Newspaper of The New York Herald, March 5, 1849, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated March 5, 1849 Page 1
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I II I llll H I ??? TH NO. 5386.* TULEORAPHIO. HIGHLY IMPORTANT. THE CLOSING SCENES or THE THIRTIETH CONGRESS. tub gsn&i or The Branch Mint in New York. I THE PASSAGE OF THE BIL.L.. TOR COINING gold dollar; an> double eagles. The Creation of the Home Department* TBS RHO&OAN1ZATXON or THE CABINET. m INAUGURAL ADDRESS OF & TB.ESIDBTJT TAYLOR. * MEETING OF THE CABINET. TERRIBLE TIM 23 131 CONGRESS. SUNDAY MORNING SCENES. t'ERSO.UL CONFLICTS IN THE SEW ATE AND HOUSE. Tom Hyer and Yankee Sullivan Outdone. die. Ac. Ac. Our despatches, published in this morning's Herald, give the winding up of the business of the Thirtieth Congress. It closed in the greatest eonfusion. Our readers will perceive that we have spared neither time, labor, nor expense, in order to furnish them with the expiring scenes of the defunct body. We employed the telegraph for this purpose, throughout Saturday night. Our contemporaries, as well as the public, will, we hink, fully appreciate this. The numerous public measures which have been acted upon, and either defeated or brought to completion, during the last day of the session, will be found detailed below. Among the most prominent ol the acts passed, are, the bill for the establishment of the Home Department; the bill for the coinage of gold dollars and double eagles; the postal bill; the naval appropriation bill, dec , dec. i he Appropriation uiu, wnicn includes the provisional government Tor California, ia still in doubt. Our despatches leave it so, and we cannot ascertain what has become of it in the Senate. The Reorganisation or the Cabinet. Washington, March 4?9 A.M. The Hon. Abbott Lawrence has declined the Secretaryship of the Navy. The bill creating a Heme Department has become a law. The Hon. John Davis, of Massachusetts, has been appointed to that post, and has accepted. The Hon. Wm. Ballard Preston, of Virginia, has been transferred to the Navy Department, and the Hon. Reverdy Johnson appointed Attorney General. The Cabinet now stands as follows:? John M. Clayton, of Delaware, Secretary of Stata. Wm M. Mckedith, of Pean., Secretary of Treasury. John Datii, of Mass., Home Department. W. Bai lasd Pseiton, of Va, Secretary of the Navy. Oso. W. CkAwrosD, of Georgia, Secretary of War. Thomas Ewino, of Ohio, Postmaster General. Rxtbsov Johnson, of Maryland, Attorney General. Abbott Lawrence would net accept of any other than the Treasury department. Momlnatlon of Mr. Hansegen as Minister to Berlin?General Shields?Messrs. Foots and Cameron. Wii hinoton, March 4,1840. A little after 7 o'clock this morning, Mr. Hanaegan was nominated and confirmed as Mtnlstsr to Berlin. Mr Donsleon goes to Frankfort. Mr. Hannogan's appointment was eoliotnd at tha hands of the President by several whig Senators. He will not be disturbed by the incoming administration, as ha is an sspeetal friend of Mr. Crittenden. To-morrow General 8bieids is to bo sworn In as Senator from Illinois. He eannet be prevented from taking hie rest, aa the law ia Imperative that the new Senate be sworn in before the inauguration of a Vloe President. Should any investigation take plaoa, It most be A.lawaA Mil allaamaada mm kin >Uk? 4m Wm am*., dm 4m morrow cannot b? disputed, nor can bin Installation be deferred. Tbc affair between Mr. Foote and Mr. Cameron haa been adjusted. The Inaugural Add rose of President Taylor Washington, March 4. 1849. General Taylor bai been closeted to-day with his eabinet for three boors, and has laid his inaugural before them Compared with other Inaugurals, the document is brief. The General says, in effect, that baring been called to the fsesSilsn tlal chair by tbe roice ef the nation, be la determined to administer the gorerament on broad national principles, and, as far as he is able, for tbe best Interests of the whole country. He thinks that it la the dnty ef all good eitlsens to allay, Instead of exciting the antagonism existing between tbe North nod the South on the slarery question. He will sanction aay reasonable adjustment of tbe question, which shall not jeopardise the constitutional rights of eitber eeotlon of the ooon'ry. As to the question of slarery In California, he thinks ft more properly a matter for the decision of the legal trlbutal. He makes no pledges on the tariff question, but says tbat whaterer modification of the preeent ejstem Congress, as the exponent of the wishes of the peopie, may desm necessary, shall hare his sanction. The oeto power given by the constitution to th? FreoMmt as a check upon party and iH considered legislation, be does net Intend to weaken. His idea is. tbat it should not be exercised in eases there there is merely a conflict of opinion between tbe President and Cengrees as to the expediency or necessity of a measure, but only woere the act of Congiests Is Id palpable riolationof the constitution. Tho Inaugural Address. Wasiiinston. March 4,1844. The inaugural address of General Taylor covers ten and a half pegee ot letter paper, and wilt mahe about a eeiumn of the k'mlionul TnUlUgttintr It will he received in Naw York, a little after 12 o'clonk to morrow Special Express, At Washington. March 4,1849. Major Hobble says he haa just determined to run an oxpvvsa to loeton with the Inaugural addreea of Oen. i Taylor. Major General Reott, Waihiistos, March4?4 A. M. |% ie said that General Pay lor has written to General geott.Inviting him to return and make this hie headquai tore. E NE M< THIRTIETH CUNQKBBS. sxcortD 8X881 ON THE LAST DAY. Senate. Wiihibgtoh, March 9,1849. The Senate met at the uncial hour. The capital ie crowded with people. An awfully ugly enow ntorm ie now prevailing lamenee excitement In both boaees, on the territorial queitlen . laws ron ceLiroawia. Mr. Dix reported the house bill, extending the revenue laws over California. Mr. King was opposed to the bill, at this time, and moved to lay it on the table. Agreed to. fcOLD ceiir. The bill providing for gold eoins of one dollar and double eagles, was taken up and passed. A Senate bill was passed for a settlement with disbursing offloere during the late war. Considerable nolee on the floor. Mr. Ukbiiwoid called the attention of the Presiden to the oonfnsion. The Senate was then oalled to order. mtCSLLANKOUS, A Committee of Conference was appointed on the Military Appropriation bill. Two pri rate bills passed. A joint resolution passed, allowing further time * the Secretary of the Treasury to make out a Report i ttm Puhlia Lamia. Mr. Hakncoar called up the bill fulfilling the fifth article of the treaty with Mexloo for running the boundary line. Amendment of the Houae oonflnes the appointment of Commissioners to the Topographical Corpa. Thla would diaplaee Meaara. Waller fc Co , appointed by Preaident Polk. Mr. Harnioar moved that the Senate disagree to the amendment, on a motion of allowing the bill to be laid on the table. Thia aeeuree Polk'a appointments. The bill for the relief of the Union Bank of Florida was pasted. The bill for the relief of a poor aoldler, named Lawrence Squires, who loet both hia lege in the late war with Mexico, waa passed. Mr. Baaase introduced a resolution for the compilation and translation of Mexican lawa existing in California 18th May, 1840. Passed. The joint resolution changing proof in eertain pension cdiee was passed.* The 17th rule waa now suspended, so aa to let bills go to the Preaident. The House amendment to the Light House bill was passed. oALirouiria. Mr. Douglass would make ene more effort for Callfordla, and moved to take up the Houae bill for a territorial government, which bill inoludea the proviso. Mr. Rusx appealed to the Senate for the report^of conference on Mr. Walker's amendment to the general appropriatien bill. If no compromise on that amendment could be agreed to, nothing ooold be done. All ether efforts would be a useless waste of time. Mr. Douglass said all sorts of bills far California bad been refused by the Senate; they had refused to take them up; he was determined to make a last effort fer the people of that oountry. He asked for the ayes and noes. On taking up the bill, Mr. Butleb, from press of business,eould sot ttttnd to thii bill in committer. Mr. Hamlin denounced Wtlkw'f amendment as giving despotic power to the Prealdent. He hoped this bill would be taken up and pueed. Mr. Butleb oonildered Walker's amendment as restricting the military power now held by the Preeident. The bill waa not taken up?ayea M, noea 18. Messrs. Dickinson and Du voted to take it np. Mr. Hannbgan, the only Northern man, voted against it. TBI CBNBWe. The House biH, requiring the Secretary of State, the Secretary of the Home Department, and Postmaster General, to report to next Congress, the best plan of taking the oensus, waa next laid before the Senate,and the question waa debated by Messrs. Westoott, John Davis and King. Mr. Kino oould not see the connection of the men sure with the Home Department. The Census bill waa passed. The House bill waa taken np, providing for a Home Department, to lnolude the Bnrean ef Pensions, Indian aflairs, and Patent Office; the Secretary of said department to be called the Secretary of the IntertoiT This bill was debated by Messrs. King, Cameron Bright, Jefferson Davis, Calhoun, and Poo to. The bill was read by sections. Mr. foot* appealed that the bill was Important, for the correct administration of the Executive Bureau. The committee of the Senate reported various amendments to the bill. One of them proposes to strike out the eommiasiqper of the customs. Mr. Huntbb was in favor of striking all this out. He said we wanted ne such commissioner. Mr. Jevfbbson Davis was in favor of the provision, as it Is recommended by the Secretary of the Treasury. Mr. Huntbb said that there was no necessity for the office. Mr. Allbn oppesed the creation ef any more cabinet offices, or any other officers. There are two things that never go backwards?new offloes and increase of salaries. Unless wo retrench, we shall never pay the national debt. Mr. Jewesson Davis thought the Senator from Ohio need not be alarmed; the bill merely proposes a reorganisation of the division of labors of the department. Mr. Hunteb was opposed to the bill. The two great sources of revenue were the customs and the publlo lands, and tbsre is no propriety in taking them from the head of the Tmsinrv Mr. Webster iuin favor of the Horn Department. Enr line* the time of Monroe It bod been reoommendcd to tbe ottentien of Congress. Mr Nilei mode o strong appeal ogoinst this proposed extension of Kxeentive potronoge. This tbing, potronoge, never goes backward; bat ever cone tent efforts ore InsatBeient to stop Its ezponsion. Mr. Maior followed In o learned speeob, showing, first, that there wos no necessity for this Interior deportment; second, tiiot it wos tbe basinets of tbe federal government so to take core of exterior relations; thirdly, that tbe bill was tbe entering wedge to the wallowing up of tbe sef orate independence of the States by the overshadowing power of the federal government. After a powerful appeal against tbe bill, bo moved that it be laid on the table. Loot?S3 to 81. Mr Calhoun then took the floor.a* if the emergency of the ease demanded aetrong appeal against the bill; and he made eueh an appeal, adopting the opinion of tbe Senator from Virginia, that this Department for tbe Interior looked to the absorption of the powers of the States. Mr. Foote contended that with tbe developsment of tbe power and resources of tbe oountry, and the increase of Its population, tbe poblie business and the public rffices must increase; hence the necessity for this Home Departu ent. It was recommended by tbe Secretary of the Treasury, and there was every reason to suppose that he fairly understands all tbe necessities of tbe case. Mr Atherton asked to let tbe 8enate recede from tbe Cherokee amendment ef twelve hundred thowand dollars to the Indian bill. While jet up, tbe Chair announced a recess till six o'clock P. M. IvmiNO RESftlOie. The Home Department bill resumed. Tbe galleries packed with people. It Is almost impossible fiat reporters to get In or out. Mr. Hi-nteb renewed his opposition to the bill, in a very earnest appeal against Its passage. Mr Avhibtos moved to lay it on the table,to take up a report of a committee of eonfarenee. Not agre>d to. Mr Badseb urged upon tbe Senate, If they wished tbe Mil to pass, to reject all amendments. Mr. Hjsssois-Does the Senator then want to fcroe upon General Taj lor ?n extra seselon I W YO 3RNING EDITION?MO Mr. Vibhh-No. We mean to p?i) this bill. Tbe motion to strike out the Cominlaaloaor of Customs *u loot?18 to 84 Tbequo'tion on the bill being taken np, Mr Mason moved to amend by striking oat Secretary ot the Interior, and Inserting Assistant Secretary of the Treasury. He itrongly objected to the addition of another to the cabinet. It contemplate! an entire reorganisation of the government. It looke like the purpose of restoring the old federal system of sWalloons np State rights. The speeeh of Mr.Mason exalted a good deal of spirit, calling up old party associations to defeat tbe bill. He spoke with unusual earnestness, and awakened some little alarm among tbe whlgs, just as they expected the bill was about to pass. Tbe party whleh has been in a minority for forty years Is now returning to power, and thus begin to absorb the powers of the State in a sort of federal ollgaroby. This thing ef a Home Department, after being defeated from the days of Alexander Hamilton, Is now to succeed; but Senators on the other side cannot pass this measure without our assent. [President Polk In the eapitol,singing bills; his cabinet on the Door below ] Mr. Mason said that a dark oloud was hanging over this eapitol. Mr. Webstbb thought the physical sky was lowerIns. and had been rather wet several devs : hut tha I political iky *u bright. ( Ila ! ha!") He earnestly appealed that this hill should be carried. It did not extend the lederal powers one inah ; It was nothing bat a plain practical question. Mr. JrrrrRioK Davu also defended the bill, not as a federal, hut as a demooratio measure ; and for the framing of which the credit belonged to Secretary Walker. Mr. Allen, with n foroe of voles, which aotually startled the people In the galleries, urged upon the democrats to abandon the wblgs on this bill, because no snoh thing as this could stand before the people. Mr. Berrien hoped that the debate would elose, and that the hill would he suffered to pass. We hare but four hours of the session remaining. Mr. Downs belle red that Mr. Allen was not the man to question the democracy of Seoretary Walker, the father of this measure. He was opposed to eompromL sing anything until this bill was passed, and let the responsibility rest with the minority. Mr. Nilbi did not Intend to make a speeoh. Let the bill pass. We, who oppose it, hare dine our duty. Let the majority take the responsibility. If this is the beginning of the new administration, the end la elose by. Mr. Dickinson opposed the hill. One of its first results would be a huge department, with a new crop of a hundred offloe holders. Mr. Mason's amendment, providing an assistant Secretary of the Treasury, instead of a new eablnet officer, rejected?23 to 80. Tht Hint Dtparlntnt bill pantd?tbirty-ont to twtntyfiit. The President approved of the Mlneeota hill. the civil appropriation bill, &0. Mr. Athertsn reported no agreement in committee en Mr. Walker's amendment to the elvil bill. The Army and Navy bill was finally disposed of. The Senate backed oat from the Cherokee amendment to Indian bill. Several private bills were then passed. On motion of Mr. DattonjUis hill for a Branch Mint in New York was taken up. Messrs. Badgeb and Sturgeon objected to its consideration, and, by rule, it ftll to tkt ground. 80 tndo tht brineb mini. Numerous private bills were passed. The bill for the Mexloan treaty stipulations be earns a law. At 10 o'eloek the Senate at work on private calendar At 8 o'olock, (Sunday morning.) the Senate for two hours and a half were engaged in a most exoltlag discussion of the House amendment to the civil bill, Mr. Wbsstbb leading off for the bill. Messrs. Mason, Hunter, Berrien, Westoott, Foots, Douglass, Bright, Vulee, Walker, and others, engaged in the discussion. Messrs. Foots and Cameron earns to blows. They were parted at onoe. This intuit was fallowed by some very ugly words between them. Mr. Foots saying, that the eonduet of Mr. Cameron, in Interrupting a Senator in his speeob, was rude and Indecent. . Gen. Cam has said that the session has expired. OllAlTffllnff at ill HI orb anil tha nvhanant ta sfvAnw *Kaf tlM General Appropriation bill will b? defeated. The galleries etill crowded with people. We hare left our messages almost every hour at the telegraph offlee slnoe 12 o'clock this morning. Houe of Representnllres. WiiMiROToit, March t, 1940. The House commenced business In the usual way. Mr. (Sublet, Chaplain, returned thanks te Oed that as member had died during the session, and that when they reach their distant homes, the smiles of dear ones, like the light of the morning, may rest upon them. He prayed for the retiring adsalnlstratlon, and for the new one. Mr. Ainmoa submitted a resolution, authorising the Speaker to pay to John C. King, four hundred dollars for his expenses In the Speaker's room, en the bust of John Quiney Adams, to mark the spot where that statesman died a year ago. The bust has been nearly paid for by voluntary subscriptions by members of Congress, and there was a small delleleney. Mr. Jonas, of Tennessee, objected te the resolution. Mr. GamnsLL?I ask my eelleague to .modify It; I will pay the money out of my own pocket. " That Is right," " that Is right," resounded In every direction. Mr.AsHMun?I will modify, in obedlenee to the wishes of my Mend, but I think that is not right. The gentleman should payThere were ories of" order," " order." The resolution was passed, 14 against It. The lobbies began te be filled with strangers. Governor Toung was present. aaaneN miht at siw veax. On motion of Mr. Tallmadob, the Committee ef the Whale discharged from the wuilmtloa of ttt kill establishing a B.aach Mint nt Now York. It makes nn appropriation of two ban trod tboaonnd doiInro for t alto, nnd protId*a for tb? appointment of offleere He moved tba previous question. Mr. Bbodhbad moved to Up tba kill on tbe table, wbleb wu loet. Mr. Mcxfht wu anxlon* to any something ,but wu prevented. Mr. TALuenor holding on to ble motion, the bill wna ordered to be engrossed, nnd because it wu not en Ite peaeege, wu nt thia time refuaed. Ynrtona motions were mnde to tnke up pnrtleator klnda of bnalaefa. BiLLe neroaTRD, fee. Mr. Tistw reported tbe Foot Ofloe bill; nnd the House eonenrred in tbe Senate's nmendment to give effeet to tbe poatnl trent7. Tbe Sennte'a amendments to tbe Naval Appropriation bill were eonenrred in. Tbe gnlleriea are erammed with ladlee and gentlemen, end there la the usual market house eonfueion. The rotunda, and aielea beyond, to both houses, are In like eenditlon. Tbe Light House bill wu passed. Then there wu a aeramble for the floor, but nobody obtained it. Amendmenta of tbe Senate to sundry bills were next aeted on. Tbe Senate strnek out from tbe Mlneaotaterritorial bill tbe elanse that tbe not shall go Into effeet on the ltth of March. Tbe Honee receded by 85 majority. Tbe House eonenrred In tbe nmendment of the Senate, authoring tbe eoinege of gold doable eaglee and doHare. TAe bill l? ntabliih a Brtntk Mint in Ntw York wti poind [This wu afterward-loet In the Senate.] Mary motions were made In qulek snceesstoa. An nasueeearffal one, te take op tbe bltl making appropriation for the purehue of Catlln't Indian Oallery of Paintings, wu the next business. Tbe ocafaaion seeme to be on tbe lnorenu. Tbe RK E NDAY, MARCH 5, 18i Speaker's hammer fall* Impotently; and the Clark, at the top of hi* voioe. endeavors to make himself heard. In the Honae, after the reeeaa, the Speaker announced that John F. Towsrs, John Trenholm, and William M. Bell, are severally the sontractors f><r the printing of Congress. The galleries are filled to overflowing?aaeaabera good natured from juet eating their dlnnara?chinking of money, the members having been paid off in fall. The Honae concurred In the report of the oommittee of conferenoe of the disagreeing vote# on the amendment to the Navy bill. Mr. McDowili. offered a resolution of thanks to the Speaker, for the able. Impartial, and dignified manner la which he had discharged his duties. Mr. Johnson, of Tennessee, moved to amend by striking out the word Impartial. Ha denied that the Speaker was so; he had frequently struggled for the floor, and when be did get It the 8peaker turned up his nose. He had a better ohanoe In oommittee, where bis impartial Majesty was not In the ohalr. Mr. Comh was temporarily In the Speaker's seat. Mr. Johmoii spoke at length, finding fault with the partiality of the Speaker. He was oalled to order several times by wkigs, and encouraged to go on by democrats. He referred to the constitution of the committee, and said that they were made up to suit antislavery. (Great excitement.) Mr. H&easLi. said that the head and front of the abolition party was, probably, the only one who would vote with his colleague. Mr. Giddincs wanted to know by what authority Mr. Haskt-U has so expressed himself. [Laughter ] Mr, IlssscLi. replied, common sense and induotlon led to the oouoluslon, bcoauia Mr. Glddlngfl ?H the other one, beaideeMr. Johnt-oewho thought commit teea were not properly organised. Mr. GiDDiFMit said that Mr Haskell was onoe do puted to be bis executioner, but not to apeak for btin. [There was mush laughter.] The amendment to strike out was rejeoted, ayes 13 nays 10, and the resolution was agreed to. thb m1uiit session. the amtiii. irrsorniiTioa rill. Mr. Vinton aald that the committee of confereno* on the disagreeing amendments to the General Appropriation bill had been unable to agree, and asked to be disebarged. The Senate bad Inserted an amendment, Walker's legislatlen for the Territories, and the House rejected it, as was seen. Breakers ahead. Intense exeltement. Mr. Aihmun said, that if the House reoeded, the question will be an open one. There was muoh fluttering. Several motions were made, questions asked, and the vote taken on the House receding. It was decided in the affirmative, by a vote of 111 to 106.? There is tremendous exoltement; members jumping up. Mr. Mobbhead thought the matter eould be settled by striking out from the Senate's amendment (Walker's) the words " west of the Rio Grande," and Inserting nothing In the act that affected any way the boundary of Texas; and moved the previous question which was sustained by a majority of (. The Sveabeb said, In reply to a question, that If the main question be not in order, the subjeet would go over until to morrow. Further explanations were made and the Chair decided that the question was on the amendment of Mr. Morehead. Mr. Aihmvs moved to lay tho amendment on the

table. The SrxABBB said that if it bo laid on tho table, that would earry the bill with It. Mr. AtHMttn did not Insist on his amendment. The question woo then taken on Morehead's amendment, and adopted-yeas 186, nays 90. Several members Immediately popped up from their seats. Feints of order were plied one on another, and there was the greatest possible confusion and Intense Interest manifested In the galleries. Mr. THonrsoi?,of Indiana, appealed to the North and South to appease the exoltement, and offered a compromise, that the ebnstltutlen, so far as applloable, be extended over the territories The existing laws to be exereised to protect persons, property, and religion, ud the President empowered to earry the Uwf Into i(effeet. The act to continue till February, I860. Point* of ord?r is thlok aucoeasien wen raised, and ooneiderable squabbling ensued A motion tm mad* at 10X o'olook, for a eali of Hona*. It waa decided In the negative. While the yea* and nay* were being oalled, there waa ao mueh oonfoaion that the Clerk had toceaaefora few momenta, lathe midat of the ex edtement, Kr. Baylt aaid that Mr. Root had eome over to inanlt hi* oolleagne. Mr. Ulddlngs waa alluded to, who went over to Mr. Meade'a aeat, and atruok him slightly. Mr. Batly aaid that Mr. Root waa a brute, and not a Root. Mr. Root paaaed off without further notio*. Motlona teo numerona to mention wen then made, and the question waa ordend to be put on Mr. Thompaon'a amendment. It waaagned to by authority of fl. Mr. Pettit then made a furious apeeeh. He woufil rather have the bill rtfernd, than see aueh amendments adopted. It waa nefarious, he aaid, to stop the hands of the eloek. He waa not Joshua, to eoatrol ItHe was not willing to form a partnership with the slave-holding power?the leprous, putrid scab. He waa hen gneted with eries of " louder: louder!" Mr. Mc-Clbbrard reae to eall Mr. Pettit to order. The SriAKEB decided Mr Pettit to be in order. The decision was appealed from, and reversed. THE FASCAOB Or THE OERBBAL APPB0FBIAT10R DILL. TA* question wae (Am taken an (Ac Senate's territorial amendment to (Ac General -Appropriation bill (Ifalktr's), as amended by Mr. Thompson, which was arrted to. sitae 110. naae 1U4. The amendment went book la the Men alt. The resolution for extra compensation to employ&h of the H?nse passed, and other minor matters were disposed of. About two o'eloek (this morning, 8nnday,) the House was without a quorum. Some members In a state of chaos. Several resolutions, private bills, ho., were then disposed of, when Mr. Johnson, of Arkansas rnabed at Mr. Klcklln, of Illinois, knocked him down, and drew blood, la Tom Hytr. A rash was made to part them. The Speaker called to order ? There was a tremendous excitement, but the eonfiet was over in a minute. No boees broken. There was plenty of the ardent In the eapitol, and In the midst of the whole, Mr. Klcklln was taken irom the Hall. the fatert medicine rill. On motion. Mr Kdwardn' bill to prevent the patenting of medicines, was taken up He said It was to preserve the health of the people. Mr. Hall, of Missouri, made a speeoh in praise of Sapplngton's fever and ague pills, and said ' patent medicines" did tan times mora good than regular prescriptions. No quorum vote taken on the engrossment of the hill There was an end of it. At3K o'clock, motion was made to adjourn stae die only twenty-two members voting in affirmative. Mr. Kaufman, of Texas, moved that the House take up the bill to establish a government in New Mexico. Mr Holmes, of South Carolina, objected, for want of power or time. A motion was than made to adjourn, and Mr Pettit said this was not a meeting of the House, but a town meeting. Another said it was a mob. cmoeiko ceoabs in the hop1e. The SrEAEta told the gentlemen (hat they must not smeke segars. Mr Pettit sold that his had no Ore on it. The greatest anxiety to adjourn was manifested, but the Speaker did not declare It was carried, even when a majority voted in its favor. A message was rent to the Senate, informing them that the Hons# waa nady to adjonrn, and a commitmltiee was appointed to wait on the President, and ask him whethsr he had any further eommnnieation to make. Somebody said that Oeneral Taylor was Prasident. Almost aver)body appeared to be In a ehaotio state or sleepy; the galleries were vaeated; and the Hoo?e took op the bill granting the right of way to the tltlnois Railroad Compaay. It was generally alluded to. [ERA 19. M?m were taken to renew the Appropriation bill, but tbo faetlooists ware condemned and members said that they would go down to everlasting infamy. Mr. Ti'awsa said he had acted consistently la Toting against the Senate's amendment to provide for the territories. The lords of the lash ware the faetlonists The charge of traitor had no sting fer him. Messrs. Hkhlt and Lane then spoke. Nothing done with the bill. There was a long delay for the President to sign the General Appropriation bill, and to say whether he had any further communications to make. The adjournment finally took plaoe, sine die. at to 7 o'elock o'olook, (this Sunday morning ) The Speaker delivered it, and rushed out of the hall. Luu' Dto V. H. District Court?In Admiralty. oeiore juoge Fih 20?Tli Court delivered opinions in writing in the following eases Levi Uamei vi. John H. TVavii.? It w?l held, thwt notice of a decree need net, under the rules, be served on the pertj against whom it is rendered, for an? other purpote than to limit his right to stay prooeedingt by appeal That aotuel knowledge ef the dearee by the party or his proocor, or of ciroumstanoes importing notice, is equivalent to notloe. and the decree m >y after that be enforced, ho That the Kn.loh eocle-lastical and admiralty practice, as to citations and monitions to hear dealers Is not adopted hers Stipule- j tois under the rules of the Supreme Court are rusj-ot to the same decrees as are rendered against their prin- 1 oipal, to be entered simultaneously, without other notloe than that aooompausing the proceedings in the cause, and to like execution thereon The saoie process of execntion may issue against the property and persons of the parties decreed against. The aots of Conpress of Keb. 20. 1820, and May 14, 1841, adopted the non-imprisonment aot of the S'ate (1 R S 807. t)l) but the provisions of ths latter did not apply to or embrace processes issning out ot admiralty oourts. The act of Congress, of 1841 had aWoa prospective operation, and the code of procedure of this State, emoted April 12,1848, oontalning provisions abolishing impritonment for debt in all civil actions, comes within the terms of the act ot Congress, and would thus apply to admiralty courts. But tba after act of Congress of August 12, 1842, conferred on the Supreme Court power to regulate the processes of the Usited States courts, and the rules of that court, adopted in 1844 authorise the arrest aed imprisonment of parties on process it ul?g out of the admiralty courts, iu oivil motions for debt. This regulation of the Supreme Court is not abrogatsd by the subsequent statute of this State Tbe motion to set aside proceedings for irregularity, and tbe motion to discharge tbe stipulator from imprisonment. both denied, but without costs. William Henry vi Frederick Curty -Held that proof of tbe band writing of a witness to shipping articles j was prima facte evidence of Its exeontlon by the mariners. Also, that a oertitted oopy be received in 1 evidence, on proof that tba original bad aooompanted i the thip to eea. That the description of a sailor aa steward and oook, gave more certainty to his identity than the name upon tbe articles; anJ that libellant, suing in the obaraeter of oook and steward, must be regarded aa tbe same person who shipped under the name of Wm Henderson, unless he proved tbe aon- . trary. Held, that a seaman shipping In a British vessel . for a voyage from British North America to the United : States and back, or a Bri'tehport. oannot bring suit . here for wages, without proving his agreement terminated, his discharge from the ship, or other cireum stances dissolving the contract, and abowing neoeeslty , for tbe Intervention of tbe court. Libel dismissed, with costs. William Lore and Others ve William jt. Ilinckley ? Suit for Kxtra Pilotage.? Held that nocustom of this port was proved, allowing pilots double pilotage for bringing In vessels crippled and disablsd. That there being nostaiutory regulation fixing the compensation of pilots, they are entitled to r-oe'ive what tbilr services are reasonably worth. That tbe usage still fallowed of ebarging pilotage oonformably to the rates under tbe State law whilst In force, is proper evldenee now. to show the probable value of tbe services, there being no proof contradicting tbe justness of those rates. Held, that pilots are entitled to an rxtra allowance for bringing in a vessel in a crippled and disabled condition, although tbey are not mutually put to additional labor and exertion. Decree lor 045 60 and summary costs.. Daniel Wicki adi. John F.llit.?Motion to (at aside tbe proeeedlngs and dismiss tbe suit, on the ground that tbe libellant is a minor, and because tbe services were rendered on board a foreign vessel. Held, tbat a seaman, though under twenty-ono. if allowed to dispose of his own time, and make shipping contracts for himself, is competent to sue in bis own name for wages. Tbat being a privileged saltor, be need not appear by /it ochtin ami, or guardian, for tbe purpose of giving security to tbe respondent for oosts ; this may be so ordered by tbe Court in proper cases end to prevent abuse. That tbe question ?f right to sue, rests on faots ef issue upon tbe pleadings, and sannot b? disposed of summarily and on affidavits. Motion dsnied. Frederick W. Jonee vi Samuel G. Davie and Comebus Savafe.? Suit for damages, being wages, expenses i and hoaid. tha nroblthU dlirarinn Itf & nnwaiva fA Wlf Paw tersburg and back. The llbellant alleged, that ha was hired aa captain, to take charge of the brig owned by | the defendants, whilst aha lay in tbia port, and Qt her out and commend her on a voyage to St. I'etersburg. The anawar denied tha alleged agreement, and averted that the llbellant waa only employed at nia partionlar inetanee, as ahip-keeper, in port, at file day. Held, upon the proofa and law applicable to the saae, that the llbellant conld not prooeed in admiralty for the recovery of wagea, merely aa chip-keeper. Held that the libel aet up an entire contract of hiring, but that there waa no direct proof of hia being hired aa captain, and none, frem which tueh hiring waa to be implied nntll after the voyage to 8t Petersburg waa fixed upon. Held, that a power to act aa meater In a home port, to aign bills of lading, ahip a crew, and fit out the vessel, doea not neceeearily Import a hiring for the Toy age. and that the presumption from those aots of sneh hiring, Is of slight wslght, when the shipping artielee are not signed by him, and the vessel advertised or cleared in his name. Asa generalrule, ownere can discharge at discretion an acting master of their vessel, and it is incumbent on h m to prove, that in so doing, they have violated any contract eubaisttng between them. Held, that in this case, the llbellant has not presented sstlsfaetery evidence, to snpport the allegations of the libel. Libel dismissed George F. Stoleiburyve. The Ship Atlantic.?8ult for j share ol the earnings of the ship during a whaling voyage, and also for snoh compensation as shall be ' adequate to the cure of the llbellant of injuries received by him on board the ship on the voyage. The answer alleges, that after the Ubellant waa wounded and disabled, he waa discharged at the Sandeioh Islands, under tha authority af the United 8 la tea commercial agent there, and on payment to him of $8b. being three months wagss. Held, on the e videnee and law of the caae- that the discharge set ap la imperative and void. The answer having set up a special agreement In the artlolee. that Che Ubellant sbonld not be entitled to any share of the ship's takings during tha time ha might bealok or disabled from work, and llbellant claiming that the agreement Is not obligatory on him; Held, that strictly ths allegations of the answer sbonld have been put in laane by a special ref lication, or by amendment of the libel; but held, that t is competent In wbaling voyages for the ship's com patty to enter into special stlpnlattoas, qualifying their right to pay, and that the agreement in this oar# was lawiui buu TH'iu, uviu, vubIp VBUirii uu vuaru wiuuia( vermis are entitled to be eared ef their eiekaeee and injuries incurred in the service of the vessel, and be brought home at the expense of the vessels, bat. as a general rule, that charge upon the veesel ceases with the termination of the vopag* and return home of the mariner. Ordered, a reference to a commlssiener, to ascertain the amount chargeable to the ship ander the decision, and the amount paid the libelinnt bp the claimants. The Brig Joiephine ads Joirpk Smith end alters ? Motion, that the appeal taken in this cause be deemed dismissed, and thht the stipulators of the claimants bo discharged, he The decision of the ease was I made in March. 1847. aad an appeal was taken therefrom by the libeilants. A certificate of the Circuit 1 Court clerk is produced, that no papers have be?n : filed In the court above, bp the libeilants on the appeal. (The proper course of practice, and the meaning nod application of the rules, stated bp the court.) Held, that all the relief the claimants can have in this court, Is the privilege of executing the decree rendered in their lavor. Application in respeot to the appeal itself must be made to the Circuit Court, which can alone eontrol proceedings on the appeal. The Slramhual Hujflalr tdi U'Witsm Orey ead.f/iisn Grey?The So me ad?. Eli Kellum.? There was a stipulation betwee n the parties, that the decision of these two causes (except the amount of damages) should abide the decision of the esse of Ctnwford against tbs same boat, ail three being for damages te tne sohooner Merp and cargo, bp collision. The decision of tbe court on tbe bearing of Craeford's ennee. was in favor of the claimants, and dismissing the libel; bat the original party having died, and the suit being continued bp bis administratrix, the court, In the exercise of its dlicrvtlon an te costs, ordered that thep should not be chsrged upon the administratrix. Held, tbat the stt pulation must be understood as having relation to the merits of the ease, and that tbe exception ef tbe administratrix from costs being personal, and ust aon neeted with the points in contestation on the trial, does not appip to the other libeilants llsld, an the general question, lhat costs, as to tbsm. mast follow the event of their suits, and that ths claimant* were nMtled to recver coaka Ordered decree arc'wdloglp j 5y Jranus IV. tiordm. ftr llimitlfn sd the O/icers ?si Clew if the l! S. UrigViiuveai.ri The Pi ireeile of C'rr- I Ism /'mo / Wur - Held that the captures were re speetivelp lawful prises of war H*IJ. lhat th* ssle* of ths vessels anil cargoes la a visxisan port, were, under ths elrtumstauees. legal and proper; and ordered thst the proees de of such eales be eoademnej as prises of war. and be distributed oos-balf to ths captors and one-balf to the United States . Tkeodiet Perry g- C? . vi. E'kannk fljwgl -Hsld. tbat tbe Mil of iscing of aesrgn is ouip sau-ned hy the actual delivrrp of the cargo therein speeded, but a- 1 between tbe owner of the nip nod the owner ot ih- I cargo, is not eoooluslew as to oaan'.l'p of eargo and map be *xp'afn> d bp ex raneou eeideoee 8< also a 1 written reoeipt ansnowirdirtng th- detleery of the e?r. 1 go, map. ss between catne parlor, be oo.-reotsd by prr.of Held the drllrerp In this c ?e to a lighterman was a deliveip to tbe owner of the cargo, nad that the LD. TWO CENTS. receipt rftbe lighterman, of a fall d-llv.ry. wa? not conclusive of that fact m?d if taken by him from the hip,on hieowu oountiogor weighing He 4 thatthereoeiptln thisoaee having beugiven b> llgh ermaaon the ount and report of the nflloere of the ve?*elaloQ<);*ad lta eorreotnee* not bolng supported by any other orldaoee, the tvatimony on tbo | art of the 1 >rliaoie le sufficient to show a nils)ak* in that oouut and a defloleoey of three barrela of pork in the delivery Held, that the actiou la maintainable in the name of the UbeUanta:? 1. They eannot at lav retain the deduction of tbo ralue cf the pork made by them, out of the ebargee of the lighterman- he being aoawerabie to them for no more cargo than he actually received, anil oan compel the payment of the eum eo retained '1 If the lighterman elect* to pay the lone, to aroid controversy with bla employer* he le, In admiralty, entitled to the bene, fit of tbelr right* and remedies. and may maintain the action In their namee or hi* own. The document* how the acttan le brought by authority of tbo lib-Hants. Decree for llbellanta. M'l wi'b iotereet from oonmeneement of the action. May 1 1818 and nummary eoete John S Krlrlt*| and Fou> Oflierain a Raft of Timitr -Skit tor ealvage in lecovrlng the raft, worth fflOO to $804'. drlftihg eut to *ea below the Narrows Onehalt or one Ihiid the value of the t Imber wae c 1 a I ui ed ae falvege compensation. Held, on tbo pleading* and proofs. Ibat thl* wae a nate of salvage eervtne. but of a very low order. Held, that the c aimanta did not proffer a reasonable reward to the llbellanta, If they can be fairly regarded a* having made any serious r fferof oompecaatlon The servioas rendered by the libellanti were prompt and beneficial to theelalmants, as without tbelr Inteitersnoe th*i* Is reasonable ground to Infer tbe raft woud bay* Boated out to sea and been lost, or at leant cla'tnanta would have been exposed to trouble and beary expense In reooeerlog it; but the service* rcry alight Id themselvee. Icon letisg of towing tbe raft baif a mile, moetly by one person with a small boat, aided part ot the way by two other email boats. The chief labor wae in eeouflng the lcgeou tbe beach and watching them there. Fifty dollars salvage atidonete awarded J aims (joint I ve Womm Ferric ? Held, that it not betog proved by th? master that a contract in writing *n made by him with the Mauin tbe seaman wav en titled to receive the highest wegee paid any seaman on the voyage But held, on tbe proof*, chat the libellant aotuauy received aa b gb wages aa any other seaman shipped fur tbe voyage, or a> bad been paid at this port within tbiee moo the preceding. Held, that tbe settle cent of wages with tbe proctor, on the part of tbe owner, was bona fide, and without knowledge that any suit bad been instituted, and that the proctor hawing received the wagee and given hie receipt In full, could not, because of his own mistake, coutlnue the suit to enforce payment of coats which had then acorned. Libvl dismissed. Jbn'kony Ruttel vi. Frederic J. W. Hark man ?Held, that a person not employed as a mariner, and merely placed on a vessel secured te tbe wharf, as a keeper, cannot sue in admiralty for his compensation. Hold, that tbe Stats statute, giving a lien on the vessel for such services, imports no jurisdiction to the United Siatss courts in admiralty The ' ourc will only exeoute the statute in oases which in their uature are of maritime jurisdiction Also held, upon the teetimony, that the libellant does not prove anything dne him beyond the amount paid him for bis serviees by the respondents. Libel dismissed with summary ooets William Jtndei son ve. George linear, ?u-d no J Negri man.?Th* libellant sued for tbe board of a mariner, at tbe request of the respondent, and charges that the meriner was then in the hire and employment of the respondent, livid, that the evidence on the part of the libellant proves no more than the agreement of the respondent on shore, after a voyage ended, to pay for be board of a seaman at libeilant'e house, and that no proof la given that the seaman was at the time attached to the vessel or In the respondent's rmslnyment. Held, that tbe action on those tacts ie not within the admiralty jurisdiction of the eourt. Libel diamlsead, with summary ccits. Jacob Gumey vs. William Crockett?Held, that BO part of the subjeot matter of tbe libel Is within the jurisdiction ef ibe eourt, other than In respeot to tho services of the libellant, in moving tha veasal of tho respondent from her aoohorag*, uuder tbe direction and authority of the health officer at (Inaranttne. Summary costa allowed on thla small charge, because the respondent, on the evideuoe, baa evlnoed a dtspo allien to contest unreasonably the compensation properly due libellant. Deoree for*$2 and summary eosts, and libel dismissed as to claim of $ 6, for servlaw as keeper. Ebeneter B Crocker ode Wat king ton Ringgold ? Appeal from taxation of plenary co ts for libellant.? Held, that Ibe test of wha<her toe oa?e is summary or plenary, is the sum demanded in the libel. If that exereds >60, the case is appealable and plenary. Thla libel demands $246 88 wages, less the advanoes which are to be deducted. The answer alleges an advaiae of $84 and payments in the East ladies, In board, medical attendance, medicine, oiotbes, he , to $16(1 and $118, after return of ship, which last sum was received by libellant's proctors towards wages, leaving an nnadjusted balance in oootrever-y of $98 3d. all but $36 26 of wbicb was allowed the respondent on tho bearing, and a deoree for the residua was rendered by tbe oourt. Held, tbis to be a ease in wai ib either patty may appeal, and accordingly is a plenary salt, and appeal from taxation overruled. jiugvttuM U'lmout Contvl. ado William Tyton end Jane C de tries.?Held, tbat, uuder the provisions of icst ion 82 of tbe aet of Congress of Sept 21,1789 tha U S Courts are empowered to nllow amendments lm wiocesa or pleadings in any stage of a cause and bayoud the authority sxaroised at common law. Rule 240 of this eourt, and rule 89 ef the Cireutt Court, apply to oaies situated aa this Is ; but independent of the rules, the eourt, in term, can authorise amendments at Its discretion. Held, that tbe ehange of tha form of action, and tbn omission of on# of the parties to the suit, does not afTeet the subjeot matter in contestation, and tbat tbe amendment no way prejudices the defendant's defenoe on the merlta. Ordered, tbat plaintiffs have leave to amend the form ofaotion from debt to eovenant. and to strike ont of the declaration tbe name of Jans C. de Vries at a plaintiff on payment of tbe eosts of this mot ion. Edward Greenwood vi Enoe S. Bean.?Tbe osnsa was brought to bearing on ibe pleadings alone Tha I'bellamt demands wages as mate oa two distinct voyages?the first ending at Man l?, and tho second commencing there and ending in New Verb Tbe answer aomlts tbe services charged in the libel on the first voyage, and on tbe seeood, with a qualification, alleging, as a bar or forfeiture of wagra, tn? insubordinate and muiinc ut oonduct of tbe 1. bvllant on ibe lastwoyage? bis threat to lake the llvei of tbe master and stew, and attempt to seduceost ef tbe crew to aid in the piracy, and bis committing homicide on one of ibe oraw, for wbiob be was convicted of inansiaugh erin tbe Circuit Court. Held, that the allegations of the answer, belie matters of avoidance and not renliaa to thsriiea In tbe libel are not proved by the an?w*r. and oai be of no avail to tba respondent unless supported by evidence. further than aa a qnaiifioatlea to the admission of service on tbe tveond voyage Held, that if tbe minute* of eourt proving tbe conviction of tbe libel* lent for manslaughter be competent evidence of lb# fact, ttikl they do not show the crime to have bran any way connected with piratical or mutinous eoaduot or intent toward* the vessel or metier. Held, that the answer furnishes no bar to th? action and that tbe 11 bellant la entitled to recover for aervioea on board tbe veaael. on tbe diatinck admiaeione by tn? anawer of th? aervioea and rate *f wages, with tbe deduction of th? time be waa on tha aecond voyage pat off duty for alleged Inanbordlnat* and mutinous oooduot Ordered, a reference to a commie*loner, to ascertain the amount of wages due,tbe amount, of each voyage to be taken separately. Tbe question of coata reserved. Incident* of a Voyage mom WiscA.eerr to Boston.?The sloop Wave, Cap-am MuPadden, sailed from Wiacaaret. Me , for boston on Thursday evening. On board tbe vessel were t,'apt VfoR'addaa, James Wlnslow. and n man named Porter. Wrasiow ctrdasmate; but Porter waa thoroughly green;'' he probab y never stepped on board a vessel before. Tea* terday morning, about 0 a olock. when 27 miles north* east of Cape Anne. Wloalow fell overboard. Captain Mo Redden immediately lowered his peak, brought tbs vessel np to tbe wind, aid. directing Porter to take the helm, be cut away tbe beat and jumped Into It. for the pnrpoe* of raving the drowning men Winalow struggled manfully for some time,but just aa th* hj?t oauie up to blm. tba poor fellow want down, never more t? pee lift in tbta world Ha was 31 year* old. a yoang man ot excellent character, and leaves many friends and relatives In WircMset to mourn his Iota. Captain McFudden finding that he could not rescue tbe young man, was on tbe point of returning to bla sloop wben be discovered her bearing off befoie tbe wind, and in a short time she waa ball down Captain VI o fed dan was certainly la n very perilous situation Ha waa morw than twenty-five miles from land, in a smell open boat, and n high sea running. But there waa little time for reflection, ho therefore shaped h'* course for Cape Am. and after six hours bard -sculling" be reached Rorkport. Occasionally, tbe sea would break over tins, and be would be forced te leave hi* oar to ball out hi* frail craft. R'rooi K-ekp >it be went to Gloucester wben be took tb* c*r? f ir thla city. Aa may be supposed. Captain MoR'adden was In ?o very cheerful mood He waa deeply affaotad bt th* death c f Wlnslow; bo concluded ofoeu a* rhet his vessel (In which be bad Invested all bis property.) was wrecked on e ns of tbe neighboring beaches; aid be feared for tbe fate of- greeny." On heard the eere be detailed hU ?. _ _ I_d_.n-.-i- A ...Vlbif-il kid knnil a h in. lren Dire very jreungij ?uw ? ? trrtd aa they were by nix hour* continual aoalUacOb croeelag thn harbor Id tbe feiry boat, ha perceived a familiar - rail " driving np the harbor Could It bo tba Ware * The " poak " waa lowered, Juit aa h? left It. He looked again It waa tba Ware A* ao.n aa he reached the wharf, be jumped Into the boat, and proceeded to meet hie erafi Fortunately for hla vv?. el that be did eo for la He* into urea mora aba would hare been ''pl?p"lnto nnni? of the ?har aa Porter lave a thrilling description of hla adveatara It wraa that wbea the Captaia left, tha Wave fall of froia the wlad, and Porter waa not eeetnea enough to bring Jer again to the wind. Aa ha eioreee?4 aiaaaalf. ho a? in a "peek of trouble " After eaperlmaaliag iwblle on the atiak. ho finally mastered tha eraft. and letting In the wake of a Inmbarmao. ha followed bar Sto Ihe harbor. Tba oaptaln aoald learooly be Hare a eyee wban ha fonad hioeeifoooe more aafa oa hla reercl. for be knew that Por'er waa etraight from tba ordeof Maine, and otth enah a navigator be had ilvea hla veeeel up aa luet By tba time the reevel waa. 'tfely at anchor Mr. Porter had beeome quite anit,"ind whan the neweman b <aro?d her. ha gave tba tana ?f ' Mr. Porter " aa the ahipper *? ? * Bee, tfirikS. Paring the month of February, there waa bat Ota fire in tha aity if Kicbmond. Va 1

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