Newspaper of The New York Herald, March 16, 1849, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated March 16, 1849 Page 1
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TH NO. 5397. Cm?Mu of the Island of Cuba. Havana, February 24, 1849. My Dcar Sir:?This letter I write, uader the hope ritat you will make its contents known at Waatubgion, or procure its publication. It in written lor the purpose of securing, if y ossilile, a tunable representative el the United States at the eeott of Madrid.. You must be aware, that the atop interest which I have in this island, has brought me in connection witb a large number of planters, Creoles. Spaiaards and foreigners; and in the agitation ot the question ot a change of government iu Cuba, I think I well understand the feelings and opinions of most ol them. I ain satisfied that there is no settled purpose or strong deair* on th*. mrf nf the Creoles or Soainurils to sever the connection which exists between Spain and Cuba; there is, no doubt, a wish to modify it, ao as to improve the condition of the island. The planting interest is about equally divided between the natives and emigrants trom various countries The government of the island, from the highest to the lowest, including the collectors of the revenue, the officers of the army, the governors and civil captains ot the various departments and sections, the judges and subordinates in the courts of justice; indeed, all those who are clothed with general or local authority, are, nearly to a man, natives oi?dd ibpaiu, either sent out bearing commissions from Madrid, or holding appointments under those who bear such commissions. Not only the general regulations of commerce, but the municipal regulations of citixs, towns and rural districts; the regulation ot highways; the adjustment of rights between individuals, as among themselves, in relation to property and personal conduct, as well as in the relations which tndividuals bear to the government; the manner and extent whereby and to portion required by the government at Madrid, but also the portion expended 111 the various departments and purposes of the island, all depend upon regulations originating in Madrid, and carried into execution by Spanish officers. Formerly there existed u sort of local legislature, which exercised, until within the last thirty years, considerable power over the internal alfairs of the islaud; this institution has substantially disappeared, the Captain-general and those under him acting under orders trom old Spain, have absorbed these powers. You can well understand that a government thus situated is calculated to excite much discontent; the complaints which have been made by the natives ot the islaud, have not arisea from a desire to be separated trom the mother country, but trom a desire to have the government ot the island changed in many et the above particulars. The love of power, official distinction and rank, in more strongly manitested in the Spanish race, and its descendants, than in any other people. The violent outbreaks at Madrid, effecting changes in the administration ot public affairs by violence instead of a peaceful expression of public opinion, afford evidence of their national character; yet none of these changes exhibit a purpose on the part of the people to overthrow the foundation ot the Spanish monarchy. The attachment ot the natives of Cuba to the institutions of, and their connection with, old .Spam, and their pride ot race or descent, are plainly to be perceived, whenever Cou converse witn them. There is a well settled elief among the people of the island, that they have the power and ability to sever their connection with the home government whenever they are disposed to do so. in this opinion they are, no doubt, right. The Island of Cuba has greater ability to overthrow the authority of old Spain, than Spain has to retain it against the popular will. The people ot the island desire substantial security, and they know it, in relation to their slave propetty, in consequence of the military force of the island, consisting ot men enlisted in the Peninsu 1?. The people of the tblaod are tett to follow their several employments, without being drafted into the public service; and a well organized force to secure the peace of the island, is furnished at a very moderate expense. The slave population is kept under proper subjection, at the same time that their wants and personal rights, so far as they can be, consistent with the condition of' slavery, are secured. This is also well known to the people of the island. Now in relation to its productions and commerce. Sugar constitutes the great article of production, and is manufactured about one-third into Muacavado, and two-thuds into clayed sugar. Citizens of the United States are the owners generally ot the Muscovado sugar estates, and the natural market lor this article is the United States. The ceflee production has ceased to be one ot considerable importance, while tobacco has rapidly risen into an aiticle ef great magnitude, and is principally taised by the owners ot small stfeoi, or parcels of land, who|togetfnr constitute a very considerable portion of the white population. The wants of the island from other countries consist principally ot clothimr, articles of machinery, and tools, and certain kinds of provisions. Altogether the largest portion of the food ot the island is supplied by the island itself. So lar rs flour is an article of consumption, Spain, by a system of exorbitant duties upon foreign importations, has endeavored to secure that nade to itself, principally from St. Ander and other ports on (he Bay of Biscay. Since the chauge ot commercial policy in Great Biitain, whereby flour is allowed to be introduced at a low fate el duties, that country is conveniently situated to receive this article 1'roin Spain, and the interest of Spain to secure the trade of Cuba therein, has very much changed. Ihe machinery required by the island, and whicb, when you consider the quantity used on sugar estates, you will see amounts'annually to a large sum, net less than halt a million ol dollars, Is principally, and might be wholly, under proper regulations, supplied from the United States: so wah agricultural implements, coarse clothing, fish, jerk betf. (m American vessels,) pork, and other articles of p ovisions. Under proper commercial regal&i ions, the above would be supplied wholly by the United States. When you consider how very large a portion of the trade between the United States und Spam, including its colonies, is the trade ol Cuba and Porto Rico, does it not strike you as marvellous, ihat your government have been so inattentive to tins great interest, in the selecting of its agent or representative at Madrid. Indeed, it is of more importance to hav? an able, efficient, and properly selected Minister at Madrid than at any other court in ?urope. Your relations with England and France will take care of themselves, but with Spain they require constant watchfulness and consideration. lu the selection ot a Minister, a man ot high reputation at home, distinguished in the public service for marked abilities, well known integrity, conciliatory mauners, who goes abroad with a name unsullied, either in private or public lite, would produce the moat favorable influence upon our relations with the Spanish government. Such a Minister would be able to remove the annoying and expensive impositions upon American navigation, and secure the importation ot Amencaa property upon diminished rates ot dnty; and upon corresponding action by Congress in relation to the products of the ls'and, the commercial relations between the two countries would be greatly increased, equally beneficial to the Unitsd States, to the island, and to Spain. It should be borne 11 mind that, independent of tbe trade, a large portion of the surplus profits of the island are expended or invested in the United States. There the children are educated, there large numbers resort lor health and amusement. Large amounts of Cuba money have from time to time been invested in the securities of the United States. The ease of access renders the States the convenient resort for the people of the island. I might arpe a hundred other considerations, but I will re'er to only one poiut more, which is this;?the mill-administration ot the 'aw, both at home and in the colonies, has rendered that means of redress for the violation ot contracts or of rights, almost worthless. As a consequence, men who desire to acquire a consideration and confidence with their fellow men, have necessarily been compelled, it aot inclined, to establish rules of conduct among themselves, which will secure for those most distinguished for their integrity the highest amount of favor and influence ; hence the common observation, that a Spanish or Cuba merchant is above I) oihers the most faithful in the fulfilment sf his engagements. Such should be the qualification of an American Minister, in order to secure confidence and respect. Krmaskari.s Fkost in Tsxab.--A gentleman arrived in this city, a few days since, from the sources of the Brazos and Cslorsdo, and states that herds et the antelope have been seen on the prairies, covered with ice and snow, and consequently frozen to death. It is said that the antelope is so very shy, that it never takes refuge in he timber, but herds in the open prairie during cold weather.?Houtton ( lYmit) GazttU, Mar. 8. That Fioht.?The [jnruviUt (Ay.) Journal, of the 10th inst., says?F. P. Blair, jr., and (j. Pickering, editor of the St. Low* (Jnum, who had lately a personal warfare in the papers, met in the t streets of St. Louis on Monday. Blair attacked Pickering with an umiirella, when both drew weapons, but no harm of consequence was done. Buur syidsatly got um vest wf iue light. E NE M Commencement or the Medical D partinen of the VnlTtralijr of New Turk. The annnnl commencement of the Medical D< parunent of the Unive rait), took place at the Univei ity Chapel, Washington Square, Wednesday ev? nine. There was a large attendance of spectator! who occupied the galleries and side slips, the seal in the centre ol the chapel being occupied by the grt duating class. A platform was erected in front t the pulpit, on which was seated the Chancellor t the University, Hon. Theodore Frelinghuysen, at compamed by the faculty of the college. Ther was a band in attendance, which entertained th audience with several tunes, well selected and tt lerably well executed, played at appropriate inte vals. The exercises of the evening commenced ? 7 o'clock. After the usual opening exercises, tb students who bare Just completed their mediu&k sti dies at the University, osuse forward and received the degress and diplomas to match. The olass was vei large, numbering 147. Wa glee their names below. 1 he degreea were eosferred by the Chanoellor; aft which Proteseor Paulson delivered an address to tt graduates. This addrsss was a happy effort; not learned lecture npon the sclenee of medloinw and su gery, but a familiar discourse, interesting to ail. ac espte tally so to the jsung gentleaen who are about1 go forth to praotise the profession for whioh they hai so long b< en preparing. He spoke of the hopes whlc they would naturally entertain, now that thi ha* aompleted the oonrse of studies whioh wi to prepare them for their profession. They had, he sal grMittUllOUllWO JWI* M^UUUUUHM,?HU It Mirj MS WV'|I ed these dtftieuHiesataU, they would tlail by experts m that tbey bad estimated tbam far too lightly There " ae royal road to learning," and It la net wealth thi mates tbe physician. Tne circumstances of the ati dents, be intimated, were very d Iterant. 8oma of tbei be said, were tbe fortunate children of wealtb; otbe bad not been so lavored; but In their profession th< all started on an equality, so fat as position was coi earned. It was tbe oustoa of the taeulty to eduoate certain number of students, who received their tuttit as benetelariss; but tbe faculty made a joint of nev disclosing tbe names of suoh. They were not know except to those who bad derived tbe information their otrcumstances from tbe beneQoiaries themaelvi 1 be Professor's remarks made by way of advice young physioiaas just commencing practice, were ha py and apposite, if a young physician settled in t! oiuntry, tor ins'anoe, be should notohoose for his (lorn ell tbe village tavern, which was sure to be the oent ut frivolity, the meeting plaoeof politicians, eto. Su< a douiicll was not tbe one where be oould pursue ti studies wbioh be must pursue in order to auooeed i business, or attain to a posiclen of exoallenoe la b profession. He alee warned them against commeatii csosorious'iy upon the professional praotioe of oth pbysioians; never do an aat that might ba deemed ui handsome towards a brother; be studious; be advise Every physician was expected to be, and be ought 1 be. a man af gocd general attainments; but the mental labor was nat to be devoted to diffase breach of literature at tbe expense or that which belong) more strictly and legitimately to their profeseioi As to saoiety, tbey were to be cautious, and n allow themselves to be victim# of the toa prevale: delusion, that they were to establish themselv by gaining a reputation in the gayeties of fashlonab life " No physician." said ha, ever get a oa?e fra tbe grace with wbioh be danced the poike or caohuoha In lemarklag upon the ooadaot wbleb tbey should o serve toward* their patients, tbe professor impressive charged tbem never to divulge secrets oonflded to the t*e e.*AfaaaiA?nl Hfa Tha nhvaiaiait must naaaaaa?il possess Information whieh would not be confided grt to tbe clergyman. Never should they be divulged 1 him to whore keeping they were entrusted?never to about your praotioe as concerning your patlenti might be Mid, that in ordinary oeoasions, no her could tesult; but therekwere plenty of toploa wlthei thfa; too much care oould not be observed in relctic to thla matter. Don't be brutiab; it la a miatake thi a man cannot be a good a urge en without performti hla duty in a brutish manner; be had seen aurgeen who. while the patient was writing in agony andahrlel ing under the most painful operationa of the knife, ai ever their or lea with cur aes; tbe true aurgeon, while el gaged in his tiyiog duties, utters noexpreasiona sxoe] those of kindness and sympathy. In practising amoc tbe peor, observed the speaker, the same delioac sheuid be obeerved as while practicing among theriol As to politics, avoid them, if you navo a taste f< politics, better to give up year profession and devo your time to polities. Tnls topic was trsated upon i soma length by the speaker showing how email a retm tbe physician had to expeot for the time he gave, evs if be became successful as a politician; he would n have his audltora indifferent to matters whteh 001 eerned the Interests of their oountry, bat the should not |l<e teo much attention to them, bad been said that physieians were atheists; 1 contended that tha student who had studied the an tomy of the } e, tha ear, in shert, tbe anatemy man. could not be an atheist. The professor alludi Incidentally to the had tasto displayed by writers I oar medical works, in branding the physieians of Am rlca as mare illiterate and unpolished than the phyi elans of any other country la the world. Ho was mori flsd whoa travelling In Europe, during the past sut mtr, by hsaring this charge made against the membe ef the protest Ion in this country. He was mdignaa hut whsn he vindicated the eraraeter of oar medio men, ho was reminded of the fact that the eharg were made by American writers. He oould look wu indifference, or eontempt, upon the Idle twaddle of Trollops, a Kiddler, er a Marryatt. for he knew th their writings were tbe esaenaiions of foreigners, 001 menttcg upon a oeuatry not their own. They son noiautot oiu i ?av wuii ouiu fcu>b Ma oaK|N ifnrri to, were Bade by American!, he eonld not bat ft chagrin and mortification. He cloeed hie address, aft a lev o: her remarks, by taking leave of tbe class in a propriate terms. At the el ore of the address, a ben diction was pronounced, and the andlsnce left tl ebapel. the bend meantime playing an agreeable al 1 be following are the naves of the graduates. Th< wet#Mikt most part fine looking yonng men, dl playing in their countenances a larger share of lata licence than is usually seen in so large a class. Abbott, C., Maine. Llresay. O W., Va. Abercatby, R. J., Ala. Loeke, Charles F. Y., N. Aiken, W A ,8. C. Lolnes, J. P. do Andrews. J 8 , Conn. Long, M L , Ala Baker, N. II., Ala. MacDonnell, P. M , N. \ Baldwin, D. A., N. York. MoAllUter. J . N. C. Ball, Jay, do. Me Bride, N , N. Y. Besmes, C. W., do. MeDermott, C.. Ky. Be eke, W ., Ohio. Me Do well, A. E . Penn. Bingay, O. Thos., N. 8. McUee, T E., Tenn. Biack, Jas. R , Ohio. Maddoz. Thomas T., Ga. Brandegee, F. D , Conn. Marshall, E. L., 111. Btenan, J. E.,8 C. Metcalfe, E. A , Ga. Brown, J W., do Metcslie, T. W., N: Yori Browne,G 8., N. York Miles, T F. C., N. C. Buckingham, G. 8., 8. C. Morse, V,Md. Uurdlck, B , R. I. Newton, T., N Y. Burke. J., N. B. Obiennis, B , N. Y. r.ri.p IT M l* Dlantt (1 . V J Caratbera, H., Oft. Palna, H. M , N. Y. Cbapin, N A., N. H. Palmar. L. N., Com. Clark, 8 8 , N. York. Pattaraoo. R. L , V?. Cooka, R. P., to. PiraoM, H. P., N. Y. Collina. C., to. Paahall, E P , N. C. Crlap?U, A , to. Poyao, T T. W, Ml. Cnrilaa, H H., to. Popoo, T H.. N Y. Cammlnga. E. P.,N. H. Poek, A 8.,Cono. Da Alvaar, L. Y , N. Y. Parry, E , C W. Doftftt, A. C., Mftfa. Party, O. F., N. C. Dawiit, J. D , N J. Poaton, J. Kaatnaky. Dawikt, Chftrlaa Da, N. Y. Roanay, T. W., Vt. Diakaoa. Thomaa, Paaa. Raed, T. A., N Y. Dtmmlok. L N., III. Rallay.A., Paaa. Dotaoa, Tboa. C , N.C. Rlog, r S.N. Y. Doatar, E. A? Ala. Robiaaoa, J Q , P?. Dooylaaa. A D., Coon. RoMaaoa, W. C . Conn. Elliott, G T Jr.. N. Y. Rogara, A.W.N Y. Ktahar, Thomaa H ., Va. Royra. T. 11., N. Y. Fithrr, O J., N. Y. Rooaaaalt, C. J . N. J. Kincall, Tbomaa C.. N. Y. Roaaiter. O D., N Y. Float, K., N. Y. Bbarpa, M. L , 8 C. Flloa, H K. W,8. C. Kfeaa a, L . D? Md. Floarnoy, J. A , Ga. Shaffer, T. M.. N. Y. KrlcBfoa, 8. W , Tana. Smith, Tboa. T . Tana. Gay H 8, N. York. Staptoa, J II , Va. uimii, u., ?w. o?i?I * Gilbsct, H. S . do. Stoddart. W., Wlieonsfi Glovtr, L. N., do. Strang*, O S , C. W. (irrtt*. O 8., Conn. 8tryker, T. K . .V J. Umim.J.U.N. Y. Moitt. K 14Cobb. Gordon. G G . G?. Tot*, R N C , N. C. Griggs, 8. C , Conn. Toy I or D T., do. HoBDiood.G.B., N.York. Tutblll, J W,N Y. Harris, H. T., do. Twesdy, T W , Alo Horadoa. H. C , N. C. Urqahardt. W D . Oklo. Hill. H. W , Mi?? Uttloy, H NY Helbrook, L , Coaa. Von Synksl. 8 , N J. Hnabond, R J., N Y. Voght, F W , 8 C. Jonas, Williod B., Oo. Vowloo. N F , Vo. Jones, Ph. C , Motno. Wolknp.S A . Va. Jody n, B F., N. Y. Wotlooo, M , Vo. Johnston, J., N. C. Woy, H. A , Coaa. Keller, Thos. F. Alo. Wootkorly. J 8 , S. C. K?r?b. G , 8. C. W#bst?r. T P. N. H, Kisrstsd, J. A. N. Y. Wollo, H. N., Go Koigbt A. L , D. C. Wool, E.N. Y. London, D. 8. N. York. Woitfoll, W. H , Vo. Loibroa, F. do. Wilaog, C D , Mom. Looming, J R., N York. Wlleos, G D., R I Lssvenworth. r. P., Mo. Wlthors, W. M., N. C. Loato, F. D , N. C. Wood.A.Ky. Lfgon, Thomo* B, Ga. Woodo, M . R. I. Lightfoot, W. M., Alo. Wood word, Thoo. D., 8.< Linoloy, J. B., N. York. Totol ...1 The Flood in the Mississippi.?The N. O. Con mtrcuil Bulletin, ol the 7th mat., says?" A person inspection yesterday of the. entire line of levee, i far up as Hoeyville, satisfied us that there are accumulated grounds of apprehension. The riv looks most formidable, ana to a novice appalling so. The levee is continuously entire, and we sa no places where the watsr was actually breaku over, although we observed many (minis wher between the surface of the river and the top of tl barrier, there was very little to spare. Above C? rollton, which is considered the most dangero place, there are some two hundred hands active employed in constructing an inner levee. Tl work in in an advanced stage of progress, and w soon he H fitted. W YO ORNING EDITION?FRU t Attempted Kitortlm, and Vending Threat- lb tnlng Letters le Mr* Wm. B. Aator, the " >. Millionaire* r- The Chiat ol Police, (or the last few days, has Wl >. been engaged in ferreting out the writers of certain fx i, threatening letters sent to Mr. Win. B. Astor, of , j? a No |34 Lafayette Place. The letters demanded the | i- payment, under prescribed direction?, of $50,000, >( in default of which payment as directed, tae writer ^ >f threatened to take the life of Mr. A., and destroy m ?. his property. The parties arrested and accused of J.* e the crime, are men culled Franklin Bragg and a> 10 Isaac A Biggs. >- Annexed is the leading letter:? it r" To Mr. B. Aitok, No 81 La'ayette Plaoe? d? 11 Your life depend* upon your complying st.iotly with j" ie tbe direction* of this latter. In tho first plaoe, 1 will i- give you tbe oau'e of your reeolfiait this letter. My ^ Ir father was a tu?ohanlc, and was a partner with your fa *" y ther from 1814 to 1817, In tbe manufacture of spurious eolue, for trading In tbe fur and India trade. Ttus ar coin was need In those oonutriee. I hold all tbe statete acente made, and all tbe particulars and lustruotlene a given my father, and the amount manufaotured, as r- was set forth by his account and memortudums, J" id signed by my father and hie brother. The whale 'E to amouet manufactured was ?2 800.000, tbe average eo t w re of whiota was ftlOv) to tbe $1 U0O. aad your father forth nlehed tbe oapltal to earry on tb business with, to the >y amount of $20 600. The ttretshtpment was made in toe ,)] as latter part of 1814; the amount shipped this time was d, $36,01U. In the commencement of 1816, they shlpp d y h? $27,000. In July of tbe same year they shipped $b(i,OoO; ? and from that time till Nov., 1817, tbe wbole amount gli la shipped, including tbe above mentioned sums, was jc at $2,b00 000. Ail the transactions were done by yourfather, tl u- except tbe manufacturing of tbsootn and that was done jj a, by my father and unote; the whole that was received 0* rs by my father amounted to only $108 000 for cbelr k, ?y expenditure and support. leaving a ba ance In y >ur Ql u- father's bande of $3 602 000, out of w bleb my father a aad uncle were to have f-oe ved one-sixth part, leaving j,, >n tbe amount due tbem $488 833 without interest and g, er tbe profits tbat were made in tbe budness. Besides. gt n, my father made a statement every month, of tbe of amount manufactured, and expenditure*, and remarks gg is. upon the schedule, with all tbe particular!, aad w to signed his name to it. And my nncle also signed the m p- same papers, and pealed tbem up, and put tbem Into ae tbe bands of their sister, so that to case of any detee li- tioa or elue to tbe nature or their bustneie, they rs would not be discovered. In Ootober, 1817, your ' )h father waoUd my unele to go to Pbilade'phta to pur- P< He ebwt materials for the ootn, m my unole was a good in judge of tbe articles tbey wanted On tbe night of M lis their arrival in Philadelphia, my nnole was taken ig sick suddenly, and died before eight o'olook on d' er the following morning Phvs'oians pronounoed him in a- to have been poisoned This indnoed my father Ni d. to quit the business, as he had been long in it, and he to had been successful. It was agreed by your father t? ir and my father to quit at the end of 1817 At this time ba es your father was generally suppoeed to he worth $1,- mi id Sti(i,000, while my father was supposed to be worth en b. from $10 000 to >16 000 At this time, my father wish- foi ot edtopurchye some real estate, amounting to $47,- $i at 000. Your father thinking that It might create soma ot es surprise er suspicion as to my lathar's ability, advised eb lie the buying of it himself in his own name; it was ao- ev m eordingly dons, with the understanding that after tb " they bad suspended tbe manufacturing business, in ar b- tbe early part of 1818, your father would give my father sa ly the title to the property. Your father holding the he m proceeds of their business, he paid for the real estate at y, out of these proceeds. On tbe 18th or December, 1817, re in my father was also taken siok, and on the 20th he died, m jy similar to my nnole. Up to tbie time, my father had tr Ik left the fall particulars of nil the transactions of bis ol It business, and in his last aocount he set forth the real y< m eetate above mentioned. He also stated all the par- tl at ticnlare as to the r settlement that was to have taken si in plaoe on theslstef January, 1818. This was the last ao- ki at count that I have any knowledge of bis keeping; preig vions to his death he informed bit wife, my mother, is, that he bad plaoed oertaln papers in his sister's hands, k- and Instructed her not to call for them or have them (l) B- ope red until Mr. John Jaoob Astor came to see her; c( a- and lnformt d ber tbat they had unsettled business be- _ pt tween them, and in ease he, Astor, did not oommuni- j,, ig cate this to her, then she was to ask him if there was ^ iy any business between them that was unsettled He w, B. also instructed ber that in oaee he said there was, to .. ?r ask him bow things stood between them as to money W| te matters, and te get hie statement, and if he dil not {o at show a large balance in my father's favor, then see ^ n what he did show, and ask him what tbe nature ef their .. in business was. and hew it was that there was not a large ot amount eomtng to us, and if his aooonnt did net ap- Wl B- pear satisfactory, then to go te my father's sister and sy get all the papers whloh had been left with her. and .. I* avtinlna thum aitiV maka nam nf tham in aiiah a. wan ma _ lo ny metber thought proper And now, eir your f ether a- never geve my mother any information respecting u>y ' of fetter's afters; and mco ding to his dlreetl jo*, my B id mother colled upon you father for the Informs, ion . In epokfB of, but your father gave her no satise faction My mother, therefore, went aod got the pa- Hi d- pel a and examined them, and woe eetound-d aod did | J. not know what eouiee to pureue; but flnallr concluded . 0- to lot tho whole matter reaalo, re,her than to expose , re the business to the world, nntil 1 became of age, which _ t; waa in 1820. My mother then communicated to me w al the nature of the buslneea, and gare me the paper*, e* and told me all In relation to mv father'* death. Af (h ter I had examined the papers, I raid that there had 0j a been fool play, and that John Jacob Aitor had caused ,, at my father'* death, and also my uncle'*, aod that I r n- would hare *atl*taetlon. Soon afterward 1 (eoured .. Id th* paper*, and called upon you father, and spoke to ed him concerning the Information I had received, not w el stating how. He looked at ms with astonishment, and w, ar I appeared to say within himself that my father was not tc p- 1 dead, and asked ae where 1 got my information from. hl a- | I informed him that that knowledge he eould no' ob ,j h# I tain from me. He sold that ha held ne property that Dl Ir. i ever belonged to my father, and that if he had held it, tJ( sy | he would have given it ap to my mother. . is- 1 He eald. however, ''Ae you and your mother appear to d- think tbat I hero property of yoors, 1 wilt give ec you $10 000 to ermmeneo business with, for a. yourself, as I always bad a high regard for your father, Y if that ammnt will be satlefaotory to you both." I told him about the buelnees generally, and eald that I tr would eonsolt with my mother about It. I did eo and r reoa ved the ten thousand dolus In tha vsu 1827. I somite need bueiness. and in 1881 my baoinosa had In- Dl creaeed to $180 000. but in 1882 I failed, owing to my lt business being too largely extended, and tha existence R I Af tha nhnUm It tank all mv Bron?rtv and all mv ?., Bother received. to rattle with my creditor! at 70oe*\U rf on the dollar. 1 then applied to yoar father for far- hi tter aid. Ha aaid '.'No; all hntlneaa between at la ,fc ; rettUd" "Very well."' raid I. I waa leafing, whan k i he arked me how much I wanted or expected. 1 replied, I a anted aatiefaotloa and wonli hare it. At that moment I met you o mlng in the offloa. Your father arked ma to wait. 1 tald. u No; I will rattle it R another way," and left him; and from that time I here determined to here aatlafa tion, and every exertion her been made to accomplish that object 1 have fur- C ntihed jou and your relatione with tenanta and aervanta and everything U now ready to oauae the Immediate death of yonraelf and family, and deatroy a large f' amount of your property; and it la entirely out of the b p? wer ef thlr community to deteet or apprehend the why or the wberefere, er to obtain any avidenea that '' will prevent what ie ret forth and will take plaoe. un- " lear the following la complied with in atriet aocordenoe t with tha direction* v New, air. you are atrlctly forbidden giving any tnfor- a nation to any one in relaftou to r*oetvtng thlr letter, or invertIgeting thlr matter, and alao aaking any questions of any one. for information ar It will be of no aae to yon or any one aire while you live Aa I am intimate u w>thyoii end your faulty, and your relatives. I shall know of it in caaa you do, aad you will only know of U the remit by reelag and feeling the oonreqoenoee, ? which whl be too late to reeall. Now, ulr, my da- pi mends of yon are ar follow*: On Tuesday morning, F) Match 0th. 1849.1 wi-h you to stand at your offloa |(, door, on tha outride, witu a well reeled package, con- ,^ talnimr 060 000 in current funds of this atty, In bills of tu (rem $60 ?o $?ou?none laraer And at the time r~ above mentioned, a |er?on will call upon you and auk ,M Ittbiele.Mr Alter Yonr answer Is yea He will hand * you a packeg* At that moment you ira to hand him K the above package, containing $60,000. and lay hi nothing except that a gentleman will eall open you w for It. Tbe perron wVopreeent* you with the above package know* nothing of thi* traniaotlon, neither Hl doe* be know me, nor tbe person giving b<m tbe peek- , ge to give jou and I iball never let him know who I em. and be will never know the content*, nor tbe perton that will receive the paekege from him, which yon are directed to give him; coeaequeatly he will not w knew *ny tlilng eb'iot It. end tbe money will be uted E by pirn n* ?ho do not knew me, and eon*rqn*ntly. If f, yon make *ny effort to detect th* peimu using the f money It will only prove your entire destruction. Now. ,. nr. alter yen comply. * d on tb* UOth March. I will . give yon in a written communication, the name* of ell tbe tenant* whom y >n muet not re-let yonr proper* ty to, endaleo the name* of ell those that ere in yinr employ thai yon must dt-charge. for yonr own tafety. I will alto name the dey for y?n to make the discharge. fli I remain, * tver, until tbe appointed time of? our ooa- C < pllenee. R K. B tMWOOD. r The name yon will not recognise. , New York. March let. 1849. The tallowing in n lrlUr sent lo Mm Astor, for p, the pur|>o*e, evidently, of alarming the family, in M C. order to induce Mr Astor to p?y up the money, ^ <7 J i recti no how to ineeit an ad vertinement. let. an ting him know the fact that the money would he *: ferihceming * Niw Voii,Mw?hf,UH. f? * Mm Wm. B Aotoi to I wrote a letter to your husbtnd on the first of ? PT Marth demanding of him tlfty thousand dolla *. and \y ?tat?d to bin the onus* of my doing no. whteh he ean J, ripialn to you ; he ean aleo eipialn to yon what le to take plaee; but prewlone to what te to take plane yon K will reoelr# a published statement of wh*t took o a1"- Ci e? and all the transaction* between Jao Jacob ts'.or and tb 1e my father, unlet* yon oauee the &fty thousand dolla-e if" to he paid, and then there will be no further Uiffl inlty. c? ue if yoa do not. It will he the oaoie of yon and your < i ly whole family loelag their lire*. If yon do eomplv. on le the morning of the Oth Maroh state a* follow*, in the . ill Jfemtng Hrralil of that date .? ' ' ? The petton baring airartlaei for fltty tkm?4 Mian ana ten It by addmaalng A, A. 9., ?i RK H DAY, MARCH 16, 1841 ' offlre After I fee the advertisement, I vlll Intuot \ on In what W>J I will receive the moony I Itmili.umr, E. K. BASS WOOD. On the tune day and date, the toljowiog letter aa received by Mr. Aamr, purporting to come ?

im one ol hie tenant*. This letter wan written f a diftetent hand writing irom all the othera:? e r. William B Anot, ? Dear sir? I fear there ia a plot to eaoaa yon aoma In- 4 rj. a* two Individual* have ceiled an ma to day, aad ^ iff offer* d ma two hundred dollar* to have the liberty j, hi ure n 1 on doux wmen i oocupy. irni wry not e ? 10 jo t? Wllllamebnrgh, and stay on Saturday and ( m?in all Bight; and they say I can collect my Iota- t nee, and that thry will do all that they wi?h to my j( nenoe. Tb?y wrre rory good looking moo; ooo about r i and the other about 30 yean of ago. Porbapo you 3 ay have rcme clue to them. I told them I would giro j lem an anewrr on t>tdey, a* they aald that wae the t ly thry wculd oall for an answer; and thoy told mo, j I car# I eerr made this known that I oould not live , ro honre, ee it would oomo to their rare Immediately. s ru It not for ihie, I ehonld have given my namo in ? II i ean only eay. be on the look out, for some one 4 k? got a grudge agalnet yon; for they eaid that you , >a to loose all of your tine houees and property, by ? r, end yonr life, by poison, and other mean* that , iey{bad piovidrd for yen They eaid that powder was c 1 erp.noa that it wonld bejused as enoeeaafully In blow- i g up h-ueei ae it could be in blowing up ships Nov, ? 1 the nsme sf Heaveu. do see to It, and do notasy a , ord stout this letter, se I may loose my life by it. , Krom a True Kriend and Tenant. , Alter ihs advertisement appeared in the Herald, le annexed ltlter was received by Mr. Astor:? * New York, Maroh 0,1849. ' s. inn mri. aitoi:? ' I ' re by the IItrai l of this morning, that the adrer- * peineDt A K D la answered oorreotly; and accord- 1 gly, I shall rend a perron for the package containing * te fifty tbeurand dollars, on Tuesday msrnlng, the itb day < f March, 1840. to your honse, preolsely at ten I .1 w II- ?ill ?l. -... w . 11 1 id you will hand the package to btm, and ask no irstlons, as be knowe nothing about this matter, in ire an to ark fir the paoksge and do with it a* directed r me. Who I am. he never knee, nor never will now. Have tbie in'oitj money, well eealvd up, from tj to Bve hundred dollar bills; and after It la delivered blm let tbat be the last attention you ever give to , directly or Indlreotlv? aa It Is beet for you, and there ill be an end to all diffleulties. The peraona uaing the ' on. y will never know me. Youra, ae ever. E. K BASSWOOD. We give below the letter found on the person of igge, which he asserts he received through the ost Office, and exhibits the same in justification: Nkw Yohk. Mars') 10, 1849. a, Isaac A. Biiios, No. 61 Morton street ? 8ih as iou value your life, do preoisaly as you are rected In this letter,In every partioular; by deviating any pai tie alar you eannot live twenty-tour hours, ew, air. on Tuesday morning, 13th, between the lira or 11 and J2o'olook. go to the United .States HoI. corner of Fulton and Wa'er streets, and get of the .r-kvsper a package that will be behind the bar, eiksd A. R. D. Oreen; alter you have get it, open It, id you will find $60 000, whioa you must get exchanged r o her money; (get what oity money you ean In (00 bills; yon are at liberty to get in other money not tr 1 per cent discount, and you muet get it all clanged before Saturday next, 12 o'olook, M ; and ery day. precisely at 4 o'clock, P M ., you enolose all at le exobenged at that time eaoh day, well eealed up, id address it to ma and put It in the Post Office yourIf, directed to E K. Basswood, New York. You will i at liberty to retain for your etrvl.ies $1 600; you ara rletly forbidden communicating this to any one, dictly or otherwise, unless yon do bays dlfflouity In aklngyonr exchanges; If so. yon are at liberty to 1) all you know about It If yau should hava any fflculty, 1 will see tbet yon have extra compensation; Mir beet friend has rraouimendcd yon to me, as bslng le best person to do this business; so attsnd to It pra sely as btfore dlrsoted. You netd not expaet aver to now me. Your unknown friend. E K. BASS WOOD. Under tbe directions of the Chief of Poliee the adverr rurnt was Inserted In the lUrald, and Basswood. on eing the notice, supposing bis scheme to have sueicded, sent another letter to Mrs Astor, directing the .anner in which the psckage of money was to be de rcrea. unein tjowjer, nna, inn i/uw, 01 ma blef's ofhce, having the business placed into their 1 ands. fixed op a package that resembled money, ' ad, on Tuesday the 13th Instant, a messenger ? as to be sent to Mr. Astor'e house at 10 o'clook In the renoen, a ho would band him a package, and receive 1' le $60,000 paokage In retarn. At the ap- ? pointed hour a man called, preeented his paokage * id received the auppoeed package of $60 OoO, and b alked off The offloere were lying In wait, and fol- b wed him down town to the corner of Cliff and Kmton * reets, where he went into a grocery store Officer f Dwjer. fearful that he m'ght make off with the ptck- b [e, followed In after and saw him wrap a pleee of paper P ound It and mark thereon -'A R. D Green " Mr. owyer asked him where be got It from The man * sewered trem 34 Lafayette place. "And where ure * ingoing to take It to?" said the offloer. The man said. I am going to leave it at the bar of the U. 8. Hotel." * be officers then allowed this man (whe gave his name 11 I Kisi.kiln A. Bragg) to oonvey the paokage to the ho- 1 il,atthe same time keeping a close eye on all hie move * ents; the package was left, and Bragg walked away 1 l>h one of the oflloers. Soon after, a man by the 1 ame of Isaac A. Biggs, call- d at the bar for the pack- 1 |e. received It, and walked off, followed closely by the 1 fiosre Alter walking down on the Battery and irough several streets be wss finally arrested la 1 snal street, near Mercer, with the package of the f ipposed $6? ,000 He was fortwlth taken before the r biet of Tollce. and searched, and on hie persoi I as found a letter written In the same hand siting as those received by Mr. Astor. This let r we* directed te the prisoner, Biggs, requesting t m to get this packcge of money, according to dlreo- * ... ..J It... VIII. J I i, uun. *UU iubu goo mo umo o*uu?ujjnu iui vvuvr uiv j; and tfbe reiu-ed *o to do death would bo hi* poron It *ii thli letter that be offered la justification ' bit cnadnot to tbe matter. Bragg t* a brother luw of B ggt and evidently they hate been working In tntcrt tc getber^ltbongb they pretend not. This plan, vised by tbem. was evidently supposed to bi one oal ilated to alarm Mr. Astor into the Idea of paying tbe (joey through fear. They were both committed by e .Vayor. to answer the obarge. Daring yesterday, was ascertained that a Mr Mrm. Smith residing at ; Oeorse's Manor Long Island, had reoelted a letter, irportlrg to beslgned by John Geo Jones stating that be did not forward S'JOOO ton certain plaoe, within certain length of time, bis buildings would be rned down. This letter, on comparing it with those ceited by Mr. Actor, was undoubtedly tbe same indwritlng. Tbe punishment of tba accused should ley be oonrlcted of tbe offence, would be Ate years' iprleonment In tbe State pftton. Baltimore, March 15,1849. utnored Appointment i-?Lut of Applicanta, tpc. The latest rumor from Washington gives Z. ollins Lee the post-oflice of Baltimore, and John pear Nicholas the custom-house, which, if corct, will give more dissatisfaction to the main >dy of the whigs ol Baltimore than it the present cumbenta were retained. Colonel George P. ane ia decidedly the most popular man in the ity lot the office ol Collector, being a general tactile with both whiga and deraooaU, and withal poi r man, who haa never heretofore touched the o~m| <il government imp in any way. For Poaimaster all the applicants arc decidedly npo| ular. Col. Monroe is considered wealthy i ough to do without it; Z Collins Lee served as nurici Attorney unqrr junn tyier, me uuor ui j huh great man etill sticks to him, despite all ex- ? i nations, and there is a general desire that he lall remain io private lite ; Mr Madux, who has en ct.irf clerk in the office lor many years, is the md applicant; bat he having never rendered any ill ii al service, and already holding a good office, not considered as entitled to it, although a very oithy man The most | opular man tor trie office, lias T. Griffin, the la t whig candidate for Mayor, is so far been too modest to ark tor it, though he ill probably he spurred up to the task. Foi the D atrict^A'torneynhip, John M. S. Cann, and B Chamoers Wicks, baq., both members F the Maryland Electoral (College, are spoksn of. I learn that Eliaa T. Griffin has applied tor the m ve \ oiahip, IP haa also Col Win Pinckney, ho held the office under John Tyler, as well as dward Kenley. For naval officers, Gen. Leak in, rn.erly Mayor, and Capt. Web-oer, are aspirants, here are, doubt ess, many other npplietnts for ic'n and all of these offices, that are urging their aima privately and quietly Political Intelligence. Of n Waller Booth Has been neuiiaatsd as the demomite candidate lot the 2d Congressional district of onnteilent. Hon. Charlss 8 V- rehttd Is tha whig oandidate for DDgiees tor the 8ih district of Virginia. Col Roars hid thk AmiarsaiCorstitctio*.?Ths P..I. . r lh. AH U.t ..... 1^1'nl tone, if elected. nun not bnoM Governor of thl* * ;ate. Tn* iDnugurn ion oath require* the party to itar that he ban neear been engaged in a dual. either " i principal rerend, or bearer of a challenge Col R an. hc.ee eer fought with Albert Pike. Tna Senate of J m Mate, at lie recent eeetlon. repealed the law, with t j eje to the cut of Col. R., but the Home rafdaed to * ii* the bill " * Zanoa 1 abaue* |* epoken of aa a candidate for Go p raor of Coui'lana. J Hod. Baa. Hatdla aad ChaMe* Wiekllffe are candidate! for the Conetltotlona Convention ef Kentucky r Hod. Joba B. Tbompaon I* the whig candidate for i&gre** fioar the 6th dletriet, and loan B. Hourton 0 e whig candidate for the bth dletrlet of Keatuoky. Walter L. Steal* and Hen. A. Dookary, whlge, ar* , r. didatet for Coagreaa from the 8d dlstriat of North f iroilna. <| Samuel Wait* la fh* whig eaadldat* for Congraa* ? rm the lot dlatrtat of Virginia. ' * rteeUa f. Nra ha* bean elected Major Of Marietta, " kl* V [ERA ?? ? ). Oenerml lml?ni> lefote the Recorder, im Aid Adama and Downing. CURIOUS CAKK OF FRAUD.?FOURTH DAY. The Counrelfor tbi Mouiad laid, tb?t It now bit* nit hla duty to tddrtti the jury, but be would eoneat htmaelf with limply ataUng the point* of their d??t?t At another atagr rf the trial, ha and hla adulate woe'd avail themaelvaa of their privilege to turn ip and In that privilege It waa their intention te tninlge to the failed extent. He would he able to prove ty the evidenoe of one whote oharaotur atood fair both iere and In bar own eonatry that Afaar had left the ilty by hla own anggvation. and of hla own free will le bad left it not through fear of arraet for debt, but hiouRb fear of arreat for crime; and that, he (toe retard couaeel.) proposed to ahow by the vary beat vldenne; via: that of the erimloal hlmaaif On the llrt of May, between 8 and 10 o'olock in the evening, rir Afntr called at Mr. Cbomder'a bout* and rang be bell. The door waa opened by bla enter, Nomey daaenburg; be naked ber If Vlr.Chomder waa at home: ha told him ha waa: Chomdrr came down atalra. and isked for the key of the room, which m over the tore (as w# understood ) Into whloh Afnrr and ('homier went, and remained there for a length of time In lonrereation At laet, Chomder'a wife, (aa we undertood ) went to call him to supper, but seeing that they cere In earnest conversation, she, to gratify that ourlirity whloh is common to all. listened, when she heard tfuer make use of th?se words: " Will you save me ?" ' Will yon goseeurity for me ?" " Will you give me a com forreeen days?" Atnerthen said: Cbomder, I ill tell you the truth; I oommltted forgery for thirty hoosand gliders; I was in an oyster saloon the other 'vening. when 1 beard persona speaking about the natter and the people are after me" Ohomder reused to give him a room, and to go seourity for him. rhe wearing of the speetaoles. the sharing oh his whtsere the caution, the alarm, and the looking him elf up n his room, could not have been the rs?nlt of a fear of rreet f?r simple Indebtedness. I lie jury knew that by the awe of their country, no euoh nrrest could have taken > ace. The conversation ?f Atner. from first to last, as about the letter whloh had b-?n sent to virs Berie. and that was the role cause of the prosecution, fie rould prove from what Afner had said tha: the jewelry ras all fair enough; that he had sold it, and that ha lad given a receipt for it. There was something betind the alleged indebtedness- there was an apprehension wbioh smelt of imprisonment for crime He (the earned counsel) would now say before the oeurt and ury. that he would positively, smphatically, and unufBtlonahly. prove that Afnsr had uttered, while ha as on the stand, fifteen distinot falsehoods He n uid, also, prove that he had been arrested and imirisoned in Vienna, for having sielen three packages f blue ootton peoket handkerchiefs, and that on the at. of June Inst, when he eaid that he had exchanged ,3 OOO. ha had given a written admission that he nad tot $160 on the face of the earth. There was another alrehood to be added, making sixteen, whloh wa-, that is bad travelled ta Albany under the name of Wnshmrn, and that Cham (loo had travelled with him unler n fictitious name. They wonld produoe the clerk 4 ?l.a l,naf awrl fha hnnbs and thaw mild ntnva that here in aooh bum as Washburn in tbem, while be name of Chamdon stood tit in bold relief. Not a Ingle witness eelied for the proeeontlon wm worthy of redit, end it was hie (the learned ooanael'e) intention a impeaoh their evidence by tbemrelvee, and by other It ureses He would prove to then that Afner had Ifered to bribe ene ef the witaeaaea f?r the defenoe, nd tbua he waa guilty of aubornatlon of perjury. The hole eaae retted upon the teatimony of Afner, and he at a person whom the jury could not believe. Could it j fled Mr Chamdor guilty upon aueb evidence? lo. The liberty of men waa not to be taken from them pon tueh evidence aa that which had been brought >rwerd to auttain the proeecution. After aome other marks, In the eourae ef which he animadverted with evertty upon the evidence of Mr Qaltorl, the learned ounsel prooeeded to call his witnettet. Fmiuf HeiKNTHoar waa the first witneaa called. He aid that he had arrived in New fork on the 28th of >abruary, 1848; he had resided In Hungary; had been Ive or aix ttmee to Vienna In the course of a year, ometime* oftener; he did not know Afner in Vienna; vitness knew Chamdor in Hungary; he had first seen tfner in this city about the beginning of May; had iten him again about the lat of August; the first time le bad seen him waa In the Bowery; had a oonversaion with him on the following day; Afner and Mr. Salter! oame to him, and the former told him that he ranted to apeak; witness told him he waa engaged: hat he was going to Harlem, and asked him would .et any other day do; Mr Afner then said that he only ranted to apeak a few words to blm; witness then eld if that was all, he would wait, and they went up lairs; Afner asked him if he knew any thing about he oase of Chomder: witness said that he had heard umeibing, but that lie did not know muoh about it: i fw,s* than >al<4 that ha vnillft fall him* witnuaa nahrnt dm If be could not tell him *t another time, m be had uarntae In Harlem; be (Afner) naked him when be ouid ate him; wltneaa replied to morrow, If iieoeaaary; ifner arked him If he would like to oome over to Hooken; wltneaa anld that waa too far, and be woold rater meeting him at eome place In the city; Afner ben appointed to meet him at the City Hotel, Broadaj; on ihe next day, between half paat 10 and 11, wbea UttH an Wed at tbe hotel. Mr. Afner waa not her*, but * llneea met him on the atepa. and he ( Afner) xcuted himeelf by raying that he had been obliged to e? a Mr. Gallon, and that that had detained him; Mr. Ifntr then prept aad to take a walk to the Battery, and hey accordingly went there; Mr. Afner aetd to wltleae," Will you do me a favor' 1 wlah yon would do t; jouknow me: I gueaa you know tbe oaae already." IVitneea replied that be had heard aomethtng about It, tut that ear of no coneequenee; If he could do him my favor, he would; Afner oa<d. "If you eayao, I will ell you; do)on know that I have been cheated out of >660. and >160 In jewelry, by Chcmder?" Wltneaa eplied that he had beard aa much, or aomethlng about t; ai d aeked him If it waa peeaible that a young man Ike him. whom he (wltneaa) knew, eould have loet auch n amount ef money aa that; Afner aatd, " You may ivlleve me, or not?1 do notoare.' IVitneea aaked him rhy he got Into auch a paaalon? Afner then aald, 44 It i not the >660-that la of no oonaequenee; the favor 1 rant von to do me. la to get tbe letter which I addreseed ?a third peraon through Mr Chomdvr; the letter la ore to me than anything I have, and therefore I would Ike to have it " Wltneaa told him that he oould not uteriere In euch a thing, and that it waa quite (range to him that he (Arner) abould have adIrerred a letter ao Important to bim, through Mr Ihomder; Afner aald, 4' I waa ao confuaed I did not now what I waa doing, and in miatake I directed he wrong lettet to Mr Cbomder." He did not ention tbe name of tbe third party, but aatd that he lardly knew wbat be waa detug when he waa directing brm; Afner told him that he bad given Cbomder a realm for the iewelrv hut that be (Cbomder) would not i# able to demueh with It? that it >11 not maob worth; r|tn??? aeked him why, and told him that be did not nderatand what h? meant; Afner eald. -I don't want o tell >00 now; I will tell you again; but the receipt In n a place of paper which Chomder can't make much f;" witneratnen aeked him what the favor wee whieh ie wanted htm to do for him; Afner aald, ''I will aaaut ion, 1 will do anything for yon, I will give yon a Autoart a prerant;" wltnaaa than a*kad him If he meant 0 Intuit him; Afner than aald, -'It la not $60, it will be note than $600 that I will give yon;" witneaa aald to rim, If ha could do anything for him, he would do ao 1th nleaanre without Internet (reward); Afner aald, Mr Roaenthorp, I will tall you, we ere no? under four tyea (that meana that there were but themeetvea preant), and If you wtll do ma that favor, the caea will tone toon, and I want you to come and ewear that yon rare prvrent ahan 1 gave Chomder the money;" witiev a >atd to him that no (Afner) knew him from home, ihat ha knew hla people, that they had never been en[aged In anything dlereputable. and that ha did not vent to have anything to do with each a busineev; Uner aald, *' If yon don't do me the favor, we ire under the four eyea," he (Afner) aald that 1 Mr Uallotl waa waiting tor him at Hobokao; r.tnvra walked with him to the Ferry, and m he Afosr,) ih gome away. ioia mm to mina taai n* Damn <? not Ireaer. and h? gate witness a card, ipon wbleh van tha nam* of Cbaria* Joseph A frier ; ritcrse rrmarkad to him that ha badthraa names now; a want by tha name of Joaaph at hama ; "narar alad " said Afner," waara now in A marl-,a. in a fraa outitry, and wa ean bats as cany n?n?s at we lease wltneaa knew him In tha old oonntry ; ha 'a* considered a vary stingy little fallow by the cl-rks Laugtter ) Witness knew but little of his general baracttr, bnt ha had heard mora than fifty people at lone, speak something about stolen gtoda Amos Lawawaiao was the nazt witness examined -Had bad a eonvarratlon with Mr. Afnar. about the Diddle or lastot July, to tha beat of his recollection, It 'as on one of tha steps of tha Tombs; It was before the nseat gatlon at the police office, a few days after the rrest of Mr. Cbomder, witness was paatlng up Centre treet when ha saw Mr Afner, and being desirous ef mt wing where ha was going to, ba went after hlsn; ha aw him enter tha police office; wltneaa stood by him nd heard him nek the Clerk when the examination of Ar. Cbomder waa to be; the clerk said that the Juatioe 'as etgsgtd. and that It would not sons on for a few ays; witness followed Mr. Afner ngain, and asked him I bis name waa not Afner; he looked surprised at wltess, and a*ked me who I waa; I told him my name, and kid that I waa the friend of Mr. ChomJer; witese told him that It was vary wrong for two strangers, jre'gnars, to be engaged In soeh a caas as that wsa od ihatChemder waa a man who had got a wife and nil* end that It waa ?er? wronw to narnaeu'e a min kariiat Afner laughed at witness,'aa<l said that horadar bad abused bta oonfldenoe, and that he ( Vf r) bad directed a letter to him which wu of great ?porta*ee to him (Afner) and that If Chrm-ler ould retnrn hint at latter, ha would not cars ab jot be money orany thing at all, and if he did not. ha 'oald endeavor all ha aonld to aand him to the State tiscn; witness belle tad ha said something about a re tpt; that be had given htm one; but that ha m-ant a deny It. Witaeea believed that Afaar had told him bat b* had sant bta latter to Chomder without the enelope Witness told Afoar that as ha (witness) was be mend of Chomder. ha woold gat back the letter If oesibla tram him Witness Is an optlelan by trais, na live* at 3A Centra street. The witness was cross-examined, bat nothing matslal was elicited It being now 4 o'clock, the aonrt adjourned until 11 clock to morrow (tkls) morning (It Is ratbar extraordinary that onr aonrt* are not Iwata constructed with a due regard to the cone*, ilence and heal h of the judge* juries, and the public, ly way of Illustration, we may mention this court, net* art no means of ventilating It; and unless perr ns ran the tick of eatehlng sold laying the fountain of perhaps a serious lilaera, by opening the trdrwe. th?v mast be e'lti net snffteated with the In irloas newt usa*prasaada irvm th* suites. iiHycuy,r LD. I TWO CENTS. 1 I authorities should see to this arret d-faat, end glee It I the eoosldorationwhlob It deserve Wo here no doubt It beads only to he pointed out to lasnre, without Usntcesrery delay, the application of tbo remedy J Movements for Calliornla. fhom mkw YOKK Paii.ino of thk Steamship Crescent City.? The noble steamship Crescent City, Cnpt. Sioddard, sailed yesterday afternoon, at hall-put one o'clock, lor Chagres. Among her passeng-ra will be seen Mrs. CoT. J. C. Fremont and child, Mr. Jacobs, son-in-law of Hon. T. II. Benton. Col. G. W. flushes, who goes to the Isthmus as Eugiueerin-chief on the Panama Railroad, lor Messrs. Howland <V Aspinwall, and anumherof alter distinguished personages. The annexed list exhibit* a larger number than has heretofore gone in any steamer tor Chagres:? Mrs. Colonel J. C. Fremont ohlld and forwent, Col. O W. Hughes, englnrer In chief on Panama Railroad, Mr. Jacobs, Samuel C. Uray and lady. Jos Ball aaJ > lady, Raw T Soldlnre, H A Whitney, Ch trios H. 1 Poior, H. S. Curbing, Jamas R Dow, J H Chittenden, M. Longhnana H. 1 Richmond, D D. Haoinoud, E. Teygart, A. W. t'rick, Krancla Arnnt, A. Winants, E. M. Howlson, Oaorsa Furruaon. J H. ball n iviiu.ma H N DU'.oa, T a. Warboes, James Gordon. lot S. Banner, Wm H Simpson, D. J Oiahine, i'.S Brawster, Edgar Camp. Charles J Rook veil, II Hutohlnseo, Nicholas ll-rter, N. Woodward, 0. D Gibbi. 0 1)1darer, T S. Thompson, L M. Thompson, J C. Raidman, E.W. Hopkins. R C. B>s worth F. W. 11 ipklos, Tbeo. Mill*, M. Smith. K Barry. H Smith. J suiUrao, D. T. and W. W. Trlmbly, C H. Mcintosh, 0 J. Adams, G. Hawley, J D.lion, John Clark, William Johnson. J O Carpantar. W H. Chandler, B T. Giflitb, T. Burns C. Collins, Julius Smith, S W. Hastings, E. Tuttla. H. S Chapmtn, K. i'uttia J B. Chap- '? man, ? Ford. O. Copalaod J Lampier, P R. W. Prime. J Sullivan, S. WaUis. 8. P Carmichaal, O Santill. J. (J. Dow,M M. Burttll T. H Jetfer?on, D. Hubball. W Wood, Isaao Foote, P. Keotor. I'homai Dix L>. B Raymond, A Whitney, B. P. Hutchinson, John Harris, E. (J. Waite. S Cluta, 8. A. flartoe-s, J. Pops. \ D. Hay, A. Campbell, W Case J H. Williams, J Haggart. T T. Rice. Abm. Wiley,R G. Burr-ll, N. Comru, - Pendleton J. McCall, L. J Studlay, W. H. IIolden, J. Soett, G. Hnlem, M Thompson. R. R. Starr. J M. Klohardson, W. W. Upham. R. quick, W Wilson, James Besl, I)r. Payns, L. Westfal.. ? Austin, C. H. Wsstfall, M. H Lincoln, Edgar Smith, R Walker, Wm Rum, T. B. Tjler, J Bartiett.G R. Barbour, J W. Goetar, M. D. Mapes, C. Weber L Proper, W. S Gibson, S. T. Walker, B Billings. J. Wells 11 S Wolverton, J. C. MoGoven, F. W Collins, H. H. Putney. M. B. Clark. W. L. Krmp, H. E. Tooker, J. Swift. P A Whitmore, 8. Jones, F. Ballard, I. Merrlhew. E. L, Winslow, B. W. Clark. J. C. I.awrenae, A. Cornish, M. Taylor. S. Davis, J. Thomas Mulholland. F B HitoUcook W. If APan. A. W Oeer, C. J. Wathlns, C. Adams, W. H<dgklns, N. G Fisld, J Bass, W M- Shearer. W. Ctlburn, P Shaw, M. Oranntls G Oeer, B. Ishaln, * F. K. Weatbrook, M. Callahan. T. Irvine, A. Hammond, E C. Josiin. J. Allen, C. P. Hunlogtoo, E. R. Sabine, L. t'B?BD*run, U. w. Murray, u. carpenter, u. Parkhuiit. 6 Uunn?ll?, C. Full#r, S Shuf-lt, J. Millar, J. Cornell. H.R. Robin*, 8 L Hayt, F Allarton J. Chapman, W. Hamad*..', A. Cook, W Sutherland. L. Udan, C. Bentaell, K. Nobl*. H Taylor. C. Vandarborth. J. R. Marrrll, F. 8 Boyd, VV. R Sutton, T S. VVlloor, W. B. Whlta. H. Tldmab, 8. Swart. R. B. Arober, J. F Randall, 8co?r, T. Klnna, J. Or>di?y, jr., VV. H. Thenar, Ira Hotobkl**. J. Mollouey, J. Lufkin S MoClon, W. H. 8hlp;ard and four frlanda, O. Hala, A. Hala, C. H. Worden, J Hanlord. L C Uru-uinoad, M. Barkalou, C. W. Latonvtlla, D. Mask. T. A odrewa, I D. H Fcrguaon. R. Pa'riok, H Aablay, J. E SUarna, R. Janaa, W. Trout, W. Trout jr., B. loon* J. Flats, J W. Joidon, W. tlarnar, M. Spoor, F. L Foot. ti. A. Barn**, C- W. Paul, J R LanMr, n R. Blair. D. W. Cud, J. Malby, S Uata, J. Colby, W H Baunett and ann. L. Croaa, B Hunt, J. Simpson, N Coffray, J. S. BackwRb, J 8. Hoppar, 8. Flinn. R. R?*a, M D. Fairchild, W. H MeKtoaur, J Runvoa, I) A. It inyon, A. Ho*m*r, M. Culver, D. Falrohlld. M.S. Nortoa, S. Thornton, E. C. Spooner. T. A.Sklnuur, A. F. Hatehln on. J. Klttridgo, O Crookor, W. Metoalf, J P. ?Jruley, C. Da Oram, W. Bercham J. M a Mania, J. S Talbot, L. Balin. 8. Parntah, W F. Lewis. H Mlron, A. Broman, A. Mattler, L M. Mattlar. H C. Gardoer. VV. K. Morrla, Jno. Galvla, J. Boyla, G H. T. Cola, T F. Hiacox, J. Bullcok D. Hammond. C R Sander*. H M. Robinson, 8. W. Prebla J. A. Thioakmorton. 8. Pat ton, L B CHlley, W, E, Lowls-Total, 338, VIRGINIA. The following passengers sailed on the 10th inst., in the schooner Viola, from Norfolk, Va.,for Chagres Hugh P. Woods, H. V. Leadon, Cicero Ii-rrlugton, James Paul, Horatio Paul, Owen Paul, sod ?Mltebsil. of Norfolk ; Cherle* Murphy, Richmond; Or C. A Watkins, Pertsmonthi Dr. W. [Corulck, Prluoess Anne?Total. 10. The hark J. G. Collejr, Capt. Wm. Smith, master, Jacob B.yant 1st officer, Matthew Noland, 2d officer, and a crew of 12men and boys, sai erl from Hampton Roads oo Sunday, 11th, for San Francisco, California. The following is a list of her passengers:? John Robert Langley. II. W. Williamson, O. E. Edwards. Robert Soott Jobn V. MoLean, U. O. Cnpron.Wm. J. Bankley. J. C. Malbon. C. C. Brotn?y, W. Kirby Norfolk. Va.; T. II. Wilson, Cbarlee Phillips, Jeal Thomas, Portsmouth, Va.; F. W. Jott, M. R. Muttey, Win. Catlive, Wm. Holdon. Geo. B. Jones, E City county,Vn.; Robert Sinclair, QKuoester eounty. Va.; JamesS. Kellam, Acoomao eunaty, Va.; Dr. B. F. Wlnfleld, Dr. W. E. Cousins, Henry Cousins. T. Q. Battaile, Sussex county, Va.; Dr. Cyrus E. Worrell, Wm. Dowdy, D. C. Lindsay, J. H. KinBey, Ncrth Carolina; J. M. M. Smith, New York.? Total, 29. Domestic miscellany. Henry 8horter, consisted In Erie oonnty, Now York, In November last, of murder, and whoso exeontion war postponed until the 18th of the present month has been again respited until the 8th of Jane, at the request of the Judges of tho Cenrt of Appeals, before whom the writ of error is to be argned. The skeleton of an Indian woman was found n short tlao since, embedded In the bank of tho Niagara river, where It Is supposed to have remained for 300 year*.? It was found in a sitting posture. A passage across the North River was affected Tuesday. The ice Is said to bo thiok, but qui to unsafe to venture upon. Frederick Siball committed sulolde at New Orleans, on the Otb Instant, by hanging himself. Martin K Snell, Postmaster at Houston. Texas, was shot dead reoentlv,by his step-son, axed about fifteen years - The cause Is reported to be a dlffloulty with bin wife, the mother of the lad. A meeting was held n short time since. In Or!men county, Texas, having for Its object the construction of a railroad between Spring Creex and Houston. There were seen, at one time. In Boston B?v. on Wednesday. mventj three square rigged vessels, ul a large Bomber of schooner*, I a war u b>ood Up to ten o'clock, 10 ships, 20 barke, 29 brigs, sod 17 schooner* hod arrived. John I.atchet ?as murdered on the 4th last., while ob a hunting excursion, by a stare belonging to a Mr. Lilly. The train was thrown off the track, on the Puttevtlle (Pa 1 Railroad, on Wednesday morning,end the iooomoiire and several of tbe ears smashed to pieoes. The passengers escaped nahnrt. The bill to repeal tbe usury laws was lost in the Massachusetts House of Delegates oa Wednesday last. Jim Winn ?This notorious rogue, who was'aTrested in New York (or the late robbery of the government jewels, was arrested in the summer of 1841, in this city, by Constable Cia,>p, under the .1 I. Vl/ . lis ^>nao? aha -/w,., A ...ek ...Lk - IIU>nr Ul JBiiiro ?t iitiaiiiovn, tuai{nni nuu iuijuiu^ the store of Messrs. Davis, Palmer Ar Co., of some $15.1100 worta of watches and jewelry. His part* nertn that robbery, William Weale, was convicted, and on the 12th day of July, 1811, was sentenced to 10 days solitary confinement, and 15 years hard labor in the Stateaprison, under which senteuce he is still imprisoned. Williamson escaped conviction. Webb is described as being about <10 or 4'* years of age, considerably bald, light saodyand gray hair, pale lace, nostrils somewhat extended, sandy whiskers under the chin; on the left cheek, near the nose, he has a small wart, or mole; he stands sbout 5 feet tifc inches, and rather slender make.? Button Journal, Mank I I. Thk New York Hckai.d.? The daily Xtur York Herald appeared yesterday on a double sheet, for the first time. The experiment, we doubt not, will succeed to the entire satisfaction of its enterprising publisher In point of circulation nod delectable reading matter, it stands at the ncad of all the daily papers in the United States, and we question whether there is more than one in the old world tnat eur/asses it in any of the above mentioned particulars. May success continue to reward the labors of its energetic proprietor.?Dotton. Herald, March 14. Steamship Falcon.?Tne fine steamship Falcon, Cnpiain Thompson, from New Y-?rk, bound to Chagres, vit this port, Havana and New Of cans, touched off our bar between three and four o'clock yesterday afternoon. The steamer Nina, Oa -talis Mugee, went down to her with the mail and the following passenger*, viz: H-ui J. E. M >rae ami family, Hon 8. W. Ingee, Mr. Mack and Mr. Ganmade, of Georgia; Mr. Tueker, of Virginia ; two Maatera Zeoutant, of Loumana, and two or three others.?C/iai/eiton Courier, March 12 ArPOINTMKNT BY THE GOVERNOR AND 8lNATE, March 13, 1H49 ? Aftwgt? Jared Sparks, a notary public, in the place of Richard II. Stanley, removed from the state. Court Calonrtsr?Thla Uiy. Cibccit 18 14,81.811 40, 41, AT, 78 08 to 101, laal'ialvr; 104 to 110 laalanlr* Common fLC?i- O'init Part - lnl. 84 68, 115 125, 110, 120, 181,185, 1 :t7. ISO 141,143,146 147. Smond Part? iv, v4, ivo, 4*v,lvljl?W, 111, 12'm lili.

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