitg through her L-gia a'ure the resolutions wuiah were t? nay la d upon the tab e. made no threat. Sua en eidei s ti a* unworthy to be m ids u? bar at "> be re rsliad by her slr'ers He thought tt best that tue pee; le ol tbe terntoTlt* should hare eurrlt-.ri.il go \rtrn>eht. It they cannot get Lhat, he wouul prefer a I Ian similar to that turn dnni-d lu the Senate by dr Wa ter, in aiteed over the teriltoriea tne land, reee au?, and lad-au laws It whan he people shuulu form themselves Into a Mats they should exclude slavery, thrn nrne rl tbe Ste'e* ronld eiwpl.ln | At a )|U*r:?r mat flee o'clock. the rpUndM abend''.stvia ilgb'r n wlibgaa Oeeaat-saally a m -miter would dirp In trowi (.inner, picking t.is t-elh The proceedipge were remarkably dnii a- may b* perceived ) mr Miuaa, if New loth, said that we bad been RK E IIDAY, MARCH 2, 184!

taught that what Uttle of fresdom there la la the world bad it* origin here; that It waa disseminated abroad, and. afier agitating the nations, would return totte loanrain, to be revived and purified, and then again be sent abroad. Aad while claiming theao thing*, wo are engaged here to extend? freedom? By no meatta It U auroggl* to ei tend slavery ? to maintain an institution ?bleb trample* on all right. Ho thought that It was disgraceful 10 the House, the other dar- to pass an aet extending tbe reeenue laws of the United State* over tbe terittortes,that a few dollar* of tribute may be collected, when proteoiiea and a goeerament were denied to tbo people The question of slavery would hare to bo settled Is tbe North to yield? There is no compromise; there oaa be none The agitation wilt go on aad be looreased; It will became mere and more violent, until public aentlment has its way. He all u led to no outrage In the North, which would never do a* Ue-rgla did- set at dettaone the lawe aad the dealslon* of the supreme Couit The Nortn hod submitted to msuy outrages, hut it never did nod never would threaten a dissolution of tba Union; It would pursue its ornrsa with fortitude and d*?l*loa If as gentlemen am m t htia nailntlnm eadeae..*. ike liana t\? tke nanolo nf tba Kouih why not M(tli> the question? It raaat he retiled and only eaa be Mttled in one way. Tlx : by itopi'ing the extenatou of rlanty If Coogreae hare a majority, let a law be pasted and. In Ood'e nana let u? bare peace. The North will not interfere with the South. Slarery will be aboltabed in the district of Columbia on turni which will be iutt. He would not ahoiieb it here if be could, without regard to the right* of the people. M r Vassal*:. of North Carolina, said that nothing can gire quiet but that which would do juitiod to all partiea. There eat not be any peine until ail the ilghta and guarantiee of the couetitu Ion are exteodef to every one Indiecrimluately. These muat protect the South; if not. the South will proteot herself lie waa 01 pored to the bill of the gentleman from Virginia, Pieat jn ) to form a Statu Kn*eru men*.? Wtiblu tba last tbree daya he bad oonrereiid with Lieut Lanman, wbo waa a collector 10 Upper California up tu Nuv< tuber la?t, and bad learaud froat him that tbaie were not itfteen tbou-aud persons there ? It waa ptcpoaed to give these few men, who kuow noIbiag 01 our ine.ltuilona, two rotea in the Senate aod one in tl e Houre if Heprerrntatirea, timp'y 10 get rid of the W iluiot pro vi 10 The leader of the abotltl m party declared in tba Senate, in IblO, during the diecussloutf the Mis ourl compromise, that the uxolurlon of alavery waa no question of bumeniiy, but ef political power; auo It has, froat that day to thle. been ivi iwniibbi |iuipugr?. OlJUlHVru poilllOKta* aid Lot Introoucs It tore. Lieut . Lenmau said that the poll was opened ta California for ibe mention of aa i Alreice and kept open three dsye; and jet only a I buLdred voive weie oeat It was not pa<*ible to get the people from ibe gold ntinei No* Mexico will uot 1 pnbah.j, foi w a 8late government betweeu this aail neat October If not, the question will ernnn bask on t ol gross with accumulated force. Mr. Venahle atluasd 10 the grietanaes ot the South aa<l the aggression* of tbe North The legislature of Ohio, no re | n aiktd. ted elected a man wno advleed the people of that State to become negro thieve* and aaid thai if they count show hut away by which rlaverj oould more tilt dually te broken op. be would <ead in the enter- < pr he Mr VenaDi# l?ved tbe Union because It proteot id tbe Si.utb; but would nate It if it trampled down their light*. He would go home, and tell nil oountitusuts I bi? view* in stronger language than he would maka I ur* of in an American Congress Were he a member i ot tbe Leglslsture of North Carollaa. for the ou ragea t comiLltlea in that State b> Northern people, h# would t deny ilitui to euier its porta for tbe purpoie of re- 1 eoieriog debts; ana would intb t any man who had < lost a negro by theft, to sells upou Northern property I and ib?i molly himself He would bring the e dlleiou I about, and let the aggressors feel It where tney are I most sensitive in their pockets la oouoluaion. he 1 appealed to Northern gentlemen to forbear, and not i to tiead on a wounded spirit. Mr. Ukkblkv, of New York, arose, net to explain his position, nor to apologise for tbe votes he bad given, or will give, on this Boer. Ha had.ever since he bad taken bis ?>a', btara tbe question of siavery disoussed In all its attitudes If Congress had voted, wi bout disoussii g ibe question, anu bad exeluded slavery from the tellltorles. the Southern neutiln would not lim. h.,n womd-d by it. Tbe houite rners do tbe Northerners it justice, when ihfj say that it is a question of political power. It may be with Northern polulolaos; but with the people It Is question of right, and they dure not a t aouirary to iiitir coumienoe They think i that their representatives would be derelict In duty if th?y should consent to the extension of slavery over 1 the territories acqureU by conquest. He opposed the 1 proposition to loeiude New Meaios and California la one State, and gave his reasons He asked gentlemen 1 not to separate without deciding wnether New .viexloo shall have hsr liberty or not, without being swallowed 1 op by Texas If Congress do nothing, before the next t summer there will be a collision between Texas and 1 the people of New Mexico Tbe oMoers of tbe foroisr s will attempt to exvroiae jurlsdiatton over the latter. I Villi gentlemen tbrow on General Taylor tbe respensi- t blllt) to interiors? New Mexioo may be made slave i territory. Let gentlemen coine forward, and meet tbe 1 question-to say whether slavery shall go wbere it does nut now exist, to tell where the territories are. Tuelr ] exact boundaries are not known. Let gentlemen do i their whole duly before tbie Congress adjourns. I Mr. Moan, if Louisiana, said, with pride and pleasure. and with truth and sineerlty.tnat for every name distinguished in law, letters, and politics and all the branches which eltvate the human character, as many pioud names csn be mentioned at tbe South, one tor one at at tbe North, and if gentlemen spsak of military discipline, be would say that the heroes of three wars, and tbe only three wart with which our country was ever cursed, were born, bred In tbe slave States, and most of tbem were never In the free States until tuny eequued celebrity He said this la rep'y to Mr. Tettit, oi Indiana, who said that he did not care a cantor n pin's heed about slavery, but witbvd, by voting against tbe extension of slavery, to protect the South in m falling Into a miri r?ois mferli rt^y. Tnere are nine hundred and ninety nine rhaocet to one that New Mexico and California will be free; but the Souia will not give up this one chance, because to d> so would be a disgrace. Tbe South desire no such thing as to extend slavey. Kvery day hundreds go from the North to those territories, scarcely any go from the South; yet it seems not only that th? N. rth will be satisfied that slavery shall not exist there, but they call cn tbe South to consent that one chance to the nine hundred and ninety nine shall not be available! Ha dea ri d to see tbe apathy between the North and the hou h removed, and a better state of faellog existing Before the next session ol Congress, all the Southern stall*, with one or tworxorptious parbape, will speak in a voice not to he misunderstood; and when tba N or>h and the South come up taee to face, they will know the contrqoeaeea of their action. Then good ai d pu'riotic nn-D, men who are disposed to oonpramise. will sec whether anything oan be done to save the Uilon Without committing himself to 51 40 .or 4 0 he aovo'ated giving notioe to Great Britain to sat- c tietheOrigon controversy The notice wav given, and, when the two nations were brouxnt face to face. tor/rame to an nnderstabdtnif So tuny It be with uel I Mr. PairaEv, cf Maaaerbueetta, raid .bat tba annex a<lon of Taxae waa projected by Mnirn Upsbur and Calhoun, tor tbe putpoae of i u? aloing and perpetuating tbe institution 01 aiarery Tbn next w?? tae Mexican war. Fourteen wl?e and patrlotio iuen voted la me minority, lie theuk-a Uod thai all but ona of them was originally froui bit own nalm Sule The war wa? letight uui, aod the peauferoua ruoia are no* bof. re ua, and tba miration coma* up. how ahall tney ba <lm potrd olT ha tbrn atlvoea id tba Mmrery rtatriolion, for rraaona ahlob ba atatrd, and replied to remark* of Mr McDowell, ha adopted in Ita full length and breadth, the WSpCWetM of Mr Winn, that bo ?mM not only are tba Union, but the unlverre itaelf, dia ri Ived. before be would mnaeut ibat aiarery abould b extended over one rqiiare Ineb of tba tarritory now free. May tbe blood from hla oid veiot be poured out on tba ecaflold or at tba rtake, before Mover/, with bit content, eheuld ba extended where It doaa not now axlat! Mr Boroon waa a native of tha O'd Bay Rtate Ila bad apent one half of bla life there and tbe other ia North Carolina. In tha former, hla father. a ravolutlonary acldier, lived; In tba latter waa ail mat mada Ufa dear?bla wife and children. Una of the main objecla Ita bad In rla ng waa. to taka tome notice of a oortain ooneentiou wbleb a<armbted In eecret aeaiion. Wlih thlo be bad not tbe alight* at eympathy. in any ehepe or form He waa for tha Union ilia love for it waa not quite aa eleea'wd ae that of maoy ot the routbi-rn gentlemen, roetra hea In their heaia and lipa ; he trusted that hla la/ to tha heatt He loved tbe Union and thought ih it be had aome alight apprehension of tbe evtla which mutt follow from Ita iiiacnlntliin There ere rotne men who ran talk and speak of it slightly. He thought tiat I be could undrrptmd the motivrk of gentlemen from I both ei ds of the Union who apeak as ib?y do. Did 1 juu hear tbo gentleman from Ma-eacbnp*Uk. (Mr. J Palfrey), aod the gentleman ttom New Hiausbtre. j (Mr Wilki n), and d'd yon not h> ?r the elevated and i nrdent expressions of patriotism to whleb they gare i utterance7 There is tin election coming off in New I Hamprhire or in Massachusetts Botb of the gentle ' men are already elected to the neat congress Tie \ grntleuen from Massachu-et's may let out hl? Wool, , but l.e will not convince anybody of that., until huts s ruspetided between heasen and earth, and is d-ad, w di.ad. dead [l)a! ha! h? 'J It requires mnsh Arm- J tiers and bravery, on the eve of en election, to talk that way This talk Is not to secure houses on the y benefit day-the day of election. Nothing but ar y dent, uptight patriothin couid bave iaduoed bis n !- I league (Mr Venable) to have sounded suoh a (l iur sh f tiumpets. He talked, too, of heart'* blood, and 1 looked unutterable things; be is thinking of nest ' August. Ntrhtng of this kind is moving him. Oil. <, no! He is one of the purest patriots God ever per- y tattled to live ou the earth, [lie! ha! ha !J 8 iu?e ( ot tie people at home think that he I* playing 1 this pert to seek a re election The ooinmlttee think J to. and the coun'ry think *o If the mortal strife } should couie. which he i* so anxious to promote, his , dsgi it will be brandished aud made u?? of in the inor- i tai contest, and h* will exhibit euoh firmness as the I woilu bar never reeu, and hi* heart's biood wilt he 1 poured out ss freely as wa'er On! Mr. Chairman 1 hat rewaid is there for ruoti patriotism and love of sountrj! Oh! the ha-e ingratitude of repubiioe! He 1 (Mr. Vensble) #?'d that be would talk to unother sort ot style when be g*f* home?and he said that tie would ating on a cclli-ion between the federal and State governments 'I be Southern addre** wa-born at mid uigbt skulking from the v?>gar gaxe of day. lie weal far uungh when he put his haod to that; and ben be goes home he will find Ibat It will not d? to lack Norih I aroltna on to the Oil Domintoe. W Bnyd*n then saaonsd the eddreae. saying that if those 1 who ooncccttd it eouid not rule the Unksu, they wars I (ERA 9. anion* to rule In ? pert of it. If they are not ontle- I flao with lb* Union tbo oountry onuld do without tbem Ho railed on tbo editor, Mr Ritchie, to publleh the fnrewell addrea* of Washington nnd lot the bono ond nntldoto go to the e<>untry together. nnd lot tho pooplomoko op their judgment wh-toar the dnotriao ol one or tbo other moat* tbetr apor?baMon Thto woo what ho desired to do. Tbo pooplo of North Carolina hould reoeWe tble prodoctinn of Mr. Calhoun with jusi about no mneh fnror no they did the doolrlno of nnlhfieni Ion At holf-pnot ten o'elook, member* began to doie. nnd nearly oil the no 11 tori In the gallarle* began to retire Mr. Roman, of Mary land, laid that ho did not rise to make n negro ipeeob or an nntl negro ipeeoh lie repreientod a eonitituenoy reildiog on the borderi ot from iff p?ipl? of all tbelr negroes. H? tnen proceeded to cpMk in favor of protection to the Industry of tbe country, but gore way fur e notion that tbo committee rlre, which prevailed And tb?n oo much aa waa remaining of the Houae adjourned. WiiHiitoTON. Feb 27,1819. Committeea were called tor report* and tbe H >u?e thvn went into Committee ol tbe Woole on the state of tbe Union (Mr Vinton in tbe chair ) and took up tbe bill to provide a territorial government for COLirOHNI* Mr. Roman, of Maryland, del.v red his vlvwa in support of a tariff for ptoteolon. It being twelve o clock tbe debate expired In accordance with the reaolntion previously aJuptoJ. Mr. Chapman withdrew the amendment which be bad offered, to str.ke out tbe tlr?t arc ion cf th- b II. Tbe Clekk read tbe several sections of thi bill, wbtn Mr. Sawvi.h of Ohio, moved to at ike out the twe'f'h ere ion, wblob oontaius ibe principles of the vVi.not I pioviao. lie made this motion on tne ground that be j old not recognise the light of Congress to ray what kind of laws eball be pasjed in the teiritory. If Congieps ba?e the power to ray that *la*? ry r h til n it go there, they have tbe power to >ay it pbad If tne pro- | pie of Ibe trrittory, alter orgmiz og. ree pr p. r to pass laws prohibiting slavery. It should have ui? ready as rent, if not, ke sould be equa ly ai w?ll sati-Qed Tbey are as capable of pasriog laws and g >v <rn>ng tbemselyis, aa Congress are in the capacity of legislators Mr. McCi i:bnam>, of Illinois, remarked it would he recollaeted that eev?ral years ago, when tne bill organizing a territorial government lor Oregon passed the Houie.it lailed in the S-nate, b-cause of tne Introliuolion here of ibe Wilmot proviso. If the pr,>vi*o should Db| be adherrd to In tbi* bill, for rbe territorial government of California, a similar resmt would, no uoubt, ensue. Every Oay shows tije absolute necessity lor e government in the Itrritoritix to proteot tbo perple. Mr Wkntwohth called for tellers on striking oat tbe Wiimot provim. and tbey were ordered. Mr. Mi'sruv wished to tiler in additional section? i giving tbe peopleln Cali'orniafrre aid exclusive power | to legis ate lor the.uiHelves, in ibeir internal policy, not i .MVVXB'V" mmm.j VUU wunv bUVIUU Vt ?HO UUIlfld Slates lu bis opinion, tbe adoption or noo-adoption ?f what Is called the Wumot pronto, it iui.na'erlal. He ?m prepared to rote for or agaiust tbe measure. as sire urns' a Dees may require, to eatabllHb a gnrernmeut for Galliums. lie would rote tor tbe proviso, but If tbe bill could not be pateed with it, be would vote to 'tribe it ont. He bud planed himself on tBe ground .but tbe trrrltory la no* free. If slavery ehould go .here. It will be by fiaud and violence, aod aa the g?n.leman frem Pennsylvania (Vlr Wlimot) raid. In spite if municipal law. If ao, it will go tbere mapite of any law tbat Gcngrete may puna. It tbe terrlcoriea be free, ibey mart remain tree There la no neoeesity for pase log the provieo, nor any harm In it Heboid to the republican dootrine, tbat tbe people in the territories, as In the States, bare a right to legislate on all matter* ehich tllect tbeir liberty and property. Mr. Asiimun moved to etrik?out the la*t three words. He did thig for the pnrpo-e of oontraatlng for a moment tbe doctrine declared by Mr. Sawyer with tbe billltrelf. Tbe gentleman said tbat Coogrees bare no right to control tbe legislation of tbe territory. Now, tbe answer to tills is: the sixth aeocion provides that tbe territory shall not do certain things; they shall not pass eerta'n laws, such as issuing scrip, b >ud?, or bank notes. Tbia section rays that the territory have no r<gbt to legislate on tb??e matters, bat the effect of the gentleman's amendment Is that they can legislate on tbe aubject of slavery. Mr. Musriiv wished to make a single remark. [No, do.J Tbe amendment applies to the wholo land, aad not to a sreiinn [Order, order ] Tbe question was taken ,*nd tbe amendment of Mr. Murpby was rejected. Mr. Mitur wee one of thoee who believe that, under tbe international law, a man may oarry bis slaves here they at* not excluded by spscial prohibition lie believed tbat tbe laws of Uexioo were abrogated, o far * they interfered with any oitixens, living lorth or sontb. In grout of tbls, he stated tbat geu hick we have acquired, artioles prohibited by (be awe of Mexico. Mr. Burnt*li. suggested ao amendment, togive the leople the right to legielate for themselves, and to nake all law*, tot inconsistent with the oonstltutlo a ' iud law* of tnn Unlted State* The people, be said, were competent to govern themselves Mr. GkKk.it, of Missouri, offered an amendment. It wae asserted by the bill that the people are entitled to the right*, privilege* and immuntlien of American oltlten* ; he moved to ttrlke that ont, because it shoal 1 not be declared that those right*, privileges and immunities. emanate from Congress ; they are inherent in the people. He wished to make the section in consonance with the principles of self-government, to which all subscribed. The question was taken, and the amendment was disagreed te. Tbe amendment of Mr. Saivvks, to strike oat the proviso excluding slavery, was rejected?ayes 83, moos 106. The bill having been perfected, Mr. Pmkstoi* offered a substitute for the bill, proposing tbe erection of e new State, including all the terriLcry ceded to tbe Uaitrd States, on certain conditions. Mr. Coi.lins offered tbe WHmot proviso, as an amendment to the first section, and it was adopted?ayes HI, utes 67. Mr. Meade? I would ask my oolleagne whether the bill embrsoe* tbe country between the Nueces and the Kin Grande ? Mr. PassToif?7he gentleman could not have been present when I made my remarks the other day. Mr. Modi-That is not an answer to my question. Mr OiuiLir moved an additional section, defining >oun daries Mr Ksufmaiv, of Texas. a*k*d him whether he wishd to steal enough from that State on which to fonnd i Fourier colony? Mr. Greeley said that he did not wish to steal the and Without suoh on amendment, thorn would bo olllslon botwcon Texas and Now Mexico. The amendment of Mr Greeley wut rejected. Mr 11 illiamd proposed ? amendment, mado a fow [ en. ark a, and then withdrew It. Tbo 'juration war rtatod on striking out the bill and nbstltutlng Mr Preston's proposition for a State government for California. Two tollers weio appointed, and tbej stationed themie|y?e at he inaln eotranoe. to oount The Chairmaw ? Gentlemen In faror of the subitiinto will pars between the tellers. Mr. Oati.r. walked between the tellers, ''solitary and ilotio. ' aod tb's ocrantonrd hearty bursts of laughter tod clapping of bands. The Tillkri reported; yres, one. The Cnaibmaw-If no more voce In the affirmative, .be ehatr will deelare the proposition rnjeoted. (Ha: va ! ha') Mr. f.uM, of Maryland, offered a substitute for the ii igia at bill He raid that there was no probability hat Urn bill would become a law at this tension. The xraty solemnly provided that the Inhabitant should e protects <1 Tula bill leases the batil- ground the iViimot prcTlso question, etlu open. His amendment iroposed 10 sxtend oyer the t.r Ivories, the lew which rat. sppllid to Louisiana In 18u3. Mr. it i it mi*w rose to offer an amendment, and then Mr. Liasi wltbdiew hi- substitute. 1 ha committee roee, and the Spseker resumed the heir, when Mr. Wssi woetii mored the predion*qiie-tion. whloh see seconded, and ihe bill wae ordered to be engrossed or a tlmd reading. Mr Miaiis moTi'd that the bill be laid on the table; I >ut Ibis motion did n?t preva'l - year Id n rye 137. I he qu> stloa wa* then taken en the pas'*(e of the till, and decided In the alii.-metis# - yeas 1*6, ntys 87, .s follows, els Vxas? Abeott Ad-ir?. . riumie. Esther, "In-rhvn, Birdsill, live bias Hr>dlw d Huikn.r. Bii:l-r.C?a''y,04;< oeort, CHf p, .lark, t ul tauter. Celine. O eper, Crei.in.n, Owiw-.IL Commi'is, aniit. tun), Liree, l>n?r, Ueao. aeke.t. ad-All, aawarl-, in.bik. 1 veal. Pkiin, farr-iiy, ticn.n. fisher. f r*?diey. Lint i i gr, C? t, tir?*ey. tifeg.ry, ur.u.tli Hals, .1 all, Haui.ui.vw m ? O I tmptvn. ?l- i'i U.uipoti, llcul-y, livery, |. itr.e-w et Wew Yo.k, Hub e?.l, Unison, lino*, Irvio, Joflki.iw .-111 mi, et s-w llkw>|?eir K- I Kmc uf Wars , Crh-n. W. T. aertii.r. s. ntrvr.t, ivv.m, l.te.-atn, f.-.rd, fiyi.de, L.k), Bel i 1Iai.iI. lloC tri.eu l. M l vaiae, Ba.ki, of ce .n rIvisir, trill, it Ma-veclais.t ? M-r.h, M.r.ta, to.T.i luolu Mt.rpl.y, Nelson Ne??'l. NwolL I'-Hrey, Ptitelu.. ..I. PL,-. ...til Vnl'iL.L .... r?.. I.bftiilftin, bi*h*y H..t>irn"n Ri.kh.ll, H-otae'l, U?!L H<v?'c <1. Com.. I a*a. fc?ftt. Han??). |r . dt John, Aa no**. rhofnll, ilY<?'?r. tin hviIbihi, tnait, Sui.ih, Ii.iIi?m, *i*ttli lnm ?* milh, t'tr. MaiVaraU-ar, tlairiit. Eni*i\ 3tr<>l>iu. gtroiat, altmAf|?, T?)t?r,Tl dm win. Pfti.un.lvni., I'n.Mupion, ladiftua, b<inp-?n Io*?. Thur?t.B, Ta*!t, Timer, \"?i 'J.ko, Nuioa, larnn Wrvtwvrtli, Vthltr, ?to?, Wiry, Wl.l-.auii, Witiait. ?ilfton ? li'fi. b a v?-Aitmon [Urnarer. Barrow, Bayly, B"lln!*f. Baaonlt. lotu, G*?dt n Buwlin, Br)d. B .y.t ?, ini J< *. v*'o>. ' B.-awn, i. O. Br??u, Burt, I ?l<l . Cluo, U. B. 01 >tf :i*n, Boa*11 < ct.h M I.liama. o U. W. i ab >, Curia, Cfift'b'iu, '? ? ?*, I>tiilel, Doam', D.ui I, Di<,e?n. l?m ji < A. rtl.tmn I liunoy. r-ftaih Pa t..n, 0?ftic<i. O<yl?, 'Juitry. login. Urw*. * .P. Ball H?r?l?m ll?r i.?-i*o'>. H?rr'?, Sw'tali, I ill, Itililaid, Ili lni *, *f South G.r lin*. tlou it-m. <>; 4Uin ni age l\?r?f u Ji mom Jnkumn. of i'?d**mv.', J ?bn*oa, of Ar .iiicv Jici,C(TIH.<?*? J n. i, ?.f (joo.*.*, Bnutano, Komi. * Iff, ol I ji ?*rr 1,'aoa, I.umiiiin, McOowafl, ??Lii?. iiQnrri, k**d? RlHrr. th rrheftd * *? . Ourl*w, I'jmU ion, Pay loo. th'lpo, I'lll?t?iry Pmtoa, fi?" Romas, oairyar, bhtpp'td, Simp* ii. Btantoa. Rrapkana. Th#m?% r.iuap on) * Miifiitippi .Tlioo * o*il Kactaaky, foBidUftft, fjoui'ift, VajAb . H a, duftid ? 07. Tha bill In to Uko rffaat from and aftar th? flat day Of April. 1H4U ?nd pr' iM.*#* to i?f([*ni?? oil that part el ti? tmitoiy ol ib# UdiUiI Stnio* koo?a aa Up par California into * trmporary (iiaora q??nt by lha n??? of tho i?rfltrry of Uppar Calilo-bio; noth d| In tho on' .ball boe o?truod 11 prohibit tb* K.iaorua-ut of th* Ilnl'od S'a'?? from enroling aald trrntory into two or mora tarrlt'riaft. in nafth inaoorr ond at m.-li tiini ?< i oncrrra *ba I da*m *io?dl?iit aod proovr. or front at tanking any pcrtlm of *?id Urritnry to any aihor Sta'o or Urrltory of tha Uoitad dtataa Tha right af lafftaga, a>d of holding offlua to to bw txarolaod only L D. TWO CENTS. by elttaena of the United State* Pro*Uloaia B*4? for a governor, legislature, niar-h;?l. jodr-f. &e , and delegate In CongieM, and the tweif.h Motion exclude! alavery. BKiiicH mint in urriR CALiFtaeiA. Mr. Mkapb: reported a bill to ?atahlt.h a branch mint of tbe Untied S'atee at 8 o Krannlee? en board or tbe ship Pennsylvania, which (hall be rent there foe that pnrpoee. After a eoneereation as to whether It ehonld new be put en it* peerage, or made the apeetat order for tomorrow, tbeHnure again went Into o-nmattae, (Mr. < renrton In the chair) and took up the bill to aatahlltba TKRXITORIAL. OOVKRIVMKnT FOR IIIW MRIIOO. i Tbe firrt reetli n baelog been read wblon embraeed within tbe limits of New Mexto* all that part alaimed | by Texaa, ljlug between the Nueoes nod the Rio Grande Mr. Virton oflered to amend, by providing that thte ah all not prejudice tbe claims of Texaa t.? thla part of tbe territory In question; and be made a few rentftl thereon. Mr. GarKLxv oppoeed Mr Vinton's amendment,and he oontended that the territory h?t.ira?a the Nueoes and the Hln (Ir.erf. rf A -... ?... ?-- ? - - ?- "-'""H to i exes Several otb?r gentlemen debaert the ijuHstloa. and questions connected with the M-ilom ?Kr were aot forgotten According to our pn >r judgment. so at* light ih emitted to Improve darkened uidtnUedilk*. At half pert four o'olook, the oommUteo.rose and tbo House adjourned. Washi-ioton Feb. 98, 1819. For two boure tbo several etualing ooinmi't *es emptied tbemaalves of reperta. There wee much confui Ion. aa usnal, of late. Ml lit Ak y contbibutions iv mexico ? usu iiP it 10 R ?r rowEx. Mr. Duncan, of Kentucky. from the select oonmlttee appointed on one branub of the President'* annual message, made a report from the majority, eoneluding with a reeolutlon via.: - I'bat the p > ear exercised by the President of the Hotted Stat-a.lu establishing a tariff of duties daring tbe war with Mex'oo, ant appropriating the money tbus clleot-d. in the abtonoe of uny aot of i.engross, is not warranted by the law* and tbe constitution, but Id derogation of bo h. Ho moved that the report be rsf-rred to the Committee of the Whole on the State of the Uaion, and that it be printed. Mr. McClisnasd and Mr. Stanton severally Bade minority teports on the same subject They were referred to the Committee of the Whole on the State of the Union and ordered to be printed. I Mr. Duncan, from theisms committee, reported a bill to settle the account! ot olH i*r* an I otters who have received money arising from ml itary ootrlbutions in Mexiao It was ordered to a third reading, wben, debate arising, it went over Mr Vinton, from tbe Committee of Wayg and Means, reported back, with amendments, the bill making appropriations tor tbe Indian Department. He said that, if tbo appropriation bills should aot bo parted by tbe Houte. It was hie intention to wash hie thirts of tbe responsibility. On bis motion, the House agreed, hereafter, to tako a reeeta from half past three to six o'clock. the tahiff. Mr Hudson, from the Committee of Ways aud Moans. to whom wes reftrred a resolution inquiring iutothw expediency ef reporting a bill bns'-d on tun tarilf not of 1M2, and a* king for a roodiUtatt'in of the present revenue act made a report in favor of tua satu*. \.r Nicoi.i. made a report from the minority of the committee. Mr. Hudson moved that an extra number of copies of tbe ieports bi printed; and this subject was referred to tbe Committee on Printing. the kirk in nk.nv york. Mr. Hunt, from the Comnnkit-w ou Com n>roe. reported a bill to remit certain duties on goods ?l-iwroyel by tbe fire in tbe oity of New Yom. in July lv45. Mr Fichlis moved to ley the b II on tnn table, but tbe motion did not prevail It was 'hnu pveed. [Tt c claims for goode la uuor ken packages destrcyed, are to be examined by the Col'wo'.ir of the Port, tbe Naval Officer, and the District \t orn-y, wh> are to eonetitute a board of commission for the amrnnts urc> r'aiced debentures are to issue, and all bond* unpaid are to be oauoel ed arms and ammunitions cos california. The joint resolution from che Senate, directing tbe Secretary of War to furnish eiol;.' vnte to California with arms and ammunition ou ovrcain conditions, was taken up, wben Mr. Baylt expressed tbo hope that the resolution wcuid be peered. Mr. White asked, what was tho ncois?ity fer this measure. Mr. Bavlv rep'ied. that the necessity grew out of the fact that tbe em'grants bad not jet "beamed trms, and I bey would be lost to the uoveruuiant if ttinv not (aid for. Mr. (Jektrv was in favor of the >rni an 1 onnunition being furnished without mat. Cum emlrf-sats will proteot the laws, and it is aslit'leas the gjverament can do to give tbtm the means of doiug so. The resolution was then pasted. The bill to establish a TKHHlT <iHIAL UOVKRIVMKnT FOR MITHori 'rom the .Senate, embracing lbs outside territory of Iowa and Wiseonsin, was passed, under the operation of the previous question. RURMINU Tnr. BO! MI1KV BKTWERK THE URITSD STATCO AM) Mf.IICO - UsUarATlOV The Hons* took up the Senate b tl. providing for tho appointment of a commissioner aud surveyor, to run the boundary line between the United states and Mexico, as provided for by the treaty Mr. Smith, of the Committee on foreign Affairs, reported an amendment. Mr. 8chkm-k likewise offered an amendment, to tho effect that no part of the money sha 1 be appropriated for the pay of a commissioner or surveyar heretofore appointed wltbont authority of law By the treaty It It provided that the government of eaon country shall appoint a commissioner and a surveyor to run this line. When the treaty was sent here by the President, be ealled on CougTets to pass a law. net for the appointment of acommisaiouer, but aoommisetoner and surveyor, that the treaty might be carried out. Congress not immediately aotlng on the resommandaUon, the President assumed, without authority of law or the ereatlon of the offlos, himself to appoint a oommissioner and surveyor, and seot them oat In tbe periormanoe of their doty, and ne took on himself the authority of exercising legislative functions, and died the salaries. Mr. Nicoll?Is not tbe commissioner appointed under the trvety. which Is a law or the laud Mr. Schem e?No. The President did ooc thsn understand any such oonstruotioa. The President and the Senate made void the legislation ot tbe land Cbera is not, in the treaty, a word said about tbe salary or tenure. If the Congress be tiue to Itself, and asa determined not to give up subject aflux subject to tha chief Exeoutlve power, to ooutrol al noet. If not quite everything, there must come a time whea Congrats must say, ' thus fur thou sbait go and no farther " Mr. Staistor?The gentleman may be answered by a Ingle sentence. This House, in conneetlon With the other, bae the right to appropriate money necessary to Jiay tbe salary, or not, at their pleasure ; but tbe offisw s established by the treaty. If it has any validity whatever, It must be cartied Into efleot by the < motive officer of the government. The treaty reqalren commissioners to ootninenoe tbe work of running the boundary at a particular period Mr ScHtscs-1 would ask whether or not it be a fact, tbat the commissioner and surveyor shall be appointed by the governments of tbe country. I would ask, wben the treaty says government, if it means tho r.iVGuuTQ ; Mr. Stawtow?Why, an answer U extremely amy. If tbe constitution requires the officers to be appointed In any particular manner, to b* nominated by the President ani confirmed by the Senate-it toe oonstltntion know* no otbar mode, it te dene for the government by the Kieoutlve and the Senate, who act for tbe government by virtue of the power delegated to theiu under the conetttutloo. Where was the objection in tbe Senate? It it understood that the nomination waa confirmed unanimously, baring the unanimous consent of the 8enato. comprising every Senator of tbe gentleman's own (tbe whig) party. The only authority wbioh tbs House hue. is to withhold the ralsry which should be given to the oflloer. Mr. hcHi:ncK?What I said had no reference te the individual appointed. I care not whether he was unanimously confirmed, or barely confirmed I stand on tfie ptlncipls that tbe Home is not to be trodden down by the executive. Mr. Staivton- As tbe gentleman thinks that only the gorernmtnt oan aot, I ask wuetuer tbe treaty ess trade by the government ? Mr bouK.M n?According to the oonstitutioa. Mr. STa.no.N ? As the ooaiintsiooer aod surveyor were appointed and confirmed by the Seaae, it remains wl,h us to withhold or to pay the saiaiiee. Mr. ht.iit.nck?fly what authority are the salaries ptld? Mr. Stawtoh ?The House may fix thsm. or isars lbs President to do it. Mr. S< he?< x arked a question, which was answers J Mr St awt oh. as follows Suppose Congress pass an act ts build a shipof-war and directs osrta u agents to be employed, or says nothing aoout ta ?I e?k whether tbe Kkeeutive would not have it in h's power to fix the compensation ? In the ab ence of ?uy law he had the power to appoint the commissioner end the surveyor. Mr. 8< ham I want to Know by what authority ? Mr Stawto.h ?That is theaoewer Congress b*s the right, to do It ; but if C >n;tress fall, then it is the duty of the President, under the trsa'y, to nppiint the tfdeers. .;a<aJ Mr ScHrnr* - How em h* nut the roonay ? Mr 8i a.mum?H? oaunut K?t it, ualaea it be approprintt 4. Mr Schil-ick?What le the t?nur? of the otllia ! Mr SriMim Whm toe boundary Hum *h?il bam bn n iuu, tie office erwfi. II n men wool J you tlx it ? Mr Nun m. of Connecticut. ra>d that he w vili *Ubmit a lew rn??ihe. although he bad uot luteaded Co uo ?<>. '1 hie bill ?< pt<r?ci by tn? S-nut.e, and lent to the House on the lUh of .vu<u?t la?t. woeu aa adjnori.nieiit aaa abont to take plain The Houaa. ranhnjueuiiy 00,lid uot th?:s take it up. It ohm bat >r? tta Committee on Knrvlga Alfabe at the rery aariiaat moment- on the 17th tlay of January lau, It ? < ra* ported to the Wnat aa' d>o? la the meantime t Id contempt of the rigai* u( toe Hodj# and the constitution ?ud the lawa the Prmlniit nod tha Seoa'e bate ariogated tha power to *i?p out tha nammieeioner aou>uiv-yor It wo done in aiolatioa of law. And aa it. come* to thi* : the I'reaid-at bim*?lf, In document 09. rayi It will he oaoa?a?ry to man* protiaion, by law. tor tha appotn Tn*ut of a oominlesioaat and a eurtoyor au ton pad ?( 'ha United Statea,

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