Newspaper of The New York Herald, March 13, 1849, Page 6

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated March 13, 1849 Page 6
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.!L! l_. - '-r ' The Klne Art*. Ormmu or the A*t Union Oillhi.?Thll )net lutioa, which ha* for l(* object the laudable aud ni t lonal one of diffusing a taata for the Una arte througl ant the oouatry. and of nnlting grant public good wit prlrata gratification at email Individual expense, wi thrown open to the pablia on Saturday. The day wi one of tha finest of the eeaeon, and number* of bot * exes-the great majority being ladiee?availed then *?lve* of the privilege to witneea an exhibition of tl j/ainlitgs that have been purchased for the preset ji ar.snd that wtil be distributed by lot among tt members at tha annual meeting, next December, (a ?! Fd. the nnmbers ? ? 000% onaily so great that tt room m orowdrd to lDconvemlenoe. The palatini arrsugt d around the walla amounted to upward* < seventy-about fifty of thsrn havlag boon purchase by tbe institution, and the remainder being there upo exhibition. In consequence of the disadvantage under which we labored from the throng of apeotatori we should like to repeat our visit before oommlttia ourtelves to an expressed opinion ou some of the ei celUnce* or blemishes that struck our eye ; and, li died, at any rate, It wosid cot be aa easy matter I give a full and detailed account of the merits of a the Tirious palniingsin the exhibition, at one notlci We regret, howwer, to say, that the exhibition, as whole, fell fer short of our expectations?even sfti making every nllosaaoe for the infantile esnditioa 1 the Institution where they were exhibited, and tt slew progress we have made In the oultlretion of th ne aits, as ocsrpared with other nations. The peim leg* were, in our opinion, muoh inferior to those ei btbited last year; aud so far from showing any in provement. retleot very little credit upon American ar or upon th* Art I'nion Institution With a fsw ei oeptious, we oaanot say that tbe collection afforded u much dekght; aud though it might not be in goo taste pehrape. to call iheiu * Jaube, ' it appeare to u that it would be Utile short of a libel upon tbe oouutr to sey that they should be vounldered as a faithful rs Urxvf the progress our people have made in embody log Jm truth of nature, or the creations of fancy, upei the canvass. Us a future oooaeion we may repeat on visit, lu ihe meantime, the following is the result c tbe iMfMUva, beginning at the furthnr end of th iuuui um the right bend side of the clerk's desk: ? Th* Vkurui Bsiok (1) ?This painting, by Loni Lang, leiie its itsry wall. The eoioring is ezosllenl auu the folds of ' he drees fall vary gracefully The ex lu'eesMu 11 tie laoe. however, in looking at the mirroi n loo? ?uu sou (imposed. The earnest look of anxioa de. guv >b ite I'uuitienanoe of the girl whs holds th aiin- ris bsauiiiuily aoue, but we eannet say as mucl is< it ut ou 'he oiher side, who U preparing th' biaceiel cr ueeklaoe. i'ut ms.?.i i.rn.n Lktticr (8) ?This is a beaatifo painting, by I B. Klugg but it seemed to ua that th eounvenanu* oi the yuuog lady tailed Co oonsey the shrinking end anxiety whioh might naturally be ax p?c',ed under the circumstances, tier hair was touch*, ofl with a masterly hand, the countenance ef he father or guardian was also true to native. .Ambkicai Wi.otiu S k."?k (26).?Coloring too lighl and the whole scene very m natural JtrHtHiH's OauuKTEH by D Huntington (3).?Th figures tn this piece are all well formed and uatorai and there is a marked individuality in all their coun tenanoes. The girl with the light hair has a lovely ex prrMicn. Swiss Scknkkv, by the same man (!i).?Nut muol merit . too urowdeu. Mi. ncai* Nkws, by II C. Wood villa (707). ?This i ens of the best paintings in the collection, and give end* nee of a skill tnat wild yet place the artist m thi toiemeit ranks of bis profession the piece is desurlp tiv? of a man at an American hotel, reading from ai "extra'' intelligence just received relative to the Maxt can war. ~The meuth cf the reader is badly done. Ii looks more like that of one of our newsboys annoanc ing for sale an " extra" Hrrald, ihan one enuoe.atior articulate sounds. The group of listeners, however, u the vety embodiment ct life. It Is equal to some oi Hogarth's sketches. What can be better than tns ear neit look of the fellow who has just taken the cigai from his meuth, and is so absorbed by the news, that h? still retains the smoke In his mouth, till the reader has finished the paragraph? or the curious, delighted lock of the young man standing behind him? We could almost fancy it was the news of the victory of ilucna Viata that the reader was communicating The - nigger," too. is so much interested in the news, that h? actually Ichtss off swilling his mug of beer. This ii uxqutMio&aV.y one of the best paintings in tha calledtion. It would take up more space than we can devol* to it to point ont ail its merit* Cover D Huntington, (4.)?This pieoa ii vwt* tnrnnuruoiie The frlirhttul lonktnr touinn n< tbe venei is tbe dstance. and the agitatian of th? with indicate a tremendous storm or hurricane whili the eky is as bright and sunshiny as could be dealret for a most delightful day. TmI t ATTkklLL. MOUNTAINS, FROM iKD nlLOW lll'O sos. by k O Leonort. (3C )?This, we were Informed is a faithful portraiture ot this part of the scener; along the magnificent Hudson ; bat if onr recollectloi server us rightly, the mountain ridges ars not to evei or unbroken ue the artist bat depicted them The Wii.ii or Was. hy H P. Grey. (24)?Thi figmes of tbis piece are. with oneexception. beautifully drawn, but there is an Ineongrnity in carrying out thi design There is too labored a grouping of inoidents oach of which wonid be hotter to be mede the sutges of a st pirate painting. J here is a small sketch of two fish,immediately beloi the above painting, whieh pleased us ezoesdiagly. Eirginiios by G. A Baker. (45.) has not muck to boast cf Expectation is an attribute of the mind tut the expression cf this figure conveys the idea of s pbyrieal operation. It is the mind's aye, not th< body's eye. that should be depicted. View is PiTTtroBD. Vt , by K. E. Church, (41 )? This is an exceedingly beentifnl piece, and bears upoi it the very impress of nature. Jack the Giant Kilier (19) reflects very llttli credit on the artist. Instead of a dwarf, he has paint ad a baby, and instend of a giant, an overgrown dwarf and neither well executed ti' us Mitt Signing the Death Warrant o Lslt Jane Grat, by D Huntington (700).?This pleo has been already before the public last year, and wa considered a gocd painting. M?f? by Wen tier (42).?Thi? la lilSNt landscapi in which there it wdm curious blending of tints. W ahobjd like to ih it again before aaylng anythin About it. Lritrai Hot-as. by Allan Smith. Jr. (5).?Thla abate la well oonoeieed The child grasping the dominoj la veil done but the langhing nigger la aearoely i keeping vith the anbjeet. Tnere is nothing in it t pre soke the risible faculties. Ths Irtebvirm tirwris Avi>ar. aro Abroi.d. b Stearns (710).?Thlaia an excellent painting. Andre countenance however, ia too expreeaionleaa for th important and haaardons business in whleh he is en gaged. The Taroled Ski iw, by C lax ton (718), ia a baautl fnl anbjact, well expressed. If there was a little mor tangling, however, where the oat la operating upon th ball of thread, the painting would be impreeod Drca Shooters, by Hanndy (13.)?The figures ii thla painting are well drawn, and in good attitude The coloring of the water is bad. It la more like sk; than water. Now or Ni trr, by Matteaon, (21.) ia a nice eoneell bnt the position is too erect, and the head la too atil lor a sleeping girl. Cat tic, by Hinckley, (38,) la a capital painting, an bears evidence of great care and ability. The Gahder or Love?Bo< calios Dkcameeo.r?I Eokbart, (71U).?Thla is one of the beat, if not the tui beat, paintings in the room. The gionping la well m naged. and not too crowded. Onot r or Pkaiart CHiLDftKR, by Xahaer. (7 ) ? K MlUat. The Uivset'?, by Carnoek (712).?Thlspals lag deservedly takes rank with - the G.trden or Lore Xbtr? 1ft ao isd fidelity to nature In thep'ec which prove the artist to be a man of conaiderab talent In his profession. The Sam.oii Bor, by Osgood, (11,) i? a eplendid e fort, and worthy of great praiae. Far it Pi ft < e ?Tbia pleoe we would eet down astl try beet in the whole ccllt-ctlcn, were It noc for tt nhortneeft of the neck of the ehampalgne bottle. 1 Other reepecta It la faultless. There are many of the painting* we have not eoaside ad worthy of notice, and otbera that we nhoold like i aee again before prononnclog upon their merits O a fmtnre occasion we may pay another viatt to thia ii rtltntlon. In the meantime, we oail upon the publ1 O go and judge fer themeelvea. The Firk at Rome, S. Y.?A fire brok out at eleven o'clock, on Tuesday night, in th buildings in the rear of A. Conlon's tavern, o Whitesborough street, in this village,which sprea With great rapidity through the extensive barn mod stables connected with that eetablishmen The flames soon reached the brick block owne hr Mr. Conlon and by Mr Unfltti, and also the tw small frame houses nearly adjoining, and froattn on the railroad. The entire block was consume in about an honr and a half. The prop* rty losi an near as we are able to gather at this morses ia an follows s? A brick tavers. ownod and kept by Andraw Conlot tha furniture mainly saved; notwithstanding whicl the loaa la personal property aamt be considerable, barn, owned by Mr. Coaion, and occupied by the A fenny and Buffalo Towing Company. The horses wet got out, bnt soma 1,000 to 1,000 bnabela of oata and row tons of hay war# oonsumed. The tavern, bun and sheds, containing about fifteen tons of hay an soma other property; all consumed. A small bona owned by Mr Conlaa. A brick dwelling, ownod b Smith Oriifia, and oeenpled by E W. Jones. A in* frame house, la the rear of the nb jvo, also owned b Mr. Griffin, and occupied by Krederlok Hostler Th insurance la as follows: -A. Conlon $8,000 in Norti Western Inauranoo Company : loaa estimated a fit ooo. 8 Griffin. $780. In tha North Western Com Howe Sentinel, Ftb. SI. Bbiach of Maiuuaok Peomise.?-Taaac L Tompkins, of Somewhere, jn New ^ ork, latel] xu?dMrs Mary J. Hammond for damage dont to hi* heart, by her marrying Mr. Charlea Ham mond, when, hb the said Tompkins alleged, sh? had given hnn a promiie of marriage, tfhe wai Mrs. Hatfield, a widow, when Mr. Tompkini courted her, and that genth-man not having, II would aetm, read the " Pickwick Papers," waf not aware that one widow, in point of ability tc come it" over a man, ia equal to an indefinite number of spinsters. The trial lasted for three daya, and ended in TcmiAina being for the second time non suited, the ex-widow maintaining hei supremacy . Mr. Tompkins laid hia damages a $3,000, but aa no masculine heart was ever wortl the tenth part of so resectable a sum, he was uo permitted to turn it into a placer? B)Ston Timti M*rih 7. Board mW EdaeaUtn. , Robert Rally. Esq., President, la ?h* shaft. ?*b. SI.?(Omitted for several day* for want of room) i- ?The minute* of the preceding meeting war* read |. and approved. h Twlfik fVmrd ?Application from trustees for aa ap proprlatioa of $1,038 to m**t the *zp*a**a of oaa ol M the eoboola of the ward; referred, a Htyortt of 1-1 aaace Committee la fhvor of a grant h of $o,800 to purobaaa a (it* for a eohool hoae* betw*aa i the Bret and eeoond arena**, in the *ight**nth ward t* { Accepted and r*eolution adopted; of same oaiamitte*, i* ' in faror ef appropriating the inn of $ 1.803 for extrw , ma**a work to the n*w eohool hone* la Marion street Mr Blekckkb wished to know something about thla ' i extra work, how it happ*n*d to be n*o*a*ary. Upoi !- j getting the explanatien. h* laid hewaa iatlaled. j Report accepted, and reaolntioa adopted; Of eame committee, la faror of appropriating $416 4! [ ; to meet the defloUnoy of Sohool No. 3, in th* Taatt >f ward. d ; Mr. Fellow** thought It was etrange that after ? long an lnterral,the trustee* should oome to this Board a for an extra appropriation, after haring got their dui , proportion of th* fund. H* said that In his ward (th< , ; Fourthl th* *?hool* war* aa larg* and a* well attendee ' a* in the Tenth ward; and they of the Fourth did not S and would not require any appropriation. H* did nol ;. **e upon what grounds th* trustee* of the Tenth ward should oome to this Board for an extraordinary appro, priation. II* would add, that the trustee* of th< ? Fourth ward made extensive repair* and alteration* i* 11 their sehool* last yesr, upon which they expended upt ward* of $1,000 They would this year lay out in other alteration* $TC0 at least, and they would not re* quire extra appropriation*. Before he voted, thereir lore, lor this appropriation, he wished to have some further explanation, as he thought there was sornn mvsierv about thi* humble request from the trustwea 10 | of (hi Tenth ward '* ! Mr. Cennai.LT said that thers was no extravagance ' in the Tenth ward, more than in an; other ward , the ! officers of that ward were a) reepcotable and as ecmoI* nrmlcal as those of the Konrth, hut they had primary t> sehools in the Tenth which they had not in the Fourth t* and that was the only way he oould aooount for th > defl* eleney. ' After a few words from Mr Bloeoker, the report wai * accepted, and the resolution adO( ted. 7 Ktgbth Ward?Of same committee, in favor of an apk propriation of $484, to meet adeUelency In the expenses of School No. 23, In the Eighth ward, t Mr. Blckckkb?I like the report well enough as far at * it goes ; bnt 1 don't think it goes far enough. It seems f that the sons of the trustees are the oonlraotors . that * a contract was put In by other persons, and upon looking ov> r both jontracts, I find (hat the ooncraots put 8 in by the latter are 7 per cent under those or the rou t tractors. Now, there must be some mUuudnretandiug about this matter 1 therefore move that the 7 per '> cent be taken off the present bill, so as that may be made as low as the other contract, and then 1 shall not op8 pose the report. 1 Mr. fines raid that the trustees of the Eighth ward. B l??t i iilkl n?? it uxnl. they were willing to compromise for $400, which tu 1 thought tu n moderate compromise l'he difficulty * arose from not baring a uniform system of selecting " books nail stationery for all the ward schools. Some ' trustees and teachers purchase high priced works. while others purchase a uiiferent description This ii r the sauce of additional grants being called for. It was. therefore, the duty of the Board to adopt one uniform '< system in regard to the seleoticn and purchase of booki and stationery * After sums further debate, the report was aoecpted e and the resolution adopted. From the same committee, in favor of appropriating %'i'M tor rent of bouse in Thomas street, to organize < school ror colored children Adopted ? aJKighih Ward - A resolution was presented to approprl.tea sum of $1,000 to make up oertatn deficiencies foi 8 reoting a school hou?e in Clark street, in the eighth * . ward Keierred to Finance Committee * The Fret Academy ?A report from the Exeouties Committee was presented, recommending apptopria* i tlons for books, he : and also, certain regulations in | regard to the studies of the pnpils; and recommending 6 the payment of certain claims on the Institution; and that an additional tutor in history and belles letter* I be appointed; and that Edward C. Marshall shall re1 ceive that appointment, at a salary of $000. 1 After some debate, Mr Marshall was unanimously appointed Some other resolution*, In relation to the Free Aca> I demy, were adopted, amongst which was one to appro1 ' priate $6 000 tor fitting up the Free Academy. Communication!.?A communication from Dunoaa C. Pell. Esq., was read, congratulating the Board on i the establishment of the Free Academy, and aoclosing a donation of $600, to be funded, and the iater*?t ep1 plied in procuring a prize medal to be awarded at tne 1 annual examination of the scholars, and requesting the President to act as one of the trust*** of the sain*. ? I Tha following 1* a copy of Mr. I'eU'a loiter: ? New York, Fab. 12,1119. . Dear Sia The establishment of an aoademy to educate gratuitously, In tha higher branches of leara( lng, bojs who hare studied the rudiments in our eoin. mon school*, is a new and Important feature in our system of public instruetlon. To manifest my own nppr*cintlon of the admirable manner in which this noble work ha* b*en accomplished, as well as tc present a constant stimulus to exertion on the part of the scholars, 1 am desirous to found an annual testimonial of merit. Herewith is enolosed to year order the sum of fire hundred dollars, to be funded, and the Interest applied to the proouitng of a prlxe medal, to be awarded at the annual examination of the scholars. I will ask of you the favor to act as a trustaa of this fund, In oosspaay with the President of the Free Academy, and ana ather gentleman, to be seleoted by yonreelras. The oondi el? a k-X .k.ll k. ?, II __ _ | ?iin upeu which tae ueiriiiivuiai bumi w? whether to the best general scholar, or to mark superior I jwofloiency in any particular branch of learning?I prefer to leave with the trusteea. ' It will give me pieaenre to be Informed that my pro! pocition ia favorably reeeired by yournelf and the Preaident of the Academy, to whom I will beg yon to mako it known. ! With aentimente of high reepect and regard, I am yenr obedient aervant, (Signed) DUNCAN C. PELL. ' Robcbt Kkli.y, Lrq , Preildent f Board of Education, New York. ' The folloeing reaolntlona were then adopted r Resolved, That the Board of Education highly ap? prvciate the purposes and liberality of Dnaean C. j Pell. Etq., in making the donation of $600. accompanying hia oemminioatton to the Provident of the Board, >, of the date of February 13th, 1849. s, Keaolved, That It be referred to tbe Executive Come mittee for the care, government, and management of g the Free Academy, to take into oonaideration the com1 munication of klr Pell, and to report what action they h would adviee tbe Board to take in the premlaea. A revolution to inereare the salary of the Clerk to the o Board, in consequence of tbe very ariuoua dutiea of o bia situation, and tbe faithful manner in which he dieebargea them, was referred to the appropriate comy mittee. a _ -PAenegrapJky?Augustus C. Boyle was appointed e Pbouogrepher to the free Academy, at a salary or >300 i- ! ayesr. The Board then adjourned. . I City lie form. Nav* York. Feb. 34,1849. Mb. Editob?In almost every journal ire take up. we , see the question. "How shall we rednoe the taxes of the . elty of New York?" And In almost every circle or ' grade of society, we hear the same subjeot warmly die' 1 ousted. As a tax payer ef the elty ef New York, 1 beg leave to offer my humble opinion respecting this im?' portent matter, and 1 beg you thoroughly to weigh < 1 these remarks in your mind before you condemn the | proposition which I wish you to make public, and susd tain by your own able argument, If you approve Its Intent. or at any rate publish It for puoiiu discussion. >7 To reduce tne taxes of New York to an amount thai r7 would be sensibly felt by those who have to sustain tbi ' *" harden. Is what at present cannot be attained?an: why? Because New York Is a young olty, the pepu x" laiion ana trade of which has suddenly increased be yond her condition for the accommodation required and alihoughthis admitted fact may, to soma min is argue that such an Increased prosperity should produci " eildently a decreased ratio of taxation, it is the re verse. It Is the olty of New York, by virtue nf Ita cot poration, which has to givetbo lacillties for con-luctloi ' this Test commercial enterprise New whartes am piers must be built; old ones must be isbuil 10 ' or repaired, to accommodate the many sbip' 18 that have been within a short time added to oui n commercial navy; specs between the wharves must be occasionally oleaied of the material whict r" Is deposited there by the tides; at a great expense ? otherwise, vessels cannot float in them, and ths n 1 wharves become useless ; the streets through wbioh V these cargoes are sonveyedon certs, are, by ths inceslc sant travel, torn up, and roust be repaired, or, from 1 loss of time In tbn discbarge of tha cargo, the vessel Is delayed trom leaving the dock, and others prevented e \ by suob delay from occupying ber same ; purpose. Again, thn law makes It compulsory for every ' ship-owner to place on board, under deck sixty gali Ions of water for eaob person, (when the vessel Is bound " to Europe .) but In all cases, from tbe easy manner In 19 which It Is obtained, they carry more than double that t. > quantity, for which they pay so small a sum, that it d may be stated to be provided at the expense of the o airy, (tide Croton water debt) a | Now. sir, with this increase of commerce between J New York and the several ports of Europe, wo have t ; not only extended the facility for the transportation 1 ot merchandise, but we have offered an almost an? limited accommodation for emigration; and tbe more I m-wi-iuiii our <rmrui o?Tt ocoome, mo mors compeia'! in li. *bd consequently lbs small sum required *' by tbs authorities of any town or city in KuJ* top*, to tranrplant their paupers to our ahoraa, ' to be kept at our : pens*. Dors it not appxsr. '* ; then, that the extension of trade with foreign ooun* tuts, as relates particularly to the oity of New V'ore > i* atrsndtd with prosperity to a few, but Innreateil ? taxatim to tbs many' Would it not be just that < | those who receive all. or nearly all, the advantage* aoy | cluing from the commercial prosperity, should bear a 1 1 proper proportion of the expenses lonurred by the y | arrival rf pauperism to our shores, upon the very * I wings of their prosperity, or through the channel I which they have created for their own aggrandteo' Bent * How can this be accomplished ' Vary easily. Abandon all taxation on raal estate; thereby yon will decrease the rents, and encourage those to remain in New York, who otherwise will (and thousands have) f rstreated to Brooklyn, Jersey City, Nteten Island. 5 Williamsburg, and even Westchester. Lot every man who transects business In the atty of New York be . ' taxed according to the amount of bis business; all man ' will then repay the city for the expeaditures which have been mado for their advantage, in the proper 1 ratio of the vain# of those expenditures to them; and a ' tax of per sent on all the business conducted In the > city ot New York, will not only produce a revenue i adequate to expense*, bnt, in a abort time, liquidate all I the indebtedness, Croton water ineluded. I A MJlRCHANT. i Ship Fkvf.rat.Nkw (Jhl*amn?The Ntu> Orr leant Itrt, of the Utith ult., saye:?The bark Ap1 tlnop arrived yesterday from Limerick, and an1 chored at ihe Point, when ahe left Limerick ahe 1 bud C# passengers on board, ot whom, it ia and, ? 11 have died on the pgapage, and aeyergl ere now Kk?all oi auiy Itttr, I Stmt History of the Protocol. Much ink has been shed, sod many speeches made on the subject of the Mexican protocol, re- let cently placed before Congress by the President. Gi The secret history of a document that has been the on r thenar of so many pens and tongues, will not be lo unininteresting. We have been cognizant of the to i facts, in part, since the ratification of the treaty, H i and have lately had them placed before us fully, th clearly, and minutely, from authentic sources, S< > and lay them concisely before our readers, as a ' part of the history of the negotiations. e\ I The very hour Messrs. Cliflord and Sevier, our gr incidence was deemed ominous ? the treaty hi passed the Mexican Senate. That night, the so l peuce party celebrated ita passage by fire-works, th i and otner demonstrations of joy. The next day, ca the general in command of the garrison waited on to ' the commissioners, and, playing the host, sat at th 1 the head of the table. Senor Rosas, the Secre- op | tarv ct State, paid several visits during the day, in I ana was protuse in his attentions to the w t commissioners and the officers of their escort, or t Some oi the raost respectable families intiuere- at I tuto resided opposite the American quarters, and te the ladies frequently appeared on the balconies, of giving our manly and accomplished ollicers an re opportunity of admiring their exquisite beauty. su That night it wa? learned that the four thousand pr troops in and about Mexico, were opposed to peace in to a man. The great majority of the population, likewise, manitested their repugnance to amity, on fe the conditions proposed. In tact, if the power and m opinion of all Mexico had been concentrated in te i iuereiarn flmr?> wnnlH lmvi> h*???n m\ truuti/ fltMn L 1 ' We would have had to drub Queretaro out of ita ar ' vanity, as we did the capital. There was no use ta , in pointing out to them that they had been beaten to L in every Held, as an argument that further reus- to tauce was hopeless. They would reply, that they m had been commanded by inefficient officers, pe 1 cowards, and traitors. " Let the ArnTicans come ti1 to Queretaro, and we will show them what we can k? do," would the war-dog add, as he turned on his m heel, and pompously strutted off. This feeling, in fu , ! its full extent, was latent, until the Americans up- gr i i peared. Their presence developed all its strength, pe ; | Pena v Peua, the then Provisional President, in i and his Secretary, Rosas, both warm advocates of to peace, became alarmed. The Becond day the w commanding General failed to present himself in he the quarters of the commissioners. Rosas never Si , visited them but when business required it, and fif then the interviews were short, formal, and cold, ci The beautilul Senoritas, governed by the popular c< feeling, were no Ion er visible. Messrs. Clifford ci and Ssvier observed this coldness. They tinine- tv 1 d lately requested that the treaty be signed. The tv President and his Secretary hesitated. They ai | pleaded that the national seal was in the capital: 01 that they had sent an express for it, and as soon as ai 1 it arrived all would be right. The seal came, but w the Mexicans quibbled and procrastinated until bi i within a few days of the 1st of June, when the c< i | armistice would expire, and then, unless another m | armistice was entered into, hostilities would fo ' I recommence. Messrs. Clifford und Sevier brought gt , these facts to the attention of Pena y Pena pr ; and Rosas, and told them peremptorily that un- m less the treaty was signed the next day they th would Dreoare to HeDart. and instantlv send an ct ' express to (lener&l Butler, at Mexico, for a suffi- tn > cieut escort to protect them to the American ti lines, ami provide for the contingency of the th 1 armistice expiring before they could reach head- gt quarters. This brought the gentlemen to a sense cc of their peril, or ratner the peril of the nation, in Teace or war was to be decided on. They had no pc army, no cannon, no resources. They fully real- j>e ized the faet that a continuation of the war would a be the destruction of the nationality of Mexico, an They at once consented to affix their signatures to in the treaty, on condition the commissioners gave to them something that would shield them from the N lury of the war pirty, in case of an outbreak. They m were asked what tney wanted 1 They explained, at The condition was granted, and the protocol was w given them for a burricaue against their own coun- si trymen, and for no other purpose. It was no part ca of the treaty. It was not understood as such by ct either party, and it is evident the Mexicans do not cc look upon it as qualifying that instrument, from an the fact that it has never been made public by o\ them. The emergency for which it wis obtained tn, did not arise, and it was not used. Years may by have elapsed before it would have fallen under the wi public eye, had not our inquisitive and suspicioua an Congress?very good qualities by the way?drawn es it out. # thSuch is the secret history of the protocol.?JV. <>t Orleans Delta, Feb. 25. up tui Common Pleas V < Before .Judge Ulshoeffer. in Uill'H 7 ?Umial S/ti ii it h tnil vs Hmhert .JitIU1 ?Th!* fill was an action on m promissory not*, made by the firm hi of James Jones ,v Co . far $1 500, nad endorsed by the Co: defendant. The note in question was given by James ?0 Jenea fc Co. to a broker named McMillan, to raise mo- r ney on it. Mc\lillen gave it to Charles Barrlll, who *" passed it to the plaintiff The signatures of maker ' '' and enCorier were proved, and the plaintiff rested ? J ' The defence set up was as follows, to wit: That some- Da time In 1847, James Jonea & Co., who were they In the foi African trade, had oocaaion for a large advance of in money, to enable tbem te carry on their business; that cl< they made foar notes, amounting in the aggregate to | about $7,?C0, and procured the defendant to endorse an them; there four notes were given to McViillen, who 7. procured an advance from barrlll of $6,000 on the 5 notes, and paid it over to Jonea Ik Co ; tbree of tbem, amounting to $0.1:26, were paid when they arrived at t'" maturity, and the iourth, whiob was drawn for $1,66S, gn or about that sum, remained unpaid, although it ma- let tured before one or two of those that were taken up; cu Jonea It Co. alleging that they frequently oalled on co McMlllen and Burrlll for an aeoount oa foot of the iQ, notes, and also to k anyhow they were disposed of, and in whose bands they were, which Information was, *v~ as they alleged, invariably withheld; they farther al- 111 leged that, having received only $6,000, and having paid $0,120, the Interest that aocrued on the loan was ee over paid, and deolined to pay the note for $1,603 ? so In Deoember, 1847, James Jones It Ce. had oeoaslon J' for a further loan, made the note In suit, procured It to be endorsed by defendant, and gave it to MoMUIen to raise money en it. MoMUIen gave it to Burrlll; the . latter applied it to th* paj meat ot $ 1.663 and refused to J" advance any money on it, and afterward*, but before J1' It arrived at maturity, passed it to the plaintiff. Upon lb thin Mate of faote, tbe defendant instated tbe plain- at tiff oonld not recover?first, because tbe note in salt ot was an aceommodetion note, for whloh ne consideration was received: secondly, it was net applied to tbe 24 our poses for which it was given; thirdly, tbet tbe orlginal transaction was tainted wltb usury, and that if yi ths note in suit was to be deemed a renewal of the $1,603 note, it must be taken as a part of the original transaction, and also tainted with usury. His Honor bi charged, that tbe note in suit was made by th* firm of m James Jones b Co., in December, 1847, payable to K. Pi Jones, tbe defendant, for 81,600, and endorsed by htm. vi When it fell doe, it was duly protested, and now, to- 0j gather wltb interest, amounts to $1,008 13. You | . are now, said be, called upon to decide whether tb* u plaintiff Is to recover this amount from th* defendant, " or not. Uentlemen, when a pasty appears in a court "f cf Justice with negotiable pieoes of paper in his posses- la 2 slon, be is presumed to be entitled to recover, 1 that Is, be is presumed te bav* advanced bis money pr on it, and tbe presumption her* that be did is for- ta tifisd by tome evidence. A witness has proved that n( > at lb* time tb* not* fell dne, he deposited it in bank. ,u on bebalf or th* plaintiff, and that hs returned [{ ' it to him a day or two before it matured, under- .* standing that there might be some dlflicnlty about it. I only state this as a legal presumption, so far as it 'r f obliges tb* defendant to make out bis defence, and, vt * unless he dees so, plaintiff has a right to reoever. In ai ' this case It Is necessary that tbe defendant makes out Bf ' two points to your satisfaction. First, that tb* not* in iH ; suit was an accommodation note, and that it was mls' applied, or, In other words, that it was banded bv M?. "J 1 Mlllen to Jfurrlll. without authority and without oon- 1 j i>ideration; if defendant baa succeeded In making out 1 8'1 > these point*, than bla defenoe la presumptively proved; to 1 tbat ia, If be baa abown you satisfactorily, that he la a | m< mere accommodation enderaer, and tbat the note waa vii misapplied, then the law ealla upon the plaintiff to es- to tablUh bla title and ehow tbat be waa a bonafidt bolder; ou : tbat la. tbat the not* came Into hi* poeaeaaien for ?|t I value and witbont notice of fraud It ia not enough f ;i for a plaintiff, In each a caee. to ahow that he paid a : D" eonaldcratlon before the not* fell due, for a man la not > no an Innooent bolder, even if be gave valuable consider*- ' ne tlon, if he ha* notice of the grounds of defence ; If he fO] baa such notice, the not* in bla bands la liable to the j same objections as it would be in the band* of the I original party. Gentlemen, I will here remark to you, ba~ that in some care*, a not*, even in tbe hands of a Auna fee fidt bolder, and without notioe, oannot be recovered If ' ty 'it be void by law ; for instance, if a note waa stolen, ret and afterwards passed away for valuable consideration i we and witbont notice to tbe bolder, <tt If it was void by tb< tbe law* of usury, cr. In other words where the law saya I In the inatrument is void, you take it at your own risk, I set end must look to tbe man from whom you took it. In pel the next place. I will remark to you, that usury Is to r.ii be established by proof; you are not to be guided by the ?p custom of Wall street, or by the custom of an Individual; fui a man may be in tbenabltof oharglng above 7 per oeal pel te all hia customers but one; but when an Instrument tw is rjuestiened for nsury, It mu>t be shewn by the evt* tn d*nce In the ease. In tbe next place, I will remark coi tbat If an usurious not* is given, which is not paid at an maturity, and a new not* ia given, the new net* la | wb tainted aa well aa the old; for If there wm a taint In I wo the flrrt, it eontlnnea la tho aeoond Tho partiee, ho*- lb< erer, might get together and agree to purify the old i Sb transaction from ururj; la auon an erent. tho new tn note would bo good, and ooald bo recovered. Aa far get aa I understand tho testimony. thoro to bo wltaoM la to this rare that swears the note In auit waa given to re mi now tba note for $11103, wbleh la alleged to bo talatad bit with usury; you will therefore aoo that thla oanao turn* to on tba fact wbothar BurrlU waa autboriaod to nego- wit tlata tho note to plaintiff for tbo uia of Jonea k Co., or en not; If he was authorized, and the plaintiff boaastly tin adaano'd hie money before tba neta waa doe, be la re| entitled to lonoaer upon it Hie Honor noxt sailed tho gti

attention of ibajnry to tho taatlmony la the oanao, and told them they were to decide from It wbothar the plaintiff bad made out bia caao or not. Tbojury found (*oi a verdict for the defendant. Simon W Hliu ri. H"m and John Oram?Thla W*S an action brought agolnat the defandanta. father and i ion, for arrault and battery. There waa no appearante for the defendant! The Jury found a r?rdiet * " for tba plaintiff, for t&0 damagea ho rv< The warebouae law waa ao altered by Congreae, on ju< Saturday, that no dranbvrk* ehail be allowed whan ha' duttea have once been paid, and that goods ?o ware pn b? pi< 4 p ay remain la atrre for two jvaia. />/ Manafactaree In the SoBtbera Steles. Colonel Hodge, editor oi toe New Orleans Btdm, was one of the gentlemen who accompanied uneral Tsylor en hie route to Washington. In le of his letters to the Bulletin, he gives the folwing interesting account of the iron manufacnes on the Cumberland river, in Tennessee, is obervations have an important bearing upon e anhnj of our own State, and of the whole jutn. "ThiB is the first time (says Col. Hodge) I have rer ascended the Cumberland, and was rughly atified with its general appearaacs, with the updating appearance of the banks, with alternate gh ground and meadow land. We stopped at uie of the celebrated Tennessee iron woras, on e hanks of this river, where the manufacture is irried through all its stagse, from the crude ore up thw finished bar iron. One of the rolling mills at we have visited was still in lull and extensive leratioa, though the suicidal tariff of 1816 lspressg with great weight upon its prosperity. These orks, however, have one advantage over thoae i the seuboard, in competing with the foreign tide, by the additional cost of freight on the latr up from New Orleans, as they supply the wants the interior, which ihe foreign article can only ach by incurring an additional freight and inirance up the river. This advantage is not much, obably $1 or $5 per ton, hut is still of considerable iportance in a struggle for existence. The more I reflect on the subject, the more I el astonished at the fatuity of any man, or set of en or |>arty, opposing a system of policy caculad to promote and protect establishments of this nd. It appears to me perfectly impossible that ty sne can overlook the great and obvious advances of them, not to those only who are propriars, or otherwise directly interested in them, but the whole country. Here, in Tennessee, anial and vegetable food are produced in such surabundance, that it scarcely gives a remunerate price ; and the want of n sufficient home marit lenders the supply so much greater than the de and, that it is either used in unnecessary prosion or actually wasted. Large quantities of am, particularly corn, are actually allowed to rish in ihe field, and it is no uncommon thing, certain portions of the State, to use fine wheat fatten hogs. It is establishments like these iron orks and other manufactures, that furniBh the >me market for theBe productions ; and could the tale of Tennessee withdraw one fourth or one th, or even one-tenth of her population trom agriiliural pursuits, and employ them in mining >al and iron, and in manufactures, instead of her iltivators of the soil?obtaining, as they now do. ro cents for fine fat beef on the hoof, and renty cents for corn, delivered in Nashville, id still less in the country?they would obtain le hulf more, or even double these rates, id in an equally increased ratio for wheat, hich sometimes is sold at thirty cents per ishel. Admit, for the argument sake, that the msumers of these articles do pay the American anutacturers some advance on the price of the reign article, they would still be greatly the liners l>y the enhanced price of their agricultural eductions, particularly when they would be beifitted by that enhanced value upon the whole of ieir crop, whilst hut a small portion of the proedsot it could be expended for manufactured arules. These very iron works practically illusate the theory, by the results they pronuce in eir respective vicinities, where they add to the neral comfort and wealtn of the surrounding inntw liwfhmr larup e-vr^nHifnrp itnri hv furnish. H a market for the produce of the soil. What Ticv can be more stupid than the one wliich comlathe planter of Tennessee to send his cotton, at heavy exjieuee and risk, first to New Orleans, id from thence to Manchester, in order to he inailactured into negro clothing, and the latter then l.e brought back at a lurther expense and risk to rw Orleans, and then again conveyed 1,500 ilea ol river navigation to his residence, when 1 all the expense ol these repeated shipments, nil the various freights, insurances, coiiunisons, landing arid shipping charges, interest on ipital and labor bestowed on the manufactur-, mid he retained in his own State, by having his ilton mills on the spot, with the raw material >d the market lor the manufactured article at his vn door; besidrs ob'uiuing a regular and advangeous home market for the grain and meat raised his fellow citizens. The people of Tenuessee ere beginning to appreciate these advantages, ;d already upwards of thirty cotton mills were labhrhed and in operation in the State, and ey could have rapidly increased but for the tariff It 46, which has had such a blighting effect on enterprises ot that kind. But for that unforatte law, it is probable, ere this, Tennessee juld have, at this moment, manufactories operation within her borders, that would ve supplied her whole population at least, ill all the coarse cotton gooas required for her Dsumption. Now, so far as she receives these ods from abroad, she gives to the foreign manu:turer five bales of raw cottoa as payment for e bale manufactured into goods; whereas, under American system, she could manufacture this le herself, and still have four bales to sell to the eigner, for which she would receive payments , 8|>ecie or procure with the proceeds, other urti s of necessity, comfort or luxury." ! >ur venerable friend of the "plough, loom and vil," will eagerly and rightfully Beize upon Col. >dge's description of the iron manufacture in nnessee, and its effects upon the agriculture of : neighboring country, as a valuable item in the rat catalogue ot "acts which he is monthly coining to establish his favorite doctrine, that agrihural prosperity is only to be attained by the engagement ot manufacturing industry. The folding article of the Columbus (Cra.) feTimet, also ntains, in a bnet space, much useful matter for e consideration ot Southern readers. " Noticing the fact that the State of Massachutts manufactures boots and shoes to the value of me seventeen muttons ot dollars annually, tne hnu remarks "The principal customer for these boots and iocs is tne South. Why does not the South make r own boots and shoes, and thus save the mil>ns draineu from her pockets to make New Engnd rich 1 The raw material is here in abunmce.our labor is cheaper.and our market right at ir doors. " The North formerly made every thing for us. ow, we have learned how to make our own arse cotton fabrics and our flour. The Variety forks, in this city, is driving a whole lot of Yan c made notions out of the market, such as tubs, ickets, churns, bedsteads, See., which are better ade and cheaper in price than the Northern, iper is another article about to be made in this cimty, on a large scale, by a mill in the course of erection. All these are fine starts in the race disenthralment from dependence on the North. rf. hope soon to see our shoes, saddlery, and imtss, and a hundred other branches ot manucture, in successful operation amongBt us. " This kind of industry is the secret of Northern osperity. and, if adopted here, will prove the hsman of ours. The marvel is, that the South is >t poorer than she is. We raise but one crop dt represents money and purchases our wants.? ^ith that, we have to buy our stock of mules and )fs trom the West, and our manufactured goods om the East. The cotton crop is exceeded in due by the productive industry of several trifling tides ot manufacture in New England. If we e not mistaken, the value of the leather manudure is far ahead ol it. We believe that the tibrella crop beats the cotton crop in value.? ow, then, are we to get rich, by pursuing a sinr branch of business, and over-doing that branch, ' the destruction ot prices, and to the impoverishrnt of our lands ? What the South needs, is di- , -ion of labor, variety of pursuits, and enterprise develope the wealth that teems in our forests, r water-courses, our hills nnd valleys. No peo- 1 ; are blessed by nature with such abundant capalties to be completely independent. There is t an article (ice, perhaps, excepted) of luxury, cessity. or convenience which we cannot make r ourselves."?Richmond Timet, March 5. Extraordinary Circumstancks.?The Hannil Journal (Mo.,) has a fearful story, to the ef- i it that a Mr. Weatherford. sheriff of Schuyler oounIn this State, and ex officio collector of the county renne, conceiving a design to cheat the coramonalth out of some 2,200. which he bad collected?left i mcney in the care of hi* wife, part in silver and part paper, with the declaration that he would be gone i retal days, and enjoined upon her that she should ] rvsait fan nna in afut all mohf at. tka hnnsa dnslna , absence. At night a traveller, rather an aged men, plied lor entertainment. The woman, at flret rating i nder instructions of her husband*, wa* finally rnuaded to permit him to remain. About eleven or else the same night tome pereon* demanded enme* into the house, and npen being permitted t* me in, they were found to be disguised as negroee, d immediately demanded of the woman money, dob they said they knew waa In the house. The man handed them the pap*' money. They told her fie was also stiver money, wbloh she must surrender, e replied that she would go up stairs (whero the iveller was lodging) and get it. She Informed the old ntleman of the state of things below. Hetaldher take one of two pistol* which he had-to put the mey Into her aprcn. with the pistol concealed heed it. and when either of th# robber* earn* forward take It. to tire, and ha wonld save another of them h the remaining pistol she did as tn*trne<.ed, and e t f the inen fell dead at brr feet. The old man >d and killed another, and the third made his e*. ;??] I'pon examination, it was found that the lit j husband bad fallen by the band of hi* own wife. A Hard Ci sto?s??.?Alphonso Johnson was ITniUteri yesterday on the ehnrge of drunkenrs wnri disordt tly conduct. Abo it three weeks n, the seme fellow whs arrested in the street, at tith time he pretended to be deaf and dumb, us operand on ihe sympathy of the nflicer. and discharged htm from custody. Yesterday, now- f *r, he recovered his speech, and in a reply to a stion propounded by the magistrate, said; "I ve a la the r who is putting up in the State eon. in New Yotk, lor killing my mother."? " iWr//'AM / < ri. MtrtA 7. | Movement* for California. VH.OM NEW YORK. The followmg m a lmt of passengers in the ship Loo Choo, from (his port, March 8: Benj. F. Whitman. E. Baoon, E. Simmons, i. O. Banker, F. M. Mason, John Tothill, Win. Deeendorf, A. T. Story, A. Bell, M. L. Rieksrson, Jas. Pierson. R. V. Croat. A. H. Titcomb, James Field, Jr., Wm. T. Birdcall, Charles H. Birdcall, C. H. Henkalman, John Perry, Mr. Fish, Mr. Hubbard, H. Hutobinson, A. Farmsn, Reuben Wiok, D. O'Martln, C. Stperllng, Wm. H. Lum, Robert Deiong, E. T. Hnemer Dr. T. Blaekwoed. T. E. Jefferles, Thos. Botand, R. T Briggs, R. Van Wirt, James 8taoey, Major A. A. Selover, James T. Crnik shanks, Charles H. Haines, Mleheel Somers, Thos. Alex. Bell, Wm. MoTainney. Thos. Sam mors. R. M. Field, James Field, Wm. Wsdsworth, George Wbyler. N. H. Johnson, Kranois A. Carevln, A. Bloomingdale. Levi Goodrieh, C. Coyl, 1. U. SpsuldIng, James A. White, John G. Tbnrber, Daniel K. Chaffer, Thos. Harris, Wm. Pole, R. Burdiek, 8. M. Htggtns, O. W. Chandler, Abm. Baker, J. P.Curtis, Jsmea Tompkins, G. W. Tompkins, J. B. Gilmen, C. R. Horton, 8. V. R. Hill, E. W. Gary. Finley MeMartin, J. Traey, A. Wheeler, P. C. Warner, T. h.ahon, H. Cornish, E Briggs, P. LeClar, Wm. House, F. Knickerbocker, Horace Winohell. E. F. Jaque, R. J. Barnes, Morgan Bstes, J. H. Robertson, R. L. Robertson, R. L. Robertson, jr , Gee. Clayton, John F. Worth, Lewis Wells, C. Stevens. Robert Colman, Henry C. Gieen, Wm. A. Widman. Wm. Mitchell, J. Smith, It. Patohem, A. Wood, G. W. Swayne, J. O. Williams, J. Moore, John Carrol, Henry C. Day, John *A At It.. iln.lU Pf/vcas. i nrls.m Him. melmann, John Moran. A. C. Armstrong, Dr. Wo. J. Radnllff. Charles A. Johaseu, A. M. Nwh, A. Yates, James Gordon, Jo??ph A. Conkltn. John Kendall. Samuel V?n Neat. George Archer. K. R Wright, Win. Rosa, Benj. F. Whitman, U. Q. Berford, J. E. Braxton, H. A. Bicknall. A. F&llon, O. Dolan. Charles Ab?l, Peter Tower. Cbas. S. Wood. Robatt Graham, Wo. H. Strong, O. V. I'ope, John O'Hoin, Won. Hagany, David Ely, Felix Matbren, M. Jergot, Wm. Jcnea. George Portlock, Capt. Robert Wagataff, Edward Deeendoxff, John MoMertin.?Total, 13D. The Fort Smith (Arkansas) Herald, tells of a German boy, 17 years old, who arrived there on the 17th ult. from New York, on the way to California. He walked from New York to New Orleans, and from New Orleuns to Fort Smith, without a single dime in his pocket, working his way as best he could. MASSACHUSETTS. The brig Sea Eagle, Captain Hammond, cleared at Boston, on the 5th instant, for San Francisco. She takes out the following passengers :? The Middlesex Co.- Benedict Anlhone, Charles town; Edmund Burke. Andover, 111.; Benjamin K< Banoroit, South Reading: James H. Burnham, do.; James M, Baldwin and William Baldwin, Maiden; Henry Bancroft, Reading; Philip Bailey, New Bedford; N. W. Biokford, Stonebam; E A. Bailey, Acworth. N H.; A. Stepben Crowell, Lowell; Daniel U. Corliss, Edward C Corliss, Simon B Corliss, Quinoy; S. P. Carpenter, Milford; William W. Draper, Roxbury; Hiram H Doten, Sou h Reading; John Dodge 3d, John A. Eaton, Boston; Loren D. Flanders, Lowell; George H. Maybew, Charlestown; John McLeieb, Maiden; Ureely Merrill, Stonebam; Joseph H. Morrison, Boston; Ell B. Parker, Lowell; Marvel Parker, Milford; Saml Robbe, Aowortb. N. H.; Geo. L. Rollins, Lowell; Allen L Sbaw, Boston; Asa Frizell, Walpole, Mass ; Amos riUebroun, t?mbridge, do., Horace K. Farrington, Boston, do ; Oeorge Fuller, Maiden; Edward 8 Hoole, Portland, Me., Setb 8 Hurd, Brewster, Mass.; Frederick I). Stimpson, Seth Simmons, Jr., Boston; Allck W. Salsbury, Jotban 8a!sburj, Wejmouth; Jonathan Taylor, Maiden, Jaoub Tonnsend, Jr.. South Reading; Richard G. Wait; Dedbam; Darius Wellington, Reading; Henry H. Wheeler, George B. Smith. Boston; Nathaniel Ward, Maldsn; George Cox, South Reading; Thomas Haskell, Milton; Caleb Hathaway, New Bedford; George Hoiliday. Maiden; Joreph Hicks, Boston; Etisha Hanners, Walpole. Henry E. Holland, Walpole. N.H.; Samuel F. Ireland, Somereille; Alvln G. Johnson, Lowell; Geo. W. Johnsen, Walpole ; Samuel F. Lurvey, Mllford ; Jona F. Lccke, Somervlile; Geo A. Locke, do. ; Joshua Littlefield, do ; Henry Colston. Thomas W.Williams, Peter Ward, of Boston; Luoius E. Buekman, Sttoneham; Samuel Harris, Maiden; Luther Lock, Charlestown; Joshua Hughs, Rtcbd Brown, Chas W. Symons, Thomas H.Williams, Boston.?Total, 71. The bark Russell, Oapt. Folger, sailed from New Bedford oa the Hih iust. for Sun Francisco, with the following list of passt ngers Francis B. Folger (oaptaio), Mrs. F. B. Folger, Cbaodltr B.Gardner (mate).Unorge C Shefflild(second mate), Robert Calder, Iteubsn M.Coffin. George Coflin, William Hunter, William C. Myriok. Edward 8 Coffin. Albert C. Barney, George I'. Coleman, George Paddack, Henry C. Maoy 2d, Charles C. Hamblin, Charles H. Swain. Albert Folger, Albert C. Bunker, William Reynolds, George Spragme. George F. Wblppey, Charles Cnshman, Daniel A. Mender, Philip H. Folger 2d, William Westgate, George A. Westgate, Frederick C. Chase, John W. Eldredge, Charles H. Gardner 2d, Melatiah Fisher, Reuben Chadwiok, John Praro, Win. Sylria. Alexander Hiilman, William Bond, Farrle Bund, William Chadwiok, Edward G. Coflin. James Townsend, Charles F. Coleman, James Lawrente, Edward Allen, Franeis F. Hussey, jr., William P. Presoott, Charlie S. Wyer, of Nantucket; and ten others from FairbaTen and Wood's Hols.?Total, 60. The schooner Eineline, Capt. Bourne, sailed on the 6th inst. from New Bedford for San Francisco, with the following passengers:? Thn msmtwri %f thn Rndfnril nnrl rnllf,wtiln Mining Association, viz:-Daniel B. Allan, Joseph Lewis, fieth Hathaway, George Heed, Nelson Bourne, Charles Flagg, James H. Brown, Nehemleh West, John Nichols, William D. James, Nathaniel R. Stetson, Henry Cook, of New Bedford; Joshua G. Baker, Franklin Bourne, (oaptain;) Benj. Brownell, David Brownell, jr , Jared R. Potter, Jireh Reynolds, Obed Eldridge, ef Dartmouth; George Ellis, Horatio N. Cumminge. of Fairhaven; Charles E. Almy, of Little Compton, R I ; Spencer Riohards, of Sharon; Joseph Burgess, of Yarmouth, (2d mate;) Charles F. Deroil, of Westport, (mate)?Total, 26. RHODE ISLAND. The bark Floyd, Captain Mayberry, sailed from Providence, on the 5th mat., tor California, with the tollowiog passengers Comprising the members of the bark Floyd expedition?Freeman Mayberry, oaptain, of Dighton, Mass.; John Borden, James L. Cogswell, Horace C. Snow, Jas. M. Pierce, Win. Borden, Hiram Weeks, George Teal, Crimbllne LaDu, William B. Aldrieh (seaman), George G. Gardiner (seaman). Franklin White, Wm. H. May, Stephen G. Gerald, William Taylor. James M. Angell, Samuel A. Lewis, Henry Fallen (steward). Jehu P. Crins, Thomas Smith, Thomas Jaokson, Nathaniel Kelly, Isaao Bowen, Joseph J. Holmes, of Providence; Oliver C. Hawkins, Hezekiah Olney, Frank II. Young, of North Frovldenoe; Jos H. Knight, Charles S. Wolcott (second mate), William Henry Woleott (seaman), Jeremiah L. Smith, of Smithfleld; Curtis E. Willard, James Burns, Otis Perrin, jr., James Slooum, Jos. MeIntyre, Seth Blanohard, Samuel H. Vinson, of Pawtuc ket; Horace N. cooper, Jamni m. walker, .ronn Walker, of Seekonk; George B Hawkins, of Jewatt city, Ct : Aldrioh Paine, of Central FalR; Amaea Willie, jr., of Rehoboth, Mass.: Caleb Remington. jr? of Johnston; Kber C. Luther, of N. Dighton, Me: Panl C. White, of Taunton: Edward B. Williams, of Newport; Wo. B. West, cf Norton; Edward Wilkinson, of Coboes, N. Y. Passengers?Jehn A Hanson, George H. Gardiner, J. L. Mnnro. Seamen?William M. Cleery, mate; Gideon Girad, eook; S. A. Knight, Gideon Gray, Oris Smith, Joseph Aldridge.?Total, 60. The bark Winthrop. Capt. Moore, cleared at Bristol, 11.1., on the 0th inst, (or San Francisco. (She takes out the following passengers, comprising the Mount Hope and California Mining Company :? Francis Moore, Captain ; James Darling, 1st mate ; Hezekiah Wiilard, 2d mate; Wm. P. Munro, 2d, 3d mate; Jehn N. Walton, 4th mate ; Francis West, Thomas P. Thnrston, Joseph J. Ralph, Benjamin G. West, Benjamin L West, Wm. H. Johnson, Isaao Gorham, Martin D. Bonney, Benjamin C. Crammings. Samuel C. Richmond, jr., David Bullock, jr., Alfred Peabodie. Edward S. Gladding, Henry R. warrel, Albert Lake, of Bristol; Samuel A. Lindsey, George WarreH, Wm E. Wrtghtington, George Capparel, Ell Darlington, Nathaniel F. Phillips, Joan D. Wright, Simon A. Vaughn, Joseph Paine, Joseph Armington, Alfred S. Bufflngton, Jr , Wm. H. Hammond, Ezeklel F. Mowry, John F. Brown, ef Piovidanoe; Wm. C. Kales, of Warren, and 13 others?Total 48. The new schooner. John A. Sutter, Eddy, sailed from this port yesterday for San Francisco and the ornM rpoinna The T A S la a npw vpaopI mat launched, and is fitted with provisions for two year*. She belongs to the "Warren Mining and Trading Company," composed of the following persona, who go out in her:? Samuel R. Eddy, Captain: Jeremiah Joils, Sailing Master ; Elitba P. rhlaney, Jr., first mate ; Joseph M. rage, second mate ; Charles A. Andrews, third mate; Edward Williams, Secretary ; Henry P. Ooff, Jeremiah Doff, James E. Bowsn 2d, Eire O. Child, Jr., James C. Child. Joseph Gardner, Benjamin O. Kelly, Isaac Lindsay, Thomas K. Phinney, Samnel F. Randall, Phillip Randall, of Warren : John H. Gladding, Joseph Manroe, 8d, Bristol; Joseph T. Adams, Alexander H. Champlln, Thomas F. I'etter, Providence; Alvan M. Keltey. Johnston; Benjamin M. Simmons, Adoniram L. Shaw, Fall Rlvvr ; Joseph A. Pitta, Dlghton.?Total, ?28. We wish the company a prosperous voyage, success in their enterprise, and in due time n safe return to their friends.? IVarrtn Star, Martii 9. The bsrk NauumkragJCapt. Cftaniplin, sailed from Providence on the 3d inat. for San Francisco, with the following passengers:? Messrs. John H. Mason, 2d, Albert B. Cranston, Samnel B. Darling, Robert A Perry, George F. Wesson, Henry A. Billings, Frederick O. Smith, Daniel MMIIen, James B. Bradford, John B. Perry, Robert B. Barion, of Providence; George W. Reynolds, William Reyaolds, of Richmond; John A. Gardner, of Newport; G. t. Sayles, of Wooneooket; Raymond Handy, of Seetonk, comprising the Roger Williams Mining Company. Also, Messrs. John Hale, of Warren; Robert B. Woodward, Benson Bean, Horatie Pblnney. Charles ; Bnrrourh. Hilaa A14*n Patrlnk I:?m-. Alhinn V ni... I ;>t?rg* Bnrllngams, of rrovtdeaos; Ssth H.stenrs, H. i. Tourtellot. of Gloucester; Ktknn C. Thornton, Jhsriea Ford, of Soltunto -Total,? OHIO. The Cincinnnti Dnpatth, of the 2j inst., says: Mo less than throe California p irties left here yeaerday,on diflerent steamers, for St. Louis, bound or the "gold diggings." They were all from the nterior of Ohio, and were well ti'ted out tor the ixpedition. The Cincinnati Commtn.ial of the 22 d alt. says : > Wm. W. Light, known for yeara hh one of the irm of the drug store at tlie corner of Sycamore uid Columbia, and several others, leave this day or f'alilornis, by way of the Iithrnua route. The company has prepared itself for all contingencies. MARYLAND. The Bultimort Patriot of the 5th inst., says:? ' We hear of a number of |<arties who are orgaaixrg to no to Cahf tine, some hv 'he Mhnv e, so rie ?- ?- round Cape Horn, and some by the overland rootea In the ears tor the West this morn'ng, went a part' of young goatlemen, who intend to take the over land route, by way oi Independence, (Missouri. The objectof thia party is principally commercial though they carry with them that enterprise, zeal ability and eaergy, which will make them useful and, we hope, successful in whatever they nu undertake when they arrive out. Mr. Otto Frank of this city, and T. H Birkhead Keardan, and J Sydenham Reard&n, sous of Dr. Reardan, of Har ford county, comp se the |>arty. They take wit them everything requisite for their comfort in th long journey they have entered upon, and hav made provision for sending around by sea what ever may be deemed necessary tor the suecessfi prosecution of their business when they reach th land of El Dorado. south carolina. Tha brig Henrico, Captain Paine, cleared oi Saturday, the 3d infant, at Charleston, and wi] leave, as soon as wind permits, tor Chagres. Th following is a list of the passengers, most of whor are associated together as the Palmetto Mintn Company:? Francis Graham Horace A. Higley, Michael Ma grath, Lawrence Garland, Pat Lambert, Edward Cob mini, Matthew Reran. Owen 3>Io Donald, Michael Ret nedy. Edward Reagan. John Biophy, Thome* Re: moad, John Matter, John Gorman, EdwardCala, Jo TV. Seeley, J. Ferguson, A H. Ferguson, VV. M. Fergi eon. R Ferguson, P. Faulkner.?Total, tfl. SEOaOtA. The New Orleans Lata, of the 27th u!t., says:A company ot California emigrants arrived her yesterday from Mobile. Th# members are froi Talbot county, eorgta, and appear to be a sterlin _~e C 4..11 """pl ^ ! el - 1 1 bci ui icuuwB. iucy air guiiig me ItUlU ruuie Vil Matamoras. Their head-quarters are, tor the pre sent, and until they can procure proper transport* tion, at 49 Marignv street, Third Municipality The following are their names:? Janes Y. Gardner, M. D., Elijah Render, James A McCrory, Dr. B. F. llolfe- Rev. A. J. Stevenson, Frai els M. Davenport, A. C. MoCrory. Robert MoCror Thomas W. Mitohiner, John L Reeder. Robert Tori Philip Friedlander, Louis Borneman, James W. Mitch ner, Raymond R. Mitohiner, Maston Clay, Morri S. Sorieber, Jesse Livingston. LOUISIANA. The New Orleans Bulletin, of the 90th ult says:?" We understand that an association ? gentlemen are about to organize in Lafayette, t be designated the Jefferson Rangers, to procee to California. takirg the Mazatlan route, via Moi terey, Saltillo, Parras and Durango. They wi determine, when they get to Mazatlan, whethe they will take shipping from thence to San Fran cisco, or cross over to the Pacific shore and put sue their joarney. The schooner Crescent City cleared at Net Orleans on the 28th ult. for Chagres, with the tol lowing passengers:? C. W. Stsnton, Alex. Cooper, 8 Sunderland. N, I Sunderland, Chan Lunan, H. C. Campbell, O W. Wy itu, Captain Tyler, J. C. Parke, W. G. Brown. 8 8 Lai ruin Mr Wrl.iht mA famllr U I trllk l.k. ul Robert Jack. Win 8omtrville, David Walker, Jabe Lewie, John C. Chrleman, Mr. Jaoobs, Mr. Dillimai Montgomery, Dunbar, M M. Smith. Jno. Dart, G. M Boile, F Folks, J. W. Koike. J. L. Koike, J. J. B. Siott S. 8 Griffin. K. Anthony, Win Thinney, II. Daweoa F. Dawson. W. Caznehen, R. Jett. C. Chase, M Tar ner, II. McNeill, Ales. Boyd, Jabei Y. Davie. 1. K French, Peter Deady, Deiony, J. Barren, Mr Boeeat, R P Wilton, Backner. II. C. M alone, John Fisher N.J Phelps, C. Bntler. Sam. N. Houston, M. Henly, Joe Lightinan, J. II Fane, Karieon, English ?Total, 68. The following is a list of passengers on the steamer Maria Burt, which leit New Orleans fo Chagres on 28th ult.:? Messrs. H. Critober. Stambsroagh, E. P. Gillett, J T. Giilett G. B. Parkman, B. R. Davidson. L Bax am servant, Y. Dellooa, C. Mennothy, Albert, 8?ars Long, Lyon, Ewing. McLaughlin. H. Deo mm, Hyde Brent, Corse, L. Dittos. Scbuokle, W. Phelps, J. 8 Majdrun and servant, K. M. Meeks, N. Ingrabam, T Henderson, W. Roog. O D Bottom, G W. Bildwin J. A. Sovtkmatd, Dr. Baldwin. N Post, Mitchell,.I. 8 Howell, Leveret, Strode, Stambough. Barker, Hart Farinfrock, MoNeal, J. M Dougherty, E M Bald win, N L. Fisher. A. Belcher, J. W. Kirkpathlok am two servants, P. M. Neely, H. Seaton, 8am. Hobbs J. M Watson and servant. W. Oilman and servant J M. Martin, J. Dumaigne.T. L Monnt, J. Mattingley W. McKnight. G. W. Faggett, J. Simpson, W. Thomp con. H. O'Neal, P. McGarity, Tbos Parkman Georgi Banks, W. Haskins, C. Bernard, Samnel Elliott, J. Masterten, P. O'Connor, H Smith, Dr. W. Satnnels ant servant, Gao. Mix, Thos. Atkinson, W. Garretson. 8 Thomas, J. Moore.?Total 8'J. TXXA8. The San Antonio IVettem Texan annooncei the departure oi a company of aix persons from that city tor California, and states that they mtand going by way of Presidio, Ran Fernando, and peraps via Chihuahua. A subsequent party was U leave on the 1st of Feb. Thev were to nroceerf ut the Rio Grande, by way of Monclova, &c. The Matagorda Tribune of the 12ih alt. sayf a large number of Tezana left Galveston on Monday fast for California, by the overland route. So rapid has the tide of migration become thithel I from this State, that we almost fear depopulation. Bat the fever is not confined to our own section, for it seems to be wide-spread over the whole Union. The Galveston Civilian of the 10th ult. says that a party of fifteen gold hunters arrived there front St. Louis a few days since. They are menot means and discernment. They go well provided, and, with a good knowledge of the other routes^ give the preference to that through Texas. Thm distance is much less, the climate far better, ~an4 the roads, especially at this season, better. It is* fact that should not be overlooked (says the Ctviliari) that while some persons from other section# of the Union travel far to take the route througlt Missouri to the gold region, the knowing one# from Missouri descend the Mississippi to take th# route by Texas. Considering the breaking out of the cholera on the isthmus of Panama, ana other difficulties and delays by that route, Texas unquestionably now offers the best road to the new El Dorado." PISTOLS FO* THE CALIFORNIA EMIGRANTS. On the last night of the session of Congres# *00,000 was appropriated for an additional purcnaso from the inventor of Colt's improved repeating pistols, and a joint resolution was adopted, instruct* lag the Secretary of War to furnish these arms to emigrants going to California, at the government cost prices. They are thus advantageously supplied on a written application to the War Depart* ment.? Waihington Union, March 6. AN ENGLISH VIEW OF CALIFORNIA EMIGRATION, [From the Liverpool Mail, Jan. 27.] We have been favored with an extract of a letter from New York, wnttenby a correspondent, on whose veracity we can rely, and who has, commercially, the best means of information in reference to California. It is as follows:? "New York, 10th Jakuarv, 1840.? It Is supposed sf least one hundred and fifty thousand people have emigrated to San Franoiaeo and the hanks of the Sac smento river, the last and present month, hence thegrrat demand for artlolee of nrovlslons and bread I ant much inolined to think ths superabundance of gold there ie a monstrous exaggeration, got up under the connivance of the government, to indnee emigration on a large soale to their newly acquired terrltcrIM on the Paelflo. Time will snow." It would be consistent with plain truth if the term "exaggeration" in the above extract weta transformed into "swindling," for we are of opinion that a greater swindle has not been perpetrated aven in America, so fertile of these things, foe many years. That gold, silver, and copper, arm found in that part of the savage world we can easily believe, but that it iB so plentiful as is described we believe to be a gross Iraud uwon public credulity. What is most reprehensible in the matter is that the government oi the United States, acting upon the authority oi official servants, nave encouraged the imposture. That it is desirable that a Hood of population should bs induced to emigrate to the golden region, in order, eventually, to settle in the Oregon territory, we are not prepared to dispute. But when public policy is not based upon truth it becomes a criminal act. It is premeditated manslaughter. Two-thirds at least ot the people who go to California will perish oi starvation, disease, or the bowie knife, within the first year of their rash enterprise. But what does Mr. President Polk care for this T He has already put to death nearly one hundred thousand men, womco, and children, (including hiB own fellow-citizens,) in Mexico; and if ten or twenty thousand die in California it will, to a grand extent, be conducive to his policy. Impressed with these convictions, we most earnestly advise our readers- if they have an occasion, to persuade any friends tbey know not to fall into the inevitable wreck and miserable reverses of the Californian trap. It is well known that about 40,000 Mormons?fools and rogues, of course, with a very large preponderance ot the latter?after being persecuted, as ihev said, hv lhi> Slal?u ffn??f?m?nl left iheir city of Nauvoo, en rout* for this very California. But how many reached the goMere> paradise T Not quite 4,000, who had in their tr*? vele eaten their companions. It i" no renubliean joke. The survivora, now the lords of California were cannibals, petha,>? from dire necessity, bntt they were cannibals, nevertheless. These- men' and women-eaters are at present the republican aristocracy of the gold lumps; and there is every probability that when these minerals fail in pro* curing provisions and rum, which they are sure to do. this Nauvoon aristocracy will become cannibals agAin. Any fat Englishman who goes them . will, consequently, have no chance. Bustmtss is Charlestoh.?The Charleston, $ C , Ciiwritr, ol the 3d int.t., speaking of the spring business of that city, says i?Our country friends hrflii come down numerously, and from the fair prospects of trade in the interior, are purchasing freely. Another favorable feature, too, if we are correctly informed, is that they wake their payments of former bills readily and promptly, giving indication of a relief from the prrs?ure in money matters, liicb has be n so n* rnlly felt for a year p tat, i

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