Newspaper of The New York Herald, March 11, 1849, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated March 11, 1849 Page 1
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Til NO. 5392. THE DETA I.S Or THE NEWS XJCCKIVED BY TUB STEAMSHIP AMERICA. TWO WEEKS LATER FKOM ALL PARTS OF EUROPE. TUB FOREIGN CORRESPONDENCE OP THZ NSW TOILS BBSAL9. . die. Ac. Ac. The mails of the America reached this city early yesterday morning. Our despatches came in .hrm. I The steamship Canada, hence, arrived at Liver pool in 12 days. The packet ship Monteznma in 17 days, the Henry Clay in 16 days, and the Sheridan in 20 days, lad all arrived at Liverpool. Our Liverpool Correspondence. London, Friday Evening, Feb. 23, 1849. The Proc edtngs in Parliament?A Libel Case? Arbitration vs War?Puteyum?Theatricals? Sporting? Cholera Again?Money and Railway Markets, Ire., tfc , fy. The proceedings in Parliament, at this period sf the session, although not particularly important, have been invested with some little interest. Debates upon Ceylon and Brnsh Guiana have led to inquiries whether better management could not, in future, be introduced tor the benefit ot those places. The niggardly grant of ?50,000 for the immediate relict of Ireland, has very naturally been the main topic of discussion during the week. Some obstinate members wished to have it voted only asaloan?others did not wish to give it, under any circumstances ; but now the subject may be considered as virtually settled, atthougti there are some formal stages to be gone througn betore the matter can be finally arranged. It may do very well tor present emergencies to awara grants of money; but Ireland will never recover itself until the large landholders live on their estates. Absenteeism is the primary source ot the poverty and misery ot the country, from which very naturally spnngsthe joor law system, with its attendant degradations. It is really painful to read the accounts that aie daily reaching London from this unhappy island. Rather an important bill has been laid before Parliament. It is to sweep away the absurd privileges enjoyed by insolvent members ot the House of Commons. At present a member of Parliament cannot be arrested while the House is Bitting, a statute which has fiven rise to many abuses. Thtre is no doubt ut that the custom will be aone away with, and representatives of the people be made liable tor their just debts, in the same manner as other per enue. ibe House has gone into committee tor the purpose of repealing the navigation laws. It is proposed to remove all restrictions upon the three following clauses in the present act, viz: those which relate to carrying on the trade, to the long voyage trade, and the laws which regulate the registration of ships and seamen, so as to allow the British ship owner to purchase his Bhips from foreign ship builders, and likewise to abolish the obligation to have a certain number of apprentices The second reading of the bill is fixed for the 6th of March, bv wnich time it is hoped that replies will have been received by our government from those countries to whom application nas been made, to know what couise they would pursue should England repeal the navigation laws. There is some opposition to the meascre. but not sufficient to endanger the passing the modified arrangements. The above is a summary of the parliamentary proceedings since the departure of the lant creamer, with the exception of several notices of motions that have been laid upon the table, relative to universal suffrage, the ballot, capital punishirn nt, Arc , the consideration of wnich will doubtless be at ai> early period of the session. Thz House of Commons has gone into committee on the Jew sh disabilities bill. Everybody is alive to the result ol a verdict giV*J? * day or tw- -',nce 1B the court ot Excht quef, in favorot Mr. Wakicy, the ra> mber for Finsbury, who is a'so Coroner for Middlesex, and editor of the Lancet newspaper. Many of your readers may perhaps remember that a few montha ago a soldier named White, belonging to one of the Hussar regiments, died almost immediately after a severe flogging he received by oider ot the commanding officer at Hounslow. Au inquest was necessarily held on the body, and Mr. Wakley. in his capacity of coroner, addressed the jury, who returned a verdict of censure on the flogging system. The editor of the Medical Timet (Mr. Healey) commented in very severe language ori the method iu which the Coroner had charged the jurv, and asserted that Mr. Waklsy could not live without popularity, and that he pandered to the vulgar taste by making democratic speeches. In ptnsuance ot this, an action for libel was laid against the Medical Timet, and Mr. Wakley has obtained ?350 damages. The subject has interested many patties thus far. Mr. Wakley is a most indefatigable coroner, as well as being a man ot ultra-liberal politics. He has therefore gained the favor of a very large portion of the people of (he metropolis, who very reasonably awaited the issue of this legal contest witli some feelings appn aching to anxiety. A series of meetings are being convened throughout London, to bring lorward before the public the advantages of a svsiem of arb tration over the practice of war. The notion wns (as I informed you long rince) one of Mr. Ccbden s?or at least he suggested &o immediate consideration of the question to the English. The persona who are at the head ol this agitation arc elm fly members of the Society of Friends, many of them be;ng connected with the associations for the abolition of cspitai punishment How their new movement w.l. succeed ih of course open to conjecture. The manner in which they have net about the agitation ben ays no want either of finds or energy. The plrrt would unquestionably be hd economic one, could it be brought into general use, besides being more humane and Christian The Bishop of Exeter has completely confonaded some < ! his sanctimonious parishioners. It apprhih that in his diocese he established a convent of Sis'ers of Meicy, to which establishment his R'Vereid Lo dehip paid a visit last week. Alter imqrcting the arrangements of the place, and b> ng made acquainted with the duties of the Sitters ol I'bariiy, the Bishop expressed himself in teims of high uduoration ot iheir conduct, and termed the Superior an " angelic woman " As this was a portion of a speech made before the public, a few ol the red-hot evangelie&l persuasion liisred, laughed, and made a most discoidant noise. The hi oted inhabitants ol Exeter vow th-v will |>etuion the Archbishop of Canterbury, and altogether tlie diocese ia in a mo?t perturbed s'aie. Theie are in England many establishments ol Sinters ol Mercy mat these sanctimonious hypocrite would do well to follow in their really charitable practices Without ostentation they pursue their calling, relieve the poor and sick, as well as other matters of canal good; yet the people of Exrier are no iiirtly wild that there should be such an establishment in the diocese. It savors strorikly ol the dog and manger f ible. Tivy will neither do go??d themselves nor permit others. The principle of economy has not only insinuated rteelf into matters relating to me united service, but has peered its way into time itselt. A tacit arrangement has been made by the members of Parliament, that none shall spo^k more than an hpur. This new regulation, in addition to cau-ing much merriment among many people, is a sonree of considerable anxiety to several gentle, men who havebeen in the practice ol enlightening the House lor a oer es of uninterrupted hours The newspairrs have reetdved to condense the long speeches, and tb? re is quite a revolution amongst the long-wii.ded oratois The East I dta Company have. raised Captain Waghorn's perieioa from one to two hundred pounds a year, in eiwsudriatino of hu?distinguished eeivices in facilitating the inrercoiirse between this roimirv and India The Captain has uuqneationah'V been of important use ;o the compeer, mad it ii- but ?n net of justice that his labor* should be rewarded c mmenMirxte wuh iheir value. The Acsdu mid Britannia have undergone con, aidetHble alteration*. 10 make litem serviceable as war ite?nors, in the G'Miiuri navy. One ol the snlonns in aeh has been ent rely removed, so that they are now flush t< re and an, Htid, ot cnunr, better scroll.modated for working guns than before. The cannon ihey are intended to carry will be tif ihe hravitsi metal. The SherwJ*n packet e nf; i hip arrived at Livrrixiol fr<m New York, on > * Friday, the 16th instant, with advices to the f 27th ult. The intelligence she hut brought from i the United States is not considered very impor* 11 taut. The Canada arrived on Sunday night. I A *otr/t was given, last week, at the Whittington t Cibu to Messrs. Louis Blanc and Caussidtere. It was r more a private than a public entertainment, and the I party was almoat exclusively made up of that class r of persons who are known in France as socialists r and communists. On this being made public a day r or two after in the papers, the Secretary of the Club t frave a distinct deiiud that the banquet was of a po- h itical cast, and particularly specified that it was 1 neither the intention nor the wish of the members c of the Whittington to identify themselves with < either of the political sections alluded to. This f after declaration is reported to have caused consi- I derable annoyance to Louis Blanc and Caussidiere, 1 who very naturally regarded the invitation in the light of a sympathetic feeling with their political < opinions, and not as a private party. t The Bath steeple chase has been run for, but was r a dreadfully dull affair. No horses of note were I entered, and the company was neither large nor 1 select. The Chester cup and the Liverpool steeple t ; chase are the races that are exc'ting the interest i of the sportiDg world. The entries are very large r lor Doin, ana iney are generally the crack events c of the spring season. , I 1 The theatrical circles are beginning to be a lit* | t ' tie more lively than they have been for the past ' z week or two. At many of the houses the Christ- i t mas spectacles have been withdrawn, although at ' L the 11 uymarket, Lyceum, and Princess's, they are p sull continued. Sheridan Knowles' play of d 41 Love" has been produced at the Marylebone, t with Mrs. Mowatt and Mr. Davenport as the he- i tome and hero. Their reading ol the characters a is excellent, and the press speaks wry highly of i their ptfrtormances. lianvard's Panorama increases, rather than diminishes, in attraction; and I the proprietor has issued an advertisement stating a that a party of Americans have sailed for England p with a picture which they assert to be the origi- r nal, and cautioning the public against the decep- t tion He need not much fear rivalry on this score, t for the merit of his painting has been discovered, and liberally acknowledged. The gallery where h it is exhibited is crowded, and there are two per- h tormances (if 1 may term them so) daily. The c Queen went with her suite to the Lyceum last t week, to witness the pieces at this house. Cnarles b Matthews played in one or two of his most attrac- ii live characters, but Madame Vestris was pre- v vented by illness from appearing. This iB p the first time her Majesty has l>e?n to this p< theatre, as the only minor house she has pa- ti tronized has been the Haymarket. At the tl latter place, 44 Othello" is announced for immediate representation. James Wallnck plays the si Moor: Charles Kean, Iago; hia wile Emilia, and Miss Laura Addison, an actress of considerable n: talent, will take the character of Desdemona ? The cast is very powerful, and will be sure to draw. The arrangements about the Opera houses F are entirely changed trom what was laid down a tew months ago ; they will shortly open upon the same plan as last year. Delafield and Webster will still hate an expensive company for Covent Garden, and several additions and importations Irom the Continent will be made, and open on the 10th of March. The lawsuit th? has lately taken place between these gentlemen and Roger, the Fiench t?nrr, will, I fear, drive the latter From them The old Italian Opera House will number, amongst its forces Jenny Lind, who is announced to play a round of her characters in May. She will 1 be married very shortly to a Mr. Harris the nephew ol Mr. Grole, the banker. In addition to her services, some eminent professionals have accepted engagen ents, and, altogether, the ensuing season promises to be a brilliant one. Professor ilisley and his son, who have lately viEited the United States, are re-commencing a c' series ol performances. Report speaks highly of a ft young equestrian they have brought from Ame- pi riea. A most shocking accident happened on Satur- P day, at the Dunlap street Theatre, in Glasgow, d During the pertoimance of the "Surrender ol Ca- r late," an alarm of fire was raised, and the confusion became so general among the occupants ot the gallery, that in the rush to escape, 61 persons a were crushed to death. The theatre was unin- a jiiftu?ii I ding merely a slight escape ot gas that ai caused the commotion, which ignited, on a piece ?{ ol lighted paper being dropped close to the hole in ?i the pipe. Everything that could possibly be efletted to alleviate the sufferings of the poor creatures, was done by Mr. Alexander, the manager, v to whom no blame is attributable tor the ^10ti,cr " 1 lit trial of the man named Rush, who stands Cl committed on the verdict given at the coroner's y inquest for the murder ot Jermy, at Stanheld Hall. El will be likely to take place in about a month. No farther discoveries have been made in the case.? 6, Emily James, the housekeeper ot the accused, has given birth to a daughter in the Norwich prison. j, I regret to say that the cholera is not diminish- J( ing in its ravages. The official returns ot the 22nd mat., give in one day 174 additional cases, 67 ot jj which have been tatal, 80 have recovered, and the remainder ard under medical treatment. A considerable rise has taksn place in the prices t, of consols since the departure of the last steamer, ,, but within the last few days quotations have beea lower. The funds are steady this afternoon at 934 c to J. Railway shares have undergone precisely ,j the same process, but the value of shares is now P pretty fair and just for both buyers and sellers. t, Oar Liverpool Correspondence. b v Liverpool, Feb. 9, 1849. p Hit Commencement of Operations Under the Postal n Treaty, a Failure. t It is to be regretted that after a successful termi- ? nation of the postal difficulties between the two f countries, the public should be so long deprived of s >ts benefits. It has now been nearly two months ( since the trealy was signed at London, and sent to p the United States for ratification. This having been c done, it was cent back to this country to receive the finishing stroke of the contracting parties, by a . formal exchange of ratifications ; this being done, nothing remained but to fix upon the mode of keeping accounts between the two countries. The epe- . ration ol making up the mail under the treaty, was : eommenccd in New York, for the last steamer * which lett Boston. Whether it was done accord- [ ing to the directions of Cave Johnson we have ; no means of knowing; but, judging from the rough-and-tumble Tammany Hall way in which > the mails were made up, and the condition in which they were received at the Liverjpool post 1 i office, we should say they were. Mr. Morris un- 1 doubtedly supposed th~t his acts would be recog- ' riistd by the post office authorities on this side? . that leiters and other mailable matter, pre-paid in J: New Yotk, would be delivered without further f charge. But tuch was not the case. All pre-pay- . ments made al the New York city post office were disiegarued, and one shilling collected upon each single letter on thia side, us heretofore. 1 understand, however, had any thing systematic ' been adopted in making up the mails, by which any sort of a check, or any means afforded, by which the amount of postage collected at New f York could huve been ascertained, the post office authorities here would have recognized the act. 1 Mr. Bourne, one of the superintending Presidents of the London post office, came down by direction J of Col. Mabcrly, before the arrival of the last steamer, 10 be here to see the condition in which the mails were received, in anticipation of finding ihem made up under the treaty. Mr. Bourne goes out by the Kuropa, for th* pin pose of arranging, with the psst office authorities of the United ytatfs, the plan ot keeping the accounts between the iwo govsrnmenta. Tt e plan to be submitted for adoption will not be likely 10 meet the appiobation of Major Hobbie, on account of its being too complicated. Our Frenelt Correspondence. Paris, Feb. 22, 184!>. The Bonrtt and Money Market. The confidence which was exhibited tn all transactions, in consequence of the vote ot the National Assembly, would seem sufficient to explain the extraordinary rise in the market; it is, however, to be attributed in part to the position taken by several large speculators since the end ot January ; hut although the maniruvres, the capricrsof the Bourse, aad the combinations, more or l?ss skilful, of capitalists enabled to control quotations, mast be admitted to have been*a partial, >t is not the only eauae of the state of things which is exhibited. It is in some measure to be nttrihotr d, doubtless, to the smehcrMiii n ol our political I situation since thn election ot the President, to the wise ui d fair condnct of ihe ministry, and above Hft to the termination of the conflict which for a iiitH' threatensd to continue in antagonism between the two gteat powers of Ihe State. Tne H< ursd has not forgotten the " mot" of Baron Ia>uis. " Tnittt mot dt ia bonne politique it j I W YO SUNDAY MORNING, 0*1 feral dt bonnet /inanctt." To those who ti lave uot paid attention to the oscillations of the b louise, who have uot reflect* d on the intimate a illiaiice that exists between it and events accom lit-hed in another sphere, this " mot" explains ri lie extreme sensibility of credit to all the phased l? >t the political world. Intelnally the condition of r< "ranee has gained much during the last two al nonttis. A governir.ent is constituted. It has J lot yet been so consolidated as lully to bring back h niployment, proepeiity, the increase of income, li he equilibrium of the budget?all results^of a wise h md strong government?but it has driven away rom ibe minds of the people all fear of socialism o md bankruptcy; it has promoted and maintained * irder, and restored confidence in the future. Our P1 rcateet present difliculty is the solution of the * talian question, so big with intestine war and <1 oreign intervention. II Foreigners, who often discover better the game >t their neighbours than their own,have not failed ci : .L" . ... .a-?i..J L_ .i_ _ T uicuo me lumiy Himiucu Djr me improve- * nrm in the state ot our atlairs, ana have bought u ately largely into our funds. Holland and Eng- '' and have Itierally swept off our rmfei. We think u here are purchaBes tor investment, tor it is not c uobable, aa it haa been assented, that they are c nerely buy ing with a view to profit by the divi- P' lend on ltie Fives becoming due on 7th March. '' rhe dividend may be an inducement, It ia true; [ >ut so large amounts are not frequently put in ha- ? ard for so email a profit. The capitalists on the ' ither aide ?1 tne Channel und the Rhine must have ' teen struck at the low price of our funds, aa com- '< tared with il>oae oi other countries, and have no ' loubt been decided to avail themselves of it since w he lull adoption ot the propositions of M. Laujui- w iais for the dissolution ot the National Assembly, 1 ml the defeat ot all the projects of the Moatag- c< laids to stifle or render it abortive. 1' Another proof ot the return ot confidence is to '{ >e found in this fact: ?Within a few days large '' .mounts of Treasury bont have been taken atfti ' er cent, for three mouths, and 6 per cent, for six 1 nonths. It this should be continued, the Tre*- CI ury will be able to reduce the rate ot interest on hese burnt. u Rank shares have been much in demand, and w iave risen considerably; ulthougn the weekly ba- " mce sheets do not show any increase in cummerlal discounts. It has been seen that the Bank is [" iking active measures to rebuine caali payments, . y restricting its issues and continually augment- '{ rig lis specie; and it has even bean said that it 11 rus only waiting to adopt ihis measure, tor the HI ayment of the halt-yearly dividend on the five Jj1 er cents, in March, or at least until it could ohtin the amount that would be demanded ot it by jf le government for that purpose. On the whole, I msy safely say that our financial Cl tuution is improving. w The lollowing are the prices for tke last fortight?' Sp.Ct. t p. cl. bp.ct. Hink ? Joan. Skarei. Ill eb. 8 46 46 77 46 77 20 1760 9 .47 36 7 8 60 78-40 1790 L 10 47 60 78 76 78 06 1791) 0! 1 3 48 40 79 66 79 66 1800 h 18 48 76 80 10 80 06 1825 ' , 14 49 10 80 10 ? 1880 c 1 6 60 70 63 60 ? 1870 I" 1 8 49 25 80 60 80 40 1846 [> 1 7 60 10 81 66 81 40 I860 hi 19 60 06 82 40 83 80 1 930 N 2 0 60 00 81 90 82 00 1970 fc 2 1 49 96 81 60 ? 3000 c< Paris, Feb. 22nd, 184t. n< fAc Thrott of tke National Attembly?TJu Effort ^ to Prevent ttt Diuolution? The Built of the Fret- ' idcnt?lheir Social Complexion? Moralt of the H National Attembly, #c.f fc. M All that 1 have prepared you to expect in my rp orrespoi dence, for the last six weeks, is now in ol tpid progress ol Inlfilment. The reaction is ram- cl ant?the pare republicans of the vtiUt are in des- |* air. Within the last fortnight they hare made esperate struggles, llepugnant as are the senti- hi lents ot the sincere and philosophic republicans rr f the National for the red men of the Reformt, ,j, nd the socialists and communists of the Demo 11 a tic Pacifiyut and La Republtgue, they have co- ^ leeced is the common etnifjgle against the mo- |e archical or imperial reaction! but iliey et struggled in ram. The great point was to nro- > i act the power ol the present assembly, and to 11 )stpone the elections. I ( Vou will have seen by the reports of the proceed ^ igs ot the Assembly, that n({means were neglect- h, i, no expedients that parliamentary ingenuity j. Diild suggest were left untried, to accomplish this. ^ et why, will you ask. was it not easily effected, ince it is notorious that the sincere republican pI arty have a majority in the Assembly 1 The an- J,, wer, however, is obvious. ^ Their majority in the Assembly dare not act. It jfc i controlled by an infinitely more formidable ma>nty outside the walls ol the Assembly; a inagony which has been constantly on the increase since .,| in June. This reactionary majority has always w een immsnse in the departments, and latterly it n as grown into formidable importance, even in the 0( Dwna and in the capital. The miserable state of j,, rostiation to which commerce has been reduced, jj s, whether justly or not, universally laid to the al harge of tne republic, it has been assumed that I there hnd been merely a change of dynasty, or ven a transition to the empire, confidence would V4 ave been maintained, public credit would have <r een sunpoi ted, th? Bourse would have acquiesced, n, lie hign finance would have been in some measure j,, atiified, strangers would not have fled, and p( r?< ney weuld net have been locked up. That these fleets, thus imputed to the republic, are greatly exggerated, no well-informed person can doubt, ?, ut that exaggeration is the inevitable result of the ituation of the republic, and like individuals, must ufler the consequences ot its position. |e The ureeent Miniatrv. winch, u I have pxnlnineH i. 0 you in former letters, is eminently reactionary, nairtains its ground triumphantly, and is now ()j oneideted as having obtained a lease of office, at east until the convocation of the new Assembly. Although the decree which hns been adopted by Vl he Assembly does not fix specifically the day for he general election and for the convocation of he new Assembly, still the conditions which lave been fixed are sufficiently definite to enable is to say with certainty that the functions of the ? resent Assembly will cease, and the new Assem- j, >lv will be convoked, on or about the 7th of May. tI r'his state of things has already in a great men- n ure paralysed the present Assembly. It can scarce- u y be considered now as having free agency. All ts votes are delivered with the fear of the ap- ,, reaching elections before its eves. The question y which representatives ask themselves, is net j whether this or that measure is right or wrong, a rneficial or pernicious, but how the vote they are t] ibout to give will affect their return in the next p, egislative Assembly. A large portion abstain al- j. ogether In m the sessions; and although they can- t, tot depart Ircni Paris, numbers find innumerable q xcuses for absence during the day. The benches p, ire consi quently in general empty, and it is with x some difficulty that tne requisite number is brought , ogether to give validity to the votes. Congo's are lemanded in immense numbeison every imagine- , >le prete xt, the real purpose be ing of course to al- b ow membeis to go to their respective departments or electioneeitrg purposes. A proposition has ust been presented to the Assembly, having tor its ihjrct to limit these congi't and only to grant p hem when siecial and sufficient motives shall he c aid before the house. It will, however, be rliffi* ,, cult to cany this into effect, and it ia not improba- v tile that before the term assigned to its existence, f :he Assembly will t ill into a state ol torpor Amongst the indications of the state of public v 1 pinion, one was presented last week, which is r ivoiih notice. The President of the Kepublic haB |( xnnounerd a series of halls to be given at the j Ely tit Itoutbim. The first ol these took place on | Friday last, and was one ol the most brilliant , Peris has lor some time witnessed, distinguished ( cs it whs no less by its magnificence than by the , pood taste which presided at this fell. Of Parisian , society, scattetrd as it has been by political storms, , end nude to suffet so cruelly as it has done during ihe phit )esr, but few members were present; | I ut the few were of the more distinguished class. , The National Assembly, diplomacy, magistracy, , national g'tnid. aimy, sciences, Is tiers, arts, com- ] nietie and nianutactures, were all amply repre- ( seined. Meu of all ahadea of political opinion were pirrrnt. ( Ai half part 8, the ball commenced. The great , bi ailments of the Rr: de Lhuvutr, and a portion ( id the email apartments, had been prepared for the frtt ai d i ii hlv decorated The orangery had been, \ as well us inedinng room, transformed mm a , spit rrid "rule dt dum." Two '.tchestras, led by M [M. Ntrauss, thousands of Aonges Ahuf/rt eerved with ptolusion and ornamented with niasnifireM floweis, were there, ami nothing was wsntitr: that ceoild contribute to comfort or be requited by luxury. On entering the talent, the Prenident of the Republic was the object ol the liveliest felicitations, hveiy one pressed shout him, and all did k?tnage to the tket ol the ye ogle, who appeared to be den RK 1 MARCH 11, 1849. ned, not only by his position, but by his conduct, otli public unci private, to piomote conciliation lcI reMore ? oufidrnce. At 10 o'clock, the ?alon$ were crowded. The ich tmJttiu, the brilliant jewels, the varied uni>rms, presented n a<up ti'irtl which could only bs "ndered more striking bv that which wasthere in II its enchantment, the eflulgence of female beauty, oy appeared to pervade all the guests, and the exilirating dance was kept up until the decaying

glits warned (he delighted throng that the little our* had some lime glided by. This ball will be an epoch in the souvenirs I Parisian life; for the first time, at all events 'ithin this century, were its "assistants"commed of elements so various ; tor the first time ere the principal families of the old nohletse of >e Faubourg bt. 'Germain seen in public since ?30. You will naturally ask what is the solution of the LirinilR nrnhl*?m nrsupnIt*A liu fills iiirniiiiiaruiwiM he Faubourg St. Gei main, whicn has shut itself p since lbSO, and obstinately retused to join in te general circle of Parisian society, and turned p its nose in conumpt at the court balls and rctptions of Louis Philippe and his family, have tune out and paid their homage to the heir ot Naoleon and the representative of his dynasty, as ley did to Charles X. and Louis XVIII. What > tne meaning ot this 1 Are we to understand that te Faubourg St Germain is reudy to accept the mpire; or do they only craftily make use ot Prince louis Napoleon tor the moment, as n convenient epping stone to a restoration 1 On this there are liferent opinions. I have met with many here 'ho have hitherto held legitimist opinions, many ho have supported Henri V., and others who are tritsans to the Orleans dynasty, who now sp-*ak Dntidentlv ot the re-establishment ot the empire i the only practicable and profitable solution of ic problem; snd 1 have no reason to believe that ley speak insincerely. Henri V. is understood to 5 personally iodiflerent. The conditions which r imposes for his own restoration ate impractiible. He will only come back upon his ligitiate and hereditary right, and under the white dag. n these bases he will not he accepted. France ill not consent to give up the (lag of Austerlitz, or will she rrtutn to the principle of strict heredity right. Even in England, the sovereign holds tr authority not so much by hereditary right as y the presumed continuance of popular choice, idicattd by universal acquiescence. More th in lis cannot, and will net, be conceded in France; i.d it Henri V. return, he must be content to do so s the chosen el the people, and not us the heir and escendaatof his ancestors. On the other hand, le Oileanists propose a compromise which satisis no party. The republicans declare that if they jnnot nave the government of their choice, they culd rather have strict legitimacy, which is adisnct and intelligible principle ; but if they cannot live thiB, they would not give the glory attached the name ol the erypire to a bastard monarchy ke that ot the Orleans party. Be this as it may, it is now pist all doubt that ouis Napoleon is now surrounded by the partisans I every shade ot monarchy, and has opposed to im only the communists, socialists, red republtma, and pure republicans; and even the pure reibltcans support him ostensibly, and must connue to do so, until some overt act be committed, wing tor Its object the transition to the empire, othing ot this sort will, however, be attempted it the present All will go on smoothly uutil the invocation of the new Assembly. No one doubts, at even the democrats themselves, that this new seembly will present a most imposing attti-repubnull mi.lArtftl This majority,it is true,will be split into factions? enri Ciumauistes, imperialists,Orleaniats,etc., but ill they will have one common principle, namely, i intense and invincible detestation oi the republic, be republicans rely upon their disunion because i the alleged impossibility of their agreeing on a liet. Tk? imperialists build their hopes upon the iwerlessness ot either of the two monarchical p ires standing alone, and of their respective averon. Both, it is hoped, may be impelled by their itred to the republic, to join in establishing the nnire. We had, on Monday, another social manifestsin at the Hotel de Ville, where a magnificent ill was given by the Prefect ot the Seine to tne resident of the republic. The splendid talotu of is magnificent hotel were thrown open to a sect but numerous par:y. From 1,500 to 2,000 perns, including the </tt of Pans society, assented there. Among them, as &t the Elysee Hourm, were observed the old families of the Fau>urg St. Get mam. The room waa a perfect aze of diamonds. Prince Louis was received at ill past ten, at the head of the principal staircase. f the Prefect and Madame Berger, surrounded f all the ministers ot state, and all the public inctionanes. Giving his arm to the hostess, reeded by the Prefect, and followed by is ministers, with heir ladies, he passed irough the crowded apartments, where a ne was made for him. lined on either side by ie beauty, fashion, aud splendor of Pans On tterwg the several ball rooms, the orchestra ayed national airs, and, in short, nothing was anting but the name to realize the idea of a sove ign or an emperor. Prince Lnuis wore, on this ;ccsion, the plain dress of a citizen, having, uwever, the ribbon and jewels of the Legion of oaor?the identical ones which were put on him i an infant by the hands of the Emperor himself. This is the week of the carnival?Tuesday last ?mg the well-known Mardi Grat. It Has, howerr, vanished since the revolution of February.? lure is no indication of its usual gaiety?no asks, or any other manifestation of that kind, to ; seen. The town presented nearly the came asct as on the days ot ordinary fetes The state of the Bourse, which you will see in ie money article, which 1 send, is a subject of rest triumph to the ministry and the party of reacun. The rentes are higher than they have ever un since February. It ib well kno.wn that the set indication of tne return to power of the repubran party would tumble them down. The complaint, nevertheless, of the prostration : crmmerce, continues to prevail, nor does it ap?ar likely that any seriuus revival ot general seiness will take place until the issue ot ne congestion ol the Legislative Assembly in May shall ?ve become kriown. Inert are but few strangers in Paris. Everyone > afraid of another outbreak. As an instance of le condition of the capital, in this respect, I may tention to you this fact. To pay the expenses of lauttce's hotel, which, hitherto,even in the worst mes, has been well filled, two hundred guests are eceisary. For the last three weeks there have ot been twenty. At the last masked ball at the Opern, an agent of olice watched a fellow who was picking pockets fith a dexterity, shewing that he was an old hand, le had just taken from one ot the party near him ^watch and chain; but before the agent could seize iiem, he had passed them away to a red domino by is side. Tins was done, however, so precipitaie- ' 1 that the watch tell from the hand of the domino I :> thegiound. The agent seized it and the thief.. j he red demmo fled. The pockets of the thief eing cearched. led to asomewhut singular disco- j i ry. He had in them a false nose, a large beard, , I ectacles and a cap. ft seems that he oceastonul) churned his dress to elude the |>olice. Sieger lor so the thief is named) took off his Gtlms hat lid substituted the cap, false nose, beard and specifics, and thus changed his identity. He washuudd over to the prefec ture. We had rather an amusing scene in the Asaemly yesterday. You will see that among the few ^qualifications pronounced nguinst the represen- . atives, have been the circumstances of being con- j tctcd of rcl.bery, muidcr, theft, Arc. M. Pierre .eroux and the socialist putty opposed these dts- , ualihcattoiis, declaring invt they saw no reason ?hy the per; le, il they chose to be represented by a obtx r, a thict or a mutdcrer, ought not to be alow <d to have their town way. I he Assembly, ! owtver, thought otherwise, and decided by a arge majority that no thief, robber, swindler or i uuidetcr, should be allowed to take a seal beside | h< nt. M. Pierre L< roux ycsteiday, by way of ; rc.ny tipcn this, made a proposition that the dis- , pialificaiu ns rhou'd be extended to persons connoted ot ndultety. 1 his was a ticklish point, for no tnennsidera- , ,le number of ihe members ot the Assembly, and ' ming them seme of the most eminent, were so mine ky as to be aire ady in this predicament. M. Pieire 1.1 roux of courre ni ver dreamt that Ins no ndn.cni couid be carried, and hoped by its re< citon to have a topic ot d? clatnation against the I lumber for us luctDtntcricy tit excluding one I il^hsot tflendeis and admitting another. The debate, however, became so ridiculous that a con- I ioeiutile number ot nicmheis had lelt the Assetn- ' lily, Mid when a division took pace, the Montttiaice and socta ttts having all re mauted in the in u?e, h nieionty w as actually obtained in iav(>r of the | rcpi nut n ot M Pierte l^-rcux, and the house has Mccotdiii|ly ilnidnl that no r?on who h?s iuvMmI aid t hlutiieil his neighbor's wife shall I cue lot w ail be qualified to sit 111 the Chamber of K? (Sen niativi (. T his decision will strike at nom* eminent persots, and will no douht have some en ions effects tun after Among the mo?t prominent will he the ce It brati d rt muvoitr and poet, the Viscount Vic [ERA lor Hugo, who was, it will he recollected, taKen < flagrante delicto wiih the wite of an artist, some I i time before the revolution ol February. A prose- i ' CUtion took place thereupon, ami the poet fled inglo- 1 i noesly from France; his flight,however, beiag said I to have been connived at; but hi* frail companion was brought to trial and sentenced to three months i imprisonment, a punishment which was actually inflicted. I Paris, Feb. H, 1K19. i 2fi? Bourse and Money Market The Bourse remained, up to Friday, the "ilithult., .n a state of the most complete stagnation On that day a modification took place; in consequence 1 of the report of M. Grevy, and the feais excited by the debates in the Assembly, the funds fell suddenly, but, notwithstanding their fall, little business was done. The Bourse of Saturday, the 27th, closed on a falling maraet, with anxiety much more general than during the preceding week, on the question of the dissolution ot the Assembly, and our financial position. Bank shares aiuue rcsisiru me gnirrui lenuriicy 10 uecuue, U'lU were firm. On the Thursday preceding, the report 1 of the Bank tor the last six mouths ol 1st-*, was pre Milled to the shareholders, and showed a satistHC* toiy result lor iheni, notwithstanding the compel* stagnation ot commercial affair*. By that report it appeared that the prolested bills, which in the month ol May, 1818, amounted to 47 millions, l ad been reduced to 14 millions, uud was progressively . decreasing. On the vote of the decree by the Assembly, for the foimation ot the High Court of Justice, for the trial of the accused ot the 15th May, it was sup- ' posed lliat the cabinet was assured of some inalOlity: and the influence was lelt at the Bourse; but the Assembly soon put an end to their hopes.? Two propositions, the one by M Billaiih, and ihe other by 80 members of opposition, triumphed, spite of all the resistance of the government, and threw into confusion the deliberations and plans oi the Committee and Minister of Finance The ] first proposition had for its object, to determine the iimount ot the receipts of 184!), and to compel the j Minister to conform his expenditures to that i-mount. The second, to appoint a committee ot 30 members, to supersede the committee, und the i Minister ot Finances to supersede that com- ( mittee, composed of the most enlightened, the j most pre.cticul ot the financial statesmen of France, oi men,such as MM. Thiers, Leon Fuuoher, But- ' let, Wulowbki. As might have bteu exo-etrd, i ihisdidnot tend to raise ihe tunds. The Bourse testified its opinion in its usual manner; it sold, i and alter tins o|ieration anxiously inquired to what I point the mutual hostilities of the Assembly and the Miiiistiy could lead the finances of the cotiutry. Besides the contortions of the great power* ot the stale, the musses began to threaten to overthrow one or the other of (he contending parties. In this extremity, the credit ot France appeared on the point 11 being completely swallowed up. On Monday, the 29th, occurred the great military demonstration of the government, having tor its object the defeating of ihe conspiracy whose ramifications epiead into all the departments The rapptl was ceaten, and the National Guards and the army | descended into the streets, ready to do buttle to i the disturbers ot order. The foresight aud skill and prudence ol the Ministry re-assured the public mino, and the Bourse bus felt aQ the effects of a | wise, vigilant and strong government. The fives, i which closed on the 27ih at 74f. 80c., have since nearly touched N)f., and there is an apparent firmness in the maiket. The Bourse appeared to consider that the 29th j amiro me question between tne Assembly una (he Executive, und it huB given little attention to the resistance?the obstacles thrown in the way ol the Ministry by the Assembly. The large majority of one hundred and two on the vote ot confidence in the Ministry?the vote as to the dissolution on the proposition Lunjuinais?the violence of the discussions on the part ot the Mountain?all havo made little er no imprersion on the market. A prospect , at a better older of things is now afforded. It is , hoped that the greatest perils are past, and that | affairs will once more soon resume something like , llieir usual course. , Our German Correspondence ' Berlin, Feb. 20, 1S49. J hit fretting Intelligence?Important Movement? r The Germanic Empire?The Difficulties in effect- 1 tag an Union?Austria and Hussia against ^ Prussia, fye. fc. tfC. j The policy ol the cabinets of Austria and Prua- < sia, with regard to the "German question," is no 1 longer a mystery. Two official notes, issued , within a fortnight, from the governments at Vien* i na and here, have enlightened the world on the \ views and opinions entertained by these cabinets ( with respect to the proposed union of the States ot i Germany. The Prussian note, to which 1 alluded in my last letter, objects to the lorin of a union and constitution lor Germany, such as proposed by the National Assembly at Frankfort, but invites the different governments to negotiate between the States and that Assembly tor a settlement on that Question. Thus tar, it at least expresses a desire that a union should be established. And though the eai neatness of the avowals en the pait of the Prussian government, to promote the " unity of Gerinauy," is questioned by many, the note contains nothing from 1 which we might infer that Prussia was unwilling ] to join a union ot the fbates, provided her interests < do not eutler by it. But the Austrian note, ad dressed to >he central power, is a complete death- j blow to the unity ot Germany, the c< nstitution, the National Assembly, the central : J power, and all; tor, unless the very crisis which i is now brought on, in consequence of the declara- I 1 tn ns made by Austria, produces a leaction in tavor j 1 ot a union, with the exclusion ot that State. | | the political consolidation ot Germany will ; not come to pass?at all events, not for the i present. The note frcm the Austrian govern- j ment disavows the right ot the National As- , si mbly to frame a constitution which is to ; be adopted by all the States in Germany. It denies thatfsn intimate union would promote the inure ete ot the German nation, but maintains that the inde|endence of the States is essential to the prosperity ot Getmany ; and therefore advises the ristoiatton ol the Germanic contederation, which established a treaty of alliance between all the Stales. The sensation which this note has pro- . duced, not only in this capital but throughout Ger- i man), is profound ; and the first impression seems i to he, that if the Prussian aoveruruent really in- ; i tends to adhere to a union, as it professes to do in i ; the note lately issued, a complete rupture with Austria is inevitable. The Austrian note contains seveial al'usions to the part Prussia has acted in ( the liagi-comedy, called the "regeneration of ' | Germany," which are stated to have given ] nmrh otifdes. I hio informed. moreover. on good authority, that the regulations between this government and Austria on the "German qOfetiou," which, as I stated to you in a previous letter, had alreudy led to an agreement on certain points, have been siisfiended, in conseque rice of proposals recently made by Austria. To incieste the ai prehenaions which are entertained | of the possibility ot hostilities with Austria, we have new s to-duy that an augmentation of the Austrian army has just been determined upon; and it is reported that these preparations on the part of , Auitna are by no means to provide for the chance ot a war in Italy or with France. A treaty be- , tween Audita, Kiitsia and Havana against Prus- ! sib Hnri the ether Mates of Germany, it ia almost i universally believed, la about being concluded, for i the purpose of frustrating! a union of the German ; Mates. France aid England, it is well know.:, <'<> not fiivor the plan of a German union.? | Prussia, then, it is believed, would not 1 lend her support to the realization of a project \ which Mil these poweis would oppose. Nevertne- i l? se, ihe te? ling among the German people, to unite hi one bi dy polnic, has lately become sironger, | ai d the declarations of Austria have, at the present I moment, again caused a crisis, the results ol which It is impossible to foresee. Some ot the parliam< nts of ihe smaller German States, of which no l?ss thsn thiity are now sitting, have recently declared their adhesion to the csnsntutiou lorGerniHt), as (oojsist d by the National Assembly, at Frank U>t t But a great pan have notyet given their aneiit. at o n ratito t be said wirh certainty if they will all n't nisiely do so The die-union between the gieatir Metes has also spread among the smeller, of w.orh tfiore adhtring to Austria will he very slow in recognizing a constitution rxcltding that Mute. In the present moment ol excitement against Austria, a union between tf.e Piotesisnt Mates, with Prussia at the head, is much dlecnesed Mennwhile, however, aflrirs sre sipronching a crisis with regard to the t?er! man question The unie fixed for the meeting of the I'tusHisii Cliambeis has drawn nigh. On the 2(kh insist t, the cecities ate to assemble hi the r<yal palate here, wlieie the Chambers will be opened hy the King The first question taken up in ihr Cban.beis wi I be whtihtr the right of the 1 LP. TWO CKNTS. erown in issuingac"n9timtion,;s ro he recogni/. I; jnd, alter this wili he allirniatived, the Ohambers will proeerd to the revision ol tii?- fiwaof 1I14 coastituiinn. The Hraiidrnburg ministry will nut, an was mi poseu, relire liefore the meeting ol the Legislative Assembly; nor is it likely ihatit willdo 90 wh? n the Chsmbers have tn*i; Hn<1 it is even beiievedfhat it will succeed in obtaining a maiority in boih houses. The rumors respecting the terminution of the state o? siege have not yet been verified, though it is now confidently asserted that the military rfg'tnr will end shortly, and the re-orgamzation of tne Civic Guard tske place in the beginning ol next month The negotiations to bring about 11 peaceable settlement with Denmark have not yet led to any result, but I am enabled to tell yiu, on the very best authority, that a further prolongation of the term oi the armistice has been detennined upon. Mr Van Bunnell. who bad been sent on amisnon leUting to the Danish question, from this government to Frankfort, hue returned to London. The Navigation l.awi or Knaland. On Wednesday, the 14th Uisi., Mr. Labouchere again biought forward 'he goveri rm-nt proposition tor the modification of the navigatl >11 laws.? Whatever may be toe late of tins important mea ouir.rvny ciniu ih uuf io air |>r>-dmi Ministers tor their promptitude, courage, and uillrxtbility in grappling thus early in the session wun all the dif- . Acuities of so important a subject Mr. Labour-here, instead ot retreating Iroin the position he assumed l ist year, hus made a great step in advance, uud we have further the welcome assurance Irotn Mr. Buncrott, thut to wliatever extent m libeialluy the British Parliament may be disponed to lego-late in tins matter, " that he is ready to sign a convention to-morrow, based upon complete reciprocity, and upon the opening the entire coasting trade oi the two countries to tne vessels 01 Dota nations " It is iierhaps scarcely necessary to repeat the details ot tlie measure proposed lust session ? It wilt be remembered that, wit/itbe exception of the coasting tiade and he hmne fisheries, the whole ot the navigation luws were proposed to be abrogated. The building trade wus to be thrown open; ships were to be ouilt at any port of the woild, and a registi r granted?the principle of owneiship to be retained. In the plan uowpropos d by Mr. Luboucht-re, the very important feature has been introduced ot tnrowing open the coasting trade to all vessels of above one hundred tons bnrihtu. This iriipurtaut alterstion has been made to meet the wishes ot those wno concur with Mr. Gladsii ne in die propriety ot throwing open our owncoasting trade, so that British and colonial veslelsmay participate 111 the American coasting trade, and indeed in the coasting trade of the countries bordering on the Mediterranean, the Baltic, and other parts ot the world. As tar as we understand, the rriessure will require no reciprocity treaties or sonventions whatever, except as respects mtnorreL'uhiiione; but a power is reserved to the Queen in ourieil of re-enucting the present prohibitory laws n all cases where we tind other uaiions refuse to is the privileges we oiler to concede to them By he proposed law it will be competent tor an Ameicnn vessel to come to Liverpool troin the United states laden with cotton and tobacco; she will be >etmatt d to discharge all or part ot her cargo in he Mersey, tbke in Manchester goods, or coals, >r pasBt ngeib, and carry them to Glasitow or Lonlon in transit, snd clear out with perhaps a fresh :argo finm her final port ot discharge This participation iu the coa ting trade is not to be a reguiur periodical ' to uud Ire" trade, but incidental lo the general voyage. It is uot yet explained where the strict linewtllhe drawn between the coasting vessels and the loreign trading vessels; hut the customs officers having been consulted on the point, no difficulty is antic paled. The unequivocal declaraiioii of Mr. Bancroft that the United States government will unite in the mutual concessions neressuniy involved in this vast change, is mi st satisfactory, and relieves us of muny ot the apprehensions we should otherwise experience upon the subject. To the Canadians the alterations now p.-oposed will prove ot incalculable benefit. The hope of a return to a protective h) Mem being out of the question, no alternative is left but to remove the restrictions winch prevent [he Canadians from procuring height tor their pro luce at the lowest terms, wherever it can be obtained. If the system now proposed by Mr. Larouchere should happily bs adopted by all the countries of the world, hi ere cuu bona doubt whatver thut we und the American.-, as being (be n< st seafaring people amongst ail nations, with he largest number ot ships, will enjoy the greater poition of the carrying trade of the vorld. Up to ilus moment neither London, Liverpool, nor Hull, lias signified any opinion up>11 the changes mediated. The resolution pissed he Commons without any division, but the proirctionists, through Mr Hemes, have signified iheir liitentiou to opisise the bill in the most sire buoub manner. The form ot ihe resolution was the sHineas that il lust year, with the addition that it wusexpedent "to amend the laws relating to the coasting trade ol the United Kingdom." Whether this patt ot the meature will he sanctioned by Parliament is veiy doubtful. II, however, ministers should succeed in carrying all the other portions ol the bill, a vast change will be effected* and will pave the way lor the removal wt all restrictions at a lut'ire period. We *n curious to ascertain the feeling of ihe Americans themselves upon the question ot Throwing o|h-ii their own coasting trade. It stems, however, to us, that the surrender of the exclusive trade with c ur own c domes to them, for which we shall receive nothing in return, will be o! such manifest advantage thit the question of their own coasting trace will be comparatively disregarded. With regard to that par: at the measure which remover the restrictions t> ihe European trade, we have no doubt that a ma? onty will be found iu both houses to upprove it. rhe demands of Prussia and Russia to be tilaced ipou a footing of reciprocity must be acceded'to. 1'he question of light dues w.ll be brought torward us soon as the navigation law- are disposed of, and| the Merchant .seaman's Fund will be placed upon a different footing. The second reading of the navigation laws amendment bill stciids lor the 5th March, when, no doub', the whole question will be fully discuss# d, mid upon the division which will then take place will depend whe'her the measure, will be allowed to pasaeither, in | ait or in lis complete form, during the present si esion.?Europtun Jhmet, Fib. 2-1. A Comprehensive View of the Cut ted States. [rrom the l.oDdou Keb. 14 ] The New World is fated to be the subjectnt geographical problems. First, there was ine quenlin.u, whether there be such a place ; and turn, bo w to get at it. Columbus solved both by a sort ot mistake, and got to the oilier side ot the globe i>y trying a shortcut to the mines ot ffolcouda and ihe realms ot Pretler John. Tnree centuries have passed, and one great problem survives for the curiosity, the ingeriuiti, or the peiseverance ol competing nut oiis?How to get across this huge double continent, whicn stretches, as if it were the back-bone ot the eatth, Irom the north to the south pole. For the pure love of geographical science wo are wending expedition after expedition to hud a northwest passage. The Uuit-d States, animated nt this moment by a more earthly passion, are considering whether it is better to cut across at one us the crow flies, or to go round Cape Horn, or cross Central Amenca at Panama, or at Lake Nicaraxu i, or at Tehuantepec, or at some other place. A glittering prize excites the enterprise ot utese discoverers. as thrsoldencuu teniuted the Sicilian diver to the bottom ot the Ctiaryb^m. But anotherproblem, of almost equal ini(>oitance, vexes Autericuu ingenuity. ' It is, how to get out ol North Am:'ilea. The interior ot that continent is a region unsuipassrd for vastness, tor fertility, tor its i.oble rivers, and its inland seaa How is the increasing produce ot tins region to he extricated and launched on the ocean ? Nature tulles the waters ot theae inland seas, and the produce of their shores, ten degrees to the north, through a British colony, and down a Ilrttieti stream ot difficult navigation, fifteen hundred miles long. Art has already achieved another solution of the dithculty, ty linking Lake Erie with New Yum. 1 here stiil, however, remains the <| nation, which Canada and ihe lulled duties are husily d I-email g, which is the easier, shorter, and the cheaper re te, tie bt Law re nee or the Lake Erie Uauat I The ense ot ihe United Stales is some* hat h ird. do beset ate (hey with natural and political impeoinit ute, they caimct reach tuetr own western shores. Whin they look at the narrow neck ot isihmuswhich presents soiuvuiug a contrast to the diebry interval if rocky mountains and sandy I laics which separate dan Francisco from New i <rk, they see it in the hands of oner powers. When ihry lock at the natuial outlet of their might) 1-kee, there again they behold a loreign flsg. Brother Jonathan, indeed. c?u tniiiiiph over naiurt as well as any otner member of ihe race to whim that dominion is giveu. Mall maa. half alligator, he will dneh on, by land ?r by w.iter, ss ihey hsppeu to come, floundering through hegs, splashing rliiongh torresta, cutting his way ihruiigh forests, and lollowirg (he stars in rough it.trinunnhle plains. He wi I extend the Mississippi w ith a railroad, or join seas ? <tn a canal, at it may suit his convenience. (iioe him thrte vrors. u*il he will Unt* the u-dt rtuktng to a huu*? ?e A'lir For.fr uliuli w.U do if, or die, la the ?fi/>w d

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