Newspaper of The New York Herald, March 11, 1849, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated March 11, 1849 Page 2
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r lattd timt. It dors not fret at thst'which cannot un t?e helped, but huh down and doe. what he can. If vi< the mountain would uotcome to Mahomet, Mtho- va met roust go to the mountain. It the citizens of qu the United Stairs were not a'lowed a i?racttcal ca equality in the u?r of the St Lawrence,they mtde is a St Lawrence of their own, 15 yards instead of ha 15 tinier wide, out ?utli<;ie t to carry stout barges is loaded wnh giain and fl .ur. Such a small but r? ueetuJ St. Lawrenc there is, in fret. It is ex- In pensive and tedious; but what of that, when it be- br longs to tbe Uuion, and converts Likes Superior, tit Michigan, Huron, aud F>ie into canal docks, No. of 1, 2, 8, and 4, of New York 1 T; It is sn inglorious suit of tyranny to deny men in the tree bounties ot uatuie, und to monopolize a pe great highway of commerce. There are regions fa ot the wi.rid where we maintain a very different Oi doetiine, and c'aim tor a man's common use the be arterial ureiiHm of great continents But we prac- te tically deny the river and megult oi the St. Law- bj rence to our rrpub'tcau neighbors, while we refuse him a share iu its principal commerce. It is atill more inglorious to be beaten, and to find that tu n narrow canal, with nearly a hundred locks, and oi with banks so fragile as to allow no greater ct speed than three miles an hour, after all la a D ailver stresm of wealth, far more uaefol and hi productive than one of the noblest rivers hi u the world The food which flowa to this t? crowded capital and tu the tarnished hordes of it Ireland through Buffalo aud Albany, and the tedious locks between, aud winch is thrice transhipped h it r#*u#>h*a fKo Atlantic trwru fur Ml the quantity we receive through the Outarto, the tn St. Lawrence, and the gigantic ship canals, the w Jiideau and tue We|la>id, with which we have hi surmounted the natural difficulties of the naviga- lr tion. The vulimr American canal has beaten the *< British river, through the instrumentality of our "] own demands. Englmid hereelt gives the virtual preference to the canal, by using it more than its [c showy rival. hi The Canadian authorities, differing as they d > P> on the question ??f Iree trade, and slightly disagree- ai ingas to the minor items of the calculation, agree vi in the opinion that Quebec cannot pretend to vie w with New York, or tne Canadian with the Amen- tn can settler, unless by repealing the navigation of laws, and so reducing the puce of freight at Que- r* bee. Whatever the comparative com of transport from the interior of New York and Quebec, it is nn evident that a ftich rats or a valuable rate of lei freight from Quebec to this country must seriously Mi clog the lattei in the arduous comjietitton. As the ru matter now stands. Quebec and all Canada are hu wellnigh beaten in the race New York, with its dy forestB of merchantmen within sight of the ocean, no is above a match for Quebec, some hundred miles tni up a difficult river, and futther shut up by restrictive laws. It ts now proposed to remove the dia- d* ability under which it now labors, and to permit di< ths Americans to bring us the produce of the P* interior by our own river, as well as by their own to canal. ?y Cabs and the United States. in El Naevmut, of Cadiz, of the 5th ultimo, has the Btt following statement regarding the rumors preva- foi lent a few month back, ot a contemplated sale of the island of Cuba, by the Sttanish government, to ho the government ot the United States:? ttv la ths session of Congress. bell at Madrid on the in 31st of January, on the motlsn of .Senor Moyaao, for to the production of all corresponds oos wbioh. according (h< to the proceeding* in Congress of the United States, tlv waa said to have passed, respecting the annexation of the bland of Cuba, his Excellenoy Senor Pidal replied ' that no proposition whatever htd been made to governstent for the pureba-e of the Hand of Cuba, and that ' 8 the supposed negotiation published in the United cle States newsptprrs. ?a* denied by his order, in the bel official Gazette ot Madrid, and at the same time lathe ^11 Perls journal*, by the Duke of Sotomayor. Not con- i tent with tbis, the ministry directed suitable instrus- |u| tions to our agents in America, that the reports should j he contradicted entirely; and, in conversations with 2 certain lorelgn Dimeters. ear* wm la sen to aanounos, | "v In th* moat emphatic manner, th* projeot aelcnpoRalble, I m< to th* end that all doubt- might bn removed. 3enor Pldal. nonoTw, expretred his belief that no mlnlatry be composed of Spaniard* wonld ever liaten to auoh a ahainafnl proposal, if mad*, and that w* should never cede th* Ulan* of l ube. c In th* Senate, also, General Narrest oonflrmed th* 01 above discussion, and added that the rumors of a oes- at elon were entirely unrounded, and that th* island of C( Cuba wonld always remain, as now, a part of the Si monarchy of Spain. Rome. U The following is the decree passed on the 9th of February by the Roman Constituent Assembly, by ^ which the Pope is deposed, and the Roman States Jo erected into a republic Tne decree has been sent jD to all tbr diplomatic agents and consuls ot the Ro- w< man 8taies. Already the Roman authorities have in adopted the republican torm of address. Tiilesare P" laid eside, and letters are addressed to Citta- tb dtmo, Occ.:? roman constltt.'bnt aaskvtbly. ^ fundamental decree. qi Art. 1. The Pepe Is d*pos?d In fae t and In right from the tempotal government of th? Romao States. . Art 9. Tb* Roman Pontiff has all tb* guaranties ne- . . eeseary for tb* independence and the exeroiee of his m spiritual power. ,, , Art 3 The form of th* government of the Romtn , States will be that of a pure demo iraey, and will take lr the gloriooe name of the Roman republic Art 4 The Roman republic at 1 have, with the rest of Italy, the relations whioh the osmmon nationality * suy require February 8,1649.1 o'olook. A.M. F O. Uauetti. the President. Oiovtssi Fknnacuhi, 1 Ah iodantk Farrrtti, I Th* i ? . Antonio Zamrranchi, f Seoretarlaa. ", Quisia F. Barilli, j M. Canutt, who was residing in Paris on a spe- j01 cial mission from the Roman government, has ? written to headquarters to say that, in the event of th the Pope being deposed, he should consider his aa mission as terminated. dc The Capture or Bioultan. *f Moultan has at leug'h been captured, after one of the most obstinate and gallant defences on the part {o, cf the enemy, ever recorded in our annals. The gy, city, slier having been ba'tered and bombarded by <> j nearly 150 pieces ot ordnance for a week, was taken on the 2d; the tort was expected to be storm- ^ ed on the 7ih inst. The Bombay troops joined n.. General tVhish on the 21st December. The tie- be seiging army now amounted to 15,000 British 8e| troops, the allies amounting to about 17,000, or uH 32,000 in all. The artillery amounted to about 150 DC pieces of ordnance, of which nearly one-half were uo of the largest calibre. On Christmas day and the bv day following ihe force changed ground: on the 27ih the troops advanced in tour columns to the ?rt attack, and, clearing the suburbs and driving in for the enemy en all sideB, established themselves wiP in 500 yards of the walls. Batteries were now r constructed in every direction, and on the evening of the 28ih a terrific cannonade and bombardment commenced. On the 29ih, the heavy guns wer* battering within eighty yards ot the ramparts. tre On the morning ?l the 30ih, the principal maga- I'0' zine id the tori blew up with a terrific explosion? 'iai nearly 800,000 Ins of powder are reported to have *'* been stoied in u?blowing a vast column of dust a "" thousand feet up into the air. The destruction it aD caused all round must have been tremendous. A mighty conflagration, supposed to be that of the principal stores, was now spreading in the town. "c . .?60,000 worth ot grain were afterwards found to a"V have been destroyed. The enemy's artillery slack- ,bl ened their fire, but still continued uns lenced. On 1,18 the next two days the cannonade continued: shell , were thrown sometimes every minute, sometimes |h' at intervals of ten minutes, and tearful salvos were }8 * from time to time discharged from the heavy ''ty batteries. A furious cannonade having been kept n>& up sit the previous night,on the morning ot the 2d a lor column ef Bengal troops, commanded by Colonel Franks, conei.ting ot her Mijesty'a 82d, and the f 49th and 72d N. I., pushed forward to a breach c near the Delhi gate. Here they found the enemy q determined to oppose ihem to the last; the breach. c besides, proved impracticable, bo the troops retired dai and moved round to the op,.onte side ol the town. C where the entrance of the 11.,m>, had Wi already been efle.trd. The breach stormed by v,i thenr had been much more complete than the other, c and the enemy detruding it were duven oH' at the B?.' bdvonn'a point The lutVeera entered 6rst, and aoetdtly placed thnr standard within the walls of atl| the town The Bengal column followed them, and l the city ?l Mou.tnn. which whs captured about 8?i three P. M., was, before sunset, filled with British An troops. The fire from the fort, which had for a ,t time gfarkenrd, wa? meanwhile renewed In the E,t course of the night, a mine was sprung on us, ?' whit h occasioned aome misehn I Moolraj aeetned r determined to maintain himself to the last, and showtd no aipn of fear amidst hia reverses. l)n i the morning ol the :fd the cannonade w.ia again *"? rerumed ! > ns, and the l>owiut gttr, the last hold N(> of the enemy, destroyed. Large ((Uiutities of pillage were being collected, and tne bankers were said to heve oflered ?.U),000 il we would leave thr ir ?stublishments alone. We shall most probuhl* hear ot the laJl of tli- tort before the tteatus r h aV( n f*rnce the a xfh ot December, the ^ pisnri army, order the Ctiminand-r-in-Chtef, has k? If maim d in a etete of the most profound inac- P" tivity hlmnt g march or so from 'he tiikh camp. ?! The Sikhs are said to have slightly c isaged B their positioa, ai.il *-rm as avers; as *? are to n cfive operations. Wnl, Lord trough and twenty J thi wtarid in ih? it t>? in, on tneir l? tt ll-tok and rear oth they will eje.dry have General Aiirlimary with * ?' ft,l)fO or 10 000 on their right II ink, and n<> asset- ? ant e | rorniHi'g lr? tn any nuart-r. .so goon hs the lid 111? <>l the I II ol Mouhan n ached, it was sup|Ota d that hostilities would be row? ?e?l. Hrigadier White and ton e h.itl te|oir.eij the eainu of the Commander-in-Chief en the aheruoon ot the 1 dih. He hud ru t M-n or heard of any enemy, sns His (liject was t vo-tnld? to ininrrvpi N^rairi lh? Pingh, should he inske hi-. ajyeirer-ee, t0 |,rr. n il \eot ar.y attempt the icaurgenia tinder Sto re cmgn J?" niifiit make to <le u< Il a force to the i-siatxnce J" ol Moolrnj, an ohjeirt at nnr time *.iid to he in con- |)t^ trtnplntion < h our Singh continues to hover ,|T about en the Indus, with urine 4,000 or 5 fKX) men tbl until r him lie is_said to b in onm nuo'cat'on ' ?li mih a Ltdy ol Aff^hana, who have com- down [ der Dost M shorn med or Jubbar Khan, with tha i rw of recovering Peahawur. Hia purposes are ? nously represented, but our tidiaga From thie artrr are to discordant that scarcely any faith n be pluci d in them Attock atill holda out, and , not now likely to surrender. Captain Aiiott | n exchanged the d"len#ive tor the offensive, and < Uying s.ege to aomr strong holda in the Hazah country. The Governor General has esubhed hia camp close by the battle field <?t 3 * aon. to be as near as possible to the scene of ac>n. No events of any moment have, in the course the past fortnight, occurred in any part of India, be latest news, which is dated Saturday morng, Jan. 20, atatea that the government, it itexcted to be able to send dome the news of the II of the lort cf fldoultan, has been disappointed, n the 7th, the citadel had not been taken; it Wis ing mined, with the object of blowing ths countscarp into the ditch, and then taking the place ' storm. Scotland. Shocking Catastrophe at Glasgow?On Sarday evening, Feb. 18, about hali-pa9t 7 o'clock, le of tbe most fearful catastrophes that ever ocirred in Scotland took place in the Theatre Royal, unlopatreet. Very shortly after the perform inces ad commenced, an alarm was given that a fire ad broken out in the upper gallery, and as a matr of course, the audience, which was numerous i the gallery, became much excited. It was Boon apparent to the manager that the te had been occasioned by an explosion of gas, rid he. f mreiher with the members of his comoanv. sed their utmost exertions to reatore order, in hich they partially succeeded. Meanwhile, owever, the alarm had been conveyed to the cenal police ofliees, aud the fire brigade was very >on at the theatre, and immediately commenced perations, which had the eflect of increasing the itrs of the people, and a general ruBh was made i the door, in order to eseaiie from the fire, which id, in fact, been previously extinguished. Dsste all remonstrance, the people would be out, id the result was ths premature death of 64 indid n a Is, besides four more or less injured. It ould be vain to attempt to convey any iden of e scene which the theatre presented at the time the accident; that can be better imagined than pressed. The authorities were very soon at the theatre, id, while assistance was being procured, the gulry Btair was ascended, when at one of the landg places was discovered ascene of the most horying description?men, women, and children iddled together, trodden under foot, dead, and tngr The poor creatures were carried to houses joining, and every exertion used to restore anistion; but, unfortunately, these exertions were but few instances successful. Sixty-one were ad, and three sent to the Koyal Infirmary; two ed upon the wav, and one shortly after. Eleven rsons, slightly bruised, were able to be removed their homes, and others are still in the Iufirmain a dangerous state. The61 dead bodies were, the course of the evening, removed to the Clyde eet Hospital, and there kept till Sunday morning r identification. About 10 o'clock, the authorities were at the Bpitil, and it was arranged, to satisfy the relaes of the poor creatures who had been waiting hundreds around the hospital during the night, admit them. The bodies were spread out on 5 floor of the large shed, aud when each relae, father, mother, wife, or other friends, was ;ogmzed, their shrieks rent the air. Oae worn claimed three as her own. Without scarcely ingle exception, the sufferers belongto the lower ss of society, and are, for the most part, lads tween 14 and 17 years old; the only female loDgst the dead was one girl three years of age. \ gloom has been cast over the city by the fearoccurrence, which it will require 'some time to isipate. The theatre has sustained no damage m burning, as the flame of the gas pipe was al5t-1 instantly extinguished. The theatre was built in 1860. It is the most autiiul and extensive one out oi London. Miscellaneous. Nkw Postal Airanoements with thk United rates op America.?Notice was issued yesterday the General Post Office,that the following postal invention has been concluded with the United tates of America and the United Kingdom:? The prepayment of postage on letters posted tn the ntted Kingdom, and addressed to thn United States 1 America, and vice vena, whether conveyed by Brl h or United States paokats, will be optional Comned British or United States postage will be the untrm rate of la on aletter not exceeding half an ounoe i weight, 2s. on a letter not exceeding an ounoe tn right, and so on aooordlngto the soale for obarglng land letters. The whole postage on letters may be Id In advsiriNfi fir thsv mat ha frtraardail n nald ai option of tbe aendera. The neoaasary meMurea tb respect to tbo transmission of letters to eoantriaa id pluses through tbo United 8tate*, not having yet ?n arranged in oonoert with the United 8tatea foat Doe, further inatructiona on thia aubjeot will be la ed. Newspapers publiabed in tbe United Kingdom, ly stamped and poated under the nanal offloial reguilona, may be forarardad to tbe United Statea on paymt In tbia oountry of Id each; and newspaper* pubbed in tbe United Statea will be liable, on delivery tbe United Kingdom, to a postage of Id each, riodical worka, not of daily publication, and nted pamphlets not exoeedlng eight ouncea in tght, may be forwarded to the United 8tate? Jer tbe following regulations:-1 The British stage must be paid in advance; 2. They must sent tn bands, or covert open at the aidoa end, not exoeedlng two ounoea in weight Id.; it exeeedlag three, 6d.; not exoeedlng fonr ounces. .; ana 2d. for every additional ounee. No periodioal >rk exoeedlng sixteen ounces in weight, nor printed .mpblet exceeding eight onnoaa in weight, eon be twerded. Similar work* poated In tbe United Statea, id addressed to tbe Unltod Kingdom, will be liable to e same regulations, and will be obarged wlih the me rates ef postage, on delivery in the United Kingm. Tbe above regulation* and rates of postage are ipheable, whether tbe orreapondenoe be eonveyed or from tbe Unl'.ed Kingdom by British or by United etea' packets, bat all letters, newspapers, ko.. will be rwarded forth* present from the United Kingdom by e British packets, unless they are specially ad tressed By tb* United Statea' packets "?London Timet. North American Rotal, Maii. Steamships.? re observe by tbe advertisement that the two w steamships building lor this company are to named the Asia and the Africa. No better lection could have been made, lu our opinion, rmonising as they do with the names of those w running, and, as we said in a former public in, not veiv likely to be surpassed, as steamers, any vessels on tne Atlantic for years to come; i. with the experience uad resources of this at eteampacket company, the public may look ward to a lull realisation of all that can be realably desired. riiE Cuor.ERA.-The cholera returns have now ellrd to 12,195 cases, ot which 5,5411 have died, S8 have recovered, and 3,164 continue under atment, or the result is not stated. In another or asylum Bear Loudon, some unusual mortality s taken place, hut in the London districts the eklv mortality does not range higher than about y. In the provinces the reports exhibit a decline, a, indeed, in a national point of view, are al>?t insignificant. In Scotland, the number of ? alhs has decidedly decreased, the daily return* J un that quarter being generally abeu'60or 60, t! d apparently still on the decline. Indeed, every ng indicates, with a daily advancing spring, ii it the disease is decreasing in violence; and we u at that no reactionary symptoms will discover 0 maelves. The general health ot the metropolis J carcely so good as the average, but the morfa' through Asiatic cholera has manifestly dimi- * hed. The weather is generally mild aid fine ihe acnnon ? ??uj nntnm Tinui P.A Ut m. Obituary. In th? 16th nit, in Abrdmoahln, Sir T Burnett. ? >n the 13th alt., ?t Lolxllp Castle, Ireland, tbe Hon. ^ Cavendish. T In tbe 16th nit, in London, Lady Elisabeth Palk, ^ ghter of tbe Orat Earl of Llsbnrn 1 In tbe 18th nit, in London, the Right Rev. Dr. i eh Roman Catholie Blehop of Cambysopolla and s lar Apostolic of tbe London Dlstriot h In tbe 6th alt., In London, the Dowager Marchlo? of Donegal etely. tbe Hon H T Nugent, eon of the late Karl Weetmeatb, and heir presumptive to the marsnte. ,at?iy. at Innsprnek, Austria. Lieut Oeneral Baron nburne, formerly Chamberlain to the oi-Emperor of stria In the 7th ult, at tbe lelo of Wight, W D. Shaw, I , late of Calcutta. in the 11th ult, In Hertfordshire, the Counters of dttwaler. Bank of Kngleitel. Vn account, pursuant to tbe set 7th and 8th Vlo'* shop 32, for the week ending Kebruary 17 issue neeakTMBRT. ?2H,Mii7S?? Oovenunent Debt. .?11 CHS l?l Othet gsnnrttisfl. ... S.IM4.?M Gold Coin and Bat Hon 11,09' 7? Blleer Bnllioa Mt.ufi ?2H.8WS7? . . . "A^KI>0 I'EPA ITNI^T, iprietor* CapltaL CM M*(?<? ikmuniii desert it... 3 5>"l.-7 Ues ('ntlnrllikg the Deposits Vn Dead u eight to lading axohe- anilv) ?U.?21'1<7 0*"j having! Othor Anenrltlss... W.9III M4 leaks, Coaimla. Notes Ill On i* eereofNaJsnai Held and fcilVw ' K lebt, and Wet Cola 7M Ml Bi d 'ecimn'e).. ?JW S.?I7 er D? posit* l?s,??l *0 sn dap aad other Ule 1,' Id <79 ?tS,/'M,ISI ??,0t\l3d The Corn Trade of Hnrnpa (From the London Meroaat'la tteaatte. Feb It) 'he weather is and bus fur soma time been highly plctcus for ail kinds of ontdoor labor. The frost. In early part of the month, anted benefloUlly on the i. and the land Is reported to work admirably. The Ing of spring corn Is, therefore being rapidly aotl orably p.neeedod with; aad eooloooly have far mors n engaged in tho Belde of late, as to allow them la time for bringing supplies to msrkat Tho ar ale of grata from abroad hare likewise bean small s weak (owing probably to the proealeneo of westerly ad): still the traits ha* remained In n vary doll state, d the rains of wheat has undergone n farther re I notion nt nwkI of tbe largo consuming town* The *atinu4 decline la prloee ot agrtouitanl yvcdaoe is Mfinnlni to ornate alarm and many oho on** Jtenget lavorably of fro* trad*, bar* baoorn* eoa*?r? to a iji'ta of protection to native lata*try. Tact soon-growing in tau country auit be nar*maaor itio< if tbo peculiar burden* on tb* laid bo ooauaoed aa I somparailvely nataiod toretgo produce bo admitted freo of daty, U, w* roar, too oortaia. A mora favorable period tb?n ibe present for trying tbe experiment of free trod* could not boon b'en dotired by tb >se ad r i eating tba nee order of affair*. Tb* undoubted d* flclenoy la our ova crop* of grata, tb* partial failqr* of tb* potato, a lid tb* foot toot tb* barr?e? nj l8t* no* not particularly large over any part of ooatiueutal fcuropc are oiroumateooes w#Jl 9*loqi?ttd to prevaot priw: beitn ?rti?tly reduoed StiU quitatlon* recede and tb* fall la the vamo of wbe?t Wftbln tbo p-ri^d of a fawmoatb* may b? estimated at /ally I* par basbal, or 8a. per quarter. Tb* teadenoy baviag oootiaued downward* ell tbroagb tb# viator moata*. wb*a ta* forelga supplies w*ro wodara'e. and to* ooatu nptioa large. i* It roooonablo to eipoot, nov that *prlo< la approaching, tbo Baltio porta tread from io* and no impediment exist* to anppliao raaebiag u* from all parte cf tbe world, that priooa via advaaoef we eertaialy are by ao mean* oaaguin* la regard to tb* future though et the iem* time w* are dlepoeed to tblok that tbe very abort yield of tbe home or*p* may prevent breedatuff* receding muon b'lov tbelr preieat level At Mark-lane buatnee* hat been very dull since tbi* day week, notwitbeteadlag the scanty obaraoter of tbe HUpplies tote tbe port of L'iodon Of Kngllsh wheat tb# arrival* have boon quite tntl'Dg. end the quantity of foralga reported staie Saturday las' b e been moderate. I'ha inquiry ba* throughout tfce **ok been languid. Oa vfoadey piik rd sample* ot Kugli-b realised nearly prevtoue prioe*, bat secondary descriptions were with dtflleal'y piai-d at a decline if Is. per qr. On Wednesday the Kasax and Kent stands were absolutely tare nod la the abpence of businers quotations remained nominally unaltered; nor were (be transactions this morning of euffloient importance to render it neoeesnry to note an j obange In prices. hut bad tha supply been more liberal a further abatement would probaOly hare taken place. The operations In foreign wheat hare been on a restricted roale, rerj few country purchasers haying rlelted the market, and our own mtllera being mostly holders of foreign. The business done on Monday was at rates Is to 2s. per quarter below those oarrent on that day ae'nslght, at whieh reduction sales wars made with difficulty to day. The nominal top prloe of town-manufactured Sour has not been altered, but Interior grades of foreign hare been sold at terms irbloh would not bare been accepted last week The lupplles of barley, without be tug particularly large, bare prered more than sufficient to satisfy the demand. Picked qualities, suitable for sowing, hare eommeodad rail prices, but the maltsters and distillers here defined to not exoept at reduosd rates A decline of ibout Is per quarter was submitted to In the commencement of the week. which bas not rlnoe bsen resorered; indeed it was not by any means easy to effect sales this morning at Monday's currency. The irrirsls of oats ooascwite hare rather fallen off. and we lare been sparingly supplied with that grain front Ireland and abroad this week; notwithstanding which, be turn has been In faror of the buyer Beans and >eas bare mowed off in retail without much alteration icouiring in their value. Messrs. Brown, Shipley dc Co.'a Circular. LirgRroou, Feb 23,1849 For a week alter the departure of the last steamer, re had Increased aetirelyin our ootton market, and be sales for the week ended 10th last, reached 89,2')0 tales, ot wbioh 40,000 were taken on spsonlatlon, and I 600 for expoit, resulting in a further adranoe of >? a ;d per pound lu all descriptions. But theearir part if this week we had a reaotlon, and until to d*y the market was oomparati rely heary. with a quantity offerng much exceeding the demand, some of the reosnt peculators being sellers, and the abore adranoe was nore than half lost. To day, ho rerer, ws bars had a eriral of drmand sgaln, and a renewal of confidence; .nd though the extreme rates of last week are not ob tlneble, the depression is nearly recovered and the flloial quotatlous now are 4% for fair Up and, 4% for air Mobile, and fid for fair Orleans; middling Upland nd Mobile 4%. and middling Orleans 4% per pound. Phe sales lor the week ended this day, have been 83 00 bales, of which 0 000 has been to speculators, and .,800 lor export, and the American description* eonMet if 7.0 CO Upland at 4% a 4%, 18 280 Orleans at 3* a 5%, 1460 Alabama and Mobile at 4% a 5. and 600 Sea Island it 7 a 16d per pound The aleak la this port is now istlmeted at 884 000 bales,against 286 000 at same period last season; the stock of American is about 231,000, being an increase of 72 000 bales. Onr corn markets have been very dull,and declining, during the last fortnight, the weight of the lbretgn supplies oanslng great depression in the trade. Flour 26 a 26* per barrel. American wheat 6s a7e. 2d.per 70 pounds, Indian corn 27s. for inferior while to 29s 6d per auarter for the beat yellow, Indian corn meal 14 a 14s. 6d. per barrel. The demand for turpentine Is limited, and only about l.fiOO barrels have been disposed of since our last, at 7 a 7s. 3d. per owt A parcel of common Amerioan rosin brought the advanced prloe of 4 a 4s. 41. per owt. in the abeenoe of other supplies, but the article is now somlng foward more freely, and these rates are not ikely to be maintained. Yours, respectfully, BROWN, SHIPLEY * CO. Markets. London Moircr Mishit, Feb. 23.?The English funds lave latterly receded, as will be perceived by our datly epoits, which we Insert below. Feb. 17 ?At the commencement ef business this corning, the tone of tbe market was better than yes* erday, but it eub*equ6nt'y beoame heavy, in ooneeut'Dcft of further large sales. A reaotton. however, ook plaoe towards the afternoon, and the closing irlces were very little altered from those of yesterday. Ion sols, which then left off at 93% to % were first done it 98% for eeoount and 93% for money, declined to 98% ind 83%, recovered to 88% for present transfer and 18% for account, and closed at 93% to % and 98% to % eepeotively. Feb 19 -Tbe Stock market exhibited a buoyant and Irmer tone during the early part of the day ; but a renewal of sales by parties anxious to realise caused a reaction, and prices closed at a decline of % per oent. anon the latest official prices of Saturday. Consols, which then were quoted at 93% to % for monev, and to % for account, were done to-day at 93% for noney. and 98% for March, and afterward* at 93% and 18% ; they closed steady at 93% to % for present tranter, and at 93% to % for delivery on next aeoount day. rhecurrent rate for money on the Stock Exchange is low 1% per oent. Feb. 20 ?A further decline took plaoe in the value if the funds, and the market was throughout the day teavy. The depression at one time wae as much as % er cent, owing to a continuanoe of sales, and the lellvery of stock sold last week. A little reaotion veatnally occurred, and at the olose of the day prices xbibited a fall of % per oent. Consuls, which left off ' esterday at 93% to % for money, and 93% to % for aeeunt. were done as low as 92% and 92% this morning. . be highest prloe at whioh business was done was 93% nd 93% The dosing prloes wars 93 to % for money, J nd 93% to % for aeoount. 1 Ffb. 21 ?The tone of the stock market was some- ' 'hat firmer to-day; but prieea experienced snrae flue -j net Inn. C'on-ols were (lone to aome extent at 93 to % >r money, and at 93% to % for account, and olosed at 1 9% to % for present transfer, and 93% exaetly for ae ' Dunt, being an adranoe of % per oent upon the elosing rices of yes erday. Feb. 22.?The funds to-day again experienced a fl notation of % per oent in value The market op-ned , 1th an Improving tone on the favorable news from ndla. but wss repressed by sales. Consols, which left 9 if yesterday at 98% to % for money, and 93% for as- I sunt, were flr?t operated In this morning at 93% for i loney. and 98% for aooenut, from which quotations bey fell to and were done at 93 and 93%. Tbe clqdog rices were 93 to % and 93% to % resp-otively. or % 1 ercent decline from yesterday. The ohlef dealings , 'ere for acceuut. Fes 23?There Is little change in tbe funds 1 o day. Coneele for the aooount opened at 98 a 93%, ; ave since been 92% a 93, and are again 98 a 93%. The iocs maraei in mil oepreaieu oj mon*y Mine, ana By be opportunity of realising lerge proflte upon puroham made et lover rate*, with the temptation to turret B foreign etccke and eharra, or to enter more actively pen commercial bualnera. Coneola are called 93 to 8V. New 8,V p? r eenta real Ire 94 to 94.V; and 3 per ent annultlee. 93V to 98V- Dank etook la worth 194 0 190 Exchequer bllle are 44 a 45a. premium; and beae advert toed to be be paid off hare been 80a. pretrlum. The following table ahowa the fluctuation* la Coaaola rom February 10 to February 33: For Monty. For Account. Fib I.mcrit. Iliubeit. Ctoriny. I,merit Hiqbrtt. Cloiinf. atur. 10. ,93 V 93 V 93*4 98X 93)4 93V Ion. 13. .8% 93V 93V 94V 94 93V 'nta. 13. .93V 94V 94V 93V 94V 94V Fed 14. .04V 94V 94V 94V 94V 94V 'bur. 1ft. .98V 94V 93V 04V 93\ 93V W 10. .93V 94V 93V 93V 94V 9S\ afar 17.. 93 V 98V 93 V 93 V 93V 93 V Ion. 19. .93V 9?V 9HV 93V 93V 9?V wee. 20 . 92V 93V 03V 9'4V 93V 01V

Fed. 21. 93 93V 98V 0?V 9*V 98V hurt 37. .93 93V 03 93.V 93 V 91V rt. 23. .92V 03 V 03V 91V 94 V 92V MAncHKiTte. Feb. 23 ?The dimintohed aetlrity In ur market. ?hleh we noticed ou Tuesday, waa etill ore perceptible on the eucceediHg clay. On Thuralay. however, tl ere wae more inquiry both f >r good* nd yaroa. but It Cld not lead to aay very Urge traoaotlona. Although the buMnesa doing this week l? mall. M oomper. d with what we have had to reoirt of te. the tone of the market, ae a role, la <nr of itrmere In prime Where concession* have b?en made, bey have been verv trifling and only tu purely exepilonal caeee Tbe ?nm-erolal newe ju.it reoaived cm India being favorable Indication of increased rttvity have pieeented themselves, and the ma-kef a* roneeqnently, assumed a rather more ohearfill aaret to-day. FitiiiHTi at Livreeooi.. Feb 23.?During the past rti Ight th? deuiabd for /otinutte hae b'en very aire at d prlcee rargirgfrotn 8ft* to nearly 40e per giaterteu hare bnn paid In a few case*. for deslrale vrreele to the northern pert/. It. I? to b? obr?rved. owevrr. that the current later for trc'git ant passage ion?> by no mear-;e juttlry l:<is autiden advance, witUh due to 'lie eratoity rb-us and greet eoetoetitlon mens the chartering brokers )>r?d weight to N-w 1 rk la l?e. to Ifti p? r ton; hue g-tods lis. to 17* 6.1 ; srdwere, l'4< f'd to I; eufb-nwire, fli to 7e retro-deed weight. 1T?. fit to 2#t.t fine goode. 204 aids ate 29* ; eerthenwerc 7' I'hllsdeln'iie 'lead ? ghf. Iftp,; floe gondii, 80i to 2/1 e ; hstd ??.re, 20s.; artier ware pa to 10a Baltimore - deed weight. 121 4 to 16* ; line good*. 2,a ; liardwa'e. 2t??.; eartbenare. 19s N?w Orleans deal weight Re is I'll 01: nego'de 1"* lid to lft* ; hardware, 12? CI.; earthenrare, 4e to 6s.- Fnrl f 4 Hnult. Com on Mtnuv Dec. 2H ? Imporll ? With the oxcep. Ion of Irad and lion, all Import* have yiel led nl'trther cl'ne dullt g the month e id eales c i n on'y he made ii baiter. Tea has lime lr*?c forced forward to F.ng. icd to a greater extent than pMtdaoe- would dictate at It le now the opinion that the new* hy the October tall will check th'e evatrm the prospect* ot realising y r.c nans premising. while the price of British of d* here. It to t.o he hoped, has n-arly reached the tweet point Even b?f. re the arrival of tlu mall rany holder* of longeloths refused to eell at preaeat tea. while Bibor* bare directed their goods to Shan pbat, la th? hopes of gettlag return* at Datior r?'?i t?M if they M? compelled to aonept tha stma I* r prior* for ibslr lap< rt* vtonoy U Tory scare*. a ad 'ba r*'e? of Interest riring; tb?* laimaoia expert of audi >u 'or many month* pact beglts to ba severely Mt. and ibrfim"!! efforts era mede by toe natiraa to avoid 'a solving a oash payment. Ilioe the great stspl* of fet I haa idviDC'T in prtoe considerably. and it ia f?*r*d a grea' acaroi'y *111 by and by ba fait, and ou'b ea*? n ay so%*sqllently occur \raerlcao Drills?Heavy par ceto are pressing en the market and ealesnre m?d? at low ratal. Interfering materlilly with Britl>h cloth*. White enttc? $loifcs pre to r?tb<-r better demand ts*? , pray*, ,a OOnreqUenbP of 'Hi MfJ ' f'i' Stock, bat prices are of oours* kapt down by tha qnotation* for i ba unbloaobad goods ; bo in oi rwq |<wu> are ?a?-r >? i dor-end; iboia l? bnt little sale for the doer kind*. Opium - Patpa has adranoad to f5'40; Benaree to ft-MO; 1 Mala a has also b-cotne firm at *754 to >760, and the*# rata* will now probably ra'e till the see drag arrives. I K.-rj,?in.?Tea.?Si dos our last report than ba* bee a an inert used demand for Congnn, and from 4') to 60 ! chops bay* bean taken, principally of blaok loaf kind, of wbicb there are now soareely any remaining on the , market. Latterly, bowaeer, the s?-.tlem-nt? bare been ery few. and tbe teamen ar* again becoming anxious ? to press sale*. But the new* just reo-lved, o?r mill. I not being of a nature to Induce further uueohatei. it , it probable w* shall bare a dull market in this, as In etoer dassrlpttoN*. for soma tisse to oome; with the OI t H> OU?p< III OUIl'JUUUg, IDOIU/ UI 0?Unig quall'y The transaction* la other kinds ef black tea* ere not worthy of notice. Tom nook of soented tees 1" rapidly decree-dug end >he qn-tll'y >f { those r> meinlng Bora or less lofarior; whll* the export up to tba present tlma. being In exoessof laet year's, purchaser* are induced to act with caution, end fewer * Mlri bare been effected Green teas hare bean to- 1 ken ?ratty fieely throughout tba month, both for European and American aooount; aoaa email y paroela barn been eettled at lower ratee, but prloea generally may be quoted without touch alteration. Tba aalaa aiooa the oom I menoement of tha aaaaon are eatlmatad at 115 000 packages, and about an equal quantity now remaining ( on tbe market. The departure* elnoa oar la?t bare been tba Euphrates. Kllbiain and Vlaoeunt Seodoo alt for London ; and from Shanghai three vessel* hare ? breo despatched -the Eliaa, Lady Sal* and Ellen, for ' tbe came port. Our atatement of export up to tha preaent time exhibits a deficiency oi 2M milliona on that , of laat year, and It may be expooted that the gloomy aonouute of tbe borne market* Jure reoeired will diseonragn fnrthrr shipments t i any extent. In wh'oh oare a much larger fa llog off will era leog be apparent , Tbe vessels now loading a'l Wbaoipoaare the Uuoepbalua. Athene, Clifton, and New Margaret, for Loadon; and Wp. Prcw?e. for Liverpool; tbe Blaok Kr'ar la also i advertised for London, bat baa not yet eomaenoed = loading All tbeae rearela are loading slowly, except the Atbena, wblob vessel Is expected to be away in a day or two. Sllk-Tbere in nothing deing la thl? article here; from -tr.aoghai the shipments for the m->nth amount to 1.609 hales; making a total of 0.73d bale*, against 14 836 bales, np to tba same period of last year. Sugar?Prions hare advanced, and are far too high to allow of sbipmeot to Europe. 1 Prices and stock of tea may be reported at follows :? t Congou o'd?Three chops sold at 10 to 11 taels, Oobops / remain New, about 47 oboi-s sold at 14M to IT taels; 60 to 66 chops remain, aud about 30 ohepe more are I expected. Soucboeg?About 10 chops old remain; no , transactions reported this month New, 7 chops bare been taken nt 16 to 24 taels; about 21 chops remain, e mostly inferior Plain Orange Pekoe -Nothing doiog , for tbe English market. Oolong?-3 000 ptokages bare } been taken, most for American aooount, 4.000 to 6 000 '< remain Flowery Pskoe?1.CC0 packages sold at 20 to p 30 taels; 6 000 in tbe market Scented Orange Pekoe? 2 COO packages told obtefiy 10 catties boxes; about 1 300 ' boxes in st'-ek. Soeuted Capers?1 400(10 oattles betas t sold at 16 to 22 taels; 6 000 in stock Green Tear ? Twankay and Hyson Skin?No transactions. Hyson? 11 Common to fair cargo. 38 to 28 tar Is demanded, and oo v buyers; good to floe 83 to 86; One to finest40 to 66. about 4 600 packages sold Young Hyson?Common to fair eaurgo 18 to 24 taels; fair to good 26 to 30 taels; fine to finest 36 to 60 About 62 000 packages sold, t principally of cargo qualities, for American aceount, . and a large quantity of Canton kinds for London Imperial aad Gunpowder?Common to fair 26 to 38; fair t to good 40 to 46; flna to finest 48 to 66; 10 COO to 12,000 < packages sold. Canton Imperial and Gunpowder have also been shipped to some extent this month. Mr*. Fanny Kemble 11 utier's Readings of ; Bbakspenre. We believe that in no pact of Ear ope would greater homage be paid to 8bakepeare, than In this oountrj. New York baa already borne eloquent attestation to ' his claims. Night after night the Stuyveaant Institute 1 is orowded; and as the Intelleetual banquet proeeeds ' the audiences arc, if that be possible, more distinguish- 1 ed, more fashionable, more numerous, and more de- 1 lighted. This country may be oalled the munificent q nation of the liberal arts and eolenoes, of geolns, learning, and learned persons?male and female. Here, fortune* base been made, talent enoeoraged, fostered C and sustained, and reputations founded. Two hundred r and twenty, three years base rolled away slnoe the '' poet or nature, faney's child" lived on this earth; and at this remote period. we find the people accomplishing a part of the destiny of the republlo, and theieby full! ling the propheoy of its illustrious fona- 1 dera, who raid that where an exalted love of national t liberty prevailed, a refined taste in matters of literature, and in everything else calculated to elevate and c ennoble human nature, nature would progress pari \ passu with it The rceptlon which Mr* Butler has met with affords us unmixed gratification. !t izii 1 great honer to the American QbartQter, jn various was* ?zi If We rrgsra the good opinion of the^neople at the other side of the Atiantlo, in this particular, * there is abundant reason for supposing that it will be a tl very complimentary one, because of the attention and the sterling proofs of respect which have been extsndad to this lady. >Ma true, shs is oonneotcd with the C United Scares ; bnt if she were not?if she were a total A tranger- the distinction she baa won would be her passport to the best feelings of our people, who areever '' ready to do honor to genius, in whomsoever they dis- n osver It. Last evening the ' Midsummer Nights1 Dream" was the subject It is a tvery beautiful a play, and the variety ahioh marks it gave seope ? to Mr* Bntler, for displaying these high and varied powers with which nature haa gifted her. The at * tentlon paid to her was undivided, and ail seemed (, anxious to catoh every word that fell from her lips. When the slightest motion was made, (and saoh was " unavoidable) the ejaculation, ''hush!1' was heard n tbrr ugh the audience in soft and tender aoaents natll at last they were huebed In silence. Greater honors 1 have never been shown to any candidate for public b patronage, In any country. New York haa turned out Its most distinguished oltizua*. In vastorowds, to greet and support her. Last evening, she looked uncim u n-only well; she was attired in aaatin dress, with a low body, over which she wore a laee pelerine. and in her besom a beautifnl flower, to which was attached a )i piece of scarlet ribbon. Iler hair was plain. The ap- t, plsnse, whenever there was an opportunity?at the end if a scene, for Instance?wee most hearty, but always h udtciou*. We noticed that several gewtUmm had |. Shakrpetre In their bands, who followed toe learn id reader with great apparent delight It was a rare * ibamee lor taking a lesson in elocution. p Mnrlno Affairs. 1< Launch or thi SraaMiHir Kwrina Citt.?Thl' t< ipiendld vessel was lannchsd at half-past tea o'clock c eeterday morning, from the ship yard of William H. d Irown, foot of 12th street, East River. Nothing could b >e more beautiful than the manner In whloh she ran ff her waya, and made her way into the middle of the r.a? Dlwae Oka .t.el^.1 AM mI wni. ?Va.. ? ka icunted upon a tardy starting, arrived on the ground too late to see the lanneh. Messrs. Howardft Co char ' ered the email eteamer Hereulee, whlah etarted from tl Whitehall dock with a large number ot Invited guests, a n horttime before the Kmpire City took to the water It waa a happy company, tbat whloh waa oongregated on 11 board tbe Heroulea There were quite a namber of R merehante and other business men. and some thirty or rorty ladies, who enjoyed the trip wonderfully well. The weather waa delightful, and all things oenspired to a render the excnrsion exceedingly pleasant Tbe He;eules rounded the point at Corlears Hook jnat as the c Kmpire City ran eff The builders are to be oongratu- j> late d on the perfeotly anccesafal manner In whloh (hay trenrferred their Immense fabrio from land to water. " She went off with elegant motion, having about 100 is tons of ber machinery, eonrl'tlng of bad plates, oylin- . d?rs, ftc., In, at the time of launohiag. Having r>?ohed a handsome distance from she re, she let go her anchor, if atdealtedfor tbe Heroulcs to eonio up and take her .. nto dock. The little steamer was soon alongside, and bile tbe vessels were making their way In, the paaaen- O lers on board the Heronlas went below, where n hand>ome collation was prepa ed. Tbe braoing air on the river bad sharpened the appetites of all, and full joe- a lice was done to the viands Sparkling champagne, ,, kldsd by sparkling eyes, made things abnndaotly igreeable ; end a better natnred company It weald he t1 herd to fltd, than that whloh came on shore from the (1 Hercules, el'vr tbe launob of tho Kmpire City. The , Maesrs. Howard fc Co deserve a'.l praise end the patro- " asge of the publlo They hnva built and set afloat two oi arye and elegant eea steamers?the Creaoent City and . be Umpire City. The former has proven herself to bs " ne of the best sea boats, as well as one oftbe fasteatoa al my ocean. The new steamer ,'nst launobed is to ran , n tbe same line with tbe Crescent City, and, so far, sery thing Indieates that she will be a? good If net a bet. w erveessl In every r? speet In potting these vessels afloat, be Mersra Howard a Co. have gone forward upon their >wn resources entirely; they have received no patrona<s 18 torn government, and are, therefore, entitled to tbe an- p iivldsd n edit, of the enterprise. In pursuing whloh, they i isve known no such word as fall. As far as they have 'o tone, t-bey have succ.eedi d; and no fear exists but that 'oereas will attend them as they proceed. Tho Kmpire ' "Ity Is larger than the Crescent City. Home of her t" limenelone are as follows ;?Carpenter's measurement w I klKi tors, length of deok, 240 f *t; depth of hold, 21 reet 6 Inches; width of beam. 40 feet. Her engines are ,n b? built by T K Secor ; cylinder R8 Inches in diereter. with B feet stroke. Her estimate eost Is $220000 , of ?hlch fhU,000 will be paid for her engines. She vlll be si mrranded by Capt. Wilson, who has bad along n< xperience in matters eonnented with steam vessels?a >opnlsr man. and aleays esteemed a gentleman. It Is K" nt? nded that the nsw steamer shall take hsr place In at he line about the middle of May. May su.toaia attend v >er and her owners. Aootiikn Launch -The ship Constellation, it Id to H' >ethe largest packet ship ever built in the United <)< itatss. was laneched from the foot of Soveoth street, t, R , at almost the same moment as that at which tho . tramer Kmpire City went off the stnoks This waa i'#o a btantlfnl launch Her dimenslona nra given ^ bos Carpenter's measure ma-t. 2 0O0 tons; resieter, f02 tons; depth of main deck. 211 feet; extreme treeih. 4-2 feet; depth of hold 28K feet. She belongs to 1 Hermit's line of Liverpool packets. ,f, Fibk in I'atxrnon.?A fire broke out in the cotton r< Hctory of Kohl. Carrick, about 2 o'clock, yesterday oorriinp, which destroyed the building aod nil hi he machinery. The low must be very ureal, an it J" van the largest factory, and contained the beat m.chinrry of any in town. NKW YORK H KHALI). lurNiwriil ? ?? !.tr.r of K'ulioii ?> < ?ta* JAMKK (MliiUON IIIONX K TT. PKOPtf IK. POK. TttK 1MU.V HEK.ii t " '? ?. / v*-?? tor outturn the MttR.hiytl IDfTA'.Vii puhtiekret 11 ? 1 rirk I. A# ti ?</ i/fefi thuted before hrrtih t'it; 'A Ar?'.4KTKJ?.V'*"V RPITHlS c n be A f'a^ 'he irwktyiy lit | #Vwk| ?*'l (Al itrmid 'i i Mp? ?f 2 o'clock. H M. TttK WEEKLY HERALIi. for cii uLittna to (Au i>i<v unit u put hthrd every Snurd y, "/ 61^ ??/ y*r ia?y ?< M ?/ annum ; for irematum in Kite- printed f- '^ >ck ?J C?li-l ej i\. ,i L ?. Z. tJ y.j, . Uu. to tied ....... r. . aopu,. . Muf< the poet ate. ALI. LETTER k by moil. Jur eutteerifAinne, or touk <tdoorieemcide to he pa t pout, or toe p eta or unit he deducted from vZlUNTA* Y t'OKREAHOHDESt'B. contain,n*impart,;U ifw iHtcvrm n om nny quarter or rne worm i u ?m' w IbeenVy paid l"r. THK HhRAI.P HHTARUttHMBN-r k open throughout rho |ifht Alii ERTIHRMKNTM (reneyee>< mr? tnorntut, itnA to M mbhehrd in the mammy nd after n-ion eaititnu,) af ryaeonabU irieee ; to he written id') pf h eqihlr manner ; the propi itbor lot reeponeibU J or error t in mn not crypt AMUeBMENlS TO-MOKkOW iriMNO. OWKkt TIUUTU Bowpij?Paoi.B ITI-0?OU? JO.IH, BV>aI>W*T TUB AT KB Bri?li>?-lRini Abbmbadob? i afoleob'* Ui.i> (lUAHD?Tbouy the Tilek. NATIONAL THEATRE, Obktbam IqutM-Tiixioi Pmat. ow-Vou- Lir. i< Darobb?Slaehbb aho CiuhuIWUT1D MlI.L. UBTOWB THBATKB. ChtnbanWmsS-Dobbet abd 8)B' tjus Mar ari. Mar or Nebtb. mechanics' MALL, BroAdwAjr. mm Broome-ORBiTrri (lAtriiu SOCIBTY LIBRARY, Bmdftj-Mbw Oblbaws BEBEHA- ! IBBA BROADWAY CIBKTT8, ut BiiEdwiR?HOB ? ERA WHIP. to- \ IT BAOEE, ARB DABOIHB BOBIES? BT OAJIUS. AJBBT B UO. ! 'hiidpe ZOOLOGICAL BALL. Bowery ?Tab Ajebubsh k OVi ; I BR A* BB IB. OBINBBB MtJBMUM. KM SroAdwAT?Okibbbb OcBKMrm BTITTVE-aNT INSTITUTE, Bro?4w?j?Tabs be Hju'i Ionia Lectwbr. HIHUTA ROOMS? MORE. Adribr, MAOIO ARB PIULHOw Mbw York, Sunday, Marcfc 11, 1849, Tb? foreign News. We give, in to-day's paper, the foreign lews received by the steamshi America, in deail, together with a portion of our voluminous oreign correspondence from every capital in Surope. We cannot find space to-day, for all he intelligence from Europe which we woul deire to place before our readers at this particular tincture; but we shall continue to give extracts rum European journals, and publish our corresondents' letters, from day to day, until the vhole are disposed of. To any one who desires o be informed of the great changes whic i are aking place in Europe, to-day's Herald will be a 'cry acceptable sheet. New York State Lunatic Asylum.?We have >efore us the sixth annual report of the managers >t the above institution. It is highly interesting, ird contains a Urge quantity of useful inforoia:ion. It is a sir gular circumstance, that, in a list of the occupations pursued oy tnose who have become insane, the " farmers" prepondera'e over nil other jccupations, in the ratio of 400 to 1 or 2. This is lingular. We account for it by the following reasoning, viz.: that in this country the farmer generally ib almost as much a speculator as a stock jroker is in England. His great object is to make he largest amount of money in the quickest posable time. Rem facias, rem rect est possis?st ?owf moquomodo facias rem. Now, when this feeling eigne in a man's mind, we need not say there is langer of his going mad?we may truly say he is nad already. The age at which the greatest number of cases of nsanity has occurred, is from 20 to 25. This is not rery surprising, when it is considered, that at that igeyoung men arc naturally in a state of self-conieit and self-admiration, as also of wantonness and >odily luxuriancy, which is closely allied to insaniv. and if thev are not kept under stroqg check? ither the check of necessity or that of parents? hey will run into Buch excesses as will embitter he remainder of their days. There is a table in this report, of the supposed auses of the insanity of the several patients titli ng these causes, the most curious is that of ivo women, who are put down as having gone md for want of something to do! We think this very probable supposition ; but certainly, the umbers must be considerably under-rated. We re inclined to believe, that out of 100 cases of ealthy insanity, if the patients were kept at the read-mill ten hours a day regularly for a few lonths, so as to have plenty to do, 99 of them vould become sans quickly, and. there would not e c case of indigestion or cnnwt among them all. Omitting the cases proceeding from ill-health and sknown causes, the greater number ol insane perdps are the religious This cause is assigned as"regious anxiety." No one need be surprised at this, ormerly, when religion consisted in a sober, sound mutton io performing the whole duty of man, the iw of God, or the law of right, which is the ime thing, religion had the effect of making men ane and sober-minded. But in this day, when the tw of right and truth is out of the question, and vviiuium in iuic uivauio auu umiucian, c*? itfd feelings and humbug exercise?, instead of oing right and acting virtuously towards everyody, it is not astonishing that it acts quite contray to its Intention, and makeB men mad instead of lakmg them honest, viituoua and sober-minded. Vhen men despise the law of right, which is the iw of God, and the true performing of which is rue religion, they are on the road to go mad, for ley despise truth, justice, sound sense and real nderstanding, to follow dreams and visions, and re already half mad. Under the head of farm and garden, we peiceive complaint that the inmates want occupation, and nmi'lain themselves that they have not sufficient ndily labor. This is a serious thing, and ought nmediately to be attended to. If the necessity of ibor, and with it labor were to be removed trom le shoulders of men, the whole world, mad as it i, would be nothing but madness, and men would nmediately set to work to exterminate each ther. Only let ua reflect one moment. Let u ike one city for comparison. In London, abovs million of men rise from their beds every morn ig at dawn ?f day, to go to work?hard work? II evening. Now, take rway necessity, and throw i us million of men upon the town, with their ands in iheir pockets, and plenty t eat and drink, n the Founente plan, and nothing to occupy ] i?m, there would not be five hundred peop'e left live in London in five weeks' time. A million I men let loose upon London, with nothing to do, , ould be much worse than if amiliion of tigera 1 ere suddenly let loose upon the city. Hence it ] evident that though men cry out against the I lovidence ol God, in his government of the world, J r imposing such a law aa the law of necessity i ion society, yet it is a great mercy and protecon to ua all. We hope, therefore, the managers < ill apeedily find something to do for the inmates J the asylums under their management. There are some highly interesting remarks in 3 is report, upon the causes, the prevention, prog- t isis, and medical and moral treatment of in- * inity. We can only refer to theae observation! j i worthy of perusal. We conclude our brief re- * ew wnh ihe following opinion from the report, * F the truth and correctness of which we have no ? jubt:? " Wo sro of the opinion, and It 1* an opinion formed v ter innoh Inquiry, that there le more Ineanity In this t >nntry. peelaliy In the Northern and Kaitern States, r. an in any other, and that it Is fearfully on ths In- r rase " I This ia the vridict of ati intelligent ju.y; and ip cause ihey assign for this verdict is no doubt , nrtrlt "l.iherty, so fstTahle to ths dtvrlooems'ot of the ' nnisn Intellect. multiplies ths oa??e? of Its derange at. Ilmre. in ronntrles where there ! the tno^t In llipenos eti<i freed< n there will be fetind the art at- , sntal aottrlty, and the most ca>*e of lasanlty. ' 1 11 m * mn?? inn??i?? i New Yoke Police.?It cannot, we believe, ha denied that what New Yo-k ix mostly in nead ?>ft are c can *tre? is ai rt an efficient system of pol:c, iiriiht r of which i.av* we ever bven bles-ed with, lii lejiari' to the streets, we have qi vn up all h'i|i"l i f Mfi'ij ili> m clean again, and have determined that it i iim-I-?? to refer to the subject any more, at least so Ion* sa the people rema n as ap ttlitic as the) h ve been (or some year* oast on the aubjec'. Not so, however, with the system of police. Wo have it il <iur power to form a* efficient ^ muntoi pa] police eh ihbt posaeesed by any other city lA the wt r'd. The i reat fault in the present ay*t-m of polico is the shortness and uncertainty of the tenure of office. It is acknowledged by all who are at al acquainted with the subject, that, to be a good aad tfficient pol.ceman. a man must go through a ava tern oi apprenticeship, and tnat it requires a asr ( vice of at leaet three yeara to mtke him reltabla and available as a guardian ol the interest* cort* to Ki*n M..1e* tKia wriiiftiitinn if wa iluv iup the term, or training, cannot be obtained under ths present system, because the tenure of office is limited to two years; and re-appointment is so precarious, depending as it does ou political influence with the pMity that may, at the termination of his tenure, be in possession otthe cty government. It the policeman going out is of the same pa ty as that in power, he stands a chance of re-appointmeat; if not, none at all, and another is appointed in his plnee. Now, it is a, parent that, under such a system, our police cannot, in the nature of things, be efficient. They are made, ex tt<> enitiite ret, active politicians; a premium is h--ld out to them to take part in our municipal elections, and canvass and intrigue for the sucreBS of the party to which they would took tor re-appointinent with & probability of success. Another consideration is, that under the system at present in force, the very pr?-cannusness ot the tenure of office discourages the members of the police from taking an interrat in their business, and making themselves acquainted with the details of their duties, as well as with the haunts, habits, and rendezvous of the numerous thieves, burglars, and other scoundrels who infest our city, and are continually arriving from England and other countries. A policeman, if he is like his fellow men, of which there is every probability, will not undertake the trouble and labor of making himself fully competent for his office, if he holds it at the nod of politicians, and is subject to change with the revolutions in our city government. He will rather get through his duties as easily as he can, and with the least possible inconvenience to himself. It is obvious that this evil can be remedied very easily, and the manner in which tt can be done is apparent. Let the police be removed from ths political arena?let them have no direct personal influence in our elections?let not them and their families be depending for continuance in office, and bread for themselves and families, on the sue- I cess or defeat of any party. Let them be appointed ' du ing good behavior?subject at any time, for mal feasance or neglect of duty, to be discharged. If the system were thus modified, it would be the in- >. terestof every man in the department to become fa- j! miliar with his duties, and to make himself aseffi- |> cient as possible. We woyld then, lathe language of ' the committee of the Common Council, to whom the subject was referred, have a police that would seek to elevate the standard and chaiacter of its profession, and thereby secure to our citizens faithful guardians of their persons, their families, and their property?competeut and faithful men, who had attained sufficient knowledge of their duties 'o make them capable and efficient, would not be removed to make room for political favorites, whose only recommendation may be an influence with the party in power In our city councils. I Wc believe that a bill embracing some, or all, of ; these views, is before the Legislature, aud we hope it will become a law. If it piss, it will go a i good way in providing what we ought to have?as competent and efficient a body of police as any in 1 the world. > Tiik Only Expatriated Iuisumak of thx Irish 1 Reworks?Dr. McCarron, the brother-in-law of Charles Gavan Dufly, of the N<aiot% newspaper, I anived in this city on Monday last, on board the j! packet ship Hottmguer. There has not been a ( man in the whole young Ireland party more t savugely treated by the British government. Robbed, ruined, and cast into prison, he was there < detained lor four months, and at leiigth liberated , on condition that he should leave Ins native laud , for ever in twenty-one days. His friend, the , Bishop ot Deny?now no more?and his brother, Archdeacon McCarron, appealed to the Castle, requesting the privy council to alter the decision, or grant at least an extension of time, as Dr. | McCarron was unable to walk,from a severe rheu- , matic attack, brought en by his confinement in a , cold, damp room, which had been unoccupied for eighteen years, and in whicn tnerc were neither shutters nor glass, nor any thing between him and | the elements, save the iron bars of his prison. The crut I and heartless reply was, " that the condition cn which he was released shou.d not be abandoned for a single day." Dr. McCarron challenged the , government to bring forward any thing against him that would justify their vile proceedings. His brother sought an interview with tnc Lord Lieu- < tenant, which was declined by Clarendon. No .1 ground was assigned, no cause was alleged, for '' all their harsh proceedings; and he has now landed on our shores, the only one sentenced by the 1 British government to perpetual banishment. It is almost superfluous, theretore, to add that such aa 1 accumulation of unheard of wrongs, apart from 1 his eminent professional abilities as a medical man, give him a claim upon our citizens, which we are sure will be responded to by every one who hates oppression, and 1a capable of appreciating the merits ot so distinguished a physician. P?llo? Intelligence. Jlnofktr Wift Aftw derm by Act Hut hand ? Ys*tsr<lay afternoon. t< ward* evening. th? vicinity of 8r?ome and Elisabeth ..street* was thrown Into a itntn of excltitneat b> the alarm that a mta bad murdered his wife by heating her brain* out wlto a hateaet. It appears upon examining ths esse, that n man by tna name or negn iyicutiuow. re?iaiugat no 848 Broom* street near Klla?b*tb nmi. bod. whll* la * driak-n fit beaten bin wife on tn* h??d with b*tob*t until ha uppured rha <u daad On th* neig'. bori hearing tb* poor woman scream. they flookad in and brou >ht <h* aid rf the polio*. whan vioDarmott was t*k*a luto omtody b;l offlMn Wallace and Moor*. who oaamji-il lb* morster- who w*a tb*o eoserad with blond, exhlbltlog a horrible spectacle-before Initio* Tlmpsun, who committed bin at naoa to prison. Madtoal aid wan procured for the unfortnnatn woman, and bar wound* drr**?d. but It I* considered almoat a hop-lee# bof*. a* nb* ban not spoknn sine*. rha Iran pirt of Iba batab*t wan loom, and after tb* Brit Mow or two IB flaw off tb* handle, and then ha b*at bar about th* head with tb* handle, a* that wan found oorerad with blood. Thin nan It *een* ha* Iteed for noma tin# part on unhappy terms with hi* wife, a* within thn last I ear pant *be baa eanaed bin arrait twice b-fbre th# nrglrf ra'e, on a charge of abandonment At a lata hoar art night, it wan axpeoted tb* Injurad woman would aot survive until mi rnlng. A* *ooa aa th* aonunad nan p aced In a aril, be threw himralf down on a bank, tad wan. in a tow mlnnt**, loat to all sensibility by indication. *irrnt olJnhn Shta ?Ofloer A.M C. Smith arraa'ad, r-eteroay. John Shea, (tb* father *f th* young man Timothy Sbia. who wan rbot. In Leonard atreet. none In* rlare ) on a warrant lr*n#d hy Jnitloa Osb tree, therein h* ntandr obarged with anaaaltlog John i iurtln, In tb* publlo rtreet following him from on* i ace toamtber sad oalllog aft?r bin, " You are# nurdcrer. yon nbot ny son." ho. Under these olromrtanrer. th* nagUtrati Issued hi* warrant for hia rrert on the charge: and, In default of $1,000 ball, ha rar ccnnlttrd to prlaon Ji Cvnout ^re-ei.?Captain Soatllff. of tb* 14th erd police a.T*rt*d. y*-wday a email girl called "mij Kranotr. agad rlx years who was a bound apprenles from tb* Alma' House, to a vtr* Bowman heeoar f a bouse of III fame, at No Ml Mulberry atreet. To* hllo war taken before Ju.-tio* Tlmpeon, and plaoad in be eberge of proper persons. jirrti en >?./.!. few - Officers Gumming* and Campi II ?rrert*d yesterday, n man nailed Billy MBCoy, ??n nrpmlnn of be I eg ocnoern-d la committing **ver%l t bb< rb scud burglar**, Id Brooklyn. Justice Orborna r.okr d b m up tor n further b aring A prla* fight aame off i.e?r Pelbam. N II , on tbe Mb art, between two rt>hmoo. Tnrre war about 000 psctatcr* and tbe sheriff refused to Interfere. I