Newspaper of The New York Herald, March 5, 1849, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated March 5, 1849 Page 2
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NEW YORK HERALD. RMlkWNt comer of Knlton mud Numu Ite. JAJMKS UOMOUN BBNNBTT, pkoph i k ro r. TUK DAIL Y HKKM U - l'h er rduit'H,, I cent, per copy?*7 P?r mumrn 7 V hlOKMSti EDITION U puMiiM ,K 1 .?*/?-!? 4- W mmddfatfOmW tx/o/r brwik/ieti fA.jS.APTRRSOON EDITION tab A if oA IV new,hup, u( 1 o'oioek; and (V oocoi.d "l H 3 or lor k, P M. 2 HA' WEEKLY HKKALI). for eir-ulittion on this Contt j ftenC. it pmbltahed every S'liurd y. nt cent*, per e n*y or $3 P*r : for circuit it urn in Europe. and printed 1/1 French mmd Enyluh, at t>3% cmli per ropy, or M per annum ; the latter price 10 include theyoetaye. ALL LETTERS hy mail, for euhecrijttioHM. or un h udver themtenU, to teapot paid, or the p itnoe toill I* detlucted from VDlS^TAR Y CORREHPUNOKNCB. comt.iinimv important HOMO, eolicitcd rrom any qudirtor of the world ; if Hied, will oe liberally paid tor. THE HERALD RSTAHLISHMEST it open throughout the 1tipht ADi ERTKEMESTM {renewed every merntn,. and to be pa Utuhrti in the nuiri.inp Ml ojternaon niititn,,) at renimt.thle priee, ; to he written * a pi in rvihle manner ; the propi wter met reepaeuihlc tor error, in mnnnerript ... PRISTINII of ;U hmdt ere, wed W?tifnlty, tied with deepoteh. Order, rrrrti'rd at the office. AMimmlATB TillS BTRN1N0. BOH'BBY TBBATK* Bowerr?Ae ArrmAL TO TfVI Pvbmg ? Turn A*l? Jbbbv?U*aBriETB. BBOAnWAf TUBATKB Rrnodwoy?Tub School fob PcAM Al ? Si A.-HltH AM C'BAMtBM. JBArlONAL Til BATH*. UlUkUlUl BqBAIV? MltTAEBH STOAY ? T<m *"l> m-bb ib oal.irOHMIA. BinrTON'b tbiaiia. -ihamlicr* ?-????bf each or pao mipb-ibish Bkoaobhbhtb? voub Lird is dabobb. MrCCBAN168? BALI.. Broadway, saw Bioobi?Ouutt'i Kirmiu ruto er'i institute. Msdison ttrcol -new oblkaxs 8a brw auera BROADWAY CI8W?, N17 rttoartwa*? HORKBU*B?HiP Pobt k>oii, amd Damoimo dUr>w-BV mum. aibht ? cio. hcvpa 'aoolociical hall, Bovrnry ?tab amiumm k oc'i mevabbbib. chin KM MUSEUM. MB Rrnadw?y?ohivbib OuBioamm 8Tl'YVI8\NT INSTII'UI'E. Bro?d? aj-Yarebb Hill's pNTkkTAlHI. SOT. MINERYA BQOS9?M"*?. All' i?R, Maoio Ai? Pwi.kioIHV Arw V?rk. Moiid?y, (U?r?li 5, INK). The Latest Nttm. To-day we shall bfgln the publloatlon of ioao'olook edition We shall continue to publish an edition at half-past two o'clock This will give the publio two afternoon editions of the Herald. These editions will contain news to the moment of issue, and can be obtained at the ofRoe, of the newsboys In the streets, at the steamboat landings and railroad depots. The Adjournment or Cotigitu?The New Administration. We published in our regular edition of the Herald yesterday, and in extra sheets during the day, graphic accounts of the closing scenes ot the Thirtieth Congress of the United States, which we received by telegraph from Washington, at a vast outlay of money. They came to this journal exclusively; and so eager were our citizens to learn the result of the last night's proceedings ot that body, that many thousands of our extras were Bold. As, however, our despatches were published as we received them, in parcels, and at different lime*, we nave inuugni 11 ocai iu give iiieiii cu'iiplele in to-day's paper, so that they may be perfectly intelligible to all our readers. Some ot the modems that took place on Saturday night and Sunday morning were more befitting a bear garden than a legislative hall, and reflected disgrace on the members and on the country at large. We wish we could pass them over in silence; but we Consider it our infiltrative duty to record our detestation o the disgraceful personal encounters which took place between Messrs. Johnson, Ficklin, lloot, Giddiugs, and others. We care not who were to blame in those scenes, or who provoked the strifes; the halls of Congress are not places for pugilistic displays or personal encounters between legislators of a great nation like his. As is usual on such occasions, Congress attempted (o ,-erfoim a great deal of business within a united time, in order, if possible, to make up for the vast expenditure of time iu the early part of the session. The consequence was, that a great many bills, of great importance to the country, were not acted upon. After an exciting struggle between the friends and opponents of the measure proposed originally by Mr. Walker, Secn-taty of the Treasury, to make anotker depaitment of the government, to be tilled by an additional cabinet minister, the bill was passed by both houses, and the Hon. John IJaviB, of Massachusetts, was selected by President Taylor to preside over that important office. The bill establishing a branch mint in New York was loot, although i( passed in the House. We are sorry for it; but we trust the subject will be agitatsd again in the next Congress, and adopted. Up to the hour of our going to p ess, we received no account of the adjournment of the Senate; consequently we are as yet n the dark as to the final disposition of the Civil and Diplomatic bill, as amended in the House, and containing a provision for the government of California. Should this bill not have passed I he Senate, it uiiU probably force upon General Taylor the necettily of convening an extra euion of CongtenGeneral Taylor will enter upon his executive duties to-day. lie will De inaugurated about twelve o'clock; and immediately alter the ceremony shall have been concluded, he will send in the names ot the gentlemen who will compose his cabinet, for ratification, to the Senate?an extra session of which has been called for by ex-President Polk, for that puriose The Hon. Abbott Lawrence, of Massachusetts, it appears, will not be one of the cabinet. General Taylor proposed the Secretary_r .1.. xr l. i... l.? * Hill p ui uie iittvy iu in in, uiji nc yvtuucu iu auucpv that, or any other post tlian the Treasury. This was tendered to and accepted by Mr. Meredith, of Pennsylvania, and the consequence la that Mr. 1-awrence will remain at heme, or go as minister *o England. The cabinet, aa it ha8 been re-organized, stands aa I'olJowa?lor, aa a matter of course, the members selected by the President will be ratified by the Senate:? I Joiin M. Ci.?vTon *? L>? twin Bscrstarj af Slats I Wk. S Shlkitii i.( e?i usylruus Sooretarjr wl Irosmry. Jvh:? Davii, of Mmtrhuirtu.,, ... Hume itopircnoai. ' W Hbi.i.ASn FatoToia, ol Vir, iuia... . tV-crs'ary of the NaT*. i Oso. W i ?*wruBi>, ol <.?omik Seotstary ol War. ' Thomas Jwiao, ol Ohio foiuutir Isasral. , Batbbpt J oh a mi w, of Maryland Aitori?r Otitrml. This IB a well organized cabinet Each member 1 carries with him considerable moral, political, and personal influence. It appears thutthe new Prest- ( dent would aubmit to no dictation in selecting hia ' constitutional advisers. The Pennsylvaniadelega 1 tion waited upon him, and objected to the appoint- I tnent ot Mr Meredith as Secretary ol the Treasury; but the President informed them that his mind was made upcn.the subject, and it could not be changed. Thia is an evidence ( General Taylor's well known firmness of character, and augura well for the independence with which he will co.iduct hia administration. Great desire ia manifested to learn the tenor of the inaugural address. We shall receive it by telegraph in the course of the day, and issue it to the public immediately after we receive it, in an extra Herald. We were enabled to procure an outline of it early yesterday morning, which we published in part of our edition ol yesterday; but as it did not appear in all, we re-publish it to-day. Fro n this outline, we are led to believe that it will be just auch a document as we expected. It will be a repetition ol the sentiments which pervaded the President's letters and speeches prcvloustothe e lecti? n. He will administer the government on broad national pnnclp'es, for the benefit of the whole country; lie will sanction any ad. justmeut of the slavery question whi ;h will not interfere with the constitutional rights of the Noithern or Boutin rn States, but thinks the question is properly a matter for the decision of the Supreme Court of the United Stttes; the tariff question ha will submit to congress, and will sanction any luooifloat ion which they, as the exponents ol the will of the people on the subject, may make. Then- sentiments, as well as the one concerning the veto power, which he says he will not weaken, but which should not, in his opioion, b? exercised merely in conflicts of opinion between the executive and Congress, as to the expediency or necessity of a measure, but only in pieservation of the constitution?tli se se itunents, as tar as they go, are directly in accordance with what he has heretolore uitered in h:e speeches and letters previous to the election, and we believ* they will give general satisfaction. The new administration will he fairly under way to-morrow. The President aud his cabinet will enter upon their ard ious and import int duties under bright auspices. The country is in a veiy prosperous state. Our relations, foreign and domestic, are satisfactory, with the exception, l>erh?ps, of the slavery question ; but that, we apprehend, will be Bettled iu a manner satisfactory to alt parlies. We are at |>cac* with the whole world; our commerce, foreign and domestic, never was on a better footing ; our people are attached to theirgovernine it and institutions; and the future looks bright. No visible obstacle is in the way t? prevent the United States from becom'ng, if indeed it is not now, the greatest, happiest, and most powerful nat on on the face of the earth. Thk Prisons or Nkw York Statr?The first annual report ot the Inspectors, to ttie Senate of NewYoik, ih now before us. We derive some useful information from this report, in relation to prison discipline. It ap,tea's that the cat-o'-niaetails had been in cooBtent u*e in our prisons until prohibited by the act ol the Legislature ot Dec. 14th, 1847. This prohibit on ot inflicting any blows upon convicts, bv way of punishment, created quite a panic among all the officers and authorities of every prison and jail, throughout the State. It was pronounced to be a dangerous experiment.? The following interesting passage from the report before us, seems, we think, satisfactorily to settle the question:? The Inspectors of State prisons entered upon their duties with a determination to give a mild i>y*inm of diaolpiine, without the intliotioa of blows. a fuil and lair trial. To this they worn not ouljr olsj >??d by motives of humanity, but impelled by the uavqinvooal voiee of opinion, and bound by the prouibi ory clause ot the law beiore referred to rnougb entering upon the "experiment" with --anew sot of offl tors" in charge of the prisons, they rejoice to b* able to eay, niter the experience ot one ye.r tb it it has proved entirely successful Llisabedieuoe ,iud disorder hsve not tssuited fiom ibe discontinuance ot the u*e ot the oat. Lashes are nat necessary to the good government of our piiaons It is believed tost in neither of our d'.ate piieons has the discipline been related, but, oi toe contrary, exhibits an evident improvement Vino la bor more cheertully. petform a greater am >uot of m irk lees frequently violare the rulee. and b-c nor inor h imanlsed, rather than brutalised. iu th-ir feelings, <voiie the necersity for inflicting puul-bicnut at all oeo noes greatly diminished At sing S'ng prison during tie months of l a unary to No ve m b r, loo more, of toe pre sent year, the total number of punishment* wis .'lit iluring tbe same months or 1847 ft ?a* 733; showing a diminution ot 881 ? eoneid-rably over one ba f. At Auburn, from Jan. 13 to Dec 1 1M48 tn< total num berof punishments war 283. We oao hod no records of previous yesre with wh oh to make a o iraparisoa it is not to be supposed, by ths above, that no punishments are inflicted; on the contrary, there has been a substitution of other means ol discipline. We learn that these consist of deprivation ol food, the shower ba *', the yoke, the stocks, and sulita y confinement; and from all accounts, the effects of th's new system are ol the happiest kind. The following statement is tuiereaiiHg ; and the slowness ol the Iuspectors tn presuming that it is to be attributed to improved morality, is, we tluuk, both just and commendable : ? The total number of oinviot* in the State prhonv of this State. atiDHare to b? irraduitl v hra?mto<f i-niloond Numbertn Auburn prison O?o. 1. 1**7 **? f>07 " " I)-o 1 181*, " 451 1??* 55 Sing Sing *' D?o 1,1*17, " UsJ ' ?' D*o. 1 184*, " 811 " 71 I " Female. Deo 1 1847, " 88 ? ' Deo 1, 1848, ? b3 " 6 181 Clinton prison, Deo 1,1847, " 14* ' ? Doo. 1, 1848, " 183 ino. 17 Total reduction In one yoar, 115 Whether this reduction b? attributed to aa iinyroT-d morality in the State, or to other cau?e?? uolen t. oe an incrraeed Isaacs In tb? administration of justise ? it is a oauee f r gratula ion. The teachers' and ch*pla:ns'reports, collected in this annual report, present little winch calls for special notice or admiration. A report by the teachers ot the Aubuin prison has the following:? It Is quite as true rf convicts as of children, that ' Ss'uu Audi t >i?u otMilial, sltU, t?l id Is lisudstu aa." But this It not tbe gr?a est sell resulting from the want of proper mens) suiptoyaieai Their Iwaaiaatioas are llkaly to dwell upon *c? net o* former dtuination aud sensual mdnigenee The passions are esoit-d. and. as a eonsequvucM a efee is indulged la whioh is eminent I; tbe eurse of the prlsen. ruins the health, r-nd-rt them oallons te moral InOuenaes, and degrades ibem below " tbe brntee that perish " There is nomething frightlnl and horrible in the above. What a picture ot man ! And let us not forget that these unhappy creatures?we might say, viewing the crimes they embody, th-s? monsters and beasts?are our nrethren, our own ilesh and blood?men ot like passions and fettling* with ourselves. The teacher, however, in the above report, seems to jump upon a false conclusion, in sa> ing? " resulting from want of inenttl e nployment." We brlievs that active bodily employment is at all times better tor mm tliau " mental employment" of any hind, especially hodge podge reading, which is only another terra for " evil employment. " Upon the whole, numerous as are th? documents bound up in this gigantic report, it presents nothing indicative of the mind or genius of John Howard, in the re|>orters. In many of its features, this report is unsatisfactory, and, in the whple, it is somewhat obscure. It is hardly possible to arrive at much, i( any, knowledge of the of our prison institutions by aid of this annual report, because it is, in fact, an immense bundle ot miscellaneous accounts and of minute money disbursements, at the severs' prisons, for refreshments, eoau, pants, paint, oil, beef, pork, bread, butter, cheese, potatoaa, mutton, hams, pepper, Ac. Ac. We should have thought our Legislature would have appointed proper officers to audit these sixpenny accounts, big and 1 tile, so as to render it unnecessary to print, at the public expense, long lists ot family and domestic ex,?nditures, swelling Dut into a thick octavo volume, as large as two or three ordinary Bibles bound up .together. Very ittlr useful information ia to be gleaned from these ;ash accounts, and few, we apprehend, who read I hem, will be able to ascertain their correctness j rhis report, which, by the bye, is the first report jj the Inspectors appointed under the act of 1M7, :onsis(t ot various accounts, documents, reports ! tnd papers collected together f'om the several . prisons ol the biaie. Tins appears very much ike leaving it to t: e olliccrs of each prison to send in their own accounts and reports, to be published by the ine|ieclor?, and would appear to render the turn " iup|m otore," under such circumstances, something ot a misnomer, /erhaps, as thti is a liret e*rny iinii.r the new law, our remarks limy he rather too severe. We coa'esH, the infj'ciirs msy have seen more than they have it potted, and may have red oted more than they h?ve wuiten. Hut we do think tha', tu future, a plain, sober, somniou se|)M. account ot me prisons, i c>i much louger th ui once or twice the I'resi* Crut's it.*ssnge, might com" ne all the *mrd and .statistic information necessary, and contain nil the Miggi slii.ris and aiiuiindvertmuia which the circniiistaiiei s might require. Some large and inlr let tir g tao'es of stalis'ical reports are cmUined in ibis vo.umr, ? h cb are qu te interesting. Mim PiniiT Kisttl Bi;ri.aa't lUniivm *r Sm?. ipsass.- Tht> laly wlli sommenne t* day, her m-ruing reading* of Sbak*pear? She baa beea indu??dt<> dnpt tble p an I a order to afford an opportunity to i h> re ladies who canaot be pres-nt at tbs evening Trad d p of tearing her The Stuv*e?ant Instltuta, this r*?t>lt>g, will, no doubt, be again tbrsnged with the aehlao. beauty, an 1 learning of Mew Yors T 'ay aae word In praiee of the lady's u at versa I y ad mu ted power*, and of brr ability to do full Justine to the ImpertrbeMe writing* ot tb* ' laimirtal hart of Avea," would be moat *apetfluna* -It would be r<| is) to *' painting tb* Illy, or gilding refined gold." Theatrical and musical. Bo wear Thbatsb - To-night Mr Hyor takai a benefit at this bona*, aad we expect ho will hart a vary fall bouaa. aa b? la Inotawl) popular now-n-daye. and hi* friends will, na doubt delight to da blm honor on thla o eaaloa, particularly, aa their doing as will aid put money In the pocket of their favorite ''Tom and Jerry" will be played, with all the sparriny aoenaaln It moat fully exemplified, and Thompson, Winrov. and Gardner. will aleo appear and gi*e a tae>e of their soienoe to the audience The te-j auooeefnl faroe of "An Appeal to the Puhlio." will be the Qret p>eo?. Tbi* eketob was played on?a urdav evening with inuoh applause and ia destined to be a great favorite at the Bowery. The dram* of 'Oensviere." which afford* Mira Wemy** mob a Una opportunity for noting In her pett of Genevive. will consiude the perf >rui*aoe* We anticipate meeting a tuil house to-night. BaoeowAT Thiatbb.? A great treat la la store thla evening at thla elegant theatre far Ita patrons. It I* one wbloh we are ture will afford unmixed pleaeura to al who wlU he present. That papular and aooompiiebed aotor, Mr. Henry Piaods, will make hisflrst appearanoe hern in Sheridan's Inimitable comedy, the ' Sobool for Scandal " He will sustain theoharsoter of Sir Peter Trails, and that of Lady Teasta will be represealed by ?ii?s kaony Wallso*. with her usual ability. This lady 1* a gr-at au.jui-itlon to this then lie, whatever she undertakes *ae does well. Sne is very deservedly a favorite with the admirers of talent Mr Lee'er. as Cuaries Surface, wiii be very effective. He is a caieful, ci.neet, and painstaking aotor. aad these valuable q onliUc ttieus are enhanced by the possession nt superior talents. "Slasber and CrasUer" will be the afierpicce We have already sp-lten fa vorsbly i-t it ; it will suit th- laughter loving and the meiry-hesrted to atitile To uiorrow evening Mr P.solde and Mr Blake wid eppear .Mr Piooids wid uetlotiu In* celebrated character, Grandfa'her White heed. We have belnre spoken ot tke comfort and convenience of tbts theatre They are umxoep'.l ?n?ble and the attendauis are ba h obliging aad genlie lustily The wishes of the public are consulted in every partlou ar ; and . ' her~f .r?. it* support should lis liberal aDd steady Managers have a right to expeot ihis-aud wbeie there is good ground, as in tals lrs'anoe, far suob expectation. it ought not in ooa inou iusiioe to be disappointed National Thkatrx.? They are always on the jut vive at ibis houee, to keep up the excitement amoog their pstrsns and almost every week some new attraction i* brought forward with success. To night a new ene, called "Tcmmy and Jemmy" will be produoed. It ia raid to be a very funny affair, founded, a* tta nam* import*, on late striking events whluh have ooiurred aiu'n.g the professors of th* ring. Chanfrau ia to play the part ot i <>ni.eoticut Tom,and Seymour that of buierald Jemmy, and any quantity of set* to, will be g' ne tbiough ro that those who are fond of this kmJ or thing aid have sport enough in witnessing tut* piece Mote lu Calil'irnla" will oonolude the psrti rmances I'hia popular individual's journuyiug* Hsu adventure* in Kl Dorado are as entertalniag a* ever n d hi* faithful Sykesy's services in resoolag biui )r ill the disappointed goid i.eeker* &o , have m*de youth lucre popular than ever We commend the Nalioual theatre to the attention Of our aitUens Burton's Thkatri:?This most popular plaoe of amusement has, at all times, s'rong claims upon the patronage and support of the public, but on this even ng those claims assumed the cbaraoter of a high duty. The proceed*of the evening will be given for the beneUl ol .he family of the late Kci.auiid Simpson, Keq We hope ihat Air Burton will not be outdun* in his liberal and generous oouduot towards the wid >w aad the . r.lmui, but that his eff .rti in th-ir behalf will be seeonaed hy all wbo understand the luxury of doing goad Bleered and happy is be who is suco-estul in the aro'bhle ambit,on ot inheriting that quail y??hariiy, which, to use the beauiltol language of Trior ? " Ore el in each l.ssri a little lieivau." The bill is worthy ol the ocoaslon. and we are sura that the company wid feel tbem-elves equally so. Bur .on add Brougham will appear under 1be m >st interesting oircumstanoes? the advooates, not of mare ehartty. but of the olairns of widowhood and orphanage to the attention of the g"Od,the benevolent and the tenderle rr<d. The en er alum nte o' t ie ev -ning will oomu too- with tbesieriliig ouDiedv, by BucKstene, of the Breach of 1'ioiutee, or S-cond Thoughts;" to be followed by the new rarce of the ' Irish Kngaaoment," Uie-u.'bam taking the character of Tim Ralterty Tae whi le to ooueiude with the new and suoceisrul farce of ' Tour Lite's m Danger." in which the irresi-tible ttrollery of Burton will be brought into aotioa to the serious injury of rbe bands and side* of tbe audience. Jk'ort rii cerely do we hope that the bouse will oe a crowded one thereby proving that this appeal has not been made in vain, but tbat tbe heart of hightoned benevol. noe pulsates as warmly in this metropolis as iu any other part of the world. Amkhil-an Circus.?There is no laok of fun and novelty and wund-rful performances hers, both by man and b ree. The bill for to-night i* an announcement extraordinary Our space will not allow as to enumerate the halt of the amu-ements. Suffice it to e*y tb..t 'bey will be all that o?n be desired, and therefore crowds will flock to witness them An hoar can be spent m >st agreeably here f'Hsisvv's Minstrels ? There general favorites will comin-Lce nnotb-r week of thorr celebrated a, near la this evening, and we o?n fully reoommead taesa to the paronage of tbe pubhe. Their eoasert room has lately t?en til tod up I a most elegant stylo, and one tan heiea mo t losurloMly to the pleasant entertainiu-nts whi.h tl.eae geniuses gal up. Oeorga Christy's dancing ts a* great a* ever, aad the rest of the company no their parts to adm.ratioa New Orleans Sbbshadsrs. To-night this oompaoy win perform at Hutgern Institute, in Madison aireet, tbu* aflotdlog an opportunity to tbeir many admirer* iu ibe en-tern pert of the oity to attend their oono-rt without maonvenienoe They have estabUrB-d for theui-elv-* e fltst ra'e name and reputation, and th- Ir beautiful slng ng. aooompaaied by the sweet mueto of their in-t'uui nts-not forgetting the new ones, the ruelophone and bangella-oannot tail to please all. Yanri r Hil?. Intends giving one of his raoy entertuiom-his tdi* evening at the B'uyve-ant Institute. Tbe gnat delineator ol Yankee peculiarities was uever in better spirits than he now is, and will no diubt auitiee his auuteooe greatlv He will Introduce a vast number (,I bis quaint stories and graphic soenas from dow n (Cast lite Ths I'kleuratkd Maoician, Mo.veixtta Admen, will this eveninx atv* a most interesting exhibition, ooul a .,f u.l that la I..I.F..II... I. ... i -til.' . , ... ?iu uei-uiai pilliUlDpQT am) ferial euepeunon. I'art the. third wul be tbe superb i d ii tKDinnnc uiege?uor?ine I'hn vihtbltiea t> brat-rate in ttr way. and ! therefore well worth seeing Moneieur -Xdrien I* cot ? Urtnfur t > the Ne* York public in 1*86 hi* talents eiiuited it* approballrn lu decldi d manner Mr. Bucii.viik<m'i Lictuik ? Thle gentlemin | It will he perceived by mir advertising ooluuinx, will deliver a lecture ' ou Love and Minstrel-J," ?t tbe Society L'brary room, on Cue-day evening next. It *11 be moohqji an ed with tnu-lca lluatra loaa, wblah ei 1 o? executed by Mlsa Kenny Kr?a-r, of tha Italian Opera, and Mr. T A. Daa-eU. the London oon o-rta I he reputation wbtoa Mr Buckingham ban pained In ibis city by hie lecture* ou grand tlm n-* together wiib the Intereet ng nature at tbe lecture ha la to deliver next I I'u-aday. oiuat draw an lumen# concourse of people to this novel and attraoilm entertainment Tb>| ady aod gen'lemeu wh? are to execlile the n>n?lcal Lluatratlou ae Well adep'ed. ?e are informed tor tbe duties they undertake. We anticipate a or- wded bouse on the oooaxton. C marts Muslim ?The brother of tha ana and the f ther of >be moon which we believe are ainoag the title* nt the Knap ror of Critna would be aat inished to aee liow tbcri ugh a plo'ure uf Chinese lire we nave here In Nefc York at tbe great Chinese Muauem One can learn mure from a vleit to It than from a yaar'a realdmae In China. Madame Anna Blabop la giving conoarti in NorMk, Virginia. Mr. iiaekctt la playing at Rlohmond Police Intelligence. C harge of Purgla'y - l'?o hlaok fellow*, called Benjamn Stone aad David Prince, were arreated on Sa I VI u mj mum, vn VI vulnmrinUHJ IDUriOf IQ<t d?<-uiig nou.-e <>c?Uplod by Mr. flatt. eituatod at So 1W Kutgi-r a place. by forcing an entrance througa th? lion pie'ing leading to ih? uoder oellar. Th? r??o?l? earned oft ir. m the pram's** a go d peooll out and a patrol boot* I'he prlrooarM vera taken befora Juitioe Ttmpvou nd eonruittvd for'.rial Hitnktng inm a I'.nr)>enter't Shop.- Officer MoOlnnra . of iba Ifllh ward arrealad, yea-erday, Ooorga Miller. nd<I Carolina hla w>fa on a charge of having br-?en in'o a oarpenter'a ahnp, In 2Mb atraat, naar 10th avenue and atea'tng thar-from a lot ofoarpep. tar'? ti ola They w?re both oommlttad by tha magla* trate for a tuitber hearing. Art**! of a h'utinrt. offlnar A M fl. Smith arreetad. )??t?rd?y, a young n an by tha nana of Olonao P. Von Armor, on a charge of being n fugitive from Iba elty of B< eteu. wbora It ta raid ba aranda ohargod with uouiDiit'loa rama thieving depredation* at t*o hotala, the Adam* Hou?e and th? North American ll? waa drta'Bvii b>raon anommitmant by Ju-tloe Timpaoa, and l< dgej 11> tha elty prlron to await a rei{Ulaltloa from iko authoriMea of Boaton Su.yn tun ?t Stealing ? Loulra WUIIama waa arreatod jecterday by Capt Onrpeoter, on iu?ploon of ftra'itnif tlv from Jamoa M itill. realdtng at the Plant?r> Hotel Ska waa detained forafnr'bar bearing jirittf ?/'? Hurglar ? Ufflcer Cnaiminga arretted, yoHeirtay a notorlona follow eil'ed Oeorge Hoyt, on a rha*go of having b?en e noernod in a burglary laat fall, In (freobwieh rlrrot tin aoarehlng hie perron two flbii Mile. one on the Merchant# Bank and tbe other oa tho Mvehanloa- ll<m rr ira toiatliin, together with a gold watob and obaln, No. 7*iOf, John U ijtf l,)l.ov ihd. mak'T The pr>>oaor waa detained by Juatloe Tin p-on for a further bearing Mi ft'w/Arv in I he Torn'a - I'hoinaa A Walker, tha mar wh<? otiind? ebargod with tbo uiurd-ref bla wife, Martha Y. Wa'ker, la now dete'0?d In a roll In tbo cify pri-on. a' tho Tomhe Hia < x animation will take plaro Wti.ii tho Coroner. In n day or two The prl?on?roMit nontmuro to exlilb t ?bo rame hardened Indifference s,a ha did on the day of tho loqneet. Mr Clayton's Rkaionation.? Tho following laconic rpietlf ia the letter of resignation, neat to th? IitjiiiUluft o' Drlowaro, resigning his scat in the U. Urna'ci? Tntke Hun t utile Ike Senate mnti Haute of Ripreten In fret ft,i- I do hereby roalgn tna offlia of Senator of the Ui.l'ed Statoa. Feb 98 IMt JOHN M CLAYTON. Arrival or thk .Ntkamship Chrrorii.?'Tnc at r a Die hip Cherokee, Capt. Lyon, arrived veaterday in rr, y-nnrmh Wo or" nMilfrd to Capt. I,. for Hnvnnnnk ptperi tw# days ahead of tba mail. City Intelligence. Inhuman and Daabbtino or Pdnuhmint.?The Other day. e family residing in John atreet, ih Tlaited by a rniii, apparently Italian, who carried with her a mall child, presenting the appeajanoe of an Infant about nix inentba old-a poar little mortal, withe ttne fv:a large black eye*, but wanting both arma and lagi fhe woman oould apeak no word of Kogllah, bat made known by gestarra, and a dlaplay of her poor child! that the waa in want of aid. Her dumb eloquence wa* DO1 without Ita effect; tba woman, aareral of whom ware preaant, emptied their po? eta of penniaa and email change; and while the Italian woman waapertak'r g< fa repeat, which waa prepared far her at the direction of the mietreaa of the home, aome of her aympethiaere were raneacklng the oloaete and depoaltoriea of clothing, in order to find garmenta to bertow npon the objecta of their pity. At thla dlaplay of kind-hearted ntss, the poor womn wu nearly overcome with gratltada. She looked the thank* ehe could not speak, so a* to be understood; her large Italian eye* were suffused with tears, and she hugged her limbless babe to her heart almost convulsively, as if she would say' Poor thing, we hare at last found fellow mortals who oan sympathise with us in our distress " One of the females present would hare lettered the mother of her ohild, so that she might the better employ her hand* In the use of a knife and fork; but maternal feeling was powerful, and the woman would not let her ootid go into the hands of strangers, eren though they had prered themeelees to be her bena'astors. She looked up in thankfulness, but retained her hold upon the Infant, which she alternately pressed olosely to her bosom, and kissed passionately upon the obeek. She finally finished her meal, and depositing the money that she had received In a handkerchief, and taking the bundle of olotbes wbloh had been glsea her. under her arm, she looked up deroutly, and tben nest her ejes upon ail the ladies in turn Tbey understood it as well as if she hud ssid in good Knglish, "Heaven bieesyon all, kind friends!" They felt that they had done a good act; that tbey helped to smoothe the rugged path of one of their sex, who unquestionably needed assistance Bless tbelr generous hearts! it is refreshing to meet with suoh instances of unostenta tious charity. They were glad the poor woman had oome to their apartment. They would, without doubt, sleep better alter their benevolent aot. The Italian was going out, but was met at the door, before she had left the room, by an Irish servant girl, who, having heard of the poor woman, came In to see her and tke baby without arms or feet As Bridget entered the room, she looked indignant and mischievous, and shutting the door, she pleated herself with her back firmly against It, and lookiog at the woman and child, she said:? " O ! missus, Is this the poor orature wld the babee, that has natbur arms ur legs till it ?"

" Yes, Bridget," rays the mistress, ' but she is just going now You should have come up before If you wanted to see them. The poor woman is just leaving; don't stand against the door " " If je plaise ma'am, 1 want to see the little one, just for a mlrnit It ud be rich a strange sight like; wideut the arms or fret ov it " >( The w omen reems to be tender hearted. Biddy," interposed the mistress, " and she has already been weeping at the sight of her own poor deformed ohild. You can see its laos; 1 would not distress the mother any furthei." " But, begging yer pardon, missus, I think I knows the tricks ov this one and the likes ov her. Its deoearlng ye she's been " Saying this. Bridget darted at the woman and seised the ohili from her arms, and In an Instant had divested it of its outer garments, when it was discovered that the poor ohild was Indeed nn object of pity It was neither wanting in legs nor arms, but had the full complement of both. The legs were olcsely strapped up, and bandaged In suoh a nianuer as to cause tbe appearaco* of an entire want of limbs at the lower part of the trunk, while tbe arms were struppe.d down oloee to the body. The ohild had pro DsDiy IX'D put id tneee Da nils soon HtC<r Its birth, and had becom* so aocustomed to them that it did not f?el any inconvenience from the banda -leg The servant girl bad heard of tbie kind of impo?ltion, and wan suiisfled of the character of the woman before she made the dieoloeure. But 1' wan now her turn to hare her heart softened. and she eould hardly keep the big team from making a race oouree of her cheek", when the looked at the poor child in lte forlorn ooudition. She wan on the point of giving tray to h?r feelings, when ind'gnation took the place of pity, and Bhe satisfi.s h> reel' by administering a well dsstrvt-d rebuke to the Italian wcman. whom, ahe declared, understood terry word of it. The ladies eontented themselves with (U-olsrltg that rho deserved to b? sent to th? Tombs aa an impostor and f?r Inhuman treatment towards the child; bo' as they had besto wed their gift! upon her they would not recall them. They bid her fO and nev?r to appear in that neighboihood again, ULdir penalty of lelig sent to the pclioe olhoe. Although the woman understood no word of Knglieh before she apparently comprehended this, and left Instanter. A SiNfiui a* and Horrid Arrata ?The Coroner Was called to hold an inquest, yesterday, on the body of J< bn Riley a boy of seven yesrs of age, born in New Y< rk, who came to hie death under the following horrid eirenire'asnee:?It appears from the faots before the Coroner, that the child was playing, on the 221 day of August last. In the yard of his parents' dwelling, situated at No M Twenty-aeoend street, with his little later, egad three years The father bad oalled the boy to eome Into the house, but the mother remarked. -*Ob, let. them play outside a little longer." and the children were Uft accordingly. The little boy then said to his slater. ' I'll go and get some more sugar," meaning sand, which they called sugar, with wUloh thvy were playing. The deceased left, but never returned. An alarm was given, and eearoh made In all quarters, to find the boy; but all to no purpose. Days passed on, and weeks passed over, and yet no tidings ef their lost child. Advertisements were published in all the paper*. the father went to Canada In search of his child, bavlrg beard a rumor that a toy of that desoription bed been seen there He next heard of a boy bring found in Philadelphia, and posted off there, where he eaw the boy, who was much like his oblld, but, much to his sorrow, was not his own. On his return home, the mother of the lost child would not be satisfied until she went to Philadelphia and examined the boy that was supposed to be her own However, she returned like her husband with a besrt full of grief at tbe ead and mysterious disappearance of their poer oblld; the supposition was, that some one bad kidnapsed the ohild beyond a doubt end thus the whole matter remained a mystery, until Friday last, some laborers were removing some sand from a bank within 70 feet of Mr. Riley'e house, and to their great surprise, on removing the eand, tbe body of this poor child was dlroovsred ; the flesh was nearly all rotted off his bones, but the clothing was sufficiently preaerved to enable the parents to identify tbe bidy to be tbe remain* of their lost oblld. Itasems tba' the ohild wss in the hsbit of running to this eand bank for sand to play with, whls.i they called sugtr, and on one of ih?ee errands the sand bank caved in. and euffooated th? decared underneath. At tbe time, this caving In of tbe sand bank was not notloed, and thns the poor child has been buried for several months wilhtn the call of his narents. elthouvh *nnnn?H ? have been carried off by the hand* of *ome kidnapper The Jury rendered a verdlot aooordlng to the above faeta Tint Wkatiibr.?The weather ye*terday wa* a thing to be enjoyed The aun roee In a olear *ky, and waa apparent during the day; the tollworn artlaana of the ibe eity were out In large number* to enjoy the day: tbe vartona publlo conveyances between the olty and adjacent pclota were all erowded with paeaengera. I'.very on* aeemed to enjoy themselves and the day, and new hop** were arouend that we were dan* with winter; but little eonfldenoe, however, can be placed In any of the promleea of March, and w* may aa well b* prepared for the worat. Trial ofapaed between ilie tttenmahlpecreaoent City and falcon. Mkim Editor*:? A* the publio ara aomewhat Interfiled la the relative qualities of the many aplaadld ocean steamurs that call to and from the great metro poiia, w* take tb* liberty to hand you tbo fallowing little rketch of ihe passage* of tbe floe boat* Creaoent City and Faloon.from Ceagres to Havana aad tblapcrt. These two ateameri arrived at Cbagres from Mew York wit bin a few hour* of each other, en the 14th ult., both making very good peaeagea. Tbe Crescent City left Cbagrea on the 17th alt, at J4past 1 o'clock P. M . and the Falcon at 10 o'olook P. M.; thaCreaoent City arrived in Havana twenty four hour* first In Havana wefonnd that there waa quit* a feeling agisting between tb* friend* cf tbe two boat* regarding their relative *peed. end beta in email amount* (hata, boot*, he .) were freely made, though tha Creaoent Cl'-y eeemtd to be the gr*at**t favorite, and we aleo learned that tb* Kelonu had far acme time wtahad to hava aa opportunity of trying epaed with tha Creaoent City, and now thare waa a ebance The Faleoa left Havana on tha 84th the day tbe Creaoent City waa advertised to leave She left the harbor at >4 paat 1 o'clock. P. M.. while the Crercent City was still taking In ooal. Having flniebed reeelving the ocal nre**sery the Creaoent City left the Mnro at 4 o'olent P M , 2X hour* after tb* Falcon, winch we oould tee in the bortion under a aloud of amokn At S P*'t 18 o'olotk, in eight boura cnt. wa ware ride and side, and In the morning rhe waa eaters, beating ber about a mil* an hour, and that with only tbe ordinary head of eteam on. while the flame waa blaitng clean from the funnel of tno Kaioon, rbe apparently uaing Bar blower*, but to no pnrpoie. She wa* beaten hand* mely and that, too in ernoiHh j water, and rhe loet the boot*, whllu tb* Cre*nent City takes theb ta Two dav* after, we took a hoary gel* from tbe northward, which lasted three d?ya Tar b< at rho?ed hrrrelf to b* au ea*y and beautiful ara I boat, riding out tbe g?la admirably, though ahe carried I away her Jib bo-ta bead boarde and tiiu'ier* rhe < reaoent City arrivad off the Hook on Friday I night at 8 o'olook. i Court nf Oyer ami Terminer. Befora Ju*tic? Kiimonda. aad Alderman Stavana and Dodge TRMI, OK JOHN H. cllNriN KOR MttRDRR. The jury In thi* oa*e have been looked up together, In rriivr to agree upon a verd-ot ainceone n'elook on Saturday la*', end up to II o cloak leat night they had Dot egrred upon a verdict, nor wae it likely they would *gt?*. I''e rumor-revy cting the war tne ju-y atojii wriear followa:- Atone time It wa* **ld th?y e'ood eleven tor meiielaughter end one for murder, and the lent report wa* eleven for auqalttal bed one for man- | daughter In tbe.'i-i degree It la atated that the Court liitend te aeep them looked up ano her day or two If they do not agree at the opening of the court thla morning. Arrivals In Waahlngten. Hen. lame* Irvlo of I'en* yivanu and Ogden Hoffman, of New York, hava arrivad in Waahlagtaa. A hlU hae bean reported la the XaMeohaaetta Leglal*(ui* to NH-orpnrat* the Boaton and New York Pel*giaphta Cooipeny. with capital of |I80 000, With authority to add 9100,000 AUfclrn 1m California. | ? atom tbe Calif** olt Star. Dec 3 ] u soul*. It I* calculated, ? II winter at the " dry digging* ' alone OaJnba and feather rivers, preparation* are beiaf made to paaa the winter by a great number. House* are ooostrueted and supplies iore>d, but a scarcity ef provisions for the coming seaeen prevails In every camp At Juba a settlement has keen ter ed near the upper " diggings"; on* huadred and fifty houses have been nested, constructed, outef* ly of logs, and hopes are entertained of paseiig a comfortable winter. Upon the Middle fork, at the neelydiscovered ''digitus,'' the worthy oltis-nt ef Drydigglns vllle are employed almost te a man, it Is said, in mining, and with vary fair suoosss. I'hs diggers ars mostly of the Oregon emigration, from five dollars to , five ounces par day is the stated yield The gold is large andextremely beautiful, quite free from sand and pebbles. The nsnal proeess of taking It la by throning up oykes and turning the water from its obannel, or draining portions of the river's bed. In the eddies ot the main s.n-am it oan be seen in great abundanoe, > and at a depth of twenty Ovn and thirty feat In many plaoes. At this aggravating dlstanoe It Is quite harmless. Kanakas have dived with a desperation becoming pearl fisher*, but *'no go'1?the gold yet remains uaflngered Washing for gold has been gi-nsrally given up for the season. Ths water is oold, and Jaok frost regular in his morning visits As we have before stated, wry little gold will be gathered after the oom We are glad to learn chat many of oar oitlxens have abandoned the unwise projeot jf wintering in the mountains, and returned, cr are preparing to rocura, to ' their home*. We are every day more onuviaced of the error those already encamped in the several mountain diggioa have committed and our fears are for eveo life, in.mauy plane*, as the forfeit of imprudence. We ooaversed with a genileman reeently arrived from the mines, and who has pretty aoourateiy calculated tbo chances favorable to a stay ia tbat region this win'er? who is prepared to speak iolluentlaliy in the matter, and from very fair experience. The prospect is a frosty and a starving one. It does notoonvey to.our understanding one inducement to remain upon toe mining ground this winter, or to enooursge any attempt to dig for gold after iha setting In of the raius. The stuir will not be taken in quantity sufficient to render desirable a residence in the mountains during the season, and as for establishing a rightful claim to any particular seotlon by precedence, many may make a grand and glorious faux jiui in (be bu-iness, let us ooserve. At the dry diggings where most are located, snow, it issaid, falls to the depth of two or three feet. The weather is extremely cold, aud the various streams intersecting the mountains beo >iueswo|.eu,and rendered almost impassable. This will prevent travelling, and we hope no camp in that remote seotlon is destitute of its winter supply of provisions Juba and feather rivers, whereon a number have oolleoted. present suui ar disadvantages to 'he mtaer. and urge upwn him strongly the better polity of keepiug quiet nutil the return of spring. To imperil health in the maon-r proposed by many, is soaroeiy wisdom. Ths placer is ample to satiety the grasping mind of the minion, and plenty efnnworked ground invito* labor. Don't beta a hurry, (gents: "there's a few more left of the same sort." Houses and shanties art so scarce that an oaoupaut of a ten by twelve, who has the shanty on a lease of $10 per month, was offered *3u per moutn to move out, by a recent arrival. In oonsequeoo* of the large number of passengers arriving from abroad by every vessel, we fear that avast deal of suffering will bs experienced by hundreds without shelter, when the rains com menoe, whioh must be olose at hand. Lumber is scarce, and at the enormous prloe of $lg& per 1,000 feet, while quantities are lying ready for shipment at alt ths Embasaderaa on this bay, at Bodega aad Santa Crus to say nothing of the abundant supplies we might obtain from Columbia River and Sitka, if we had the vessels Our oitixsne hope to obtain some relief from Csmmo dor* Jones, by bis throwing open the oeasting trade of Oregon and California temporarily, to foreign flags, and thereby enabling them to obtain artioles of fiitt rate necessity?lumber and provisions?at miderale cost. MAN1PKSTO OP T1IK AMKKIC/tN CHARGE D'AFFAIRR, TO PREVENT FOREIGNERS FROM CARRYING OPP TOO MI'C'U GOLD. ******** Believing this to he the Intention of the persons referred to, and for the purpose of avoiding as muoh as pos-ible the origination of difficulties betweeu them and the looal authorities of California, the undersigned has the honor to oommuoioaie to his Kxoellsnjy Senor Pardo, Minister of foreign Relations, for the inloimation of the publio of Peru, the subjoined oopy of the dispositions of tbat act of Congress of March 6, 11)07, which are applicable to the public lands in California ; observing the government of the United States protects em'gration and the settling of ice uncultivated land asoordlng to Isw, It oan nevertheless not sanetion indirectly the taVng possession and oooupyirg the publio domaia of the Unien. to 11 E., the Milli ter oi Foreign Relatione. new a?sur- 1 ances ot his moat distinguished oonxideratlnu. J J. RANDOLPH CLAY. 1 To His F.xoellenoy D. Fklifk Fasdo, Minster of Fo reign Relations. , Lima, December 23,1848. Chaukki, February 17, 1649. ] We arrived here laet evening in the brig Eudora, J after a passage of seventeen days. The steamers Fat- > eon and Crescent City are both hers; also the bark ' Medora and brig Winthrop. The steamer Orus took the passengers of the Crescent City and brig Win- < throp, and part of the Faloon'x, yesterday, up the f river, charging $10 per head. The captain of the Fal- t oon came on board after wo anohored, and wanted to ' know if we hal any coal, it would command almost 1 any price, if we had brought It instead of the reeks 1 we bad for ballast. Captain Lelghton is here, and i was on board when ws came to anchor. He has been ] to Panama himself, and gives a good account from the < digging. He says the do not tell half, as gold is . In great abundanoe. He sails In a day or two for St. Juan, for a cargo of mules. It took 1 600 mules to take the bxggage and passengers of the Falcon alone. The ' weather is One; no dew, and warm in the day, but not * so bot as reported I'am writing this at four in d the morning, to go by the steamer to-day I will write 8 you again from Panama, and give you more particulars. Laet 8unday, at twelve o'olook, we discovered a full rigged brig ashore on the east end of St Domingo, painted blue outside, supposed to have gone on the 1 night before. She was head on. and the oaptain thinks she would not be got off as it blew a gale that night. * Tbe passengers have given Captain Matthews a oard J of thanks, and will send it on te you to have it pub- r llshtd. J Movements for Cnllfornlsu J MAWACHi/ssrrs. J The ship Kegulus, Cupt. Bradford, cleared at ; Boston, February 24, for California. She takes j out the following passenger^? t The Bunker Hill Trading and Mining Company, as \ followsJohn A. Broback, Albert 8. SoutbWdrth, t Charles (> Philips, A. it. Kelley, Gideon C WardweU, Albert F Hewes, Ebeaeser M. Sparks, William Fish, Cbae. H. Lewis, Wm. H. Qatgley, Solomon Stoddard, John C. Smith. Samuel Q Everett, Miles Swse- ? ney. J H. Bofford. Charles M. Drew, Melvln Mathews, Franels P. Knight, Geo H Hayden. Isaac Brooks. A. E B. Weaver. Benjamin S. Wright, Levi it Frenoh, Luke 8 Blcknell. James H. Howard. Charles W. Rlohardion, S. D. Leavitt, Cbas. H. Melcher, William Stewart, William H. Kendall. Gillie, Amasa F. Bryant, of Boston; Daniel S. Cobb, Joseph H Tombs, William Stanley, of South Boston; Abbot Robinson, James G Smith, Marebsll Howe. J. M. Andrews, Jerome Foster, and Daniel Lewie, of Pawlet, Vt.; Nathan Lyade. Jr , of Charleetewn, Mass ; Daniel Bradford, of Duxbury; Joseph Barrel!, of F.aatport, Me ; Chas. H Hayden, of Pembroke, Me; Chae L. Smith, of Fell River: IbomM South worth, Geo W. Slade, Win Stlllwell, t nd Lemuel P. Hake. of do.; William A. Brown. Wll- C Item A. Bowen, Frederick A Weldion, Stephen Betty F Daniel Usher. of Providence, R. 1 : William Brown, of P Albion Village, R I ; Gardiner S Hall, John T Thur- c! aton. Kdwin Lee. of North Proridanoe, R I ; John C W. Martin of Woonsockrt, R I : Cyrus Ltbbey, Wll- B llam F. Oxnard, of Portland, Me.; Alfred Flandera, n. Kdward A. Sawyer, John O. Carrier, G. H. Bsokman, Jacob Alien, John Jobneon, of Ameobury; John D. ,. Colleton, Cbarle* Biirllngham. Jamea Walker, W. F. F.llenwood. of Woburn; Weymouth Mnrphy, John W. ,, Barrl, Warren Lane, of Portsmouth, N. H ; William ? M. Tarker. William B Wortbley, of Manoheater. N. H.; ? Ben.amin Osgood. Thomas Williams. F.pbralm Brown, lof Salisbury; Ram L. Pattenglll, of Perry Me ; Henry . Snow, of Hampden, Me ; Kdwin M Clark, of Oak Dale, Mass ; Franklin Filloee of Welt Bonawen; > Hemy Tibbets, of Hamilton; Stephen Clapp William K Clapp. Franklin B. Hawee. of Dorchester; Alpheus ' Woodbury. Thomas W. Sargent, Jamee Clark, Jr, ,J Charles oangford. of Glouoester; James L. Smith, of 5! Swanpsaot, Mass ; Patrick Klrwln, of New Bedford; ? K. F. Haselton. and Charles LI I ley, of Lowell; Chta. A Warner, or Granby; Thomas B. Bradtord of Kings- R ton; Charles K Bryant, of Plympton; John A. Cox, of Maiden; George K Capron, of Waroestee; George ? Robblne. of Nrwfeme; Hiram B Beats, of KastStoughton; Wlhlam H. Beals. of Stougbton; Jason L Howa, ,, Lucius Hawthorn 2d, of 8prlng0?ld; John P Brown, of Heading, Vt ; Charles Allen, and Lafayette Hawes, of West Beyleton; Kdward L Valentine, of Ashland; Laiand Howa, of Townsend Vt : Abraham I Gould, 8,1 Jr , of Andover, Mass ; Dr. Moses Hill, ot Manchester, Mass : Wlnslow L Fish of do; Jarvts Jewett, ef St. Ci Johosbury. Vt ; John D Sbafter, of Athens. Vt ; Is Amos K. Hogirs, atid Anros C Rogers, ot Daaburr, ee Vt : C. W. Phelps, of Last Ruport. Vt.; Jona Moore, Joel Minior.s, of Wells; Xaohaitah Bralnarl. of Wind- q sor, Vt ; Gee W Wilson, of Cavendish, Vt ; Jas. H. _ Tane, of Boston?124. ' Thr schornrr Kdwin, Captiin Checver, sailed Irotn Hoaion on lite let mat. forChtgres, with the . following paaeengerB:? Wm. Watson, Manefleld. Wentworth, w Samuel Frost. Jamee Davie, John Howard, Levi H ?W- ? trd, 8. K. Allen and John 8 Scott, of Bostee; Horaca ,. Dutlap. Franc's Sadler. Henry Jameson, o Salem. Dr f Tibheta and Dr Adams, of Gilmanton, N H ; Moses Brown, of Salisbury; Wm Klddsr, John M Moors aa4 ^ Klcbard M Thompson, or Newbaryport; II T. Lyford stid C Sanborn, *f Barnetead. N H ; J J Ktaimao, rT ot Pittsfleld, N H ; T. D Sanger and F.dmund ,M Moore, of Lowell; David O Nelson, of Byfleld B G. Frost, of Saadwloh, N H.; Arthur Branger, of Water- of town; Jamee Borden ? Total. 87 rf The brig Canonicua ie to sail from this city for CalituruiH on the lfiih of March. The Charlotte will *, probably be oil to morrow, with about 12(1 ptsaen- Bi geie, among whom is Parker H. Pierce, ir, left ' ? behind by thr Leouore. Also the b irk 1^.1 ward JFktcber, with about thirty p>i <?engers a com- " puny ot California adventurei a from B.tth, Me., !?' arrived in 'hie rity to-day They go across the Jt' country. From Mnlrm, the ahip Klizabeth, James N. Kimball, will eail for iSuii Francisco direct on ro the 15th ol Match. Mhe will take cabin paaaen- tn gem only. Neve al experienced shipmasters are 8? part owners, and will go out in her. 8 The Nn/em Wegnrer, of ihie morning,stye:?"We beer of new companies forming in oin neighbor- N hood. Thr batk J. Walla, jr., now lying at India la J I vharf, in thia city, baa a company forming for her, nder the name of the Mechanic*' Joiut St oak dining and Trading Company. The new bark kin Francisco, launched at Portland to September, iaa been purchased by a company in Beverly, for he California trade. The bark la coming round rom Boston to fit out at Beverly, and the comptay * to be increased to forty The bark La G an go a expected to aail from Salem thia week, with ths Salem and California Mining and Trading i,omiany, numbering, we believe, fifty. The brig Gam, if Beverly, we understand, haa been purchaaea or a Boaton and California company.?Bottom Vravtller, March 1. The ahip Sweden, Captain Cotttng, sailed on he 1st ina.ant, from Bo-ton fur California, with he following passengers:? Mearrs. William W. Stloknay. V. Baxter Cats. John luktll. John Steven*, True P. Preeoott, C H. S trout, barlee Pike, Amariah F. Rowe ofsouth Boston, oomirliloa the Mount Washington Company; Alex.Jonea, 'obn H Gor'on. Benjamin H Barrel). Charles B Burell Franoi* A. Twlsa, L H. Hanoook, Alrin Loeer, obn Tolman. Jun , laaao Cellini, El bridge Carrier, bnrj R. Taylor, Joseph Holmes, comprising the Uoxlury Sagamore Company, with whom are alao William ones, lraao Soott. laeao H. Hand. M P. Cogswell, 'rankllo Morse, L D Davenport, Edwin Lltohfleld, E. ) Melntosb. William 8kUton, H H Whrrley, E. B. lumrell, and James R Head, of Roxbury; Edwin T. .eatbe. Edw. L. Teele, Benjamin Tufts, Charles A. Jrme,?. Bailey, Benjamin Buxton. Honry Buxton, doves V. McClure, J P. Thayer, of Camornlgeport; tichard Knowles, of South Boaton; Antbouy Benson, 1'homa* Parker, E. H (Jwlnn. Beojamia G ?w?a. G*o. 1 Gregory; F W. Patten, C C. Milla, William H. ["ilevton. Brajamln Bailey, F. Hartwell, Luther Diew, M Drew, George H. Cooper, Joeeph S Eaitman, itepbenM. Graffam Samuel Never*. JimM B Moore, Jeorge C. Moore. Leonard L. Tr?a<iwell, Moees Lord, W.'lliam Cleugh, Albert Allen. Wui. Tennvy, 1 Iram P Ofgocd Alex. Hopkins. W. II Elliott, of I loston; Pblnea* Wright, of Woodvtook, Conn ; Kiubd, I i Ballard. Bradford B. Hand, Appleton Belknap, of I 'raudngbain; Albert Heed.Cbas. H Smith: O GiinaK I I Calais, Me ; B. M Clinch. Thomai Cartwrl<*t, J.rrg* T Orsgg, of Roxhury; R ibxrt Howard. Job tiohardson, of < fcarleetown; Samuel I'ortar, of 8 srling; Joetor Jamtit O Parker, Samuel Longley. ot Shirley; obn R Durance. J C H Gannett, Lewis C Packard, if Providence; I 8 Ma'thewg. I W Marvell,of Troy, s'rw York; William Orlway, of Turin, Naw York; Dr. . He,ley. ot Bristol, N H ; JohnT Burkett, Beujanin 3 Norten, D C. Watte, John Miliar, jun , Samuel Montgomery, J. it Miliar, of Warren Me; K ben Colon oi Bath, Ma ; Peter Wall, of Bsagor; raomai W. rowne. of Belfatt; W. V. Leonard. William (J PiUe>ury. Alfred Bloknall, of Augusts; Charles Vla<on. of South Berwick; Willard Morse, of Paru Ms.; I Marge, Samuel Adams, of Portland; William M Hus-ey. of leflVrrcn. Ma.; Thomas W Cam obeli, of Oilman ton, N H ; William Krvere. Nathan L Revere ot South Bridge??t?r; Charts H Fuller. K D. Cram, S. L. Burns. N ? Puffer of Concord, Mass ; Robert Loveiay. Ki bert Lovedny. jun., of Newton; George W. Moore. Josiah B liadlock. Jsmsi M. Sharp. Hiram Mason. Peter II Moore, Oliver Wymun, Isaao Crooner, loel D. Emerson. Joshua Edward* D O. Baloom, Harvey Chiram of Lowell; E H Look, of Lsngdoa, N H ; L I DeKreitas E. Williams, of Reading. Ma<i ; J K. Gcodwln, of Dover N H ; Stephen fellows, Stsphen Gerard, T. P. Webster, of East Andovar; liberie* E. Stratton. of New Ipswich, N H.; Jessa Carpenter. of Thompson. Conn ; Eranols Wood, John T. Pearson, of Woburn; Rufus Bullard M B Kreklns, William H Ready, of Wsstfnrd. Mass.; Leander D. Kills of Sandwich; James Smith, James Downer, of Abington; Sidney Hay, of Saratoga, N. Y ; K C. fatten of the British Provisoes; I M Kilton, of Grafton. N. H ; Thomas G. Wells. Anson Dale, of WalpMn, N. H ; George Hager. Miles Buokuilnster. Dr Thomas K Hatch, Reuben Hatoh David N Wright, Oren Dickenson B E HMmes of Ke?n?; Messrs John Q. A Ballou. George W Ballou, I M'AIHster, jun., R. Wbiiing. George Smith. Allen T Wilson and wife, Elijah Carter. Dr Elliott, L Snow, Charles A. Pi or. Israel H Lindsay, John I Downs. Robert f. fatten, John Potter, A. W. Sweet, G. E. Batsman, 3 Parker. T. D. Truman. G. W Tasker. Total, IT? The following is a list of the passengers in thn jaik Thiimefe, which sailed on the 1st inst, from joeion lor Chagree:? , Messrs Jas T Olmstend, I II Gardner, Henry An* tustus Webster of Boston; W. L Wilbur A T Bolklom, John Belcher. James Hastings. JeMab Johnson,of Kast Boston; Cbas S Jenkins ot Barre Mass ; John I. Morrill. Daniel Cboate, Isaae 8 Parker, of Cam>rldgeport; PLIneas Davis, i f Cambridge, Jas Sprague, Ivs'e H Sprague, of South Way mouth; Jos Brown jr., >f I'eter?hnm; Edw B Mclntyrs of Lancaster, N H; 3enj 8. Oilman, of Bangor; A D Smith James W. Pressman Philip Briggs, Caleb B. Hall. W B CongIon. Albert Johnson, A. H Wilson, Samuel Eldridgs, 3 W C Gar kill. of Clarendon. Vt.; and tb* foliowng. whoea residence we did not learn?B. A Dudley, lacob Marshall. Samuel D Loud. C. H Hall, Stephen H. Chadbourne, Alfred Tltoomb, lohabod Titoomh?31. The following vessels are up lor California at his poitShips Frances Ann, to sail about March >; Areatus, and New Jersey, about the 10ih; links Kmma Isadora, with the "Mutual Protection Vlining and Trading Com; any," in a few days ; Helen Augueta, with the Massachusetis Mechalics Mming Association, about the 10th instant; >rigs Taranto, with the " Shawrnut" Company, lixty in number, in a few days ; the Ann, with n ;ompany of forty members, about the 10th ; the Sea Eagle, with a company of about s>X'y, in a ew days; the Chatham, with the Ersex Mining ind Trading Company, thirty-five in number. t r? u..u: .-1 ~r ^_'i? '" ^a|'ioiu .1 . \J. uuillllgiuil, U1 OB.ICII1, Olll aS j naater of this vessel. A company called " Ell I)o* ' ado Association," are ali-o to sail in a l -w days, j] n the brig Canonicus. The schooner Mountain jj ving, Captain Hale, is advertised to sail ti dijr. II She goes through the Straits of Magellan, and II vill proceed uptlie Sacramento river as tar as ihe II vater will permit. Via Ch-igres, th" brig Onthage II vill sail in a few days. From Newburvport, ihe || chooner Joseph is to sail for Panama in a few l| lays. From Nantucket, the ship Henry Astor is to l ail shortly.?Boston Ev. Trav. March 3. NKW JERSEY. ' The following persons left Newark on the 1st nstant, and wiU proceed bv the overland route John 8. Daicy, Thomas Young. John H Crockett, ,ewls B Baldwin, S. H Meeker. J A Penniogtyo, W. lonaldeon Kinney, Benjamin Casterllne. Moses Can* ield, Andrew J Gray, Charles Gray, William P Levis, homes Fowler, Abraham Joraleiaoa, Belleville; Jamas .swls.jun , Hanover; Job Deoraan. Springfield; \lm. Cartwright, inn., T. W. Sseley, Now York; liaas Iverton, jos H Martin, G W. Martin. C. Hioks, C. I Gillespie, Oeorgs Sajra, Augustus Baldwin, John tlobards, AshQeld Jobes, William F.mery. H-ury L. obnton, John B. Overton. B. F WoUsey, Jersey :ity: J. T. Doty, Caleb Boughtnn, E'lsabxthrown; Vllliam F.mery, jun . Warren county, Robert Bond, ,yens' Farms; John Hunt (Dr. Daroy's servant) PENNSYLVANIA. Passengers in the hark Algoma, Cant. Skavts, ailrd from Philadelphia, March I, for California: Algona Mining end Mercantile Co.?Thins* 8. larastead, Wc. Baker, Harbeson Hickman, (oseoti 8. mith, Benj. L. Berry. Geo Peterson. James C. Currio, obn Addis. Igoatlos I'otts, Joh i D Boswsll Jona liudleton, Furman M Mayhaw. Ilenry it-el. Fr?akin L. Jones. James Lamon. Samuel Mainmort 10; ranois W. O. Johnson, Wm Brnnner. Wm J thiols, ami C. Stevenson. Kodolpb Lemon, Geo. Barb's John ' Ward, James E Hall. L. B Coffin, Jos iab Loot hart, 'bee Bingham. Jr., Philadelphia; Amos Lents. Kees .eyson. John Leysen, Wm. Protberd, Mauoh Cbuok; obn McLean, Samuel McLean. Geo Keiee, Douglass lcLean. Summit Hill; Jefferson T. Jones, Wilmlogtoa, lei.; Mauoh Chunk Co-Chsa. L White. Mauoh hunk; W. O Sterling, Wi kesbarro; Thos D. Kelly, I C Burbank. B R Lipplnoott, Che*. K. Fattier, P. I Snjdir Wm K Lyndal. F A Ramsey. R ibsrt Vihoi. Mauch Chunk; Francis *itman, Washington, D. ; Thos. Jones. Robt iiagbes, Ed?d Rob-res, Jean oberts. Wm Levis Oven Jones. John F.sens. Sunlit Hill; James Duncan. Munch chunk - 1'otai. 68. The bark Algoma left Philadelphia, on the 1st irt., for California, with the following panscngerm Jil^urha Mining Company? Thome* A Bjiru-tead, "m. Baker, Harlrson Hiokman. Joseph S Smith, enj. L. Berry, George Peterson, .las. 0. Curr'n. Ives dols. Ignatius Potts Joo D Boawell.Jnb Middlvtoa, urman M. Maybew. Henry Read, F. L Jones, Jams! rnion. Sara'l Hammond?16 Mm eh Chunk i.nmpany ?0 L. Whits, W. O Stsrog T. D Kelly H C Burbank. B. R Lippeooott. C. Fetter, P H Snyder, Wm K Lyndal, F. A. Rtmy. Robt Niohol, F. Fltman. Thos Jones, R ibsrt ugbes. F.dw. Roberts. Jnbn Roberts Win Levis. wen Jonea. Jobs kvena, Ju Dunoan. Abm Lentaj e?n Lrjton, Jno. Leyeon, Wm Prothard Fi?m 1'hitaHi l/ihia ?F W O. Johnston. William runner, W J Goad, S C Stevenson, KoJolpho Lnon. Goo Barbie. J P Ward, J. E. Hall, L U Cotlto, alah Lookbert, Tboe. Btnghams. Fium Summit Hill.?Joan MoL?an. S Mo Lean. co Kclaa. Douglas .Vie Lean, Jefferson P. Dougla-s, of j 'iimlngton, Dal The departure was witnessed by at least a thoaind ai?tciarora. The bark Ralph, Cross, has Veen purchased for aiilornia by a company of twenly persons in Phidelphia, among whom is Orrin Rally, the prent cleik of Mayor Swift. There is also at Philadelphia the Warwick, the en. Jesup, and the S.iaan G U#enj, now preiring lor the same dentinal.on. Maryland. Pafsengera in the bug Jennett, Capt Brown, oni Baltimore:? James Lane, John F. Perry, John Clark, John A. 'Intrmoller. Dr. Homer. O O Hsnty, K C. Kelly, 'd*. tlnrrlson, G. Reynal. W. W. Anderson, Cba-I?* Kleirs. Monso Greer. Henry Pregare H. A Redflvid, award Werths. J M Jenkins. Joseph Dobb, M'flhsal illlrsn Jamas Wilson John Deuts Wilson J l.voas, P. Paris, Arthnr G >dolpho, Fellp T*oo >o H. Dress, , John fclllott, Relnhart. C. RrdQold - Petal 'J* LOUISIANA. The el amship Isthmus cleared at New Orleinn, i the llhh alt., lor Chegree, having on board the lowing poesengera hound to Californ>a:-Messrs H H Booker. Wm Nunnally. Rob-rt Davldn. J ernes L. Free nor. P. A. Mores and servant. J. H. itrd. 8.B. Sheldon and servant, N D. Latimer. S >1. miter, F.dward lonee. J P Coles, C HUglnb than, 8. Connelly Gaorfe Brown. JerryS T Coohran, W. Wheeler L M Wheeler, H C. Wheeler, Dr M. ivenpert, E Lott, H F. Jordan, J T Webster F (J. crtlart and servant, Lawle Kugn Joseph K. Berths, mee Norris, K L Davis. W. F Harra.J. T Who-ler, lward Mann sell, F.dward Mlllspangh James C. CarII. Robert Hall. John Taylor, Joseph Dorian, Augma Wright, ( hrietlan Weber, Wm Ooln, Charles if .i>borne Wss MeKlneey, Washington G. LltUo, Chai Haydan-Total, 4k. The ship Architect, Captain Orey, which lelt rw Orleans on the 20ih Jan , wae spoken on lha l of February, by the bark WolawRrinn, CApiaia i

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